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@feM^Al-C>©V eOL.IL.E:OT10H 



3 1833 02399 2461 


1. F.lder Georo-e McCi.!!.. 

'.>. Hon. Judge Lawrence 

:t. James Mcroiiald. 

•). lU". B. S. 7; low 11. 

5. N. Z. McCoUoPli. 

(■>. K.\-Giivcrii()i- Vance. 

7. K. E. Runkle. 

8. M. Anowsiniih. 

.1 M. GloMT. 

Mis. Sarali M. Mw r>' 
.Mr<. Mary Maild.'M. 
N'eUdii .lohusiMi. 
Dr. 'riiniiias Cowgill. 
Oden Ha\e«. 
Jiidj;;' Patriolv. 
K.. 1,. .M;>rjran. 






V. M. SMEAU, Photograi)!ier. 



JihEmpaigii mi^l^M. 








At the Yearly Meeting of the "Western Pioneer Association" 

held at Ballefonlaine, Septeinbar 7, 1871, Dr. B. S. Rrown, Joshua 

Antrim atitl Dr. Thomas Cowgill were appointed a Publishing 

Committee, to collate, arrange and prepare the material for our 

Pioneer History. Subsequently the Committee appointed Joshua 

Antrim to arrange the work. We have examined his proceedings 

in regard to tlie arrangement thereof and entirely approve the 

same, and advise that the work be published in book form. 

BENJAMIN S. BROWN, Chairman, ) ewmi/tefl 
THOMAS COWGILL. ( ^<^^'^*'^- 

Entereclaocorcllng to Act ot Congress, in tho year 1872, by Jobwha Antkim, in the office •f 
(.he Libraiiau o! <;ongres?i at WHBliiinj(o«. 


PREFACE. -^'^^ ^^^x 

TfVv THE Readbr : 

I have now completed the task assigned me by the Comontteft 
«n Publications, appoinled by the Western Ohio Pioneer Asso- 
«ation. The entire labor of collecting material for this work waa 
gpiaced on me by this Committee, and when completed, to be pre- 
.isented to them for their approval or rejection. 

In this work I have not satisfie<J myself in many respects, for 
I have reason to think I have failed in obtaining a great deal of 
interesting matter that should have a place in this volume, and in 
what I have obtained 1 know there are many unpleasant but unin- 
*tentionnl mLsUkes, especially in some of the names and dates of 
'ihe fiiNf settlers. Though I obtained the most ot thsm from the 
•snidest inhabitants, yet I found they could not tell exactly the year 
K!.f their immigration to this country, (or some of them, at least,) 
feence they are responsible for what inac-curacies may appear in 
these pages. I have done all I could to arrive at the exact facts. 
AU I, or any one else could expect under the circumstances waa 
»Q approximation to accura<^y. 

To thote gentlemen who have kindly favored me with their 
«s>ntribution3 for this work I tender my sincere thanks for their 
ilraely aid in furnishing so much valuable matter tor this work. 
Your article's, gentlemen, will appear in these pages and they will 
i?l>eak for themselves, and will present a better tribute to the mem- 
*fy of their authors than anything I could say ; so, wishing each of 
ijft>a A long and happy life, I bid you good bye. 




Champaiofii County was foiiiied from Green and Franklin, 
March 1, 1805, and originally comprised the Counties of Clark and 
Logan. The Seat of Justice was originally fixed at Springfield, in 
Clark County, and the first Courts were hold in the house of George 
Fithian. It is said it was named from its appearance, it being a 
level, open country. Urbana, the Seat of Justice, was laid out in 
the year 1805, by Col. Wm. Ward, formerly of Greenbrier County, 
Virgini-s. It is said by some that Mr. Ward named the town from 
the word Urbanity, but I think it is quite likely he named it from 
an old Roman custom of dividing their people into different 
classes— one class, the Plebeians, and this again divided into two 
classes— Pfefe RusHca and Plebs Urbana. The Plebs Bustica lived 
in the rural districts and were farmers, while the Plebs Urbana 
lived in villages and were mechanics and artisans. 

George Fithian opened the first tavern in a log cabin on South 
Main street, formerly the residence of Wm. Thomas; but I think 
it is now owned by the Methodist Episcopal Church, and they in- 
tend to improve it and make a parsonage of it. 

Samuel McCord opened a Dry Goods and Grocery Store in the 
same cabin in the same year, (March, 1806.) 

The first house covered with shingles was a house occupied by 
McDoiialfl as a store room, on the north corner of Public Square, 
west of North Main street. 

For a full and satisfactory description of Urbana and its sur- 


Toundipgp, see Judge Patrick's able, minute and satisfactory hS'*- 
tory,' found in the body of this work, in which he has placed mi*- 
under many obligations, and also done himself credit, and the eiljr 
of Urbana, of which he writes. 

I find in Howe's History of Ohio the names of a few of the flrsSr 
settlers in Urbana and also in the rural districts, and althougSssi 
most of the names found in his history will be found in the bodj 
of this work, for fearsome valuable names may be overlooked fi 
here transcribe them. But let the reader be assured that most oC 
those honored and venerated names will appear in these page8.- 

But before I proceed to record those names I wish to make m 
remark or two in regard to the first settlers of this county. In vaisB 
have 1 mad3 inquiry of the oldest living pioneers as to the firs^ 
white man that Settled here. Likewise the public records hav*- 
been searched with the same unsatisfactory results. It may eeeijst. 
to some a matter of very little consequence who first settled a couaiw- 
try, but we find people in all ages disposed to attach very greafc 
importance to so apparently trifling a circumstance. The Cartha- 
ginians have their Dido, the Greeks their Cecrops, and the RomaiK* 
their Romulus : so in our own country William Penn settled Pen®- 
eylvania; Boone, Kentucky, Ac; and in mostof ihe counties of tbi» 
State the first settlers are known, and the date of their settlemeni- 
I find in a very able and interesting document, furnished me for 
this work by an old and resptcted pioneer, Mr. Arrowsmith, the- 
name of Wm. Owens, who, he says, came to this county in th* 
year 1797 or 1798. I think it not unlikely that he was the fiisS, 
white man that made this county his home. 

I now commence the list of names: Joseph C. Vance, Thos. a»# 
Ed. W. Pearce, George Fithian, Sam'l McCord, Zeph. Luse, BenJ. 
Doolittle, George and Andrew Ward, Wm. H. Fyffe, Wm, aiJ^i' 
John Glenn, Frederick Ambrose, John Reynolds and Sam'l Oibla.. 
Those living in the country — Jacob Minturn, Henry and Jaco%r 
Vanmetre, Nathaniel Cartmell, Justice Jones, Felix Rock, Thomas* 
Anderson, Abner Barret, Thomas Pearce, Benj. and Wm. Chenefv 
Matthew and Charles Stuart, Parker Sullivan, John Logan, Jobae 
Thomas, John Runyjn, John Lafforty, John Owens, John Tayloir;. 
John Guttridge, John Cartmell, John Dawson, John Pence, Jonar- 
than Long, Bennet Taber, Nathan Fitch, Robert Nowce, Jaco&> 
Pence and Arthur Thomas. 

Joseph C. Vance wa^ the father of Ex-Governor Vance, and w»» 


the first Clerk of the Court in thi-; "^ ninty. Capt. Arthur Thomas, 
whose name is in theabovelist, Hvr'ion Kinj^'s Creole, about three 
miles North ofUrbana. He wr~ -dorccl to Fort Findlay with 
his Company, to guard thepublic stores at th it place, and on their 
return they encamped at the Bi^- "^piins: near an old Indian town 
called Solomon's Town, about arvcn miles north of Bellefontaine. 

Their horses havinpf strayed a voy in the night, he and his son 
went in pursuit of them. When tbcy had got some distance from 
the encampment they werediscovc r :d by the Indians, who attacked 
them with an overpowering fore • and they were killed and scalped 
and left dead on the spot. 

Urbana was a frontier town dn^'.^Mhe war 1812, Hull's army 
was quartered here the sitme year, ')i,-fore taking: up their lino of 
march for Detroit. In fact, it wr. : '^ place of general rendezvous 
for the troops stfrting for the dr'^Li-e of our northern frontier. 
They were encamped in the east :"? part of the city, and here lie 
the bodies of many brave soldier^ rr ing'ed with their mother dust, 
and no monument to mark the r ' : where they rest, nor to tell 
the story of their sufferings ; evr- *' cir names liave perished with 
them. All we can do now is to f^:"'.) a tear over Ihelr sleeping 
dust and say, "Here lie in peace'' ' lumbers the brave defenders 
of our once frontier homes." 

In penning these sketches, I finr! fuyr:'elf very much in the con- 
dition of the early pioneer who hi to blaze his way through a 
dense forest to find his way from on ijlaceto another. Fortunately 
for me, however, others have pv oO me and blazed the way to 
some extent for me. And to none, perhaps, am I under more obli- 
gations than to Mr. Howe, in hi "'^tory of Ohio; and he is not 
entirely reliable, for I have been ' "ged to makcsome corrections 
in hisstatements of facts in the hif:"ory of this conr.try. For in- 
stance, the time of settlement o" • ;;an County, putting it in the 
year 1806, when in fact it was seW ; in the year 1801. Also, the 
names of the first settlers. Ofc . he had to rely <>n others for 
information, and they did not I ; but in the main, however, I 

believe he is correct. 

I now resume my sketch of U •^^'^n i : On the corner of Public 
Square and North Main street— r-->"' McDonald's Cornf^r, but in 
the war of 1812 called Doollttle's T>''ern— were the headquarters 
of Governor Meigs. On the opposite corner— now Armstrong's 
Bank— stood a Iwo-storv brick ' ' ■• -^ and on the end fronting the 


Square, could bo seen the date of its erection— 1811. This was oc- 
cupied for many years by D. & T. M. Gwynneas a store-room. All 
the old settlers of Cliainpaign now living, will call to mind the 
once familiar face of Robert Murdock, with his obliging and gen- 
tlemanly manners, who was then a partner in the firm. 

The above described building was the place where the commis- 
sary's office was kept during the war of 1812, and is the one to 
which Richard M. Johnson was brought wounded after his per- 
sonal and deadly conflict with the renowned Tecumseh at the bat- 
tle of the Thames. 

Urbana was visited by a dreadful tornado on the 22d ot March, 
1830. Passing- from th.e South-west to the North-east, it leveled 
the Presbyterian Church with the ground, and unroofed the M. E. 
Church, throwing it down to within a few feet of its foundation. 
Both of these buildings were substantial brick ■bd iflces ; also, a 
grent many private residences were either unroofed or wholly de- 
molished, killing three children and crippling others. For a more 
satisfactory account, see Judge Patrick's history of Urbana in this 

I can not leave Urbana without giving a short account of the old 
Court House, built in 1817. I have never seen adescription of this 
then imposing structure. It stood in the center of the Public 
Square, now called, I believe. Monument Square, fronting North 
and South, built of brick, two stories high, the roof having four 
sides, coming to a point In the center, surmounted by a cupola and 
spire on wliich was a globe and a fish that turned with the wind. 
The main entrance was on the South. This, for the time in which 
it was built, wns an elegant and couimodious pul lie building. 

How many ple;tsiuit and interesting m(>mories cluster around 
this, to the old pioneer, almost hallowed spot! Here, too, or near 
this spot, many a soldier breathed his last and bd<le adieu to all 
earthly conflii-ts. And the soldier riiounted on the pedestal on the 
spot where the old Court House stood, surveying with down-cast 
eyes and in solemn and im|)ressive silence the battle-fields of Get- 
tysburg and Shiloh, uiHy drop a tear over the graves of those 
heroes that freely shed their blood in thedefense of our country in 
the war of 1812. 



Simon Kenton, whose name will appear frequently in these pages, 
was an early settler in Urbana. I quote from Judge Burnet's let- 
ters as found in Howe's History. In his letters he says that when 
the troops were stationed at Urbana, a mutinous plan was formed 
by part of them to attack and destroy a settlement of friendly In- 
dians, who had removed with their families within the settle- 
ment under assurance of protection, Kenton remonstrated against 
the measure as being not only mutinous but treacherous and cow- 
ardly. He contrasted his knowledge and experience of the Indian 
character with their ignorance of it. He vindicated them against 
the charge of treachery which was alleged against them as a justifi- 
cation of the act which they were about to perpetrate, and remind- 
ed them of tiie infamy they wouM incur by destroying a defense- 
less band of men, womt;n and children, who had placed them- 
selves in their power relying on a solemn promise of protection. 
He appealed to their humanity, their honor and their duty as sol- 
diers. Having exhausted all the means of persuasion in his power, 
and finding them resolved to execute their purpos<-\ he took a rifle 
and declared with great firmness that he would accompany them 
to the Indian encampment and shoot down the first man that dared 
to molest them ; that if they entered their camp they should do it 
by passing over hi? corpse. Knowing that the old veteran would 
redeem his pledge they abandoned their purpose and the poor In- 
dians were saved. Though he was brave as Csesar and reckless 
of danger when it was his duty to expose his person, yet he was 
mild, even tempered and had a heart that could bleed at the dis- 
tress of others. 

General Kenton lived many years in Logan county, on what 
was called the old Sandusky road, about four miles north of Zanes- 
field on his farm, where he died April 29th, 1836, aged 81 years 
and 26 days. His remains were removed to Urbana by a deputa- 
tion of citizens from that place I think in 1865, and buried in the 
cemetery about three-quarters of a mile east of the city in a lot of 


ground appropriated by the city for that purpose containing about 
scventy-tive or one hundred feet in a circular form with a view of 
erectinti: a monument at some future day. The only thing that 
now mari^s his grave is the same plain stone slab that stood at the 
head of his grave in Logan county, with this inscription: "In 
memory of Gen. Simon Kenton, who was born April 3d, 1755, in 
Culpepper County, Va., and died April 29th, 1836, aged 81 yearsand 
26 days." 

His fellow citizens of the west will long remember him as the 
skillful pioneer of early times, the brave soldier and honest man. 


There were several Indian councils in Urbana at a very early day. 
They were held in a grove on or near where the old grave yard 
is north -east of town, Distinguished chiefs from various tribes 
took part in these councils. 

Mr. Howesays in his history that Tecumseh in the spring of 
1795, took up his quarters on Deercreek near the site of Urbana, 
where he was engaged in his favorite amuseusent, hunting, and 
remained until the following Spring. There never was any creek 
by the name of Deercreek near the site of Urbana. I think there 
is a creek by that name in Madison county but I do not think it 
reaches Champaign. I find Tecumseh's biographer makes the 
same mistake. I now quote from his biography: 

"While residing on Deercreek an incident occurred which 
greatly enhanced his reputation as a hunter. One of his brothers, 
and several other Shawnees of his own age proposed to bet with 
him that they could each kill as many deer in the space of three 
days as ho Tecumseh promptly accepted the overture. The par- 
ties took to the woods and at the end of the time stipulated re- 
turned with the evidences of theirsuccess. None ofthe party except 
Tecumseh had more than twelve deer-skins, and he brought in 
upward of thirty, near three times as many as any of his competi- 
tors. From this time he was generally conceded to be the greatest 
hunter in the Shawnee nation. 

I/)GAN 0OUNTIE8. 11 

In 1799 there was a councH held about six miles north of the 
place where Urbana now stands, between the Indians and some of 
the principle settlers on Mad lliver, for the adjustment of difficul- 
ties which had grown up between those parties. Tecumseh, 
with other Shawnee Chiefs, attended the council. He appears to 
have been the most conspicuous orator of the conference, and made 
a speech on the occasion which was much admired tor its force and 
eloquence. The interpreter, Dechauset, said that he found it very 
difficult to translate the lofty tli;?hts of Tecumseh, although he 
was as well acquainted with the Shawnee language as with the 
French which was his mother tongue. 

Sometime during the year 1803, a. stout Kentuckian came to Ohio 
for the purpose of exploring the lands on Mad River, and lodged 
one night at the house of Capt. Abner Barret, residing on the head- 
waters of Buck Creek. In the course of the evening he learned, 
with apparent alarm, that there were some Indians encamped 
within a short distance of the house. Shortly after hearing this 
unwelcome intelligence, the door of Capt. Barret's dwelling was 
suddenly opened and Tecumseh entered with his usual stately air; 
he paused in silence and looked around until at length his eye 
was fixed upon the stranger who was manifesting symptoms of 
alarm, and did not venture to look the stern savage in the face. 
Tecumseh turned to his host and pointing to the agitated Ken- 
tuckian, exclaimed— "A big baby, a big baby." He then stepped 
up to him and gently slapping him on the shoulder several tiraea, 
repeated with a contemptuous manner, the phrase, *^Big baby, 
big baby P'' to the great alarm of the astonished man, and to the 
amusement of all present. 




Thomas Cowgill, M. D.— Dear i)octor.-— Mr. Antrim, of Logan 
County, called on me a few weeks ago with an urgent request that, 
as I was an old pioneer of Ohio, I should prepare and send to your 
address in some readable form, some scraps ofearly pioneer history, 
connecting with them such incidents and facts as came within my 
own knowledge, embracing the times up to about 1820, for the 
purpose of incorporating them with a proposed history of the early 
settlements, and more particularly within my own early localities. 
This seemed to me at the time, more than my physical strength, 
owing to a general nervous prostration of my system, would war- 
rant, and I excused myself with a partial promise to comply, if 
sufficient strength permitted, and will therefore, inpencil sketches, 
make the effort, hoping you will, in their transcri}>tion, so mould 
and remodel as to make them presentable to your readers. 

My first acquaintance with men and things in this State com- 
menced in 1806. My father, Anthony Patrick, having emigrated 
when I was ten years old from New Jersey to Trumbull County, 
purchased and improved a small tract of wild land in Brookfield 
township, two miles west of the line bet ween Ohio and Pennsyl- 
vania, and two and one-half miles west from Sharon, which is now 
one of the most distinguished CENTERS for Wxemanufactureof Iron 
in this country. I could here delineate the hardships and i»riva- 
tions of that early day among the few settlers in that vicinity, but 


it would be traveling out of the objects you seek in your circular. 
I will, however, as a common specimen of pioneer life, state that 
from 1806 to 1808 the settlers there hibored under many discourage- 
ments, even after openings for cultivation were made ; such as 
want of teams and farming implements, and the want of means to 
procure them. Oxen and cows were with few exceptions the only 
teams used ; horses were rare; rough sleds were the vehicles of 
travel and transit, rough ploughs with wooden mould boards, with 
iron nosings attached for coulters, barrows all of wood even to the 
teeth, were their best implements, and the man that had these 
with a yoke of oxen or even cows was called rich. The man that 
had even ^ne cow to harness foriarming purposes was considered 
fortunate ; and those that had none of these advantages, but had 
to put in their crops with manual toil, were the poor, which indeed 
was very common in that day. Yet with all these conflicts in the 
start, about 1808 they began to realize relief in return for their toils 
in products from the rich soil. 

But up to this time they had to endure in many cases much suf- 
fering ; flour and meal commanded fabulous prices, and could not 
be procured nearer than Pittsburg, and for want of means many 
families had to resort to roots and wild game entirely for subsis- 
tence, using spice- wood and sassafras for teas, and when they could 
procure it, rye was their coffee, sweetened with sugar of their own 
make. Salt was also very scarce and dear, so much so, that many 
families who had pork had to let it remain without salting all 
winter, using it by cutting from the whole hog as they needed it 
for cooking during the cold winters. The above are some of the 
facts connected with pioneer life moi-e than three scores of years 
ago in the upper end of this State. In this connection it should 
be stated tliat there was one characteristic trait plainly prominent 
in that early day among the people. When it was made known 
that any one was in need of help, they for miles around would con- 
gregate, and if it was a cabin to be raised it was done. If assistance 
to roll logs was needed in a new clearing it was bestowed. 

And in many instances under my own observation when any 
one from age, bad health or i)overty was unable to open his clearing^ 
or provide shelter for himself and family, they would on a given 
day for miles around come together, bringing with them thoir 
own provisions at an early hour, with axes, cross-cut saws, team* 


such as they had, and such other implements as were necessary 
forthe occjision. If the object was to open up a small clearing, a 
leader was appointed who gave general directions; some were 
assigned to cutting up the large down timber into logs, others to 
hauling them together, others to rolling them into heaps ready for 
burning, others to cut or grub out the under-growth, and either 
carry it to the edge of the ground and pile it in rows for a fence, or 
in heaps for consumption by fire, others to felling timber and split- 
ting it into rails, and building fences where tliere was no brush 
fence, especially in front of the cabin, with a slip-gap for egress or 
ingress. And in some instances after the ground was cleared from 
debris, they would break patches and plant such vegetables as 
would come early aud afford relief to the occupants; and indeed it 
was frequently the case that a dense forest in the morning, would 
by night-fall, present quite a little field, with the standing timber 
girdled, eurrouaded with the uncouth fences already described. 




If a cabin waa to be built from the forest, as in the ease before 
intimated, the leader, as aforesaid, who was always a man of 
experience, and dubbed Cai)tain, would, as an initiatory step, 
classify the congregated masses, andassigrn to ejich their respective 
dutie,"?, about in this order : 

1st. He would select fourof tlie most expert axe-men as corner- 
men, whose duty it was to tirst clear offthe site, square it, and place 
a boulder at each corner to build upon after being duly leveled, 
then saddle and notch down the logs in good, workman-like order. 

2d. He would assign a sufficient number of suitable men to select 
na near the site as possible, the best large-growth, straight-grained 
white-oak tree for clap-boards, whose further duty it was to fell it, 
and cross-cut it into suitable lengths, split the cuts into square 
bolts, and with a fro rive them. Another branch of this classifica- 
tion was required in like manner to prepare puncheons for floors, 
doors, windows and chimney-corner jambs, out of such timber as 
was be^t adapted for the purposes, such as oak, chestnut or ash, as 
all these abounded in that part of the State, and were, when 
properly selected straight-grained timber, and could be made of 
sufficient length and width to make a good solid floor, when spot- 
ted on the under side at the ends out of wind ; and to rest upon 
sleepers placed at proper distances apart, with dressed, straight 
upper surfaces, and which, when top-dressed by a skillful adz-man, 
made a good substitute for plank, which at that early day could 
not be procured for want of saw-mills. 

3d. He would then select and detail such a number as seemed 
necessary to cull out as near the site as possible, straight, suitably 
sized standing trees, and fell them and chop them off at suitable 
lengths for the proposed structure, with teamsters to haul them in 
»s they were logged off, in the then usual way of dragging them 
on the ground hitched by a chain with a hook at one end of the 
log. To this force were added other teamsters, provided with 
rough wood sleds to haul in the clap-boarde, puncheons, and such 


other materials, as would be necessary in the coni[>le'ion of the 
caliin. These preliminaries being all successfully arranj^ed and 
being carried into effect, the leader would take his station and make 
proclamation to the balance of the forces, directing them to forth- 
with prepare smooth skids, the necessary number of forks with 
grape-vine or hickory withes around the prongs, and two or three 
strong cross sticks inserted through holes bored in the lower ends 
to give hand hold to push by ; and also provide a sufficient num- 
ber of hand-spikes, of tough, small, round hickory, dog-wood or 
iron-woorl, some four feet long, with ends shaved smooth to be 
used by the men to bear up the logs while in transit to the corner- 
men, or to the foot of the skids, as the case might be. Then the 
order would be promulgated that no one but the Captain should 
give any direction in the further progress of the enterprise ; and 
as the logs would be hauled to the spot, he, with a glance of the 
eye would make the necessary directions; and which would by 
his order be conveyed to, the corner-men upon hand-spikes with 
sturdy men at the ends walking abreast on both sides of the log, 
bearing it up to its destination ; then the second log was borne in 
like manner, each being placed after being spotted flat on the under 
side, so as to rest level upon the corner-stones, as the end logs of 
the structure equi-distant apart between the ends, then the ends 
would be prepared by the corner-men with what was familiarly 
known as the saddle, which consisted in this: The expert corner- 
men would chamfer or bevel off at an angle of say forty-five de- 
grees each side of the ends of the log, the two chamfers meeting at 
a point on the top-center of the log, presenting an end view of 
the upper half of the log. This preparation is to receive the 
transverse logs notched at each end so as to nicely fit over the 
saddles. The two end logs having been placed and fitted as above 
desciibed, the leader would select the two largest logs being 
straight for the front and rear bottom logs; being sills, these two 
logs when in the hands of the corner-men would be notched 
deeper than the other logs of the building, so as not to throw the 
floor too liigh from the ground. The corner-men at each end of 
the log would cut their notches so exactly at the same angle, and 
at the same time so as to exactly fit their respective saddles, that 
when put to the proper place would make a solid fit and out of 
wind . This dexterity in corner-men no doubt gave rise to the old 
aphorism, "iTe cuts his notches close.^^ 


The four foundation logs having all been properly notched and 
saddled and in their places, and upon the usual tests being found 
equare; the next thing to be done was to cut in the sills the slots, 
or gains to receive the sleepers, which If on the ground and pre- 
pared as already intimated by being scotched straight on upper 
sides, vere cut to right lengths and fitted at the ends, so as to rest 
solidly upon said slots, and put in their places; though thi^i was 
frequently done after the building was raised. 

All things prepared for the superstructure, the, leader still at 
his post, with a shrill emphntic voice selects a log, and his forces 
bear it to the corner- nten asalready intimated, resting one end of 
the handspikes on the top tog already placed, rolling it upon the 
two saddled logs ; it was then fitted and prepared in proper manner 
and placed plumb on the wall by the practiced eye, aided by the 
pendulous axe held loos<;?ly at tip of helve, between the thumb and 
forefingers ofthe experts. This routine being continued, until the 
building was too high to reach and rest the handspikes as hereto- 
fore described upon the wall ; then, the skids resting on the ground 
at the but-ends would be reared up to the corners on the front 
eide and one end of the building, nearest the collection of the 
hauled-in timber; the logs one by one selected as aforesaid, would 
be carried as before to the foot of the appropriate skids, and placed 
on them, and rolled up as far as the men could conveniently reach ; 
and being stanchioned and held, the necessary number of forks 
were placed under each end of the log inside of the skids, with 
lower ends held firmly down to the ground, were by the order of 
the leader manned at the cross-handles already .described at each 
end of the log, which was at a given word of said leader, slid up 
the skids by the uniform motive power thus api)lied, to the top, 
where, by the leverage of handspikes in the hands of the corner- 
men, it would be thrown on top ofthe already saddled lugs, and by 
them rolled to the back wall ; then the next log in like manner 
would be shoved up and received by the corner-men tor the wall 
Bpon which the skids rested : these being fitted as indicated, the 
two logs intended as transverse would in like manner be placed on 
the ends of the last two logs, all being done with exact uniforsnity 
and celerity, and vrith dispatch and tif^atness fitted to their reepec- 
tive places in the wall. And if the contemplated cabin was intended 
to bv aiore tbau one story, at the proper height from the top of 


the Blcei)crs for lower floor, slots wculfl bo piciJurod lor the joisls,; 
and if they were on the ground would l^e tilled in like mnnnps 
with the sleepers. Then the building would in the loutir e already 
described be carried up to the square; when ui)on the two ends of 
the building would be raised the eave-bearers, projecting sonae 
twenty inches beyond tlie wall, and would be notched down and 
saddled back far enough to receive the timbers lier< after described; 
when the two ends iu front of the building were notched at the 
upper tips hi the form of the large capital V to rest the upp(^r ends 
of the skids; then the butting pole for the back side ot the cabhs 
would be shoved up to the front corner-men, and rolled to th» 
back eave and notched down upon the saddles projecting some fif- 
teen inches, beyond the outside i>lurnb of *,he wall ; then the first 
rib would be sent up to corner-men in same manner, and rolled 
back to proper distance inside of said butting pole, and notches 
down, so as to give the ))itch of i oof from center of butting pole tu 
toj) surface of said rib; then the front rib and butting ])0le w-ould 
in like manner be sent up and placed in same order as tliose iis 
the rear, then tlie first two gable logs would be placed in notches 
out into the ribs and chamfered at the ends to suit the pitch of tb :. 
roof. The other ribs and gable logs being placed, so as to preserve- 
the intended pitch of the loof, the upper and central one being: 
called the ridge pole ts in like manner notched down in such posi- 
tion, as that a straight edge would from the centers of the butting: 
poles upward, touch the upper surfaces of all the ribs and ridge pole 
resijcctively at the indicated angles. Thus the cabin is ready for 
the clapboards, which are laid down upon the ribs with the lower 
ends resting against the butting poles, with small spaces between,, 
which are top-covered in like mnnner, so as to break joints, and th& 
eave courses on cjich side being fo laid down; knees out of tihe' 
hearts of clapboard bolts, of proper lengths are prejiared at eaefe 
end, resting endwise against the butting pcjles to hold up the weight 
poles, which are placed upon the two eave courses of clapboards as 
nearly over the ribs respectively as possible ; and in like manner 
another course of clapboards is on each side laid down abutting tbs 
weight-poles, and being kneed as described, another weight-pole is 
put in its place to hold down the boards, and so on until the wholfr 
oabiu ia roofed and weighed down as per programme. 

In this coimection it may be stattMl, that tfiose force* t fiat wtTe 


detailed to prepare m\te rial in theearly partof theday, woaldlong 
before tho cabin wai raised and covered have finished their several 
allotments of labor, and reporttlieniselvesready for further service, 
and would a^ain bo subdivided and their respective duties under 
the direction of the leader allotted ; some to cutting out the open- 
ings, such as doors, windows, and fire-places, and jambin«r tlieni up 
•srith the material prepared for that purpose ; others to laying? down 
the floor as already described; others to building up the chimney, 
back and side jambs for outside fire-olace ; others to preparing "cat 
atnd clay" witlj which to top out the chimney and put in stone back 
wall and fire-|)ijce jambs; othere to making door or doors as the 
case might bo, out of long clap-boards prepared for such purpose, 
and hanging them with wooden hinges and fixing wooden latches; 
others to scutc'liin^ rlown slightly with a broad-axe inside walls; 
others t*; ch* !;iug and daubing the cabin and filling up the hearth 
even with the. floor and flagging it with flat stones, if such ma- 
terial was on hands, and putting cros-s sticks in windows \ipon 
■which greased paper would be pasted tvs a substitute for glass. And 
indeeii '.[ may be said the whole would i"»e completed, so thata gen- 
en-, /irai'ng, its it was called — in the shape of a country 
da ■ u; wiiier ill nocent am'tsements— would be the prelude to the 
fauiily occupancy the same night after the completion. 

This characteristic kindness was mutual — all felt it, all mauifest- 
cd it toward each other. All intercourse was social; no one felt 
that he had a right to domineer over his poor neighbor, but the 
disposition was to aid and encourage. 

These settlers, as soon as they had furnished themselves and 
fcimilies with shelters and provided for their wants, directed their 
attention to the moral and religious culture of the community, and 
schools and churches were organized and sustained, and from year 
to year the facilities of the people were gradually improved, and 
their condition began to assume prosperity and happiness. 

But before this amelioration, notwithstanding all tried to a.ssi!^ 
•each other as far as means to do so permitted ; yet there were 
.some distressing hardships endured. One family by the name of 
Knight wiis reduced almost to starvation, and had to subsist upon 
«aeh resources as a wilderness aflorded, Mr. Knight had to labor 
without nourishment enough to give him strength. He was one 
iQf those who had no kind of team, and had to earry his rails on 


his shoulder out of his clearing to his fencii-row, and was actually 
so reduced for want of food, as to have to stop and rest with his 
rail one end on the ground, several times before reaching the 
fence-row. Another family had no other subsistence than that 
afforded from the milk of a cow, and such wild game and esculent 
roots as they could procure, and this same cow Wiia kept in gear 
for hauling, plowing, &c., as their only team ; these privations 
lasted from early spring into the summer of 1807, when their toils 
were blessed with the products of the soil in the shape of early 
potatoes, green corn, &c. These are given as samples for many 
more puch cases. 

In this connection it may be well to anticipate the que.stiou that 
may be asked: "Could not these extre'iiities have be^n obviated 
by the wild game that always abounded in a new country ?" 1% 
is easier to ask than ansvv^er questions, but there were good reasons 
M'hy a sufBcient supply couid not always be had. Many of these 
persons had neither guns nor ammunition with which to hunt; 
and most of them were not skilled in the use Of fire-arms. They 
had emigrated from old settle tn en ts, and those who had the means 
at hand had to itractlce; and as an incident the writer of these 
sketches will state that his father, cm his way from New Jersey, 
when at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, {)urchased a nev/ rifle, a kind of 
fire-arms he had never used, but during his first winter in his new- 
home, when there would come a fall of snow he would take his 
rifle and practice hunting, and succeeded in killing a turkey or a 
rabbit now and then, but from that nervousness and anxiety called 
buck-fever, could not for a long time succeed in killing a deer. But 
one morning after a fall of ligiit snow he tied a white handker- 
chief over his head and dressed in light-colored clothing, assim- 
ilating as near as possible to the color of the snow, put out, gun in 
hand into the forest immediately back of his cabin, and was not 
gone more than ten minutes until the family were saluted with 
the shrill crack of his rifle, and looking in the direction of the re- 
port he was seen running at full speed toward the cabin, with his 
gun held horizontally in both hands, in a perfect fever of excite- 
ment, out of breath, and entirely speech ie^-^s, thrusting the cock of 
his gun almost in the faces of his family, to l^t them know he had 
kille<l a deer ; he had to be even reminded that he must stick it, 
which he had forgotten under the frenzy of his buck-fever; ho 


went immediately b;»ck rtncl stuck a fine fat doe lyhich had 
dropped dead from his Bhot, after which he was more deliberate 
and cool, and beciimort tolerably good hunter both In the chaso 
and at deer-licks, which abounded at that time in that part of tbo 

A few mornings after the above occurrence his brother Johnson 
Patrick, who afterwards lived in Lojjan County, borrowed the gun 
and was gone but a little while until he came across two cubs and 
killed them both, but found himself in an almost inextricablo 
dilemma ; for as soon as he was about to bring- away his game\ the 
old dam made her appearance, and he not having been a skillful 
hunter, had not reloaded, and had no opportunity to do it; but 
with the aid of a good dog that happened to be on the spot made 
good ills escape with the trophies of his luck, and this incident 
made him a wiser man, and better hunter afterward. These frag- 
ments are intended as specimens; many such might be enumerated 
but would only vary in the personages and not in character. As I 
have undertaken to give the reasons why an abundant supply to 
relieve suffering could not be had, I will as another reason state 
the fact that the din ':^f improvement in so many places at one time, 
added to the discharge of fire-arms to a considerable extent, with 
other causes, frightened all wild animals and made them extremely 
wild ; and even caused them to retire to more undisturbed places 
in the forests. I will here intimate a mode of capturing wild 
turkeys, which was very successfully practiced without the use of 
powder and lead. It consisted in building of common fence rails a 
square pen, say three feet high covered with fence rails on top, 
with interstices between of some lour inches, making an opening on 
on side at the bottom of the pen largo enough for a turkey to pass 
through it, then throw into the pen shelled corn or other cereals, 
tr?il said seed outside some distance, and very frequently a whole 
flock would begin on the outside trail and clean it up to the pen, 
and one at a time follow the leading turkey through the opening 
until the whole flock, large or small, would be crowded inside, and 
when once in they became bewildered, and had neither sense nor 
instinct to go out as as they went in, but only attempted to escape 
by flying up, and were knocked back by the fence rail covering; 
and would either be secureti in the trap until needed for use, or 
taken out and put into another pen and fed; and leave the trap for. 


a new haul. The writer of this has practiced upon this same prin- 
ciple, and caught as many as u dozen ;it one time, but that mode 
would not iaat long- in the Bume neighborhood, for it would seem 
that the poor silly creatures would ie;irn caution and instinctively 
avoid the traps. 

While upon this su'oject, it might be appropriate to notice other 
modes of capturing game which were flevised, such as snares, dead 
falls, &c.; even wolves were ensnared in this way when properly 
set and baited. For want of steel or iron traps the resert was sim- 
ply to select a suitably sized tough, elastic under growth sapling, 
cuttiifg off the top and tying to the upper end a small strong cord, 
so adjusted as to presentan open slipping noose, then bending down 
the sai)Iing near to the giound and fastening it to such fixtures as 
would upon slight contact spring suddenly, being careful to so ad- 
just the noose that (he animal must reach through it to obtain the 
bait already attached to the springing fixtures. These prelimin- 
aries having all been so arranged, trie unsuspecting victim would 
approach, thrusting its head through the fatal noose, seizing the 
bait, which would spring the hole suddenly and draw the noose 
tight, holding it up in a dangling attitude, until loosened by the 
owner of the snare. And the dead fall was either h heavy slab of 
timber, or a small square pen built of poles and covered over with 
such material as would weigh it down after it had been sprung; 
the latter mode was the most humane, as it inflicted no torture 
upon the captured game : to this class may be added the common 
quail trap, which was built of ssnall light split sticks, fastened at 
the corners with small twine and drawn in, so as to form what 
might for want of a bettor term be called a square cone at the top ; 
this v^eighted down with a stone on top completed the trap. All 
these were set upon what was familiarly known as a figure four 
trigger, baited to suit the kind of game desired. 

Before dismissing these fragmentary ruses to decoy wild game, 
it would not be asniss to notice the practice of watching deer-liclis. 
Then, were here and there certain brackish springs, to which deer 
in the summer and fall seasons of evenings would resort, and were 
denominated deer-licks. And the hunter who would avail him- 
self of this opportunity, would prepare himself in the branches of 
•ome suitable standing tree near by, a kind of booth, or screen 
of green limbs with their foliage; and in which he would fix a 


Reat, and at about six o'clock P. M., would seat himself, gun 
in hand, prepared with a Sinali piece of spunk into which he 
would with steel and flint strike a spark of fire, which would make 
smoke without a blaze to keep ofl' the gnats, &c. , which were very nu- 
merous and annoyinj?. He w-ould sit there without daring to make 
the least rusde or other noise, for fear of friglitening the expected 
visitors ; he would some tim&s '^o away disappointed, but frequent- 
ly they would come and one at least would remain as a trophy to 
the happj'- huntsman; but this rande <>f hunting was anathematized 
by professional hunters, for the reason that it was calculated to drive 
away the deer from their winter haunts, and because neither the 
hide nor the venison was so good as when killed in proper seasons. 
SpeakinsT of deer hides, they were highly prized at that day for 
the reason that when properly dressed in the Indian mode, they 
became yery useful material for clothing, such as pants and hunt- 
ing shirts, and were of common use among the male population. 

I will here break the thread of these fragmentary sketches by 
remarking that I have attempted to show that the early pioneers 
^f the State were noble minded, generous hearted, and social men; 
full of the milk of human kindness, ready at all times, to aid the 
needy, relieve tl^.e distressed, and J'old back nothing that would 
promote the happiness of their fellows. Indeed we never had bet- " 
ter communities of men and women, than were constituted out of 
the first settlers of Ohio. They were always ready to do good deeds, 
but added to these noble qualities they had the muscular power to 
perform. It may be said, "There vvere Giants in those days." 

I have lived too long to make rash statements of facts, but I am 
about to make one, that I feel almost afraid to make, fearing it 
iTi&y seem to assail my veracity. Here it is : I knew a man of that 
day by the of'Collins, who between sun rise and sun set, 
with only his axe and wooden wedges split o?2e thousand rails of 
full size, the cuts having been logged off. It Avas chestnut timber, 
and he being a large boned alethic axe-man, would v/ield his pon- 
derous axe with such certainty as to clieek the cut, so as to drive 
in a small wedi^^e, then following it with a tou^h glut, would so 
burst it open as to sever it with a few well directed blows of his axe, 
then quarter it in like manner, and then his axe alone was sufficient 
to she'll the quarters into rails. 

As these fragmentary and desultory scraps of (he early times in 
Ohio are intended to perpetuate facts and incidents, connected 
with the lives of those who have "Gone to t!i;>t bourne whence no 
traveler returns," it may be well to hand ;h{ m down to t-^ie 


generations to corae, that they may compare notes, and realize the 
contrast. And in lliat view of the subject, it may not be amiss to 
bring up in review nome of the annoyances to which the people 
were exposed. Wolves were very numerous and ravenous and 
consequently it was with difficulty that sheep could be introduced, 
and indeed other domestic animals had to be kept in safe quarters, 
near the family residences, in order to save them. It was no un- 
common thing in the night season to be saluted with the dismal 
howJ of these nocturnal prowlers, in close proxmiity to the cabin 
homes of the settlers; and which if not scared away, would make 
a raid before morning upon the sheep fold or other stock within 
their reach. The most efl[\^ctual way of riddance, was to keep on 
hands a good supply of outer, jaggy flakes of the shell-bark 
hickory, and make a sally at them with blazing torches, which 
would be sure to make a sudden retreating stampede. Blazing 
fire-brands from the hearth had the same effect; the sight of fire 
seemed to strike them with teiror; indeed it was necessary at 
some seasons of the year for persons who were out at night to 
carry a torch or lantern for self preservation, as attacks upon per- 
sons were sometimes made. In some instances persons were not 
secure even in daylight, and, as one proof of it, I will bring up 
an instance. The Hon. Samuel Huntington, one of the first 
Governors of this State, lived in the Western Reserve. He had 
occasion about the j'ear 1807 or 1808, to travel on horse- back from 
Cleveland to Warren, which was then almost an entire wilderness, 
on a v?ry rainyday in the early part of winter; and was suddenly, 
without notice, beset by a large pack of hungry wolves. They 
pitched at both horse and rider; the horse was completely fright- 
ened into timid docility, and could not be urged to move; nothing 
was left for the Governor to do but to fight it out, with the only 
weapon he had, a folded umbrella, with which he punched them 
off, but was nearly being captured when fortunately it flew open, 
and the sudden change in its aspect frightened the ferocious ani- 
mals, so that i hey fled, and he was miraculously relieved from a 
terrible dilemma. The probability is that it w;is the horse they 
desired to capture in this case, but persons were not safe if they 
were ravenously hungry. 

The writer of this on one otn-asion hud good cause to believe that 
Lt' esc^a peti provid»»nt!nlly from being dfvousvd. The eircumstan- 
«WK, siS uearly a* now recollected, wert? abwut th«-*e: The ftist 


school in the neighborhood had been opened, and he being then 
about eleven years old was sent to it, and not being willing to lose 
time had to use eveningsto attend to other matters. The only pair 
of shoes he had needed half-soling, and it was arranged that after 
school was dismissed he should go to Wm. Cunningham's, the shoe- 
maker, on a public road, about one mile north from the school 
house, and his father's residence being abouta half mile east from 
the school-house, on a public road, making his whole distance from 
home by the road about one and one-half miles. To describe with- 
out a diagram, it may be stated that a short distance on the way 
home from the residence of Mr. Cunningham, a small by-path for 
pedestrians took off from the north road and led to his father's 
cabin on the east road, and shortened the distance so that it was 
only a little over a mile by the path to his iiome. He remained 
until near 10 o'clock; it was a bright moonlight night, Avith a little 
fall of snow' on the ground; his shoes being mended, he prepared to 
start home, when the family of Mr. Cuningham advised him to 
take the road for safety ; but when he came to where the path took 
off he failed to take the advice, and at a rapid pace, plunged into 
the dense forest, and when about two-thirds of the way home be- 
gan to flatter himself that all would be well, and that in a shn't 
time the family welcome would greet him. when suddenly he re- 
alized the fact that he was in the midst of danger; he heard the 
brush cracking some distance in the rear, and his rash folly in at- 
tempting to go the short route in the night season without ^orae 
mode of defense was apparent; but boy as he was he knew his 
only chance of escape was in a foot race, and being swift of foot for 
his age, he put forth his energies, still keeping ahead of his pursu- 
ers, although they were nearing him; but he sped on and soon 
reached his father's clearing and bounded over the fence, when the 
glare of a bright light from the cabin and a faithful hous3-dog met 
his enraptured vision, and he was safe. It was supposed that they 
had sniffed the new, fresh sole leather which caused the pur-wit. 




In this coiijipction might be luirnert ono other past to the new 
settlements. Yellow rattle snakes largely abounded to the great 
ssmnoyanee and peril of the people. T!ie country in many portions 
was underlaid with a strata of shelly rock.s, which upon abrupt ac- 
clivities of the surface and at heads of springs would crop out, and 
tliese cropping points afforded these pestiferous reptiles cominodi- 
ous caverns or dens, in which, in son»e localities, vast numbers 
would collect for winter quarters, iind in the early spring would 
Heave the caverns to bask in the spring sunshine in the vicinity of 
(their head-fjuarters, and snake hunts were common in some neigh- 
bor)K)ods. I remember to have heard of a raid being made upon 
some <)f these dens a short distance west of Warre", which resulted 
kn the destruction of immense numbers counted by the hundreds 
JB one day. But as I do not design to tell a long snake story, I 
will give a few facts, which may seem at this day to partake of the 
Muhchaufen type. My father built his cal)in near a very fine spring, 
which neadefi in a depression bounded on three sides by an oval 
c'iKyilar rock bcrnch, some four or five leet higher than the surface 
of the spring; his cabin had not been furnished when he moved 
into it in the early Spring, and was not fully chinked; necessity 
twmpelled the occupancy of it in that condition, intending soon to 
finish it, and in the mean time to furnish it temporarily in the most 
primitive mode of that day; his bedsteads were in this style — one 
crotch or post of proper height, fastened upright, to rest the ends 
of transverse straight suitably sized poles upon, inserting the (»ther 
ends into the interstices between the logs of the cabin, putting in 
«a*her cross sticks, upon which to rest clapboards, to hold up the 
bed and bedding. Upon these rustic bedsteads, with appropriate 
couches, the family enjoyed that sweet repose which they needed 
after their daily toils; all went on charmingly, until one ]m)rning 
my mother, in making uptlie bed in whicli she and my father had 
slept, in drawing otf the feather bed in order to shake up the straw- 


tick, diseovereil to he>r constertiarion dnt\ terror ii large rattlesnake 
gliJing away between tlte logs, which was supposed to have en- 
sconced itself between the two ticks the day before ; and during 
the night had remained so quietly still as not to have disturbed its 
bed fellows. 1 rememberanother incident that occurredafterward in 
the same locality. My now oidy sister Mrs. Jonas Curniningsof 
Illinois was an infant, l>eginning to sit alone, and my mother 
having some work to do in the house yard, to pacify the child 
l)laced it upon the grass plot with play things lo amuse il. While at>- 
tending to her domesti- dutie.-* she observed that the chiM mani- 
fested most ecstatic, glee, and looking in that direction, siie wtis 
horrified upon seeing thecldld about to clutch a huge yellow rattle 
snake. She ran and jerked away the child, and her excitement 
emboldened her to hunt a club with which she suddenly dispatched 
Ids snakeship. 

There were many mttle snake adventures of varied types .ind 
phases, but let the above suffice. It may however be said that 
many persons became reckless and were the victims to their own 
folly; others were unavoidably bitten, but as a general rule the 
Indian remedies were resorted to, and generally were effectual in 
their cure. In some few cases however the bite proved fatal ; one 
instance can be given that was a sad one ; and by W'ay of introduc- 
tion to the sequel, the remark may be made that there were per- 
sons and not a few, who seemed to lose their terror of the reptiles 
from their familiarity with the abundance and it wa.«t a very common 
practice to be provided with a stick two or three leet long with a 
prong at one end, which they would use when an opportunity 
offered, by throwing the fork or prong upon the neck of tlie 
snake, and pinning it down to the ground for the purpose of teas- 
ing it, as young kittens will a mouse before killing it, and when 
they have satisfied themselves with this amusement, they seize 
the serpent by the tail, lift off the yoke, and give a sudden 
backward jerk and breakMts neck. Avery fine young man in 
the neighborhood who was greatly esteemed, by the name of Mc- 
Mahan, who was about to be married to a daughter of Judge 
Hughs, (who was uncle to Mrs. William Ward of Urbana) espied 
a large rattle snake, and attempted to capture it in the mode above 
described, but it slipped aw ay from him and glided into a smaU 
hole in a stump, and before it had drawn in its whole length hn 
seized it by the tail to draw it back with a sudden jerk and break 


its neck, but unfortunately the aperture was laro-e enoujjrh for the 
snake to coil itself back, which it did, and bit him among the 
blood vessels of his wrist, which to the universal regret of the com- 
munity caused almost immediate death. The introduction of 
swine into the country, relieved the people in a great degree of 
this pest in a few years. It is averred, though I will not avouch 
its truth, that even the timid deer was a great snake killer, that 
when it came in confoict, it would with its fore feetstarai^the reptile 
to death. This branch of the subject here closes with this one 
remark — the rattle snake has one redeeming trait, when letaloueit 
will never attempt to bite without giving notice by the rattles. 

This settlement continued toprogressin tliedirection of improve- 
ment. Log cabin churches, school-houses, mills and other indis- 
pensable utilities were erected, and furnished the people with the 
usual facilities of society, their granaries and larders were replen- 
ished, and they began to realize all the comforts that persevering 
industry always brings in its wake. All were ha ppy and contented 
up to about 1810, when that mania among the first settlers of a new 
country, in the shape of new adventures broke out in all its mast 
virulent types. The most glowing descriptions of new localities 
westward in theState were circulated, the new counties of Waj-ne, 
Stark, and especially a i)lace still further west under the general 
term of the Mad River Country, attracted the deepest interest as a 
land "flowing with milk and honey," interlarded with game and 
wild hogs in great abundance, about which the most extravagant 
hyperbolical declarations in jest were made, such as that roasted 
pigs were running at large with knives and forks stuck in their 
backs, squealing out, "Come and eat." 

This agitation in the end, culminated in the exodus of about 
forty families, more at that time than two-thirds of all the old set- 
tlers of Brookfieid township, who in their frenzy, sacrificed to new 
comers, the results of their toils for years; not then, even dream- 
ing of the hidden treasures under their feet, i'l the shape of inex- 
haustible coal fields and rich mines of iron ore, that have since 
been the source of unbounded wealth to that community, making 
improved lands then sold for three or four dollars an acre, worth, 
upon an average, one hundred dollars an acre at this time. 

As I have elsewhere said not less than forty families began to 
prepare themselves for this movement, and strange as it may now 


-appear, tiot les,s than thirty of them selected the Mad River Val- 
ley, and within a year or two all of them settled in what at that 
time was Champaio^n County, and my being so mixed up in these 
scenes, must be niy excuse for connecting my pioneer life in C'ham- 
paign County, with its incipient stages in Trumbull County. It 
seems to me from my stand -point, I could not separate them so as 
to confine myself alone to this my pre-Sent locality, for the reason 
that my old associates in a large degree were my new comrades in 
early pioneer life in this part of the State. And the scenes from 
]80(>to ISll are now endeared to me, and can not be eradicated or 
separated from the scenes of pioneer life in C'hampaign (bunty, 
but must by me be treated as one of the parts of my early life in 
Ohio. I can well adopt the language of Tupper in his veneration 
of old haunts; his portraiture in the following lines vibrates upon 
every chord of my early reminiscences, and vividly renews all 
those early recollections which I have attempted to delineate in 
varied sketches. In view of all these surrounding circumstances 
-am I not Justified in their connection? 

01(1 §ninttfi. 

"i love to linger on my track. 

Wlierever I liave dwelt 
In after yosirs to loiter back. 
« And lee! as once I felt; 

My foot falls lightly on the .^w- ni. 

Yet ieave.s u deathless dint; 
With tenderness I still regard 

Its un forgotten print. 
Old places have a charm for nie. 

The new can ne'er attain — 
Old taces ntiw I long to see, 

Their kindly looks again. 
Yet these are gone — while all aiourui 

Is changeable as air. 
All anchor in the solid ground. 

A.nd root inv memories there' 


The )*pnti mentality of these lines after a lapse of more than a half 
century, ha.s on two or three ooca-'ions induced rue to revisit the 
locality of these scenes of my boy-hood. The spring near my fath- 
er's cabin; the site of the old log school-house; the place where stood 
the old church to which my father and mother led me, all claimed 
my first attention. The '■'■deatMe-''s dinf^ was there, but the ^'oid 
faces'" were not ihere; tliene were "gone," I shall never see '■Hheir 
kindly looka again." A deep veneration for these sacred spots can 
never be erased. Memory cherishes them, and^the judgment 
endorses the declaration that all is vanity. 

I-have already stated that ageneral stampede among thesettlers 
was about to take place, and which ended in its consummation. 
My father and his brothers Samuel and .Johnson Patrick caught 
the contagion, the two latter moving in the fall of 1810 and set- 
tled on Beaver Creek, in what is now Clarke County, and afterward 
moved into what is now Logan County. 

But my father reaiained in Brookfield until the next spring, 
and during the winter entered into an arrangement by which five 
of his neighbors united with him and built a boat, about two miles 
above Sharon on the Shenango River, of sufficient capacity to con- 
tain six families with their goods, and was made ready to be 
launched. It was no doubt the first, if not the last, enterprise of 
the kind so far up from the confluence of the river into l^ig Beaver. 
The boat being ready, it was after the first sufficient rise floated 
over three mw mill-dams down to the mouth of Big Yankee creek 
and moored, and side and rudder b^iug attached, was ready 
for the embarkation of the families of Richard K^rainer, Jacob Ueed- 
er, William Woods, Josiah Whitaker, Isaac Loyd and Anthony 
Patrick, with their goods, wht'n ;dtpr a sudden spri'ig rise in the 
river were all on boar 1 in due orler as above indicated, when the 
cable was loosed, and this hand of itnmigrant- numbering about 
twenty souls set sail and were gently watted with the current 
down the Shenango to Big Beaver, and down falls of the latter, 
when tiie boat was again iii<:ored and the crew and tlieir elfects 
were by wagons en. ployed, (0^vey^•d to the foot of the rapids. 
The boat was put into the hands of u pilot to navigate it over the 
falls which was done with great speed, but through the unskillful- 
ness of pilot, was greatly injured upon the rocks and had to be re- 
fitted at some expense, and madesea-wortliy, after which she was 
•gain duly laden, and the voyag(^ ivneued l-y rujining with the 


current from the fells to the confluence with the beautiful Ohio Riv- 
er, and thence clown to Cincinnati without noting the daily stop- 
pajjes and delays after about a three weeks voyage, interspersed 
with many Incidents which will he now passed. 

Cincinnati was then a little town under the hill. Here these 
old family wayfarers seeking new homes separated, after selling 
their boat for about twenty dollars and dividing the proceeds, in- 
tending to meet again in the Mad River Valley, which was 
ultimately realized, as all of them became settlers in old Cham- 
paign County 'IS bounded in 1811, embracing what is now Clarke, 
Champaign, Logan, Hardin, etc., ttc, n )ith lo the Michigan 
Territory line. 

My Father moved his family to Lebanon, Warren County, arriv- 
ing there on the evening Moses B. Corwin was married, remain- 
ing there and working as a journey-man cabinet maker until 
August, when he moved to Url>aua, arriving there the 9tb day'of 
August, 1811. 

Note: I have attempted to describe a log cabin raising, in its 
multiform delineations from the standing forest to the completed 
structure. And indoing so have committed myself to the criticism 
of many yet living, who would be more capable of the task I have 
assumed. I am aware that my attempt has many defects in point 
of accuracy of <U'.-^fription, that will likely be pointed out as need- 
ing amendment. But my niotive was not the enlightenment of 
the present generation, but was attempted from a desire to hand 
down to posterity the primitive structures up to 1820, believing^ 
that before the year 1920, this mode of building will have become 
obsolete, and unknown. As the new settlers of this day do nol 
re.sort to the log Ciibin, but to the frame house or hovel, the idea of 
the original log cabin as already said will be unknown, hence the 
reason of n)y feeble attempt. 

8l' CHAMPAKIN and 



In the presentation of the frat^mentary sketches contained i« the 
preceding- chapters, I owe it to niypelf to make some additional ex- 
planations of the motives that actuated me, in a seeming departure 
from the pt(<grairime of the " Western Ohio Pioneer Association,^'' in 
loCiXting- scenes of pioneer life in sections of the State outside of 
Ch;iinpai}j:n and jjf)gan Counties. And they in part consist — be- 
cause aiy most early experience aotecede-^, and as els«!\vhere inti- 
mated, connects itself with the scenes which followed my early 
settlement in Champait?n County in the year 1811. Pioneer life in 
all its general relationships is so uniformly the same, that all its 
general features are hs applicable to one locality as another ; and 
therefore all those generalities of which I have treated, such as 
hardships endured, dangers encountered, difticuUies met and over- 
come, including all those manifestations of generosity, equality, 
and sympathetic mutual kindnesses, that have been portrayed as 
traits of character in the early settlement of the Eastern part of the 
State, are to the letter, applicable to the lirst settlers ot Champaign 
and Logan Counties, and as a beginning point may be transferred 
to the latter locality. 

As already said, my father arrived in Crbana, Augu^^t !)th, 1811, 
and rented of Benjamin Doolittle a double cabin, then standing on 
lot No. 17;'), on what is now East Court St., oj)posite the First Bap- 
tist Church, and near the present residence of Mrs. Keller^ 

At this point I will attempt a pencil sketch of all the habitations 
of the old settlers at the date here indicated, and in order to do so 
more understandingly will promise the remark, that tlie -triginal 
plat of Urbana at that day, consisted of 212, in lots 6 rods in front, 
abutting streets running back ten rods ; four fractional lots around- 
the Public Square six rods sfpiare ; and two tiers t)l out lots on the 
western border, and ohe tier on the southern border of the town, 
aggregating twenty-two lots, varying in <ize from about one and 
one-half acres to three acres ; for all further general descriptions I 


will rofer to the rf'conl^^. And as a further prelude will remark, as 
the streets now nearly all have new nanie.s, that I will adont them 
with reference to my localities, and I will take luy standpoint in 
the Public Square, and briefly dot the several localities of the first 
'■settlers of tliat day, as fully as my recollections will enable me. 


On the southeast corner of fractional lot No. 1. Benjamin Dooiittle 
occupied a two-story log- house, with a back building attaclied to 
west rear for dining room and kitchen, as a tavern stand, and being 
the same lot now owned and occupied liy M«'Donalds and others. 

Joseph Hedges occui>ied a small frame with shed roof, called the 
knife-box, little west of northeast corner of fractional lot No. 4, 
as a store room of Hedges & Neville, with small family residence 
in the west end, and being tlie same lot now owned and oc^-upied 
by Glenns and othei*s. 

John Reynolds owned and o"Cupied a neat white two-story 
building on northeast cor»»er of in lot No. 48, fronting east on the 
Public Square, and used in part as a store room ; the bah^nce being 
his family residence. The store room being on the corner was 
also by him used as the Post-office, he being the first Postmaster of 
the I lace. The very same spot is now used for the Post-office in 
the Weaver House. This whole lot is now owned by Henry 
Weaver, and as already intimated, is the site of the^ AVeaver 

Widow Fitch, the mother of Mrs. Blanchard, owned and occu- 
pied in lot No. i, opposite the Weaver House, and had a small log 
building on it, which was occupied as a family residence, to which 
she added in front facing east on the Public Square, a respectable 
two-story hewed log house, using the same soon after as a tavern 
stand for several years. This site is now known as the Donaldson 
corner, &c. 

Dr. Davidson occupied a small frame, fronting the Square on lot 
No. 154, on pait of the site of L. Weaver's block. 


From the Public Square, south. Alexander Doke owned and 
occujiied in-lot No, 104, and liad on it a little south of the pres- 
ent tavern stand of Samuel Taylor, a double cabin residence of 


his family, and beino: a blacksmith, he had on the same lot a 
smith sho}). This lot embraces all the ground south of S. W. 
Hitt's store to the corner on market space, and owned now by 
several individuals. All this ground during the war of 1812, was 
used as an artificer yard. 

W. H. Tyffe owned the south half of in lot No. 55, &c., and occu- 
pied the southeast corner of it, as Ids family residence; it being 
the same budding now on said corner, having since been weather- 
boarded, and is now owned by his descendants. 

George Fithian, the grandfather of Milton Fithian, owned and 
occupied as a tavern stand, the same building now standing on in 
lot No. G8; it has undergone but little improvement in outside ap- 
pearance, excepting the weatherboarding of the log part of it. This 
same tavern vt'as afterward owned and occupied by John Enoch, 
the father of John Enoch, .Jr., and is now owned by the Second 
M. B, Church as a proposed future site for a Church edifice. 

George Hite, on the next abutting lot on west side of South 
Main St., being No. 71, erected a two-story log house for his 
family, and being a vvheel-wright, had a shop near it. The present 
residence of Mr. Bennett occupies the site of the old dwelling. 

Job Gard, the father of Gershom Gard, owned in-lot No. 87, the 
corner of South Main and Reynolds streets, and lived in a hewed 
log house near the jjresent residence of Col. Candy. This lot is 
now owned by the New .Jerusalem Church ani others. 

Alexander McComsy, father of Matthias McComsy, owned and 
had a cabin for his family on s;)utti-east corner of South Main and 
Reynolds streets, on out-lot No. 18, now vacant and owned by 
William Ross. 

William and John Glenn owned in-lots No. 124, 125, 126 and 127, 
on which they had sunk a tjin-yard, with a rough log shoi) for fin- 
ishing; this is now what is called Iho lower tannery, in the present 
occupancy of Smith, Bryan &. Co. William Glenn then owned 
and had a cabin-residence on lots No. 134 and 135, now owned by 
.Tohn Clark, George (-ollins and others. 


from Public Square, north. John Shyach owned In-lol No. 163, 
upon which his family lived in a respectable two-story, hewed log 
house, near the drug store of Fisler & Chanc(^ (Years afterward 


was burned.) This property embraces the row of business build- 
ino^s now occupied from the corner of North Main and East Court 
streets, to .1. H. Patrick's ha nhvare store. 

Randal Largent occupied a small rough cabin on lot No. 24, on 
the north-west border of a pond, between it and what is known as 
the " HaraUton Uouse,^' on the ground now occupied and owned 
by J. li. Patrick as his residence. 

Samuel ^fcCord had nearly opposite to last mentioned place, 
his family residence on lot No. 178, being a story and half hewed 
log house, which was many years after burned down. 

N. Carpenter lived in a small one-story log ca])}n on the corner 
of in-lot No. 32, near the present residence of .John Smith, corner 
of North Main and West Church streets. 

.Joiin Frizzle occupied a large double two-story log cabin as a 
tavern-stand, fronting oast on North Main street, on in-lot No. 40. 
near present residence of O. T. Cundiff. 



from Public Square, east. Joseph Vance owned lot No. 15o, and 
was erecting in the fall of 1811 the present two-story frame and 
part of th(> back building in which his son, .Judge Vance, now 
dwells, as owner of the premises described. 

Frederic Gump occui)ied a small one-s(ory cabin on east half of 
in-lot No. 160, near the ]»resent site of the Episcopal ('hurch. 

David Vance owned lot No. 97, and liad on it a small story and 
half hewed log. house, occupied by Solomr>n Vail, and being the 
same lunise, with some additions, now owned aiul occupied by 
.Joseph S. K^iyfer. ' 

WKST M.\r\ <»i: MIAMI STUKF/r, 

From Public Square, west. David Parkison owned and occupied a 
two-story log house, and had a smiti'. sh<>[) near it, bolli fronting 
thestreet on in-lot No. 2, now opposite the Weaver House, near 
the livery-stable and Fisher's rooms. 

Zephaniah Luce owned in-lot No. o(», and occupied it by his 
family in a douliie log house, standing on (he ground now occupied 
by Doctor Mosgrove's largo briek nsidence. Mr. Luce was also 
the owner of in-lots No. ;")i, .^2, hii and 54, and on the two first sunk 


a tan-yard, and hafl tinisliins-shop on same, which he used during 
the war of 1812, a.s Issuing- Cormnissary Office, lie liolding that 

Lawrence Niles (hatter) occupied a hewed log house on east part 
of in-lot No. o, being the same property no v owned and occupied 
by WiTi. iSampson, having been repaired in such a manner as to 
present a neat two-story house. His family, like nuiny new set- 
tlers, after living here a few years, became dissatisfied, and with- 
out waiting to dispose of their property moved west, seeking new 
adventures, and were never heard of afterward. It was supposed 
they were either all drownnd, or murdered by the savages. 


East from South Main. .James Fitliian occupied a two-story hewed 
log house, with an addition of a one-story on west side of it, (the 
latter being used in the war of 1S12, as a Quartermaster's offlee) 
on in-Iot No. 10-5, being the present premises of Mrs. Dr. Stans- 
berry ; tiie log buildings abov(; described were moved east on to 
lot No. 109, property of estate of Samuel McCord, and very re- 
cently torn down. 

Simon Kenton, as Jailor of Champaign County, occupied one 
family room below and the rooms above in the old Jail l)uilding, 
on lot No. 107, as his family rasidence. Here two of his daughters, 
Sarah, afterward Mrs. Jno. McCord, and Matilda, afterward Mrs. 
Jno. G. Parkison, were married. This lot is now owned l)y two of 
the Lawsons. 

P^'rederic Ambrose, by trade a potter, afterward Sheriff and 
County Treasurer, owned and occui)ied in-lot No. Ill, and lived in 
a cabin on southeast corner, with a sliop near it; this lot is now 
owned by Ha very Stump. 

Wilson Thomas, colored, right south on the op}*osite side of the 
street on in-lot No. 121, owned and occupied a small cabin, near the 
present residence of Mrs. Jacob Fisher. 

Toney, a colored man, whose full name I have forgotten, 

but who was somewhat distinguished in the war of 1812, according 
to his own statements, occupied an old cabin in the Northeast cor- 
ner of E. B. Patrick's in-lot No. 112, fronting East Market Street. 

Peter Carter, colored, husband of old Fannie, owned in-lot No. 


118, and had a cabin in the rear, which i^tood on the ground now 
occupied by the present African M. E. Church building. 


West from South Main. Edward W. Pierce, a very highly educa- 
ted lawyer, without family, had a hewed log office near the 
present residence of Mrs. E. P. Tyffe, on in-Iot No. 61. Repos- 
sessed sterling talents, but from some cause had much mental 
affliction, and in the winter of 1816, was found dead in the woods 
between here and Springfield, much torn by wolves as then sup- 
posed. Persons of that day who professed to know the fact, said 
that in his very early life he had the misfortune to exchange shots 
in a duel, and killed his adversary, which was the secret of his 
mental malady. This I give as a matter of information only. 


From South Main, East. Daniel Helmick owned in-lots No. 136 
and 137 ; on the latter he had a double cabin as the residence of his 
family, and on the corner of the former in front of the Second M. 
E. Church, was his hewed log cabinet shop; he afterward built 
the brick house now owned by J. C. Jones. 

Nathaniel Pickard owned and occupied lots No. 142 and 143, and 
erected for his family residence a hewed log cabin, standing imme- 
diately West of Moses B. Corwin's present brick residence. 


West from South Main. William Ward, Sr., t)ie old proprietor of 
the town, then lived in a double log calkin standing near the pres- 
ent residence of Mr. Smith, southeast corner of West Water and 
High Streets, on a block of lots, No.'s 83, 84, 85, 86, 91, 92, 93, 94, 
and now the property of Messrs. Smith, Donaldson and others. 


East from South Main Street. Joseph C. Vance owned and occu- 
pied in-lots No.'s 152 and 153, and erected on the premises a two- 
story log house as a family re'^idence ; he also erected a small 
hewed log office, he being the first Clerk of the Court of Common 
Pleas, and Surveyor, &c. 



West from South Main Street. Isaac Kobinson, a brick mason, 
occupied a cabin on one of out-lots on south side of the street, but 
r am now unable to locate it. 

John Gilmore, a brick mason, occupied a cabin on out lot No. 8, 
now enclosed in the private park grounds of Col. John H. Jones, 
in which his superb family mansion is situated. 


East from North Main Street. Anthony Patrick, as already sta-ed, 
occupied a double cabin nearly opposite the Baptist Church on in- 
lot No. 17o, owned then by Benjamin Doolitlle. 

Jacob Tharp occupied a cabin on lot No. 165, near the site of the 
prasent Baptist Church. 


West from North Main Street. Capt. Wm. Powell occupied a 
small frame tenement on West side of in-lot No. 14, being the pres- 
ent premises of Duncan McDonald. 

Stout occupied a small rouo-hly budt frame, which stood 

near the present residence of Miss Nancy Jennings on in-lot 
No. 22. 


East from North Main Street. Samuel Trewett the grandfather of 
Nathan Reece occupied in-lot No. 194, and lived in a hewed log 
one story cabin near the present residence of Robert Bell. He was 
a local M. E. preacher. 


West from North Main Street. John Huston a rough carpenter, 
built a story and a half hewed log cabin and occupied it on in-lot 
No. 26, being the present premises of William Scorah. 

Daniel Harr the father of Newton Harr, was here with his thea 
small family, and as I have no other building in my eye for a fami- 
ly residence, lam inclined to the opinion that he occupied asmall 
cabin on in-lot No. 27, the present premises of W. H. Colwell; if he 
did so occupy, it was only temporarily, for I remember soon after, 
he improved the north half of in-lots No. 65, 66, and erected the 


two story frame now owned by W. L. Study bak^r on South Main 
Street and occupied the upper part and rear huildinjjs as his family 
residence, and front as a store room of Harran<l Rhodes — the latter 
beinjj^ the father of Nelson Rhodes, Esq. 

Henry Bacon if memory serves me, ownedandoccrupied a small 
frame buildins on the ground now owned by Mr. Osborn onin-lots 
No. 38, 89; he afterward erected the brick buikliny known as th« 
Insurance Office on in-h)t No. 8, and occupied itas adwellinjif. 

Here are thrown hastily together a pen sketch of Ihe pojiulation 
in Urbana in 1811, comprising 45 fandles, describing from memorj 
tlie kind of tenements witii their h)calities as nearly as possible; 
there may be some errors, but it is believed they are few. Ono 
sad reflection presents its self wow ; all these tiave gone the way of 
all the earth. There may possibly be an exception, but the writer 
of this is not aware of any. 

It may be proper here to |)oint out the public buildings of the 
town. The jail has already been noticed. The Court-house was u 
large log building on lot No. 174 on East Court Street, which has 
undergone a change, and is now the property of Duncan McDonald, 
and is used as a family residence. During the war of 1812-15, it 
was converted into an army hospital, and in it ni.iuy deatiis oc- 
curred from a prevalent epidemic malady of that day denominated 
"cold plague," and the bones of the victims now rest in the old 
town grave-yard. And may God in his merciful Providence avert 
that unhallowed cupidity, that is now Instigating municipal dese- 
cration upon their silent abode. This building having been ap- 
propriated to the use above indicated, the upper part oi the jail 
was fitted up for the purpose of holding the courts, and was so 
dsed until the new court house in the public square was finished, 
in about the end of the year 1817, and this latter temple of justice 
remained as county court house, until the clamorous raids of the 
populace culminated in the erection of our present one, standing; 
on in-lots No. 16 and 17, about the year 1839. 

In the earlier settlement of the town, the practice in the winter 
seasons, was to convert the larger class residences, for the time 
being, into Bethels for public worship, and in the warm summer 
months, to congregate near the present Public Square, under the 
shade of the spreadinji branches of the large oak trees then in that 
vicinity. And as soon as the Court House first alluded to was fin- 
ished, it became a place of public worship, and the same will ap- 


ply to all it« .successors. But, I started out with the intention of 
informing the public th it when I first came to Urbana, a large 
hewed log M. E. Churcii had recently been erected on in-Jot No. 
207, and under the itinerant mode of that denomination, was regu- 
larly supplied by many sterling pioneer preachers, during the years 
up to about 1816, when the brick church now part of the Ganson 
livery establishment was erected. The pulpit in the oM log iiouse 
was sui^plied something in this order during the years indie ited, 

by Kev. .John Meek, Clingman, Samuel Brockanier, John 

Collins, and perhaps some others. About 1816 as already stated, 
the brick eiifice situated on east half of in-lot No. 176, was duly 
dedicated and supplied in the manner named above, by the higher 
order of talent in the persons of Rev. David Shafer, Henry B. Bas- 

eom, Crume, Cummings, John Strange, Westlake, 

&c. It may also be remarked that they were fortunate in the 
years here embraced, say up to 1825, in having a first-class order of 
local ministrations, and the interests of the Church were fully sus- 
tained under Rev. Samuel Hitt and others like him, who were 
ornaments to their profession, and she added to hei- luimher daily 
such as gave evidence that they had passed from denth unto life. 
Many incidents might be recorded of the thrilling scenes con- 
necte<l with the spiritual labors of that old church, before it put on 
its new dress, in the exchange of the old houses of worship for its 
present new temple, situated on north half of in-lots No. 24 and 
25. This denomination has always been in the lead in this lo- 
cality, owing perhaps to the indomitable zeal manifested by both 
ministry and laity, in the propagation of their popular tenets. 

The only other religious interest in this town for the first thirty 
years after its first settlement, was Presbyterianism, but its growth 
was greatly behind that of the Church described. It however was 
the instrument in disseminating much wholesome religious in- 
struction, and exerted an influence for good, upon the morals of 
the community. It had to encounter difficulties, and inconven- 
iences for want of a house of worship; the Court House was substi- 
tuted, and not till about 1829 had it any house of its own for the 
congregation, and before it was finished, the tornado of 1830 en- 
tirely demolished it, and another was er'^'cted on a new site or. lot 
No. 18, on the same site of the j>resent imposing structure, this be- 
ing the third within less than thirty years. 


But to come back to the point sought in the programme of the 
Pioneer Association, I will say that the Presbyterian Church had 
no organization as a Town Church for many years, but the mem- 
bership was attached to country organizations on Buck Creek and 
Stony Creek, according to their several preferences. This state of 
things continued until about 1814, when the Rev. James Hughs, 
the father of Mrs. William Ward, came and settled in Urbana, 
and was very efficient in building up an interest in the denomina- 
tion which soon resulted inachurch organization, and this worthy 
divine was called under the rules and regulations of that branch of 
the Christian Church, and was duly installed as its pastor, and con- 
tinued in the Gospel labor many years, blessed with many addi- 
tions to his charge. 

Before dismissing this branch of the subject it may be said, that 

bofore Mr. Hughs had located here. Rev. McMillin, Purdy, 

and some others officiated, and after he resigned the pastoral rela- 
tionship, the pulpit was supplied by Rev. Brich, Joseph 

Stephenson, Dickey, David Mirrill and others. And as a con- 
cluding remark it may be noted upon this subject matter, chat al- 
though there were no other denominational organizations here 
than the two above indicated for many long years, yet there were 
some few belonging to other persuasions. Baptists, Newlights, &c., 
who attached themselves to country organizations, and were oc- 
casionally supplied with preaching in this place. The Baptists, 
by Rev. John Thomas, and John Guttridge, and the Newlights by 

Rev. Vickers, all of them as a general rule using the School 

house mentioned hereafter on in-lot No. 102. Notwithstanding 
the small beginnings heretofore indicated, the City of Urbana 
at this day may boast her three M. E. Church, two Baptist, two 
Presbyterian including Associate Reform, one Lutheran, one New- 
Jerusalem, one Episcopal, and one Catholic organizations, each 
having a comfortable and capacious house for public worship; and 
all of them, supplied in the ministry with talent'; of a resppctable 
order. -^ 




The next subject in its proper order, would be to say a word in 
reference to school houses and schools. My first recollection is, 
♦^hat a school was taught by old Nathaniel Pinckard in the old log 
Court House already described. I remember too, that afterwards 
a school was taught in the old log church, by William Nicholson 
and perhaps others. A school was taught in the old tavern stand, 
wbich is heretofore referred to as the old George Fithian and John 
Enoch stand on lot No. 6B, somewhere about 1816, by Hiram M. 
Curry, afterward State Treasurer. 

About the year 1811 however, a small school house was erected 
on lot No. 102, near the present residence of E. B. Patrick, and a 
school was made up by subscriptions which was then the only 
mode of supply, and a teacher employed. I do not destinctly re- 
member the first teacher, but a?B inclined to think it was William 
Stephens, Esq.; afterward John C. Pearson, Henry Drake, George 
Bell and others were teachers, but forget the order of their services. 
In this venerable house the writer of this received his last touches 
of scholastic instruction, and his only surviving schoolmates that 
he can now name, are Col. Douglas Luce, Joseph A. Reynolds, 
and Mrs. Horace Muzzy. 

At that early day the opportunities for instruction were very 
different from now. If parents had the ability and inclination to 
pay for school instruction, it was given; if not, it was with-held. 
In looking hack into the past, and (H)ntrasting it with the present 
organized system of public instruction for all conditions of society, 
the mind at once is puzzled in the solution of the question, "How 
did those early Pioneers of <^hio, hedged in with poverty, sur- 
rounded with difficulties, and exposed to all manner of hardships 
and privations, manage to so educate, instruct and manipulate the 
t/ outhf id iuinds ot their immediate successors, as to develop such 
talent as has, in the last generation, gra,ced the pulpit, the bench, 
the l)ar, and both branches of the State and National Legislatures ? 


Will such a galaxy ot stars set, at the close of the present genera- 
rion ? If so, where are they now shedding their lustrous brilliancy ? 
I?ut to return to the subject matter of the early schools of Urbana, 
.-say prior to 18:>(). Having referred to the school-houses u.sed, and 
tthe teachers, and the mode of supplying them, up to tliat time, it 
Alight not be amiss to .-ay something of their capacity to teach and 
govern. They were, as a general rule, men of high moral stand- 
ing, and qualified to teach all the first rudiments of a common 
-BChool education, such as reading, writing, spelling, arithmetic and 
fDnglish grammar, and some of them the higher branches of math- 
hematics and algebra; but not many clai)ued the latter qualitica- 
ftions. But they vvei-e thorough in such branches as they professed 
'^to teach, and if they found that any pupils were close upon their 
Jieelsin any branch, they became studious themselves, to be pre- 
jpared to impart instruction to such. This ftict has come under my 
«^>wn observation in more than one instance ; in short, they were 
^erseveringly industrious, energetic, and it may be said, ambi- 
ifious, and the pupils were like them ; they applied themselves 
ssBsiduously to their lessons, and the key to it was, both boys and 
twirls at home had to work, the boy.s at mechanical trades or upon 
fTarms, the girls at house-keeping, hackling and spinning flax, 
<eardiug and spinning wool ; so that when they went into the school- 
room, it seemed a recreation to take hold of their books, slates, <&c. 
The teachers had an aptitude to teach, and the pupils to receive 
feistruction ; the spirit of emulation was infused by the former, and 
^€eized and secured by the latter. As already intimated, the teach- 
*ers were determined to impart, and the pupils to receive instruc- 
ttion. Indeed the invincible determination to learn among the 
^§70uth of that day, was a common trait. I will have to give an 
janstance as an illustration for many other cases. The writer of 
tthis knew an Urbana boy in his teens, whose father in the winter 
tef 1814-15, was drafted, and to save the family who were very poor 
l!^om the sacrifice of its support in the head, voluntarily left his 
-school, offered himself and was received as a substitute; being en- 
sgaged in committing the rules of English Grammar, he put up in 
Siis knapsack a copy of a small edition containing these rules, and 
■when at his destination at Fort Meigs, at all leisure times pursued 
t^e committing of them to memory, preparatory to finishing at 
■<rhe end of his time in school, his studies upon that branch. He 
NT/as kindly assisted and invited by his Captain, John R. Lemen, 


t<) use his quarters out of the din of the boys in the service. Bfe 
really came home prepared to apply the rules and did so, under tli»' 
instruction of the same teacher^he left. That boy had no higher/ 
aim than a common school education ; he did not aspire to ait;?r 
profession, but the same indomitable energy that actuated hi m^- 
stimulated hundreds of others in the State that did aim at highefi- 
aspirations, and this'^erhaps is the solution to the question aske«JS 
in a preceding paragraph; 

Before dismissing this branch of the subject, 1 will note the fasti 
of the erection about 1820, of what was called the Academy, and ia 
which higher branches were professed to be taught, and which sifir- 
tracted to our place afterward, a good class of competent instrucfc- 
ors. And the greater part of our present business men, who ^msf 
the descendants of old settlers of the town, received most of tbeSs 
education in it. The building was on the present site of ourseco®dS 
ward district school houses on lots No. 179 and 180. Also there wa»^ 
erected a little later, a female Academy, but it did not prove a ssa® 
cess; it was on lot No. 35, West Church Street, being part of ftSc 
present residence of William Wiley. 

LOGAN (X)UNT1I']S. 46 



As I have given some of the desultory outlines of the first 
«4iurches and schools of Urbana, sixty years ago, I will continue 
a>y saying a word in regard to the civil, polity. I remember that 
Twhen I first came iiere, Nathaniel Pinckard, Ksq., was Justice of 
■sHse Peace for Urbana township, and was a great terror to benders 
.ii«d boys ; his wife was his counsellor, and was considered the best 
fStatute lawyer of the two, and kept him advised* in all dilficult 
;»5nid knotty questions of law. 

The Court of Common Pletis had on its bench Hon. Francis i)un- 
tovy, President, with three Associate Judges — Hon. John Runyon, 
-flohn Reynolds, and Joseph Lpyton;and the way justice was meted 
<8iutto horse-theives, hog-theives, and all olher violators of the law 
"twas a "caution," (as the curt phrase expresses it,) to offenders. 
'The Urbana bar, at my first acquaintance, consisted of Henry 15a- 
4Son and Edward W. Pierce, lieretofore noticed in another para- 
<gr«iph. But very shortly afterward it received many very respect- 
inble accessions, in the persons of Moses B. Corwin, (who likewise, 
mi 1812 commenced the publication of the Farmers^ Watchfower, 
the first newspaper ever publishe I in this place, associating with 
iisiim a young printer by the name of Blackburn as co-ediior,) James 
*('Jooley, afterward Charge rfe- Affaire.^ to a foreign country; C'aleb 
Atwater, the distinguished Antiquarian; Chancy P. Holcomb, af- 
ferward of some notoriety, and J. E. Chaplain. I could add to 
diiis very cheerfully. Col. John H. James, whose record as a lawyer 
sraeeds not the eulogy of my pen, but he located here after 1820, 
:imd would be outside of the objects sought by the Pioneer Associ- 
sation. I will now say a word in reference to the lawyers within 
ttliis then large judicial circuit, embracing Hamilton county, and 
iStl^ the organized and unorganized territory within its eastern and 
western limits, north to the Michigan territory line, who prac- 
Iticed at the Urbana bar prior to 1820--Jacob Burnett, David K. 
l^r^^te, Nichols Longworth, Arthur St. Clatr, son of General St. Clair, 
Jii>seph H. ('rain, afterward president Judge of this Circuit, John 


Alexander, &c. Here was an array of talent tltat has not sine^ • 
been surpassed. 

These men were frequently pitted ai>ainst each other in th<" 
trials of important cases, and nuuiy amusing i)asse,s» of wit anfi» 
repartee were evoked. I remember an instance of this kind: Johii. 
Alexander, who was a man of hugh dimensions, and Nichola >- 
Longworth, who was i)elow medium size, were employed agains'* 
each other in the trial of a State case in the court-room at IJrbana.- 
and during its progress they both became very much enrage«il 
jigainsteach other, when Mr. Alexander stamped his foot, ajid witl:* 
excited voice said, " You little thing, hold your tongue or 1 wifl 
put you in my pocket," which Mr. Longworth did not deign t(i> 
answer, but addressing himself to the Court said, "may it pleas** 
your Honors, this mountain of flesh," ])ointing at his antagonisi; ,. 
"has threatened to put une in his pocket ; please tell him for me, i^:T 
he does, he will have more law in his ))ocket than he ever had Ui 
his head." 

And sometimes these i)asses of wit occurred between the ("our5 
and members of thebar. 1 will give an instance: Mr. St. Clair ha^'if 
an unfortunate impedimeat; although a man of more than ordinary 
talents he could never give the letter S its proper sound — in othesr 
words he lisped, and on one occasion he became very njuch exciters' 
at the decision of the Court in some matter of interest to him, an*:i' 
indulged in improper language, and still persisted after the Judgv 
had coaimandefl him to take his seat. Judge Dunlavy ordered th*- 
Sheriff to arrest and imprison him ; the Sheriff feeling that the dis- 
charge of that duty would be very unpleasant, hesitated, where- 
upon Mr. St Clair, in the most bland tone, addressed the .Judge b> 
saying: "May it I'leath your Honor, perhapth The theriff ith wait- 
ing the order of the Court." Whereupon Judge Dunlavy iunnedj- 
ately consulted the three associate judges, and to his mortilicationi 
had to let it pass. 

The Supreme Court under the ('onstitution of ls():I was rcquireii^i 
to hold an annual session in each county ; my Mrst recollection i:4 
that Court in Champaign County is, that between ISll and 1817 iti*. 
session-! were oji some occasions in the old log church— why, I d^j 
not now remeiriber, and according to my best recollection, Judg(5.>:^ 
Thomas Scott, Chief Justice, William W. Irwin, and Ethan Aller-s 
Brown, the latter of whom afterward was (loveinor of th(> Statc^,,. 


were on the bench ; and soon after the above period Peter Hitch- 
cook, John McLean, and othei-s not now remembered, were suc- 
cessors of that Court. 

As these sketches to be acceptable to future readei*s should em- 
brace all the varieties of pioneer life, it might be well at this point 
to say a word a.s t<j the gentlemen of the medical profession. And 
as a beginning I will say that I do not remember any except Doc- 
tor Davidson, a brother-in-law to Judge Reynolds, who was 

here when I first came. But very •shortly after verj' respectable 
accessions were made in the persons of Doctor Joseph 8. Carter and 

Collins, to which may be added prior to 1820, Adam Alcxs- 

grove and Obed Hor, and perhaps some othei"s not now recollected. 
These gentlemen, it may be safely said, all secured the confidence 
of the people, and were very popular and successful practilionei's. 
And in the mean time, young gentlemen of the vicinity had quali- 
fied themselves, who also in this time became successful in prac- 

tic*». I will name a few : E. Banes, Wilson Everett, Hughs, 

CXirry, and afterward, E. P. Fyffe and others. Being hedged 

in by the 1820 rule, I will dismiss this branch of the subject. 

I have already said that ray first acquaintance with Urbana was 
on the 9th day of August, 1811, ana I have according to my best 
recollection given the names and the location of all the heads of 
families at that date. The first settlers here were exposed to many 
hardships and difficulties, but banded together in kindly assist- 
ir^ o;ich other. From its first settlement in 1806, through all the 
succeeding years, embracing those of the war 1812-15, thej' were fre- 
quently filarmed at threatene{i Indian raids ; frequent occasions of 
the massacre in close proximity, of whole families, added to their 
terror--. Mr. Joseph A. Reynolds informs me that on several occa- 
sions about 1807 and 1808, the few settlers of t)ie place, repeatedly 
alarmed at rumors of the near approach of hostll i 3 j,es, would 
congregate in the most strongly built and roomy li)^ nouse, barri- 
cade the doors and windows in anticipation of an InJian attack. 
He recollects on one occasion that Zephaniah Luce, the father of 
Col. Douglass Luce, received information that a body of Indians 
were in th" neighborhood prepared to make an attack upon the 
place in the night ; and he moved around among the settlers, urg- 
ing them to imme<liately repair to the house of George Fithian. 
already noticed, and bring with them all their guns and amtnuni- 


tion, and barricade it as the tnost secure strong-hold of the place, 
which was carried into execution, and as I'epresented, the scenes 
of that nisrht were very exciting, and have left impressions not to 
be forgotten. The attack, however, was not made, and the fortress 
was disbanded, and all for the time being returned to their own 
cabins. While on this subject it should be mentioned that soon 
after the scenes above described, the people erected a block-house 
on lot No. 104, and which during the war was used as one of the 
army artificer's shops. This must suffice on this branch, though I 
could recite some similar scenes within my own knowledge after- 
ward. I will, however, in this connection remark, that although 
our neigh bctring frontier tribes professed friendship towards the 
whites, yet many distrusted them, and were suspicious that 
through tlie blandishments of Tecumseh and his brother, the 
Prophet, they migh< be induced to join the standard of the Pota- 
wataraies and other hostile tribes, which had leagued together, and 
ultimated in the celebrated battle of Tiopecanoe, in November, 
1811. In this conflict, though Gen. Harrison's forces were greatly 
cut to pieces, the Indians under Tecumseh were, after much 
slaughter, driven from the ground and put to rout, and this being 
late in the fall, no fears were entertained that they could again, 
before the next summer, re-organize and renew their depreda- 
tions. Things being in this shape, precautionary measures were 
immediately taken to secure the settlements from future Indian 
raids, and Governor R. J. Meigs came in the spring of 1812 to Ur- 
bana, and inaugurated the project of making a call upon all the 
Indian tribes, and especially those on our border who professed 
friendship for the people of the Unitfxl States, Ui convene at Ur- 
bana on a given day, to hold a council with him as Governor of 
the State, and as a preliminary step, employed Col. James Mc- 
Pherson, one of the Zanes, and perhaps on? of the Walkers, to 
bear the proposals of the call to the several tribes over which they 
could exf rt a favorable influence, which resulted in a meeting of 
the <!hiefs of Shawnees and Wyandots accompanied by their 
braves, including s(mie of the leaders of remnant tribes. Taken 
all together they presented quite an imposing appearance, and ar- 
rangeirients having been made, by the erection of a platform-stand 
in a grove -.^ few rods southw^'st from the old grave-yard, about in 
the centre of the blo<*k of ir.-lots numbering 197, 198, 199, 200, 207, 
20S, 209 and 210, enclosed by East Church, North Locust, East 


Ward and North Kenton streets in Urbana. The arrantjenients to 
bring about this event had required time, and it must have been 
as late as the latter part of June, a little after the declaration of 
the war of 1812, before the council met. But its results were very 
satisfactory to Governor Meigs, and to the tribes represented, a.n4 
ended in the exchange of wampum, and in smoking the pipe of 
t)eace. The Indians avowed their determination to take sides 
with the United States, and the Governor on his part guarantee*! 
protection and support to their families, which \v;is accepted soon 
after as a measure of security against hostile tribes. And a block- 
house was erected near 5ianesfield for the protection of their wo- 
men and children, and they were, at the public expense, furnished 
with provision, «fec. I was very young at the time, and have noth 
ing but memory to aid rae in these allegations, but believe them 
substantially true. 




I will at this point break the thread of these scattered fragmenta- 
ry sketches and return to the subject of the early population of the 
place. The forty-five families that have been enumerated em- 
braced within their numbers many young persons of both sexes, 
and frequent intermarriages occurred. And contining myself to 
the years between 1811 and J82(», I will aame a few in the best or- 
der I can from memory. 

(xeorge Hunter intermarried with Ruth Fitch, now Mrs. 

James Robinson intermarried with a Miss Swing, sister to Mrs. 
Alex. Doke. 

Asel Sweet with Miss Gard, daughter of .Job Gard. 

Allen M. Poff, afterward an editor of a paper, with Rebecca 
Fithian, daughter of George Fithian. 

John Glenn with a Miss Cooper of Kentucky. 

William Neil with Miss Swing, also a sister of Mrs. Doke. 

Amos J. Yarnall with a Miss Swing, sister to above. 

Hugh Gibbs with Elizabeth Pitch, daughter of Nathi>n Fitch, 
and sister to Mrs. Blanchard. 

Peter R. Colwell with Lavina Fitcli, sister to above. 

.John Goddard with ^lary Hull, tatiier and jnother of Doctor 

David Vance, Sheriff, ttc, with Miss Wilson. 

James Paxton with Miss Luce, sister of Col. D. Luce. 

(ieorge Moore with a Miss I^uce, sister to above. 

Samuel Miller with l^]lizabeth Dunlap, daughter of Rev. James 
]l>unlap. Mrs. Miller survives. 

Col. William Ward, Jr. with Miss Hughs, daughter- of Rev. 
James Hughes. Mrs. Wai'd survives. 

William Chattield with Elizabeth Hull, neicc of Mrs. Goddard. 

Doctor William Fithian, now of Illinois, with a Miss Spain, and 
after her decease, with Miss Berry, daughter of .Judge fierry. 


John A. Ward with Eleanor McBeth, daughter of Judge 
McBeth, one of our first Representatives in the State Legisla- 

Benjamin Holden with Lucinda Pennington. 

Matthias McOomsey with Phebe Logan. 

Joseph S. Carter with Miss Fisher, daughterof Madox Fisher, of 

John Downey with a Miss Parkison. 

John McCord with Sarah Kenton in 1811, and John G. Parkison 
with Matilda Kenton, both daughters of General Simon Kenton, 

John Hamilton came here about 1814, and soon after intermar- 
ried with Miss Atchison, sister of Mrs. J. H. Patiick. 

Doctor Evan Banes with Mis< Ward, daughter of Col. William 
Ward, Senior. 

John G. Ford with — 

Thomas Ford with a Miss McGill, daughter of James McGilL 
James Scotton with a Mis-; McGili, sister to above. 

Jacob Lyons with Miss Robison. 

(V)l. Douglas Luce with Miss Taylor, daughter of Alexander 

Daniel Sweet with Miss Thompson. 

John Helmiek with Miss Rosey-grant. 

\\ illiam Patrick with Rachel Kirkpatrick. 

I will close this list heie; and mtroduce the name of Calvin 
Fletcher, who came here a poor boy in 1817, without any means, 
worked his way a^ best he could until by perseverance in study, 
qualified himself for the bar; married a Miss Hill, sister of Col. 
Joseph Hill, and soon after, without even money sufficient to take 
himself and wife comfortably, tnoved to Indianapolis, where he 
applied himself assidiously to bnsine'ss, and at his death in 1866, by 
reason of the intimate relatii.nships and early associations of the 
writer of this with Mr, Fletcher, his family telegi'aphed him the 
sad intelligence, requesting hi-^ attendance at the funeral; which 
invitation he promptly accepted, and when at the residence of his 
early friend, he learned the fact from those who knew, that his es- 
tate approximated tf> near one million of dollars. 

It may also be stated that in addition to the foregoing list of early 
pioneers a very large number of enterprising young men came tf) 
Urbana an«i lotiated theni'^elves as merchants, mechanics, &c. I 


will name a few, He;^ekiah Wells, Thomas Wells and William Mc- 
Donald (who is well known, and came hereatan early day, connected 
himself in a mercantile interest, and became afterwards a public 
man, he representing this county in the Legislature in after years.) 
William Neil, late of Columbus, commenced business here as a 
merchant, in a small frame near the stove store of John Helmick. 
He was likewise the Cashier of the old Urbana Bank. J. Birdwhis- 
tle, about the beginning of the War of 1812, opened n hotel in the 
corner building lately torn down by Kauifman and Nelson on cor- 
ner of fractional lot No. 2, and will here note that Jtxseph Low, 
father of Albert and others, continued the same business after 
Birdwhistle, in the same house ; John and Uriah Tabor manufac- 
tured hats on the hill west of the square on West Main Street, near 

the present residence of E. Kimber. Price had a shoe shop, 

location not now recollected. Henry Weaver, a previous old set- 
tler of Mad River township, came to Urbana with his small family 
about 1813, built the small room noAv standing on the east end ot 
Mr. Ganmer's present residence on lot No. 160 Scioto Street and 
occupied it as his family residence, in which he also had a shoe- 
bench and worked at shoe-making, connecting with it a stall for 
the sale of apples. This was the beginning to the vast amount of 
wealth which he has acquired and is now enjoying in the eighty- 
fourth year of his life. George Bell, who came here at an early day 
erected a small nail cutting establishment on lot No. 160, North 
Main Street, near the present location of P. R. Bennett's jewelry 
shop. Francis Dubois opened a kind of tavern stand in a double 
log house on the corner of in-lot No. 24 near the First M. E. Church 
building. The Gwynnes located here within the years indicated 
in these sketches, and opened what was then a large dry goods 
store in a red one-story frame building on lot No. 154, being the 
lot now occuj'ied and owned by Mr. L. Weaver; William Downs 
wa8 also one of the early settlers here, and carried on blacksmith - 
ing. .John Hurd was one of the oldest settlers, and learned the 
trade of biacksmithing with Alex. Doke, and carried on the busi- 
ness afterward to some considerable extent. .John Wallace and 
Elisha C. Berry came here at a very early day as carpenters, and 
when Reynolds and Ward had determined to establish a factory, 
they were employed to erect the large building now occupied by 
Mr. Fox, and in the process qI its erection Mr. Wallace met with 
an accident that came near proving fatal ; he was employed about 


the hip in the roof on the south side, when the scaffolding gave 
way and precipitated him to the ground, making a cripple of him 
ever after. Mr. Wallace heing a very worthy man with consider- 
able culture, was 'elected Sheriff, and held other important public 
trusts up to the time of his emigration west, years afterward. 

About the end, and at the conclusion of the war, many accession.^ 
were made to the population from New Jersey, Kentucky and other 
places, but as there are some other subjects before that time that 
need attention, I will have to bring Ibis to a point, by remarking 
that this historical dotting of business men and business places 
might be greatly extended in locating tailor, shoemaker, cabinet, 
wheelwright, carpenter, chair, saddler, potter and other mechan- 
iical shops ; adding to the list other mercantile interests not already 




The war of 1812, and its relationship with the population of Ur- 
bana may here claim a passing notice. Urbaua was a frontier town 
upon the southern border of an almost unbroken wilderness, with- 
out any public highways north of it, except a very short distance 
in that direction. Its location naturally made it an objective point 
as a bi\se for army operations, and as such, it infused a good degree 
of business, bustle and animation among its citizens. 

His Excellency Return Jonathan Meigs, Governor of Ohio, made 
it a strategic point, in concocting measures bearing upon the 
then exposed condition of the frontier settlements. He here held 
councils with Indian tribes as already intimated, and from his 
room in what would now be cailed the Doolittle House, issued and 
sent forth his proclamations as Commander-in-Chief. And imme- 
diately after the declaration of war, on the 18th of June, he desig- 
uated this place as the rendezvous for the troops of the first cam- 
paign of the war. Here it was that General Hull was ordered to 
bring his forces, being three regiments, under the respective com- 
mands of Colonel Duncan McArthur, Colonel Lewis Cass, and 
< 'olonel James Findlay, for the purpose of being here organized 
with other forces, and they were encamped on the high grounds of the town, resting their left on what is now named East 
Water Street, on the lands of Kautfmau, Nelson and Berry, ex- 
tending north through their lands, and the lands lately called the 
Baldwin property, to about East Court Street. They remained 

bere some two weeks for the arrival of Col. Miller's regiment, 

which had gloriously triumphed under General Harrison at the 
battle of Tippecanoe, the previous November. And as a testimo- 
nial of the high appreciation of their valor on that occasion, the 
citizens of the town united with the troops in making the neces- 
sary preparations to receive the gallant Col. Miller and his veteran 
regiment, with both civic and military demonstrations, in honor 


of their chivalrous deeds. Two post*, one eaels side of the road, 
about twenty feet hi}?h, were planted at what would now be known 
as the foot of the Baldwin hill, a little southwest of the present 
residence of Mr. Marshall, on Scioto Street, and an arch made of 
boards was secured at the top ends of the posts, with this inscrip- 
tion in large capital letters, "TIPPFXANOE GLORY," on its 
western facade; with the national flajr floating from a staff fast- 
ened to each po.><t that supported it. 

These preliminaries being all completed, and the time of arrival 
being at hand. General Hull with hisstafi', accompanied by a body- 
guard, headed l\y martial music, moved from the camp to the 
Public Square and halted, to await the approach of the vet<!rans, 
who were advancing under tiags and barmers with appropriate 
music, at quickstep on South Main Street, and at this juncture (Jol. 
Miller called a halt, with the additional orders to deploy into line 
and present arms, as a salute to General Hull, under the star 
spangled banner which had been by the citizens unfurled upon n 
fifty feet pole in the center of the Public Square. Whereupon the 
Treneral and his staf!' with suwarrows dotted, rode slowly in review 
along the whole line. Then, after the necessary movement to re- 
form into a line of march, the (Jeneral, staff and guards formed 
themselves at the head of the regiment as an escort, and at the 
fommHud, "To the right wheel! Forward, march!" they moved 
slowly with martial music and colors flying, between lines of citi- 
zens and soldiers, the latter resting right and left respectively at 
the posts of the triumphal arch, and the former resting on the 
Public Square and extending eastward to the military lines, all 
being imder complete civic and military regulations, agreeably to 
an arranged programme. 

As these veteran United States trooi)s began to move with pre- 
cise measured tread upon Scioto street, the civic ovation began to 
unfold itself, in the strewing of wild June flowers by young Misses 
and Maidens, with which Ihey had been provided, the waving of 
handkerchiefs of matrons, and the swinging of hats and caps of the 
sterner sex, with continued shouts and huzzas. These excititig 
>'lemonstrations continued without abatement until they reached 
the lines of the troops as already indicated, when the scene changed 
into a sublime military display, such us the din of muskets, the 
rattle of drums, and the shrill notes of the bugle, clarionet and fife, 


until they reached the Arch, and while pa&sing through under it, 
a park of artillery btlched forth its thunders in the camp, as the 
signal of welcome to the brave boys who had distinguished them- 
selves upon the fields of Tippecanoe. After arriving in the camp 
they, at the word "Left wheel," displayed to the north-west and 
halted upon the high grounds now occupied by Griffith Ellis, Mr. 
Boal and others, in front of the right wing of the troops already en- 
camped, and there pitched tents. Taken as a whole this civic and 
military demonstration presented a pageant never before <>r since 
equaled in the new City of Urbana. 

This re-enforcement completed the organization of General Hull's 
arniy, which was soon ordered to open an army road, which was af- 
terwards known as Hull's Trace, through the wilderness, and move 
its headquarters from Urbana to Detroit, reaching the latter place 
somewhere about the 12th July, 1872. The unfortunate sequel in 
the following month is upon the historic page, and does not for the 
object of this sketch require further notice. It might however, be 
noticed that this array erected while on its march, the McArthur 
and Findlay Block House.?, and detailed a small force for their 
protection as posts of security for army supplies in transit to the 
seat of war, and as a covert in case of Indian raids in their 

As these sketches are not intended as a history of the war, but 
only as connecting links to the early pioneer scenes of other days, 
I need not continue these extended outlines, but mearly remark, 
that from the force of circumstances growing out of the fall of 
Detroit in Agust 1812, the defeat of Winchester at the River Rasin 
in the early part of the year 1813, and other reverses to the North; 
Urbana, being as already said a frontier town was made of neces- 
sity, a busy objective point. 

Soon after the events already recited, troops were here concen- 
trated. Governor Shelby of Kentucky for the defense of our ex- 
posed frontier settlements, called out and took command in person 
of some 5,000 mounted men, and encamped them on the south 
border oi the tow^n, resting his right wing about where the upper 
pond of the factory now is, extending iis left westward through the 
lands now owned and occupied by Henry Weaver and the heirs of 
the late John A. Ward to Redmond's mill, and they remained 
several days before moving to the front. 


It may here be also noticed, that Govenor Meigs immediately 
after the surrender of Detroit, made a requisition and designated 
Urbiinu as the place of rendezvous for a lar^e Ohio force under the 
command of Gr-n.^W. Tupper, and its encampment was on the 
high grounds north of the Dugan ravine, bordering on what is 
now known as (jaiirel Oak Street. 

During tlieseige of Fort Meigs in May 1813, General McArthur, 
upt)n request of tlie Governor, came here and sent out runners 
throughout all the surrounding country, urging the male inhabit- 
ants to immediately assemble themselves at this point, to inaugu- 
rate measures of defense to the exposed frontier settlements, and 
for the relief of the bcsi'^ged fort, which resulted in a large ma&s 
meeting from all points south to the Ohio River, and the greater 
part of them being armed, volunteered to immediately march to 
the relh.'f of Port Meigs. The late Governor Vance and Simon 
Kenton, including m iny other citizens of Urbana were among the 
number, and took a prominent part in the movement. This force 
bfing officered by acclamation and duly organized, immediiteiy 
moved n(n-th, under command of Col. McArthur, with Sanmel 
McCoUoch as Aid-dd-Camp. It should be stated that this force was 
made up of horsemen and footmen, and were with all possible ce- 
lerity rushed forward some four days' march into the wilderness, 
until they were met by Col, William Oliver, John McAdams, and 
Caj tain Johnny, a celebi'ated Indian of that day, who had been, 
sent asspies, with the intelligence that the enemy had abandoned 
theseige; whereupon these forces returned to Urbana, and were 
honorably discharged. 

Other and various concentrations were here made throughout 
the war, which need not now be noticed. Permanent artificer 
shops were here established, a hospital, commissary and quarter- 
master departments were here organized, and located as already 
intimated in these sketches; and Urbana had all the paraphernalia 
and characteristic appendages of a seat of war, and was to all in- 
tents and purposes The Head Quarters of the North Western Army, 
bating a secondary claim of Franklinton. 

From here troops were ordered to the front, and assigned their 
posts of dutv; here army supplies concentrated, and by wagons, 
sleds, pack-horses and other modes of transit, were sent to all 
points needing them. 


It has already been intim i^od that Urbana had assumed the dig- 
nity of headquarters to t!ie North Western Army ; that the several 
departments of military camp and depot of munitions of war, were 
here located under appropriate agen'.'ies. 

1. Wm. Jordan managed tlie Quartermasters department. 

2. Alex. Doke had cliiirj^'e of the artificer yard and siiops. 
.3. Zephaniah Luce was issuinji: commissary. 

4. Dr. Gould, physician ansl surgeon to the hospital. 

5. Jacob Fovvler was a general agent and contractor for Govern- 
ment supplies, l)y virtue of his functions as head of the Quarter- 
masters department for this point. 

6. Major David Gwynne, who exercised the office of a pay- 
master, had his headquarters here. 

This was also a recruiling i^tation, the late Josiah G. Talbott, the 
fatlicr of Decatur and Ricliard C, &c., in his younger days was a 
Lieutenant in llie regular Uililed States service, belonging to a 
co:npany comm nided by his brother, G.ipt. Richard C. Talbott, 
and enlisted at this point quite a numtier of recruits. He married 
a Miss Forsythe, near the close of tlie war, and some ye<rs after 
located in business as a hatter, and remained here to tlie time of 
his decease. 

And in this connection one other individual deserves to be 
noticed, for the valuable servicer he bestovvod during all tlie war, 
in aiding the government by a Iv.incements of money and means 
when her treasury was greatly depicted, and waited the re- 
turn for such advancements until she was able to refund; he was 
actuated in his course entirely through patri')tisni as a private in- 
dividual, and not as a. public functionary; njany poor destitute 
soldiers would have had to have gone into winterservice destitute 
of blankets and other indispensable articles promotive of comfort, 
had it not been for the kind interposition of his patriotic soul. 
John Reynolds was the mm whox-" acts I have attempte I to de- 
scribe. Mr. Reynolds well deserves this tribute, and aside from 
those acts, Urbana owes him a debt of gratitado for his devotion 
to her interests during a long life of usefainess; lie indeed contrib- 
uted greatly in building up the intere.sls of both town and county, 
and his name should be cherished in Ui"»vva as a household 

Governor Vance, at a very early day, as o- t of those sturdy ath- 


letic young men that could endure hardships and face danjjf^r, or- 
ganized a volunteer company of riflemen, selected from the sur- 
rounding country for several miles, who were like him, fitted for 
the times. They were mostly old hunters, well skilled in the use 
of the rifle; many of them could make a center shot at a target 
seventy-ftve yards ofi". Tiie f()mj)any ixMiig of the material de- 
scribed, elected him Captain, Col. Wm. Ward, Jr., Lieutenant, and 
Isaac Myers, Ensign. They were denominated minute men and 
rangers, and whenever any imminent danger from Indians was 
apprehend fd, Captain Vance woukl call Jiis company togcUier and 
move it to the point of danger, and if necessary erect a blockhouse 
for the settlement. This was done upon several occasions before 
and during the war. 

And it may be here noted, that during the war Capt. Joim Mc- 
Cord and his whole company of Militia were by the Governor or- 
dered to Fort McArthur for one month, to protect it and tiie gov- 
ernment property from depredation. Tliis latter company fur- 
nished all its quotas upon regular drafts ; these facts are given to 
show that Urbana did her pait in the defence of the country dur- 
ing the war of 1812-15. And the same may be said in reference to 
the country organizations of the militia. I will name Captain Bar- 
ret's Company, Captain Kizer's Company, and all others within 
my knovvledge, promptly responded to calls made upon them. 

I will dismiss these rambling generalities, and say a word in re- 
lation to Governor Vance as a neighbor and friend ; he came here 
at a very eurly day with his father, Joseph ( ■, Vance ; his opportu- 
nities for instructions were limited, yet by dint of close application, 
attainded to such general knowledge of men and thing, as to after- 
ward qualify him for the most important trusts, and becime in- 
deed distinguished in public life, of M'hich I, however, will not at- 
tempt further to speak, as his official life has become matter of his- 
tory. He had all the nobler qualities 'hat adorn the man ; ho had 
a heart to sympathize with the distressed, and relieve the wants 
of the needy, and all relationships, the fast friend to those who 
sought his friendship. Although decided in his politiftd opinions, 
he would always concede merit even to his opponents, if Iho occa- 
sion required it. This trait made him many friends, even amoug 
those who differed with hitiu. 



I will next introduce the name of General Simon Kenton, and 
say a few things from personal intercourse with him. I need nol 
rehearse the thrilling scenes connected with his early eventful life-„ 
History informs us of his early departure from his Virginia home^ 
one hundred years ago with an ullas to his name, his adventures 
with the early pioneers of Kentucky, his associations with Daniel 
Boone, George Rogers Clarke, and others, his many wilrl adven- 
tures and hair breadth escapes, his capture by the Indians, his rela- 
tionships with Simon Girty, his running the gauntlet on several 
occasions, his riding the wild horse without bridle to guide it 
throuyh dense thickets of under brush. I repf^^t I need not speak 
of these scenes as they are all on the historic page. But will speak 
of him 3S a citizen of XJrbana, as a neighbor, and a friend. I Iiav®- 
already stated in these sketches, that he was the Jailor at my fir&i 
acquaintance, and as strange as it may now sound, he was a pris- 
oner by legal construction to liimself. In his early Kentucky life,, 
he engaged in some land speculations which involved him, and 
some creditor pursued him with a claim which was unjust as h& 
alleged, .md which he was unable to pay. A capias, or full execo- 
tion, for want of i)roperty, was levied on his body, and to avoi^ 
being locked up in his own prison-house, he availed himself of th& 
prison-bounds, which at that day were between Reynolds street 
and Ward street north and south, and between the east line of the- 
town and Russell street east and west, according to my present 
re'^oliection. These bounds, by legislative provision, afterward 
embraced the whole county. He was soon released, however, froris 
this constructive imprisonment. These prison reminiscences arc- 
here given to expose some of the barbarisms of the law of that 
day, which put it in the power of a shylock creditor to harass hi» 
debtor, even to the iiciirceration of his body if so unfortunate tm- 
to have no property upon which to make a levy. General Ken- 


<}u, as a ueighbor, wa.s kind and obliging, and as a friend, stead- 
fast ; he was generous, even to a fault, affable and courteous in all 
hi-i relationships, and for a man without scholastic culture was re- 
vnarkably chaste in his behavior and conversation. Hr was un- 
^^su'uing in his whole deportment toward others, never arrogat- 
ing to himseif superiority over tliose with whom his associations 
brought him in contact. Although docile and lamb-like in his 
general intercourse in life, yet, if occasion prompted it, he could 
doff the lamb, and don the Hon. i will give an instance: As has 
already been stated, the friendly border tribes of Indians had been 
ievited to come into our vicinity for protection, and after they had 
accepted the offer, some hostile savages had made their way into 
■«one of our settlements and committed an atrocious murder, which 
Shad created intense excitement throughout the whole country, 
and the spirit of revenge was aroused, and found its way into an 
•encampment of soldiers in I his place, and it soon became known 
that a conspiracy was about i)eing formed in the camp to move up- 
on the friendly tribes above indicated and ma-ssacre the men, wo- 
men and children, in retaliation for that murder. Some of the 
citizens of Urbana, with General Kenton at the head, renion- 
■strated with them ; he being chief speaker expostulated with 
them, givinsi his superior experience in regard to the Indian char- 
acter; told them that every circumstance connected with the mur- 
der clearly removed every vestige of suspicion from those friendly 
tribes, and told them the act would disgrace them as soldiers ; and 
• would implicate each of them in a charge of willful murder. At 
this point General Kenton and the citizens retired, but soon 
learned that the nellish purpose vvas determined upon, and prep- 
arations made to move upon the Indian camp. When General 
Kenton, rifle m hand, accompanied by his few fellow-citizens, 
again confronted the malcontents, and told them they were not 
fioldiers but cowards, and under a solenm imprecation, with eyes 
fliwhing tire, told them that if they went he would go too, and 
would shoot down the miscreant who would first attempt to com- 
mit the deed, and that if they succeeded, they would have to do 
It over his dead body. They found with whom thej' had to deal, 
«ad hesitated, and calmed down, and the |)Oor Indians were 

il' ill now give an incident to show fh" spirit of forgiveness 
t b; J he wouhl manifest tovMird an old enemy. One morning, at 


the dose of the war of 1812, rnig-ht have been seen on one of our 
utreets a tall, well-built npecimen of an Indian, enquiring for the 
residenox? of Simon Butler, and soon after, Gt^neral Kenton might 
have been Hoen tnovinji on the same street ; the tvk'o personages 
met , eyed each other h moment, and immediately were in each 
other'8 most affectionate embrace. It seemed that the Indian had 
been his adopted brother during his captivity, and as such had 
formed strong attachnjcnts. General Kenton took his Indian 
brother home, and kept him some days as his visitor. 

The writer of this, t!ioui;h very young at his first acquaintance 
with General Kenton, seemed to secure liis confidence, and the 
<ieneral would take pleasure in rehearsing the scenes through 
which he passed; and as som« individuals of this day are trying 
to disparage him by calling him an Indian horse thi(^f, I will state 
as nearly as poasible General Kenton's own version, and in his 
own languag-e : "I never in my life captured horses for my own 
use, but would hand them over to those who had lost horses by 
Indian thefts, nor did I ever make reprisals upon any but hostile 
tribes, who were at war against the white settlers." He disa- 
vowed taking from friendly Indians horses or other property, 
then why should he be assa!!ed as a horfio thief when he only did 
such acts as are of coTomon practice in a slate of war? 

I can not extend this notice, but will say that during the war of 
1812, he took an active part whenever the settlements were men- 
aced with hostile attacks. Although old, he stili had the courage 
to face all dangers. My acquaintance with him reached through all 
the years from 1811 to his death in 183G, and taken as a whole, his 
life was a model in maiiy respects worthy of imitation. He was 
one of nature's noblemen, and well deserves the eulogy which 
closes the inscription on the slab at his grave in Oak Dale Cemetery: 

"His follow citizeiiK of the West, will long ren)ember him as 
the skillful pioneer <if ^-nriy times, the brave soldier, and the honest 




In p()nnectin<; Urbana with the incidents ot the war of 1812,' 
BOine mention siiould be made of one of her citizens who came, as 
has been elsewhere intimated, at a very early day, raised a iarfje 
family and at one time seemed very prosperous in his affairs, but 
reverses can)*», and John Hamilton died in 1868, dependent upon 
bis children for the necessary comforts at the close his life. 

The writer of this, knowin<^ tiie fiicts that Mr. Hamilton, when 
a young man, had volunteered in the service of his country in the 
war of 1812, taken a very active part, and been prisoner among 
the Indians for one year, thought in view of his dependent condi- 
tion, that the Government, u])()n proper showing would make 
special provision for him, and he waited upon Mr. Hamilton a 
short time before his death, and proposed to prepare a narrative of 
his sprvice and wild adventures, coupled with a meinorial of the 
old citizens who knew him, asking Congress to grant him a special 
pension for life. He being then in his seventy-sixth year, and being 
a very modest man rather declined at first, but upon weiijhing the 
m-Attor consented. It was drawn up, and through Hon. VVm. 
Lawrence, was introduced in the beginning of the year 1868, and a 
bill to make such provision passed its second reading in the House, 
but before^ it could be finally acted on his death occurred. 

Since 1 commenced tliese sketclies, by accident I have found a 
rough draft of all hisstitements, which were verified at the time 
by him, and that will enable me to do him an i. ; .» justice, and 
perpetuate facts that would soon have passed out tf i.iiovvledge. I 
shall not attempt to publish his whole narrative ot the events, 
but will merely condense in as small a compass as possible the sub- 

He begins by telling that his father about 1793, emigrated to 
Kentucky from Maryland before he was a year old, that he contin- 
ued with his father until about 1811, having in the meantime learned 
the saddlers trade, and went to Winchester, and worked as a jour- 


neyman with one Robert Griffin until tlie breaking out of the war 
of 1812. Theentiiusiasn) tliat animated the young men of that day 
reached young Hamilton, and under the call of Governor Scott, 
he volunteered and attached himself to Capt. Krasfield's Company 
which was attached to the regiment commanded by Col. Lewis, of 
Jessamine «;ounty, which moved on to Georgeti)wn the latter part 
x>f Jun(?, thence to Newport where they were equipped and ordered 
to Fort Wayne via Dayt(m, Piqua, and St. Mary'«. From Fort 
Wayne they were ordered westward in the direction of Tippeca- 
noe, to drive away and destroy the supplies and burn the village of 
a hostile tribe, which was accoinplislietl, and they returned to the 
place of their last departure. 

FroJi! Fort Wayne, Colonel Lewis' Regiment was ordered by 
General Winchester to march to Defiance on short rations about 
November 1 ; tiience down the Maumee Riv<'r to Camp, No. 
1, 2, and ;3. Here they had no fiour, and very !ittle srieat for 
about three weeks. He recites the fact, tltat near this place while 
on a scout, Logan being in company with Captain Johnny and 
Comstock, was shot through the hotly some seventeen miles from 
canif), and rode in behind the latter and died soon after his arrival 
in camp. He further says, that about the time they left tiieir 
camp, a little port was furnished, but that they were still on short 
rat'ons. Great afflictions were here endured from fevers and other 
diseases incident to camp life, and many died. On the 25th of De- 
ceml)er 1812, they left this encanjpment, and it commenced snow- 
ing, continuing all day, and fell two feet deep. They readied a 
point on the bank of the river, and pitched their tents witli much 
diificulty in the deep snow, and enjoyed themselves that night in 
all the sweets* of soldier life. The next day they marched ui a 
body to the head of the Rapids, and encamped and remained there 
a few days. General Winchester ordered C'olonel Lewis t(^ detach 
about six hundred of his regiment, and move tliem imoiediately 
to the river Raisin, to dislodge the British and Indian forces there 
encamped, and on the 18th of January, 1818, Colonel Lewis com- 
menced the assault and drove them from their quarters into the 
woods, both i>'l{gerents suffering great loss in theskermish. Col- 
onel Lewis returned and occupied the enemy's position within 
pickets enclosing a Catholic Church, sutficiently large to contain his 
forces, when he Immediately sent a courier to General Winches- 
ter reporting the victory, which induced the General to order 


anothor ilctachiiieiit of three hundred to support Col. Lewis, of 
whicli Mr. llatnilton was one, and tliese were cotumanded by the 
General himself, who arrived'and encamped outside of the pickets. 

On thi' suorninu: of the 22d of January, 1818, the British forces 
with their Indian allies, were discovered in line of battle; the long 
roll was soandcd, and th(^ American lines were formed, the battle 
coMinienced, and was foui;-ht with desperation, the enemy having 
the vantaj^e ground ; at this juncture Major Graves ordered the 
second detachment to retreat, and it retreated into the woods, 
U'hen Col. Lewis rode up and requested it to make a stand, that 
perhai)s the f<jrc;' of the enemy mijjjht be broken. The request was 
complied with ; but before many rounds hail been fire i, he ex- 
claiuK^d, "Brother soldiers, we are surrounded; it is useless to 
stand any longer; each take care of himself as best he can." 

Here was the i)ei?inning of the troubles of John Hamiltorj, and in 
fny further extracts, I will let him speak for himself, and he says : 
"I immt'diately shaped my course southward, and soon discovered 
I hatl been singled out by an Indian ; I kept about sixty yards 
ahead of him— so near that we could converse. I was still armed 
and held him in check, and when I stopped I would tree, he using 
the same precaution. He could use enough English to say with a 
beckoning hand, ^^ Come here P^ I responded ^^JVoT' We remained 
in this position until I could see an opportunity to make another 
effort to escape. Then I would present my gun in shooting posi- 
tion as though I would shoot ; this would drive him again to his 
iree, when I would spring forward and gain another tree. Spend- 
ing some time in this way, I discovered I had another pursuer 
who fired upon me from a western {)osition, and I at once was sat- 
isfied I could not dodge two — one north and one west — so 1 made 
up my mind to surrender to the first to avoid being instantly 
killed. I leaned my gun against my covert tree and beckoned to 
the first, and gave myself up to him; the other arriving immedi- 
ately, demanded a division of spoils, which was settled by No. 2 
taking my long knife and overcoat, and he left me the prisoner of 
No. 1, after showing me his power to scalp me, by the flourish of 
his knife over my head. 

My captor then took me to the rear of the British lines, where 
we remained by some camp-fires, it being a very cold day, and 
while at the fire the same Indian that got my over-coat and knife 
made further claim, which was not so easily settled this time. In 


this controversy between the two. my friend being an Ottawa and 
theother a Potawatamie tiiey iiad much difficulty. The Indian No. 
t, the Potawatamie, manifested a determination to take my life 
by actually cocking his gun and presenting it to shoot, when it 
was a^ain settled by an agreement to take my remaining coat and 
relinquish all further claim, which was complied with, and I be- 
came the undisputed prisoner of No, 1, the Ottawa. 

At this point a Canadian Frenchman, who was a camp-suttler, 
beckoned me one side and said if I had any money or other valua- 
bles that I wished saved he would take charge of them, and at ihe 
end of ray csiptivity he would be at Detroit and restore them to 
me; and if I did not I would be rlfleil of them; nut knowing 
what to do I yielded. I had a small sum of money, and some 
other valuables, which I handed to him, but never realized any 
return. I could not find him at Detroit after my release. 

While we remained at the fire, General Winchester and other 
prisoners passed by, stripped of their honors and apparel, which 
was the last I saw of ray suffaring comrades-in-arms; and at this 
point 1 also discovered the fi.^lit was not over, but the defense 
within the pickets was stili continued by Major Matison, under 
several repeated charges of the BrKish forces, demanding surren- 
der; finally, after consultation, he agreed to surrender on the 
terms that the British would treat all as prisoners of war, protect 
them froyn their savage allies, and remove our wounded to Am- 
herst burg to be properly cared for; but the history of tlse sequel 
must supply this part of aiy uarrative. 

On the evening of the battle, I as a prisoner with the Indians re- 
tired to Stony Crpek, about four ir»iles eastward ; there I was in- 
formed by an interpreter tliat I would not be sold or exchanged, 
but must go with my adopted father, whd was the natural father 
of my captor, to his wigwam, where we arrived after about nine 
days' walk in about a northwestern direction, and with whom 
1 remained up to the isr day of January, 1814. 

In brevity, I would say I lived with them nearly one year, and 
endured all the [jrivations and hardships of savage life. And this 
is saying a great deal in my case, as all the warriors were absent 
preparing for the intended siej^e of Fort Meigs, which left the old 
men, women and children, including myself, witJiout the supply 
generally provided by hunters, and we were reduced almost to 


Btan/ation much of the time I was with them. I became so re- 
duced that many times I was almost too weak to walk, by reason 
of short supplies. My condition really was worse than that of ray 
friends, as I may call them, for they resorted to horse flesh, and 
even to dog meat, which I could not eat. I do not desi<:;n to spin 
out this narrative, or I could present many diversified incidents, 
that mijijht be considered very interesting." 

At this point Mr. Hamilton made some statements which were 
merely intended as episodes, not intending to add them to this 
narrative, which I will, however, from memory, try to give in 
his own language, and it was about to this effect: 

"Thi- family belonging to our wigwam at a time when starva- 
tion stared ( hem in the face was very agreeably surprised one day, 
when my old adopted father drew forth from a secret place he had 
a small sack, and required his whole family then in camp to form 
acircle around him, myself amongthem, when he began by open- 
ing his sack to distribute in equal quantities to each a small meas- 
ure full of pnrched corn, and i»s small as this relief may seem, it 
was received by us all with great tiiankfulness, and seemed to ap- 
l>ease our hunger. We appreciated it as a feast of fat things. 

"This old Indian Patriarch had traits of moral character that 
would adorn our best civiliz«^d and christiinized communities; he 
was strictly impartial in distributing favors and in dispensing jus- 
tice to those around him, and was in all respects unquestionably 
an honest man. His moral sense was of a higiier order: he could 
not tolerate in others any willful obliquity in the sha{)e of decep- 
tion or prevarication, as I can very readily testify; on one occasion, 
I had attenipted to hold back a tact which I knew affected one of 
his natural children that he was about to punish for some disobe- 
dience, and as soon as he became satisfied of the guilt of the cul- 
prit and my prevarication, he procured a hickory and apj)lied it 
upon both of us in equal uiensure of stripes. This was character- 
istic of that man of nature's mould." 

Here his written narrative is resusned: "Some time in the lat- 
ter part of November, 1813, the commanding otftcers at Detroit 
sent a deputation to our little' Indian town, offering terms of peace 
to the Ottawa Nation or tribe, on condition that they would bring 
into Detroit their prisoners and horses, which they had captured, 
and that if these terms were not accepted and complied with in a 


reasonable time, measures would be alopted to compel a com- 

"A council was shortly afterward called an<l convened, and the 
terms proposed were accepted, and complied with, and I was de- 
livered at Detroit on the first day of JanuaVy, 1814, to the com- 
manding officer of the Fort, '.md tliere I met with other prisoners 
and we were all provided for." 

Here Mr. Hamilton's captivity ended, and in the continuation 
of his narrative, he says he found Irlmseif three hundred miles 
from home in tiie middle of a cold tiortliern winter, thinly clad, 
and without money. He was here fur-iished with an order for ra- 
tions to Urbana, to which place he ca-ue ;in i remained a few days 
with friends and then left for Winchester, Kentucky; where lie ar- 
rived without any further governujent aiil al>out the middle of 
February, 1814, after an absence of nearly twenty months. He fur- 
ther says, he remained at Winchester a few days, arranged his lit- 
tle afifairs and returned to Uri)an i aad m id^ it his home. Mr. 
Hamiton's exemplary and re!i;iii)iis life is we^l itnowu to ihlscom- 
Jiimnity, and here this narrative ends. 




As so muoh has beon said in regard to th^^ Iniians in connection 
with early pioneer life, during the war of 1812, it inijjht in contin- 
uation he noted, thatsoon after tlie war, our border tribes, theShaw- 
nees, Wyandotts and s )in9 other remn mt tribes, inide Urbana a 
great trading point. In tlie early Spring, alter their hunting sea- 
son, they uij<^ltt be seen with their squaws and pappooses every 
few days coming in on North Miin Street in ]arge numbers in 
single file, riding ponies laden with the various pelts — deerskins, 
both dressed and raw, bear and wolf slcins, nioecasins highly orna- 
mented with little beads and porcupine quills; with some times 
manle sujiar cakes and other marketable commodities, all of which 
they would barter to our merchants for sucii articles of merchan- 
dise as they needed for the summ^^r season, or that would please 
their fancy. And in the fall months the same scenes would he pre- 
sented in bringing in other Cf)mmodities, such as cranberries, and 
such other articles as they ii id to dispose of, to barter for powder 
and leaf], preparatory for their hunting season; blankets, hand- 
kerchiefs, &c., would also be purchased as necessaries for the ap- 
proaching winter. It was then a comnon |»raftice to encamp 
near town, and as Indians as a general rule were very fond of 
whisky, they would some times give trouble, and would have to 
be watched closely. Restraints, from selling or giving them 
whisky or other intoxicating liquors, were at that day provided 
by law, and hnd to be enforced against those who kept them for 
sale. In that way the Indians could he kept from overindulgence, 
and by that means the citizens were secured from drunken depre- 
dations from them. 

There might many more pioneer scenes be presented in relation 
to Urbana and Champaign county, but it is difficult to weave them 
into the narrative of events in the order in which they occurred, 
and I will leave them for other pens. The same general remarks 
that I have delineated in these sketches, in regard to the disposi- 


tion to aid each other, may be upplied to the old settlers of this 
whole community ; the same wild adventures are also equally ap- 
plicable, and older settlers than myself will be more competent to 
portray them. I will, however, here state that some other o.d set= 
tiers' names should be mentioned in connection with early pioneer 
life in Urbaiff . Thomas Pearce, fatlier of Harvey, as I am in- 
formed, before Urbana was located, built and occupied a lojr cabin 
on what is now known as market space, and opened afield north 
of Scioto Street, and cultivated it for some years. 

Tlie following- additional names may be noted as very early set- 
tlers in t!)is town: William Bridge, James McGill, James fiulae, 
Folsom Fori, Joseph Gordon, William Mellon, Suujuel Gibb3, 
Hu'jh Gibbs, Benjamin Sweet, Martin Hitt, A. R. Colwell, Will- 
iam McColloch, William Parkison, Curtis M. Thompson, George 
Moore, Alexander Allen, and others. At this point it may be 
noted that Harvey Pearce and Jacob Harris Patrick are believed 
to be the oldest male settlers now here who were born in Urbaua, 
both of whom are over sixty years old. 

Through the kind a^isistance of Col. Douglas Luce, who has 
been in Urbana from 1807 to this time, I am enabled to present 
the following list of old s"ttlers of the township of Urbana. It is 
to be regretted tha>' it will be impossible to extend to tiiem indi- 
vidually anytl)ing more than the mere names, which will divest 
them of much interest, as each one of them might be made the 
vsubject of interesting pioneer experience. It may be here noted 
that as other persons who live in the other townships of the 
county are engaged in presenting the names of old settlers in 
them, it will supercede the necessity of my extending them be- 
yond the limits of Urb ma township: S.imuel Powell, Abraham 
Powell, John Fitzpatrick, Joseph Knox, James Largent, John 
Wiley, J \seph Pence, Jacob Pence, William Rhodes, John 
Thomas, Joseph Ford, Ezekiel Thomas, John Trevvitt, George 
Sanders, Jessie Johnson, Benjamin Nichols, William Cii mm ings, 
John White, Robia-tNoo, Robc'rt liarr, Alexander McBeth, Isaac 
Shockey, Major Thomas Moore, Thomas M. Pendleton, Elisha 
Tabor, Bennett Tabor, Tiibi;m Eagle, Job Clevenger, James Dal- 
las, John Winn, S. T. I^pd^es, Jonas Hedges, Rev. James I>unlap, 
John Pearce, John IV - sm, Charles Stuart, Christopher Kenaga, 
Minney Voorhaes, J < ;b Arney, John G. and Robert Caldwell, 
Richard D. George, Wise, (near the pond bearing his name,) 


Thomas Donlin, Isaac Turman, William McR«)berts, Logan, 

Andrew Rieliards and Thomas Watt. Many of the above settled 
in Urbana Township as early as 1801, and all of them before 1820. 

These fragmentary and desultory sketches have almost enDirely 
been grouped togethei from memory, and if some errors as to ex- 
act dates, ar.i even as to matters of fact, should have crept into 
them, they must be imputed to that common frailty that is in- 
separable from humanity. It is believed, however, that as a 
whole, the statements are all substantially warranted by the fact? 
and circumstances from which they are delineateJ. 

Many things perhaps miglit have been omitted, and supplied to 
advantage by others that have been left out. This would be true 
if the Pioneer Association depended upon the pen of only one in- 
dividual. But as I understand it, the object is to solicit contribu- 
tions detailing i)ioneer life from many writers, and throw them to- 
gether in such order as to make one collection of facts and inci- 
dents in relation to the whole subject-matter ; the versatility thus 
united contributing matters of intereit to all classes of readers. 

I need not therefore continue these sketches, but leave to more 
proficient pens the task of filling out omissions, and will in that 
view make this summary remark, that in the sixty-six years, since 
my first acquaintance with Ohio, great changes have taken place. 
She had then been recently carved out of a wilderness of limitless 
extent, called the North Western Territory, and still more recently 
merged into an infant State Government, containing nine counties, 
with less population than is now contained in one of our present 
towns. It was then a wilderness, with here and there a small set- 
tlement, with a few scattered cabins, surrounded by new openings 
or clearings, without roads or other conveniences. At a few points 
small towns were laid off, and a few rustic cabins built; such was 
Ohio in 1802. Seventy years later, and she presents the panorama 
now unfurled to our view, and which needs no pen painting sketch, 
as it is all before us. What a contrast ! And pursuing the thought, 
let us bring it home, and apply it to Urbana and Champaign county, 
in 1802, when all the territory from Hamilton county north, to the 
Michigan territory line, was a vast, unorganized wilderness, 
abounding with wild game, and the hunting grounds of the In- 
dians interspersed here and there with small cabins, surrounded 
with clearings of white « iventurers. In 1803, Butler, Warren, 
Montgomery and Green counties were organized. la 1805 Cham- 


paign county was lornied, embracing'- the territory uurtli from 
Green c-ounty inelu<Ung what are now Clark, Champaign, Logan, 
Hardin, &c., and the same year Urbana was located as the seat of 
justice. But extending it six years forward to 1811, we find Urbana 
as heretofore described containinij forty-live rustic log cabin family 
residences, surrounded with a few hardy adveuturcis, widely 
scattered upon wild lands, erecting cabins and opening up clear- 
ings, and throwing around them brush or pole fences to ward off 
stock running at large, as a beginning point to farms witliout any 
of the facilities of travel or transit. Sucli was the picture then: 
What do we behold now ? 

This same Champaign county, subdivided into new organiza- 
tions containing populous towns, and all over dotted with large 
cultivated farms, upon which fine family residences and commo- 
dious barns stand out in bold relief, all over its original iiinits; and 
rustic Urbana, advanced from its rude beginning, wititoutany im- 
provements upon her streets, to a second class city, with well gra- 
ded and ballasted streets, bordered on each side with substantial 
pavements, end side w»!ks, and ijeing beiund no town of her pop- 
ulation in railroad faciliiit.-;; beine in telegraphic connectiim with 
all the outside world ; and in the midst of a, county fully developed 
in an agricultural point of view ; with a net-work of free pikes in 
all directions, leading to her marts of trade, and traffic, as an in- 
land commercial center; such is Urbana in 1872, under her present 
extended area, claiming a population of 5,000 iidiabitants, with 
her public buildings, churches, school edifices, superb business em- 
porium?, palatial family residences, and surrounded as already in- 
dicated, by highly cultivated farms, teeming with the products of 
the soil, in return for the toil and indomitable industry of her first- 
class citizen farmers. 

And now, finally, dear Doctor, 1 will close these sketches, pre- 
pared by a nervous hand with a pencil, and which were full of 
blurs, erasures, and interlineations, abounding in ortliograpbical 
and other errors, resulting from hasty prejta ration, by the single n - 
mark that they could not have been presented as they are, had not 
my grand-daughter. Miss Minnie M., kindly tendered her services 
in" transcribing, correcting and revising- them to my acceptance. 
Therefore if they have any merit in their f)resent dress, she is en- 
titled to her share of the awards. This deserved tribute she deli- 
cately declines, and asks to be excused from copying, and for that 
reason this closing paragra]>h appears in my own hand writiner. 

January 22, 1872. Wii.t.iam Patrick. 



The following facts in regard to Hull's Trace I obtained from 
several pioneers that were here and saw Hull when he passed 
-through with his army. I will give the names of some of my in- 
formants : .Judge Vance, of Urbana, John Enoch, \Vm. Henry, 
and Henry McPherson. It was in the year 1812 he took up his line of 
niarch from Urbana. Their route was very near the present road 
from Urbana to West Liberty, a few rods east until they reached 
King's Creek. About two miles beyond this they crossed the 
present road and continued on the west until they arrived at Mac- 
a-cheek, crossing that stream at Capt. Black's old farm. Coming 
to Mad River, they crossed it about five rods weat of the present 
bridge at West Liberty. Passing through Main street, they con- 
tinued on the road leading from the latter place to Zanesfield un- 
til they reached the farm now owned by Charles Hildebrand. 
Here they turned a little to the left, taking up a valley near his 
jEarm. Arriving at McKees Creek, they crossed it very near where 
the present Ptailroad bridge is; thence to Blue Jacket, crossing it 
about one mile west of Bellefontaine on the farm now owned by 
Henry Good, They continued their line of march on or near the 
present road from Bellefontaine to Huntsville, They halted some 
time at .Judge McPherson's farm, now the c6unty infirmary, passing 
through what is now Cherokee, on Main street, to an Indian village 
called Solomon's Town, where they encamped on the farm now 
owned by David Wallace. The trace is yet plain to be seen in 
many places. Judge Vance informs me there is no timber grow- 
ing in the track in many places in Champaign county. 

I forgot to say they encamped at West Liberty. James Black 
informs me he saw Gen. Hull's son fall into Mad River near where 
Mr. Glovnrs' ^lill now stands, he being so drunk he could not sit 
on his horse. 




There has been, as the reader will see elsewhere, two dreadful 
tornados in these counties ; one at Bellefontaine, the other at Ur- 
bana. In addition to these phenomena this country was visited by 
several earthquakes. These shocks were distinctly felt in Cham- 
paign and Logan counties. They were in the winter of 1811-12. 
See Patrick's and ray accounts of tornados elsewhere in this volume. 

On the 7th day of February, 1812, at -m hour when men were 
generally wrapt in the most profound slumbers, this country gen- 
erally, was visited by aV'Othc.r shock of an earthquake. It was of 
greater severity and longer duration than any previous one yet. 
It occurred about forty-live minutes after three o'clock in the 
morning. The motion was from the south-west. A dim light was 
seen above the horizon in that direction, a short time previous. 
The air, at the time, was clear and very cold, but soon became h&zy. 
Two more shocks were felt during the day. Many of the inhabit- 
ants, at this time, fled from their houses in great consternation. 
The cattle of the fields and the fowls manifested alarm. The usual 
noise, as of distant thunder, preceded these last convulsions. The 
shock was so severe as t<o crack some of the houses at Troy, in JMi- 
ami county. The last shocks seemed to vibrate east and west. 

This shock was felt with equal severity in almost every part of 
Ohio. Travelers along the Mississippi river at that time were 
awfully alarmed. Many islands, containing several hundred 
acres, sunk and suddenly disappeared. The banks of the river fell 
into the w^ater. The ground cracked open in an alarming manner. 
Along the river, as low down as New Orleans, forty shocks Nver* 
felt, from the 16th to the 20th. At Savannah, on the 16tii, the 
shock was preceded by a noise resembling the motion of the wave* 
of the sea. The ground heaved upwai'd. The people were atfwctei 
with giddiness and nausea. 



Tornado at Belief onto ine, June24, 1825, as related to me by fhoi^e- 
who iritnessed if : About one o'clock, there was a dark mass of 
clouds seen looming up in the west and seemed to increase in volume 
and in terrific grandeur as it approached the town. The mass of 
felack clouds now intermingled with others of a lighter hue of a 
vapory appearance, all dashing, rolling and foaming like avast 
boiling cauldron, accompanied by thunder and lightning, presen- 
ting a scene to the spectator at once most grand, sublime and ap- 
ipalling. A few minutes before its approach there seemed to be a 
«Seath-like stillness, not a breath of air to move the pendant leaves 
on the trees. It seemed as if the storm king, as he rede in awful 
imajesty on the infuriated clouds had stopped to take his breath ia 
*3rder to gather strength to continue his work of destruction. Man 
a«d beast stood and gazed in awful suspense, awaiting to all a p- 
^arance, inevitable destruction. This suspense was but for 
^i moment; soon the terrible calamity was upon them, sweeping 
everything as with the besom of destruction, that lay in its path. 
Fortunately this country was then new and almost an unbroken 
forest, consequently no one was killed. It passed a little north of 
the public square, however within the present limits of the town, 
"Struck Mr. Houtz's, two story brick dwelling, throwing it to the 
ground, and a log spring-house, carryingit off even to the mud sills ; 
it picked up a boulder that was imbedded in the ground, weighing 
about three hundred pounds, carrying itsorae distance from where 
at lay. Mr. Carter, who was there at that time, informs me it 
ss:4>ripped the bark off a walnut tree from top to bottom, leaving it 
3ed:anding ; it carried a calf from one lot and dropped it into another. 
Mrs. Carter says she saw a goose entirely stripped of its feathers. 
Passing through town its course lay in the direction of the Rush- 
ereek Lake, passing over that little sheet of water, carrying water, 
fish and all out on dry land. The fish were picked up the next day 
T. great distance from the Lake; even birds were killed and strijiped 


of their feathers. The writer of this has followed the track of thit- 
storm for thirty miles. Its course was from the south west to 
the north east, passing through a dense forest. I don't think it 
varied from a straight course in the whol-; distance. Its force 
seemed to have been about the same. It did not raise and fall 
like the one that passed through Urbana some years after^ Last 
summer the writer visited the track of this storm where it crossed 
the Scioto near where Eushcreek empties into that stream in Mar- 
ion county, where the primitive forest stands as it left it. There' 
as elsewhere it is about one-half mile in width. In the out skirt? 
of the track there are a few primitive trees standing shorn of their 
tops looking like monumental witnesses of the surrounding desola- 
tion. But for tivehundred yards in the center of the track there 
is not one primitive tree standing, they having fallen like the- 
grass before a,;scythe. If such a storm should pass over Bellefon- 
taine now, there^would be nothing left of it. 



About two miles directly west of Lewii^town, in Logan county, 

on the farm now owned by Manasses Huber, was the scene of thi-j 

melancholy event. Abraham Hopkins, son of Harrison and 

Christiana Hopkins, about five years old, was lost November 

13, 1837. 

"HeaTcn to all men hides the book of fate, 
And blindness to the future has kindly given. ' 

How cosily this little fellow slept in the arms of his mother the 
night before this sad event. The father and mother likewise slept 
sweetly, unconscious of the sad calamity that was then at their 
very door. They got up in the morning, ate their breakfast as 
cheerfully and with as great a relish as they ever did; the father 
. goes singing to his daily toil, while the mother attends to the ordin- 
ary duties of her house, cheered by the innocent prattle of her 
happy boy. Everything passed off pleasantly till about 2 o'clock, 
when Mrs. Hopkins started with her little son to visit a neighbor, 
about a half mile distant — a Mr. Rogers. She had to pass by a 
new house, now being built by Charles Cherry, an uncle to the boy. 
When they got there, they stopped for a few moments. The little 
boy wished to remain with his uncle; he did so, and the mother 
passed on to Mr. Rogers. The little fellow got tired playing 
, about the house, and said he would go after his mother, and started. 
There was a narrow strip of timber between the new house and 
Rogers', and nothing but a dim path through it. Mr. Cherry 
cautioned the boy not to get lost. It seems he soon lost the dim 
path, for he hollowed back to his uncle, saying, "I can go it now ; 
I have found the path." These were the last words he was ever 
heard to say, and the last that was ever seen of him. Mrs. Hop- 
kins having done her errand, returned to the new house where Mr. 
Cherry was still at work, and inquired for her boy; and what was 
^er .-Liiprise, when she was told he had followed her and not beea 
s«en since! Immediate search was made by the frantic mother and 
,.fei-Uer, and Mr. Cherry. They immediately went to Mr. Rogers' 


and to another neighbor living but a short distance from him, hm\ 
no tidings could be had of him. It was a pleasant day, and he wa* 
barefooted. They could see the tracks of his bare feet in the dust 
in a path that led through a field to the house ; it seems he had 
gone to the house, and not finding his mother there (for she, fin(S- 
iug the family absent had gone to another house) he attempted ia 
return to his uncle at the new house, where his mother had lefl 
him. Soon the alarm was spread far and near, and people collected 
from all parts of the country. There were at times over a thousanti 
people hunting him. They continued their search for three weeks. 
Every foot of ground for three miles from the house was searched, 
even the Miami river was dragged for miles : but all in vain — not 
a track could be seen in the yielding alluvial soil of the neighbor- 
hood — nothing, save the imprint of his littie feet in the dust <if the 
path in the field above-mentioned; not a shred of his clothing was 
to be seen any where, and to this day his history is a profound anc3 
melancholy mystery It is, however, the opinion of Mr. Cherry„ 
the uncle of the child, that he was stolen by the Indians. He says- 
there was an Indian who, for many years, had been in the habit oA' 
trapping in the neighborhood, and suddenly disappeared, and hasf; 
never been seen there since. There was a deputation of citizen* 
«ent out where the Indian lived, and accused him of the crime, 
but he resolutely denied it. Mr. Hopkins has been singularly ui*- 
fortunate with his family ; one son died in the army, and another 
was crushed by the cars, near Chamimign City, Illinois, where bs?- 
Mow resides. 




JTiji birth — Travels in -Europe — Arrival in (his country — His opinion 
of xcoraen — Good character — His courtship and marriage — Jeal- 
ousy — Charged with attempting to poison his wife — Sudden death of 
hi^ two children — Charged tciih poisoning them — Blurders his wife 
— Is committed to prison — Breaks jail and eludes pursuit — Evidence 
on his trial for the murder of his i^e.cond wife — Conviction. 

In all the list of crimes recorded in the annals of the law, none 
ha< ever existed, which, in all its terrible features, displayed a 
more ruthless disregard of the laws of instinct, or so utterly vio- 
lated and set at defiance the common bond of human nature, as 
the bloody acts of Andrew Hellman, alias Adam Horn! The 
dreadful enormity of them must not be concealed, for they serve 
as a warning, and show us to what a length our bad passions may 
lead us, if suffered to master us. 

From the most authentic sources we have collected th' following 
particulai's of Horn's life, which may be relied upon as correct. 

Andrew Hellman, alias Adam Horn, was born on the 24th of 
June, in the year 179:2, at the ancient town of Worms, on the river 
Rhine, renowned as the place where the German Diet assembled 
in the year 1521, before which Luther was summoned to answer to 
the charge of heresy, and is a portion of the Hessian State of Hesse 
Darmstadt. He is, therefore, a Hessian by birth, and the son of 


Hessian parents. We have before us a certificate, signed by a 
priest, and dated at tlie town of Worms in the year 1792, giving 
the names of his parents, and certifying to the day of his birth 
and baptism under the name of Andrew Heliman ; there can, 
therefore, be no doubt as to this being his true name. His parents 
gave him a good education, and at the age of sixteen he was bound 
an apprentice to a tailor at Wisupenheim, in Petersheim county, 
Germany, where he remained until he became of age, when a de- 
sire to roam induced him to start off with only his thimble and 
his scissors in his pociiet, with the aid of which, according to his 
own representation, he worked his way through all the German 
States, as well as various other parts of Europe, returning again to 
WisupenheimJn the fall of 1816, after an absence of nearly three 
years. He could not long content himself there, however, and 
hearing of the golden harvest that was to be reaped in America, 
and having a desire to see a country that he had heard so much of, 
he took passage for Baltimore, where he arrived in ti:e year 1817, 
being then about twenty-five years of age. As far as can be learned 
after his arrival, he worked for a merchant tailor of that city, for 
nearly three years, when he started for Washington, and passing 
through the ancient city of Georgetown, soon found himself in 
Loudon county, Virginia. 

It may be proper here to remark that during his stay in Balti- 
more, he so conducted himself as to secure many friends. He was 
then a young man of good personal appearance, sober, steady, and 
Industrious, well-behaved, and mild in his demeanor, and withal in- 
telligent and well-informed. He seemed, however, to have imbibed 
a lasting dislike to the whole female race, looking upon them 
as mere slaves to man, whilst he considered man, in the fullest 
sense of the term, as the "lord of creation." Woman, accord- 
ing to his r)pinion, was only created as a convenience for the 
other sex, to serve in the capacity of a hewer of wood and drawer 
of water ; to cook his victuals, darn his stockings, never to speak 
but when spoken to, and to crouch in servile fear whilst in his 
presence. He regarded the scriptural phrase applied to the sex, 
as a "helpmeet for man," in its literal sense, whilst he would deny 
her all social privileges and rights. That this is still his opinion 
may be aptly illustrated by a coitversation held with him a few 
days ago, since his conviction, by a gentleman who was starting 
for Ohio, who asked him if he had any message to send to his sorr 


Henry. He replied, "Ves, tell Henry if he should ever marry, to 
ujtirry a reli^icnis woman. ' The gentleman replied that he 
thought he ought also to advise him to embrace religion himself, 
as it was as necessary on the part of the man as the woman, in 
order lo secure permanent hajjpiness. "Xo I no I no I" passion- 
ately exclaimed the old reprobate. ''Woman must know how to 
hold her tongue and obey. She has nothing to do with man." 

He arrived in Loudon county, Virginia, in the fall of the year 
lS:iu, and stopped at the farmhouse of Mr. George ]N[. Abel, situa- 
ted about four miles from Hillsborough, and about sev«n mile.-i 
from Harper's Ferry. ^Ir. Abel was an old and highly respected 
German farmer, who had emigrated to this country a number of 
years previous; and had reared around him a large family of sons 
and daug'hters. The old geutlemtin took a liking to Hellman, and 
unfortunately, as the .^equel will prove, allowed him to stop or 
board with him, and being a good workman, he soon succeeded in 
having plenty of work to do from the farmers of the surrounding: 
country. He remained through the winter, and in the spring of 
1821 started for Baltimore. He, however, remained in Baltimore 
for but a few months, and in July again returned to his old quar- 
ters at Mr. Abel's, where he had so eftectually succeeded in con- 
cealing his opinion of the sex, or had perhaps been lulled from its 
expression by the scenes of liappiuess, contentment, and equality 
that prevailed among the ditierent sexes of the household of the 
respected old Loudon farmer, that he was alio \ved to engage the 
lifeetions of one of his daughters. 

^Nlary Abel was at this time in the twentieth year of her age, a 
blithe, buxom, and light-hearted country girl, with rosy cheek and 
sparkling eye, totally unacquainted with the deceitfulness of the 
world, and looking to tlie future to be a counterpart of the past, 
which had truly been to her one continued round of innocent 
pleasure and happiness. With a kind and affectionate disposition, 
and a thorough and practical knowledge of all the varied duties of 
housewifery, she was just such a one as would be calculated, if 
united to a kind and alfectionate husband, to pass through the 
chequered scenes of life with all thesweetsof contentment, and but 
few of the bitters of discord. But such was not her lot. Deceived 
by his profeisions of love and promises of unceasing constancy, and 
AVith the approval of her father and family, in the month of De- 


cember, 1821, she became the wife of Henry Hellman. They con- 
tinued for two years in the family of Mr. Abel, during- only a por- 
tion of which time the presence of relations and friends was 
sufficient to restrain the fiendishness of his disposition. After the 
lapse of a few months he appeared to be gradually losing all affec- 
tion for her, though for the first sixteen months, with the excep- 
tion of this apparent indifference, everything passed off quietly. 
On the 8th of August, 1822, Louisa Hellman, their first daughter, 
was born, which, however, lie looked on as a serious misfortune, 
and, had they not been under the parental roof, sad would doubt- 
less have been the poor mother's fate. 

In the month of April 1823, about sixteen months after marriage, 
an unfounded and violent jealousy took posession of his very soul, 
and all the pent-up ferociousness of his disposition towards her sex 
broke forth with renewed violence. He accused her of infidelity 
of the basest kind, and on the 17th of the ensuing September, when 
Heiiry Hellman, their second child, who is now living in Ohio, 
was born, he wholly disowned it, and denounced its mother as a 
harlot. From this moment all hopes of peace or happiness were 
banished, but like poor Malinda Horn, she clung to him, and 
prayed to her God to convert and reform him, hoping that his eyes 
would be ultimately opened to reason and common sense. But, 
alas ! it was all in vain. In return for every attention and kindness 
she received nothing but threats and iaiprecations. Instead of the 
endearing name of wife, she was always called "my woman," and 
his ideas of the degrading duties nnd dishonorable station of 
women fully applied to her. He had, however, never used any 
personal violence, and she consequently felt bound for the sake of 
her children, not to desert him. 

In the spring of 1824, he rented a small place in lioudon, about 
•A mile from her father's, where they lived for nearly eight years,, 
during which time, in June 1827, John Hellman a third child, was 
l)orn, at which time heopenly declared that if she ever had an- 
other he svould kill her. This, however, was theirlast child. On 
one occasion, whilst living on this place, he left her, in a fit of 
passion, and went to Baltimore, leaving wife and children almast 
destitute, where he remained about three months, and returned 
with promises of reformation. 

In the mean time her father, having several sonp grown around 



him, began to ea&t about forsotne mode of giving them all a start 
in the world, and finally sold a portion of his farm, and bought a 
section of land for each of them in different counties of Ohio. John 
Able and George Able went to Stark county, Ohio, and Helman 
received for his wife a section of land in Carroll county, though he 
refused to live on the section of ground belonging to his wife, ap- 
parently through ill feeling towards her. When he left Loudon 
county he disposed of property to the amount of at least $8,000. 
How he had accumulated so much in the short space of ten years, 
when he had come there penniless, was, and still is regarded as a 
mystery. Although possessed of a close and miserly disp'^sition, 
denying his family nearly all the comforts of life, with the excep- 
ts m of food, of which he could not deprive them with out suffering 
himself, it seemed impossible, from the fruits of his needle, so 
large an amount could have been accumulated. 

The five years he passed over in Carroll county we pass over in 
silence, with the exception of the remark that the lot of the poor 
wife during the whole of this time, was one of continual unhap- 
pinass, whilst the children also regarded him with fear and trem- 
bling,- particularly poor Henry, whom he wholly disowned. This 
treatment on the part of her brutal husband of course entwined 
her heart more closely to that of Henry, who was then in his twelfth 
year, and the knowledge of this increased his growing enmity 
towards her and him. When he left Carroll county he was in 
possession of two fine farms, which he sold for a large amount. 
They were located within half a mile of the now thriving city of 
Carroll ton. 

His removal to Logan county was liailed by his wife with joy 
and delight, for there resided her two brot'iers. Gen. .John Abel 
and Mr. George Abel, who had emigrated thither some eight 
years previously, and were now surrounded by large and happy 
familie*. As good fortune would have it, he bought a fine farm, 
the dwelling of which was within a hundred yards of Gen. Abel's, 
and but a short distance from her brother George ; and now poor 
Marj' ex}>ected and did occasionally meet a countenmce that 
beamed on her with affection and kindness. She could there, 
when an opportunity afforded, seated at the hospitable hearth of 
one of her brothers, go over the scenes of enjoyment and happi- 
nes-s that they had passed together in old Loudon, and the memo- 


ry of luT fjood and kin<l-h«^arte(l fatherand mother, who were long 
since departed, would often call a t'-ar to the eye of the atflicted 

They arrived in Logan county in the spring of 188(), at which 
time tlic three children had arrived at an age when they became 
useful al)out the farm. Louic^a was in her fourteenth year, Henry 
wa.s thirteen, and John was about nine yeans ot age. They were 
three tine intcllij;ent children, nuch as a man should have been 
proud of, still they appeared to have no share in their father's af- 
fi-ctions. Money and i»roperty is the god he worshiped, and al- 
thou;,'h in reality he was far better off than many of his surround- 
ing? neijrhbors, still he kept all his family dressed in the meanest 
nianner, so much so that they were compelled to remain at home 
on all occasions. The children were, however, knit into the very 
heart of the mother, and she looked on them with all the fond 
hopf witli which a mother usually regards her offspring. 

Al)out a year after their arrival at Logan, Mrs. Heilman on one 
(H'casion had iwured out a bowl of milk with the intention of drink- 
ing it, but be'bre she got it to her lips s^he found that the top of it 
was completely covered with a iiuantity of white powder, which 
hfld at that moment been cast upon it. Immediately suspecting 
it to be poison, and having no mode of testing it, she threw it out, 
and undoubtedly, from subsequent events, thus preserved hei life. 
There was no one at the time in the house but her husband, and 
hedcnifd all knowledgt- of it. She was under the impression at 
the time that he had attemi)ted to i)oison her, and it is now geno- 
ntliy beli»'ved that such was thecaso. 

For the year following this event he apparently became more 
morose and sullen, but his family had become used to it, and ex- 
pected nothing better. In the month of April, 1831), all three ol 
the children were suddenly taken sick, and lay in great suffering 
for about forty-eight hours, when Louisa, the eldest, aged sev- 
enteen years, ani John, the youngest, aged twelve years, died, 
and were both buried in one grave, leaving the mother inco'nsoia' 
ble for her lews. Her whole attention, however, Mas still required 
for poor Henry, who lay several days in great suffering, but he fi- 
nally recovered. This was a sad stroke to the heart of the already 
grief-stricken mother, which was doubly heavy on her from the 
firm belief she entertained that their death had resulted from poi- 


son, and that that poison had been administered to them by the 
hand of th<?ir father— by that hand whicli should have brushed away 
from their path every thorn that could harm them. The belief is 
-now general throughout the county that their blood is also on the 
head of Andrew Hell man, but whether true or false remains to be 
decided between him and his GoJ. It would seem, if the charge 
be correct, to have been a miraculous intervention of Providence 
that poor Henry, the child of Misfortune, the one alone above all 
others that his father disliked and ill-treated, was the one that 
outlived the effects of the deadly potion. Happy would he doubt- 
less now be could he disown such a father, and forever obliterate 
from memory his existence. Ho is, however, now loved and re- 
.spected by all who are acquainted with him, having fully inherited 
ail the good qualities of his unfortunate mother, and fully proving 
the saying that a bad man may be the lUther of a worthy son. 
Just entering on manhood, he bids fair to reclaim, by a just and 
honorable life, a nauie that has been tarnished by the most detes- 
table acts of crime and guilt. 

It may be stated here, in justice to Hellman, that, since his con- 
viction of the murder of Malinda Horn, he has been questioned 
with regard to the death of his children, and though he did not 
deny the murder of his first wife, he positively asserts that he had 
no hand in their death. He, however, will find it difficult to sat- 
isfy those who witnessed the heart-rending scene, and his utter 
callousness a,s to the result, that he is not also their murderer— 
that the blood of his innocent offspring does not rest on his head, 
equally with that of the unborn child of his second victim. The 
bodies, we learn, were not examined, to discover the cause of 
death, the suspicion as to their being poisoned having been kept a 
secret in the breasts of the members of the family, for the sake of 
the poor mother, whose hard lot might have been embittered in 
eiise they should have been unable to sustain the charge. As bad 
as they then thought him to be, they could hardly believe him to 
be guilty of such a crime, but experience has since taught thera 
that he was capable of anything, let it be ever so heinous and 
criminal, and not even a denial under the solemnity of a confess- 
ion can now clear him of the charge. 

The two children, as has already been stated, died in the month 
of April, 1839, and on the 26th of September, 1839, five months af- 
ter, the poor mother met her terrible fate. The intervening time 


had been passed in fear and trembling, and she watched over and 
guarded her only remaining chilcl with tenfold care and anxiety. 
She feared that the blow which she thought had been aimed 
mainly at the head of the disowned Henry, wag still reserved for 
him, and she therefore followed him with the argus eyes of a 
mother, when evil or danger threatens ; she watched his depart- 
ure, and longed for his return when absent at his daily labor, and 
folded him to her heart as its only solace unuer the heavy weight 
of sorrow and affliction she had been called on to endure. Henry 
loved his mother equally well, and did much to ease her heart of 
its heavy burden. 

On the 26th of September, hearing that her brother George was 
unwell, she gladly embraced the opportunity of sending Henry to 
assist his uncle on the work of the farm for a few days, knowing 
that there at least he would be out of harm's way. It was the flrsl 
time that he had ever been absent from her, and when she bade 
him farewell, and admonished him to take care of himself, Mttle 
did she think that it was the last time she ever would see him— 
that ere the ensuing dawn of day she would herself be lying a 
mangled and mutilated corpse. Such was the melancholy fact, as 
the sequel proved. 

The events of that night and the two succeeding days are 
wrapped in impenetrable darkness, no witness being left but God 
and the murderer that can fully describe them, but such a scene as 
we are left lo imagine, we will endeavor to narrate. 

On Saturday morning, the 28th of September, 1839, Mrs. Rachel 
Abel, the wife of Mr. George Abel, came to the house to see her 
sister-in-law, and so soon as she entered the door she was surprised 
to see Hellman lying in bed in the front room, with his head, face 
and clothing covered with blood. With an exclamation of won- 
der she asked him what was the matter. He replied, affecting t« 
be scarcely able to speak from weakness and loss of blood, that 
two nights previous, at a late hour, a loud rap had summoned hint 
to the door : on opening it, two robbers had entered, one a large, 
dark man, ( meaning a negro ) and a small white man, when he 
had immediately been leveled to the floor with a heavy club. 
How he had got into bed he said he could not tell, but that he hael 
been lying there suffering ever since, unable to get out. On hear- 
ing this story, and from his bloody appearance, and apparent faint- 
ness, not doubting it, Mrs. Able exclaimed, "Where in the name 


of Gocl is your wife?" to which he replied, "I do not know, go 
and see." On pushing open the back room door, a scene of blood 
met her view that it would be impossible fully to describe. In 
the center of the room lay the mangled corpse of the poor wife, 
with her blood drenching the floor, whilst the ceiling, walls, and 
furniture, were also heavily sprinkled with the streams which had 
evidently gushed from the numerous wounds she had received in 
the dreadful struggle. 

Mrs. Able immediately left the house, and proceeded with all 
dispatch to the house of Gen. John Abel, which was but a short 
distance off, and on relating to him the story of Heilman and the 
condition of his sister, he Immediately pronounced her to hav« 
been murdered by her husband. Charging her as well as his own 
wife and family, not to go to the house again, until some of thei 
neighbors had entered, he proceeded to make the fact known, and 
in a short time a large number had assembled. In answer to their 
inquiries Heilman told the same story, and with faint voice and 
apparent anguish, pointed to the bloody and apparently mutilated 
condition of his head, still lying prostrate in his own bed. The 
condition of the house also bore evidence of having been ransacked 
by robbers, every thing having been emptied out of the drawers 
and chests and thrown in confusion on the floor. His story being 
credited by the neighbors, he was asked where he had left his 
money, and on looking at the designate I place it was found to be 
gone. A small amount of money, $16 60, belonging to Henry, 
which had been deposited in the heft of his chest, had also been 
abstracted. The reader can doubtless imagine the scene, and the 
commiseration of the neighbors for the unfortunate victims of the 
midnight assassin. 

At this moment Gen. Abel entered, and shortly after him a cor- 
oner and a physician. I'welve men were immediately selected as 
a jury of inquest to examine into the cause of the death of Mrs. 
Heilman. The jury being sworn, and having entered on their du- 
ty, Gen. Abel openly charged Andrew Heilman with being her 
murderer. The jury were struck with astonishment as they looked 
at Heilman, lying prostrate in his bed, and demanded of the ac- 
cuser what evidence he had to substantiate such a charge. The 
afflicted brother in reply stated that he unfortunately had no evi- 
dence, but desired that the physician in attendance would exam- 
ine Hellman's wounds. The examination was accordingly naad», 


and the I'esult was that not n scratch, a cut, or a bruise could be 
found on any part of his j^erson. Not only morally but practically 
was it thus established, beyond the shadow of a doubt, that "her 
blood was on his head." He had evidently taken up a quantity of 
her blood and thrown it on his head and shoulders, in order to 
give credence to hi.-> story, which act alone served as a positive 
evidence of his guilt. On a search being made of the i)reniises, his 
axe was found, leaning against the bar post, about fifty yards from 
the house, re3king with blool, and hair sufficient sticking* to it to 
identify it as that of the deceased — his knife, covered witii blood, 
was found concealed on the hearth of the chimney— his tailor 
socks were found in the cellar, covered with blood — and the shirt 
he had on, as well as his arm, was saturated with blood up to the 
elbow. Thepje was, therefore, ncrthing wanting to identify him. 
fully and conclusively, as the murderer, and he was forthwith com- 
mitted lor trial ; and the remains of his victim, having laid two 
days exposed before discovery, were, on the evening of the sa»ie 
day followed to the grave by a large concourse of friends and rela- 
tives, and deposited by the side of her two children, whom she 
had sorrowed over but five months previous. 

From the condition of the body, as well as other marks in the 
room, there remained no doubt that the murder had been com- 
mitted in the most cold-blooded, premeditated and malicious man- 
ner. The body was lying on the floor, but from the fact that a 
large quantity of blood was found in the center of the bed, it is 
supposed she was lying asleep at the time of the attack, wholly un- 
conscious otany impending evil. The stains on the pillow indica- 
ted that she had partially risen up after the first blow, and had 
been again knocked back on the bed. The soles of her feet were 
saturated in blood, av hich led to the belief that she had managed 
to get out of bed, and had stood erect in her own blood on the floor 
before she was finally despatched. Six distinct cuts, apparently 
inflicted with the handle of an axe, were discovered on her head. 
The hands and arms were dreadfully bruised, as if she had in the 
same manner as his second victim, endeavored thus to ward off 
the blows aimed at her head, whilst the little finger of the left 
hand, and the fore-finger of the right hand were both broken. A 
large gash, laying open the flesh to the bone, was visible on the 
right thigh, apparently inflicted with an axe, and across the whole 
length of the abdomen th( re extended a heavy bruise, in the shape 


of the letter X, in the center of which wtis a large mark of bruised 
blood, at least six inches square. An attempt had been made with 
the axe to sever the head from the body, and three separate gashes 
passing nearly through the neck, the edge of the blade entering 
the floor, appeared to have been the finishing stroke of the bloody 

The fact ol his having hewn up and dissected the body of Ma- 
linda Horn, can no longer therefore be considered a matter of 
wonder. It wns only the second act of the bioody drama, and well 
did he understand his part. The man who had passed, without 
being conscience-stricken, through such a scene of blood as we have 
just described, was doubtless capable for any emergency, and he 
probably disposed of his second subject with the same ease of mind 
that a butcher would quarter a calf. 

After he had been some time in prison he confessed he had hid- 
den his money himself, and that it was in a tin cup behind two 
bricks on the breast of the chimney. A search was there made, 
and money to the amount of $176 24 in gold, silver, and bank 
notes was found, with promissory notes to the amount of $838, ma- 
king in all $1014 ^A. There were also in the cup two certificates 
for sections of land in Mercer county, Ohio. The money belonging 
to his son Henry, which had been taken out of the chest, was found 
stuck into a crack on the jamb of the chimney. His acknowledge- 
ment of the concealment of the money was of course looked on as a 
full confession of guilt. He of course obtained possession of it, and 
it is thought found some means of transmitting it to a friend in 
Baltimore, from whose hands he afterwards again obtained pos- 
session of it. His farm in Starke county, having three dwellings 
on it and considered to be a very valuable piece of property, he 
deeded to his son Henry during his confinement, which is in fact 
the only worthy act with regard to the man that has yet come 
under our notice. 

A few months after his arrest a true bill was found against him 
by the Grand Jury of Starke county, and he was bi'ought out for 
arraignment before the Court of Common Pleas, and there made 
known his determination, as he had right to do, to be tried before 
the Supreme Court. At length the term of the Supreme Court 
commenced, and two days before the close of its session, his case 
was called up for trial. Having secured eminent counsel, they 
urged on the court that the case would occupy more time than that 



allo>A'ed for the dose of the term, and finally succeedeil in having 
it postponed to the next term, which, meeting but once a year, 
caused a corresponding delay in the trial. • 

He was accordingly remanded back to the jail in Bellefontaine, 
Logan county, Ohio, which was a large log building, fi*om whence 
on the loth of November, 1840, after being confined nearly four- 
teen months, he made his escape. It had been the custom to keep 
him confined in the cells only during the night in cold weather, 
allowing liini to occupy an upper room durinu' the day, depending 
almost entirely for his security on the heavy iron hobbles that 
were kept attached to his legs. The means whereby he escaped 
have been the subject of much controversy, and several persons 
have been implicated as accomplices, either before or after the 
fact. Since his arrest he has positively denied having any assist- 
ance, and states that, having got the hobble off of one foot, he 
started off in that condition, carrying theni in his hand. On the 
night of his escape he had been left up stairs later than usual, and 
there being no fastenings of any consequence on the door, he 
walked off. He was immediately pursued and tracked to the house 
of a man named Conrad Harpole, near P^ast Liberty, in Logan 
county, in the neighborhood of which, a horse, belonging to one of 
hli< attorneuH, was found running loose, and it was ascertained that 
he had there purchased a horse, saddle and bridle, and pursued his 
journey. He was then traced to Carrollton in Carroll county, 
where he had formerly lived, passing through in open day. He 
was here spoken to by an old acquaintance, but made no reply. 
Some of his pursuers actually arrived in Baltimore before he did, 
and although the most dilligent search was made for him, assisted 
by High-Constable Mitchell, no further trace could be found of him. 
They, however, were under the opinion that he was concealed in 
the city, and finally gave up all hope of detecting him. The next 
thing that was heard of him was in York, Pennsylvania, where on 
the 28th of September, 1841, about ten months after his escape, he 
appeared before John A. Wilson, Esq., a Justice of the Peace, and 
executed a deed for 640 acres of land in Mercer county, in favor of 
Charles Anthony, Esq., one of his attorneys. 

We have heard it positively stated, though we cannot vouch for 
its correctness, that in the fall of 1841, which is about the time the 
deed just mentioned was executed at York, he was a resident of 
Baltimore, and kept a small tailor shop on Pennsylvania Aveuuo, 

LOGAX ("orXTlKS. 91 

near H;uiiliiii-i;- Street, where lie wns l)iirae(! out. If so, In- tlieii 
l>assed by ?mother name, and liad not yet assumed the name of 
Adam Horn. He made his appearanee in Baltimore county in the 

leighborhood otthescene of the last murder early in the year 1842 
ind commenced boarding- at the house of Wm. Poist, in the month 
of May. On the ensuing 17th day of August, 1842, he wjvs married 
to :Malinda llinkle. 

The horrible |)articulars of his se -ond wife's murder, we present 
our readers in the succinct and satisfactory account of it that we 
glean from t lie evidence produced upon the trial. Horn was ar- 
raigned before the Baltimore county Oourt, and the case came up 
before Judges Magruder and Purviance, on the 2(»th of November, 
184:'.. The awful barbarity of the man's crime, and the hardened 
indifference he exhibited in regard to it, created a thrilling excite- 
ment in the public mind, and at an early hour a crowd had assem- 
bled on the pavement oast of the Court-house, in the area above, 
and all along the lane. Shortly before the hour, the van drove up 
.below, and was instantly surroimded with an eager throng, anx- 
ious to catch a glimpse of the [)risoner. The prisoner was taken 
out, and, after a considerable struggle with the crowd, brought 
into the court room. In five minutes thereafter, the whole sj»ace 
allotted to spectators was crammed to every conTer. 

Two days were occupied in empanelling a jury, which linally 
consisted of the following gentlemen, citizens of Baltimore county, 
exclusive of the city: John B. H. Fulton, Foreman ; Alexander J. 
Kennard, Stephen Tracy, Melcher Fowble, Hanson Butter, Wm. 
Butler, Benjamin Wheeler, senior, Abraham Elliot, Samuel Price, 
Henry Leaf, Samuel S. Palmer, James \\'olfington. 

J. N. Steele, Esq., Prosecuting Attorney for Baltimore county 
t'ourt, opened the case in a lucid and effective manner. He spoke 
to the following purport : 

" I shall in the prosecution of this case ex}>ect to show to you, 
that the prisoner, in the early part of the year 1842, came to reside 
in Baltimore county, under the name of Adam Horn ; but that his 
real name is Andrew Hellman; that a short time thereafter in the 
course of the ensuing summer, he settled in the country, purchased 
some land, bought a store, and worked at his trade as a tailor ; he 
became acquainted with the deceased, and in August, 1842, mar- 
ried her; that some time thereafter their domestic life was dis- 
turbed by frequent bickerings and angry dissensions; that Hora 


was dissatislied, sayiuj^' to his neighbors that she was too young- for 
him, that she lovetl other men better than himself, I^^hallshovv 
you that this prisoner is a man of deep-seated malignancy of ch'ir- 
a«ter, of passionate and violent temper ; and though we know 
some facts in relation to their habits of life, we know not what 
private feuds and what severity of treatment the deceased may 
have been too often exposed to. I shall show you that upon one 
occasion she had gone to church, contrary to his desire, and that 
upon her return, he threw her clothes out of the window, and put 
her violently out of the house, in consequence of which conduct 
she remained absent several days. I shall show to you that some 
time before that event he had looked upon her and spoken of her, 
evidently to tind some cause to be rid of her ; and after she was 
gone, he applied to her the most opprobrious epithets, peculiarly 
degrading to the character of a woman and of a wife, and openly 
threatened that if she returned to his house he would shoot her. 
Nor was this a temporary feeliiig raging in his heart at one time 
more violently than at another ; not an outbreak of temper for the 
moment, but as I shall be able to show you, a malignant, deep-* 
settled and insatiate hatred. Thus they continued to live together 
until the 22d of March last ; on the evening of that day, she was 
seen the last time alive — that evening at sunset, and these two 
thus unhappily paired, dwelt in the solitude of this house alone; 
not another human soul lived within those walls ; these two alone 
on that night were in sole companionship, moved by feelings 
which the event can alone explain. 

"There was deep snow on the ground that night; there was 
also a tremendous tempest ; it was the worst night remembered 
during. the winter ; the wind blew a hurricane, and the snow was 
banked up in the roads, and at every eminence which offered re- 
sistance to the wind, in a manner which rendered it almost im- 
possible to move; and on that night he was in the house with his 
deceased wife ; the next morning he was seen to go up the road ; 
he passed the house of Mr. Poist, his nearest neighbor, with whom 
he had been intimate since he first went into the county, hut said 
nothing to him about the absence of his wife ; but went on to the 
house of a German acquaintance ( who has since committed sui- 
cide ), and said to him, as I expect to show — the counsel for the 
defence admitting his testimony as given at the jail — that his wife 
had left him two hours before day ; that they had had no quarrel, 


yet she had irone out on such a night, in the condition she was in ; 
he told this German that she had taken $50 in money from a cor- 
ner of the store in which she had seen him count it ; hut I sha51 
show you, gentlemen of the jury, that he told another persosi that 
she took the mon^ty from a trunk up .stairs ; and still ancjther per- 
son "I'Jiat she took it from a chetst in the back room, thus 
stamping the fabrication with its true character of falsehood. The 
snow that had fallen remained upon the ground some ten days, at 
the expiration of which period, I shall sh.ow you that Hoi'n went 
to the house of Mrs. Gittinjier, ;uid requested her to engage for 
him a housekeeper ; that matters continued thus until iSunday, 
the IGth of April, when Catharine Hinkle, a sister of the de- 
ceased, hearing of the absence of Mrs. Horn, went to the house of 
the prisoner ; that although they had previously to that time 
been on the most friendly terms, Horn, without refusing to 
:-peak to her, spoke with manifest reluctance, seemed confused, 
colored in conversation, and otherwise betrayed uneasiness and 
guilt; that on being first questioned by Catharine, he said his 
wife had left the house, on the evening referred to, about bed-time; 
but afterwards, before she went away, apparently recollecting the 
contradiction that would exist, he told her that Malinda bad gone 
away about two hours before day. I shall then show you, gentle- 
men, that Catharine went off with the determination to see Just- 
ice Hushey, satisfied that there was something wrong, but first 
called at the house of Mrs. Gittinger, who was, however, absent ; 
Mrs. Gittinger's little daughter only v/as there, and to her Catha- 
rine imparted her suspicions, said she was going to .Justice Bush- 
ey's, and would have Horn's house searched iorthwith. On that 
day the little girl stated this conversation to her mother; and, 
gentlemen, I shall show you that at that time, Horn himself was 
at Gittinger's, in an adjoining room, with some neighbors who* 
had come to visit a sick person ; that the statement of the little 
girl to her n:!other was distinctly overheard in that room, and im- 
mediately thereafter Horn got up from his chair and left the house, 
I shall show you that at that time he had on his usual Sunday 
dress, and that he was seen soon afterwards, in the evening, in his 
ordinary working clothes, although there. was no apparent cause 
for til. 'S. ange. On the following day, IMonday, he fled — and 
with So ijjuch precipitancy ot flight, that he had left his store, con" 
tainiii^ $400 or $500 wo-th of goods, without a single person to take 


care of it; and de:*erted hU farm, and indeed so preeipitatelj ab- 
sconded that the doorn of the house had been left unfastened, and 
his slioes left out upon the lioor, he was next seen in the office of 
the Clerk of Baltimore County ('ourt, on Monday, where he tjot 
out a deed of his property, and next heard of in Philadelphia, 
where, according' to his own statement, he arrived on the follow - 
inj^ (Tuesday) morning. Thus, on the slightest intimation that 
active measures would be taken to discover the whereabout of the 
<Ieceased, overheard in the conversation of the cliild with her 
mother, we find this man — a man of thrift, and careful in his 
business — a man of even miserly habits, tn us hurrying away from 
his home, leaving all his property exposed. I shall further show 
to you, gentlemen, that when the prisoner was arrested in Phila- 
delphia, he admitted that he was from Baltimtjre counfy.and that 
his name was Horn ; that when passing along the street, in cus- 
tody of the officer, he was asked his trade, and he replied ' a shoe- 
maker,' his real business being that of a tailor ; he was seen to 
throw sometliing away soon afterwards, which was picked up by 
another officer, and proved to be a tailor's thimble, the latter say- 
ing : ' Did you see him throw this thimble away ? ' the prisoner 
offering no denial ; at the officer's house to which he was first 
taken, he threw away a pair of scissors ; he also aasured the offi- 
cers he had no dee<3, but when further search was proposed, he 
either produced, or tliere were found u{)on him, two vieeds, one 
conveying the property from another party to himself, and th«* 
other drawn in Philadelphia, conveying it from himself to John 
Btorech, the German who has since committed .suicide. 

"I shall further show you, gentlemen, that by what may be 
regarded as remarkable interposition of Providence, on the morn- 
ing following the Sunday on which he had fled, some young men, 
wliile shootin^j in tlie neighborhood, came on Horn's place, and 
crossing a small gutter or gully in the orchard, their attention was 
attracted l)y a hole newly dug m it, and close by a circulnr place, 
a little sunk, into which they thrust a stick, and soon found it re- 
sisted by a substance of a nature whicii cause 1 it to rebound ; that 
without further examination these young men went to a person 
named Poist, wliom they informed that they had discovered some- 
thing strange in the gulley, and they thought it wa,'* probably 
Mali.ida Horn. Accompanieti by PoJst, they returned to the spot. 
dug up the earth, rtti(i there found the body — no gentlemen, not 


the body — but the headless, liinbh'ss, mutilated trunk, sewed up 
in H coffee-bag. 

"In this remote phice, they also found a spade near by, standing 
against a tree, whicli a witness identified by a particular mark as 
belonging to the prisoner. On the coffee-bag was seen the name 
of Adam Horn, and it will be identified by Mr. Caughy, a mer- 
chant of this city, as one in which he sold a quantity of coffee 
to Horn, nine or ten months before. In this connection we shall 
prove to have been f(»und Horn's spade, and Horn's (;offee-bag, but 
it does not stop here ; they went to the house to ])ursue their in- 
vestigations, and there in a back room upstairs, they found another 
bag containing the legs and arms of a human being, corresponding 
with the trunk ; thus in the very house occupied by the prisoner 
and his wife, were found these mangled remains; contained too, 
in a bag soiled with a quantity of mud, exactly resembling that in 
the hole of the gully from which they are supposed to have been 
taken ; mud upon the several limbs aLso corresponding with it; 
the clothes of the prisoner also found scattered about the house, 
soiled in the same way, and his shoes even when found, wet and 
moist, and muddy, in every particular indicating the recent visit 
<if the wearer to that place ; still furrliei', by way of tracing him to 
the very grave of these mutilated remains, his footprint, exactly 
corresponding with the shoe, is discovered by the gully. But, un- 
fortunately for the prisoner, we do not stoj) here ; I shall produce 
evidence to convince you beyond all doubt that this body and 
these limbs so discovered were the body and limbs of Maliuda 
Horn. I shall show you that there was no other woman missing 
from that i)!ace and neighborhood, and I ]ieed not say to you that 
a woman is not like a piece of furniture thatct.m !)e destroyed with- 
out the knowledge of persons out of the liousehold. I rihall prove 
to you, gentlemen, that the body and limbs were fh^ <\r.e of those 
of the deceased ; that they were large, she being i . .;^ woman; 
that Malinda Horn at the time of her disappearanc;- .\ i- known to 
be pregnant; that the body discovered proved to be in this state ; 
that a small portion of the hair sticking to the back of the neck 
was of the color of the hair of the deceased ; that a peculiarity in 
the form of the deceased was the width of her breasts apart ; that 
the same peculiarity was r)erceptil)le in the body that has beeji 
found ; that the deceased was seen daily in household duties by her 
acquaintances, barefoot, and I shall produce testimony to pi'ovc 


l)ositively that the feet found in tlie prisonei's li(»useare the feet of 
Malinda Horn ; a peculiarity in the thumb of one hand, which ha<! 
been bent by a felon, also afford;^ positive proof by which the dis- 
nieiribered anaos have been identified hs tiiose of IMalinda Horn. 
From thi8 evidence, I say there can be no question of the identity 
of the body. Yet is there another fact, a startlint^, a marvelous 
one; I (h) not know that I shall have occasion to resort to it, but I 
shall inentio!) it now; should I, however, find it necessary to in- 
troduce it, what I now say y(ju will be at liberty to discard. I am 
not familiar, gentlemen, with the wonder-working powers of na- 
ture as exhibited in the human foFra, but in what 1 am about to 
assert it would seem that Providence has indeed folhnvetl this ter- 
rible munler with evidence from the unborn. I have alluded to 
th^' state in which the unfortunate woman deceased, and I ouglst 
iK^w to ad'i that ;i post nu»rt>-iii exaiiiinntioii was conducted some 
tinu- thereafter by a distinguished surj^eon of tliis city ; that in the 
course of the operation the womb was removed, and preserved by 
that gentleman, and remarkable as it may seem, 1 learn that the 
infant, yet four months wanting of the hour of parturition, i-s in- 
deed, in every feature, afac simile o/ Adam Horn! 

"In addition to what I have stated, and the awful picture pre- 
sented to your view, we have a striking fact to be considered; tlie 
mangled trunk has been found witli every limb rudely torn frou\ 
its place ; the limbs have been found, legs and arms, huddled to- 
gether in horrible confusion, but the head has never to this hour 
been discovered ; there can be no doulit that it has been concealed 
or destroy. kI to prevent its identification, and its very absence is 
proof that it was the head (tf 3Ia!inda Horn. I shall further show 
to you, gentlemen, that the body -Uscovered, jiroved to be that of 
a person suddenly deceased, in high and perfect health ; and I 
shall show in connection with this fact, thai the deceased, when 
last seen, was in that state— perfectly well. I shall be able to show 
to you, that great violence had been committed on this tier man- 
gled body; that a large bruise was found extending its (-ffects deep 
into the muscles on the breast and shoulder; that there was an- 
other of four or five inches diameter upon her back, as if inflicted 
by somf large instrument, and by a most violent blow; and fur- 
ther, that one hand and wrist exhilMts almost a continuous bruise, 
as if mashed in apparently fruitle^< efforts to prevent the dreadful 
injuries which follo^^e(^. 


" Still further must I proceed with the disgusting, revolting 
spectacle ; and show you that in the perpetration of the murder, 
the after circunistanees were only part of the original plan ; to 
sever th<- limbs, to cut off the he-ad, and to salt down the trunk 
and limbs, was all necessary to be done, because he could not dis- 
pose of them by burial ; the snow was on the ground, and to do so 
would expose him to certain detection ; and I shall show you that 
on the floor of an np stairs back room, there is a stain occupying u 
space about the size of a human body with extended legs; this 
stain is moist, and at certain times presents on the surface a white 
incrustation, as having been produced by a quantity of salt ; the 
murder is believed to have been committed on the 22d of March, 
and the body was found on the 17th of April, and when found, 
though it had been buried in a damp hole in the ground, in mois- 
ture and mud, yet it was in a state of preservation evidently from 
the etfects of the salt; it was again buried, and when exhumed 
three or four weeks after for the post mortem examination, it was 
still found but slightly decomposed. I must call your attention to 
the time at which the body could have been disposed of by burial, 
after the disappearance of the snow, as agreeing with that when 
the prisoner called on Mrs. Gittinger to provide him a house- 
keeper until the mangled remains were gone." 


\V/u. Poisi. su-ori}. — Knows the prisoner at the bar very weli ; 
kncjwn him since May 1842; came to witness's house to board; 
boarded with him 'till the middle of August, and then got mar- 
ried ; witness was his groomsman ; two weeks afterwards they 
went to house-keeping ; took a house about three hundred yards 
from witness s house ; it is situated about twenty-two miles from 
Baltimore, on the Hanover and Reisterstown road ; Horn's 
h(nise is this side of witness's house ; Gittinger's honse is about one 
hundred and lifty yards this side of Horn's ; Storech's house is 
about three hundred yards beyond that of witness; the ''gate 
house" is between witness's house and Storech's; when Horn 
went to housekeeping, he kept a store and worked at his trade as a 
tailor; recollected the time when Malinda Horn disappeared; oa 
morning of 23d saw Horn go by his house ; said to a wagoner in 
there that he wondered where Horn was going so early ; he said 
lie supposed he was going to church ; witness said no, that wa-s not 

9S champaKtN and 

the way he wont to church ; he wan not a Catholic, but pretended 
to be a Lutheran ; soon after, Frank Gittinger came ui and said, 
"Horn's wife was gone again hist night ;" witness said, last night 
was too bad a night for any one to go out : it was a very stormy, 
ugly night ; there had been a heavy snow on the ground about 
ten days. 

On good Friday the peo})le had been talking a good deal about 
the matter, and I went down the road to the fence between Horn's 
place and mine, and saw a spade standing against a tree ; thougiit 
"My God, what has he been doing with this spade?" could not see 
any peach trees that had been planted ; walked round the spade, at 
a few feet distance ; recognized it as one that he had seen at Horn's 
house; it had a paper on as the outside one of a bundle; it was 
about four or five steps from the place where the body was found ; 
is positive that it was the same spade that he had seen before at 
Horn's house. 

On Easter Monday about 9 o'clock, saw Jacob Myers, Henry 
Fringer, John Storech, and Isaac Stansbury, go by his house with 
guns, down the road ; between 10 and 11 o'clock, while witness 
was up in his field, the men came back again ; asked them what 
game; they said, "Oh, we found plenty of game down there," 
and allowed they thought they had found Horn's wife ; agreed to 
go along, and went around to avoid Horn's house, so that he should 
not see them ; went down t(( the place, and pushed a stick down 
znd found that it rose u]) again when pressed; witness then threw 
the dirt away with a spade, and found a coffee-bag, which he pro- 
posed to slit open; there was something in it; some of them 
tliought perhaps it was a hog buried there, and did not want to 
open the bag for fear they woukl be laughed at ; witness cut the 
bag a little, and saw the breast of a wonia" ; they then concluded 
to go to Horn's house first ; went up to Horn's house and knocked, 
but nobody answered ; Xase said the back door was open ; pushed 
it with a stick ; waited till more people came; none would go in 
until witness went ; went into the entry and then the store, and 
found all right ; went into a slee[)ing room back and found a bed 
which looked as if it had been tumbled ; finally one of tlie party 
went to the back room up stair-., and there saw the arms and legs 
sticking out of a bag; he called to witness, who was on the stairs, 
to see them ; all went up and looked at them ; then went down to 
■the ulacc where thf- bf)dv w;i<, and lifted it out ; witness then cut 


it open, and there was the trunk of the body, without head, arms, 
i-jrlegs; examined it and found marks of violence on the breast 
and the shoulder ; turned the body over and found another wound 
on theb>ick; then went and brought down the legs and arms, and 
found they corresponded witli the body; then sent lor some wo- 
men, and Mrs. Gittinger came; asked her if she knew Mrs. Horn 
WAseticienfe; she said she was ; thought that body was in the same 
condition; the mud of the gully was a kind of slimy mud, not 
exactly yellow, n(5t black ; that upon the limbs was of the same 
kind; the liole from which they supposed the limbs were taken 
seemed to have been quite fresh opened ; as if opened the night 
before; the same kind of mud was upon the clothes ; the field was 
a clover-field and orchard ; the soil upon the surface in the tield and 
'surrounding country is of a different kind and color from the gully 
mud. In the house found Horn's clothing and shoes— same kind 
of mud on them ; the shoes were mois^ and muddy; found i)art 
in back room, part in front; shoes under the counter; a bucket of 
water, discolored with the same sort of mud, was found in the en- 
try ; a basin of the same muddy water, as if bands liad been washed 
in it, was found in the store; [the bags and clothes spoken of pro- 
ducetl ; that in which the liml)s wore found is marked " A. Horn," 
with certain private marks ; the waistcoat exhibited, marked with 
mud ;] witness saw Horn wearing it on the Sunday night before 
he left; [a piece of striped linsey jjroduced, found between the 
bed and sacking, worn by Mrs. Horn as an apron, considerably 
stained with blood;] witness found the ])iece of linsey himself; 
saw nothing of Horn on the Monday; through his house and 
ground ; he was not there; knew Malinda Horn ; the body found 
was about the size of that of deceased, as near as witness could 
judge; searclied for the heal all about; tort* up a fen«'.e, thinking 
it might be in the post holes; dug all al)out t!ie gu-den and other 
places ; the hand was marked with a heavy bruise, as if it had de- 
fended a blow off; knows of no other woman having disappeared 
from the neighborhood ab(tut that time ; found dried apples and 
peaches up stairs in back room of the front building ; several bush- 
els ;there was a pile of plaster in tlie back room up stairs, where 
the limits were found ; they were close to the pile; there was a 
mark on the floor, as if the body had l>een laid down there ; sup- 
posed it had been cut up there ; this room was at the head of the 
back stairs ; this stain was about the size of a human being, -and a 


body cut up and salted there would likely have made such a stain ; 
it was a greasy sort of a mark, such as a pickle or brine always 

The condition of the goods in the store was in the usual form after 
Horn had fled; abwut$400 or $oOO worth of goods were there; the en- 
try door and the door that leads into the store were open; there was 
no one left in charge of the house and store; the house is imme- 
diately on the turnpike ; the body was in a good state of preserva- 
tion ; looked us if it had been salted ; there was no bh;od visible ; 
one of the thighs appeared as if a peice of steak had be -n cut off of 
it; witness had a coffin made, sent for her sister and a j)rea('her, and 
had the body buried in the burial ground on the next day, the 18th 
of April ; the body was again taken up ahout ten or twelve days 
after, for a post mortem examination ; when it was dug up it smelt 
a little but very little, and was in a good state of preservation ; the 
orchard in which the spade was found was not used for any agri- 
cultural purpose ; Horn had been at work building fense along the 
turnpike, about two-hundred yards distance; witness thinks for 
the purpose of preventing easy ingress to the spot where the body 
was buried ; the nature of the soil where he was digging for the 
fence would not have made the same stain on the clothing found, 
as that v/hich was on it. When hes^iw him at the jail in Philadel- 
phia, he reached his hand towards him, and said to hin, "My God, 
Mr. Horn, must I meet you here! we have found the legs and 
arms of Mrs. Horn at the head of the stall's, and the body you, I 
suppose, know where ; and you Ought to pray to God to forgive 
you of your sins ;"that the prisoner looked at him but did iu)t say 
a word, nor did he shed a tear, but seemed to be endeavouring to 
smother his feelings. 

Cross-examined by Mr. Mayer. — Horn passed my door Isefore 
sunrise in the morning ;did not say he iiad gone up to Storech's; 
soon after that Mr. Gittinger came an«i told witness that Horn's 
wife had left him on the previous evening ; and he replied it was a 
bad night for any one to leave home ; it was on the 2yd day of 
March that he told witness his wife was missing, and it was about 
the 17th day of April that the body was found: saw the spade at 
the tree on Good Friday ; Horn went away on Easter Sunday, and 
there had been considerable talk in the neighborhood as to his 
wife l»eing missing ; when 1 saw the spade 1 wondered if he had 
been planting trees; I looked whether he had, and I found that he 


had not; Horn was attending: to his business quietly and composedly 
all this time ; Horn came on Good~Friday 'evening to his house, 
and offered to pay him $10 out of the S50 he owed him ; he replied 
that that would do him no good, as he wanted it all to ])ay his 
rent ; did not examine his house very closely for stains of blood, 
but was looking about for the remainder of the body ; I saw a large 
^tain upon the floor up stairs some time after ; some of the neigh- 

urs called my attention to it ; I came to the conclusion that it 
was salt, and that the body had laid there and salt thrown on it 
on account of the weather being too bad to dispose of it at the time 
it was killed : the stain on the floor was in the form of a body ; the 
stain is still there ; smelt it, and it smelt like brine; it was dry, 
I could smell it; there was no fancy about it, as I do not snuff; I 
took for granted that the body had not been buried ; when I saw 
him in Philadelphia I aslced him if he could pay me what he owed 
me ; I asked him in the presence of tne jailor ; I was ordered to 
Philadelphia by Squire Bushey to identify the prisoner ; the mark 
on the spade by which I knew it, was a label pasted on the handle; 
all spades have not that mark ; it was a mark such as is put on by 
the maker, a label. 

Cross-examined by Mr, Buchanan. — I first became acquainted 
with the prisoner in the, month of May, 1842, when he came to my 
house to board ; he had been living in the neighborhood before, but 
I did not know him; he lived with me until the 16th or 17th of 
August, when he got married to Malinda, and he and his wife 
stayed with me until the end of August, when they went to live 
at the house where hLs store was; Mrs. Horn was missed on the 
night of the 22d of" March, and on the morning of the 23d, the 
prisoner passed my house before sunrise ; I did not see where he 
went ; on the same day about half an hour afterwards I learned 
that his wife was missing; did not go to his house or see him that 
day ; but saw him the next morning, the 24th ; saw him on the 
porch at the house ; I did not speak to him after his wife was mis- 
sing until the 3d of April. 

[A question was here put to the witness by Mr. Buchanan, as to 
the conversation of the prisoner, which was objected to by Mr, 
Steele ; but as the objection was afterw ards waived by the prose- 
•ution, it is unnecessary to detail it. The cross-examination was 
accordingly resumed.] 

We met together as stated, for the first time after she was miss- 


ing, 1)11 the 3d of April, in his store; after I had taken my seat I 
asked him for the fifty dollars he owed me ; he told me that his 
wife had runoflfand taken fifty dollars with her, and consequently 
he could not pay me; I then asked him about his wife leaving- him, 
and he told me that she got up io the night whilst he was asleep, 
alongside ot her, and when she went out of the door he woke up 
and went to look after her, but not seeing her, he went to bed 
again. I then told him that there was soine rumor or suspicion 
afloat among the neighbors, to the effect that he had killed or 
made away with his wife. The prisoner, clapping his hands ou 
his knees, i-eplied, "My God, you don't say so! How could the 
people think so?" I then told iiim if he could prove there was no 
foundation in the rumor, that he might still consider me his friend ; 
if not, I was done with him. 1 then proposed that he should sub- 
mil the house to be searched, in order to satisfy me as well as the 
neighbors, to which he expressed himself willing. He then said 
tome, "Ah, Mr. Poist, you know much;" to which I replied, 
"Why, you do not suppose 1 have had anything to do with, or 
know anything about your wife?" He replied, "No ; but another 
man is the cause of all this." I then advised him to stop the stage 
driver, and question him as to whether he had seen her, shortly 
after which I went home. I had not been home long when the 
stage came past, and I saw him stop the stage and speak to the 
driver. I then returned to his house and asked iiim whether th(^ 
driver had seen her, and he said that he had not. I di,d not search 
the house, however, until the body was found. Storech, who has 
since killed himself, was one of the four who were out gunning, 
and first discovered the body. He Avent with them to the spot 
where they thought the body was, and one of them jjointed out 
the print of a shoe to him in the clay, but is certain it was not 
Storech ; it was Storech, however, who said that the print of the 
shoe was that of Horn's, as he knew the shoe and had made it ; I 
then took the spade and threw up some of the dirt, when I discov- 
ered a bag, and thinking that some one had buried a sheep there, 
and that we would be laughed at, 1 took my knife and cut it open, 
and the breast of a female was visible. (Witness then proceeded 
again to detail his examination of the premises around Horn's 
house, and his gathering the people together.) On going into the 
house I found a stain on the stairway, which I thought was stained 
by apples, but the others thought it was blood ; did not say that 

LOCtAN COl'XTIES. ]();! 

the large stain on the floor ia the form of a body was not blood ; I 
said nothing about it at the time; I did not come to the eonelu- 
sion that the large stain was blood; the apron was found in the 
house about ten days after she had been found; does not know 
that that part of the house where the apron was found had been 
searched before ; found the apron in the front building between 
the bed and the sacking-buttoni ; nobody went into the house with 
me; did not see any mark that he was certain was blood until the 
apron was found ; had never seen the body naked until they had 
joined the limbs to it on a plank ; would not know your body or 
my own if 1 saw it cut or mangled in that way ; could not recog- 
nize the body ; lias no certain persona/ knowledge what became of 
Malinda Horn ; she had left her husband once and went up in tlie 
neighborhood of liittlestown ; she was gone some six weeks ; sJie 
had left some of her clothes up there and had wanted to go again 
after them ; that Horn was at my house and saw the st^^ge at hi.s 
door, and he ran out and stopped it and took hi^ wife out, and 
made her go home ; she never went away again until she went 

In Chief. — I proposed to the prisoner that he snould alhjw the 
house to be searched, and he consented ; the snow was then off 
the ground ; he did not pro])ose to have a search, but said they 
might search if they came ; the spots on the stairs he thought 
Mere not blood ; that after the floor had been scrubbed the blood 
was visible on the large stairs ; when the deceased left the house 
of Horn the first time thinks he said nothing to him about it, 
though he might. 

Henry Bushey, Esq., was called upon to come to Horn's house 
on the 17th of April, by Mr. PoIsl's son, who told him that they 
had found the body ; that he went up with two or three neigh- 
bors, and went immediately to the lot and saw the trunk of the 
body ; that the boy eame to him from the house and told him to 
come up, that they had found the rest of the body ; that he went, 
and Mr. Poist showed him the bag, and he directed him to cut it 
open, and the legs and arms were found in it ; that he then sum- 
moned a jury, and brought the body to the house, and after plac- 
ing it on a board, joined the artne and legs to it, and they 
seemed to correspond ; thinks that it was the body of Malinda 
Horn from the size of it ; thought the lady was pregnant ; 
saw blood in the house on the next day, on the stei)8, or at least 


he thought it was blood ; saw the clothes and the mud upon theui, 
and the niud on the body and bag correspond in color, as it also 
did with the mud in the gully; the dirt about the hole seemed to 
have been recently turned up ; the hole would have, contained the 
bag with the arms ; a search was then made for the head ; even 
the ashes in the fire-place were searched for bones, but none were 
found ; on one of the bags the name of A. Horn was written very 
legibly ; the body was found, he thinks about three humlred yard- 
from the house; the goods were in the store, but no one in charge 
of them ; a waistcoat, a sHrt, a roundabout and shoes were found 
with the mud upon them; they were in different sections of the 
house; a bucket and a pan with water in them were found in the 
store, discolored the same as the earth where the body was found 
would have discolored it, as if something had been rinsed in tiiem ; 
(the witness here identified the two bags in which the parts of the 
body had been found, as well as the clothes;) the hands were 
bruised as well as the shoulders and back ; he did not discover any 
other marks on it. 

Benj. Caughy, sioorn. — [Bag produced in which the limbs were 
found.] Has seen that bag before ; saw it last on the last day of 
May, 1842 ; sold it to Horn ; the marks on the bag I put on ; "A. 
Horn," "155," for so many pounds, and "11" for so many cent^ 
per pound; they are to the best of my opinion my marks; they 
correspond with the book and my hand-wiiting. 

Mrs. Oittinger, sworn. — Knew Malinda Horn from August, 1842, 
till the 23d of March, 1843, the time of her disappearance; had 
seen her barefooted every day, from the time she came into the 
neighborhood until it was cold weather ; my house is about a hun- 
dred yards from Horn's ; Mrs. Horn was, '^t the time of her death, 
"in the family way;" she expected to be confined about the hist of 
August ; saw the body that was found ; it was in a pregnant 
state ; the feet of Malinda were very peculiar ; they tapered off 
very much in consequence of the great length of the big toe ; there 
was a little knot or lump by the joint of the little toe ; from these 
peculiarities I know the feet were thosaof Malinda Horn; she one 
time went away and left her husband six weeks ; at that time she 
came to my hoase and said she was going away ; I said, "My, la I 
Malinda, what are you going away for? — you've got everything 
comforhible around you, and a good home ; what Ls the reason you 
(an't stay?" "Oh,'^ she said, "you don't know how it is; if I 


don't go he'll kill me!" Witness .^said, "How would he look, kill- 
ing you?" Malinda said, "If he don't kill me, he'll break my 
heart." "Well, then," I said, "you may as well go." Before she 
left home that time, some four days, she had been to see a sick old 
man ; on going home she stayed a minute or two, and then came 
to my house and told her sister that Horn had turned her out ; 
could see from my house her clothes thrown out of the window ; 
Horn afterwards said to witness that his wife was good for nothing, 
and that was the reason she went. 

Cross-examined by Mr. Mayer.— Tha time when Mrs. Horn first 
went away was a few days before* Christmas, 1842; she came back 
after being aw ay six weeks ; came to my house, and I went with 
her to Horn's, and said, "Here Horn, I've brought your old wo- 
man bade ;" he nL'Vv>r looked up, and as thoy didn't seem U) say 
anything, I was going away ; she asked me not to go ; she went up 
to the counier and bought kisses and pins ; Storech was there, and 
said it was a shame she should i)ay for the things ; she was then 
going away with me, when Horn said, "Where are you going to?" 
Malinda .said, "I am going where I have been ;" Horn told her t<; 
come back ; she said, "I shan't;" I persuaded her to go back t^; 
the old man, and she went. It was then about dusk, and she 
stayed until 9 o'clock, and then came to my house and slept with 
me that night ; next day they made it up between them somehow ; 
heard no more of any difficulties between them; but she always 
eaid she was afraid Horn would knock her down ; she never said 
he had done it, or .struck her at all ; never knew what the difier- 
encewas; after .she came back she didn't tell of any particular 
quarrel; she was afraid to tell, she said, for fear it should come 
out; when she went away she was trembling; he treated her hui- 
flshly at the best of times; never hoard him curse her, or threaten 

Catherine Hinkle, stvorn.—I am the sister of Malinda Horn. On 
Sunday, the 16th ..f April, went to see Mr. Horn on aecnimt of m v 
8i.ster ; he was silting on the back porch; I called to him and he 
came to the front door; asked him where Malinda was; he did not 
answer at first, but api>eared much confused; then said he did !i(;t 
know where she was; he said she had left home about bedtime ; 
asked him whether she went away before she went to bed ; he re- 
• plied that he had gone to bed, but she had not; that she went out 
of the front door as he came through the room, having hear. 1 her 



move about ; that he did not see which way she went ; said they 
had DO falling out on that ni^ht, hut they had a few days before ; 
told him I did not thinlc she could get away on such a bad night 
art that was, and he didn't make any reply ; --isked him where her 
clothes were, and he said she ha.l taken all but two dresses ; he re- 
fused to give them to me, and said she might have them herself if 
she would come for them, and I replied that I thought she would 
never come for them ; told hiin he had accused her of being inti- 
mate with other men, but that it was not so, as he would never 
allow her to spealc to any man wiiiiout getting angry ; to which 
he made no reply; when I left liim I went to Mr. Gittenger's 
house, and his little daughter was' present, and I told them that I 
wanted to see Mr. Gittenger, as I thought there wa.s a great <^hange 
in him, and that he had made way with my sister, and I was going 
to 'Squire Bushey to have a se^^rch made. The change I allude to 
is, before that he had been more sociable and friendly, and that 
now he would hardly speak to me or look at me. It was about 
12 o'clock on Sunday when I ctll d at his house ; did not tfll him 
any thing about getting a search warrant. I was at Horn's house 
on the 17th of December, before (hirk, and went to church with 
Malinda; when we came back, he commenced running her down, 
and said she was too young for him, and abused her, and said that 
she liked other men better than she did him, and was very angry; 
next I went to church with her again, and she was con- 
firmed ; it was a prolracted meeting ; when she went home I went 
to Mrs. Gittinger's, and she came over and said the old man had 
thrown her clothes out to her and would not let her in ; I then 
went over with her, and he said I might come in, but that she 
should not ; she tried to get in, bui he pushed her out, and said she 
should never come in his h >usf agai;^; it was about 12 o'clock on 
the 18th of Decern ber. When she was at Littlestown Horn came 
to me and said if I would send for her he would try and do 
better than he had done before ; after a -few weeks I wrote her a 
letter and told her what H »rn had said, but did not advise her to 
come back to him ; when she camw back she staid at Mr. Gittin- 
ger's all night, and said she woul I try and please him. When he 
turned her out on the Sundav he s dd she should never cqme back, 
as she thought more of other men th m she did of him ; I told hiin 

that he rmght not to treat her so, p trticularly while she was attend- 
ing meeting. 


A singfular circumstance, collaterally connected with the murder 
of Malinda Horn, is the suicide of Storech, who was the neighbor 
and fripnd of the murderer, and wa.sone of the gunning party who 
found the body in the hole. To Storech it appears that Horn had 
deeded away his property, and we have every reason to believe 
that if this man had not made away with his own life previous to 
the trial, his evidence would have brought to light some secrets in 
regard to the motive.^ of the murder that must now remain forever 

The trial lasted one week— the prisoner was ably defended by 
his counsel, Jas. M. Buchanan, Chas. F. Mayer, Chas. Z. Lucas, 
and John I. Snyder, Esqrs.; and on Monday, 27th of November, 
the arguments closed, and the case was sumitted to the jury, who 
were instructed to find the prisoner " guilty," or " not guilty," 
and if " guilty," to find the grade of guilt. A bailiff being sworn, 
the jury retired to their room, and after an absence of about ten 
minutes, returned into court. 

The prisoner was then placed in the bar ; he took a position 
merely resting against the seat, standing on the lower step, and a 
sort of languor seemed to pervade his frame. 

The Clerk then asked, " Gentlemen of the jury, have you agreed 
upon your verdict?" 

The foreman replied, " We have." 

*' Who shall saj^ for you ?" 

A juror answered, as usual, "Our foreman." 

"How say you; is Adam Horn, the prisoner at the bar, guilty 
of the matter whereof he stands indicted, or not guilty ?" 

The foreman replied, in a distinct voice, Guilty. 

Tne sanctity of the court room was instantly violated bj^ a spon- 
taneous outburst of applause, consisting of stamping of the feet 
and cheers ; and a constant succession of loud raps from the ivory 
hammer of the Judge, and the vigilance of the bailiffs, were in- 
sufficient to restore order for several seconds. As soon as silence 
again prevailed, his Honor, Judge Magruder, remarked that he 
would send any one to prison who should be detected in such a 
breach of decorum, and hoped that every one would consider the 
solemnity of the occasion. 

Mr. Berryman, the clerk, thea demanded the grade of the 



The (.•oun^^el for the defence then asked that the jury sho\ild Ik? 
polled. The jury were accordingly each caHo'l sepHr«tely,iind rose as 
they were called, deliverins,'- their anRwerK standing, in the follow- 
intr manner: 

J. B. H. Fulton. 

Mr. Fulton, who was the foreman of the jury, rose. 

" Look upon the prisoner at the bar. How say you, is Ad'»m 
Horn guilty of the matter whereof ho stands indicted, or not 

"guilty of mukdek in the first derbeb." 

And so with the rest. 

Tlie prisoner, who had manifested throuj^houtthe whole of these 
Holenm proceedings the same stoicistn which characterizf'd Ins gen- 
eral denortment, with-the exception of a slight flush which passed 
over his cheek at the word " guilty," was then conducted from the 
bar by•^fr. Tracy, the Sheriff, and Mr. Sellers, the warden of the 
jail, lie was shortly afterwards c<jn<lucted throuj^h the library, 
under a large official escort, hut the crowd was so dense witliout 
the court room, down the steps, in the lower portion of the build- 
ing, and extending down tlie lane to the carriatre, that it was oidy 
with great difficulty they could force their passage. They f.nally 
succeeded in getting the prisoner into the van ; and it drove off 
amidst the hootings, cheers and execi'ations of the surrounding 

On the 4th of December 1843, the prisoner was brought into 
CJourt to receive the awful doom of the law ; and in the midst of a 
crowd of witnesses of the solemn scene, the pris(.ner being first 
asked whether he had any thing to say why sentence of death 
should not be pronounced against him, and 8i<j;nifying that he had 
nothing to say, the Honorable Richard B. Mngruder, who presi- 
ded alone at the trial pronounced the sentence, that he be taken to 
the jail of Baltimore county, from whence he came, and fnin 
thence to the place of execution, atsuch time as shall be duly ap- 
pointed, and there be hanged by the neck until he be dead. 

This unhappy criminal has been ordered for execution on Friday, 

liOirAN (X)UNTIKS. 109 

tJie I2th of January, beforethe h-air of 12 o'clock nt noon, the death 
warrant having been received by Mr. Trac^y, the sheriff on Satur- 
day nii^ht, an emendation liuvinsr been made according to the pro- 
visions of the act of Assembly of 1809. It was deemed by some of 
the tjentienicn of the bar timt tlie orijjfinal warrant was legal, the 
law contemplating twenty days between the judgment of the (^ourt 
and the day of execution, and the judgment of tlie court beintr al- 
ways recorded within four days after tht* verdict, although sentence 
may not be delivered at the time. Tiio verdict was rendered on 
t.e 27tli of November, ajui tiie judgment ueci'ssarily recorded 
according to law, as soon as the 1st Dec< ruber; the 22d instant 
would therefore ent brace twenty <!lear days. There is, however, a 
difference of opinloi) on the subject, not to be regretted, since, lean- 
int; to mercy's side, the Governor hiis added three weeks to the 
life of the wretched culprit, which suitably improved, will better 
prepare iiim for the awful change he must undergo. 
The following is a copy of the death warrant : 

^'■Tke State of Maryland to the. Sheriff of Ball'vmore County, greetiiig : 

"Whereas Adam Horn, othervvise called Andrew Helittmn, late 
of Baltifnore county, was convicted iv the county court of Balti- 
more county, at November term, A. I). 1848, of the murder of one 
Malinda Horn, and the said court sentenced him to be hung by the 
neck until he be dead ; 

"Now, therefore, these are to will and re(juire, as also to charge 
and command you, that on or before twelve of the clock, on P^iday, 
the 12th day of January next, you take the said Adam Horn, called Andrew Hellinaii, from your prison and safely 
convey to the gallows in the county aforesaid, the place of execu- 
tion of malefactors, anti there the said Adatn Horn, otherwise called 
Andrew Hellman, hang i)y tlie n(!ck until he be dead : For all 
whicii this shall be your suflficient power and authority. 

"Given under my hand, and the Great Seal of the State of Mary- 
- — * — > land, the 6th day of December, in the year of our 
1 «W4T I I^*^^*"^' 1843, and of the Independence of the United 
( ^^'^^'- 1 States the sixty-eighth. 

(Signed) Fhan(Ms Thomas. 

By the GjV'rnor: 
Jno. C. LKQitAiSD, Secretary of State." 


The foregoing has been extracted from the columns of the Balti- 
more Sun, and the publishers vouch for its correctness. Since the 
report of the trial, &c. appeared in the paper, a confession by Horn 
has been published, which abounds so much in partial statements 
and gross misrepresentations, that in jus- ice to the memory of his 
victims, as well as to the public, we have copied from the >Sun the 
following review, which fully exposes the unfairness of the Con- 



Falsehoods, Omissions and Prevarications. 


When it was first publicly announced that Adam Horn was 
about to make a full confession of his crimes, and that it would be 
forthwith published, a suspicion immediately seized the public 
m'iifl that tht^ proaiised expose would be unsatisfactory — that the 
publication nf it l)efore his death was intended to change the tide 
of public opinion that had set against him, and perhaps procure 
an amelioration of his lawful punishment. The perusal of the 
confession has tended rather to confirm these suspicions, whilst the 
tone of enmity and vindictive feeling evinced toward the mem- 
ory of his murdered victims, falsely traducing tiji ... ;t;- they lay in 
their graves, in an effort for his own vindication, ha^., ii possible, 
rendered him more odio^is than before. The keen eye of public 
scrutiny has weighed every word that be has uttered, and the mo- 
tive can be traced throughout, c early showing it to be a studied 
effort to excite a feeling of pity in behalf of the murderer; and, 
did not his assertions bear the imjiress of 'alsehood on their face, 
such might have been the imjireesion produced. If his story is to 
be believed, he has been a mar. of proverbial gocd disposition, 


proiH' to yield everything for peat-e :5nd nuiet, wliilst his whole 
Jife has been embittered by an unfortunate^, union in the tirst place 
with an unftuthful and cievilish woman, and in the second with 
one equally evil disposed, and prone to violate her marriage vows. 
Verily, if such were the case, he would, indeed, be worthy of pub- 
lic sympathy, and none would be more willing to yield it to hin>, 
with all the benetits liiat might accrue therefrom, than the writer 
of this communication. The character of his first wife has, how- 
ever, been fully vindicated in the sketch of " his life, character 
and crimes," given to the public through the columns of the Sun, 
which will live long after her murderer an<l traducer has met his 
deserts. Sad, indeed, has bee?i her lot on earth, and she richly de- 
serves "Peace to her ashes." After living for eighteen years in 
constant. unhappiness, accompmieci by relentless torture and mis- 
ery, deprived of all the comforts of social lif«>, she wst^^ hurled 
headlong and unprepared into eternity, by that iiand that wa.s 
pled).-ed to protect her ; and now, aft(^r the lapse of several years, 
we tind him again using his bloodstained hands to record all man- 
ner of evil to her memory, and to traduce, vilify, and blacken her 
character, as one whose sad fate should be unlamonted. The char- 
acter of Malinda Horn has also been fully vindicated from his last 
malignant and cruel attack, by your faithful record of the evi- 
dence adduced on the trial. From the mouths of a "host of wit- 
nea-^et," we there have (he most conclusive proof of the falsity of 
his charges, establishing her character for virtue, fidelity, piety, 
suf>mission, and kindness of heart, far above the efforts of his vin- 
dictive arm to blacken it. 

The high character of his legal friends and advisers, to whom 
this confession was made, at once clears them from any implica- 
tion of joining in the palpable designs of the erinjinal, f)ut that 
they did not advise him to a differ.-^nt course and thus save him 
from adding perjury to his other crimes, is a matter of general 
surprise. The old saying that " a drowning man will catch at a 
straw," is fully verified in this confession, and that same cunning 
which led him tv) smear the blood of his first victim over his per- 
son, in order to substantiate bis story, has undoubtedly led him to 
disregard both truth and honor in hi-; abortive effort to palliate his 
crimes, and excite the sympathy of the public in his favor. 
Whilst the tenor and spirit of the conf-ssion, as well as its earlj 
publication, fully sustains this construction :is to the motive of the 


cririiin'ril, the plnin manner in which it is drawn up clearly shows 
that iiis intentions were not cortimunioated to, or entert^iined by, 
his lejj^-al fri^Mids. 

The objector this eom-iumication is not to crush the fallen, or to 
strike a blow at the deteaseless, but rather to protect from the foul 
toii<?ue of slander and fKisehood those who are mouldering in un- 
timely graves. To shield the memory of the dead is the duty of 
all who h:ive it in their power, but it is doubly incunibetit in a case 
like the present, w!)eti the deceased are of that sex whose charac- 
ter is doirer to them than life, and who would d:n>btless, whilst 
livintr, ratlier have submitted willingly to their unfortunate fates, 
than have surrendered their claims to virtue and purity of life. 
Having, therefore, from undoubted sources, become acquainted 
witli facts — stubborn and uni-ontroverfcible facts — I feel called oa to 
srand forth in tlieir defense, and if,in so doing, falsehood is stanfped 
on this confession, and its author be followeci to the gallows with- 
out one sympathizing heart m the train, no more than justice will 
be done to tiie memory of his helpless victims. 

With regard to the first pirt of the confession, as to hi« early life 
in Germany, nothing new is detailed— it is only a repetition of his 
own representations in former daysj as fully detailed by you in the 
tSun two weeks since. Whether it be true or false, rests solely be- 
tween him and his God, and the fearful reckoning will shortly be 
made. But his iiistory, from thetimeof his arrival in this country, 
in the detail of the murder of his two wives, of which suificient 
had previously been known to render a confession unnecessary, I 
will prove him guilty of so many falsehoods, prevarications, and 
omissions to detail so manj important matters, chat the rest of the 
confession, whicii cannot bf^ touched for want of information, must 
be consi<iered equally void of truth. 

From tlie time of his t)irfcij, up to Lis marriage witii Mis.s Mary 
Abel, he represenus himself as po33e.';sed of every good quality of 
both head and heart; and he would then have U'? believe that he 
entered tiie marriaije contract as a lamb goes to the slaughter — that 
he was always disposed to do well, andshe to do evil — that he was 
industrious and she was lazy — that he was mild and kind in hia 
disposition, and she was cross, stubborn and morose; in short, he 
w'>uld have us believe that she was a very devil, and that he was 
as kind as an angel. He does not, however, tell us h .w he slighted 
and neglected her immediately after marriage, which was tho 


case; he does not tell us that, when she becairie enciente with her 
second child, and during the wliole time of laer pregnancy, when 
she was in that weakly condition which commands kindness from 
the vilest of creation, he continually taunted her with being un- 
faithful to him, denied that the child she bore was his, and de- 
nounced her in the strongest terras as a harlot. If, as he says, she 
ha 1 afterwards been unhappy, sullen, and morose, she had here 
cause enough, in all conscience, to make her so. But such was not 
the case. Her whole life was one of fear and trembling. So 
tyrannizing was his disposition, and bitter his temper, that, like 
his second victim, she was afraid to speak aloud in his presence; 
whilst those very children, whom he now calls his dear offspring, 
were kept in rags, one of them was totallj^ disowned, and all of 
tham strangers to kindness or love from their father. The love he 
now professes for his "dear son Henry," the disowned, must be a 
new-born passion, that has never b«fore been visible, and which 
will not now, at this late hour, I should think, be reciprocated. It 
is now the son's turn to disown the father, and most thoroughly 
should he do it. 

Again, he does not tell us that on the birth of his third and last 
child, John Hellman, when the poor heart-broken mother wag 
Ij'ing, weak and emaciated from her sufferings, that he approached 
her bed, and with oaths and imprecations swore that " if she ever 
had another child he tcould kill her^ From the day that this Jior- 
rid threat was made, the poor mother determined to use the only 
means in her power to prevent its consummation, and from that 
time to her death she had rjo more children. On the night of her 
murder Henry Hellman was absent, they were alone together, for 
the first time, and the reader can imagine the scene as well as the 
cause which led to the bloody drama th»t ensued. 

Had he detailed these facts, It would have spoiled the amiable 
and inoffensive character which he had laid out for himself, and 
have shown h'.m to the world as he is, in his true character, grasp- 
ing, miserly, tyrannical, unfeeling and fiendish in his temper and 
passions, consequently they were entirely withheld. There is an 
evident desire to justify liimself throughout the confession, to 
make it appear that he had suffered and forborne until "forbear- 
ance ceased to be a virtue," and had then rid himself of the evil 
spirits which had rendered his life so miserable and unhappy. 
We can discover no remorse, no sorrow or contrition for his 


crimes, no prayer for forgiveness from an offended God, but it is 
■all self-justification, and a person on perusin<^ it cannot but imag- 
ine that the heart that dictated it must have exclaimed to itself :r. 
"Well done I I have served them right? " Not the sli!<:htest in- 
dication of regret appears, even when contemplating tho forfeit of 
his own lite for his crimes, but he seems, on the contrary, to think 
'that this is nothing in comparison with the satisfaction receivecS 
from their committal. 

His description of the murder of his first wife is glossed over ia 
its details, and none of the real horrors of the scene are at all 
jnentioned. He speaks of striliino; lier but twice, and then cutting, 
her throat, whereas the fact is, her body displayed fourteen di*- 
iinct woundg, besides the bruises on her hands, and the forefinger 
of the right, and the little fingpr of the left hand being broken.. 
Accordincr to the appearance of the room and tiie body, the con- 
test must have been a fif-ree and determined one. The large quan- 
tity of blood in the bed clearly gives the lie to his as%rtion thaS' 
she was awake and getting up when he attacked her, whilst thC' 
sprinkling of the blood in all sections of the room, and the num- 
ber of her wounds plainly indicates that she was not despatched 
so quickly as he has "confessed." To inflict so many wound* 
lime must have been required, and the suffering of his victiret 
must have been intense. He then tells us that he bruised his head; 
and back and went to bed, but he says nothing about smearing hm 
blood over his head and j)erson, to give credence to his story — an^ 
instead of giving the true cause which excited him to tho cona- 
sjnittal of the murder, he has evidently fabricated another relatives' 
io his wife's charging him with beingthefather of his nephew, who,, 
it will be remembered, even according' to his own story, had beeu 
then long absent front his roof. It heinj.'. tlms evident that he has 
disregarded truth, and omitted iiuportant facts in relation to the 
first murder, may it not be equally presunicd ihat the array of 
" startling facts,''^ which, according to the preface, " illustrates the 
soundness of the injunction, that in the infirmity of man's judg- 
ment such circumstantial testimony may shed a false light, ancJ 
lead into fatal fallacies, and that therefore the most anxious caution 
in receiving and weighing it should ever be used." are equally 
false and unfounded in the second. There are some things, how- 
ever, in his detail of the cjuise and the manner of the murd 'r of 
Malinda Horn, which we shall also l>e enabled to stamp with false- 


hood, and IhtMi'fore the remainder of th^ confe.ssidn may be con- 
sidered equally v<«id of truth. But we are digressing. 

He then stat'.s t ) us t!i:\t h'- wis thrown in jail at B?Ilefontaine, 
anl having' tiled the hobhieotf one leg, made hi.s escape, carryinsj 
Ihem in his hand-; but he <h)es not say who assisted hiin in his 
,.^^.;H,e— by whom the hobble was tal<en oflfof the other leg— 
who it was that sold him the horse— who visited him in his cell' 
prior to his escape. Thes^- matters as he is aware, have br-en much 
discussed in IJellefontaine, anil na<nes have been haudie 1 in the 
controversy, but he remains wholly silent on the subject. If his 
confession were a fall and a true one, this would not be thi- case ; 
nothing would be withheld, and those wholly under the foul im- 
putation, if innocent, woul<l have been exonerated from the charge. 
But he tells usevf-ry thing which is known, and artfully conceals 
that which justice requires should be disclosed. On the heads of 
those who thus shielded and protected him from the punishment 
due his fii^^t offence, rests a fearful responsibility, and they are 
equally guilty, in a moral ])oint of view, with him who is con- 
dennif-d to suffer death for the murder of his second victim ! Yes, 
her blood is on their heads, and on the fearfal day of judgment God 
will require them to account for it. If it iia<l not been for their 
assistance, she would cloubtlnss yet have been living, surrounded 
by relatives and friends, wliilst her murderer would have met the 
doom which >/0M' awaits him, two years ago in Ghio. These are 
stubl)orn facts, which are recommended to the serious i-eflection 
and t'onftideration of those concerned. 

With reference to his detail of the murder of his second wife 
there are few who will believe, after reading the evidence of the 
host of re^spectal -le witnesses, that she, a young and defenceless 
female alone and in his power, and acquainted with tlu* violence 
of his temper, would have dared to call him a liar, or even to 
quarrel with him. Can it be believed that she, who was in constant 
dread of her life, and was aiVaid to spesii^ aloud in his presence, 
could have mustered sufficient courage, when he wasalmost burst- 
ing with rage, to have called him a liar? The asi^ertion is prepos- 
tennis, and on it the impress of falsehood. Nor has any one 
lieeu found credulous enough tobelieve thatthebruiseson the hands, 
the breast, the shoulder and the back, resulted in any other way 
than by blows inflicted at the same time that those which caused 
her dcatli were given. A man who had gone through such a scene 


of horror as he confesses, at a previous day, would not have struck 
a blow, and repeated it, without know^ingand contemplating what 
would have been its effect. He was, from experience, skilled and 
practiced in the force of the blow required on the humm head to 
cause death, an 1 still he would have us believe that it was almost 
the result of accident, not intended, and unpremeditated. 

In order to substantiate the charsie of infidelity, and to palliate 
the ofi'ense, he states that he had xmderstood she was in the habit 
of clandestinely meeting a young man who resided in the neigh- 
borhood in the vicinity of his house. From whom had he under- 
Btood this, and why was not the person who had given him the 
information brought forward as a witness? Could he hav(^ proved 
her infidf^lity, it would doubtless have saved him from the gallows, 
by changing the character of his offense to murder in the second 
degree. But no such person could be found, as it was doubtless a 
creature of his own jealous and evil imagination. Any person 
who has the slightest doubt as to her fidelity can be satisfied that 
it is utterly without ground in truth by calling at the office of Dr. 
Dunbar. There will be found the unimpeachable testimony of 
God himself in behalf of this murdered and traduced victim, es- 
tablishing her virtue and fidelity to her husband beyond the power 

of frail man to controvert it. 

With regard to the preservation of the body, tlie writer <;f this, for 
one, does not believe him when he says that he can not account 
for it. After it had been in the cellar for three or four days he 
states that he cut off the limbs, and b'lrnt the head, and two or 
three days after deposited the body in the bag, and buried it, leav- 
ing the limbs under the oven in ^he yard, and they were not buried 
for seven teen days. Can it be believed that he would have thus 
left the body lying in and about the house, where persons were 
constantly visiting, without using some means to prevent it from 
smelling? If, as he says, it was preserved by some mysterious 
agency, he must have been aware that it would be thus preserved, 
or he would never have kept it so long in the house, where it was 
constantly liable to lead to his detection. In the course of nature 
it would have become very ofiFensive in a few days, which he must 
have known, and without using some means for its preservation, 
or knowing that it would bo preserved, his confession of the one 
fact proves the falsity of the other. If the truth were known, it 
would doubtless be found that the body was cut up for the purpose 


©f enabiinj? him to pack it up in a barrel of brine, in order to pre- 
serve it until the disuppeiirance of the snow would enable him to 
bury it. Its appearance, even six weelcs after death, indicated 
that salt had been applied to it, and few will be so credulous as to 
Relieve his assertions to the contrary, particularly when there is- 
sue h an apparent motive throughout to conceal the most horrid 
features of both acts of the tragedy, in an effort to palliate the crime 
and justify in some measure the murderous deeds which he has 

The lantern which induced his sudden flight, may or may not 

have been the imagination of his cowardly heart, dreading that 

the forfeit of Ins life would be the result of discovery, but be it 

what it may It was a most providential visitation, and at the very 

, moment above all others, which sealed the guilt on the murderer. 

That the whole of this conf-'ssion is a one-sided, partial affair, 
glossed over for effect, I think has already been clearly proved, but 
there are yet other portions of it which perhaps demand a notice, 
before the subject is dismissed. In speaking of the fact of his last 
wife having left his house and gone to Littlestown, he whollyr 
omits to mention his threats to kill her, as proved on the trial, 
which was the cause that had driven her from his house, as well 
as his harsh and abusive treatment of her. The fjict of her going 
is only mentioned, and that in such a manner as to leave the reader 
to infer that his jealousy was not without grounds — tiiat he had 
<'ause not only to suspect her, but was confirmed in his suspicions-. 

With regard to his protestations of innocence as to the death of 
his children, he has told so many other palpable falsehoods that 
this is equally liable to be untrue. The denial of the charge, ia 
such a confession as this, even if it should be credited here, will- 
find few believer^ beyond the AUeghanies, particularly in the regioB 
of country where he was personally known. His language respect- 
ing the death of his ''dear offspring," whose death he witnessect 
without a tear, will rather tend to confirm the suspicious of those 
who witnessed their final moments. Suffice it to say, that their 
mother, who knew the feelings he entertained for them, suspectedL 
him of poisoning them, which opinion was afterwards, and is now, 
the universal beliv.*f of the whole neighborhood. 

That he has not yet deserted all hopes of life is evident from tha 
perusal of his narative, and is also sustained by a conversation hetdi 
.toy him a day or two since with the warden of the jail. Whea» 


however, the certainty of death approaches, it will be found that 
his assumed indifference will fail him, and then, under the guid- 
ance of his spiritual teacher, the public may expect from hira a 
true and full confession, that will be free from all exprassions of 
malice and attempts at self-justification, and having in view his 
forgiveness at the bar of God rather than the bar of public opinion, 
to which this has evidently been solely addreased. 



The Logan Gazette, of J3ec. 2JJ, puhliRhei! at Belit-fontaine, Ohio, 
where Hellman broke jail, and in the immpdiatf neijjhborhomi of 
the scene of the first murder, contains a si<et<'h of the "Life, Char- 
acter, and Crimes of Andrew Hellman," covering 17 columns of 
that paper. The general tenor and facts of the narrative fully cor- 
roborate all the particulars of the Ohio tragedy as pul>Iished in the 
8un, whilst the opinions nr^pd by "One of the People" against the 
truth of that part of his confession which relates to his treatment of 
his first wife, &c., are corroborMted. We have extracted such por- 
tions of the narrative as go to justify the feeling evinced in defence 
of his first victitn, at the request of "One of the People," to show 
that no sinister motive guided his pen : 

In this confession, which was doubfiess gotten up to influence 
the public mind, and perhaps mduce from the Governor of Mary- 
land a commutation of his }(unishment, Hellman seems to labor to 
render odious the character of his first victim, — to transform the 
faithful, devoted and sulfering wiff, into a lewd and fiendish ter- 
magant, whose temper nothing could restrain, and no sacrifice could 
soften. But, fortunately for her relatives who survive, his m-alice 
has betrayed itself, and involved him in several contradictions. 
That she may have spoken in her own defence, and for the sake of 
the future character of her oifspring. resisted and resented his vile 
imputations and unmanly abuse, is highly j>roi)able — most women 
would have done the same. And 8h(! should be respected for it — 
for her bravery in defending her character and her children from 
the infamy he would have heaped upon them, bespeaks a noble 
mind and a strong and ardent love for those whom she had borne. 
But that she was the fiend he represents — violent and unyielding in 
temper, fretful and discontented, loose in her morals, and always 
ready to harass and vex him, without cause, is totally at variance 
with her character and conduct while residing in this county. — 
Here, she was regarded by her neighbors — those who knew her 
best and saw her often — as a mild, inoffensive woman, who bore 


th« tyranny of her husbani with greit putienc^— who resi^tpxi not, 
but for the «ake of peace, endurei, withoat a murm ir, hiriships 
and abase. As a housewifeshe was held a raoiel. Hir h3ma was 
always clean and tidy, and every thinjf about her was well taken 
care of. It is not true, therefore, th ;t she was th^ vixen H lUm m 
would make her appear ; and after inquiry of those who knew her 
personally, as well as by reputation, we have no hesitation in pro- 
nouncing so much of this confession as contains impu.tationsagiinst 
her, malicious, willful^ and deliberate falsehoods. 

He reached Bellefontaine with his family, in the spring of 1836, 
and took a room in the tavern af Mr. Haines, (now occupied by Mr. 
M. Smith,) north of town, where they dwelt until the ensuing fall. 
And here we cannot oraii to state, as lie has spared no efforts to 
traduce the character o*" hi -^ tlrst wife, ail tnirn h^?r m in>;le I, !n>jl(l- 
•ring remains from the silent grave, only to dwell upon the f lults 
and errors which she possessed in common with the human race, 
that his treatment to her while they resided at the tavern of Mr. 
Haines, was cruel in the extreme. So violent was he, that without 
any apparent cau3e,he would throw chairs or any thing he could lay 
his hands on at her; and the family of his landlord were several 
times compelled to rescue her from cruelty. We have this from un- 
doubted authority — persons who were cognizant of the facts. And 
yet, with all the effrontery of a fiend, he hesitates not in hisconfes- 
iion to lie to his Maker, and charge the cause of all their differences 
upon his wife. Instead of the terrible being he portrayt<, she pre- 
sented the appearance of a heart-broken, miserable woman, and so 
she was considered by all her neighbors and acquaintances." 

Speaking of his attempt to poison his wife, the narrative says : — 
After this circumstance there was a manifest change in his con- 
duct for the woi-se. He became morose and sullen, and appeared 
to his family the incarnation of all that was vile and wicked. Yet, 
with his bosom lacerated with the deepest feelings of malice 
against his unoffen ling offspring and his unfortunate wife, and the 
strongest desire of revenge urging him on, Hellman, in the e^es 
of the world, was a moral, u;;)irlght, inoffensive, quiet citizen. No 
man, perhaps, in the same sphere of life, possessed a higher char- 
acter for morality and honesty. He was j>unctual to his engage- 
ments, and scrupulously honest in his dealings. How little did 
the world know of that man. WJth what consummate duplicity 



did he conceal from society liie devilisli passions wliich were raging 
in hiis bosom. Did we not know, by appalling experience, the 
fearful transformation which jealousy can eflfeet in the human 
heart, the conduct of this man would present an inexplicable en- 

His children were all three attacked with the scarlet fever as he 
confessed, but speaking of this fact the narrative says: — 

The sudden death of his children made little or no impression 
upon Hellman — none at least that was visible. Soon the suspi- 
cion got abroad that the poison prepared for the wife had been ad- 
ministered to her children ; and his subsequent conduct, as well as 
the testimony of those who saw the sick children, among them 
the attending physician, only increased and strengthened those 
suspicions? His poor wife and her relatives - - .a to have enter- 
• lined no doubt upon the subject, from tho tavc that in a letter to 
iheir friends in Virginia, communicating the demise of Louisa and 
John, they unreservedly stated that they believed they died by 
the bands ot their inhuman father. That opinion still prevails 
here, and the bare word of the monster, though spoken Ironi the 
scaffold, cannot remove it. Unfortunately, the bodies were not 
submitted to examination, for the purpose of ascertaining the 
truth. As if by a miraculous dispensation of an all- wise Provi- 
dence, Henry, the hated, disowned child, the one most ill-treated, 
recovered from his dangerous illness, and was left to his mother. 

Here, the cause of truth compels us again to refer to the published 
confession of Hellman, and to what he says upon this point. And 
though he declares "solemnly, as with a voice from the grave, 
where he is doomed soon to lie," that the " imputation is un- 
true," we feel authorized to assert, that his declarations in refer- 
ence to his children are not founded in truth. He places their 
sickness and death in 1841, when in fact they died in 1839 ; and he 
states that Dr. Brown, the attending physician, was "with them 
until just before they breathed their last," thereby intimating that 
their illness was so severe that the Doctor did not leave them un- 
til all hope of saving them was gone. Here is a studied misrepre- 
sentation, to say the lease. When Dr. Brown was called in, he 
found that the children were severely attacked with scarlet fever ; 
he attended them for several days ; they were sick about a week, 
as Hellman says, but they had survived the worst attack of the 


disease, and were so far convalescent that Dr. Browu disconrinued 
his re^lar visits. On the last time but one that he visited the 
house for the purpos(! of administering to the patients, Mrs. Hell- 
aiian followed him out of the dwelling, and anxiously inquired if 
there was any hope of their recovery. He assured her that she 
?36ed have no fears on the subject, for he entertained no doubt that 
they were beyond all danger, and would soon be restored to 

Dr. Brown was, therefore, greatly surprised when, a day or two 
after, he was sent for in great haste, and heard the children were 
*iying ; and it is his impre»ssion that one of them expired before, 
«f»T shortly after, he reached Hellman's house. He was the more 
surprised at the result, from the fact that the dise;ise under which 
they suffered is not usually, if at all, attended with such sudden 
changps; and acknowledges that without suspecting the father of 
-anything improper, he was led to doubt his own judgment in such 
< It is pr(»per here to remark, also, that Hellman adminis- 
Sered the medicine to his children, his wife not seeming to have a 
knack for it, and thus he had every opportunity to administer the 
.filial drug. However feelingly he may speak of his "dear child- 
ren, " not even the solemnity of a confession, filled as this is with 
iEinunierable falsehoods, can now clear him of this charge. 



This event, which has been looked to for weeks past, ah the eont.--- 
auramatioa of the penalty due to the com mission of one of thte- 
most atrocious murders that ever blurred the character of humaib- 
ity, transpired in accordance with the law, at exactly 22 minutes- 
before 12 o'clock, meridian, this day, and was witnessed by no(3 
less than fifty thousand people, one-fourth of whom were females - 
The 'excitement from ati early hour in the morning until the exe* 
cutioa took, place, coiilhiued to grow more and more intense, andf 
was only relieved at length by the awful scene which was requiredJ 
to be enacted, for the satisfaction of the fearfully violated laws-,. 
By Wi o'clock, the various streets leading towards the jail, begaas 
lo"pre8ent a very uniform appearance of the tendency of passecs*- 
gers that way, and even before that hour hundreds of persons oc- 
cupied various positions, or stood grouped in conversation withjia? 
the immense circle commanding a view of the jail. The gallow* 
was erected in the north- .vest angle of the yard, the upper bearat 
being not less than fourteen feet above the level of the top of tfefi- 
walL It could be distinctly seen from many points in the centraJl 
part of the city, and the whole execution was witnessed from sev- 
eral windows of the Court-house. As the hour approached, tb» 
ways to the prison became thronged with parties who had quitte<# 
their avocations and were hastening to the scene ; and the number 
of strange faces, indicative of visitors from the surrounding country^. 
drawn hither by curiosity, resistless from the startling character 
of the malefactor's crimes, was immensely great. The city poure# 
out its thousands, and the merchant, the clerk, the lawyer and dS 
vine, the industrious mechanic with the soil of labor upon h^ 
hand3, the pale-faced and sedentary student, the young, and tb.» 
old, the matron, the maid, and the wanton, hoyden boys and girla^ 
the moralist, and the jester, the serious and profane, swelled v!Kg» 
the motley multitude to an oceanic flood. "Such is human nt^ 
tare," we moralized and paused, for^we ourselves had wended osss? 
way to the spot, but fouBd a ready excuse io an imperative duiaf; 


<s«quiring as to present the details of the day's doings to the eyes of 
the multitudinous mass spread out before our gaze. But are thefe 
'flo promptings of a Dionysian curiosity within ourselves? we 
.'Esked. We could not analyse the feelings with suflncient care to 
-©btsiin a satisfactory response. Human nature, however cultiva- 
ted, is human nature still. 

The view from the top of the jail wa=i of the most interesting 
Ifcind, presenting a dioraniic picture of the mcst diversified charac- 
^^r it is possible to conceive. Immediately below, the gauut ob- 
ject which lifted its skeleton form into the cold air, stood peering 
*over the wall upon the vast concourse beyond, itself the center for 
-a myriad eyes. Around and about it, conversina^ in subdued tones 
^•ere those wlio had obtained by privilege or solicitation, admis- 
«ion within the walls, and the ba^y forms of those immediately en- 
gaged and interested in the approaching catastrophe occasionally 
passing to and fro. Beyond, the great interjacent plain, which had 
i3a the morning been a white field of snow, was now thronged with 
;an almost compact mass of people, occupying both the hither and 
rohither side of the Falls. The elevations upon the north and the 
nanky heights of Howard's woods, opposite upon the west, af- 
forded facilities to immense numbers, especially of women and 
•children. A great many carriages, chiefly crowded with women, 
«3)ccupied the line of Belvid^re Road, and some had drawn up 
cearertothe wall. The windows of nearly all the hc'uses com- 
manding a view of the death scene— a few exceptions forniing a 
(^leasing attraction to the eye of the observer— were densely crowded 
%y the occupants, their friends and sicquaintancfs. And an unin- 
formed traveller who had pussed that way might have look<d on 
ifor an hour, and had the gallows escaped hi^ eye, imagined that a 
mational jubilee was about to be celebrated, and that the shrine of 
oblation was the jail. 

But we revert to the more immediate details connected with the 
wiminal and the closing scenes of his life. We vit-it(d tlie jail at 
^about 9 o'clock in the morning, and found our friend Sellers, the 
v/arden, with anxiety and fatigue in the corner of his eye, he hav- 
aTig been up all night with his prisoner. 

Morn X r 'ell, 10 o'c^ocA.— We have just been admitt* d to the cell 
fl«tf thp-d: nmed malefactor. The officers have this moment kno< ked 
HjjKtV-^ iron shackles from his legs, hiving been engaged at it son© 


twenty minutes. Horn thpn turned to the fire, stirred it up, sa^f 
down and warmed his boots, which stood at the hearth, and pisft 
4hem upon his feet. Horn is now in conversation with the rever- 
end gentlemen in attendance, Messrs. Sarniiel and Newman. Ilf/- 
is evidently conversing with a freedom and ease of mind and ex- 
pression that denotes the most perfect composure. 

We learn from Mr. Soliers, who was up with him during the- 
greater portion of the night, that he remained engaged in reading: 
and prayer until about two o'clock in the morning, when he laid 
down for about an hour, and appeared to enjoy repose during that 
time. He then rose and re-applied himself to devotional exercises- 
during the residue of the night. He declined taking any breakfast- 
this Tnorning, the only meal, by the way, he has taken for two (w 
three weeks past, and from Friday last until Monday, he mairs'- 
tained perfect abstinence. He was, however, persuade<l to resum.*' 
his morning meal again, lest he should become too weak to sustain 
the trying scene of this day unassisted. 

Half past 10 o'clock. — The Rev. S. Tuston, chaplain of the U. Sk 
Senate, has entered the cell by consent of -the criminal, and the- 
reverend gentlemen attending, of course with no purpose of taking 
any part in the religious exercises. Horn has continued in inter- 
course with tl.e priests, the conversation being earned on in Ger- 
man. A few minutes since, Mr. Tracy, the sheriff, cuine into tb& 
cell, he having previously visited the prisoner duringthe morning;., 

At'about 20 minutes before 11 o'clock, Mr. Bcrsch and younj™- 
Henry Hellman came into the cell. The prisoner directly took th*^ 
hand of his son and s;iid "Well, Henry," and the youth replied^, 
"Well, father ;" it seemed as much as either could say for the mo^ 
ment. Horn, after interchanging salutation with Mr. Bersch, beck- 
oned his son to the table and took up a variety of papers and pam- 
phlets tied in a bundle, which with a carpenter's rule he deliveretS 
to him ; the package appearing rather loose, Horn took up some- 
books, saying "There was a piece of paper here somewhere," arwS 
having found it took the bundle again, carefully wrapped it upj, 
and delivered it to his son. 

They then retired to a corner of the ceil, and had some conversar- 
tion together, which we subsequently understood was in relatioK 
to the disposition of the body, Horn expressing a desire that his 
son, a.s next of kin, wouhJ make a formal demand of it of the sher- 
iff. Mr. Bersch wa^ afterwards called up by Horn, and the three 


•ontinued the conversation tog-ether, Horn appearing exceedingly 
earnest in hie instructions, which related chiefly to the disposition 
of his body. 

At the close of this conversation, ]N[r. Laws, sheriff's clerk, Mr. 
Wilson, deputy sheriff, and Mr. Cook, deputy high constable, ap- 
peared, for the purpose of arraying the criminal. His shroud was 
produced, and he put it on as composedly as if it had been his daily 
garb, assisted by the officers, after which his arms were pinioned 
by a small cord passing from each elbow joint, behind him, having 
his hand^ free. This being accomplished, the Rev. Tuston took the 
prisoner's hand to bid him farewell, he having called for the pui'- 
pose of a few minutes conversation with him and his son. Mr. 
Tuston, on parting, said to him: "Keep your eye steadfastly fixed 
on the cross of the Lord .Jesus Christ, as the only hope of perishing 
mortals, and may God have mercy on your soul." The reverend 
gentleman the" shortly withdrew from the cell, and returned into 
town. The Rev. Mr. Newman, with the prisoner, then occui>ied a 
few minutes in prayer during which the tears came freely from the 
eyes of the unhappy man. 

The minutes now sped rapidly away. Horn entered into spir- 
itual converse with the priests, and remaining standing by their 
side, manifesting the most wonderful fortitude, and evidently 
marvelously sustained by the consolatory hope of happiness be- 
yond the awful noon to which the time was fast hastening. » 

At half past eleven Mr. Tracey and ^Ir. Sollers came into the 
cell, and intimated to the prisoner that the time had arrived. 
He instantly rose, and, preceded by the gentlemen above named, 
accompanied by the priests, and followed by Mr. Bersch, Henry 
HelJmnn, his son, young Mr. Bersch, and those in the cell present 
at the time, walked out through the long line of spectators ox- 
tending to the gallows. 

Having arrived at its f(jot, Messrs. Tracey and SoHm--, the two 
clergymen and the prisoner, ascended the steps without any 
pause, on the scaffold, a short prayer was said, farewells were in- 
terchanged, Horn thankinj; each for their kindness, and then all 
retired. At exactly 22 minutes before 12 o'clock the trigger was 
drawn, and the unhai)py criminal launched from the platform. 
He struggled for about four minutes, when, to all appearance, he 
was dead. 


An Account of the Extraordinary bufferings oj J<tkti Our I, xSon oj 
James Curl, of Chainpaign County, {now Logan County) Ohio, 
Aijed Seven Yeora, who toas Lost Eight I>ap':^ in the IVnods, 


On the 2d day of thP'Btlh mo-nth, in the year 11816, in Champaign 
county, (now Loj>-'-in counifcy,) Ohio, it appears that the feelings of 
the ptople were greHtly aroused. Search was made, with the ut- 
most diligence, far and near, for a child of James Curl, which had 
Wfiiideied si^^ay in tine woods, and was in danger of perisluug with 
liungtror falling a prey to S'-'vage beasts. At this the pt-uple in 
general appeared areatly affected with somounjful a eircuinstan'v, 
as to lie deprived of a precious cLild in such a sorrowlul manner, 
and since the neiglibors have manifested such an unwearied dili- 
gence for the relief of the child, it ia judged that a narrative of 
what the child passed through, as near as circumstances will admit, 
from the time it wandered from its father's house, until it returned, 
mif-'ht be of some satisfaction to the j'uhlie in general. It appears 
that the child was about seven years old. It is said this child with 
two of his elder brothers, vvemt into ;hc w<-ud8 and amused them- 
selves for a time in hunliou wild gooseberries; but his twobrotlnerii 


growing weary of their employment, returned home; he continued 
wandering: about until ae mistook his way home, and took the 
wrong end of the path ; still hoping that he should soon arrive at 
«ouip placH that he knew, he was encouraged to press on Until time 
and distuncH conviriced him of his sad mistake; for he found him- 
self not only bewildered, but in a wilderness, surrounded by wild 
beasts, and destitute of father, mother, or any other human com- 
forter. After calling uioud for his brothers and getting no answer, 
he endeavored to vent his grief by letting fall a flood of tears; but 
what greatly increased his horror, night came on, and he had to 
take u[) his lodging in a tree top. Grief and terror prevented him 
frotii sleeping for the greater part of the night. When morning 
appeared he pursued his lonely travel again — hungry and with a 
heavy heart. With weary steps he followed the various windings 
of a stream called Mill Creek, bearing for a while a south-east 
course; northerly crossing the same several times, supposing it to 
be Derby Creek, stil! tioping h** should arrive at some house; but 
his hopes centered in disappointments; he continued travelmg un- 
til night came on. He found nothing to satisfy his hunger save a 
few wild onions and gooseberries. He then took the side of an old 
log for his shelter, and laid himself down to rest in the dusk of the 
evening; but was soon visited by two wild beasts, supposed to have 
been wolves, seemingly with the intention of devouring him. 
This terrified him much, as one of them came within a yard of 
where he was lying, and grinned at him. He then held up hia 
little hand against him, having no other weapon to defend him- 
self with— at which it seemed the beast laid himself down near 
him I Here we may justly conclude that the God who shut the 
Lions' mouths, when Daniel (by the king's decree) was cast into 
their den, hath in a like manner shut the mouths of those savage 
beasts and preserved this infant. This is certainly a miracle, in 
our eyes, and may justly lead us to adore that Almighty hand, 
which condescends to preserve the innocent when in the most im- 
minent danger! Herewesay with the Apostles: — "Lord, increase 
our faith, that we may never distrust thy Providence while we re- 
tain our innocency ." Here it seen)s those ravenous beasts had not 
power to destroy or even hurt this defenceless infant, which no 
doubt was their intent, if an overruling hand had not prevented 
them ; so that instead of devouring the child, one of them laid 


himself down peaceably by the Bide of him, seemingly to guard 
him, until the child overcome with fatigue had closed his eyes to 
sleep. When he awoke in the morninir, he found to his great joy 
that his company had deserted him. From this place he appeals 
incapable of rendering any correct account of his further daily 
travels. We must make use of suppositions in some cases, and we 
think that we may, without violence to the truth, suppose that he 
continued his course down Mill Creek until ho came to a house in 
the woods, supposed to have been a block-house, as the child states 
that it was full of holes; but as this was uninhabited by any hu- 
man being it afforded no assistance to his bewildered and grievous 
condition. From this place we have a risrht to conclude that he 
turned pretty much a northerly course, as his little footsteps were 
frequently found in that direction, especially on little Mill Creek. 
By this time the generous inhabitants appeared greatly alarmed 
for many miles round. They turnpd out in great numbers; en- 
deavoring to search every hole and corner of a large body of woods, 
in order, if possible, to rescue the distressed infant from perishing 
with hunger, or from the jaws of devouring beasts. We have a 
just right to conclude, from his situation, that he was daily over- 
whelmed with tears. He was frequently terrified by the sight of 
wild beasts; especially a large black creature that he saw on a log — 
supposed to have been a bear. Thus, through fear, sorrow, grief, 
and hunger, the infant passed on, between hope and despair. 
Sometimes he was afraid that he would never get out of that 
dreadful wilderness, but inevitably perish with hunger, 
or fall a prey to wild beasvs. At other times the hope re- 
vived his spirits that he should find his own home, or some per- 
son's house ; which raised a fresh resolution to press through 
grievous thickets of bushes, briers and fallen timber, which not 
only rent his clothes, but likewise his skin — sometimes climbing 
over, and sometimes <!reeping under the fallen timber, for about 
three or four miles — a country almost impassible for man or 
beast. Thi.-> laborious travel in his exhausted state, we may well 
conclude, requiretl more than manly resolution, yet he performed 
it. Not only had he to encounter hunger and fatigue, but cold 
and frosty nights, almost naked ; and the best shelter or lodging 
that he could obtain was a tree-top or a hollow log; whilst stout 
rnen who sought him were well clothed, and had a good fire to lie 


down by, were complaining of being disagreeably cold ; a^d in 
this deplorable condition, we may well conclude, that being over- 
whelmed with fears, and a number of days and nights being past, 
and when all hopes seemed gone, and he reduced to the utmost 
extremity; then it was that the gracious* Eye that had regard to 
poor Ishmael, when cast under the shrub, and procured his relief, 
we may justly conclude hath not been wanting in respect to his 
fatherly regard, in preserving this infant, not only through hunger 
and cold, by day and by night, from savage beasts, as well as poi- 
sonous serpents ! Here we may behold the tender mercies of a 
gracious God, who begets honor to himself by delivering to the 
uttermost those who have no help in themselves. For after he 
had permitted almost a multitude of sympathizing people to 
search for one whole week, with the utmost diligence, and until 
being almost ready to despair of ever finding the child, here the 
Lord saw proper to manifest, not only his great power, but his 
mercy and loving kindness, by opening a way where there ap- 
peared no way, and by his own gracious hand led this infant, not 
only out of a wilderness, k^nt likewise into a house, and placed 
him in the midst of the floor before he was discovered by any hu- 
man eye, where a family dwelt, whose hearts we may justly con- 
elude the Lord had before prepared to receive him, and administer 
relief in the most tender manne]', ( for such his afflicted state and 
condition required.) His clothes were all rent in strings, his skin 
severely torn with briers and bushes, his feet and legs much swol- 
len, and his body covered with mud. Here he found not cold- 
hearted strangers, but a tender-hearted father and mother, who 
used ev( ry means in their power for the child's restoration ! Here 
we have a plain instance that the Lord can save, though all the 
wisdom and power of man fail. We may justly say with one for- 
merly, -'What shall we render to the Lord for all his benefits?" 
We i)ave likewise witnessed that saying fulfilled : " Though trou- 
ble may come over night, joy may spring in the morning." This 
we think raay be very aptly suited to the present circumstance — 
for, after along night of laborious and fruitless hunting, they found 
the lost child in the house-floor. The joyful tidings flew on eagle's 
wings — every heart rejoicnd — the people flocked in from everj' 
quarter to see the supposed "dead alive, and the lost found." 
Justly may we suppose that many had the following language in 
their hearts, if not in their mouths : " Great and marvelous are 


thy works, O Lord J Just and true aie all thy ways, thou King of 
Saints I " Here as not only a miracle in bringing the infant safely 
through various extremities, hut placing him by his wisdom un- 
der the most tender care. After the rapture of joy and loud accla- 
mations of the people were a little over, that kind man, Samuel 
Tyler, could not rest until he took his horse and conveyed the 
joyful news of the infant being found to his parents. We must 
now return to the child, when S.Tyler left him in the care of 
his tender wife, Margaret, and the other kind people of the neigh- 
borhood, who used every means in their power to relieve him 
from the weiik state to which hunger and fatigue had reduced 
him. His elder brother who had exerted his utmost endeavors, 
sparing no pains in seeking after him, returned with Samuel Ty- 
ler and partook of a rich feast of joy in having his brother to con- 
vey safely home to his disconsolate parents, which he thought 
amply coiapensated him for all his toil — and his parents, like the 
parable in the Scriptures of the return of the lost sheep, find more 
joy in receiving the lost child, than in all the rest that went not 
astray : and we have no doubt that the public in general have 
been made partakers In a great degree of the same joy ; and es- 
pecially those who witnessed the labor of both body and mind 
for the relief of the child. The distance that the child was 
from its home cannot be correctly ascertained ; but his elder 
brother and many others who have been several times across 
the wilderness to the place where he arrived, near the mouth of 
Bough's Creek, on the Scioto Kiver, in Delaware County, judga 
that it is 20 miles on a straight line; but taking the meanderings, 
we conclude he must have traveled one hundred miles. 

Seeing that good may be brought out of evil, and joy from af- 
fliction, who knows but our Heavenly Father has intended the 
present instance of this bewildered child for an alarming lesson of 
a Jvice to all who may hear of the circumstance. Let them take 
into consideration the manner in which this child first rambled 
from his fathers house und through a careless indolence what 
danger, grief and distress he had brought on himself. The dan- 
ger of never seeing his father's house again ; the danger of perish- 
ing with hunger; and the danger of being stung by poisonous 
serpents. Here we have a lively instance of what grievances we 
may bring on ourselves, for want of a more diligent watch over 
our stoppings along in a temporal sense, which might terminate 


without lives — but if we should take it in a spirtual sense, and ask 
ourselves the serious question : Have I not been straying from my 
Heavenly leather's house and exposing myself to a greal Spiritual 
danger ? The one mistake is only for Time ; but the other for 
an endless Eternity. O! then, may the above instance awaken 
us into as diligent a search into the state of our souls, as has been 
made for the recovery of the lost Infant. 


ghe gast §md. 

f'ET old and young regard the hand 
Which sways the sceptre o'er the land, 
That guards our steps in all our ways, 
In childhood and in riper days. 

This hand upheld the wandering boy, 
So that no foe could him annoy — 
When far removed from human aid, 
In deserts wild he wandering stray'd. 

When friends and parents grieving sought, 
The Lord for him deliverance wrought — 
And when all search and toil was vain, 
He brought him safely home again. 

Then let it be our daily prayer. 
While objects of his holy care, 
That we grow better day by day. 
And learn to watch as well as pray. 




December 4, 1811. — Concord Mills, three miles west of Urbana, 
has been the place of my abode for the last forty years. My par- 
ents emigrated from Mason Co., Kentucky. They left on the 3d of 
December, 1801, seventy years yesterday. They arrived at the 
place (four and a half miles west of Urbana) the same mouth, where 
they spent tlie balance of their days. 

I was born at their homestead January 16, 1806. Have never 
lived out the county except on transient business. There are 
a few men only that were born in the county and spent their lives 
in it that are older than I. About the time of my entrance into 
the world (I have been informed) the Indiana manifested a hostile 
disposition toward the white people. 

When six weelcs old it was rumored that they were collecting iu 
large numbers with the intention of massacreing the white people; 
consequently the latter became alarmed and for mutual protection, 
(or rather as has been expressed to be convenient for the Indians 
to do their bloody work without having the trouble of hunting 
them at their different homes) collected together. Then Col Ward, 
Col. McPherson and Simon Kenton volunteered to go and see the 
Indians. They found them on the Miami, at the mouth of Stony 
Creek, one mile below 'he village of DeGraflF, Logan county. 
There were 700 warriors with Tecumseh at their head, painted 
with the war-paint. In miking their business known to them, 
Kenton told them that if tliey were for war all that they asked of 
them was to say so; "For," said he, "we have a plenty of men to 
meet you." The Indians called a council of their chiefs that were 
present, and alter consultation r* turned the answer "that they were 
for peace." 

A little incident oecurre 1 while the y were with the Indians. A 
few years prior to that time there was an Indian called at Demint's 


(now Springftpild. Clark county,) for something t >eit. an I fjr shjbo 
unknown cause Mrs. Daraint refused to give liin >iiyfchinjf„ 
Whereu}>on he abused her. Kenton hearlny: of it hiK)'i nfter, and 
having six onea at hand, ordered each one to ijive th(i fn lUn a 
certain number of laches with hickory withes, which wer^' well l^id 
on. The fellow left and had never been -^-jao by Kenton until 
their interview at the time referred to. The fellow Id >kt»,i suiky ; 
would notso much as notice them. Kenton observiuj- iiim, invi- 
ted his comrades out, stated to them his condition, and ih ii li > hid 
nothing to defend him3elf with if lie wa^ aitackad ov th>" wily 
fellow. One of them had a dirk and i^avo it to Ivento i. Thay 
then returned among the Indians. Kenton (urrying the weipou 
in his hand, would strike It into the tree:>f as he walked alone? a'^ 
though he was willing to eni^'age in mortal combat with a foe. 
When the Indian saw that he was prepared in that manner to meet 
him, he approached Kenton manifesting much friendship, by pre- 
senting hia hand saying, "Me velly good fliend." 

I have seen in the Qitizen and Gazette., that you wanted the names 
and other items of the early settlers of this part of the country. I 
can give some of them, but not the exact time of the settling. 
Having heard my parents and contemporaries tell of many, 1 can 
therefore name some of them, and after giving the names of a few 
that I believe were the first to squat down on the frontier, will 
class others as near as I can by half decades. 

The bottom-lands of Madriver and creeks were occupied flrat, 
which includes the eastern part of Madriver Tp., in which was th© 
place of my nativity, and in the northeast part of the township. 
I will name \Vm. Owens as the first settler in the township. He 
came, I should think, in 1797 or 1798, but am not positive. 

Next will commence with those at the lower part of the town- 
ship, as they occur to me : Thomas Redman, Joseph Turman, Wm. 
Bhodes, Joseph Reynolds, Mr. Clark, Thomas Pierce, Ezekiel Ar- 
rowsmith (my father), Elisha Harbour, Henry Pence, Abram 
Pence, Abram Shockey, John Wiley, Joseph Diltz, Adam Wise, 
Thomas Kenton, Christian Stevens, Wm. Kenton (my grandfather) 
and two sons- William and Mark, Thomas Anderson, Henry 
Newcomb, Wm. Custor, Hugh McSherry and John Norman, who 
built about the first grist mill which was on Nettle creek, where 
B.Wyant'B mill is at this time. Norman placed a slight obstruction 
in the channel of the creek, where he had a wheel for the water to 


flow against, and a little primitive gearing set in motion a small 
stone that he formed out of a boulder that he picked up on his 
land. When he got his mill to running, he would till the hopper 
in the morning, start it to work, and then he would leave to en- 
gage in other labor imtil noon, when the mill would get his ser- 
vices again by replenishing the iiopper with grain, nnd tilling the 
s«cks with meal or cracked corn to the same height that they 
were with corn, he having made a hole in the sack with a bodkiu 
before emptying them. 

Will resume with names of early settlers. There are ottier^ 
perhaps thai came before 1S06, but are included in th^- 
first decade. George and John Steinberger, Thomas Ruukk* 
(tanner), John Pence, Philip C. Kenton, George FaulUutv. 
Wm, Bacom, Henry Bacom, JoJm Taylor, (Nettle Creek,) Arnold 
Custar, Abram Custar, Archibald McGrew, Sen., Wm. McGrew. 
Matthew McGrew, Archibald McGrew, Jun., Wm. Custar, James 
Scott, Christian Hashbarger, Mr. Colbert, Sen., John Colbert, Peter 
Smith, Daniel Pence, John Whitmore, Adam Kite, Charles Rec- 
tor, Conoway Rector, Samuel Rector, Joseph Reynolds, Jun 
R6uben Pence. 

I turn to an old record of See. 16 of the Townshij), in fonnecticB 
with those who supported the school. John Moody, George Bo*- 
well, Thomas Jenkins, Joel Jenkins, George Ward, Ezekiei Bos- 
well, John Logan, Wm. Stevens, Ephraim Robison, Wm. 
McGinness, Valentine Miller, Curtis M. Thompson, John Haller,. 
John Hamilton, Archibald Hosbrook, Abraham Stevens, Caleb 
Baggs, Wm. Baggs, James Baggs, Martin Idle, John Idle, Jacob 
Idle, Daniel Loudenback, Daniel Snyder, Jacob and Fredericic 
Tetsler, Henry Evilsizer, James Stevens, Robert McKibbou, Reubeji 
Loudenbacii, William Jenkins, William Harper, (Baptist 
minister), Nathan Darnall, Jacob Arney, George Bacom, Levi 
Rowz, John Rowz, Luther Wait, Elijah Standiford, Isayc Sliockey, 
William Colgan, Frank Stevenson, Henry Phillips, Elijaii Rogers^ 
Zachariah Putman, John Taylor (tiddlerj, Shadraek D. Northcut, 
William Blue, Richard Blue, Andrew Blue, Samuei Blue, Josh an 
Darnall, Elijah Beil, Peter Baker, Sen., Robert Under w«»od,_ Wil- 
liam Salsbury, William Mitchel (Water Witch), Cornelius Bine. 
Lewis Pence, David Loudenback, James Kenton, Abraham (Vtiiip- 
beil, George Zimmerman, Daniel Pence, Jun., James Sims, J' i-et);-; 
Sims, Benjamin Kite, Emmanuel Kite, Adam Priiu t-. Ti;- 


many others I have not named. Some have sunk into oblivion. 
You will receive information from others and in compiling can 
cull from the above if you find anything worthy of a place in your 

December 20t h 1811.— Since writing at a former date I have 
thought of a thing or two that is known by but few of the present 
generation, which I feel like rescuing from oblivion, viz : 


I said above that the Indians manifested a hostile disposition 
about the year 1806 which continued up to the war of 1812. To 
the best of my recollection it was in 1807 that the settlers in the 
yalley on the north side of the township, from their exposed con- 
ditic>n tv t'le savages, erected a fort by enclosing about one-fourth 
of iun fiCre With bniidinff^^and pivk'.'ts. It was erected at the resi- 
dence of Thomas Kenton on the s. w. qr. aec. 12. t. 4. r. 11. It was 
quadrangular in form. His two cabins stood aljout ten feet apart. 
The space between was co be used as an inlet for any needed pur- 
pose and protected with a swinging gate made of split timber. 
Those pickets were made of split logs planted in the ground and 
reaching ten or twelve feet high. These flat sides (for they were 
doubled) were placed together, thus shutting the joints completely, 
formed the north side. The east and west sides were made with 
log buildings, the roofs slanting inwards and high enough 
on the inside for a door way into them. On the out side about the 
height of the inner eave was a projection suiScient to prevent the 
enemy from climbing up, and a space of a few inches was left be- 
tween the lower wall and jut that could be used for port holes in 
case the Indians were to come to set fire to the buildings or any 
other purpose. There was one buildmg about the center of the 
south side and the ether spaces were closed with pickets. There 
was a well of water within the enclosure. Fortunately, it was, 
thatthey never had need of using it for the purpose for which it 
was erected. 

We little fellows of that day were taught to regard the Indians as 
our natural enemies, for the most of our parents had been reared 
on the frontiers and many of them had had some experience in the 
wars with them, and the minds of those that had not were fully 
imbued with the same way of thinking. 


In those early days an Indian came to Thomas Kenton to buy a 
horse. His horses were out, running: at large, as was the custom 
at that time. They went together to hunt them, and when they 
found them my father's horses were with them and one-a fine young 
horse for that day — took the Indian's eye. He would nnt even 
notice any of the others. After enquiring who he belonged to he 
came to my father to see if he would sell him, and what was his 
price. Father asked $80. He offered $70. After parleying a while 
the Indian held up both hands seven times and one hand once, 
and on that proposition they traded. He had but $74 to pay down but 
promised to be back at a certain time to pay the other, which he 
did at the time promised. This is written to show that there was 
honor and honesty with the Indians. 

About 1818 it was a common thing for the Lewistown Indians 
with their families to come to this neighborhood in the summer. 
They would make camps covered with bark in some pleasant shady 
grove where their squaws and pappooses would stop. The m«n 
would hunt deer or lie about their camp. Their squaws were 
generally busy making or peddling their baskets among the peo- 
ple around about for something to eat. Amongst them on one of 
their visits was an old acquaintance of my father's, by the name of 
Coldwater. He came to our house to buy some bacon on credit, 
and promised to pay at some time in specie, for he said he had 
specie at home. At that time the banks, or many of them, had 
failed ; so it was necessary in dealing to have it understood what 
kind of money was to be used in the trade. They got the bacon, 
but unlike the other Indian never paid for it. Those two Indians 
exemplified an old gentleman's expression when speaking of the 
different religious denominations, "I hope that there are good 
and bad amongst all of them." 

The first religious meeting in the neighborhood was held at my 
father's by a young methodist minister, which was before my time, 
James Davison, brother of the late D. D. Davison. He after- 
wards settled in Urbana and engaged in the practice of medicine, 
and died in 1816. 

Amongst the first methodist preachers I can name, were Hector 
Sanford, Saul Henkle, M©ses Trader, Moses Crume, H. B. Bascom, 
and David Sharp. There were others in the regular work. In the 
local work, I remember James Montgomery, Nathaniel Pinckard, 

Joseph Tatman, Martin and Samuel Hitt, Robert Miller, Tru- 

itt. Baptist, John Thomas, John Guttridge, Moses Frazer, Sen., 

Cotterel. The above named ministers occasionally preached,, 

but did not reside here. 




Th* following is the vote at the first election in Zane township, 
in 1806, copied fronn the Poll Book, now in my possession, spelliog^ 
as fourtfl there : 

Judges, James McPherson, George M. Bennett, Thomas Antrim. 

Clerks, Thomas Davis, Henry Shaw. 

Certified by William McColloch, J, P. 


.Jiles Chambers, 
Isaac Zane, 
John Stephenson, 
William McCloud, 
Matthew Cavanaugh, 
Abner Cox, 
Alexander Suter, 
John Tucker, 
William C. Dagger, 
John Fillis, Sen. 
George Benn«tt, 
Thomas Davis, 
Danifl Phillips, 
Thomas Antrim, 
James McPherson, 
John Provolt, 

Job Sharp, 
Jeremiah Stansbury, 
Samael McColloch, 
Edward Tatman, 
James Frail, 
William McColloch, 
Isaac Tits worth, 
Arthur McWaid, 
John Lodwork, 
Henry Shaw, 
Carlisle Haines, 
Samuel Sharp, 
John Sharp, 
Charles McCIain, 
John Tills, Jr 
Daniel Tucker. 


James Pritchard, for Congress. 

John Starett, for Representative ( Legislature ). 

George Harlin, for Senate ( Legislature ). 


William Ward, for Semite ( Legislaturn ). 
Richard Thomas, for Senate ( Le,i>:slii;ujre ). 
John Daugherty, for Sherilf. 
Daniel McKinnon, for Sheriff. 
Joseph Lay ton, for Commissioner. 
John Lafferty, for Commissioner. 
William Powell, for Coroner. 
Solomon McColloch, for Commissioner. 

It will be remembered that at this time Zane was included in 
Champaign County, and extended to the Lakes. 


Not found in the above list, in Zane Township. 
• Job Sharp, came from , 1801. 

Joshua Balenger, Sen., came froui New Jersey, 1806. 

Daniel Garwood, came from Virginia, 1806. 

Abraham Painter, came from , 1809. 

Robert Branson, came from , 1809. 

Abisha Warner, came from New Jersey, 1809. 

Jesse Downs, came from , 1814. 

John Warner came 1807, a soldier in Wayne's army. 

John Inskeep, Sen., came 1805, from Virginia. 

The above gentleman was elected to the Legislature in 1816, and 
in conjunction with Gen. Foos, then a member of that body, pro- 
cured the division of Champaign into two counties; Logan and 

I would just say Gen. Foos is the father of Lewis Foos and 
grandfather of John Foos, Jr., both of Bellefontaine. He ha.3 
three sons in Springfield, Ohii. — William, Gustavus, and John. 

Joshua Inskeep, came 1807, Irom Virginia. 

Job Inskeep, Sen., came 1816, from Virginia. 

Dr. John Elbert, came 1811, rrom Maryland. 

Waller Marshall, came 1810, from Kentucky. 

Thomas Segar came 1811 from Baltimore. 

John Sharp. Sen., came 1803 from Virginia. 

Jonathan Haines, came 1808 from New Jersey. 

Thomas \'itrim, came 1803 from Virginia. 

Robert Pfctiy, sen., came 1806. 

Josepl'i I-ayj son of the above, came 1805. 


Moses Euaris, came 1806, soldier of Revolution. 

Joseph and Wm. Euans, sons of the above, came 1806. 

John Cowgill, came 1807. 

Samuel Balenger, came 1810. 

Joshua Balenger, son of the above, came 1810. 

John Balenger, brother of Joshua, 1810. 

Wm. Asher, came 1808. 

John Asher, son of the above, came 1808. 

Josiah Outland, came from North Carolina 1806. He had 16 
children by one wife; 11 boys and 5 girls. All lived to be men and 
women. Boys all farmers and plowed their own land and occupied 
a respectable position in society. 

Joseph Curl, Sen., came from Virginia, 1809. 

Joseph Curl, Jr., came from Virginia, 1809. 

Joseph Stratton, Sen., came 1810. 

Joseph Stokes, Lieut, in war of 1812, came 1808. 

James Stokes, came 1808. 


Dr. James Crew was one of the first physicians in the country — 
he was a member of the Legislature. He will long be remembered 
by his fellows-citizens. 

Martin, Samuel, Robert, and David Marmon, came 1806. 

John Brown, came 1806. 

Henry Newsom, colored, (first in the county,) came 1806. 

Jeremiah Reams, came 1807, soldier in war of 1812. 

For other names in this township see first election, 1806, found 
elsewhere in this work. 

Monroe Township. 

Robert Frakes came from Kentucky 1810. 
Nathan Gilliland from Virginia 1810. 
Samuel McCoUoch came 1803. 

The Rev. George McColIoch, son of the above, came 1803. 
Samuel McColloch was the first Representative to the Legisla- 
ture from this county— then Champaign county. 


Thomas Athy came 1809 ; drummer in the war 1812. 
Zabud Randel came from New York 1810. 
George Moots came from Pennsylvania 1809. 
Conrad Mo; ts came from Pennsylvania 1809. 
Charles Moots came from P'^nnsylvania 1809. 
George Green came from Kentucky 1810. 

Wm. Williams, Henry Williams and Obadiah Williams, came 
from Virginia, 1814. 
Jacob Johnson, came from Kentucky, 1811. 
The above gentleman had 6 sons, 4 of whom are preachers. 
Jacob, John and William Paxton, brotlieis, came about 1814. 
Nicholas Pickerel, first Sheriff Logan county, came 1813. 
Henrj' Pickerel came 1813. 
Err Randel came 1810. 

Liberty Township. 

Sainuel Newel came from Ky., about 1806 or 1807; his brother 
came about the same time, and also the Blacks ; Captain Black 
wr.:? a Captain in the war of 1812, and in Wayne's army. Hugh 
Newel, John Newel and Thomas Newel all came from Ken- 
tucky. Samuel Newel was for many years a member of the Legis- 
lature of Ohio, and held several county offices ; his son Joseph 
likewise filled several import.-int positions, both in the State and 
county. Judge McBeth, father of Newton McBeth, of Bellefon- 
taine, came in 1811 : .Judge McBeth died while a -.^- iber of the 
Legislature of Ohio. The following are also early -j tders : Dr. 
John Ordway, Dr. Leonard, .lames Walls, Garrett Walls, John 
Cornell, Richard Roberts, Huston Crocket, Cartmel Crocket, Rob- 
ert Crocket, Hiram M. White, George White, John M. Smith, 
Benjamin Ginn, Thomas Miller, Milton Glover, Ralph E. Run- 
kle. Dr. Taylor, Rev. Jeremiah Fuson, Joshua Bufington, George 
F. Dunn, Samuel Taylor. All of the above are early settlers in 
Champaign and Logan counties. 


Bokescreek Township. 

Simpson Hariman came here at an early day from Pennsylvania, 
and taught schooJ twenty years ( or eighty terms). The follow- 
ing are early settlers : Alexander IMcCrary, John W. Green, John 
Bell, Sen., Je.s^e Fosett, Elijah Fosett, Archibald Wilson. Charles 
Thornton, Andrew Roberts, Scranstcn Bates, Ebenezer Hathaway, 
Lewis Bates, Gardner Bates, Bliss Danforth, Jacob Keller, James 
R. Curl, Levi Lowering, Saul Smith, Henry Bell, Moses Bell, 
Jacob Earlv. 

Rush Township, Champaign County. 


Hezekiah Spain, Jordon Pweams, J. P. Spain, Hurburd Crqwder, 
William Spain, Thomas Spain, John Petei-son Spain, Jr., Daniel 
iSpain and John Crowder all came from Dinwiddle county, Vir- 
$,-mia, 1805. 

Joshua, Stephen, Daniel and Edwin Spain came from Virginia 

Ti)omas Good came from Virginia 1807. 

Samuel Black, 1810. 

Peter Black, son of the above, 1810. 

Most all the following named persons are from the New Eng- 
fc*nd States : 

Thomas Erwiu, Jacob Fairchilds, Erastus Burnham, Anson 
Howard, Pearl Howard, Sylvester Smith, John McDonald, Ste- 
pken Cranston, Ephraim Craaston. 

The above are the first settlers in the vicinity of Woodstock. 

Samuel Calendar came from New V<jrk 1814. He has two sons 
BJOW living in North Lewisburg', Oiiio — John and Elisna Calendar. 
Me was a soldier in the war of 1^1-. 


Perry Township, 

What is now Perry township was tirst settled in 1805, by John 
Garwood, who, with his family, emigrated from Culpepper county, 
Virginia. His son, John Garwood, was the first Justice of the 
Peace, who held the office for uiany years. Levi Garwood was 
associate Judge lor Logan county, for three successive terms. His 
son James is still living in the township, having been a resident 
about sixty-seven years. John Garwood built the tirst mill shortly 
after arriving here, prior to which they had to go forty miles down 
Darby Creek to mill. Samuel Ballinger, from New Jersey, and 
James Cur], Virginia, came here about 1808, of whom a large 
number of descendants still remain. Thomas James located here 
in 1810, and his son Thomas occupied the same farm until recently. 
Many of the family are still here. Christopher Smith moved Lrs 
about 1812, and was Justice of the Peace for some time. Many of 
the universal Smith family still remain. Anthony Bank, colored, 
settled here in 1810. Isaac Hatcher came from Virginia in 1816, 
and was noted as being wealthy for those days. Richard Hum- 
phreys, frotn Wales, located here about the same time. Josiah 
Austin, from New Jersey, settled here in 1820, and his son C. H. 
Austin now occupies the same farm. William Skidmore, from 
Columbiana county, settled on Millcreek in 1821, and his sons Jo- 
seph, Daniel, Joshua and Isaac, still reside in the same neighbor- 
hood, with a large retinue of descendants. The first Post-ofiice 
established was called Garwood's Mills, Isaiah Garwood being the 
first Postmaster. East Liberty is now located on the old farm of 
John Garwood, and is noted for its fine fountains or overflowing 
wells. Herbert Baird, a Methodist minister from Petersburg, Va., 
came here in 1829. On this farm in 1841 a tragedy occurred, re- 
sulting in the death ot Ballard, Baird's son-in-law, who was killed 
in a quarrel by a man named Ford, the <mly murder ever being 
known to be committed in the township. Ford was tried and ac- 
quitted on the grounds of self defense. The first physician in the 
township was Dr. J. W. Hamilton, from Pennsylvania, wlio loca- 
ted in 1836, and still resides in East Liberty. 

Thus from an unbroken wilderness in 1805, has arisen a popu- 
lous and highly cultivated region, dotted with School-houses and 
Churches, and other evidences of thrift and prosperity. 



The gentleman whose name is at the head of this article, like 
Governor Vance and Henry Weaver, whose names may be found 
in these sketches, is identified with the history of Champaign and 
LiOfr:\n counties. He was born in Butler County, Ohio, in the 
year 1S02. He commenced business in life under rather gloomy 
circumstances. Ht; told me he had very little besides a good con- 
stitution and a "will to try." He learned early in life to 
"paddle his own canoe." I think he told me he had but one 
week's schooling. 

He was married early in life to Miss Kelly, a sister to Peter Kelly, 
now deceased, formerly Sheriff of Logan county. He told me he 
had but two dollars in money when he was married, and he gave 
that to IJilly Hopkins to marry him. Mr. Enoch is a practical 
farmer and stock merchant. Considering the difficulties he had to 
overcome, perhaps there are but few who have been more success- 
ful in lift' than he has. 

There is no business on a farm but what he can make a full hand 
at, from cutting cord wood to splitting rails, putting up fence, 
plowing, planting, or driving oxen. In the latter employment, it 
has been said he is one of the best in the State. He says, however, 
very much of his success in business is due to the industry, economy 
and prudence of his amiable lady. Like himself, she inherited a 
good constitution, and with her early training in all the depart- 
ment-* of housekeeping she entered on her duties as a wife and mis- 
tres.s of her own house, with confidence and self-reliance. Mr. 
Enoch told me ht'r prudence and timely counsel had saved him 
from a great deal of trouble. One little circumstance will illustrate 
this: Mr. Enoch never allowed any of his hands to "play off" on 
him in any business, for, as I have said, he was a good hand at any 
work on a farm. All he wanted was an hr)nest day's work, and 
thnt he was bound to have. Moreover, he never wanted anv one 
todoHnr more in a day than he could. He had a lot of hands 


husking corn and he thought they were not doing him justice, and 
resolved on discharging them. As usual he consulted Mrs. Enoch. 
She remarked that it raightbein the condition of the corn. He said 
he would go into the field and husk oae day, and tnen he would 
know what the trouble was. He did so, and at night when he re- 
turned home, his wife asked about the corn. He said he was per- 
fectly satisfied it was the corn, and not the hands, that was at fault. 
The husk was unusually close to the ear, and the ear was small. 
Mr. Enoch has one of the best farms in the State, in the quality of 
the soil, timber and water. It is true it is not as large as some, 
there being only about two thousand acres, but in the above qual- 
ities, I believe it unsurpassed. His farming land lies on Mad River 
and Maekachcek,and is watered by those beautiful streams, and is 
about two miles from the village of West Liberty, all under fine 
cultivation, with good and substiintial buildings. 


Was an early settler in Logan county. He came here about the 
year 1810. He was ten years in the Legislature of Ohio, giving en- 
tire satisfaction to hLs constituents. His widow is now living near 
Huntsville, and is now eisrhty-live years old. , 


Abner Riddle and William Rutan are »^arly settlers in Logan 
County. They now live in Bellefontaine, and are engaged in 
banking and trading in stock. I have been acquainted with those 
gentlemen from their boyhood. Both of them were mechanics, 
and poor; but, like others mentioned in these sketches, by dint of 
close application to business, fair dealing and promptness in their 
buainess engagements, they have accumulated comfortable fortunes. 
I might speak of others, who, perhaps, have excelled them in the 
accumulation of property ; but, I have named them because I have 
known them from their youth, and because they are about a fair 
average of the business men of our country, who commenced busi- 
ness without capital and have made it a success. 



Has h»kl several offices in the County of Logan. He has beei 
Auditor, and Clerk of the Court of CoiuuQon Pleas, and Clerk of th^ 
Suj.reine Court, and A.-sociute Judge of the Court of Common Pieis 
In all those important trusts, he showed marked abiiity arid th( 
strictest integrity. 


W. D. Haley contributed to Harper's Monthly, for November 
1871, an account of this strange and remarkable character, vv^ 
roamed about the State of Ohio from the opening of the presen 
i-entury to his death in 1847. Col. James, of Urbana, who wa 
some a(iuainted with him, lie having called on him several timei 
at Urbana, thinks Mr. Haly a little extravagant in his descriptio 
of his personal appearance. 

This strange personage was frequently iu Champaign and LoiJ'ai 
counties, an<l had nurseries m each of these counties about 1809 
but I have not l>een al)le to And the location of but one of them 
His nurseries in Champaign, I think, were in the south-west part 
of the county. The location of one naentioned above is in Logan 
and on the farm now owned by Aionzo and Allen West, on Mill 
Branch about six luuvire I yards west of their residence. Waller Mar 
shall and Joshua Bullenger, both inform me they have trees in their 
orchard from thw nursery bearing good fruit. Job Inskeep ;'jst 
now informs me he heard him say he had another one somewhere 
on Stony Creek. 

Tlie " far West " is rapidly becoming only a traditional dasigna 
tion : railroads have destroyed the romance of frontier life, or have 
surrounded it with so many appliances of civilization that the pio 
neer character is rapidly becoming mythical. The men and wo 
men who obtain their groceries and dry -goods from New York by 
rail in a few hours have nothing in oommun with those who, tii'ty 
years ago, " packed " salt a hundred miles to make their mush pal- 
atable, and could only exchange corn and wheat for molasses a»!<J 


calico by making long and perilous voyages in flat-boat? down the 
Ohio and Mississippi river-s to New Orleans. Two generations of 
frontier lives have accumulated stores of narrative which, like the 
small but beautiful tributaries of great rivers, are forgotten in the 
broad sweep of the larger current of history. The march of Titans 
sometimes tramples out the wiemory of smaller but more useful 
lives, and sensational glare often eclipses more modest but purer 
lights. This has been the case in the popular demand for the dime 
novel dilutions of Fenimore Cooper's romances of border life, 
which have preserved the records of Indian rapine and atrocity as 
the only memorials of pioneer history. But the early days of 
Western settlement witnessed sublimer heroism than those of hu- 
man torture, and nobler victories than those of the tomahawk and 

Among the heroes of endurance that was voluntary, and of action 
that was creative and not sanguinary, there was one man whose 
name, seldom m«ntioned now save by some of the few surviving 
pioneers, deserves to be perpetuated. 

The first reliable trace of our modest hero finds him in the Ter- 
ritory of Ohio, in 18Q1, \Tith a horse-load of apple seeds, which he 
planted in various piaces on and about the borders of Licking 
Creek, the first orchard originated by him being on the farm of 
Isaac Stadden, in what is now known as Licking County, 
in the State of Ohio. During the five succeeding years, although 
he was undoubtedly following the same strange occupation, we 
liave no authentic account of his movements until we reach 
a pleasant spring day in 1806, when a pioneer settler in Jeft"erson 
County, Ohio, noticed a peculiar craft, with a remarkable occupant 
and a curious cargo slowly dropping down with the current uf the 
Ohio River. It was "Johnny Appleseed," by which name Jona- 
than Chapman was afterwards known in every log cabin froin the 
Ohio River to the northern lakes, and westward to the prairiei. of 
what is now the State of Indiana. With two canoes lashed togeth- 
er he was transporting a load of apple seeds to the Western fron- 
tier, for the purpose of creating orchards on the farthest verge of 
white settlements. With his canoes he passed down the Ohio, ■ to 
Marietta, where he entered the Muskingum, ascending the stream 
of that river until he reached the mouth of the Walhondin^-, or 
White Woman Creek, and still onward, up the Mohican, into the 


Blftck Fork to the head of navigation, in the region now known 
ft^ A^hhuul and Richland counties, on the line of the Pittsburg 
and Fort Wayne Railroad, in Ohio. A long and toilsome voyage it 
wa-s as H glance at the map will show, and must have occupied a 
great deal of time, as the lonely traveler stopped at every inviting 
spot to plant the seeds and make his infant nurseries. These are 
the tirst well-authenticated facts in the history of Jonathan Chap- 
man whose birth, there is good reason for believing, occurred in 
Boston, Massachusetts, in 1775. According to this, which was his 
own statement in one of his less reticent moods, he was, at the 
time of his appearance on Licking Creek, twenty-six years of age, 
and whether impelled in his eccentricities by some absolute misery 
of the heart which could only find relief in incessant motion, or 
governed by a benevolent monomania, his whole after-life was 
devoted to the work of planting apple seeds in remote places. The 
seeds he gathered from the cider-presses of Western Pennsylvania ; 
but his canoe voyage in 1806 appears to have been the only occa- 
sion upon which he adopted that method of transporting them, as 
all his subsequent journeys were made on foot. Having planted 
his stock of seeds, he would return to Pennsylvania for a fresh 
supply, and, as sacks made of any less substantial fabric would not en 
dure the hard usage of the long trip through forests dense with un- 
derbrush and biiers, he provided himself with leathern bags. Se- 
curely packed, the seeds were conveyed, sometimes on the back of 
ahorse, and not unfrequently on his own shoulders, either over a 
part of the old Indian trail that led from Fort Duquesne to Detroit, 
by way of Fort Sandusky, or over what is styled in tht^ appendix 
to "Hutchins's History of Boguet's Expedition in 1764" the "sec- 
ond route through the wilderness of Ohio," which would require 
him to traverse a distance of one hundred and sixty-six miles in a 
west-northwest direction from Fort Duquesne in order to reach th© 
Black Fork of the Mohicau. 

This region, although it is now densely populated, still possesses 
a romantic beauty that railroads and bustling towns can not oblit- 
erate—a country of forest-clad hills and green valleys, through 
which numerous bright streams flow on their way to the Ohio ; 
but when Johnny Appleseed reached some lonely log cabin he 
would find himself in a veritable wilderness. The old settlers say 
that the margins of the streams, near which the first settlements 


were generally made, were thickly covered with a low, matted 
growth of small timber, while nearer to the water was a rank 
mass of long grass, interlaced with morning-glory and wild pea 
vines, among which funeral willows and clustering alders stood 
like sentinels on the outpost of civilization. The hills, that rise 
almost to the dignity of mountains, were crowned with forest trees, 
and in the coverts were innumerable bears, wolves, deer and 
droves of wild hogs, that were as ferocious as any beast of prey. In 
the grass the massasauga and other venomous reptiles lurked in 
such numbers that a settler named Chandler has left the fact on 
record that during the first season of his residence, while mowing 
a little prairie which formed part of his land, he killed over two 
hundred Mack rattlesnakes in an area thcit would uivolve an av- 
erage destruction of one of these reptiles for each rod of land. The 
frontiers-man, who felt himself sufficiently protected by his rifle 
against wild beasts and hostile Indians, found it necessary to guard 
against the attacks of the insidious enemies in the grass by wrap- 
ping bandages of dried grass around his buckskin leggings and 
moccasins; but Johnny would shoulder his bag of apple seeds, and 
with bare feet penetrate to some remote spot that combined pic- 
turesqueness and fertilitj' of soil, and there he would plant his 
seeds, place a slight enclosure around the place, and leave them to 
grow until the trees were large enough to be transplanted by the 
settlers, who, in the meantime, would have made their clearings 
in the vicinity. The sites chosen by him are, many of them, well 
known, and are such as an artist or poet would select — open places 
on the loamy lands that border the creeks— rich, secluded spots, 
hemmed in by giant trees, picturesque now, but fifty years ago, 
with the wild surroundings and the primal silence, they must 
have been tenfold more so. 

In personal appearance Chapman was a, small, wiry man, full of 
restless activity ; he had long, dark hair, a scanty beard that was 
never shaved, and keen black eyes that sparkled with a peculiar 
brightness. His dress was of the oddest description. Generally, 
even in the coldest weather, he went barefooted, but sometimes, 
for his long journeys, he would make himself a rude pair of san- 
dals ; at other times he would wear any cast-off foot-covering he 
chanced to find — a boot on one foot and an old brogan or a 
moccasin on the other. It appears to have been a matter of con- 
science with him never to purchase shoes, although he was rarely 


without moiipy fiiough to do so. On one occasion, m an unusually 
foM XovenibJr, while he was travelin"- barefooted through mud 
and snow, a settler who happened to possess a pair of shoes that 
were too small for his own use forced their acceptance upon Johnny 
declaring that it was sinful for a human being to travel with 
naked feet in such weather. A few days afterward the donor was 
in the village tiuU has f^in-v; become the thriving city of Mansfield, 
an<l met his beneficiary coatentedly plodding along, with his feet 
bare and half frozen. With some degree of anger he inquired for 
the cause of such foolish conduct, and received for reply that 
Johnny had (overtaken a poor, barefooted family moving west- 
ward, and as they appeared to be in much greater need of cloth- 
ing than he was, he had given them the shoes. His dress was 
generally composed of ca^t off clothing that he had taken in pay- 
ment for apple-trees ; and as the pioneers Were far less extrava- 
gant than their descendants in such matters, the liomespun and 
buckskin garments that they discarded would not be very elegant 
or serviceable. In his later years, however, he seems to have 
thought that even this kind of second-hand raiment was too luxu- 
rious, as his principal garment was made of a coffee-sack, in which 
he cut holes for head and arms to pass through, and pronounced it 
" a very serviceable cloak, and as good clothing as any man need 
wear." In the matter of head-gear his taste was equally unique; 
his fii"st experience was with a tin vessel that served to cook his 
mush, but this was open to the objection that it did not protect his 
eyes from the beams of the sun ; so he constructed a hat of paste- 
board, with an immense peak in front, and having thus secured 
an article that combined usefulness with economy, it became his 
permanent fashion. 

Thus strangely clad, he was perpetually wandering through for- 
ests and morasses, and suddenly appearing in white settletnents 
and Indian villages; but ther*^ must have been some rare force of 
gentle goodness dwelling in his looks and breathing in his words, 
for it is the testimony of all who knew him that, notwithstanding 
his ridiculous attire, he was always treated with the greatest re- 
spect by the rudest frontiers- man, and, what is a better test, the 
boys of the settlements forbore to jeer at him. With grown-up 
people and boys he was usually reticent, but manifested great af- 
fection for little girls, always having pieces of ribbon and gay 
calico to give to his little favorites. 3Iany a grandmother in Ohio 



and Iniliaim can reineiuber tke pi-e.sent« nlie received when a child 
from poor homeless Johnny Appleseed. When he consented to 
eat with any family he w(juM never sit down to the table until he 
WHS assured that there was an ample supply for the children ; and 
Ins sympathy for their youthful troubles and his kindness toward 
them made him friends among all the juveniles of the borders. 

The Indians also treated Johnny with the greatest kindness. 
By these wild and sanguinary savages he was regarded as a "great 
medicine man," on account of his strange appearance, eccentric 
actions, and, especially, the fortitude with which he could emlure 
pain, in proof of which he would often thrust pins and needles into 
his flesh. Hi- norvou< spusibilitios really sor>m to have l)';"! le 
acnt<' than those <>f (si-dinary people, for Ins metho'i of treat"! iil;- tiu- 
i-ut-; and :*ores that w^■re the eoui^ecjuences of his barefooted wan- 
derings through briers and thorns was to sear the wound with a 
red-hot iron, and then cure the burn. During the war of isiii, 
when the frontier settlers were tortured and slaughtered by the 
i^avage allie--' of Great Britain, Johnny Appleseed continued his 
wande'-tiig.-, an<l whs never harmed by the roving bands of hostile 
Indians, on many occasions the impunity with which he ranged, 
the coimtry enabled him to give the settlers warning of approach- 
ing <langer in time to allow them to take refuge in their block- 
houses before the savages could attack them. Our informant re- 
fers to one of these instances, when the news of Hull's surrender 
came like a thunder-bolt upon the frontier. Large l)ands of In- 
dians and British were destroying everytiiing before them and 
murdering defenseless women and children, and even the block- 
houses were not always a sufticient protection. At this time 
Johnny traveled day and night, warning the people of the ap- 
proaching danger. He visited every cabin and delivered this mes- 
sage: "The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, and he hath anointed 
me to blow the trumpet i'l the wilderness, and souml an alarm in 
the forest ; tor, bfhold, the tribes of the heathen are round aliout 
your do(»rs, and a devouring flame followeth after them." The 
aged man who narrated tiiis incident said tliat he could f-'^i even 
now the thrill tiiat was caused by this prophetic announcement of 
rhe wild-looking herald of danger, who annised the family on ;i 
right moonlight midnight with his piercin:.' voice, liefu-iiij- all 
' tfers of foo 1 nnd -lenying himself a moment's rest, he travcr-ed 



the l)()r<l(r«liiy and ni^^lit until he had warned every setter of the 
approaching peril. 

11 is diet was as meagre as iiis clothing. He believed it to be a 
>iii to kill any creature for food, and thought that all that was 
netessiiry f( tv human sustenance was produced by the soil . He was 
alM» a strenuous opponent of the wa.ste of food, and on one occa- 
sion, on approaching a log-cabin, he observed some fi'agments of 
Itread Hoatinguj)on thesurface oi a bucket of slops that wa,s intended 
for the pigs. He immediately rished theui out, and when the 
liouseuife exi»res.sed her sjstonishmenthe told her that it was an 
abuse of the gifts of God to allow the smallest quantity of any thing 
tliat was designed to supply the wants of mankind to Ua diverted 
fntm its i»urpose. 

^-^ ih'- instance, as in his whole life, the peculiar religious ideas 
ui .III I'll .' 'pleseed were pxen-'>lified. He was a most earnest 
rii>.ipl(<"' Ml.' ; liiii uiu.',ht by Emanuel vSvved"-iborg, and himself 
el iiioei ' have frequent conversations wiiii angels and spirits; 
two of the latter, of the feminine gender, he asserted, had revealed 
to him that they were to be his wives in a future state if he ab- 
stained from a matrimonial alliance on earth. He entertained a 
profound reverence for the revelations of t>ie Hweedish seer, and 
always carried a few old volumes with him. These he was very 
anxious should be read bj^ every one, and he was probably not only 
the first colporteur in the wilderness of Ohio, but as he had no tract 
society to furnish him supplies, he certainly devised an original 
method of nuiltiplying one u(.tolc into a number. He divided his 
l)ooks into severil pieces, leaving a portion at a log-cabin, and on a 
snbseriuent visit lurnishing another fragment, and continuing this 
process as <liligently as though the w^ork had been published in se- 
rial numbers. By this plan he was enabled to furnish reading for 
several people at the same time, and out of one book ; but it must 
liave been a ditlicult undertaking; for some nearly illiterate back- 
woodsnian to endeavor to C()mpr(?heud Swedeuborg by a backward 
cotjrse of reading, when his tirel installment happened to be the 
last fraction of the volume. Johnny's faith in Swenenborg's works 
was so reverential as almost to be superstitious. He was once 
asked if, in traveling barefooted through forests abounding with 
venomous reptiles, he was not afraid of being bitten. With his pe- 
culiarsmile, liedn-w hi . book from his bosom, and said, "This book 
is an infallible proteciion against all danger here and hereafter." 


It was his i-ustoijj, wlien he had l-etn welcomed tusoineliospita- 
Ae log-house after a weary day of journeying-, to lie dow! on the 
puncheon floor, 9ud, after inquiriug- if his auditors would liear 
-™sonie news riglit fresh from heaven," produce his few tattered 
fbooks, among which would be a New Testament, aud read and ex- 
pound until his uncultivated hearers would catch the spirit and 
:^glow of his enthusiasm, while they scarcely comprehended his lan- 
,g-uage. A lady who knew him in his later years writes in the fol- 
fiowing terms of one of these domiciiary readings of po'or, self-sac- 
triflcing Johny Appleseed : "We can hear him read now, just as he 
*iid that summer day, when we were busy quilting up stairs, and 
■he lay near the door, his voice rising denunciatory and thrilling— 
asstrong and loud as the roar of wind and waves, then soft and sooth- 
:lng as tiie balmy airs, that quivered the morning-glory leaves about 
ikis gray beard. His was a strange eloquence at times, and he was 
abandon I )tedly a man of genius.'' ^^'hat a scene is presented toyour 
imagination ! The interior of a primitive cabin, the wide, open 
^re-place, where a few sticks are burning beneath the iron pot in 
<which the evening meal is cooking ; around the fire-place the at- 
ifentive group, composed of the sturdy pioneer and his wife and 
♦.•children listening with a reverential awe to the "news right fresh 
tsrom heaven ;" and reclining on the floor, clad in rags, but with 
sihis gray hairs glorified by the beams of the setting sun that flood 
Sithrough the open door and the unchinked logs of the Immble build- 
i>.iig, this poor wanderer, with the gift of genius and eloquence, who 
*believes with the faith of the apostles and martyrs that God has 
-.appointed him a mission in the wilderness to preach the Gospel of 
/ove, and plant apple seeds that shall produce orchards for the ben- 
efit of men and women and little children whom he has never seen. 
J f there is a sublimer faith or a more genuine eloquence in richly 
lecorated cathedrals and under brocade vestments, it would be 
..vorth a long journey to find it. 

Next to his advocacy of hi/^Agculiar religious ideas, his enthusi- 
asm for the cultivation- of .appl^trees in what he termed "the only 
;)roper way" — that is, from the see^— was the absorbing object of 
^ns life. Upon this, as upon religion, he was eloquent in his ap- 
gaeals. He would describe the growing and ripening fruit as such 
I't, rare and beautiful gift of the Almighty with words that became 
pictures, until his hearers could almost see its manifold forms of 

,;,,; (FiAMPAHiN AND 

l.#'itutyi'«--<'Mit l.ffor.'th.MU. To lii^ .'hxiucm-p on this subject, a- 
wHI :i- t.) hi"^ !»<-tiial hiltoiv in plaiitiiitr nurseries, tlie country over 
whi<-li li'- tnivi-II«"l for o luany years is hiryely indebted for its ni3- 
Tiieruus i.nhard-. i5nt lie denounced as absolute wickedness all df-- 
vic»-< of !.riniin'„' and ^n-aftinjf, and would speak of tlieact of cuttin,«r 
■I tr-H a< if it w^re a crnelty intliclod upon a sentient beingf. 

Nor Muly i'^ heeiititle.l to til-' lame ot being the earliest eoJ- 
|.orte,.r oil the frontiers, but in the work of protecting animate 
from :'buse lie preceded, while, in his small sphere, he equaled the* 
/eal <;f ^ood Mr. Bergh. Whenever .Johnny saw an animal 
abused, oi' li*'ard of it, he would purchase it and give it to so7ii?" 
more human*- -^etih-r, on condition that it should be kindly treate<l 
an<l properly cared for. It frequently happened that the long jour- 
lu'v into the wildernes-; would cause the new settlers to be encuin- 
]>er<'d with lame and broken-down horses, that were turned loosfc* 
todit'. In the autumn .Johnny would make a diligent search for 
all >uch animals, and, gathering' them uj), he would bargain for 
their food and shelter until the next spring, when he wouUi 
lead them away to some gooil pasture for the summer. Jf they ro- 
covennl so as to i)e capable of working, he would never sell them, 
but would lend or give them away, stipulating for their good 
us;ige. His conception of the absolute sin of inflicting ))ain ox- 
death upon any creature was not limited to the higher forms of 
animal life, but every thing that had being was to him, in the fact 
of it~ life, endowed with so much of the Divine Essence that te» 
wound or destroy it was to inflict an injury upon some atom <>i 
Divinity. No Brahmin could be more concerned for the preserva- 
tion of insect lile, and the only occasion on which he destroyed a 
venomous reptile was a source of regret, to which he could ueveT 
refer without manifesting sadness. He had selected a suitable 
place for planting apple seeds on a small prairie, and in order tr* 
prejiare the ground he was mowing the long grass, when he warK 
bitten by a rattlesnake. In describing theev^nt he sigheu heavily 
and siid, "I'o()r lellow, he only just touched me, when I, in tlM.> 
):eat of my iingo<lly |)assion, i)ut the heel of my scythe in hint,, 
and went away. Some time afterward I went back; and there lay 
♦ he poor fellow dead." Numerous anecdotes bearing upon his re- 
hpi'i't for every form of lift' are preserved, and form the staple of 
\)ioneerr(><'oll.'<-ti,);i>. On otie occasion, a cool autumnal night, when. 

l.odAX ("orXTIES. j-,7 

Johnny, \vlii» always ranii»ecl out in prefproiu-e to sleejiini: in a 
nousp, had built a tiiv near which he intended to pas^ the nitrht, he 
noticed that the blaze attracted larj>e numbers i.f ni(>--(|uitoes, many 
of whom tiew too near to his tire and were burned. He immedi- 
ately Itrou^ht water and quenched the fire, accouutiny- for his con- 
duct afterward by saying-, "God forbid that I should build a tire 
t'(U- niy comfort which should be the means of destroying- any of his 
creatures!' At another tiiiip h<- removed the tire he Iiad built 
near a hollow log, and slept on the snow, bccausp he found that 
^he log- contained a bear and iic!- cul^s. whom, he said, he did not 
Mish to disturb. And this unwillingness to intiict i»ain or death 
\«-a.s equally strong- when he was a sufferer by it, as the following 
w\]\ show : Johnny had been assisting- some 8ettiei*s to make a 
n)ad throug-li the woods, and in the course of their work they acci- 
clently destroyed a hornets' nest. One of the angry insects soon 
found a lodgment under Johnny's cottee-sack cloak, but although 
it stung him refteatedly he removed it with the greatest gentle- 
jsiess. The men who were present laughingly asked him why 'ue 
*lid not kill it. To which he gravely replied that ■' It would not 
tve right to kill the poor thing, for it did not intend to iiurt nn^.'* 

T"'heoretically he was as methodical in matters of business as any 
fikerehant. In addition to their picturesqueness, the locations of 
Eiis nurseries were all fixed with a view to a probablf- demand foi 
the trees by the time they had attained sufficient growth for trans- 
planting-. He would give them away to tho^e who could not )>ay 
for them. Generally, however, he sold them for old clothing (sr h 
s?upply i)f corn meal; but he preferred to receive a note payai>le at 
rfome indefinite period. When this w-is accomplished he seemed 
to think that the transaction was completed in a business-like way ; 
butif th(> g-iver of the note did not attend to its payment, the hold- 
er of it never troubled himself about its collection. His exiienses 
for food and clothing- were so very limited that, notwithstanding 
liis freedom from the auri sacra fcone-s, he was frequently in poses- 
i?ion of more money than he cared to keep, audit was quickly dis? 
jjosed of for wintering infirm h(»rses, or given to some poor fandiy 
iwhoui the ague had prostrated or the accidents (,f bi^rder life im- 
jj<n'erished. In a single instance oidy he is known ti • liave invested 
Ms surplus . ms in the purchase of land, having rect-ived a doe*! 
Ifeom Alexr ter Finley. of Mohican Township. Ashland County 
♦^*two. for a part of the southwe-t quarter of section twenty-six; 


but with his customary indiliHmiiee to tnaters of value,. Johniv 
failed to record the deed, and 1 »<t it. Only a few y^ars a^o tb>s = 
property was in litigatioii. 

We must not leave the reader under the impression that thi> 
man's life, so full of liardshipand perils, was a gloomy or unhappy;. 
one. There is an element of human pi'ide in all martyrdom, which , 
if it does not soften the pains, stimulates the power of endurance- 
Johnny's life was made serenly happy by the conviction that be 
was living like the i)riraitive Christians. Nor he devoid o^ 
a keen humor, to which he occasionally gave vent, as the follow- 
ing will show. Toward the latter part of Johnny's career in Ohi*;- 
an itinerant missionary found bis way to the village of Mansfield., 
and preached to an open-air congregation. The disconr^e was- 
tediously lengthy and unneces.sarily severe upon the sin oS 
extravagance, which was beginning to manifest itself among th<B' 
pioneers by an occasional indulgence in the carnal van- 
ities of calico and "store tea." There was a good deal of the- 
Phari.>*aic leaven in the preacher, who very frequently ein— 
\)hii<v/j^d his discourse by the inquiry, "Where istherea man who> 
like the primitive Christians, is traveling to heaven barefooted antk 
clad in "oarse raiment?" When this interrogation had been re- 
peated beyond all reasonable endurance, Johny rose from the log^; 
on which he was reclining, and advancing to the s})eaker, he* 
placed one of his bare feet upon the stump which served for a pul- 
pit, and pointing to his cofTee-sack garment, he quietly saic^A. 
•'Here's your primitive Christian!" Thp well-clothed missionarv 
hesitated and stammere<l and dismissed the congregation. Hfe 
l>et antithesis was destioyed by Johnny's personal a!>pparance, 
which was far more primitive thei) t\\:^ preacher cared to copy. 

Some of the pioneers were disposed to think that Jolvnny's hu- 
mor \vas the cause of an extensive practical joke ; but it is gener- 
ally conceded now that a wide-spread annoyance was really tb*' 
Kesult <>i' hi ; belief that the ofif nsively-odored weed known in thfft 
V\'<^st as the dog-fennel, but more generally styled the May- weed. 
posseiised valuable antitnalarial virtues. He procured some seeffc- 
of tiie plant in Penu'^ylvania, and sowed them in the vicinity fA 
every house in the region nf his travels. The consequence wa? 
that successive flourishing crops of the weed spread over the whole' 
country, and >*aused aliiKxt as much trouble as the disease it wsff- 


inten<letl to ward off; and to this day the dog-fennel, intro- 
duced by Johnny Appleseed, is one of the worst sci'ievances of the 
Ohio farmers. 

In 1838 — thirty -s^ven years after his appearance on Lickin": 
Oreek— .lohnny noticed tliat civilization, wealth, and population 
were pressing into the wilderness of Ohio. Hitherto he had easily 
kept just in advance of the wave of settlement; but now towns 
and churches were making- their appearance, and even, at long* 
intervals, the stage-driver's horn broke the silence of the grand 
nl.i f.,re<t.-, and lie felt that his work was done in the region in 
. hich he had labored so long. He visited every house, and took 
a soletiin farewell of all the families. The little girls who had been 
delighted with his gifts of tragments of calico and ribbons had be- 
come sober matrons, and the l)oys who had wondered at his ability 
to bear the pain caused by running needles into his flesh were 
heads of families. With parting words of admonition he left them, 
and turned his steps steadily toward the setting sun. 

During the succeeding nine years he pursued his eccentric avo- 
ttion on the western border of Ohio and in Indiana. In the sum- 
mer of 1847, when his labor< had literally borne fruit over a hun- 
dre<l thousand square miles of territory, at the close of a warm 
day, after traveling twenty miles, he entered the house of a settler 
in Allen county, Isuliana, and was, as usual, warmly welcomed, 
lie declined to eat with the family, but accepted some bread and 
milk, which he nartook of sitting on the door-step and gazing on 
the setting sun. Later in the evening he delivered his "news 
right fresh from lieaven" by reading the 15eatitudes, Declining 
other accommodation, he slept, as usual, on tlie floor, and in the 
rly morning he was found with his features :dl aglow witii a 
Mipernal light, and his body so near death that his tongue refused 
its()fti''e. The physician, who was hastily sum mi . > ■', | vonounced 
him dying, but addeil that he h;id never seen a m ni \.\ s:) placid a 
state at the approacli of death. At seventy-tAVo years of age, 
forty-iix of which h■^d been devoted to his self-impose^l mission, 
he ripened into death as naturally and beautifully as the seeds of 
his own planting had grown into fibre and bud and blossom and 
the matured fruit. 

Thus died one of the memorable men of pioneer times, who 
never inflicted pain or knew an enemy — a man of strange liabits. 


in w hoiii Ih^'i-c <i\v(>lt H comprehensive love tliat reached with oH' 
hand downward to the h> west forms of life, with the other upward 
to the very throne of God. A laborinj^, iself-denyin": benefactor of 
his race, homeless, solitary, and raj^j^ed, he trod the thorny eartli 
with hare and bleedinj^; feet, intent only upon makinj^: the wilder- 
ness (rnitful. Now "no inan knoweth of his se{)ulchre;" but his 
deeds will live in the fragrance of the apple blossoms he loveiJ si 
well, and th<vstory of his life, ho wever crudely narrated, will ht' 
a perjK'Uial proof that true heroism, pure benevolence, noble vir- 
tues, and deeds that deserve immortality may be found under 
meanest apparel, and far from (fildiii^ halls and towerijij^ spires. 

i.()(;a\ corxTiEs. lei 


HIS VISIT IX is:2t; 

111 May, 1S2H, Lorcnzu Dow visited Lojifun and Cliainpaign 
(■((Unties, and I think this was th(^ oidy visit lie ever made to 
coiiiities. The tirst that I i\ovf reiueinl>ef of hearing of iiis niovo- 
nients on tliis journey was at Sandusky City, tlien called Portland. 
The pe(ti)le (jf Portland at that time were almost wholly irrelig- 
ious and (\x;tremely wicked. Religious meetintjs were almost un- 
known among,st the.'ii. Not lonjj: before Jjorenzo's visit, a Metho- 
dist minister had appointed a meetinsj; at Portland, and while en- 
gaged in j>rayer, a sailor jumped on his back and kicked him, and 
cursed him, and said : " Why don't you pray some f.)r Jack.son ? " 
and the .ueetin^ was broken up in much disorder. Lorenzo had 
an appointment at Portland early in May, 1S2H, and of course his 
name and fame attracted a lar^'^e crowd at the hour of meeting : 
the meeting- was held under a large tree near the l)ank of Lake 
Erie. At the api)ointed time Lorenzo came walking very, 
dressed in a plain manner, with straw hat and white l)lauket coat. 
He rushed into the midst of th(^ company, pulled off his hat and 
dashed it on the ground, pulled off his coat and dashed it down 
the .same way, as though he was mad, looked very .sternly, and 
immediately began to preach ; his text was pretty rough ; he be- 
gan with the words : " Hell and damnation ; " he then uttered a 
string of catlis enough to frighten the wickedest man in Portland. 
He then made a solemn pause, and said : " This is your common 
language to God and to one another — such language as the gates 
of hell cannot exceed." He then preached a solemn, warning ser- 
mon, and was listened to i)y all present with much attention, 
witliout interruption. 


The next account I can give of Lorenzo on this journey, wasai 
Tymochtee, 1 believe now within the bounds of Hardin county. 
He stopped at the house of Eleazer Hunt, and Phineas Hunt, father 
of Eleazer was there with his wagon, and vvas about starting to 
his home in Champaign county, and Lorenzo rode in his wagon. 
It seemed tliat Lorenzo had sent an appointment to preach at 
Bellefontaine, at 11 o'clock, of the day that he expected to arrivt 
there. About the appointed time lie arrived at Bellefontaine, 
riding in Phineas Hunt's wagon. 1 am informed that the people 
were looking earnestly for him. Judge N. Z. McCoIloch and 
others met the wagon in which Lorenzo was in, and inquired, "Is 
Mr. Dow here?" he said, "Yes, my name is Dow." Judge Mc- 
Colioch then kindly invited him to go to his house and eat dinner, 
as there was sutKcient time before the hour of meeting. Without 
saying a word, Lorenzo directed the driver to go south a little far- 
ther, where he alighted from the wagon and laid under the shade 
of a small tree, and took some bread and meat from his pocket and 
ate his dinner in that way. Soon meeting time came, and there 
was of course a large attendance. In the course of his sermon, 
Lorenzo pointed to an old lady who sat near him and said, "Old 
lady, if you don't quit tattling and slandering your neighbors, the 
devil will get you !" Pointing directly at her he said, "I am talking 
to you !" TiTere was a young maw in the meeting, that Lorenzo 
probably thought needed reproof; he said, "Young man, you esti- 
mate yourself a great deal higher than other people estimate you, 
and if you don't quit your high not:i(ms and do better, the flevil 
will get you too!" Passing out of the meeting he met a young 
man and said to him, "Young nihii, the Lord has a work for you 
to do. He calls you to lal>or in Ids vineyard." It is said that 
young man became a mir.ister o the Gospel. 1 think the meeting 
at Bellefontaine, was hnld on seventh day, or Satuaday. After 
meeting, became with Phineas Hunt", to his home, —a brick-house 
now on tho farm of Willi no Scott, in Salem township. Champaign 
County. Lorenzo held a meeting at Phineas Hunt's house, that 
evening, at ."> o'clock, P. M., which was not large as no previous 
notice was given. My father attended that mt'eting. Lorenzo's 
text was : "But the hour cometh, and now i'^ when the true wor- 
shippers <hal I worship the Father in spirit and in truth; for the 
Father seeketh such to worship him. (iod is a spirit, and they 
that worship him must wor-hip him in spirit and in truth." 



Next <iay being the Sabbath, Lorenzo had an appointed meeting 
at Mt. Tabor, at 10 o'clock, A. 51., which was generally known in 
the neighborhood. About 9 o'clock, on Sabbath morning, Lorenzo 
saw some people passing by, enquired where they were going ; 
was told they were going to his meeting ; without saying another 
word he picked up his hat, and started in the direction of the meet- 
ing; overtaking some persons on the way, he walked with them 
apiece, and took a by way leading from the mai" road, wlien one 
of the company said, "this is the road to Mt. Tabor," he said "ye^; 
that is your road ; go on." He ]>assed on to N. W. until he came 
to the Beliefontaine road, about 4 of a mile north of Tabor, and 
walked south to the meeting liouse. The people had assembled in 
the grove, west of the meeting house, where seats had been pre- 
pared. Lorenzo passed right by the assembly, and went down the 
hill into the bushes and timber S. E. of the meeting house, where 
he immediately began to preach, the people following him, carry- 
"ig benches and chairs, Jcc, but mostly stood on foot during the 

►^eting. He was preaching when I arrived at the meeting, and 

rhaps hundreds came after he had began to preach. 

His manner in pleaching was earnest and impressive, he never 
hesitated, but seemed to have words at command that suited the 
case. His doctrine apy^eared to be the same as held by the Metho- 
dists ; he spoke of a call to the ministry ; he said it must be a di- 
vine call, that it would not do to preach as a trade or profession. 
He spoke with much severity and keen sarcasm against proud and 
deceitful professors of religion. His appearance was remarkable : 
he was a spare man, of rather small size; his beard was long, 
reaching to his breast, his hair was a little gray, parted in the 
.ii>ldle on his head, anrt reached down to his shoulders; his dress 
>. as very plain, and appeare<] to be cleanly and neat. He wore a 
straw or palm-leaf hat, a l)lack over-coat, wliich appeared to be 

;1 the coat he had on ; he rested on a cane while preaching ; his 
ye was calm and serene, yet piereitig. Xotwithstanding his ec- 
centricities, his whole appearance and manners indicated that he 
\ as an extraordinary man — a great and good man. He did )iot 
i-iiiii' ar thi-s meetinj;- ; after preaching about one hour and a qiiar- 
Ihr, in whii'h beseemed to mention almost everything connected 
..ith religious subjects, giving a history of his life, and of the sol- 
emn [tarting with his father and mother, brothers and sisters, 
wlien he >-tarte'i out — I think at abuut seventeen vears of age — 


to [)re<u'h the gospel, he knelt and ott'ereil a short nud beautifu! 
prayer, auil then dismissed tlie audieiu'e. 

As lie was asee tiding- the liill westward tVuiu the phtee of meet- 
ing, a venerable Meth(xlist })reacher, on horse-back, met hiui, and 
being ver;y anxious to talk to Lorenzo, rather rode before him, and 
held out his hand. Lorenzo took his hand, and said : "Don't ride 
over lue, it's not good manners." 

Wm. H. Fj'ffe had sent a handsome carriage to convey Lorenzo 
to Urbana, where he had an appointment to preach that idternoon, 
at8o^clock. I have been told he was kindly invited to dinner, 
perhaj)s by several persons, but did not accept the invitation, -aivI 
laid down to rest on Judge Reynolds' cellar door, taking rtome 
bread from out of his pocket, and made his meal. This afternoon 
meeting of course was large, and 1 think was held in the Metho- 
dist Church. Lorenzo preached in a very earnest manner, became 
warmed and animated; swingiiig his hands, the hymn book 
*^lipped from his hand and struck a lady on her head ; he paused 
and said : " Excuse my energy, for my soul is elated." 

I believe lean give no further particulars of the only visit to 
this county of this remarkable man. THOMAS COWtJILL. 

Kknnakh, (>.. nd Month 18, 1872. 


The writer of this became acquainted with Mr. Merrill at Urbana 
abou* forty years ago, and had the honor of hearing him deliver 
his celebrated " Ox " discourse. 

"That INIr. Merrill was a man of no ordinary intellectual powers, 
is sufficiently evident from what he said and did, and the fact wan 
jfelt byall vvho had any considerable acquaintance with him. His 
more pi'ominent mental traits were, undoubtedly, such as ro)tip/-f- 
hensivenesK, originaliti/, energy, &c. Whatever subjects he investi- 
gated, he took hold of them w ith a strong grasp ; he looked at theiu 
in their various relations, and in a manner that was peculiarly i^is 
own. He ha<l a power ()t originating and combining ideas, an 

iJXiAN COrXTlKS. 16;* 

bility to elaborate-', as it were, thoughts witliiii hiiin 'If, that re- 
minded one of the prolific and vigorous inteller-ts of an earlie;- and 
more favored generation. He had, too, a kind of i ntuitive i)ereep- 
tion of the pro]»riety and fitness of things — of tiie bearing one action 
ha< upon another — of what is adapted to affect men in different 

The history of the "Ox Seriuon," is briefly this. It was writteji 
for a teiuperance meeting iu Urbana, and delivered to an audience 
if less thah a hundred persons. Its first publication was in the 
Urbana weekly paper. A copy of this paper, sent to Samuel Mer- 
rill, Esq., of Indianapolis, Ind., fell into the hands of John H. 
Farnham, Esq., wiio causetl a pamphlet edition of oOC) copies to be 
printed at Salem, Indiana. Rev. 'SI. H. Wilder, a Tract AgcMit, 
-ent a copy of this edition to the American Tract Society, by which 
it was handed over to the Temperance S(x-iety. It was then pub- 
lisht'd as the "Temperance Recorder, extra," for circulation in 
very family in thf^ United States. The edition numix^red 2, 200, ()()(» 
ipie>. Numerous edition iiave been publisiied sin,-e, — one in 
( anada East, of, I think, [0 (lOi) copies. The American Tract Soci- 
♦'ty adopted it about lS.4o, a^ Xo. 47o of their series oi' tracts, and 
have published 104. 00(» copies. The Tract Society has also pub- 
lished 100,000 copies of an abridgement of it, under the title, "Is it 
right?" It has been published in many newspapers of extensive 
' ireulation. It is undoubtedly safe to say that its circulation has 
iieen between two and a half and three millions of copi^-. What 
' it her Sermon has ever had a circulation equal to this ? 

A pei*son tolerably well informed in regard to the arguments used 
by temperance men at the present day, who reads the Ox Sennon 
for the first time, will think its positions and illustrations quite 
■ommon-plice, and wonder why anybody ever attributed to it any 
liginality or shrewdness. But twenty-five years have wrought 
great changes in the jxjpular sentiment upon thesubj^ct of temper- 
ance, and positions, which are now admitted almost as readily a> 
the axioms in mathematics, when broached in that sermon were 
regarded as "violently new-school," "dangerously radical," "im- 
practicably ultra," Whoever originate an idea which becomes in- 
fluential over the belief and actions of men, commences a work 
which will go on increasing in etficieney long after his own gener- 
ation ^hal! have passed away. The author of the "Ox Sermon," 


even during- his own life, had the satisfaction of knowing that 
many by reading that discourse were so convicted in their con- 
sciences that even at great pecuniary sacrifice they gave up the 
traffic in ardent spirits, and that many more from being entanies 
or lukewarm friends, became earnest advocates of the temperance 
reformation. . 


The above named gentleman lived in Chami>aign County wheii 
he joined the Methodist Ex»iscopai Church under the labors of 
Bev. George Gatch. The circumstances of his joining the Church 
are briefly these : When Mr. Gatch was on his last round on Mad- 
river Circuit, at King's Creek, four miles north of Urbana, after 
the sermon, Mr. Gatch gave an invitation to join the Church ; 3Ir. 
Walker started toward the i)reacher, and when tibout midway of 
the congregation his strength failed him for the first time, and he 
sank down on the floor. Mr. Gatch approached him as he arose to 
his feet, and he gave his hand to the minister, and his name to the 
Church. Mr. Walker married Miss Catharine Elbert, daughter of 
Dr. John Elbert, of Logan County. I believe she died but re- 
centlj'. The annexed sketch of Mr. Walker's life will be read 
with interest by his old comrades. — Ed. 

In person he was well formed, but a fraction than six feet in 
hight ; had a powerful frame, yet closely knit together. His habit 
was full, his carriage erect and dignified ; his features were regular 
but well-defined, and strongly expressive of a generous and noble 
nature ; his brow was arched and heavy, his forehead high, broad, 
and open, his hair dark, and .somewhat inclined to stiffness. In 
his dress he was neat, cleanly, and careful, regarding comfort, but 
not disregarding elegance ; never, however, violating professional 
propriety, or losing his dignity in ornament or show ; nor did he 
ever affect singularity or quaintness. 

He was accustomed to finish whatever he undertook, arguing, 
and often observing, that " that which was worth doing, was 
worth doing well." I have often thought that this idea was car- 
ried with him into the pulpit; and when preaching on subjects 


peculiarly interesting to him, made hiui consume more time 
than would otlierwise have been preferable to him. His custom 
was to reason from cause to effect, yet he would often institute 
analogies. His mind was mathematical, and he had a love of exact 
science. T never new him bevvildered in theories ; and so great 
was the original strength of his mind, that he detected the false 
or the faulty almost at a glance. He read character well, but never 
judged hastily or harshly. He hstd a boundless charity for the 
faults of others, and never deemed one, however low he or she 
might have sunken, beyond the hope of redemption. He could 
well adapt himself to the society he was in, so far as this could 
be done witliout compromising his character or principles. This 
he was never known to do, nor do I believe he could have been 
tempted to do so. He had due respect for the opinions of others, 
ukI in many things would take counsel, but he was self-reli- 
nt, aiul seemed through life to think it was his duty to bear the 
jLirden of others, rather than to place his own upon their shoulders 


Elder Joseph Thomas, or "White Pilgrim," the subject of this 
sketch, has frequently preached in Champaign and Logan counties. 
The writer heard him once or twice at a camp-meeting, at Muddy 
Hun, near West Liberty, about the year '33 or '34. How many 
people, young and old, in the United States, and in Europe, that 
have read those beautiful and pathetic lines, written by Elder J. 
Ellis, and wondered who was the subject of them, and where is "the 
;>pot where he lay !" I will say, for the satisfaction of all such, he 
is buried in a cemetery at Johnsonsburgh, Warren county, New 
Jersey, where a beautiful Italian marble monument marks the 
spot where "the White Pilgrim lays." The peculiarity of his white 
dress, says a writer, undoubtedly added much to the notoriety 
W'hich everywhere greeted him. Though independent of this, his 
excellent evangelical gifts rendered his services very acceptable. 
In regard to his peculiar dress, he says it was typical of the robes 
of the saints in glory ; that he found but very litile inconvenience 
in its use, an 1 was contented with his choice. Below will be found 
this beautiful pot^m. 




M vamv to the spot where tht^ White IMIj^rim lay, 

And pensively .stood by his tomb. 
When in alow whisper 1 heard soniethinji' say, 

'• How sweetly I sleep here alone. 

The tempest may h<twl,and loud thunder roll, 

And .uathering storms may arise, 
Vet calm are my feeling-s, at rest is my soul. 

The tears are all wii>ed tVom my eyes. 

The eause of my 8;ivior compelled me to roam,. 

I b;ide my eompatiions farewell, 
1 left my sweet children, who for me do mourn, 

In a far distant i-ei^ion to dwell. 

1 wandered tni exile and stranger below, 

To i)ublish salvation abroad, 
The trump of the (iospel endeavored to blow, 

Invitinji' poor sinners to God. 

But when among strangers, and far IVom my ]if)m(-, 

No kindred or relative nigh, 
1 met the contagion, and sank in the tondj, 

My sj)irits ascencied on high. 

Go! tell my companion and children most dear. 

To weep not for Joseph, tho' gonf; 
The same hand that led me thro' scenes dark ami drear. 

Has kindlv '•oiiduclcd me home." 


The King's Creek Baptist Cljurch isprooal*? «j3.e|fr$-fe Church in- 
sritut^d in Charapai^ia Coujaty, it being estHMi''<hed>t^e aam^^ yef'af 
the c-ountv \v»? ortrjini/pd f I8(>n > 

The o3^ . • ■ . • , • , .. ' . 

'"3 rales j, • ' ' ■ 

!-i?s, actiiij, ■ . .. 

^V'rhaps he -y '.• . • ^ :,r. 

ills owo natne. i; :- ;,'jtu:\j.DiL . . - ^ T^iJi; nu kopt 

he never crnee n^itnep hiuiself > . ;^ •• . - . ^ny oth^r one 

preai'hed he rt.H*rft- ttle namej ;; eiVu^-^rO a e zaembers living who 
testify to the ex-.t-ileiicy of his ]-.i irielitrig. By the foregoing it 
will bo seen that Champaign as a County and King^s Creelc as a 
Baptist Chcn-eh commenced theix oi«-e^in the same year and both 
are holtliug: on their way. 

If Benedict's Hi-Jtory of the Eaptiat? is; correct. King's- Creels 
must have been the, third Baptist Chureh organized in the State of 



Ohio. Benedict gives the first organization at Columbia, five or 
six miles from Cincinnati, in 1790, and second at Pleasant Run, 
near Lancaster, in Fairfield County, in 1801. If there was a Bap- 
tist Church constituted in Ohio, in the four years that intervened 
between Pleasant Run and King's Creek we do not know it, and 
until better informed we shall claim King's Creek as the third 
Baptist Church in Ohio. 

In the early history of the Church, the meetings were held in 
the houses of the members which were scattered over a large area 
of the County. But "The word <.»f the Lord was precious in those 
days" and sacrifice could be made to mp>et with the saints of the 
Most High. Dangers even could be encountered, for the red men 
of the soil were then numerous and looked on' their pale faced 
neighbors as intruders, their hostilities not ceasing till after the 
butchery and scalping of Arthur Thomas and son in 1813. Thus 
for eleven years our predecessors wound their way by paths and 
through difliculties and dangers to meet their Saviour and his dis- 
ciples. No one then complained of long sermons, none went to 
sleep and nodded unconscious assent to uaheard truths. Their con- 
versation was of the Heavenly country whither they were going, 
the trials, the difficulties and encouragements of the way. In 
these primitive gatherings they were sure to meet the Lord Jesus; 
fat things full of marrow and wine on lees were vouchsafed them 
while the Lord added to their number "such as should be saved." 
This increase made tbe private house, or rather cabin, too strait for 
them and they began to think of some sanctuary, some conse- 
crated spot whither the elect of God might go up and tread on ho- 
ly ground. Thought begat desire and desire prompted to the ac- 
tion of building a 


The same necessity was also here, and has been everywhere that 
Abraham found, "A place to bury my dead out of my sight." In 
all communities where people really serve God there are outi^idem 
who seem to wish them well ; so it was here. Mr. John Taylor 
gave an acre of ground for a burial place and, to erect a meeting 
house on. The deed is made to Jesse Guttritige and James Temp- 
lin, deacons of the church. It is in .the hand writing of Rev. John 
Tfiomas, and bears date March 7th, 1816. This spot of ground, 


now enlarged, is the silent house and home of most* of the then 
fsving, moving generation. The Hon. Edward L. Morgan, fiovv 
m his seventy-eighth year, assisted to' open the. first rtarrow h6use 
ia this city of the dead. This narrow house is tenanted' by the 
aobrtal remains of Sister Ann Turner, one of the constituent mem- 
bers of the church. During the year 18*16 a log-house "26 by 20 wa^s 
erected for a meeting house. This house had neither chiiiiriey or 
6re-plaee, and as stoves could not be had, a wooden box "was tna'de 
of thick puncheon. This box was about 12- by 6 feet and partly 
filled with clay pounded in so as to form a jconcave for the recep- 
tion of charcoal. This standing in the center ot the house w'th its 
glowing bed of charcoal afforded the only warmth for winter days. 
That the carbonic acid (gas) generated by the burning charcoal, 
*iid not send them all over Jordan before they wanted to go m suf- 
icient evidence that this house diu not lack ventilation as m^ny 
modern ones do. This house became the center for Sunday gather- 
ing, for all the regions round. It also afforded accommodation i._ 
lor the day school and singing schools. It .was in tCis house that 
ancle Ed. (Hon. Edward L. Moi:gan) reigned-lord of the bircb and 
ferule, and taught the young idea how to shoot. Here sdme of 
mxr living fathers and mothers in Israel not only received tbelftrst, 
rudiments of an English education, but here they also first learned 
m the school of Christ ; apd if they should ever sing "There is a 
^ot to me most dear," memory would turn back to the old. log 
greeting house of 1816. 

What if uncle Ed. does tell us that "everj' cabin contained the 
iisaad cards, the spinning wheel and loom, that the entire ward- 
rrobe of both male and female were home manufacture, that all 
went barefoot in the summer, 'the girls even not indulging in' the 
Saxury of shoes and stockings, except when going to meeting or a 
wedding, and then the shoes and stockings were carried in the hand 
Ifclll arriving near the place of destination— that the appearance of 
two new calico dresses produced a sensation," yet wepremi?je that, 
©nder the dress of linsey-woolsey as true maidenly hearts' beat as 
Stave ever beat beneath the costly fabrics oi fashion's reign, 'rtiey 
were as lovely and lovable in the eyes of the young men of that 
day as any maidens can be. That they were as well fitted to make 
liappy homes, and fulfill the duties of wives and mothers none can 
*loubts wh(\^new the few survivors of that age and time. • 

172 CffllAMf'AIGN AND 

The y^^jig mall's vest of homespun or buck«i^i, coveJfKil -a 
no'^il^, b?are apd niatnly he^rt. liete •Atti\chny\ent^ were forreied^ 
a-ncl ooEisiimuuited at Hymen's alt&r, which Iw^v.e needed nci' d\-- 
voPCe M^s ol co,uTt(5 to loose th3 boa Is. Jit i.^ indeed ^oubtft*! 
Whetb^I' jewel lit fingers, bracelet encircled wrfsts, cram pc<(f feet 
and Glisfigiireclldrni ; broadcloth, polished leather and supeKticiai 
mariiaioodhas addwd anything to happineH« or godjiness. It ig ci»r- 
tain. ttjat unde;' tfjeold regime the people wero huneist, contented 
and fi,appy'j and .>»erved Grod in spirit and in truth. 

This Ttiotise, with its varied associations, stood f(M fifteen yearTs- 
and might have stood much longer had not Providenef^ removed it. 
One of those blessings, which often come in th«elorin of a cajamity. 
eompJLeH'Ly cleai-^d the ground, by fire, for the: ei?ection of a briek 
eiijfiee 28 by M.feet, whieh was^built in 1831 on thu^ same grounds 
T?othis sanfftuarY Ihp tribes of the Lord contiriuecl to g« up nntif. 
IS^ji'xVh^i U^ })lace began to be t<X5 strait for tliem, v>»lien this^ 
hor?.se-\s'aBTe.m.oved and the pr<5lent siibstantial churt'h edifice, 4;.. 
by TSk '^i^^B Ivttil't c'ind nearly on the ^same gfoumi We do not; ex- 
iiffjfi'i'aite yv'h^ft we s^y no country ciUurch, within r)ur knowlfetlge, 
hs'^ -a bflt"tc-r Iv:)t^se, The 4a"Ii. ^v'tute spire, pointing l-ni&av<?nvvaror 
e?>i:!^be «'^^en fvoi*^ thvMp. f(^Uy<.'\ilf^ n->?1le the d^ep, Bilvery to^tC."^ of 
?/veoel'. . ' ', ' • *' ir\b(?he4M\^ for m: r 

waj; : . . .; • \ - • ■ ''■ ■ 

V,Q<V..--. ■■•.'' ■ ■ ■ ,' . ' ■ 

'iroH*"^ •" » " ■. ■ ■* ' 

thy -.iw • • ■ ■ ■■ : •• ' •■,,.■ 

neoAiely *' 

*■••' Methodist ii^iscopal Church 

Was&sr.ivi"^. ■ -.^me year, 1805, in Urbana; the old hjg-. 

f'h'-wch refev •. Judge Patrick in his history of Urbana, waar 

builfin they. ■ f 

tvlount Tabor Church 

1^ among the earliest churches in the county. I dor^ know the 
pvecise date of its establishment, but I know it was t^erf' in ISlf.. 



:uk\ pei-haps Jong before. See Dr. (."owjjill'* interestiag sjk:ete^e•^in 
his work ; also Mr. Stalers and 3Ir. T. S. HcFathfud, who Uav? 
-:ih(1ty contribute' I tkeir vain able •sketches ijr this vohime, 

Quaker Church at Darby, 

■n ^ane t^^wnsliip, Login? c6unty. Tiie nieetini^- Seld by fl'iis 

■ • iilefoiL^'orship wa$ in the yeiir ISOi tir ISO)", thay r)6in:g the 

aliglousd'enomi nation in the county. The next was by %^'ie 

-nit* relij<ious body at Goshen, Jeffer;?oii township, abouf One 

:j'i\p- e-^ist. of i^anesfleld, in what is called MAi'inou's -Dottoi^t^Tn tliC 

This VV4S established by the Mlasiii Monthly M^etuv^s. 

1 - • I . b y ",va>* not repognized t)y die •a.bove-iiS'i-J'.-'l '^'i<>'-'^''j'y 

1 • .*•, . yet tjieeting-d were held here aomfi ,veai^ b&l'crri. 

... . ■ •• "■'■.r -r^t ?niiiister. " 

Fharp's Run Baptist Ohuirch, 

^>5.ii*£ituted JL811?, by John (jrUttridge and John T'hOiiKJ,fi. William 

':■ the only living constituent member of 'this 'ihurch. It 1* 

u' rnile west from Zauesfield. Th^ Rev. Of^Tg,-^ >IeCai^ 

.och, iiift' wife, and James lvd\va.rcls were all baptized ji ere TheT<ajne 

■lay, June "';-I 1 -;7-,?, ?.[r. ^r(*Col'<i<'h vva-< i>i"luini-. ! ;>-v:Vl 

Methodist Church 

In Zane township, LogaA county. Built on the bank: of Inskeep^iS 
old mill dam, in year 1818. 

Universalist Church. 

Built about the year 1842, at Woodstock. The mi»isters that 
preached theie fir.?t were Rev. Mr. Jolly, Truman Strong, George 
Messenger, and the Rev. Mr. Emmett. 

Spain's Run Methodist Church 

Was e.-stablished in C"hampa,jgn County, in 1803. The first rneeting- 
-hou^o w;*^ built in 1815, one m-ile- we^t of North Lewisburg. 



In Logan County was Robitaille, better known as Robindi. Judge 
McCoIloch says his store-room stood near where Bradsraith's resi- 
dence now standSj'^in Zanesfield. He represents him to be a very 
polite and affable Canadian Frenchman. I think Billy Henry told 
me he was buried on the old Gunn farm, on the Ludlow road, on© 
norile south of Bellefontaine. He took out license in 1805. Fabian 
Eagle-hept a small store at Urbana at the same time. 


Took out license to sell goods at the same time with Robindi, 
{ 1805, ) as the records, now on the Clerk's book, in Urbana, show- 
I think he sold a short time in Champaign County, just below 
West Liberty, afterwards in Logan County, where he died in the 
year 1837. 


I saw on the same book that John Gunn had taken out license 
the same year ( 1805) to keep tavern. He kept tavern at the old 
farm spoken of above. He wa^ there in 1812, during the war. 





Born at the quiet rural village of West Liberty on the southern 
border of Logan county, Ohio, on May 17, 1821, William Hubbard 
inherited nothing but an honest name, a healthy constitution, and 
a vigorous intellect. 

Deprived of a father's care at an early age, he grew up under the 
guidance of a widowed mother, whose exemplary virtues, strong 
good sense and p&tient industi-y, left their impress on the mind and 
character of her son. At that early day, the "log School-house" 
furnished almost the only means of education ; but with this, and 
that home training which every mother should be competent to 
afford, William became well versed in all the usual branches of an 
English education. Early in the year of 1832 he took his first les- 
sons in the "art preservative of arts," the printing business— in the 
ofiiee of the Logan Gazette, a newspaper then edited and conducted 
in Bellefontaine, by Hiram B. Strother. Here he served with 
fidelity, and skill, and industry, for seven years, when, early in 
1S89, he became the publisher of the paper, and continued as such 
for a period of six months. During all this time, as, indeed, in 
the years which followed, he employed his leisure moments in de- 
veloping his literary taste, and in the profound study of the best 
writers of prose and poetry. In the summer of 1841 he began his 
career as a school teacher in a district near his native village, in 
one of the ever-memorable, universal "people's colleges" of the 
times, the "lof: School-house." In this useful, bu' perplexing and 
ill-paid capacity, he continued most of his time until ihe fall of 
1S4&. Meantime, in 1841, he had determined to study ^ he profes- 
sion of law, and for that parpose became the student of Benjamin 
F. Stanton und William Lawrence, attrrneys in Bellefontaine, 
His studies were somewhat interrupted by his duties as teacher, 
and by his literary pursuits, yet as he had made it a rule of his life 


es^x.'Urp,Hi?-:i-;sr a;s"T) 

Tifivm- to do anything iaiperfeetly. he was uot admitr.j'fJ to th«^ Jwr 
ivntil he l^aci bGt»:srjp; ■:■ thc^oiiib'* v>v.!j-vei''i lawyer, in the ye^ir 

In the faljL of 184» .^u*. .■-Livm ;»<>.•; w^-cwum -r-'iii m of the Log:an 6rc?- 
zetie, and f)C<*upied tjuit positfon' fi.;i' a numbo'' of years, but is now 
the able and at-compilshed ftJIt-^r -Ol' tiie JVorfJi West, published at 
Nap()left»), Henry county, Ohio Af .m .u>litical writer he has a 
wida and. dei«ervedly highr'epi.. 
as an vpd.itof , he: was elected Prr-;' 
ii: ,l.Skf.S^ and attain in 1850 andj h;. +1v5 
end nbriity Tdr four yeai*;:?. wh<>-"' iv*. . 
Mr. Hubbard receive;! tr.i- •-.. 

which he beSongs, a$ 
hope ti)T' su'Kcess in e 
bu'", fhnij^h fiefeateil ' • 
baU-^ ?-iiKl a^^lre-<-- 
tatlr>i■I «s an orato 
t^va-ted by study, and by ; 
of the Mad rfver, with a ': . . 
tributed to ' ' Wake to ees* 
into eloquence and poeti'.v 
tions we're la January, l§5.f 'V- 
mach genius with so nttl< 
always shunned uotoriei^ . . . 
would make a good sized \o\ve 
poem, written by him at the gra 
lect as a specimen of liis poeinji. 
Poets and Poetrv of the We^t. 

' ith>itaudinghasdutiets 
■,y.j .^.aorney of Logan county. 
H»i>ao;itv served with skilJ 
>- rion. In 185S 
■ jcal party to 
H.e could fecai'oely 
•. '-'J ]>ii]itically ; 

vary. In do* 
a l>'?al repu- 
■ . ,- %(inat;ion, cul- 

■ rii.-i fertile valley 
...y; fj ardor, ail con- 
'• aiid tu^riMst|lought•- 
i sfced i*oeti<?&J. produc- 
^ •■ . ' kuown a writer of so 
has nr:;ver sought, bu'- 
.., writings, if collected; 
j\y will be found a beautiful 
V J t' Simon Kenton, which I se- 
S^e his other poems in Coggsheil'.s 

^t the ^raie of M'^i^'^ ^nfan. 


Tread lightly, this is halioweii -'.oaud ; ireaci reverently here ! 
Benuith this sod, in silence sleeps, the brave old Pioneer, 
Who never quailed in dark&st hour, whose heart ne'er felt a /ear 
Tread lightly, then, and here besiow the tribute of a tear. 

Ah ! Can this be the spot where sleeps the bravest of the brave '? 
Is this rude slab the only ma-rk of Simon Kenton's grave ? 
These faUen palings, ivethey 4.11 hs ingrate country gave 
To one who periled life so ott her tiomes and hearths to save? 


:Mg', k)Ufi; ago, in ina"aho<xi's prime, wiieiiaTl ^'as wild aud ai'^ai", 
' '.v i-iMUKl thi^ hero to a ^^talce of savage torment heie — 
i.blam']»ed i.\n:l linn, his soul disdained a ,-upplieating tear — 
housaiid Uemous eouKi not ti'a.uaj^the WesteTq Pioneer, 

oy tied hislia«idi«, Hazeppa-iiiie. and set him on a -^teed, 
"•' -1^ the mastanji of the plains\ and ciocking badtijjici ^eed 1 
ised.that coarser liTce the wi^nd, of curb and bit all freed, 
■ ' iDod and Held, o'er hill and dale, wherever chance might lead. 

■ iu in t^'ery trial lioQr, his heart was still the same, 

v.ol'V-^'^ ^».-ith 'self-reliance strong, whicli dangt-r wald nAi 

# .1 lie :u:gh twin the splendox.^f 'V^^"^'^- 

' ■ - long to eorue^hed g-lory on his Tii4n»e. 

? loved the land where 4irst he'saw {"he light-^ 
- o -i soul was true, and idolized the rig]it; 

• d*t and thickest of the light, 
?ii aud swarthy ibeman felt the terror of his might. 

• se his countrjwwen v^jio dwell where long ago Jie t-iiiue ? 
■se tlie men who glory in the !?})ieudor of his fame ? 
) they net tiJfford to-%'ive a stone to bear hir* nanie ';' 
., Liever let them more pre.^uuie the hero's dust to oU^im I 




Abrim Sanders Piatt is more generally known to the military 
and political than the poetical world. The two pursuits, so wid«^ 
apart as they are, seldom center in one individual. Did Mr? Piatt 
seiiously follow either, this would not probably be the fact in this 
instance. But the happy possessor of broad acres — and beautiful 
acres they are— in the Macacheek valley, Logan county, Ohio, he 
dallies with the mus6s, and worries the politicians more for amuse-' 
ment than aught else. His serious moments are given to the 
care of an interesting family, add the cultivation of his farm. Nf> 
one of any refinement could long dwell in the Macacheek valley 
and not feel more or less of the poetry that seems to live in its 
very atmosphere. So rare a combination of plain, and hill, wood 
and meadow, adorned by the deep clear glittering stream that gives 
name to the valley, seldom greets the eyes. There, the hawthorn 
and hazel gather in clumps upon the sloping hillsides, or upon 
fields, while, like gx-eat hosts, the "many tinted forests of burr-oak. 
maple and hickory close in on every side the view. Nor is the 
Macacheek without its legends and historical associations. Men 
yet live, rough old backwoodsmen, with heads whitened by the 
snows of eighty winters, who will point out the jtrecise spot where 
a poor Indian woman, seen lurking about thesmoking ruins of the 
Macacheek towns, only then destroyed by the white invaders, was 
shot by a riflieman, who mistook her for a warrior. Near the Piatt 
homestead may be seen the spot where Simon Kenton was forced 
by his cruel enemies to run the gauntlet, when between lake and 
river lay a vast unbroken wilderness. It was near this that he and 
Girty, the renegade, recognized each other, and the hard heart of 
the murderer was touched at the sight of his old comrade and friend 
and he saved his life at a time when this bold act endangered 
his own. The family to which Mr. Piatt belongs is one of the 
pioneer families of the Mad River Valley, and has prominent 
associations with the literature and politics of the west. Don 
Piatt, his brother, is well known as a writer and political orator. 


Carrie Piatt, a niece has contributed popular articles in both prose 
and verse to western Magazines. A. Sanders Piatt's poems have 
been published chiefly in the Cincinnati Daily Commercial and in 
the Macacheek Press. Below will be found a specimen of his 

The dainty bee 'mid waxen cells 
Of golden beauty ever dwells, 

And dreams his life away ; 
His food a million flowers caught, 
From out the sunlight as they wrought, 

Through Spring and Summer day. 

Slothful bee, the Spring-time's morning 

Wakes him from his Winter'S*dream. 
Reveler 'mid the pleasures gathered. 

From the wild-bloom and the stream. 
But the Spring-time's ray of gladness 

Calls him to the fields again. 
Calls him with the voice of flowers 

Flowing 'mid the sunlit rain. 

Goes he to the fields of plenty, 

Searches 'mid the rare pe||fume, 
Gathers honey from their beauty, 

While he sings his wanton tune, 
Filling 'mid the sweets and fancies 

That o'erburthen all the air, 
Gathering Dainties from the palace, 

That the queenly group may share. 

Drunk with treasures, overburdened, 

Slow he wings his way along. 
Gladdens all the scenes with humming 

O'er his dainty little song. 
Wanton bee, ah ! busy body, 

Drinking from each perfumed cup, 
All day straying in the valley, 

Gathering sweets to treasure up. 



•Live?5 he in a world of plenty., 

Jnoatiug Oil ite i*Hi'e vfii-iutne, 
"Sipping HaytiBi-Pi's airly bloswiiis^ 

Reveling in the bed .of .Tmvo ? 
In the snovvdi, annd the clover, 

Dainty mows, h<3\v sweet and shy, 
Treaded with the gi'een. of Sunimer, 

Perfumed, frosts of mid-July J 

Thy home 

Lit with K 

See the si' 

rill the v: 

As they . 

.\'i(it palace, 


Scents the.' : ■ , ■ .-_•?■«> bathe in, 

Guides titee to the ii-easijres pure ; 
Airs that 7 ^ - " . • -t iiiasic, 

Forsuci. .re. 

Labor wliiie tiie buraiJiis- lingers, 

Labor T?v'hile tlieiftoutli wind blows. 
Ere the North kii^, marching south vv^rii, 

Fills thy garden \vith his '?nows. 



liOgan County derive* itn iiaiiXe iroin General* Benjamin Logan. 
It was struckoff from Champaign, jMarch 1, IR^J^ but jiot oiga-n- 
ized until 1S18. The ('ourts were ordered to be heKf in the fown 
of Betleville, at the house, of Edwin Matthesv-Jj tvifil ■I'^eravjrrent 
- ' of Justice should t>e establisliod. 

• 16 tQi:rijt«rj' eompriseci. within the limfts .►, .... .>Ji;i.. ,,.,,5 a 
. i-iteiibodeot the 3ha\vam)e'lndla«.if, whoM-l Be vera! village 
fci. Ma^-i Hiver, r •:.' ■"■ *"■■•■.:- • .,..'. 

sitvon of t!iT.'efi <> « • 

t. ^ eaUW , . . • ■ 

^.,' iate Jur:-.,.v ■,•::''.'.• 

about thvr.*«ii raiki/ ■■.•-, . ■ 

/ - hSK}, -'". .■':.•■*.■- 

iita M^K."*-.' . • ' • • • . •. 

Iv^atiickiau-'N i-t'i ■*■ 

|>edivion i»'«i"3m ..-• • _ -• •. 

pie ycenes ho tfc^^erib- 

'' It, wasin Lheautmnn -i liii- \' ■ ■' ■ -. .?,i uu/ 

forces of thd Wabasl) expedition. . numerous 

eor[>;. C-oI. Lop:aa wa.^ deta^ihod O'O'u thy- j Falls of the 

Ohio,, to raise a cpnsldemble force,, with wii,:.- . ,-aceeil against 
the Judian villages on the head wat^i'S (rf iVIad 1 ti ver and the Great 
Miami, I vras then aged .i^ixteen, and t,oo young to come within 
the k-igal requisition; but I offereti mj'self as a voMnteer. Coi. 
Logan went on to his desfUiation, anci would have ^urpri?ed the 
Indian tcnvns against which he had marched, had' twt one of his 
men de.serted to the enemy, not long" before they reached the tbwvi^ 
who gave notice of their approach. As it- was, he burned eight 


large towns, and destroyed many fields of corn. He took seventy 
or eighty prisoners, and killed twenty warriors, and among then 
the head chief of the nation. The last act caused deep regret, hu 
miliation and shame to the commander-in-chief and his troops. 

We came in view of the first two towns, one of which stood oii 
the west bank of Mad river, and the other on the northeast of it. 
They were separated by a prairie, half a mile in extent. The town 
on the northwest was situated on a high, commanding point of 
land, that projected a small distance into the prairie, at the foot of 
which eminence brok« out several fine springs. This was the resi- 
dence of the famous chief of the nation. His flag was flying at 
the time, from the top of a pole sixty feet high. We had ad- 
vanced in three lines, the commander with some of the horsemen 
inarching at the head of the centre line, and the footmen in the 
rear. Col. Robert Patterson commanded thQ left, and I think Col. 
Thomas Kennedy the right. When we cavne in sight of the town 
the spies of the front guard made a halt, and sent a man back to. 
inform the commander of the situation of the two towns. He 
ordered Col. Patterson to attack the towns on the left bank of Mad 
River. Col. Kennedy was also charged to incline a little to the 
right of the town on the east side gf the prairie. He determined 
himself to charge, with the centre, immediately on the 
upper town. I heard the commander give h\s orders, and caution \ 
the colonels against allowing their men to kill any among the en- i 
emy, that they might suppose to be pnsoners. He then ordered 
them to advance, and as soon as they should discover the enemy 
to charge upon them. I had my doubts touching the propriety of ' 
some of the arrangement. I was willing, however, to view the 
affair with the difiidence of youth and inexperience. At any rate 
I was determined to be at hand, to see all that was goin on, and to j 
be as near the head of the line as my colonel would permit. I was ! 
extremely solicitous to try myself in battle. The commander of ' 
the centre line waved his sword over his head, as a signal for the I 
troops to advance. Col. Daniel Boone and Major, since Gen. Ken- 
ton, commanded the advance, and Col. Trotter the rear. As we, 
approached within half a mile of the town on the left, and about 
three-fourths from that on the rfght, we saw the savages retreat- 
ing in all directions, making for the thickets, swamps, and high 
pf-airie grass, to secure them from th?ir enemy. .1 was animated 
with the energy with which the commander conducted th^ head 


of his line. He waved his sword, and in a voice of thunder ex- 
claimed, " Charge from right to left !'.' 

The horses appeared as impatient for the onset as the^rid^rs. As 
we came up with tlie flying savages, I was disappointed, discov- 
ering that we should have little to do. I heard but on'e^s'avage, 
with the exception o^ the chief, cry for quarter. They fought 
with desperation as long as they could raise knife, gun or toma- 
hawk, after they found they could not screen themselves. We 
dispatched all the warriors that we overtook, and sent the women 
and children prisoners to the rear. We pushed ahead, still hoping 
to overtake a larger body, where we might have soniething like a 
general engagement. I was mounted on a very fleet gray horse. 
Fifty of my companions followed me. I had not advanced 'more 
thafn a mile, before I discovered some of the enemy running along 
the edge of a thicket, of hazle and plum bushes. I made si^ns 
to the men in Ray r6ar to come on. At the same time, pointing 
to the flying ^nemy, I obliqued across the plain, so as to get in ad- 
vance of them. When I arrived within fifty yards of them, I 
dismouted and raised my gun! I discovered, at this moment, 
some men of the right wing coming up on the left. The warrior 
I was about to shoot held up his hand in token of surrender, and I 
heard him order the other Indians to stop. By this time the men 
behind had arrived, and were in the act "of firing-^upon the Indi- 
ans. I called to them not to fire, for the'enemy had surrendered. 
The warrior that had surrendered to me, ^came walking towards 
me, calling to his women and children to follow him. I advancted 
to meet him, with my right hand extended : but before I could 
reach him, the men of the right wing of our force had surrounded 
him. i rushed in among their horses. While he was giving me 
his hand, several of^the men wished to tomahawk him. I in- 
formed them that they would have to tomahawk me first. We 
led him back to the place where his flag had been. 'We had taken 
thirteen prisoners. Among them was the chief, his three wives, 
one of them a young and handsome woman, another of them the 
famous grenadier'squaw, nipward? of six feet high, and two or three 
fine young lads. The rest were children. One of these lads w^s a 
remarkably interesting youth, about my own age and size. He 
clung closely to me', and appeared keenly to notice everything that 
was going on. ' ' ' ' 

When we arrived at the town, a crowd of men pressed around 


to see th^ chfrf. I i*tepped aside to fevstwi my h<Trse, mvl sviy pjri-^ 
i'tier lacl f'.Iuni* elase to my side. A y6ung ijpa'n by tn<^ uaine ■.■. 
Oaniev had b^ii to one of the springs to drink-,- He 4^'ovei'e. 
the ;wtfcny savage by nay sid&, and eairte' ruimlng t»\vards nir- 
Tb« ytfjltns Jndian supfwsed h^ ^ya.«* a-dvanclugr to fctll h,im. As . 
tturued around, in the twhtfelfn^ of an eye, h,e let fly an ai'irow a^ 
Cwnei*. for he vv;is armed" with a bo^v•; I ha<t ju.^t time to ca*c'' 
iiijg arm, as he disx'harged the art'ow. It pa-^sed thi*ough Curnex' 
dress, and «?raZed his stde. The jerk 1 gave his arm andcuhtedi- 
pceve't'.tec.ihis killing Ciirner on the spot. I tcx^iz away t^e arrow- 
and steAily repilmanded him. I theii led nim back to thg crov'i 
whv?h sarr.oLia.^ad the prisoners. At the same niCHXiebl' Colon' 
McG-arji, the same, man who had caxtsed the disafrter at the Hki 
LiSks, i?ome years before, coming up, Clen. !Logan's e-ye cau^li: 
that C'FM'Gary. "Col. M'Gary," said he, "yoiimwst not nioles^ 
the?0 ^L^'dners.'- " I wiUsee to ttiat,-^ safd IM'G.ary i^i reply. 
ft>p<*tl mVf \vay through the erowd to Lije^^chiei wiili my your , 
M'niarv ^Cv^v-i-ed th- p-^-v;"l to oi:.en and 1- 

>C vinderstu 

WV. •:••;-. ' , 

tho ■ • ■ ' ; 

yt-rA- .• . . • . - ■ 

purj)="w- -•, - ■ 

arriaeter • .* ■■ - .j.^-... ....,:... ....... ■ > -s 

the th v'.: ■ escaped from the cro^• 

A d^iCiiiiiO.Ui. •.'. :; ^ tht»a ordered <^ff to two uther towns, U:stat: 
six or eiglit miles. Tile men and prisoners were ordered to marci 
down to tli.e lower town and encamp. Ah we marched out of the 
upper town, we fired it, collecting a large pile of corn for ouy;- 
and beans, pumpkins, &c., for our own use. T told Capt. Stacker 
who messed with me, that I lyid seen several hogs runiiing about 
the town, which ap])eared to be in good order, and' that I 
thought a piece of fresh pork wouid relish Well with out 
stock O'f vegetables. He ren<Illy a>'ioi"»tiu<r to it. we weut it. 


'bv t]»e ' 

hii'Ji m 

. >f- 

t5ie • - 


iuat '■ 

* ■ ■ 

fe-iln . . 

vaMy:, : 


otf .,. V 



pursuit of them ; but as orders had been given not to shoot 
unless at an enemy, after finding the hogs we had to run them 
down on foot, until we got near enough to tomahawk them. Being 
engaged at this sometime before we killed one, while Capt. S. was 
in the act of striking the hog, I cast my eye along the edge of the 
woods that skirted the prairie, and saw an Indian coming along 
with a deer on his back. The fellow happened to raise his head at 
that moment, and looking acioss the prairie to the upper town, saw 
it aH in flames. At the same moment I spoke to Stucker in a low 
voice, that here was an Indian coming. In the act of turning my 
head round to speak to Stucker, I discovered Hugh Ross, brother- 
in-law to Col. Kennedy, at the distance of about 60 or 70 yards, ap- 
proaching us. I made a motion with my hand to Ross to squat 
down ; then taking a tree between me and the Indian, I slipped 
somewhat nearer, to get a fairer shot, when at the instant I raised 
my gun past the tree, the Indian being about 100 yards distant, 
Ross's ball whistled by me, so close that I felt the wind of it, and 
struck the Indian on the calf of one of his legs. The Indian that 
moment dropped his deer, and sprang into the high grass of the 
prairie. All this occurred so quickly, that I had not time to draw a 
sight on him, before he was hid by the grass. I was provoked at 
Ross for shooting when I was near enough to have killed 
him, and now the consequence would be, that probably some 
of our men would lose their lives, as a wounded Indian only 
would give up with his life. Capt. Irwin rode up that mo- 
ment, with his troop of horse, and asked me where the In- 
dian v/as. I pointed as nearly as I could to the spot where I 
last saw him in the grass, cautioning the captain, if he missed him 
the first charge, to pass on out of his reach before he wheeled to 
re-charge, or the Indian would kill some of his men in the act of 
wheeling. Wht^ther the captain heard me, I cannot say; at any 
rate, the warning was not attended to, for after passing the Indian 
a few steps, Captain Irwin ordered his men to wheel and re-charge 
across the woods, and in the act of executing the movement, the 
Indian raised up and shot the captain dead on the spot — still keeping 
below the level of the grass, to deprive us of any opportunity of 
putting a bullet through him. The troop charged again; but the 
Indian was so active, that he had darted into the grass, some rods 
from where he had fired at Irwin, and they again missed him. By 
this time several footmen had got up. Capt. Stucker and myself 




had each of us taken a tree that stood out in the edge of the prairie, 
among the grass, when a Mr. Stafford came up, and put his head 
first past one side and then the other of thi^ tree I was behind. I 
told him not to expose himself that way or he would get shot in a 
moment. I had hardly expressed the last word when the Indian 
again raised up out of the grass. His gun, Stuckor's, and my own, 
witli four or five behind us, all cracked at the same instant. Staf- 
ford fell at my side, while we rushed on the wounded Indian with 
our tomahawks. Before we had got him dispatched, he had made 
ready the powder in his yun, aad a ball in his mouth, preparing 
for a third fire, with bullet holes in his breast that might have all 
been covered with a man's open hand. We found with him Capt. 
Bea8ley's rifle— the captain having been killed at the Lower Blue 
Licks, a few days before the army passed through that place on 
their way to the towns. 

Next morning. Gen. Logan ordered another detachment to at- 
tack a town that lay seven or eight miles to the north or north- 
west of where we then were. This town was also burnt, together 
with a large block-house that the English had built there, of a 
huge size and thickness ; and the detachment returned that eve- 
ning to the main body. Mr. Isaac Zane was at that time living 
at this last village, he being married to a squaw, and having at the 
place his wife and several children at the time. 

The name of the Indian chief killed by M'Gary was Moluntha, 
the great sachem of the Shawnees. The grenadier squaw was the 
sister to Cornstalk, who fell [ basely murdered ] at Point Pleasant. 

Jonathan Alder, was at this time living with the Indians. 
(See sketcli of his life on another page.) 

From his narrative it appears that the news of the approach of 
the Kentuckians was communicated to the Indians by a French- 
man, a deserter from the former. Nevertheless the whites arrived 
sooner than they expected. The surprise was complete; most of the 
Indians were at the time absent hunting, and the towns became an 
easy conquest to the whites. Early one morning, an Indian run- 
ner came into the vill-^ge in which Alder lived, and gave the in- 
formation that Maoacheek had been destroyed, and that the whites 
were approaching'. Alder, with the people of the village, who 
were principally squ iws and children, retreated for two days, until 
they arrived snm(^v\'here near the head waters of the Scioto, where 



they suflfered much for want of food. There was not a man among 
them capable of hunting, and they were compelled to subsist on 
paw-paws, muscles and craw-fish. In about eight days they re- 
turned to Zane's town, tarried a short time, and from thence re- 
moved to Hog Creek, where they wintered : their principal liv- 
ing at that place was " raccoons, and that with little or no salt, 
without a single bite of bread, hominy, or sweet corn." In the 
spring they moved back to the site of their village, where nothing 
remained but the ashes of their dwellings, and their corn burnt to 
charcoal. They remained during the sugar season, and then re- 
moved to Blanchard's Fork, where, being obliged to clear the land, 
they were enabled to raise but a scanty crop of corn. While this 
was growing, they fared hard, and managed to eke out a bare sub- 
sistence by eating a kind of wild potato and poor raccoons, that 
had been suckled down so poor that dogs would hardly eat them ; 
*' for fear of losing a little, they threw them on the fire, singed the 
hair off, and ate skin and all." 

The Indian lad to whom General Lytle alludes, was taken with 
others of the prisoners into Kentucky. The commander of the 
expedition was so much pleased with him, that he made him a 
member of his own family, in which he resided some years, and 
was at length permitted to return. He was ever afterwards known 
by the name of Logan, to which the prefix of captain was eventu- 
ally attached. His name was Spemica Lawba, i. e. "High Horn." 
He subsequently rose to the rank of a civil chief, on account of his 
many astimable intellectual and moral qualities. His personal 
appearance was commanding, being six feet in height, and weigh- 
ing near two hundred pounds. He from that time continued the 
unwavering friend of the Americans, and fought on their side with 
great constancy. He lost his life in the fall of 1821 under melan- 
choly circumstances, which evinced that he was a man of the keen- 
est sense of honor. The facts follow from Drake's Teeumseh : 

In November of 1812, General Harrison directed Lo*an to take 
a small party of his tribe, and reconnoitre the country in the di- 
rection of the Rapids of the Maumee. When near this point they 
were met by a body of the enemy superior to their own in number, 
and compelled to retreat. Logan, Captain Johnny, and Bright- 
horn, who comi>osed the party, effected their escape to the left 
wing of the army, then under the command of General Winches- 


ter, who was duly informed of the circumstances of their adven- 
ture. An officer of the Kentucky troops, General P., the second in 
command, without the slightest ground for such a charge, accused 
Logan of infidelity to our cause, and of giving intelligence to the 
enemy. Indignant at this foul accusation, the noble chief at once 
resolved to meet it in a manner that would leave no doubt as to his 
faithfulness to the United States. He called on his friend Mr. 
Oliver, (now Major Oliver, of Cincinnati,) and having told him of 
the imputation that had been east upon his reputation, said that he 
would start from the camp next morning, and either leave his 
body bleaching in the woods, or return with such trophies from 
the enemy, as would relieve his character from the suspicion that 
had been wantonly cast upon it by an American officer. 

Accordingly, on the morning of the 22d, he started down the 
Maumee, attended by histwo faithful companions, Captiin Johnny 
and Bright-horn. About no(m, having stopped for the purpose of 
taking rest, they were suddenly surprised by a party of Heven of 
the enemy, among whom were young Elliott, a half-breed, hold- 
ing a commission in the British service, and the celebrated Potta- 
watamie chie-'', Winnemac. Logan made no resistance, but with 
great presence of mind, extending his hand to Winnemac, who 
w'as an old acquaintance, proceeded to inform him that he and his 
two companions, tired of the American service, were just leaving 
General Winchester's army for the purpose of joining the British. 
Winnemac, being familiar with Indian strategy, was not satisfied 
with the declaration, but proceeded to disarm Logan and his com- 
rades, and placing liis party around them so as to prevent their es- 
cape, started for the British camp at the foot of the rapids. In 
the course of the afternoon, Logan's address was such as to inspire 
confidence in his sincerity, and induce Winnemac to restore to 
him and his companions their arms. Logan now formed the plan 
of attacking their captors on the first favorable opportunity ; and 
while marching along succeeded in communicating the substance 
of it to Captain Johnny and Bright-horn. Their guns being already 
loaded, they had little further preparation to make than to put 
bullets into their mouths, to facilitate the re-loading of their arms. 
In carrying on this process. Captain Johnny, as he afterwards re- 
lated, fearing that the man marching by his side had observed the 
operation, adroitly did away the impression by remarking " me 
chaw heap tobac." 


The evening being now at hand, the British Indians determined 
to encamp on the bank of Turkeyfoot creek, about twenty miles 
from Fort Winchester. Confiding in tlie idea that Logan had 
really deserted the American service, a part of his captors rambled 
around the place of their encampment in search of black-haws. 
They were no sooner out of sight than Logan gave the signal of at- 
tack upon those who remained behind ; they fired, and two of the 
enemy fell dead— the third, being only wounded, required a sec- 
ond shot to dispatch him ; and in the meantime, the remainder of 
the party, who were near by, returned the fire, and all of them 
"treed." There being four of the enemy, and only three of Lo- 
gan's party, the latter ''ould not watch all the movements of their 
antagonists. Thus circumstanced, and during an active fight, the 
fourth man of the enemy passed n)und until Logan was uncovered 
by his tree, and shot him thr^^ugh the body. By this time, Logan's 
party had wounded two of the surviving four, which caused them 
to fall back. Taking advantage of this state of 'things. Captain 
Johnny mounted Logan, now suffering the pain of a mortal wound, 
and Bright-horn, also wounded, on two of the enemy's horses, and 
started them for Winchester's camp, which they reached about 
midnight. Captain Johnny, having already secured the scalp of 
Winnemac, followed immediately on foot, and gained the same 
point early on the following morning It was subsequently ascer- 
tained that the two Indians of the British party, who were last 
wounded, died of their wounds, making in all five out of the seven 
who were slain by Logan and his companions. 

When the news of this gallant afiair had spread through the 
camp, and, especially, after it was known that Logan was mortally 
wounded, it created a deep and mournful sensation. No one, it is 
believed, more deeply regretted the fatal catastrophe than the 
author of the charge upon Logan's integrity, which had led to 
this unhapp3' result. 

Logan's popularity was very great ; indeed, he was almost uni- 
versally esteemed in the army for his fidelity to our cause, his un- 
questioned bravery, and the nobleness of his nature. He lived two 
or three days after reaching the camp, but in extreme bodily 
agony ; he was buried by the officers of the army at Fort Winches- 
ter, with the honors of war. Previous to his death, he related the 
particulars of this fatal enterprize to his friend Oliver, declaring to 


him that he prized his honor more than life ; and having: now vin- 
dicated his reputation from the imputation cast upon it, he diod 
satisfied. In the course of this interview, and while writhing with 
pain, he was observed tosmile; upon beina: questioned as to the cause, 
he replied, that when ho recalled to his mind the manner in which 
Captain Johnny took off the scalp of Winaemac, while at the same 
tiaie dexterously watching the movements of the enemy, he could 
not refrain from laughing — an incident in savage life, which shoves 
the "ruling passion strong in death." It would, perhaps, be diffi- 
cult, in the history of savage warfare, to point out an enterprize, 
the execution of which reflects higher credit upon the address and 
daring conduct of its authors, than this does upon Logan and his 
two companions. Indeed, a spirit even less indomitable, a sense of 
honor less acute, and a patriotic devotion to a good cause less 
active, than wer(^ manifested by this gallant chieftain of the woods, 
might, under other circumstances, have well conferred immortality 
upon his name. 

Col. John Johnson, in speaking of Logan, says : 

Logan left a dying request to myself, that his two sons should be 
sent to Kentucky, and there educated and brought up under the 
care of Major Hardin. As soon as peace and tranquillity were re- 
stored among the Indians, I made application to the chiefs to fulfill 
the wish of their dead friend to deliver up the boys, that I might 
have them conveyed to Frankford, the residence of Major Hardin. 
The chiefs were embarrassed, and manifested an unwillingness to 
comply, and in this they were warmly supported by the mother of 
the children. On no account would they consent to send them so 
far away as Kentucky, but agreed that I should take and have them 
schooled at Piqua ; it being the best that I could do, in compliance 
with the dying words of Logan, they were brought in. I had them 
put to school, and boarded in a religious, respectable family. The 
mother of the boys, who was a bad woman, thwarted all my plans 
for their improvement, frequently taking them off for weeks, giv- 
ing tliem bad advice, and even, on one or two occasions, brought 
whisky to the school-house and made them drunk. In this way 
she continued to annoy me, and finally took them altogether to 
raise with herself among the Shawanoese, at Wapakonetta. I 
made several other attempts, during my connection with the In- 
dians, to educate and train up to civilized life many of their youth, 


without any encouraging results — all of them proved failures. The 
children of Logan, with their mother, emigrated to the west twenty 
years ago, and have there become some of the wildest of their 

Logan county continued to be a favorite place of residence with 
the Indians for years after the destruction of these towns. Major 
Galloway, who was here about the year 1800, gives the following, 
from memory, respecting the localities and names of their towns at 
that time. Zane's t nvn, now Zanesfleld, was a Wyandot village ; 
Wapatomica, three miles below, on Mad River, was then deserted ; 
McKee's town, on McKee's creek, about four miles south of Belle- 
fontaine, so named from the InfamDUS McKee, and was at that 
time a trading station; Read's town, in the vicinity of Bellefon- 
taine, which then had a few_ cabins ; Lewistown, on the Great 
Miami, and Solomon's town, at which then lived the Wyandot 
chief, Tcii'he, "the Crane." From an old settler we learn, also, that 
on the site of Bellefontaine, was Blue Jacket's town, and three 
miles north, the town of Buckongehelas. Blue Jacket, or Wey- 
apiersensaw, and Buckongehelas were noted chiefs, and were at 
the treaty of Greenville; the first wns a Shawnee, and the last a 
Delaware. At Wayne's victory, Blue .Jacket had the chief control, 
and, in opposition to Little Turtle, advocated giving the whites 
battle with so much force as to overpower the better counsel of the 

By the treaty of September 29, 1817, at the foot of the Maumee 
rapids, the Seneca and Shawnees had a reservation around Lewis- 
town, in this county ; by a treaty, ratified April 6, 1832, the Indians 
vacated their lands and removed to the far west. On this last oc- 
casion, James B. Gardiner was commissioner, John McElvain 
agent, and David Robb, sub-agent. 

The village of Lewistown derived its name from Cantain John 
Lewis, a noted Shawnee chief. When the county was tirst settled 
there was living with him, to do his drudgery, an ■\^ed white wo- 
man, named Polly Keyser. She was taken prisoner i^i early life, 
near Lexington, Ky., and adopted by the Indians. She had an 
Indian husband, and two half-breed daughters. There were sev- 
eral other whites living in the county, who had been adopted by 
the Indians. We give below sketches of two of them ; the first is 


froniN. Z. McColloch, Esq., a grandson of Isaac Zhik^— the lust 
from Col. John Johnston. 

Isaac Zane was born about the year 1753, on the south brand, c-'' 
the Potomac, in Virginia, and at the age of about nine years, vva^ 
taken prisoner by the Wyandots, and carried to Detroit. He r»-- 
mained with his captors until the age of manhood, wlien, like 
most prisoners taken in youth, he refused to return to his home 
and friends. He married a Wyandot woman, from Canada, of 
half French blood, and took no part in the war of the revolution. 
After the treaty of Greenville, in 1795, he bought a tract of 1800 
acres, on the site of Zanesfield, where he lived until his death, in 

James McPherson, or Squa-fa-ka-ke, "the red-faced man," was a 
native of Carlisle, Cumberland countj , Pa. He was taken pris- 
oner by the Indians on the Ohio, at- or near the mouth of the Big 
Miami, in Loughry's defeat ; was for many years engaged in the 
British Indian department, under Elliott and McKee, married a 
fellow-prisoner, came into our service after Wayne's treaty of 179-3, 
and continued in charge of the Shawanoese and Senecas of Lewis- 
town, until his removal from office in 1730, since which he has 

Simon Kenton first came out to Kentucky in the year 1771, at 
which time he was a youth of sixteen. He was almost constantly 
engaged in conflicts with the Indians from that time until the treaty 
of Greenville. He was probably in more expeditions against the 
Indians, encountered greater peril, and had more narrow escapes 
from death, than any man of his time. The many incidents of his 
romantic and eventful life are well detailed by his friend and biog- 
rapher. Colonel John M'Donald, from whose work we extract the 
thrilling narrative of his captivity and hair-breadth escapes from a 
cruel and lingering death. 

Kenton lay about Boon's and Logan's stations till ease became 
irksome to him. About the first of September of this same year, 
1778, we find him preparing for another Indian expedition. Alex- 
ander Montgomery and George Clark joined him, and they set off 
from Boon's station, for the avowed purpose of obtaining horses from 
the Indians. They crossed the Ohio, and proceeded cautiously to 
Chillicothe, (now Oldtown, Ross county.) They arrived at the 
town without meeting any adventure. In the night they fell in 
with a drove of horses that were feeding in the rich prairies. They 


were prepared with salt and halters. They had much difficulty to 
catch the horses ; however, at length they succeeded, and as soon 
as the horses were haltered, they dashed ofif with seven — a pretty 
good haul. They traveled with all the speed they could to the 
Ohio. They came to the Ohio near the mouth of Eagle creek, now 
in Brown county. When they came to tho river, the wind blew 
almost a hurricane. The waves ran so high that the horses were 
frightened, and could not be induced to take the water. It was 
late in the evening. They then rode back into the hills some dis- 
tance from the river, hobbled and turned their horses loose to 
graze ; while they turned back some distance, and watched the 
trail they had come, to discover whether or no they were pursued. 
Here they remained till the following day, when the wind sub- 
sided. ^Vs soon as the wind fell they caught their horses, and went 
again to the river ; but their horses were so frightened with the 
waves the day before, that all their eflforts could not induce tkem 
to take the water. This was a sore disappointment to our adven- 
turers. They were satisfied that they were pursued by the enemy ; 
they therefore determined to lose no more time in useless eflforis to 
cross the Ohio ; they concluded to select three of the best horses, 
and make their way to the falls of the Ohio, where Gen. Clark had 
left some men stationed. Each made choice of a horse, and the 
other horses were turned loose to shift for themselves. . After the 
spare horses had been loosed, and permitted to ramble off, avarice 
whispered to them, and why not take ali the horses. The loose 
horses had by this time scattered and straggled out of sight. Our 
party now separated to hunt up the horses they had turned loose. 
Kenton went towards the river, and had not gone far before he 
heard a whoop in the direction of where they had been trying to 
force the horses into the water. He got off his horse and tied him, 
and then crept with the stealthy tread of a cat, to make observa- 
tions in the direction he heard the whoop. Just as he reached tho 
high bank of the river, he met the Indians on horseback. Being 
unperceived by them, but so nigh that it was imoossible for him 
to retreat without being discovered, he concluded the boldest course 
to be the safest, and very deliberately took aim at the foremost 
Indian. His gun flashed in the pan. He then retreated. The In- 
dians pursued on horseback. In his retreat he passed through a 
piece of land where a storm had torn up a great part of the timber. 
The fallen trees afforded him some advantage of the Indians in the 


race, as they were on horseback and he on foot. The Indian force 
divided ; some rode on one side of the fallen timber and some on 
the other. Just as he emerc^ed from the fallen timber, at the foot 
of the hill, one of the Indians met him on horseback, and boldly 
rode up to him, jumped off his horse and rushed at him with his 
tomahawk. Kenton concluding a gun barrel as good a weapon of 
defense as a tomahawk, drew back his gun to strike the Indian be- 
fore him. At that instant another Indian, who unperceived by 
Kenton had slipped up behiEd him, clasped him in his arms. Be- 
ing now overpowered by numbers, further resistance was useless — 
he surrendered. While the Indians were binding Kenton with 
tugs, Montgomery came in view, and fired at the Indians, but 
missed his mark. Montgomery fled on foot. Some of the Indians 
pursued, shot at, and missed him; a second fire was made, and 
Montgomery fell. The Indians soon returned to Kenton, shaking 
at him Montgomery's bloody scalp. George Clark, Kenton's other 
companion, made his escape, crossed the Ohio, and arrived safe at 
Logan's station. 

The Indians encamped that night on the bank of the Ohio. The 
next morning they prepared their horses for a return to their 
towns with the unfortunate and unhappy prisoner. Nothing b ut 
death in the most appalling form presented itself to his view. 
When they were ready to set off, they caught the wildest horse in 
the company, and placed Kenton on his back. The horse being 
very restive, it took several of them to hold him, while the others 
lashed the prisoner on the horse. They first took a tug or rope, 
and fastened his legs and feet together under the horse, They took 
another and fastened his arms. They took another and tied 
around his neck, and fastened one end of it around the horse's 
neck ; the other end of the same rope was fastened to the horse's 
tail, to answer in place of a crupper. They had a great deal of 
amusement to themselves, as they were preparing Kenton and his 
horse for fun and frolic. They would yelp and scream around 
him, and ask him if he wished to steal more horses. Another rope 
was fastened around his thighs, and lashed around the body of his 
horse ; a pair of moccasins were drawn over his hands, to prevent 
him from defending his face from the brush. Thus accoutred and 
fastened, the horse was turned loose to the woods. He reared and 
plunged, ran through the woods for some time, to the infinite 
amusement of the Indians. After the horse had run about, plung- 


ing:, rearing' and kickinpr for some time, and found that he could 
not shake off nor kick oflf his rider, he -^ery quietly submitted 
himself to his situation, and followed the cavalcade as quiet and 
peaceable as his rider. The Indians moved towards Chillicothe, 
and in three days reached the town. At night they confined their 
prisoner in the followinor manner: He was laid on his back, his 
legs extended, drawn apart, and fastened to two saplings or stakes 
driven in the ground. His arms were extended, a pole laid across 
his breast, and his arms lashed to the pole with cords. A rope was 
tied around his neck, and stretched back just tight enough not to 
choke him, and fastened to a tree or stake near his head. In this 
painful and uncomfortable situation, he spent three miserable 
nights, exposed to gnats, and mosquitoes and weather. O, poor 
human nature, what miserable wretches we are, thus to punish 
and harass each other. (The frontier whites of that day were 
but little behind the Indians in wiles, cruelty and revenge.) 
When the Indians came within about a mile of the Chillicothe 
town, they halted and camped for the night, and fastened the 
poor unfortunate prisoner in the usual uncomfortable manner. 
The Indians, young and old , came from the town to welcome the re- 
turn of their successful warriors, and to visit their prisoner. The 
Indian party, young and old, consisting of about ISO, commenced 
dancing, singing and yelling around Kenton, stopping occasionally 
and kicking and beating him for amusement. In this manner 
they tormentftd him for about three hours, when the cavalcade re- 
turned to town, and he was left for the rest of the night, ex- 
hausted and forlorn, to the tender mercies of the gnats and mos- 
quitoes. As soon as it was light in the morning, the Indians be- 
gan to collect from the town, and preparations were made for fun 
and frolic at the expense of Kenton, as he was now doomed to 
run the gauntlet. The Indians were formed in two lines, about 
six feet apart, with each a hickory in his hands, and Kenton 
placed between the two lines, so that each Indian could beat him 
as much as he thought proper, as he ran through the lines. He 
had not run far before he discovered an Indian with his knife 
drawn to plunge it into him; as soon as Kenton reached that part 
of the line where the Indian stood who had the knife drawn, he 
broke through the lines, and made with all speed for the town. 
Kenton had been previousjy informed by a negro named Caesar 
who lived with the Indians and knew their customs, that if he 


could break through the Indians' lines, and arrive at the council- 
house in the town before he was overtaken, that they would not 
force him a second time to run the gauntlet. When he broke 
through their lines, he ran at the top of his speed for the coun- 
cil-house, pursued by two or three hundred Indians, screaming 
like infernal furies. Just as he had entered the town, he was met 
by an Indian leisurely walking toward the scene of amusement, 
wrapped in a blanket. The Indian threw oflF his blanket; and as 
he was fresh, and Kenton nearly exhausted, the Indian soon 
caught him and threw him down. In a moment the whole party 
who were in pyrsuit came up, and fell to cuffing and kicking him 
at a most fearful rate. They tore off his clothes, and left him 
naked and exhausted. After he had laid till he had in some de- 
gree recovered from his exhausted state, they brought him some 
water and something to eat. As soon as his strength was suffi- 
cientlj' recovered, they took him to the council-house, to de- 
termine upon his fate. The manner of deciding his fate was as 
follows : Their warriors were placed in a circle in tUe council- 
house ; an old chief was placed in the centre of the circle, with a 
knife and a piece of wood in his hands. A number of speeches 
were made. Kenton, although he did not understand their lan- 
guage, soon discovered by their animated gestures, and fierce 
looks at him, that a majority of their speakers were contending 
for his destruction. He could perceive that those who plead for 
mercy were received coolly ; but few grunts of approbation were 
uttered when the orators closed their speeches. After the orators 
ceased speaking, the old chief who sat in the midst of the circle 
raised up and handed a war-club to the man who sat next the door. 
They proceeded to take the decision of their court. All who 
were for the death of the prisoner, struck the war-club with vio- 
lence against the ground ; those who voted to save the prisoner's 
life passed the club to their next neighltor without striking the 
ground. Kenton from their expressive gestures could easily dis- 
tinguish the object of their vote. The old chief who stood to wit- 
ness and record the number that voted for death or mercy, as one 
struck the ground with a war-club he made a mark on one side of 
his piece of wood ; and when the club was passed without strik- 
ing, he made a mark on the other. Kenton discovered that a 
large majority were for death. • 

Sentence of death now being passed upon the prisoner, 


they made the welkin ring with shouts of joy. The sentence of 
death being passed, there was another question of considerable dif- 
ficulty now presented itself to the consideration of the council ; 
that was the time and place, when and where he should be burnt. 
The orators again made speeches on the subject, less animated, in- 
deed, than on the trial ; but some appeared to be quite vehement 
for instant execution, while others appeared to wish to make his 
death a solemn national sacrifice. After a long debate, the vote 
was taken, when it was resolved that the place of his execution 
should be Wapatomika, (now Zanesfield, Logan county.) The 
next morning he was hurried away to the place destined for his 
execution. From Chilicothe to Wapatomika, they had to pass 
through two other Indian towns, to-wit ; Pickaway and Maca- 
cheek. At both towns he was compelled to run the gauntlet ; and 
severely was he whipped through the course. Nothing worse than 
death could follow, and here he made a bold push for life and free- 
dom. Being unconflned, he broke and ran, and soon cleared him- 
self out ot sight of pursuers. While he distanced his pursuers, 
and got about two miles from the town, he accidentally met some 
Indians on horseback. They instantly pursued and soon came up 
with him, and drove him back again to town. He now, for the 
first time, gave up his case as hopeless. Nothing but death stared 
him in the face. Fate, it appeared to him, had sealed his doom ; 
and in sullen despair he determined to await that doom, that it 
was im}»ossible for him to shun. How inscrutable are the ways 
of Providence, and how little one man can control his destiny ! 
When the Indians returned with Kenton to the town, there was a 
general rejoicing. He was pinioned, and given over to the young 
Indians, who nearly suftocated him with mud and water. In this 
way they amused themselves with him till he was nearly drowned. 
He now thought himself forsaken by God. Shortly after this his 
tormentors moved with him to Wapatomika. As soon as he ar- 
rived at this place, the Indians, young and old, male and female, 
crowded around the prisoner. Among others who came to see 
him was the celebrated and notorious Simon Girty. It will be 
recollected that Kenton and Girty were bosom companions at Fort 
Pitt, and on the campaign with Lord Dunmore. As it was the 
custom of the Indians to black such prisoners as were intended to 
be put to death, Girty did not immediately recognize Kenton in 
his black disguise. Girty came forward and inquired of Kenton 


where he had lived, and was answered Kentucky. He next in- 
quired how many men there were in Kentucky. He answered he 
did not know ; but would give him the names and rank of the 
officers, and he, Girty, could judge of the probable number of 
men. Kenton then named a great many officers, and their rank, 
many of whom had honorary title*, without any command. At 
length Qirty asked the prisoner his name, when he was an- 
swered, Simon Butler. (It will be recollected that he changed his 
name when he fled from his parents and home.) Girty eyed him 
for a moment, and immediately recognized the active and bold 
youth, who had been his companion in arms about Fort Pitt, and 
on the campaign with Lord Dunmore. Girty threw himself into 
Kenton's arras, embraced and wept aloud over him — calling him 
his dear and esteemed friend. This hardened wretch, who had 
been the cause of the death of hundreds, had some of the sparks of 
humanity remaining in him, and wept like a child at the tragical 
fate which hung over his friend. "Well," said he to Kenton, "you 
are condemned to die, but I will use every means in my power to 
save your life." 

Girty immediately had a council convened, and made a long 
speech to the Indians, to save the life of the prisoner. As Girty 
was proceeding through his speech, he became very animated ; and 
under his powerful eloquence, Kenton could plainly discover the 
grim visages of his savage judges relent. When Girty concluded 
his powerful and animated speech, the Ijidians rose with one sim- 
ultaneous grunt of approbation, saved the prisoner's life, and 
placed him under the care and protection of his old companion, 

The British had a trading establishment then at Wapatomika. 
Girly took Kenton with him to the store, and dressed him from 
head to foot, as well as he could wish ; he was also provided with a 
horse and saddle. Kenton was now free, and roamed about thro' 
the country, from Indian town to town, in company with his ben- 
efactor. How uncertain is the fate of nations as well as that of 
individuals ! How sudden the changes from adversity to prosper- 
ity, and from prosperity to adversity! Kenton being a strong, 
robust man, wit h an iron frame, with a resolution that never 
winced at danger, and fortitude to bear pain with the composure 
of a stoic, he soon recovered from his scourges and bruises, and the 


other severe treatment he had received. It is thought probable, 
that if the Indians had continued to treat him with kindness and 
respect, he would eventually have become one of them. He had 
but few inducements to return again to the whites. He was then a 
fugitive from justice, had changed his name, and he thought it 
his interest to keep as far from his former acquaintances as pos- 
sible. After Kenton and his benefactor had been roaming about 
for some time, a war party of Indians, who had been on an expe- 
dition to the neighborhood of Wheeling, returned ; they had been 
defeated by the whites, some of their men were killed, and others 
wounded. When this defeated party returned they were sullen, 
chagrined, and full of revenge, and determined to kill any of the 
whites who came within their grasp. Kenton was the only white 
man upon wiaom they could satiate their revenge. Kenton and 
Girty were then at Solomon's town, a small distance from Wapa- 
tomika. A message was immediately sent to Girty to return, and 
bring Kenton with him. The two iriends met the messenger on 
their way. The messenger shook hands with Girty, but refused 
the hand of Kenton. Givty, after talking aside with the messen- 
ger some time, said to Kenton, "They have sent for us to attend a 
grand council at Wapatomika. They hurried to the town; and 
when they arrived there the council-house was crowded. When 
Girty went into the house, the Indians all rose up and shook bands 
with him ; but when Kenton offered his hand, it was refused with 
a scowl of contempt. This alarmed him; he began to admit the 
idea that this sudden convention of the council, and their refusing 
his hand, bodod him some evil. After the members of the council 
were seated in their usual manner, the war chief of the defeated 
party rose up and made a most vehement speech, frequently turn- 
ing his fiery and revengeful eyes on Kenton during his speech. 
Girty was the next to rise and address the council. He told them 
that he had lived with them several years ; that he had risked his 
lifiB in that time more frequently than any of them ; that they all 
knew that he had never spared the life of one of the hated Amer- 
icans ; that they well knew that he had never asked a division ot 
the spoils ; that he fought alone for the destruction of their ene- 
mies ; and he now requested them to spare ihe life of this young 
man on his account. The young man, he said, was his early friend, 
for whom he felt Ihe tenderness of a parent for a son, and he 
hoped, after the many evidences that he had given of his attach- 


merit to the Indian cause, they would not hesitate to grant his re- 
quest. If they would indulge him in granting his request to spare 
the life of this young man, he would pledge himself never to ask 
them again to spare the life of a hated American. 

Several chiefs spoke in succession on this important subject; and 
with the most apparent deliberation, the council decided, by an 
overwhelming majority, for death. After theiiecision of this great 
court was announced, Girty went to Kenton, and embracing him 
very tenderly, said that he very sincerely sympathized with him in 
his forlorn and and unfortunate situation ; that he had used all the 
efforts he was master of to save his life, but it was now decreed 
that he must die — that he could do no more for him. Awful doom ! 

It will be recollected, that this was in 1778, in the midst of the 
American revolution. Upper Sandusky was then the place where 
the British paid their western Indian allies their annuities ; and as 
time might effect what his eloquence could not, Girty, as a last re- 
sort, persuaded the Indians to convey their prisoner to Sandusky, 
as there they would meet vast numbers to receive their presents ; 
that the assembled tribes could there witness the solemn scene of 
the death of the prisoner. To this proposition the council agreed ; 
and the prisoner was placed in the care of five Indians, who forth- 
with set off for Upper Ssndusky. What windings, and twistings, 
and turnings, were soon in the fate of our hero. 

As the Indians passed from Wapatomika to Upper Sandusky, 
they went through a small village on the river Scioto, where then 
resided the celebrated chief, Logan, of Jefferson memory. Logan, 
unlike the rest of his tribe, was humane as he was brave. At his 
wigwam the party who had the CAre of the prisoner, staid over 
night. During the evening, Logan entered into conversation with 
the pris'nier. The next morning he told Kenton that he would 
detain the party that day— that he had sent two of his young men 
off the night before to Upper Sandusky, to speak a good word for 
hiin. Logan was great and good— the friend of all men. In the 
course of the following evening his young men retu.ned, and early 
the next morning the guard set off with the prisoner for Upper 
Sandusky. When Kenton's party set off from Logan's, Logan 
shook hands with the prisoner, but gave no intimation of what 
might probably be his fate. The party went on with Kenton till 
they came in view of the Upper Sandusky town. The Indians 


y(Hing and old, cauiM out to meet and welcome the warriors and 
view the prisoner. Here he was not compelled to run the gaunt- 
let. A grand council was immediately convened to determine up- 
>)n the fate of Kenton. This was the fourth council which was 
held to dispose of the life of the prisoner. As soon as this grand 
court was organized and ready to proceed to business, .i Canadian 
Frenchman, by the name of Peter Druyer, who was a captain in 
the British service, and dressed in the gaudy appendages of the 
British uniform, made h is appearance in the council. This Druyer 
was born and raised in Detroit — he was connected with the British 
Indian agent department — was their principal interpreter in set- 
tling Indian affairs; this made him a man of great consequence 
among the Indians. It was to this influential man, that tlie good 
chief Logan, the friend of all the human family, sent his young 
men to intercede for the life of Kenton. His judgment and address 
were only equaled by his humanity. His foresight in selecting 
the agent who it was most probable could save the life of the pris- 
oner, proves his judgment and his knowledge of the human heart. 
As soon as the grand council was organized, Capt. Druyer i equestetl 
permission to address the council. This permission was instantly 
granted. He began his speech by stating, "that it was well-known 
that it was the wish and iiiterest of the English that not an Amer- 
ican should beleftnlive. That the Americans were the caiL«e of 
the present bloody and distressing war— that neither peaoe nor 
safety could be expected, so long as these intruders were permitted 
to live upon the earth." This part of his speech received repeated 
grunts <if approbation. He then ex])lained to the Indians, "that 
the war to be carried on successfully, requirad cunning as well as 
bravery — that the intelligence which might be extorted from a 
prisoner, would be of more ad vantage, in conducting the future op- 
erations of the war, than would be the life of twenty prisoners. 
That he had no doubt but the commanding officer at Detroit could 
procure information from the prisoner now before them, that 
would be of incalculable advantage to them in the progress of the 
present war. Under these circumstances, he hoped they would 
defer the death of the prisoner till he was taken to Detroit, and 
examined by the commanding g-eneral. After which he could be 
brought back, and if thought advisable, upon further consideration, 
he might be put to death in any manner they thought proper." 
He next noticed, "that they had already a great deal of trouble and 



fatigue with the prisoner without being revenged upon him ; but 
that they had got back all the horses the piisoner Iiad stolen from 
them, and killed one of his comrades; and to insure them some- 
thing for their fatigue and trouble, he himself would give $100 in 
rum and tobacco, or any other articles they would choose, if they 
would let him take the prisoner to Detroit, to be examined by the 
British general." The Indians, without hesitation, agreed to Cap- 
tain Druyer's proposition, and he paid down the ransom. As soon 
as these arrangements were concluded, Druyer and a principal 
chief set off with the prisoner for Lower Sandusky. From this 
place they proceeded by water to Detroit, where they arrived in a 
few days. Here the prisoner was handed over to the commanding- 
officer, and lodged in the fort as a prisoner of war. He was now 
out of danger from the Indians, and was treated with the usual at- 
tention of prisoners of war in civilized countries. The British com- 
mander gave the Indians some additional remuneration for the 
life of the prisoner, and they returned satisfied to join their country- 
men at Wapatomika. 

As soon as Kenton's mind was out of suspense, his robust consti- 
tution and iron frame in a few days recovered from the severe 
treatment they had undergone. Kenton remained at Detroit 
until the June following, when he, with other prisoners, escaped, 
and after enduring great privations, rejoined their friends. 

About the year 1802, he settled in Urbana, where he remained 
some years and was elected brigadier-general of militia. In the 
war of 1812, he joined the army of Gen. Harri-^on, and was in the 
battle of the Moravian town, where he displayed his usual intre- 
pidity. About 1 he year 1820, he moved to the head of Mad river. 
A few years after, through the exertions of Judge Burnet and Gen- 
eral Vance, a pension of $20 per month was granted to him, which 
secured his declining age from want. He died in 1836, at which 
time he had been a member of the Methodist church about 18 
years. The frost of more than eighty winters had fallen on his head 
without entirely whitening his locks. His biographer thus de- 
scribes his personal appearance and character : 

General Kenton was (^f fair complexion, six feet one inch ia 
height. He stood and walked very erect ; and, in the prime of 
life, weighed about one huu'lred and ninety pounds. He never 
was inclined to be corpulent. I'thoujfhof sufficient fullness to form 


a graceful person. He had a soft, tremulous voice very pleasing to 
♦he hearer. He had laughing gray eyes, which appeared to fasci- 
nate the beholder. He was a pleasant, good-humored and obliging 
■companion. When excited, or provoked to anger (which was sel- 
dom the case,) the fiery glance of his eye would almost curdle the 
blood of those with whom he came in contact. His rage when roused 
was a tornado. In his dealing he was perfectly honest ; his confi- 
dence in man, and his credulity, were such, that the same man 
Bfiight cheat him twenty times ; and if he professed friendship, he 
anight cheat him still. 



Jonathan Alder was born in New Jersey, about eight miles from 
Philadelphia, September 17, 1773. When at about the age of sev- 
en years, his parents removed to Wythe county, Va., and his father 
poon after died. 

In the succeeding March, (1782,) while out with his brother 
David, hunting for a mare and her colt, he was talcen prisoner by a 
small party of Indians. His brother, on the first alarm, ran, and 
was pursued by some of the party. "At length, says Alder, "I 
saw them returning, leadini; my brother, while one was holding 
the handle of a spear, that he had thrown at him and run into his 
body. As they approached, one ot them stepped up and grasped 
him around the body, while another pulled out the spear. I ob- 
served some tiesh on the end of it, M^hich looked white, which I 
suppop.ed came from his entrails. I moved to him, and inquired 
if he was hurt, and he replied that he was. These were the last 
word^ that passed between us. At that moment he turned pale 
and began to sink, and I was hurried on, and sliortly afterward 
saw one of the barbarous wretches coming up with the scalp of my 
brother in his hand, shaking off the blood. 

The Indians having also taken prisoner a Mrs. Martin, a neigh- 
bor to the Alder's, with her young child, aged about four or five 
years, retreated towards their towns. Their route lay through the 
^oods to the Big vSandy, down that stream to the Ohio, which they 
crossed, and from thence went overland to the Scioto, near Chilli- 
cothe, and so on to a Mingo village on Madriver. 

Finding the child of Mrs. Martin burdensome, they soon killed 
and scalped it. The last member of her family was now destroyed, 
and she screamed in agony of grief. Upon this, one of the Indians 
caught her by the hair, and drawing the edge of his knife across 
her forehead cried, "sculp! sculp!" with the hope of stilling her 
cries. But, inditferent to life, she continued her screams, when 
they procured some switches, and whipped her until she was 


silent. The next day, young Alder havintjf not risen, throu2:h fa- 
tigue, from eating, at the moment the word was given, saw, as his 
face was to the north, the shadow of a man's arm with an uplifted 
tomahawk. He turned, and there stood an Indian, ready for the 
fatal blow. Upon this he let down his arm and commenced feel- 
ing his head. He afterwards told Alder it had been his intention 
to have killed him ; but as he turned he looked so smiling and 
pleasant, that he could not strike, and on feeling of his head and 
noticing that his hair was very black, the thought struck him, that 
if he could only get him to his tribe he would make agood Indian ; 
but that all that saved his life was the color of his hair. 

After thfy crossed the Ohio they killed a bear, and remained 
four days to dry the meat for packing, and to fry out the oil, which 
last they put in the intestines, having first turned and cleaned 

The village to which Alder was taken, belonged to the Mingo* 
tribe, and was on the north side of Mad river, which we should 
judge was somewhere within or near the limits of what is now Lo- 
gan county. As he entered, he was obliged to run the gauntlet, 
formed by young "hildren armed with switches. He passed thro' 
this ordf^al with little or no injury, and was adopted info an Indian 
family. His Indian mother thoroughly washed him with soap 
and warm water with herbs in it, previous to dressing him in the 
Indian costume, consisting of a calico shirt, breecli clout, leggins 
and moccasins. The family having thus converted him into an 
Indian, were much pleased with their new member. But ,Iona- 
than Wiis at first very homesick, thinking of his mother and broth- 
ers. Everything was strange about him ; he was unable to speak 
a word of their languag^^ ; their food disagreed with him ; and, 
childlike, he used to go out daily for more than a month, and sit 
under a large walnut tree near the village, and cry for houi-s at a 
time over his deplorable situation. His Indian father was a chief 
of the Mingo tribe, named Succohanos ; his Indian mother was 
named Whinecheoh, and their daughters respectively answered to 
the good old English names of Mary, Hannah and Sally. Succo- 
hanos and Whinecheoh were old people, and had lost a son, in 
whose place they had adopted Jonatlian. They took pity on the 

•■■I am satisfied this town was on the furni of Alfred Johnson, in Mingo 


little fellow, and did their best to comfort him, telling him that h-f 
would one day be restored to his mother and brothers. He sayr 
of them, "they could not have used their own son better, for whi 
they shall always be held in most grateful remembrance by mc 
His Indian sister Sally, however, treated him " like a slave," and 
when out of humor, applied to him, in the Indian tongue, the un- 
ladylike epithet of "onorary, [mean,] lousy prisoner !" Jonathaii 
for a time lived with Mai-y, who had become the wife of the chief. 
Col. Lewis. "In the fall of the year," says he, "the Indians would 
generally collect at our camp, evenings, to talk over their huntinj;*: 
expeditions. I would sit up to listen to their stories, and fre- 
quently fell asleep just where I was sitting. After they left, Mary 
would fix my bed, and with Col. Lewis, would carefully take m^^- 
up and carry me to it. On these occasions they would often say — 
supposing me to be asleep— "poor fellow ! We have sat up too lonj^ 
for him, and he has fallen asleep on the cold ground :" and tiieia 
ho r softly would they lay me down and cover me up. Oh ! never 
have I, nor can I, express the affection I had for these two per 

Jonathan, with other boys, went iut<^ Mad river to bathe, and 
on one occasion came near drowning. He was taken out senseles>». 
and some time elapsed ere he recovered. He says, "I remember^ 
after I got over my strangle, I became very sleepy, and thought I 
could draw my breath as well as ever. Being overcome with 
drowsiness, I laid down to sleep, which is the last I remember. 
The act of drowning is nothing, but the coming to life is distress- 
ing. The boys, after they had brought me to, gave me a silve-r 
buckle, as an inducement not to tell the old folks of the occurrence, 
for fear they would not let me come with them again ; and so the- 
affair was kept secret." 

When Alder had learned to speak the Indian language, he l>e- 
eame more contented. He says, "I would have lived very happy 
if I could have had health ; but for three or four years 1 was sufc*- 
Ject to very severe attacks of fever and ague. Their diet went 
very hard with me for a long time. Their chief living was meat 
andhomminy; but we rarely had bread, and very little salt, 
which was extremely scarce and dear, as well as milk and butter- 
Honey and sugar were plentiful, and used a great deal in their 
cooking, as well as on their food." 


When he was old enough, he was given an old English musket, 
and told that he must go out and learn to hunt. So he used to fol- 
low along the water courses, where mud turtles were plenty, and 
commenced his first assay upon them. He generally aimed under 
them, as they lay basking on the rocks; and when he struck the 
stone, they flew sometimes several feet in the air, which afforded 
great sport for the youthful marksman. Occasionally he killed a 
wild turkey or a raccoon ; and when he returned to the village 
with his game, generally received high praise for his skill— the In- 
dians telling him he would make "a great hunter one of these 

We cannot, within our assis>npi| limits, L'.ive many of the inci- 
ilents and anecdotes related by Alder, or anything like a connected 
history of his life among the Indians. In the June after he was 
taken, occurred Crawford's defeat. He describes the anxiety of 
the squaws while the men were gone to the battle, and their joy on 
their returning with scalps and other trophies of the victory. He 
defends Simon Girty from the charge of being the instigator of the 
burning of Crawford, and states that he could not have saved his 
life, because he had no influence in the Delaware tribe, whose prifi-- 
oner Crawford was. Alder was dwelling at the Macacheek towns 
when they were destroyed by Logan in 1786 ; was in the attack on 
Fort llecovery, in 1794, and went on an expedition into "Kain- 
tucky to steal horses" from the settlers. 

Alder remained with the Indians until after Wajne's treaty, in 
1794. He was urged by them t') be present on the occasion, toobtain 
areservation ofland which was to be given to each of the prisoners ; 
butignorant of its importance, he neglected going, and lost the 
land. Peace having been restored, Alder says, "I could now lie 
down with out fear, and rise up and shake hands with both the 
Indian and the white man." 

The ^ummer after the treaty, while living on Big Darby, Lucas 
Sullivant made his appearance in that region, surv -ying land, and 
soon became on terras of intimacy with Alder, who relaicd to him 
a history of his life, and generously gave him the peice of land on 
which he dwelt; but there being some little difficulty about the 
title Alder did not consent and so lost it. 

When the settlers first made their appearance on Darby, Alder 
could scarcely speak a word of English. He was then about 24 


y^'ars of age, 15 of which had been passed with the rn'li:;ns. Two 
of the settlers kindly taught him to converse in Engiisi . He '-M 
taken a squaw for a wife some time previous, and iiou;! 
to farm like the whites. He kept hogs, cows andhorses, sol;! milk 
Hii'l butter to the Indians, horses and pork to the whites, and ac- 
cumulated property. He soon was able to hire white laborers, aiul 
bein^ dissatisfied with hissquaw— a cross, peevish woman— wished 
to put her aside, get a wifefnmi among- the settlers, and live like 
them. Thoughts too, of his mother and brothers, began to obtrude, 
and the more he reflected, his desire strengthened to know if they 
were living, and to see then: once rnore. He made inquiries for 
them, but was at a loss to know how to begin, being ignorant of 
the name of even the State in which they were. When talking 
one diy with John Moore, a companion of his, the latter questioned 
him where he was from. Alder rep'ied that he was taken prisoner 
somewhere near a place called Greenbriar, and that his people lived 
by a lead mine, to which he used frequently to go and see the hands 
dig ore. Moore then asked him if he could recollect the names of 
any of his neighbors. After a little reflection, he replied, "Yes ! a 
family of Gulions that lived close by us." Upon this, Moore drop- 
ped his head asif lost in thought, and itmtteredto himself, ''Gulion! 
Gulion !" and then raising up replied, "My father and my self 
were out in that country, and we stopped at their house over one 
night, and if your people are living, I can find them." 

Mr. Moore after this went to Wythe county, and inquir*^d for 
the family of Alder; but without success, as they had removed 
from their former residence. He put up advertisements in various 
places, stating the facts, and where Alder was to be found, and then 
returned. Alder now abandoned all hopes of finding his family, 
supposing them to be dead. Some time after, he and Moore were 
atFranklinton, when he was informed there was a letter for him 
in the post office. It was from his brother Paul, stating that one 
of the advertisements was put up witliin six miles of him, and that 
he got it the next day. It contained the joyful news, that his 
mother and brothers were alive. 

Alder, in making preparations to start for Virginia, agreed to 
separate from his Indian wife, dividp the property equally, and 
take ;ind leave lier with her .-u-n |)e.>[)Ie at Sandusky. But some 
ditticulty arose in satisfying her. He ^nve her all th? cows, 14 in 
number, worth $20 each, 7 horses, and much other property, reserv- 


iuj? to himself only 2 horses and the swine. Beside*: these, was a 
small box, about (i inches long, 4 wide and 4 deep, tilled with silver, 
amounting probably to about $200, which he intended to take, to 
make an equal division. But to this she objected, saying the box 
was hers before marriage, and she would not only have it, but all 
it contained. Alder says, "I saw I could not get it without making 
a fuss, and probably having a fight, and told her if she would prom- 
ise never to tr«iuble nor come back to me, she might have it ; to 
which she agreed." 

Moore accompanied him to his brother's house, as he was unac- 
customed to travel among the whites. They arrived there on 
hor.seback, at noon, the Sunday after new yeai's. They walked u }> 
to the house and requested to have their liorses fed, and pretend- 
ing they were entire strangers, inquired who lived there. "I had 
concluded," says Alder, "not to snake raj'self known for some time, 
and eyed my brother very close, but did not recollect his features. 
I had always thought I should have recognized my mother, l>y a 
mole on her face. In the corner sat an old lady, who I supposed 
was her, allthough I could not tell, for when I was taken by the 
Indians her head was as black as a crow, and now it was almost 
perfectly white. Two young women were pressent, who eyed me 
very close, and I heard one of them whisper to the other, "he looks 
very much like Mark," (my brother.) I saw they were about to 
discover me, and accordingly turned my chair around to my 
brother, and said, "You say your name is Alder?" "Yes," he re- 
plied, "my name is Paul Alder." "Well," I rejoined, "my name 
is Alder, too." Now it is hardly necessary to describe our feelings 
at that time ; but they were very different from those I had when 
I w\as taken prisoner, and saw the Indian coming with my brother's 
scalp in his hand, shaking off the blood. 

"When I told my brother that my name was Alder, he rose to 
shake hands with me, so overjoyed he could scarcely utter a word, 
and my old mother ran, threw her arms around me, while tears 
rolled down her cheeks. The first words she spoke, after she 
grasped me in her arms, were, "How you have grov.-n !" and then 
she told me of a dream she had. Says she, "I dreamed that you 
had come to see me, and that you was a little onorar;/ [mean] look- 
ing fellow, and I would not own you for my son ; but now I find I 
was mistaken, that it is entirely the reverse, and I am proud to 


own you for my son." I told her T could remind her of a few cir- 
cunislances that she would recollect, that took place before I was 
made captive. I then related various things, among which was 
that the negroes, on passmg our house on Saturday evenings, to 
•^pend Sundays with their wives, wauld beg pumpkins of her, and 
get her to roust them for them against their return on Monday 
morning. She recollected these circumstances, and said she had 
now no doubt of ray being her son. We passed the balance of the 
day in agreeable conversation, and I related to them the history of 
my captivity, my fears and doubts, of my grief and misery thefirst 
year alter I was taken. My brothers at this time were all married, 
and Mark and John had moved from there. They were sent for, 
and came to see me ; but my half brother John had moved so far, 
that I never got to see him at all." 



september 10, 1870. 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen: 

If I understand the object of the VVestern Ohio Pioneers' Asso- 
ciation, or any other association of this character, it is to record 
and preserve, and hand down to posterity, a reliable history of all 
the important events and incidents that have occurred since the 
first settlement of our country. The Western Pioneer Association, 
its its name would indicate, has a considerable breadth of territory 
to explore, and would cordially invite all those within its bounds 
to aid them in their labors. I shall not on this occasion attempt 
to explore but a very small part of this domain, but shall confine 
my remarks principally to the early settlement of Logman County. 
I find in the transactions of kindred associations, and in the 
history of Ohio, incidents recorded which in themselves 
are apparently of very little importance, yet they are links 
in the chain of events that unite the pleasant memories of tha 
past with the present. A desire for immortality is an instinct of 
our nature, and anything that will secure it is eagerly sought for 
by mankind. Individuals and nations have expended millions 
of money and hundreds of lives to reach the North Pole, all for 
what? Why, if nothing more than this is achieved, the man, as 
Professor Son tag says, who first sets foot on the North Pole has 
won for himself an imperishable name. Columbus first dis<oven^(l 
America, and his name is as fatnilliar to us as our own. Balboa 
first h.oked upon the broad expanse of the Pacific Ocean. DeSoto 
was the first to see the great Mississippi aud bathe in its turbid 


waters. IVnn .settled PeniisylvHiiia, and Boone Kentucky. Her- 
ostratus burned the great Temple of Diana at Ephesu-* for no other 
purpose l)ut to immortalize his name. Beyond this, very little i.s 
known of many of them, yet they have secured an imperishable 

I .say now, as 1 did about one year ago at this place, that the first 
settlers of this county did not come here actuated by the spirit of 
adventure. They did not come merely for the purpose of hunting 
and trapping, like Boone, Kenton and others— not that 1 would 
say anything disparagingly of those venerated names— imt they 
were a different class of men. 

The first white men that set foot on the soil of Logan county, 
were reared— the most of them— near Philadelphia, in New Jer- 
sey, where they were familiar with the refinements, cpmforts and 
conveniences of a highly cultivated people. Bred to agricultural 
pursuits, they sought a home in the State of Virginia ; from thence 
they came to this county to seek a permanent home. Being Qua- 
kers, they were actuated by the noble spirit of the illustrious foun- 
dei-s of their sect, Fox and Penn ; nor were they prompted by any 
mercenary motives of speculation. Out of the reach of civiliza- 
tion, one hundred miles from any markets — Zanesville, Chilli- 
cotheand Cincinnati being the nearest — we see them wending 
their way through the majestic forests of Ohio, to their new home 
in this county, surrounded by an entirely different class of circum- 
stances from those tliey had ever seen liefore. They set them- 
selves down in the dead of winter, in their little tents, with no one 
to greet or welcome them to their new home. Naught was heard 
save the sighing of the winter's wind 'as it passed through the 
naked tops of the lofty forest trees, that waved for miles around, 
to the winter's blast. They soon became familiar to the crack of 
the Indian's rifle and the war hoop. Thus defenseless and alone 
did they trust to the God of their fathers ; in peace and quietness 
did they through life. 

The first white settler in Logan county was Job Sharp, who came 
to what is now Zane township, on Christmas day, 1801, with a four 
horse team. His wife Phebe, and three children, Achsah, his old- 
est daughter, Joshua his only son, Sarah his youngest daughter, 
and Carlisle Haines, his brotlier-i'i-law, composed the little group. 
He settled nil tlie faruj now owned by Lucius Cochran, where he 


lived until his death, which occurred in January, \h2-2. They 
hastily erected a rude shelter to protect them from the winter 
blast, from the majestic forest that waved over their defenseless 
heads. It was what is called by baekwoodsmen a three-faced 
camp. The day they arrived, the ground being covered with snow 
they found four bee trees; they discovered these trees by seeing 
the bees lying on the snow. In the spring of 18(12, Mr. Sharp set 
out the tii*st apple or<?hard, containing about four acres ; most of the 
trees are still standing, and bearing fruit sufficient for the family 
on the farm, though of an inferior quality. A pear tree now stands 
by the door, that was brought from Chillicothe as a riding switch 
by his wife the next yetir after they had settled here, which luf< 
borne fruit more or less every year since it commenced bearing. 
Here, too, in IsOo, was built the first grist mil!. It was run by the 
water that came from two tine springs on the premises, which 
were united near the headgate. The traces of the ditches are still 
visible. Though Mr. Sharp built this little mill for his own ac- 
commodation, with no thought of public utility, yet as soon as it 
was known people came from a great distance to get their corn and 
wheat ground. Here, too, the first respectable hewed log house 
was erected, in 1808, with a shingle roof. It is yet a good house, 
of two stories, three rooms and cellar, and two bedrooms up stairs 
—in all, five rooms. I am told by an old pioneei: that the first roof 
was put on with wooden pins, and the lumber was all sawed with 
a whip-saw. About the years 1802-:M-5, the relatives and ac- 
quaintances of Mr. Sharp settled around him, and like himself, 
most of them being Quakers, they built the first meeting-house in 
tha county, which was also used for a school-house. It was built 
in 1807, near where the present school-house now stands, and hard 
by the first regular graveyard laid off in the county, about one 
mile north of Middleburg. I would sayjust. here that the Metho- 
dists, those indomitable pioneers of religion, were among the early 
f^ettlei-s of the county, and they and the Quakers held their meet- 
ings alternately in the same log meeting-house. Around this little 
nucleus, in a course of time, a great many others gathered, who 
settled in various portions of the county, and among the re>*t, our 
venerable chaplain, George McCulloch. 

Among the Incidents worthy of note, to be recorded and placed 
among the archives of this association, is the birth of the hrst 
white child in thecounty, which occurred in the year 1^<>4. in /ane 


townshii.. This was Daniel Antrim, son of Thomas Antrim and 
Ksther iiis wife. Mr. Antrim does not claim any special merit for 
his beiuff the first white child born in the county in which you 
live, as it is evident he could not well help it. 

Another incident occurred, of -i more startling character, that 
aroused the sy m pathies of tlie people. It was the fearful announce- 
ment on the second day of June, 1816, that the little son of James 
Curl, about seven years of age, was lost in the woods. Mr. Curl 
then lived in wliat is now Perry township, on the farm now owned 
by Joshua Ballinger. For eight days this little fellow wandered 
in an unbroken wilderness infested by wolves, panthers and other 
voracions animals, unli:irmed, and finally on the evening of the 
eighth day he found his way to the house of a Mr. Tyler on the 
Scioto river, being between twenty and thirty miles in a direct line 
from where he started, having traveled more than one hundred 
miles in his wanderings through a trackless forest, naked and al- 
most famished ; he was joyfully received and kindly cared for by 
Mr. Tyler and his family, and speedily returned to his bereaved 
but now happy parents. 

Nothing occurred seriously to mar the peace and happiness of 
this part of the country until 1812, when th»^ tocsin of war was 
again sounded, and public attenti.- n was diverted from the peace- 
ful pursuits of domestic life, when the British again attempted to 
place the iron heel of despotism on the neck of the American 
people, and aroused the slumbering malice of the Indian against 
his white brother by offering a price for American scalps. They 
then threw down the calumet ol peace they had been smoking, and 
grasped the war club and scalping-knife, and flourished them again 
over the heads of the defenceless pioneers. It was then that our 
young men, always ready to respond to the call of their country, 
left the peaceful pursuits of life and buckled on their armor and 
rushed to the rescue of their country from British tyranny. It was 
then that those rude defences called block-houses were built 
in this country, namely, Zanesfield, McPhersonis, Vance's and 
Manary's. The one at Zanesfield I have seen. It was here Capt. 
Joseph Euans had his men quartered in 1813. Among those now 
living that were quartered here are Jose H. Garwood, Caleb Bal- 
linger, Isaac Warner, Walter Marshal and John Sharp. All of 
them are still living in this county except Mr. Garwood, who now 
lives in North LewLsburg, Champaign county. 


In conclusion, ladies and gentlemen, I would say, just fifty-seven 
years ago to-day, Oliver Hazard Perry might have been seen in an 
open boat leaving the wreck of the Lawrence, his flag ship, and 
making his way in the midst of a heavy fire from the enemy, to 
the Niagara, where he ran up his flag just as the Lawrence went 
down, and before night be was master of the lakes and sent the ever 
memorable dispatch to General Harrison : "We have met the 
enemy and they are ours." 



Logan county was organized in 1818, and its boundaries at that 
time extended north to the Maumee river, and included what is 
now Hardin, Hancock and Wood counties, and also on the east side 
a small part of what is now Union and Wyandotte counties. A 
very large proportion of the country included within these bound- 
aries, was, however, what was called Indian Territory, it not hav- 
ing been ceded to the United States till after that time. All that 
part of the present limits of our county north of the (Treenville 
Treaty Ijine belonged to the Indian Territory, and cut off' about 
one-third of the county. This line was run from the northern 
part of Darke county through several counties northeast of Logan. 
It passed about four miles north of Bellefontaine, crossed near the 
middle of Rushcreek Lake, and was nearly two miles south of the 
present village of Huntsville. The present limits of the county 
was divided into nearly equal halves by what is called Ludlow's 
line, which was to be run from the head of the little Miami to the 
head of the Scioto river. This line passes through the eastern part 
of our village. The part lying northeast of that line was calletl 
Virginia Military Land ; all between the heads of the Little Miami 
and the Scioto rivers having been reserved by the State of Virginia 
for the payment of her Revolutionary soldiers when she ceded the 
N. W. Territory to the United States. This land was not regularly 
surveyed into townships, sections, &c., but warrants were issued 
by Virginia to each soldier entitled to them, and they might locate 
them in whatever place and shape they pleased, so that it had not 


been previously located and surveyed. ThLs produced great con- 
fusion in the surveys, and often in the titles, and frequent litiga- 
tions which greatly enhanced the business ofthe lawyers and oft'he 
courts. These individual land warrants were, however, mostly 
bought up I »y speculators and land-jobbei-s, at a merely nominal 
price— if at any price at all— .so that many could estimate their 
lands by tens of thousands, and some by hundreds of thousands of 
acres. The first ctnirts of common pleas of Logan county were held 
in 1818, in the town of Bellville, a small village of five or six hou-icts 
a mile and a half directly south of the public square in Bellefon- 
taine. The common pleas courts of those days were compiised of 
three Associate .Judges elected by the people of each county, and 
one Presiding .Judge for a district composed of several counties. 
The first associate judgps of this county were James Mcllvain, Levi 
Garwood and Joh:i Shelby, and the first presiding Judge was Orris 
Parish ot ColumbiLS. 

James Cooly, li^q., of Urbana, was appointed Prosecuting Attor- 
ney, Nicholas Pickerel 1 Sheriff, Hful Samuel Newell, Clerk />ro. (ef/t. 
The first County Commissioners were Robert Smith, Solomon 
McColloch and William McBeth ; they met at Bellville, April 14, 
1818 ; on the '2M they appointed Martin Marmon, County Treasurer, 
and on the 25th Thomas Thompson, County Recorder. The t'ef^ 
of County Treasurer for 1819, amounted to the sum of $20,80. 

The committee appointed to examine and establish a site for tiie 
location of the county-seat of Loiran county, agreed in 1818 to locate 
it on Mad river about two miles below Zanesfield, on'Solomon Mc- 
Colloch's farm and some adjoining lands, but upon examii:ation 
some doubts aro-^p as to the validity of the title to said land, much 
prejudice existiuti- at that time against the Virginia Military Land 
titles, in consequence of the frefjuent litigation which had grown 
out of them. Consequently in 1819 that location wa.s set aside, and 
the location permanently fixed on the lands of John Tullis, William 
Powell and Leonard Uoutz, on what was called Congress land. 
On December 28, 1819, this action was reported to and approved by 
the court, and Solomon McColloch appointed Director of the town 
of Bellefontaine, the name of the new county-seat. 

The propriet(»rs of the hmd agreed to donate to the county ^ very 
alternate lot in the town, and also a block of the .size of four lots 
"for building a court-house upon, and one of the same size in the 
north eastWner of the town, the north half of which was to be 



UHed for a burying-ground and the south half for the purpose of 
building meeting houses upon." In the fore-part of 1820, Solomon 
MeColloch, director, surveyed and laid off in lots the town plat ; 
there were 248 lots, and he received from the proprietors deeds for 
the public square above mentionetl, ani all the even-numbered lots, 
according to the agreement. In the summer of the same year these 
county lots were advertised for sale, and many of them sold at pub- 
lic auction. The two lots which brought the highest price were : 
No. 140 immediately north of the public square, for $430, and No. 
108 opposite the northwest corner of the square, (now called the 
Rutan corner) for $305. In June, 1820, the County Commissioners 
— deeming it unadvisable to build a temporary court-house on the 
public square appropriated 'iox a permanent one — contracted to have 
a frame building put up on lot No. 142, in which to hold the courts 
till a proper house could be built on the public square, but for va- 
rious causes they failed to get it finished until 1823. It was finished 
by Vachel Blaylock in that year. Its size was 36x24 feet, two 
stories high, and is the same building which is the north end of the 
Union House, now occupied as a hotel by Capt. John B. Miller. 
The courts were not held in Bellviile but a few terms, for soon 
after the location of the permanent county-seat at Bellefontaine, 
they were removed to the private residence of John TuUis, one of 
the proprietors of the town,lwho lived in a log house near the south- 
west corner of the town, immediately east of the raib'oad engine 
house. In this house the courts were held until 1823, when they 
were removed to the new frame house above spoken of, where they 
remained till the completion of the brick court-house on the public 
square, which was recently torn down, demolished and removed 
to rriake room for the new and splendid court-house now in course 
of erection. 

The town of Bellviile has long ceased to exist as a village ; it is 
now partly a corn field and partly a pasture, in which are many 
forest trees. The first jail in the county was built on the public 
square, near the north east corner, on the ground now occupied by 
the present stone and brick jail which is shortly to be taken down. 
It was built several years previous to the erection of the brick 
court-house. Although it was a wooden structure, a prisoner would 
perhaps have found it as difficult to break out of as any in the State, 
in any other way than by the grated door. The walls were of logs, 
hewn about 15 inches square, neatly dove-tailed at the corners. 


Outside of this was another wall all around, of the same material, 
and put up in the same manner, leaving- a >pace between the twe 
walls of about 10 or V2 inches which was filled up with loose stone«. 
The floors above and below, were of logs of the same size, but of 
, only one thickness. 

I Some few prisoners were confined in this jail, even before it had 
•a roof, except sonve loose plank laid upon poles. The Square 
around at that time, was a thicket of brush, undergrowth and 
forest trees. The contract for building the brick Court-house was 
. made September 9, 1831. The stone and brick was awarded to 
I Wm. Bull, for §900, and he received an extra $150 for a few courses 
' of cut stone above ground which had not been provided for in the 
original contract. The wood work was awarded to John Wheeler 
and George Shuffleton for $1,000. All the contractors were citizens 
of this town at the time. The house was built in 1832, and fin- 
ished in 1S33, in the latter part of which year, the courts were first 
held in it. September 11, 1831, the contract to build the two brick 
offices north and south of the Court-house, was awarded to Captain 
William Watson for $650. They were built in 1833, and torn down 
and removed at the same time that the Court-house was; viz : in 

The contracts for building the new Court-house now in the pro- 
cess of erection on the site of the old one, were awarded in 1870 a-s 
follows, viz : 1. The entire mason work to Eouser, Boren A Co., 
of Dayton, for the sum of §28,168.80. 2. The cut stone work to 
Webber & Lehman of Dayton, for $20,000. 3. The entire carpen- 
ter work (including tiling, clock and bell) to Harwood A Thomas 
of Cincinnati, for $13,600. 4. The galvanized ir jn and tin work to 
' W. F. Gebhart of Dayton, for $7,644.60. 5. The entire wrought 
and east iron work to D. S. Eankin & Co., of Cincinnati, for $2;>,- 
000. 6. Painting ond glazing to Wiseman and Hays of Cleveland, 
for $5,132.69. 7. Heating and ventilation to Peter Martin of Cin- 
cinnati, for $6,507.80. 8. Plumbing and gas fitting to Thos. A. 
Cosby of Cleveland, for $1,419.09. Total on Court-house, Si 05,598.- 
08. The contract for building the new Jail on lot No. 159, of 
the Public Square, was awarded to Rouze*- & Rouzer of Dayton, 



John Haller, my father, was a native of Pennsylvania, but went 
to Kentucky about the year 1796, when quite a young man. He 
wa-s a spare, active man ; weight, about 185 pounds, auburn hair, 
medium complexion, of great energy and ingenuity. My mother 
was a Virginian, and was brought to Kentucky in childhood. 
Father and mother were married in 1798, but mother died when I 
was a youth. About 1796 iny father came to Ohio, in company 
with otliers, on foot, to look at the country, then an Indian wilder- 
ness, tie was delighted with the rich valleys of Miami and Mad- 
river. In 1807 he again explored the Madriver valley. I well re- 
member how well pleased he was with the country, and he pro- 
posed to emigrate ; but the war cloud was gathering between this 
and the mother country, and he with others hesitated, as it was 
certain that the savages would unite with the British and resent 
the intruding pale-faced emigrants. But, rinally, my father re- 
solved to brave the danger, and in October 1812 bade adieu to Ken- 
tacky soil and friends, and landed in Urbana, then of but few 
inhabitants. Here he followed his trade of blaeksmithing until 
1814. He bought land, and settled near the mouth of Nettle Creek, 
btill following his tradi^ and was the only smith that tempered 
edge toois in these parts. Axes could not then be bought as now. 
My lather could make a good ax, an indespensible article in this 
timbered country. His tame spread through the Buck Creek coun- 
try, up the Miami about Sidney, on Lost Creek, among the Hun- 
ter's and Enoch's near West Liberty, and on the west side of the 
river, the Kavanaugh's, and Beard's, and Fuson's, and all inter- 


veninjj: settlements. At about forty-five years of aj^e he joined the 
M. E. Church, and was rigid in the ol)servan!'e of discipline. He 
opposed 'he use of alcoholic drinlxs, nor would he suffer such in 
anythin.s: about the house or on the place. He filled the office of 
Justice of the Peace a number of years. He finally sold here, and 
settled near Defiance, where he died very triumphantly. 

Land was sold in tracts of 160 acres, in payment of $80 at entry, 
and payments annually until all paid ; but if not all paid, the land 
was forfeited to the Government. This being an Indian country, 
very few moneyed men would risk life of self and family among 
cru>^l savages. The emigrants were mostly men of no means, and 
those were men of wonderful nerve, beyond civilization, among 
barbarous savages, a dense forest to hew out, and no means, with 
all the liabilities incident to emigration. Let our kid-gloved ladiea 
and gentlemen of the present day think what their fathers and 
mothers endured I But they had the grit. Don't be ashamed of 
them ; they were the highest type of our race. 

As early as the first of the present century, some families emigra- 
ted to what is now Madriver township, and settled on land>, and 
paid the first installment, and commenced building and clearing. 
Hnving to clear first, then make the money out of the products of 
the soil to pay for the land, is it strange that some failed, as they 
did, and lost all the money paid— their improvements and land be- 
sides! As great injustice as was ever practiced by any Govern- 
ment to her subjects. 

Perhaps but few countries were settled under greater dis^idvan- 
tages ; but the fine soil and climate were very inviting to home 
seekers, and they came. We now call attention to some of thes« 
noble families: William Ross, Cha.-les Rector and Christoi)her 
Weaver, settled just above Tremont. These were from Kentucky. 
Rector and Ross were brothers-in-law, and settled in the rich val- 
ley of Madriver. Ross was of medium stature, and had wonderful 
strength and endurance. Rector was larger, was also strong and 
very hardy. These men and families were fitted for new country 
life, and were valuable Christian aien and families. One of Rtv- 
tor's sons lives near the old hon)estead, and is a valuable Christian 
man. Weaver settled on the banks of Stones Creek, just abova 
the Madriver valley ; a man of fine stature, an upright Chri-^tian 
man ; and (Mie of his sons lives in Trbana now. very ag"d. ha>< ac- 


^uiretl jrrcat wealth, and i>^ one of the finest financiers of Urbana. 
The above three men, Ross, Rector and Weaver, came here about 
the first of the present century, and were silvered with gray when 
I tirst knew them. Weaver had camp-meeting on his land many 

One Thomas Redman settled just above the falling springs; he 
had located, butl>efore the war of 1812, retraced his steps back to 

One Terraan settled just up the valley, but sold to John Pence 
at a very early day. Pence built a grist-mill on Nettle Creek, but 
finally sold to Louis Pence and went west. He came from Vii'- 
ginia ; and so did William Runkle, afterwards Judge Runkle, who 
was a tanner by trade, a very kind neighbor, and had an excellent 
wife and family, none of whom are in this country now. 

William Owens settled on Nettle Creek in 1797 or 1798, and -vas 
remarkable for eccentricity, but died in middle life. Abram 
8hocky was from Kentucky, settled on Nettle Creek and built a 
taw mill, and was the most remarkable man in some respects that 
I ever knew. He was sandy complexioned, muscular in form, 
about 175 pounds weight, and certainly the greatest pedestrian 
that was ever in the State if not in the United States. He was a 
near neighbor, and I have seen him start with a company of good 
trotting horses and keep ahead. One circumstance will illustrate 
his walking abilities. There was a tract of land not far off that 
was well timbered with poplar, belonging to Uncle Sam. Shocky 
was hauling to his mill. One evening, as he was coming in with 
a log, Judgeliunkle met and said to him, "You cannot haul any 
more logs from that land, tor I have sent Jo. Sims to Cincinnati 
this morning to enter it." The next morning as Sims was going 
to Cincinnati, he met Shockey going home. Then Shockey re- 
vealed to him that he had entered said land. Circumstances con- 
firmed the fact, and Sims and Shockey went home together, one 
©n foot, the other on horseback. 

This Sims was a Kentuckian, and as stout as any in Madriver 
township, thon or since ; a lean, broad-shouldered man of about 
220 pounds weight. Henr\ and Abram Pence were among the 
parly emigrants from Virginia. They were Baptists, and were 
good, consistent men, and were a nucleus around which formed a 
flourishing Baptist Church. They were good neighbors, and died 


full of years, and in death exemplified the power of grace to save 
in a dying hour. Abrara was remarkable for honasty. One of his 
daughters lives near, and a soe on part of the old homestead, pos- 
sessing much of their father's qualities. 

Some farther up Nettle Creek there was a neighborhood of Shen- 
andoah Valley Virginians. The Wiants, Kites, Loudenlmcks, 
Kunkles, Normans, and Jinkenses, many of them valuable citi- 
aens and generally the stoutest, hardiest men that settled from any 
country. John Wiant was a tanner, and was master of his trade ; 
consequently WiVs highly useful in his day. Some of his sons are 
lane busineas men, and one is a very talented Baptist Minister. 

Thomas Kenton (Simon Kenton's nephew^,) and Ezekiel Arrow- 
smith were brothers-in-law. Kenton was a native of Virginia; 
Arrowsmith of Maryland, but lived a time in Kentucky; in ISO! 
he came to the Madriver valley. Kenton was a good-sized, well- 
made man — a man of great endurance and energetic industry. 
Perhaps the first election held in the township in 1805 wa.s held in 
his house. He lived to a great age. Arrowsmith was slender, 
rather tall and active when young. With this family I connec- 
ted. There were five boys and four girls living when I became 
acquainted with them, and thirty years acquaintance gave rae a 
fine opportunity to know them, and when together, I think they 
irere as agreeable a family as I ever knew. Arrowsmith's wife 
was Simon Kenton's niece; and all that knew her will bear me 
witness, that she was among the kindest women that ever lived. 
All the Kenton family were remarkable for strength of memory, 
and the above-named Thomas Kenton seemed never to forget 
anything that he had known. These were valuable citizens, and 
the first Metliodist society which was organized in this part of the 
township, met at Ezekiel Arrowsmith's, and his house was a place 
©f preaching for many years. 

Archibald ^tcGrew came from Pennsylvania. :ind settled on a 
finetractof land. He was- a well-made, stout,«!y man, and 
lived to a great age, and aided in the improvement of the country. 

Christian Stevens came to Ohio from Pennsylvania, and in- 
tended to purchase land where Zanesville now stands, but the town 
site was fixed on his choice, and he left abruptly and went to Kmi- 
tucky, and stayed there about two yeai-s, then came to this part ol 
Ohio. He was a Methodist, and he opened his house as a place for 
preaching, and there T joined the church fifty-thne years since. 


p]lisha and Wm. Harbour were Virginians, but cannetoOhio 
among the first .settlers. They were valuable citizens. T live.l '>.v 
them many years, and more honest men I never knew. 

I will now speak of Rev. Robert McFarland, of public noturiety, 

who came to Ohio in the year . He was a lean, slen<ier man, 

dark complexioned, black hair; weight about 155 pounds when in 
middle life. He was called an exhorter, but he preached as did 
the Ai'ostles. A Virginian by birth, but was taken to Kentucky 
when young, and lastly came to Ohio. He unloaded his goods by 
an oak log near where the Union Church now stands, then a dense 
orest ; he pointed me to the spot as we rode by. His purse 
contained about four dollars, two of which he gave to his teamster 
for expense money. What a prospect this! After living some 
time on the east side of the river, he i)ought land and settled west 
on Anderson's creek, in Concoi'd township. He being a Metho- 
dist, gathered around him a flourishing society, and his house be- 
came a preaching place. Methodism is indebted more to him, than 
any man in that part of the country. His closing hours were truly 

I may speak a few words of Simon Kenton, of histori" fame. I 
kn(;W him in Urbana in 1814; he vvas then quite old. Afterward, 
I saw him at his relatives many times. Though bowed by age, 
yet the beholder could see that muscle and mind gave evidence 
of former nobleness and strength and generous heart impulses. I 
only give this as a passing tribute; western history amplifies his 

I may be permitted to speak of Thomas Grafton, though not of 
Madriver township. He grew up, ami married amone- the hills of 
Virginia; but could see no site for a living there. I was well ac- 
quainted with Grafton, and got these things from him. He packed 
up and started towards the northwest, as Jacob of old, not knowing 
whither he went; he traveled into Ohio until he reached the dense 
beach forest nine miles west of Urbana. There he unloaded and 
built a camp for shelter, and soon reared a cabin, and commenced 
clearing. He, like others, had to clear and then cultivate and sell 
the products to pay for the land on which tbe crop grew. He 
raised wheat, and once sold 400 lushels for $100, to pay for his 
land ; l)ut salt was hard to get, nid ;(« the surest way was to go to 
the factory, so Grafton steered to t lie Srioto salt works, cutting his 
way through, a distance of eighty njiles. When he arrived, his 


clothes were torn, had no money, but told hi? errand. The propri- 
etor samned hiiii, ;ind then said, I suppose you will pay me, and 
let him have the salt, after saying, you wear good clothes. He sold 
one barrel of that salt for |27. When he became aged, beseemed 
to be in his elements, if he could take a four-horse load of his neigh- 
bor women to Urbana, on a trading expedition. He lived to a 
great age ; he died without regret, regretted by all. In ihosedays, 
people manufactured their own wear. There were few sheep in 
the eountry, consequently wool was quite an object. My father 
sent my oldest brother to Kentucky for fitty pounds of wool, which 
he brought out on a horse. Father brought a flock of sheep to Ur- 
bana, and sold tliem to the farmers around town ; perhaps all the 
sheep in the country in early times descended from them. 

One Bassel West bought a cow of my former fiither-in-law on 
credit, and after long credit he paid for the cow, saying that he 
did not think he could have raised his family without the cow. 

But the forest began to be dotted with inhabitants, and as emi- 
gration poured in, the hunting grounds of the savages were owned 
by the pale-faces, and the bones of their ancestors were plowed over 
by strangers. These things outraged the forbearance and former 
kindness of the red men of the forest, and depredations were not 
uncommon, and at one time after certain misdemeanors, alarm 
spread with both parties, and a council was called to meet at 
Springfield. The parties met. General William Ward represented 
the whites. Tecumseh was advocate for the Indians. An amicable 
adjustment was made. Tecumseh's speeches on that occasion wero 
never translated, and this I regret ; some of my friends were there 
who thought them as fine specimens of eloquence as they ever lis- 
tened to. His interpreter said he could not give force to them, 
he seemed to surpass Ward greatly in point of force. 

I will be pardoned for speaking more at length of this savag« 
chieftain. He was born in 1768, in Piqua, an old Indian town of 
the Shawnees, on the west bank of Madriver, five miles west of 
Springfield, and was one of three at a birth, His father was of tho 
Kiscopoke (or Kicapoo) tribe ; his mother of the Shawnees nation . 
He was above medium stature ; his personal appearance was dig- 
nified and commanding ; as a speaker, he was fiuent and ch-ir, 
with a musical tone of voice. His speeches were ortuunentpd l>y 
striking illustrations and lofty flights at the council. Atsi-nng- 


field, abnvo alluded to, ho evinced great force and dignity. As a 
warrior, he wan brave but humane. Ardent in his country's cause, 
)ie keenly resented the encroachments of the whites, yet extended 
protection to the captive. Early in life he distinguished himself 
-in several skirmishes with the whites, but was not promoted to the 
chiefship till he was about thirty years of age. 

In witnessing the onwari rolling tide of white emigration, he 
anticipated the fall of his native land. The thought of the moul- 
dering remains of departed kindred, whose resting i)lace would be 
disturbed by strangers, prompted feelings of re,sentment ; he con- 
ceivfHl the imiwrtance of concentrating all the Indian forces west, 
south and north, in one united effort of extermination and opposi- 
tion ; he set out on a tour to the south, visiting all the Indian 
tribes contiguous to his route, urging the necessity of immediate 
action. Meeting one tribe in Louisiana who refused aid, Tecura- 
seh stamped his foot on the ground and said, the Great Spirit would 
shake the earth, in evidence of His displeasure. The threatened 
phenomenon strangely occurred as predicted in the shock of 1811, 
to the great alarm of the delinquent nation. But war spread her 
wings of blood over the country, and ere the contemplated ar- 
rangement could be effected, Harrison had struck the blow on the 
Tippecanoe that forever sealed the savage fate. But Tecumseh 
was not yet subdued, but traveled north, gathering to his standard 
a remnant who, like himself, could be overpowered but not con- 
quered, united with the dastardly Proctor, who was greatly infe- 
rior in generalship, intelligence, and humanity, and was charged 
by Tecumseh with cowardice, and was repeatedly urged b.\ the 
savage chief to active duty. 

When Perry achieved the victory on the Lake, the British gave 
op Lake Erie, and thought of drawing off their land forces, when 
Tecumseh addressed them, illustrating their infidelity by keen sar- 
casm. This speech was translated and read shortly afterward, and 
may be seen in history at this day. 

But tiie land forces under Harrison on the one hand, and Proctor 
and Tecumseh on the other, were yet pending. Just previous to 
the engagemf-nt, the fated chieftain seemed to realize his doom, 
and ^^aid to his companions, ^'I shall not survive this conflict; but 
if it is the will of the Great Spirit, I wish to deposit my bones 
with those ..f my ancestors." He drew his sword and added, 
"When I am dead, take this sword; and when my son grows to 


manhood, give it to him !" Soon the forces engage in deadly con- 
flict. The thundering tones of Tecurnseh rose above the roar of 
battle, in the fiercest of the conflict; at the head of his band he deals 
death around him, till overpowered by numbers, the mighty chief, 
tain sink? in death's cold embrace. On seeing their leader slain, 
the remnant of the savage forces retreated in confusion, leaving the 
field with the dying and the dead to the victors. When he fell, 
Tecurnseh was about forty-five years of age. With the opportuni- 
ties of some great men, perhaps this noble son of the forest would 
have been second to none that have set foot. on the continent of 
any color. 

Disheartened and driven back, the poor savage has been com- 
pelled to seek a home on the slopes of the Rocky Mountains, near 
the coast of the mighty western waters. 

The whites again claim their hunting grounds. Like Noah's 
dove, they have no place on which to rest the sole of the foot. 
Maiiy powerful tribes have become extinct, bearing no trace of 
former greatness — perhaps in a few revolving centuries Jiot a ves- 
tige of the once powerful tribes will remain to rehearse the sad 
story of their fate. In the language of Logan, the lamenting 
Mingo chief, not a drop of pure Indian blood will run in the veins 
of any living creature. 

Hostilities having now ceased, emigrants of all creeds anvl na- 
tionalities cam« among us, bringing their predilections with them. 
An outgrowth of privilege to worship according to conscientious 
views was granted with readiness, and at first it was found expe- 
dient to unite irrespective of predilections, and worship harmo- 
niously together. Dwellings were freely opened, and those little 
bands would worship harmoniousiy together, until each acquired 
strength sufficient, then societies were organized ; soon log meeting 
houses were built, though of rude construction, yet songs of praise 
would reverberate in the forests from those temples. A log house 
was built by the Methodists on the land of William Ro^s, mimed 
above. The next was a Baptist Churcli on Xettiecreek, also of 
logs; and in youth and early manhood I worshiperl there, though 
not a member. In 1820 a log church was built by the Methodists, 
on the Ian 1 of Christian Stevens. There I worshiped for uiany 
years. These buildings were not comfortable. As soon as circum- 
stanees would permit,-more commodious houses were ererted. The 


Metliodists have a brick in Tremont, also in Wastville— the Bap- 
tists havo ;i tine brick church on the ^ite of the old log. 

llev. Robert McFarland served as class lesider, for the tirst class 
organized in this part of the township, and that met at Ezekiel 
Arrowsmith's. Next said class met :«t Stevens', and until the log 
meeting house was built— Bro. McFarland still serving until a so- 
ciety was organized in his neighborhood. His house was opened 
for ])reaching and class, until a log house was built partly on his 
own land, which gave plac^ to a brick, and lately they have built 
one of the finest brick country churches in the county. These 
churches stand where the tall trees of the forest once bow<-'d to God 
who bade them grow. 

The men who used to bring glad tidings of great joy to the dis- 
consolate, should have a place in history, and be held in everlast- 
ing remembrance. I will give the name of some of them, and first 
of the Baptist brethren, to-wit: John Thomas, John Gutridge, 
Wm. Harper, Moses Frazee, Willis Hance, Daniel Bryant, Thomas 
Price, .J(jhn Norman, Samuel Williams, and some whose names I 
do not remember ; all these I have heard preach at Nettlecreek. . 1 
will add William Fuson. Now of the Methodist brethren — Henry 
1>. Bascora, Moses Trader, Adjet McGuire, Robert, James and John 
Findly, John Strange, Russel Bisrlow, John Collins, W. H. Raper, 
Augustus Eddy, George Marly, George Walker, Michael Marly, 
Leroy Swormsted and Daniel D. Davidson — these are all gone. 

It might lie matter of interest to some at least, if the peculiarities 
and personal appearance of some of the most remarkable of these 
men were given. This I do from memory, and may not be entirely 
correct. Yet, in the main, I think I v/iil be nearly so. I may not 
give them in the order as they c nne. 

I take the Baptist brethren tirst. John Thomas was a small, 
light man, dark hair and complexion, deliberate,cautious, not ven- 
turesome, great strength and endurance for one of his size. Gut- 
ridge was just the opposite; fluent, bold, assuming; would dash 
ahead if he did run against a stump, which he sometimes did. Hq 
cared for his stomach. In a travel once he stopped with a sister for 
dinner, on wash day. It was about dinner time. When seated at 
table the lady said they had a plain diune r. Yes, said Gutridge, 
it is plain fare, but wholesome diet. The lady replied: "If you are 
a good man il is good enough ; if not, a thousand times too good." 
Frazee was prized by his brethren for his adherence to his doc- 


trines, and had considerable ability to defend them. Willis liance 
was acceptable among his brethren. Daniel Bryant is still living'. 
I have heard him when young, and since he has become aged, and 
feel it just to say that I consider him amons? the talented in any 
branch of the Christian church. For originality, is not surpassed 
by any of his brethren that I have heard. Thomas Price has been 
esteemed by his brethren for his piety; I would say a zeal, but not 
according to knowledge. James Dunlap was an old-times preacher. 
Was popular in his day. I have spoken of my Baptist brethren 
that I had known in youth and early manhood ; I may now speak 
of my Methodist brethren, of whom I kno w more,and can say .nore. 
Bascora was among the first. 3omew!iat foppish in appearance, 
of medium stature. He had great command of language. At the 
time, his audiences were spell-bound ; but soon the enchantment 
would evaporate, and you had only to fall back on the occasion. 
Trader was able, but contentious, and seemed to say I am vatch- 
ing you. McGuire was able, benignant, and wished you to see the 
purity and appropriateness ot the gospel system. Old R')bert 
Findly had great ability, even when aged ; was strict, rigid of law 
and order,and drilled his fiock. .John Findly was mild, persuasive, 
and logical. James Findly was a large muscular man, bold, deter- 
mined, defiant, ready for combat, and was a Boanerges, and would 
awe into reverence. You would think he intended to try to shake 
creation, and yet sometimes he would toucli the sympathies of his 
hearers. Rupel Biglow was quite small, and almost homely to 
deformity. When he preached, he would lay his premises as care- 
fully as a skillful general would arrange his forces for battle, he 
would comprehend the obstacles to be overcome, see that his forces 
were sufficient, every officer in his place, men and munitions all 
properly arranged, and then the word given, shell and shot, small 
and large arms, grape and cannister, tis though the heavens and 
earth were coming together, and in the consternation would 
charge bayonets, and complete the destruction. Such seenuHl to 
be his power over men. .John Collins was spare, light and 
sprightly; his method was conversational; with rich, mellow 
voice, a heart throbbing with tender emotions —he would com- 
mence talking to you; his kindness would win on you, till you 
would be in his power, then he would deal out some circumstance 
so pathetically given, that the whole audience would weep in per- 
fect response to the preacher's wish. After you were heated and 


had listened awhile you could not leave if you would, nor you 
would not if you could. Augustus Eddy was a fine looking man, 
and had a clear, strong, musical voice. The intonations seemed t» 
have a magic power over you, as he would urge to pause and think, 
and you would be likely to promise. 

John Strong I had forgotten. He was a slender, tall man, pre- 
possessing in appearance ; when speaking he would throw out his 
shrill, strong voice, till he would arrast attention, then he would 
hold you in a kind of suspense as though some commotion in na- 
ture was in expectation. The sinner would be in state of alarm, 
then he would summon all his strength and pierce the wicked as 
though a well-aimed gun had sent a ball to pierce the heart, and 
sometimes sinners would fall as if shot in reality. 

William H. Raper was perhaps as line a looking man as I ever 
looked on. The attention of the audience would never fail to be 
attracted by the noble dignity of the preacher, and the inevitable 
conclusion would be, "that you are a finished gentleman and a wise 
counsellor," and you would cheerfully take a seat near the speaker ; 
his clear logic and profound thought so modestly given, would pre- 
possess you in his favor; you would begin to desire his companion- 
ship, and thus he (^ould lead you against your preconceived opin- 

George Marly was the most remarkable for native eccentricity of 
any in my knowledge. He had good preaching abilities. His 
audience would alternate between laughing and crying, just at 
Marly's pleasure, and it was perfectly natural— it may have been 
unavoidable. He was desired to preach once at each conference. 

George Walker was a large, stout man, with a strong voice, ve- 
hement in his manner. His assaults were made as by storm ; his 
spirit was to kill or be killed ; not compromising, nothing daunt- 
ed or impeding, but onward to victory. His mantle has fallen on 
but few. Leroy Swarmsted traveled here when a young man, or 
rather, a white-headed boy ; he was medium in stature; I only re- 
member that he was quite able. Daniel D. Davidson was a 
lean, long man, of good size, and very fine voice and good preach- 
ing abilities — a faithful pastor, and able divine. 

Michael Marly, (the last of a catalogue that I now notice) wa.s a 
well made hardy man of good size. His appearance indicated a 
man of thought and fixed principles, and seemed to say "Treat m© 
and ray views respectfully, for they are sustainable by the highest 


authorities," And when put to the test he never failed to muke 
good his purpose. I think I have never known the man that could iro 
into the depths of theology equal with Michael Marly, and he was 
a student to the end of his life. He would remind one of a man 
stationed at divergent roads in the wilderness, all unsafe but one, 
and a departure would hazard life, and it wa^ his business to set 
them in the safe way. He was able to reconcile apparent contlict- 
ing passages of scripture, showing their meaning as they stood 
connected with other scriptures, thus clearly bringing out and 
presenting truth ; and when in his strength he had great ability 
to enforce and apply his logical conclusions. 

On hearing Alfred Cookmau I thought he might be equal to 
Marly in this respect, but I onlj^ heard him twice, and in this he 
seemed quite able to bring up those deep thoughts that seemed 
beneath the surface, and to apply them ; and I regret that thes^ 
great men have gone, and that we can hear them no more. 

The difference between them as it strikes me, is this ; that C!ook- 
man would point to the safe road, all strewn with flowers and 
beautified with evergreens, and make the impression that all the 
flowery paths were paths of peace, and then he would go out 
with that grateful smile and thus win the misguided to that peace- 
ful way ; while Marly would describe the safety and security of 
his way, and then point to the danger of those divergent roads, 
and send out his thrilling warning voice showing the dreadful re- 
sults, reaching out through countless ages, so as to alarm the fears 
of the guilty. 

I could wish to have known some of the valuable Ministers of 
other orders or branches of the Church, the Presbyterian, Luther- 
an, the Friends (Quakers), and others, but in early life I only knew 
the Baptistsand Methodists, as there was no organization of any 
other near us. Of late I have become acquainted with some valua- 
ble Ministers of whom I could say much of their gentlemanly de- 
portment and christian character. I hope however some one will 
rescue from forgetfuiness some of those venerable departed spirits 
that I did not know. But little more thantfO years since and Ohio 
was an unbroken forest, the home of the numerous and p.)wertul 
war-like savage tribes. The fine soil and climate presented 
unusual inducements to emigration. Some enterprising pioneer^ 
found homes for themselves and families among wild beasts, and 


war-like savrig:f^s, in the bosom of this fertile cMunlry. The 
aiiti(ipate(i danger incident, prevented capitalists from early 

The war of 1812 ( 59 years since ) not only checked emigration, 
but spread consternation among those that had settled. Some re- 
traced their steps to their former homes, while others, rather than 
lose their all, collected in forts of their own construction, for per- 
gonal protection. The Government, as we have seen, was mostly 
in possession of ihe land, and sold in tracts of 160 acres and up- 
wards. The purchaser paid eighty dollars in hand, per 160 acres, • 
and the remainder in equal annual payments, till paid. In de- 
fault of meeting any of the back payments as they fell due, the 
land was forfeited to the Government, subject to re-entry, or sold 
to the highest bidder. Some settled on land, and commenced 
building and clearing, but failed to meet one or more of the back 
payments, and lost the money paid, their improvements, and 
land in the bargain, as before mentioned. But those who suc- 
ceeded in making payments, were debtors to the Government for 
i?everal years for their land. Let those of the present day remember 
that the pioneers of this country first cleared, then cultivated their 
laud with their own hands, and sold the products : if wheat, at 25 
cents per bushel ; if corn, at 10 cents per bushel ; and pork at $1.50 
per hundred weight. Great inconvenience was experienced for 
want of good roads. It was a matter of great inconvenience to 
haul grain a long distance, over bad roads, for such prices as 
named. Our farming implements, too, were quite inferior, and 
money was mostly paid for Government lands, and sent out of the 
country. Those living in the interior lacked channels of trade. 
But the last thirty-nine years has changed the figures in Ohio ; 
and this is the true basis of calculation ; and how stands the ac- 
count? Well, in that briei" period she has rivaled Statfts several 
times her own age, and is now acknowledged on all hands to be 
third in the constellatior: of States, in point of wealth, population 
and importance. 

Of an ordinary season, Ohio can send abroad about $150,000,000 
worth of surplus. This calculation is made in the absence of sta- 
tistics, but it may be in the neighborhood of truth. Few States 
are equal to Ohio in quality and variety of soil. She is capable of 
a more dense population than any State in the Union. Her vast 
beds of iron-ore and stone-coal are fast becoming available. Some 


of her territory is yet unsettled. Much of the distant travel from 
east to west, and from north to south, will doubtless pass our bor- 
ders. Our State produces all the grains, vegetables and northern 
fruits necessary to comfort, every species of stock in general de- 
mand, and all the profitable varieties of the grape. When all our re- 
sources are fully developed, and all our railroad facililies, all of < >hiu 
will be a garden spot. 


The following -ketch of pioneer life, from the pen of Mr. Aaron 
Gutridge, is given in his own style, witlt a few alterations in or- 
thography and syntax. It shows a good memory, and practical 
good sense, for one that is eighty years old. He now live> in 
Mechanicsburg, Champaign County, with his amiable lady, for- 
merly Miss Mary Graj, ] re-erainent for her social virtues. Kv- 
erybody honors Aunt Mary. — [Ed. 

My father, John Gutridge, was born in Virginia; from tliere he 
went to the State of Maryland. While there, in the year of ITtiti, 
he married a lady by the name of Elizabeth Turner; remained 
there until after the close of the Revolutionary war ; from tliere 
he moved to the State of Pennsylvania ; lived there till the year of 
178o. He and others moved down the Ohio river in flat lioats, to 
what was then called Lime Ston.% but is now known as 3Iays- 
ville. Mason county, in Kentucky, and settled at Washington, 
near Kenton's Station. For a few years they were much annoyed 
by the Indian tribes, by killing of men, women and children, and 
killing their cattle and stealing their horses. I learned from nly 
father, that one dark, wet night the Indians stole his last horse, 
Avhich was tied to tiie door-cheek of the house that tliey lived in. 
Often the men would follow them across the Ohio river. At one 
time the white men were about to overtake them. They had taken 
a negro boy prisoner, cut his throat, and left him bleeding in their 
path ; then they scattered and made their escape among the .Irift 
wood of Eagles' Creek, near what was called Logan's (Jap. Tlie 


wliite man's livinar was deer and buffalo meat. The first- settlers 
of Kentucky underwent many privations and hardships ; but many 
of tliem lived to see better da.ys. There my parents buried their 
oldest son at Washington, Ky. My father was soon put in as 
Justice of the Peace and Judge of the Court, which otfiee he filled 
as long as he remained in that State. My brother, Jesse Gutridge, 
Wits said to be the first child born, in 1786, in Mason county, Ky., 
white or blaclc. My father still resided there. In a few years 
times became better ; he followed farming and teaming on the 
road from the Ohio river to Lexington, Danville and other points. 
My hrother John was teamster, and was called the wagon boy. 
Times were fast becondng much better and prosperous. By this 
time my father got hiy mind placed on what was then called the 
Western Territory, nc ith of the Ohio river, and in the year of 
1798 moved with his family into the territory. My parents raised 
twelve children, nine sons and three daughters, and all settled iu 
the territory on a stream of water called Fishing Gut. My tather 
in a few years was elected .lustice of the Peace in Adam^ county, 
which office he filled until he moved out of the county. In the 
y*^ar 1807, he moved to the Madriver country, and settled on the 
east side of Dugan prairie, on the headwaters of Buck creek, in 
Champaign county, Ohio. The people soon became alarmed about 
the Indians, and built a fort at John Taylor's mill, on Kings creek, 
north of Urban--!, but the fort was never occupied by the people. At 
that time, the Indians were quite plenty in the Mad river country 
bu^ seeined to be friendly. I think it was in the year of 1809 we 
had a celebration at Urbana on the fourth of July. The people of 
our town met in mass, under the shade of one white-oak tree that 
had a large spreading top. The crowd was not large, but their 
friendship was never excelled ; see strangers meet, then a strong 
grasp of the hands, with the words "What is your name, where do 
you live? Do come and see rae, and bring all the family," At a 
proper time, Josei)h Vance, Sr., addressed the little crowd, and 
read the Declaration of Independence. Then Joseph C. Vance 
sang a song ; after that Wm. Fife, of Urbana, and a Wm. Lemon, 
sang a song called the Black Bird ; then men, women and children 
partook of a bountiful dinner of roasted beef, potatoes, good bread 
aiul other luxuries of the day. All this time there was little said 
al)ont schools— it took a large bound to get scholars enough to 
make up a school. Our schoolrooms were little cabins, with paper 


windows to let in a little lij>ht. I know it was a poor chance to 
learn much. 

We would suppose that the youth of those days did not know 
much. We will say nature did a grea^ work for them. About 
this time my father was appointed Judge of the Court held at Ur- 
bana, Champaign County, Ohio, which office he held until his 
health became impaired by sickness, then he resigned, and liv.'d a 
retired life from business of any kind. In the year 1S12, Mcjses 
Corwin printed the first newspaper that ever was printed in 
Urbana,Champaign County,Ohio. About this time came the news of 
a war between the United States of America, and Great Britain. 
The army was soon made up, and organized at Dayton, (ien. 
Wm. Hull m-^rched the army from Dayton to Urbana : a council 
was held with the Indians, but no good grew out of it. My 
brother, Joseph Gutridge, was a member of the Spy Company, 
commanded by Capt. Wm. McColloeh. * Wm. Gutridge, and a 
brother-in-law, Wesley Hathaway, were members of Hull's army. 
All landed safe at Detroit; there the Spy Company was dis- 
charged, and my brother Joseph returned home safe and well. In 
the month of August, 1812, Hull surrendered the whole army to 
Proctor, as prisoners of war. They were sent home on parole ; 
the most of them got home during the fall months. We had a 
dark and discouraging time through the fall and winter of 1812-l;i, 
and in the spring of 1813 there was a great call for men to guard 
the frontiers of our country. My brothers older than myself were 
all out on the war-path : they all returned home in harvest, in 
the month of July, 1813. My father led in the harvest-field, and 
eight sons followed him, all good reapers, making their hands, 
with sickles. After harvest there was a call for more men. I had 
six brothers out in the war, all at the same time. On account of u 
spell of sickness I was compelled to remain at home. In the fall 
my brother Wm. Gutridge went northeast, and joined Gen. 
Brown's army. W^hile there he got an unlucky foil down a steep 
bank, from which injury he never got well. He drew a pension 
through life. My brother John Gutridge was a baptist prea.-her 
for many years before his death. My brothers were all farmers 
on a small scale. I remember of hearing my mother count her 

* William McColloeh lived near Zanesfield, in what is now Logan Count 
and is the father of Judge McColloeh, now of Bellefontaine.-[ED. 


children. The imnibor was twelve children and twelve grand- 
childron. The great-grand-children, perhaps, would overrun that 
number. I have seen many and great improvements in old Cham- 
paign (bounty since the year 1807. I am now living in the town of 
Mechanicsburg, Champaign County, Ohio, Goshen Township, on 
the head-waters ot Little Darby. There are two grist-mills and 
two saw-mills, one woolen factory, and a good railroad. I am in 
possession of the family record and dates of all the births and 
deaths of my brothers and sisters. They are gone, I hope to a bet- 
ter world than this. I was raised on corn and potatoes that grew 
in the fields that were plowed with long, wooden mould-board 
plows, then the cast plow ; but the best of all is the steel-plow of 
the present day. The improvements in farming are great, and 
good, and far exceed those of other years. Many places where we 
used to hear the howling of wolves, and the hunting of the red- 
man, we can hear the Gospel preached on Sunday, and often on 
week-days. In 1807 farm-cabins were scarce and far between, but 
now our country is almost a dense population, dotted over with 
good farms and good buildings, flourishing towns, and many 
splendid churches. In the settling of the northern part of Ohio, 
Ihe people had to labor under many disadvantages. The corn got 
frost-bitten, hut the forest afforded us plenty of wild meat. Deer, 
bear, and turkeys were plenty. My brothers were sure shots, and 
killed an abundance of game. I have omitted many things of 
impoi'tance, on account of being a poor writer at this age of my 
life. I was born in Mason County, Kentucky, in the year 1793. 
I have written these few lines without the use of glasses. Per- 
haps but tew are living that had the Dilworth Spelling Book for 
their school-book. 



The first settlers of what is now Union township, Logfan county, 
were Robert Moore, Samuel and James Mcllvain, Robert Porter, 
William and Archibald Moore, David Askern, Robert Newel and 
his sons, Samuel, William, Hugh and John, William and Joseph 
McBeth, Robert Crocket, David Kirk wood, Billy Gray, John and 
James Wall, Martin Shields. Subsequently, Hiram White, James 
Stackhouse, Adam Rhodes, Jonathan Norton, Henry Culp and 
others settled in the bounds of the township. In tho'se days we had 
what was termed overseers of the poor, and fence viewers, wh(j 
were duly elected at the annual township election. The duties in- 
cumbent on the overseer of the poor was to order Ihein out of the 
township if they were deemed villainous or vagabonds ; otherwise, 
in case of destitution, the children were bound out to servitude, 
until capable of taking care of themselves. The duties of f.Mice 
viewers was to examine the condition of fences. There were no 
picket or board fences in those days in- our place; but split rails 
were fashionable, with a slip-gap, or pair of bars at best. Accord- 
ing to law, a fence must be in a condition to turn stock of any 
kind, or else the owner could recover no damage- for the breach, 
or the spoiling of his crops by stock that was running at large. 
The wild woods and prairies were our pastures in thosf days. A 
laughable occurrence happened at the spring election one year. 
The men. vishingto have a little fun, elected Adau) Rhodes h.' 
being :> remarkably tall man, and Hiram White, a small nnm, a^ 
fence viewers. Adam was to chin the fence, an<l Hiram to look 
after the pig holes. 



Two neighbors f(()t into a dispute about the ownership of a cer- 
tain liog, which they both claimed. One being more shrewd and 
less scrupulous about honesty or truth than the other, got a man to 
swear before a Justice of the Peace, that he knew it to be his, be- 
cause he knew that he raised it. It was afterward ascertained that 
the way he raised it, he stooped over a low fence and lifted it off 
its feet by the bristles (hogs had bristles in those days.) A lean 
shoat could well be compared to a fish, the bristles answering to 
the fins on the back, anttthe sides as flat, with mutton hMnis. 

Stealing, or killing hogs in the woods, was a very common oc- 
currence. Very frequently hogs would come running home with 
torn and bloody ears, (being dogged,) and one or two missing. The 
poor Indian had to bear the blame often, when the deed was done 
by some white sinner. Robert Moore suggested that the (then) 
new county should be called Bristle county. 

It was a common thing for cattle to come up with one missing., 
and upon search being made would be found swamped in the mud 
somewhere. Neighbors would assist each other, and with hand- 
spikes and ropes, pry up and drag out. Sometimes the poor crea- 
ture could stand, after it would get on solid footing; sometimes it 
would have to be lifted to its feet for days and weeks. Each 
ow- ner of stock had to have his own peculiar mark, which was 
done by slitting and cropping, and cutting the ears, and then hav- 
ing their mark recorded in the public records of the county. Men 
used to have a cruel and silly practice, of what they called docking 
their horses. The manner by which it was done, was to jtart the 
hair about six or eight inches from the point of the tail, then take 
a sharp ax, and set the pole on the horse's rump, turn the tail up 
over the edge of the ax, and then with maul nr heavy mallet, strike 
hard. It took four men to do it ; one to hold the head, one to 
hold the tail, one to hold the ax, and the fourth was the execu- 

Another practice, which was still more ridiculous, was nicking, 
which was done by cutting the tendons on the under part of the 
tail, and turning it up and fastening it in that position until the 
wound would heal up. Young men thought they made a graud 


display when they rode by with a nick-tailed horse ; not more 
ridiculous, however, than the women of to-day, witli their hi^h- 
heeled shoe^, their camels hump, or piles of bark or hemp on their 

But we had some noble l)oys among us in early times— younj? 
men who could cut and split two or three hundred rails in a .lay, 
pile and burn brush at nig-ht, or shell their sack of corn, and ride 
on it on horseback to mill. The girls could milk the cows, churn 
the batter, make the cheese, pull the flax, spin, weave and bleach 
it, and then make it up for the hoys. The\- coui'l help sheer tlic 
sheep, then card and spin the wool, color it and weave it, and tht n 
make dresses of it. Such was frontier life, fifty or sixty years ajjo. 
Whnre we now have beautiful green fields, was then a howling 

Meanwhile, heralds of the (Jross were not idle. Father .Joseph 
Stephenson, than whom few could boast a finer physical organiza- 
tion, tall, erect and well proportioned, he stood forth, a giant— 
for the cause of religion and morality — and as the good Master, 
"went about doing good," and like the Apostles, "preached from 
house to house;" for there were no church buildings here then, no 
Bellefontaine, with its church bells to call the worshipers together 
at certain hours ; no railroad, to carry the ministering brethren to 
their appointments ; but their zeal would prompt them to face the 
storms of winter, and ride for miles on horseback, to fill their aj)- 

Camp-meetings were quite common. One \ ear there w:is (»ne 
held on the place of Lodman E. Spry, at which th'-re were a large 
crowd of Shawnee and Delaware Indians— some all the way from 
Sandusky. Their encampme?jt was back of the preacher's stand. 
They seemed to enjoy thp ineeting as well as the whites, and were 
quite asorderly. Some of th.'m were beautiful sin-jors "id would 
get very happy at the night meetings. 

But times and customs have changed since th.„e.i:'ys. \\h<. 
can tell what may be the changes of the next half century ? Ivho 
answers— Who? Let us all watch and wait, and try to rullill nur 

1, 187L 

Among the first settlers in Union and Plnasunt townships, in 


Logan "fjunty, were Robert Moore, and John and Thofnas Makera- 
8on, John and Benjamin Schooler, Phillip Matthews, Sen., and his 
sons David, Henry, Phillip and Alfred ; James Shaw, Jeremiah 
Stanbery, John Provolt and Samuel McIIvain. 

About the year 1810 or 11, there was felt a shock of earthquake, 
which caused a distinct vibration of some three inches, of skeins 
of yarn, that were suspended from the joist of our log cabin. 
Well do I remember how frightened I was when my father told us 
what it was. 

Indians were plenty about here at that time, and often came into 
the settlement to trade their split baskets (which were very pretty, 
being colored black and red, auvl striped with the natural color of 
ash wood), dressed deer-skins and moccasins, for flour, a little corn- 
meal, or a piece of meit. Th^v wer;^ v^ry friendly with the 
whites, generally, if they wern well treated. Of ^j^ame there was 
plenty ; deer was often seen in herds, six, eight or tea together. 
How beautiful they were, leaping over iiills or across the prairies, 
with their white flags waving. But the poor creatures were 
hunted and slaughtered without mercy, by both white and In- 
dian hunters. The sly, and sneaking wolf, too, was often seen 
skulking through the brush, and wo betide the poor sheep that 
wasn't housed up at night. These depredators were often caught 
in traps, the price of a wolf-scalp being four dollars. Occasionally 
a bear was killed. 

A little son of Wm. Moore, living on McKees' creek, near 
where the Bellefontaine and West Liberty turnpike crosses it, was 
sent after the cows one evening, (he always carried his trusty rifle 
on such occasions,) and in passing through the woods, ho espied a 
huge black bear standing with its paws on a large log close by, ap- 
parently watching him. Without waiting to think of tlie conse- 
qui'Dces. should he miss his aim, he blazed away, and down came 
bruin — the ball entering his forehead, and away ran Billy home 
to tell his father, M'ho would scarcely believe his story. "But, fath- 
er, just comeand see," said Billy. He went; and there sureenough, 
was the bear, a very large animal, weighing nearly 400 pounds, ly- 
ing dead beside the log. 


It would be almost impossible to .jiake tiie young folks of to-day 
have an adequate idea of the immense swarms of blackbirds that 


used to collect about our cornfields. They could be seen cominj: in 
flocks, by the thousands, and alighting on the corn, about the time 
it \va8 in good order for roasting, tearing open the husk, and feast- 
ing on the soft corn. Then there was work for the boys, with the 
horse-rattler, old tin pails, or anything to scare off the birds. And, 
after all, they would destroy some fields of corn dreadfully. 

Pigeons, though more plentiful still thin blackbirds, were not so 
mischievous. At certain seasons of the year (or some years) they 
raigl t be seen flying in such crowds overhead as almost to darken 
the air, and in continuous lines for miles in length. One season the 
pigeon-roost was at a place called the Beaver dam, in Union town- 
ship, where they would collect in such vast numbers a.s to break 
down the timber. Large limbs would be broken off trees, and 
saplings bent to the ground. 

Rattlesnakes were also plenty. Well do I remember the time 
when quite a large one got into our house, and was found coiled up 
at the foot of the bed where my brothers M'ere sleeping. Feeling 
something at their feet, they called father, and he grasped a lar^e 
iron poker and dexterously pitched it into the fire. Shortly after, 
the dog was making a great ado outside the house; father went 
out, and there was another snake, no doubt mate to the one in the 
house, which he also killed. 


In making hominy, the first thing was to prepare the mortar to 
pound it in, which was done by sawing ofi" a log about two feet in 
diameter and three feet long, then chop it in from one end, leaving a 
rim for the bottom, then dress it off smooth in the shape of a gob- 
let, set it up on the bottom and pile chips or bark on the top and 
burn it out, on the inside, taking care to leave a rim at the outer 
edge. When this was done it was dressed out smooth and clean. 
Then shell about half a bushel of corn, pour boiling water on it in 
some vessel and let it stand a spell, then pour the wator off and 
tui n it in the hominy block. The pestle for jiounding it was made 
by taking a stout stick about like a handspike, shaving it smooth, 
splitting one end, and inserting an iron wedge, (such as is useii in 
splitting rails) taking care to havean iron ring on the stick to keep 
it from splitting with the wedge while pounding the corn. The 
chaff, or husk, would part from the grain, and leave it clean and 


cracked, fit for cooking, then put on the big kettle and boil the 


We used to have spinning bees (as the yankees would say.) 
A neighbor would send flax enough around the neighborhood tospin 
twelve cuts for each one, and send an invitation for us to come on 
a certain day, and bring our dozen of thread, and partake of a good 
dinner, and a good time in general. The men would have log-roll- 
ings, and liouse-raisings, and corn-huskings. We would have our 
wool-pickings, and quiltings. We could, and did ride on horse- 
back, for miles to meeting or to market or visiting, and thought it 
only a pleasant recreation. We could pull flax, scutch it, spin it, 
weave it, bleach it, and makf^ it up into shirts for the men. 

THE WAR OF 1812. 

How many of us can remember the demonstrations of joy and 
rejoicing there were among us, at the news of Perry's victory on 
Lake Erie. Well do I remember hearing the shooting and shout- 
ing. I have a knapsack in my possession that was in the army, 
under General Brown, at Sackett Harbor, in 1813 or 14, made of 
tow linen with leather straps. 

My aged friends, we who have borne the burden and heat of the day 
are now walking or wading along the banks of the river. Some of 
us with our feet in the water wailing to be launched over. We 
have seen our friends, one by one, passing over before us. Have 
we all got our lamps trimmed, and oil in our veasels? Did we all 
goto work iti the Master's vineyard at the eleventh hour, or are 
we s*^ill standing idle, making the excuse that no man hath hired 
us? Let us not murmur because those that came in at the eleventh 
hour receive as much as we. Let us rather rejoice that they came 
in, even late, and receive the same wages. "Let not our eye be 
evil because God is good." 



Eldest son of Maj. William Boggs, aged 18 years, of Westmore- 
land county, Virginia, was taken prisoner by the Indian^, about 
the year 1770, and remained a prisoner with them two years. He 
spent a considerable part of that time at the Mac-a-cheek towns, on 
Mad river, near the present town of West Liberty. He was sick 
much of the time he was a prisoner, and at times reduced so low 
that he was scarcely able to walk. A young squaw was very kind 
to him, and probably saved his life on several occasions. At one 
time the Indians had a drunken frolic, when he was so weak he 
could not walk. This Indian woman carried him in her arms, 
probably in the night time, an<l hid him in the tall grass, on Mac- 
a-chf ek, covered him over with the grass and set up the grass on 
her trail so that that the Indians could not find him, fearing the 
drunken Indians would kill him. He laid in that place two days, 
and had nothing toeat except once, this young woman carried him 
some pole-cat brains, which was the best she had to give. After 
he was released, and returned home, he described that country so 
well along Mad river, from the head of that stream down south of 
West Liberty, that persons afterward came from his neighborhood, 
and had no difficulty in finding the exact localities he had described, 
especially about the present site of West Liberty, and along Mac-a- 
cheek, about the Piatt estate. He described a mound, which is, 
no doubt, the mound situated in John Enoch's field, where the In- 
dians had a track to run their horses, and the judges would sit on 
this mound and view the races, but he gave no account of t-eeing 
any prisoner run the gauntlet, and he never had to run the gaunt- 
let as my informant is aware of. At the end of two years he wa.s 
exchanged at Detroit, and returned to his native home. He sub- 
sequently removed to Indiana, where he died, many years since, 
at an advanced age. William Boggs was a relation to Hiratn, Nel- 
son and Alfred Johnson of Champaign county. 


Removed from Pennsylvania in the year 1804, and -ettle<l on 


King's Creek, near where Judge E. L. Morgan n'>vv livei?. Two 
yeara afterward he removed to Mingo Valley, where he died in the 
year 1818, at an advanced age. 


Settled on the farm now owned by his son, Alfred Johnson, in 
Mingo Valley, in the spring of 1805. He lived on King's Creek 
one or two years previous. The first time he ever viewed this 
farm he was in company with James Denny, the original proprie- 
tor, and the noted original proprietor of much military land. 
They were looking over the land, and came to a field that the In- 
dians had cleared and cultivated, and found twelve or thirteen 
squaws in the field hoeing corn on a very warm day. The squaws 
were attired to suit the weather. This field is very near the village 
of Mingo. Jacob Johnson died in the year 1844, and was regarded 
as a very worthy man. He was father of the well-known Johnson 
Brothers — Hiram, Nelson and Alfred. 


Was a native of Guilford county, North Carolina. He emigrated 
to Ohio, in 1811, and settled in Champaign county, where he lived 
until his decease in 1863, aged seventy-five years. He was one of 
the excellent men of the earth. 


Was a native of Colunibiana county, Ohio. He lived in Cham- 
paign county from 1817 until his decease in 1870, aged 67 years. 
He was steady, quiet, industrious, benevolent and economical. He 
lived ft religious Ijfp, and whs looked upon by all as a good man. 



Was a native of Virginia, and emigrated to the Northwestern Ter- 
ritory, and settled in what is now Columbiana county, Ohio, in 
1800. In 1817 he removed to Champaign county, where he lived 
eight miles Northeast of Urbana, until his decease in 1846. He 
was industrious, liberal and kind, and was regarded as a good and 
useful man. 


Was a native of Pennsylvania. Emigrated to Ohio in I8O0, and 
lived in Champaign county until his decease, about the year IStiO. 
He was Commissioner of the county twelve years, and filled many 
offices of trust. He was a kind and benevolent man, and for his 
many good qualities, will long be remembered by his neighbors 
and fellow-citizens. 


Lived in Champaign county at an early day, and is still living on 
his fine farm at Cable. He is nature's nobleman; may his shadow 
never grow less. 



Colonel John Thomas, 

One of the earliest settlers of Champaign county, was a native of 
Charles county, Maryland, where he had his hirth, June 7, 1779. 
When about eighteen years of age, he left his home and emigra- 
ted to the wilderness of Ohio, stopping first in Ross county, near 
Chillicothe. After a few years he went into Pickaway county, 
where he married Ann Morris. About the year 1809, he removed 
to Champaign county, settling on the north fork of Kingscreek 
in Salem township. At that period, but few white people were in 
this county. The pioneers were far apart, and in a poor condition 
for defense against the inroads of the savages, by whom they were 
frequently threatened during the war. For their better defefase, 
they erected blockhouses, one of which stood on Col. Thomas's 
farm. Here the families were collected when the alarm of hostile 
Indians spread dismay and terror among the settlers, w^hilst the 
men with their rifles marched to the frontier to search for and 
drive back the savages. Col. Thomas accompanied these expedi- 
tions and belonged to the same company with Captain Arthur 
Thomas and son, who were murdered by the Indians near Solo- 
mons town, Logan county. The subject of this sketch was pecul- 
iarly fitted for the pioneer life, having a strong and vigorous con- 
stitution, and always enjoying good health. He was endowed with 
a large measure of patience and fortitude, that enabled him to 
successfully battle with the i)eril8 and discouragements incident to 


backwoods life. He was quiet and unassuming in his manners ; 
possessed a warm, social nature, and was noted for his propriety of 
conduct, and his kindness and benevolence to the poor and desti- 

When there were no churches in the county. Col. Thomas invi- 
ted the clergy to hold service at his house, and the pioneer mis- 
sionary of the gospel always met a cordial welcome at his door. 
He was held in the highest esteem by his fellow-citizens, and was 
honored by them with many positions of trust and usefulness ; 
being chosen as Captain, Major and Colonel in the militia service, 
and serving as Justice of the Peace for thirty-three years, receiv- 
ing his first commission from Gov. Othniel Looker, in 1814. Some 
years after his settlement here, sickness carried off his wife and 
several of his family. He subsequently married Mary Blair, 
widowed daughter of Jacob Johnson, of Mingo Village, also a 
pioneer. His widow still survives him, living with her two sons 
on the farm where her husband originally settled. Some time pre- 
vious to his decease, Col. Thomas united with the M. P. Church in 
his neighborhood, and continued an exemplary follower of the Sa- 
vior until his death, which occurred January 20, 1851, in the 72d 
year of his age. 



This township is situated iinmertiateiy north of Urbana. Its south- 
ern boundary at the centre is the northern limit of the the city cor- 
poration. The township is eight miles long, from soutii to north, 
and six miles wide, from east to west. It is bounded on the north 
by Logan county, on the east by Unitni and Wayne townships, 
and on the west by Concord and Harrison townships. It contains 
forty-eight (48) square miles, equal to thirty thousand seven hun- 
dred and twenty (30,720) acres of land ; about four thousand acres of 
this land lies east of Ludlow's line, and is in the Virginia Military 
District ; the balance is Congress land, and is lai 1 off in sections of 
one mile square, containing six hundred and forty acres each, ex- 
cept some fractional sections on the west side of, and adjoining 
Ludlow's line, which are of various sizes. Mad river runs south, 
and passes through the north-west and south-west parts of the 
township. King's creek has its source in Wayne township, and 
runs westwardly across Salem, and enters Mad river near the west- 
ern boundary of the township. Mack-a-cheek, a tributary of Mad 
river, paases through the northern part of the township. All these 
are permanent, never-failing streams, of pure, clear water. They 
have never been known to go dry in summer, and always furnish 
an ample supply of water for milling purposes throughout the year. 
The land Ls mostly level, or "rolling" dry prairie, and "barrens," 
a.s it was once called, and the ridges dividing the streams and 
prairie, are covered with timber, mostly oak and hickory. In the 
.south-east corner of the township there is a large, low, and once wet 


prairie known by the nanae of Du^an's Prairie ; U: contains sevemi 
thousand acres of land, and receives the drainag.- of the country 
surrounding it, equal to an area ot six miles square. When the 
t'ountry was first settled by the whites, this prairie was mostly 
covered with water the greatest part of the year, havino; the ap- 
pearance of a lake, with here and there a small island thickly cov- 
ered with timber, mostly oak and hickory. The "barrens" and 
dry prairies were covered with wild grass, which in summer grew 
lo an incredible height, and furnished fine pasture for thousunh mC 
bnflfalo, elk and deer, before the intrusion of the white man upon 
their rich domain. After this grass became dead ripe, or was killed 
by the frost in the fall of the year, and became dry enough to burn, 
the Indians, at times agreed upon by their chiefs, would place 
themselves witli their guns upon the high timbered land U'ljoiniti^' 
that upon which tiie grass grew, and at a signal given by tb<- 
"captain," the squaws would set fire to the grass, and the wild an- 
imals of all kinds which lay there concealed, would be suddenly 
aroused from their quiet slumbers, and run for safety to the hlgli 
ground, and there meet death by the rifle of the red man. (ireat 
numbers of deer were killed in this way by the Indians, even after 
the commencement of the settlement of the country by tbf whiteb. 
The Indians would invariably give the white settlers at least a 
week's notice of their intention to burn the grass at a certain time, 
so they eould protect their fences and cabins by plowing a few fresh 
furrows around them. 

According to the best information, and that which is entirely re- 
liable, (for I intend to give no other,) the settlement of that part of 
the township which lies in the Kings-creek valley, wascommeneed 
in the year 1S02, or 1803. Samuel and William Stewart, from whom 
I have received the main part of my information on the subject, 
and whose statements can be fully relied on, came to this town- 
ship with their father, Matthew Stewart who settle*! on Kings- 
creek in the spring of 1804. At that time William Powell wa> 
living near the place where Mr. Albert Jackson now lives, having 
settled there about a year before. Wm. Wood, a Baptist prfmlifr 
from Kentucky, and father of Christopher VVood, whodistinguislied 
himself in the war oi 1812, and is remembered by all the old set- 
tlers, then lived where the Kingston mills now are, having --ettle*! 
there about a vear before. Arthur Thomas, who was aft(r\\:(nl- 


kill'cl by the Indians, then lived at the mouth of Kinjfs-iTeek, where 
he soon after built a grist mill, which was probably the first mill 
of the kind ever erected in this county. Joseph Petty then lived 
on Kiugvs-creek on the place where his grand son, Hiram Potty 
now lives, where he built a water mill soon after. 

The following named persons came to this township about the 
same time, or soon after : David Parkison, James Turner, Joha 
^^utridge, Abner Barret, William Johnson, George and Jacob 
Leonard. A majority of the first settlers came from Kentucky and 
Virginia. Matthew vStewart and John McAdams came from Penn- 
sylvania at an early day, and lived a short time at Columbia, on 
the Ohio river, above Cincinnati; from there they came to this 
pUice and settled on Kingscreek, in 1804. John Taylor came from 
Vfrginia and settled on Kingscreek in 1806, at the place Adhere the 
vjllageof Kingston now is. He purchased 640 acres of land from 
Issac Zane, for which he paid four dollars per acre. This laud, to- 
gether with two other sections of the same size, was given to Mr. 
Zane by the United States Government, in consideration of ser- 
vices rendered the armj' under the command of General Wayne 
in 1794. In 1810 Mr. Taylor erected a grist and saw mill, now 
(1872) owned by Beatty and Willis. In the same year the citizens, 
who then lived in the vicinity, erected two blockhouses near the 
mill, as a protection against the attacks of the Indians. To these 
houses, which were enclosed by tall pickets, the settlers would flee 
in times of danger ; but the Indians never disturbed them there; 
great numbers of them, mostly squaws, were every day to be seen 
coming to, and returning from the mill, with their little buckskin 
:Kacks teUed with corn, and thrown across the naked backs of their 
bob-tailed ponies, upon which the squaws rode astride, some of 
them with their "pappooses" fastened to a board and strapped 
upon their back. On dismounting, the squaw would place the 
board to which the baby was tied against the wall of the mill, in 
an erect position, then take off and carry in her sack of corn, and 
immediately return and nurse her pappoose. The writer once 
saw an Indian squaw, in a great hurry, accidentally place her 
child upon the board wrong end up. The youngster soon discov- 
ered the mistake, and although a wild savage, it« cries and screams 
precisely resembled those of a white child. 

Salem township was organized in 1805, the same year that the 


<'ounty was created. The civil jurisdiction of the townshi}* thf^n 
extended from the southern boundary of the tenth ran^enciir 
iSprino^field, to the shore of Lake Erie on the north, inclu(lin«?a 
territory almost as larsje as some of the old State?. If the cens^us 
had been taken at that time, it would have shown that for every 
white person within its bounds there was at least one liundred In- 
dians. I will uive some extracts from the township records of 
early times, which will show the nature of the business then 
transacted, and the manner of doing- it. 

"Kecord Book for Salem township: Chapter I, for the year 180r), 
May 10, 1805, Chris. Wood, Trustee, duly sworn in for Salem town- 
ship ; Daniel McKinney, Trustee, duly sworn in that office for Sa- 
lem township." "May 15, 1805: William Davis came before me 
and was qualified to hi^ office of Constable for Salem township lio- 
fore A. Barritt." May 18, 1805: Daniel Jones was also qu;dific<l 
as above mentioned.— A. Barritt." "May 24, 1805: Champaign 
county recorded as per certificate, rendered from under the hand 
of John Runyon, Associate Judge of the Court of Common Plea.'*, 
that George Jem ison was legally qualified to the office of Ik ) 
appraiser and lister of taxable property," "June 5th, 1805 : There 
is a bond in this office giving Daniel .Jones for behavior for one 
year as a constable. Justus Jones, Barton Minturn surety to Wm. 
Johnson, Trea>surerfor said township. — A. Barritt." 

It appears from this record that William Johnson was the first 
Treasurer, and Abner Barritt the first Clerk of this township. \iy 
the record of 1806, it appears that Joseph Petty, Thomas Tearce 
and William Parkison were elected Trustees, and David Parkison 
Clerk for that year. The following appears upon the record of that 
year : 

"August 15, 1806: A memorandum of the business transacted by 
William Moore and Matthew Stewart, overseers of the i)oor, in 
the township of Salem, and county of Champaign, for the year 
October 18, 1806. To one order for clothing for one child ..-f I 00 

To David Parkison— for nursing •< 00 

To Wm. Powell— for the use of a iridwife, 2 00 

To two days service for Moore and Stewart 

<iave an order to Treasurer for the use of Jany Parkison for three dol 
lare, the 8th day of November, 1806. The Trusteee allowed Wm. 


P()wer>« ju'oount for kee|)in^ poor woman and chilrl — the account, 
$2<) (X)}i.s per account, October 4th, I80fi." 

Who the poor woman and child were, is not known. The fol- 
lowing is copied from the township record of 1808 : 

"Agreeal)le to the squirrel law, the Trustees ol this township 
have laid on each taxable ten squirrel scalps, and one scalp for 
eiich and every twelve and a half cents his tax amounts to. Done 
the 2:M day of April, 1808. Attest : David Parkison, T. CV 

"July: David Parkison, town Clerk, to makingr out twoalpha- 
l)etical duplicates of delinquents in squirrel scalps, allowed by the 
Trustees. David Parkison, town Clerk, to taking in squirrel 
•calps and jriviiiff certifli-ates, to be alloMre<l by the Trustees," 

"October 29, 1808 : To James Turner and Joshua Baldwin, Trus- 
tees, their' attendance in Urbana to appoint a collector for to lift 
the required t^x of Salem township, the day and date above, 
$1 oo." 

"November 2, 1808 : l>avi<l Parkison, town (.'lerk, to one day 
going to Urbana to write a bond with security on George Sanders, 
to collect the squirrel tux, 76 cents." 

In tormer times it was customary for the squirrels "to travel 
from north to south in countless numbers, about once in ten years_ 
They made their journey in the fall of ihe year, about the time 
that corn began to ripen. They appeared in such vast numbers, as 
apparently to cover the earth for miles, and if not well guarded, 
they would clear the corn fields as they went along. They would 
suffer death rather than ttirn from their course, and would pass 
over houses and swim lakes, ponds and water courses. They trav- 
eled due south, until they would reach the Ohio river, into which 
they would plunge and attempt to swim over ; here an immense 
number would lose their lives by drowning in the river, and those 
thiit got over alive would crawl up on the bank, and after resting 
a short time, would resume the journey southward. This accounts 
for the necessity of levying a squirrel scalp tax. 

(Japtain Alexander Black, Moses .Mcllvain and others, from Ken- 
tucky, settled on Mac-a-cheek and Mad river, in the northern part 
of Salem, in the spring of 1809; at that time James McPherson, 
called "Squalica," by the Indians, (which means the red-faced 
man) was then living on Mad river, at or near the Kavanaugh 
farm, and there were several IndifDi fainilit-s there at the time; 

liOGAN (Y)UNTIES. 253 

amuucr others, (Captain John Lewis, a chief, who had in hin family 
a white woman named Molly Kizer, who was taken prisoner when 
younorand raised with the Indians. She was hi-hly esteemed hy the 

Alexander P>lack was a soldier, and served faitlifidlv in the army 
of rieneral Wayne at the hattle with the Indians in 171)4; he was an 
offieer and served in the war of 1S12, under (General Harrison. 
John Enoch came to this township with hif; father's family in 1812; 
he was then ten years of age, having- been born at Fort Washin^r- 
ton, now Cincinnati, in the early Mart of 1802: he is therefore s i,,(.- 
what older than the State of Ohio. Abrani Sn)ith built the Hrst 
cabin, and was the first white settler in what was then called the 
"barrens," between the .settlements on Kings creek and Mac-a- 
cheek. This cabin was "raised" in 1818, and stood a short di.stance 
east of the State road, and ntt far from the residence of Joseph 
Miller; a few old apple trees still remain to mark the plac^ where 
it stood, Mr. Smith was a prominent and worthy citize!i, and 
filled some of the most important township offices (or several years 
before his death; he had a wife and fwo children; the whole family 
died of "Milk-sickness" within a few days of each other, about 
the year 1S21. 

Wm. ("opes settled at the place now owned by .Mr. Liddeis, aii- 
joining: the farm of Jonathan Parker, on the State road between Ur- 
bana and West Liberty, in the spring of 1814; here he purchase<l 
one hundred and sixty acres of land front the United States, at two 
dollars per acre, erected a cabin and made a small in)provement, 
but like many otliere of that time he came to the conclusion that 
the country weli named, and that it Wiu? really a Ixirren and 
worthless place. He accordingly sold his farm for the same priee 
that he gave, and bought one hundred and sixty acres in another 
part of the township, without improvements, for which i\e paid 
four dollars per acre ; this land to-day is worth one-fifth as much 
per acre as that on the State road, and no more. Mr. Thomas 
Thomas purchased the farm of Win. Copes, and after theState road 
became a highway of some importance, and was travehd liv <lt..- 
vers, teamst<'rs, movers, <fec., Mr. Thomas, after ]»ntting ui> :i pret- 
ty good liouse, kept "entertainment," for traveler- oi ail kinds, 
and, a.- was customary in those days he put up his sign upon a tull 
post in front of tbe door; this -i-n wasa rather niMnntli rr|.r.'-.>nf;<- 


tion of a sheaf of wheat. Once upon a time a traveler on foot 
"put up" at the house of Mr. Thomas, and remained all night ; it 
so happened (which was common among the folks at that time) 
that the landhidy had mush-uiid-milk for supper. The mush, as us- 
ual, was made of corn-meal; in thw morning she provided a break- 
fast of venison and corn-pone which she had baKed in a Dutch 
oven. After tiie traveler had fared sumptuously, and paid the bill, 
he asked the landlord what sign that was before hi^, door. Mr. 
Thinnas replied that it was a representation of a sheaf of wheat. 
"Well," said the stranger, "I think it would be more appropriate 
if you would take that down and put acorn-stalk in its place." 
Mr. Thomas had several children by his first wife, and after her 
death he married a young woman of the neighborhood, by whotu he 
had other ciiildren. This, as usual, caused troubU' and strife in the 
family, wliich was carried to such, an extent tliat his son William, 
by his first wife, became a desperate maniac, and had to be con- 
fined, either in a cell or in irons. Wliile in this condition the fam- 
ily moved to one of the new States in the vvest. Here, as before, 
the young man was lef confined in a small house built for the pur- 
post^, a short distance fro;n the dwelling of the family. By some 
means he one night made his escape from his hut, got an axe, 
broke open the door of the dwelling house, and entered the sleep- 
ing-roouj of his father and step-mother; on nearing the noise they 
both sprang up from bed, when, after a short struggle he succeeded 
in splitting his mother's skull and slightly wounding his father 
while endeavoring to protect his wife. Some of the neighbors, on 
going to the house next morning, found the maniac in quiet posses- 
.sioii, and l)oth parents dead upon the floor. On being questioned 
he said he intended to kill his step-mother, but not his father; that 
he had at tirstacciden tally wounded his lather but slightly, but fear- 
ing it might become troul)les()me and puinful to his aged parent he 
concluded to kill him ;d oiice and fuu Idm out of his misery. 
Charles McClay settled ni the fail of 1S14, at the tanii afterwards 
owned by Joel Funk, and whc^re tin- widow Funk now lives. Mr. 
McClay was brother-in-law to Abram Stinth, the first resident in 
the "barrens;" lie died many years ago and left several children; 
hut one, Mr. Klija McClay, is now living. Archibald Stewart, 
Kob't Latta anil John Williams, settled on the high-land east of 
the State road in 1814 or 181;"). Wm. Mays, father of George ami 
Arcl.ibald 1{. Mays and Mrs. I'\d\\ ider, wife of Ihuid F(dwider, 


fame to this township at an early day and settled at the plaw 
where his sun Arehibahi now lives. He was a prominent, worthy 
and usefulcitizeu in his time. John Thomas (of Minj^o) was the 
first settler at that place. John Thomas (Colonel) settled on 
Kings creek in 1809, at the place where his widow, and two of his 
«ons now live. James Turner settled at the place where I. C. Vo- 
der now lives, in 1808 or 9; his wile, Mrs. Ann Turner, was tho 
first person buried in the grave-yard at Kingston; her grave was 
dusr by Thomas Stewart, Isaac McAditms and E. L. Morgan. 


Joseph Vance, who afterward filled many iujporlant offices iu 
the civil and military departments of the United States and State 
governments, came to this township with his father's family iu 
1806. Governor Vance's ancestors were Irish Protestants, or what 
was called in former times, Scotch-Irish Presbyterians. His ances- 
tors came to America at an early day. His grand-father married, 
and raised a large family in the colony of Virginia, prior to the war 
©f the revolution. Of this family Joseph Colville Vance, Governor 
Vance's father, was the youngest son . He was a member of ('apt. 
Saul Vail's company, in Colonel Morgan's rifle-regiment, and 
served through the war of the Revolution; was married to Sarah 
Wilson, in Loudon county, Virginia, in the year 1781— crossed the 
mountains and settled near the old Indian town of "Catfish," now 
the town of Washington, Washington county, Peimsylvania, 
where Governor Vance was born, March 21st, 17«6. In 17HK the 
father with his family floated down the Ohio rivci- on u .aft, to » 
station called Vanceburg. At this place he remaincl • year or 
more, and defended the place against the attacks of the Indians on 
several occasions. He afterwind settled on a farm on Mays-creek, 
a few miles above Mays-lick, in Kentucky; his house was one of 
the stations of what was called the "Kentucky-rangers." Persons 
employed to scout up and down the Ohio river, and give the set- 
tlers notice of the approacli of hostile Indians, wer(^ cidlcd "Kanjr- 
ers." It was hpre that Duncan McArthur and Joseph Vanco »h»- 


(Mme acquinted, McArthur being employed and acting at the tinae 
a-i one of the Rangers. Judge Alexander F. Vance, son of Gov. 
Vance says when a boy, he has frequently heard thera relate 
some of their early adventures ; one told by McArthur iu his hear- 
ing, made a lasting impresson upon his mind. On one occasion 
McArthur, after passing up and down the river on his heat^ and 
having made no discoveries of Indians, concluded to turn aside 
and visit a "deer-liek" he knew of a short distance from the river. 
Gn crawling very cautiously until he came in sight of the lick, 
and within gun shot of it, he saw a deer, and while he was 
making ready to shoot, a gun cracked, the deer fell, and an 
Indian sprang out of the brush and ran toward it. McArthur 
instantly shot and killed the Indian, and was immediately fired at 
by two other Indians. Ashe was alone, and out-numbered by the 
enemy, he started and ran for life, when several guns were fired at 
him. One of the balls struck his powder-horn, and knocked the 
splinters from the horn through his clothes into his side, causing 
considerable pain. The enemy being in close pursuit, he had not 
time to examine the wound, and the powder from the broken horn 
falling on the dry leaves, made a pattering noise which he sup- 
posed was caused by the blood from the wound in his side, and ex- 
pected his strength must soon fail, and he would be overtaken by 
the foe. After running for so-ue time, and finding that he had 
gained ground, and was probably out of danger, he slackened his 
speed in order to load his rifle, when he found his powder was all 
gone, and his wound but a slight one. When he arrived at the 
house of Gov. Vance's father, he detached the powder-horn from 
the bullet-pouch, and rolling the Iht around it said: "I will send 
this to m\ mother, that she may see what a narrow escape I have 
had." Governor McArthur and Governor Vance were fast friends 
from this time to the day of their deaths. In 1801 Gov. Vance's 
fatlier, in company with General Whiteman, and others, came to 
Ohio, and settled at Clifton, (freene county, and in 1805 settled 
near Urbana, Champaign county, Ohio, where he died on the 5th 
day of August, 1809. .loseph Vance was married in the town 
of Urbana, on the 17th day of December, 1807, to Mary Lemen, by 
Rev. John Thomas, a Baptist preacher. He was elected Captain of 
an independent rifle company in 1H09 (.r 1610. His company was 
called out several times during the troubles with the Indians, about 
the beginning of the war of 1812. 


He once built a block-house near the place where the town of 
tiuincy, Logan county, now is, which was aftervVanls known a-s 
"Vance's Block-iiouse." He afterward served in the Militia of 
Ohio as Major, (Jolouel, Brigadier-Genera! and Major-General. lu 
1812 he was elected to the Leo:islature of Ohio, where he represen- 
ted tho county of Champaign for several years. He was elected a 
member of tht' House i>f Representatives in the Clonijress of the 
United States in l.S2(J, and was re-elected and s(>rve(l in that ca- 
pacity until 1886 ; was elected Governor of Ohio and served one 
term ; was elected to the Ohio Senate in 1839, and served a term of 
two years ; was again elected to Congress in 1843, and sei-ved a term 
of two years. His last public service was rendered as a memlx'r 
of the convention to revise the Constitution of Ohio, held in ISol. 
During the sittin^ol that convention, he had a severe attack of 
paralysis, from which he never entirely re-overed, and froyi the 

effects of which he died on the 24tli, 1852, on his farm in 

Salem township, two and a half miles north of Urbana, and is 
buried in f)ak Dale Cenietery, a -^hort <listance east of Urbana. 
Governor Vance's educational opportunities were limited, hi-; only 
instructors being his father and a tuition of about -ix months 
under an Irish itinerant schoolmaster, in a log hut. 

He was the architect of his own character and fortune, com- 
mencing business in life as a woodchopper at the salt works when 
a mere boy, and by his industry and economy, procuring means to 
purchase an ox team, with which he was accustomed to haul and 
distribute salt to the scattered settlers of Kentucky; and he still 
followed the occupation of ox-driver after his removal to Urbana, 
making occasionally trips to the salt works. His children have 
often heard him relate his difficulties and adventures during his 
lonely trips through the woods. Sometime^, at nighi, his camp 
was so beset by wolves and other wild beasts, a-; to compel him 
to keep up a large fire, and watch his team througii the enlirf- 
night; he had at times to detach a yoke of oxen from his team, 
and test the fords of various creeksand small rivers before attempt- 
ing to cross with his wagon ; and sometime- he was compelled to 
wait several days until the high water abated, so as to make the 
fords passable, and on one or two oc<«asions, to be without food for 
two or three days— and it was no rare thing for him t.. unload and 
roll his barrels of salt acros'^ swails and mu«lhol«^, and then r- 
load, unaided. 


While connected with the salt works, Governor Vance became 
acquainted with the Hon. Thomas Ewing. Their acquaintance 
ripened into warm, mutual friendship, that lasted through life. In 
1815, Gov. Vance and William Neil purchased a stock of goods, 
and for two or three years carried on the mercantile business in 
Urbana, when Neil retired, and Vance removed his goods to Port 
Meigs, now Perrysburg, where, associated with his brother Wil- 
liam, they carried on the business some three or four years. These 
goods they hauled in wagons to Fort Findiay, in Hancock county, 
and put them on board of what was then called Pirogues (large 
canoes) and floated down Blauchard's fork of the Auglaize. It be- 
ing in tlie fall of the year, after a dry summer, the water on the 
riffles was very shallow, and the boats would frequently get 
aground. On one occasion, when aground on a long riffle, and 
after they had worked hard for two or three days to get over, an 
Indian chief came to them and said, "Get heap brush ! make big 
fire! heap smoke — tuake cloud— get rain !" 

In 1818 Gov. Vance built a mercnant mill on Kings creek, about 
a mile above where it empties into Madriver. The mill had four 
run of burrs, and all the improvements of modern days ; the pat- 
terns for the castings he had constructed on hislkrm, and conveyed 
in wagons to McArthur's furnace on Raccoon creek, and the cast- 
ing when completed they hauled, and also the blocks for the beams 
by wagon to Urbana. He owned these mills until 1848, when he 
sold them to Reuben Hagenbach. They now (1872) belong to the 
Stewart Brothers. 

The principal part of the foregoing biography was furnished the 
writer by Judge A. F. Vance, son of Gov. Vance. 

(iov. Vance was a warm friend and advocate of public improve- 
ments, and gave his influence and votes iu their favor. He was 
I'resident of the Mad River and Lake Erie Raih'oad (the first ever 
built in Ohio), and spent much of his time and means in his efforts 
to have tlie road madfc\ He was a staunch advocate for the repair 
and extension of the National road, then called the Cu.'nberland 
road, through Ohio and other States of the west. In 1827, when he 
was a member of Congress, tiere was a bill before the House of 
Representatives, for making nn appropriation for that purpose, and 
on Ihe question of its passage. Gov. V^ance made an. able speech in 
its rav<»r. Toward the close of his speech, he bore down pretty 


hard upon some of the State's Rights chivalry, and as it was their 
practice then to answer the arguments of their political opponents 
by a challenge to fight a duel, several members of the State's 
Rights party held a consultation upon the subject to decide who 
should challenge the offender in this case. But as Gov. Vance 
wa.s a military man, and Vk'hat they dreaded more, a western pi- 
oneer, they supposed he might have a better knowledge of the use 
of fire-arms, and especially of the rifle, than they possessed them- 
!«»elve«, they concluded to postpone the issuins: of the challenge 
until they should know something more about his<iualilicati<<nsas 
a marksman. Accordingly, one of them called upon Gen. McAr- 
thur the next day, and made the necessary inquiry. The General, 
who saw through their intentions, informed them that General 
Vance was one of the best marksmen in Ohio ; that he would un- 
hesitatingly respond to a challenge, and advised them to let him 
alone, a,< he wai* a dangerous man. Nothing more was said about 


Champaign County. 


May 30, 1805, by .Jonathan Mulholland, Daniel Harr tu J]lizal»eth 
Ross. Their oldest son, I. N. Harr, of Westville, vv?s the third 
child born in ITrbana. 

Feb. 22, 1805, by Rev. .John Thomas, David Vance to .leniiie 
Run yon. 

March Gth, 1806, by .Jonathan Donnal, Francis Rock to Sarah 

January 27, 1807, by .John Thomas, James Mitchell to Elizabeth 

May 27, 1800, b,y Rev. John Thomas, Frederick Ambrose to .len- 
nie Tanner. 

June 29, 1800, by Rev. H. M. Curray, Thomas Morris to Marjja- 
ret Dawson. 

July 24, 1800, by James Bishop, Es<i., Samuel Colver to Rachel 
Cunay. * 

April 21, 1807, by Robert lU'imick, Es(^., John Hamilton to Sarah 

April 28, 1807, by Justin .Jones, Es<i., William Davis to Polly 
Wood . 

May 81, 1807, by Wm. Mc(;olloch, Esq., John Gamble to Rebecca 
McColloch— persons of color. 

September 20, 1807, by Rev. John Thomas, Henry Weaver to 
Mary Chapman. 

December 17, 1«07, by Rev. .John Thomas, Joseph Vance to 
Marv Lt'iiK'ii. 


Mays, 1808, by John Thomas, Allen Minturn, to Sallie Clark. 

April 7, 1808, by Rev. Nathaniel Pinckard, Richard Bull to Ua- 
«|liel Hunter. 

September 6, 1808, by Rev. John Truitt, John W. Vance, i<j 
Peggy Lemon. 

December 8, 1808, by Wra. McColloeh, Esq., Samuel Sharp to 
Mary Stokeberry. 

February 9, 1809, by Rev. John Thomas, John Taylor to Jennie 

September 8, 1808, by Rev. John Thoraa.s, James Broads U) Mary 

September 27, 1808, by Rev. John Thomas, John Owen to Jane 

January 81, 1809, by N. Pinckard, Jonah Baldwin to Sarah 

1808, by Rev. Hiram M. Curray, John Ross to Margaret 


1808, by Rev. Hiram M. Curray, Geo. Hunter to Ruth 


September 27, 1809, by H. M. Curray, Wm. H. FyfFe to Maxa- 
milla Petty. 

November 28, 1809, by .lames Mcllvain, Hugh Newell to Kliza- 
beth McNay. 

November 14, 180!), by James Mcllvain, Jarvis Doherty to Han- 
nah Marmon. 

May 3, 1810, by Sampson Talbott, Esq., Abraham Stevens to 
Elizjibeth Steinberger. 

April o, 1810, by John Thomas, Job Martin to Mary Kirkwood. 

November 29, 1815, by Ralph Lowe, Esq., Jeremiah Reams to 
Matilda Marmon, 

April 8, 1815, by Thomas Irwin, Esq., Samuel Haine.-s to Barbara 

December 2 i, 1815, by Rev. Sanmel Hitt, Martin Reynolds to 

Betsy Hitt. 
January 1, 1816, by James McPherson, Esq., Lewis Adam- to 

Susannah Rice. 
March 19, 1817, by John Thomsis, E'^q., John Mc Fa Hand to .\m\ 


November 5, 1815, by John Thomas, Es.j., Hiram .M. Whit.^ t.. 

Elizabeth Williams. 


September 3, 1819, by William Lee, Esq., Matthew Cretcher to 
Nancy Cummins. 

October 7, 1817, by Charles Fielder, J. P., Jeremiah Fuson to 
Jane Calubar, 

December 13, 1817, by John Hamilton, J. P., Nathaniel Hill to 
Elizabeth West. 

December 25, 1817, by Samuel Hitt, (minister), Daniel Sweet to 
Altilly Thompson. 

December 25, 1817, by Samuel Newell, J. P., George Martin to 
Hannah Wall. 

January 12, 1818, by Philip Riser, J. P., Mitchell Ro&s to 
Mary Stockton . 

December 29, 1818, by Benjamin Cheney, J. P., Alex. Ross to 
Hannah Beatty. 

January 15, 1818, by John Shaul, J. P., John Smith to Katherine 

January 15, 1818, by Wm. Stevens, J. P., John Wyant to Eliza- 
beth Motts. 

.January 5, 1818, by Samuel Hitt, (minister), .James W. Tharp to 
Mary Wyse. 

June 6, 1818, by Thomas Irwin, J. P., Thomas Ballinger to Pa- 
tience Ballinger. 

June 24, 1818, by James Dunlap, (minister), Joseph McBeth to 
Elizabeth Newell. 

July 3, 1818, by James Dunlap, (minister), Abram Smith to 
Catherine Long. 

August 5, 1818, by James Dunlap, (minister), John Beatty to 
Irena Valentine. 

February 5, 1818, by Wm. Stephens, J. P., Wm. Blue to Marga- 
ret Idle. 

October 7, 1817, by Sampson Talbott, J. P., Philip Kenton to 
Hannah Phillips. 

December 18, 1818, by Levi Garwood, J. P., Samuel Hatfield to 
Celia Zane. 

May 8, 1817, by James Dunlap, (minister), Joseph L. Tenney to 
Elizabeth Gutridge. 

November 18, 1817, by John inskip, J. P., John Crowder to 
Elizabeth Browder. 

November 6, 1817, by Joseph Morris, (minister), John Henry to 
Rachel Morris. 


April 25, 1817, by Ralph Lowe, J. P., Joseph Jacobs to Rachel 

June 0, 1817, by Sampson Talbott, J. P., Henry Smith to Eliza- 
beth Smith. 

June 5, 1817, by Sampson Talbott, J. P., Henry Davis to Father 

June 5, 1817, by Sampson Talbott, J. P., James Russel to Mary 

April 24, 1817, by Saul Henkle, (minister), Micajah Philips to 
Nancy Dawson. 

June 12, 1817, by Samuel Hitt, (minister), Wm. Taylor toIQliza- 
beth Morgan. 

June 17, 1817, by Samuel Hitt, (minister), John Goddard to 
Mary Hall. 

October 23, 1817, by George Fithian, J. P., Joseph Bradly to lie- 
becca Thomas. 

November 6, 1817, by John Morgan, J. P., Daniel Baldwin to 
Hannah Williams. 

November 13, 1817, by John Shaul, J. P., Wm. Curtis to Sarah 

November 13, 1817, by John Shaul, J. P., Moses Meeker to Sa- 
lah Curtis. 

November 23, 1817, by Sampson Talbott, J. P., John Mclntyra 
to Esther McGill. 

February 23, 1819, by John Gutridge, (minister), Aaron Gutridge 
to Mary Gray. 

October 20, 1820, Richard Baldwin to Eleanor Williamfl, 

March 4, 1819, by John Owen, J. P., George Bennett to Marj 

September 5, 1819, by John Morgan, J. P., James Pearce to Mar- 

[ ° June 19, 1819, by John Strange, (minister), Samuel Curl to Jan« 
March — , 1819, by John Thomas, J. P., Joseph Downs to Esther 


Logan County. 

This Record is taken as it is found on the records of the Clerk of 
the Court. The orthography is verbatim as found upon the public 


records. To many roaderH it will call to mind mr-.ny pleasant 
memories of by-gone days. 

March 2(5, 1818, by Lanson CAirtis, Esq., Richmond Marmon to 
Precilla Marmon. 

April i*), 1818, by Lan.son Oixrtis, Esq., Richard Shackly to Su- 
sanna Paxton. 

July 9, 1818, by llev. John Inskeep, Thomas Spain to Sarah 

June 16, 1818, by Seneca Allen, Esq., Cbllister Jaskinx U) Fanny 

August i;^, 1818, by David Askins. Esq., Roberts. McMilieu, to 
Jane Ellis. 

August 27th, 1818, by James M. Reed, Esq., William Moore, to 
Annie Askins. 

September 24, 1818, by David Askins, Esq., Griffith Johnston to 
Ruth Patten. 

October 29, 1818, by Rev. Samuel Hitt, Thomas Marmon to Peg- 
gy Truitt. 

October 29, 1818, by Rev. John (Jutridge, Richard Dickinson to 
Peggy Henry. 

November 17, 1818, by David Askins, Esq., George F. Dunn to 
Isabella McGain. 

November 8, 1818, by Rev. Jno. (iuthridge,* Stephen Marmon, 
to Mary Reed. 

December 1st, 1818, by Rev. John Gutridge, Simon Kenton to 
Sallie Dowden. 

Jan. 7, 1819, by Israel Howell, E8q.,|iGeorge Moots, Jr., to Mar- 
garet Hall. 

February 1, 1819, by Rev. John Inskeep, David Norton to p]liza- 

December 3, 1818, by Seneca Allen, Justice of the Peace, Sam- 
uel Vance to Catherine Amel. 

[NoTK—There seems to be some mistake in these dates, one be- 
ing February 1st, 1819, and the one following Deeem.ber 3d, 1818.] 

December 24, 1818, by Seneca Allen, Justice of the Po:iee. James 
Wilkinson to Nancv Skinner. 

*John Guthridge Whs a Baptist prearher. The above name was found on tlie 
r«»cord ju.'it a.* it i.« here. 


December 24, 1818, by Seneca Allen, Justice of the Peace, \Vi! 
liani Wilson and Julia Hawley. 

December 25, 1818, by Seneca Allen, Justice of <^he Peace, Israel 
Smith and Mary Rees. 

January 7, 1819, by Seneca Allen, Justice of the Peace, Robert 
A. Forsyth and Almira Hull. 

January 10, 1819, by Seneca Allen, Justice of the Peace, Joshua 
Chappell aad Annie Gunn. 

January 14, 1819, by Seneca Alien, Justice of the Peace, George 
Campbell and vSallie Skinner. 

February 2, 1819, by Seneca Allen, Justice of the Peace, David 
Murphy and Elizabeth Carpenter. 

February 2, 1819, by Seneca Allen, Justice of tlie Peace, Mathia* 
Gray and Sallie Carpenter. 

January 28, 1819, by Henry Robertson, Esq, William Davis t<. 
Mary Johnston. 

February 11, 1819, by Rev. Elias Vickers, James McGaiii to 
Polly Askins. 

March 25, 1819, by Rev. Elias Vickers, Robert McGaiii, to Nan 

cy McNay. 

' February 2, 1819, by James M. Reed, Esq., Isaac Miller to Eli7.a- 
beth McCloud. This certificate of marriage tiled the 12th day <.f 
April, 1819. 
April 13, 1819, by James M. Reed, Esq., Henry Houtz to Betsy 

February 1, 1819, by Rev. John Inskeep, Aaron Reams to Luna 

February 4, 1819, by Raphel Moore, Esq., John Askins to Polly 

April 21, 1819, by James M. Reed, Feq., William Fenil to HallM- 

June 24, 1819, by Wm. Ewin, Esq., Daniel Grubbsto Sallie (an.. 
June 17, 1819, by William Ewin, Esq., Samuel Curl toCatheruif 

May 18, 1819, by James M. Reed, Esq., Jamtw Hill to Mary 

Ritchey. ^ , . ., 

March 13, 1819, by Seneca Allen, F^q., Daniel Murray to Abipid 

Ward. ,^ ^ 

April 13, 1819, by the same, Thomas Turnall to Mary Stanton. 


April 12, 1819, by the same, Silas Lewis to Lydia Chelson. 

April 28, 1819, by the same, Solomon Cross to Betsy Sawyer. 

May 20, 1819, by the same, George Marsh to Julia Varney. 

May 23, 1819, by John Gutridge, (Baptist preacher) Moses Reams 
to Mahaly Norton. 

March 11, 1819, by John Strange, (Methodist preacher,) Robert 
Casebolt to Hannah Davis. 

March 11, 1819, by Israel Howell, Esq., Caleb Kearns to Eliza- 
beth Marmon. 

September 9, 1819, by John Wilson, Esq., Wm. Pierce to Sarah 

September 21, 1819, by Israel Howell, Esq., Stephen Bratton to 
Elizabeth Lowe. 

October 28, 1819, by Rev. John Inskeep, Emsly Pope to Susan- 
na Lundy. 

October 28, 1819, by Raphe) Moore, Esq., Nathan Cretcher to 
Sarah Pollock. 

^^.^ecember 14, 1819, by Rev. John I iskeep, Esq., Jesse Sharp to 
Rebet cft Haines. 

NoveK^^^ei"'^? 1819, by David Asians, Esq., William Moore to 
Sar^ih Moo.^'C"- 

February 1^^^ 1^20, by James Reed, Esq., John Blue to Mary 

January 24, 182\.^ '^y Wm. Ewin, Esq., John Bishop to Sallie 
Oar vood, 

October 24 1819, hy Wm. Ewin, Esq., Wm. Eaton to Sallie EI- 
October 24, 1819, by Wm. Ewin, Esq., Robert Rea to Mary 


February 21, 1820, by John Garwood, Esq., Job Garwood to 
Lydia Gregg. 

February 24, 1820, by Jas. M. Reed, Esq., Simeon Monroe to 
Polly Hale. 

March 3, 1820, by David Askins, Esq., Joseph Pollock to Martha 

April 5, 1820, by David Askins, Esq., Solomon Hobouch to Sarah 

March 9, 1820, by Benjamin Lane, James BuUer to Obedience 


April 8, 1820, by James M. Reed, Esq , Henry McPherson to 
Annie Smith. 

March 13, 1820, by James M. Reed, Esq., Nathaniel Dodge to 
Betsy Workman. 

July 15, 1820, by James M. Reed, Esq., Joseph Tenary to Zellah 

July 25, 1820, by Wm. Ewin, Esq., Geo. Linkswell to Mar^^aret 

July 2<S, 1820, by Wm. Ewin, Esq., John Ballinger to Mary Iii- 

July 15, 1820, by James Reed, Esq., Daniel Colvin to Nancr 

August 1, 1820, by Joseph McBeth, Esq., Orin Hubbard to Mar- 
3g«uret Craig. 

tOctober 14, 1820, by Joseph McBeth, Esq., John McGhee to Eliz- 
:abeth Stuart. 

November 6, 1820, by Israel Howell, Esq., Samuel Robertson to 
Folly McNeal. 

October 14, 1820, by Wm. Ewin, Esq., Isaac Sparks to Martini 

October 14, 1820, by William Euans, Esq., Josiah Hay less and 
Erannah Curl. 

December 6, 1820, by Rev. John Inskeep, Job Inskeep and Sallie 

October 26, 1820, by Israel Howell, Esq., John McNeil to Elenor 

December 6, 1820, by Henry Robertson, Esq., Samuel Blagg and 
i'Jatharine Kelly. 

December 18, 1820, by David Askins, Esq., James Campbell and 
Betsy More. 

December 20, 1820, by John Garwood, Esq., Daniel Ray and 


January 25, 1821, by John Garwood, Esq., Allen Rea and Mariali 

February 14, 1821, by David Askins, Rsq., John McCJain and 

Betsy Leper. 

February 15, 1821, by David Askins, Esq., Wm. Campbell and 

Ann Moore. 
March 14, 1821, by David Askins, Esq., Thomas Moore and Ro- 

Sseeca Makemson. 


March 8, 1821, by James Reed, Esq., Robert Pshaw an Betsy 

March 23, 1821, by Henry Robertson, Esq., Joshua Robertson to 
Rachel Willets. 

May 29, 1821, by Wm. Scott, Esq., John Hall and Pamelia Lee. 

April 2, 1821, by John Freeman, Esq., William Wilkison a^d 
Jane Stranofo. 

April 14, 1821, by David Askins, Esq., Frederick Bailor and 
Elizabeth Craig. 

April 16, 1821, by Rev. John Inskeep, Esq., Uriah McKinny 
and Nancy Star. 

May 29, 1821, by Wm. Scott, Esq., John Underwood and Nancy 

.Tune 3, 1821, by Rev. John Inskeep, Henry Cain and Rachel 


BER 8, 1811. 

Urbana Township. 

Poll Book of th© townshii) of Urbana, in the county of Cham- 
paign, on the eighth day of October, in the year of our Lord, 
one thousand eight hundred and eleven. Zephaniah Luce, 
William Stevens, and William Glenn, Judges, and Joseph Hedges 
and Daniel Helmick, Clerks of this Election, were severally sworn, 
as the law directs, pievious to their entering on the duties of their 
respective offices. 



Lawrence White, 


Nathaniel Morrow, 


Joseph Gordon, 


John Rigdon, 


William H. Fytfe, 


John Huston, 


Samuel McCord, 


Alexander Allen, 


George Hunter, 


Joseph Ford, 


James Robinson, 


John Williams, 


Benjamin Doolittle, 


Britton Lovett, 


Nathaniel Pinkard, 


James Ask in, 


Daniel Helmick, 


James INIcCiill. 


George Fithian, 


Jacob Arney, 


Joseph Hedges, 


Hugh Gibbs, 


Zephaniah Luce, 


James Dallas, 


William Glenn, 


Samuel Iloge, 



14. John Gilinore, 57. 

15. John McCord, 58. 

16. Wm. Stevens, 59. 

17. Anthony Patrick, 60. 

18. Henry Bacon, 61. 

19. Simon Kenton, 62. 

20. David W. Parkison, 63. 

21. Nathan Fitch, 64. 

22. Frederick Amhrose, 65. 

23. Wm. Powell, 66. 

24. Jacob Slagal, 67. 

25. James Fithian, 68. 

26. David Moody,- 69. 

27. Daniel Harr, 70. 

28. Isaac Robinson, 71. 

29. Edward W. Pierce, 72. 

30. John Thompson, 73. 

31. John Thomas, 74. 

32. John Schryock, 75. 

33. James Wilkison, 7S. 

34. Enos Thomas, 77. 

35. Isaac Shockey, 78. 

36. Willir.m Bridge, 79. 

37. John Reynolds, 80. 

38. John A. Ward, 81. 

39. John Trewett, 82. 

40. Wm. Largent, 83. 

41. Wm. Rhodes, 84. 

42. Joseph Ayers, Sen., 85. 

43. Allen Oliver, .. 86. 

Thomas West, 
Nicholas Carpenter, 
John White, 
John Glenn, 
.lohn Largent, 
Daniel Largent, 
Jacob Pence, 
Curtis M. Thompson., 
Andrew Richards, 
Job demons, 
Timothy Gitfert, 
Sanford Edmonds, 
Thomas Moore, 
John Rhodes, 
Alexander McCumpsey, 
Robert Noe, 
John Ford, 
Francis Stevenson, 
Robert Taber, 
John Frazel, 
Tolson Ford, 
Thomas Ford, 
Job Gard, 
James Davidson, 
Samuel Clifton, 
John Stewart, 
Thomas Trewett, 
Benj. Nichols, 
John Fitcher, 
Joseph Penoe, 

Allen Oliver, 

87. NeLson Largent. 
It is by us certified that the number of electors at 
amounts to eighty-seven. 

this eleeticsas^ 

JosKPu Hedges, ) ,„ , 
Daniel Helmick, j '-'"•/•«• 

Zkphaniah Luck, 
William Stevkn8, 
William Glenn, 




Madriver Township. 

Poll Book of the election held in the township of Madriver, in the 
county of Champaign, on the eighth day of October, A. D., one 
thousand eight hundred and eleven ; David Bayles, Nathan I)ar- 
nall, and Peter Bruner, .Judges, and .James Muntgonery and Wm. 
Nicholson, Clerks of the election, were severally sworn as the law 
directs, previous to their entering on the duties of their respective 








Wm. Weaver, Sen. 
John Kain, 
Archibald McKinley, 
Elijah Standiford, 
Wm. West, 
Thomas Grafton, 
Levi Rouze, 
Peter Brunei, 
Nathan Darnall, 
Isaac Lansdale, 
Sampson Kelly, 
Isaac Myers, 
James Grafton, 
James Montgomery, 
Wm. Nicholson, 
John Beaty, 
Gershora Gard, 
Jacob Conklin, 
Elijah Ross, 
Wm. Ross, Sen., 
John Brown, 
John Rouze, 
Wm. Baggs, 
John Baggs, 
James Baggs, 

29. Wm. Weaver, Jr., 

30. George Glass, 

31. Boswell Darnall, 

32. Henry Steinberger, 

33. Owen Ellis, 

34. Ezekiel Boswell, 

35. Daniel Davis, 

36. Henry Boswell, 

37. Henry Pence, 

38. John Steinberger, 

39. Hiram Co tteral, 

40. John Logan, Jr., 

41. George Wickum, 

42. George Boswell, 

43. George AVilson, 

44. David Jones, 

46. Andrew Davis, Sen., 

46. John Taylor, 

47. Anderson Davis, Jr., 

48. John Bayles, 

49. John Pence, 

50. Peter Smith, 

51. David Beaty, 

62. Shadrach D. Northcutt, 

53. John S. Berry, 



Reuben McSherry, 

54. Miller Gillespy, 


Alexander Brown, 

55. Abraham Shockey, 


Joseph Dilts, 

56. Samuel Pence, 


David Bayles. 

It is by us certified that the number of electors at this election, 
amounts to fifty-seven. 

Attest : ] Peter Brun^r, ] Judges 

W. Nicholson, \ Clerks. Nathan Darnall >■ of 
Jas. Montgomery, ] David Bayles, ) Elect ion. 



Union Township. 

Poll Book of the election held in the township of Union, in the 
county of Champaign, on the eighth day of October, 1811. John 
Gutridge, Sen., Joseph McLain, Jacob Minturn, Benjamin Chenoy 
and John Owen, Clerks of this election, were severally sworn a-^ 
the law directs, previous to their entering on the dutiee of their 
respective offices. 








Hiram M. Curry, 35. 

Wesley Hathaway, 36. 

.Jacob Minturn, 37. 

John Price, 38. 

Solomon Scott, 39. 

John Sayre, 40. 

.John Laflferty, 41. 

Jonathan Brown, 42. 

Alexander McCorkle, 43. 

John Ross, 44. 

Isaac Tucker, 45. 

Jesse Gutridge, 46. 

Joseph McLain, 47. 

John Gutridge, Sen., 48. 

Moses Gutridge, 49. 

James Walicer, 50. 

Paul Huston, 51. 

Isaac Tits worth, 52. 

John Kelly, 53. 

Barton Minturn, 54. 

Charles Harrison, 55. 

James McLain, 56. 

Abner Barritt, 57. 

Philip Miller, 58. 

Adam Miller, 59. 

John Owen, 60. 

David Marsh, 
Thomas Pearce, Jr., 
Obed Ward, 
James Mary field, 
Emmanuel INIary field, 
Alexander Ross, 
James Lowry, 
Stephen Runyon, 
Allen Minturu, 
William Valentine, 
Daniel Jones, 
Richard Runyon, 
Daniel Neal, 
John Neal, 
Justus Jones, 
John Elefrits, 
Henry Van meter, 
William Ray, 
Ebenezer Cheney, 
John Clark, 
Richard Carbus, 
James Owen, 
Adam Rhodes 
P'rancis Owen, 
Jeremiah Tucker. 
William Cheney, 



27. William Kelly, 
96. Benjamin Cheney, 

29. Israel Marsh, 

30. Gabriel Briant, 

31. David Vance, 

32. Abijah Ward, 

33. Enoch Sargeant, 

34. Joseph Cummona, 

It is by us certified, that 

amounts to sixty-eight. 

Attest: ] 

Benjamin Cheney |- Clm-ks. 
John Owen, J 

61. James Mitchel, 

62. David Osburn, 

63. Thomas Pearce, Sen. 

64. John Runyon, 

65. Thomas Sayre, 

66. Daniel Baker, 

67. Jacob Rees, 

68. George Sergeant. 

the number of electors at this election 

John Gutridqb, "j 
Jacob Minturn \ Judges. 
Joseph McLain J 



Concord Township. 

Poll Book of the election held in Concord township, in the county 
of Champaign, on the eighth day of October, A. D., one thousand 
eight hundred and eleven. Sampson Talbot, Thomas Stretch and 
Joseph Hill, Judges, William Stretch and Daniel Jackson, Clerk« 
of this election, were severally sworn as the law directs, previous 
to their entering on the duties of their respective offices. 











Phelix Rock, 18. 

Silas Johnston, 19. 

Adam Wise, 20. 

George Faulkner, 21. 

Philip C. Kenton, 22. 

James Johnston, 23. 

Philip Coamer, 24. 

Walker Johnston, 25. 
Archibald McGrew, Sen. 26. 

Christian Stevens, 27. 

William Kenton, .Jr., 28. 

James McLaughlin, 29. 

Mark Kenton, 30. 

Elija T. Davis, 31. 

Ezekiel A. Sir.ith, 32. 

Sampson Talbot, 83. 


Joseph Hill, 
William Stretch, 
Daniel Jackson, 
Robert Blaney, 
Jacob Sarver, 
Samuel Mitchell, Sen. 
Joel Fuson, 
Abraham Custor, 
William Custor, 
Isaac Custor, 
Mathew McGrew, 
James Mitchell, 
Thomas Kenton, 
Thomas Daniel, 
Samuel Smith, 
Marcus Clark, 
Benjamin Lino, 

Thomas Stretch, 

35. Joseph Hurings. 
We do hereby certify that the number of elect.irs at this rlK-tion 
amounts to thirty-five. 

Attest: ") Sampson Tai.bott, ' 

William Stketch, [ Cler/c:. 
Dan'l Johnston. 


JosiiPH Hill, 




Salem Township. 

Poll Book of the election held in the township of Salem, in the 
county of Champaign, oh the eighth day of October, A. D., one 
thousand eight hundred and eleven. Joseph Petty, John McAd- 
anis and Mathew Stewart, Judges, and David Parkison and Joseph 
Vance, Clerks of this election, were severally sworn as the law 
directs, previous to their entering on the duties of their respective 


Jesse Johnston, 
Samuel Gibbs, 
William Powell, 
Christopher Wood, 
James Williams, 
John Thomas, 
Jacob Leonard, 
Abraham Powell, 
Joseph Duncan, 
Diivid Brown, 
Randle Largent, 
John Williams, 
Jeremiah Bo wen, 
George Leonard, 
John Reed, 
Jonathan Long, 
Joseph Reynolds, 
Philip Huffman, 
Joseph Wilkison, 
Thomas Wilkison, 
Michael Instine, 
James Turner, 
Robert McFarlaud. 
of electors at this election is 

Joseph Petty, ] 

John M' Adams, > Judges. 

Mathew Stkwart j 


Allen Galent, 



John Galent, 



Francis Thomas, 



Joseph Petty, 



John McAdams, 



Mathew Stewart, 



John Vance, 



Michael Whisraau, 



Joseph Vance, 



David Parkison, 



John Taylor, 



James Porter, 



Arthur Thomas, 



John Symmes, 



William Waukob, 



James Brown, 



Archibald Stewart, 



Ezekiel Petty, 



Bernard Coon, 



William Riddle, 



John Davis, 



Job Martin, 



Henry Davis, 



is by us certified that the number 


Datid Parkison, ] ^, , 
Joseph Vance, ■ J ^^"''^^ 


Wayne Township, 

Poll Book of the election held in the township of Wayne, county 
of Champaign, on the eighth day of October, A. D., one thousand 
eight hundred and eleven, Abraham Hughes, Nathan Norton and 
John Paxton, Judges, and Basil Noel and Wesley Hughes, Clerks 
of this election, were severally sworn as the law direct^s, previous 
to their entering upon their respective duties. 


John Paxton, 
John Sutton, 
Gray Gary, 
Nathan Norton, 
William Williams, 
Basil Noel, 
Wesley Hughes, 
John Thomas, 
Nathan Tharp, 
Andrew Grubbs, 
John Bowl man, Sen., 
Otho Johnson, 
Benjamin Lee, 
Solomon Tharp, 
Jacob Paxton . 
the number of electors at this election 


Reuben Paxton, 



Abraham Hughes, 



William Tharp, 



William Fagan, 



Joshua .Jones, 



John Black, 



John Richardson, 



John Ballinger, 



John Barrett, 



Daniel Reed, 



John Bowlman, 



John Devoore, 



Isaac Hughes, 



Henry Williams, 



Abner Tharp, 



William P 

It is hereby certified 
amounts to thirty-one. 

attest: ] 

Basil Noel, > Clerks. 

"VVbslbt Hughes, J 

John Paxton, ] Judart 

Abraham HLGHH8, ^ of 
Nathan Norton. ) EUttxon. 



Zane Township. 

Poll Book of the election held in the township of Zane, in the 
county of Champaign, (now Logan), on the second Tuesday of 
October, A. D., one thousand eight hundred and eleven. Solomon 
McColloch, Daniel Garwood and Matthias Williams, Judges, and 
Joseph Euans and Thomas Davis, Clerks of this election, were 
severally sworn, as the law directs, previous to their entering 
on the duties of their respective offices. This election for one Rep- 
resentative to the State and one County Commissioner. 



William McColloch, 



James Monroe, 



Christopher Smith, 



Daniel Garwood, 



Matthias Williams, 



Solomon McColloch, 



George McColloch, 



Joseph Euans, 



Thomas Davis, 



David Marmon, Sen., 



William Davis, 


Conrad Moots, 
William A. McNeal, 
Isaac Titsworth, 
William Southard, 
Richmond Marmon, 
Nicholas Pickrell, 
Charles Moots, 
Samuel Hurd, 
Edmond Marmon, 
John Shelby, 
Robert Smith, 


12. John Marmon, 26. John McCoy, 

13. Robert Marmon, 27. David Marmon, Jr., 

14. Joshua Sharp, 28. Jacob Patterson. 

It is hereby certified that the number of electors at this eIectio« 
amounts to twenty-eight. 

JosKPH EuANS, ) nigj.hg Solomon McColloch, "i 

Thos. Davis, j ' Daniel Garwood, V Judgts. 

Matthias Williams, J 



Harrison Township. 

Poll Book, of the election held in the township of Harrison, in the 
county of Logan, on the sixth day ot April, A. D. one thousand 
eight hundred and eighteen. James Mcllvain, Archibald Moore 
and John Dunn, Judges and John Askren and Hugh Newell Clerks, 
of this election, were sevei*ally sworn, as the law directs, previous 
to their entering on the duties of their respective offices. 


David Kirkwood, 12. 

John Kirkwood, 13. 

James McClanahan, 14. 

John G. Mcllvain, 15. 

James McNay, 16. 

John McNay, 17. 

Robert Crockett, 18. 

William Wall, 19. 

Samuel Cartmell, 20. 

David Askren, 21. 

John Dunn, 22. 








Itis hereby certified that the number of electors at this election 
amounts to twenty-two. 

Archibald Moore, 
John Askren, 
Robert Braden, 
Hugh Newell, 
Moses Mcllvain, 
Joseph Pollock, 
John McDaniel, 
Abner Snoddy, 
James Wall, 
John Wall, 
John Mcllvain. 

•John Askren 
Hugh Newell 



James McIlvain, ] 

•John Dunn, > Judges. 

Archibald Moore, J 



Lake Township. 

Poll Book, of the election held in the township of Lake, in the 
county of Champaign, now Logan, on the eighth day of October, 
A. D., eighteen hundred and eleven. Thomas Baird, Samud 
Black and William Moore, Judges, and Samuel Mclivain and 
Hugh Newell, Clerks of this election, were severally sworn as the 
law directs, previous to entering on the duties of their respective 


1. William Bold, 

2. James Hill, 

3. John McPherrin, 

4. Elijah States, 

5. Isaae Miller, 

6. David Matthews, 

7. William Hainas, 

8. Joseph Crowzan, 

9. George Moore, 

10. William Kirkwood. 

11. Abner Snoddy, 

12. Daniel Workman, Sen. 
18. William Hann, 

14. John Moore, 

15. David Kirkwood, 

16. Thomas Newell, 

17. John Lodwick, 

18. William McCaw, 

19. James Cooper, 

20. Thomas Dullson, 

21. James McClanahan, 

22. William Moore, 

23. David Askren, 

24. William Lee, 

25. Battest Mayvil, 

26. John Tullis, Jr., 

34. Martin Shields, 

35. John McDonald, 

36. Archibald Moore, 

37. James Mclivain, 

38. John Beard, 

39. William McCloud, 

40. Samuel Shields, 

41. William McDonald, 

42. John Lewis, 

43. Samuel Newell, 

44. Benjamin Cox, 

45. Jnmes McPherson, 

46. Thomas Beard, 

47. Joseph Cox, 

48. William Connel, 

49. James Workman, 

50. John Stevenson, 
il, Robert Moore, 
52. John Schooler, 

58. Phillip Mathews, Sen . 

54. Charles Johnson, 

55. Henry Mathews, 

56. Charles Schooler, 

57. Samuel Black, 

58. Hugh Newell, 

59. Samuel Mclivain. 


i7. Samuel McDonald, 

28. Samuel Tidd, 

2». Phillip Mathews, Jr., 

30. Robert Porter, 

3L Robert Dickson, 

?2. .John TuUis, Sen., 

33. James Bonner, 


It Ls by us certified that the number of electors at this election 
amounts to sixty-seven. 


James Moore, 


Daniel M. Workman ^ 


John "Workman, 


John H. Moore, 


Phillip Hoshaw, 


William Cummins, 


Jeremiah Stansbury, 

ison Fewell. 

Samuel MoIlvain, 
Hugh Newell, 

I Ckrki 

Thomas Baird, ") 
Samuel Black, j- 
Wm. Moore, J 





Zane Township. 

Poll Book of the election held in Zane township, Logan county, 
the sixth day ot April, A. D., one thousand eight hundred and 
eighteen. Daniel Garwood, John Warner and Joseph Stokes, 
Judges, and Levi Garwood and John Inskeep, Clerks of the elec- 
tion, were sworn as the law directs, previous to their entering on 
the duties of their respei'tive offices. 
















Joshua Cain, 37. 

Wm. Eaton, 38. 

Job Sharp, 39. 

Samuel Curl, 40. 

Daniel Garw^ood, 41. 

Joel Stratten, 42. 

Levi Inskeep, 43. 

John D. Elbert, 44. 

Joseph Stratten, 45. 

Enoch Smith, 46. 

Jose Garwood, 47. 

Job Garwood, 48. 

Walter Marshal, 49. 

William Sharp, 50i 

*Caieb Baiiinger, 51. 

Benajah Williams, 52. 

Isaac B. Dillon, 53. 

Joseph Stokes, 54. 

John Williams, 56. 

Jesse Sharp, 56. 

John Sharp, Jr., 57. 

Jesse Downs, 58. 

Charles Curl, 59. 

Matthias Williams, 60. 

Job Inskeep, 61. 

Simeon Smith, 62. 

David Marmon, Sen., 
James llobertson, 
Abel Thomas, 
Samuel Hatcher, 
Edraond INIarmon, 
Wm. Euans, 
John Inskeep, 
Wm. P. Sharp, 
JobSnarp, Sen. 
Isaac James, 
Josiah Outland, 
Benjamin Smith, 
Peter Marmon, 
Jonathan William-. 
David IMarmon, Jr., 
Nicholas Pickrel, 
Moses Euans, 
Joseph Euans, 
Giles Norton, 
SanuK'l Curl, Jr., 
William Grubs, 
Enoch Sharp, 
Joshua Inskeep, 
James Hatcher, 
Isaac Hatcher, 
David Tlioinas, 




Samuel Ballinger, 


Joseph Curl, Sen., 


James Edwards, 


Daniel Stokes, 


.loshua Sharp, 


Isaac Sharp, 


Judge Garwood, 


Jonah Bishop, 


Christopher Smith, 


John Garwood, 


Caleb Stratten, 


Thomas James, 


Henry Seaman, 


Allen Sharp, 


Samuel Hendrick, 


Carlisle Haines, 


.John Mar m on, 


Thomas Seegar, 


John Warner, 


Job Sharp, 


John Sharp. 


is by us certified that 

the number of electors at this election 


unted to seventy-three. 

Attest: ") 

Daniel Garwood, ] 

Levi Garwood, J- Clerk: 

John Warner, \ Judges. 

John Iwskekp, J 

JoBBPH Stokes, J 



Lake Township. 

Poll book of election held in the township of Lake, in the county 
of Logan, and State of Ohio, in the town of Belleville, A. D. one 
thousand eight hundred and eighteen. Thomas Baird, Joseph 
Peach and William Powell, Judges, and George Krouskop and 
John Askren, Clerks of this election were severally sworn as the 
law directs, previous to their entering on the duties of their respect- 
ive ofl&ces. 


Oliver C. Blalock, 
Levi D. Tharp, 
Nathaniel Crutcher, 
William Coddington, 
Simeon Ransbottom, 
Joseph Haynes, 
John N. Gluer, 
Thomas, Colvin, 
Daniel Vance, 
Daniel Purdy, 
George Blalock, 
Michael Waggoner, 
John McDonald, 
James Wall, 
George Krouskop, 
Robert Doty, 
.James Wall, sen. 
Joseph Kirkwood, 
Joseph Bo wen, 
Sylvan us Morehoaw, 
Joseph Cummins, 
John Holmed, 
John TinniB, 
John Wood, 
John Enoch, 


James M. Reed, 



Isaac Miller, 



William Johnson, 



John Colvin, 



John Tucker, 



John TuUis, sen. 



William McKinney, 



Joseph Gordon, 



James Binley, 



James McClenaghan, 



William Hainee, 



Thomas Haines, 



Moses Mcllvain, 



William Carroll, 



Archibald Moore, 



David Jones, 



Henry Shaw, 



Thomas Newell, 



James Mcllvain, 



David Kirkwood, 



Isaac Southerland, 



Joseph Wilson, 



William Kirkwood, 



Samuel Shields, 



Joseph Coddington, 





James Largent, 


David McNay, 


John G. Mcllvain, 


John Crawlord, 


James McPherson, 


John Hall, 


William McBeth, 


James Leper, 


John Wall, 


William Gray, 


John Newell, 


John Shelby, 


David Askren, 


Obadiah, Howell, 


Stephen Hoyt, 


Jesse Gale, 


William Moore, 


Hezekiah Wilcox, 


Robert Moore, 


Joseph Peach, 


William Wall, 


William Powell, 


Joseph Alexander, 


Thomas Baird, 


John Gunn, 


William White, 


William Adams, 


Justice Edwards, 


Samuel Newell, 


Daniel M. Brown, 


Samuel Wilson, 


William Davis, 


Jacob Powell, 


John Cochran, 


George F. Dunn, 


Samuel Carter, 


Robert Newell, 


Daniel Workman, 


Raphael Moore, 


Martin Dewitt, 


Samuel Moore, jr. 


Ransford Hoyt, 


John Dunn, 


Alexander McGarvy, 


Joel Smith, 


John Moore, 


Daniel Workman, sen. 


James Hill, 


Abner Snoddy, 


Benjamin Vickers, 


Patrick Watson, 


Charles O. Wolpers, 


Jacob Foster, 


Abraham Sager, 


Joseph Smith, 


Samuel Covington, 


William McCloud, 


John Askren, 


John Lodwick, 


Samuel Hathaway, 


John Peach, 


Thomas Thompson, 


John Naglee, 


Isaac Clemens, 


George Countner, 


Thomas Powell, 


Thomas Clark, 


William Davis, 


Christopher Wood, 


David King 


Robert Porter, 


Emmanuel Rost, 


J«hn McBeth, 


Ross Thomas, 


Thomas Garwood, 


Hugh Newell, 


Isaac Myers, 


Almon Hopkins, 


Merida Blalock, 

' 131. 

Jeremiah Stansberry, 


66. John Tullis, jr. 132. Robert Crockett. 

It is by us certified that the number of electors at this election 
amounts to one hundred and thirty-two. 

Attbst: Josbph Fbach. ] 

Qborqb Kroubkop, | .,, . Thomas Baird. ) Jxuigm. 

JOHW A8KR«N, I Ot<rA«. yf^ POWILL. I 



Jefferson Township. 

Poll Book of the election held in the township of Jeflferson, in the 
•ounty of Logan, on the 14th day of March, A. D. one thousand 
eight hundred and eighteen. William McBeth, Martin Marmon 
jind Robert Smith, Judges, and John N. Gluer and Samuel Newell, 
Clerks, who were severally sworn, as the law directs, previous to 
their entering on the duties of their respective offices. 


























David Askren, 97. 

Laytou Pollock, 98. 

JosOph McBeth, 69. 

Michael Waggoner, lOO. 

Benjamin Ellis, 101. 

Jacob Prtckston, 102. 

John Williams, 103. 

John Walls, 104. 

William Walls, 105. 

Bradford Hale, 106. 

Henry Shaw, 107. 

Moses Brown, 108. 

James Moore, 109. 

James Mcllvain, 110. 

William Moore, jr. 111. 

Robert Doaty, 112. 

Daniel Workman, sen. 113. 

Jonathan Williams, 114. 

William Williams, 115. 

Thomas Provolt, 116. 

James Butler, 117. 

Tobias Waggoner, 118. 

John Pickerell, 119. 

Abner Snoddy, 120. 

Philip Hocket, 121. 

George Krouskop, 122. 

Wiliam Moore, 

John Brown, 

Henry Matthews, 

George Moore, 

Lanson Curtis, 

Benjamin Vickers, 

James Monroe, 

Moses Reams, 

Jesse Stansbury, 

Isaac Zane, jr. 

Benjamin Smith, 

Caleb Reams, 

Abner Tharp, 

Benjamin Watkins, 

William Haines, 
William Hatfield, 

John Ritchy, 
David Ray, 
Ayles Reams, 
Thomas Dunstou, 
Joseph Coddington, 
Henry Seaman, 
Jacob Patterson, 
David Jones, 
Joseph Willson, 
Simeon Ransbottom, 



27. John Marmon, 

28. John Packston, 

29. Nicholas Stilwell, sen. 

30. John G. Mcllvain, 

31. Samuel Scott, 

32. William Pierson, 

33. Jonathan Pierson, 

34. Jesse Gail, 

35. Samuel Lundy, 

36. John Pickerell, jr. 

37. Giles Norton, 

38. James Walls, jr. 

39. Charles Moots, jr. 

40. Josiah Outlaud, 

41. John Walls, jr. 

42. Ohadiah Williams, 

43. William Porter, 

44. William Moore, sen. 

45. Samuel Shields, 

46. David Marmon, 

47. John Colyer, 

48. Samuel Willson, 

49. Stephen Reed, 

50. Thomas Moore, 

51. Patrick McFall, 

52. James Walls, 

53. Joseph Creveston, 

54. George Moots, sea. 

55. Jonathan Reeves, 

56. David Kirkwood, 

57. Thomas Steward, 

58. John Smith, 

59. Jervis Dougherty, 

60. James Binley, 

61. Samuel McDannel, 

62. AbnerCox, 

63. Henry Williams, 

64. Isam Hyatt, 

65. Joseph Kirkwood, 

66. James Shaw, 

123. Levi Tharp, 

124. Ebenezer MoD.innel, 

125. Jesse Willets, 

126. Isaac Wiliets, 

127. William Stanfi.-Ul, 

128. Nicholas Robertson, 

129. Joseph Peach, 

130. Christopher Piper, 

131. Samuel Robertson, 

132. John Tullis, sen. 

133. Jacob Foster, 

134. Emsly Pope, 

135. Martin Dewitt, 

136. William Ireland, 
187. Joseph Gordon, 

138. Justice Eilwards, 

139. Samuel Hanes, 

140. Lewis Coon, 

141. William Woods, 

142. Nathaniel Pope, 

143. William McDannel, 

144. Enoch Smith, 

145. Samuel Hatcher, 

146. Joshua Sharp, 

147. Martin Flougherty, 

148. George F. Dunn, 

149. Phillip Matthews, 

150. Edmond Marmon, 

151. George Matthews, 

152. Martin Shields, 

153. John Askren, 

154. John Bun, 

155. John Schooler, 

156. Richard Dickinson, 

157. William Coddington, 

158. Joseph Smith, 

159. Joseph Brown, 

160. George Henry, 

161. Benjamin Schooler, 

162. John Dunn, 



67. John Means, 163. 

68. Stephen Leice, 164. 

69. Nicholas Stilwell, 165. 

70. Christian Smith, 166. 

71. Samuel Carter, 167. 

72. James Leper, 168. 

73. Joseph Pollock, 169. 

74. Peter Marmon, 170. 

75. Samuel Colyer, 171. 

76. Oliver C. Blaylock, 172. 
7T. Samuel Marmon, 173. 

78. William Reams, 174. 

79. Samuel Firestone, 175. 

80. Joseph Alexander, 176. 

81. William McBeth, 177. 

82. Daniel Butler, 178. 

83. Samuel Curl, 179. 

84. Peter Marmon, sen. 180. 

85. John Tucker, 181. 

86. . John Peach, 182. 

87. Thomas Haner, 183. 

88. David Shields, 184. 

89. Steward Hatfield, 185. 

90. John McBeth, 186. 

91. John Packston, jr. 187. 

92. Daniel McCoy, 188. 

93. Michael Queen, 189. 

94. Phineas Corwin, 191. 

95. Peter Pro volt, 191. 
%. John Willson, 192. 

David Norton, 
Thomas Reams, 
John McDannel, 
William Powell, 
William Carter, 
Thomas Colvin, 
Robert Bradin, 
George Green, 
Samuel Starbuck, 
Thomas Newell, 
William Green, 
Sylvanus Moorehouse^ 
James Watkins, 
William Carrol, 
Joseph Dickinson, jr. 
David McNay, 
John Provolt, 
Joseph Euans, 
Jeremiah Reams, 
Alexander McGary, 
Robert Marmon, 
William Douglas, 
Robert S. McMillen, 
James Ellis, 
Richmond Marmon, 
Alexander Long, 
John Stephenson, 
John Stephenson, 
John Enoch, 
Job Sharp. 

It is hereby certified that the number of electors at this election 
amounts to one hundred and ninety-two. 

JoHH N. Glukr, 
Samusl Newell, 

J- Cltrk*. 

Wm. McBeth, "| 
Martin Marmox > Judp*$. 
RoBBRT Smith, J 



Union Township. 

Poll Book of the election commenced and held at the house tf 
John Dunn, in the township of Union, and county of Logan, for 
the purpose of electing one Justice of the Peace, on the first Mon- 
day of April, eighteen hundred and twenty-one. John Dunn, 
Thomas Baird, and Hezekiah Wilcox, Judges, G. F. Dunn and 
John Askren, Clerks, who were severally sworn previous to their 
entering on their respective offices. 











John Enoch, 
John G. Mcllvain, 
James Mcllvain, 
David Kirkwood, 
Wm. Campbell, 
Thomas Newell, 
Hiram M. White, 
William Kirkwood, 
John Dunn, 
William Gray, 
AVm. George, 
Robert Clark, 
John Hall, 
James Wall, Jr. 
James Campbell, 
Archibald Moore, 
Robert Moore, 
Robert Newell, Sen. 
James Wall, Sen. 
Alex. Burnsidas, 
James Cartmell, 
John Henson, 
Thomas Parkison, 
Peyton Crocket, 
Francis Purdy, 

31. Wm. Wall, 

32. Enoch Sargent, 

33. Raphael Moore, 

34. Thomas Clarke, 

35. Robert Newell, Jr. 

36. Adam Rhodes, 
87. Wm. McBeth, 

38. Henry Secrest, 

39. Abner Snoddy, 

40. G. F. Dunn, 

41. Vachel Blaylock, 

42. Peter Stip, 

43. David Askreu, 

44. Jonathan W. Fyffe. 

45. James Craig, 

46. Thomas Haird, 

47. John Wall, 

48. Joseph Hohmes. 

49. Wm. Ireland, 

60. John II. Hopkins, 

61. Hezekiah Wilcox, 

52. Joseph :McDotli, 

53. Samuel Shields, 

54. Wm. Kenton, 

55. Samuel Newell, 


26. George Hobaugh, 56. John McOolloeh, 

27. Andrew Gray, 57. Wm. Laughlin, 

28. Benjamin Wall, 58. John Shelby, 

29. Josiah Hall, 59. Samuel Moore, 

30. Garret Wall, 60. John Askren. 

It is hereby certified that the number of electors at this electiou 
amounts to sixty. 

Attest. Hezekiah Wilcox, ] 

G. F. Dunn, I cUrk John Dunn, v . 

John Askren, J ' Thomas Baird, J 



Miami Township, 

Poll book of the election held in the township of Miami, in the 
county of Logan, on the thirteenth day of October, A. 1)., 
one thousand eight hundred and eighteen. William Dowden, 
John Schooler, John Means, Judges and Patrick MoFall, John 
Patton, Clerks of the election, were severally sworn as the law 
directs, previous to their entering on the duties of their respective 





William More, 
Thomas Makemson, 
Phillip Mathews, Jr. 
George More, Sen. 
Thomas Provolt, 
Benjamin Schooler, 
John Makemson, 
James More, 
Henry Mathews, 
John Turner. 
Francis Patton, 
Bobert Alexander, 
Shepherd Patton, 
Griffith Johnson, 
John Manin, 
It is by us certified that the 
amounts to thirty. 


Patrick McFall, 
John Patton. 


16. David Archer, 

17. William More, Sen. 

18. James Shaw, 

19. John Parrish, 

20. John Wilson, 

21. John Means, 

22. John More, 

23. William Dowden, 

24. John Schooler, 

25. George More, Jr. 
2«. Patrick McFall, 

27. John Patton, 

28. John Penner, 

29. Christian Smith, 

30. Samuel Firestone, 
number of electors at this electioi, 

John Schooler, \ 
William Dowdbn ) Jttdoet. 
JoHK Means, I 



In the year 1818 the above township was taken from Madriver— 
or more properly all of tlie present limits of Concord were included 
in Madriver, from the fact perhaps that the population north of the 
present line of the two townships was too scattering to warrant a 
separate organization. Consequently, in 1818 the authorities that 
be, formed what was then and ever after remained, without varia- 
tion of lines, Concord township. As far as can be ascertained, Jo- 
seph Hill, the father-in-law of Jas. D. Powell, was the first perma- 
nent settler of the township. In 1801 he moved on the farm now 
owned by Mr. Powell. At the time of his removal to the farm, 
Isaac Anderson was on what afterwards proved to be the Hill 
farm. But the lines not falling in " pleasant places " to him, he 
was compelled to leave his improvements. One or two years 
later Samson Talbott came to the farm now owned by his son Pres- 
ly Talbott, and was for many years a Justice of the Peace both for 
Madrivei and Concord townships. 

Adam Wise was also among the early pioneers and was the 
grandfather of James Stevens of Kingston. Mr. Wise lived on the 
farm of Oliver Taylor. As early as 1806 James Mitchell, Sen., 
moved with his family to the farm now occupied by James John- 
son's heirs. He was the father of James, John and Samuel Mitch- 
el, each becoming a permanent settler in the neighborhood of 
Northville. In 1809 Joseph Longfellow came from Kentucky to 
the neighborhood of Concord chapel. He was a native of the State 
of Delaware, and went from that State to Kentucky in a cart drawn 
by one horse, and came from Kentucky to this township in the 


aame vehicle. The harness which he worked on his horse was 
made without iron, and is yet in the poasession of one of his sons. 
On leaving Kentucky such goods as he had were duly packed in 
the cart, save the gun and bread tray, for which they could not find 
room. The old gentleman gave his wife the choice of the two ar- 
ticles to carry, and she very wisely chose the tray. Both walked 
the entire distance. Mr. Longfellow drove the cart and carrieti the 
gun, while his wife followed in the rear to see if anything fell from 
the cart, in the mean time holding on to the tray. He settled on 
the ftirm now owned by N. F. Gibbs, having found on it a tine 
spring which he claimed to have seen in a vision many years be- 
fore. He settled on the farm prior to the finding of the spring, and 
had reared his cabin and dug his well, both before he entered the 
land. In the early settlement of this part of the county at leatst 
the farmers had great trouble with the squirrels, which were so 
numerous as to totally destroy a small crop. Mr Longfellow, in 
order to secure his crop one season, hauled his entire crop to hLs 
house and stacked it around the yard. Coming out of his house 
one morning a drove of perhaps a hundred or more, were at work 
at his corn. He called his dog, and chased them away, sixteen 
beating a retreat up the well pole. 

He was a man of small stature, measuring in height about four 
feet and six inches, and weighing about one hundred pounds. lit' 
cast his first vote for Gen. Washington in Delaware, and voted at 
every Presidential election from the foundation of the government 
until the second term of Mr. Lincoln. He died in December, l.Stj:.. 
in his one hundredth year, and was the father of twenty-two 
children. Henry Bacome entered the farm now ownc-d by 1-^- 
quire Williams in 1810, and died on the same farm from milk sick- 
ness. Alexander Dunlap entered the farm now owiu-d by M. !•• 
Pence, and was always noted for his many pecuhuntu>s. l-ehx 
Rock lived on the farm of D. Kizer, and was for many year, a 
prominent man. He moved to Iowa in 1S44, where h.mse f ami 
entire family soon after died. John Ti,.ton entered Iw far o v 
owned by John Taylor in 1809, which was sold t. ■!'>»- "--^^ I 
1814. The manner of conveying m thase ^^^^^^^ 
means of what was termed " Patent," a thmg unhean o b> th« 
present generation. This " Patent," yet n. the posses, o of Mr 
Taylor, shows that Edward Tiffin was Commu-ionor of th. l^nd 


Office. It also bears the si!?natui(3 of James Madison, President of 
the United States. These transfers were made by virtue of an act 
passed by Cong^ress, providing for the sale of lands in the north- 
west territory, north of the Ohio River, and above the mouth of 
the Kentucky River. .John Duckworth came up from Warren 
County in 1815, and settled on the farm on which he yet resides. 
He is an Englishman by birth, and came to America at the age of 
six years. He paid for his farm by cutting cord-wood at Iwenty- 
five cents a cord. He and his wife, ( a daughter of Christian Ste- 
vens, ) are the only couple now living who lived in this township 
at the close of the war of 1812. John Dagger settled where John 
Hesselgesser now lives in 1816, and was always noted for his econ- 
omy and industry. Jacob Barger came in 1813. Philip Kenton, 
a nephew of Gen. Simon Kenton, lived on the farm now owned 
by Ezra Johnson, and which afterwards became the home of 
James Russell. Christian Norman came, 1809. Jesse Harbor 
came, 1805 ; was at one time a justice of the peace in an early 
day. Christian Miller came, 1817. John Wilson came, 1809 ; yet 
living. Robert Russell came, 1819. Thomas Tipton lived near 
Heathtown, and died at the advanced age of one hundred and 
eleven years. 

The farm now owned by John W. Stevens had more owners 
prior to 1820 than any place in the county, certainly in this part of 
it. The farm was entered by*Joel Harbor, and owned afterwards 
by Joel Fuson, James Bacon, Wm. Snodgrass, and Wm. Werden, 
late of the Werden Hotel, Springfield, who has the honor of first 
introducing a metal mould-board for plows ; this was in 1819. 
John Hall, Sr., Samuel and John Hogg entered the farm now 
owned by Jesse Neer's heirs, and afterwards sold to George Gid- 
eon. David Pence settled in the extreme southwest corner of the 
townskip, on the, farm now owned by his son, Lemuel Pence. 
Jesse Jenkins, Jacob;;'and John Miller came, 1818. Wm. Harbor 
eame, 1805, where his son, William, now lives. Thomas and 
William Stretch lived on the farm now owned by D. Kizer, and 
occupied by D. Bruner. Russell Jenkins came, 1814. Marcus 
Clark came from Rockingham County, Virginia, in 1809, and set- 
tled where Levi Johnson now lives. John Hall,Jr.,came,1817. Rob- 
ert McParland came on horseback from Harrison county, Ken- 
tucky, in 1806 in company with Joseph Diltz (father of Wesley 

LOCJAN C()UNTIp]vS. _•..,; 

Diltz) and Martin Hitt, on an exttuision trip. Att«r hi« return t<. 
Kentucky he resolved to free himself from the prcsencu of tl.o in- 
.stitution of slavery-. Hence, in 1807, in eotnpany with his fithor- 
in-law— Joseph Gray— he came to Champai<?n County, and •<otth'(| 
on the farm since owned by Simon Ropp. They arrived at tin- 
place they afterwards selected to unload their ^oods, on Tu(sf|;iy, 
and on Friday following, just three days time, they left the lo^ \,y 
which they had placed their ^oods, and moved into their n.-w 
house. But one-half of the floor was laid, and that with a vitv 
rough style of puncheon. Their beds were laid on chip-boaniH sup- 
ported by forks driven into tiie ground between the punoin'on-. 
In this manner the two families, lived until spring, wher> tiny 
moved near the present side track between Urbana and West Lib- 
erty. Becoming dissatisfied they resolved to change tlieir piucc of 
residence, and having bought what is familiarly called the "N\h*s«' 
farm," some two miles south-east of Westville, they moved on to 
it in the spring of 1811. In the fall of that year Robert McFurlHinl 
bought the farm now owned by hi» son T. S. McFuriand, an<l dur- 
ing the winter of 1811-12, built a cabin and on the twelfth of April 
following moved into it. Soon after his removal to this farm a 
military road was laid out from Urbana to Sidney, passing tlinnuh 
the farm and directly by the door. In October, 1812, Gnn. Harri- 
son and his troops passed over this road from Urbana to Sidney, 
on his way to the north-west territory. The General inquin'<l (*i 
ray father if he intended to settle among such large trees, und re- 
ceiving an affirmative answer, replied, he was too small a man fur 
such large trees. After the General had mounted his liorsc and 
was about taking his leave, father remarked to him that should il 
, be his fortune to have a son in the future it should bear the uaiutt 
of (General Harrison. In February following a son was born ami 
according to promise was duiy installed into the family >V4 Gen- 
William Harrison. Twenty-eight years later, and during tlie.-v- 
er memorable campaign of 1840, Gen. Harrison passi*d over tl»i«> 
uame old military road from Sidney to Urbarut on horseback . .\« 
was the custom in those daj's, a delegation of (citizens from this 
(Concord) township met the General and his troop at the wi»stern 
county line. So.)n after the meeting of the dolegalion from tbi- 
vicinity with the General, they came into the villatre of r^iry-- 
ville. A temporary stan<l had been erecte<I, fn,ni wliich ih.- <: n- 



eral made a brief address to the citizens who had come in from th« 
surrounding country to pay tiieir respects to hiiu. Atnoug his re- 
marks was this, that lie had passed over the country in 1812, but 
how near the same road he could not tell. A voice in the crovrd 
answ?red th-U he was on tln^ sime road. Five miles further and 
they reached the villa«<e of Millerstown. During his remarks her« 
he made a similar statement in regard to his having passed over 
this country in the year 1812, but how near the same road he could 
not tell. A voice in the crowd answered, he was on the same road. 
The General then inquired how he knew. Thesame man answered 
that he was living- here at the time, and had conversed with him 
on his road from Urbana to, Sidney. The General then told him 
to come to the stand after he was done his remarks. This wa» 
done, and the General wishful to know how hc^ could remember 
the fact, and being informed that he was the man who had prom- 
ised to name n son for hioi, at once eaile^* to mind the occurrence. 
After inquiring for the welfare of his name-sake, the General re- 
marked the day had been when a great many children ,wer« 
named for him, but. since party lines had been dru wu, some peopU 
would not name a dog for hir.'. 

Accompanying Gen. Harrison was one Jonathan Chambers, a 
Kenturkian, and who had been in an early day a schoolmate of 
Thomis Kenton, of Madriver towiiship, and a m^phew of Gen. 
Simon Ki-nton. During tlie speecli Mr. Kenti)u, in his anxiety t® 
see My. Chambers, rode into the crowd on horse-back in clos» 
proximity to the speaker's stand, and commenced shouting at the 
top of his voice for Jonathan Chambers. Such was Kenton's de- 
termiiiation to see his old schoolmate, that Ciiambers was obliged 
to leave the stand in order to keep Kenton quiet so the General 
might proceed with his remirks. Both Kenton and Chambers 
lived many years after the d^ath of our beloved President, and, 
like him, lie uniionorerl, so far as a suitable monument to their 
last resting place is concernt^l. 

Wh?n father moved to this farm there were a number of Indiam 
hutsyt-t very plain to be seen. They stood about two hundred 
yards south-west of Concord chapel, and were about fourteen in 
number. Soon after his lerhoval to this neighborhood he opened 
his honse to tiie itim^rants of the M. E. Church, which was the nu- 
cleus around which the large and flourishing society of Concord 


•hapel grrew. The meeting:s were held at his house for years, and 
■ntil the comino: of James Ruasel, after which the ineetin<rs wer« 
divided between the two places. Thus church meetin}?? were held, 
until the erection of the old loqr church which was built on th» 
knoll at the center of the west line of the Concord cemetery. Thi* 
house answered the purpose of the society until 1837, when the old 
brick church was erected, which ofave way in 1867 to the present 
imposing; edifice. 

The first school house in Concord township was built on tiie tarni 
•fWm. Harbour, near the Harbour graveyard ; butas to tlie exact 
ilate of its erection I can not tell. There are persons now livinj 
who attended school at this house, who are more than three Kcor» 
years and ten. 

The first elections after the organization of the township wer« 
held at the house of Robert McFarland. James Russcl also provi- 
ded for the elections a short time, until they were remover! by 
•omraon consent to the house of Mr. Streti-h, on Daniel Kizer'i 
western farm. They were afterwards held at McFarland's school 
house, and remain so to this day. 

In the first election of officers for the township, Phillip Kenton, 
George Robinson and John Bouseman were chosen asTrust(>es and 
John Daniels, Clerk. The second election, which was in ISIO. Rob- 
ert McFarland was chosen Clerk, and held the office for thirteoB 
•onsecu live years; after which Joseph Houirh, Stilly .MKJill, Jn^. 
Russel, Jr., D. H. Neer, L. M. Steward, P. Connor, Au-^tiii Heath, 
John Russel (late Secretary of State), Fleming Hall, K. G. Alle« 
and others also had the honor of filling ^he office from time to 

Among the early records we find where one of otir citizens took 
■p a flock of sheep which were duly appraised at thirty-seven and 
one-half cents each. Also, one sheep taken up by John Duck- 
worth, reported by the appraisers as being three-fourths blooded, 
and appraised at two dollars, which showsconclusively that "l)Iood 
would tell," even in the earlier days of our country. 

About the time of the organization of the township, there lived 
on what was known as the "Joseph Russel farm" now owne<i by 
Isaac Zimmerman, a family named Foley, consist in- of the pan-ntj 
and four sons. These boys, rauging from eighteen to twenty-four 


yeai-s of asje, were not noted for anything save their quarrelsome 
disposition and huge muscular frames. It became a liind of fixed 
habit with them whenever they got into a crowd, to adopt some 
plan to get into a muss and get up a fight, in which one or more of 
the Foleys would engage, and almost always proved victors. There 
lived about this time on what is known as "McBeth's hill," a fam- 
ily named Wilkinson. In this family was a son named Thomas, 
who also was noted for his great muscular power, but not inclined 
to be quarrelsome. On hearing of the success of the Foleys, he 
sent them a challenge. During the harvest of 1819 the parties met 
at the house of Felix Rock. At dinner time the subject of their 
fighting qualities was dist^-ussed, and during the conversation Wil- 
kinson agreed to right. All f(jur of the Foleys were present, and 
on being asked which of the four he wanted to fight, he replied, 
the best man they had. They accordingly repaired to the shade 
of a huge maple tree, yet standing in liisquire Kizer's yard, and at 
it they went. But little time served to show that Foley had met 
his match. His brothers discovering that they had waked up 
the wrong passenger, called out to Daniel (the brother's name) to 
strike Wilkinson an underhanded blow. This suggestion was ta- 
ken by Wilkinson, and in due time improved. But a single blow 
and Foley fell across the root of the tree. Wilkinson attempted to 
follow up the advantage thus gained, but was prevented by the 
Foley brothers, one of whom, ( William, ) struck Wilkinson a 
hard blow. This being considered foul play, according to rules 
governing such pugilistic efforts in those days, William was duly 
informed by Wilkinson that the next time they met his turn 
would come. Daniel Foley was carried from that battle-ground a 
ruined man, and on the ninth day following died from the ettects 
of the fight. 

Wilkinson's avowal that he would whip Wm. Foley became a 
great topic, and the people looked forward to the event with as 
much anxiety as a certain class now look to regular prize-fighters. 
The following fall, at a corn-shucking at .los. Longfellow's the par- 
ties again met, and, after supper, by mutual arrangement, entered 
into combat, which resulted in the defeat of Foley. 

Bilas Johnson, whose name appears in the list of Madriver town- 
ship, was instrumental in having Johnson township set oflF, and 
named for himself. At the first election for .Tu'-tice of the Peace, ■ 


Silas Johnson and Joseph Kizer (father of Philip ami l)aiii(l Ki- 
zer) were the opposing- candidates. Kizer beat Johnson some two 
or three votes, and this so insulted the dignity of Johnson timt he 
left the township and went over into Adams and succeedHl in 
getting- that township named for his son-in-law— ]Mr. Adams. 

In the first appraisement of houses, while a portion of Johnson 
was yet included in Concord, there were but three houses ap- 
liraised, namely: Samson Talbott, Joseph Ilouk, and David Con- 
ner. Joseph Conner was at this time "llous" Appraiser." and 
Jafob Houk, Assessor. 

In the earlier settlement ot the Madriver N'alley, numerous In- 
dian relics were found on the farm of James Johnson's heirs, indi- 
cating: at one time a large Indian village. ( )n the banks of Muddy 
creek, opposite the residence of Wm. Downs, wa< also the nMiiaiuN 
of an Indian village. 

Having- now completed the early history of Concord township, 
we g:ive below a list of leading business men: J. D. I'owell. M. 
Arrowsmith, F. N. Barg:er, E. Wilson, D. Kizer, S. J. Packer, P. 
Talbott. Oliver Taylor, John Taylor, C. Journell, J. P. Neer, J. M. 
McFarland, M. F. Pence, T. J. B. Hough, John Hesselgesser, M. 
^V. Barger, L. Niles, P. Conner, J. T. Kite, T. P.. Long, T. S. 
McFarland (auctioneer), P. Baker, J. P. McFarland (civil engin- 
eer), J. D. Wilson, Levi Johnson, Roltert Kussel, (J. Norman. J. «'. 
Miller, 1>. H. Neer, J. W. Heath, P. Kizer, Willoughby Heath. 
Wra. Barger, R. Neer, M. Lnudenback, N. D. McUeynolds A. 
Taylor, V. Russell. 

All of which is respectfully submitteil. 



Soon after the termination of the last war with Enjjland there 
•ame to the town of West Liberty an Irishman, James llyan by 
mame, who had been in the American service. He liad a small 
amount of money, and Home sort of a title to one hundred and six- 
ty acres of land. He stopped at a tavern kept by one Clark, whera 
ke remained until he had squandered land and money, which he 
did in a short time, by excessive drinking. Thenceforward, for fif- 
ty years and more, he was a dweller in the county, and justly 
•ftrned a place in the catalogue of "Eccentric Characters." Dickeot 
would probably have made nothing of him, for Jin)my was not hii 
•tyle of heroes ; but to Sir Walter he would have be< n a treasure. 
His kindly, obliging nature when sober, his ready wit, his flow of 
■pirits, his gossipy disposition, and vagrant habit of strolling from 
Mouse to house, made him just the sort of a person out of whom 
the "Gr&at Wizard of the North," would Jiave fabricated one of 
kis most admirable creations. 

Of the first fifteen years of Jimmy's life in Logan county, the writ- 
er can only speak from tradition. That he was often drunk, and 
when drunk was abusive, was always true of him, from firntto last. 
That he was frequently beaten, at least once tarred and feathered 
and once tied to a cart and dragged through the river, is certain. 
That he often slept in the wood, narrowly escaping death from ex- 
posure ; that he had "hair- breadth escapes," many time^, frou) hi* 
kabit, when drunk, of niounting any horse he migiit see tied to a 
rack, and running him at reckless speed, are facts with which 
All were familiar forty years ago. 


AmoMg the earliest recollections of the writer is an inoiiltMit that 
•ccurred at a weddins? on Mad River in 1830. Jimmy was tin-re, 
f ogrgy, as was too often the case. Taking the rein from a g.'utle-' 
man who was leading a spirited hay mare, he mounteil, and lay- 
kig on the the animal was at full speed in a momnnt. 
Jimmy fell oflF hehind, and was kicked while falling. He was 
terribly hurt, and picked up for dead. He bore through life the 
icars of this hurt on his face. 

When the writer iirst knew .Jimmy Ryan there had grown tip a 
kindly fe(^lin2' for him in C()!nmunity, which sliiclded him from 
♦he violence to which he had been subjected during his first years 
iu the county. It had come to be considered a base and cow- 
ardly deed to strike one who never made resistance, and whose 
worst fault was a iq tlignant tongue when drunk, an 1 this only on 
provocation. Hehvl so many good qualities wlien sober, tluit h« 
won the esteem of the generous settlors of the valley, and tlicy 
♦ook the most chiritable view of his single fault. 

There was, in the beginning, a large emigration from Kentuckj 
to Logan county. For the most part the people were "well-to-fh)" 
farmers, living in the midst of groat abundance, and truo to th« 
•haracteristic hospit.'ility of Kentucklans. Amon;? tluHe were tit* 
Hewells, (four families,) the Kellys, the Bairds, the .M^-Heths, the 
Walls, the Mcllvains. the McDonalds, the Kirkwo » Is, \)i'<>\ 
Braden, Blair, and many others, whose names at this distinc<* of 
time and place, the writer does not recall. 

At least as early as 1830, Jimmy Ryan was "on the circuit." 
He devised a plan of living without labor, anil succeeded, though 
many wiser heads have failed in the same attempt. For a few 
•lays he remained at each farm-house, and then wasofTfor the next. 
It came to pass in tiine that he was looked for confidently, wol- 
•omed cordiully, and his visit made as happy as h;^art c »uld wish. 
Thus, for many long years, he visited alternately tliirty or forty 
fcjmilies. He made himself useful in his way. 'I- shaved the 
fcrraor and cut his hair and that of his boys. He assist. "1 the go.)d 
wife to put her "piece in the loom ;" he carried in w ..hI though 
he never cut or split it ; he brought water. If any one was ^i^k, 
ttone was so vigilant, faithful and t' nder as Jimmy Ryan. A.lded 
te all, he was the liveliest of gossip;. He never toM miythin;: tliat 
•ould caase disturbance ; but if there was a courtship on hi-^ cin-ult 
•r a marriage imp'-nding he was su re to know u . it- was nii :iu- 


porhuit pfM-sonagp among lovers. lie was the bearer of tender 
»nessHj?es, mid many a marriaj^e was the fruit of Jimmy's diplo- 
macy. Fie broke the ice for bashful swains, and truly interpreted 
the coy but willing- maiden. He never seemed happier than when 
on this duty. 

Ho was rarely, if ever, drunk for more than a day at a time, 
rtnd would stay sober for two or three weeks. He was never heard 
to express sorrow for his intemperance; he never promised or tried 
to veforfti. He considered his spree a matter of course, and seemed 
not to regar 1 it as a sin, or transgression of any sort. He never 
■poke of father, mother, brother, sister or any other relative, or 
©veil alluded to the place of his birth. Of his military service the 
writer never heard him make mention l-ut once. The annual of the prairie east of the Mad River, a custom long since 
abandoned, was in progress. "Just such a fire as was made to 
defait the British," said he. This was as long ago as 1820 or 1830. 
How such a fire could contribute to "defait the British," or where 
or when it was kindled. I have forgotten, if he explained. 

He never did any manual labor. He was probably incapable of 
out-door w(jr His hand was small and delicate as a woman's. 

One trait in his character, which contributed greatly to propitiate 
hospitable treatment, was his scrupulous cleanliness. His clothes 
were always second-hand ; but he darned them skillfully, and his 
white shirt was in keeping with his unsoiled coat, and carefully 
kept hat and boots. 

His soubriquet of "Spotty" was assumed by himself, in memory 
ot a faithful dog, which he never forgot while he lived, though he 
survived the object of his regard for nearly two score years. We 
have seen him with as many as ten or twelve dogs at his heels, 
and he the noisiest of all. 

The last time the writer saw Jimmy Ryan was perhaps in 1863. 
He wa.s then an old man, beyond seventy, ratiier above the middle 
size, straight and well proportioned ; with a full head of hair and 
fliowing heard, both white as the driven snow, cleanly and tidily 
dreseed, he was altogether a venerable looking person. Calling us 
familiarly by name, he made the announcement to which he had 
long been accustomed, nfunely : "1 am round making collections." 
We gave him the expected sum ungrudgingly, for tons, as a boy and 
Man he had always had a kindly word. And now his life was ap- 
projuhing a melanciioly close. One by one, and of late in rapid 


succession his early friends and benefactors l»ad been gathered to 
their fathers. 

"All. all were gone, the old familiar tacf-. 

The sons had grown up and married wives, and tlie daughters wen? 
wedded to husbands, whoVcnew not .liinmy Piya!i. New inannen* 
and customs had superseded the old. Everythinjiluid grown -♦range, 
and he felt that he had gradually but finally lieen dejirived of hi 
many homes. Besides all, he waa infirm and nearly liliud, and n" 
longer able to journey from house to house, as in the pleasant 
days of yore. For him there remained only the Infirmary. :iiid a 
quickly succeeding grave. Peace to his a.she^. 

We do not know what such a life, so aintilessand purpoM-U-s-* as 
that of Jimmy Ryan, is for. The universe has been doscribe<l by 
the great poet of philosophy, as "a mighty maze, but not without 
a plan," and we may be sure that even the long and -vagrant life of 
poor "Spotty" was not without its specific designn and uses. 

\Vm. Hll!ll\Rli. 

Napoleon, Ohio. 



A history of Logan County would he incomplete without at leaat 
X brief notice of the men who, while residing here, have beeai 
•onspicuous at the bar, and in the councils of the State, and Na- 
tion. But full justice to any one of these is rather th<? work of 
the biographer, than the writer who merely sketciies the history 
•f the county. The time for an impartial biography is, as a gen- 
eral rule, not while men are living. It comes only when the 
record of a life is closed, and can be viewed in the light of past 
history, and when there is nothing of prejudice or jealousy to de- 
tract from deserved merit, or of 'nterested motive or bias of 
friendship to give more of praise than good qualities have earned. 

Among the members of the bar who were long residents of the 
•ounty there are but few who have been "gatliered to their fath- 
ers," and are therefore ready for the pen of impartial biography. 

There are some who w>^re well known to the older citizens of the 
•ounty, but alas ! I fear no one has gathered the historic materiaLi 
to put in shape and preserve their memories as they deserve. 

Wm, Bayles, Anthony Casad, Hiram M-^'Cartney, Samuel Walker 
»nd H. M. Shelby, are names embalmed in the men)ory of our 
Court records, and fresh in the recollections of many citizens. 

They alone of all the Bellefontaine bar repose in that sleep 
which knows no waking. 

I knew all save Bayles, whose demise was chronicltsd nearly forty 
years ago. 


The one man who, above all others, could write the hlntory of 
these men best, is Wm. Hubbard, himself a native of Lo^ai 
County, whose brilliant qualities as a writer are unsurpaBscd by 
»ny man I ever knew, but who withal has so much of modest dil^ 
llden -e that, like a giant sleeping, he is unconscious of his intel- 
lectual strength. I hope that leisure may come to him in th« 
years near by, or to some one having a good measure of his tal- 
ents, to save from oblivion something of the lives of these men. 

Mr. Casad came to the county at a very early day, and sutjwe- 
fuently and very creditably filled the offices of Prosecuting At- 
torney, Representative in the Legislature and Probate Jud^'e- 
•everal t^rms in each of these positions. He was a tnembcr of th« 
Legislature in 1838, and voted in the face of a strong public opin- 
ion to repeal the Ohio fugitive slave law. He lived as he died, an 
honest man of kind heari, and had but few, if any, enemies. II* 
was a devoted member of the Christian or Disciples' Church. 

McCartney Mas a lawyer of more than ordinary ability 
and great industry, and by these and his indomitable energy 
•tood high at the bar. He was in advance of public opinion, be- 
ing an abolitionist at a time when that was equivalent to |M>liti- 
eal ostracism. At his death he lf>ft many manuscripts c(»ntainint: 
his opinions on subjects theological, moral, legal and political. 
I saw and read some of them, and they proveil that he was u stu- 
elent and a thinker. Doubting or denying a future existence, h» 
lived an honest life, a theoretical and practical philanthropist, 
and he died about 1842, with a stoical courage and adherence t« 
his peculiar opinions, 

Samuel Walker, a cotemporary of McCartney, wa^ a lawyer for 
many years in Bellefontaine. He too was an abolitir)nist, of cours* 
•ticrificing thereby any hope of official distinction. He was nc.t a 
man of marked ability, but was a man of marked chanicU'r for 
honesty and purity of life and purpose, A /ealou-- memb.r .)f th« 
Seceder Church, he and Mr. McCartney, while agreein- it. their 
political opinicms, differed widely in their religious sentin.ent^. 

In one of their religious controversies, McCartney insi-te.! thai 
the Bible justified slavery, which Walker disputes'., and .IrrlanHl 
if that could be proved he would not believe the Ihble. M.-( arl- 
ney undertook the task, and among the n.anuscript- ''^t »t h^ 
death was one written to convince Walker of the p.^.tmn McCarl- 


ney had taken. The argument failed of its purpose, for Mr. 
Walker died as he had lived, not only an abolitionist, but a de- 
voted member of his church. The argument of McCartney was 
only an evidence that a man of ability can often pervert the 
" Book of Books" to purposes for which it never was designed. 

Henry M. Shelby died at Bellefontaine in the spring of 1871. 
He was born and raised near Lewistown, in Logan County. He 
wa.s admitted to the bar about the year 1841, and soon after made 
his residence in the then territory of Iov;a, he i>racticed his 
profession, and also became a member of the Council, or higher 
branch of the Territorial Legislature. He resided in Iowa for 
many years, but subsequently returned to Logan County. He did 
not seek political distinction here. He however took a somevvhat 
prominent part in politli-s, and was one of the leading members of 
the Democratic party, which, in Logan County, has always been 
in the minority. He contributed political articles to the Demo- 
cratic newspaper of the county for several years, and in this, as in 
his professional career, he evinced a very respectable degree of 
ability. He was courteous in his manners, kind and respectful to 
all, and an upright citizen. 

There were two lawyers M^ho resided at DeGratf, and who prac- 
ticed at the bar in Bellefontaine, both now deceased ; Isaac Hraith, 
who died about 1866, and George H. Neiman, who died about 
1870. Mr. Smith resided in the county some twenty ye^rs or more, 
though he only practiced law about the last half of that time. He 
was for many years a Justice of the Peace. He secured and kept 
the confidence and esteem of the people generally, and was a 
prominent and useful citizen. He was a member of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, and must have l)een about sixty years of 
age when he died. He was a native of Virginia, and a Repub- 
lican in politics. 

Mr. Neiman was also a native of Virginia, and resided only a 
few years in this county. He was esteemed as a good citizen, and 
had acquired a good practice as a lawyer. These two are the only 
lawyers who resided and died in this county away from the coun- 

There have been several lawyers in practice here who have re- 
moved to other places. One of these is Pochard S. Canby, who 
was born in Warren County, Ohio, but when a small boy came 



Avith his father, Dr. Joseph Canby, to reside on a farm near 
Quincy. Dr. Cauby was one of the best known and hij^hly es- 
teemed citizens of the county, and he continued to reside at his 
homestead near Quincy until his death, about 1842. Approciatint? 
the advantages of an education, he sent his son Richard tu Col- 
legie, where he became one of the most tinished scholars who ever 
resided in the county. With him the Latin classics were almost 
as familiar as the standard writers in his mother tonijue, with 
which he was thoroughly versed. About the year Is:JU he en- 
gaged in mercantile pursuits in Bellefontaine, in which he suc- 
ceeded well. He studied law and was admitted to th" bar about 
1839. Soon after, h^- was elected Prosecuting Attorney of the 
county, which office he held for four years. In 1845 he was elected 
a member of the Legislature, and served one term, declining a re- 
election. In 184(5, without seeking It, he was nominated »h a can- 
didate, and elected, as a Representative in Congress. He serve<l 
one term, and declined re-election. 

He retire<l to a splendid farm he owned near Bellefontaine, 
where he resided some years, when he returned to Bellefontaine 
and engaged in business, conducting a flouring and oil mill. This 
did not meet his tastes and inclinations so well as his farm, where 
he could, as he did, superintend operations, and dcv(;te much of 
his time to reading, study and meditation. 

^.bout the vear 18<W he removed to Olney, Richland ouiuy, Illi- 
nois, and engaged in the law practice. A few years later he was 
in a Democratic district politically opposed to him, elected Ju.lge 
of the Circuit Court, which office he yet holds, and the dutPM of 
which he discharges with ability, and to the acceptance of the i.e<,- 
ple and bar. He was an intense student, so much ^<^^^'f: 
ten neglected the dry details of the business of a law office and he 
law practice, which were not so congenial to h.. mmd a. was h. 
study of law, literary, scientific and theological ;>;;'-^^ . . " J'^''' 
he wa«and i, a Swedenborginn, in the study of the < -t" - «- 
teachings of which Church he devoted much tune and ounl .r a 
enjoyment He is a man of much learning, a ^tron^r th.nke. . u ith 
Z^TZctire, instructive and entertaining •-v-.M.ona po o. 
a nd almost without any political ambuu... ^h^ ' 'f^;- '>' ' ^^ 
came to him un.ought. Few men have such -^^^^^'^^^^ 
quenceashe.andyetheso much preferre.1 tb. ..-u-t ^h ru^i 


books to the turmoil of debate that he did not seek it often, and in- 
deed, generally shunned the opitortunities offered for a display of 
his powers. He is not only eloquent but able. His speeches wer» 
generally carefully studied out, and he never enijaged in dehata 
without full preparation. It was thus, and with such preparation, 
ttiat he proved his excellence. He was urged to furnish a sketch of 
kis career, and dii so in the following brief note : 

"I came to the bar in 1839, and stuck out a shingle imraediatelj 
thereafter. Participated actively, as you know, in the Presidential 
•Rmpaign of the year 1840, and was elected Prosecutmg Attorney ^ 
If my memory serves me, in 1842-3. 

"Became a member of the lower House in the Legislature of Ohio 
in the spring of 1845, and was elected to the 36th Congress in 1846. 
Shortly after my term in Congress expired, I relinquished publi« 
life for more congenial pursuits, and did not enter it again until 
•ompelled by the loss of all that I had earned, when I removed to, 
Illinois, and recommenced the practice, and was elected Circuit 
Judge in 1869. Am still on the bench. 

" You know my history in Ohio as well as I know it myself, and 
in giving an account of the early membeis of the bar in Bellefon- 
taine, all that you can say, in justice, in reference to me, is that if 
I had stuck to practice I might, in time, have made a respectable 
lawyer. R. S. Canby." 

He did, and does, in tact, very thoroughly understand legal prin- 
•iples, and their application in practice. 

I now come to give a little more in detail though by no means 
fully the history of a man who for more than twenty-five years 
itood at the head of the Bar of Logan county, and who, during a 
portion of that time, was the leading lawyer in some of the adja- 
cent counties— the Hon. Benjamin Stanton. I knew him longer, 
and have had better opportunities to know more of him than of any 
other lawyer in the county. 

Benjamin Stanton was born on Short creek, near Mt. Pleasant, 
Jefferson county, Ohio, June 4th, 1809. He was the only son and 
ehild of Elias Stanton and Martha, his wife, whose maiden name 
was Wilsun. His parents were members of the Society of Frienrls, 
and possessed the quality of strict integrity, of thrift, hospitality 
and good citizenship, which have always distinguished the people 
»f that religious faith. 

The parents died when their son was about two years of age, and 


he, in pon^eciuonce, was raised until about fifb<^en veare of age by a 
jWternal -rundmother, uho resided near Mt. Pleasant. 

At this a-ehe went to reside with Amas» Lipsv. hin unHe by 
marriage tK) his mother's sister, residiii- ai.out (,ne irule fro... Hi 
Pleasant, on a farnaadjoininj< the oid Shorr creek M<'etii.- House 
Herein this (Quaker fanruly he found the same stt^riin;^ TiualitiM 
which had made his home in infancy and his residciR-e with his pa- 
ternal grand mother, all alike a school of industry and good in..ral(«. 

The early traininij and exarnplp of those who so fortunatelv had 
the guardian ca.-e of the orphan boy doubtless left their imprkw ob 
his mind and character in all the j^ears of his after life. 

Soon after he went to reside with his uncle, an injury to hi-* ri;,'h» 
heel occurred, which finally left him with a stiffankic fur lift-, and 
•o disabled him in his capacity for speedy locomotion, thoujjh ia 
all other respects havin}? great physical ca[)ac'ty, that he w:us not 
•onsidered able to farm. He was, when a little over seventeea 
years of a^e, apprenticed to a tailor to learn that respecfabh* and 
■feeful calling. At this he served about two years, but, unaccua- 
toraed to the rastraints which this business required, and the cl<is« 
application to its duties everywhere then exacted, much more thia 
at this day, and not finding the new field of usefulness on which ha 
had entered all in accord with his inclinations, he "retired in ijood 
order" before his time was out. It cannot be said that in this busi- 
ness he ever became a success. He inherited from his father some 
property, including alarm on Short creek, near Mt. Pleasant, and 
his means though not large had been carefully husbanded by un- 
selfish relatives who cared more to prove their faith by works and 
labors of love, than to make professions unsupported by either. 
But at a time like that, and in a community where idIene>-< did 
not make a gentleman, and where indolence 'Jhut out ail from tha 
pale of respectable society, Mr. Stanton did not fall back in ii.:,dori- 
ous ease to squander the moderate means he had, but, in the win- 
ter of 1828—9 in the city of Wheeling, he pursued industriou.'^ly tha 
vocation which he had learned. 

In January, 1830, he was married to Nancy Davis, the daughter 
of a highly respectable farmer near Mt. Pleasant. Mr. Davis wih a 
prominent member of and class leader in the Methorlist I-:()iseMpal 
Church, and the members of his family were brought up in that 


As Mr. Stanton did not marry in the Society of Friends he ceased 
to have a hirth-rigfht membership, though in fact lie had perhaps 
never claimed one as he might. 

He was fortunate in the selection of a most estim;tble lady for a 
vrife, and through all the years since interve.iing, she h as given to 
his home the endearments which only a good and Christian wife 
f^au give. She is one of those who knew all her duties and did 
them fully and well. Neither prosperity nor the honors of office 
to whicli her husband attained, ever made hei unmindful of the 

As a wife, mother, neighbor and member of society she is and 
always was in every position and relation worthy of all commen- 
dation. But this is a brief digression from the main object of this 
limitetl history. It is necessary to do justice to the sketch now at- 
tempted, and especially as a good wife performs a large part in se- 
curing for any husband all that he is or can be. 

To return then to the narrative. At the time of his marriage 
Mr. Stanton was in the pursuit, of his vocation, which he conducted 
some time thereafter, in part by his own labors, but devoting much 
of his time to the study of the law, which he had entered upon, 
originally as the law student of Siiiiuel Stokely and Ro weil ^tlarsh o 
Steuben ville, Ohio, then partners in the law practice, and two of the 
leading- lawyers in that part of the State. The partnership was soon 
after dissolved, and Mr. Stanton finished his studies with Mr, 
Marsh, and was admitted to practice law by the Supremt Court at 
Steubenville, in October, 1883. 

During his boyhood he had the advantages of tho good private 
schools, at that day well supporteil in the int<^lligeut community in 
and around Mt. Pleasant. In these he became well versed in read- 
ing, writing, arithmetic, geography and English grammar. That 
was before the era of common schools -and when Ohio could boast 
but few of the higher institutions of learning. 

liut to the (;redit of Jefferson county, and especially that part of 
it whtu'e Mr. Stanton was born and reared, or rather to the people 
there residing, it should be said the schools of that period, sup- 
ported as they were by private subficription for scholars sent, were of 
the best character for all ordinary branches of an education. That 
was a time, too, when tea<,'hers taught and scholars Mudied. There 


were fewer attractions then than now, to divert the niiii.] ..f young 
people from study. 

Though Mr. Stanton did not have a a:)llegiate education, yet he 
in a great degree supplied that useful advantage by his own appli- 
•ation to study, and the perusal of such works of history, scicnc* 
and literature as a good conamunity afforded. Though Mt. Pleas- 
ant was not a county seat, it was one of the leading business towns 
of the eastern portion of the State. During the winter season it 
frequently, if not generally maintained a debating club, and in 
this, Mr. Stanton following the example of Henry Clay in his early 
life, was not only a leading and active spirit but excelled. Here 
ke gave evidence of that talent for which he has since been so ili^- 

In April, 1834, he removed to Bellefontaine, and commencetl the 
practice of the law. Casad and IsrcCartney were already here. 
Bellefontaine then had a population of probably 000 people. Ohio 
then had no completed line of Railroad. Logan county though 
longer settled and better improved than the counties on the east, 
north and west, was comparatively new. The farms were gener- 
ally only partially cleared off. But with a bar few in niunbers 
there was law business, and some of it of much importance. The 
east half of Logan county was in the Virginia Military District, 
and until titles became settled by long occupation, this was a fruit- 
ful field for land litigation. Mr. Stanton verysoon acquired a goo<l 
practice. For a time the older lawyer, McCartney, had the bftter 
practice, and was more successful than IMr. Stanton. But in I»s« 
than half a dozen years Mr. Stanton was the leading lawyer of the 
county. McCartney's health failed him, and he died a few years 
after. During the period commencing a short time after Mr. 
Stanton entered upon the practice here, or certainly from the 
death of Mr. McCartney, and until Mr. Stanton I'-ft the county 
about 1866, he was engaged in most of the important MtiRations ..f 
the county, subject of course, to the exception that this was more 
or less interrupted by a service of eight years in Congress. Duniig 
most (»f his residence here, he had a good ;-ractice In the neigh- 
boring counties. The Ohio lleports bear a." pie te-tiniony th.«t ho 
had more than a full share of the business in the Supreme Court 
from this part of the State. 


The business in the Courts of the United States froui liiese coun- 
ties was limited, but there, too, Mr. Stanton was conspicuous. 

An interesting' little volume might be written to preserve inci- 
dents of the profession and practice in this region during the forty 
years past; hut the materials for it are fast being lost, as one by 
one the older members of the bar depart. Ohio has had many 
able lawyers. But this part of the State has also had an able bar — 
not inferior to that of any other portion of the State. I will not 
speak of those who yet reside here, for the time for that has not 
yet come. 

But Sampson Mason, Charles Anthony, William A. Rogers, of 
Springfield, Israel Hamilton, Moses B. Corwin, John A. Corwin, 
of Urbana, Patrick G. Goode, of Sidney, William C. Lawrence, of 
Marysville, and others, all practiced law here. They are all dead, 
except Moses B. Corwin, who still lives at a very advanced age. 
They were all# respectable as lawyers — several of them men of 
great intellect, and really profound lawyers. They were cotem- 
poraries of Stanton for many years. 

In this country many of the leading members of the bar become 
leaders, also, in the political arena. Stanton was no exception, for 
he, too, took a prominent and nctive part in politics. He was first 
elected Prosecuting Attorney for Logan county not long after he 
came here to reside. In October, 1841, he was elected to the Sen- 
ate of the State. A special session was held in the summer of 1842, 
to district the State for Representatives in Congress. The Demo- 
cratic party had a majority in the General Assembly of the State. 
They were about to pass through a bill so districting the State as 
to "gerrymander" it in the interest of the Democratic party, 
when, to prevent that consummation, most of the Whig members 
of the Senate, including Mr. Stanton, resigned, and thus the Sen- 
ate was left without a quorum. The passage of the bill was there- 
by defeated. Mr. Stanton was again nominated for the Senate, 
and again elected in October, 1842. The political contest of that 
year was one of the most severely contested ever witnessed in the 
State. But the Democratic party maintained their political ascen- 
dancy. As we lorV h?.ck from this day, it may well be doubted 
whether the resignation was the proper means of defeating even s» 
unjust a bill as was pending when that event occurred ; but on« 
tniiig is ceriuin, in the excited political discussions of 1842, no oa« 


of the resigning members made an ablfr dcfenHe (.f this courae 
'ihiMi did Mr. Stanton. 

On this subject Israel Hamilton, n( Urbana, for a time United 
States District Attorney for Ohio, met Mr. Stanton in dt-bute in 
Bellefontaine, during the canvas?. The contest was on(» of the 
ablest ever listened to by a Logan county audience. Mr. Hami!- 
lon was an able lawyer, and a man of great power. The discussion 
as often happens in such cases, made no converts for either sid^, 
^)ut it seemed rather to confirm the friends of each political party 
in the positions they had taken. And if on that c)ne (|U('-tion, as 
■on some others, the old Whig party was wrong, IMr. Stanton, in 
th» debate alluded to,' did almost if not (|uite "make the wor-e ;ip- 
T?earthe better cause." 

In April, 1850, Mr. Stanton was elected a delegate to the r)hi<» 
Constitutional Convention, which framed the Constitution ol inf.l. 
In October, 1850, he was elected a Representative in Congress. He 
vas re-elected in 1854, and again in 1856, and again in 18;js, after 
which he declined to be a candidate, having served eight yearn. 
He was, during the Thirty-fifth Congress, appointed one of the 
Hegentsof the Smithsonian Institution, and during the Tliirty- 
'iSighth Congress he was Chairman of the Committee on Military 


In 1862 he received the unsought nomination of llepublican cau- 
■didate for Lieutenant-Governor of Ohio, was elected on the sjime 
aieket with David Tod for Governor, and served two years. In 
1860 he was prominently spoken of as a candidate for the I nited 
States Senate, and for that position had the support of influentiiil 
men, but the choice fell to Hon. John Sherman, who has since 
*o long served in that capacity as to he known wherever the Bon- 
ate is known. . . 

About 1866 Mr. Stanton determined t<j l.nate in West \ IrKinia. 
The rebellion had closed, leaving thi.t State with but a lun.tnd 
fiwpply of " loyal lawyers." 

Since I prepared the la«t number ,.f ren.iniscencej^<.f the bar of 
I.ogan County, I have procured a copy of the spee.-h of I on^ . 
canton at the Bar Meeting in Bc.ief..ntame, on the - - ^'"^ 
l&e death of Hon. Anthonv Ca.sad. Judge '"-• "y J^' 
^e^ce in Bellefontaine, October 11, 1«G1. U. ^»;-« ^ ^ ^ 
I first saw him in May, 1836, when ! was a bo> on a m -t lO 

«L&, iu 


Bellefontaine. On that occasion there wa.s a trial held in the 
Court House, before Robert Patterson, then a Justice of the Peace. 
Hiram McCartney was attorney for the plaintiff, Benjamin Stan- 
ton for defendant, and Casad was a witness. I remember the ap- 
pearance of the .Justice, the counsel and the witnesses, all very 
well. It was amono- the few cases I had ever seen tried up to that 

I saw nothing more of any of the parties until July, 1841. From 
that time until his death I was well acquainted with Mr. Casad. 
No man ever had a kinder heart, or could more earnestly sympa- 
thize with misfortune or distress than could he. He was ever 
ready to lend a helping hand, and give an encouraging word to 
the young lawyer just entering in practice. 

On one occasion a young lawyer came to Bellefontaine to look at 
the town, with a view to locate here for practice. Casad took him 
to all the lawyefs here, and introduced him as a young brother, 
and among others he introduced him to Samuel Walker, one of 
the early lawyers here. 

"Well," said Walker to the young man, "my young friend, if you 
come here to practice law I can tell you how it will be. You will 
be just like a young pig thrown into a pen with a lot of old hogs. 
If you throw a pig in that way, the old hogs will root it round, and 
root it round, until finally it grows up to be as big a hog as the rest 
of them, and then it can take its own part. And that will be the 
way with you." The young man concluded he would not locate 

But to return to Judge Casad. Mr. Stanton in his speech to the 
Court of Common Pleafi, made October 28, 1861, has given so com- 
plete and so just an outline of Judge Casad, that I present it alike 
in justice toils author and his subject. 

The speech was as follows : 

May it Please Your Honor : 

I am directed by the meeting of the Bellefontaine Bar, held 
upon the occasion of the death of the Hon. Anthony Casad, lat* 
Judge of Probate for this County, to present to this Court at the 
present term, the proceedings and resolutions of that meeting, and 
to move that they be entered upon the Journals of the Court. 

Deeply as T deplore the op^asion which calls for this last tribute 

LOGAN C0UNTIP:8. :{17 

of respect to the memory of a departed friend, it aHonl- me ^^reat 
pleasure to have the opportunity of thus publicly hearintr ti-sti- 
mony to his many virtues. 

The occasion will justify, if it does not require, sonu' n.jtio.-- on 
the life and character of our deceased friend and brother. 

Judge Casad was born in the State of New Jersey, on tlie imh 
day of March, A. D., 1802. His father, Aaron Casad, nii-rat^d U> 
this State, and settled at Fairtield, in Greene County, in ls(i.-.. 1 h- 
had twelve children, of whom the deceased was the third. 

He was a mechanic, in moderate circumstances, and in the ab- 
sence of Common Schools, and with the facilities for educating 
his children beyond his reach. Judge Casad s:rew to man'- istat«- 
with only the rudest elements of a common F:nKli>^h cducatiun. 
In 1823, at the age of 21, he entered the law office of the lat<- 
Judge Crain, ot Dayton, as a law student. 

To those who knew Judge Crain, it would be superttuous to -«y, 
that he was a man of a very high order of intellect, and <>f -injju- 
lar purity and simplicity of character. And 1 have always be- 
lieved that these traits of character impressed thcmselvi's deeply 
upon the mind of our departed friend and brother, at this early 
period of his life, and had much to do with forming his character 
and shaping his destiny in after life. He was admitted to the bar 
in 1826, and immediately came to Bellefontaine and settle<l for the 
purpose of practicing his profession. He was literally destitut«'of 
means, and his income from his practice was nece-^sarily very 

On the 27th of December, 1827, he was married to Miss()ri«tli 
Williams, daughter of John Williams, then and until his death, 
some twenty years afterwards, a citizen of this town and county. 
Judge Casad's limited means and precarious inconn' from his pro- 
fession, rendered it necessary for him to devote a considerable |M»r- 
tion of his time and attention to other pursuits. This |.revente<t 
hira from acquiring as large a store of professional learning jv* he 
otherwise might have done. 

In the fall of 1828 he attended the first Court held in Hnni-ot-k 
County, and was appointed the first Prosecuting Attorney of th»- 


In 18*4 he was elected Prosecuting Attorney ol Logan County 
over the late Samuel Walker and myself, of whom wen- 
candidates against him. 


In 1838 he was elected R^-presentative to the Ohio Legislature, 
and was re-elected in 1839. In 1851 he was again elected to the- 
Ohio Legislature under the new Constitution, and served for two- 
years. In 1857 he was elected Probate Judge of Logan County, 
and was re-elected in 1860, and held the office at the time of hi» 
death. This is a brief notice of his professional and political ca- 

But any notice of the life of Judge Casad which omits his rela- 
tion to the Church must bo i*adically defective. He joined the 
Christian Church in 1842. But there was no organized Church im 
this town until the present one was organized, mainly througk 
his influence and instrumentality. He was made an elder in this 
Church at its organization, and contributed largely by his inftu- 
ence, and his earnest and zealous labors, to its maintenance anJ 
su})port. He paid over $500 toward the erection of the Churcie. 
feuilding, and the contribution from others was obtained to a large- 
extent from his active and energetic efforts. He died, on the lOtSs 
inst., a sincere, earnest and devoted Christian, with the most UK- 
doubting confidence of a glorious resurrection. 

Of his character, I can speak with entire confidence, from a very 
close and intimate acquaintance of nearly twenty-eight years. 
The leading feature of his character was his perfect sincerity^ 
fi'ankness, candor and uprightness in all the relations of life. He- 
scorned and abhorred all duplicity, insincerity and double-dealing^ 
whatever form or shape it might assume. He was magnanimoo?? 
and disinierested, free from the petty jealousies and rivaJries^^ 
which are so often the bane of professional and political life. 

His bright good nature, his ready wit, his joyous mirth, were* 
the charm of t he social circle. He had a keen appreciation of the- 
ludicrous, and enjoyed, with a relish and a zest that is rare^" 
equalf'd, scenes of innocent and joyous mirth and glee. 

Many of the fondest and most dearly cherished recollections off 
my early professional life, are inseparably connected with my 
departed friend. And in all my intercourse with the world, in m^" 
professional and political career, I have never found a man of 
more simplicity and purity of character than Anthony Casad. I 
have never had a friend upon whose integrity, sincerity and fidel- 
ity I could rely, with more perfect and entire confidence, than hf-j- 
whose loss I now so deeply deplore. 


Residing in the same village, practicing at the same bar, candi- 
dates in the same contests— sometimes in opposition, and some- 
times on the same ticket, always upon terms of the dusot inti- 
macy, no shade of envy or rivalry ever marred our friendship, or 
distrusted our cordial and kindly relations. 

He was kind, humane and generous to a fault. 

Of his professional character I can say in all sincerity, tlutt al- 
though he was not a very learned or profound lawyer, yet he wa- 
a remarkably fluent and ready speaker. He was remarkably 
ready and quick in retort or repartee, and the proniptne-vs and 
■ facility with which he could always avail himself of all his re- 
sources, made him frequently a formidable competitor. Xs a 
politician or statesman, he was always true to his convictions of 
right and duty. 

The only instance in which I now recollect of his taking a very 
prominent stand in the deliberations of the House of Representa- 
tives, in any question of much prominence, was upon the pas.s»ge 
of the State law for the recapture of fugitive slaves. This was in 
1838-9. There was a very strong current of public opini<jn in and 
out of the Legislature in its favor. A suspicion of abolitiouLsm 
then, was much more fatal to a politician, than a su-ipieion of a 
treason is now. But 3Ir. Casad did not believe it wtvs right. It 
was advocated by such men as John W. Andrews, of Columbus, 
with whom he was upon terms of close pei*sonal intimacy. Hut 
no influence could induce him to support it. He resisted it to the 
utmost almost alone, and of course unsuccessfully. In less than 
five years the wisdom of his course was vindicated by the repeal 
of the law. 

No man could be more amiable and estimable in hi< d(»m<>tie 
relations. No woman had a more faithful, kind i;id atfectionatf 
husband than the widow who has survived him; and no children 
ever had a more indulgent or tender father, than the orphans who 
now mourn his loss. 

But the crowning virtue of his life and character, was hi> sin- 
cere, zealous and unaffected piety. No suspicion of insincerity, no 
taint of hypocrisy ever rested upon him for a moment. The chiin-h 
with which he united was feeble in numbers and poor in \m'm\\- 
ary resources. He aided largely in building it up, l>y devoting to 
it time which he was ill able to spare, and money which he \va.M ill 
able to afford. He could therefore hoi>e for no proft^sjonal ad- 


vantages from his connection with the church. But the earnest- 
ness and zeal with which he devoted himself to his religious du- 
ties for the last ten years of his life, furnished conclusive evidence 
of his sincerity. He did not confine his efforts to his public offi- 
cial duties in church, but he availed himself of all suitable and 
proper occasions to reclaim his fellow-men from the paths of vice 
and folly, and convert them to what he believed to be the true 

I can bear testimony to his earnest and sincere appeals to me, in 
our private social intercourse, to prepare for that great hereafter 
to which we are all hastening. And whatever may be our destiny 
in that undiscovered country, from which no traveler returns, he, 
at least, has discharged his whole duty as a Christian friend and 

But, ab(jve all, his calm, peaceful and triumphal death, in the 
full assurance of a blessed immortality, put all cavil and contro- 
versy at defiance. 

And now, may it please your Honor, having paid this last trib- 
ute to the memory of my departed friend and brother, I move 
that these resolutions be read and entered upon the Journals of 
the Court." 



Very few of the present readers of this book ever so inuc-h even 
as heard of Ka-los-i-tah ; not more than a dozen of them, perhajw, 
ever saw him. He was one of the doomed race who liavp no 
knowledge of God, save as He is seen in the clouds, or hfard in the 
wind— an Indian of the Shawnee nation, who, about forty years 
ago, was more widely known in this quarter of Ohio than almost 
any of us are to-day. 

Ka-los-i-tah, as we understand from a recent convcixition with 
Judge McColloch, of this place, must have been in the prime of hi'* 
manhood about fifty years ago. We never saw him hut onre, and 
that was in our childhood — as far back, if we are not mistaken, as 
1832 or 1833. Of course, our recollection of him is very faint. He 
was in West Liberty, on the occasion, and wrestled that day with 
one John Norris — a conceited saddler there. \\'hether he came l«^> 
West Liberty expressly for this purpose, or on other biisineK«*, we 
sannot say. If he came upon a banter from Norris. the temerity 
of the latter was apjiropriately rebuked by the issue of the affair. 
He was no more a match for Ka-los-i-tah than a jioodle i> for a mas- 
tiff. The contest— if such it may be called— was brief and decisive. 
With that irresistible "grape-vine twist" of his, Ka-lo8-i-tah snap- 
ped Norris' leg as if it had been a pipe-stem. He sank to the 
ground, and his friends interposing, cried out : "You hav»' broken 
his leg, Ka-los-i-tah— you have broken his leg." 

"Leg must be rotten," said the imperturbable Indian. 

Norris was borne from the scene tf hi- disoomfiturp with an iiu- 


mensely curtailed opinion of himself. He never put himself upon 
his muscle afterward. We see him now, with our mind's eye, 
hobbling along on his crutches, and this is our last recollection of 

Prior to this, Ka-los-i-tah had broken the legs of several other 
men who had contested his manhood in a similar way. 

Jo. Morris— whom we well knew in his lifetime— and Solomon 
G. Hoge— still living, and well known to a majority of our citizens 
—both claimed, and fairly, to have thrown Ka-los-i-tah upon his 
back. On this account, (although both Morris and Hoge were 
uncommonly strong and active men,) we were led to place 
too low an estimate upon the manhood of Ka-los-i-tah. 

We did not consider, for we did not know until recently, that 
when Ka-los-i-tah did his wrestling in these parts, he was upward 
or fifty years old, enfeebled by a long career of intemperance and 
actually drunk on every trial of his prowess. 

Judge McColloch of this place, relates to us that he first saw Ka- 
los-i-tah in the year 1816, at the treaty of St. Marys. The Govern- 
ors of Ohio, Indiana and Michigan, met the remnants of the West- 
ern Tribes on this occasion, to treat with them upon matters of 
mutual interest and importance, and thousands of leading citizens 
were present from those States, as also from Kentucky. 

Ka-los-i-tah was there in the very zenith of his glorious prime. 
Considerably over six feet high, and weighing about two hun- 
dred pounds, he was yet as lithe as a tiger, and as strong as a bison. 

The Judge describes him to us, in brief, as the most perfect 
specimen of physical manhood that he ever looked upon, and he 
is confident that, at the time referred to, he could out run, out 
jump, or throw down any man in the Northwest — white, black 
or red. 

At a grand hopping match which occurred during the treaty, 
Ka-los-i-tah distanced all cotnpetitors by going nearly fifty feet. 
[Two hops and a jump.] Then it was arranged that one Tom 
Wilson — a noted wrestler — should wrestle with Ka-los-i-tah. On 
the eve of this Ka-los-i-tah insisted on making a bet with Judge 
McColloch thathe would throw Wilson. The Judge was not in- 
clined to take any risks in the premises, but finally consented to 
stake a checkered silk neck tie against a wrought silk belt several 
times its value, worn by the Indian. After holds were taken, Ka- 
los-i-tah allowed his antagonist to do his utmost before making any 


aggressive movement himself. In vain did Wilson bring evtry 
energy and every art he could command to his assistan'ce. Ilf 
could not even move the Indian from the tracks in whicli he had 
planted himself. "Now Me!" said Ka-los-i-tah at lonjjth, and he- 
lifted Wilson upan i laid him upontheground as ifhe were achild. 
A second trial proving but » repetition of the first, Wilson tossetl 
up the sponge in despair. The Indian thinlcing, perhai>s, that h» 
had had too soft a thing of it, magnanimously returned the Jud;.'t 
his neck -tie. 

A stalwart negro— brought there by a party of gentlemen 
from Kentucky— was next pitted against Ka-Ios-i-tah. He wil« 
sanguine in the belief— as were also those who knew him— that he 
could down 'the big Indian, 'or almost any other man above ground . 
This contest was not quite so unequal as the former one had been, ).ut 
the inevitable "Now Me !" of Ka-los-i-tah, was again the <\gxi%\ of 
discomfiture to his antagonist, and down came the "euUod cii<s 
from Africa," all sprawling. Stung to the quick at being *o sum- 
marily disposed of, he sprang to his feet and rushed upon Ka-lc*- 
i-tah like a mad bull. But it was no use— the Indian was t(->omuch 
for him, and he was hurled to the ground aga!n with a sounding 
thud. The darkey got up this time in a furious i)assion,and sworv 
he could WHIP the Indian and would do it on the spot. ( )f courne 
no fighting was permitted. 

Ka-los-i-tah has been gathered with his father* we know not 
how many years, while all who ever saw him arc growing few. 
and old, and far apart. Along with the memory of Kn-lo^-i-tah L* 
associated in their minds that of friends and kindred "who onct^ 
were with them and now are not." The mention of his nami.' 
will bring the light of "other days around them,"— glad, glorious 
days, from which so far their restless pulses have borne them. 

We confess to a fondness for the past— old friends, old scenes, 
old times. And some times we seem to catch the fla-^hts of eycf 
that are but dust now ; and sometimes too, "when the win«l dowit 
the river is fair," the echoes return to us of voices— 
•'Sweet voices we heard in th« dtyi gone before." 



A more geuial and fraternal "itizenship and neighborhood never 
existed than were the early settlers of Loa:an County — ready and 
willing at ail times to lend a helping hand in every case of neces- 
sity. Take for instance an illustration. When a stranger arrived 
in a given neighborhood, and it becanje necessary to build a log 
cabin and clear off a piece of ground and make the rails and fence 
it in, all hands turned out within from two to five miles distant and 
assisted the new comer to settle down and become comfortable in 
his new home. Many of the gatherings of the early settlers at 
house-raisings, barn-raisings, rail-splittings, corn-shuckings, Ac, 
were seasons of great joy and hilarity among all classes, and es- 
pecially with the young people, (the girls and boys as they were 
called). The men working hard all day at the out-door work and 
the women picking wool, scutching flax, or quilting — all partak- 
ing of a hearty dinner and a supper of corn bread, venison, or 
wild turkey, coffee made from rye or wheat browned, or milk, and 
pumpkin pie, and then at early evening came the inevitable dance, 
four and eight-handed reels and jig's, which would be kept up to 
the music of the fiddle with little cessation, till near the "break of 
day" the next morning. In some neighborhoods it was not at all 
unusual to see several pairs of girls and boys comfortably en- 
sconced in the corners with a silk or cotton handkerchief thrown 
over their heads indulging in whispers over their love affairs ; or 
it might be that a few couples would recline across the beds in the 
room indulging in similar (to them) delightful entertainments. 
Those practices and customs were of so frequent occurrence that 


no one of course ever thought of auy impropriety in, or indultjed 
in any invidious remark upon, such innocent amusements. 

An incident which I will here relate occurred at one of the 
gatherings. Early in the spring of about the year 1813, many of 
the neighbors were collected at the residence of Robert Arm- 
strong to cut the timber and split the rails to fence in his new 
ground. It was a raw, snowy, disagreeable day, and the i>eople 
indulged freely in the use of newly distilled corn whisky. They 
had built a large log heap by placing two large pophir logs side 
by side and piling the top with smaller timber and setting fin- to 
it. In a few hours the whole log heap was in lull bhi/e, giving 
the space between the bottom logs the appearance of a reil-hot 
arch in a burning brick kiln, morethan two feet wide at the bottom, 
and twelve or fifteen feet long, situated on an inclined phiiie. 
Among others in the company was an Indian dressed in a buck- 
skin hunting shirt, leggings and moccasins, with a cotton hand- 
kerchief tied around his head; was also pretty drunk, and passing 
along by the upper end of the burning log heap tripped Ids foot 
against a root, and plunged head foremost into the arch, and being 
unable to back out, and no one being near enougii or having the 
presence of mind to di aw him out, instantly, he passed through 
this fiery furnace to the opposite end, litterally scorchinl on the 
surface to a crackling. The poor fellow was taken up and cared 
for as well as the circumstances would allow, and -"trange as it 
may seem, got wellfi-om his injuries, but in a most decrepit con- 
dition in his arms, legs, hands and feet. The most remarkable of 
all was that he did not lose his eyesight by the fire. Notwithstand- 
ing this melancholy occurrence with the "poor Indian," th^ 
young people indulged in their usual "hoe downs" and IdUrity 
through the course of the night as though nothing had hapiK-niHl. 

The moral and religious tone of feeling among the citizens (.f 
those days in many parts of the county, could not be "aid to bo 
pre-eminent, though a very kindly state of feeling prevaile.! 
amongst the people. The first religious service I now recolUvt <»f 
hearing, was held at the house of old Father Henry, by the Rev. 
Joshua Inskeep, a Methodist local preacher residing in the ea>t [•*rl 
of the county. The people at this meeting were well-»M'have<l and 
attentive. Father Inskeep continued to hold meetings and pn-ach 
tothe people in different parts of the county for several yi'ar- «n 


■succession, doing much good in the name of the divine Master 
among the people wherever he went. A few years later, the Rev. 
John Gutridge, a Baptist minister came and settled in the village 
of Zanesfield, and built up a prosperous church which was dedi- 
cated as "Tharp's Run Church." This was a place resorted to by 
many professing Christians from a distance as well as by the peo- 
ple of the surrounding neighborhood. Society began to assume 
a higher tone throughout the country, and several religious de- 
nominations established churches and schools in many parts of 
.the county. 



The subject of this sketch was a half-blood Indian, born of a fair 
and beautiful white woman, who had been taken prisoner l»y thp 
Indians in Virginia, when but a child nine years of age, while out 
gathering blackberries. 

Her name was Margaret Mooi e. She was carried off by I hem to 
their home in the Indian country, far from any white settlement ; 
for according to history, the whole country between the <,'reat lukoH 
and the Ohio was an unbroken wilderness, inhabited only by the 
red man and the beasts of the forest. 

She lived with them until she became the wife of one of their 
chiefs. (Blue Jacket, or Capt. John, I think he wa.'* called.) lij 
him she had a son, whom she called Joseph. 

After the close of the French and Indian war with the eolonir*. 
there was an exchange of prisoners between the whites and Indian^. 
Her husband, whom she said she dearly love<l, pennitti-d her to 
return to her people on a visit, on the promise of returniiij,' t<» him 
again, which she fully intended to do. He kept the boy, Jowph, 
the more fully to insure her return. But when among her friend*, 
they positively refused to let her return to her Indian home. 

Nancy was born in Virginia, and never saw the face of an Indian 
except when she looked in a mirror, until they rnove<l out to the 
State of Ohio, which was probably about the year 180-J-:.. She had 
married a man by the name of James Stewart. They settletl on 
the Miami river, in what is now Logan county, a short disUiuce be- 


low Lewittown, on land now owned by JohnH. Moore. I well re- 
member when she and her mother visited at my father's house 
when I was quite a child. 

There was a great contrast between mother and daughter. The 
mother was a handsome old lady of some sixty years or upwards. 
Nancy had decidedly Indian features, and was badly marked with 
small-pox. She had four children, Elizabeth, Henry, Margaret 
and John. Her Indian son .loseph came to see them about the 
time of the war of 1812. He was brought up by his father among 
the Indians, and was a pretty fair specimen of the aborigines of 
the wild woods — dressed in their style, with buckskin leggins and 
moccasins, a blanket belted around the waist, and silver brooch 
for fastening over the breast. He had been subjected to the cruel 
and barbarous custom of cutting the rim of the ear from top to bot- 
tom so as to hang apart from the ear, suspending a weight thereto 
for the purpose of making it distend as much as possible while 

He had but one of his cut, for the reason, he said, that they could 
have but one cut at a time, as they could lay only on one side. Be- 
fore his one ear got well, he got out of the notion of having the 
other cut. It is supposed that he fought with the British and In- 
dians in the war of 1812, as he went away and never came back 
here again. 

Nancy's children never married. The family, James Stewart, 
grandmother Moore, Nancy and perhaps some of the children be-' 
longed to the Christian Church at what was called the Muddy Bun 
Meeting House, on Madriver, below West Liberty, and there they 
were buried. 



Though quity old enough for most purpofe.'*, the vvrftor hns not 
attained the years of a flrstrate remhiiscent; Jud^e .Mc-CDllo-.-h— 
whose mind is as clear as a bell and e.vact as a chronomcler— «in 
antedate me the full fourth of a century. He encyclopedia of 
local history; and, without quitting his room, could write n vol- 
ume of inestimable value from the resources of memory alone. lie 
can narrate the story of Logan county r, m the be^'iniiin-,'— ":t!| ..f 
which he saw, and part of which he was." Not a He' ' 
cleared, nor a house built of d'^te so remote as to be I. . 
pale of his recollection. His reminiscences of persons of ti 
culiar class who seek the adventure and court the privnt' ■ 
in the wilderness, of great interest now ano 
He knew Tullis and Powell, the proi)rietors of Belief-' 
knew those rough characters, the Frakes', the Cooper . 
semi-barbarous denizens of the "Fallen Timber;" he knew that 
remarkable man, Lewis Davis, and the weird and niystrriou- '< »M 
Blaylock," and the heroic Simon Kenton. All of lhe^^e char, 
and many more, to the writer of this article, are merely trad. i. n- 

It was in October, 1832, that I came to Bellefontaiiic to learn the 
printer's trade, with Hiram B. Strother. The ollicc was thm in 
the second story of the old jail building, a room unneiv-.irily 
large, which had been used temporarily as a court n)om, at >oMie 
preceding time. The county offices, though not then «>cciipi«>«J iv 
such, had been in the western part of the building, on th»' Mim*- 


floor with the printing office. We had scant and badly worn fonte 
of "small pica" and "bourgeois" type. The paper was about half the 
present size of the Examiner, and was printed on a wooden (Ram- 
age) press, requiring two "pulls" to each side. The printers were 
Hiram Strother and David Robb, a youth of seventeen. The ink 
was put on the "forms" with "balls" made of buckskin and stuffed 
with wool. Young Robb beat a peculiar sort of tattoo on the typos 
with his "balls,' while Hiram, then in the flush of young man- 
hood, joyous and hopeful, worked the press, and sung the "Star 
Spangled Banner." 

Robert A. McClure occupied one of the vacant offices as a paiut 
shop. I was an earnest "Clay man," and McCiure annoyed me bjr 
singing incessantly — 

■'Hurrah for gallant Jackson, 

The British turned their backs on — 

He's ready still for action. 

Oh, .Jackson is tbe boy!"' 

When not singing he whistled the hated air, shrilly as he only 
could whistle. When he learned that it annoyed me, he took mis- 
chievous and renewed delight in his favorite melody. He was an 
excellent man, whom I respected in after years, but as a boy I 
thought he was sadly deluded in his choice of a President. 

The "old Court-house" was then new. Indeed, it was unfinished. 
The scaffolding was still about the spire. George Shuffleton was 
the carpenter and contractor. The roof was then in progress of 
painting, and the workmen had precautionary ropes about their 
bodies to gard against the contingency of sliding. One Moses Boa- 
ham (an honest, good fellow, known as Magnum Bonum) was one 
day painting, when the rope became detached from his borly, and 
he began moving toward the perilous edge with jtlanning velocity. 
Fortunately the rope followed him, and he caught it just in tira« 
to avert a catastrophe. 

Joseph R. S^^an was presiding .Judge of the circuit when the old 
Court house was new. He had a great reputation, even in those 
early years ; and, save only Lawrence, none of hin; successors have 
possessed equal learning and ability. The home h.w was then 
represented by Hiram McCartney, Anthony Casad, Wm. Bayles, 
and Samuel Walker. McCartney was a dull, slow man, but had 
great energy, boundless ambition, and the most intense self-appreci- 
ution. He was an indifferent J<pe«ker, with an unpleaswut lisp i« 


his utterance. But he surmounted all obstacles, an.l put himself at 
the head of the bar, a position he retained throu<ih life. CiiHiul 
was a good advocate, and his hosts of friends supplied him wiih 

Baylos had the reputation of talent, but he made little avail of 
it. In personal appearance he resembled Tom Corwiu as cIom'Iv 
as Fielding Beddow did Michael. Walker wsus a .Jiis.icc of tli'« 
Peace, and did little in court. He was an Abolitionist, and ua 
Anti-Mason, and, in religion, a Seceder. Of course, at that tim« 
he was unpopular. But he was an excellent man, whose mrmory 
the writer has much reason to venerate. 

The Springfield and Urbana bars were represente*! at evi-ry 
term, as, indeed, they continued to be for twenty subMM|ucnt 
years, by John H. James, Moses B. Corwin, Charles Anthony and 
Samson Mason from the beginning; and afterward by Wm. A. 
Rogers and John A. Corwin. I recall General Mason, with thavt 
imperial and yet wholly natural dignity of his, which became liim 
as a well-fitting garment; a dignity might well be calleil a talent, 
and was a rhetorical if not a logical force; Colonel .Jame'^, whos* 
vast legal learning was fitly seconded by elegant language and 
admirable oratory; Rogers, sitting with closed eyes, the most un- 
obtrusive and unassuming man in the Court-room, and yet to one 
or another of his marvelous acquisitions, in many sjM'cirtltits of 
the law, deferred to by every member of the bar; John A.c'or- 
win, erratic, meteoric and transient, passing from human sight 
forever, even while men wondered at his brilliance. 

Of the lawyers, and they are many, who have since attained 
eminence at the same bar, and who are still living and in full 
practice, I shall not speak. Some youth, who^e chin is not "rouRb 
and razorable," will, when he has become a gray-beani like my- 
self, speak of them when he can do so without the imputation of 

The physicians forty years ago, strange to xay, were l,(.rd und 
Brown, who are yet living, and in practice. There may hnv« 
been other physicians whom I do not remember. There \ver« 
many afterward; but these gentlemen early attained and Iihv« 
keptthrough that long lapse of yeare the utmost n.nlulenee of 
the people, in all the qualities that compose thi- trustworthy phy - 
sician and the good citizen. 

The countv oflicers, so far as I can remember, were a* f.»llo>n: 


Clerk, N. Z. McCoUoch ; Auditor, Qeorg^e Krouskop ; Treasurer, 
Thomas Armstrong ; Sheriff, Peter Keiley ; Recorder, B. 8. 

Isaac S. Gardner kept a store in a two story frame building, 
where the Metropolitan now stands. R. S. Canby had a stock of 
j^oods in an old frame house, the end to the street, on a lot whera 
he subsequently built a two story brick. Robert Casebolt and 
Walter Clement had a store in a brick building, where the " Lo- 
gan House" now stands. The building was then on a hill, which, 
in the subsequent progress of the town, was cut down. " Jack 
Mays," then, or soon afterwards, kept a store in the brick corner, 
since known as the Lowe building. 

A two story frame then, and long afterward, stood on the corner 
where now is the Riddle and Rutau building. General Workman, 
I think, then kept a hotel there, which soon afterwards passed in- 
to the hands of Daniel C. Moore. "Bill Bull" kept a tavern in am 
old building, opposite the present stand of Capt. Miller. 

J. W. Earle & Co. — the senior member a reserved and mysterious 
man, kept a grocery on the old Rhodes' corner, where the Law- 
rence and Watson building now stands. 

Robert Patterson, Esq., then lived in the brick row, south of th« 
Court House. The building at the east of the lot, as also the fram« 
adjoining, were built afterward. 

.John W. Marquis lived on the lot now owned by Louis Holzer ; 
Thomas Coen lived in a two story frame on Main street, adjoining 
Gardner's store ; Abraham Elder lived in a log house on th« 
Leonard corner ; Mr. Hedges lived in a house standing where that 
of Mr. Shurr now is. J remember when his son, Henry E. 
Hedges, came home to spend his college vacation. He is now a 
distinguished lawyer of Circleville. Next door to Hedges lived 
William Cook ; and just across the street, in a small brick, Wal- 
ter Clement. The adjoining row of frames was then in progress of 

But it would be unprofitable, even if space did not forbid and 
memory fail, to specify all the residences of citizens. One noted 
place, however, must not be forgotten. In the property afterward 
owned by Michael Smith, Thomas Hainea kept a tavern, widelj 
known as the "Golden Lamb," from the fact that the sign bore, 
-in gilt, the outward semblance of that emblem of innocence.— 


But the tavern wafl anything else than a seminary of virtue, or a 
•on^servator of naorals. Haines was a amall man with a swarthy 
»kin, and a dark, piercing eye. He waa always carefully dresse<l, 
and painfully polite In conversation. He was a man of .eiircwd 
■atural sense, but illiterate. 

I recall, without effort, the noted characters and leadinjj citiioena 
•f town and country. 

Here is rough and rugged John Workman. He has the unfail- 
ing knack of seizing an offender by the windpipe, and th; re is nt 
release from his grasp, until the protruding tongue makes dumb 

appeal for deliverance. Here is good old Davy H , who hiu 

but one fault — a fondness for drink. He knows it is an ext-ellont 
thing to have a giant's strength, but always feels that it is cru«'l t« 
use it as a giant. He is the most peaceful of men. Once, how- 
ever, we saw a bully twenty years his junior, provoke the old 
man beyond endurance, when, seizing the offender by thearma 
with those great hands of his, he dashetl him to the earth, and 
getting astri le of him, shouted witli characteristic vehemencf, and 
repetition of utterance: " Eli I Eli! Eli! -Don't w-ait to hurt 
you— don't want to hurt you !" And he didn't hurt him, rdejtH- 
ing the bully uninjured in person, but wofully lowered in self- 
esteem. Hitched at a neighboring rack is Davy's wonderful bay 
atallioii, Hector— a miracle of gentleness. No matter how iiitoxi- 
eated the old man becomes, he may safely mount his horst-. Hec- 
tor goes slowly as long aa Davy sticks on; if Davy fulls, Hector 
immediately stops until his master climbs into iiis .saddle again- 
all the time talking, and the horse seeming to comprehend.— 
Here is Isaac Clemens, one eye gouged out in a fight, a black and 
greasy patch over the sightless socket, giving him a most sinister 
look. Here is simple old Peter AVatkins, witli a strabismus whick 
imparts to !us countenance the most absurd expressi(.n that waa 
ever won by mortal man. Tom (Jarpenter has only two drama 
ahead, and is not vet particularly quarrelsome. Apart from the 
erowd, stands giiint and gentle Tom 0>lvin, with a smile on hia 
face, bare-headed, bare-footed, and his ..hirt collar thrown oprn- 
It is but a little while since he was insulted by the note<l I, ack-kif 
and ruffian, George Pennington ; but he kicked him, h^< l«re 
feet, until tlie wretch begged mercy for God's .sjike. 

Hiram Strother, the aoul of honor, glowing with kindn..s.. and 
generous to a fault; good and gruflf George Krousk..,.. w.f ■ ■ - 


mouth, wendinjf his way to or from his office ; Jacob Kvouskop, 
*rine(Uvii.h his goad, (Jriving his ox-team, loaded with sand or 
sugar wood ; N. Z. McColloch, up with the lark, and out in th« 
early morn, Hummer and winter, without coat or vest; Tommy 
Armstrong', genial and kindly when you knew him, but with an 
austere and repellant look ; Isaac and Robert Gardner, behind the 
•ounter, busy weighing and measuring; Samuel Newell, in plain- 
«st garb of homespun, ^^haking hands with everybody, and intent 
•n keeping his seat in the Legislature ;_ Hiram McCartney, tail 
and erect, walking with a pre-occupied air to and from the Court 
House; Tony Casad, chatting and laughing, with a joyous word 
for every one ; Richard Canby, my especial wonder for the extent 
(»f his knowledge, and the easy and elegant flow of his conversa- 
tion; Joe Newell, strange, brave and generous, with troops of 
friends; Joseph Black, who has not gained his mental equilibri- 
um since the great tornado, and who turns white as the sheeted 
•lead whenever a black cloud appears in the sky ; Dr. Brown, just 
returning on that bay horse of his, which, from youth to old age, 
knew not the luxury of bei^ig curried ; Dan Workman, with his 
handsome and pleasant lace, telling his inimitable stories; John 

B. Miller, saying witty things, d ing "the brown business," 

and giving imitations of Forrest; John Miller, (silversmith,) with 
only Samuel Walker at his back, proclaiming abolition in defiance 
of public sentiment ; David Robb, Sr., then an invalid, very gray, 
yet destined to nearly forty years ot after life ; Robert Patterson, 
•lately and reserved ; Dr. Lord, on his great bay mare, going to 
Yisit a patient in the country ; Henry Snyder, Walter Clement, 
good old Robert Casebolt, Aleck Spencer — and how many more? 

Memory is not only a " tomb searcher" — she is an enchantress 
a*; well. All these familiar forms and faces are present, distinct, 
Yital and palpable to " the mind's eye." They come, as the poet 
has feigned that the soldiers of Napoleon come, " from the plain* 
•f Italy, from Syria's sands and Russia's snows, and gather ia 
•hadowy columns, at sound of reveille, for midnight review. 

Napoleon, Ohio. 


Hull's Surrender at Detroit— The Last of Tecumseh. 

The Western Reserve Historical Society, lia-< printed tJi.- j»er- 
lonal recollections of General George Sandcnj^on, ui Lanoa.ster, (J. 
who died in that place, on the 26th of August last, in thei'eveuty- 
ifth year of his age. Gen. Sanderson was a native of Pennsylvania, 
but with his parents removed to Lancaster in 180U, wliere In* re- 
sided all his life. He published the Independent Time* -Ai I.hiifa»- 
ter in ISIO, and on the breaking out of the war in 1812, organized 
ft company of volunteers for Col. Lewis Cass's regiment. Gonural 
{then Captain,) Sanderson, was at the surrender of Detroit with 
liis regiment, and with Harrison at the river Thamen, as ;i Captaiu 
in the regular army. We make the following exiiaits trotn hi*, 
recollections, in regard to two of the UKwt interenting events of 
the war : 

hull's surrendrk. 

It was late in May, 1*^12, when Gen. Hull arrive*! nt .Mir rniup 
»t Dayton, and Governor Meig's relinquished coninmnd. A fow 
days after we were on the march for Detroit, riie wtw a 
difficult one to travel, but with the aid of eflicient guides, nnd the 
]»rotection of Divine Providence we arrived in «:«feiy*t our des- 
tination, after much suffering and many stoppages on the vv»y.— 
For nearly two months after our arrival, we engage«l in the (Kjr- 
formance of no extraordinary military duty, the genernl ronllne 
•f camp life being the order from day today. Ifi Auj;u-'t lh« 
British and Indians arrived, and soon after the scone .»rrurre<J 
which produced such indignation at the time, and Hfx.ut wrhlch 
kistories do nO' agree. My comj)any, belonging to (Vi««'s rogi- 


ment, was surrendered with all the Ohio volunteers, Miller's reg- 
ulars, and a large force of militia. I shail never forj^et the scenes 
which then transpired. My opinion of Gen. Hull's conduct, formed 
at the time, (and events have not champed it,) was that Gen. 
Hull was an imbecile— not a traitor or a coward, but an imbecile, 
caused by the excessive use of ardent spirits. He was a constant, 
heavy drinker. On the day before the surrender, his son, Captain 
F. Hull, came among my men in a beastly state of intoxication. — 
On the day of the surrender I saw Gen. Hull frequently. His face 
about the chin and mouth was covered with tobacco juice, and I 
thought, in common with other offlcers, that the General was un- 
der the influence of liquor. His jjersonal appearance indicated 
that he had been drinking. The General was surrounded in 
camp, with a military family, the members of which \vere fond of 
high living, wines, liqiit)!"'^, etc, I know how we poor volunteers 
wondered how they could keep up such luxuries. Oar surgeon re- 
lieved ray mind by informing me one day that Hull's officers 
drew all the liquors from the hospital stores, on continued com- 
plaints of illness, Hull's surgeon (one of the party,) certifying to 
the requisitions. 

When the news of the surrender was known to the troops, they 
were scarcely able to restrain tlieir indignation. Hundreds of hor- 
rible oaths and threats ascended, which I hope have not been set 
down by the " Ilecording Angel." McArthur broI<e his sword, 
as did other officers. General Hull was repeatedly insulted to his 
face, and soon hid himself away. The members of his military 
family, especially the General's son Abraham, received some pret- 
ty tall abuse from us Ohioans. After the surrender, and before 
the enemy had entered, many officers, myself among the number, 
implored Col. Findlaj> to take command of the American forces, 
and resist the enemy, but he declined. Colonel James Miller was 
importuned the same as Findlay, but he was unwilling to take the 
responsibility, saying as near a-s I can recollect, " Matters have 
gone too far, but had General Hull signified to me his intention of 
surrendering, I would have assumed command, and defended the 
fort to the lust." Miller would have done so, and so would Mc- 
Arthur had he been in the fort. 

Some little time after Hull had ordered the white flag, August 
16, 1H12, Col. Isaac Brock, the British commander, entered the 

LOGAN C0UNT1E8. 3:ff 

fort, attendetl by his staff and several Indian Chiefs. Thf Anu-r- 
ican troops were ordered to the parade ground, and there pil.^l up 
their nauskets, swords, pistols, knives, cartridge-hoxen, etc. A 
heavy guard was placed over us, and we were then went t-. the 
"citadel," where we were kept until released on parole. Hull 
and the regular officers were sent to Quebec. I wa« very particu- 
lar to have a good look at General Brock, as I had never before 
seen a British ofllcer of his rank. He wtus a heavily built man, 
about six feet three inches in height, broad shoulders, lar^je hi|>H, 
and lame, walking with a cane. One of his eyes, the left one I 
think, was closed, and he wai, withal, the ugliest orticer 1 ever 
saw. He wore a bright, scarlet uniform, with a wrap|M*d 
tight around his waist. When he came to our company, he s:ii(i 
tome: " [f your men attempt to escape, or complain of their 
treatment, I cannot bo answerable for the coiisetiuences ; but if 
they remain quiet and orderly, they shall shortly be released, and 
no harm shall befall them. This was good news to my men, many 
of whom were afraid when they returned in a defenselesH condi- 
tion, the savages would be let loose after them. All the otticers of 
our army, v.ho conversed with Brock, spoke of him a> bein«a 
very courteous and agreeable gentleman, who had seen much mt- 
Yiee in India and the East. 


My company shared in the glorious roule oi I'roiior ini.l in- 
proud army, that result being attained by the victory at the river 
Thames. It was on that memorable day, October f)th, isia, that 
Tecumseh fell. I remember Tecumseh. 1 saw him a number of 
times before the war. He was a man of huge frame, powerfully 
built, and was about six feet two inches in height. 1 saw hi«. b<dy 
on the Thames battlefield before it was cold. Whether Colonel 
Johnson killed him or not, 1 cannot say. During thf battle all 
was smoke, noise and confusion. Indeed, 1 never heard any oni- 
speak of Colonel .Johnson's having killed Te<-umseh, untd year* 
afterward. Johnson was a brave man and wa.s badly w..und.M| m 
th(^ battle in a very painful part-theknuckl(« -and. I thnik. alno 
inthebodv. He was carried past me on a litter. In theevenmg 
on the day of the battle, I wius app..inted l>y (ienen.l Hurris<m t« 
guard the Indian prisoners with my company. Th.- I.^.ii.on ««- 
nearaswamp. As to.the report of theKentuckian. hav.nK -kmn..! 


Tecumseh'm body, I am personally cognizant that such was 
the fact. I have seen many contrary reports, but they are untrue. 
I saw the Kentucky troops in the very act of cutting the skin from 
the body of the chief. They would cut strips about half a foot in 
length and an inch and a half wide, which would stretch like gum 
elastic. I saw a piece two inches long, which, when it was dry, 
•ould be stretched nearly a foot in length. That it was Tecunn- 
•eh's body that was skinned, I have no doubt. 1 knew him. — 
Besides, the Indian prisoners under niy charge continually pointed 
to his body, which lay close by, and uttered the most bewailing 
•ries at his loss. By noon the day after the battle, the body could 
hardly be recognized, it had so thoroughly been skinned. My 
men covered it up with brush and logs, and it was probably eaten 
by wolves. Although many oflticers did not like the conduct of 
the Kentuckians, thev dare not interfere. The troops from that 
State were infuriated at the massacre at the river Raisin, and their 
battle cry was " Remember the River Raisin." It was only with 
difBculty that the Indian prisoners could be guarded, so general 
was the disposition of the Kentuckians to massacre them. 



Although I have been in Logan County more than fifty yo«n), 
yet it can scarcely be said with propriety, that I am one of the Pi- 
oneers of this section of the country. My fatiier removed to, and 
•ettled in Harmon's Bottom, in this county, in the year 1818; and 
although the greater part of the county was in it'^ primitive condi- 
tion, and wild animals of various kinds very plenty in all parts of 
it, yet several settlements had been established along the souiIhtb 
and central portions of the county, from ten to titteen years pn-vi- 
•UB to that time. The persons and families who formed thow set- 
tlements, were the true and real pioneers of the county ; and to 
them (such as are left of them), are we to look for the detail of cjr- 
•nmslances, and transactions, which would be of the greatest in- 
terest to a society of this kind. But changes are continually go- 
ing on from year to year, all over the country, so much so, thai in 
ttie space of thirty or forty years, our county, in many pariiiulare, 
■earcely seems like the same county that length of time ago. 

And as these changes have taken place in alnnK<it every dejnirt- 
Ment of life, as in the customs and manners of society, the I.uju- 
»ess transactions ofthepeople generally, and as in the face aiidap- 
pearance of the country itself, it may not be uninteresting to men- 
tion some of these changes, which have taken place in some thinKi 
wnce my first residence in the county. 

In the winter of 1820-21, 1 had made an arrangement to go to on« 
•f the lower counties of the State of Mississippi to tench <»rhool 


How to get there, seemed to be the difficulty. We had here n» 
milroads nor stage lines, and there were very few steamboats run- 
ning on the river. I had been down to Cincinnati the previous 
fall to try to get a passage to New Orleans, but failed, and had t* 
return back home, a considerable part of the way on foot. 

During the forepart of the winter I succeeded in making an ar- 
rangement with some flat boat flour traders, who were intending 
to go down out of the Scioto river, as soon as that stream would 
rise high enough to let them out. We had to wait till about the 
first of February, when we started from about eight miles abov* 
Chillicothe, with two flat boats, loaded with about one thousand 
barrels of flour. We were on the river within a few days of thre» 
months. We sold out the greater part of the flour by retail at dif- 
ferent towns and trading places along the Ohio and Mississippi be- 
fore we reached New Orelans, at about .$3.00 per barrel. When w« 
arrived at the city we closed out what, was left for $2.62J per bar- 
rel by wholesale. This is mentioned to show the great change of 
prices between that time and the present. And the owners made 
money by the trip, for they had bought the wheat of which the 
flour was made for 25 cents per bushel. I remained in the Soutk 
at that time about three years, when I received a letter from Ohio. 
I had CO pay 25 cents postage, and if it could be discovered there 
were two pieces of paper (no matter how small) the price was 50 
cents. It required about three weeks from the time the letter was 
mailed till I received it. 

Now to show the change— the contrast. I left Bellefontaine with 
my wife on Tuesday, 3rd of January last, staid over one day at 
Cincinnati, and arrived at our destination on Friday the 6th. 
Where we stopped was in one of the lowest counties of Mississippi, 
near the neighborhood where I taught school fifty years ago. 

As to the mnils, while there this year, I received a letter, post 
marked at Bellefontaine, February 3rd, which arrived at the Post- 
office where I received it, before daylight on the 6th. 

While on the subject of the change of prices, I will mention a 
little circumstance as an illustration. In the year 1825 I had an 
uncle— Moses Brown, — who moved from Louisiana into the neigh- 
borhood of Zanesfield, and being a farmer he wished to commence 
raising hog-s as the other farmers there did. He was directed to a 
neighbor who had hogs to sell, and applied to him, to buy a sow 


and pigfs ; one was selected which was ag:reed upon by both, but 
no price fixed upon till he should come and take her h(»tiio. Aflor 
a few days he went to get her and the owner was not at honic, but 
he had left word with his wife, that it my uncle came, for him i« 
take her along and Jie would see him at some other time, lit* took 
her home; she was young, but had six nice pigs. Some days af- 
ter, my uncle saw him, and told him he wislied to pay fur the pur- 
chase, and asked him the price. He replied that he did not know 
exactly what it ought to be, but bethought about seventr-livf- (•♦•rjt.-* 
or a dollar would be about right; that Reventy-fiveVent-' would 
do; and that was the price paid, and fixed l)y the owner hini.-4'lf. 
The very low price so surprised the purchaser tiiat he made Home 
inquiries of the neighbors as to the matter, who told him tiiat was 
about a common, fair price. Now to show the great differeni-e in 
price, between the products of our county and imported articles at 
that time; I will mention that my uncle brought with iiim sev- 
eral bagsof cofifee from New Orleans, which he had taken in imrl 
payment for what he had sold out in Louisiana. This colfen he re- 
tailed at 37^ cents per pound ; so the price of two pounds of coJfe« 
paid for the sow and pigs. The retail price of coffee in the stores 
in the county at that time was forty cents a pound. Perhaps as 
great benefits have been derived to our section of the country. (In 
regard to prices of home and imported articles) from the intr<Khu-- 
tion of railroads. They have very materially the prim-* 
of our home products and cheapened the prices of import.'d art id.-, 
-especially heavy ones, such as salt, iron, Ac. -so much so »> -oIm* 
a very material advantage to the country. Notwithstaudintf thin, 
there are, have been, and will be some n ,n-progre<^.ve frtnnerj. 
and others in thecountrywhoopposeall such impn.v.-nuni-^w.niil- 

the completion of the railroad through the 
that though it might be, and probably was a bonefl t^ ' J^; 

ehants as it gave them a better chance to .ini>ose upon theircu- 
tome^' yet ft would be an injury to the far.ners, Imh^uh.. .t would 
reduce the price of horses so much that they would no .. < rth 
rLing, as none would be needed to haul our gram, and o^ r 
plus products to the lake or other places ^^ "'"'•^f^-^;;j;,X „ by 
and other arguments so strongly that I could onl> answer 7 


the Yankee plan of ixsking questions. I ascertained that heat that 
time had brousfht in ;i load of wheat for sale, and that he was t« 
take some barrels of salt in part payment for the wheat. So I asked 
him, how many bushels of wheat he had to give for a barrel of salt ? 
He answered in rather a complaining manner, that wheat was a 
dollar a bushel but they made him <?ive two bushels for a barrel of 
salt, when he well knew that salt ought to be but $1 87^ per barrel. 
I then asked him if he remembered of ever bringing wheat to Belle- 
fontaine and trading it for s;ilt before we had any railroads ? H« 
replied that he did recollect ot doing it once that far back. Th« 
next question I asked was : 

"How many bushels of wheat did you then have to give for a bar- 
rel of salt ?" 

His answer was short, and to the point,, and ended th« 
subject : it was nine basheLs. In fact the time ha.-' been here when 
it would require more than a dozen bushels of wheat to purchase 
a barrel ot salt. As great a change as has taken place in the busi- 
ness transactions of our part of the country within forty or fifty 
years, has been in regard to the manner of getting our surplus pro- 
duce out of the country to market for the purpose of bringing 
money, and such necessary articles of merchandise as we must 
have. At an early period, in fact about the only article we had in 
the country for that purpose (except coon and deer skin), was 
hogs. These were collected in droves, and driven, generally t» 
Detroit, or some other lake port, or town in Michigan, and thera 
sold for whatever price could be got for them, which was gener- 
ally very low. And the prices here, of course had to be somewhat 
regulated by the pri<3es there. These droves had to be driven the 
greater part of the way^through the woods, with a narrow road cut 
out through the dense forest, about wide enough for a single 
wagon track. It generally' required from three to five or six weeks 
to drive and dispose of a drove in this way. At a later period, the 
farmers having got more ground cleared, began to raise more wheat 
than was necessary for the consumption of the country. The ques- 
tion then was to find a market for the surplus. The most of it was 
hauled in wagons a distance of one hundred and twenty miles to 
Sandusky on the lake shore. The road was very bad, either mud or 
corduroy pole bridges a great part of the way, audit required from 
two to tliree weeks to make the trip there and back. The wagons 


generally eame back loaded with salt, or other ht-avy r»riifl«. 
The customary price for hauling the salt in here, v,'m j,'eneriilly 
regulated by what it cost out there, and persons who had not wIh-uI 
to sell would often send the money by the teanist^-rs to huy th« 
salt and the price of hauling- would be just what was paid fj»r it ia 
money out there and so it would be divided half and Imlf bet\vfc«« 
the persons who sent the raoney and the one who hmile<l it io. 
In hauling their wheat out there it was generally the caM- thai 
several wagons (halfa dozen or more) would go logetluTuiid they 
all would have to take their provision with them, both for them- 
selves and their teams, and to "camp out" in the woods ut night, 
both going- and coming ; because if they would get their meals, and 
horse feed of the few taverns along the way, the cost would t>« 
more than they would get for their whole load of wheat. And it 
yfM not uncommon for some economical persons to make tb« 
"round trip" without paying out a single dime for provi-*iou« 
the whole way. 



On the brow of a hill, about one-half mile north of what was 
once "Taylor's Mill," (now Beatty's mill) in Salem Township, 
Champaign County, Ohio, there has lately been discovered an an- 
cient burying-ground. Some years ago there was a county road lo- 
cated east and west on the seetion line, between sections fifteen 
and sixteen, town rive of range twelve, and the workmen, whea 
opening that road discovered a few human bones at the hill, about 
twenty rods v»'ostof the centre of thesection line. There was, how- 
ever, but little attention given to the circumstance at that time. 
Two years ago there was a free turnpike constructed from th« 
centre of the line between sections fifteen and sixteen, which road 
runs from the beginning, south through the village of Kingston. 
For the purpose of getting ground for the making of this turn- 
pike, it was necessary to make a large excavation in the hill be- 
fore mentioned, and in doing so, great quantities of human bone» 
were discovered. These remains appear, very plainly, to have 
been deposited in trenches, or ditches ; and these trenches are sit- 
uated parallel to each other, at a distance of about ten feet apart, 
and extend due north and south. Their length is not known, as 
they have not been explored further than the necessary excava- 
tions for ground. 

The bodies have been placed in these trenches with their heads 
to the South, and the feet to the North ; in this position they have 
all been found. Tliey appear to have all been deposited there at 
the same time, and to have been placed there indiscriminately, 
the old and the young, great and small, male and female piled on 
top of each other, without any kind of order or regularity, except 
their position which is invariably north and south. There has 
not been found any implements of war, or mechanical tools of any 
kind. The country here has been settled by the whites seventy 
years, yet the existence of this burying place was not known 
until recently, nor did the Indians give the first settlers 
any information on the subject; they probably knew nothing 


of it The situation is one of the most beautiful on the 
faeeof the earth;, for miles on the east, south an.l west lio. the 
extensive valley of King's-creek, which has no equalfor boauty 
and fertility, and through its centre flows the creek, a large wvi-r- 
failing stream ot clear, cool, pure water. Thpre is n.. hiitory 
either written or traditional, of the life, manners, customs or 
doings of that generation or race of human beings, save tlu-ir 
mouldering remains. A thousand years hence mav not the s^t me 
obscurity rest upon the history of the present generation? 



About the time of the war 1812, a company o ^ung men \vm 
organized in Champaign and Logan Counties, by (."apt. Alexander 

They were an independent company of Home Guards, or win- 
ute men, and were called the rifle company, each mnn ' 
armed with a good trusty rifle gun, shot-poueh, and p<jwd<'. 
bullet-moulds, gun-flints, &c. EMoh one furnished their 0.. 
munition, and were expected to hold themselves in readii)' 
minute's warning for any emergency ; we at that time bein^r the 
frontier settlement on the north, and expf>scd to danger from the 
Indians who might be prowling about in tJio neighborhood. 


of the company consisted of a black huntirjg shirt, trinimi'«l or 
fringed with white all round the body, made as n loose c<» it cr 
wrapper reaching a little above the knees, and oi>en In fmnt ami 
fringed, then a large circular cape with collar fastening all f<i;:.>th- 
•r at the neck. They were usually made of hornt'-nml*' liruMi 
about one and one-half inches wide, and sewing it on thei:iirin«'nl 
»nd then raveling it out about half the width. Then a stoul 


leather belt with large buckle in front, or some have a white belt, 
white pants and stockings. The hat was like one now in fashion, 
high crown with i.arrow rim. Each mart had a while plume fast- 
ened to the left side (I think) of his hat. 

The feather was made by skillfully adjusting the white feath- 
ers of a goose, around a ratan or a stick long enough to reach to 
the top of the hat, carefully and firmly wrapping them with 
thread, and on the top was a tuft of red feathers, a bit of scarlet 
cloth, or the scalp of the red-headed wood-pecker. 

The company were called together three or four times a year for 
muster or company drill, and you may be assured their mother* 
and sisters, their wives and sweethearts, were proud of them 
when they saw them dressed up in their uniform and m arching 
under. their gallant captain. They were never called out to activ© 
service however. 

But there was a company of men who were called rangers, that 
were stationed at Manarie's Block-house, whose duty it was to 
range the country as spies. This fort or block-house was situated 
on the land of Col. .James McPherson, near where the county 
house now stands. 


ivao .-;....•-.< ..,;...;; (•utinenc!' ■■■■ ■■-hovt distance north of Logans- 

Some of our young friends niaj ue ready to inquire, what sort of 
a thing is a blockhouse? Well, it was not built of the blocks that 
fall from the carpenter's bench which our little four-year-olds lik« 
to build on mamma's carpet, but they were built with huge log* 
but so compactly fitted together, as to withstand the shots of an 
enemy without, with port holes for the iumates to shower th« 
deadly bullets from within. Thus lived ihe pioneer settlers of our 
now populous and wealthy country. But few, if any remain of the 
rifle company, to join with us in our pioneer meeting to-day, and 
we hope they are enjoying a mort.^ peaceful home in that better 


Sabbath-School at Mt. Tabor. 


1 atteudedthe .Sabbath-school Picnic at Mt. Tabor on the Jl-t of 
July. I atn willinj? to offer some thoughts which (k-cupIhI my 
mind during that pleasant day, spent in commemoration of the 
Sabbath-school cause. It may be of some interest to mv frinuN nt 
Mt. Tabor. 

The first Sabbath-school I everattended was at Mt. 'i'abor hi i\u> 
summer of 1821, if I remember right. I was tlien about nine yvar* 
old, and the first school I attended, J repeateil eight verses tif the 
2d chapter of Acts, which reads as follows : ''And when (ho ihiy 
of Pentecost was fully cojue, they were all with one Kccord in one 
place," &c. The order of the school was nearly the siune a.** at 
present in Sabbath-school. The scholars were (f.vpectcti to ttmi- 
mit to meihory during the week as many vei-sesas they were able, 
and recite them on the Sabbath, and tli^n read the 'I . in 

classes, as at present. Asking Scrii)turo fpic^tions oi ! .,r<*, 

I believe, was not then practiced. 

The pillars of the Church then at Mt. Tailor seemed t<. be ( JrithiU 
Evans, Nathaniel Hunter, Samuel Scott, Tiunnas llunjphreys, 
William Hopkins, and a number of younger men and iK^rhai** 
other old men that I do not now rememlier. 

Nathaniel Hunter was then Superintendent of th*' Sabbath- 
school, assistedby several others in teaching— old and young, nntlr 

and female. 
I believe the persons above named wereamoii',' thfiir-t h^hi. t-ik 


Mt. Tabor and many of the descendants or most of them yet reside 
in that neighborhood. 

The Sabbath-school was very largely attended by the people of 
the neighborhood, old and young, and was held in a log cabin meet- 
ing-house, which stood about where the brick church now stands. 
A few graves were there inclosed by a common rail fence. 

Some of the scholars recited very large portions of Scripture. 
Among others prominent in the school Dr. Samuel A. Latta^ 
deceasedjlate of Cincinnati, his brothers James and William, and his 
sisters Mary and Sarah, were regular attendants. At the close of 
the exercises of each school, the Superintendent or some other 
person would read the number of verses repeated by each scholar. 
At one time he read— "Mary Latta, 263 verses." She stated that 100 
verses had been omitted, as she had repeated 363 verses; and upon 
counting it was found that she had repeated 363 verses,' or about 
nine chapters, and all said to have b^en committed to memory in 
one week. Her memory was about equal to that of Geo. D. 


When I remember all 

The friends thus linked together, 
I've seen around me fall 
Like leaves m wintry weather, 

I feel like one * 

Who treads alone 
Some banquet hall deserted. 

In all that large assembly at Mt. Tabor on the 2l8t ult., I believe 
Wm. Scott and myself were the only representatives of the Sab- 
bath-school held at that consecrated place forty-nine years ago. 

The remains of many members of that school, both teachers and 
scholars, now lie buried in the grave-yard at Mt. Tabor. 



Relics Exhibited. 

A china cup and saucer exhibited by Mrs. II. J. iliolnT, of 
Middlebursr, which General Washington drank from at thehoa«ie 
of her great-grandfather, just before the battle of IJraiidywiiio. 
A fac simile of the accounts of George Wa-shiiitrtori with the 
United States Government from 177') to 1783, pn'scnttHl by Mr. 
Oross, for which the association tendered the donor a vote of 
thanks. Copy-book of the late Ebenezer McDonald, IKll, very 
plainly w^ritten. A sugar-breaker imported from Europe 1*00 years 
since by N. Merri weather's grandmother. Mrs. S. Taylt)r exhib- 
ited a china cream pitcher ninety years old ; also a lookin-j-t^la-* 
brought from Ireland in 1776 l)y William and IOIi/ab«li» Toll. 
The frame was made twenty-two years ago by the iato l^mc Wil- 
liams, of Zanesfield ; also a Bible eighty-five years old ; also sugM 
tongs forty-one years old; a pocket-book ninety-six yeum old 
made by her grandmotlier, Mrs. Pim. A paper prolllo of her 
grandfather was next exhibited which was out at UielMnond. Va.. 
during the trial of Burr; an antique watch one hun<!r«-l \<'tr* 
old brought from Ireland, formerly the property cf ..n«l 
Israel Pim ; also a shoe-shaped black ink-stand, which was hmmI 
at tlie signing of the Declaration of Independence, and h-|..ii;;in« 
to Thomas Savery. It is now the property of Ha<-hel !»iin. It 
has two ink bowls and pen holes; is about four inches loiitr and 
sharp at (he toe. The ancest(n-s of the Pim family nimr over 
with William Penn, and is one of the oldest famili<-s in the Sl.itn. 
A mirror from Ireland 150 years old wjus uvsi shown. Tlie l're»»i- 
dent here remarked concerning its fine preservation that it w.-inaa 


evidence of habitual good looks of the family. A plattev was 
shown by Mrs. McNay, 100 years old. A maj» of the hemisphere 
made with a quill pen in 18;j2.' Several articles were next exhib- 
ited by Mrs. B. A. Haines, as follows: A watch bought by the 
late Dr. Gould Johnson, at Winchester, Va. ; a smelling bottle 
filty years old ; a curious sugar bowl forty-five years old, a china 
cup and saucer fifty years old, and a breast pin 150 years old. 
Mrs. Dr. Ordway exhibited some teaspoons formerly the property 
of Mrs. McGruder's grandmother. Next were shown some very 
beautiful linen table-cloths and sheets, the flax for which was 
pulled, scutched, spun and wove by Mrs. Wm. Woodward and 
sisters, twenty-eight years ago. A vote of thanks was tendered 
to the ladies for the display of relics. 

After recess .Judge N. Z. McCoUoch read an address, already 

The "Old Folks" singing club was called and several soul-stir- 
ring songs were rendered. "Liberty," beginning with the well- 
known line, 

■'Xo more bt^neath th'oppAissive hand of tyrants.' Ac. 

"Newtopia" and the "Easter Anthem," followed. John 
Enoch, 8r., came forward, and said that this was his first attempt 
fit public speaking, but as this was a pioneer meeting, he now pro- 
posed to commence. His father came to the then territory of Ohio, 
in 1797 and landed at Cincinnati from a flat-boat; and in 1802 he 
was born on the banks of the Miami. He lived there until the 
year 1808, and then moved to Franklin, where he resided for two 
years. He then removed to Clarke County, where he resided at 
the beginning of the war of 1812. 

He then came to Mac-a-cheek in 1818 and built a log hut in Gen.. 
Piatt's log-yard. He recalled the reception of the news of the de- 
feat of Winchester at Raisin and the great gloom which it cast 
over the community. They daily expected to be attacked by the 
Indians. On the same day with the reception of the news came 
the welcome f-^ces of Robert Armstrong and family. He was i!i 
Urbanain 1812; in 1815 his father began the West Liberty mill. 
He had dealt out many a bushel of flour to the Indians, and 
Col. McPherson had instructed him how to deal with them. He 
"graduated from college in 1820, never having gone to school but 
one day." Hp recognized his preceptor among the audience. He 


then took to the woods, when hh father had • a contnu-t to out h 
roadthroufifhto Fort Findlay, stirtin- ont in loading up their 
store, the principle featuros of which were three barrels of whisky 
and bacon. Those days were fraught with the usual ^Utftm until 
the better days came. 

Remarks by Thomas Cowgill, M. D. 

Dr. ThoDfias Cowgill read an interesting sketch of pioneer life : 
About the 20th of October, 1817, our family had mado tho iiec-o**- 
»ary preparation and started on our journey .»ward thosettiOK 
sun, leaving our family home in Columbiana C lunty, Ohio. On 
the 30th day of that month, being the seventh day of the w«vk, 
we ate breakfast at the house ctf George Harris, on iHriiv ( YiH^k, 
six miles south of this place; we traveled up he vail :by 

nearly on the same track of the common road now ' nd 

arrived at the house of Job Sharp and Joshua Shiir[>— > .ih living 

in one bouse — about noon; there was a large « ' -of 

the different families of the Sharps, Garwood, Stoki ;•*. 

Inskeeps, Ehianses, and Hallingers, living iti this iifi„'iiljur!.tiod, 

most of whom my parents had been acquainted wit!i i" \'i--MnR 

or in the east part of this state. There was Thomji- r.. 

father of the late Thomas James of East Liberty; rl. 

near this place ; my uncle John Cowgill, Dr. John Iv -, 

and John Warner, and Abisha Warner, also old ^ 

quaintances of my parents. Many of them hearin"< 

eame to see my parents during the two days - 

Sharp's. A Friends' meeting was then held at tli' 

yard about one mile north-east of here on the roa<i to ' ty, 

which ai)peared to be largely attended on the Subbni mm, 

stay in this neighborhood. As I remembfr, I Ihink ' 

Grubbs lived about on tho site wherp Middicbur. 

had a small improvement. Thece wjis a cnns ro:; 

ing up Darby Valley and Northwesterly, and ili. 

from Urbana^ to "Garwood's Mills," now T.i' 

where the public sqare now is in Mifldleburg, :hi ' 

were then mere pathways, through the w(M.ds, und -••- . , , 

few small improvements aloi.g the road on Ihrby. I w.-thpn 

about five vears of age, and f well rcniomber h.r.v 

eiable the people appeared to be at Madrivr. (»< I »• 


to call all this country,) especially Job Sharp's family I thought 
were very good people. Many of the neiglibor men who came to 
see us, and many of whom I saw going to and returning froiw 
meeting on the Sabbath day were dressed partly in buckskin 
clothing; buckskin pantaloons and vests were quite common, and 
sometimes buckskin coats were worn, and moccasins were quit© 

On the morning of November 1st, we started and traveled o» 
the laid out road from Urbana to Garwood's mill — now East Lib- 
erty — and at about 11 o'clock, A. M., on that day, being the second 
day of the week, arrived in Mingo Valley, at the spot which waa 
after that time the home of my parents during their lives, and 
still belongs in the family. The place was entirely in th» 
woods, except a small cabin 17x20 feet, by a tine spring of water, 
which had been built and used as a school-house. In this house 
our family of ten persons lived about eighteen months. Here at 
our cabin we entertained many friends, in good old-fashioned 
order. At that time I think there was no store or trading point 
nearer to this neighborhood than Urbana ; and as the road from 
Urbana to East Liberty — the main thoroughfare of the country — 
passed very near to our house, and the distance to travel from this 
neighborhood to Urbana and back, and to do the trading desired, 
was too great an undertaking for one day, and as persons from this 
vichiity could go to town and conveniently return as far as our 
house in one day, that seemed to be a general stopping place for 
many of our friends and acquaintances living in this neighbor- 
hood. Hence our family was quite intimate with many of tho 
taniilies living here, as we were with our nearest neighbors. 
We had very frequent calls from members of the families of 
Thomas James, Levi Garwood, John Garwood, Daniel Garwood, 
Job and Joshua Sharp, Joseph Stratton, Joseph Curl, Abisha War- 
ner, Joshua Inskeep, Dr. John D. Elbert, Joseph Stokes, John 
Inskeep, and many others. Frequently the youngfolks 
of several families would join and come down in a wagon, 
draw^n by a four-horse team, and stay all night at our house, and 
would seem to make the time pass very pleasantly. Then, aa 
now, there were very many good-looking girls in the vicinity of 
this place. Tliey did nut dre^-s as line then as they do now, and 
wore quite a different style of bonnet, which I can not now well 
describe. The beautiful young women of that time were gener- 


ally clothed in home-spun, mostly the work of their own handn. 
Notonly their own clothing;, but that of tlieir fathen* ami broth- 
ers as well, was mostly made by the hands of the industrious 
girls of that period, to whose cheeks, health and the constant prac- 
tice of industry and exercise imparted a glow of ix'auty which 
ean never be equaled by paint or other artificial appliances. 

'"The old men and matrons, those loved ones o( yore, 

I ask not for them, they can greet me no more. 

But the young men and maidens, ah! they are .tiiittere<l and jjoBa, 

And I traTcI onward and^m nearly alone." 

Of all the venerable pioneers of my early actiuaintancen, I r^ 
member Joshua Inskeep with love and affection, at lea-^t (H^ual to 
any other person who was not related to me ; as he was the friend 
and companion of my father almost from my earliest recollection, 
he spent many days and evenings at our house in social and ro- 
ligious conversation with my father and our family. The \&at 
time I saw Joshua Inskeep was on a beautiful Sabbath day in Oc- 
tober, not long after my fiither's death; he called at our house; 
his aged and excellent wife was with him ; he .seemed to be re- 
markably, solid and serious in his deportment. When we ml 
down to dinner, the good old man in a solemn manner nii-<ed hit 
hands and ofifered a beautiful prayer, asking that the choicest of 
heaven's blessings might rest upon my mother and upon all of lu 
through life, and that when we were called to die wo n>i«ht be 
prepared to meet my father in that better land where we Iwlioved 
his spirit was at rest. 

"There are many dreams of gladness, 

That cling around the past, 
And from the tomb of feeling 

Old thoughts come thronging faal. 

The forms we loved so dearly 

In the haijpy days now gone— 
The beautiful and lovely 

So fair to look upon. 

Whose suiiles were liko the .-iun.shine 

In the spring-time of the year- 
Like the changing gleanis of April 

They followed every tear. 


They hare passed like hope away — 
All their loveliness has fled; 

Oh! many hearts are aching 
That they are with the dead. 

Like the bright buds of the summer 
Thej- have fallen Irom the stem. 

Yet oh, it is a lovely death 
To fade from earth like them. 

And yet the thought is .saddening 
To muse on such as they, 

And feel that all the loyely 
Are passing fast away.'' 


Mr. Samuel Carter, one ofourold&st residents, thusdesiTiht's th« 
first general religious services held in Logan county. The settle- 
ment of Belleville consisted at the time of a lew faniilii's who 
lived in primitive log houses with puncheon floors and thatclicnl 
roofs. In the latter part of April, 1817, t!io inhabitants asseinl.lMl 
at his dwelling near the present site of tiie fair grounds, on a Sjib- 
bath morning. The fence surrounding the house was partially 
torn down and the rails were placed on the floor in the form of a 
hollow square ; thus it was that seats were provided. .More than 
fifty persons had congregated at this first gathering, and tin* jin- 
uouncement iiad awakened general interest. The uiinistiT, Uev. 
John Strange, delivpred an impressive sernu)ii to the foliiiilstf., 
and invoked God's blassing ujon them. 

The people had early <livided into three cias-cs. i n.rf w.i* 
formed a party styling themselves the llegulators, a sort of vigil- 
ance committee, who made it their duty to a<lininister justin- to 
all oifen lers who should transgress the laws of the State and the 
community. Public whipping posts were erecte*!, ami Mr. Carter 
says that he has seen several persons publicly Hoggrd. In d«Tide<l 
contrast to this element were the men and wouumi who niet ob 
that day for religious service. They were <(uiet, unotfendinir |»oo- 
ple, who preferred to deal out judgment to the wi.kcd mildly ami 
ever had at heart the best interests of the settlement. Th.-r.- wbh. 
also, another party who, although holding to no definite rclijriou* 
convictions, cast in their lot with the better bmnch of the c«»mmu- 
nity. It was from this iield that tlie converts came. The Ite^Mila- 
tors were, in the main, an incorrigible set of jHT^ons, who hud lit- 
tle fear of God, and less of man. before their eyes. 


The services concluded with singing and prayer. Another meet- 
ing was held soon after in the house of a neighbor, and a revival 
soon began in their midst. Class meetings were held, and al- 
though the Methodist faith was held by many, there was perfect 
harmony and unity in the common cause of Christianity. 

Belleville disappeared from the map, and further to the north- 
ward rose the now prosperous town of Bellef<mtaine. 

Of all those who assembled at these meetings there remain but 
Mr. and Mrs. Carter. Their descendants, however, are to be found 
scattered throughout the length and breadth of the country. 

Mr. Wra. Henry gave account of his first assessment of Zane 
township, then comprising Logan and part of Champaign coun- 
ties. He traversed that territory from Dan to Beer-Sheba, wher- 
ever inhabited, and charged ten dollars for his services. But the 
Commissioners cut him down one dollar. At that time he had to 
go to Urbana and pay four dollars a bushel for salt, and '^ tote " 
it home on bare back, considerable of it dripping out before 
getting home. 

Dr. Brown then read a paper, which was ordered to be put 
among the archives of the Aasociation. 

Mrs. Sallie Moore handed in a p-^per vv^hich was read by Dr. 
Cowgill, and ordered to be kept among the archives ot the Asso- 

Another paper was also read, and disposed of in the same way. 

Dr. B. S. Brown, T. Cowgill and Joshua Antrim were appointed 
a committee for collecting a history of Logan County, in book 
form, and report at next meeting of the Association. Twenty 
dollars were appropriated for paying expenses of same. 

Address by Archibald Hopkins. 

In the year 1797, my father emigrated from the State of Dela- 
ware to the Northwestern Territory, now the State of Ohio. He 
started in search of a better country, and came to Redstone, Old 
Fort; and there a company of five persor,s was raised, four be- 
sides himself. They gathered up a set of plow-irons, and a supply 
of pumpkin and turnip seeds, and seeds of various kinds, and 
traveled on to the Peepee prairie, twelve miles below where Chil- 
hcothe now stands, on the Scioto River (on the west side). 
Heie they broke about twelve acres of prairie, and planted it in 


eorn, pumpkins, etc., and made rails and fenced in their crop, to 
keep the Indian ponies out. Besides what provisions, salt, etc., 
they packed on their horses, tiiey lived on deer, bear, turkey, etc., 
a part of the time without bread, until the latter part of July. 
After sowing their turnip seeds, they returned homp, to prepare to 
move their families to their new home. 

My father made preparation to move to llob'^town, ;iliove 
Wheeling, in wagons, and there prepared a flat-boat, and floated 
down the Ohio River to the mouth of the Scioto. And the ni;<hl 
we arrived at the Scioto, the river was frozen over, and reniaiiie<l 
BO till the winter broke. The other four families had been at the 
improvement at Peepee prairie for some time, and had taken care 
of our crop of corn. We had to pack our goods as well as we 
•ould, up the river to the iraprovoment, which was probably at>out 
twenty-four miles. The next day after we arrived there, every 
cue that was able turned out to help us build a house ; against .-ve- 
ning our house was raised and covered, a door cut out, atxl our 
goods put in it the same evening, and a fire built on the ground 
floor in the middle of our cabin. The next morning the snow wu^ 
knee deep to the men, and lay so till the winter broke Our house 
was quite open, and the wind blew in at one side, an. tlu; s,n.,ke 
went out at the other side, so that we remained on t u- s.d. that 
the wind blew to keep out of the smoke. We manufacture, fur- 
niture for our house from the stump; a bedstead was mad. by 
driving two forks into the ground-floor, about three and a half fee 
?rom the wall, and laying on clapboards, one end on »- ^; ;'.;;;;^ 
one end in the crack of the wall for bed-cord. W e n ade a s, I^ 
table by boring two holes in the wall, and dr.vmg m wo p n 
^'C feet long, and laying a P"';^-;;^^^ ^ 
about two feet broad and f^l^^^J^l^^ ,tt ^ild n,c.; 
but no way to make bread, and had p enty <"' ^ 

and hominy, and Uved well, and enjo>^^^^^^^^^ 
.were comparatively happy, though we lued about six 

the time without bread. , k i ♦!,« 

we Uvei there one year from the r^>;o^;^^;n-;«;,»„: S,,;!:: 



there about two years after the land sales. Being disappointed in 
gettinj? his money from the east, my father could not bay the land 
on which he lived. 

We remained in this neighborhood two years after the laud sale, 
then my father bought land in the Pickaway Plains, Ross County, 
and moved there. My father and mother died within four yeariii 
of the time we moved to Pickaway Plains. I still remained there 
until the spring of 1814, when T settled in what is now Logan 
County, about three miles east of where West Liberty now stands, 
on land now owned by the widow of Henry Enoch, deceased. 
My neighbors at ray new home were Isaac Titsworth and Robert 
and John Smith, who had been living there several years. Sam- 
uel Scott, Isaac Thomson, and Grriflith Evans, had lived here a few 
years, and Robert Frakes lived a few miles north. Robert Smith 
had a little mill within one mile of my house, and our nearest 
store was at Urbana. .lohn Reynolds and Thomas Gwyune each 
had a store at Urbana at that time. Champaign Coutity then ex- 
tended to Lake Erie. 

The first religious meeting I attended here was held at Grithth 
Evans' house. 

About the year 1816 a small log meeting-house was built at Mt. 
Tabor. The first camp meeting was held at Mt. Tabor, in 1816, 
which was continued there a few years. 1 heard Lorenzo Dow 
preach at Mt. Tabor in 1826. 

The first election 1 attended in what is now Logan County, 1 
think was held at Robert Frakes' house, on Maca cheek. 

My home here was near the place where Simon Kenton was once 
tied on a wild colt (as I have often heard him relate) by the In- 
dians, with the expectation that the colt w^ould run through the 
plum thickets and soon tear him to pieces. Instead of that the 
colt was as gentle as a lamb, and quietly followed the Indians 
without doing him any harm. Simon Kenton told me that the 
Indians made a mound, yet standing in John Enoch's held, on 
which the Indian Chiefs used to stand and see white men run the 
fftuntlet on the track in the prairie near by. 


First Quarterly Meeting. 

In pursuance of notice previously given, the Western I'iom^r 
Aissociation met at the Fair Grounds, at Bellefontaine, Lo^'un ( 'oun- 
ty, to hold their first quarterly meeting and picnic. The day wan 
warm, pleasant and beautiful, and the attendance very ros|)cct;ibU« 
in numbers, considering the fact that the ceremony of layini; the 
corner-stone the day before prevented as large an attendance an 
would otherwise have been anticipated. All who came Iroin a dis- 
tance arrived early in the forenoon, and spread their cloths about 
the grounds for dinner. At half-past eleven the Bellefontaine Uand 
marched down playing lively airs and joined the assembly, par- 
taking, on invitation, of a sumptuous dinner witli tlu- pinniHT- 
Our reporter shared the excellenl and bountiful dinner pr.-parod 
by Mrs. Volney Thomas. 

Among the pioneers and old citizens presput, whose names we 
knew were: Dr. B. S. Brown, Cartmel Crockett, James MeiTatt. 
Joshua Buffington,Ephraim Vance (87)«en. l.S.(Jardner, Volney 
Thomas, Capt. SVm. Watson, G. Walls, Wm. Henry, Isam- I a.n- 
ter, Samuel Carter, Robert Dickinson, Capt.. Job Inskeep apt. J. 
A. Jones, Hon. William Lawrence, J. R. Van ^^ter, ll.oma. 
Cookston and others. Capt. Job Inskeep was one of ( apt Jh ««. 
Euans' company who were quartered in the block-house at /.ine«- 
fieldinl813. Capt. Wm. Watson, an old cit./en of th.s nmnlj^ 
now of Paxton, Illinois, who has for sonje tmu- been on a n s U^ 
friends here, is mentioned in Dr. Brown's speech at the lajm^c of 
the corner-stone, and also in that of to-day. 

After dinner and meeting of old acqu-untance... :.nd ... 


of many more peoplo, at 1 o'clock President Gardner called the 
meeting tj order and a touching and appropriate prayer was of- 
fered to the Throne of Grace by the venerable Chaplain, George 
McColloch. Then came the reading of the proceedings of the 
previous meeting on July 30, by Secretary Joshua Antrim, pre- 
ceeded and followed by tine music by our excellent band, when 
the venerable President Gardener arose to welcome in a few brief 
and feehng words his fellow pioneers and citizens, on the occasion 
of their first meeting. He was pleased to meet them all, but re- 
gretted the absence of many who would have been present and 
renewed old acquaintance but for the meeting yesterday, but was 
glad to meet those who had resolved, notwithstanding, to be here 
to-day. When he came to this county forty-four years ago, nearly 
all w^ho lived here then had since died, but few were left, and 
they would soon be called away, and before they went it be- 
hooved them all to write out and state their experience of the 
early settlement of the county and the manner of life and cus- 
toms of the early settlers, that some record should be made for 
future history, otherwise the unwritten history of our county will 
soon pass away with the last of the actors in it and be lost forever. 
When he saw so many younger people around him who had been 
born since he came into the county, he thought he might well say 
he was getting to be an old man. He did not intend to make a 
speech, but as presiding officer of the Association found it his 
pleasant duly to welcome all, old and young, and hoped for a 
larger gathering at their next meeting. He then introduced Dr. 
B. S. Brown as one of the speakers chosen for the occasion, who 
arose and read a well-written and very interesting sketch of the 
early history and life of the pioneers, which was listened to with 
marked attention, which we here reproduce: 

Remarks by Dr. B. S. Brown. 

As I understand it, the principal objects of this association are 
to bring to-gether as many of the early settlers of this section of 
the country as possible, for the purpose of collecting the various 
data which go to make up the history and reminiscences of its first 
settlement by our race. And also that what few of the very early 
settlers are left, may by meeting in this friendly, social manner, 
enjoy the company of one another and remind one another of cir- 


cumstanoes and incidents which o'-curred fnoro ti.:-: h:.!t Hcntuiy 
ago, which by briny:inj; u|) afrcsli, would !)(■ vnry int.'nstinj,', fi..t 
only to all who lived here at the time, but tn the pn^en't in- 
habitants, and (if properly eollected iind pres(!rv<M|) perhii|i« to 
generations unborn, who are to come after uh. Th.- alKTMtions 
which have taken place in this section of the country sinc.i \u tirnt 
settlement, are so great, not only as to th" cmntry itself, i.ut .iIh, 
to everything in it, and that belongs to it, that a per.s,)n who mi^lit 
have been living here then, and been intiniatrly .i''i|U;»inlHl with 
the whole country around, its inhabitants, their iniiinersand rus- 
toms, their privations and enjoyments, and th(M! l.-ft and h( IH.hI 
in other parts of the country— as many have done — would, ufnxi 
visiting here now, be entirely unable to recogni/c it as the.-anic 
country or tlue same people, he had left sixty years ago. Kvrry 
thing has changed, but the changes have beLMi so^'r idu d that p< r- 
sons living here ail the time, and assisting and particii).it > - "i 
them, scarcely notice them, unless Si)m''thinjf \\k'. thin 
calls up recollections of the p ist— ;)f early times. Tlli^ idfa. 
might in some measure point out tlie duty as well ns t!ie jiri 
of every member of this society — the women as well a"* the nun 
for I believe the former are equilly elijfible to become member-*. 
Many of our members have lived here when the whole of thU 
region was "a vast and howling wilderness," tiiiekly c ■ ! 
nearly all over with the primeval forest, where tin* wild b 
the region ranged at large, with l)ut little to " mol'-'it or ii».il..» 
them afraid." The wild deer aiid turkeys were very plenty, .ml 
werea great advantage to the early settlers, as in many fn: 
they afforded the principle animil food a great pirl of !h 
Besides t hi. s advantage of their furnishin.,' such mi abund.. 
what would now be considered a really luxtirinusdiet, i 
for them was a very pleasant ami cxcinn,' rcercatioo, < \ d 

amusement, much more beneficial to the hcallh .m I cMmforl, and 
I might say to the morals of those eng.iged in it, thsu the v, ,, 
popular, senseless base ball exercise of the present lim"; 
daily and nightly resort to the g;unl)lintr l)iMiard ? d. 
have also become very popular with mariy of our voin, 

In order that some idea may be forme I ef Ww |.l-nfy himJ 
abundance of the wild deer of those days, I m:iy state thai Mfl*r 
Bellefontaine had become something of a brushy town. Mud thr 


Ciourts hatl been held in it a number of years, many, perhaps a 
hundred deer were killed so near that the report of the rifle could 
be heard all over town ; and, indeed, in several instances, were 
killed within the present incorporated limits of the village. Capt. 
Wm. VVutson, who was a citizen of this town at the time, and who 
hunted some, has told me that he could, by going out early, almost 
any morning, kill and bring in a deer before the usual breakfast 
time, and that without going more than half a mile, or a mile from 
town. Be+rs and wolves were also here— the latter so numerous 
as to be*a great annoyance to the early settler, especially to those 
who were trying to r-i'se sheep. Their dismal, doleful bowlings 
couid be heard reverberating through the wilds of the forest almost 
every night, and woe be to the sheep or lamb which was not suffi- 
ciently protected from their voracious and devouring jaws. The 
depredations of these animals became such a nuisance, that the 
Legislature had to take the matter in hand to endeavor to abate 
it by the extermination of the whole race. For this purpose they 
enacted a law allowing a premium for every wolf scalp which 
auv person would present to the proper otRcer- the county clerk, 
I believe, and some persons made considerable amounts of money 
by killing and scalping the "varmints," The premium on the 
scalps, however, was not the principal inducement for killing 
them ; it was more to rid the country of their annoying depreda- 
tions. These animals were so wild and watchful, and as they trav- 
eled principally in the night, it was very seldom that a hunter 
could '"et a shot at them with his rifle, and, therefore, other means 
had to be resorted to— the principal of which was the steel trap. 
The isabitof wolves was generally to go in gangs of from five or 
six to a dozen together. When they would find a neighborhood 
that would suit them, they would perhaps \ i i; it every night for 
weeks together, although their hiding places by day might be in 
tangled thickets of brush many miles away. The principal wolf- 
trapper with whom I was acquainted was Job Garwood, a son of 
Levi Garwood, who was rjne of the Associate .Judges of Logan 
county. Job had become k<> well acquainted with the habits and 
haunts of these beasts, that he has told me that when a gang of them 
came into any neighborhood where he was acquainted, that he 
could and often did catch and kill the last one of them boforethey 
would leave. His plan wa.s, when ho heard of a particular locali- 
ty where they prowled at night, (and that was easily knowu by 

LOGAN (X)ONTl h». ^^^ 

rheir howlino:,) ho would procure a part or the whole of rh 
»«8S of .orae dead animal, and dra- i with h r J '^' 

.round, perha,« for miles ^^r..j:\;L:;:::^^:z:::::::2:^ 

traps, at. .,u table distances apart, carefully covering then, witk 

tm:rr;n;^"thi'''7''r^'^"^"- ^'^^ -iv,/wo:id'n.;?i 

th,8trad by the scent, and, suspecting no danger, step into some 
of the traps and be fastened. The traps were largV and wei.C 
several pounds, but it would not do to chain them fast Tit w^ 
^id the wo^f would gnaw his own leg off and escape, t.u vhi" 
he cou d drag the trap he would not do that,, but mak<. otf as uZ 
he could through the bushes and brush, taki.^g the trap with h m 
In th,H way they sometimes got miles away, before the tr«,.,M.r 
oould overtake them by the next day, with the a-ssistaiuv o! uL 
dogs, which were trained to follow theni up by the scent \fter 
being caught in this way, they generally had to be killed l,y a rifl« 
shot ut last. J n addition to those I have mentioned there w.-r* 
^veral other wild animals, „f smaller kinds, that inhabiteii our 
woods, the principal of which was the racoon, which were very 
plenty, and, although they were very destructive to the com- 
fields, yet they atlorded tine amusemeut and considerable pr(»fit to 
the huntei-s. They were generally hunted in the night with doK.s, 
which were so well trained to finding and following their tracks' 
that they could readily distinguish them from the tracks of other 
animals, and would not follow up such small game it'^ the iM^sum, 
rabbit, or skunk. The raccoons were mostly hunted for their skin.s' 
which had very good fur, and brought a good price. It wa-< (juite 
a profitable business for fur dealers to collect and send otr thenu 
skins, as thousands were sent off every year, and brought consid- 
erable means into the county. lam aware that it is not th«' wild 
animals alone vhich were so plentiful in our woods in early timtw, 
that we are to speak about, and bring up Ut the remembranrts al- 
though much might be said and written about them that would 
be interesting. There are many othersubjects which would doubt- 
less be equally, if not more interesting, and iK'rfmp-^ more in ac- 
cordance with the objects and the designs of the I'iont'er .\NH«>cia- 
tion. The clearing up of the forests, and priparinj; th*- land for 
cultivation ; the building of log cabins, ami the mannt-rs and cus- 
toms of living in them; the kind, and usual umount of cni|»4 
rai«ed; the log-rollings and corn-h askings; the jwrtie^ of pletisun* 


and amusement, and very many other aubjects too tedious to men- 
tion here, might be spoken of and written upon, which would 
bring up interesting recollections, which, If properly collected and 
preserved, would be sufficient to fill volumes, which might be 
valuable as well as interesting to the present, rising and future gen- 
erations. And I would here suggest, that each and every member 
be requested to contribute something towards the furtherance of 
this object. If some of them are not in the habit of writing their 
thoughts and recollections, they all can remember, and tell of 
things of the past which would be valuable in such a collection. — 
Then let them tell it, and get somebody else to write it, and let it 
be brought and filed with the archives of the Association, and 
thereby contribute their share to so valuable an undertaking. — 
Everything has so changed that almost anything in regard to those 
times would seem new and interesting now. The construction of 
log cabins, and the manner of living in them are worthy of re- 
membrance, for they have so nearly gone out of date, that it will 
not be a great many years before the people here will scarcely 
know wliat they were. They were generally constructed of round 
logs, one story high, covered with clap-boards which were not 
nailed down, but kept to their places by weight- poles, laid length- 
ways across every row of boards. In fact, many very comfortable 
dwellings were built and lived in without so much as a single iron 
nail being used in their construction. As there were no saw-mills 
in the country at its very early settlement, the floors of the cabins 
were made of what was called puncheons. They were made by 
splitting large logs into slabs three or four inches thick, and by 
nicely hewing them on the upper side, and neatly fitting the joints, 
they made a very good and permanent floor. The open spaces in 
the walls between the logs were neatly filled up, and made smooth 
by "chinking," and daubing with clay inside and outride. The 
tire-place was at one end of the building, generally outside, an 
opening being cut through the log wall for that purpose. The 
flue was built up above the comb of the roof, with what was called 
" cat and clay." The fire-places were large, sufficient to take in 
back logs from twelve to eighteen inches thick, and four to six feet 
long. These buildings varied in size from fourteen by eighteen 
feet, up to eighteen feet wide by twenty-four feet long. 

A room of that size, and built in that way, was used for kitchen, 
jlining room, parlor and bed-room. The bed, and sometimes 


three or four of them, were placed in the back end of th<' r<H>m. 
and here the whole family slept. And when they had visitors, which 
was very frequently in those day8,they were accommotlatHl in th** 
same way. Where the family was larg:e, however, the hoy-< fre- 
quently had to sleep up in the loft, on the floor, which was JHid 
with clap-boards, the same as the roof. In order to >;pt up to the 
loft, a ladder was placed close in one corner of the house, u'ciH-rniiy 
in the end near the fire place. This description, however, Hpplie« 
only to the very early settlers. They soon betjan to add to th»fM« 
cabins such improv(>ment8 as seemed necessary for comfort and 
convenience, but many well-to-do farmers still held on to the first 
comfortable log cabin for many years. And in this way, wf may 
adopt the words of the old Scotch poet, and say, that many 

" Noble lads and winsome misses, 
Were reared in sic a way as this is.' 

In reflecting b9ck upon thase past times, their houses, faniM, 
manners and customs, pleasures and enjoyments, and thru on 
comparing them with those of the present time, the qm-stion will 
obtrude itself upon the mind as to which is the hist cal(ulat«sl to 
promote real comfort,health andenjoyn)ent; theold-fit-hioiusl cjibin 
fashions, manners and customs of those times, or the very dilTi-nMU 
ones of the princely palace residencew and their fashions. nianiuT* 
and customs of the present time. 

Before I close, I think I must say a few words to the liMli«'s. I 
have Slid before that the women were equally eligible with the 
men to become members of this Association, and if they would 
avail themselves of the privilege, they might and should bring t- 
rentembrance and relate incidents and circumstances of Hie "olden 
times," which would be very interestiuir and instructive to the 
present and rising generation. 

The subject of woman's sphere and her pro|H'r p.^ition m ^niety 
has been much discussed by lecturers of both sexes, and in tho 
public papers for a few years past, but whether that diM-us^iwii ha^ 
had much effect in making the chang- or not, one thing is ver> 
certain-that a very great change has Ihh^u made m nv^nUo 
woman's duties, and her occupation as housekeeper within Iho 
past fifty or sixty years. This will be verv apparent if w.. n.n nt.l 
the duties and occupation of the women of that .K-ruKl fo they 
were real women then as well as now,) with those of the /.,./..- i^ 


they must be trailed now) of the present time. Everything has 
changed. Wives and heads of families considered it their duty, 
to Ciird, spin and weave the materials, whether of flax or wool, 
for their husband's and children's clothinji:, and their own, and 
then make them up, also, as tailors and milliners were almost un- 
known at that time. A farmer's or mechanic's wife who did not 
keep her family decently and comfortably clothed in this way, 
was not considered a very v.vluable "help meet" by the com- 

They must, however, have some ".Sunday- jro- to-meeting" 
clothes, but these were often of their own manufacture, made 
with more care for this special purpose. Some few had Sunday 
clothes of finer quality, brought with them from the older settle- 
ments of the East, where they had moved from ; these were pre- 
served and kept with great care for many years. As improve- 
ments advanced and the country became mor<> thickly settled, 
dry goods stores of course would be gradually introduced, though 
often at considerable distance away ; and many women and their 
daughters have traveled from this vicinity to Urbana to get "store 
bough ten" calico or liner dresses, which they paid for with gin- 
seng, which they had dug in the woods with their own hands. 
This "seng digging" and trade is well worthy of description, but 
there is not room or time now. A few more changes [ must 
briefly mention. The sweet music of the spinning wheel and the 
weaving loom in the cabin, has given way to the piano and melo- 
deon of the splendidly furnished parlor. And perhaps in too 
■nany instances the rough board book-shelf on the wall of the 
•ftbin, with the Bible and a few religious and go<id historical books 
upon it, has been dis|)laced by the splendid center-table in thegau- 
dily furnished parlor, loaded with sensational novels and the 
"yellow-back literature" of the present day. In the women's de- 
partment, perhaps as great a change has taken place in regard to 
•ooking as in any other. (Xioking stoves were not even heard of 
in thase days. The cooking was done by the big log fire in the 
Bame room where they ate and slept. The implements used wer6^ 
a large dutch-oven, stew-pot, long-handled frying-pan, and some- 
times a tea-kettle. With these utensils a woman of those days 
could get up a meal good enough for a prince, if she only had tbt» 
"wherewithal." 1 should not have left out the Johnny-cak« 


board, which was very imj>orianl, hut as the l/julieM n<tw\in\t>i 
know what this is, I will omit it for the present. 

At the close of Dr. Brown's speech, President Oftrdner inin)- 
duced Samuel Carter, a venerable citizen living near thw place, 
Trho had been with us since the foun<lation of the county was 
laid. Mr. Carter spoke in a clear and earnest manner for Morne 
minutes, graphically detailing: incidents ami Hcene.s of (^arly life, 
much to the interest and atnusoment of the a>^.sombly. He -rtld 
•when his father came to this county Hixty-throf ycurs ago, thoro 
were three Indians to one white tnan. Then cabins hiulbiit <>n»' 
room, in which they lived, ate and slept. Furniture was s^mh-**. 
When he was married fifty years ago and mov<Hi into his cabin, 
he Qiatle a cupboard by putting together some rough claplM>anl»» 
with wooden pins, for the-e were no nails then ncnnTthitn Tr- 
bana, which was their "dresser." The first table they over hud 
he made with an ax, hewing out rough boards nnd i.innint? them 
together. The first thing he ever putsalt in was a gum. In their 
room was a spinning-wheel, beds, bin, Ac. In 1H18, when h« 
moved hereon the place he now lives, hebuilta log h(.u^e,wilh>>ut 
door or window ; he sawed a hole to go in and out at, and :v* th.-re 
was no floor below they slept upon the loft and cook.vl out>»id«. 
The stock took shelter beneath. In the day he worked hnnl rut- 
ting hay, and at night worked at his house, an.l wh^-n they «oi 
a mud chimney completed so they could have a fire in the hoiwe, 
it was the happiest moment of their life. He wore honio«puo 
then, and all he had was a pair of tow-linen i»Hntsand a ^hirt. but 
no drawers or boots, and considered he was very well prepm-l for 
winter. Like a great many he bought land and hrtd to work hard 
to clear and pay for it. This was slow work without '"""^i."' 
markets, but he kept on and after a while popubdion IncreasM . 
little, but they could not sell anything. A bu4e-l of wh.^t midd 
not be Bold for twenty-five cents. They had no ,n..n^, nnd ho 
only way they could pay for their tand whs to rane hogv. (^MK 
Tcfwhich brought but little profit. He had --' '"-y;;^*^ 
fite^r for ten dollars which would now bo worth si^tv dollHr.^ 
TTey had no other means of getting money except by ^-;'";;- 
?urs,Cnd could not buy cofT.,. tea. *c. but thc,^ « 1 - > o^ 
venison and raccoon, and many a g...! --'^^ ;;.' J^t^oT 
it. Me thought society wa.s better Iben than nou . 


so much to flo, and timo was not so precious as now. Now we 
had not time to visit; but then people went several miles, and 
when they had ji^ot a jjood fiddler and a puncheon floor, would 
dance all ni^iht and as anotht^r old pioneer added, "go homo with 
the girlfi in the iriornisig." After a wtille, the speaker said, he 
b(gan to advan<;(^ in the world and prosper. He bought a new 
cotton shire, and thouglit he was coming out. Afterashort time he 
bought another, and tlien he had a "change." But there had 
bf en a great change. When he looked around him he found that 
all those whom ha uacni to meet at raisings, log-rollings and mus- 
ters, were all. gone— his eonjpmy hai all gone before, and he 
must soon go ioo. Life iiad /i.t much charm for him now, and 
life was like a calm suinuK-r evening to him now. He said he 
wuuid probably meet and be heard again on a like occasion, but 
if he di(J not thi/y could Siiy he had gone bc'fore thfm to another 
a/i!.I better lan'l. With a i'ervent i)k;s3ing, lie retired. 

*J(i-jhua ^\ntri;n wis next ifitroducid,and made an excellent and 
a!)le address which we re-print in full on our first page. He said 
it was due th<! audience to m;tk<; sorr; xplanation for the author- 
ity of some statements he was about to make, and cited living wit- 
nesses then present ; among »)thers he mentioned Mrs. Esther Rob- 
inson, daughter of the Hr ^t, wiuto settler in Logan county. He also 
stated that Sharp's iniil wws built and running in 1803. But the 
read«-r wi)i tirid, tn'ss|»e<^ch of nijsorbing mterest. 

After more delightful music from (he band, who by the way 
have acquitted Iheinselves with honor during the past week, fur- 
nishing music ^o thouainds of d<^lighted hearers, the President in 
a few happy words introduced the Hon. Wm. Lawrence, who he 
said had i:;rovvn up among us from a boy. Mr. Lawreu"e came for- 
ward and said : 

1 did not su(>{)')se I would be called upon in the presence of these 
venerable and v{!nerated pioneers to say one word to-day. I came 
here to listen to what others might say, and by my presence totes- 
tiiy my respect for those who are hero and my interest in the oc- 
casion. But called upon as fam, I will say a few words which I 
hope may be pertinent to the occasion. I first visited Logan county 
in 18;]6, before I had readied the years of manhood. I came to 

♦ lieported for the BaiXKyoNTAjNa Press. • 


Bellefontaine to reside a little over thirty-nine years agu. The 
hills and valleys and streann.s were here then m now ; but ulniuat 
all else has changed, wondf^rfully chane:ed. ForoMts havf Ix.voiue 
cultivated fields, mud roads have given place to turnpik«'s and 
railroads, and villagOa have sprung up and grown in nize and pop 
ulation, wh^re primeval forests stood. School buildings, and 
churches with spires pointinj,' heavenward, have arist^n where there 
were none before, or only the rudest log buildings. IJellcfonUtine 
then had a population of less than 000, and its frame ami log build 
ings looked old and dilapidated. The only Orick buildings in it 
were the court house and county offices, two old churthe.-', and lesvi 
than half a dozen brick dwellings of antiquated architecture. (Jom- 
paratively few of the people who then were in the eounty yet re- 
main. Emigration and death have done tbeir work. A stream of 
population has poured in among us from other counties and State**, 
and a new generation has been born. 

The Bar of Logan County then consisted of Anthony ('a.'*ad, ili 
rara McCartney, Samuel Walker, Richard S. Canby, UiMijamin 
Stanton, Royal T. Sprague, and myself. Of all these 1 am the sole 
surviving resident lawyer, and my friend who sits before me, (Jen 
Gardner, is the only merchant now in business wht) was in buni 
ness when 1 first made Bellefontaine my home. | Oenenil ( birdnor 
responed : "That's so, my friend ; give me your hand ;" and (ieo 
Gardner and Judge Lawrence took each other by the hand in m 
warm and cordial greeting.] Judge Lawrence proceeihHl': The 
Bar, as I first knew it, here, was one of ability, learning an<l inb-g 
rity. The pioneers before and around me, I know will I^Mr U-nti 
raony to this. But the Bar is changed; Mct^artney, Walker an<l 
Oasad repose in mother earth, lie buried in the county of l^»gHn. 
wherethey lived honest lives and adorned the profession of th« 
law Peace to their ashts and honor to their memf)ries. lUrhard 
S. Canby is now a Judge in Southern Illinois; Benjamin Stantofi 
does honor to his profession in Wheeling, West Virginia, and lU.ynl 
T. Sprague is a Judge of theSnpreme a.urt of California, a ,Mv*,tioi. 
which be fills with much distinction. Amongthes.' n.emlH.n of 
the Bar I would not draw any invidious comparison, f'^'^^^'y 
jointlv shared the confidence of all who knew them. Two ofthen. 
served in Congress, Stanton and (^ In ^-^7 '>";"'•''"' "':;".'"^' 
logical point, Ohio never had an ai,lor, nan tbMU lienj.uMU. ^tHV>U>o. 
and when Richard S. Canby once became thoroughly aroas.^ and 

370 <;HAMFAfeT^ AND 

enlisted in the diacussion of a subj^et, with his scholarly altain- 
ments, he was tih<^ iH>>'<t floqtMMit and ifripressiv** oratx^r 1 ever 

The law practice ha« changed much since I first engaged in it in 
Ix)gan county; then money was a scarce commodity. A lawyer 
then would ride on liorm-back five, ten or fifteen miles, through 
the mud, with "leggings" regularly strapped or tied in proper poei- 
tion to shield the lower extremities, and hefore a justice of the peace 
would manage a lawsuit for a fee of five dollars, generally secured 
by a note at six months, and finally paid in trade. We had no 
livery stahle, and if a lawyer did not keep a horst? he borrowed 
one from some accommodating neighbor. Now, a young lawyer, 
if he goes on such an errand, must have a top buggy with at least 
one and sometimes two hordes to carry him. 

Joseph H. 8wan,one of the ablest, purest and best men Ohio ever 
had, then presided on the Common Pleas, and Joshua Robb and 
Gabriel Slaughter were Associate Judges, all men of sterling good 
sense and practical good judgment. Then tlie lawyers regularly 
attended the courts in the adjoining counties, to w^hich they trav- 
eled on h'^rseback. The courts of Logan county were regularly 
visited by Samson Mason, Wm. A. Rogers and Charles Anthony 
of Springfield ; John H. James, Moses D. Corwin, Richard R. Mc- 
Neemar, of Urbana; Patrick G. Goode, Jacob S. Conklin and Jo- 
seph S. Updegraff of Sidney ; Wm. ('. T^iwrence of Marysville, and 

Judge Lawrence proceeded at, a tronsiderable length to describe 
the early condition of affairs in Logan county. He said farmers 
had no cash market for any of their products at an early day. 
There were no railroads to send any thing to market. A farmer 
would raise a .small crop of wheat, and in the fall load up a two- 
horse wagon, take oats t^^ feed his horses, and some bread, butter 
and ham for himself, and drive off a hundred miles to Sandusky, 
sleeping at night in his wagon, to sell his load of wheat. With the 
proceeds he bought a barrel of salt, roll of leather and muslin, and 
reserved enough money to pay taxes. Hogs were bought by drc^ 
▼ers and driven to Sandusky. He said he had seen wheat sell herfe 
/or forty cents, and pork and beef for a dollar per hundred pounds. 
Mechanics were paid in trade, houses were built for trade, lawyers 
and phyai(«n«« paid in trade. The people were social, and hospital- 

1/>GAN OOUNTJB8. :m 

ity was oneof the essential characteristics of all the people. Our •^jta'-o 
will not permit us to give a fuller sketch of the Judge's remarks. 

Judge Lawrence then read a note from our venerable and 
respected fellow citizen John Kirkwood, living two miles west o( 
West Liberty, stating that he was confined to his rooin and rould 
not be present. He stated he had an apple tree growing on his 
farm, planted in 18()4, which now measures eight feet and throe 
inches in circumference, and has npver failed to bear some ap[.le8 
each year since it began bearing. He said he would send -ampleis 
of fruit, but it did not come to hand. 

The president next introduced Volney Thomas, who made a 
brief but interesting speech, describing customs of early days. He 
was born in Champaign county in 1810. He told how they went 
to church. Churches and sr-hool houses were made of logs and 
polls, and in these colleges Ihey got their education and religiouH 
teaching. He went to scliool in the first church built at Mt. Tabor. 
It had a big fire place in one end, and one morning when they 
went to school it was found that during the night the back-log had 
rolled out on the floor and burnt up the house. Ther) th<' only 
school book was the New Testament, and their task wa.s locommit 
certain portions to memory. It was a fine thing in those days to 
have a pair of morocco or squirrel skin sho&s, and when the young 
men antl women went to church the young woman would tit' her 
Bhofts up in her handkerchief and her beau would carry them in hi" 
hand to church, when she would put them on; after meeting she 
pulled them oflfand again went barefooted home. When the wo- 
men wanted a new calico dress, they went to the woods and dug 
gensang, which they took to Urbana and traded to the merchant. 

He recollected seeing old Mr. Hopkins, who lived in Chain- 
liaign at the time, come to church many a time with nothing on 
but a pair of low-linen pants and shirt, barefooted and ban'heade<l, 
and for a half hour preach with great power. When then- was a 
log-rolling. i\is. pulling, or social gathering, all turned out and had 
a good tim*'. Being all Quakers then they didn't dance, but played 
plays such as "Sister Phebe" and "Marching Round (iueb«v." 
This was the way they were raised. 

The Prefiident then showe 1 some relics, one a photograph ol the 
first house built in the county, and the other a large pewtrr dish, 
preeented to the Association by Andrew Stiarwalt, of Hellefon- 
tmne. It was purchased in Pennsylvania about the year I7f.0. by 


Thomas Guy. He owned it 48 years and at his death gave it to 
his nephew, Thomas Guy, who owned it forty-two years, and at 
death gave it to his daughter, Mrs. Mary MoFadon, who brought 
it to Logan county in 1831. She owned it eleven years and at 
death gave it to her daughter, Mrs. Martha Stiarwalt, who has had 
it since 1814. It is a quaint and venerable relic, 120 years old. 

After the reading of an ohl poem, which we shall present at an- 
other time, with some preliminary remarks, the Association pro- 
ceeded to elect officers for thi^ ensuing year, when the following 
were unanimously declared elected: President, J. M. Giover, 
West Liberty; Vice President, Joshua Antrim, Middleburg; 
Secretary, Thomas Hubbard, and Treasurer, Gen. L S. Gardner, 
of Bellefontaine. George McCulloch was elected Chaplain for 
life. Trustees — B. S. Brown, Samuel Carter, Wm. Lawrence, of 
Bellefontaine; Volney Thomas and Joshua Buffington, of West 

Books were declared open for members' names and many were 
recorded, which will be given at another time. 

The next quarterly meeting was appointed at the Town Hall, 
West Liberty, December 3, 1870, vt-ith Judge Lawrence to deliver 
the opening address. 

After the doxoiogy by the band, and an affecting and solemn 
benediction by the Chaplain, the meeting was dismissed, and all 
went home happy, feeling that the occasion had been one of rare 
interest and amusement. 

Third Quarterly Meeting. 

The third quarterly meeting of the Western Pioneer Association 
was held, according to appointment, at West Middleburg, in this 
county, on Saturday, Mari-h 4, 1871. The day was warm, sunny 
and pleasant, and althoujih the dirt roads were in a bad condition, 
the attendance was larger than was anticipated, the house being 
completely filled. In addition to the large number of citizens of 
the town and vicinity who expressed their appreciation of the oc- 
casion by attending, there were present many of the pioneer men 
and women of the neighborhood, who took much interest in the 
proceedings, and added to the exhibition a large collection of relics 
of the early days. 

In the absence of the worthy Treasurer and other active mem- 


bers n« business was transacted, thou}?h much was to ho doin*. Thp 
time was pleasantly occupied until the adjournment withsp«'«'<hc»., 
songs, etc. 

It is much to he regretted that the larj^e collection ol r»'\icH of 
other days could not be presented to the Association to he preserved 
in its archives for the benefit of future {renerHtions. 'i'hcy are «»f 
little use as they are, but feathered totrether would form an inU'r- 
esting and speaking chapter in history which couhl not Ik- hu|^- 
plemented by written desciption. The donor would also have the 
satisfaction of contributing an article to the museum which would 
carry bis name in connection down to posterity. We hojH> thew 
relics may be gathered up from all over the county an<l si'ut in 
properly labeled with their history and donor's name, to the Pn-n- 
ident of the Association. 

The meeting was called to order at 2 o'clock p. m., and after 
prayer by Ilev. Mr. Flood, President J. M. Glover Rave an inU'r- 
esting review of social life running buck to lioncw times, explained 
the social, benevolent and historical obj.'ctoflhesocriety, an.t urge<l 
on all old people the importance and duty of joining it, torolUn-t 
and preserve the tiistory of the county. , , ,. , 

''A Requiem to the Departed Pioneers," composed by 1 rufv^.r 
Joshua Antrim, very touching and impressive, was next given by 
Miss Mollie Bales and Prof. Sharp. 


J^ §he §Id ^ome. 


It was just sucii an Autuann morn as this — bow many years ago? 

Let me see; John is now twelve years old, and was then but two, I know — 

We had loaded the wagon the day before, a wagon staunch and new, 

And away we hif^d on the Autumn morn while the grass was wet with dew. 

The yellow dust was damp and still, on the smooth and quiet road, 
And gaily the bay and sorrel team moved on with our household load; 
The leaves were tinted with yellow and gold, and colors of myriad sheen. 
And tbc meadows had lost in the early frost their tinge of summer green. 

I mind me well how the shocks of corn stood in the fields by the way — 
How the yellow pumpkins, like nuggets of gold, in the open furrows lay. 
How the luscious apples hung ripe and red as we passed the orchards by, 
Where the children played in the pleasant shade, all under the misty sky. 

We were moving away to the Illinoy, where land could be cheaply bought; 
The homestead farm wasn't large enough for both the boys we thought— 
But, if it were to do again, peradventure we would stay, 
For we often sighed in the Illinoy for the dear home far away. 

The land was cheap, and the yield was great, and we have enough to divide 

Between the boys, and leave the girl a handsome thing beside; 

But, one or another, we never were vvell ; that is, I mean to say, 

Not quite so well as we used to be in the home whence we moved away. 

We lived five years in the Illinoy before the sickly fall — 

Ahl that you may very well believe was a trying time for us all! 

All, all were down, my companion died, and I never got over the blow; 

Though Jane was grown, and took care of things right well, as all ot us know. 

And Ephraim now looks after the farm; of boys he is one of the best; 
He said to me: "Father, you're growing old— it is time you had some rest- 
So take little John and go back once more to look at the dear old hooae — 
You can gtj by the cars, not the toibome way by which we had to come." 

U>aAN 00UNTIB8. m 

WTio U that man yonder? He looks to me very much lik« Ja«on Black; 
Bai Jaeoc, I'm sure, walked very straight, while this man rrooks in the back. 
And Jaeon's hair wore the raven's hue, while this man's hair is whilo— 
Ah, me! I forget what time may do in ten years of his flijrhl. 

•'Qod bless you, friend! Come, sit you down, and U^\ wlmt I w.nild know 
Of neighbors well remembered still, whom T knew long ago; 
I'm back to the dear old stamping ground, and brought litllo .John, niy boy, 
Tjeaving Ephraim and Jane to care tor things at our hoini! in lliinoy." 

And Jason said, and sighing said: "Old friend, 'tis sad to tell 

Of the folks who were here ten years ago, and whom you knew ^o well 

But few are left, for scores are dead, and many have moved away, 

And the few you meet you will hardly know, so changed are they tu-<lay 

"You mind the man who bought your olace — a stout young fellow whs h«. 
But he died of a fever the second year, leaving wife and children three. 
And they managed bad, and the Sheriff sold the homestead out lor debt, 
And where they v/ent 'tis so long ago if ever I know I lorgci. 

"Your neighbor Gates, across the creek, tor a long time he lay low. 
And died at last— let's see— I think it is just six years ago; 
And Jonah Gates, his oldest son, I s'pose 3'ou have lieer'n tell. 
Gave up to drink and playing cards, and isn't doing well. 

"I can not name them all, of course, but a score of our young n>en 
Were lured away to fields of blood, and never came back again; 
Some gavelup their lives at Gettysburg, some fell on the march to the ««, 
And widows and orphan children left are sorry sights to see. 

"You well remember Willie Grey, so handsome, kind and true. 
For his dead father, your best friend, had named his boy for you— 
They stole him away as a paymaster's clerk, poor boy, and now h.» «l«op«. 
Where Mississippi's turbid tide in restless surges sweeps.'' 
"Enough— enough-more than enough: I very plainly aw 
The old home has no comfort left that it can offer me. 
80 I'll pack my things; and to-morrow morn, with little John my bo,. 
I'U ?o back again to Bphraim and Jane, and our home m the llbnor 


0h, §ive ghmt gsik 


Oh, give me back my cabin home 

Within the forest wild, 
And give me, too. those hopeful years, 

I knew when but a child. 
Oh, let mc see the birds again, 

With plumuge bright and gay. 
And bear their notes as when I trod 

rhe tangled, winding way. 

Oh, give me hack my parents dear. 

As in their glorious prime; 
Oh let me sec them once again 

As in the oiden time. 
My brothcs and my siste. s, too. 

Let them return once more, 
A joyful group as when they stood 

Within the cottage door. 

Oh, give me back my schoolmates, now 

In mem'ry cherished dear. 
Oh, let me join with them again 

To hail the dawning year. 
Or let me see them in the class. 

Within the school room stand, 
As they were wont with teacher ther«? 

To head the youthful band. 

Oh, let me see that maiden fair, 

With rofe bloom on her cheek, 
1 met along the woodland path, 

My heart too faint to speak. 
Or give to me tho.'je riper years 

When she stood by my side, 
In snowy robe of spotless white, 

A youthful, loving bride 


Oil, give me back those loved ones now. 

Whom we were wont to see. 
But years ago we laid them down 

Beneath the ehiiich-yHrd tree. 
In fancy's visions oft we view 

Them as in days of yore; 
Oh, s;ive them back, that we may look 

ITpon their forms once more. 

Oh,giTe me back my youthful form, 

With healthful, ruddy glow, 
Those active limbs— then let me stand 

With I used to know. 
Oh, give t)o me my youth agiiin, 

If 'tis but for a night, 
Ere earth's dear treasure* one by one 

All vanish from my sight. 

If what I've asked ma3' not be given. 

Then let me ask once more. 
That I may reach that land of light, 

Beyond this changing shore. 
Where bloom and beauty never fade. 

But shine with luster bright. 
And day's eternal radiance 

Dispels the gloom of night. 

Harfsr. O., Ftbruarj 0. loT'i 



Mr. Joshua Antrim : — I am seated to write down a few items 
for the Pioneer Association of Logan county, and will begin at 


This is a small body of water of near a hundred acres surface, 
connected with a swamp extending north on each side of Rush- 
creek for near three miles, and south to near the Jerusalem Pike, 
where it crosses Mad River — making an aggregate length of about 
six or seven miles, with an average width of nearly three quar- 
ters of a mile. This whole area has evidently once been a lake 
connecting the waters of Mad River and Rushcreek, the former 
running South, and the latter North. 

The stream of Rushcreek passes through tl\is lake, which em- 
braces a part of each of the townships of Rvi-luTHek and Jefferson, 
and is in the track of the great tornado which passed over it about 
the year 1825 or 1826, and constituted what is familiarly known as 
" The fallen timber." This lake abounds in fish, and has ever been 
the favorite resort for all lovers of the finny tribes, within reason- 
able distance of its miry borders. It is much smaller now than 
when first viewed by the early pioneers of our county, and scarce 
one hundredth part as large as it originally was. The swamp 
connected with it is much more firm now than forty years ago.— 
The tallest corn is now grown in some places where cattle would 
not then dare venture. The incidents connected with this lake I 


cannot record with any j^reat deo-ree of acruracv. It «.i. >ai.l th,- 
ffreat tornado liTted fhe winter to such an oxt.M.t, that hunMr.«|, 
and thousands of fish could he found u).on its sh(,res. Tl..-n- ua- 
also a tradition that two Indians, in an attempt to wa<lc int.. it 
from the shore, instantly sunk into the mire, and their. Led jes wen- 
never recovered. I jiive this not as a fact, but as a tradition, cur- 
rently talked of and generally credited forty years aj^o. yet I liever 
met a person who could verify the story. \ "can, however, ittt-it, 
that all around the margin of the lake, as also in the h<-d nf UuhH- 
creek, so far as the swamp extends, a person attHrnplin-r t.. wade 
would sink beneath the mire as quick a,s in the wat<'r If the In- 
dians pursued a deer into the water, (as was ^^id, i tlx-y .-uuM not 
have escaped being buried in the mire. 

In the period of forty years since I havr known liij.s lak«-, there 
has been but f<iur persons drowned in it ; the first happened several 
yearsago. A manby thenameofEdsall, whowassubject toHt>, was 
fishing :tIone in a canoe, and in a spasm as was supposed, had fallen 
out and drowned. He resided near Zanesfield, and the past sum- 
mer, his son about eight(>en years of age was drowned in attempt- 
ing to bathe in its waters. 

About ten years ago two men, Thos. Carson and Martin lion^- 
staff, were both fishing in a small canoe and were upset in tin* 
water and drowned. In early times the pioneer uirl.s and boys 
would resort there in companies, and amid the sublime scenery of 
that secluded spot, whisper their artless tales of love, in th«' deep 
shades of the lofty forest trees that stood on thv beautiful knoll 
that ov^erlooks its placid waters, and although it hus >incH lK>en 
divested ot much of its romantic grandeur, as swn in the ilens«* 
foreft and heard in the songs of birds, it is still one of the chlof 
features of interest in our locality, especially to stranger* who 
visit here. 

Extending west along the stream of llushcreek aho\i> this Ink**, i* 
a small valley surrounded by hills, known as 


The first settlers of this hollow occupied much of tli«'ir tu... ... 

fishing, and manifested so little energy in the improvement of tho 
country, that the above name seemed appropriate, an«l hentv It- 
christening, perhaps, for all time; and lest thi-^ namr should 
make an unfavorable impression on the mind-i of fntiin- w" •"••n«- 


tions respecting the first settlers of this hollow, I will say that Mr. 
James B. McLaughlin, nowai^rorainent lawyer in Bellefontaine, is 
perhaps responsible for the name, and as he was a resident of the 
hollow himself at the time, can not reasonably claim exemption 
from the unfavorable impressions suggested by the title. There 
are also evidences of moral and irttellectual improvement in the 
immediate vicinity of this hollow, which may be noted as among 
the first, north of Zanesfteld. I will here give the names of some 
of the first settlers in this vicinity : Daniel McCoy, was evidently 
the fii'st settler here, and built a cabin on a farm now owned by 
Mr. Jamison, in the northern part of Jefferson Township, a short 
distance from the Lazy Hollow School-house. This McCoy was 
hei*e as early perhaps as 1810, of whom we will speak more par- 
ticularly hereafter. Shortly after, Stephen Leas and Haines 
Parker settled in this same school district, perhaps as early as 1812, 
the former about three and a half miles north of Zanesfield, on 
( the west of Madriver, and the latter on the north of him, on the 
farm known as the Elliot farm, but now owned by Benjamin 

Haines Parker was what was called a regular Baptist preacher, 
and in connection with the venerable George McColloch, Tharp's 
Run, below Zanesfield, established the first church on the waters 
of Rushcreek. The first-meeting house was erected about half a 
mile east of the Lazy Hollow School-house, on the road leading 
Irom Harper to Zanesfield, near where the Bellefontaine and Wal- 
nut Grove road crosses the Zanesfield and Harper road. It waft 
R log house, which stood for many years, but has since almost en- 
tirely disappeared. The names of some of the prominent mem- 
bers constituting that church were Haines Parker and his wife, 
Johnson Patrick, Samuel Patrick, Elijah Hrfll, Old Father Piatt, 
and some others, male and female members, whose names I do 
not now recollect. 

In 1882 the second meeting-house was built a mile and a half 
further north, and was called the Rushcreek Baptist Church, after 
which the former house was vacated, and the latter became the 
regular place of meeting by the church. Connected with this 
second house, the first public grave-yard was established . It was 
donated by Solomon Cover, who then resided on the farm now 
owned by Lucien D. Musselman, and the first person buried there 
was Samuel Patrick, in October, 1831. This meeting-house was 


evidently the first house of worship erected iti Hushcreek Town- 
«hip; the former house was built in Jefferson. North of Ijt/y 
Hollow, onahighhillin the south edge of Rushcreek T..u-liip, 
the first school house was built in Rushcreek T(.wii-lii|> ; it wu" on 
the Zanesfield and Harper road, on a i)iece ot htnd now owikhJ by 
Oliver Raymond; I can not give the date of its building, but It 
must have been prior to 1820. 

I find I was mistaken concerning the first meeting-houw» built 
in Rushcreek Township, as stated in the above. The tint 
meeting-house in Rushcreek townshii) was built by the (^iiik«'n«. 
It stood in a field now owned by John Q. Williams, near tin* Sun- 
dusky road, four and half miles northeast of Bellefontaiin'; th»T* 
is a grave-yard at the site of this meeting-house, >^iiich was biid 
•ut by old Thomas Stantield, Sr., who was evidently the Hrvt 
white settler in Rushcreek Township. His first rabin -tcKKj on 
the north side of the old Stanfield farm, which is now lA-cupit-tl 
by Mr. Samuel Hall. It was built of very snjail logs, or rutlier 
poles, indicating the scarcity of hands at that periinl. Thonian 
Stanfield planted the first orchard near his cabin; many oi the 
trees can be seen at present, (1871.) He was socially ami reli-,'iMUi»- 
ly connected with the first settlers in Harmon's bottt)Mi, ami hi« 
grandson, Samuel Stanfield, told me that he came hen- in the 
year 1805, He was here during the war 1812, and cuntinui'*! »»n 
the old Stanfield farm up to the year 1823, when he died and whb 
buried in the grave-yard which he had located. His wife, Iliin- 
nah. died in 1830, and was buried by his side. He wa** suci^ntlwl 
by bis son, Thomas Stanfield, Jr., who died in 1S18. 

There is an incident connected with the history ol thi- |.i'.n«-«'r 
family which is worthy of record. Stantield wits a (^dik.'r. mid, 
like the celebrated William Penn, succeected in s.rurinn th« 
friendship of the Indians to such an extent tiiat he felt ctnjpani- 
tively safe to remain among them during the war of 1SI2. They 
often visited his cabin, ^hared his hospitality, and in«nlf.-«liil 
marked friendship for him and his family. Hut it se<•m^ fr..m 
some cause, they had become angry with StanJidd. juul deter- 
mined on a certain night to niassacre the whole family. They hc- 
cordinglv concealed themselves in the bushes which siirmunded 
the cabin about dusk in the evening, and lay tlicrenwHltlnjj (h« 
darkness of the night, that they might carry out their ttendish 


It seems however, that Mr. Daniel McCoy, who is mentioned 
in a former article, had learned of their hellish design, and deter- 
mined to try to rescue the family at ail hazards. He aecording^ly 
communicated with the garrison at McPherson's near where our 
county Infirmary is now located, and proposed an expedition to 
save the Stanfields. The gcarrison was weak at the time, and could 
not be induced to enter on such a perilous adventure, when 
McCoy declared he v^'^ould undertake the rescue alone, against the 
remonstrances of his friends. After irabibinj? freeley in a social 
glass, he mounted a gray horse and started through the forest at 
dusk in the evening, and proceeded aloi.e to Stanfieid's, a distance 
of near seven miles. When he arrived within ■<> quarter of a mile 
of the cabin, he raised tlie yell, saying, "Come on, here they 
are!" then douiling on his track rode back and forth a sliort dis- 
tance several times, hallooing all the time for his men to ''come 
on," as though he was accompanied by a legion of cavalry. Then 
putting his horse under full speed, galloped up to the cabin, in- 
forming Stanfieid's of their imminent danger. The horses were 
immediately brought up, and the whole family, accompanied by 
McCoy, proceeded to Zaneslield, a distance of seven miles, where 
they remained a couple of weeks. On their return to the cabin, 
they found it had not been disturbed during their absence. They 
were told by the Indians after peace was concluded, that McCoy 
had saved their lives in the daring manner of his approach, in- 
timidating them with the impression that he was supported by a 
strong force, as no "one man," as they said, would manifest such 
daring boldness. 

I have been favored with the family record of Thomas Stan- 
field, Jr., and from it transcribe thefollowing: 

"Thomas Stanfleld Vv'as married to Margaret Keames, on the 
30th of the sixth m#nth, 1814, and lived with my father two years, 
five months and twenty days, then moved to my own house." 
This will date the occupancy of the old house on the Stanfleld 
farm, on the site where Mr. Hall now lives, about November 20, 
1816, which is about fifty years ago. Adding eleven years to this, 
in order to reach the year 1805, the date of building the first cabin, 
we have about sixty-six years from the beginning of the first set- 
tlement in Rushcreek Township. And although sixty-six years' 
have passed since that pioneer family settled here, there are still 
traces of their early labor. The old orchard trees, one pile of rub- 


bish designating the site of the cabin; the phu-v svlier*- 
the old meeting-house stood, the ohl grave-yard, and many 
other things that serve to carry the mind bacii to those priinitivf 
times. In the family record already alluded to, I find the follosv- 
ing in the hand-writing of Thomas Stanfield, Jr. 

'"fhomas Starfield, Jr., departed this life .'>th inonih, iln- llih, 
1824, aged 7ti years, o months and VI days. Haruiali .Stantit*ld, 
his wife, departed this life '.Hh month, the 28th, ls:Jt», age imt c^t- 
tainly known, but something rising eighty year.^." 

The bodies of this pioneer father and motiif^r, n(»\v slt^«-p -^idc by 
s»ide in the little grave-yard ah'eady noted ; with them also sleep 
many loved ones, descendants of the family, as also some of tht* 
associates of their early toils. Their graves are marked by hum- 
ble and unpretending monuments, reared by the hand of affection, 
ere pride and ostentation had corrupted society. ( )n a grave-stone 
of a pious grand-daughter who lies l)uried there, the following in- 
scription may be read : "Though I walk through the valley of tlie 
ihadow of death, I will fear no evil; for Thou art with me, Thy 
rod and Thy staff, they comfort me."— Ps. xxiii:4. 

Passing through that grave-yard the other day, ami ivy'iua to 
read the inscriptions on the moss-covered stones, my mind wiin- 
dered back to youthful days, when I stood with many who rojKw*- 
beneath these humble monuments, and IcouUl but say, "they still 
linger in memory," calhng up many pleasant sceni-s long num- 
bered in the past, and to their memory I inscribe the following 
verses : 

In tlie told.s of mem ry liiitri-r 

Youthful scenes now cherisiieil dear 
When wo wandered in the wildwo«Kl, 
Witli the forms that .■slumber hor«. 
Oft we met in social idcasure. 
Youths and maidens full <>• 
Neatly clad in homespun Kurni.' 
Free fiom pride and vanity. 

And wlicn .sickness sad and d!.«ry 

Came within our forest home. 
And their services were n.-eded, 

Ever faithful they would coine. 
Wfttchinir through niprhls w.ikry Imurv 

In th>' taper' •> f.'.-hh- ray. 


from the sable shades of evening 
Till the dawning of the day, 

Where are now those forms of beautv, 

Seen bj^ us in days of j'ore? . 

Gone, all gone, we know not whither. 

From this ever-changing shore. 
Yet in mem'ry still they linger; 

Hope doth whisper, "Yet again 
"We shall meet them— yes we'll greet them 

On the bright eternal plain.' 

Aiavou Reeras built the first cabin and made the first raiU oh th« 
Sutherland farm, as early perhaps as 1814. The Dickey farm on the 
Sandusky road, was first settled by Thomas McAdams. The farm 
of Mr. Tadman, by Billy Stanfield ; the Williams farm by the 
Baldwins. (Daniel and Richard.) North of Greenville treaty line, 
on the west of Rushcreekand South of the Sandusky road, about the 
year 1825, we find Jonathan Sutton who came from Kentucky 
and settled on what is known as the old Sutton farm. He built a 
sawmill on Rushcreek in 1833 or 1834, just above Sutton's. On the 
creek we find two old Pennsylvania Dutch farmers, Solomon Cover 
and Michael Musselman. They were brothers-in-law, and spent 
their days here. Lucien D. Musselmen now owns the Cover farm 
and also part of the Musselman farm. Old aunt Cover, widow of 
Solomon Cover, is still alive ; she if^ over ninety years "Id, and for 
several years her mind has been demented. 

Later than 1830, we note the arrival (jf other settlers on the west 
of Rushcreek. On the farm of Mr. James Ansley, about the year 
1832, we find James McMahill building a cabin. He came from 
Kentucky, with his amiable little wife Annie. He moved into his 
cabin. Hi? old flint lock rifle was placed above the door on the 
rack. One Sabbath morning the fire was out. He took down the 
rifle t"> "strike" fire. It was loaded. He was a Baptist, and would 
not rlischarge his rifle on the Sabbath; he plugged up the touch hole, 
filled the pan with powder, the tow and "punk" ready, the gun 
across his lap, the muzzle pointing iu the direction where 
little Annie was sitting iu a split bottom chair, putting on 
her shoes ; he pulls the trigger — "bang" goes the rifle, the ball 
entering the high post of the chair on which his wife was sitting, 
loug'iug' ill just bc-iOVv tl'iG clitiii" Luttoin. Little Annie has long* 


Mnce taken her place amid the "Angel band." Her l.u>». ir>.l 
James MeMahUl, is now in Cabletown, Ommpnitrn curitv! 
and doubtless has not forgotten the inoi.ient. The (,ld uk^ 
seen by the writer many years afterward with tho rith- hull -till in 
it, and may be still preserved as an antiiiuy relic l)y Mr. M.-.\(ahill. 

Thomas Stanfield, Sr., noted above, immigrated from Tennmie*. 
He had ten children— nine daughters aud one son (Thomas Ktiin- 
field, Jr.). Old Wm. Reams, father of Mr. John Reams, in Lhjsj 
Hollow, immigrated from North Carolina, and settled in or nmr 
Marmon's Bottom, near the beginning of the prcs.'iit century, hut 
moved to Lazy Hollow on the farm now owned by liis s(»n, J(.hn 
Reams, about the year 1816. This Wm. Reams also had ten chil- 
dren—nine sons and one daughter (Margaret). The latter wtM 
married to Thomas Stanfield, Jr., May aoth, 1814. This cou|tI»- oo- 
cupied the old Stanfield farm, Rushcreek township, wiierc ihey 
also raised ten children — six sons and four daughters; one <»f the 
latter died at the age of twelve years. 

Abner Cox, who died in Lazy Hollow — first settled hdow Z:ine«- 
field — took a seven years' lease on the land of old Jarvis Dougiier- 
ty, on Tharp's Run, but subsequently moved to Lazy Hollow, and 
settled on the east of the Reams farm as early, perhaps, as the year 
1814. This Abner Cox died here, and was buried on a liili a little 
north of where his cabin stood. His widow married a man liy tli« 
name ofStilwell, who also died prior to ls;j|. The widow Siil- 
well's was a noted place forty years ago. Singing-sclioois, reli- 
gious meetings, and youthful parties were frequently held at her 
kouse. She had four sons by her first husband (Cox): .\l<ner, 
John, Ike and Sam, all stout, hearty f.-llows. rather slack in buHJ- 
Bess, but what was termed good-hearted fellows, fond of comiMiny, 
and ever ready to entertain visitors. The old lady was rath.-r a 
good worker, and equally fond of company as her sons; hentf her 
house was ratlier a favorite place of resort for the lovers of Hoclal 
pleasure in that day. She also had four children by Stilwelj, 
amono-them a deaf and dumb boy, called "Hilly." whos.. |Mrnliiu- 
icrns and motions in communieatint; w.-n- novl to 
those familiar with him. Her oldest daughter, "I'atty .stiluvll. 
was rather a fine model of a healthful, and lively piotuH-r younR 
lady, reared up in the forest, where schools and<.l-hou.*«, 
like angel's visits, were "few and far between." ^^'^' ^'^J^^ 
ful aud kind-hearted, frank aud artk^s iu her munner.. aboxe me- 


dium size, mther graceful ancJ oasy in her movements. Not what 
the world would call a beauty ; yet good-looking enough to attract 
a fair share of attention from the ,beaux, without incurring the 
epvy of her sex. She wa«^ "Patty," and nobody else; uniformly 
the same every day. She was the first youthful bride Lazy Hol- 
l<i>w produced ; I mean the rtrst one born, reared and married 
there, and her wedding may be noted as aujong the important 
events of that period. It was about the year 1833, » beautiful day 
in summer, or early autumn ; the assembly was large and promis- 
cous ; old, young, middle-aged, married and single, male and 
female, were present, many who had never seen a wedding before. 
The bridegroom was a Mr. Wm. Dunston, brother to .Tames Duns- 
ton, rather a portly, good-looking young man. The bride's waiter 
was a Miss Patty Parker, daughter of Rev. Haines Parker, Mr. 
Joseph Dunston was waiter to the bridegroom. The officiating 
magistrate v/as 'Squire Wm. McAmis. It was his first experience 
in legalizing the "ancient covenant," and his nerves gave evi- 
dence of the weighty responsibility laid upon him. During the 
ceremony, a death-like silence pervaded the spectators, until the 
concluding sentence, "I pronounce you man and wife," was heard, 
when Mr. John Reams, called out at the top of his voice : '■'■Now 
Where's my doUarf (the legal fee of the magistrate at that period.) 
This was responded to by a hearty laugh from the whole assem- 
bly, after which the congratulations of the guests were tendered 
to the bride and bridegroom. Many, doubtless, who will read 
this article, will remember the time when Patty was married. 
She shortly afterward left the scenes of her youthful years, and 
with her husband moved to Michigan, where after a few years she 
was called to follow to the grave, him who had won her youthful 

The names of the first settlers in this section who have not been 
noted, are as follov/s : John Moore, settled immediately west of 
Wm. Reams, in 1818; Old VAWy Tinnis, settled on the Whitehill 
farm, 1816; Old Thomas Dunston, settled on the farm where his 
grandson, Mr. James Dunston now lives, perhaps as early as 1817. 
Thomas Dunston was a Revolutionary soldier. .John Reed first 
settled on what is now the IMcLaughlin farm, about 1815; he was 
succeeded by Samuel Ayers; Old Johnson Patrick settled on what 
was once known as the Patrick- farm, now owned by Joseph 
Kitchen. Stephen Marsnon was the first settler on the Kitchen farm 


imaiediately west of the lake, in 1815. The "Tinn Hiillar" lariii 
now owned by Dick Kitchen, was tirnt settled by M«»(*e< K«'HinK 
and David Norton, in ISlo. The first ministers of the t;«Hi>Hl who 
preached in this section are as follows, so far as known to the- wri- 
ter : Haines Parker, George McColloch, Mr. Vauu'lin. and Tninniy 
Price. These were of the Baptist order, and jm-ached in tlie old 
meetint; house north of the Parker farm, a- heretofore no- 
ted. I will here transcribe a text read by Tommy Price a-* r 
foundation for a discourse in <-his old meetintr-house : "And I ■««• 
as it were a sea of "flass mingled with tire, and tht'm that h<ul sfot- 
ten the victory over the beasl, and over his ima^je, and ..vtr hiJ« 
mark, and over the number of his name, -»tand on the sea of t:la*», 
having the harps of God." Rev. xv:2. Of the nietho.llst prmoh- 
ers, Robert ( asebolt and Thomas Sims, both pn-ached at old 
widow Stilwell's frequently. Perhaps there aiv .th^i-- ^k"^ "- 
membered now by the writer. 

In the vicinity of the old Baptist Church and irrav.-yanl nu 
the west of Rushcreek, Thoma.s Sntherland setth'^l on th«- «.U1 
Sutherland farm as early as 1816. U\^ wife, Phebe, was a dauifh- 
ter of old Thomas Stanfield, Sr., remarkable for h^-r industry «ml 
perserverance. She was what was called a mi.lwif*', and m thn pri>- 
fession had a wide practice. She was faithful in h^r min.^tr.tb.n. 
to the sick, and if a death occurred in the "'^'f ;'"•';"";'; ;;^;; 
could <^enerallv refer to some sign or token by shr had b^n 
previously warned of the sad event. She earne.l mM,- .l„n.P. ».n 
diffo-iuo- "seng" after her location on Rushcreek. 

About the time of the arrival of James McMahill, a< not.u .u«.s. 
Mr. Joseph T. Ansle>^ also from Kenlucky -"t^'-« /••' Z^' 
Ansley farn.. Dr. Tom Green madethefir'^t nnprnvnuc M..,„ h • 
farm He was also the first local physiciati in Ru«hcn...k town-M^ 
aITi i. tim.^ (183'>) Rushsylvania was not laid out, nor wh- tb.reji 
At this tinp. ( i»-^ j^^" •' , (., ,vho «ftt1e<l on th^ 

single building on the site. Mi. James i aj... r 
farm now owned by Mr. Qua, first .onceive<l the idu. f a o«„ 
the e He .as an old Virginian-a man of con^.d^nd.!.- in HH- 
lence ami enterprise, and laid out the town about th- re. m^^ 
fr nu.k n.'ried "Cla-gTown." in honor to :t- pro,.ri»-for. but 
It was nick-nanieti v hl^,« • „...,i t,v thp tilb' I am not ad- 

whether he felt particularly -;'"!''''';''";: ',^^:',,' ,ru,r ^tnn- 
Vised. Thompson Hews erected a t''-' '^; ^^ ^ ,,/^^„ 
now stands; James Elamke^t a ^^^ "^ .^ J,.,, , tav 
where the post office is now kept : Robrrt St. ph n I 


ern and smith shop on the corner of Ansley & Day; Jacob Nibar- 
ger kept a tavern where Heller's new house stands; he also sold 
goods. Ben Green had the potter shop ; Wm. Gipson preceded 8. 
B. Stilwell in the wagon shop. Rushsylvania was the seat of elec- 
tions, petty mustere, and was the center of commerce in Rushcreek 

For soveral years whisky appeared to be a leading commodity in 
trade. The presence of the bottle on the table of tlu^ Judges of 
election on election day, was not very rare ; neither was it a very 
rare occurrence to see a dozen men divested of their coats, appa- 
rently anxious to fight on a public day. And while there are many 
citizens in the town who deplore the evils that exist now let them 
console themselves with the thought that the town has made great 
improvement in morals, literature and religion. 

The Big Spring, three miles north of Rushsylvania, was a noted 
place long before Rushsylvania was thought of. One Lanson 
Curtis, who used to be a prominent business man in 5^nesfield, made 
the first improvement at the Spring. It is said that Curtis started 
in busines on a cargo of tinware which he borrowed from an East- 
ern capitalist, in rather a novel manner : He was employed in the 
East to peddle the ware, and in one of his circuits he became be- 
wildered, and after traveling for several days, found himself with 
his cargo in the wilds of Logan county, where, by "Tin Panning," 
he soon became a leading spirit in commercial and financial de- 
partments of our new county, and gained manj^ devoted, ardent 
admirers, who were much astonished when he afterwards was 
called upon to return the original "loan"-('?) 

The earliest imjaovement in the vicinity of Big Spring, was just 
South of the old tavern stand— on what was originally known as 
the "Shepherd farm," — now owne<:l bj' the widow Brugler. A 
man by the name of Shepherd first settled here, and his location 
was the first of any northwest of Rushsylvania. He had his leg 
and thigh mashed by the falling of a log in raising a barn on the 
Stamats farm, near Cherokee. This accident caused his dea*^h. 
Dr. B. S. Brown, then a young man, was present when his leg was 
amputated, several days after the accident. 

While North wood established the principal depot on the line of 
the underground railroad, Rushsylvania, in an early day, ever 
stood ready to bring abolitionists to grief should they intrude 


their odious sentiments on her community, h:^^., t;ir, rc-Hth*.r-. 
and rails were spoken of in connection with temperance and hIkh 
htion lecturers. Whether these articles were ever iise<i a^ "reKU- 
lators" and protectors of the public weal, I kwve for oth.-r. to -av 
whose experience might enable them to speak more positive, con- 
tenting myself with the narrative of the following incident iw an 
index to public sentiment thirty-live years back. In the North- 
west corner of Rushcreek Township, in the vicinity of "Wliit.- 
Town," on the Miami, the following incident occurrnl : 

Two men from Bellefontaine i)urrtued a couiJie of runaway 
slaves into Hardin county, where they arrested them, and start^l 
back. When they arrived at Israel Howell's, where Wui. 
Stewart now lives, they halted and staid all night. In the inoru- 
ingoneof the negroes took up a cane belonging to on«> of tht* 
captors, and struck one of the white men a blow on th** head . 
shivering the cane, apiece of which flew and struck a little irirl of 
Mr. Howell's in the eye, as she lay in the frundle-beti. dcstroyinp 
the eyeball entirely. The negroes both broke and run ; one tak- 
ing up the river and the other down. Both white men starU'd in 
pursuit of the one who had taken up the river, learning br thi« 
time that difficulties attending negro catching, deniande<l at ii-a-i 
two white men to one negro. Thus we see thnt not only Kush- 
sylvania, but even Bellefontaine, was afflicted with the nuiniii«»f 
negro catching at that day. The little girl spoken of, wl»o l<>»t h»r 
eye in that fray, is now the wife of Peter Fry, near liu><h\vlva- 

Another incident connected with negro catching hHppene<l Iat4-. 
A man by the name of Covert kept the Big Spring Tavern ; In- 
had a log rolling. Jesse Bryant, the first mililary captain in Hu«li- 
creek Township, was among the hands. Three runaway -ilavt-i 
came along the road, and the "Big Captain" (Brynnt) organiwil a 
force and ai-rested them. He, with his accomplices, started with 
their black prize to Kentucky. Wh-Mi they arrived at \Vc«t Lib- 
erty, some of the citizens there demanded of them tlieir authority 
for holding the negroes in custody. I'.ryant replii><l that the ne- 
groes had acknowledged they were runaway slaves, and on thl* 
acknowledgement they held them. This did not s^itinfy the im- 
pertinent citizens of W>st Liberty, who obtained a warraut .»nd 
had Bryant and his cjmpauy arrested on the grouiul of man- 
stealing. And while they were held in custody, the uegr».* ,(*i 


away, and the eorapauj' lost their prize. Bryant and his com- 
pany were detained until they could have witnesses hrought from 
home to establish their innocence. 

In concluding this article, I will give the names of the first set- 
tlers of the Miami, and dates, as far as I have been able to learn 
them : 1823, the Israel Howell farm, now Wm. Stewart's, was first 
settled by Calhoun, who was succeeded by Simeon Ransbottom — 
next by Israel Howell, who held the first post-office there, aboeit 
the year 1825, or 1826. The Crawford farm was settled by Young, 
in 1827 ; the Hopkins farm, by Hazard Hopkins, 1828; the Dun- 
lap farm, (formerly White Town) by Wm. White, 1829; the Her- 
vey, or old Irvin farm, by Wm. Patterson, 1828; the Clark farm 
by Wm. Holt, 1828; The Lauglilin farm by Hiram Hukill, 1829 ; 
the Anderson farm, by John 1%. Anderson; the farm of W. K. 
Xewman, by Silas Thrailkill, 1826— succeeded by Arthur Roberts, 
1828; the K. H. Howell farm 'by Wm. Patterson, 1829 ; the 
Richey farm by James Stephenson, 1827 — succeeded by VN'^m. S. 
Johnston, 1880 ; the Simon Ensley farm, settled by Almond Hop- 
kins, 1828 — succeeded by Moses West, Wm. Creviston, Linus Cut- 
ting, John Roberts, and Simon Ensley ; the Wm. Roberts farm, 
settled by Henry Fry, 1828; Melcher Crook settled the Thomas 
farm, 1830; Ben. Carson settled the Hume farm, 1829; Jonas Fry 
settled the farm west of Joel Thomas, 1829 or 1830 ; the farm of 
John Kerns, by Jacob Kerns ; the Beaver farm, by Mr. Bower, 
1832. Besides the above names in this locality, we have the t>er- 
westers, or Whacters, as they were familiarly known. Among 
them the noted Ben. Whacter, whose muscular strength was that 
of a giant ; and wko came to his end by a blow inflicted with a 
pair of fire tongs, by the hand of a female whom he had underta- 
ken to abuse. 

I will mention some incidents connected with the first school 
taught by the writer, 1837-38. The school-house on the south-east 
corner of Jerome Musselman's land, in District No. 5, Rushcreek 
township, has long since disappeared, and was rather a rude struc- 
ture when new; yet I confess that could 1 see it to-day as it was in the 
fall of 1837, when I first engaged in the responsible occupation of 
instructing the youth in that locality, it would be of far more in- 
terest to me than the most costly and well-arranged school-house 
that has been built in our township since that time. Its rude 
floor, clap-board roof, mud and stick chimney, six foot fire-place. 


bench seats, slab writing-desks, paper windows and nmijli tUior 
huntf on wooden hinges are all treasures in ui«riiory, and, vifwe<l 
through the lapse of nearly forty years, they seem in«ire vivid 
than scenes of but yeste'-day. But who liv<^d here th<'n? Henry 
Rosbrough lived on the Jerome Musselman farm, in the old hoa«*» 
which stood near the old log meeting-house, near Mr. Tici'n'H. 
Rosbrough sent three children to school, John, Gforir*^, and. Ill tie 
Mary. To say they were good children is certainly (Un- to the 
memory of their sainted mother, -'Aunt Peggy," as we were wont 
to call her, who has since then taken her place in the mansion-* 
above. Old m^n Richardson .settled on the farm whi*re IU»*- 
brough then lived, sometime between 1820 and 1S2."». On th«' hinn 
of William Stephen^^on, lived the old widow Hews; John Wolf 
was the first there. 

The widow Hews was a pious Presbyteria-i lady, corrti-i in hpr 
deportment. Hiram and Perry, her twe sons, young men at the 
time, and Phebe and Eliza, her two daughters, young women, 
were with her. Perry and I he two girls came to school, and It Is 
but just to say my acquaintance with this family is a s«»urco of 
many pleasant reflections on the scenes of olden times, when they 
bore a part with us in them. On tlie Barney K^utznuin farm, old 
Jamie McArais, who married the widow Rosbrough, (wht>c tiM 
husband, Hilkiah Rosbrough, first settled this farm. "The Big 
Spring" here is the souice of Millcreek ;) lived with Aunt Susie. 
Here was little George Rosbrough, Petf, Mike |)uplh 
in the school, good fellows, and ever dear to memory :ind hoix*. 
A little to the east was old Benny Hodge, and Abrnham I)<-ardorff, 
Bill Hodge, Jesse, Jim, Henry, and little Betty-all pupil- m the 
school. And again, Abe Deardorff, John and Susan ; fount them 
also A little nearer the fallen timberon the King farm, we find 
Old Jake King, six feet high, of at lea^t two-hundre^l i«.unds 
avordupois, and as terrible as he wa.s big. Here were hN our 
oldest children-Julia Ann, Nancy, Martha and »•"-;»''•*; 
former nearlv grown. None could fail to see the parenta unkind- 
ness had so discouraged them, that youth w.s but a .Irenry . .nda«e. 

only endured by th^e hope that some d.y t'->^,«^-J,;' ;;,^7^';j, 
the calling parental yoke. They came to schcK^I. That th tescher 
wasCrtfar' to those children is not unlikely, yet all other. 
would'say 'uch partiality was <lemanded in the ...^. .n.l non. 


felt that it was wrong 


Near the line of Bokesereek township, old Hezekiah Starbuek 
lived. He had his second wife; his steD-children, Eliza and Da- 
vid Adams, came to school. Eliza was nearly a^rown, David 
younger. They were pleasant in their disposition and hijjhly es- 
teemed in school. But close to Starbuck's was found Ivawson Ru- 
dasill. He came from the high hills of Old Virginia, and settled 
in the level country. He was a school director, and rather a well 
informed man to be found so far out in the woods. Religiously, 
they called him a "Campbellite" — not a very great compliment at 
that day. Wesley and Winfield, two of his boys came to school. 
I always iov«d them for their independence and dignity, and as I 
was teaching for ten dollars a month and boarding with the schol- 
ars, I often went home with these boys. It was here and about 
this time that I concluded to engage in a new enterprise. This 
Rudasill had a girl at home that he did not send to school ; she 
was perhaps seventeen or eighteen years old — born and reared on 
the high hills of Old Virginia. It looked rather hard that she 
should wear out her life amid those "gloomy swails," and there- 
fore, for these and other considerations which may be guessed by 
the reader, I persuaded her to accompany me to a more elevated 
locality. This arrangement Avas consummated during the stormy 
scenes of "Tippecanoe and Tyler too ;" and as my old friend (silver- 
smith) John Miller was a very acceptable "Campbellite" preacher 
at that time, his services were solicited and thankfully received on 
the occasion, and though he has wandered far from where he stood 
then, I must confess that he did a good strong job — tied a knot 
that has held for more than thirty years, and I have no longer to 
go from home to find a school, a« we have now one of our own that 
requires most of our attention. John Miller claims rank among 
the progressive "Spirits," and Ishall not here call in question what 
he assumes or claims in this respect. 

On the farm now owned by William George, on Rushcreek, old 
man Rodaker settled. He was the first 'Squire in Rushcreek town- 
ship. An incident connected with his official duties is worthy of 
note: About the year 1833, the trustees of the township sued gom« 
man on Taylorcreek on account of some stray animals those men had 
taken up. Suit was brought before Rodaker; Anthony Casad was 
•ngaged as counsel for the defendants. After the evidence pro and 
con had been heard, Casad arose to make a speech. The 'Squire 
t©ld him he would allow no "speechifying" in the case, remark- 


Old Billy Rubart succeeded Rodaker on this farm, un.l luiil* » 
grist mill on Rushcreek, perhaps the first grist mill built in llu^li- 
ereek Township. This Rubart did not find his "afiinity" in hi^ 
first wife, and after raising several children, left her and so-itjht h 
more eongeuiai spirit. 

In reviewing the series of Pioneer Sketches which I hav*; writ- 
ten, I find some errors, and withal, a want of sysleniaiic arraiijjo- 
ment in noting the early settlors of the locality for whicli I uni 
writing. And should the pioneer book be published it is d.^'imbln 
that it should be as correct in its details as our fnciiitiw fur col- 
lecting material will allow. Although born and reired in thei 
woods, I will say with William Hubbard, that I am scarcely old 
enough for a correct reminiscent, especially so far as Login ct^rity 
is concerned, as my location here was fifteen years too late to rrt-ord 
experimentallythe scenes and incidents of olden times. Tru*», I 
could tell something about Logan county forty years r^,,^ when 
Zanesfield and Bellefontaine would almost have envic'^ iiiirpcr, r-h 
she is now, for her magnificence and grandeur; w'jp,, j^b (jar- 
wood kept the tavern stand in Zanesfield, where S ^ y. Lous now 
owns. It was there we stayed all night, in the ^ j^n ^f |^;^i^ n^, my 
father with his family moved from Clinton c j|,,itv Ohi<>, to my 
present home on Rushcreek. I could speak • jomothing of th<' g»'n- 
teel and aristocratic Lansing Curtis, who k ^^ ^ storo in " I J 

then. I could tell how this dignified per- jona^eaccomi. 'Y 

father, and other new comers, by loani' ^„ them mono y ui iIk -t>»d- 
erate and charitable rate of twenty-fi^ ,^ ° p^pi^. inton-st. 1 '^tuld 
tell about hump-shouldered Charles ^rny, who clerked in the ^tnre 
of Curtis; some said he was lazy, j^^j^ j rather liked him, nn ' •• "' 
not hand down to posterity so j^jqq^ an impn'<^sion. Ia'I >■ 
gest to those who may still rf ^f^icmber his sleepy mannor ol >;. ilui;; 
around, that perhaps after ^^j ^.^le was only born tired." J •■>'»»l«i 
tell of Dr. Crew. He wr ^ ^^^^^ ^j^p„^ an(j ^i^o Dr. Marnion; «nd 
with the old doctors of ]3ellefon1aine, Brown, Lord and H-rti-v 
whom to the old se^ jj^^^ whenever the names of th««» j 
physicians are me ^'^ioned, there ari?es in the h<';.rt • ■•' 

Yeneration and r ^.^tnnfte^ for tiielr vigilance and faitli: ra- 

tions when di? ^^ ^^^^ suff'ering fell within the forest hom--. .Vnd 
While those ^ ^ho knew them not then, may pa^-^ thorn by to^Uy 
with seeaii ^ indifference, as though the world was no »>eiur olT 

-as 27 


by them having lived, we cau never, never be so inconsiderate. 
They have reared a menu inent of affection and gratitude in th» 
hearts of those who shared with theua the toils and privations 
of pioneer life that will outlive the wastes of time and the ravaging 
scenes of death. 

I could tell of Ool, Mart. Marmon, as he was mounted on his 
noble charger, in full uniform, as he, with stentorian voice, gave 
command at general nmster at Zanesfield or Bellefontaine, on the 
third Friday of September. I could tell of old Billy Henry, whe 
was riding around among the citizens, listing their personal prop- 
erty for taxation, when the uniform price of horses was forty dol- 
lars per head and colts thrown in, and cows eight dollars per head. 
I could tell when the roads on the east and west of Mad River, 
leading n^rth were only narrow cart ways, walled in on either 
side by mighty forest trees for many miles. I could tell when the 
head of Mad Rivernear the Jerusalem pike was a lake, when "dug- 
outs" were rowed over it, but now its bed is cultivated by Mr. Eas- 
ton. 1 can well remember seeing Jack Parkinson, who first settled 
on the farm where Simon Kenton was buried. And also Jim 
Parkinson, who first settled on the Sabert Wren farm. Old Jamie 
Watkins lived on the Lloyd farm. Henry and William Watkins, 
his sons, and Harriet, his daughter, were well known then. Old 
Billy McGee with his young folks, Joab, Sally and Jane all come 
up in memory as but of yesterday. Old Ralph Low, and that 
oddity of a Sam Surls, is s^ill fresh in memory. Also Joe Collins, 
Sam and Jonathan Pettit, with George Parker — four rather adven- 
turous spirits, who were permitted to occupy the old county jail 
for a period of ten days, in consequence of having disturbed the 
slumbers of old Stephen Leas ai an unseasonable hour. There 
was Brice Collins, also, who once built a house on Rushcreek 
Lake, but was so haunted by the "cbills," despite the whisky 
he sold, he abandoned the enterprise in disgust. 

On the farm of Jacob Rudy, we find Nieodemus Bousman, 1826 ; 
on the farm of Oliver Cor win we tind my grandfather, John Rob- 
erts, 1830 ; also a little later we find James Logan, 1832. Old Joel 
Thomas, father to Joel Thomas of Rushcreek Township, was the 
first settler on grandfather Roberts' land in 1824. Enoch Lunda 
was there about the same time. Wn^. McAmis settled in this 
neighborhood on the McAmis farm in 1830. On the farm of Jacob 
Arbegast, old John McClure settled, about 1824. His son Jacob 



was on the Grimes farm. Old John Wilson first spttlod on th« 
Jasinsky farm about 1824; Thomas Dickinson eettlt-d th(. Dickin- 
son farm inl880 and 1831; Benjamin Butler, the Niept-r farm ii 
1832; Robert Dickinson, the Wm. Wren farm in ]8;«; J(m-ph 
Tenry first settled the Brockerman farm where Isaiah ti.rwin now 
lives, in 1832; Teury was succeeded by McNeal. Robert WIIhob 
settled on what was once Downin^sville, and kept a .Mniall Htor« 
there, perhaps the first store in Rushcreek Township, inlRTJor 
1833; Wm. Roberts and Andrew Roberts first settled WilM.n Mo- 
Adams' old farm in 1830. The old Pugh farm was settlnl by .loha 
Prater, 1824; the Johnson Ansley farm by Wm. Smith, Ih-JA; th« 
George Ansley farm by Mr. Keneda, about 1Ki:9 or ls;{0; Ww funo 
of Martin McAdams by Conrad Collins, 182H. This man :.!•«.. Hrsl 
settled on the farm of Mr. Barber, 1832. The farm wher« 
David Pugh now lives, was settled by the Baldwins in 1H82; th« 
Johnson fari.'. was settled by Jacob Johnson, in 1S32; thp farm of 
Peter Kautz man by Nelson Tyler, in 182S; the farm of .Mnttnrw 
Hale by Wm. Riley, in 1828; the farm of Nathan H'Mk.t by 
Abraham Deardorflf, in 1828 ; the farm of Clark Williams by Sitn- 
uel Ruth, in 1825; the farm of Martha Bronson by Henjainla 
Green, in 1823. Walnut Grove was first occupi<*d by WiliiHm 
Trent, in 1836. He did not succeed in finding his "affinity" whe« 
he married his wife, but lived with her near twenty ; " 'T* 

he met the congenial spirit. Elijah and Jesse Kawc« •<• 

Millcreek about the year 1833 or 1834. Andrew Roberts ^^I'tii.-*! oa 
the farm of W. W. Sutton, about 1838. Old Natty Monrof nvUled 
on the Monroe farm about 1834. Old Sterling Heathcock. the flrtt 
eolored resident in Rushcreek Township, settled on what i"- know* 
SM the Sterling farm, in 1833. 


My memory wanders back over the path ot life fifty years ago, 
and finds me a small boy, located near Mount Tabor, Champaign 
County, Ohio. 

Memory — that inestimable faculty of the mind, without which, 
all the past would be a blank— with what tenacity it prosorv&sand 
how vividly it retains the impressions of by-gone years! How we 
love to linger among scenes of our childhood ! How enchanting 
the view ! In memory we live our life over again. Oh ! peaceful, 
happy days, with what reluctance we leave you! But time, the 
inexorable tyrant, compels us to leave you. We drop a tear of 
■orrow and so bid you good bye. 

I see I am wandering from my purpose, for I propose to give 
a sketch of pioneer life, scenes and incidents fifty years ago. Let 
us ascend some prominent point where we can have a command- 
ing view of the surrounding country. Having gained our posi- 
tion, what do we see? Away in th3 dista«ce it appears to be an 
unbroken forest, as far as the eye can reach. The lofty tops of the 
majestic trees, with their rich foliage seem to blend together form- 
ing a vast sea of the purest green. Taking a nearer view, we see 
the landscape more diversified. Here is hill and dale, and be- 
neath our feet runs the fiir-famed Mad river and Macacheek. 
Along the banks of these streams are spread out in quiei beauty 
those prairies with their carpets of green, bespangled with a pro- 
fusion of the richest flowers; and as if to beautify the landscape, 
you see small groves of timber closely clustered together in the 
midst of these beautiful prairies, inviting to their peaceful and 
cooling shade the nimble and graceful wild deer that has been 
•ropping the luxuriant grass along the banks of those limpid 


streams th^t slacked their thirst. How lovely theBcene! How 
inviting the clime ! No wonder that as soon as this country wan 
known, the hardy sons of toil of the older States tiocked hy ^icres 
to these rich valleys, for they are all they were ever represented 
to be. 

In this early day the streams were alive with fish, and it is said 
that nearly every hollow tree was filkd with bees, |,'atheriiit; their 
rich store from the abundance of flowers that grew with such lux- 
uriance all over the country. The forests were alive with the 
deer, the turkey, the pheasant, the quail and the siiuirrd— nil fur- 
nishing; the most abundant and richest meat for the table uf the 
hardy pioneer. 

Nor is this all. We call the attention of the hordculturi-it !• 
dame nature's garden. See with what munificence slie supplia 
all the wants of her creatures, even in the wilderne**. The pio- 
neer gathers in a supply of the richest of fruit.s— tlu" grape iMiwer 
extends over hid and dale for miles around— 1 might say all over 
Ohio, and plums of every hue from the w hite traupparent to the 
orange and the red, with a variety of flavor that would 
satisfy the taste of the most fastidious epicure. What hhall I 
more say ? Time would fail me to speak of blackberries, straw Iht- 
ries and cranberries that were abundant in the north-ea.xt of lx»gan 
County. Those unacquainted with the primitive htate of thing* 
in this country may think I am romancing, but the old i)ion«H'ni 
know that I have not exaggerated. 

But now listen I We hear the sound of the woodmanV a.x, and 
anon the crash of the sturdy oak that has defied the .stornw of 
ages. Again we hear the bark of the .sturdy mastiff or the roar of 
the hound as he is in hot pursuit of his favorite pime. the f.)X. 
And here and there we see the smoke of the log cabin as it a-<-.-n<U 
in graceful folds from the humble dwelling (»f the l-ackuoMl,.- 


But I now leave this rude and imperfect sketch of natural 
scenery as it presented itself to the spectator in the early day. and 
attempt to give you some incidents in the life and niMuner of the 

first settlers. * 

Imi-btspeakof theflax-pullings, young g.'nt^ and In- 

dies side by side, taking the flax by the top, pull it up by the 

roots, thus working all day in the hot sun, pulling am-, of flai 

and setting it in bunches; the log rollings, ami the dan- • • T ' 


which all took muscle; and that they had, for it was their entire 

I now introduce to you one of those pioneer young ladies. She 
lived near Mount Tabor, about fifty years ago. She was about 
•ighteen years old. Her name was Polly Latly. Though but a 
■mall boy, I reaiember her personal appearance. She was about 
the medium size, dark hair, black eyes that sparkled like dia- 
monds, with a figure that a sculptor would be glad to take for a 
model. AVith all these personal graces, united with a lovely dis- 
position, and with an intellect of the highest order, and with some 
degree of culture, it is to be expected that she would be a subject of 
admiration by the young gentlemen, and of envy by some of the 
young ladies. Withal, Polly was smart at anything she undertook 
to do. Spinning flax was one of the common employments of that 
day. Polly had said she had spun a certain amount in a day, (I 
forget now exactly how much). It was disputed, numbers saying 
they could spinas much in a day as she could, and they, though 
they did not like to dispute her word could not spin that amount. 
Polly did not like to be charged witn misrepresenting, and quite a 
feeling was aroused in the neighborhood. A proposition was made 
to test the matter. A number of young ladies entered the list as 
competitors. I do not know what the prize was, but I am informed 
that James Wall, then a young man, but now deceased, told her 
that if she would spin the amount she claimed she could he would 
get her the best dress in Champaign county. The day arrived for 
the trial. It wa.s at Colonel David Kelley's house, or rather his 
barn, where the spinning was done. Mrs. Archibald Hopkins was 
to reel the thread. She reeled for Polly that day forty-eight cuts^ 
■pinning several cuts more than she had agreed to spin. I would 
here say that she held her flax in her hand, and not on a distaff, 
aa was the general custom. 

.It is natural for us to desire to know the end of so brilliant a be- 
ginning in life. As was to be expected, soon after this she married 
and "done well." She emigrated with her husband to some dis- 
tant portion of the country, but I am not able to ascertain where ; 
and so far as I know, she is still living. And if this sketch of pio- 
neer life meet her view, I hope she will excuse the liberty I have 
taken with her name in connection with these reminiscences of my 

For the above facts, lam mainly indebted io John Thompson, 
Miss Ann Cowgill, and Mrs. Randall — the daughter of Col. Kelley. 



Messrs, Editors:— Little did I expect, after bf^in? ftiH»«nt 
Irom your county for the term of thirty-two year?, that wh'ii I 
returned here on a visit 1 should be induced to make my -.iitpt-ur- 
ancein your columns; but in looking overyourissueoftheTth init. 
the other evening, and discovering a quotation from the reminia- 
eences of Mr. Joshua Antrim, published from the nel/e/onfainf 
Fress, I am impressed that I would not be doing respect to Mr. 
Antrim, to the many readers of your valuable paper, to I'uIly'B 
many friends and acquaintances, and to her "acred memory, if I 
did not continue the narrative some further an<l n-movf \h>- j\><>n\ 
■ubmerged in it. 

It is correct ad far as it goes. Then let me say that 1 am the 
man with whom the pioneer Polly Latty twined in the year IhiK, 
in whose embraces we lived forty-three and one-half >fHM. Ou 
November 30th, 1869, she left these mundane .shores for man/ioou 
not made with hands, eternal in the skies (as wo verily b-li.'ve.) 
While encircled in Hymen's chains she lived a proinmont ninn- 
ber of society, a good partner, a kind mother, and benevulent .i^ter. 
She rejoiced when she was dying that she was piussing the ijatea 
to endless joys. We left this county in the year IM.'JO, and M 
in Hancock county, Illinois, where she died. She was the mother 
Of nine children and had sixteen grandchildren. Five of ur rhd- 
dren are dead, and four of her grandchildren, one of th. our 
died in the service during the late war. Oneofl'..iiys dHU«h tor. 

lives in Plymouth, 111., one in St. Louis, and tw- ' ""•* "^•^ 

in Cass county, Iowa. All are doing well. 

Your humbleservantsettled in Cha.npaign county iu April. \^^, 
was united with the pioneer Polly Latty .\pnl I^ 1hJ6. 
Td emigrated to western Illinois. Hancock >^ounty. October. 

» From the Urbana Citizen and Gazette. 


1839, and was bereft of my partner (the pioneer girl) on the 30tlii 
of November, 1869, and to-day, Sept. 14, 1871, am in Urbana, and 
have^thls day plucked another angelic bloom from old Cham- 
paign's fair bowery, and who now stands by my side, and wh» 
now promises to sustain, comfort and protect me through the de- 
cline of life. In a few hours we will be wafting our way toward 
the western horizon, toward the setting sun, to or beyond the 
father of waters, to our cozy home. If the second tulip compares 
with the first, will I not hold old Champaign in grateful remem- 
brance ? 

William Darnall. 
Sept. 14, 1871. 



One of the early settlers of Chinnpaiom Cnunty, wiis Hirh(\rd 
Stannp, a Viru:inian, stnd a man of color. When the writt-r firMl 
knew him, he lived on the hill a short distanre north i»f the plur* 
where Mr. SmuI Clnrk now lives, in Saiein Township, nbcmt on« 
mile north of Kings Creek, in sitrlit of that creek iind iU bi'iiiitiful 
valley. A short distance east of the spot where Stanuf) tlu-n lived 
and on the brow of the hill, which inclines to the south, lie buried 
the mouldering remains of a number of hum:m liointr*, white, red 
and black, without a stone to mark the phice of their cHrthly re- 
pose. A few short yenrs and they and the place where their a><lie« 
lie, will pass from the memory of man. 

Richard was a Baptist preacher, known to many of our rltixon* 
of the present day, for he lived to a <rreat ntre, and di«'d n few 
years ago at the age of about one hundn'd and twelve yt-jrs. 
Stanup, although comparatively an illiterate colored man, wa«« in 
the prime of life, and before the comnipncement of hi.H stn-ond 
childhood, one of the ablest preachprs of hiy. time. Ilia coiiipirl- 
sons and iJluRtrationa were mostly drawn from living nature, w* It 
then existed, and could be easily und<'r-ito.«l by tin' IfiirnisJ 
scholar, or the unlettered plow boy. The writer once h^iinl hi la 
preach the funeral of a young colored woman, at th.- u'ruv.'-yird 
before mentioned ; afti-r describing tiic piinishmenl o( tin* wi«-ki«d 
in their place of torment in another world, '-i'-'" "^ ''"- '"»M- 


pinesft of the righteous in heaven, and when he came to describe 
that happy place, he pointed toward the beautiful valley which 
lay before us, then clothed with wild prairie flowers of every 
color and variety that was pleasing to the eye, Irom the "rose of 
Sharon" to the humblest "Jump up Johnny," and said that to us 
here was a pretty sight, but only a faint resemblance of the coun- 
try to be hereafter inherited by the righteous. 

Richard was not only a gooi preacher, but a good hand to dig 
wells. He and Major Anderson did most of the well digging in 
this part of the county, (Salem,) in old times. Between forty and 
fifty years ago Stanup was employed by John McAdams, Esq., to 
dig a well on his farm. McAdams then lived upon a farm which 
is now owned by M. Allison Wright, and is situated about one 
mile south of Kennard, and on the Atlantic and Great Western 
Railroad. The digging was begun about the 1st of September, 
and at the depth of about sixty feet the old man "struck water," 
and immediately informed those above ot the good news. As was 
the custom on such occasions, a bottle was filled with whisky, 
corked with a corn cob, and placed in a "piggin," which was let 
down to the bottom of the well in a large tub, which was used to 
draw up the sand and gravel. At the moment the tub and its 
contents reached the bottom of the well, it began to cave in, and 
instantly covered the tub, bottle and piggin. Stanup seized hold 
of the rope and climbed slowly until he had ascended something 
more than half way to the top of the well, when the earth gave 
way and the unfortunate man was covered up with dirt, sand and 
coarse gravel, at least twenty feet below the surface. All the men 
and women who were present and able to work, went at it to re- 
move the earth as soon a.s possible, and the younger portion of the 
family were sent in haste to alarm the neighbors. It was lat« in 
the evening when the body of Richard was reached, and all sup- 
posed that life was extinct. The rubbish having been removed 
fronn the upper part of his body, Mrs. McAdams cut a few yards 
•f linen from a web she had in her loom, which was placed 
around his body, below the arms; to this was fastened the well 
rope, and the body was drawn up by the men at the windless. 

On reaching the surface all supposed that life had fled ; not the 
•lightest symptoms of breath or pulse could be detected ; yet as 
there was some warmth about the body, every known remedy wag 


applied, and after a long time there began to be signH of life ; 
breathing could be perceived for a few moments and th»>n (va-^Hl, 
when all present said in a loud voice, "Richard is dead !" ThiK 
appeared to rouse him up; he a^ain rallied, and with a voice au- 
dible to all he exclaimed, "I is worth two dead nititjers yet !" 

The "hidden treasure" consists of a mattock, shovel, lar^t* tub, 
piggin and bottle of whisky, at the bottom of the w»'ll, when? 
they now are, untouched by human hands, and the whi-ky uii- 
tasted by mortal lips. 

Now, as the question as to the relative merits of old and now 
whisky in still unsettled, I propose that some gentleman tt*t the 
matter by unearthing the whisky I have here described, and all 1 
shall ask for giving account of its whereabouts, will i)e thettnjl 
•wallow from the old bottle, after the cob shall be removed. 



On the 7th of September last,* you published an extract from a 
communication furnished the Bellefontaine Press by Mr. Joshua 
Antrim, in which he gave a short account of a day's spinning bj 
Polly Latty, many years ago. On the 14th of the same month, 
Gen. Wm, Darnall, who "twined" with the said Polly in 1826, 
furnished a communication for the Citizen, for the purpose, as 
he said, of removing the "gloom submerged" in the narrative of 
Mr. Antrim. But as the General has not given a full account of 
the transaction referred to, the matter is still "submerged in gloom," 
so far as a large majority of your readers are informed. But w© 
must excuse him for his negligence, as his time and attention were 
wholly given to that "angelic bloom" which he had just "plucked 
from old Champaign's fair bowery." May their union be a pros- 
perous and happy one, is the wish of their friend. 

I will now endeavor to give a true account, in detail, of the whole 
transaction, so far as my memory will permit, for I was well ao- 
quainted with all the parties concerned, and with the details of the 
circumstances at the time they transpired. It is well known thai 
in the early days of the settlement of the country, each family that 
Was blessed with women, old or young, married or «!ingle, possessed 
also at least one weaver's loom and one small spinning-wheel tor 
each woman, or girl in the family. These "little wheels" were 
used for spinning flax and tow, and in very early limes for spinning 

*From the Urbana Citizen and Gazette. 


cotton, which was carded with hand cards after the noaU were 
picked out by the little boys and fjirls, and of that thin^j of pick- 
ing cotton the youngsters sometimes got very tired, as I well 
know by experience. How happy they were when the cotton gin 
was invented ! Each family was also provided with at leiwt one 
*'big wheel." On this they spun the wool, which was alsri i-anknl 
by hand until carding-machines were invented. They had reeh 
on which to wind the thread, or yarn, after it was spun. Themi 
reels were about three feet in diameter, and had an instruiuent 
made of wood, and attached to the front part of the ret*I, which 
resembled the minute hand of a clocl . This hand would i;ot)nce 
around while the reel turned one hundred and twenty time?*, and 
every time the hand went round, the reel would "crack." wliich 
was evidence that there was a "cut," or one liumlred anti twi'uty 
threads upon the reel. A dozen cuts per day was considenHl a 
woman's task; if she spun more she was entitled to additional 
pay. The common wages paid to a good spinner wa.s fifty i*entH 
per week. If she .-^pun less than twelve cuts per day, she* wan 
"docked" in proportion to the number of cuts less than a dozi-n. 
The young men in those days of "old fogyism," whm tht>y deter- 
mined to select a partner to accompany thera thron«rli tin* jnurnfy 
of life, would, in the first place, ascertain whether or n<.t his ImwI 
beloved could or would spin her dozen of flax threa<l jx-r day, turn a 
pancake unbroken, without touchiner it, and land it in the pan un- 
Boiled, mend her husband's buck-skin hunting ovcr-^rarnients, and 
knit her own and the baby's woolen .stockings. If she poss.h,s€kI 
all these necessary qualifications, she seldom fail.'d tolKM-,mioa 
happy bride and an honored and respected wife. Such bcioir th« 
Btate of afl'airs, it is but reasonable to suppose that there was to a 
certain extent, a rivalry and a laudable desire on tho mind ol 
each young woman (the vulgar name of fmh/ was not th.-n aJ>- 
plied to them) to out-do all others, not so mu.-h in I.H.ks. fino 
costly dress and painted cheeks, but in useful industry ir-norHl 
good management, and behavior. The most popular qnahllnition 
of a young woman was that of a good spinnor. cons.H|u..ntly all 
endeavored to excel in that busine.s.s, and spinning parties Immhiu. 

the order of the day. „, „n .-.rU 

Polly Latty was the daughter of Hobrrt Latty, who at an .^ ly 

day settled upon a farm in Salem township. CluunpM.jrn c,>unty^ 

Which farm he afterwards sold to Joshua Hulfington. who now r^ 


sides at West Liberty, Logan county, having sold the farm to the 
Stewart brothers, who are sons of Archibald Stewart, deceased. 
Polly was a fine specimen of 9 pioneer Buckeye girl, of rather more 
than medium stature, well formed, healthy and handsome. Sh* 
was not ashamed nor afraid of work; as a spinner she never was 
excelled ; at a flax pulling frolic, or a house warming, she had but 
few equals. Once upon a time, I believe it was in 1824 or 1826, 
but I am not certain as to the precise time, Polly had concluded 
to do the greatest day's work that had ever been performed by a 
single person. A time and place had been selected for the pur- 
pose — a log barn in the neighborhood was to be the place, and the 
time from sunrise to sunset on a certain day. At early dawn on 
the day appointed, the pioneer girl and her mother, with a goodly 
number of the neighbors, were assembled at the appointed place, 
and everything having been duly arranged, the first whirr of tho 
spinning-wheel was heard the moment the sun made his appear- 
ance in the e -tern horizon, and it ceased not for a minute until 
the sun had iiisappeared behind the distant hills that border the 
beautiful valley of Mad river. The mother and another woman 
waited upon Polly during the day of her trial and hard work, and 
supplied her with victuals and drink, that she might not be hin- 
dered on that account. One of them also reeled the thread as fast 
as the spools were filled. Noon arrived; it was "high twelve;" 
half the day was gone, but half the promised work was not yet 
done. Polly must hurry up or surrender the laurels to another. 
Her attendants now inclosed that part of the barn where she sat, 
by hanging around her a number of sheets, blankets and quilts, 
at a proper distance, so as to form a kind of private room in which 
they should not be exposed to the view of vulgar outsiders nor 
interrupted and hindered by their annoyance. As evening ap- 
proached, fears were entertained by the girl and her mother that 
the task would not be accomplished before sunset; she therefore 
put forth all her energy, determined to do the utmost in her 
power. The wheel now hummed and whirled faster than at any 
time before, and that no expedient should go untried in this crit- 
al moment, like Burn's Nannie, in times of old, 

"She coosed her duddys to the wark, 

And linket at it in her sark." 

It is said that time, patience and perseverance will accomplish 
all things. It was so in this case. As the last rays of the setting 


nun were glimmering over the western horizon, and shone faintly 
upon theround logs of that now extinct barn, the last "cruclc" o( 
the reel was heard to announce the completion of tlu- forty-eigUtk 
"cut" and the fourth dozen. 

The pioneer girl was victorious, and that triumph sha|)ed her 
destiny in after life. Soon after the spinning was done, an account 
of the great feat was published in a newspaper, giving the nam* 
and place of residence of the spinner. Gen. Wm. iMniall, who 
had never before heard the name of Polly Latty, on rejiding th« 
story, at the place where he was keeping school, at sojue «li-t;inc» 
from here, immediately formed a determination to s<h'. b«'<'<»rn» 
acquainted with, and, if possible, to enter into a life r)Mrtner<hl^ 
with the best spinner of the time. All this he finally accompli-^hed, 
although in his case, as in nearly all others, the current of lru« 
love did not alwajs run smooth, for Polly iiad other admirer*; but 
wisely selected the one of her choice. She had several brothort 
and sisters. I know of but one living, her sister Sarah, whi> mar- 
ried Benoni Barnes, and lives near Addison, in tlii- munty. 
There may be others, but I know of none. 

Gen. Wm. Darnall, at the time he became acquainted witli Mim 
Latty, was, like the writer, a "school-master," and .Judge Vance, 
of our Probate Court, was one of his scholars. Soon after the pat- 
sage of the first school laws by the Ohio Legislature, in lH2r>, John- 
athan E. Chaplin, Wm. Darnall and myself were appMutetl the 
first school examiners in. Champaign 'County. .Mr. Chaplin wa« 
an attorney-at-law, but afterwards abandoned the jiractloe ol law 
and became a Methodist preacher. He passed from time to eter- 
nity many years ago. 

Now reader, vou have, as I believe, a true history of "Pioneer 
Polly," given in part by Mr. Antrim, in part by her husband, 
and in part by your humble servant. Hore is an In^tHncv I. 
which a young woman, before unknown to fortune and to fame, 
by her personal labor and great industry, in a single day laid the 
foundation of a long, prosperous and happy life. Pernul n^l. 
say to the present generation of girls, -(Jo thou and do likewise. 


BY B. S. BROWN, M. D. 

Havinpf been requested to contribute something- in re^^rd to the 
Pioneer Physicians of Logan county, I have thought that it might 
not be uninteresting to the physicians of the county at the present 
time, and to others, to be told of the very great difference between 
the practice of the profession now, and what it was thirty to fifty 
years ago, especially in regard to the arduous wor^ and fatigue nec- 
essarily involved then, and now. Now, since the county has be- 
come thickly Fettled, there are generally from two to five or six 
doctors in each of the dozen or more towns and villages through- 
out the county; consequently, thecircuit'of their practice is mostly 
restricted to a few miles, or they encroach upon the circuit of the 
adjacent village; which is sometimes necessary and very proper 
for the purpose of cousultation, &c. 

But in visiting their patients of late years, how do the doctors 
travel? They are mounted in an elegant spring buggy, mostly 
with a fas*^^ horse attached, whether their trip is a few miles in the 
country or but around the suburbs of the town. And besides, if 
they have to drive in the country, it is generally upon smooth, ex- 
cellent turnpike roads, making it seem more like a ride for pleas- 
ure than hard work. This is all in very pleasant contrast with 
what the practice of medicine in this county was thirty or fifty 
years ago; then the physicians of the county were "few and far be- 
tween," and some of the earliest practitioners had to ride to all parts 
ofthe county and frequently into the adjoining counties around. 


For several yecars after there was quite a consMerable «>ettloniont 
along the Miami river ; Cherokee and R;j=ihpreek in the n..ri!.,.r„ 
part ofthecounty. There were no physicians located north o : 
fontaine within fifty or a hundred miles, and a conslderabh' |. ku ..i 
of the practice of the physicians of Zanesfit-ld and was 
in that direction, particularly in the pettlomcnts •iloii- • ■is 

above mentioned, and often extenJin-,' into Hardin a:. . . I- 

joining counties. 

In the county spoken of, during- the early settlement of it, 1 
think there was much more sickness— in proportion tothHumn' «t 
of inhabitants— than there has been for several ye.irs prt'v 
this time; for in addition to ^^ milk-sickness'^ which prevail. . . ^ .i 
fearful extent in several localities of that region, before the cattle 
were grazed on tame pastures, they h id sever.jl e|)idemics of typhoid 
fever, wliich was very tedious and difRcuh to mamiL'eand (ifi.-u 
proved fatal, after the most careful medical and niirsin ri. 

Besides, malarial fevers, such as ague, and bilious ffvii ro 

prevalent in the early settlement of the country, llutn sin*-.' the 
land has been largely cleared and cultivated. As I have- ■ I '• .to 
a largo portion of the pra','tice of the doctors here, wn- d 

years, amongst the diseases I have mentioned, and in ' <\, 

at the distance of from six to twc: ve, uit to twcty or • •<. 

But how did we get there? Certainly not by ' i«» 

buggy over smooth and pleasant roads; but on i. '« 

the worst kind of roads, or no roads at all, for it was it 

we had to be guided along a foot path, or trail, Ihrou k 

woods for miles together, and sometimes, to muk*- '/ 

from one road to another, throud^h the woods wh<-n' t lo 

path at all. There were some wajron roads in difr-n-r n 

which had been cut out through the wooils ; but at - ma 

of the year, they were much worse to ride on horse-b,i<-;. '«i 

the pathways, or trails through the woods, owing to tl. • ' I 

and ruts in many places al on l: them. I have, however, h.., . >)y 
heard it remarked in the spring of the year, that thef. w..- only 
one mud hole between here and Cheroke.', Il;chliind, i: 'I, 

or any other town in that direction, but that on., .-x '•«» 

whole distance. It was not uncommon in the winl.T iin I rarly 
sprin-, for these mud roads after they h i.l been iramp • I up vrry 
roughly like brick clay, to be-'oiucso froz-n and n.u^d. that it .vt^ 


very difficult for a horse to pass over them faster than a walk. And 
sometimes in places where the BQud was very deep, it whs not 
frozen quite strong enough to bear up the weight of the horse and 
his rider, and he would break through, nearly or quite knee deep. 
These are some of the troubles and ditiieulties the practitioners of 
those times had to encounter, both by day and by night, and I used 
to verily believe that these long trips had to be more often in the 
night than in the day time; w!iich was accounted for in this way: 
A person, man, woman or child would be taken sick — not very bad 
— but after using some home remedies for a few days, the patient 
was no better, and but little if any worse. The neighbors woul'l call 
in at night, to see the sick one, (for they were more sociable, and 
friendly in that way, then than now ;) and upon consultation among 
themselves, would a<ivise thut the doctor be sent for forthwith. 
Then, perhaps, some j'oung man present would volunteer to go, if 
•ome other one would go with iiim ; and, if the roads were not as 
bad as described above, the two would mount and gallop the whole 
way, even if the distance was ten or twelve miles, arriving her© 
perhaps about midnight. No excuse or proposal to go in the 
morning would avail, but tbe doctor must immediately saddle up, 
and go with the messengers, as they came, at)d it might be, to find 
the |>atient no more in need of medication, than he had been' for 
days previous, when the doctor might have been called in the day 

As an illustration of the greater social friendship existing in re- 
gard to seeing after, ami assisting sick neighbors, I recollect of 
being sent for, and going to see a sick man in the night, about ten 
or twelve miles from here, arriving near midnight. The house in 
which I found the patient was a small log cal>in, perhaps about 
sixteen by twenty feet, having but one r«om, with a large chim- 
ney fire-place at the end, and the beds, &c., at the other. It was 
rather cold weather. When we got about a half a mile from th© 
place, we could see a very larj>e fire in the direction, that it might 
almost make us think the house was burning up, till we got near 
enough to see what it was. It was a large "log hi>ap" on fire in 
the yard, a few rods in front of the door, built and tired by the 
visiting neighbors, who were collected and warming themselves 
around it, because there was not room in the house to seat and ac- 
commodate half of them, without too much disturbing the quiet 

LOGAN CK)UNTira^. 411 

of the patients. Sonn- of th^sft kind nei{,'lil>(>r>, hoili men aiui 
women, lived miles away ; for the whole neiirhlx.rhood eunsidiTwl 
it a duty to -'visit the sick," and some of them of curse would n- 
inain all ni<?ht to assist in wailing on aiul nursini,' the sick. 

When a child was to be born in those times, and the d<M-tor wua 
sent for, either l)y night or day, (and incases of this kind it was mit 
uncommon that he had to ride eight to twelve miler.,) when lie 
would arrive, he would generally frnd all tlie married u..ujcii 
of the neighborhood had got there before him, rrt'«|Ufiitly num. 
baring from half a dozen to ten or more ; for it \\a> <on-idi'i.'d an 
insult to a woman, if within a few miles, nt)t t(» in- mmiI tor mm hii 
occasion of this kind. As soon as the child was* Uini and 
cared for, then commenced the preparation foi tin- feast, and the 
innocent chickens on the roost had ae much cause to be horritiecl. 
as it was said in old times they were on the arrival of the ejreult 
l)reacher at his usual stopping place. 

And ii, a short time, no matter what was the hour of day or 
night, the table was spread and loaded witli substantiuls and lux- 
uries sufficient for the appetite of the most intense g<»urmiind. In 
tiiose days it was considered necessary, on such neca'^ions, even l»y 
temperance families, to have a quart or twuof spirituou-« liqu«»r for 
the benefit of the mother, and that she must take pretty fre<'ly of 
hot, sweetened punch, as a medicine to prevent her fntni tHkini; 
coM : and if the drink was passed around, as it usually mhs, it wiu- 
not considered a breach of the rules of temperance "to tnke a lit- 
tle." It was a custom in tiiose times, in almost ev«'ry neijrldnir- 
hood remote from a physician, that some man, generally u fi»rn»er 
or mechanic, would possess himself of a set of tooth-drawers ami 
lancet for bleeding, and he was resorted to by the i>eoplo urounti 
him to pull their teeth, and bleed them, whenever they thnUkchI 
they needed such operations, the latter ol w bieh was very fn- 
quent. In fact, the habit ore iistom of being bled beejo ■ v- 

alent, that many persons, generally women, both n ••! 

single, got to think it neces.sary to be bled,. -iek or wi-li. at i.iwl 
once every year, and generally in the spring. Thi- opei .li... nmi- 
generally performed by the adepts spoken o\ I . '•. 

rtwa.s not uncommon, when a person was llrst takeo -.. .. no, to send '.n- the bleeder, who w.uiUI per- 
form the operation, and perhaps give a dose of salts, or M.n.e ..ih«r 
mildphysic, which, if Hiey did not relieve the |«.tient. .i whu 


thought to be time to send for the Doctor. This custom was so 
prevalent, that it was not uncommon for someof these men to ob- 
tain the reputaion of being first-rate half -doctors . 

In addition to the country spoken of as being within the bounds 
of tie Doctors of Bellefontaine, they were sometimes called upon 
to visit patients of tlie Indians, wiio at that time lived on their 
Lewistown Reservation, which was twelve miles square, and in- 
cluded the {)resent town of that name and the country around it. 
I think the Indians there were partly of two tribes, the Senecas 
and Shawnees. Jud^e James McPherson was U. S. Agent for the 
Indians on the Resnrvation, but lived on and owned a large body 
of land about half way from the Reservation. A part of said land 
is now known and occupied as the Infiriniry farm. At one time 
the Judge called on me to visit a side Indian woman, the married 
daughter of one of the chiefs of the tribe. Siie lived with her 
husband in the country, about a mile in an easterly direction from 
Lewistown. Their dwelling was a neit log cabin, witli a narrow 
porch on tiie front side, floored with punciieons, open at both ends. 
The Judge accompanied me to the place to act as interpreter, for 
but few of them could speak much Eiiglisi\. After examining 
the patient, I. told them I could do nothing for her, except perhaps 
to somewhat ease her suffering during the short time she could 
live. She was very low, in the last stage of consun^ption. They 
however requested me to come and see her every few days, which 
I did a few times, till one afternoon I found her dead, and laid out 
on a blanket spread on the floor of the porch. The corpse was 
splendidly dressed in Indian style, including a robe of tine broad- 
cloth, an elegant shawl about the head and shoulders, and the 
nicest kind of beaded moccasins on her feet, and other things to 
match. On the floor, near enough to her right hand to reach, if 
she could have used it, was a large wooden bowl fllled with what 
appeared to be fried fritters, and by its side was an earthen bowl 
fiUea with sugar. I was anxious to see the funeral, and soon after 
eigiit or ten Indians returned from the woods with the coffin, 
wljere they had been to make it. It was composed of four slabs 
of green timber, neatly hewed, about three inches thick, and a lit- 
tle larger than the body ; tiiese were not fastened together, but 
were for the bottom, top and sides. Two short pieces of the same 
material and thickness for the ends completed the coffin. The 
grave was not yet dug, but it was soon done, as it was only about 


two feet deep, and it was in the yard, only a few rods frorn the 
door, but near several other graves, as it appe-ired to h.- :i (•(xnriiuD 
burying-ground. After the digging was done oneofth.'sli.hs waa 
placed in the bottonn, and one set up on edge on each si<le, ;itid th* 
short pieces at the ends kept these in place The grave was now 
ready for the corpse. Four men now lifted it, one ii<»l.ling to each 
corner of the blanket, carried, and in this way, letil down int«) th« 
grave. A portly looking oM chief, or priest, now approached, 
drewa large butcher-knife from its scabbard, which w;is in his 
belt, kneeled down at the head of the grave, and rcaciicd the knife 
down to the head and face of the corpse, and looked as tiii»u;;h he 
were going to cut it to pieces. Not so; he carefully selectKl ynd 
cutoff a nice lock other flowing hair, and then cut a small corner- 
piece from each article of dress with which she was clotin-d, even 
including the beaded moccasins on her feet. TIksc spccitnenH «>f 
relics were carefully wrapped up and suspended froin lii-< h»ll. lie 
then took from his belt a small bundle or hag, opened it, mid 
spread out its contents, which apjieared to be broken up dry leavit 
such as they smoke in their pipes. These he hehi in his op«'n 
hands, standing a lew feet from the open grave and I'iicini: it. Th« 
company pa.^sed in single tile around helueen him and the grave, 
each^one taking a little pinch of the iiried leaves as they p;.N-ed, 
and throwing it in upon 1 he corpse. The thick sliib was ihea 
placed on as the lid olthe cofhu, aud the grave liikd ui-, ei.diug 
the burial certmony. 

414 «HAMPA!«N ANS^) 

f 0d jlianeer; or, t^ort^ Qmrs Sffa. 


Yes, everythins; is j'hanged, John; there's nuthini,' seeine the same. 
And yet it was not long ago, the tim« wlien first .ve eanie; 
But the years have passed so swiftly; my hair is white as siiow. 
And not a white hair when I came — it's fortj' years ago. 

'Twas here I set my stake, John, when all was wild and new ; 
We followed up the Indian trail — ours was th.e lirst teain through. 
Just there our wagon stood that night. We heard the wolfs howl then, 
And tlie first sovind heard, as morning dawned, wan the boom of the prairie 

Then came days of trial and toil, but we weathered them brnTely through, 
For your grandmother had a cheerful heart, and was ever brave and true; 
And your father and Jake were stout lads, then, and Nancy wnd Marj 
and Kate 

Could lend » hand in cabin or field, and we all worked early and late. 

And the Indian seemed half sad, half pleased, a.s our cabin logs were laid; 
For he dreaded the white man's grasping hand, though fond of the white 

man's aid; 
His s-ullenest moods were ever beguiled with the hand of welcome and cheer; 
To his sunniest smiles we trusted not, and the leaded rifle was near. 

Twas there we had the first field of wheat, right over behind the barn; 
And here, vhere the orchard and garden are, that spring we planted corn. 

Twas a cheerful thing to see them grow on the new-turned prairie sod, 
And never a harvest was gath^ired in with more grateful thanks to God. 

We had never a barn nor a threshing floor, and the mill was far to find; 
But we trod the wheat on the prairie turf, and cleaned it in the wind. 
For the saying is true, "there is always a way wherever there's a will," 
And I threaded tlie paths, and forded the streams, between us and the mill. 

But neighbors soon began to come, and as soon as the second year. 
We could count a dozen cabins' smok« from where we are standing here. 
'Twas a pleasant sight on the prairie's rim, and sweet, as evening fell, 
Was tlie souiid of each .settler's lowin.i kine. and faintly tinkling bell. 

LOGAN CX)UNT1K8. 41'. 

And with settlers came the law, John, for law i-< the right of nil 

And nevor a man of Saxon bloaJ that held the law a. thrull. 

I served as well as I knew, John, as juror, squire and judge, 

AndneTerfalsajudgmentHtainedinyname. through f.;nr, furor ..r Krudf* 

I say It not in pride, John, I wanted you to know 

I did my duty as 1 could, so many yi.'Hrs ago. 

And yc'u will be called as I was called. Oetween »he right iiuJ mromn 

And wrong upheld will canker a life, though 'ife h<« never «*.. loa| 

And I've been greatly pro.spared in basket and in store. 

And have seen .«uch things in forty years as were never a en b«for« 

The country— you know it.-i grandeur, its glory and its lame, 

And how forever has been removed the shame that stained il« ii»iii* 

And then the mysteries explored — the wondrous thingn found out; 
I do not understand them, John, and yet 1 cannot doubt- 
Two months wns tlie time from Europe, and full two week.« from buni«. 
And now we hear in asingle day from London or fmm Koine. 

And the huge and mighty eUiJ-iniis, with their long and fir^-drawn tr«iB» 
They are running forever, a thousaniway.", o'eruiountftini»nd o'or (.l»l« • 
Such things had never been seen, John, the day that I cHme her.< 
And I always see them onward ruali with a sense of awe and (ei»r 
And the sun— the mighty paintsr—one instant and lisdou^. 
A picture that no human hand can paint you such a one; 
There's nothing done in the old way, but everything i* now 
We neither sow, nor reap, nor thresh, in the way we u»e<l to do 

The old neighbors who came first. John, and settled here b.v m.-. 
Some sold and went, and some have di.; 1-theres only two or lhr«* , 
They may have been rough and rude, John, but always jutl and Irue 
But dear old friends! tbe tear will start whenever I think -f y«u 
And her- the soundest friend of all-the dearest and th« b...i- 
Notlong ago I laid away in everlasting rest; 
You lay me by her side, John-thp time will noi b- lo.R- 
Where the oak tree casts its shadows, :»i.d the roh.i. >-. - h,» .....k 

The old place will be yours, John, the re^t have n 
I meant it for youi father, who died in Freedom ^ w .r^ 
'Twas my home in early manhood, 'tis -ny home m.w . 
The deed was signed by Jack.on-Td like not to have it . .M 
Tes, evervthingis changed, John, there's nothing sc..m. tb- ..."• 
i.nd yet it was not long ago -the time when flr.1 wj. cnmr 

But the years have passed so iwiftly -my h - ' 

And not a white hair when I came-it's for 

hair is whit^ 
.)rty ye»r« sc 



It was in Novpmbor, 1820 or 1821, e.irly on a frosty morninp:, my 
father and I stirted to "Enoch's Mills." I was then about eitJ^hk 
years of -lye. Our way was through liie woods, barrens and prai- 
ries. P*^rliap,s there wa;* not tl)eii one half ntiileof lane on the common 
traveled pathway to the mills. There wrre then tidckets of hazle 
and pliin), wlr-re now ?:taiid trees larire enough to make eight com- 
mon rails, or to hew for huiiding [)urposes. At that time I fre- 
quf^ntly saw from two to nine or ten deers, at full run one after an- 
othpr, go cJpar over the top of tlio^e thickets every leap. As I have 
said the land was mostly in a «t;ite of nature. A small log cabin 
meeting-house stood at Mt. T ilior, and a few graves were there 
enclosed with a rail f(-nce, A canip meeting had been annually 
held hpre, and many tents were s^tandiiiy: in the grove. The land 
composing John Enoch's bpantiful farm was then nearly all unim- 
proved, and partly covered by a dense thicket of hazel, plum and 
thorn, and the praiiie overgrown with wild grass. 

Wiien we arrived at the IMills, a considerable number of persons 
were there before us, so that we must remain till near evening be- 
fore our turn wcjuld come for our iirindin": to be done. Some had 
traveled iwenty miles or mtire to yet grinding done, from Darby 
Plains, from north of Rellefonlaine, and other i)oint8. Among 
others the late Jiidi^e Daniel Baldwin, who then lived abf)Ut four 
miles north of Bellefontaine — near where the village of flarper 
DOW s'nnds— was at the mills. An 1 hern, for the fir.^t tim.', I saw 
my respected friend John Eaoch. He Wcis then ayoung man uboufc 


twenty-one years of ajje, and on thatday was millfr in hiHf.tih.T'« 
mills. During^ the day John Shelby wasat the mill; h.- then, I think, 
represented Logran county in the General Assembly of Ohi... (apt, 
Alex. Black, Moses Mcllvaine, .James Baird, Robert Kr»-ukes and 
other pioneer settlers of the land, were then>. 

I did not recognize the place as a town, although, in 1hi7, it wja 
regularly surveyed and plotted by Aaron L. Hunt, then (Vjuntj 
Surveyor of Champaign county. A few small houst-.s were liuill ; 
andthehousenorthoftho mill, now occupif'dbyThomaslJhickburn, 
was the residence of John Enoch, Sr. H. M. While Invl n \ng 
house with a shingle roof, and porch in front, in wliicli hu rarriiil 
on tailoring, and had a few calicoes, pins and needles, on wnne 
board shelves ; he also kept a house of entertainmt^nt for tnivelero, 
and furnished plenty of whisky, an indispensable article in H. M.'a 

In the evening our grinding was done, and we return. •»! hoiuo a 
little after nightfall. When my father told me we bad Iwvn to 
West Liberty, I was somewhat surfirised to learn we had been to 

Whatever may be said of the degeneracy of the ago, 1 thi'ik 
much improvement has been made in the moral condition of 
society since the time of which I am writing;" tlion 
abounded to a much greater degree than at present, espi' -lall} in 
the country neighborhoods; (much yetsorhjwlully ab(uind.s in our 
cities, towns and villages.) At that time it was common for nmny 
persons to drink whisky every day, and frequently when we were 
at a neighbor's house we were invited and pressed to drink. »in<t nl 

" . . . . . I . ll:.. , l...-lr_ 

of neighborhoods „....^ . 

was nothing strange for some of them to be very tiglu. H ^— 
then much more common for men in ordinary conver<iiion to u« 
impure and profane language than at preseni. Our excrlient S.»t»- 
bath-school system, and our peace, temperance and other k-^ 
organizations have wrought a great change for good. Aiul much 
improvement has been made in the laws of our Slate in r-ir^nJ 
to care of the poor, imprisonment f..r debt. A.: It wh.h then th. 
law for the authorities to sell out persons who reipiire.l irrunlnry 
aid to the lowest bidder, to be kept six month.^ or » yvmt. 


I was cognizant of one case where two aged personH, man and 
wife, were sold out to the lowe'^t bidder to be kept hix months. 
And according to the law of that time, any person who was poor, 
and in debt more than he was able to pay , was liable to be sued 
and incarcerated in jail, as soon as judgment and execution were 
obtained against him at the mercy of hia creditor. 

At our debating society, held in the school-house where the vil- 
lage of Kennard now stands, in the winter of 1827-28, this question 
was discuss d : "Is it consistent with civil liberty to imprison for 
debt?" Among the speakers were Aaron L. Hunt, Judge N. C. 
Reade — both now deceased — and Edward L. Morgan, still living 
at an advanced age. It is probable no one could now be found to 
advociite the affirmative of this question. T was acquainted with 
many cases where persons were placed in jail for debt. And I^wa« 
told that Simon Kenton had to leave his home in Logan county 
and sojourn in Kentucky to avoid imprisonment for debt. 

So far as I now remember, all who were at "Enoch's Mills" on 
that November day, except .John Enoch and myself have gone the 
way of the earth ; and these reminiscences admonish me that I 
too am paasing away. 


HY THOMAS (X)W(!IM.. M. I>. 

■'1 love the rough log cabin 
It tells of olden tim<!.'' 
From 1818 to 1822 was said to he a very pn-^-sintr iiiii>- \mhi r»- 
gard to money, which made hard tiine.s f,'en(M-tlly with thr early 
settlers!, yet I think they enjoy^^d life, ^^o far as I was aiHiiiaintwl, 
as well as any people I have since known. They wore, in iimny 
respects, dependent upon each other. They wouhl ■<oinetiin«* 
unite in their little farming: operations— would join teann to plow 
apiece ot new ground, and ^issist each other in fencing «»r phintliig. 
and all were considered to be bound to assist in rai^iujr a now 
house, or in rolling logs, &c. An<l frequently, to have woni that 
a cabin was to be raised in the neighborhood was ^umciej.t notir.- 
without an invitation. All felt at liberty and believ.>il it wa. their 
duty to go and assist on such an occasion, although it miirht Ik» U. 
help some one they had never be'^ore se.-n or known. Kvor>- 
cabin that was built and every acre of land that wn« w». 
considered so much addition t<. the general in.|.roven.ent of th. 
country. And in borrowing and lending the set tier* wen- w'ynrr- 
ally on the most intimate terms. In case of ner.>K^ity would g.> 
to a neighbor to borrow an ax, hoe, pl.uv. harrow eroKH-eut ^.w. 
chisel, or a little salt or Hour, and any one who -'»^ -»«'•; ;' J, 
or repay borrowed articles, woul.i iuMo.-d.ate y I...- <-"; '»• •^'' 
not b'e trusted again if it couKl be avoid-d unU.. - '- ;' ^^ ^ ^ 
reasonable excuse. And all who tried to .lo well had th- •> mf 
Ty of the community generally. In their nu.nner. and in.... 


course with eaf^h other, the pioneers were frien<1ly and aflfection- 
ate. In meeting together they would arenerally shake hands in 
the most social manner — kindly inquire of each other's health and 
of the health of tiieir families, and frequently sit down and con- 
verse for a long time, perhaps of their old home in Virginia, or 
elsewhere. Though much embarrassed by the circumstances by 
which they were surrounded, I think the pioneers had more time 
for social intercourse than people generally have now ; they most- 
ly called each otiierby their proper names, or would say friend or 
neighbor, and in their conversation there seemed to be sincerity, 
and not much attempt at dect^plion or flattery. It was generally 
customary, so far as my observation extended, when a pioneer 
would go to a neighbor's liouse on some little errand, for him to 
shake hands with all the members of the family, beginning with 
the elder ones ; and set down and converse an hour or more, if 
time permitted — attend to his errand, and then, in the most kind 
and friendly manner invite all to "come and see us," and again 
shake hands with all the moiTibers of the family and depart. 
About the time of which I am writing, there was more equality 
in the circumstances of the people of this country than at present, 
and I think as mucli genuine feeling and friendship then existed 
with tlie community as we can expect to meet with in this poor 
world. My parents were among the first settlers in the eastern 
part of Ohio, and I have frequently heard them express, that they 
never e.ijoyed life better than they did with the early settlers in 
the forasts of Columbiana county. 


BY WM. PA Til I OK. 

Mondaj', March 22, 1830, was a momorahlo day for llrhnra. Ii 
was mild and pleasant in the early morning:, but. iit ulx.ul lOor 
11 o'clock it began to haze with fitdil South-weslern brei-Acs, with 
alternate sunshine and flittinj; cloud.^, until about 2 oVI«K-k I*. M., 
when a small, black, dense cloud, could be seen low down in tho 
South-western horizon, which gnidunlly iiscendt?*! nnd r- 
proached at a seeming angle of about thirty degrees. 1-, 
were attracted by its marked singularity In many p-sikvim. it 
moved, enlarged, and expanded in quick darling s^voops niul «ljf- 
zag gyrations, up, down, and horizontally, with quick, whirling 
evolutions, and seemed to en)it dazzling hrigiit ♦'Iwtrind m-intilla- 
tions, producing the most gaudy fringe-work of whi.-ii»y 
can conceive. As it neared, for a few moment.-*, all natiir i 

to be hushed-not a ripple of air could be f.-lt. 'I i 
ens seemed to hang out a dark p.ll, and all ' to Ih> wn.norMHt 
in one general gloom. When sud.leniy the sc-no clmnu'oU from a 
death-like silence, and a breathless cdm, to a ni.Ht tornllc «n.l «p- 
palling spectacle. The whole heavens w,.r.. i.i tumuli., 
motion. Tlie storm King in awful grandeur, rode m ■ 
wrapt in his cloud panoply to the music of tl..- h.t 
ing, and horrific roar of the elements, iH^nng up :: _ 

mfdair, trees, lumber, fen.e-rails, tin.ber. «hmj« f^^^^^^^^f-^ 
sicks a'nd all manner of debris, .s trophic, of his v- ....d -.^H.y 
power in the demolition of nature's garn.turo. and ihon^ult-uf 

man's labor. 


The awfui sublimity of the scene can not be impressed upon the 
mind of any one who did not witness it. And in much less time 
than the ;ibovo can be rend, the whole* force of tl)e tornado seemed 
to dart down like forked lightning upon the town — picking up and 
demolishing a small brick b'.iilding on the north-east corner of 
John A. Mosgrove's homestead lot, occupied by Richard Baker; 
unroofing the Luce House on the corner of West Main and Russell 
streets, then with one concentrated swoop dipped into the Town- 
branch, in the present foundry yard, cleaning out all the water 
and sediment in its wake; then ascending, whirled and scattered 
J. B. Eaker's frame house, standing near the front yard of J. M. 
Gardener, unroofing a log house of old James Hulse, which 
stood in the rear of the present Lutheran Church, destroying all 
the stables in this vicinity. Then as if imbued with mercy, the 
cloud leaped over without injury to two or three small frames, 
near where Col. Johnson now lives, occupied by J. E. Chapiin and 
others, demolishing in front, a pillared street market-house; and 
then taking up a hip-roofed, steepled brick Presbyterian Church, 
on the present site of th» Court-house — crumbling it to its founda- 
tion, carrying the steeple and other timbers long distances, some 
of whicli struck what is known as the Hamilton House, leaving 
the marks to this day ; then with a bound, this last-Jtanaed house 
was partly unroofed, and a part of its walls prostrated, unroofing 
at the same time the house of Joseph Reppart, now occupied by 
Mrs. James l^rown. 

Here in its wild freak, the tornado seemed to sever itself, and a 
part of it struck and unr©ofed a log house tben owned and occu- 
pied by Wm. Downs, (Mason) drawing or rather sucking out the 
north wall from its solid corners of the old brick M. K. Church, 
evidently caused by a vacuum produced by the action of the storm, 
and laid it out in a straight line without even separating the ma- 
aoHry to any considerable extent. 

The other segment of the tornado struck the house ot Rolin J. 
Harvey, near the present residence of Mrs. Heylin and prostrated 
it to the ground. Then it whirled into fragments a new frarn* 
house, occupied by Geoi'ge Bell (scliool-teacher) a little east of the 
present residence of Dr. Houston. 

Would to God i( were only necessary to record the demolition 
of property; but oh, no; the spirit of the storm liere transformed 
itself into an angel of deatl», and seized four innocent, beautiful 


and interesting children, one a little infant, a> viirtiius i.. t.»i.. dArk 
domain, and secured them a.sadditional troi)iiies. itnh of 

the Storm King, carry in jj their llfelesj hodics iiniiteii •.» 

in midair; and not content with this sacriticf, hurlni Mrn. Hell 
several rods, maiming her for life, and at the same tiin«- Kmiliy In- 
jured a little girl who happeiietl at tlie house, wlio is now a rfMpod- 
able lady of this city, and who carries the evidence «.r it t<i ihi-««lay. 

Here the two isegnients of the storm again coalestvd ; lesiving 
the residence ef Jerry Mathis untouched, which si.xmI in Hm- pres- 
ent front yard of Jerry Deuel, aiid next jticked up the \>rUV. r.-i- 
dence of Charles Mathis, (on the spot where Mrr<. West now 
and crumbled it to the lower floor, leaving Mrs. Mathi>. 'liimp 
with a small child in her anus, ^urrounde<l with tl»e wret-k <if the 
house, uninjured and unscathed, as a stendng aton«ment lor the 
work of death at the last named place, and llien veerwl norlh ami 
demolished the oil-mill of John Mathis, destroying bin whole 
stock of castor b^ans, (fee. 

At this point the Tornado left our town, pursumg its tuiuhiiiiK, 
pitching, swooping course through the Ryan wcmkIs, hurlini;, 
twisting and up-rooting the largest trees ; on, yet on it •'i»^l, a^- 
gending and descending, touching the earth, here and there, at un- 
equal distances, leaving a track of some twenty yards w ide wbeti 
it came in contact with the earth through the State of Ohio, nwrly 
destroying a small town in Richland county, reacliing a siimll 
town in North-Eastern Pennsylvania at about ft o'clock the Hnme 
afternoon at the unparalleled speed of about I ".n mile> per I 

You need not tell me, gentle reader, that my effort i* n f 
know it. I feel it, but console myself with the rerteclion th.a u« 
uninspired pen, however ably wielde<l, can do justire to ^mh • 
subject. I have failed to catalogue all the destruction in Ih*' u.wn: 
somethirtv buildings, including stable.s A-c, wen- either iwrtUIIy 
or totally demolished in the wake of the ^tonn, ItsUI*^ mnny 
chimneys and other fixtures in other parts of the t«.wn. 

I ought to speak of one incident which I passed : I hav»-«lnii«ly 
spoken of the Hamilton House; it was i.» proc-e..^ of er^tioi. 
and Elijah Wolfkill and another carpenter were n. it. and 
were entirelv buried with the cruml)led part of one of Ihr wTUb. 
and were only saved by crouching under their xv.t^ '"— • 
which held up the weight of hriek and mortar. 

I might here extend n.any diversified in.-i.lentv ......e v-rv *«. 


some mirthful, and some indeed lauo:hing]y ludicrous, but will 
forbear, and will close by merely saying that immediately after 
the catastrophe the citizens of the town, and many from the coun- 
try, met with the council and immediately inaugurated measures 
of relief to the sufferers, and early next morning, marshaled under 
chosen leaders, commenced the reconstruction of the buildings 
that the havoc of the storm had demolished. Merchants, black- 
smiths, tailors, shoe-makers, hatters, tinners, saddlers, wheel- 
wrights, tanners, pump-makers, cabinet-makers, potters, gun- 
smiths, and, indeed, all classes were metamorphosed into car- 
penters, plasterers and brick-masons, and those who could not 
labor furnished means necessary, such as shingles, nails, glass, 
lumber, &c. Also in addition to contributions from our o\vn citi- 
zens, the people of Dayton and perhaps some other neighboring 
towns, contributed and placed in the hands of the tow' n council 
handsome sums of money for distribution; all the unfortunate 
families were again provided with new homes and many indeed 
in less than a month were in better condition than before the 
storm ; thus order and comfort w«ire restored by united effort. 



It is not known who was the lirst wliite innn who ovu... ,i, 
Balem township, nor at wh;>t time or places the fir-.t tabla was 
built. It is thoujjcht by many that Pcn-e Du'j:;uj, a Fr.'i 
had an Indian squaw tor his wife, was the In J 
' living in a small log cabin, a short distance from tlie ; 
dence of Mr. Mark Higbee, and the Pan Handle II li! 
over or near the spot where it stood. Du^an Prai 
name from Pere Dugnn, who was tlie tirst while selll r i 
border. His name is immortaliziMl, and will probiihly <>mi; 
name of Napoleon Bonaparte, whospent his wlioie lif- 
tormenting and butchering his feliowmen; Pere .-; 
killing the beaver, the wolf, the bear and the pndrie i 

thuspreparingthe wild desert for the secure .settlcm. .,. 

civilized white man. Reader, rthich do you believo will .M-ctipy 
the highest seat of honor in the great hereafier, n '»• 

parte or his fellow countryman, IVre Diigan ? A f» 

spoken of, and for many years after, the Priirie, (with ibo rs,-.-p. 
tion of a few small islands, and iiere and there an elcvalcil -pot) 
was covered with water, in some parts to a considerable d.'|.th, 
for there was no out-]et for thMwatrrwhi.h flowed in from th« 
surrounding country. In spijnsr and summer it had tb- ani^^r- 
anceof a small lake, and conUuned a vast amotint of Z* 

and turtles, and was a place of resort for countless of 

water fowls, such as wild geese, ducks. crnncH, storks Ac nrmX 
mlb«rs of beaver, otter, mink, muskrat and black r»llle-.n|ik.^ 


Ii;icl (heir houses nn the mar>;in of thp hikf, and in tho elevatpd 
S|)nts tlirouijijout its wliole extent. Of very dry summtrs the 
%vaf<T on the priiirle wuld i^el so low liint some pjirls vvr.uld 
become eiitirely diy, and leave large quaiititiea of fi^l^, which 
woidd either be devoured by the liogF, v\i!d beasts and fbwlp, oir 
left to rot in the hot sun, cau^^in^ an almost intolerable stencli, and 
it was thoujiht caused much sicktirss for many miles around. 

"U:s yountr folks" once constructed a rude sail bojitand launchrd 
it upon the "raging Witters" of Du^an. In {Ids l.-oat, acconi- 
j);i!!i< d by our "(hiriinjiP," w<> spMit a jiocd deal of time that 
nii^lit have i>een enii)h»y('d in a more i rofital)ie, ibou<;h not in a 
more aiireeahie and pleasant m;inner. Occasionally, citlier by 
ncci<ieMt or de^!i;^n, the hoat would fin over, but tids S(ldor»» Iiap- 
pen(«l in deep water, ho that all could wade to the shore. Of 
the hundreds w ho enjoye<l the hapi)in( ss of a rapid and merry ri('e 
Tipon boat but few now reuiaiii upon the earth, I know of 
none f-ave four of tlie family of Jonsdhan Lonp:, four of the family 
of Mi*^tlie\v Stewiirt, one of the family of John T.iylor, and myself. 
TIsiH was piooably the firtjt boat ever l.mnched in this township, 
and I know of hut one otiier since that time, which was built by 
John INIcAdams, E-q., some years after. The Idstory of this boat 
and tlie adventures of its owner, J expect to give in a short time. 

In 1825 the Le^ri-==lature [)a-^sed an act authorizing .Judge John 
Jleyiiolds, of Urbana, to drain Diiiian prairie, which he accora- 
.pliyhed in a short time at great expense, and by this means became 
the benefactor of the inhabitants tor many miles around. Th© 
people in that neigiiboriiood havesutfered but little with fever and 
aj^ue since then, though it oecurredevery summer previous to that 
tin)e. When emigrants from the old Statirs liegan to settle and 
make im})rovements around him, and Pere could seethe light of 
Other fires in the "clearing" at night, and iiear the sound of th0 
woodman's axe and maul by day, he concluded it was time for him 
to liunt a new honu', asgame was getting somewhat scarce. He 
accordingly packed up his traps and accompanied by Iiis wife, 
childri-n and doge, be wendeci his way to tlie north and located 
ji«-'ar the head of the Scioto river, where lie ended his days. It was 
Ids custom after he left here to visit Urbana at least once a year, 
to dispose of his furs and skins, and as Judge Iley nobis had becom© 
the owner of his old home, he always expected him to pay Bomd 


rpnt, wl.SoJi was plionrfiilly done, and m |.onntl (.r",.!p-fiul"foha.'r« 
oraciru-odn'ss pMttcrn for liia yoiiiii;! si [);,|.,„„.m- vmih iivu.illy piv- 
en l»y tl»e .Tiidjro, .and (liMnUfully nrcivod l.y Vou- !iH>.iM|.lr oMln. 
f;u'ti<in. Miiny •ainusin'T jinccd.itcH of I)ii._'iin wrro rcliilid |,y ih% 
early 8!'ttk'rs who knew liim, one of wliicli I will iiiv.-: 

Jleoncf^ purchiiSFdii h:i<rof{-orn-iiirid from .Iv)l.n Tnylor, nt Ida 
mill on Kinjrs Chm k, and ns lie hiid no horseof Idsoun, Mr. Tnyliir 
kindly offered him the u.senf one toCiirry Ids mi id home. TU% 
hoi-se w:i3:i ^5lnall one numed Gopher. I\ re tlinnkfidly nnepted 
the off.T, -ind jiRer takinir ;in eir-«cst look, (irst nt GuplM-r, lli< n hI 
tlie bair of meal, then at hlin>;eir, h*- coctludt-d thnt it would b« 
impr)ssil)Ie for the horse toc.irry hoth him iind the b:i^ of tneni, 
find heintr iitiitrtssed with the belief that "a nuniful man will b« 
mereii'ul to hi^^ b"ast," he took tlie b:i;r of nnal upon his nun 
fihoidder and deiibcrntely Ie;idiMj:Goplior to a Hinmp, ho numnted 
his hire Iiaek, s lyinir iis ht* did so fh;it "heconhl «:irrv the Inf* of 
moal and the could carry him," and in this wiiy he rocl# 



In presenting some account of my knowledge and exp<*rience of 
tlie trials and privations, the pleasures and friendships of the pio- 
neer settlers of this country, I may not do better than to give the 
history of the " eniigriifiDn and seltlement" of our family here. 
The history of one is m linly the history of all the f^xmilies of the 
early settlers, as they all h;id nearly the same object in view — 
they were in search of a home in the wilderness ; and they gener- 
ally had about the same means of conveyance — they moved in 
covered wa<jons, in carts, on horseback, and on foot. There was 
not then the convenience of railroad, turnpike, canal and river 
conveyance, as at present. 

They traveled throngh the woods on the new and rough roads, 
and often without ro.ids, to thfe respective places selected for their 
homes. They were generally about on an equility in point of 
property, were mostly comparatively poor, and had sought this 
new country where land was plenty and cheap, to better their con- 
dition in life. Yet some had left comfortable homes in Virginia, 
the Carolinas, Tennessee, &c., and had come to settle in this coun- 
try, that they might be entirely free from any participation in 
that "sum of all villainies," — that scourge and curse of the hu- 
man race — human slavery. 

About the middle of October, 1817, our family had made neces- 
sary preparation, and started on our journey toward the setting 
sun. leaving our family home in Columbiana county, Ohio. In 
the latter part of this month we traveled up the valley of Darby 


to the nrighborhood whore Mid.llchurjr now .t.n.K Thh ndeS- 
borhood, and north and est of it, as far as ...thnJ. ua« t.K-o 
known as the "Beech-woods," and farther south and u.^r, in 
Mingo, Kingscreek and Madriver valleys, wascMlh-d tl„."l'l „.,h " 
In the east part of this Stato, ar.d perhaps oth.-r pl;,r.s. ..II tl.U 
section was known as Madriver, or tlie Madriver counlrv Wo 
remained in that nei^^^h borhood two or throe days, visiiin- Morae 
relatives, and many old Vir-iniaa acquaint. nn-s of my par.-nl«, 
and among those old acquaintances were the Eiberts, Sl.ariw, (Jar- 
wools, Jameses, Stokeses, B^liin-ers, Blsliops, Huans.^, Iii^kcfpa, 
and Warners. 

On the morning of Novembar Ut we sttrtfd, and traveled t«i 
the laid-out road from Urbana to Girwood's Mills ( now Kut Lilv 
erty ), and at about 11 o'clock, a. m., on that day, bciii;; the h#^- 
end day of the week, arrived in Mingo V.dley, at the s|)ol which 
was since that time the home of my parents durinjr Ihrir liv«, 
and still belongs in tlie family. The place was entir.-ly in Ih© 
woods, except a small cabin, 17x20 fet-t, whicli had been built and 
used as a school-house, by a tine spring of water. The In;;-* nf tliii 
house were of large oaU and hickory trees split in two, and tho 
building was five lojrs high to the square, with puncheon fluor, or 
slabs about four inches thick, split out r)f larje trees, and hfwe<l a 
little where they were too roujjh. Thn lire-place ocvu|»ie<l i\u' en- 
tire south end of the house — about seventeen feet — with a b.tck- 
wall of round stone and day,, built up aliout live fei't bi;,'h a;:airwl 
the log wall. At the toj) of the square a log was laid acro<^t mIkmjI 
three feet from the soutli wall, and on tiiis log and the wall the 
chimney was built of sticks and clay; that is, a litllo liotw*' \r«« 
built up tkere, about ti»ree by f lur feet, a little hi;;her than Iho 
roof, and th« cracks tilhd u[> with mortar; there was no upHtalm 
to the house, and the roof was tolerably tld. In this liotiso our 
family of ten persons lived about eighteen m«>nth«. Durinj: the 
winter of 1817-18, a school was taught by the late Jud^e I>nniel 
Baldwin, about one mile south of our house, iu a house sirnilnr (o 
our dwellinjr, except there were some j<.ists ami an np|»cr floor. 
This school was larjrely attended by tb.' youn- mm an.I women 
of the neighborhood — -i number of Ihcm ci.mii.K four milw to 
school. There were at least ten young men attending' thin »s \mmA 
over six teet high and Urge in pr.qH.rtion, und u.i;;hio- -l-'Ul 


two Juinrlrod p'ynnds o;\ch. Tliere wer > nbout tho snmt* number of 
youiij>: wnine:) art<Midin:j this scliooU Vt^rily, tliere wcrn yiaMts iti 
tho.s<Mlii.vs. Atid thosi* i irg<^ itiid t:ill young men cxhiMted more 
gigns of humility than souih <»f tlir« siiiailiT Rt'holMrs, for in walk- 
iiij? sicross Ihp floor Ihcy must how, or ll»(\v would bump their 
heads rfi:jiinst the jnist.s evi^ry time. A number of those younjij 
men and women wi-r^ in tlu'ir spcllinjj-booUs. Tiie youiv^' wo- 
men wenMieatly clonp'il in honT'-spim, mostly the ivorlc of their 
own liands. Tlieir edu('i\ti(in;d [)rivi!e;j;'-'S seemed to he poor, yet 
tliey were iiiu'ldy favored of nature; tliey were fair and (otnely, 
and I ni'Ver heheld a more heautiliil eotnpavy of youni; hidies. 

The seliool l>ooks consisted of Wi-h-^t'-r's Spclijiv^ Book, Lindlay 
IkTurr.iy's \V(»rks, the iiitro(hieiion E ):;iish Header, S.*qu<'l, and 
theNewT.'stam -nt, Wiisli's and Pike'.s Aritlimelie. I think 
there was noone studylnj? E ijjlislt Gramm ir or Ge »«;r iphy. The 
late Nicliol ts Willianjs, his two si-ifcors and several brother:* ut- 
ten h'd tills school. 

I have taken s^m*^ nofeof tli.-^snhsoqnent history of the young 
m'-n an 1 woin(in wiio attended this si'ao )!. With a few excep- 
tions tliey have all ^one to tiie h >use appointed for tlie livin;;:, 
and with the excaptiun of one or two prodigals, lle-y all tlid well 
in life, were mostly bri,:^!it oro mi miI.s to society, lived uselul lives, 
and died respected and lamesited. 

A little incident occurred which maybe worth relatlnjj ns an 
evidence of the (fire ;in(1 I'lotcctirn ol Divine Pidvir'nicr. Cn a 
beanliful smishiny Sahhath (lav, in the sprinjr of 1818, all of our 
fandly, exc'c))! my mother an<> I, and three smaller children, liad 
jyone to a nieetiniif at)out three miles from home. Ahout noon 
mother was walkins^ in th3 yar J near the door, and no doubt 
that she l'>'lf lonesom", when a man came rntining throu«rh the 
woods towar<l8 our h'»use. In passin;]: t>y, in Hi<j^hf, lie discavered 
that our cal)in was on fire; at tlu^ junction of the elap-hoard roof 
with the stick an<l clay chimney the fire had kindled and was 
burniu!? in a blaze. In a moment he was on the ro.if, and with 
a bucket of wafer soon put the th-e out. If this «xood ma?! had not 
been p)ssin<;: l)y at the lime there is no doubt that our home would 
have been de-troyed in a few minutes. 

I think it was Samu d A'himo, in sjieakina: of the Idstory of the 
Oirly settlement of this country, wJio said: ''These tldngs, H>y 


conntrymen sVmiM not I.e forsntWn. For the ho.oOt of our those who come afit-r ti.,m, tl.fiy sl.oul.l U r- -..rJ.d 
in iiistory." 

One object witli me in wrW'in^ tlip^e note^ U to in-J.i of 

the oiu-lysettl.-rs still liviiiiri!, oui-f.u'o.v 1 c .i Ury. t , ..-Ir 

experiencH of early times' in or.Iar th .t ili-y mi .y iV p .rpMu.i'-i 

in history for tlieb:^!H'tit or thrH' u'h . Uvn :Ut.T lis. V' '-.u* 

each OHH whoc.jn, brinjfin,' tii3ir "tithes into tliii - •/» 

m;iy cill t.> miaj jniny pliiHiiit s;mi,h n').v f,>rjv.;r •..,: uii-j 

"And here onrpil^jrim f:itl)cr-i uowjiJ, 

In fiTveiufaitii aii(] umyer." 

I propose to gfive an actMiint of two minhrora of ihe • l-.o 

Society of Friends, who visitfd this cuuntry in Oiirly u y-. i Ur. 
lieve niany of the pioneiM-s piiii niu li iilt<'nii(»n to tl»e pr.»iiM»r»on 
ofivIiyii)n, tofoundinjj churclics nnd buiidinij tne!-tiii^-hi»';sCM. 

"For anjjels of mercy i)fl met with ii? Iic:i. 

In tlie \villerne:-s lioino lli'it we lyvod." 

Ono of those ministers \v;is ;t I;idy over SHVpnty ye ir- cf nj'», r«v 
6ldin<.v in Nortli C.u'oli.ui. Thn ajre.l nnd d(.»vot"d chrl-iiinn nftv- 
eled on horsebifk tlirou-^Hi the \viUlc>rni-ss Iroin h"rh" -ih 

Caroliiiii, on her gospel Miission t) tlie peoph' of {\ i ■ w 

country, mostly camping out ;it nij,'lit, :in -1 w lierc j^he ruii.l ilnil a 
litl le settlement, holdinir mO!'tiut,'>^ smd pre:ichii)}j (h<' trl id li^Imm 
of mercy and peace to the Ion(>|v settlers. In p;issin<; thri.ti;.'li ih« 
woods from a nieetinu: held in ".M.-irrnoii's IJotioni," to no npi»oliit- 
mentat Job Sh:jrp's hou-e, nVvir where ISlidd!"biir<r ii<<w -t^ndii, 
the party was overtaken hy a heavy riin, fiecampaided « iih ii»uih 
wind, thunder and llirhtninir, »md her conipanions prop.«tul to 
halt and shelter under the trees as best 1 hey could. Hl»c i«t once 
fciid, "N(», troon; uo on, w shall he tot hie to nieptini.'." flcr 
mission and desire seemed to I»e todo the wdl 'tfler Divine .Maslcr. 

"Uor siiii;id was fnitli in CIt>tl." 

The above relation wasirivento me by some one of t>>o rorly 
eettlers of t»>is country, and I cm not now irivo the I.mIvN naiuf 
as the incident took phtce b 'Tore we removed fo Ihi^ eMunlrv. 

About the yew 1^20, Jn^r^ph Tloa.,', 'vho^e bom.' 1 '""»•• ""• 'n 
th«» State of Vermont, in the course of a reiiiri'MH vi> '*'>•, 

pie of the South «nd West, wis a u'uest at my f.iH'— ' 'd 


held raeetinj;^ for Divine Service at our meetinfi-house, and ala» 
lield a nuirjl)er of ineetiiiys in tlie vicinity, mostly with the mem- 
ber's of lii.s own churuli. Ila was a remarkable inaa— u first cousin 
to Lorenzo Dow — and spent about sixty-five yeara tif his life in 
truvelini^ and preaching the jjospel ; his wife also spent about the 
same lenjjth of time in the same service. He had nine children, 
all married, and all Iiis children and ciiildren-in-law, with two ex- 
ceptions, were able ministers of the ^^ospel, of the same church 
with him. Several of his children bec:ime public preachers before 
they were fifteen yoi^rs of aj?e. At the time lie visited my father's 
house he had been travelin;;; throujjh the Carolinas, Tennessee, 
Ke.itneky, fnJian;!, and otiier States. He rel*-ited to my fatlier 
how the Kentuckians treated him. At Lexin<;tou he was taken 
sick, and Henry Clay removed him to his house and treated him 
in the most kind and friendly manner until he recovered from his 
illness. Beiny: unable to (ravel for some time, he held several 
meetings in the neighborhood of Lexington, and preached to tho 
people. When he was about to take his leave, the Presbyterian 
Church sent a conmiittee to him, iii\iting him to remain vTith 
them as their p.;stor for one year, offering him a house, furnished 
as he desired, jind pvery "onvenience about it that he wanted, and 
fifteen hundred dollars per year (which was considered a great sal- 
ary fifty years Mgo,) and if that was not s*tisfactory, they wanted 
him to say what would be, us they desired hios to remain with 



He stated tothem that he felt thsit his duty was discharged to 
them — that his mission was to visit other churches and people, 
and that he must leave them and travel on. The committee 
evinced much feeling on the occasion and proposed th«t if he could 
not remain with them, that he would accept a purse of one hund- 
red dollars to enable him to pursue his journey. He thanked 
them lor their kindness, and said that if he needed help lie would 
be as willing to receive iielp from tliem as any other people, but 
as he was prepared to pursue his journey, ho desired that they 
v»r.uld hel{) other liersons, if they :r:et with such that were need- 
ing help, and they wonUl not lose their reward. 



BY ED. li. MO HO A N 

Mary Madden was the oldpst dauirlitfr of M.ittlirw nn(! Klis*- 
tetli Stewart, who became rewidents of Salem tow nnhip, Cham- 
paign County, Ohio, in. tlie sprinj? of the y.-ar ISOl, and *-tih-<l 
upon Kings Creek, where Mr. Stewart piirclntsfil from the IJnitM 
Sk«tes, the nortli-past quarterof section iiumher iiiec, of towiislilp 
nunil)er five, of ranjje twelve, for whicli lie paid two di»llarH |>er 
acre. His youno^est son, Matthew Stewart, now owns and livi* 
upon the same farm. 

Mary was born on the 19th of !May, ISOO, and \\:\o rnn>«»qtiontlj 
four years of a ?e when her parents sottl<'<l on Kin:^ ('n-«-k, nnd 
there, and in the adjoining; township of Union, she pi«t?><'«l sixty 
years of her lite. She was married to N.itli iniel \V. Crai;;hlll, in 
the year 1819, and by him she had five daujrliters : Kli/ji, now tl»© 
wife of John Beatty, of Kennard, this eoanfy ; Naney, the wifoof 
Mr. Joseph Miles, of Lewisbur^', litis conn y; Miry, tlio wiffof 
Mr. Rieliard Gill, who lives iiearS.iiKlnsUy ; MurRiref, tli.- wifoof 
Mr. Bell, of California. These (our are still living. Kir-dM-th, 
the youngest, died some years ago, on the road to C^ilifornla. 

Mr. Crai^jhil! died on the 3rd of Sepfeml)or, IS2C, ogrd 
twenty-seven years, at the place where Mr. Martin Diekini.n nov 
lives; and Mary was left a widow with (1 v khimII H.ildr.-n to 
maintain, to feed, to clothe, to educate by means ol h.Town lalxir. 
for they were Um young to render th^'ir whlowed mother any mn- 
terialaid. Shortly after the d.v-th other huslian.l, she lo 
a small farm on the east side of Da-an Prairie, and' lh« 
farm now owMied and oc-upi^d by hrr sist.-r F.le.nor'- hu.b..nd. 

* See Photograph. 


Mr. Jesse C. Phillips!. Here, in m small lo;:: cahin, with her f;nTii?y 
of five yoiJiiii: fprnile cliildrcn ; with :i fDrtituile sm*! firmness that 
is 8eld()iii i-qiialed, jsho lolled on, throuij^U "tliit-k Jind lliin," 
th roujih the lon;^ ted iousdiiysoCsu miner and ( he loii'/jStonny, dreary 
ni;j;li!.s of winter. But she Wiis equnl to the emergency, «nd when 
she was not employed in otiier household duti.-8, the constant 
whir of her spinninj^-wlH'el miiiht be heard as she was preparing 
tiiread fertile nianuFhcUire of lin^n ur cloth for i he eonifurtahle 
ciotiiin^rof her children who were mcMTily playinj^ aro'ind her. 
At this lime Polly (for by this iiaine she w;e* known), was the 
owner of a line, lartre, b'a-k miie, na/ned'-'Sook," which wasf)ur- 
chased from toy brolh'r G3or;^'-e. This iMare was of :i quiet, docile 
disjjosition, reliable and safe at all times, and under all circum- 
stances. In lim^^ of winter when {here was snow on ).!ie jirouixl, 
Polly would «lo her visiting; and church-j^oinjj: with her children, 
in a "jumper," druvvn by Souk. In summer she frequently went 
to chuich, ridinji upon iim ba(;k of the old mare, equippe<l with 
an old-lashioncd sid(--s;iddli', and a blind-bridle. Bwhind her 
niotlicr, HHU^Iy seated sideways, might be seen the oldest daugh- 
ter, while tliH younuest child was safely seated on its mother's lap. 
Over the oack of tiie animal was i>!aced a wide strap of leather, 
nud to each end oi this r?(rap was securely fasteiicd a large, strong 
basket. In on(i of these was placed two of the children, and 
in llie other the remaining child, with a small basket of cooked 
victual."- in its laj) to make them i'alanc(\ A lovelier sij^lit upon 
earlh has never been se<'n thati this family gronj), as they pa.ssed 
Along the road. The cheerful smiles and liappy countenances of 
the \\ell-cIollie<I, dean-washed yonuirslers, with their well-combed 
heads, Isobbing aljove the brims of their !>;<.skets, was a sight both 
boautifid aiid int< rc-tinj."-, that <-an never be excelled. 

On tlie 8l!i day of January, 1832, Mary was married to Perry G. 
Madden. Mr. Madden is still living. lie is a native of Virginia, 
was born in Harriso'i County, on the 5th of July, 1809; came to 
Ohio in August, 1880. Perry and Polly (for by Uiese familiar 
nanieslhey were known to everybody), commenced life together 
at !he lowest round <jf fortune's ladder. Neither of them waa 
blessed wiM) what is called a liberal education, for the means of 
obtaininji it were extremely limite<l in the days of their youth. 
But they possessed what tlun was, and still is of much greater 
value, healihy, robust constitutions, and a will to labor. 


ItiRanoIdafl.^-ethafwhorolhproisa xvill fluTO i« n w.v." 
and in this r;,se it proved true, for by .inr.M„itti.,./ toil. |p„H-«t in- 

dtistry, and tlie judicious invcstm-nt o^ (he pn.c In cf ih<-ir 

labor, they eventu,\ve,.l(h.v. M.try ^fiuM.-n, wif- of 
Perry G. M;idd<'M, died on the lllh of Msy. ISGJ, u^h\ Hixtv-f.nir 
ypars less Hght d .ys. By h.>r last iihirri^if;.. f*h.» IkmI M-v.-n 
Children, fivp of whom were livin-.'- iif tlio limo of her <|.-mIIi. Iht 
Pon Nathaniel, who mnrried Miss McFiirlnn, has sin.-e dj.d, N-hv- 
inga vvidowand fivosoiis. Sinih, tlio oM-st dau-rliier, 
Georjre Renins, nnd lives nt the oM hom-ste.i.l. Sinau m.ini.-.| 
David Perry, and lives neur Diiu'sin PiMirie. \VilIi;iiii niHrri.-d a 
danyhter of Martin Dickison, nnd lives on ;i f:irni in tliiit n«'i;:h- 
borhood. Martha in;irried John P-jirce. and liv(H ait Kennnnl. 
All Ovvn jrood fjirms. Two of their children die«l in jiif.nicy. 
Perry Miidden, who is known to everybudy in tliis re-.-i.-n of 
country, is now sixty-tl)reey<\ars of iiLje, I:ir{re ;ind well fonnCHl, 
weiylis about two hu:idr«'d and forty i>ou;ids, Mud U " of 
a favorite amonjT the ladies, MhvMys jovial and full of tun. TI18 
welcome vi.sitor at the hospitable mansion nf Perry Madden l-* furo 
to enjoy the comforts of a rirhjtko, :Hie:irty l^iu^li imd :i \:>*it^\ 
dinner, Mary Madden had two 'listers nml six l>rolliers. Ilcr 
Bister Eiizj is miirried to \Vm. Ij1!1_', and iier si^tor Tiiemnr lo 
Jesse 0. PJiillips. As a model wife, motheriiml neij;l»bor,«ho ImJ 
few equals, an(i surely none were her fjuperiury. 


Died, at the re.sidenre of }<is son, in We-f Afidd|pl»nrjT. I/>r^n 
pounty. Oliio. Deeember 2(5, ISoO, Mr. John CIi.sIkt . -.-i n'. Mv.r-. 
V months, and 12 days. 

The deroiised was born in Prince William Cn.iniy, V iri-n, 
May 14, nGG— was nine years old ;.t the finieofthf. b.til.'of Irx- 
injfton, and ten when (he Deeiaraiinn or Ind.|K.nden.- «.i.*ma.U 
-and thouirh too vounor t,, take an active piirt, he w.m no vyt^ 
witness and participant (as nearly all the inhabit. . nJH w.-r.)..( -oiiny 
ofthetrv-nirw.enesand l,:ird«ld|«of the Revolution. Ife ^v^^o«^»r 


enough Ihp Battle of Yorktown, to hear distinctly the roar of th© 
cannoti. lie afterwiird joined the army, and marclied, under the 
coinniaiid ol Gen. Morjicin, to suppress tlie flames of civil war that 
had broken out in Pennsylvania, known as the "Whisky Rebell- 
ion." On their way, they were met, at Morfjantown, by Wash- 
in<:ton, who passed their lines, and remarked to them "that they 
were a brave lookiu<i: set of heroes." He also took part in the 
6tru«r«le of 1812; was forced mi relied (after the battle of Bladens- 
burjr) to defend Washin<:ton City ; but arrived only in time to see 
the Capitol and other [lublic bui!(iin<j:s in ruins. He vvasalsoatthe 
bonjbardment of Fort McHenry, and in several other less impor- 
tant enjragements. In 181(>, he removed from Virginia to Todd 
county, Kentucky, and thence, sometime in the fall of 1823, to 
Clarke county, Oljio, and finally, in the sprinj? of 1826, to Logan 
county, and settled in the vicinity of what is now West Middle- 
burg, to which village he removed shortly after it was laid out, 
and continued to be at> inhabitant thereof, during a greater part of 
the time (>p to his death/ During the lasi few years ot his life, ago 
and affliction weighed heavily upon him, and he was for the most 
part, confined to liis room. Yet, though for years he had been tot- 
tering on the verge of the grave, his death was sudden and unex- 

Thus has passed away from our midst another of that venerable 
race of men, wlio, in the langu ige of the immortal Webster, "had 
comedown tons from a former generation ;" one, the period of 
whose life extended back to a time when our i)resent proud and 
glorious Republic was a col"nial dependency of the British Crown, 
numbering little more than two million inhabitants; when the 
Valley ot the Mississippi was — with the exception of a few French 
trading posts— an unbroken wildernes"*, trodden by the Indian and 
the buffal ), ami echoing to the scream of the panther, and the war- 
whoop of the savage; one that was a witness of the seven years' 
struggle between Might and Right, that resulted in the birth of 
our glorious liberty — one that had lived under the administration 
of every President of the Republic; and one, too, whose arm had 
been lifted in defence of the libertv w!dch we enjoy; who tore 
himself from the bosom of his friends, left his home, braved many 
dangers, and periled his life in his c(»untrv's cause. May his good 
deeds be long remembered with gratitude, and his defects be hid 
with him in the grave. 

U)aAN GaUNT[R-i. 



Attheripeolda-eoffi-iuy-fouryfar^, the woaltl.lost rnnn In 
tbis county lias been o-athered to !iis fatliers. 

Henry Weaver was boni in Berkely county, Viru'inia, May 6!h, 
1788, and while yet an infant was brouj^ht t-' Kentucky w iib bit 
lather'sfamily, residing in that State until 1802, part (If the timo 
near Maysville, and 1 iter near L-xiiu''on. In lHi)l be cuno 
with bis fitherto tliis county, settling' in tbcsoutli-w.siern poriion 
of Mad-River township. In bS07 be was innrri.'d to Nf.incy (;bii|>. 
man. He moved to Urbana in the winter of IHl.'MJ, bculniiiiig 
business in a small shop tii^t then stood on Scioto stro«'t when" K. 
B. Gaumer's dwelling stands. He was then a practicjilsbormiiker. 
and plied his vocation dilii,^ently, and branching' out intorncnnn- 
tile pursuits in a sni-tll but jtrofitjib'e way, enterliif; fully info tho 
legitimate store business (as it was called in those daysjonly when 
his son Lemuel became old enough to attend the counter. 

He successfully owned and occupied the Gaurner Hhop, iho 
Gutbridge property and, in 1821, built the Hassett hnuso, n»'»ir tho 
Square, on Scioto street. In 1824-25 be occupied a Hiere rcxmi In 
whatis now the City Hotel; afterwards, and forabdut two years, tho 
Campbell corner, now called Glenn's corner, on the Srniare. 

In 1821 he vvasapi ointed Tax Collector for (.^haini)ajgn munly, 
at which time the collector traveled the county over, vIsUchI ejich 
tax-payer, and was armed with the special powers and (>riviIi>i;oa 
of a constable to distrain and enforce piyment if necev*iry. 

In 1833 be purchased from Wm, Neil the silo ol the pn-rnt I.. 
Weaver building and remove 1 the obi baildin,'s ( ofwblc'i 
may yet be seen) to lots on Church and Court streets. He en-cli'^I 
at once a building which was in thatdayan ornamint t..n>. (..w.i 
and one of the finest brick blocks w(?st of Coluni!)Us. 

He built the house occupioil by O. K. Lewi.s A C ». as a :■• u >- r 
store, and tho Weayer dry g-to Isstore room, finishing' his work od 

*The above sketch of the lite of Mr. Weaver I clip ttwa lb* V 
Citizen and 0(ueHe.—['B. D. 


Monument Square by the cornjilt^tion of (he larjre and elej^nt 
V'eaver House, a l(uiMin<r unpxcHlIctI for beauty of arcliiteclure 
arnl sjtiructiv<» ntyle by juiy house in theShile. 
He had built i) nuoiber of dwell injrf, two of wliich, neat brick cot- 
tajres »)n South Main .street, rf»uuiin nntinir^hed. 

In 18-39 i»« WIS elected Pro-ii lent of thtiC vimpiiajn C )unty Bmk, 
a po-sition lie held several years, and we believe until the reorgan- 
jzation of the bank undtT the N liional Bank laws. 

Mr. A'eaver was a man of purely bisiiiess hibifa. His mind 
was thorou.i:hly engrossed and occupied with business and his at- 
teniion was not easily drawn aside from his daily routine. With 
vigilisnt eye he observed his tjradua! and constant inereasinof 
fortune, nicetiut; witli little adversity, yet surmounting" ditficultiea 
with vi<ror and energy. Within a few <iay.« of his death he was 
on the street and at iii.s store at his accustomed hours, transacting 
the usual business connected with his large property, retaining hia 
usual vigorous strength unlilTuesday, February 27. On tha^- day 
lie was attacked with congestion of the lungs and suffered severely 
until Sunday evening. March 3, when hedied, at 8:25 o'chick. He 
retained his consciousness to the hour of deatli, tliouuh at times 
under the influence of powerful opiates administered to alleviate 


Mr. Jwhu:! Antrim, ITisfnrinn of (ho Pinnorr Afi^ocInMnn of 
liOjismnnd Clu.inpiiiijn (ounlic.e, li:in<!8 us H,. f..|l« n\ iri: i.ililir^fi of 
Hon. Jyspph C. Brand, M:iyor(.fUrl):in;i, ;i»c()nip.iiiio.l uitli lii« 
rf^qiipst of (h<» A.^soci;ition (ii;it it lu' piihlislirMl. Jt uiisllio A.Mroa 
oF Welcome to t!iH Pi jiio^i--!. \v;»2a tlioy iHie.u'jIe.I at tlio (ijurl 
House, September 5tii, 1872: 

Mp. Pre^ide.^it and livnrf:^ axd 0::Ni'r.!:\ii;N or tub 


Paign: — A society orj^jinized and cre;iti'<l isa yinif* Imm n, from 
patriotic motives, uns 'IHsli in its iispiritioiifj, and impellid l>y no 
earnest desire to serve the era in which you live, :i.-h a nKiliuiii txv 
tween the p:\st and the futnre, and tlirmuh whicli lo C"ll«ft ninl 
preserve f>>r lufur^ ii-^e the liisinricMl ini'jdvnls, individual hcrnurn 
and the interesting dt-tMils in tlie seitlenent of these two bciuliful 
coun)ies,sliould command tiie respect and Icind rc;,Mrii of rvi-ry 
good citizen. 

Tliree qiiiirtersofa cenfnry :i<}j ) our f iflmr-i were nciihlMiiji to 
the Indians, andsurroimdcd by theconcoinit.ints of th il r.tri>^lh« 
buffalo, the bear, the piinther, iiiid o(h( r w ild IxhsIh, nnd lappM 
upon tiiat barbarous and Muciviiiztd state in which this bciuliful 
country liad for jigfs been envelopeil. Tliey wore Iho com|M»fni of 
Lojjan, Tecuin'^eh, Moluntiia jind Kenton, nnd to nt-ovfr (ng- 
ments of the History of these brave men and women id the work 
of your society. 

When w*^ remember the cli;in?(f th:U hjjs l>een wrought In Ihh 
period, it is wonderful even to us, and niarvelou-* U> Ihr old 
nations of the earth. 

peventy-tive years a?o, on this very prountl, our ftilhcni «a4 

*From tiie Urbana Cdizen and Gazelle. 


mothers had to contend with thesavasreia nnd the wild beasts of 
the forest ; hut in this short time (which 13 scarcely anythiuj? in 
the life of a nation) we find in these two counties rilmost every 
acreof land subdued and cultivated, animated with a population 
of 50,000 nclive and enterprising people, while the plains and the 
valleys "bh)ssom as the rose." Schools, colleges, universities, 
churches and cities now line the old Indian trail frosri the North to 
their hunting grounds in Kentucky, where the buffalo and the 
deer wintered upon the cane-brakes. Along this Indian trail our 
first t'rmy for the protection ofthe northern frontier marciied and 
left its trace; the first railroad in Ohio was also built upon it; and 
will it be extravagant to predict that in less than a century from 
this time the cities and towns tliat now dot this historic path will 
run together and form an almost unbroken city from the S!)uthern 
to the northern boundary of tlie Sfate? This line of country has 
the material and capacity to support its millions instead of thou- 
Bands, with the varied pursuits and industries common to all 
densely populated countries. 

It IS a custom long since established in the old countries of 
Europe*, through the agency of antiquarian societies, to preserve as 
near us possible the characteristics ot their people in every century 
—to preserve in government museums specimen samples of the 
finearts, architecture, mechanical skill, implements of husbandry 
for house and field, arms, armour, costumes (military and civil,) 
house and kitchen furniture, wares, &c. These relics increase in 
value and iiiterest from age, and so will the valuable reminiscences 
of the trials, adventures and labors, as well as biographical 
sketches of representative men and women ofthe early days of our 
history enhance in value and interest as the years come and go, 
and the last link that binds the present to the past generations 
shall have been broken. You will then be remembered as lovers 
of your race and as disinterested public benefactors. Yourarchives 
will be carefully examined and your annals read with interest 
and avidity. 

Mr. President, without detainingyou with elaborate remarksand 
occupying your valuable time, I now, on behalf of the people and 
authorities of the city of Urbana, welcome you in our midst, and 
hope that this, your annual meeeting, may be both interesting and 


A whirlwind is a bad thin^. to }?hi mi.xod up with. I't-npio liv- 
ing in cities have Httle opportunity ofjud/in;; titc entire* truMi of 
this statement, but their country cousins are entirely awan? of ihn 
fact, and their knowledge is based on the very solid fouodatiun 
stone, experience. Their houses nre not of the city pattern. They 
contain no massive joists, and wnlls a foot thick, nor h mucti brick 
or stone used in their construction. They are penenilly womlon 
structures, rarely over two stories in hci^'lit, and are 'mI 

to last much beyond the lives of their builders, i tly 

when the wind becomes tempestuous in a country villat;c, Om- In- 
habitants of the place are very much concerned about ilio iiintler, 
and are at their wit's end to tintl a secure refii^v. Su'-h wn-* iho 
case with the inhabitants of this little town, and : : riiratt, 

its nearest adjoining? neighb.-r, on Fridny evcnii.. ;. 

Indications of astorm were apparent to the close ob«orvrr<lnrlnc 

the day, but as twilight came on, the clearness of th' • '-th 

and the strange quiet that seemed to allV-ct all tliin-v 'y- 

bodythecueto what was to follow. The whirlwind vmw fr.'in 
the west, and at about half-past (J o'cloHc it struck in the vi- J-dty 
of Quincy, tearing the forest to piece-*, and then alter h-avi 
broken remnants behind it, coming upon the town il.-elf. I' 
like a massive balloon as it sped on its mission oftlixtnirilon. niwi 

little clouds appeared to be pursuing each other with : ' - w- 

pidity through the upper section of it, while the low. -.«- 

ponding to the basket of an aM-onnut's vessel, s,.<n m 

nev of a locomotive. As it struck tiie town, hoii- ••. 

*Frotn Quincy Corro»pondeDca Vincinrnti Oa^tu Jii: 



otilhonsps, buiMin<?8 of every fles^fiiption, went to pieces with a 
contintiou-j CJi»sliin<r tliiit Honnded lil^e tlie shock of armies in Inifc- 
tle; and the terror-stricken citizen-:, such as were unhurt, ru^lied 
wildly to iuid fro with irresolute mind but. feet ofeourierswiftuess. 
Shouts of joy from mofciiers at tiiidinif tlieir l(wt ofFs|»riii<r, from 
Jiu-)bands at seeing their wives a^^tiin, and from children being ws- 
Bured of tiieir parents' safety, minified with lamentations o*^ grief 
from those wliose search was unrewarded. 

The scenes were sucli as would have ensued had tlie end of the 
wond arrived, and tliere is perhiips no resident of the town who 
did not for the njoment suppose thatsucii was thecase. The terror 
was universal, and every thought of self, until the wind had 
expended its forces. When the nature of the sliock was under- 
stood, however, many per.sor.s recovered a portion of their lost 
coura;ie, and their thoughts reverted to th.eir relatives and UU nds. 
Tiiey tlien endeavored to ascertain tiieir whereabouts, and many 
who left their houses under suclj circumstances, fell in tlie streets', 
struck by flyinu" timbers and debris. After the shock had lasted 
«bout a moment, its dostroyiiii; force was carried onward to De- 
Grcdf, which i-isituated three miles fri'm Qjincy, and there thesame 
ocenes were re-enacted am m,^ the populace. The destruction was 
princip:i]Iy vvron;;ht in the best seclion of the town, but was not 
as extensive as in Quiucy. The whirlwind seemed to be triveling 
on astraiufht line :it the rate of sixty milesan hour as it reached De- 
Gviiff, and it covcMvd territory from fifty to a hundred miles wide. 
After the hurricine iiad passed over DeGraff, it pro<;ressed about 
thri-'O mile-; nirlher in its course, and then died away with its force 
exi)end^-d. The cilizens of the devastated viHages were then able 
to proceed about tiie mournful t isk of hunting out the victims of 
the disaster, and the work was one lo which all hands were turned 
ami which was soon- completed. In DeGraff about fifteen persons 
were hurt. Tiie hou'^e of Jonatlian Roll, a large two story frame, 
fronting on the m dn street of the iuiml^'t, was badly riddled and 
the root t(')rn off, and during tiie alarming crisis the occupants be- 
came overwhelmed with terror, and rushed into the street. Mr. 
P.oll in person cirried his little dau^riiter Lulie, a girl seven years 
of :ig(>, in his arms, and had scarcely left the building before •» 
miss of flying wreck struk and knocked him to the earth and 
covered his body and that of his daughter out of sight in tho 


niin?^ When the rescuers ronclipd hiiu nflcr the nni.I..nt, ths 
little girl.tlie pride of his heiirt, waHhtill i-lasp-.! in i.ul 
her eyes could never more twinkle tht; doli-ht she f.-lt w i.i'i.- in 
his company, and her tiny hitnd njuld never umre pat nis (•lie...k — 
Blie was dead; and the form live minutes lHf,,r« all j;riM-e .mj 
beauty, was now distorted into a sliape that wruuijropiuu-* ie.»« 
of sorrow from tliose who viewed it. Jler injnra-M u en- m. terri- 
ble that death could not have been delayed long enough fur her to 
know that she had rt'ceived them. 

Mr. Roll, personally, sutTered a broken shoulder blade aid na- 
merous and severe hruises. His wife and Levimla Mo«»i('i.t 
dau;4hter by a former hiishaiid) met with an ecju dly terrinie mi*- 
fortune in tlieir effort to seek safety. The j^irl'a l-ruin-j wer« 
dashed out, and she was mutilated as badly as lier half h>hUt, and 
Mrs. Roll had her left forearm crusheil, and received intern d inju- 
ries of so serious a nature that her recovery is entirely naij 'tturd. 
The na^yo of the otlier victims I cm not recollect. BjiSiee it to 
say that tiiey are receivini^ yvery attoation, and, with llieexeej>. 
tion of a boy named Warner, who was blown a of •110 
hundred yards, some assert, are in little dan;;er. 


The ravages of the wind in DeGratr are mad(« |>liirdy np;iii.»ii 
to the occu[)ants of passin;; railroad trains, and tlx-y Ptill loik 
confused and widespread, althon-h every eir-rt is lieioL' put f »rth 
to re.-tore the town to its lormf-r shape. The cliief timr.iu^* 
Bbuts on the railway depot as Hiymiller does to tiie «/'. II. «i D. 
Depot in Cinjinnati.and a view ofit in the present (UiKiitioii l» 
not {iratifyinia:. The last bnildin^ on tiie east sidi- oi thcKTeei w.tM 
a barn, w!u''h beloii>;cd to Newt. Ilichanis )ii, and a I j nnin,' \ivntt 
the barn of Dr. Hmce. Next to the last named e.mi.! ilie* 
house and stable of T. J. Smifli, and then the iMeth-Hliil ehureJi. m 
•large frame structure. These l)uihlit);,'s wro all .so:::" dut.iiic* 
back from the street, and were leveknl Hit. In front «■( tli« 
church was the dwellin;,' house, store, an I biro of .Mrn. Cirwfin«», 
and not an ereettimber in either bnildin-; is left Hlundiu;:. Mr. 
Roll's house and stable were situated mvxt lo Mr*. < ■'» 

property, an 1 the stable was ureeked completely. A 1, • 

Roll homeste..d o 1 tiie we-st was Mrs. Lippincli's huuv :\ ij 
l>a-n. Tbtf house was bereft of its ruof nud otherwise dAjn-u'-xl, 


while the stable wa^ resolved into lumber on the spot. The last 
buildings on this side of main street were a small brick building, 
occupied as a tin and stove store by Samuel Pratt, and the frame 
cabinet shop of J. H. Rexer, both of which were ruined. 

On the west side of the street the destruction was not so great as 
on the east, but the number of buildings partially destroyed was 
about even. The list opens with Newt. Richardson's frame busi- house, which lost its roof, as did the adjoining store ol Conrad 
Mohr. The dwelling of John Van Kirk came next, and was 
fiimilarly treated, and the owner's saddle and harness shop next 
door also suffered scalping. The next house was Schriver, Wolf <& 
Co.'s dry goods establishment, which, in addition to unroofing, 
was battered and broken in many places. A good sized frame 
next to this last named, occupied as a dry goods store, and owned 
by Benjamin Crutcher, was unroofed and otherwise damaged, and 
the hard ware store of Grafford, Crutcher & Co., adjoining it met 
with bad luck, being nearly destroyed. On Boggsstreet, inrearof 
Main, Mrs. Russell's dwelling house (a large building,) Lippincott 
& Hersche's cooper shop and barn, and Lippincotts stable, were all 
very badly damaged, and on the west side of this street the dwell- 
ings of John O'Hara and David Gainey suflfered severely. 

C. H. Custenborder, a farmer living half a mile distant, lost his 
house and two barns, all of which were blown to atoms. The 
grist and saw mills of Schriver, Wolf & Co., near DeGraff, were in- 
jured to a considerable extent. In Quincy about seventy build- 
ings are believed to have been all or partially destroyed, and an 
estimating committee who reckoned up the matter calculated that 
the loss would reach sixty or seventy thousand dollars. Among 
the chief losses are the following: Baptist and Methodist 
churches, frame buildings, both are down. Wm. Cloninger's 
blacksmith, cooper and wagon shops, leveled with the ground, 
and dwelling house rendered uninhabitable for some days. The 
dwelling house was moved twelve feet from its foundations. 
Large frame house occupied by Daniel Clark and Edward Fitz- 
gerald, was rendered almost valueless by the damage inflicted. 
Henry Keyser's frame house, demolished. Widow Offenbach's 
dwelling house, roof off. Elias Walburn's crrriage shop, partially 
destroyed. D. S. Wolf's hotel and pump factory— roof off the 
former and the latter destroyed. 


These are but afew of the heaviest losses. V<Ty fpw l»uil ! n-^ n 
the entire town seemed to have escaped the visitiition. S veral 
people were caught and imprisoned in the ruins 'of their ova 
house? as they tell, and had to wait somti time beforp succor nim* 
to them. The force of the hurricane was felt very pliinly in t^uincry, 
and as instances, timbers of a thickne-s of <M;,'lit or tcn'iiifh**^ wer# 
blown from the Methodist Church a distance of t«-n yard-, and in 
one place after the storm, a shin<rIo was found drivfii into ■'omo 
weatherbording:, just as if it had been steel and us nlrirp poiiit<'d n* 
a razor. In De Gi'aff, also, it drew a pump from the well of Alex- 
ander Corry, and threw it ten feet and over his house. A Nr^ 
piece of tin roofin<? was carried away from tin' lown hull In th© 
latter villaj^e, and was thought by iinajjinative «-(>untryin.Mi, in Its 
progress, to be a winged gray horse. Masse'* of rubbish wvt» c»r- 
ried several miles and deposited in fields. on the top^ of forent troM 
and elsewhere. 


The first reliable intimation of the coming dt^truction «!m zwem 
to the inhabitants of DeGrafl" by a countrymnn, who drove 
througli town in his wagon as fast as bis lame and aniiqunt^ ir»V- 
ernment mule could hobble, and shouted to tho people* »'» v^iojiU*. 
Nobody understood the cause of his alarm, however, un«l i»aiiy 
thou^-^ht the volume of dust sweeping on toward tb.-m wa- ratuM 
l.ya'runaway team. When the storm broke, a ciiir.-n ntm«l 
Johnson, who possessed the first requisite of a CinriMn.U 
Gouncilmm, a capacious abdomen, laid himself down »K...dn « 
stone wall, and had not be.-n there tldrty serond.. IWon. Mr. 
Grafi-ort, the hardware man, came gli.ling and .p.-^liiy 
ranged hitnself on Mr. Johnson. It wasn't a ^'ood fit. I."w.-v.t, 
and the next man was a Kentucky doctor of about Joh.,s >n . ^iv^, 
who settled down on the two n.embers of the stone wkII Untr-^'i^, 
with all the lightness and ease of a three story brick hoi«e Urn 
found, however, after he ha-l done ho. that the wall w.c, not hlxh 
enoncMUo shield bin. from the d.^troyr. and so ,or up ..-In. 
thereby saving himself the nnpleasimtnes. of artinv «■« ! 
n a n.urrl.r tdal, as .Johnson's breath h.d .«'.b.<l d^wn t J 

^thimbleful, and' he could not muster u.. . wh-.p-r of r^moo- 

fitrance. ^. _, . .. ..,.. 

The rr.ost miraculous ov.nt that o.-rurn-d in I W>n,ff I- ^-M-^ 


toli;iv»^ been (he escape of ji Frefieii stallion — a splendid animal — 
tliat was l().l;is-.i in a.stal)le hai-k of Main street. Tiie stablo \v:i8 
leveled flat with the j>r()und, anda surface of perhaps one hundred 
feel sjuare was covered with corn cobs and rubbish, and the ani- 
mal was found iiilerward standing where his stall ou<;ht to be, and 
cabnly feeding upon the loose iiay strewn around him. A simi- 
lar incident was tlie j's^-ape of a brood of pineons. This last event 
was ciironicied by one y(juiigsler to another (as overheard by a 
bystander) in very grieved tones, "Tiicre wasn't one of the old 
I»i<reons hurt," and the event was sufilciently pingular to excite 
comment aiuonir older people than the boy. On Hay sfrett a 
Bniall frame dwcllino- iiouse occupied by John Van Kirk was 
turned halfway round with tiie gable end to the street, without 
a board being <lisj»laced. 

The Ministerial Association of the I^ellefontaine District was to 
have met in the Methodist church to-day, but upon sec nd tbou<iht 
conrlnded they would not do so. The funerals of the dead girls, 
and also tliat of Mrs. Giick, in Quincy, took place on Monday, and 
were not very lar^'cly attended, owing to the other interests that 
claimeil th(» ab-orbing attention of the [leople. The towns have 
been visited by thousands of people since the disaster, jind the re- 
lief movements are in jrood shape, and promising an abundantly 
satisfactory return. In DeGraff the houseless ones have all been 
provided with shelter by their neighbors, but in Quincy the de- 
etrnefion was so general that many had to be sent to the country, 
and tlirown on the h(?spitality of the^ farmers. In many houses in 
Quincy the occtipants can be seen at their work, eewing women 
plying the needle at the wiii lows, where sash, glass and all are 
missintr, and domestics washing in apartments with apertures in 
them large enoutrh to admit a horse, sceminfrly. 

Tiie following curious poster, written with ink, meets a person's 
gnz" on nearly every rlilanidated house front in the place: 

"Blown down, bnt alive and ready to do duty in my dwelling 
house, one door north of the old stand. Sam, Frantz. 

"Stoves, queens ifi-Hve, &c." 

Haifa doz^n pers )ris ir) the two towns were carried some yards 
by the strength of t!ie wind, and one by the name of Johnnie 
Parks, living in Quincy, savs he held to the post as long as the 
poft stood it, but wlieu it went he went too. He couldn't resist 


theincUnsition. It is tn')^t; pr>')i*)i^ tut th • w^rrl v.-j 1's ;> > v «r 
\v:is brought chiefly to bear upon the (orest-- b.-T iru* it hud riMCtu'd 
Quiiicy. The scene in tlit^-j^ u liiiluliitHil tr.tL'ts of Ian I i-» m mI 
conviiK'in<<^ evitlence of the wiiid'.s tcrri'ile |»ow»t. Tri'M m ld;{h 
as the Opera House, and tliic.U beyond tin- capieity of Iwu inon's 
nniis to encircle, lie here, wrenc-bed out of the v«Ty ijround l»y lb« 
airy monster. Some are split in two, nud tlieir t ' II* 
et re v\ n ii round in endless cuntusion. OMiers nre ti. , .ff 

at the base, auO others ^t id have ha I tln-ir biMU-hcs I'i'.' 1 <>t. 
TiKise tiiiit are still stundin^j; are bentanl in>-i.:nilK-anldowkjin;, 
when compared vvitii tludr former erect poiiljun. 



According to the best iniformation which can be obtained, this 
township (Salem) was fir^t visited by tlie whites, in the fall of 
1786, At that lime an army of Kentuckians, under the command 
of Gen. Benjamin Logan, passed through here, when on their way 
to destroy the Indians on Mac-a-clieek. The advance of this army 
was commanded by Colonel Daniel Boone and M:ijor Simon Ken- 
ton. The following incident, which occurred at the time, was re- 
lated to the writer, and others, by Simon Kenton, at Taylor's mill, 
on Kings Creek, in the spring of 1814: 

A few of the mounted men, who were a short distance in ad- 
vance, suddenly encountered a few Indians, in the prairie, a short 
distance west of the present residence of Mr. John Eich holts. 
The two parties discovered each other at the same time, and the 
Indians, who wore on foot, made a vigorous effort to reach the 
high -iTound upon the east, that they might have tlie advantage of 
the timber, and fire at the whites from behind the trees ; but by a 
timely and rapid movement, they were headed off by the horse- 
men. The Indians then wheeled to the north, and on entering 
the high grass, near the creek, they scattered like frijihtened 
quails, and squatted and concealed themselves in the high grass 
and weeds. The Kentuckians pursued, and at a point about one- 
fourth mile below the present site of the Kingston mills and 
nearly opposite the prespnt residence of Mr. Nathaniel Johnson, 
one of the horsemen came upon an Indian, who, upon being dis- 


overerl, rose to his feet, presented his gun and pulled the triffffor, 
butfortunately for (he soldier, the t,'un mlised fire, and the Ken- 
tuckian shot and killed tlie [iidian before he could m»ikehiH«|. 
cape. This Indian, from hi=! dress and appearance, wart nupixv«^l 
to be a chief or king. After scalping the fallen foe, and tlivpwt- 
ing the body of its ornaments and jewels, they water(-l their 
horses at the beautiful stream hard by, and gave it the naruo of 
"The King's Creek," which name it still bears. 

At the time here referred to, there stood near ihe spot a honey 
locust tree, which afterward attained to a great hei^'ht and un- 
connmon size for one of its kind, and was often n-fiTriMi t«» t>y tho 
old settlers as the place where the In<iiaii king was killed; and 
some folks who believed such things, asserted that they frtHjuent^ 
ly saw the red man's ghost, vvitii his "raw head and blootly lMine«," 
prowling about the tree or perched upon the topmost hranchM in 
form of a huge horned owl, as they parsed that way of a moon- 
light night ; and so great was the dread of some, (hat they would 
travel halt a mile out of tlieir way, rather than risk an i-noonnler 
with his "royal higliness." Gut that tree U c"ne, the g!»o-«l li:i« 
disappeared, the generation that feared it has passed away and !• 
almost forgotten— nothing connected with the evftnt now remiiiai, 
save only tho creek and ita name— they will abide forever. 


Mnsos BlfxJsoe Corvvin dierl at his rpsif^lenee in this city, Thurs- 
day eveninsr, April 11th, 1872, aired 82 ye-irs and 8 months. 

He was the first child of Ichahod and Sarah Corwin, and waa 
born in B^urb )a county, Kenta(;!cy, Jniiiry oth, lldO, and six 
years Liter the family reaioveJ to Lebaaon, Ohio, where he grew 
up to in;in]iood. 

Juna 4th, 1811, he was nrirried to Mirgrnrot Fox, of L'»banon,and 
in 1812 iliej ni^-ed to Urb«na, arriving here June 18th, and here 
thry spent the remainder of llieir lives. U|ion his arrival here, 
Mr. Corwin beo:an the publication of the Watchtower, the first 
newspaper published in the then large county of Champafj^n, in- 
troducinir prnss and types into the vast wilderness, undismayed by 
(he popular illiteracy of most early settlers, and less annoyed by 
the competition of other presses a hundred mil^s away. 

Early in 1811 he had been admitted to the bar and he began his 
practice here, which beeime very extensive, his circuit including 
Cincinnati and Detroit, at which places he was an aitendent at 
court. In those early days the lawyer traveled like an old style 
gentleman, astride the best horse in the country, his legal acumen 
etored in his brain and legal authorities in his saddlle-bags. The 
journey of m circuit then w,u no trifllnj: trip, a=? it now would he, 
but occupied weeks always, and frequently extending into 

In 1838 Mr. Corwin was elected Representative from Champaign 
and Union counties to the State Legislature, and was re-elected in 

'From the Urbana, 0_ Citizen and Oazeite. 


He represented Distri<-t (tl.on comr,o.n.| of C ,arn,.:,',n. I^. 

e-^u Union, D.l.w:,r,.an.lCiarkH..<u.„,i.s.)inG,n.r.^.. „ ,s,U) 

of the Eighth D sa-iet, i. ti.n .s wiwM. poli,h...| str.uo/v a,..l hiih- 
toned con.j, actively eM;,.,;r,M.npn.i,,rin„re;nw.-l« for 
a futun.d.,v touriravH. O.i ;.ll tl,.- .mcmsuhm ..f ,i,.,m,. .hy- Mr 

,Ym Tl''';*-''*'V"^'^ '"il =V^''"^^''^'' ^^'van-...| i.l..:,-. whirl. ..v..„l. 
aai.N leu hiu, to fiirnll lum.s<lf in Uu- r...>ks ..f fl,,. li-pubiiran 

p:.rO , eiirly in its Ci.rc-er, iu wnich Iih livc-d poliiirallv lu.t.l Uu 
natural li^ath. 

Hissociiil life w.isa tumid of intor-'stin- pr,rtra\Ml-.».f ih-c'inr- 
ficlerof true IVieiid.sliip. Tho lim <,f |„v,. ..urn..."! hri/l.liy in hU 
heartand tliepun n<-ver sot npun hin an-er. Ton irien.l he was 
nil friend, in adversity or thrift. In the hour nf trial, of <le<'pdt«. 
Spjtir, his friend found him .stnjn„' to avert any d*ii;,'i'r and w ith a 
will to do it. 

An incident occurs to us tiiat is fruitful of tlic lesions of fri. nd- 
Bhij) :u)d shows tlui (ru<' lesls. It was told I y Jontlh m K, ("hap- 
lin, in the Fir>5t M. E. Church, many yens n-^n, in an adUnnwua 
Temperance. And to make this incident Wu: more fully uiidor- 
Etood, it must be known that in his rarly m.inhoo I, Mr. Coruio 
was an intemperate man, beyond (he ordinary dram tlriiiki(.;;«in- 
tomsofthe day, and Mr. Ch.i[ilin was hi-j chosen coiiiiMiii.jii of (ho 

In the f dl of 1830, in Novemb'T if \vc mi-tak<» nol, the n.ilundly 
relij^ious faculties of INIr. ('nrwin jissunmJ sufiren.ucj' ovt-r lib 
grosser passions and led him to mdti' hiniM-ll wilh thi* .M. l-i. 
Church, He closed his li|>sagiin<t li;|U'<rina!l its furmsiii.d b.-<Mmo 
totally abstinent, 'i'he j^reat chanjje in so prominent .« mnn \r«« 
the tlienie of every t(mj?ae and excitement even r.-nilu..! frmn tto 
great a refornnition and so prominent an cxampi' 

The example was not lost on his mo-<t ealned and (rify fmMnr- 
able friend, Jonathan Chaplin, and he too made the elf. ri tout- 
pta in from the cup. For days and nitihtf* he wrt^llxl with lli© 
demon appetite, and fou^rld manfully U-'aiii«t the hive oi that 


and maddened, crazed, he awaited the coming of the first gray 
streaks of the day that he niiji:ht ^o down town, awaken a store- 
keeper, and appease his appetite witli brandy, which he knew he 
would surely obtain. 

Day dawned, and thro-^'ing- a blanket around him, he started 
down town, the wind blowing fiercely, and rain falling frozen upon 
the ground, and soon reached North Main street. A:* he turned 
into that street he met a strong blast of wind that nearly carried 
away his hat and blanket, when he pulled the blanket over his 
head and groped his way onward, not caring what might be in his 
way, and seeing nothing. Out of a little nook near where IJusser's 
Cigar Store now stands, stepped a manly form and seized him 
firmly by the shoulder, turned him around, and in a friendly voice 
said, "Jonathan, come home." And, God bo praised, Jonathan 

He who had saved his friend from that most hopeless, uncharit- 
able road to destruction, was Moses B. Corwin, and for eight early 
mornings had he watched and waited there; knowing the crav 
ings of appetite that would afflict him in whom he had the strong- 
est interest— knowing the hour it would come the strongest to at- 
tack him, and he put forth the strong and resolute hand. Jona- 
than Chaplin became an honored and exceedingly popular minister 
of the Gospel. 

Such an event is worth the living of an ordinary lifetime; but 
Mr. Corwin's life exhibited many such incidents, showing his val- 
uation of the fraternal ties of manhood, and their correct uses. 

The declining days of such a man are full of peace, and his retro- 
spect of a long life was fruitful of comfort and contf-ntment that 
made him happy, even when surrounded with attliction. Seeing, 
he heard not, but his thoughts of the good tho world has and had 
were the solace of a good old man. 




The question is often asked, why and for what reason a (vrtaln 
lineand road in this county isc.illed the "Ludlow Line," and "I^d- 
low Road." I will endeavor to explain the why and the whero- 
fore, in as brief a manner as possible. On the L';)d of May, on« 
one thousand six hundred and nine (1009,) Kiiij? Janio-* the Fintt of 
England granted a charter to certiin i)Prsons for that part of 
America called Virginia, and from that charter I now will copy 
the following extract : 

"And we also, of our spe^^ial grace, certain knowledge und mrn» 
motion, give, grant and confirm, unto the said treasurer mtmI ctun- 
pany, and their successors, under the reservaJions, liiiiiti»»"'n» 
and declarations hereaftei expressed, all those lancN, c< 
and territories situate, lying and being in that part of Aii 
called Virginia, from the point of land called Cape or Point Com- 
fort, all along the sea coast to the northward tw(» hundrwl milm, 
and from the said point of Cape Comfort ail alon;: th" wa coittt U> 
the southward two hundred miles, and all that si«iro and rircuit of 
land lying from the sea coast of the precinct afon-sahl. up into 
the land, throughout, from seatosea, we^t and norfh-ui^tt; •nd 
also all the islands lying within one hundreil milCH. mIohit the 
coast of both seas of the precinct aforeai<I." 
The foregoing is an exact copy, even to the punctuation 


By virtneof thisolnrtpr, Virunnin rl;iitn'»!l title to nil land lyln^ 
bptwepn the Atl.intic* aiul fie oceans, anl lior rijj^ht was never 
called in questiiiij. Artt^r the close <»f tl>e vv;tr of tlie Revolution, 
the State of Vir^jinia cesls^d to the United States the greatest [)art 
of this vast doin:iin, andat the Hiirne time mule certain reserva- 
tions; and aiMonjjftljeiM she reserved all I ha land lying" between 
tlie Little Miami and Scioto Riv(M*s, iu what is now the State of 
Ohio. This land Wits reserved for th(^ pnrposi^ of pjiyiny^ tiie Vir- 
ginia soldiers wlioserved in the war »tf the Revolution, and was 
distributed Hinon^ the ofrifers juid soldiers in quantities propor- 
tionate to their several s-Tades in the army. As the Little Miami 
exten(ied but a short distMiu'e into the country, from its mouth at 
the Oliio river, and the Sriotn, wliieij is the eastern boundary of 
the reserve, extends a ur->at de;d further, both northward and 
easterly, into the eountry, it was necessary tiiat a line should be 
run from the iu^ad of one river to theotiier, in order to define the 
limits of the reserve niade by the Sbite of Vir;!:inia. The first line 
Was run from the he;id of the Little Miami toward tlie phico tliat 
was supposed to be the iiead of tlie Sciolo. Tiiis line w;is run by 
Israel Ludlow, hence tlje name of "Ludlow Line." This line 
from the head of the Liifcie Miiimi heirs north, twenty de<jrees 
west. It wasanor\v;»rd discovered that the liead of t!i« Scioto was 
Beverid miles furtlier west th;in the jxtint at first desij::nated 
as its source. This di«rovery caused much trouble and several 
law-suits, and a second line was run, '-ailed "lloberts' line." In 
due time a nuirdi-T ofsurveyors wereemployed to locate and sur- 
vey the lands, and for tliis purpose the ownersof warrants put them 
into the hinds of surveyors, and in m;iny cases ^ave them part of 
the land for tlieir services. I will iierestatr that the surveyors' fees 
were pa.val)lein tobacco; hut lest my veracity shou hi be called in 
question hy some of your reiders, I will quote from a law of tho 
State of Virj>lnia, passed in October, 170}, and wiiicli I believe ia 
still in force, and applies to surveys in the Military District. 

"Sec. 3. And for declaring what fees a purveyor may be entitled 
to: ^e if ^nac/ed, That every surveyor shall be entitled to re- 
ceive the f»)llowin^ fees for the services hereinafter mentioned, to 
be paid by the persons employing him, and no other fees what- 
ever; that is tosay : For every survey by him plainly bounded, 
aB the law directs, and fur a plan uf such survey, alter the deliver/ 


of sush plat, whfti-Pth- survey sIvUl not oxc-^f^i friur h'jnlr«.j n<T«« 
ofland, two i.u.xlred and fifty pounds (.ftolneco; for every hun- 
dred ncres contained in one survey above four hundnnl, tvvi'lv*i 
pounds of tobaem; for surveying u lot in town, tw.Mity pouiidi of 
tobacco; and where the surveyor sjjall b.' rttopp-d or binii^reU 
from finisliingasurvey by him bppfun, tobe paid by tl:o p.triy 
who required tiie survey to bo made, one liu.ulred and twrnly- 
five pounds of tobacco; for surveying an acre of land, for a mill, 
fifty pounds of tobacco; for every survey of land formerly p»t- 
ented, and which shall be required to l)e surveyed, and ft»r a pint 
thereof, deli veered as aforesaid, the same fee as for land not before 
surveyed; for runninga dividing line between any county or 
parisli, to be paid by such respective counties or parish»«s in pro- 
portion to the numl)er of tythibles, if ten miles or und.'r, (Ive 
hundred pounds of tobacco; and for every mile ubovo ten, fiftt'eo 
pounds of tobacco. 

"Sec. 4. That all persons who are now cluirgoablp wilh unj 
surveyors* fees, for slm'vIc&s under the act of Assi'inbiy, enliti.-l, 
•An act for regulating the fees of the register of the land <.nH», 
and for other purposes,' or who shall hereifter became charjro- 
able with any tobacco for any of the services u)entioned in llii-* net, 
shall, at their election, discharge thesame either in Iran-'frr tob;uro 
notes or in specie at the rate of twelve shillings and tfixpoitce (ut 
every hundred pounds of ;;ross tohjicc-.i." 

Tiie foregoing quotation is from Henry's Statutes of Vir;:inln, 
page 353. Jim Armstrong and I had l>cen paid such fc<'s fur our 
Services as surveyors, and all in tobacco and could we luivo ki-pl il 
until now, we would be able to supply the upper and lower tea 
an 1 their little boys with cigars for a mouth or mure, best Jo i>i»»*- 
oning all the potato bugs iu the county. 



For the satisfaction of those who feel an interest in the family of 
Ex-Governor Vance, and would like to know how many of his 
children are still living, and where, I will just say, in addition to 
Judge A. F. Vance, mentioned on pige 258, now Prohate Judge of 
Champaign county, he has another son and one daughter, now liv- 
ing in Urbana, Dr. D. M. Vance, a practicing physician in that 
place, and Mary, the widow of Judge John A. Corwin, late of the 
Supreme Court of Ohio; three links that bind us to the many 
pleasant memories of the past. May they never be forgotten. 

*^*- lE^ JbrS. -^s^ ^3L° ..^s.b 

In the heading of the Poll Books of Champaign and Logan coun- 
ties for 1811 it is said, "The first election." This is a mistake of the 
printer. The first election held in Champaign county was the 
same year the county was organized, 1805. The first in Logan, 
then Champaign, was in the year 1808. I selected the year 1811 
because the vote was fuller, and the names of voters come within 
the memory of many now living. 

Page 173, eight lines from bottom, for 1872 read 1822. 

Page 217, last line, for North-East read North-West. 

Page 140, for Fill is read Tillis. 

Page 229, sixteen lines from bottom, for Rupel Bigalow read 
Russel Bigalow. 

Page 230, twenty-two lines from top, for Marly read Maily. 

Page 137, for Thomas RunkleTanerread William RunkleTaner. 

Page 253, for Lidders read Siders, and for Parker read Parks. 

Page 230, six lines from top, for John Long read John 8 range. 

c N r E N r s. 

FA (;{•:. 

History of C!i;f!r!][>aij.^n romtly, . _ . . . __ •% 

Simon Kent{>n, 'f 

Tecumseh, U^ 

Pioneers of Oh ii), . li 

Buiklinjr I-og- (Vibin. l'> 

Lojjf Cabin, ( Continued ), — - i.'"* 

liisti^ry of Urbana, .S:! 

Schooii*, *•' 

Civil Polity, Medieal ?»Ten, Ac, ^ .- 4.> 

Early Population and Marriajres of UrbiUi i, r.i* 

Military Operation? in War <jf 1812, - -- ;)l 

Simon Kenton, -. <•'» 

John liamiiton, - <'. i 

Pioneer Settler;* of Urbana,_. - <•;' 

Hull's Trace, y' 

Phenomenal ~ ^ 

TorniKlo at Bellefontaine in the Year IS^o,.. . . 7."» 

The Ciiilii (Hoi'KiNs). -- -- 77 

Andrew, the Murderer, 7' 

lleview of HeUman's Confession, in 

Jlellman in Loo:an County, •-'' 

Execution of Hell man, i:'< 

T.ost Child (Curl), ISIG, 1^^ 

The Lost Child, (y^W/vy), .. VM 

Kvirly Settlement of Mid river Township, -- - I •'!;"> 

Zane Township in 1805, I4''» 

First Set llers in Jefferson Township, :^- 1'!*' 

I'^irst Settlers in Monroe Township, 1**^ 

First Setclement of Liberty Township. HH 

Hokes Creek Township, ll' 

"Hush Towjiship, Champaisjn County, l^^ 

Perry Township, Logan County, li'> 

John Enoch, l^f"' 

John Shelby, -- -. M'^ 

CO?\Tr,.\'T.>. 4.'9 

N. Z. McCollocli, 

JohiiDy Apple.sefd, _. 

Loreijzo I>()\v, ._ IM" 

!• » 


]iHv. l):ivi(l Merrill, 

Ilev. <]ti'or<^e WallvHr. 

"VVIiite Piljiiiin, -."".""."""!!_ ji 

Poem lit tlie Grave of .S;iiiu-, ( White PuLVini'i. ' |gh 

'l'lif^ First f'hnr.lie-!. _. _. ._.. j,<< 

Tlif^ M. K. Ciiiirch, ril.;tii:i, I7j 

Mniiiit T.iIkm", |-./ 

Qu.iker ('lpiir<-ii. iit Dnii y, 17," 

ThaVjt's Rum ("hiircli, '.._. .. I7.^ 

.Metti<;(l!st ritlirch in Za'ie 'l'i)\vii;sliij), . ^ |7;j 

Uriivers.iijsr, _ ' 17- 

Stiain's Ru!i >lt'ili(»ili>tC'liiHfli, 17;; 

Fir-t ^lerchaiits, _ , _ 171 

Wiiiiaui Hui)Sani, ., _ . I7.', 

Abram Saii<iii> Piali. 17^ 

ljr:'<>"an ('vninlx-, . . |m( 

Simon Ivoitoii, . lUl 

JonHthan Aider, ., •*•» 

First St-ttlenieiit in i>oj;aii (.'ouiity, 

New Court-honsr, 

i'ionoer Sketelies, _ „.. Jhi 

Aaron (TUttri(L'e, -_.. . 

Farly ReenllectioMs, ._^ Savali M •/ 

\\ illiam !5ci<r;/s, . 

\Viliiam Joiin?-o(i, _- 

.Tif oh Johnson, . 

Wiiiiam Baliiw in, 

TIenry C()vvjj;ill, '• 

Thoniu- ('o\v<>rill, Sr., . . 

Archibilil Stewart, -' ■ 

Siaieon Merecraft, " • 

Col. Joh.n TlioniHS, - ' '• 

Salem Towivslilp, "' ;* 

(Jovernor Vanee, 

TifarriHjre Record of l'liam|iai<;n Coiniiy, ■ ' 

^Marriage Record of l/oj;an County, 

jMjil Hooks of Early E'e. tions in ( liainiJtiirM <"..iii:i> , 

Poll Books of Early Elections in Uy^AU C<Mintv, 

Concord Township, J-- I- >'. .»/'•/•"•/"'"/. 'V j 

Spottv, - - - ""'■//' ^•'-''. •'" 

I'feoilections.of Bar of LoiiJin County, 

Ka-los-i-ta!i, y y' yl'. 

Pioneer History, • '^, ,/ . Siewart '^"•"'' •''• 

Bellefontaine Forty Years A};o, 

null's SiuTeuder at Detroit, .- 


The Pi(M5eer?«, Dr. Brown, 3;>3 

An OIU iJaryirj-jj Ground, . 344 

Onr Soldiers, Mrs. Sarah M. Moore, 345 

VMty Yenrs Agro, 846 

I'iuriet'r Met-tiiv^s at Middleburj; and West Liberty, 34i) 

Pioneer Incidents, S^')0 

lv3n)ark.s by Arehib>dd Hopkins, 3o(> 

F.rst Quarterly ^reetiM<;, Sr/J 

Jteinurks by l")r. Br<»\vn, 3*>() 

lleniarks i>y Saiiifiel Carter, 3()7 

Ji<»ii>arks by Voliioy Tluxnas. 371 

Af. theOl'l Home, ( /Wm) ' Hubbard, 874 

Oh, (J(vc ThMrn Buck, Robertii, 870 

iMoneer Sketches, .. Roberts, 878 

?;(M-oIlections of My Childhood, S'.m 

V^Wv IvHtty, J 899 

H dden Treasure, 401 

Pioner Polly, 404 

Pi. M.-^ r Practice of Medicine, 408 

Thf' C-i'l Pif)neer8 — P^orty Years Ayo, {Poem) 414 

:vfv P'rst Visit to West Liberty, 416 

Fifty Years A<^o, 419 

Tornado at Urbana, . Patrick, i'll 

Per^' T>iiin»n, 42;") 

Fifty Ye -rs Af^(\ '._.'" ."".II W "_. 42H 

SkMfch <.f the Life of Mrs. Mary Madden, 488 

John Cheslier, 4;>-5 

lU'nrv WeavrT, ._ . 487 

Tile l*i«.neHr Meetingr. ._ 480 

Lo'^Hii C^Hjnty Torn:'do, 441 

rtH> f^ro^w^Tty I)estroyed, 448 

["('ld<*nts, _ ._, _ ... 44,", 

How Kin.,'''s Oefiv G..t its Nnnio, 4 IH 

Jienth of Ffon. ]\f..sts I). Corwin, 4oO 

The Ludlow T?,oad, 4^)8 

]'\' rjovernor Vance's Family, A^>0 

Errata, Ai^