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The object of this work is to combine the merits of the most popular 
Dictionaries, especially those of Johnson and Walker, so as to supersede 
the necessity now felt of having more than one Dictionary even for 
the ordinary purposes of the English student ; and at the same time, 
in avoiding their defects and redundancies, to preserve the same 
dimensions as the ordinary octavo abridgement of Johnson. 

The course which has been adopted is, first, the exclusion 
of many words, now standing in Todd's edition of Johnson, which 
neither by use or analogy are English; and the introduction of which, 
either in writing or conversation, would draw upon the person 
using them the charge of pedantry or vulgarity. Secondly, in the 
common abridgements of Johnson, the authors' names are still retained ; 
while the quotations, shewing the various acceptations in which the 
words were used by such authors, and which alone could make their 
names valuable, or even necessary, have been excluded. Many of 
these are names of no authority, beyond that of having appeared 
in print, while their perpetual recurrence has contributed to 
swell the volume to the exclusion of really valuable matter. These 
names have been dispensed with; and the space obtained by their 
omission, and by the omission of useless words and obsolete accepta- 
tions, has been devoted to the insertion of all such technical words 
as are now in use, and which the general reader is likely to meet with, 
and expected to understand : these have been given from the best 
authorities. Among such additions are many which have been com- 
pounded for or applied to recent inventions, now of general notoriety, 
and which therefore demand a place in an English vocabulary. To 
these may be added many words, which, but a few years since, might 
have been deemed obsolete or homely, but which having been of late 
most deservedly revived by writers of transcendent merit, now con- 


tribute both power and beauty to the most vigorous and polished 
compositions of the age. These, without descending to mere pro- 
vincialisms, have been carefully inserted. 

The pronunciation of Walker has been generally followed, though 
the Editor has not felt himself bound in all cases to adopt his 
mode of expressing that pronunciation. The principal deviation from 
Walker's system has been in the restoring of certain letters, for 
which others of a similar or nearly similar sound have been unneces- 
sarily substituted. For instance, all words ending in er, as maker, 
cater, teller, better, &c. we are directed by Walker to pronounce 
ma'-kur, ka'-tur, tel'-lur, bet'-tur, &c. The sounds of the e and 
the u in that numerous class of words are certainly not easily distin- 
guishable when spoken rapidly ; but when pronounced deliberately, 
a delicate ear will instantly perceive the difference between the small 
sound of the one and the full sound of the other. Again, the letter 
A in certain situations, especially before the vowels i and u, when 
carelessly pronounced, is apt to slide into the sound of j. This, 
which in fact arises from a slovenly enunciation, is by Walker laid 
down as the strict rule : adulation is to be pronounced ad-ju-la'-shun, 
compendium is com-pen'-je-um, ingredient, in-gre'-jent, &c. This, in 
a passage read or spoken with solemnity, would be intolerable. In like 
manner the syllable tu, perpetually recurring in our language, as in 
the words congratulation, flatulent, natural, &c. will, even when most 
carefully spoken, receive a sufficient degree of the aspirate, with- 
out the speaker following Walker's direction to pronounce them 
con-gratsh-u-la'-shun, flatsh'-u-lense, nat'-tshu-ral, &c. It is not 
probable that a polite speaker would at this day, even on Mr. Walker's 
authority, pronounce the word yes, yis. 

The simplicity and typographical beauty of the mode suggested 
by the publisher, and adopted for the first time in the present work, 
of marking the different sounds of the vowels by the point3 instead 
of the figures will be immediately perceived. 


A has three long sounds and two 
short ones. 

The first sound of the first letter in 
our alphabet is that which among the 
English is its name. This is what is 
called, by most grammarians, its slen- 
der, sound; we find it in the words 
lade, spade, trade, &c. In the diph- 
thong ai we have exactly the same 
sound of this letter, as in pain, gain, 
stain, &c. and sometimes in the diph- 
thong ea, as bear, swear, pear, &c; and 
twice we find it in the words where and 
there, and once in the anomalous diph- 
thong ao in gaol. 

The long slender a is generally 
produced by a silent e at the end of a 
syllable ; which e not only keeps one 
single intervening consonant from 
shortening the preceding vowel, but 
sometimes two : thus we find the mute 
e makes of rag, rage, and keeps the 
a open in range, change, &c. ; hat, 
with the mute e, becomes hate, and the 
a continues open, and perhaps some- 
what longer in haste, waste, paste, &c. 
though it must be confessed this seems 
the privilege only of a ; for the other 
vowels contract before the consonants 
ng in revenge, cringe, plunge ; and the 
ste in our language is preceded by no 
other vowel but this. Every conso- 
nant but n shortens every vowel but a, 
when soft g and e silent succeed; as, 
bilge, badge, hinge, spunge, &c. 

Hence we may establish this gene- 
ral rule : A has the long, open, slender 
sound, when followed by a single con- 
sonant, and e mute, as lade, made, 
fade, &c The only exceptions seem 
to be, have, are, gape, and bade, the 
past time of to bid. 

A has generally the same sound 

when ending an accented syllable, as, 
pa-per, ta-per, spec-ta-tor. 

We proceed to the second sound of 
this vowel, which is that heard in 
father, and is called by some the open 
sound ; but this can never distinguish 
it from the deeper sound of the a in 
all, ball, &c. which is still more open: 
by some it is styled the middle sound 
of a, as between the a in pale, and that 
in wall : it answers nearly to the 
Italian a in Toscano, Romano, &c. or 
to the final a in the naturalized Greek 
words, papa and mamma. 

The long sound of the middle or Ita- 
lian a is always found before the liquids 
Zw; whether the latter only be pro- 
nounced, as in psalm, or both, as in 
psalmist : sometimes before If, and lve t 
as calf, half, calve, halve, salve, &c. ; 
and before the sharp aspirated dental 
th in bath, path, lath, father, glass, 
grass, last, fast, after, basket, mast, 
master, command, demand, &c. 

As the mute I in calm, psalm, calf 
half, &c. seems to lengthen the sound 
of this letter, so the abbreviation of 
some words by apostrophe seems to 
have the same effect. Thus, when the 
no is cut out of the word cannot, and the 
two syllables reduced to one, we find 
the a lengthened to the Italian or mid- 
dle a, as cannot, can't} have not, han't f 
shall not, shan't, &c. 

The short sound of the middle or 
Italian a, which is generally confound- 
ed with the short sound of the slender 
a, is the sound of this vowel in pan- 
tan, mat, hat, &c. We generally find 
this sound before any two successive 

The third long sound of a is that 
which we more immediately derive 
from our maternal language, the Saxon, 


but which at present we use less than 
any other : this is the a in fall, ball, 
gall: we find a correspondent sound 
to this a in the diphthongs, au and aw, 
as laud, law, saw, &c. 

The long sound of the deep broad 
German a is produced by 11 after it, as 
in all, wall, call- or, indeed, by one I, 
and any other consonant, except the 
mute labials, p, b, f, and v, as salt, 
bald, false, falchion, falcon, &c. The 
exceptions to this rule are generally 
words from the Arabic and Latin lan- 
guages, as Alps, Albion, asphaltic, fal- 
cated, salvo, calculate, amalgamate, 
Alcoran, and Alfred, &c. Our modern 
orthography, has made it necessary to 
observe, that every word compounded 
of a monosyllable with 11, as albeit, 
also, almost, &c. must be pronounced 
as if the two liquids were still remain- 

The w has a peculiar quality of 
broadening this letter, even when pre- 
positive: this is always the effect, ex- 
cept when the vowel is closed by the 
sharp or flat guttural k org, x, ng, nk, 
or the sharp labial /, as wax, waft, 
thwack, twang, twank : thus we pro- 
nounce the a broad, though short in 
wad, wan, want, was, what, &c. and 
though other letters suffer the a to 
alter its sound before 11, when one of 
these letters goes to the formation of 
the latter syllable, as tall, tal-low; 
hall, hal-low ; call, cal-loiv, &c. yet 
we see w preserve the sound of this 
vowel before a single consonant, as 
wal-low, swal-low, &c. 

The q including the sound of the w, 
and being no more than this letter pre- 
ceded by k, ought, according to ana- 
logy, to broaden every a it goes before, 
like the w ; thus quantity ought to be 
pronounced as if written kwontity, and 
quality should rhyme with jollity. 
There are however some exceptions, 
as quaver and equator. 

The short sound of this broad a is 
heard when it is preceded by w, and 
succeeded by a single consonant in 
the same syllable, as wal-low swal-low, 
&c. or by two consonants in the same 
syllable, as want, wast, wasp, &c. but 
when I or r is one of the consonants, 

the a becomes long, as walk, swarm, 

The a in the numerous termination 
ale, when the accent is on it, is pro- 
nounced somewhat differently in dif- 
ferent words. If the word be a sub- 
stantive, or an adjective, the a seems 
to be shorter than when it is adverb: 
thus a good ear will discover a differ- 
ence in the quantity of this letter, in 
delicate and dedicate; in climate, pri- 
mate, and ultimate; and the verbs to 
calculate, to regulate, and to speculate, 
where we find the nouns and adjectives 
have the a considerably shorter than 
the verbs. Innate, however, preserves 
the a as long as if the accent were on 
it: but the unaccented terminations 
in ace, whether nouns or verbs, have 
the a so short and obscure as to be 
nearly similar to the e in less ; thus, 
palace, solace, menace, pinnace, popu- 
lace, might, without any great depar- 
ture from their common sound, be 
written palles, solles, &c. But the 
sound of the a which is the most 
difficult to appreciate, is that where 
it ends the syllable, either immedi- 
ately before or after the accent. We 
cannot give it any of its three open 
sounds without hurting the ear; thus, 
in pronouncing the words abound and 
diadem, ay-bound, abbound, and aw- 
bound ; di-ay-dem, di-ah-dem, and di- 
aw-dem, are all improper ; but giving 
the a the second, or Italian sound, as 
ah-bound and di-ah-dem, seems the 
least so. For which reason the short 
sound of this letter has been adopted 
to mark this unaccented a : but if the 
unaccented a be final, which is not the 
case in any word purely English, it 
then seems to approach still nearer to 
the Italian a in the last syllable of 
papa, and to the a in father, as may 
be heard in the deliberate pronuncia- 
tion of the words idea, Africa, Delta, 

The first sound of e is that which 
it has when lengthened by the mute 
c final, as in glebe, theme, &c. or when 
it ends a syllable with the accent upon 
it, as se-cre-tion, ad-he-sion, &c 
The exceptions to this rule are, the 


words ivhere and there, in which the 
first e is pronounced like a, as if writ- 
ten whare, thare ; and the auxiliary 
verb were, where the e has its short 
sound, as if written werr, rhyming 
with the last syllable of pre-fer ; and 
ere (before), which sounds like air. 

The short sound of e is that heard 
in bed, fed, red, wed, &c. 

The e at the end of the monosylla- 
bles be, he, me, we, is pronounced ee, 
as if written bee, hee, &c. It is silent 
at the end of words purely English, 
but is pronounced distinctly at the 
end of some words from the learned 
languages, as epitome, simile, catastro- 
phe, apostrophe, &c. 

The first e in the poetic contrac- 
tions, e'er and ne'er, is pronounced like 
a, as if written air and nair. 

This vowel, in a final unaccented 
syllable, is apt to slide into the short 
i: thus, faces, ranges, praises, are pro- 
nounced as if written faciz, rangiz, 

There is a remarkable exception to 
the common sound of this letter in the 
words clerk, Serjeant, and a few others, 
where we find the e pronounced like 
the a in dark and margin. But this 
exception, I imagine, was, till within 
these few years, the general rule of 
sounding this letter before r, followed 
by another consonant. 

The vowel e before I and n in the 
final unaccented syllable, by its being 
sometimes suppressed and sometimes 
not, forms one of the most puzzling 
difficulties in pronunciation.. When 
any of the liquids precede these letters, 
the e is heard distinctly, as woollen, 
flannel, women, syren; but when any 
of the other consonants come before 
these letters, the e is sometimes heard, 
as in novel, sudden-, and sometimes 
not, as in swivel, raven, &c. No ex- 
act rule can be given for this va- 
riety of pronunciation ; but, it may be 
observed, the e before I, in a final un- 
accented syllable, must always be 
pronounced distinctly, except in the 
following words : shekel, weasel, ousel, 
navel, ravel, snivel, ravel, drivel, 
shrivel, shovel, grovel, hazel, nozel. 

The words are pronounced as if the e 
were omitted by an apostrophe, as 
shek'l, weas'l, ous'l, &c. or rather as 
if written shekle, weasle, ousle, &c. ; 
but as these are the only words of this 
termination that are so pronounced, 
great care must be taken that we do 
pronounce travel, gravel, rebel (the 
substantive) parcel, chapel, and vessel, 
in the same manner; a fault to which 
many are very prone. 

E before n in a final unaccented 
syllable, and not preceded by a liquid, 
must always be suppressed in the 
verbal terminations in en, as to loosen, 
to hearken, and in other words, except 
the following: sudden, kitchen, hyphen, 
chicken, ticken (better written ticking) 
jerken, aspen, platen, marten, latten, pal- 
ten, leaven or leven, sloven, mittens, and 
perhaps a few others. In these words 
the e is heard distinctly, contrary to the 
general rule which suppresses the e in 
these syllables, when preceded by a 
mute, as harden, heathen, heaven, as if 
written hard'n, heatKn, heavn, &c. ; 
nay, even when preceded by a liquid, in 
the words fallen and stolen, where the e 
is suppressed, as if they were written 
falVn and stoVn: garden and burden, 
therefore, are very analogically pro- 
nounced garden and burd'n : and this 
pronunciation ought the rather to be 
indulged, as we always hear the e sup- 
pressed in gardener and burdensome, 
as if written gard'ner and burden- 

This diversity in the pronunciation 
of these terminations ought the more 
carefully to be attended to, as nothing- 
is so vulgar and childish as to hear 
swivel and heaven pronounced with 
the e distinctly, or novel and chicken 
with the e suppressed. But the most 
general suppression of this letter is in 
the preterits of verbs, and in participles 
ending in ed : here when the e is not 
preceded by d or t, the e is almost 
universally sunk, and the two final 
consonants are pronounced in one 
syllable : thus, loved, lived, barred, 
marred, are pronounced as if written 
lovd, livd, bard, mard. The same may 
be observed of this letter when silent 



in the singulars of nouns, or the first 
persons of verbs, as theme, make, &c. 
which form Hemes in the plural, and 
makes in the third person, &c. where 
the last e is silent, and the words are 
pronounced in one syllable. When 
the noun or first person of the verb 
ends in y, with the accent on it, the e 
is likewise suppressed, as a reply, two 
replies, he replies, &c. But it must 
be carefully noted, *.hat there is a re- 
markable exception to many of these 
contractions when we are pronouncing 
the language of scripture : here every 
participial ed ought to make a distinct 
syllable, where it is not preceded by a 
vowel : thus, " Who hath believed our 
report, and to whom is the arm of the 
Lord revealed ?" Here the participles 
are both pronounced in three syl- 
lables ; but in the following passage, 
" Whom he did predestinate, them he 
also called : and whom he called, them 
he also justified; and whom he justi- 
fied, them he also glorified." Called 
preserves the e, and is pronounced in 
two syllables ; and justified and glo- 
rified suppress the e, and are pro- 
nounced in three. 

This letter is a perfect diphthong, 
composed of the sounds of a in father, 
and e in he, pronounced as closely 
together as possible. The sound 
of this letter is heard when it is length- 
ened by final e, as time, thine, or end- 
ing a syllable with the accent upon it, 
as ti-tle, di-al ; in monosyllables end- 
ing with nd, as bind, find, mind, &c. 
in three words ending with Id, as 
child, mild, wild; and in one very irre- 
gularly ending with nt, as pint. 

The short sound of this letter is 
heard in him, thin, &c. and when end- 
ing an unaccented syllable, as van-i- 
ty, qual-i-ty, &c. where, though it 
cannot be properly said to be short, 
as it is not closed by a consonant, yet 
it has but half its diphthongal sound. 
This sound is the sound of e, the last 
letter of the diphthong that forms the 
long i 

When this letter is succeeded by r, 

and another consonant not in a final 
syllable, it has exactly the sound of e 
in vermin, vernal, &c. as virtue, vir- 
gin, bird, dirt, shirt, squirt, mirth, 
birth, gird, girt, skirt, girl, whirl, firm, 

The letter r, in this case, seems to 
have the same influence on this vowel, 
as it evidently has on a and o. When 
these vowels come before double r, or 
single r, followed by a vowel, as in 
arable, carry, marry, orator, horrid, 
forage, &c. they are considerably 
shorter than when the r is the final 
letter of the word, or when it is suc- 
ceeded by another consonant, as in 
arbour, car, mar, or, nor, for. In the 
same manner, the i, coming before 
either double r, or single r, followed 
by a vowel, preserves its pure short 
sound, as in irritate, spirit, conspiracy, 
&c; but when r is followed by an- 
other consonant, or is the final letter 
of a word with the accent upon it, the 
i goes into a deeper and broader 
sound, equivalent to short e, as heard 
in virgin, virtue, &c. So fir, a tree, 
is perfectly similar to the first syllable 
of ferment. 

There is an irregular pronunciation 
of this letter, which has greatly multi- 
plied within these few years, and that 
is, the slender sound heard in ee. 
This sound is chiefly found in words 
derived from the French and Italian 

The words that have preserved the 
foreign sound of i like ee, are princi- 
pally the following: antique, bombasin, 
brasil, capivi, capuchin, caprice, chagrin, 
chevaux-de-frise, critique, frize, gabar- 
dine, haberdine 9 quarantine, routine, 
fascine, fatigue, intrigue, invalid, ma- 
chine, magazine, marine, palanquin, 
pique, police, profile, recitative, man- 
darine, tabourine, tambourine, tontine, 
transmarine, ultramarine. In all these 
words, if for the last i we substitute 
ee, we shall have the true pronuncia- 
tion. In signior the first i is thus pro- 

When i ends an initial syllable with- 
out the accent, and the succeeding 
syllable begins with a consonant, the 



i is generally slender, as if written e. 
But the exceptions to this rule are so 
numerous, that nothing but a cata- 
logue would give a tolerable idea of 
the state of pronunciation in this 

Chicane and chicanery have the i 
always short, or more properly slender. 

Ci before the accent has the i gene- 
rally short, as, ci-vilian 9 ci-vility. 
Ci-barious and ci-tation have the i 

Cli before the accent has the i long, 
as, cli-macter . 

Cri before the accent has the i ge- 
nerally long, as, cri-nigerous, cri-te- 

Di before the accented syllable, be- 
ginning with a consonant, ought gene- 
rally to be pronounced long, as, di- 
gest, digestion , digress, digression, di- 
lute, dilution, diluvian, dimension, di- 
mensive, direct, direction, diversify, 
diversification, diversion, diversity, di- 
vert, advertisement, divertive, divest, 
divesture, divulge, didactic, dilacerate, 
dilaceration, dilaniaie, dilapidation, di- 
late, dilatable, dilat ability , dilection, 
dinumeration, diverge, divergent; though 
some of them may undoubtedly be pro- 
nounced either way ; and in some the 
i is short, as, divide, diminish, divine, 
diuresis, dioptrics, &c. 


Grammarians have generally al- 
lowed this letter but three sounds. 
Mr. Sheridan instances them in not, 
note, prove. For a fourth T have 
added the o in love, dove, &c. ; for the 
fifth, that in or, nor, for; and a sixth, 
that in woman, wolf, &c. 

.The first and only peculiar sound 
of this letter is that by which it is 
named in the alphabet : it requires 
the mouth to be formed, in some de- 
gree, like the letter, in order to pro- 
nounce it. This may be called its 
long open sound, as the o in prove may 
be called its long slender sound. This 
sound we find in words ending with 
silent e, as, tone, bone, alone; or when 
ending a syllable with the accent 
upon it, as, mo-tion, po-tent, &c. ; 

likewise in the monosyllables, go, so, 
no. This sound is found under seve- 
ral combinations of other vowels with 
this letter, as in moan, groan, bow (to 
shoot with), low (not high), and before 
st in the words host, ghost, post, most, 
and before ss in gross. 

The third sound of this letter is 
called its short sound, and is found 
in not, got, lot, &c. ; though this, as in 
the other short vowels, is by no means 
the short sound of the former long 
one, but corresponds exactly to that 
of a, in what, with which the words 
not, got, lot, are perfect rhymes. 

The second sound of this letter, as 
was marked in the observation, may 
be called its long slender sound, cor- 
responding to the double o. The 
words where this sound of o occurs 
are so few, that it will be easy to give 
a catalogue of them : prove, move, 
behove, and their compounds, lose, do, 
ado, poltron, ponton, sponton, who, 
whom, womb, tomb. 

It may be observed, that the o, like 
the e, is suppressed in a final unac- 
cented syllable when preceded by c or 
k, and followed by n, as bacon, beacon, 
deacon, beckon , reckon, pronounced 
bak'n, beatin, deak'n, beck'n, reck'n. 
The o is likewise mute in the same si- 
tuation, when preceded by d in pardon, 
pronounced pard'n, but not in guer- 
don : it is mute when preceded by p 
in weapon, capon, &c. pronounced 
weap'n, cap'n, &c ; and when pre- 
ceded by s in reason, season, treason, 
oraison, benison, denison, unison,foison, 
poison, prison, damson, crimson, advow- 
son, pronounced reazn, treaz'n, &c. 
and mason, bason, garrison, lesson, ca- 
prison, comparison, disinherison, parson, 
and person, pronounced mas'n, bas'n, 
&c. Unison, diapason, and cargason, 
seem, particularly in solemn speaking, 
to preserve the sound of o like u, as 
if written unizun, diapazun, &c. The 
same letter is suppressed in a final un- 
accented syllable beginning with t, as 
seton, cotton, button, mutton, glutton, 
pronounced as if written set y n, cot'n, 
&c. When x precedes the t, the o 
is pronounced distinctly, as in sexton* 



This letter is likewise suppressed in 
in the last syllable of blazon, pro- 
nounced blaz'n ; but is always to be 
preserved in the same syllable of hori- 
zon. This suppression of the o must 
not be ranked among those careless 
abbreviations found only among the 
vulgar, but must be considered as one 
of those devious tendencies to brevity, 
which has worn itself a currency in the 
language, and has at last become a 
part of it. To pronounce the o in 
those cases where it is suppress- 
ed, would give a singularity to the 


The first sound of u, heard in tube, 
or ending an accented syllable, as in 
cu-bic, is a diphthongal sound, as if e 
were prefixed, and these words were 
spelt tewbe, kewbic. The letter u is 
exactly the pronoun you. 

The second sound of u is the short 
sound, which tallies exactly with the 
o in done, son, &c. which every ear 
perceives might as well, for the sound's 
sake, be spelt dun, sun, &c. 

The third sound of this letter is the 
u in bull, full, pull, &c. The first or 
diphthongal u in tube seems almost as 
peculiar to the English as the long 
sound of the i in thine, mine, &c. ; 
but here, as if they chose to imitate 
the Latin, Italian, and French u, they 
leave out the e before the u, which is 
heard in tube, mule, &c. and do not 
pronounce the latter part of u quite so 
long as the oo in pool, nor so short as 
the u in dull, but with a middle sound 
between both, which is the true short 
sound oo in coo and woo, as may be 
heard by comparing woo and wool; the 
latter of which is a perfect rhyme to 


This middle sound of u, so unlike 
the general sound of that letter, exists 
only in the following words: bull, 
full, pull ; words compounded of full, 
as wonderful, dreadful, &c. bullock, 
bully, bullet, bulvmrk, fuller, fulling- 
mill, pulley, pullet, push, bush, bushel, 
pulpit, puss, bullion, butcher, cushion, 
cuckoo, pudding, sugar, hussar, huzza, 

and put, when a verb : we find this 
sound chiefly confined to words which 
begin with the mute labials, b, p, f, 
and end with the liquid labial I, or the 
dentals s, t, and d, as in bull, full, pull, 
bush, push, pudding, puss, put, &c. 
The compounds of bull, and those of 
full, which are numerous, follow the 
sound of their primitives. 

It must be remarked, that this sound 
of u, except in the word fuller, never 
extends to words from the learned lan- 
guages; for, fulminant, fulmination, 
ebullition, repulsion, sepulchre, &c. 
sound the u as in dull, gull, &c. and 
the u in pus and pustule is exactly like 
the same letter in thus. So the pure 
English words, fulsome, buss, bulge, 
bustle, bustard, buzzard, preserve the 
u in its second sound, as us, hull, and 

A deviation from the legitimate 
sounds of this letter is found in the 
words busy, business and bury, which 
are pronounced bizzy, bizness, and 

Y final 

Y final, either in a word or syllable, 
is a pure vowel, and has exactly the 
same sound as i would have in the 
same situation. For this reason, 
printers, who have been the great 
correctors of our orthography, have 
substituted the i in its stead, on ac- 
count of the too great frequency of 
this letter in the English language. 
That y final is a vowel, is universally 
acknowledged ; nor need we any other 
proof of it than its long sound, when 
followed by e mute, as in thyme, rhyme, 
&c. or ending a syllable with the ac- 
cent upon it, as bmjing, cyder, &c. ; 
this may be called its first vowel 

The second sound of the vowel y is 
its short sound, heard in system, syn- 
tax, &c. 

The unaccented sound of this letter 
at the end of a syllable, like that of 
the i in the same situation, is always 
like the first sound of e: thus vanity, 
pleurisy, &c, if sound alone were con- 



suited, might be written vanitee, pleu- 
risee, &c. 

The exception to this rule is, when/ 
precedes the y in a final syllable, the 
y is then pronounced as long and open 
as if the accent were on it : thus jus- 
tify, qualify, &c. have the last syllable 
sounded like that in defy. This long 
sound continues when the y is changed 
into i, in justifiable, qualifiable, &c. 
The same may be observed of multi- 
ply and multip liable, &c. occupy and 
occupiable 9 &c. 

W final. 
That w final is a vowel, is not dis- 
puted; when it is in this situation, 
it is equivalent to oo ; as may be per- 
ceived in the sound of vow, tow-el, 
&c. ; where it forms a real diphthong, 
composed of the a in wa-ter, and the 
oo in woo and coo. It is often joined 
to o at the end of a syllable, without 
affecting the sound of that vowel ; and 
in this situation it may be called ser- 
vile, as in bow (to shoot with), crow, 
low, not high, &c. 




A ? Has, in the English language, regularly 
only two sounds peculiar to itself ; a short 
and a long one ; all other sounds being ir- 
regular ; and depending upon its combina- 
tion with other letters. The broad sound 
resembling that of the German a is found in 
many of our monosyllables, as all, wall, 
malt, sail ; in which a is pronounced as au 
in cause, or aw in law. A open, not unlike 
the a of the Italians, is found, in father, 
rather. A slender, or close, is the peculiar 
a of the English language, resembling the 
sound of the French e masculine, as in the 
words place, face, waste, and all those that 
terminate in ation; as, relation, nation, ge- 
neration. A is also, in some words tran- 
sient and unobserved, as in the last sylla- 
bles of carriage and marriage ; in others 
less faintly sounded, as in those of captain 
and chaplain ; and in some obscurely utter- 
ed, as in collar, jocular. 

A, an article set before nouns of the singular 
number; a man, a tree. Before words be- 
ginning with a vowel and h mute, it is writ- 
ten an ; as an ox, an egg, an honour, an ha- 
bitual practice. A is sometimes a noun ; 
as, a great A. A is placed before a parti- 
ciple, or participial noun ; and is considered 
as a contraction of at; as 1 am a walking. 
It also seems to be anciently contracted 
from at, when placed before local surnames ; 
as Thomas a Becket. In other cases, it 
seems to signify to ; and in some cases it 
signifies in. A, prefixed to many or few, 
implies one whole number ; as, Told of a 
many thousand warlike French. A has a 
peculiar signification, denoting the propor- 
tion of one thing to another ; as, The land- 
lord hath a hundred a year. A., in compo- 
sition, seems to have sometimes the power 
of the French a in these phrases, a droit, 
a gauche, &c. and sometimes to be contract- 
ed from at, as, aside, aslope, afoot, asleep, 
atkirst, aware. Yet some of these are not 
so contracted. They are the same as on 
side, on foot, on sleep. So adays was for- 
merly written on days ; aboard, on board. 
There are words of which the a is become 
so component a part as not to be displaced ; 
as, afresh, alive, aloud, anew ; but it is re- 
dundant in arise, arouse, awake. A, in ab- 
breviations, stands for artium, or arts ; as 
A.B. batchelor of arts, artium baccalaur eus ; 

A. M. master of arts, artium magister ; oi 

anno ; as, A. D. anno domini. 
ABAC1ST, (ab'-a-sist) n. s. He who casts 

accounts, a calculator. 
ABACK, (a-bak') ad. Backwards; a sea 

term, applied to sails when flatted against 

the mast. 
ABACOT, (ab'-a-kot) n. s. The cap of 

state, used T in T old times by our English 

kings, wrought up in the figure of two 

ABACTOR, (a-bak'-tur) n. s. One who 

drives away or steals cattle in herds or 

great numbers at once, in distinction from 

those that steal only a sheep or two. 
ABACUS, (ab'-a kus)rc. s. A counting-table, 

anciently used in calculations ; the upper- 
most member of a column. 
ABAFT, (a-baff) ad. From the fore-part of 

the ship, towards the stern. 
ABAISANCE, (a-ba'-sanse) n. s. An act of 

reverence ; a bow. 
To AB ALIEN ATE, (ab-a'-le en-ate) v. a. 

To estrange ; to withdraw the affection. In 

law, To transfer the property of a thing 

to another : applied chiefly to lands. 
AB ALIEN ATION, (ab-a-le-en-a'-shun) n.s. 

The act of giving up one's right to another 

To ABANDON, (a-ban'-dun) v. a. To give 

up, resign, or quit ; to desert ; to forsake ; 

to leave. 
ABANDONED, (a-ban'-dund) par. Given 

up ; corrupted in the highest degree, aa, 

an abandoned wretch. 
ABANDONEE, (a-ban'-dun-er) n. s. A for- 

ABANDONING, (a-ban'-dun-ing) n. s. A 

leaving, or forsaking. 
ABANDONMENT, (a-ban'-dun-ment) n. s. 

The act of abandoning, 
ABANNITION, (ab-an-ish'-un) n. s. A ba- 
nishment for one or two years for man- 
To ABARE, (a-bare') v. a. To make bare, 

uncover, or disclose. 
ABARTICULATION, (ab-ar-tik-u-la'-shun) 

n. s. That species of articulation that has 

manifest motion. 
To ABASE, (a-base')t;. a. To depress ; to 

lower ; to cast down ; to bring low. 
ABASED, a. A term in heraldry, used of 

the wings of eagles, when the top looks 

Fate, far, fall, fst ; — me, met ;- 

-pine, pin ; — no, move 
pO/Ur.d ; — thin, rnis. 

ngt ; — tube, tub, by! 



downwards, towards the point of the 
shield ; or when the wings are shut. 

ABASEMENT, (a-base'-ment)n. s. The state 
of being brought low ; the act of bringing 
low ; depression. 

To ABASH, (a-bash') v. a. To put into con- 
fusion ; to make ashamed. It generally 
implies a sudden impression of shame. 
The passive admits the participle at, some- 
times of, before the casual noun. 

ABASHMENT,(a-bash'-ment) n.s. The state 
of being ashamed ; cause of confusion. 

To ABATE, (a-bate') v. a. To lessen ; to 
diminish ; to deject or depress the mind ; 
to let down the price in selling ; sometimes 
to beat down the price in buying. 

To ABATE, (a-bate'>u. n. To grow less; as, 
his passion abates ; the storm abates ; used 
sometimes with the participle of before the 
thing lessened. In common law, it is used 
both actively and neuterly ; as, to abate a 
castle, to beat it down ; to destroy, or re- 
move ; as to abate a nuisance. To abate 
a writ, is, by some exception, to defeat or 
overthrow it. In horsemanship, a horse is 
said to abate or take down his curvets ; 
when working upon curvets, he puts his 
two hind-legs to the ground both at once, 
and observes the same exactness in all the 

ABATEMENT, (a-bate'-ment) n. s. The act of 
abating in the different senses of the verb. 
(See Abate) The state of being abated ; the 
sum or quantity taken away by the act of 
abating; extenuation. In law, the act of the 
abator ; or the affection or passion of the thing 
abated ; as, abatement of the writ ; a plea in 
abatement is a plea put in by the defendant 
praying that the writ or plaint may abate, 
that is, that the suit of the plaintiff may 
cease for the time being. In heraldry, an 
accidental mark, which being added to 
a coat of arms, the dignity of it is abased. 
In commerce, a discount in the price, 
where the money is advanced directly. 

ABATER,, (a-ba'-ter) n. s. The agent or cause 
by which an abatement is procured. 

ABATIS, (ab'-a-tis) A military term. 
It means trees cut down, and so laid as to 
form a defence for troops stationed behind 

ABATOR, (a-ba'-tur) n. s. One who intrudes 
houses or land, not entered upon by the 
legal heir. 

ABATUDE, (ab'-a-tude) n.s. Any thing di- 

ABATURE, (ab'-a-ture) n. s. Sprigs of grass 
thrown down by a stag in his passing by. 

ABB, (ab) n. s. The yarn on a weaver's warp. 

ABBA, (ab'-ba) n. s. ASyriack word which 
signifies father. 

ABBACY, (ab'-ba-se) n.s. The government 
of an abbey ; the rights and privileges of 
an abbot. 

ABBAT1AL, (ab-ba'-sial) a. Relating to an 

ABBESS, (ab -ogss) n, • . The superiour or 
governess of u nunn ry or monastry of wo- 


ABBEY, or ABBY, (ab'-be) n. s. A mo- 
nastry of religious persons, whether men or 
women, distinguished from religious houses 
of other denominations by larger privileges. 

ABBOT, (ab'-but) n. s. The chief of a con- 
vent, or fellowship of canons. 

ABBOTSH1P, n. s. The state of an abbot. 

To ABBREVIATE, (ab-bre'-ve-ate) v. a. To 
shorten by contraction of parts without 
loss of the main substance ; to abridge ; 
to shorten ; to cut short. 

ABBREVIATE, (ab-bre'-ve-ate) n.s. An 

ABBREVIATION, (ab-bre-ve-a'-shun) n. s. 
The act of abbreviating, or state of being 
abbreviated ; the means used to abbreviate, 
as characters signifying whole words ; 
words contracted. 

ABBRE VIATOR, (ab-bre'-ve-a-tur) n. s. 
One who abbreviates or abridges. 

ABBREVIATORY, (ab-bre',ve-a-tur-re) a. 
That which abreviates, or shortens. 

ABBREVIATURE, (ab-bre'-ve-a-ture,) ?,. s. 
A mark used for the sake of shortening ; a 
compendium or abridgement. 

ABBREUVOIR. A wateiing-place; among 
masons, the joint or juncture of two stores, 
or the interstice between two stones to be 
filled up with mortar. 

A, B, C. The alphabet; the little book by 
which the elements of reading are taught. 

ABDECANT, (ab'-de-kant) part. a. Abdi- 
cating, renouncing. 

ABD1CANT, (ab'-de-kant) n. s. The person 

To ABDICATE, (ab'-de-kate) v. a. To 
give up right ; to resign ; to lay down an 
office ; to deprive of right. 

To ABDICATE, (ab'-de-kate) v. n. To re- 
sign ; to give up right. 

ABDICATION, .(ab-de-ka'-shun) n . s . The 
act of abdicating ; resignation ; the act of 
renouncing any thing. 

ABDICAT1VE, (ab'-de-ca-tive) a. Causing 
or implying an abdication. 

ABDITIVE, (ab'-de-tive) a. That which has 
the power or quality of hiding. 

ABDITORY, n.s. A place to hide and 
preserve goods in. 

ABDOMEN, (ab-do'-men) n.s. That cavity 
commonly called the lower venter or belly, 
containing the stomach, guts, liver, &c. 

ABDOMINAL, (ab-dom'-me-nal) )«.Re- 

ABDOMINOUS, (ab-do'm'-me'-nus) ] lating 
to the abdomen. 

To ABDUCE, (ab-duse>. a. To draw to a 
different part ; to withdraw one part from 

ABDUCENT, (ab-du'-sent) a. Drawing away. 
Muscles which serve to open or contract 
parts of the body are called abducents. 

ABDUCTION, (ab-duk'-shun) n.s. The act 
of drawing apart, or withdrawing one part 
from another ; a particular form of argu- 
ment ; taking away, or leading away. 

ABDUCTOR, (ab-duk'-tur) s. Muscles which 
draw back the several members. 

ABEARANCE, (a-ba'-ranse) n.s. Behaviour, 
a technical term. 

Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met ; — pine, pin ; — no, move, 


ABECEDARIAN, (a-be-se-da'-re-an) ». s. A 
teacher of the alphabet, or first rudiments 
of literature. 

ABED, (a-bed') ad. In bed ; to bed ; a vul- 

ABERRANCE, (ab-er'-ranse) } s. A devi- 

ABERRANCY, (ab-er'-ran-se) ] ation from 
the right way. 

ABERRANT, (ab-er'-rant) a. Deviating 
from the right way. 

ABERRATION, (ab-er-ra'-shun) n. s. An 
errour ; a mistake ; deviating from the 
common or right track : applied chiefly to 
mistakes of the mind. 

ABERR1NG, (ab-er'-ring)j)a?*r. Wandering, 
going astray. 

To ABERUNCATE,(ab-e-run'-kate)r;.«. To 
pull up by the roots ; to exterpate utterly. 

To ABET, (a-bet') v. a. To set on ; to push 
forward another ; to support him in his de- 
signs by connivance, encouragement, or help. 

ABETMENT, (a-bet'-ment) n. s. The act of 

ABETTER or ABBETOR, (a-bet'-tur) n.s. 
He that abets ; the supporter or encourager 
of another. 

ABEYANCE, (a-ba'-anse) n. s. Reversion ; 
expectation. Lands, &c. are in abeyance, 
which are not actually in the possession, 
but only in the expectance of him who is 
next to inherit them. 

To ABGREG ATE, (ab'-gre-gate) v. a. To lead 
out of the flock. 

ABGREG ATION, (ab'-gre-ga-shun) n.s. A 
separation from the flock. 

To ABHOR, (ab-hgr') v. a. To hate with 
acrimony ; to detest to extremity ; to 
loath ; to abominate. 

ABHORRENCE, (ab-hor'-rense) \n.s. The 

ABHORRENCY, (ao-hgr'-ren-se) ] act of 
abhorring ; detestation ; the disposition to 
abhor, used with the participles from or of. 

ABHORRENT, (ab-hor'-rent)a. Struck with 
abhorrence ; loathing ; contrary to ; foreign ; 
inconsistent with. It is used with the par- 
ticles from or to ; as, it is abhorrent to me. 

ABHORRENTLY, (ab-hgr'-rent-le) ad. In 
an abhorrent manner. 

ABHORRER, (ab-hgr'-rur) n. s. A hater, 

To ABIDE, (a-bide') v. n. To stay in a place ; 
to dwell ; to remain without decay ; to 
continue in the same state ; to endure 
without offence. 

To ABIDE, (a-bide') v. a. To wait for ; ex- 
pect ; attend ; to bear or support the con- 
sequences ; to support or vindicate ; with 
by ; as I will abide by it ; to bear without 
aversion ; to bear or suffer. 
ABIDER, (a-bi'-dur) s. He that abides in a 

ABIDING, (a-bi'-ding) 11. s. Continuance ; 

ABJECT, fab'-jekt) a. Mean ; worthless ; 
low ; being of no hope or regard ; despic- 
able ; vile. 
ABJECT, (ab'-jekt), n. s. A man without 
hope ; one of the lowest condition. 


To ABJECT, (ab-jekt') v. a. To throw ot 
cast away ; to throw or cast down. 

ABJECTEDNESS, ^ab-jek'-ted-ness) n. *. 
The state of an abject. 

ABJECTION, (ab-jek'-shun) n. s. Meanness 
of mind ; want of spirit ; the state of being 
cast away, or lost ; the state of being cast 
down ; the act of humbling ; humiliation. 

ABJECTLY, (ab'-jekt-le) ad. Meanly; 

AB JECTNESS, (ab'jekt-ness; n. s. Abjec ■ 
tion ; meanness. 

ABILITY, (a-bil'-e-te) n. s. The power to 
do any thing ; capacity of mind ; mental 
power; in the plural number, abilities, it 
generally signifies the faculties cf the 

ABINTESTATE, (ab-in-tes'-tate) a. He 
that inherits from a man who did not make 
a will. 

ABJUDICATED, (ab-ju'-de-ka-ted) part. a. 
Given bv judgement from one to another. 

ABJUDICATION, (ab-ju-de-ka'-shun) n. s« 

To ABJUG ATE, (ab'-ju-gate) v. a. To unyoke. 

ABJURATION, (ab-ju-r'a-shun) n. s. The 
act of abjuring ; the oath taken for that end. 

To ABJURE, (ab-jure') v. a. To cast oft 
upon oath ; to swear not to do, or not to 
have something ; to retract, recant, or ab- 
negate a position upon oath. To quit 
the country, and go into banishment ; from 
the custom of abjuring the realm by felons 
who had taken sanctuary. 

ABJUREMENT, (ab-jure'-ment) n. s. Re- 

ABJURER, (ab-jxi'-rer) n. s. He who abjures 
or recants. 

To ABLACTATE, (ab-lak'-tate) v. a. To 
Avean from the breast. 

ABLACTATION, (ab-lak-ta'-shun) n. s. One 
of the methods of grafting. 

ABLAQUEATION, (ab-la-kwe-a'-shun) v. s. 
The act or practice of opening the ground 
about the roots of trees. 

ABLATION, (ab-Ia-shun) n. s. The act of 
taking away. 

ABLATIVE, (ab'-la-tiv) a. That which takes 
away ; the sixth case of the Latin nouns. 

ABLE, (a'-bl) a. Having strong faculties, 
or great strength ; power of mind ; having 
power sufficient. 

ABLE-BODIED, (a'-bl-bgd-did) a. Strong 
of body. 

To ABLEGATE, (ab'-le-gate) v. a. To sena 

abroad upon some employment. 
ABLEGATION, (ab- le'-ga-shun) n. s. The 
act of sending abroad. 

ABLENESS, (a'-bl-ness) n. s. Ability of 
body or mind ; vigour ; force ; capability. 

ABLEPSY, (ab'-lep-se) n. s. Want of sight; 
blindness. Figuratively, unadvisedness. 

To ABLIGATE, (ab'-le-gate) v. a. To tye 
up from. 

7bABLOCATE, (drMo-kate) v. a. To let 

out to hire. 
ABLOCATION, (ab-lo-ka'-shun) n. s. A 
letting out to hire. 

npt ; — tube, tub, bull ; — gil ; — pgund ; — thin, Tins. 


ABLUENT, (ab'-lu-ent) a. That which 
washes clean ; that which has the power of 

ABLUTION, (ab-lu'-shun) n.s. The act of 
cleansing or washing clean ; the water used 
in washing ; the rinsing of chymical pre- 
parations in water. A religious ceremony, 
being a sort of purification, performed by 
washing the body. 

ABLY, (a'-ble) ad. With ability. 

To ABNEGATE, (ab'-ne-gate) v. a. To 

ABNEGATION, (ab-ne-ga'-shun) n. s. De- 
nial ; renunciation. 

ABNEGATOR, (ab-ne-ga'-tur)n.s. One who 
denies, renounces, or opposes any thing. 

ABNODATION, (ab-no-da'-shun) n.s. The 
act of cutting away knots from trees. 

ABOARD, (a-bord') ad. In a ship. 

ABODANCEl (a-bo'-danse) n.s An omen. 

ABODE, (a-bode") 'n. s. Habitation ; dwell- 
ing ; place of residence ; stay ; continuance 
in a place. To make abode. To dwell ; to 
reside ; to inhabit. 

A.BODE, (a-bode') pret. from Abide To stay, 
continue, or dwell. 

To ABODE, (a-bode) v. a. [See Bode.J To 
foretoken or foreshow ; to prognosticate. 

To ABODE, (a-bode') v. n. To be an omen. 

ABODEMENT, ' (a-bode'-ment) n. s. A 
secret anticipation of something. 

ABODING, (a-bo'-ding) n.s. Presentiment; 

ABOLETE, (ab'-o-lete) a. Old ; out of use. 

To ABOLISH^ (a-bgl'-ish) v. a. To annul ; 
to make void. Applied to laws or insti- 
tutions. To put an end to ; to destroy. 

ABOLISHABLE, (a-bgl'-ish-a-bl) a. That 
which may be abolished. 

ABOLISHER, (a bol'-lish-er) s. He that 

ABOLISHMENT, (a-bol'-lish-ment) n. s. 
The act of abolishing. 

ABOLITION, (ab-o-lish'-un) n. a.- The 
state of being abolished; the act of 

ABOMINABLE, (a-bom'-e-na-bl) a. Hate- 
ful, detestable ; to be loathed. 

n.s. Hatefulness; odiousness. 

ABOMINABLY, (^-bom'-e-na-ble) ad. Most 
hatefully ; odiously ; detestably ; in a man- 
ner to be abominated. 

To ABOMINATE, (a-bom'-e-nate) v. a. To 
abhor, detest, hate utterly. 

ABOMINATION, (a^bom-e-na'-shun) n. $. 
Hatred ; detestation ; the object of ha- 
tred ; pollution ; defilement ; wickedness ; 
hateful or shameful vice. 

ABORIGINAL, (ab-o-ridge'-e-nal) a. Primi- 
tive ; pristine. 

ABORIGINES, (ab-o ridge'-e-nez)n.s. The 
earliest inhabitants of a country ; those of 
whom no original is to be traced ; as, the 
Welsh in Britain. 

To ABORT, (abort') v. n. To bring forth be- 
fore the time ; to miscarry. 

ABORTION, (^-bor'~si:un) n. $. The act of 


bringing forth untimely ; the produce of an 
untimely birth. 

ABORTIVE, (abor'-tiv) a. Being brought 
forth before the due time of birth ; bring- 
ing forth nothing ; failing or miscarrying 
from whatever cause. 

ABORTIVELY,(a-bor'-tiy-le) ad. Born with- 
out the due time ; immaturely ; untimely. 

ABORTIVENESS, (a-bgr'-tiv-ness) n.s. The 
state of abortion. 

ABORTMENT, (a- bgrt'-ment) n. ?. An un- 
timely birth. 

ABOVE, (a-buv') prep. To a higher place ; 
in a higher place ; more in quantity or 
number ; in or to a superiour degree ; in 
a state of being superiour to ; unattainable 
by ; beyond ; more than ; too proud for ; 
too high for. 

ABOVE, (a-buv') ad. Over-head ; in a 
higher place ; in the regions of heaven , 
before ; chief in rank or power. 

ABOVE-ALL, (a buv-all') ad. In the first 
place; chiefly. 

ABOVE-BOARD, (a-buv'-bord) ad. Upon 
deck. Figuratively, in open sight ; without 
artifice or trick ; without disguise or con- 

ABOVE-CITED, (a-buv si-ted) part. Cited 

ABOVE-GROUND, (a-buv'-grour-d) ad. 
Used to signify alive ; not in the grave- 

part. See Above-cited. 

To ABOUND, (a-bgund') v. n. To have in 
great plenty ; to be in great plenty. 

ABOUT, (a-bgut') prep. Round; surround- 
ing ; encircling ; near to : concerning ; with 
regard to ; relating to ; in a state of being 
engaged in, or employed upon ; appendant 
to the person, as clothes ; relating to the 
person, as a servant. 

ABOUT, (about) ad. Circularly, in a round ; 
in circuit, in compass ; nearly, as about 
ten or twelve men ; here and there : 
with to before a verb it gives an incipient 
signification ; as, about to fly : round ; 
the longest way, in opposition to the 
short straight way : to bring about, to 
bring to the point desired ; to come about, 
to come to some certain state or 
point ; to go about, to prepare to do 

ABP. for Archbishop ; which see. 

ABRACADABRA, (ab-ra-ka- dab -ra) A 
cabalistical word used as a charm against 

To ABRADE, (a-brade') v. a. To rub off; to 
waste by degrees. 

ABRASION, (a-bra'-zhun) The act of 
abrading or rubbing off. In medicine, the 
wearing away of the natural mucus of cer- 
tain membranes ; the matter worn off by 
the attrition of bodies. 

ABREAST, (a-brest') ad. Side by side. 

ABRENUNCIATlON, n. s. See Renun- 


ABREPTION, (ab-rep'-sLun) n. 
of being carried away. 

The stale 

Fate, far, fa.ll, fat; — me, met; —pine, pin; — no, move, 


To ABRIDGE, (a-bridje') v. a. To make 
shorter in words ; to contract ; to 
diminish ; to deprive of ; to cut off from. 
ABRTDGER, (a-brid'-jer) n. s. He that 
abridges ; a shortener ; a writer of com- 
pendiums or abridgements. 
ABRIDGEMENT,(a-bridje'-ment) n.s. The 
epitome of a larger work contracted into a 
small compass ; a compendium ; a sum- 
mary ; a diminution in general ; contrac- 
tion ; reduction. 
To ABROACH, (abrotsh') v. a. To tap ; to 

set abroach. 
ABROACH, (a-brotsh') ad. In a posture to 
run out, properly spoken of vessels ; in a 
state to be diffused or extended. 
ABROAD, (a-brawd') ad. Without confine- 
ment ; widely ; at large ; out of the house ; 
in another country ; diffused in all direc- 
tions, this way and that ; without, in 
contradistinction to within. 

To ABROGATE, (ab'-ro-gate) v. a. To re- 
peal ; to annul. 

ABROGATE part. a. Annulled ; abolished. 

ABROGATION, (ab-ro-ga'-shun) n. s. The 
act of abrogating ; the repeal of a law. 

ABROOD, (a-brood) ad< In the action of 

ABRUPT, (ab-rupt') a. Broken, craggy; di- 
vided, without any thing intervening ; sud- 
den, without the customary or proper pre- 
paratives. Figuratively, unconnected ; as 
" an abrupt style." 

ABRUPTION, (ab-rup'-shun) n.s. Breaking 
off ; violent and sudden separation. 

ABRUPTLY, (ab-rupt'-le) ad. Hastily ; 
without the due forms of preparation ; 
ruggedly ; unevenly. 

ABRUPTNESS, (ab-rupt'-ness) n. s. An 
abrupt manner ; haste ; suddenness ; 
roughness ; cragginess ; as of a fragment 
violently disjointed. 

ABSCESS, (ab'-sess) n.s. A tumour filled 
with matter. 

To ABSCIND, (ab-sind') v. a. To cut off. 

ABSCISS, (ab'-sfss) n.s. or ABSCISSA, Part 
of the diameter of a conick section, inter- 
cepted between the vertex and a semi-ordi- 

ABSCISSION, (ab-sizh'-un) n. s. The act of 
cutting off; the state of being cut off. 

To ABSCOND, (ab-skond') v. n. To hide or 
conceal one's self; to fly or absent one's 
self : generally used of persons in debt, or 
criminals eluding the law. 

ABSCONDER, (ab-scon'der) n. s. He that 

ABSENCE, (ab'-sense) n. s. The state of 
being absent, opposed to presence ; want 
of appearance, in the legal sense. When 
applied to the mind, inattention ; neglect 
of the present object. 

ABSENT, (ab'-sent) a. Not present ; inat- 
tentive in mind. 

To ABSENT, (ab-sent') v. n. To forbear to 
come into presence ; to withdraw one's self. 

ABSENTEE, (ab-sen-te') n. s. He that is 
absent from his station. 


ABSENTMENT, (ab-sent -ment) n. s. The 
act of absenting, or state of being absent. 

ABSINTHIAN, (ab-sin'-*fte-an) a. Of the 
nature of absinthium, or wormwood. 

ABSINTHIATED, <ab-sin'-i/*e-a-ted) part 
Impregnated with wormwood. 

ABSINTHIUM, (ah sin'-t^e-um) n.s. Worm- 

To ABSIST, (ab-sist') v. n. To stand or leave off. 

ABSOLVATORY, (ab-sol'va-tur-re) a. Re- 
lative to pardon ; forgiving. 

To ABSOLVE, (ab-zolv') v. a. To clear ; to 
acquit ; to set free from an engagement ; 
to pronounce sin remitted ; to finish ; to 

ABSOLVER, (ab-zpl'-ver) n. s. He who pro- 
nounces sin remitted. 

ABSOLUTE, (ab'-so-lute) a. Complete; 
applied as well to persons as things ? un- 
conditional ; as an absolute promise : not 
relative , as, absolute space : not limited ; 
as, absolute power : positive ; certain. 

ABSOLUTELY, (ab'«so-lute-le) ad. Com- 
pletely ; without restriction; without re- 
lation ; in a state unconnected ; without 
limits or dependance ; without condition ; 
peremptorily ; positivelv. 

ABSOLUTENESS, (ab'-'so-lute-ness) n. e, 
Completeness or perfection ; freedom from 
dependance, or limits ; despotism. 

ABSOLUTION, (ab-so-lu'-shun) n. s. The 
act of absolving ; acquittal ; the remis- 
sion of sins. 

ABSOLUTORY, (ab-sol'-u-tur-re) a. That 
which absolves. 

ABSONANT, (ab'-so-nant) «. [See Abso- 
nous.] Contrary to reason ; wide from the 

ABSONOUS, (ab'-so-nus) a. Unmusical, 
or untunable ; absurd ; contrary to reason. 

To ABSORB, (ab-sorb') v. a. To imbibe ; to 
swallow up ; to suck up. 

ABSORBENT, (ab-sor'-bent) n. s. Medi- 
cine that dries up superfluous moisture. 

ABSORBENT, (ab-sor'-bent) a. Having the 
power or quality of absorbing. 

ABSORPT, (ab-sorpt') part. Swallowed up 

ABSORPTION, (ab-sorp'-shun,) n. s. The 
act of swallowing up ; the state of being 
swallowed up. 

To ABSTAIN, (ab-stane') v. n. To keep from ; 
to hinder ; to forbear ; to deny one's self 
any gratification. 

ABSTEMIOUS, (ab-ste'-me-us) a. Temper- 
ate ; sober ; abstinent. 

ABSTEMIOUSLY, (ab-ste'-me-us-le) ad. 
Temperately ; soberly. 

ABSTEMIO USNESS, (ab-ste'-me-us-ness) 
n. s. The quality of being abstemious. 

ABSTENTION, (ab-sten'-shun) n. s. The act 
of restraining. 

To ABSTERGE, (ab-sterje') v. a. To wipe. 

ABSTERGENT, (ab-ster'-jent) a. Having a 
cleansing quality. 

To ABSTERSE,(ab-sterse')«.a. To cleanse; 
to purify. 

ABSTERSION, (ab-ster'-shun) n. s. The act 
of cleansing. 

ngt; — tribe, tub, bull ; — oU ,— pound ; — thin. this. 


ABSTERSIVE, (ab-ster'-siv) n. s. A 

ABSTERSIVE, (ab-ster'-siv) a. Having the 
quality of cleansing. 

ABSTINENCE, (ab'-ste-nense) n.s. Forbear- 
ance of any thing with the particle from : 
fasting or forbearing of necessary food. 

ABSTINENT, (ab'-ste-nent) a. Practising 

ABSTINENTLY, (ab'-ste-nent-le) ad. In an 
abstinent or self-denying manner ; temper- 

ABSTORTED, (ab-stor'-ted) a. Forced 
away ; wrung from another by violence. 

To ABSTRACT, (ab'-strakt) v. a. To take 
one thing from another ; to separate 
ideas ; to reduce to an epitome. 

ABSTRACT, (ab'-strakt) a. Separated from 
something else, generally used with rela- 
tion to mental perceptions, as, abstract ma- 
thematics, abstract terms ; refined ; pure. 

ABSTRACT, (ab-strakt') n. s. A smaller 
quantity, containing the virtue or power of 
a greater ; an epitome. 

ABSTRACTED, (ab-strak'-ted) part. a. Se- 
parated; disjoined; refined; purified; ab- 
struse ; absent of mind, as, an abstracted 

ABSTRACTEDLY, (ab-strak'-ted-le) ad. 
In an abstracted manner ; simply. 

ABSTRACTEDNESS, (ab-strak'-ted-ness) 
n. s. The state of being abstracted. 

ABSTRACTER, (ab-jstrak'-ter) n. s. He 
who makes an abstract, epitome, or note. 

ABSTRACTION, (ab-strak'-shun) n. s. The 
act of abstracting , the state of being ab- 
stracted ; absence of mind ; inattention ; 
disregard of worldly objects. 

ABSTRACTIVE, (ab-strak'-tiv) a. Having 
the power of abstracting. 

ABSTRACTIVELY, (ab-strak'-tiv-le) ad. In 
an abstractive manner. 

ABSTRACTLY, (ab-strakt'-le) ad. In an 
abstract manner ; absolutely ; without re- 
ference to any thing else. 

ABSTRACTNESS, (ab-strakt'-ness) n. s. 
Subtilty ; separation from all matter of 
common notion. 

ABSTRUSE, (ab-struse') a. Hidden ; re- 
mote from view ; difficult ; remote from 
conception or apprehension. 

ABSTRUSELY, (ab-struse'-le) ad. Ob- 
scurely ; not plainly, or obviously. 

ABSTRUSENESS, (ab-struse'-ness) n. s. 
Difficulty ; obscurity. 

ABSTRUSITY, (ab-stru'-se-te) n. s. Ab- 
struseness ; that which is abstruse. 

To ABSUME, (ab-sume ) v. a. To bring to 
an end by a gradual waste ; to eat up. 

ABSURD, (ab-surd') a. Unreasonable ; 
without judgment : as used of men. In- 
consistent ; contrary to reason : used of 
sentiments or practices. 

ABSURDITY, (ab-sur'-de-te) n. s. The 
quality of being absurd ; that which is ab- 
surd : in which sense it has a plural. 

ABSURDLY, (ab-surd'-le) ad. Improperly ; 
unreasonably ; injudiciously. 


ABSURDNESS, (ab-surd'-ness) n.s. The 
quality of being absurd ; injudiciousness ; 

ABUNDANCE, (a-bun'-danse) n. s. Plenty; 
a great number, or quantity ; exuberance ; 
more than enough. 

ABUNDANT, (a-bun'-dant) a. Plentiful; 
exuberant ; fully stored. 

ABUNDANTLY, (a-bun'-dant-le) ad. In 
plenty ; amply ; liberally more than suf- 

ABUSAGE, (a-bu'-saje) n. s. Abuse ; mal- 

To ABUSE, (a-buze') v, a. To make an ill 
use of ; to violate ; to defile : to deceive ; 
to impose upon. When applied to lan- 
guage, to reproach violently. 

ABUSE, (a-buse') n. s. The ill use of any 
thing ; a corrupt practice ; bad custom ; 
seducement ; unjust censure ; rude re- 
proach ; contumely. 

ABUSER, (a-bu'-zer) n. s. He that makes 
an ill use ; he that deceives ; he that re- 
proaches with rudeness ; a ravisher ; a 

ABUSIVE, (a-bu'-siv) a. Practising or per- 
taining to abuse ; containing abuse, as, an 
abusive lampoon ; deceitful. 

ABUSIVELY , (a-bu'-siv-le) ad. Improperly ; 
by a wrong use ; reproachfully. 

ABUS1VENESS, (a-bu'-siv-ness) n. s. The 
quality of being abusive. 

To ABUT, (a-but') v. n. To end at ; to border 
upon ; to meet, or approach to, with the 
particle upon. 

ABUTTAL, (a-but'-tal) n. s. The butting or 
boundaries of any land. 

ABUTMENT, (a-but'-ment) n. s. That which 
abuts or borders upon another. 

ABYSM, (a-bizm') n. s. A gulf ; the same 
with abyss. 

ABYSS, (a-biss') n. s. A depth without bot- 
tom ; a gulph. 

ACACIA, (a-ka'-she-a) n.s. A drug brought 
from Egypt ; a tree commonly so called 
here, though different from that which pro- 
duces the true acacia. 

ACADEMIAL, (ak-a-de.'-nie-al) a. Relating 
to an academy. 

ACADEM1AN, (ak-a-de -me-an) n. s. A 
scholar of an academy or university. 

ACADEMICAL, (ak-a-dem'-me-kal) a. Be- 
longing to an university ; relating to the 
philosophy of the Academy. 

ACADEMICALLY, ad. (ak-a-dem'-me- 
kal-le) In an academical manner. 

ACADEMICIAN, (a-kad-e-mish'-un) n. s. 
The member of an academy. 

ACADEMICK, (ak-a- dem'-ik) n. s. A stu- 
dent of an university ; an academick phi- 

ACADEMICK, (ak-ka-dem'-ik) a. Relating 
to an university ; applicable to a particular 

ACADEMISM, (a-kad'-de-mizm) n. s. 
The doctrine r of the academical philoso- 

ACADEMIST, (a-kad'-de-mist) n. s. The 

Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met; — pine, pin; — no, move, 


member of an academy ; an academical 
ACADEMY, (a-kad'-de-me; n. s. An assem- 
bly or society of men, uniting for the pro- 
motion of some art ; the places where 
sciences are taught : an university ; a term 
now applied to schools in general, especially 
private schools, in contradistinction to the 
universities or publick schools. 

ACANTHUS, (a-kan'-i/ms) n. s. The herb 
bears-breech. The model of the foliage on 
the Corinthian capital. In the Linnaean 
system, a genus of plants. 

AC ATALECTICK, (a-kat-^-lek -tik) n. s. A 
verse which has the complete number 
of syllables, without defect or super- 

ACATALEPSIA, (a-kat-a-lep'-se-a) n.s. Im- 
possibility of complete discovery. 

To ACCEDE, (ak-sede') v. n. To be added 
to ; to come to ; to come over ; to assent. 

To ACCELERATE, (ak-sel'-lur-ate) v. a. 
To hasten ; to quicken motion. 

ACCELERATION, (ak-sel-lur-a'-shun) n. s. 
The act of quickening motion ; the state of 
a body accelerated or quickened ; the 
act of hastening. 

ACCELERATIY E, (ak-sel'-lur-a-tiv) a. In- 
creasing the velocity of progression. 

To ACCEND, (ak-send') v. a. To kindle ; to 
set on fire. 

ACCENSION, (ak-sen'-shun) n. s. The act 
of kindling. 

ACCENT, (ak'-sent) s. The manner of speak- 
ing or pronouncing with force or elegance ; 
the sound give to the syllable pronounced. 
In grammar, the marks upon syllables to 
regulate their pronunciation ; an affection 
or modification of the voice, expressive 
of the passions or sentiments. 

To ACCENT, (ak-sent') v. a. To pronounce ; 
to speak with particular regard to the gram- 
matical marks or rules : to write or note 
the accents. 

ACCENTUAL, (ak-sen'-tu-al) a. Rhythmi 
cal ; relating to accent. 

To ACCENTUATE, (ak-sen'-tu-ate) v. a. To 
place the proper accents over the vowels. 

ACCENTUATION, (ak-sen-tu-a'-shun) 5. 
The act of placing the accent in pronunci- 
ation or writing. 

To ACCEPT, (ak-sepf) v. a. To take with 
pleasure 5 to receive kindly ; to admit 
with approbation. In a kind of juridical 
sense ; as, to accept terms, accept a treaty. 
To accept a "Bill, in commerce, is to sub- 
scribe it, whereby the person makes him- 
self liable for its amount. It is some- 
times used with the particle of. 

ACCEPTABILITY, (ak-sep-ta-bil'-le-te) 
n. s. The quality of being acceptable. 

ACCEPTABLE, (ak-sep'-ta-bl) a. Likely 
to be accepted , grateful ; pleasing. 

ACCEPTABLENESS, (ak-sep'-ta-bl-ness) 
v. s. The quality of being acceptable. 

ACCEPTABLY, (ak-sep'-ta-ble) a. In an 
acceptable manner. 

ACCEPTANCE, (ak-sep'-tanse) n. 5. Ee- 


ception with approbation ; the meaning of 
a word as it is commonly understood. 

ACCEPTANCE, (ak-sep'-tanse) n. s. In 
commerce, the signing or subscribing of a 
bill, thereby making one's self debtor for the 
contents. The Bill itself when so sub- 

ACCEPTATION, (ak-sep-ta'-shun) n. s Re- 
ception, acceptance ; the state of being 
accepted ; acceptance in the juridical 
sense : the acceptation of a word, is tho 
meaning as commonly received. 

ACCEPTER, (ak-sep'-tur) n. s. He that ac- 

ACCEPTION, (ak-sep'-shun) n s. The re- 
ceived sense of a word ; acceptance ; the 
state of being accepted. 

ACCEPTIVE, (ak-sep'-tiv) a. Ready to 

ACCESS, (ak-sess, ak'-sess or, ak-sess') w. 5, 
The way by which any thing may be ap- 
proached ; the means or liberty of ap- 
proaching ; encrease ; enlargement ; ad- 

ACCESSARILY, (ak'-ses-sa-re-le) ad. In 
the manner of an accessary. 

ACCESSARY, (ak'-ses-sa-re) a. That which, 
without being the chief constituent of a 
fact, contributes to it. 

ACCESSARY, (ak'-ses-sa-re) n. s. See Ac- 

ACCESSIBlLITY,(ak-ses-se-bil'-le-te) The 
quality of being accessible. 

ACCESSIBLE, (ak-ses'-se-bl) a. That which 
mav be approached. 

ACCESSION , (ak-sesh'-un) n. s. Enlarge- 
ment ; augmentation ; the act of coming to, 
or joining to, as, accession to a confederacy ; 
the act of arriving at, as, the king's ac- 
cession to the throne ; approach. 

ACCESSORILY, (ak'-ses-so-re-le) ad. In 
the manner of an accessory. 

ACCESSORY, (ak'-ses-so-re) a. Joined to 
another thing ; additional. 

ACCESSORY, (ak'-ses-so-re) n s. In law, 
one who is guilty of a crime, not princi- 
pally, but by participation. 

ACCIDENCE, (ak'-se-dense) n.s. The book 
containing the first rudiments of gram- 
mar, \and explaining the properties of the 
eight parts of speech. 

ACCIDENT, (ak'-se-dent) n. s. The pro 
perty ox quality of any being which may be 
separated from it, at least in thought ; 
that which happens unforeseen ; casualty ■ 
chance. In grammar, the property or 
inflexions of a word. In heraldry, the 
tincture or differences in blazoning, or 
the points and abatements in an escut- 

ACCIDENTAL, (ak-se-den'-tal) n. s. A 
property nonessential. 

ACCIDENTAL, (ak-se-den'-tal) a. Having 
the quality of an accident ; nonessential ; 
casual ; fortuitous. 

ACCIDENTALLY, (ak-se-den'-tal-le) ad. 
After an accidental manner ; casually ; for- 

not ; — tube, tub bull ; — oil ; — pound 



ACCIDENTALNESS, (ak-se-den'-ta!-ness) 
n. s. The quality of being accidental. 

ACCIPIENT, (ak-sip'-pe-ent) n.s. A re- 

To ACCITE, (ak-site') v. a. To call ; to 
cite ; to summon. 

To ACCLAIM, (ak-klame') v. n. To ap- 

ACCLAIM, (ak-klame') n. s. A shout of 
praise ; acclamation. 

ACCLAMATION, (ak-kla-ma-shun) n. s. 
Shouts of applause. 

ACCLAMATORY, (ak-klam'-a-to -re) a. 
Pertaining to acclamation. 

ACCLIVITY, (ak-kliv'-ve-te) n.^ s. The 
steepness or slope of a line inclining to the 
horizon, reckoned upwards ; as, the ascent 
of an hill is the acclivity, the descent is the 

ACCLIVOUS, (ak-kli'-vus) a. Rising with 
a slope. 

To ACCLOY, (ak-kloe') v. a. To fill up, 
in an ill sense ; to ' crowd ; to stuff full ; 
to fill to satiety. 

To ACCOIL, (ak-koil') v. n. See Con.. 

ACCOLENT, (ak'-ko-lent) n. s. He that 
inhabits near a place ; a borderer. 

ACCOMMODABLE, (ak-kom'-mo-da-bl) a. 
, That which may be fitted. 

da-bl-ness; n. s. The capability of ac- 

To ACCOMMODATE, (ak-kom'-mo-date) 
v. a. To supply with conveniencies of any 
kind. With the particle to, to adapt ; to 
fit ; to reconcile ; to adjust. In money 
transactions it implies to lend. 

ACCOMMODATE, (ak-kom'-mo-date) o. 
Suitable ; fit : adapted. 

A CCOMMOD ATE LY, (ak-kom'-mo-date- 
le') ad. Suitably ; fitly. 

ACCOMMODATENESS, (ak-kom'-mo- 
date-ness) n. s. Fitness. 

ACCOMMODATION, (ak-kom-mo-da'- 
sbun) n. s. Provision of conveniencies. 
In the plural, conveniencies. Adaptation ; 
fitness ; composition of a difference ; re- 

of exchange given as an accommodation, 
instead of a loan of money, which is gene- 
rally taken up by the drawer. 

ACCOMMODATOR, (ak-kom'-mo-da-tur) 
n. s. He who adjusts a thing. 

ACCOMPANIER, (aK kum'-pa-ne-ur) n. s. 
One who accompanies a person or 

ft. s. That which attends a thing or 
person. In music, an instrumental part 
added to the composition by way of em- 

To ACCOMPANY, (ak-kum'-pa-ne) v. a. 
To be with another as a companion ; to 
go along with ; to associate with. 

ACCOMPLICE, (ak-kom'-plis) n. s. An 
associate, usually in an ill-sense ; a part- 
ner or co-operator. 


To ACCOMPLISH, (ak-kom'-plish) t>. a. 
To complete ; to execute fully ; to com- 
plete a period of time ; to fulfil, as a pro- 
phecy ; to gain or obtain, as to accom- 
plish an object ; to adorn or furnish either 
mind or body. 

ACCOMPLISHABLE, (ak-kom'-plish-a-bl) 
a. Capable of accomplishment. 

ACCOMPLISHED, (ak-kom'-plish-ed) part, 
a. Complete in some qualification ; ele- 
gant, in respect of acquired qualifications. 

ACCOMPL1SHER, (ak-kom'-plish-ur) n. s. 
He who accomplishes. 

n. s. Completion ; full perforu ance ; com- 
pletion, as of a prophecy ; ornament of 
mind or body ; the act of obtaining or 
perfecting any thing ; attainment. 

ACCOMPT, (ak-kount') n. s. An account ; 
a reckoning. 

ACCOMPTABLE, a. See Accountable. 

ACCOMPT ANT, (ak-koun'-tant,) ft. s. A 
reckoner ; computer. 

cer of the Court of Chancery, to receive all 
money lodged in Court. 

To ACCORD, (ak-kord') v. a. To make 
agree ; to bring to agreement ; to 
compose ; to grant ; as, he accorded his 

To ACCORD, (ak-kord') v. n. To agree ; 
to suit one with another. 

ACCORD, (ak-kord') n. s. A compact ; an 
agreement ; concurrence ; union of mind ; 
harmony ; symmetry. 

ACCORD ABLE, (ak-kor'-da-bl) a. Agree- 
able ; consonant. 

ACCORDANCE, (ak-kor'-danse) n. s. 
Agreement with a person ; conformity to 

ACCORDANT, (ak-kor'-dant) a. Conson- 
ant or corresponding. 

ACCORDANTLY, (ak-kor'-dant-le) ad. In 
an accordant manner. 

ACCORDER, (ak-kor'-der) n. s. An assist- 
ant ; helper ; favourer. 

ACCORDING, (ak-kor'-ding) prep. In a 
manner suitable to ; with regard to ; in 

ACCORDINGLY, (ak-kor'-ding-le) ad. 
Agreeably ; suitably ; conformably. 

To ACCORPORATE, (ak-kor'-po-rate) v. a. 
To unite. 

To ACCOST, (ak-kQst') v. a. To approach , 
to draw near ; to come side by side, or 
face to face ; to speak to first ; to address. 

ACCOSTABLE, (ak-kos'-ta-bl) a. Easy of 
access ; familiar. 

ACCOSTED, (ak-kos'-ted) part. a. In he- 
raldry signifies side by side. 

ACCOUCHEUR, (ak-koo-share) n. s. 
What we call a man-midwife. 

ACCOUNT, (ak-kount') n. s. A computa- 
tation of debts or expenses ; the state or 
result of a computation ; value, or estima- 
tion ; profit ; advantage, as to turn to ac- 
count ; regard ; consideration ; sake ; a nar- 
rative ; relation ; examination of an affair 

Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met;— pine, pin j— -no, move, 


* taken by authority ; explanation ; assign- 
ment of causes. In law, Account is taken 
for a writ or action brought against a man 
■who is responsible. 

To ACCOUNT, (ak-kount') v. a. To es- 
teem ; to think or hold in opinion ; to 
reckon ; to compute ; to hold in esteem ; 
to assign to, as a debt. 

To ACCOUNT, (ak-kount') v. n. To reckon ; 
to give an account ; to assign the causes ; 
to make up the reckoning ; to appear as 
the medium by which any thing may be 

ACCOUNTABLE, (ak-koim'-ta-bl) a. Li- 
able to account. 

ACCOUNT ABLENESS, (ak-kQunt'-a-bl- 
ness) n. s. The state of being accountable. 

ACCOUNTANT, (ak-koun'-tant) a. Ac- 
countable to. 

ACCOUNTANT, (ak-koun'-tant) n.s. A 
computer ; a man employed in accounts. 

ACCOUNT-BOOK, (ak-kount'-book) n. s. 
A book containing accounts. 

ACCOUNTING, (ak-kpunt'-ing) n. s. The 
act of reckoning up of accounts. 

To ACCOUPLE, (ak-kup'-pl) v. a. To join ; 
to link together. 

ACCOUPLEMENT, (ak-kup'-pl-ment) n.s. 
A junction or union. 

To ACCOURAGE, See Encourage. 

To ACCOURT, (ak-kort') v. a. To entertain 
with courtship, or courtesy. 

To ACCOUTRE, (ak-koo'-tur) v. a. To 
dress ; to equip. 

ACCOUTREMENT, (ak-koo'-tur-ment) n.s. 
Dress ; equipage ; trappings ; ornaments. 

To ACCREDIT, (ak-kred'-it) v. a. To coun- 
tenance ; to procure honour or credit to. 

ACCREDITED, (ak-kred'-it-ed) part. a. Of 
allowed reputation ; confidential, as an 
accredited agent. 

ACCREDITATION, (ak-kred-it-a'-shun) n. 
s. That which gives a title to credit. 

ACCRESCENT, (ak-kres'-sent) part. a. In- 

ACCRETION, (ak-kre'-shun) n.s. The act 
of growing to another thing, so as to en- 
crease it. 

ACCRETIVE, (ak-kre'-tiv) a. Growing; 
that wh ; ch by growth is added. 

To ACCROACH, (ak-krotsh') v. a. To 
draw to one, as with a hook ; to gripe ; 
to draw away by degrees what is ano- 

ACCROACHMENT, (ak-krotsh'-ment) n.s. 
The act of accroaching. 

To ACCRUE, (ak-krp/) v. n. To accede 
to ; to be added to ; to be added, as an 
advantage or improvement ; to append to, 
or arise from. In a commercial sense, to 
arise, as profits ; to follow, as loss. 

ACCRUMENT, (ak-kro'-ment) n. s. Ad- 
dition ; encrease. 

ACCUBATION, (ak-ku-ba'-shun) n. s. The 
ancient posture of leaning at meals. 

To ACCUMB, (ak-kumb') v. a. To lie at 
the table, according to the ancient man- 


ACCUMBENCY, (ak-kum'-ben-se) ru s. 

State of being accumbent. 

ACCUMBENT, (ak-kum'-bent) a. Leaning. 

To ACCUMULATE, (ak-ku-mu-late) v. a. 

To heap one thing upon another ; to pile up. 

To ACCUMULATE, (ak-ku'-mu-late) v. n. 

To encrease. 
ACCUMULATE, a. Heaped : collected. 
ACCUMULATION, (ak-ku-mu-la-shun) 
n. s. The act of accumulating ; the state 
of being accumulated. 
ACCUMULATIVE, (ak-ku'-mu-la-tiv) a. 
Having the quality of accumulating ; that 
which accumulates. 
ACCUMULATIVELY, (ak-ku'-mu-la-tiv-le) 
ad. In an accumulating manner ; in heaps. 
ACCUMULATOR, (ak-ku'-mu-la-tur) n. s. 

A gatherer or heaper together. 
ACCURACY, (ak'-kii-ra-se) n.s. Exact- 
ness ; nicety. 
ACCURATE, (ak'-ku-rate) a. Without de- 
fect or failure ; determinate ; precisely 
ACCURATELY, (ak'-ku-rate-le) ad. Ex- 
actly ; without errour ; nicely. 
ACCURATENESS, (ak'-ku-rate-ness) Ex- 
actness ; nicety. 
To ACCURSE, (ak kurse') v. a. To doom 
to misery ; to invoke misery upon any one. 
ACCURSED, (ak-kur'-sed) part. a. That 
which is cursed ; that which deserves the 
curse ; execrable ; hateful. 
ACCUSABLE,(ak-ku'-za-bl) a. Blameable j 

ACCUSANT, (ak-ku'-zant) n. s. He who 

ACCUSATION, (ak-ku'-za-shun) n. s. The 
act of acusing ; the charge brought against 
any one. 
ACCUSATIVE, (ak-ku'-za-tiv) a. Censur- 
ing ; accusing. A term of grammar, sig- 
nifying the relation of the noun, on which 
the action, implied in the verb, termi- 
ACCUSATIVELY, (ak-ku-za-tiv-le) ad. 
In an accusative manner ; relating to the 
accusative case in grammar. 
ACCUSATORY, (ak-ku'-za-tur-e) a. That 
which produceth or containeth an accusa- 
To ACCUSE, (ak-kuse) v. a. To charge with 

a crime ; to blame or censure. 
ACCUSER, (ak-ku'-zur) n.s. He that brings 

a charge against another. 
To ACCUSTOM, (ak-kus'-tum) v. a. To ha- 
bituate ; to enure. 
ACCUSTOMABLE, (ak-kus'-tum-ma-bl) a. 

Habitual ; customary. 
ACCUSTOMABLY, (ak-kus'-tum-a-ble) ad. 

According to custom; habitually. 
ACCUSTOMANCE, (ak-kus'-tum- anse) n. s. 

Custom ; habit ; use. 
ACCUSTOM A.RILY, (ak-kus'-tum-ma-re-Ie) 

ad. In a customary manner. 
ACCUSTOMARY, (ak-kus'-tum-ma- re) «. 

Usual ; practised ; according to custom. 
ACCUSTOMED, (ak-kus'-tum-ed) a. Ac- 
cording to custom ; frequent ; usual. 

ngt; — tiibe, tub, bull; -oil; — pound ;—t/iin, this. 


A.CE, (ase) n. s. A piece of money ; an 
integer ; an unit ; a single point on carcU 
or dice ; a small quantity j a particle ; an 
ACEPHALI, (a'-sef'-fa-li) n. s. Levellers 
who acknowledge no head or superiour ; 
a sect of Christian heriticks so called, who 
acknowledged no head or ecclesiastical 
ACEPHALOUS (a-sef'-fa-lus) a. Without 

a head. 
ACERB, (a-serb') a. Acid, with an addi- 
tion of roughness. 
To ACERBATE, (as'-er-bate) v. a. To make 

ACERBITY, (a-ser'-be-te) n. s. A rough 
sour taste ; sharpness of temper ; se- 
To ACERVATE, (a-ser'-vate) v. a. To heap 

ACERVATION, (as-er-va'-shun) n. 5. The 

act of heaping together. 
ACERVOSE, (a'-ser-vose) a. Full of heaps. 
ACESCENT, (a-ses'-sent) a. Tending to 

sourness or acidity. 
ACETATE, (as'-se-tate) n. s. In chemistry, 
salt formed by the union of acetic with a 
salifiable base, as acetate of potash, of 
soda, of lead, &c. 
ACETOSE, (as'-e-tose) a. Sour j sharp. 
ACETOSIT Y^ (as-e-tos'-e-te) n s. The state 
of being acetose ; or of containing sourness. 
ACETOUS, (a-se'-tus) a. Having the qua- 
lity of vinegar ; scur. 
ACHE, (ake) n. s. A continued pain. 
To ACHE, (ake) v. n. To be in pain. 
ACHIEVABLE, (at-tsheve'-a-t^ c. Pos- 
sible to be achieved. 
ACHIEVANCE, (at-tsheve -ance; n.s. Per- 
To ACHIEVE, (at-tsheve') v. a. To per- 
form ; to finish a design prosperously ; to 
gain ; to obtain. 
ACHIEVER, (at-tshe'-vur) n.s. He that 

ACHIEVEMENT, (at-tsheve'-ment) n. s. 
The performance of an action. In He- 
raldry, The escutcheon, or ensigns armo- 
rial, granted to any man for the perform- 
ance of great actions. 
ACHING, (a'-kmg) n. s. Pain ; uneasiness. 
ACHOR, (a'-kor) n. s. A species of the 

ACHROMATICK, (a-kro'-mat-ik) a. In 
optics, applied to telescopes, contrived to 
remedy aberrations and colours. 
ACID, (as'-sid) a. Sour ; sharp. 
ACID, (as' sid) n.s. An acid substance: 

any thing sour. 
ACIDIFYING, (a-sid'-de-fi-ing) part. a. In 

chemistry, Generating acids. 
ACIDITY, (a-sid'-de-te) n. s. An acid 

taste ; sharpness ; sourness. 
ACIDNESS, (as'-sid-ness) n.s. Acidity. 
ACIDULJZ;, (a-sid'-du-le) n. s. Medicinal 
springs impregnated with sharp particles. 
To ACIDULATE, (a-sid'-du-late) v. a. To 
tinge with acids in a slight degree. 


ACIDULOUS, (a-sid'-du-lus) a. Sourish. 
To ACKNOWLEDGE, (ak-nol'-ledj) v. a. 
To own the knowledge of; to own any 
thing or person in a particular character ; 
to confess ; to own, as, a benefit. 
ACKNOWLEDGING, (ak-nol'-ledj-ing) a. 
Ready to acknowledge benefits re- 
ceived ; grateful. 
ACKNOWLEDGMENT, (ak-nol'-ledje- 

ment) n. s. Concession of any character 
in another, or of the truth of any position ; 
confession of a fault, or of a benefit re- 
ceived ; act of attestation to any concession, 
such as homage j something given in con- 
fession of a benefit received. 
ACME, (ak'-me) n. s. The height of any 

thing ; the summit. 
ACOLOTHIST, (a-kol'-lo-(Mst) n.s. In the 
Romish church, one whose office is to pre- 
"pare the elements for the offices, to light 
the churchj &c. 
ACOLYTE, (ak'-o-lite) n. 5. The same with 

ACONITE, (ak'-ko-nite) n. s. The herb 
wolf's-bane, or, in poetical language, poison 
in general. 
ACORN, (a'-korn) n. s. The seed or fruit 

borne by the oak. 
ACORNED, (a'-kornd) a. Fed with acorns. 
In heraldry, An oak tree with acorns on it. 
ACOUSIICK, (a-kpu'-stik) a. That which 

relates to hearing. 
ACOUSTICKS, (a-kou'-stiks) n.s. The doc- 
trine or theory of sounds ; medicines to 
help the hearing. 
To ACQUAINT, (ak-kwant') v. a. To make 

familiar with ; to inform. 
ACQUAINTANCE, (ak-kwan'-tanse) n. s. 
Familiarity ; knowledge of. Applied to per- 
sons, a slight or initial knowledge, short 
of friendship ; the person with whom we 
are acquainted. 
ACQUAINTED, (ak-kwan'-ted) a. Fami- 
liar with ; well known. 
ACQUEST, (ak-kwest') n. s. Attachment; 

acquisition ; the thing gained. 
To ACQUIESCE, (ak-kwe-ess') v. n. To rest 

in, or remain satisfied with. 
ACQUIESCENCE, (ak-kwe-ess'-ense) n. s. 
A silent appearance of content ; satisfac- 
tion ; rest ; content ; submission. 
ACQUIESCENT, (ak-kwe-ess'-ent) a. Easy ; 

ACQU1ET, (ak-kwi'-et) v. a. To render 

ACQUIRABLE, (ak-kwi'-ra-bl) «. That 

which may be acquired or obtained. 
To ACQUIRE, (ak-kwire') v. a. To gain 
by one's own labour or power ; to come to ; 
to attain. 
ACQUIRED, (ak-kwi'-red) part. a. Gained 

by one's self. 
ACQUIRER, (ak-kwi -rur) n. s. A gainer. 
ACQUIREMENT, (ak-kwire -ment) n. s. 

That which is acquired. 
ACQUISITION, (ak-kwe-zish'-shun) n. s. 
The act of acquiring or 'gaining ; the thing 


Fate, far, fall, f^t ; — me, met ; — pine, pin ; — no, move, 


ACQUISITIVE, (ak-kwiz'-ze-tiv) a. That 

which is acquired. 
ACQUISITIVELY, (ak-kwiz'-ze-tiy-le) ad. 

A term in grammar. 
To ACQUIT, (ak-kwit') v. a. To set free ; 
to dear from a charge of guilt ; to clear 
from any obligation, ot discharge a duty. 
ACQUITMENT, (ak-kwit'-ment) n.s. The 
state of being acquitted, or act of acquitting. 
ACQUITTAL, (ak-kwit'-tal) ru s. A de- 
liverance from the suspicion or guilt of an 
ACQUITTANCE, (ak-kwit'-tanse) n. s. The 
act of discharging from a debt ; a writing 
testifying the receipt of a debt. 
ACRE, (a'-kur) n. s. A quantity of land 
containing in length forty perches, and four 
in breadth, or 4840 square yards. 
ACRID, (ak'-krid) a. Of a hot biting taste ; 

ACRIMONIOUS, (ak-kre-mo'-ne-us) a. 

Abounding with acrimony. 
ACRIMONIOUSNESS, (ak-kre-mo-ne-us- 

ness) n. s. The property of acrimony. 
ACRIMONIOUSLY, (ak-kre-mo -ne-us-le) 

ad. "In an acrimonious manner. 
ACRIMONY, (ak'-kre-mo-ne) n. s. Sharp- 
ness ; corrosiveness ; sharpness of temper. 
ACR1TUDE, (ak'-kre-tude) n. s. An acrid 

ACRITY, (ak'-kre-te) n. s. Sharpness; ea- 
A CROAMATICAL, (ak'-kroa-mat'-te-kal) } 
ACROAMATICK, (ak-kro-a-maf-ik) T 5 
a. Of or pertaining to deep learning ; the 
opposite of exoterical ; which see. 
ACROAMATICKS, (ak-kro-a -mat'-iks) n. s. 
Aristotle's lectures on the more subtle parts 
of philosophy, to which none but friends 
and scholars were admitted. 
ACROMION, (a-kro'-me-gn) n. s. In ana- 
tomy, The upper process of the shoulder- 
ACRONYCAL, (ak-krgn'-ik-al) a. A term 
applied to the rising or setting of the stars, 
when they either appear above or sink be- 
low the horizon at the time of sunset. It 
is opposed to cosmical. 
ACRONYCALLY, (ak-krgn -ne-kal-le) ad. 

At the acronycal time. 
ACROSP1RE, (ak'-kro-spire) n. s. A shoot 

or sprout from the end of seeds. 
ACROSPIRED, (ak'-kro-spi-red) part. a. 

Having sprouts. 
ACROSS, (a-krgss') ad. Athwart ; laid over 
something so as to cross it ; transversely ; 
ACROST1CK, (a-krgss'- tik) n.s. A poem, 
in w r hich the first letter of every line makes 
up the name of the person or thing on 
which the poem is written. 
ACROSTICAL, (a-krgss'-te-kal) a. That 

which relates to or contains acrosticks. 
ACROSTICALLY, (a-krgss'-te-kal-le) ad 

In the manner of an acrostick. 
ACROTERIA, (a-krg-te'-re-a) n. s. In ana- 
tomy, The extremities of the human body, as 
the fingers ends. In architecture, Little 


pedestals without bases, placed at the mid- 
dle and the two extremes of pediments. 
To ACT, (akt) v. n. To be in action ; not to 

rest ; to perform the proper functions. 
To ACT, (akt) v. a. To bear a borrowed 
character ; to counterfeit ; to feign by 
action ; to actuate ; to put in motion ; to 
regulate the movements. 
ACT, (akt) n. s. Something done ; a deed ; 
agency ; action ; the performance of ex- 
ploits ; a step taken. A part of a play, 
during which the action proceeds without 
interruption. A decree of a court of justice, 
or edict of a legislature ; record of judicial 
proceedings. The exercise, or ceremony, 
observed in the publick schools, for a de- 
gree in the universities. 
ACTING, (ak'-ting) n. s. Action ; perform- 
ing an assumed part. 
ACTION, (ak'-shun) n. s. The quality or 
state of acting ; an act or thing done ; a 
deed ; agency ; operation ; the series of 
events represented in a fable ; gesticulation ; 
the accordance of the motions of the body 
with the words spoken. 
ACTION, n.s. In Law, The process or form 

of a suit for the recovery of a right. 
ACTIONABLE, (ak'-shun-a-bl) a. That 

which admits an action in law. 
ACTIONABLY, (ak'-shun-a-ble) ad. In a 

manner subject to a process of law. 
ACTIONARY, (ak-shun-a-re) } n. s. One 
ACTIONIST, (ak'-shun-ist) ' 5 that has a 
share in actions or stocks. 
To ACTIVATE, (ak'-te-vate) v. a. To make 

ACTIVE, (ak'-tiv) a. That which has the 
power or quality of acting ; that which 
acts, opposed to passive; busy ; engaged in 
action ; practical, not merely theoretical ; 
nimble ; agile ; quick. In grammar, A verb 
active is that which signifies action. 
ACTIVELY (ak'-tiy-le) ad. In an active 
manner ; busily ; nimbly ; in an active sig- 
nification, as used in grammar. 
ACTIVENESS, or ACTIVITY, (ak'-tiv-ness. 
or ak-tiy'-e-te) n. s. The quality of being 
ACTOR, (ak'-tur) n. s. He that acts, or 

performs any thing ; a stage-player. 
ACTRESS, (ak'-tress) n. s. She that per- 
forms any thing ; a woman that plays on 
the stage. 
ACTUAL, (ak'-tu-al) a. That which com- 
prises action ; really in act. 
ACTUALITY, (ak-tu-al'-le-te) n. s. The 

state of being actual. 
ACTUALLY, (ak'-tu-al-le) ad. In act ■> 

ACTU ALNESS, (ak'-tu-al-ness) n. s. The 

quality of being actual. 

ACTUARY, (ak'-tu-a-re) n. s. The register 

who compiles minutes of the proceedings of 

a court, or society. 

ACTUATE, (ak'-tu-ate) a. Put into action. 

To ACTUATE", (ak'-tu-ate) v.a. To put into 

To ACU ATE, (ak'-u-ate) v. a. To sharpen 

not j— tube, tub, bull ;— oil ;— pound r thin, this. 



ACUITY, (a-ku'-e-te) n. s. Sharpness. 
ACULEATE, '(a-ku'-le-ate) a. Having a 

point or sting ; prickly. 
ACUMEN, (a-ku'-men) n. s. A sharp point , 

figuratively, quickness of intellect. 
To ACUMINATE, (a-ku'-me-nate) v. a. $ n. 

To rise like a cone ; to whet or sharpen. 
ACUMINATED, (a-ku'-me-na-ted) part. a. 

ACUMINATION, (a-ku-me-na'-slmn) n. s. 

A sharp point ; the act of sharpening. 
ACUTE, (a-kute') a. Sharp ; ending in a 
point ; ingenious ; penetrating ; sharp, in 
taste. In medicine, acute disease, any dis- 
ease which terminates shortly; opposed 
to chronical. Acute accent, that which 
raises or sharpens the voice. 
ACUTELY, (a kute'-le) ad. Sharply. 
ACUTENESS" (a-kxite'-ness) n. s. Sharp- 
ness ; quickness and vigour of intellect ; 
violence and speedy crisis of a malady ; 
sharpness of sound. 
ADAGE, (ad'-aje) w. s. A maxim handed 

down from antiquity ; a proverb. 
ADAGIAL, (a-da'-je-al) a. Proverbial. 
ADAGIO, (a-da'-je-o) n. s. In music, a 

slow time. 
ADAMANT, (ad'-a-mant) n. s. A stone of 

impenetrable hardness ; the diamond. 
ADAMANTEAN,(ad-a-man-te'-an) a. Hard 

as adamant. 
ADAMANTINE, (ad-a-mau'-tin) a. Made 

of adamant ; hard ; indissoluble. 
ADAMS-APPLE, (ad-'amz-ap'-pl) n. s. A 

prominent part of the throat. 
ADAMITE, (ad' a-mite) n. s. The name of 
a class of heretick^ who used to pray 
To ADAPT, (a-dapt') v. a. To fit one thing 

to another. 
ADAPTABLE, (ad-ap'-ta-bl) a. That which 

may be adapted. 
ADAPTABILITY, (ad-ap-ta-bil'-le-te) n. s. 

The capability of adaptation. 
ADAPTATION, (ad-ap-ta'-shun) n. s. The 
act of fitting one thing to another ; the fit- 
ness of one thing to another. 
ADAPTION, (a-dap'-shun) n. s. The act of 

To ADD, (ad) v. a. To join something to 
that which was before ; to perform the 
mental operation of adding one number or 
conception to another. 
ADDABLE, (ad'-a-bl) a. That which may 

be added. 
To ADDECIMATE, (ad-des'-se-mate) v. a. 

To take or ascertain tithes. 
To AD DEEM, (ad-deem') v. a. To award ; to 


ADDENDUM, (ad-den'-dum) n. s. An ad- 
dition or appendix to a work. 

ADDER, (ad'-dur) n. s. A serpent ; a viper ; 
a poisonous reptile. 

ADDER'S-GRASS, (ad'-durz-grass) n. s. 
A species of plant. 

ADDER'S-TONGUE, (ad'-durz-tung) n . s. 
The name of an herb. 

ADDER'S-WORT, (ad'-durz-wurt) n. s. 


An herb, supposed to cure the bite of ser- 

ADDIBLE, (ad'-de-bl) a. See Addable. 

ADDIBILITY, (ad-de-bil'-le-te) n. s. The 
possibility of being added. 

ADDICE, (ad'-dis) n. s. An adz ; an axe. 

To ADDICT, (ad-dikt') n. s. To devote or 
dedicate one's self to, in a good or bad 


ADDICTEDNESS, (ad-dik'-ted-ness) n. s. 

The quality of being addicted. 
ADDICTION, (ad-dik'-shun) n. s. The act 
of devoting, or giving one's self up to ; the 
state of being devoted. 
ADDITAMENT, (ad-dit'-a-ment) n. s. The 

addition, or thing added. 
ADDITION, (ad-dish'-un) n. s. The act 
of adding one thing to another ; addita- 
ment, or the thing added. In Arithmetic, 
the reduction of two or more numbers to- 
gether into one sum or total. In law, A 
title given to a man over and above his 
Christian name and surname. 
ADDITIONAL, (ad-dish'-un-al) a. Being 

ADDITIONALLY, (ad-dish'-un-al -le) ad. 

In addition to. 
ADDITIONARY, (ad-dish'-un-a-re) a. That 

which may be added. 
ADDITORY, (ad'-de-to-re) a. Having the 

power or quality of adding. 
ADDLE, (ad'-dl) a. A term applied to egg9, 
and signifying such as produce no thing, but 
grow rotten under the hen ; and figuratively, 
to brains that produce nothing. 

Having barren or addled brains. 
ADDORSED, (ad-dorse'-ed) part. a. In 
heraldry, signifies beasts &c. turned back 
to back. 
To ADDRESS, (ad-dress') v. a. To pie- 
pare one's self to enter upon any ac- 
tion ; to get ready ; to apply to another by 
ADDRESS, (ad-dress') n. s. Application to 
any one, by way of persuasion ; petition ; 
courtship; manner of addressing another; 
skill : dexterity ; direction of a letter. 
ADDRESSER, (ad-dres'-sur) n. s. The per- 
son that addresses. 
To ADDUCE, (ad-duse') v. a. To bring for- 
ward ; to urge ; to allege. 
ADDUCENT, (ad-du-sent) a. A word ap- 
plied to those muscles that bring forward, 
close, or draw together the parts of the 
body to which they are annexed. 
ADDUCIBLE, (ad-du'-se-bl) a. That which 

may be brought forward. 
ADDUCTION, (ad-duk'-shun) n. s. The 
act of adducing or bringing forward. 
■ ADDUCTIVE, (ad-duk'-tiv) a. That which 
fetches, or brings down. 
To ADDULCE, (ad-dulse') v. a. To sweeten. 
ADELANTADOj (ad-'el-an-ta'-do) n. s. An 

office of high authority in Spain. 
ADEL1NG, (ad-el-ing) n. s. A word of 
honour among the Angles, properly apper- 
taining to the king's children. 


Fate, far, fall, fat : — me, met 

-pine, j>m ;— nd, move, 


ADEMPTION, (a-dem'-shun) n. s. Taking 
away ; privation. 

ADENOGRAPHY, (ad-de-nog'-gra-fe) n. s 
A treatise of the glands. 

ADEPT, (a-dept') n. s. He that is com- 
pletely skilled in all the secrets of his art ; 
a name first assumed by professors of 
Alchemy, now applied generally to pro- 
ficients in any science. 

ADEPT, (a-dept') a. Skilful; thoroughly 

ADEPTION, (a-dep'-shun) 11. s. Attainment ; 

To ADEQUATE, (ad'-e-kwate) v. a. To re- 
semble exactly. 

ADEQUATE, (ad'-e-kwate) a. Equal to; 

ADEQUATELY, (ad'-e-kwate-le) ad. In 
an adequate manner. 

ADEQUATENESS, (ad'-e-kwate-ness) n. s 
The state of being adequate. 

ADEQUATION, (ad-e-kwa'-shun)n. s. Ade- 

ADF1LIATED. See Affiliated. 

To ADHERE, (ad-here ) v. n. To stick to ; 
to remain firmly fixed to a party, person, or 

ADHERENCE, (ad-he'-rense) } n. s. The 

ADHERENCY, (ad-he'-ren-se) S quality of 
adhering ; tenacity ; fixedness of mind ; 
steadiness ; fidelity ; steady attachment. 

ADHERENT, (ad-he'-rent) a. Sticking to ; 
united with. 

ADHERENT, (ad-he'-rent) n. s. The per- 
son that adheres ; a follower ; a partisan ; 
any thing outwardly belonging to a person. 

ADHERENTLY, (ad-he'-rent-le) ad. In an 
adherent manner. 

ADHERER, (ad-he-rur) n. s. He that ad- 

ADHESION, (ad-he'-zhun) n. s. The act or 
state of sticking or adhering to something. 

ADHESIVE, (ad-he'-siv) a. Sticking ; tena- 

ADHESIVELY, (ad-he'-siv-le) ad. In an 
adhesive manner. 

ADHESIVENESS, (ad-he'-siv-ness) n. s. 
Tenacity ; viscosity. 

To ADHIBIT, (ad-hib'-bit) v. a. To apply ; 
to make use of. 

ADHIBITION, (ad-he-bish'-shun) n. s. Ap- 
plication ; use. 

ADHORTATION, (ad-hor-ta'-shun) n. 5. 
Advice ; the act of advising. 

ADJACENCY, (ad-ja'-sen-se) n. s. The 
state of lying close to ; vicinity ; contiguity. 

ADJACENT, (ad-ja'-sent) a. Lying near 
or close ; bordering upon ; contiguous. 

ADJACENT, (ad-ja'-sent) n. s. That which 
lies next another. 

ADIAPHOROUS, (a-de-af'-fo-rus) a. Neu- 
tral ; indifferent. 

ADIAPHORY, (a-de-af-fo-re) n. s. Neu- 
trality; indifference. 

To ADJECT, (ad-jekt') v. a. To add to. 

ADJECTION, T (ad-jek'-shun) n . s. The 
act cf adjecting, or adding ; the thing ad- 


ADJECTITIOUS, (ad-jek-tish'-us) a. Addi- 
tional ; thrown in upon the rest. 

ADJECTIVE, (adjek-tiv) n. s. A word 
added to a noun, to signify some quality ; 
as, good, bad, &c. 

ADJECT1VELY, (ad'-jek-tiv-le) ad. In 
the manner of an adjective. 

ADIEU, (^-du) ad. Farewell. 

To ADJOIN, (ad-join) v. a. To join to ; tc 
fasten by a joint or juncture. 

To ADJOIN, (ad-join) v. n. To be contigu- 
ous to 

ADJOINANT, (ad-join'-ant) a. Contiguous 

To ADJOURN, (ad-jurn) v. a. To put off 
to another day ; to defer. 

ADJOURNMENT, (ad-jurn'-ment) n. s. A 
putting off till another day ; delay : pro- 

ADIPOUS, (ad'-de-pus) a. Of the nature of 

ADIT, (ad' -it) n. s. A passage for the con- 
veyance of water under ground. 

To ADJUDGE, (ad-judje') v. a. To give a 
judicial sentence ; to decree judicially ; to 
sentence, or condemn to a punishment ; to 
judge ; to decree. 

ADJUDGEMENT, (ad-judje'-ment) n. s. 

ADJUDICATION, (ad-ju-de-ka'-shun) n. s. 
The act of adjudicating ; awarding or de- 
creeing as a judge. 

To ADJUDICATE, (ad-ju'-de-kate) v. a. To 

To ADJUGATE, (ad-ju'-gate) v. a. To yoke 

ADJUNCT, (ad'-jungkt) n. s. Something 
united to another ; a person joined to an- 

ADJUNCT, (ad'-jungkt) a. United with. 

ADJUNCTION, (ad-jungk'-shun) n. s. The 
act of adjoining ; the thing joined. 

ADJUNCTIVE, (ad-jungk-'-tiy) re. s. That 
which is joined. 

ADJUNCTIVE, (ad-jungk'-tiv) a. Having 
a tendency or capability of joining. 

ADJUNCTIVELY, (ad-jungk'-tiv-le) ad. 
In an adjunctive manner. 

ADJURATION, (ad-jii-ra-shun) n. s. The 
act of charging another solemnly by word 
or xpath ; the form of oath. 

To ADJURE, (ad-jure') v. a. To impose 
an oath upon another; to charge ear- 

ADJLRER, (ad-jii'-rer) n. s. One that ex- 
acts an oath. 

To ADJUST, (ad-just') v. a. To regulate ; 
to put in order ; to reduce to the true state ; 
to make conformable. 

ADJUSTER, (ad-just'-er) n. s. He who 
places in due order. 

ADJUSTMENT, (ad-just'-ment) n. s. Re- 
gulation ; settlement ; the act or state of 
being regulated. 

ADJUTANCY, (ad'-ju-tan-se) n. s. The 
military office of an adjutant. Figuratively, 
skilful arrangement. 

ADJUTANT, (ad'-ju-tant) n. s. An officer. 

nfjt;--tube, tub, bull; — QJJ ;— P9^nd j — (/<in, this. 



whose duty is to assist the major of a regi- 
ment ; an assistant. 

AD JUTOR, (ad-ju'-tur) n. s. A helper. 

ADJUTORY, T (ad ; -ju ; "-tur-re) a. That which 

ADJUVANT, (ad'-ju-vant) a. Helpful; 

ADJUVANT, (ad'-ju-vant) n. s. An assist- 

To ADJUVATE, (ad'-ju-vate) v. a. To 

ADMEASUREMENT, (ad-mezh'-ur-ment) 
n. s. The result or effect of measuring ac- 
cording to rule ; the adjustment of propor- 

ADMENSURATION, (ad-men-su-ra'-shun) 
n. s. The art or practice of measuring. 

To ADMINISTER, (ad-min'-nis-tur) v. a. 
To give ; to afford ; to supply ; to act as 
minister or agent ; to distribute ; to dis- 
pense the sacraments ; to tender an oath ; 
to give medicine. In law, To perform the 
office of an administrator. 

ADMINISTRABLE, (ad-min'-nis-tra-bl) a. 
Capable of administration. 

ADM1NISTRA TION, (ad'-min-nis-tra'- 
shun) n. s. The conducting any employ- 
ment ; the executive part of government ; 
collectively, those to whom the care of 
publick affairs is committed ; distribution ; 
dispensation. In law, The rights or acts 
of an administrator to a person deceased. 

ADMINISTRATIVE, (ad-min'-nis-tra-tiv) 
a. Having the quality of administer- 

ADMINISTRATOR, (ad-min-nis-tra'-tur) 
n. s. He that has the goods of a man 
dying intestate ; he that conducts the 
government ; one who acts as minister or 

ADMINISTRATRIX, (ad-min-is-tra'-triks) 
n. s. The feminine of administrator. 

tra'-tur- ship) n. s. The office of adminis- 

ADMIRABILITY, (ad'-me-ra-bil'-le-te) n. s. 
The quality of being admirable. 

AD MIR A BEE, (ad'-me-ra-bl) a. Worthy 
of being admired. 

ADMIRABLENESS, (ad'-me-ra-bl-ness) n.s. 
The quality of being admirable. 

ADMIRABLY, (ad'-me-ra-ble) ad. So as 
to raise wonder. 

ADMIRAL, (ad'-me-ral) n. s. A chief offi- 
cer of the king's navy ; the chief comman- 
der of a fleet. Figuratively, any great or 
capital ship. 

ADMIRALSHIP, (ad'-me-ral- ship) n.s. The 
office or skill of an admiral 

ADMIRALTY, (ad'-me-ral-te) n. s. The 
power appointed for the administration of 
naval affairs. 

ADMIRATION, (ad-me-ra'-shun) n. s. 
"Wonder; the act of admiring. 

ADMIRAT1VE, (ad'-mi-ra-tiv) a. The 
point of admiration, marked thus ! 

To ADMIRE, (ad-mire') v. a. To regard 
with wonder ; to regard with love. 


To ADMIRE, (ad-mire') v. n. To wonder 

ADMIRER, (ad-mi'-rur) n. s. The person 

that wonders ; a lover. 
ADMIRINGLY, (ad-mi'-nng-le) ad. In an 

admiring manner. 
ADMISSIBLE, (^d-mis'-se-bl) a. That 

which may be admitted. 
ADMISSIBLY, (ad mis-se hie) ad. In a 

manner which may be admitted. 
ADMISSION, (ad-mish'-un) n. s. The 

act or practice of admitting ; the state of 

being admitted ; admittance ; introduction 

to a church-living ; the allowance of an ar- 
To ADMIT (ad-mit') v. a. To suffer to 

enter ; to suffer to enter upon an office ; 

to allow an argument or position ; to allow, 

or grant in general. 
ADMITTABLE, (ad-mit'-la-bl) a. Capable 

of being admitted. 
ADMITTANCE, (ad-mit'-tanse) n. *-. The 

act of admitting ; the power or right of en- 
tering ; concession of a position. 
ADMITTER, (ad-mit'-ter) n. s. He who 

To ADMIX, (ad-miks') v. a. To mingle with. 
ADM1XTION, (ad-miks'-te-un) n. s. The 

mingling of one body with another. 
ADMIXTURE, (ad-miks'-ture) n. s. The 

body mingled with another. 
To ADMONISH, (ad-mon'-nish) v. a. To 

warn of a fault ; to reprove gently ; to in- 
ADMONISHER, (ad-mon'-nish-ur) n. s. He 

that admonislies. 
ADMONISHMENT, (ad-mon'-nish-ment) 

?i.s. Admonition. 
ADMONITION, (ad-mo-nish'-un) n.s. The 

hint of a fault or duty ; gentle reproof. 
ADMOJN1T10NER, (ad-mo-nish'-un-ur) «. s. 

A dispenser of admonition. 
ADMON1TIVE, (ad-mon'-ne-tiv) a. That 

which admonishes. 
ADMON1TOR, (ad-mon'-ne-tur) n. s. The 

person who admonishes. 
ADMONITORY, (ad-mon'-ne-tur-re) a. 

That which admonishes. 
To ADMOVE, (ad-mop/) v. a. To bring one 

thing to another. 
ADN ASCENT, (ad-nas'-sent) part. a. Grow- 
ing to, or upon something else. 
ADNATE, (ad'-nate) a. Growing upon. 
ADO, (a'-dp) n. s. Trouble; difficulty; 

bustle ; tumult. 
ADOLESCENCE, (ad-o-les'-sense) } n.s. 
ADOLESCENCY, < ad-o-les'-sen-se) $ The 

age succeeding childhood, and succeeded 

by puberty. 
To ADOPT, (a-dppt') v. a. To take as a 

son the child of another person : To take 

or assume generally, what was anothers ; 

as, to adopt the principles or opinions of 

ADOPTEDLY, (a-dop'-ted-le) ad. After 

the manner of adoption. 
ADOPTER, (a-dop'-tur) n.s. He that makes 

the adoption. 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met; — pine, pin; — no, move, 


ADOPTION, (a-dop'-shun) n. s. The act of 

adopting ; the state of being adoptive. 

ADOPTIVE, (a-dgp'-tiv) a. Having the 
quality of adopting, or of being adopted ; 
not native. 

ADORABLE, (a-do'-ra-bl) a. That which 
is worthy of divine honours. 

ADORABLENESS, (a-do'-ra-bl-ness) n s. 
Worthiness of adoration or divine honours. 

ADORABLY, (a-do'-ra-ble) ad. In a man- 
ner worthv of adoration. 

ADORATION, (ad-do-ra'-shun) n. s. The 
external homage paid to the Divinity; 
homage paid to persons in high place or 

To ADORE, (a-dore') v. a. To worship with 
external homage ; to reverence ; to honour ; 
to love intensely. 

ADORER, (a-do'-rer) n. s. He that adores ; 
a worshipper ; a devoted lover. 

To ADORN, (a-dgrn) v. a. To dress with 
ornaments ; to set out any place with de- 
corations ; to embellish. 

ADORNING, (a-dorn-ing) n. s. Ornament; 

ADORNMENT, (a-dgm'-ment) n.s. Orna- 
ment ; embellishment ; elegance. 

ADREAD, (a-dred') ad. In a state of 

ADRIFT, (a-drift') ad. Floating at ran- 

ADROIT, (a-drgit') a, Dextrous; active; 

ADROITLY, (a-drgit'-le) ad. Dextrously; 

ADROITNESS, (a-drgit'-ness) n.s. Dex- 

ADSTRICTION, (ad-strik'-shun) n. s. The 
act of binding together. 

To ADVANCE, (ad-vanse') v. a. To bring 
forward; to raise to preferment; to im- 
prove ; to heighten ; to forward ; to pro- 
pose ; to offer ; to pay beforehand. 

To ADVANCE, (ad-vanse') v. n. To come 
forward ; to make improvement. 

ADVANCE, (ad-vanse') n.s. The act of 
coming forward ; an inclination to meet ; 
gradual progression ; improvement. 

ADVANCE, n. s. In commerce, Anticipation 
of time ; as when money is paid in advance 
before goods are delivered. To be in ad- 
vance with a merchant, to lend him money. 

ADVANCEMENT, (ad-vanse'-ment) n. s. 
The act of coming forward ; preferment-; 
the act of advancing another ; improve- 
ment ; promotion. In law, The portion 
advanced to a child during the father's 

ADVANCER, (ad-van'-ser) n. s. He that 

ADVANTAGE, (ad-van'-tedje) n. s. Supe- 
riority ; favourable circumstances ; superior 
excellence ; gain ; profit ; preponderation 
by comparison. 

To ADVANTAGE, (ad-van'-tedje) v. a. To 
benefit ; to promote. 

ADVANTAGE-GROUND, (ad-van'-tedje- 
§to\)7hI) n. s. Ground that gives superiority. 


ADVANTAGEOUS, (ad-van-ta'-jus)a. Pro- 
fi table ; useful. 

AD V ANT AG EOUSLY, (ad-van- ta'-jus-le) 
ad. Profitably ; conveniently. 

ADVANTAGEOUSNESS, (ad-van-ta'-jus- 
ness) n. s. Profitableness ; usefulness ; 

To ADVENE, (ad-vene') v. n. To accede to 
something ; to be superadded. 

ADVEN1ENT, (ad-ve'-ne-ent) a. Super- 

ADVENT, (ad'-vent) n. s. One of the holy 
seasons, signifying the coming; i. e. the 
coming of our Saviour ; the subject of our 
devotion during the four weeks before 

ADVENTINE, (ad-ven'-tin) a. Adventi- 

ADVENTITIOUS, (ad-ven-tish'-us) a. Ac- 
cidental ; supervenient. 

ADVENTITIOUSLY, (ad-ven-tish'-us-Ie) 
ad. Accidentally. 

ADVENT1VE, (ad-ven'-tiv) a Adventi- 
tious ; coming to. 

ADVENTUAL, (ad-ven'-tu-al) a. Relating 
to the seasons of advent. 

ADVENTURE, (ad-ven'-ture) n. s. An ac- 
cident ; a chance ; a hazard , the occasion 
of casual events ; an enterprize in which 
something must be left to hazard. In 
commerce, Goods sent to a foreign market 
at a venture. 

To ADVENTURE, (ad-ven'-ture) v. n. To 
try the chance ; to dare. 

To ADVENTURE, (ad-ven'-ture) v. a. To 
put into the power of chance. 

AD VENTURER, (ad-ven'-tur-ur) n. s. He 
that seeks occasions of hazard ; he that 
commits himself to chance. 

ADVENTURESOME, (ad-ven'-tur-sum) a. 
The same with adventurous. 

AD VENTURESOMEN ESS, (ad-ven'-tur- 
sum-ness) n. s. The quality of being ad- 

ADVENTUROUS, (ad-ven'-tur-us) a. In- 
clined to adventures ; bold ; daring ; cou- 
rageous ; dangerous. 

ADVENTUROUSLY, (ad-ven'-tur-us-le) ad. 
Boldly ; daringly. 

ADVENTUROUSNESS, (ad-ven'-tu-rus- 
ness) n. s. The act of being adventurous. 

ADVERB, (ad' -verb) n. s. A word joined 
to a verb or adjective, and solely applied 
to the use of modifying, qualifying, or re- 
straining the latitude of their significa- 

ADVERBIAL, (ad-ver'-be-al) a. Having 
the quality or structure of an adverb ; 
making use of adverbs. 

ADVERBIALLY, (ad-ver'-be-al-le) ad. In 
an adverbial manner. 

ADVERSARIA, (ad-ver-sa'-re-a) n. s. A 
common-place; a book to note in. 

ADVERSARY, (ad'-ver-sa-re) n. s. An op- 
ponent ; enemy. 

ADVERSARY, (ad'-ver-sa-re) a. Oppo- 
site to ; adverse ; hostile. 

ADVERSATIVE, (ad-ver'-sa-tiv) a. In 

ngt ; — tube, tub, bull ; — oil ; — pound ; — thin, Tiiis. 



grammar, Applied to a word which makes 
some opposition or variety. 

ADVERSE, (ad' -verse) a. Acting with con- 
trary directions ; calamitous ; afflictive ; 
personally opposed to. 

ADVERSENESS, (ad-verse'-ness) n.s. Op- 

ADVERSITY, (ad-ver'-se-te) n. s. Afflic- 
tion ; calamity ; continued misfortune ; 

ADVERSELY, (ad'-verse-le) ad. Oppo- 
sitely; unfortunately. 

To ADVERT, (ad-vert') v. n. To turn or at- 
tend to ; to regard ; generally requiring the 
word to. 

ADVERTENCE, (ad-ver'-tense) ) n.s. At- 

ADVERTENCY, (ad-ver'-ten-se) $ tention 

ADVERTENT, (ad-ver'-tent) a. Attentive ; 

Jo ADVERTISE, (ad-ver-tize') v. a. To in- 
form; to give intelligence; to give notice 
by means of an advertisement in the pub- 
lic prints. 

ADVERTISEMENT, (ad-ver'-tiz-ment) n. s. 
Intelligence ; information ; admonition ; 
notice of any thing published in a paper ; 
legal notification. 

ADVERTISER, (ad-ver-ti'-zur) n. s. He 
that gives intelligence. 

ADVERTISING, (ad-ver-ti'-zing) part. a. 
Communicating intelligence. 

To ADVESPERATE, (ad-ves'-pe-rate) v. n. 
To draw towards evening. 

ADVICE, (ad-vice') n. s. Counsel ; instruc- 
tion ; reflection ; prudent consideration ; 
consultation; deliberation; intelligence. 
The last sense is chiefly commercial. 

ADVICE-BOAT, (ad-vice'-bote) n.s. A 
vessel employed to bring intelligence. 

To ADVIGILATE, (ad-vidje'-e-late) v a. 
To walch diligently. 

ADVISABLE, (ad-vi'-za-bl) a. Prudent; 
open to advice ; fit to be advised. 

ADVISABLENESS, (ad-vi'-za-bl-ness) n. s. 
The quality of being advisable. 

To ADVISE, (ad-vize') v a. To counsel ; to 
give information ; to make acquainted. 

To ADVISE, (ad-vize') v. n. To consult, or 
consider ; to deliberate. 

ADVISED, (ad vi'-zed) part. a. Acting with 
deliberation ; performed with deliberation. 

ADVISEDLY, (ad-vi'-zed-le) ad. Soberly ; 

ADVISEDNESS, (ad-vi'-zed-ness) n. s. De- 

ADVISEMENT, (ad-vize'-ment) n. s. Coun- 
sel ; information ; prudence ; circumspec- 

ADVISER, (ad-vi'-zur) n. s. The oerson 
that advises ; a counsellor. 

ADVISING, (ad-vi'-zing) n. s. Counsel ; ad- 

ADULATION, (ad-du-la'-shun) n. s. Flat- 

ADULATOR, (ad-du-la'-tur) n. s. A flatterer. 

ADULATORY, T (ad'-dii-la-tur-re) a. Flatter- 
ing ; full of compliments. 


ADULATRESS, (ad-du-la'-tress) n. i. Sh« 
that flattereth. 

ADULT, (a-dult') a. Grown up. 

ADULT, (a-dult') n. s. A person full grown, 
or above the age of infancy. 

ADULTNESS, (a-dult'-ness) n. s. The state 
of being adult. 

To ADULTER, (a- dul'-tur) v. n. To commit 

ADULTERANT, (a-dul'-tur-ant) n. s. That 
which adulterates. 

To ADULTERATE, (a-dul'-tur-ate) v. n. To 
commit adultery. 

To ADULTERATE, (a-dul'-tur-ate) v a. 
To corrupt by some foreign admixture r ,.o 
contaminate, stain, or pollute. 

ADULTERATE, (a-dul'-tur-ate) a. Tainted 
with the guilt of adultery ; corrupted with 
foreign mixture ; stained ; polluted. 

ADULTERATELY, (a-dul'-tur-ate-le) ad. 
In an adulterate manner. 

ADULTERATENESS, (a-dul'-tur-ate-ness) 
n. s. The quality of being adulterate. 

ADULTERATION, (a-dul-tur-a'-shun) n. s. 
The act of adulterating ; the state of being 

ADULTERER, (a-dui'-tur-ur) n. s. The 
person guilty of adultery. 

ADULTERESS, (a-dul'-tur-ess) n. s. A 
woman that commits adultery. 

ADULTERINE, (a-dul'-tur-ine) n. s. A term 
of canon law, A child born of an adulteress. 

ADULTERINE, (a-dul'-tur-ine) a. Spuri- 

To ADULTERIZE, (a-dul'-tur-ize) To com- 
mit adultery. 

ADULTEROUS, (a-dul'-tur-us) a. Guilty 
of adultery ; spurious ; corrupt. 

ADULTEROUSLY, (a-dul'-tur-us-le) ad. In 
an adulterous manner. 

ADULTERY, (a-dul'-tur-e) n. s. Violation 
of the bed of a married, person. 

ADUMBRANT, (ad-um'-brant) a. That 
which gives a slight resemblance. 

To ADUMBRATE, (ad-um'-brate) v. a. To 
shadow out ; to give a slight likeness. 

ADUMBRATION, (ad-um-bra'-shun) n. s. 
A slight and imperfect representation ; a 
faint sketch. In heraldry, The shadow 
only of any figure outlined and painted of a 
colour darker than the field. 

ADUNATION, (ad-u-na-shun) n. s. The 
state of being united ; union. 

ADUNC1TY, (a-dun'-se-le) n. s. Crooked- 
ness ; having the form of a hook. 

ADUNQUE, (a-dungk') a, Crooked; bend- 
ing inwards ; hooked. 

ADVOCACY, (ad'-vo-ka se) n. s. The office 
of an advocate ; the act of pleading ; judi- 
cial pleading ; law-suit. 

To ADVOCATE, (ad'-vo-kate) v. a. To 
plead the cause of another ; to support ; to 

ADVOCATE, (ad'-vo-kate) n. s. He that 
pleads the cause of another. In the scrip- 
tural and sacred sense, it stands for one of 
the offices of our Redeemer ; formerly the 
patron of a church. 


Fate, far, fall, %t;— me, met;— pine, 

-no, move, 


ADVOCATESHIP, (ad'-vo-kate-ship) n. s. 
The duty or place of an advocate ; the 
assistance or support of a great person in a 

ADVOCATION, (ad-vo-ka'-shun) n. s. The 
office or act of pleading, or intercession. 
Like advocate, this word has also a scrip- 
tural and sacred sense. 

ADYOLATION, (ad-vo-la'-shun) n. s. The 
act of flying to. 

AD VOLUTION, (ad-vo-lu'-shun) n. s. Roll- 
ing to. 

ADVOUTRER, (ad-vou'-trer) n. s. An 

ADYOUTRESS, (ad-vou'-tress) n. s. An 

ADVOUTROUS, (ad-vou'-trus) a. Adul- 

ADVOUTRY, (ad-vou'-tre) to. s. Adultery. 

ADVOWEE, (ad-vou-e') 'n. s. He that has 
the right of advowson. 

ADVOWSON, (ad-vou'-zun) n. s. A right 
to present to a benefice. 

To ADURE, (a-dure') v. to. To burn up. 

ADUST, (a-dust') a. Burnt up ; scorched. 
It is generally applied to the complexion 
and humours of the body. 

ADUSTED, (a-dust'- ed) a. Burnt ; scorched ; 
hot, as the complexion. 

ADUSTIBLE, (a-dus -te-bl) a. Capable of 
beina burnt up. 

ADUSTION, (a-dus'-te-un) n, s. Burning 
up, or drying. 

ADZ, to. s. See Addtce. 

AE, or 2£. A diplhong in the Latin lan- 
guage, which seems not properly to have 
any place in the English. 

iEDILE, (e'-dile) to. s. A Roman magistrate 
whose business it was to inspect all kinds 
of buildings. 

vEGILOPS. (e'-jil-ops) to. s. A tumour or 
swelling in the great corner of the eye ; 
also a plant so called. 

y£GIS, (e'-jiss) ??. s. A shield. 

^GYPTLACUM, (e-jip-ti'-a-krim) to. s. An 
ointment of honey, verdigrease, and vine- 

.ENIGMA. See Ekigma. 

yEOLIC, (e-ol'-lik) a. In grammar, Belong- 
ing to the JEoJians ; as the iEolic dialect. 

.EOL1AN-HARP, (e-o'-le-an) n. s. A 
stringed instrument acted upon by the 

iEOLIPILE. See Eo LI pile. 

AERIAL, (a-e'-re-al) a. Belonging to the 
air; produced by the air; inhabiting the 
air ; placed in the air ; high ; elevated in 

AERIE, (e'-re) n. s. A young brood or nest 
of hawks. 

AERIFORM, (a'-re-form) n. s. Resembling 

AEROGRAPHY, (are-og'-ra-fe) n. s. The 
description of the air. 

AEROLOGY, (are-ol'-lo-je) n. s. The doc- 
trine of the air. 

AEROMANCY, (are'-o-man-se) n. s. The 
art of divining by the air. 


AEROMETER, (are-gm'-me-tur) n. s. A 

machine for weighing the air. 
AEROMETRY. (are-om'-me-tre) n. s. The 

art of meaburing the air. 
AERONAUT, (are'-o-nawt) n. s. He who 

has sailed through the air in a balloon, 
AEROSCOPY, (are -Qs'-ko-pe) n. s The 

observation of the air. 
AEROSTATION, (are-ps-ta'-shun) n. s. The 
science of weighing air. 

AFAR, (a-far) ad. At a great distance ; to 
or from a great distance ; from afar, from 
a distant place ; afar off, remotely dis- 

AFFABILITY, (af-fa-bil'-le-te) n. s. The 
quality of being affable. 

AFFABLE, (af'-fa-bl) a. Easy of manners ; 
courteous ; benign ; mild ; favourable. 

AFFABLENESS, (af'-fa-bl-ness') n.s. Cour- 
tesy ; affability. 

AFFABLY, (af'-fa-ble) ad. In an affable 

AFFABROUS, (af '-fa-brus) a. Skilfully made. 

AFFABULATION, (af-fab-bu-la'-shun) n. s. 
The moral of a fable. 

AFFAIR, (af-fare') n. s. . Business ; son^.e- 
thing to be managed or transacted. 

To AFFECT, (af-fekt') v. a. To act upon ; 
to produce effects in any other thing ; to 
move the passions ; to aim at, or aspire to ; 
to be fond of; to make a shew of some- 
thing ; to imitate with an ill grace. 

AFFECTATION, (af-fek-ta'-shun) n. s. 
Fondness ; high degree of liking ; gene- 
rally applied to the act of making an artifi- 
cial appearance ; an awkward imitation. 

AFFECTED, (af-fek'-ted) part. a. Moved ; 
touched with affection ; assumed with an 
ill grace : full of affectation. 

AFFECTEDLY, (af-fek'-ted-le) ad. In an 
affected manner. 

AFFECTEDNESS, (af-fek'-ted-ness) n. s. 
The quality of being affected. 

AFFECTER. See Affector. 

AFFECTINGLY, (af-fek'-ting-le) ad. In an 
affecting manner : touchinglj ; tenderly. 

AFFECTION, (af-fek'-shun) n. s. The state 
of being affected ; passion of any kind ; 
love ; kindness ; good-will to any obiect. 

AFFECTIONATE, (af-fek'-shun -ate) a. 
Warm ; zealous ; strongly inclined to ; 
fond ; tender-hearted ; benevolent. 

AFFECTIONATELY, (af-fek'-shun-ate-le) 
ad. In an affectionate manner ; kindly ; 

AFFECTIONATENESS, (af-fek'-shun-ate- 
ness) ??. s. Fondness ; tenderness. 

AFFECTIOUSLY, (af- fek'-shus-le) ad. In 
an affecting manner. 

AFFECTIVE, (af-fek'-tiy) a . Capable of 

AFFECTIVELY, (af-fek-tiy-le) ad. In an 
impressive manner. 

AFFECTOR, (af-fek-tur) n. s. One that is 
guilty of affectation. 

To AFFERE, (af-fere') v a. In law, To con- 

AFFERORS, (af-fe'-rers) n.s. In law, Per- 

-tube, tub, bull 

-pound ;— thin, Tins. 



sons appointed to mulct sucli as have com- 
mitted faults arbitrarily punishable. 

AFFETTUOSO, (af-fet-to-o'-so) a. In mu 
sick, denoting what is to be sung or played 

AFFIANCE, (af-fi'-anse) n. s. A marriage- 
contract ; trust in the divine promises ; 
trust in general. 

To AFFIANCE, (af-fi'-anse) v. a. To be- 
troth ; to give confidence. 

AFFIANCER, (af-fi'-an-ser) s. He that 
makes a contract of marriage. 

AFFIDATION, (af-fe-da'-shun) ) n.s. Mu- 

AFFIDATURE, (af-fe-da'-ture) $ tual con- 
tract ; mutual oath of fidelity. 

AFFIDAVIT, (af-fe-da'-vit) n. s. A written 
declaration upon oath. 

AFFIED, (af-f i'-ed) part. a. Joined by con- 
tract ; affianced. 

AFFILIATION, (af-fil-le-a'-shun) n. s. 
Adoption ; the act of taking a son. 

AFFINAGE, (af'-fe-naje) re. s. Refining 
metals by the cupel. 

AFFINED, (af-f i'-ned) a. Joined by affinity. 

AFFINITY, (af-f in'-ne-te) re. s. Relation by 
marriage ; opposed to consanguinity, or re- 
lation by birth : relation to ; connexion with. 

To AFFIRM, (af-ferm') v.n. To declare pos- 

To AFFIRM, (af-ferm') v. a. To ratify or ap- 
prove a former judgment. 

AFFIRMABLE, (af-fer'-ma-bl) a. Capable 
of being affirmed. 

AFFIRMABLY, (af-fer-ma-ble) ail. In an 
affirmable manner. 

AFFIRMANCE, (af-fer'-manse) n. s. Con- 
firmation ; declaration. 

AFFIRMANT, (af-fer'-mant) n. s. A de- 

AFFIRMATION, (af-fer-ma'-shun) n. s. 
The act of affirming or declaring ; the 
position affirmed ; confirmation. In law, 
the solemn declaration of a Quaker, an- 
swering to an oath. 

AFFIRMATIVE, (af-fer'-ma-tiv) a. That 
which affirms ; that which can or may be 
affirmed; positive ; dogmatical. 

AFFIRMATIVE, (af-fer'-ma-tiv) n. s. In 
logic, What contains an affirmation, 

AFFIRMATIVELY, (affer'-ma-tiy-le) ad. 
In an affirmative manner. 

AFFIRMER, (af-fer'-mer) re. s. The person 
that affirms. 

To AFFIX, (af-f iks') v. a. To unite to the 
end ; to connect consequentially ; simply, 
to fasten or fix. 

AFFIX, (af-f iks) re. s. Something united to 
the end of a word. 

AFFIXION, (af-f ik'-slmn) n. s. The act of 
affixing ; the state of being affixed. 

AFFLATION, (af-fla'-shym) re. s. Breathing 
upon any Ihing. 

AFFLATUS, (af-fla'-tus) n. s. Communica- 
tion of the power of prophecy. 

To AFFLICT, (af-ftikt') v. a. to put ^o pain ; 
to grieve ; to torment. 

AFFLICTEDNESS, (af-flik'-ted ness) n.s. 
The state of affliction. 


AFFLICTER, (af-flik'-ter) n. s A tormenter. 
AFFLICTINGLY, "(af-fiik'-ting-le) ad. In 

an afflicting manner. 
AFFLICTION, (af-flik'-shun) n. s. Calamity ; 
the state of sorrowfulness ; misery. 

AFFLICTIVE, (af-flik'-tiv) a. Painful ; tor- 

AFFLICTIVELY, (af-flik-tiv-le) ad. In an 
afflicting manner ; painfully. 

AFFLUENCE, (af'-flu-ense) > n. s. The 

AFFLUENCY, (af'-fhi-en-se) ] act of flow- 
ing to any place ; exuberance of riches. 

AFFLUENT, (af'-flu-ent) a. Flowing to; 
abundant ; wealthy. 

AFFLUENTLY, (af'-flu-ent-le) ad. In an 
affluent manner. 

AFFLUENTNESS, (af'-flu-ent-ness) n. s. 
The quality of being affluent. 

AFFLUX, (af '-fluks) n. s. The act of flowing 
to some place ; affluence. 

AFFLUXION, (af-fluk'-shun) re. s. The act 
of flowing to a particular place, or from one 
place to another. 

To AFFORD, (af-ford') v. a. To yield or 
produce ; to grant, or confer any thing ; to be 
able to sell at a sum stated ; to be able to 
bear expences. 

To AFFOREST, (af-for'-rest) v. a. To turn 
ground into forest. 

AFFORESTATION, (af-for-res-ta'-shun) n.s. 
The act of turning ground into a forest ; 
ground when turned into forest. 

To AFFRANCHISE, (af-fran'-chiz) v. a. To 
make free. 

AFFRANCHISEMENT, (af-fran'-chiz-ment) 
n. s. Making free. 

To AFFRAY, (af-fra') v. a. To fright ; to 
terrify ; to put one in doubt. 

AFFRAY, (af-fra') n. s. A tumultuous as- 
sault ; tumult ; confusion. 

AFFRICTION, (af-frik'-shun) n. s. The act 
of rubbing. 

To AFFRIGHT, (af-frite') v. a. To affect 
with fear ; to terrify. 

AFFRIGHT, (af-frite') n. s. Terrour ; fear. 

AFFRIGHTEDLY, ad. Under the impres- 
sion of fear. 

AFFRIGHTER, ( af-frite'- er) n. s. He who 

AFFRIGHTMENT, (af-frite'-ment) n. s. 
Fear ; terrour ; fearfulness. 

To AFFRONT, (af-frunt') v. a. To meet in 
an hostile manner, front to front ; to offer 
an open insult. The last is the general 
application of the word. 

AFFRONT, (af-frunt') n. s. Insult offered 
to the face ; outrage ; act of contempt ; 
open opposition ; encounter. 

AFFRONTER, (af-W-ter) n. s. He that 

AFFRONTING, (af-frun'-ting) part, a Con- 

AFFRONTIVE, (af-friyn-tiv') a. Causing 

AFFRONTIVENESS, (af-frun'-tiv-ness) n. s. 
The quality that gives affront. 

To AFFUSE, (af-fuze') v. a. To pou? one 
thing upon another. 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met; —pine, pin; — no, move, 


AFFUSION, (af-fu'-zhun) n.s. The act of 

To AFFY, (af-fi') v. a. To betroth in order 

to marriage ; to bind ; to join. 
To AFFY, (af-fi') v. n. To put confidence 

AFIELD, (a-feeld') a. To the field ; in the 

AFLOAT, (a-flote') ad. Floating. 
AFOOT, (a-fut') ad. On foot ; in action ; 

in motion. 

AFORE, (a-fore') prep. Before ; nearer in 

place ; sooner in time ; prior or superiour to. 

AFORE, (a-fore') ad. In time foregone or 

past ; first in the way ; in front ; in the 

fore-part ; rather than. 

AFOREGOING, (a-fore'-go-ing) part. a. 

Going before. 
AFOREHAND, (a-fore'-hand) ad. By a 

previous provision ; provided ; prepared. 
AFOREMENTIONED, (a-fore'-men-shund) 

a. Mentioned before. 
AFORENAMED, (a-fore'-na'-rced) a. Named 

AFORESAID, (a-fore'-sade) a. Said before. 
AFORETIME, (a-fore'-time) ad. In time 

AFRAID, (a-frade') -pun. a. Struck with 

AFRESH, (a-fresh') ad. Anew. 
AFRONT, (a-frunt') ad. In front. 
AFT, ad. A sea term, from abaft, (which see). 

Behind; astern, 
AFTER, (af'-ter) prep. Following in place ; 
in pursuit of; behind; posteriour in time ; 
according to, or in imitation of, as a picture 
after Raphael. 
AFTER, (af'-ter) ad. In succeeding time : 

following another. 
AFTERBIRTH, (af'-ter-bertfc) n.s. In me- 
dicine, The placenta, the membrane in 
which the birth was involved. 
AFTER CLAP, (af'-ter-klap) n. s. Events 
happening after an affair is supposed to be 
at an end. 
AFTERCOST, (af'-ter-kost) n. s. Expenses 

not previously calculated. 
AFTERCROP, (af'-ter-krop) n. s. The 

second crop. 
AFTERHOURS, (af'-ter- ours) n. s. The 
hours that succeed those usually devoted 
to business. 
AFTERMATH, (af'-ter-ma^) n. s. The 

second crop of grass, mown in autumn. 
AFTERMOST, (af-ter-most) a. Hindmost. 
AFTERNOON, (af-ter-noon) n. s. The 

time from the meridian to the evening. 
AFTERPAINS, (af'-ter-panz) n. s. The 
pains after birth, by which women are de- 
livered of the secundme. 
AFTERPART, (af-ter-part) n. s. The latter 

AFTERPIECE, (af-ter-pese) n. s. A farce, 
or any smaller entertainment, after the 
AFTERPROOF, (af-ter-proof) n. s. Evi- 
dence posteriour to the thing in question ; 
qualities known by subsequent experience. 


AFTERSTATE, (af'-ter -state) n. s. The 

future state ; the life to come. 
AFTERTHOUGHT, (af'-ter-ifcawt) tu s. 

Reflections after the act. 
AFTERTIME, (af '-ter-time) n. s. Succeed- 
ing tin e : the future. 
AFTERWARD, ( af'-ter- wurd) ad. In suc- 
ceeding time ; sometimes wiitten after- 
wards, but less properly. 
AFTERWIT, (af'-ter-wit) n. s. Contri- 
vances, after the occasion of using them is 
AGA, (a'-ga) n. s. The title of a Turkish 

military officer in chief. 
AGAIN, (a-gane') ad. A second time ; once 
more : in return, noting re-action ; back, 
in restitution, or returning from a place ; as 
much again, twice as much ; again and 
again, often ; in opposition by way of re- 
sistance ; as to turn again. 
AGAINST, (a-ganst) prep. In opposition to ; 
contrary ; in contradiction to ; with con- 
trary motion or tendency ; contrary to rule 
or law ; opposite to, as over against ; to 
the hurt of another; in provision for; in 
expectation of, as against the evil day. 
AGALAXY, (a'-ga-lak-se) n. s. Want of 

AGAPE, (a-gape') ad. Staring with eager- 
AGARICK, (ag'-a-rik) ??. s. A drug of use 
in physick, and the dying trade. It is a 
parasitical plant, growing upon oaks and 
AGAST, (a-gast') a, Struck with terrour 

AGATE, (a-gate') ad. On the way; agoing 
AGATE, (ag'-at) n. s. A precious stone of 

the lowest class. 
AGATY, (ag'-a-te) a. Of the nature of 

To AGAZE, (a-gaze) v. a. To strike with 

AGAZED, (a-ga'-zed) part. a. Struck with 

AGE, (aje) n. s. The period of time attri- 
buted to anything as the whole, or part, of 
its duration ; a succession or generation of 
men ; the time in which any particular 
man, or men, lived ; the space of a hundred 
years ; the latter part of life ; old-age : ma- 
turity ; ripeness. In law, A man or woman 
is of age at twenty one. 
AGED, (a'jed) a. Old; stricken in j-ears. 
AGEDLY, (a'-jed-le) ad. After the manner 

of an aged person. 
AGENCY, (a'-jen-se) n. s. The quality of 
acting ; the office of an agent or factor ; 
business performed by an agent. 
AGENDA, (a-jen'-da) n. s. Business to be 
done ; a pocket or memorandum book in 
which a merchant sets down what is to be 
done in the course of the day. 
AGENT, (a'-jent) n. s. That which has the 
power of acting, or of producing effects ; 
one commissioned to transact the business 
of another ; an actor ; a substitute ; a de- 
puty ; a factor. 

not ;— tube, tub. bull ; — cnl ;— -pound 

-thin, Tiiis. 



AGENTSHIP, n. s. The office of an agent. 
AGGELATION, (ad-jel-la'-shun) n. s. Con- 
cretion of ice. 
AGGENERATION, (ad-jen-ner-a'-shun) n. s. 

The state of growing to another body. 
AGGER, (ad'-jer) n. s. The more elevated 
part of a military way; a fortress, or 
To AGGERATE, (ad'-jer-ate) v. a. To heap 


AGGEROSE, (ad-jer-ose') a. Full of heaps. 

Tc AGGLOMERATE, (ag-glom'-mer-ate) 

v. a. To gather up in a ball, as thread ; to 

gather together. 

To AGGLOMERATE, (ag-glom'-mer-ate) 

v. n. To grow into one mass. 

n. s. A growing or heaping together. 
AGGLUT1NANTS, (ag-glu'-te-nants) n. s. 
Medicines having the power of uniting parts 
AGGLUTINANT, (ag-glu'-te-nant) a. Unit- 
ing parts together. 
To AGGLUTINATE, (ag-ghi'-te-nate) v. n. 

To unite one part to another. 
AGGLUTINATION, (ag-glu'-te-na'-shun) n. 

s. Union ; cohesion. 
AGGLUTINATIVE, (ag-glu'-te-na-tjy) a. 

Having the power of agglutinating. 
n. s. The act of aggrandizing; or ex- 
To AGGRANDIZE, (ag'-gran-dize) v a. To 
make great ; to enlarge ; to exalt ; to in- 
AGGRANDIZEMENT, (ag-gran'-diz-ment) 

n. s. The state of being aggrandized. 
AGGRANDIZER, (ag'-gran-dize-ur) n. s. 

He that aggrandizes. 
AGGRAVABLE, (ag'-graH*a-bl) a. Making 

any thing worse ; aggravating. 
To AGGRAVATE, (ag'-gra-vate) v. a. To 
make heavy. Metaphorically, to make any 
thing worse, as, to aggravate his guilt. 
AGGRAVATION, (ag-gra-va'-shun) n. s. 
The act of aggravating or making heavy ; en- 
largement to enormity ; extrinsical circum- 
stances which en crease guilt or calamity. 
AGGREGATE, (ag'-gre-gate) a. Framed 
by the collection of any particular parts 
into one mass. 
AGGREGATE, (ag'-gre-gate) n. s. Result 

of the conjunction of many particulars. 
To AGGREGATE, (ag'-gre-gate) v. a. To 

accumulate ; to heap together. 
AGGREGATELY, (ag'-gre-gate-le) ad. Col- 
AGGREGATION, (ag-gre-ga'-shun) n. s. 
Collection ; the act of collecting many into 
one whole ; an aggregate. 
AGGREGATIVE, (ag'-gre-ga-tiv) a. Taken 

AGGREGATOR, (ag'-gre-ga-tur) n. s. He 

who aggregates, or collects materials. 
To AGGRESS, (ag-gress') v. n. To commit 

the first act of violence. 
AGGRESSION, (ag-gresh'-un) n. s. The first 
act of injury. 


AGGRESSOR, (ag-gres'-sur) n. s. The per- 
son that first commences hostility ; the in- 
vader or assaulter. 
AG GRIEVANCE, (ag-gre'-vanse) n. s. In- 
jury ; wrong. 
To AGGRIEVE, (ag-greve') v. a. To give 
sorrow ; to vex ; to impose hardships upon , 
to harass ; to injure. 
To AGGRIEVE, (ag-greve') v. n. To mourn ; 

to lament. 
To AG GROUP, (ag-groop) v. a. To bring 

together into one figure. 
AGHAST, (a-gast') a. Struck with horrour ; 

AGILE, (ad'-jil) a. Active ; nimble ; ready. 
AGILENESS,(ad'-jil-ness) n.s. Nimbleness ; 

AGILITY, (a-jil'-e-te) n. s. Nimbleness ; 

quickness; activity. 
AGIO, (ad'-je-o) n. s. A mercantile term, 
chiefly in Holland and Venice, for the dif- 
ference between the value of bank notes, 
and the current money. 
To AGIST, (a-jist') v. a. To take in and feed 

cattle at a certain rate. 
AGISTMENT, (a-jist'-ment) n. s. The 
feeding of cattle in a common pasture, for 
a stipulated price ; tithe due for the profit 
made by agisting ; an embankment ; earth 
heaped up. 
AGISTOR, (a-jis -tur) n. s. An officer of the 

king's forest. 
AGITABLE, (ad'-je-ta-bl) n. s. That which 

may be agitated. 
To AGITATE, (ad'-je-tate) v. a. To put in 
motion ; to actuate ; to affect with pertur- 
bation ; to discuss ; to controvert ; to con- 
trive ; to revolve. 
AGITATION, (ad-je-ta'-shun) n.s. The state 
of being agitated or moved ; discussion ; 
controversial examination ; violent motion 
of the mind. 
AGITATOR, (ad'-je-ta-tur) n. s. One who 

manages affairs. 
AGLET, (ag'-let) n. s. A tag of a point 
curved into the shape of little images ; the 
pendants at the ends of the chieves of 
flowers, as in tulips. 
AGMINAL, (ag'-me-nal) a. Belonging to a 

AGNATE, (ag'-nate) a. Allied to; akin; 

from the father. 
AGNATICK, (ag-nat'-tik) a. Relating to 

kindred by descent from the father. 
AGNATION, (ag-na'-shun) n. s. Descent 
from the same father, in a direct male line ; 
alliance ; connection. 
AGNITION, (ag-nish'-un) n. s. Acknow- 
To AGNIZE, (ag-nize') v. a. To acknowledge. 
To AGNOMINATE, (ag-nom'-me-nate) v. a. 

To name. 
AGNOMINATION, (ag-nom'-me-na'-shun) 
n. s. Allusion of one word to another, by 
AGNUS, (ag'-nus) n. s. In the Romish 
church, a little image, representing our 
Saviour in the figure of a lamb. 


Fate, far, fall, fat ,- me, met ;— -pine, pin ; — no, move, 


A.GNUS CASTUS, (ag'-nus-cas'-tus) n. s. 

The name of the Chaste Tree, so called 
from an imaginary virtue of preserving 

AGO, (a-go') ad. Past, as long ago ; i. e. 
long time has past since. See Agone. 

AGOG, (a-gog') ad. In a state of desire; in 
a state of warm imagination ; heated with 
the notion of some enjoyment. 

AGOING, (a-go'-ing) part. a. In action ; 
into action. 

AGONE, (a-gon') ad. Past, applied to time. 

AGONISM, (^g'-o-nizm) n. s. Contention 
for a prize. 

AGONIST, (ag'-o-nist) n. s. A contender 
for prizes. 

AGONISTARCH, (a-go-nis'-tark) n. s. One 
who had the charge of exercising the com- 
batants, &c. previous to the contests at the 
ancient games. 

AGONISTICAL, (ag-o-nis'-te-kal) a. Re- 
lating to prize fighting. 

AGONISTICK. See Agonistical. 

To AGONIZE, (ag'-o-nize) v. a. To afflict 
with agony. 

AGONOTHETE, (a-go-no-tfiete') n. s. A 
judge of masteries in activity. 

AGONY, (ag'-o-ne) n. s. Any violent pain 
or suffering either of body or mind. It is 
particularly used in devotions for our Re- 
deemer's conflict in the garden. 

AGR ARIA, (a-gra'-re-a) n. s. A law among 
the ancients for distributing among the 
soldiers the lands obtained by conquest. 

AGRARIAN, (a-gra'-re-an) a. Relating to 
fields or grounds. 

To AGREE, (a-gre') v. n. To be in concord ; 
to grant ; to yield to ; to settle amicably ; 
to settle terms by stipulation ; to settle a 
price ; to be of the same mind or opinion ; 
to concur ; to co-operate ; to be consistent 
with ; to suit with. 

AGREEABILITY, (a-gre-a-bil'-le-te) n. s. 
Easiness of disposition. 

AGREEABLE, (a-gre'-a-bl) a. Suitable to ; 
consistent with ; pleasing. 

AGREEABLENESS, (a-gre'-a-bl-ness) n.s. 
Consistency with ; suitableness to ; the qua- 
lity of pleasing. 

AGREEABLY, (a-gre'-a-ble) ad. Consist- 
ently with ; alike ; in a corresponding man- 
ner ; pleasingly. 

AGREED, (a-greed') part. a. Settled by 

AGREEMENT, (a-gre'-ment) n. s. Con- 
cord ; resemblance of one thing to another ; 
compact ; bargain. 

AGRESTICK, (a-gres'-tik) a. Rude ; rus- 

AGRESTICAL, (a-gres'-te-kal) a. Same with 

AGRICULTOR, (ag-re-kul'-tur) n. s. A 
husbandman ; a cultivator of the earth. 

AGRICULTURAL, (ag-re-kul'-tu-ral) a. 
Relating to agriculture. 

AGRICULTURE, (ag'-re-kul-ture) n. s. The 
art of cultivating the ground. 


AGRICULTURIST, (ag-re-kul -tu-rist) n. s. 
One skilled in the art of cultivating the 

To AGRISE, (a-grize') v. a. To affright ; to 
terrify ; to disfigure ; to make frightful. 

AGROUND, (a-ground') ad. Stranded; a 
term applied to a ship when it so rests on 
the ground as to be immoveable. Figura- 
tively, hindered in the progress of affairs. 

AGUE, (a'-gu) n. s. An intermitting fever, 
with cold fits succeeded by hot. 

AGU1SE, (a-gise') n. s. Dress. 

AGUISHNESS, (a'-gii-ish-ness) n. s. The 
quality of resembling an ague. 

AH, (a) interj. A word noting sometimes 
dislike and censure ; sometimes contempt 
and exultation ; most frequently, compas- 
sion and complaint. When it is followed by 
that, it expresses vehement desire. 

AHA ! AHA ! (a-ha) interj. A word imitating 
triumph and contempt. 

AHEAD, (a-hed') ad. A nautical term, mean- 
ing further on than the ship, in opposition 
to astern, or behind the ship. To run ahead 
of one's reckoning, is to sail beyond the 
point estimated. 

AHIGH, (a-hi') ad. On high. 

AHOLD, (a-h'old') ad. To lay a ship ahold, 
is to bring her to lie as near the wind as 
she can, in order to get her out to sea. 

AHOY, (a-hge') interj. A sea term of much 
the same import as holla. 

AJAR, (a-jar) ad. Half opened. 

To AID, (ade) v. a. To help ; assist. 

AID, (ade) n. s. Help ; support ; a helper 
In law, A subsidy. 

A1DANCE, (ade'-anse) n.s. Help; support. 

AIDANT, (adV-ant) a. Helping ; helpful. 

AIDE-DE-CAMP, (ade'-de-kawng') n. s. A 
military officer employed under a general to 
convey his orders. 

AIDLESS, (ade'-less) a. Helpless. 

AIGRET, (a'-gret) n. s. The egret, or heron 

AIGULET, (a'-gu-let) n. s. A point of gold 
placed at the end of fringes. 

To AIL, (ale) v. a. To pain ; to trouble ; to 
affect in any manner. 

AIL, (ale) v. n. To be in pain or trouble ; to 
feel pain ; to be unpleasantly affected in 
any manner. 

AILMENT, (ale'-ment) n. s. Pain ; disease. 

AILING, (ale'-ing)'* part. a. Sickly full of 

To AIM, (ame) v. n. To endeavour to strike 
with a missile weapon ; to point the view , 
to guess. 

To AIM, (ame) v. a, To direct the missile 

AIM, (ame) n. s. The direction of a missile 
weapon ; the point to which the thing 
thrown is directed ; the object of a design ; 
conjecture ; guess. 

AIMER, (a'-mer) n. s. One who aims. 

AIMLESS,' (anie'-less) a. Without aim ; or 

AIR, (are) n. s. The element encompassing 
the terraqueous globe ; gentle wind ; scent } 

not ;— -tube, tub, bull ; — oil ;— pound ; —thin, mis. 



vapour ; blast ; pestilential vapour ; the 
open weather ; the mien, of the person ; 
the look; an affected manner or gesture. 

AIR, (are) n. s. In musick, Any tune or 
melody that comes within the reach of vocal 
expression; in a stricter sense, any com- 
position for a single voice. 

To AIR, (are) v. a. To expose to the air ; to 
gratify, by enjoying the open air ; to warm 
by the fire. 

AIRBALLOON, n. s. See Balloon. 

AIRBUILT, (are'-bilt) a. Built in the air, 
i. e. without any solid foundation. 

AIR-DRAWN, (are'-drawn) a. Drawn or 
painted in air ; visionary. 

AIRINESS, (are'-e-ness) n. s. Openness ; 
exposure to the air ; lightness ; gaiety ; 

AIRING, (are'-ing) n. s. A short journey to 
enjoy the free air. 

AIRLING, (are'-ling) n. s. A thoughtless, 
gay person. 

AIRGUN, (are'-gun) n. s. A species of gun 
charged with compressed air. 

AIRPOISE, (are'-poise) n. s. An instrument 
to measure the weight of the air. 

AIRPUMP, (are'-pump) n. s. A machine by 
whose means the air is exhausted out cf 
proper vessels. 

AIRSHAFT, (W-shaft) n. 5. A passage 
for the air into mines. 

AIRY, (are'-e) a. Composed of air; re- 
lating to the air ; high in air; open to the 
free air ; light as air ; thin ; wanting reality ; 
fluttering ; loose ; gay ; sprightly. 

AISLE, (ile) n. s. The walks in a church, 
or wings of a quire. 

AIZOON, (a-zpon) n.s. In botany, A genus 
of plants. The term signifies always living. 

AJUTAGE, (ad'-ju-tage) n. s. An addi- 
tional pipe to water-works. 

To AKE, (ake) v. n. See Ache. 

AKIN, (a-kiu') a. Related to ; allied to by 

ALABASTER, (al'-a-bas-tur) n. s. A kind 
of soft marble, easier to cut and less 
durable than the other kinds. 

ALABASTER, (al'-a-bas-tur) a. Made of 

ALACK, (a-lak') interject. Alas. 

ALACKADAY, interjection, [alas the day.] 
A word noting sorrow and melancholy. 

ALACRIOUSLY, (a-lak'-re-us-le) ad. Cheer- 

ALACRIOUSNESS, (a-lak'-re-us-ness) n. s. 
Briskness ; liveliness. 

ALACRITY, (a-lak'-kre-te) n. s. Cheerful- 
ness; sprightliness ; readiness. 

ALAMIRE, (a'-la-rnere') n. s. The lowest 
note but one in Guido Aretine's scale of 

ALAMODE, (al-a-mode') ad. According to 
the fashion. 

ALARM, (a-larm') n. s. A cry by which 
men are summoned to their arms ; a cry of 
danger ; any tumult or disturbance ; a spe- 
cies of clock that strikes an alarum. 


To ALARM, (a-larm') v. a. To call to arms ; 
to disturb; to surprise with apprehension 
of danger. 

ALARM BELL, (a-larm'-bell) n. s. The bell 
that is rung at the approach of danger. 

ALARMING, (a-lar'-ming) part. a. Terri- 

ALARMIST, (a-lar'-mist) n. s. He who ex- 
cites an alarm. 

ALARMPOST, (a-larm'-post) n. s. The post 
appointed to appear at, in case of an alarm. 

ALARMWATCH, (a-larm' -watch) n. s. A 
watch that strikes the hour by regulated 

ALARUM, (a^la'-rum) n. s. See Alarm. 

ALAS, (a-lass') viterj. A word expressing 
lamentation, pity, or concern ; alas the day ! 
ah, unhappy day ! alas the while ! ah, un- 
happy time ! 

ALB, (alb) n. s. A surplice worn close at the 
wrists, like the lawn sleeves of a bishop. 

ALBATROSS, (al'-ba-tros) n.s. A south- 
sea bird. 

ALBE, (al-be') } ad. Although ; not- 

ALBEIT,' fal-be'-it) S withstanding. 

ALB1FICATION, (al-be-fe-ka'-shun) n. s. 
Making white. 

ALBIGENSES, (al-be-jen'-ses) n. s. A sect 
so called from AIM, in upper Languedoc, 
where they originated. 

ALBUGINEOUS, (al-bu-jin'-e-us) a. Re- 
sembling the white of an egg. 

ALBUGO, (al-bu'-go) n. s. A disease in the 
eye, by which the cornea contracts a white- 

ALBUM, (al'-bum) n. s. A book for the in- 
sertion of autographs, short literary com- 
positions, &c. 

ALBURN. See Auburn. 

ALCAICK (al-ka'-ik) a. The measure of 
verse used by the poet Alcams, consisting of 
two dactyls and two trochees. 

ALCAHEST, (al'-ka-hest) n. s. An universal 

ALCAID, (al-kade') n. s. In Barbary, the 
governor of a castle ; in Spain, the judge of 
a city. 

ALCHYMICAL, (al-kim'-me-kal) a. Re- 
lating to alchymy. 

ALCHYMICALLY, (al-kim'-me-kal-le) ad. 
In the manner of an alchymist. 

ALCHYMIST, (al'-ke-mist) n. s. One who 
pursues or professes the science of alchymy. 

ALCHYMISTICAL, (al-ke-mjs'-te-kal) a. 
Acting like an alchymist. 

To ALCHYMIZE, (al'-ke-mize) v. a. To 
transmute ; to practise alchymy. 

ALCHYMY, (al'-ke-me) n. s. That part of 
chymistry, which proposes the transmula- 
tion of metals, and other important opei a- 
tions ; a kind of mixed metal so called. 

ALCOHOL, (al'-ko-hol) n. s. A high retc- 
fied dephlegmated spirit of wine, or any- 
thing reduced into an impalpable powder. 

ALCOHOLIZATION, (al'-ko-hol-e-za'-shun) 
n. s. The act of alcoholizing, or rectifying 


, r ate, far, fall, fat ; — me, met ; — pine, pin ; — no, move, 


7u ALCOHOLIZE, (al'-ko-ho-hze) v. a. To 
make an alcohol. 

ALCORAN, (al'-ko-ran) n. s. The book of 
the Mahometan precepts, and credenda. 

ALCORANICK, <al-ko-ran'-nik) a. Re- 
lating to Mahometanism. 

ALCOVE, (al-kove') n. s. A recess, or part 
of a chamber, separated by an estrade, in 
which is placed a bed of state, or seats ; a 
recess, or arbour in gardens or pleasure 

ALDER, al'-der) n. s. A tree having leaves 
resembling those of the hazel. The wood 
is used by turners. 

ALDERMAN, (ai'-der-man) n.s. The same 
as a senator. A governor or magistrate, 
originally chosen on account of the expe- 
rience which his age had given him ; gene- 
rally applied to members of a body corpo- 

ALDERMANITY, (al-der-man'-ne-te) n. s. 
The society of aldermen. 

ALE, (ale) n. s. A drink made by infusing 
malt in hot water, and then fermenting the 
liquor ; a merry meeting used in the coun- 
try places. 

ALE-CONNER, (ale'-kpn-ner) n. s. An 
officer whose business it is to inspect the 
measures of publick houses. 

ALECTRYOMANCY, (a-lek'-tre-o-man-se) 
n. s. Divination practised by the ancients 
by means of a cock. 

ALEGAR, (al'-le-gur) n. s. Sour ale. 

ALEHOOF, (ale*'-hoof) n. s. Ground-ivy. 

ALEHOUSE, (ale'-hpuse) n. s. A house 
where ale is sold. 

ALEMBICK, ('a-lem'-bik) n. s. A vessel 
used in distilling. 

ALERT, (a-lert') a. On guard ; watchful ; 
brisk ; pert. 

ALERTNESS, (a-lert'-ness) n. s. Sprightli- 
ness ; pertness. 

ALEVAT, (ale'-vat) n.s. The tub in which 
the ale is fermented. 

ALEW, (al-loo') See Halloo, n.s. Shouting 
or crying aloud. 

ALEXANDRINE, (al-legz-an'-drin) n. s. 
A kind of verse borrowed from the Trench, 
first used in a poem called Alexander. 
They consist, among the French, of twelve 
and thirteen syllables, in alternate couplets ; 
and, among us, of twelve. 

ALEXIPHARMACAL, (a-lek-se-far'-me- 
kal) a. Possessing the power of an anti- 

ALEXIPHARMICK, (a-lek-se-far'-mik) a. 
That which drives away poison or infec- 

ALEXITERICAL, (a-lek-se-ter'-e-kal) ) 

ALEXITERICK, (a-lek-se-ter'-ik) ] tt ' 

That which drives away poison, or fevers. 

ALGA, (al'-ga) n. s. Sea-weed. 

ALGEBRA, (al'-je-bra) n. s. A peculiar 
kind of arithmetick, which takes the quan- 
tity sought as if it were granted ; and by 
means of one or more quantities given, pro- 
ceeds by consequence, till the quantity at 
first only supposed to be known, or at least 


some power thereof, is found to be equal 
to some quantity or quantities which are 
known, and consequently itself is known. 

ALGEBRAICK, (al-je-bra'-ik) \a. Re- 

ALGEBRAICAL, (al-je-b'ra'-e-kal) J lating 
to algebra ; containing operations of alge- 

ALGEBRAIST, (ai-je-bra'-ist) n. s. A per- 
son that understands the science of alge- 

ALGID, (al'-jid) a. Cold ; chill. 

ALGIDITY, (al-jid'-de-te) \n.s. Chilness; 

ALGIDNESS, (al'-iid-iiess) S cold. 

ALG1FICK, (al-jif-f ik) a. Having the qua- 
lity of producing told. 

ALGOR, (al'-gur) n. s. Extreme cold. 

ALGORISM, (al'-go-rizm) > n.s. The art 

ALGORlTHM, T (al'-g9-ri;/)m) $ of compu- 
tation by numeral figures, as in arith- 

ALGUAZIL, (af-ga-zeel) n. s. An inferiour 
officer of justice in Spain ; a constable. 

ALIAS, (a'-le-as) ad. In law, A Latin word 
signifying otherwise; as, Simson alias Smith, 
alias Baker ; a writ of capias, issued a 
second time. 

ALIBI, (al'-e-bi) n. s. In law, Elsewhere ; 
the plea of a person, who, to prove himself 
innocent, alleges, that at the time stated in 
the accusation, he was at some place remote 
from that in which the fact was said to have 
been committed. 

ALIBLE, (al'-e-bl) a. Nutritive ; nourishing 

ALIEN, (ale' -yen) a. Foreign; estranged 
from ; not allied to. 

ALIEN, (ale'-yen) n. s. A foreigner. In 
law, One born in a strange country and not 

To ALIEN, (ale'-yen) v. a. To make any 
thing the property of another : to estrange. 

ALIENABLE, (ale'-yen-a-bl) a. Capable 
of being alienated or transferred. 

To ALIENATE, (ale'-yen-ate) v. a. To 
transfer property to another ; to withdraw 
the heart or affections. 

ALIENATE, (ale'-yen-ate) a. Withdrawn 

ALIENATION, (ale-yen-a'-shun) n. s. The 
act of transferring property ; the state of 
being alienated ; change of affection. When 
applied to the mind, disorder of the fa- 

ALIENATOR, (ale-yen- a'-tur) n. s. He 
who transfers or alienates. 

ALIFEROUS, (a-lif'-ur-us) a. Having 

ALIGEROUS, (a-lidje'-ur-us) a. Having 

To ALIGHT, (a^-lite') v. n. To come down, 
as from a horse ; to fall upon. 

ALIKE, (a-like') a. With resemblance; 
without difference. 

ALIMENT, (al'-le-ment) n. s. Nourish- 
ment ; food. 

ALIMENTAL, (al-le-men'-tal) a. Having 
the property of nourishing. 

ALIMENTALLY, (al-le-men'-tal-le) ad. >..■ 
as to serve for nourishment. 

ngt ; — tube, tub, bull ; — qU ; — po^nd ;— thin, Tais. 



n. s. The quality of being alimentary. 

ALIMENTARY, (al-le-men'-ta-re) a. Be- 
longing to aliment, or having the power of 

ALIMENTATION, (al-le-men-ta-slmn) n. s. 
The power of affording aliment ; the state 
of being nourished. 

ALIMONIOUS, (al-le-mo'-ne-us) a. Having 
the power or quality of nourishing. 

ALIMONY, (al'-le-mun-ne) n. s. That legal 
proportion of the husband's estate which is 
allowed to the wife, upon the account of 
separation from him. 

ALIQUANT, (al'-le-kwant) a. Being parts 
of a number, which, however repeated, will 
never make up the number exactly ; as 3 is 
an aliquant of 10, thrice three being 9, four 
times 3 making 12, no multiple of 3 can 
make 10. 

ALIQUOT, (al'-le-qwot) a. Aliquot parts of 
any number, are such as will exactly mea- 
sure without any remainder; as, 3 is an 
aliquot part of 1 2. 

ALITURE, (al'-le-ture) n. s. Same as aliment. 

ALIVE, (a-live'j o. In the state of life; 
unextinguished ; undestroyed ; cheerful ; 

ALKAHEST, (al'-ka-hest) n. s. A chymical 
liquor; an universal dissolvent, which has 
the power of resolving all things into their 
first principles. 

ALKALI, (ai'-ka-li) n. s. In chymistry, a 
substance which neutralizes acid, producing, 
when mingled with it, an ebullition and 

ALKALINE, (al'-ka-line) a. Having the 
qualities of alkali. 

To ALKALIZATE, (al-kal'-li-zate) v. a. To 
make bodies alkaline. 

ALKALIZATE, (al-kal'-li-zate) a. Impreg- 
nated with alkali. 

ALKALIZATION, (al-ka-li-za'-shim) n. s. 
Impregnating bodies with alkali. 

ALKERMES, (al-ker'-mez) n. s. A cele- 
brated remedy, of which kermes berries are 
the basis. 

ALL, (all) a. The whole number or quan- 
tity ; every one ; every part ; quite ; com- 
pletely ; altogether ; wholly. 

ALL, (all) n. s. The whole ; every thing. 
All is much used in composition ; but, in 
most instances it is merely arbitrary ; as 
all -commanding, all-honoured, all-powerful, fyc. 

ALL-FOOLS-DAY, n. s. The popular name 
for the first of April, when every body 
strives to make as many fools as he can ; 
an old custom. 

ALL-FOURS, (all-forz') n. s. A low game 
at cards, played by two ; the all-four are 
high, low, Jack, and the game : the arms 
used together with the legs on the ground. 

ALL-HAIL, (all-hale') interj. All health ; a 
term of salutation. 

ALL-HALLOWS, (all-hal'-loze) n. s. All- 
saints-day ; the first of November. 

ALL-HALLO WMASS, (all-hal-lo-mass) n.s. 
The term near All-saints-day. 


ALL-HALLOWN, (all-hal'-lone) a. The 

time about AH -saints-day. 
ALL-HALLO WTIDE, (all-hal'-lo-tide) n. $. 

See All-Hallown. 
ALL-HEAL, (all'-hele) n. s. A species of 

ALL SAINTS DAY, (all-santz-da) n.s. The 
day on which there is a general celebration 

of the saints. The first of November. 
ALL SOULS DAY, (all-solz-da') n.s. The 
day on which supplications are made for all 

souls by the church of Rome ; the second of 

ALL-SUFFICIENCY, (all-suf-fish'-en-se) 

n. s. Infinite ability. 
ALL-SUFFICIENT, (aU-suf-fish'-ent) a. 

Sufficient to every thing. 
ALL-SUFFICIENT, (all-suf-fish'-ent) n. s. 

Properly and emphatically denoting God. 
ALL-WISE, (all-wize') a. Possessed of in- 
finite wisdom. 
To ALLAY, (al-la) v. a. To mix one rnetal 

with another, to make it fitter tor coinage ; 

to join any thing to another, so as to abate 

its predominant qualities ; to quiet ; to 

ALLAY, (al-la') n. s. The metal of a baser 

kind mixed in coins, to harden them ; any 

thing which abates the predominant quali- 
ties of that with which it is mingled. 
ALLAYER, (al-la'-ur) n. s. The person or 

thing which has the power or quality of 

ALLAYMENT, (al-la'-ment) n.s. Having 

the power of allaying ; the act of allaying. 
To ALLECT, (al-lekt') v. a. To intice. 
ALLECTIVE, (al-lek' tiv) n. s. Allurement. 
ALLECTIVE, (al-le'k'-tiv) a. Alluring. 
ALLEGATION, T (al"-le-gV-shun) n.s. Affirm- 
ation ; declaration ; the thing alleged ; an 

excuse ; a plea. 
To ALLEGE, (al-ledje') v. a. To affiim ; to 

plead as an excuse. 
ALLEGEABLE, (al-ledje'-a-bl) a. That 

which may be alleged. 
ALLEGEMENT, (al-ledje'-ment) n. s. The 

same with allegation. 
ALLEGER, (al-ledje'-ur) n. s. He that 

ALLEGIANCE, (al-le'-janse) n. s. The duty 

of subjects to the government. 
ALLEGORICK, (al-le-gor'-rlk) ) a. Af- 

ALLEGORICAL,(al-'le-gor'-re-kal) \ ter 

the manner of an allegory ; in the form of 

an allegory. 
ALLEG O RI C ALL Y , (al -le-ggr'-re-kal-le) ad. 

After an allegorical manner. 
ALLEGORICALNESS, (al-le-gc-r'-re-kal- 

ness) n. s. The quality of being allegorical. 
ALLEGORIST, (al'-le-go-rist) n.s. He who 

teaches in an allegorical manner. 
To ALLEGORIZE, (al'-le-go-rize^ v. a. To 

turn into allegory ; to form an allegory. 
To ALLEGORIZE, (al'-le-go-rize) v. n. To 

speak allegorically. 
ALLEGORIZER, (al'-le-go-ri-zer) n. s. An 

ALLEGORY, (al'-le-gor-re) n. s. A figm-a- 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met; — pine, pin; — no, move, 


tive discourse, in which something is in- 
tended, other than that which is contained 
in the words literally taken. 

ALLEGRO, (a-la'-gro) n. s. A word in 
music denoting a sprightly motion. 

ALLELUJAH, (al-le-hi'-ya) n . s. A word 
of spiritual exultation ; praise God. 

ALLEMANDE, (al-le-mand') n. s. A dance 
well known in Germany and Switzerland. 

To ALLEVIATE, (al-le'-ve-ate) v. a. To 
make light ; to ease ; to soften : to extenuate. 

ALLEVIATION, (al-le-ve-a'-shun) n. s. The 
act of making light; that by which any 
pain is eased, or fault extenuated. 

ALLE VIA.T1 VE, (al-le'-ve-a-tiv) n. s. Having 
the power of alleviating ; palliative. 

ALLEY, (al'-le) n. s. A walk in a garden ; 
a passage, in towns, narrower than a 

ALLIANCE, (al-li'-anse) n. s. The state of 
connection by confederacy ; a league : re- 
lation by marriage ; relation by any form 
of kindred ; the persons allied to each 
other, taken collectively. 

ALLIANT, (al-li'-ant) n. s. An ally. 

ALLICIENC Y, (al-lish'-yen-se) n. s. Mag- 
netism ; attraction. 

ALLICIENT, (al-lish'-yent) n. s. An attrac- 

To ALLIGATE, (al'-le-gate) v. a. To tie 
one thing to another ; to unite. 

ALLIGATION, (al-le-ga -shun) n. s. The 
act of tying together , the arithmetical rule 
that teaches to adjust the price of com- 
pounds, formed of several ingredients of 
different value. 

ALLIGATOR, (al'-le-ga-tur) n. s. The cro- 
codile ; the name generally used for the 
American crocodile. 

ALLIGATURE, (al'-le-ga-ture) n.s. A link, 
or ligature. 

ALLISION, (al-lizh'-un) n.s. The act of 
striking one thing against another. 

ALLITERATION, (al-lit-er-a'-shun) n. s. 
The beginning of several words in the same 
verse with the same letter, to give them a 
sort of rhyming consonance, as " loads of 
learned lumber." 

ALLITERATIVE, (al-lit'-er-a-tiv) a. De- 
noting words beginning with the same 

ALLOCATION, (al-lo-ka'-shun) n. s. Put- 
ting one thing to another ; the admission of 
an article in the reckoning, and addition of 
it to the account. In law, An allowance 
made upon an account ; a term used in the 

ALLOCATUR, (al-lo-ka'-tur) n. s. In law, 
The certificate of allowance of costs by a 
master on taxation, &c. 

ALLOCUTION, (al-lo-ku'-shun) n. ' s. The 
act of speaking to another. 

ALLODIAL, (al-lo'-de-al) a. In law, Inde- 
pendent of any lord or superiour ; and 
therefore of another nature than that which 
is feudal. 

ALLODIUM, (al-lo'-de-uni) n. s. In law, 


A free manour, or lands held without pay- 
ing fine, rent, or service to any other. There 
are no allodial lands in England, all being 
held either mediately or immediately of the 

ALLONGE, (al-lundje') n. s. A pass or 
thrust with a rapier in fencing ; a long rein, 
when the horse is trotled in the hand. 

To ALLOO, (al-loo') v. a. To set on ; to in- 
cite by crying alloo. 

ALLOQUY, (al'-lo-kwe) n. s. Address; 

To ALLOT, (al-lot') v. a. To distribute by 
lot ; to grant ; to distribute ; or give each 
man his share. 

ALLOTMENT, (al-lgt'-ment) n. s. The 
part ; the share ; part appropriate. 

ALLOTTERY, (al-lot'-tur-e) n. s. The part 
in a distribution. 

To ALLOW, (al-lgu) v. a. To admit ; to jus- 
tify ; to grant ; to yield ; to grant licence 
to ; to give a sanction to ; to give to ; to 
appoint to; to make abatement or provi- 

ALLOWABLE, (al-lou'-a-bl) a. Capable 
of being admitted, allowed, permitted, or 

ALLOWABLENESS, (al-lgu'-a-bl-ness) n.s. 
Lawfulness ; exemption from prohibition. 

ALLOWABLY, (al-lou-a-ble) ad. With 
claim of allowance. 

ALLOWANCE, (al-lou'-anse) n. s. Ad- 
mission without contradiction ; sanction ; 
licence ; permission ; a settled rate ; abate- 
ment from the strict rigour ; a grant or 

ALLOY, (al-loe') n. s. Baser metal mixed 
in coinage ; abatement ; diminution. 

ALLSPICE, (all'-spise) n. s. Jamaica pepper 
or pimenta. 

To ALLUDE, (al-lude') v. n. To have some 
reference to a thing without the direct men- 
tion ; to hint at ; to insinuate. 

ALLUM1NOR, (al-lu'-me-nur) n. s. One 
who colours or paints upon paper or parch- 

To ALLURE, (al-lure') v. n. To entice. 

ALLURE, (al-lure') n. s. Something set up 
to entice. 

ALLUREMENT, (al-lure'-ment) n. s. En- 
ticement ; temptation. 

ALLURER (al-lu'-rer) n. s. He that allures. 

ALLURING, T (ai-lu'-ring) a. Tempting ; 

ALLURINGLY, (al-lu'-ring-le) ad. In a 
tempting or alluring manner; enticingly. 

ALLURINGNESS, (al-lur'-ing-nes) n. s. 
Invitation ; temptation ; enticement. 

ALLUSION, (al-lu'-zhun) n. s. A reference 
to something supposed to be already 
known ; a hint; an implication. 

ALLUSIVE, (al-lu'-siy) a. Hinting at some- 
thing not fully expressed. 

ALLUSIVELY, (al-lu-siv-le) ad. In an. 
allusive manner. 

ALLUSIVENESS, (al-lu'-siy- nes) n. s. The 
quality of being allusive. 

not ; — tube, tub, bull ; — oil ; — pound ; — thin, mis. 



ALLUVIAL, (al-lu-ve-al) n.s. A term ap- 
plied to soil T washed T from other land by 
means of floods. 

ALLUVION, (al-lu'-ve-un) n. s In law, An 
accession of land washed to the shore by 

ALLUVIOUS, (al-lu'-ve-us) a. See Allu- 

To ALLY, (al-li') v. a. To unite by kindred, 
friendship, or confederacy ; to make a re- 
lation between two things. 

To ALLY, (al-li') n. s. One united by some 
friendship or confederacy. 

ALMACANTAR, (al-ma-kan'-tur) n.s. In 
astronomy, A circle drawn parallel to the 

ALMACANTAR'S STAFF, (al-ma-kan- 
terz-staff') n. s. An instrument used to 
take observations of the sun. 

ALMANACK, (al'-ma-nak) n. s. A calen- 
dar ; a book in which the revolutions of the 
seasons, with the return of feasts and fasts, 
is noted. 

ALMANDINE, (al'-man-dine) n. s. A ruby 
coarser and lighter than the oriental. 

ALMIGHT1NESS, (al-mi'-te-ness) n. s. Un- 
limited power ; omnipotence ; one of the 
attributes of God. 

ALMIGHTY, (al-mi'-te) a. Of unlimited 
power ; omnipotent. 

ALMIGHTY, (al-mi -te) n. s. The Omnipo- 
tent ; the Maker of heaven and earth ; one 
of the appellations of the Godhead. 

ALMOND, (a'-mund) n. s. The nut of the 
almond tree. 

ALMONDS, (a-mundz). In anatomy, Two 
round glands placed on the sides of the 
basis of the tongue ; the tonsils. 

NACE, (a'-mund-fur-ness) Called also the 
Sweep, is a kind of furnace used in re- 

ALMONER, (al'-mun-er) n. s. The officer of 
a prince, employed in the distribution of 

ALMONRY, (al'-mun-re) or ALMRY, (am- 
re) n. s. The place where the almoner 
resides, or where the alms are distributed. 

ALMOST, (al'-most) ad. Nearly ; well nigh. 

ALMS, (amz) «. s. What is given gratui- 
tously in relief. 

ALMSDEED, (amz'-deed) n. s. An act of 

ALMS-GIVER, (amz'-giy-er) n.s. He that 
gives alms, or supports others by charity. 

ALMSHOUSE, (amz'-house) n. s. A house 
devoted to the reception and support of the 

ALMSMAN, (amz -man) n. s. A man who 
lives upon alms ; sometimes applied to the 
giver of alms. 

ALMUG-TREE, (al'-mug-tree) n. s. A tree 

mentioned in Scripture. 
kLNAGER, (al'-na-jer) n. s. A measurer by 
the ell ; one of three officers belonging to 
the regulation of cloth-manufactures, the 
searcher, measurer, and alnager. 


ALN AGE, (al'-naje) n. s. Ell measure, 01 

the measuring by the ell. 
ALOES, (al'-oze) n.s. A precious wood, used 
in the East, for perfumes ; a tree which grows 
in hot countries. In medicine, A cathartick 
juice extracted from the common aloes 

ALOETICAL, (al-o-et-e-kal) or ALOE- 
TICK, (al-o-et'-ik) a Consisting chiefly 
of aloes ; having the nature of aloes. 

ALOFT, (a-loft') ad. On high; above; a 
word used by seamen to call others from 
below on deck ; a3, all hands aloft. 

ALOG Y, (al'-o-je) n. s. Unreasonableness ; 

ALONE, (a-lone') a. Single ; without com- 
pany ; solitary ; only. 

ALONG, (a-long') ad. At length; through 
any space lengthwise ; throughout ; in the 
whole ; forward ; onward ; followed some- 
times by with, as, along with him. 

ALONG-SIDE, (a-long'-side) ad. A nautical 
phrase, by the side of a ship. 

ALOOF, (a-loof) ad. At a distance; cau- 
tiously ; circumspectly. 

ALOUD, (a-loud') ad. Loudly ; with a great 

ALP, (alp) n. s. A mountain ; that which is 
mountainous or durable like the Alps. 

ALPINE, (al'-pine) a. Relating to or resem- 
bling the Alps; high; mountainous; a 
peculiar kind of strawberry. 

ALPHA, (al'-fa) n. s. The first letter in the 
Greek alphabet, answering to our a ; there- 
fore used to signify tlie first, as in Revelations, i. 

ALPHABET, (al'-fa-bet) n. s. The order of 
the letters, or elements of speech. 

To ALPHABET, (al'-fa-bet) v. a. To range 
in the order of the alphabet. 

ALPHABETARIAN, (al-fa-bet-a-re-an) n.s. 
An A B C scholar. 

ALPHABETICAL, (al-fa-bet'-te-kal) ) a. In 

ALPHABETICK, (al-fa-bet'-tik) T i the 
order or nature of the alphabet. 

ALPHABETICALLY, (al-fa-bet'-te-kal-le) 
ad. In an alphabetical manner. 

ALREADY, (al-red'-de) ad. At this present 
time, or at some time past. 

ALSO, (al'-so) ad. In the same manner ; 

ALT, (alt) n. s. The higher part of the scale 
or gamut. 

ALTAR, (al'-ter) n. s. The place where 
offerings to heaven are laid ; the table in 
Christian churches where the communion is 

ALTAR-PIECE, (al'-ter-peese) n. s. A 
painting placed over the altar. 

To ALTER, (?l'-ter) v. a. To change ; to 
make otherwise. 

To ALTER, (al'-ter) v. n. To suffer change ; 
to become otherwise. 

ALTERABLE, (al'-ter- a-bl) a. That which 
may be changed or altered. 

ALTERABLENESS, (al'-ter-a-bl-ness) n. s. 
The quality of being alterable, or admitting 


Fate, far, fall, fat;— me, met,— pine, pin; — no, move, 


ALTERABLY, (al'-ter-a-ble) ad. In such 
a manner as may be altered. 

ALTERANT, (al'-ter-ant) a. What has the 
power of producing changes. 

ALTERATION, (al-ter-a'-shun) n.s. The 
act of altering or changing ; the change 

ALTERATIVE, (al'-ter-a-tiv) a. Having 
the quality of altering. In medicine, A 
term applied to such drugs as have no im- 
mediate sensible operation, but gradually 
gain upon the constitution. 

To ALTERCATE, (al'-ter-kate) v. n. To 
wrangle ; to contend with. 

ALTERCATION, (al-ter ka-shun) n. s. De- 
bate ; controversy ; wrangling, 

ALTERNACY, (al-ter'-na-se) n. s. Action 
performed by turns. 

ALTERNAL, (al-ter'-nal) a. Alternative. 

ALtERNALLY, "(al-ter'-nal-le) ad. By 

ALTERNATE, (al-ter'-nate) a. Being by 
turns ; one after another. 

ALTERNATE, (al-ter'-nate) n. s. What 
happens alternately. 

To ALTERNATE, (al-ter-nate) v. a. To 
perform alternately ; to change one thing 
for another reciprocally. 

ALTERNATELY, (al-ter'-nate-le) ad. In 
reciprocal succession. 

ALTERNATENESS, (al-ter'-nate-nes) n. s. 
The state of being alternate. 

ALTERNATION, (al-tur-na'-shun) n.s. The 
reciprocal succession of things ; alternate 
performance, in the choral sense. 

ALTERNATIVE, (al-ter -na-tiv) n. s. The 
choice given of two things. 

ALTERNATIVE, (al-ter'-na-tiv) a. In an 
alternate manner. 

ALTERNATIVELY, (al-ter'-na-tiv-le) ad. 
By turns : reciprocally. 

A LTERNATI VENESS, (al-ter'-na-tiy-nes) 
n. s. Reciprocation ; the quality or state 
of being alternative. 

ALTERNITY, (al-ter'-ne-te) n. s. Reci- 
procal succession. 

ALTHEA, (al-t/ie'-a) n. s. A flowering shrub. 

ALTHOUGH, (af-THo') ccnj. Notwith- 
standing ; however. 

ALTIGRADE, (al'-te- grade) a. Rising on 

ALTILOQUENCE, (al-til'-lo-kwense) n.s. 
Lofty or pompous language. 

ALTIMETRY, (al-tim'-me tre) n. s. The 
art of measuring altitudes. 

ALTISONANT, (al-tis'-so-nant) a. Pompous 
or lofty in sound. 

ALTITUDE, (al'-te-tude) n. s. Height of 
place or degree ; the elevation of any of 
the heavenly bodies above the horizon. 

ALTIVOLANT, (al-tiv'-vo-lant) a. High 

ALTOGETHER, (al-to-geTH-er) ad. Com- 
pletely ; without restriction ; without ex- 
ception ; conjunctly. 

ALTO-RELIEVO, (al'-to-re-le'- vo) n. s. That 
kind of relief in sculpture, which projects 
as much as the life. 


ALUDEL, (al'-u-del) n. s. Subliming po* 
used in chemistry, fitted into one another 
without luting. 

ALVEARY, (al'-ve-a-re) n. s. A beehive. 

ALUM, (al'-lum) n. s. A mineral salt, of an 
acid taste, with a considerable degree of 

ALUM-STONE, (al'-lum-stone) n. s. A stone 
or calx used in surgery. 

ALUMINOUS, (al-lu'-me-nus) a. Relating 
to, or having the nature of alum. 

ALUTATION, (al-u-ta'-shun) n. s. The 
tanning or dressing of leather. 

ALWAYS, (al'-waze) ad. Perpetually ; con- 
stantly ; unceasingly ; throughout all time. 

A. M. An abbreviation for Artium magister, 
or master of arts. Ante meridiem, i. e. before 

AM, (am) The first person of the verb to be. 
See To Be. 

AMABILITY, (am-a-bil'-e-te) n. s. Loveli- 
ness ; the power of pleasing. 

AMAIN, (^-mane') ad. With vehemence , 
with vigour. 

AMALGAM, (a-mal'-gam) ) n. s. The 

AMALGAMA, T (a-mar-ga-ma) 5 mixture of 
metals by amalgamation. 

To AMALGAMATE, (a-mal'-ga-mate) v. a. 
To unite metals with quicksilver ; to make 
them soft and ductile. 

AMALGAMATION, (a-mal-ga-ma'-shun) 
n. s. The act of amalgamating metals. 

AMANUENSIS, (a-man-u-en'-sis) n.s. A 
person who writes what another dictates ; 
or copies what has been written. 

AMARANTH, (am'-a-rani/i) n. s. The name 
of a plant. In poetry, An imaginary flower 
which never fades. 

AMARANTHINE, (am-a-ran'-tMn) a, Con- 
sisting of amaranths. 

AMARITUDE, (a-mar'-re-tude) n.s. Bit- 

AMARULENCE, (a-mar'-ru-lense) «. s. 

AMARULENT, (a-mar'-ru-lent) a. Bitter. 

To AMASS, (a-mas') v. a. To collect together ; 
to add one thing to another. 

AMASSMENT, (a-mas'-ment) n. s. A heap ; 
an accumulation. 

AMATEUR, (am-a-ture') n. s. A lover of 
any particular art or science ; not a pro- 

AMATORIAL, (am-a-to'-re-al) } a. Relat- 

AMATORIOUS, (am-a-to'-re-us) $ ln g to. 

AMATORY, (am'-a-tur-re) a. Relating to, 

AMAUROSIS, (am-au-ro'-sis) n. s. A dim- 
ness of sight. 
To AMAZE, (a-maze') v. a. To confuse with 

wonder or terrour ; to put into perplexity. 
AMAZE, (a-maze) n.s. Astonishment; con- 
fusion either of fear or wonder ; the state of 
being amazed. 
AMAZEDLY, (a-ma'-zed-le) ad. Con- 
fusedly ; with amazement. 
AMAZEDNESS, (a-ma'-zed-nes) n. s. Asto- 
nishment ; the state of being amazed. 

nQt; — tube, tub, bull; — oil; — pound; — thin, THis. 



AMAZEMENT, (a-maze'-ment) n. s. Con- 
fused apprehension ; extreme fear ; hor- 
rour ; extreme dejection ; height of admi- 
ration; astonishment. 

AMAZING, (a-ma'-zing) part. a. Wonder- 
ful ; perplexing ; astonishing. 

AMAZINGLY, (a-ma'-zing-le) ad. Won- 

AMAZON, (am'-a-zun) n. s. A race of women 
famous for valour, who inhabited Caucasus ; 
so called from their cutting off their breasts, 
to use their weapons better ; a warlike wo- 
man ; a virago. 

AMAZONIAN, (am-a-zo'-ne-an) a. War- 
like ; relating to the Amazons. 

AMBAGES, (am-ba'-jez) n. s. A circuit of 
words ; a circumlocutory form of speech. 

AMBAGIOUS, (ani-ba'-je-us) a. Circum- 

AMBASSADOUR, (am-bas'-sa-dur) n.s. A 
person sent in a public manner from one 
sovereign power to another. 

AMBASSADRESS, (am-bas'-sa-dres) n.s. 
The lady of an ambassadour. 

AMB ASSY. See Embassy. 

AMBER, (am'-bur) n. s. A yellow trans- 
parent substance of a gummous or bitumi- 
nous consistence. 

AMBER, (am'-bur) a. Consisting of amber. 

AMBERG1S, (am'-ber-grese) n. s. A fragrant 
drug, produced by the spermatic whale, 
used both as a perfume and a cordial. 

AMBIDEXTERITY, (am-be-dex-ter'-re-te) 
n, s. Being able equally to use both hands. 
Figuratively, double dealing. 

AMBIDEXTROUS, (am'-be-dex-trus) a. 
Having the use of either hand ; double 

AMBIDEXTROUSNESS, (am-be-dex'-trus- 
nes) n. s. The quality of being ambidex- 

AMBIENT, (am'-be-ent) a. Surrounding; 

AMBIGU, (am'-be-gu) n. s. An entertain- 
ment consisting of a medley of dishes. 

AMBIGUITY, (am-be-gu'-e-te) n. s. Uncer- 
tainty of signification. 

AMBIGUOUS, (am-big'-u-us) a. Doubtful ; 
having two meanings ; using doubtful ex- 

AMBIGUOUSLY, (am-big'-u-us-le) ad. 
Doubtfully ; uncertainly. 

AMBIGUOUSNESS, (am-big'-u-us-nes) n. s. 
Uncertainty of meaning ; duplicity of sig- 

AMBILOGY, (am-bil'-lo-je) n.s. Talk of 
ambiguous signification. 

AMBILOQUOUS, (am-bil'-lo-kwus) a. 
Using ambiguous expressions in speech. 

AMBILOQUY, (am-bil'-o-kwe) n. s. The 
use of doubtful expressions in speech. 

(LMBIT, (am'-bit) n. s. The compass or cir- 
cuit of any thing. In mathematics, The 
same as the Perimeter, i. e. the line or sum 
of the lines by which the figure is bounded, 

AMBITION, (am-bish'-un) n. s. The desire 
of preferment or honour ; the eager desire 
of any thing great or excellent. 


AMBITIOUS, (am-bish'-us) a. Seized with 
ambition ; aspiring ; yearning after ad- 

AMBITIOUSNESS, (am-bish'-us-nes) n. s. 
The quality of being ambitious. 

AMBITUDE, (am'-be-tude) n.s. Compass ; 

To AMBLE, (^m'-bl) v.n. To move upon 
an amble ; to move easily ; to walk daintily 
and affectedly. 

AMBLE, (am'-bl) n.s. A pace or movement 
of the horse. 

AMBLER, (am'-bler) n. s. One who ambles ; 
a pacer. 

AMBLINGLY, (am'-bling-le) ad. With an 
ambling movement. 

AMBROSIA, (am-bro'-zhe-a) n. s. The 
imaginary food of the gods ; the name of 
a plant. 

AMBROSIAL, (am-bro'-zhe-al) \ a. Of the 

AMBROSIAN, (am-bro'-zhe-an) ] nature 
of ambrosia ; delicious. 

AMBRY, (am'-bre) n. s. The place where 
the almoner lives, or where alms are dis- 
tributed ; the place where utensils for house- 
keeping are kept ; a cupboard for cold vic- 

AMBS-ACE, (amz-ase') n. s. A double ace , 
when two dice turn up the ace. 

To AMBULATE, (am'-bu-late) v. n. To 
move hither and thither. 

AMBULATION, (am-bu-la'-shun) n. s. 

AMBULATORY, (am'-bu-la-tur-re) a. Hav- 
ing the power of walking ; moveable, as 
a court which removes from place to place 
for the exercise of its jurisdiction. 

AMBULATORY, (am'-bu-la-tur-re) n. s. A 
place for walking. 

AMBURY, (am'-bu-re) n. s> A bloody wart 
on any part of a horse's body. 

AMBUSCADE, (am-bus-kade ) n. s. A pri- 
vate station in which men lie to surprise 
others ; ambush. 

AMBUSH, (am'-bush) n. s. The post where 
soldiers or assassins are placed, in order to 
fall unexpectedly upon an enemy : the act 
of surprising another by lying in wait; tne 
state of being posted privately, in order to 

AMBUSHED, (am'-bush-ed) part. a. Placed 
in ambush. 

AMBUSTION, (am-bus'-te-un) n. s. A burn 
or scald. 

AMEL, (am'-mel) n. s The vitreous com- 
position used for enamelling. 

To AMELIORATE, (a-me'-le-o-rate) v. a. 
To improve. 

AMELIORATION, (a-me-le-o-ra-shun) 
n. s. Improvement. 

AMEN, (a-men) ad. A term of assent used 
in devotions, meaning, at the end of a prayer, 
so be it ; at the end of a creed, so it is. 

AMENABLE, (a-me'-na-bl) a. Responsible ; 
subject, so as to be liable to account. 

AMENANCE, (a-me-nanse) n. s. Con- 
duct : behaviour ; mien. 

To AMEND, (a-mend') v. a. To correct ; to 


Fate, far, fall, faj; :— m», met 

; — pine, pm; — no, move, 


reform the life ; to restore passages in 
writers, which are depraved. 

To AMEND, (a-mend') v n. To grow better ; 
to reform. 

AMENDABLE, (a-mend'-a-bl) a. Reparable. 

AMENDMENT, (a-mend'-ment) n. s. A 
change from bad ; reformation of life ; re- 
covery of health. In law, The correction of 
an errour in pleading or process. 

AMENDS, (a-mends) n. s. Recompense ; 

AMENITY, (a-men'-ne-te) n. s. Pleasant- 
ness ; agreeableness of situation. 

To AMERCE, (a-merse') v. a. To punish 
with a pecuniary penalty. 

AMERCEABLE, (a-merse'-a-bl) a. Liable 
to amercement, or fine. 

AMERCER, (a-mer'-ser) n. s. He that sets 
a fine upon any misdemeanour. 

AMERCEMENT, (a merse'-ment) n.s. The 
pecuniary punishment of an offender. 

AMERCIAMENT, (a-mer'-she-a-ment) n. s. 
The same as amercement in the juridical 

AMES-ACE, (amz-ace') n. s. See Ambs- 
Ace, of which this is a corruption. 

AMETHYST, (am -e-tlust) n. s. A precious 
stone of a violet colour, bordering on purple. 
In heraldry, It signifies the same colour in 
a nobleman's coat, that purpure does in a 

AMETHYSTINE, (am'-e-iMs-tine) a. Re- 
sembling an amethyst in colour. 

AMIABLE, (a'-me-a-bl) a. Lovely; plea- 
sing ; worthy to be loved. 

AMIABLENESS, (a'-me-a-bl-nes) n. s. 
The quality of being amiable ; loveliness. 

AMIABILITY, n. sT See Amability. 

AMIABLY, (a'-me-a-ble) ad. In an amiable 
manner ; pleasingly. 

AMICABLE, (am'-me-ka-bl) a. Friendly ; 

AMICABLENESS, (am'-me-ka-bl-nes) n. s. 
Friendliness ; goodwill. 

AMICABLY, (am'-e-ka-ble) ad. In an ami- 
cable manner. 

AMICE, (am-mis') n. s. The first or under- 
most part of a priest's habit, over which he 
wears the alb. 

AMID, (a-m_id') \prep. In the midst; 

AMIDST, (a-midst') $ mingled with ; a- 
mongst ; surrounded by. 

AMISS, (a-mis') ad. Faulty ; criminal ; 
wrong ; improper ; not according to the 
perfection of the thing, whatever it be ; in 
an ill sense, as words taken ainiss. 

AMISSION, (a-mish'-un) n. s. Loss. 

To AMIT, (a-mif) v. a'. To lose. 

AMITY, (am'-me-te) n. s. Friendship. 

AMMONIAC, (am-mo'-ne-ak) n. s. The 
name of two drugs; Gum Ammoniac, and 
Sal Ammoniac. 

AMMONI AC AL, (am-mo-ni'- a-kal) a. Hav- 
ing the properties of ammoniac salt. 

AMMUNITION, (am-mu-nish'-un) n. s. 
Military stores. 

AMMUNITION BREAD, (am-mu-nish'-un. 


bred) n. s. Bread for the supply of armies 
or garrisons. 

AMNESTY, (am'-nes-te) n. s. An act o f 

AMNION, (am -ne-gn) >?t. s. The inner 

AMNIOS, (am'-ne-gs) ) most membrane 
with which the foetus in the womb is 

AMONG, (a-mung') > prep. Mingled 

AMONG S r I\ (a-mungst') 5 with ; conjoined 
with others. - 

AMORIST, (am'-o-rist) n. s. A lover ; a 

AMOROSA, (am-o-ro'-za) n. s. A wanton. 

AMOROSO, (am-o-ro'-zo) n. s. A man en- 

AMOROUS, (am'-o-rus) a. In love ; en- 
amoured ; naturally inclined to love ; re- 
lating to love. 

AMOROUSLY, (am'-o-rus-le) ad. Fondly ; 

AMOROUSNESS, (am'-o-rus-nes) n. s. 
Fondness ; lovingness. 

AMORTIZATION, (a-mor-te-za'-shun) } 

AMORTIZEMENT, (a-mV- tiz -ment) S 
n. s. In law, The right of transferring 
lands to mortmain. 

To AMORTIZE, (a-mgr'-tiz) v. a. In law, 
To alien lands or tenements to any corpo- 
ration, and their successors. 

To AMOVE, (a-mpve') v. a. To remove 
from a post or station, a juridicial sense ; 
to remave ; to move. 

To AMOUNT, (a-mount') v. n. To rise to in 
the accumulative quantity ; to compose in 
the whole. 

AMOUNT, (a-mount') n. s. The aggregate, 
or sum total. 

AMOUR, (a-mopr ) n. s. An affair of gal- 
lantry ; a love intrigue. 

AMPHIBIOUS, (am-fib'-e-us) a. Having 
the faculty of living in two elements air 
and water. Figuratively, Of a mixed na- 

AMPHIBIOUSNESS, (am- f ib'-e-us-nes) n. s 
Capability of living in different elements. 

AMPHIBOLOGICAL, (am-fe-bo-lod'-je- 
kal) a. Doubtful. 

AMPHIBOLOGY, (am-fe-bgl'-o-je) n. s. 
Discourse of uncertain meaning. 

AMPHIBOLOUS, (am-fib'-bo-lus)a. Tossed 
from one to another. 

AMPHIBOLY, (am-f ib'-bo-le) n. s. Dis- 
course of various meaning. 

AMPHIBRACH, (am'-fe-brak) s. A foot, 
consisting of three syllables, having one 
syllable long in the middle, and a short one 
on each side. 

AMPHILOGY, n. s. Equivocation. 

AMPHITHEATRE, (am-fe-t/m -a-ter) n. s. 
A building in a circular or oval form, 
having its area encompassed with rows of 
seats one above another. 

AMPHITHEATRICAL, a. Relating to ex- 
hibitions in, or to the form of an amphithe- 

AMPLE, (amp' -pi) a. Large, wide ; ex- 

not; — tube, tub, bull ; — oil ; — pound ; — thin, 



tended ; great in bulk ; diffusive ; not con- 

To AMPLIFICATE, (am'-ple-fe-kate) v. a. 
To enlarge ; to amplify. 

AMPLIFIC ATION, (am-ple-fe-ka'-shun) 
n. s. Enlargement ; extension ; diffuse- 
ness in language. 

AMPLIFIER, (am'-ple-f i-er) n. s. One that 
enlarges any thing ; one that exaggerates. 

To AMPLIFY, (am'-ple-f i) v. a. To enlarge ; 
to extend ; to exaggerate any thing ; to im- 
prove by new additions. 

To AMPLIFY, (am'-ple-fi) v. n. To speak 
largely in many words ; to exaggerate ; to 
form large representations. 

AMPLITUDE, (am'-ple-tude) n. s. Extent ; 
largeness ; greatness ; capacity ; copious- 
ness ; abundance. In astronomy, An arc of 
the horizon intercepted between the east 
and west points, and the center of the sun 
and stars at their rising and setting. Mag- 
netical amplitude is the arc of the horizon 
between the sun or star at its rising, and the 
magnetic east or west point indicated by 
the compass. Amplitude in gunnery, The 
range of the shot, or the horizontal right 
line drawn from the mouth of the cannon 
to the spot where the shot finally rests. 

AMPLY, (am'-ple) ad. Largely ; liberally ; 

To AMPUTATE, (am'-pu-tate) v. a. To cut 
off a limb. 

AMPUTATION, (am-pu-ta'-shun) n. s. The 
operation of cutting off a limb, or other part 
of the body. 

AMULET, (am'-u-let) n. s. A charm hung 
about the neck, for preventing or curing 

To AMUSE, (a-muze') v. a. To entertain 
with tranquillity ; to draw on from time to 
time ; to keep in expectation. 

AMUSEMENT, (a-muze'-ment) n. s. That 
which amuses. 

AMUSER, (a-mu'-zur) n. s. He that amuses. 

AMUSING, T (a-mu'-zing) ~ia. Having the 

AMUSIVE, (a-mu'-siv) $ quality of ex- 
citing or occupying pleasantly. 

AMYGDALATE, (a-mig -da-late) a. Made 
of almonds. 

AMYGDALINE, (a-mig- da-line) a. Re- 
sembling or having the nature of almonds. 

AN, (an) The article indifinite. It is the 
same with the article A, (which see) but 
changed to an under the following rules. 
The article A must be used before all words 
beginning with a consonant, and before the 
vowel u when long ; and the article An 
must be used before all words beginning 
with a vowel, except long u; before words 
beginning with h mute, as an hour, an heir, 
&c. or before words where the h is not 
mute, if the accent be on the second sylla- 
ble, as an heroic action, an historical account, 
&c. an by the old writers is often used for if. 

ANA, (a'-na) ad. A word used in the pre- 
scriptions of physick, importing the like 


ANABAPTISM, (an-a-bap'-tizm) n. s. The 
doctrine of anabaptists. 

ANABAPTIST, (an-a-bap'-tist) n. & One 
who allows of, and maintains re-baptizing. 


ANABAPTISTICK, (an-a-bap-tis'-tik) T * 
a. Relating to the notions of Anabap- 

ANACAMPTICKS, (an-a-cam'-tiks) n. s. 
The doctrine of reflected light, or catoptrics. 

ANACATHARTICK, (an-a-ka-27/ar'-tik) n.s. 
In medicine, that which works upwards. 

n. s. In Rhetoric, Recapitulation or sum- 
mary of the heads of a discourse. 

ANACHORITE, (an-ak'-o-rite) n. s. A 
monk, who leaves the convent for a solitary 
life ; a hermit. 

ANACHORETICAL, (an-a-ko-ret'-te-kal) a. 
Relating to an anachorite or hermit. 

ANACHRONISM, (anak'-kro-nizm) n. s. 
Errour in computing time. 

ANACHRONISTIC^, (an-ak'-kro-nis'-tik) 
a. Containing an anachronism. 

ANACLATICKS, (an-a-klat'-iks) n. s. The 
doctrine of refracted light , dioptricks. 

ANACREONTICK, (a-nak-kre-on'-tic) a. 
Applied to poems written in the manner of 

ANADIPLOSIS, (an-a-de-plo -sis) n. s. In 
rhetorick, A repetition at the commence- 
ment of a verse of the last word in the pre- 
ceding, or the repetition of any word by 
way of emphasis. In medicine, A redupli- 
cation of the paroxysm. 

ANAGLYPH, (an-a-glif) n. s. Ornament 
effected by sculpture, by chasing, or em- 

ANAGLYPTICK, (an-a- glip'-tik) a. Relat- 
ing to the art of carving, chasing, engraving, 
or embossing plate. 

ANAGOGICAL, (an-a-go'-je-kal) a. Re- 
lating to anagogicks ; mysterious ; elevated ; 
religiously exalted. 

ANAGOGICKS, (an-a-go'-jiks) n. s. The 
mystical interpretation of Scripture ; one of 
the four ordinary modes in distinction from 
the literal, allegorical, and tropological. 

ANAGRAM, (an'-a-gram) n.s. The change 
of one word into another by the transposi- 
tion of its letters, as Amor into Roma; as 
also of several words, as from the question 
of Pilate, quid est Veritas 1 is made the an- 
swer, Est vir qui adest. 

ANAGRAMMATICAL, (an-a-gram-mat' 
te-kal) a. Of the nature of, or forming an 

mat'-te-kal-le) ad. In the manner of an 

n. s. The art or practice of making ana- 

ANAGRAMMATIST, (an-a-gram'-ma-tist) 
n.s. A maker of anagrams. 

To ANAGRAMMATIZE, (an-a-gram'-ma- 
tize) v. n. To make anagrams/ 


Fate, far, fall, fat ; — me, met ;— pine, pin ; — no, move, 


ANALECTS, (an'-a-lekts) n. s. Collections 

or fragments of authors ; select pieces. 
ANALEPT1CKS, (an-a-lep'-tiks) n. s. In 

medicine, Restoratives which serve to re- 
pair the streagth and raise the depressed 
ANALOGICAL, (an-a-lodje'-e-kal) a. Used 

by way of analogy ; analogous. 
ANALOGICALLY, (an-a-kodje'-e-kal-le) ad. 

In an analogous manner. 

n. s. The quality of being analogical. 
ANALOGISM, (a-nal'-lo-jizm) n. s. An ar- 
gument from the cause to the effect. 
To ANALOGIZE, (a-nal'-lo-jize) v a. To 

explain by way of analogy. 
ANALOGOUS, (a-nal'-lo-gus) a. Having 

analogy ; bearing some resemblance. 
ANALOGY, (a-nal'-lo-je) n.s. In logick, 
Resemblance between things with regard 
to some circumstances or effects. In ma- 
thematics, The comparison or proportion of 
numbers or magnitudes one to another. 
ANALYSIS, (a-nai'-le-sis) n. s. In logick, 
The unfolding any matter so as to discover 
its composition. In matkematicks, The re- 
solution of problems. In chymistry. The 
separation of a compound body into the 
several parts of which it consists ; a solu- 
tion of any thing to its first elements. 
ANALYTICAL, (an-a-lit'-te-kal) } a. Re- 
ANALYTICK, (an-a-lit'-tik) " S solving 
any thing into first principles ; proceeding 
by, or having the nature of analysis. 
ANALYTICALLY, (an-a-lit'-te-kal-le) ad. 
In such a manner as separates compounds 
into simples. 
ANALYTICKS, (an-a-lit'-tiks) n. s. The art 

of analvzing. 
To ANALYZE, (an'-a-lize) v. a. To resolve 

a compound into its first principles. 
ANALYZER, (an'-a-li-zer) n. s. The person 

or thing that analyzes. 
ANAMORPHOSIS, (an-a-mor'-fo-sis) n. s. 
Deformation ; a perspective projection of 
any thing, so that to the eye, at one point 
of view, it shall appear deformed, in an- 
other an exact representation. 
ANAPAEST, (an'-a-pest) n. s. A metrical 
foot, containing two short syllables and one 
long ; or a dactyl reversed. 
ANAP^STICK, (an-a-pes'-tik) a. Having 
the nature of, or relating to the ana- 
ANAPHORA, (a-naf'-fo-ra) n. s. In Rhe- 
toric, A figure, when several clauses of a 
sentence are begun with the same word or 
ANAPLEROTICK, (an-a-ple-rgt'-tik) a. 
Having the quality of filling. A medical 
term applied to drugs which encourage the 
growth of flesh in wounds. 
ANARCH, (an'-ark) n. s. An author of con- 
ANARCHIAL, (a-nar'-ke-al) } a. Confused ; 
ANARCH1CK, (a-nar'-kik) S without rule 

or government. 
AN ARCHISM, (an'-ar-kizm) n.s. Confusion. 


ANARCHIST, (an- ar-kist) n. s. He who oc 
casions confusion, who lives without sub- 
mission to rule, or who defies govern- 
ANARCHY, (an'-ar-ke) n. s. Want of go- 
vernment; a state without magistracy. 
ANASARCA, (an-a-sar'-ka) n. s. A sort of 

dropsy of the whole body. 
ANASARCOUS, (au-a-sar'-kus) a. Relat- 
ing to an anasarca. 
ANASTOMATICK, (an-a-sto-mat'-tik) a. 
In medicine, Having the Quality of re- 
moving obstructions. 
ANASTROPHE, (a-nas'-tro-fe) n. s. In 
rhetoric, A figure whereby the order of the 
words is inverted. 
ANATHEMA, (a-nai/t'-e-ma) n. s. A curse 
pronounced by ecclesiastical authority ; ex- 
communication ; the object of the curse, or 
the person cursed. 
ANATHEMATICAL, (an-a-tfie-mat'-e- kal) 
a. Having the properties of an anathema. 
To ANATHEMATIZE, (an-at/j'-e-ma-tize) a. 

To curse by ecclesiastical authority. 
ANATHEMATIZER, (an-ai/i'-e-ma-ti-zer) 

n. s. He who pronounces an anathema. 
ANATOMICAL, (an-a-tom'-e-kal) a. Re- 
lating or belonging to anatomy; proceeding' 
upon principles taught in anatomy. 
ANATOMICALLY, (an-a-tom'-e-kal-le) ad. 

In an anatomical manner. 
ANATOMIST, (a-nat'-o-mist) n. s. He that 
studies" the structure of animal bodies, by 
To ANATOMIZE, (a-nat'-to-mize) v. a. To 
dissect or cut asunder an animal ; to lay 
any thing open distinctly. 
ANATOMY, (a-nat'-o-me) n. s. The art of 
dissecting the body ; the structure of the 
body, learned by dissection; the act of 
dividing any thing ; a skeleton ; a thin 
meagre person. 
ANCESTOR, (an'-ses-tur) n. s. One who 

has gone before in a family ; a forefather. 
ANCESTRAL, (an-ses'-tral) a. Relating to, 

or resembling ancestors. 
ANCESTRY, (an'-ses-tre) n. s. Lineage ; 
a series of progenitors ; the honour of de- 
scent ; birth. 
ANCHENTRY, (ane'-tshen-tre) n. s. Anti- 
quity of a family, properly ancientry. 
ANCHOR, (ang'-kur) n.s. A heavy iron to* 
hold the ship, being fixed to the ground - r 
that which confers stability or security ; the 
chape of a buckle. 
To ANCHOR, (ang'-kur) v. n. To cast an- 
To ANCHOR, (ang'-kur) v. a. To place at 

anchor ; to fix on. 
ANCHOR-SMITH, n. s. The maker of an- 
ANCHORAGE, (ang'-kur-adje) n.s. The 
hold of the anchor ; the set of anchors be- 
longing to a ship ; the duty paid for the 
liberty of anchoring in a port. 
ANCHORED, (ang'-kur-ed) part. a. In he- 
raldry, A cross so termed, having the form 
of an anchor. 

ngt; — tube, tub, bull; — 91I; — pound; — thin, this. 



ANCHORESS, (ang'-kg-ress) n. s. A female 

ANCHORET, (ang'-ko-ret) \n. s. A re- 

ANCHORITE, (ang'-ko rite) S cluse ; a 

ANCHOVY, (an-tsho'-ve) n. s. A little 
sea-fish, much used for sauce, or season- 

ANCIENT, (ane'-tshent) a. Old ; of long 
standing ; antique ; belonging to times long 
past; former. 

ANCIENTS, (ane'-tshents) n. s. Old men. 
Those that lived in olden time were called 
ancients, opposed to the moderns. 

ANCIENT, (ane'-tshent) n. s. The flag or 
streamer of a ship ; the bearer of a flag. 

ANCIENTLY, (ane'-tshent-le) ad. In old 

ANCIENTRY, (ane'-tshen-tre) n. s. The 
honour of ancient lineage ; the character or 
imitation of antiquity. 

ANCILLARY, (an'-sil-a-re) a. Having the 
nature of an handmaid. 

AND, (and) conj. The particle by which sen- 
tences or terms are joined. 

ANDANTE, (an-dan'-ta) a. In musick, Ex- 
pressive ; distinct ; exact. 

ANDIRON, (and'-i-run) n. s. Irons at the 
end of a fire-grate, in which the spit 

ANDROGYNAL, (an-drodje'-e-nal) ) 

ANDROGYNOUS, (an-drgdje'-e-nus) ] "' 
Having two sexes ; hermaphroditical. In 
botany, An epithet for plants bearing male 
and female flowers upon one root. 

ANDROGYNE, (ar-drod'-jine) n. s. A kind 
of hermaphrodite ; an effeminate man. 

ANECDOTE, (an'-ek-dgte) n. s. Something 
yet unpublished ; a biographical incident ; 
a minute passage of private life. 

ANECDOT1CAL, (an-ek-dot'-e-kal) a. Re- 
lative to anecdotes. 

ANEMOGRAPHY, (an-e-mog'-gra-fe) n. s. 
The description of the winds. 

ANEMOMETER, (an-e-mom'-me-ter) n. s. 
An instrument to measure the strength or 
velocity of the wind. 

ANEMONE, (a-nem'-o-ne) n. s. The wind 

ANEMOSCOPE, (a-nem'-?-skope) n. s. A 
machine to foretel the changes of the wind. 

ANENT, (a-nent') prep. Concerning ; about ; 
over against. 

ANEURISM, (an'-xi-rizm) n. s. In medicine, 
A disease of the arteries, in which they be- 
come excessively dilated. 

ANEW, (a-nu') ad. Over again. 

ANGEL, (ane'-jel) n. s. Originally a mes- 
senger ; a spirit employed by God in human 
affairs ; sometimes used in a bad sense ; as, 
angels of darkness ; angel, in Scripture, some- 
times, means man of God, propliet. A piece 
of money impressed with an angel, rated at 
ten shillings. 

ANGEL, (ane'-jel) a. Resembling angels ; 

ANGEL-SHOT, (ane'-jel-shgt) n. s. In gun- 
nery, Chain shot, a cannon bullet cut in 


two, and the halves joined together by a 

ANGELICAL, (an-jel'-e-kal) )a. Resem- 
ANGELICK, (an-jel'-lik) $ bling an- 
gels ; partaking of the nature of angels ; 

belonging to angels. 
ANGELET, (an'-je-let) n. s. A musical 

instrument, somewhat resembling a lute ; a 

gold coin, the value of half an angel. 
ANGER, (ang'-gxir) n.s. Discomposure or 

passion of the mind, upon any injury ; pain 

or smart of a sore or swelling. 
To ANGER, (ang'-gur) v. a. To make angry ; 

to provoke or enrage. 
ANGIOGRAPHY, (an-je-Qg'-gra-fe) n. s. 

In medicine, A description of vessels in the 

human body. 
ANGIOLOGY, (an-je-ol'-lo-je) n.s. In me- 
dicine, The doctrine of the arteries, nerves, 

and vessels of the human body. 
ANGIOSPERMOUS, (an-je-o-sper'-mus) a. 

In botany, A term applied to such plants as 

have their seed included in a pod or vessel. 
ANGIOTOMY, (an-je-ot'-to me) n. s. A 

cutting open of the vessels. 
ANGLE, (ang'-gl) n. s. The inclination of 

two lines or planes to each other, which 

meet together at a point called the vertex 

or angular point; a corner. 
ANGLE, (ang'-gl) n. s. A fishing-rod. 
To ANGLE 7 , (ang'-gl) v. n. To fish with a 

rod and hook. Figuratively, To entice or 

try to gain by artifice. 
ANGLER, (ang'-gler) n. s. He that fishes 

with an angle. 
ANGLICAN, (ang'-gle-kan) n. s. A member 

of the church of England. 
To ANGLICISE, (ang'-gle-size) v. a. To 

make English 
ANGLICISM, (ang'-gle-sizm) n. s. An En- 
glish idiom. 
ANGLING, (ang'-gling) n. s. The art of 

fishing with a rod. 
ANGOUR, (ang'-gur) n.s. Pain. 
AjSGRILY, (ang'-gre-le) ad. In an angry 

ANGRY, (ang'-gre) a. Provoked ; affected 

with anger ; excited by resentment. Pain- 
ful ; inflamed, as a wound. 
ANGUISH, (ang'-gwish) n. s. Excessive 

pain of body, or grief of mind. 
ANGULAR, (ang'-gu-lar) a. Having angles 

or corners ; consisting of an angle. 
ANGULARITY, (ang-gu-lar'-e-te) n.s. The 

quality of being angular. 
ANGULARNESS, (ang'-gn-lar-nes) n. s. 

Being angular. 
ANGULATED, (ang'-gu-la-ted) a. Formed 

with angles. 
ANGUSTATION, (an-gus-ta'-shun) n. s. 

The act of making narrow ; the state of 

being narrowed. 
ANHELATION, (an-he-la'-shun) n. s. The 

act of panting ; being out of breath. 
ANHELOSE, (an-he-lose') a. Out of breath. 
ANILENESS, (a-nife'-nes) } n. s. The state 
ANILITY, (a-nil'-le-te) 5 of being an 

old woman ; dotage ; imbecility. 

Fate, far, fall, fat i— me, met ;— pine, pin : — no, more, 


ANIMABLE, (an'-e-ma-bl) a. That which 

may receive animation. 
ANIMADVERSION, (an'-e-mad-ver'-shun) 
n. s. Perception ; the act or power of taking- 
notice ; reproof; punishment. In law, An 
ecclesiastical animadversion has only a re- 
spect to a temporal punishment. 
ANTMADVERSIYE, (an-e-mad-ver'-siv) a. 

Percipient ; having the power of noticing. 
To AN LMADVERT, (an-e-m ad-vert' j v. n. 

To take notice ; to pass censure. 
AN1MAD VERIER, (an-e-mad-ver'-ter) n.s. 

He that passes censure. 
ANIMAL, (an -e-mal) n.s. A living corporeal 

ANIMAL (an'-e-mal) a. That which belongs 
to animals ; animal is used in opposition 
to spiritual. 
ANIMALCULE, (an-e-mal'-kule) n. s. A 

minute animal. 
ANIMAL1TY, (an-e-inal'-e-te) n. s. Ani- 
mal existence. 
To ANIMATE, (an'-e-mate) v. a. To 
quicken ; to make alive ; to give powers to ; 
to encourage. 
ANIMATE, (an'-e-mate) a. Alive ; pos- 
sessing animal life. 
ANIMATED, (an'-e-ma-ted) part. a. Lively ; 

ANIMATION, (an-e-ma'-shun) n. s. The 
act of animating; the state of being en- 
ANIMAT1VE, (an'-e-ma-tiv) a. Having the 

power of giving life. 
ANIMATOR, (an'-e-ma-tur) n. s. That 

which gives life. 
ANIMOSE, (an-e-mose') a. Full of spirit; 

ANIMOSITY, (an-e mos'-se-te) n.s. Vehe- 
mence of hatred ; passionate malignity. 
ANISE, (an'-nis) n. s. A species of apium 
or parsley, with large sweet scented seeds. 
ANKER, (ang'-ker) n. s. A liquid measure 
chiefly used at Amsterdam, about 64 quarts. 
ANKLE, (ank'-kl) n. s. The joint which con- 
nects the foot to the leg. 
(ANNALIST, (an'-na-list) n. s. A writer of 
ANNALS, (an'-nalz) n. s. History digested 
in the order of time. 
To ANNEAL, (an-nele') v. a. To temper 
glass or metals by heat. 
ANNEALING, (an-nele. ing) n. s. The art 

of tempering glass, 6cc. 
To ANNEX, (an-neks') v a. To unite to at 
the end ; to unite a smaller thing to a 
ANNEXATION, (an-nek-sa'-shun) n. s. 

Conjunction ; addition ; union. 
ANNEXION, (an-nek'-shun) n. s. The act 

of annexing cr state of being annexed. 
ANNEXMENT, (an-neks'-ment) n. s. The 

act of annexing ; the thing annexed. 
ANN1HILABLE, (an-ni'-he-la-bl) a. Capa- 
ble of being annihilated or reduced to no- 
To ANNIHILATE, (an-ni'-he-late) v. a. To 
reduce to nothing ; to destroy ; to annul. 


ANNIH1LA1E, (an-ni'-he-late) a. Anni- 
ANNIHILATION, (an-ni-he-la'-shun) n . s. 
The act of reducing to nothing; the state 
of being reduced to nothing. 
AN Nl V ERSAR Y, (an-ne-ver'-sa-re) n. s. A 
day celebrated as it returns in the course of 
the year. 
ANNIVERSARY, (an-ne-ver'-sa-re) a. An- 
nual : yearly. 
ANNIVERSE, (an'-ne- verse) n. s. Anni 

ANN O DOMINI, (an'-no-dom'-e-ni) In the 
year of our Lord ; as, anno domini, or, A. D. 
1826 ; that is, in the 18^6th year from the 
birth of our Saviour. 
ANNOISANCE, (an-noe'-sanse) n. s. A 

AN NOMINATION, (an-iiom-me-na'-slnm) 

To ANNOTATE, (an'-no-tate) v. a. To make 

annotations or comments. 
ANNOTATION, (au-no-ta'-shun) n. s. 

Notes or comments written upon books. 
ANNOTATOR, (an-no ta'-tur) n. s. A writer 

of notes ; a commentator. 
To ANNOUNCE, (an-nounse') v. a. To pub- 
lish ; to pronounce ; to declare to. 
ANNOUNCEMENT, (an-nounse'-ment) n.s. 

A declaration an advertisement. 
ANNOUNCER,, (an-nounse'-erj n. s. A de- 
clarer a proclaimer. 
To ANNOY, (an-noe') v. a. To incommode ; 

to vex. 
ANNOY, (an-noe') n. s. Injury ; molesta- 
ANNOYANCE, (an-noe'-anse) n. s. That 
which annoys ; the act of annoying ; the 
state of being annoyed ; one who annoys. 
ANNUAL, (an'-nu-al) a. Coming yearly ; 
being reckoned by the year ; lasting only a 
ANNUALLY, (an'-nu-al-Ie) ad. Yearly; 

every year. 
ANNUITANT, (an-nu'-e-tant) n. s. One 

who possesses or receives an annuity. 
ANNUITY, (an-nu'-ete) n. s. A yearly 

rent ; a yearly allowance. 
To ANNUL, (an-nul'> v. a. To make void; 
to abolish ; to nullify ; to reduce to no- 
AN N U L AR, (an'-nu-lar) a. Having the form 

of a ring 
ANNULARY, (an'-nu-la-re) a. In the form 

of rings. 
ANNULET, (an'-nu-let) n. s. A little, ring. 
In heraldry, A charge distinguishing the 
fifth son. In architecture, The small square 
members, in the Dorick capital, under the 
quarter round. 
ANNULMENT, (an-nul'-ment) n. s. The 

act of annulling. 
To AN NUMERATE, (an-nu'-me-rate) v. a. 

To add to a former number. 
ANNUMERATION, (an-nu-me-ra'-shun) 

n. s. Addition to a former number. 
To ANNUNCIATE, (an-nun'-she-ate) r.a. 
To announce ; to bring tidings. 

not ; — tube, tub, bull ; — oil j — pound ; — thin, Tins. 



ANN UNCIATION, (an-nun-she-a'-shun) n. s. 
The act of proclaiming or announcing ; the 
name given to the day celebrated in memory 
of the angel's salutation of the blessed 
Virgin, solemnized on the twenty-fifth of 

ANODYNE, (an'-o-dine) n. s. Medicine 
which assuages pain. 

To ANOINT, (a-noint') v. a. To rub over 
with unctuous matter ; to consecrate by 

ANOINTER, (a-noin'-ter) n. s. He that 

ANOINTMENT, (a-noint-ment) n.s. The act 
of anointing, or state of being anointed. 

ANOMAL1SM, (a-nom'-a-lizm) n. s. Ano- 
maly ; irregularity ; something varying from 
the general rule. 

ANOMALISTIC AL, (a-nom-a-lis'-te-kal) a. 
Irregular ; a term in astronomy. 

ANOMALOUS, (a-noni'-a-lus) a. Irregular ; 
out of rule. 

ANOMALY, (a-nom'-a-le) n. s. Irregularity ; 
deviation from the common rule. 

ANOM Y, (an'-o-me) n. s. Breach of law. 

ANON, (a-non') ad. Quickly; soon; some- 
times, now and then. 

ANONYMOUS, (a-non- e-mus) a. Wanting 
a name. 

ANONYMOUSLY, (a-non'-e-mus-le) ad. 
Not having a name. 

A NO REX Y, (au'-no-rek-se) n.s. Inappency; 
loathing of food. 

ANOTHER, (an-uTH'-ur) a. Not the same ; 
one more ; not one's self; different. 

ANSATED, (an'-sa ted) a. Having handles. 

ANSLAIGHT, (an'-slate) n. <;. An attack ; 
a fray ; the parent, perhaps, of Onslaught, 
which see. 

To ANSWER, (an'-ser) v. n. To speak in 
return, or in opposition ; to be accountable 
for ; to vindicate ; to give an account ; to 
correspond to ; to suit ; to be equivalent to ; 
to bear proportion to ; to succeed ; to ap- 
pear to a call or summons ; to act recipro- 
cally ; to stand as opposite or correlative to 
something else. 

To ANSWER, (an'-ser) v. a. To speak in 
return to a question or petition ; to be equi- 
valent to ; to satisfy any claim or demand ; 
to perform what is endeavoured ; to com- 
ply with. 

ANSWER, (an'-ser) n. s. That which is 
said in return to a question ; an account to 
be given to justice. In law, a confutation 
of a charge. 

ANSWERABLE, (an'-ser-a-bl) a. Admit- 
ting a reply ; liable to give an account ; 
correspondent to ; proportionate ; suitable ; 
equal to ; equivalent. 

ANSVVERABLY, (an-ser-a-ble) ad. In due 
proportion ; suitably. 

ANS WERABLENESS, (an-ser-a-bl-nes )n.s. 
The quality of being answerable. 

ANT, (ant) n. s. An emmet ; a pismire. 

ANT-HILL, (ant'-hill) n. s. The small pro- 
tuberances raised by the ants making their 


ANTAGONISM, (an-tag'-o-nism) n.s. Con- 

ANTAGONIST, (an-tag'-o-nist) n.s. One 
who contends ; an opponent. In anatomy, 
The antagonist is that muscle which coun- 
teracts some others. 

ANTAGON1ST1CK, (an-tag-o-nis'-tik) a. 
Contending as an antagonist. 

To ANTAGONIZE, (an-tag'-o-nize) v.n. To 

ANTAGONY, (an-tag'-o-ne) n. s. Contest; 

ANTALGICK, (an-tal'-jik) a. Having the 
quality of softening pain. 

ANT AN ACLASIS, (ant,a-na-kla'-sis) n. s. 
A figure in rhetorick, When the same word 
is repeated in a different, if not in a con- 
trary signification. It is also a returning to 
the matter at the end of a long parenthesis. 

ANTAPHROD1TICK, (ant-a fro-dite'-ik) a. 
Medicines against the venereal disease. 

ANTAPOPLECTICK, (ant-ap-po-plek'-tik) 
a. Good against an apoplexy. 

ANTARCT1CK, (an-tark'-tik) a. An epi- 
thet applied to the South Pole, in opposition 
to the Arctic or North Pole. 

ANTARTHRIT1CK, (ant-ar-rtrit'-ik) a. 
Good against the gout. 

ANTASTHMATICK, (ant-ast-mat'-ik) a. 
Good against the asthma. 

ANTE, (an'-te) A Latin particle signifying 
before, frequently used in compositions ; as, 
antediluvian, before the flood. 

ANTECED ANEOUS, (an'-te-se-da'-ne-us) a. 
Going before. 

To ANTECEDE, (an-te-sede') v. n. To pre- 
cede ; to go before. 

ANTECEDENCE, (an-te-se'-dense) > 

ANTECEDENCY, (an-te-se'"-de'n-se) \ "' ** 
Precedence ; the act or state of going before. 

ANTECEDENT, (an-te-se'-dent) a. Going 
before ; preceding. 

ANTECEDENT, < an-te-se'-dent) n. s. That 
which goes before. In grammar, The noun 
to which the relative is subjoined. In 
logick, The first proposition of an enthy- 
meme or argument, consisting only of two 

ANTECEDENTLY, (an-te-se'-dent-le) ad. 

ANTECESSOR, (an-te-ses'-sur) n. s. One 
who goes before ; the principal. In law, 
One that possessed the land before the pre- 
sent possessor. 

ANTECHAMBER, (an -te-tsham-ber) n.s. 
The chamber that leads to the chief apart- 

ANTECHAPEL, (an'-te-tshap-pl) n. s. That 
part of the chapel through which the pas- 
sage is to the choir or body of it. 

ANTECURSOR, (an'-te-kur-sur) n. s. One 
who runs before. 

To ANTEDATE, (an'-te-date) n.s. Antici- 

ANTEDILUVIAN, (an-te-de-lu'-ve-an) a. 
Existing before the deluge. 

ANTEDILUVIAN, (an-te-de-lu'-ve-an) n. 
One that lived before the flood. 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met; — pine, pin;— no, move, 


ANTELOPE, (an'-te-lope) n. s. A species 
of goat with curled, or wreathed horns. 

ANTELUCAN, (an-te-lu'-kari) a. Early; be- 
fore day-light. 

ANTEMERIDIAN, (am-te-me-rid'-e-an) a. 
Before noon. 

AN IEMET1CK, (aut-e-raet'-ik) a. In medi- 
cine, Having* the power of stopping vomiting. 

ANTEM LINDANE, (an-te-mun'-dane) a. 
Before the creation of the world. 

ANTEPASCHAL, (an-te-pas'-kal) a. Relat- 
ing to the time before Easter. 

AN'l EPAST, (an'-te-past) n. s. A foretaste. 

ANTEPENULT, (an-te-pe-nult') n. s. The 
last syllable but two. 

AX TETILEPT1CK, (ant'-ep-e-lep'-tik) a. A 
medicine against convulsions. 

To ANTEPONE, (an'-te-pcme) v. a. To set 
one thing before another. 

ANTEPR.EDICAMENT, (an'-te-pre-dik'-a- 
ment) n. s. Something previous to the doc- 
trine of the predicament. 

ANTERIORITY, (an-te-re-or'-e-te) n. s. 

ANTERIoUR, (an-te'-re-ur) a. Going be- 
fore ; prior to. 

ANTEROOM, n. s. The room through which 
the passage is to a principal apartment. 

ANTETEMPLE, (an'-te-tem-pl) n.s. What 
we now call the nave in a church. 

ANTES, (an'-tez) n. s. In architecture, 
.• aumbs or square pillars on each side of the 
doors of temples. 

To ANTE VER I, (an'-te-vert) v. a. To prevent. 

ANTHELMlNTHlCKj (&n-thel-mm-thik) a. 
In medicine, Having die power of destroy- 
ing worms. 

ANTHEM, (an'-ihem) n. s. A song, per- 
formed as part of divine service. 

ANTHOLOGY, (an-t/iol'-o-je) ». s. The 
doctrine of flowers ; a collection of flowers. 
Figuratively, A collection of poems. 

ANTHOLOG1CAL, (an-t/io-lodj'-e-kal) a. 
Relating to anthology. 

ANTHONY'S FIRE, (an'-to-nez-fire) n.s. 
The erysipelas. 

ANTHROPOLOGY, (an'-tfcro-pol'-o-je) n. s. 
The doctrine of anatomy. 

f ite) n. s. One who believes a human form 
in the Deity. 

ANTHROPOPHAGI, (an-rtro-pof'-a-ji) n.s. 
Man-eaters ; cannibals. 

YNTHROPOFHAGY, (an'-rfcro-pof'-a-je) 
n. s. Cannibalism. 

The knowledge of the nature of man. 

ANTHYPNOT1CK, (ant'-hip-not'-ik) a. In 
medicine, Having the power of preventing 

ANTHYPOPHORA, (an-tM-pof '-o-ra) n. s. 
In rhetorick, A figure wherein the objections 
of an adversary are brought forward in 
order to be answered. 

ANTHYSTERICK, (ant-his-ter'-ik) a. Good 
against hystericks. 

ANTI, (an'-te) A particle much used in 
composition with words derived from the 


Greek, and signifies contrary to ; as, antimo- 
narchialy opposing- monarchy. 

ANTIARTHRTTICKS, (au-te-ar-tfcnt'-iks) 
n. s. Medicines to assuage the gout. 

ANTICACHECTICS, (an'-te-ka-kek'-tiks) 
n. s. Medicines for a bad constitution. 

ANTICHRIST, (an'-te-krist') n. s. Tb.3 
great enemy to Christianity. 

ANTICHRIbTIAN, (an-te-kris'-te-an) a. 
Opposite to Christianity. 

ANTTCHRIST1AN, (an-te-kris'-te-an) n. s. 
He who is an enemy to Christianity. 

ANTICHR1STIANTSM, (an-te-kris'-te-an- 
izm) n.s. Opposition to Christianity. 

te) 7i. s. Contrariety or opposition to Chris- 

To ANTICIPATE, (an-tis'-e-pate) v. a. To 
take up before hand ; to go before so as to 
preclude others ; to enjoy in expectation ; 
to foretaste. 

AxMTClPATION (an'-tis-se-pa'-shun) n. s. 
The act of anticipating ; foretaste. 

ANTICIPATOR, (an-tis' se-pa-tur) n. s. A 
preventer ; a forestaller. 

ANTICIPATORY, (an-tis'- se-pa-tur-re) a. 
Taking up something before its time. 

ANTICK, (an'-tik) a. Odd ;' ridiculously 

ANTICK, (an'-tik) n. s. He that plays an- 
ticks ; a buffoon ; odd appearance. 

ANTICLIMAX, (an-te-kh'-maks) n. s. In 
rhetorick, A sentence in which the last part 
expresses something lower than the first. 

ANTTCOR, (an'-te-kor) n. s. A veterinary 
term, A preternatnral swelling in a horse's 
breast, opposite to his heart. 

ANT1COSMETICK, (an'-te-kos-met'-ik) a. 
Destructive of beauty. 

ANTIDOTAL, (an-te-do'-ta T l) ) a. Hav- 

ANTIDOTARY, T (an'*-te-dote'-a-re) $ ingthe 
quality of an antidote ; counteracting poi- 

ANTIDOTE, (an'-te-dote) n. s. A medi- 
cine given to expel the mischiefs of an- 
other, as of poison. 

ANT1EPISCOPAL, (an'-te-e-pis'-ko-pal) a. 
Adverse to episcopacy. 

ANTIFEBRILE, (an-te-feb'-ril) a. Good 
against evers. 

AN lILOGARITHM,(an-te-l9g'-a-rit/!m) n.s. 
The complement of the logarithm of a sine, 
tangent, or secant ; 0*r the difference of that 
logarithm from the logarithm of ninety de- 

ANTIMIN1STERIAL, (an'-te-min-is-te' 
al) a. Opposing the ministry of the 

ANTLMONARCHICAL, (an -te-mo-nar -ke- 
kal) a. Against government by a singly 

AN T IMONARCHIST, (an-te-mon'-ar-kist) 
n. s. An enemy to monarchy. 

ANTIMONIAL, (an-te-mo'-ne-al) a. Com- 
posed of, or of the nature of antimony. 

ANTIMONY, (an'-te-mun-e; n. s. A'mine- 
ral substance, used in manufactures and 

-tube, tub, bull; — gi.l , — pound ; — thin, this* 



ANTINEPHRITICKS, (an-te-ne-frit'-iks) 
n. s. Medicines against diseases of the 

ANTINOMIAN, (an-te-no'-me-an ) n. s. One 
of a sect who denied the obligation of the 
moral law. 

ANTINOMIAN, (an-te-no'-me-an) a. Re- 
lating to the Antinomians. 

ANTINOMIANISM, (an-te-no'-me-an-ism) 
n. s. The tenets of the Antinomians. 

ANTINOMY, (an-tin'-o-me) n. s. A con- 
tradiction between two laws, or two articles 
of the same law. 

ANTIPAPAL, (an-te-pa'-pal) ) 

ANTIPAPISTICAL, (an-te-pa-pis'-te-kal) $ 
a. Opposing popery. 

ANTIPARALLELS, (an-te-par-ra-lels) a. 
In geometry, Lines which make equal 
angles with two other lines, but in a con- 
trary order. 

ANT1PARALYTICK, (an'-te-par-a-lit'-ik) 
a. Efficacious against the palsy. 


ANTIPATHETICK, (an'-te-pa-^et'-ik) T \ 
a. Of an opposite disposition ; having a 
natural repugnance to. 

ANTIPATHY, (an-tip'-a-ifie) n. s. A natural 
contrariety to any thing, so as to shun it in- 
voluntarily ; utter aversion. 

ANTIPERISTASIS, (an'-te-pe-ris'-ta-sis) 
n. s. The opposition of a contrary quality, 
by which the quality it opposes becomes 

ANTIPESTILENTIAL, (an'-te-pes-te-len- 
shal) a. Efficacious against the plague. 

ANTIPHLOGIST1CK, a. Good against in- 

ANT1PHLOGISTICKS, n. s. Medicines 
which check inflammation. 

ANTIPHON, (an'-te-fon) } n.s. The chant 

ANTIPHON Y, ( an-tif '-o-ne) $ or alternate 
singing in the choirs of cathedrals ; an echo, 
or response. 

ANTIPHON AL, (an-tif '-o-nal) a. Relating 
to the antiphon. 

ANTIPHON AL, (an-tif '-o-nal) n. s. A book 
of anthems. 

ANT1PHRASIS, (an-tif -fra-sis) n.s. The 
use of words in a sense opposite to their 
proper meaning. 

ANT1PHRAS 11C ALLY, (an-te-fras'-te-kal- 
le) ad. In the manner of an antiphrasis. 

ANTIPODAL, (an-tip'-o-dal) a. Relating 
to the countries inhabited by the antipodes. 

ANTIPODES, (an-tip'-o-dez) n.s. Those 
people who, living on the other side of the 
globe, have their feet directly opposite to 
ours ; used figuratively for direct oppo- 

ANT1POPE, (an'-te-pope) n. s. He that 
usurps the popedom. 

ANTIPRELAT1CAL, (an'-te-pre-lat'-e-kal) 
a. Adverse to prelacy. 

ANT1PTOSIS, (an- tip-to -sis) n.s. A figure 
m grammar by which one case is put for an- 

ANTIQUARIAN, (an-te-kwa -re-an) a. Re- 
lating to antiquity. 


ANTIQUARIANISM, (an-te-kwa'-re-yi- 
ism) n. s. Lo^e of antiquities. 

ANTIQUARY, (an'-te-kwa-re) n. s. A man 
studious of antiquity ; a collector of ancient 

To ANTIQUATE, (an'-te-kwate) v. a. To 
make obsolete. 

ANTIQUATEDNESS, (an'-te-W-ted-nes) 
n.s. The state of being obsolete. 

ANTIQUE, (an teek') a. Ancient ; of great 
antiquity ; of old fashion. 

ANTIQUE, (an-teek') n.s. An antiquity; 
an ancient rarity. 

ANTIQUENESS, (an-teek'-nes) n. s. An 
appearance of antiquity. 

ANTIQUITY, (an-tik'-kwe-te) n. s. Old 
times ; the people of old times ; the re- 
mains of old times ; old age , ancientness. 

ANTISCII, (an-te'-she-i) n.s. In geography, 
The people who inhabit on different sides of 
the equator, who, consequently, at noon have 
their shadows projected opposite ways. 

TICK, (an'-te-skor-bu-te-kal, an'-te-skor- 
bu'-tik) a. Efficacious against the scurvy. 

ANTISEPTICK, (an-te-sep'-tik) a. Coun- 
teracting putrefaction. 

ANTISEPT1CKS, (an-te-sep'-tiks)rc.s. Me- 
dicines resisting putrefaction. 

ANT1SPASIS, (an-lis'-pa-sis) n.s. In medi- 
cine, The revulsion of any humour into an- 
other part. 

ANTISPASMODICS, (an -te-spaz-mod'- 
iks) n. s. Medicines that relieve spasms. 

ANT1SPASTICKS, (an-te-spas'-tiks) n. s. 
Medicines which cause a revulsion of liie 

ANTISPLENETICK, (an-te-splen'-e-tik) a. 
Efficacious in diseases of the spleen. 

AN Tl STROPHE, (an-tis'-tro-fe) n.s. In an 
ode sung in parts, the second stanza of 
every three, or sometimes every second 
stanza ; an alternate conversion of the same 
words in different sentences. 

ANTITHESIS, (an-ti;/V-e-sis) n. s. Opposi- 
tion of words or sentiments. 

ANTITHETICAL, (an-te-^et'-e-kal) a. 
Placed in contrast. 

ANTITYPE, (an'-te-tipe) n. s. That which 
is resembled or shadowed out by the type ; 
that of which the type is the representation. 

ANTITYPICAL, (an-ie-tip'-e-kal) a. That 
which relates to an antitype. 

ANTIVENEREAL, (an te-ve-ne'-re-al) a. 
Good against the venereal disease. 

ANTLER, (ant'-ler) n. s. Properly the first 
branches of a stag's horns ; but, generally, 
any of his branches. 

ANTOECI, (an-tee'-si) n.s. Those inhabi- 
tants of the earths who live under the same 
meridian, and at the same distance from the 
equator ; the one toward the north, and the 
other to the south. 

ANTONOMASIA, (an-to-no-ma'-zhe-a) n.s. 
A form of speech, in which, for a proper 
name, is put the name of some dignity. 
Thus a king is called his majesty. 

ANTRE, (an'-ter) A cavern ; a den. 


Fate, far, fall, fat : — me, met ; — pine, pin ; — no, move, 


ANVIL, (an'-vil) n. s. The iron block on 
which metal is laid to be hammered. 

ANXIETY, (ang-zi'-e-te) n. s. Trouble of 
mind about some future event ; depression 
of spirits. 

ANXIOUS, (angk'-she-us) a. Disturbed 
about some uncertain event ; careful, un- 
quiet ; careful, as of a thing of great im- 

ANXIOUSLY, (angk'-she-us-le) ad. In an 
anxious manner. 

ANXIOUSNESS, (angk'-she-us-nes) n. s. The 
quality of being anxious. 

ANY, (en'-ri?) a. Every ; whoever he be ; 
whosoever ; whatsoever. Used in compo- 
sition, as anything, anywhither, &c. 

AORIST, (a'-o-rist) n. s. Indefinite ; a term 
in the Greek grammar. 

AORTA, (a-or-ta) n s. The great artery 
which rises immediately out of the left ven- 
tricle of the heart. 

APACE, (a-pase') ad. Quickly ; hastily ; 
with speed. 

APAGOGICAL, (ap-a-go'-je-kal) a. A de- 
monstration which does not prove the thing 
directly, but shews the absurdity of denying 

APARITHMES1S (ap-a-ri^'-me-sis) n. s. 
A figure in rhetorick ; enumeration. 

APART, (a-part') ad. Separately ; in a state 
of distinction ; distinctly ; at a distance from. 

APARTMENT, (a-part'-ment) n.s. A room. 

APATHETICK, (ap-a-rtet-ik) a. Without 

APATHIST, (ap'-a-rtist) n. s. A man with- 
out feeling. 

APATHIST1CAL, (ap-a-i/us'-te-kal) a. In- 
different ; unfeeling. 

APATHY, (ap'-a-r/ie) n. s. The quality of 
not feeling ; exemption from passion. 

APE, (ape) n. s. A kind of monkey ; an 

To APE, (ape) v. a. To imitate. 

APEAK, (a-peke') ad. In a posture to pierce ; 
formed with a point. 

APERIENT, (a-pe'-re-ent) a. Gently pur- 

APERT, (a-pert') a. Open. 

APERTLY', (a-pert'-le) ad. Openly. 

APERTNESS, (a-pert'-nes) n. s. Openness. 

APERTURE, (ap'-er-ture) n. s. An opening • 
a passage ; a hole. 

APETALOUS, (a-pet'-a-lus) a. Without 
petala or flower leaves. 

APEX, (a'-pex) n. s. The tip or point. In 
zoology, The crest or crown of birds. In 
geometry, The angular point of a cone or 
conic section. 

APHJLRESIS, (a-fer'-e-sis) n. s. A figure 
in grammar, by which a letter or syllable is 
taken from the beginning of a word. 

APHELION, (a-fe'-le-un) n. s. That part of 
the orbit of a planet, in which it is at the 
point most remote from the sun. 

APH1LANTHROPY, (a'-fe-lan'-^ro-pe) n.s. 
Want of love to mankind. 

APHONY, (a'-fo-ne) n. s. A loss of speech. 
APHORISM, (af'-o-rism) n. s. A maxim. 


APHORIST, (af '-o-rist) n. s. A writer of 


APHORI5TICAL, (af-o-ri.s'-te-kal) a. Hav- 
ing the form of an aphorism. 

APHORISTICALLY, (af-o-ris'-te-kal-le) ad. 
In the form of an aphorism. 

APIARY, (a'-pe-a-ie) n.s. The place where 
bees are kept. 

APICES, (a-pi'-ses) In botany, Little knobs 
that grow on the tops of the stamina in the 
middle of a flower. See Apex. 

APIECE, (a-peese') ad. To the part or share 
of each. 

APISH, (a' -pish) a. Having the qualities of 
of an ape ; foppish ; affected ; silly ; tri- 
fling : playful. 

APISHNESS, (a'-p_ish-nes) n. s. Mimickry ; 

APOCALYPSE, (a-pok'-a-lips) «. s. Revela- 
tion ; the last book in the sacred canon. 

APOCALYPTICAL, (a-pok-a-lip'-te-kal) 

APOCALYPTICK, (a-pokV^p'-tik) 

a. Concerning revelation, or the book so 

APOCOPE, (a-pok'-o-pe) n. s. A figure in 
grammar, when the last letter or syllable of 
a word is taken away. In medicine, The 
cutting away of an unsound part ; the sud- 
den termination of a disease in death. 

APOCRUST1CK, (ap-o-krus'-tik) a. In me- 
dicine, Endued with a repelling and astring- 
ent power 

APOCRYTHA, (a-ppk'-re-fa) n. s. Books 
appended to the sacred writings, but of 
doubtful authority. 

APOCPvYPHAL, (a-pok'-re-fal) «• Con- 
tained in, or relating to the Apocrypha ; not 
canonical ; of uncertain credit or authority. 

APOD1CTICAL, (ap-o-dik'-te-kal) a. De- 
monstrative ; self-evident. 

APOD1X1S, (ap-o-dik'-sis) n. s. In logick, 
An evident demonstration. 

APODOSIS, (a-pgd'-o-sis) n. s. In rheto- 
rick, The application of a similitude. 

APOG^ON, (ap-o-je'-on) } n. s. In astro- 

APOGEUM, (ap-o"-je ; -um) 5 nomy, That 
point of the orbit in which the sun, or a 
planet is at the greatest distance possible 
from the earth in its whole revolution. 

APOGRAPH, (ap'-o-graf) n.s. A copy. 

APOLOGETICAL, "(ap-pol-o-jet'-e-kal) ) 

APOLOGETICK, (a-pol-o-je't'-i>)' $ "" 

That which is said in defence ; of the nature 
of an apology ; defensive. 

APOLOGIST, (a-pol'-o-jist) n.s. He that 
makes an apology. 

To APOLOGIZE, (a-pgl'-o-jize) v. n. To 
plead in favour of. 

APOLOGUE, (ap'-o-log) n. s. A fable. 

APOLOGY, (a-pof'-o-je.) n s. A pleaded 
defence ; excuse, 

n. s. In mechanicks, The art of measuring 
things at a distance. 

APON EUROSIS, (a-pon-nu-ro -sis) n. s. In 
medicine, The extension of a nerve, a ten- 
don, or a chord. 

APOPHASIS, (a-pof '-a-sis) n. s. In rheto- 

not ; — tube, tub, bull ; — gil ; — pound ; — thin, mis. 



rick, A figure, by which the orator seems to 
wave what he would plainly insinuate. 

A.POPHLEGMATICK, (ap-o-fleg'-ma-tik) 
a. In medicine, Having the quality of 
drawing away phlegm. 

APOPHTHEGM, (ap-o-tftem) n.s. A re- 
markable saying ; a valuable maxim. 

APOPHYGE, (a-pof'-e-je) n.s. In archi- 
tecture, That part of a column, where it be- 
gins to spring out of its base , the spring of 
the column. 

APOPLECTIC AL, (ap-o-plek'-te-kal) > 

APOPLECTICK, (ap T -o-plek'-tik) ' J "' 
Relating to an apoplexy. 

APOPLEXY, (ap'-o-plek-se) n.s. A sudden 
deprivation of all internal and external sen- 
sation, and of all motion, unless of the heart 
and thorax. 

APORIA, (a-po'-re-a) n. s. In rhetorick, A 
figure by which the speaker doubts where 
to begin. 

APORRHOEA, (ap-pgr-re'-a) n. s. A de- 
fluxion of humours, or vapours passing off 
from the body. 

APOSTASY, (a-pps'-ta-se) n. s. Departure 
from the principles which a man has pro- 
fessed ; generally applied to the abandon- 
ment of religious principles. 

APOSTATE, (a-pos'-tate) n.s. One that 
has forsaken his religious, or other princi- 

APOSTATE, (a-pgs'-tate) a. False ; trai- 

APOSTATICAL, (ap-pgs-tat'-e-kal) a. After 
the manner of an apostate. 

To APOSTATIZE, (a-pos'-ta-tize) v. n. To 
forsake one's profession. 

APOSTEMATION, (a-pgs-te-ma'-shun) n. s. 
The formation of an aposteme. 

APOSTEME, (ap-o-steme) n.s. In medicine, 
An abscess ; an imposthume or unnatural 
swelling of any corrupt matter. 

APOSTLE, (a-pgs'-sl) n. s. A person sent 
with mandates by another. It is particu- 
larly applied to those whom' our Saviour 
deputed to preach the Gospel. 

APOSTLESHIP, (a-pgs'-sl-ship) n. s. The 
office of an apostle. 

APOSTOLICAL, (ap-pos-tol'-e-kal) \a. Like 

APOSTOLICK, (ap-os-tol'-lik) T ] ana- 
postle ; according to the doctrine of the 

APOSTOLICALNESS, n. s. The quality of 
resembling, or relating to the apostles. 

APOSTROPHE, (a-pgs'-tro-fe) n. s. In rhe- 
torick, Turning away our speech from the 
judge or auditors and addressing some one 
who is absent as though he were present. 
In grammar, A mark ( ' ) shewing that a 
vowel is cut off, or words contracted as 
tho for though, I'll for I will. 

APOSTROPH1CK, (ap-pgs-trof'-ik) a. De- 
noting an apostrophe. 

To APOSTROPHIZE, (a-pos'-trp-fize) v. a. 
To address by an apostrophe. 

APOSTUME, n. s. See Aposteme. 

APOTHECARY, (a-pgt/i'-e-ka-re) n. s. A 
keeper of a medicine shop ; a compounder 


of medicines, or one who practises the art 
of medicine. 

APOTHEGM, n. s. See Apophthegm. 

APOTHEGMATICAL, (ap-p-theg mat'-te- 
kal) a. In the manner of an apothegm. 

APOTHEGM ATIST, (ap-o-*/>eg'-ma-tist) 
n. s. A collector of apothegms. 

v. n. To utter remarkable sayings. 

APOTHEOSIS, (ap-o-i/ie'-o-sis) a. s. Deifi- 

APOTHESIS, (a-pot/t'-e-sis) n. s. In surgery, 
The placing of a fractured limb in its right 

APOTOME, (a-pot'-o-me) n. s. In mathe- 
maticks, The remainder or difference of 
two incommensurable quantities. 

To APPAL, (ap-pall') v. a. To fright. 

APPALMENt, (ap-pall'-ment) n. s. Im- 
pression of fear. 

APPANAGE, (ap'-pa-naje) n. s. Lands set 
apart by princes for the maintenance of their 
younger children. 

APPARATUS, (ap-pa-ra'-tus) n.s. Means 
to any certain end, as the machinery or 
tools of a trade. 

APPAREL, (ap-par'-el) n. s. Dress ; vesture ; 
extenal habiliments. 

To APPAREL, (ap-par'-el) v. a. To dress ; to 
clothe ; to adorn with dress ; to cover or deck. 

APPARENT, (ap-pa'-rent) a. Plain ; indu- 
bitable ; seeming ; visible ; open : evident; 
In law, Certain ; not presumptive, as the 
heir apparent to the crown. 

APPARENTLY, (ap-pa'-rent-le) ad. Evi- 
dently ; seemingly. 

APPARENTNESS, n. s. The quality of 
being apparent. 

APPARITION, (ap-pa-rish'-un) n. s. Ap- 
pearance ; visibility ; the thing appearing ; 
a spectre. In astronomy, The visibility of 
some luminary, opposed to occultatkm. 

APPARITOR, (ap-par'-e-tur) n. s. In law, 
A messenger who serves the process of the 
spiritual court. 

To APPEACH, (ap-petsh') v. a. To accuse ; 
to censure. 

APPEACHMENT, (ap-petsh'-ment) n. s. 

To APPEAL, (ap-pele') v. n. To transfer a 
cause from one tribunal to another ; to refer 
to another judge ; to call another as witness. 

APPEAL, (ap-pele') n.s. The removal of a 
cause from an inferiour to a superiour tribu- 
nal. In common law, An accusation; a 
call upon any as witness. 

To APPEAR, (ap-pere') v. n. To be in sight ; 
to become visible as a spirit ; to stand in 
the presence of another ; to be the object 
of observation ; to exhibit one's self ; to be 
made clear by evidence ; to seem, in oppo- 
sition to reality; to be plain beyond dis- 

APPEARANCE, (ap-pe -ranse) n. s. The 
act of coming into sight ; the thing seen ; 
phoenomena ; semblance ; not reality ; out- 
side ; show ; apparition ; presence ; mien ; 

Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met; — pine, pin -—no, move, 


APPEARER, (ap-pe'-rer) n. ». The person 
that appears. 

APPEASABLE, (ap-pe'-z^-bl) a. Recon- 

APPEASABLENESS, (ap-pe'-za-bl-nes) n. s. 

To APPEASE, (ap-peze') v. a. To quiet ; to 
pacify ; to still. 

APPEASEMENT, (ap-peze'-ment) n.s. A 
state of peace. 

APPEASER, (ap-pe'-zer) n. s. He that 
pacifies others. 

APPEAS1VE, (ap-pe'-zjv) a. Having a 
mitigating quality. 

APPELLAaT, (ap-pel'-lant) n. s. A chal- 
lenger ; one that appeals from a lower to a 
higher power. 

APPELLANT, (ap-pel'-lant) a. Appealing. 

APPELLATE, (ap-pel'-late) a. Being ap- 
pealed against. 

APPELLATION, (ap-pel-la'-shun) n. s. 
Name, or title by which any thing is dis- 

APPELLATIVE, (ap-pel'-la-tiv) n. s. A title, 
or distinction. In grammar, A term applied 
to common nouns in opposition to proper 

APPLLLATIVELY, (ap-pel'-la-tiv-le) ad. 
According to the manner of nouns appella- 

APPELLATORY, (ap-pel'-la-tur-re) a. Of 
the nature of, or containing an appeal. 

APPELLEE, (a-pel-le') n. s. In law, One 
who is appealed against. 

APPELLoPv (ap-pei'-lor) n. s. In law, The 
person appealing. 

To APPEND, (ap pend') v. a. To hang any 
thing upon another ; to add to something. 

APPENDAGE, (ap-pen-daje) ) n. s. Some- 

APPENDANCE/ " ' ] thing an- 
nexed or attached to. 

APPENDANT, (ap-pen'-dant) a. Hanging 
to something else ; belonging or annexed 

APPENDANT, (ap-pen'-dant) n. s. An ac- 
cidental or adventitious part. 

APPENDENCY, (ap-pen'-den-se) n.s. That 
which is bv ri^ht annexed. 

To APPENDICATE, (ap-pen'-de-kate) v. a. 
To add to. 

APPEND1CATION, (ap-pen-de-ka'-shun) 
n. s. The act of appending ; the appendage. 

APPENDIX, (a.p-pen'-diks) n. s. Something 
appended ; generally applied to a supple- 
ment of a book by way of addition or illus- 

To APPERTAIN, (ap-per-tane') v. n. To be- 
long to as of right ; to belong to by nature 
or appointment. 

APPERTENANCE, (ap-per'-te-nanse) n. s. 
That which appertains or belongs to. 

APPERTINENT, (ap-per'-te-nent) a. Be- 
longing to. 

APPETENCE, (ap'-pe-tense) } ^ . 

APPETENCY, (ap'-pelten-se) \ n ' s ' Desire ' 

APPETENT, (ap T -pe-tent) a. Desirous. 

APPETIBLE, (ap'-pe-te- bl ) a - Desirable. 


APPETIBJLITY, (ap-pet-tebil'-e-te) n.s. 

The quality of being desirable." 
APPETITE, (ap'-pe-tite) ». s. Desire ; the 
desire of sensual pleasure : violent longing ; 
keenness of stomach ; hunger. 

To APPLAUD, (ap plawd') v. a. To praise 
by clapping the hand ; to praise in general. 

APPLAU DER, (ap-plaw'-der) n. s. He that 

APPLAUSE, (ap-plawz') n. s. Approbation 
loudly expressed. 

APPLAUSIVE, (ap-plaw'-ziv)a. Applauding. 

APPLE, (ap'-pl) n. s. The'fruit of the apple 
tree ; the pupil of the eye. 

APPLE-TREE, n. s. The tree producing 

APFL1ABLE, (ap-pli'-a-bl) a. Capable of 
being applied. 

APPLIANCE, (ap-pli'-anse) n.s. The act 
of applying. 

APPLICABILITY, (ap'-ple-ka-bil'-e-te) n.s. 
Fitness to be applied to something! 

APPLICABLE, (ap'-ple-ka-bl) a. Fit to be 

APPL1CABLENESS, (ap'-ple-ka-bl-nes) n. & 
Fitness to be applied. 

APPLICABLY, (ap'-ple-ka-ble) ad. Fitly; 
so as to be properly applied. 

APPLICANT, (ap'-ple kant) n. s. He who 

APPLIGATE, (ap'-ple-kate) n. s. In mathe- 
maticks, A right line drawn across a curve, 
so as to bisect the the diameter. 

To APPLICATE, (ap'-ple-kate) v. a. To 
apply to. 

APPLICATION, (ap-ple-ka-shun) n. s. The 
act of applying ; the thing applied ; solici- 
tation ; the employment of means ; • exercise 
of thought; attention to some particular 
affair : reference to some case. 

APPLICATIVE, (ap'-ple-ka-tiv) a. Belong- 
ing or relating to application. 

APPL1CATORY, (ap'-ple-ka-tur-e) a. Com- 
prehending the act of application". 

APPL1CA10RY, (ap'-ple-ka-tur-e) n. s. 
That which applies. 

To APPLY, (a-pli') v. a. To put to; to put 
to a certain use ; to use as means ; to fix 
the "mind upon ; to have recourse to ; to ad- 
dress to ; to busy ; to keep at work. 

To APPLY, (a-pli') v. n. To suit ; to agree 

APPOGGIATURA, (ap-pod'-je-a-to'-ra) n.s. 
In musick, A note directing' an "easy and 
graceful movement. 

To APPOINT, (ap-point') v. a. To fix any 
thing ; to settle by compact ; to establish 
by decree ; to furnish in all points ; to 

To APPOINT, (ap-point') v.n. To decree. 

APPOINTER, (ap-p'oin'-ter) n.s. He that 

APPOINTMENT, (ap-point'-ment) n. s. Sti - 
pulation ; decree ; direction ; order ; equip- 

To APPORTION, (ap-pore'-shun) v. a. To 
set out in just proportions. 

not ; — tube, tub, bull ; — oil ; — pound ;— f /iin, this. 



APPORTIONMENT, (ap-pore'-shun-ment) 
n. s. A dividing into portions. In law, A 
dividing of rents, costs, &c. 

APPORTIQNER, n. s. A limiter ; a dis- 
penser of shares. 

APPOSER, (ap-po'-zer) n. s. In law, an 
examiner ; an inquirer ; a questioner. 

APPOSITE, (ap'-po-zit) a. Proper ; fit. 

APPOSITELY, (ap'-po-zit-le) ad. Properly ; 

APPOSLTENESS, (ap'-po-zit-nes) n. s. Fit- 

APPOSITION, (ap-po-zish'-un) n.s. The 
addition of new matter. In grammar, The 
putting of two nouns in the same case. 

APPOS1TIVE. (ap-poz' e-tiv) a. Appli- 

To APPRAISE, (ap-praze') v. a. To set a 
price upon. 

APPRAISER, (ap-pra'-zer) n.s. He who 
sets a price ; one sworn to value goods, &c. 

APPRAISEMENT, (ap-praze'-ment) n. s. 
The act of appraising; valuation. 

APPRECATION, (ap-pre- ka'-shun) ». s. 
Earnest prayer. 

APPRECATORY, (ap'-pre-ka-tur-e) a. 
Praying or wishing any good. 

APPRECIABLE, (ap-pre'-she-a-bl) a. The 
capability of being estimated. 

To APPRECIATE, (ap-pre'-she-ate) v. a. 
To estimate justly. 

APPRECIATION, (ap-pre-she-a'-shun) n. s. 
Valuation ; estimation. 

To APPREHEND, (ap-pre-hend') v. a. To 
lay hold on; to sei.'.e in order for trial; to 
conceive by the mind ; to think on with 

APPREHENSIBLE, (ap-pre-hen'-se-bl) a. 
Capable of being apprehended. 

APPREHENSION, (ap-pre-hen'-shun) n. s. 
The act of apprehending or seizing upon, 
whether by physical act, or by the operation 
of the mind ; the faculty of conceiving new 
ideas ; fear ; suspicion. 

APPREHENSIVE, ( ap-pre-hen'-siv) a. 
Quick to understand; perceptive ; fearful. 

APPREHENSIVELY, (ap-pre-hen'-siv-le) 
ad. In an apprehensive manner ; fear- 
full v. 

APPREHENSIVENESS, (ap-pre-hen'-siv - 
nes) n. s. The state or quality of being 

APPRENTICE, (ap-pren'-tis) n. s. One 
that is bound to serve for a certain term of 
years, upon condition that the tradesman 
shall instruct him in his art. 

To APPRENTICE, (ap-pren'-tis) v. a. To 
put out as an apprentice. 

APPRENTICESHIP, (ap-pren'-tis-ship) n.s. 
The state or term of an apprentice's servi- 

To APPRIZE, (ap-prize') v. a. To inform ; 
to give notice. 

To APPROACH, (ap-protsh') v.n. To draw 
near, locally ; to draw near, as time ; to 
come near by natural affinity, or resemb- 


To APPROACH, (ap-protsh') v. a. To draw 
near to. 

APPROACH, (ap-protsh'^) n.s. The act of 
drawing near ; access ; the road by wnicn 
we approach. 

APPROACHABLE, (ap-protsh'-a-bl) a. Ac- 

APPRO ACHMENT, (ap-protsh'-ment) u. .. 
The act of coming near. 

APPROBATION, (ap-pro ba'-shun) n. s. 
The act of approving ; the liking of any 
thing ; attestation ; support. 

APPROBATIVE, (ap-pro'-ba-tiv) a. Ap- 

APPROPRIABLE, (ap-pro'-pre-a-bl) i. 
Capable of being appropriated. 

To APPROPRIATE, (ap-pro'-pre-ate) v. a. 
To consign to some use ; to take as one's 
own ; to make peculiar. In law, To alien- 
ate a benefice. 

APPROPRIATE, (ap-pro'-pre-ate) a. Pe- 
culiar ; fit ; adapted to. 

APPROPRIATELY, (ap-pro-pre-ate-le) ad. 

APPROPRIATENESS, (ap-pro'-pre-ate - 
nes) n. s. Fitness. 

APPROPRIATION, (ap-pro-pre-a'-shun) 
n. s. Application to a particular purpose; 
the taking or setting apart for one's own 
use. In law, A severing of a benefice eccle- 
siastical to the use of some religious house, 
or dean and chapter, bishoprick, or college. 

APPROPRIATOR, (ap-pro-pre-a'-tur) n.s. 
One possessed of an appropriated bene- 

APPROVABLE, (ap-proo'-va-bl) a. Merit- 
ing approbation. 

APPROVAL, (ap-prpo'-val) n.s. Appro- 

To APPROVE, (ap-prop/) v. a. To like; 
to express liking ; to prove ; to make worthy 
of approbation. In law, To improve. 

APPROVER, (ap-prpp'-ver) n. s. He that 
approves ; he that makes trial. In law, One 
who being indicted, confesses the fact and 
accuses his accomplices. 

APPROXIMATE, (ap-proks'-e-mate) a. 
Near to. 

To APPROXIMATE, (ap-proks'-e-mate) 
v. a. &; n. To draw near. 

APPROXIMATION, (ap-prpk-se-ma'-shun) 
n.s. Approach to any thing. In mathe 
matics, A continual approach nearer still, 
and nearer to the root or quantity sought, 
but not expected to be found. 

APPULSE, (ap'-pulse) n. s. In astronomy, 
The approach of two luminaries, one to 

APPURTENANCE, (ap-pur'-te-nanse) n.s. 
In law, An adjunct ; that which apper 

APPURTENANT, (ap-pur -te-nant) a. In 
law, Joined to. 

APRICOT, (a'-pre-kot) n. s. A kind of wall 

APRIL, (a'-pril) n. s. The fourth mouth of 
the year. 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met; — pine, pin; --no, more, 


APRON, (a'-prun) n. s. A cloth hung he- 
fore, to keep the other dress clean ; a piece 
of lead -which covers the touch hole of a 
great gun. 

APROPOS, (ap-pro-po') ad. Opportunely. 

APSIDES, (ap'-se-des) } n. s. In astronomy, 

APSES, (ap'-ses) $ Two points in the 

orbits of the planets at the greatest or least 
distance from the sun and the earth. 

APT, (apt) a. Pit; having a tendency to ; 
inclined to ; ready; quick; qualified for. 

APTITUDE, (ap'-te-tude) n. s. Fitness ; 
tendency ; disposition. 

APTLY, (apt'-le) ad. Properly ; justly ; 
pertinently; readily; acutely. 

APTNESS, (apt'-nes) n. s. Eitness ; suit- 
ableness ; disposition to any thing ; quick- 
ness of apprehension ; tendency 

APTOTE, (ap'-lote) n.s. In grammar, A 
noun without cases. 

AQUA, (a'-kwa) n. s. Water. 

AQUA FORT1S, (a'-kwa-foj'-tis) n.s. A 
corrosive liquor made by distilling purified 
nitre with calcined vitriol. 

AQUA-TIM A, (a"-kwa-tint'-a) n. s. A 
species of engraving, imitating drawings 
made with Indian ink or bistre. 

AQUARIUS, (a-kwa'-re-us) n.s. The eleventh 
sign in the zodiack. 

AQUATICAL, (a-kwat-te-kal) ) a. Per- 

AQUATICK, (a-kwat 7 -ik) ' ] taining 
to water ; inhabiting or growing in the 
water ; of a watery nature. 

AQUEDUCT, (a'-kwe-dukt) n. s. A con- 
veyance made for carrying water, either 
under ground, or above it. 

AQUEOUS, (a'-kwe-us) a. Watery. 

AQUEOU^NESS, ' (a'-kwe-us-nes) n. s. 

AQUILINE, (a'-kwe-line) a. Resembling 
an eagle. 

AQUOSE, (a-kwose') a. Watery. 

AQUOSITY, T (a-kwgs'-e-te) n. s. Wateri- 

ARABESQUE, (ar'-a-besk) a. In archi- 
tecture and sculpture, In a style of orna- 
ment so called from the Arabians and 
Moors, who rejected the representation of 

ARABICK, (ar'-a-bik) n.s. The language 
of Arabia. 

ARABLE, (ar'-a-bl) n.s. Fit for tillage. 

ARACHNOIDES, (a-rak-noe'-des) n. s. In 
anatomy, One of the tunicks of the eye, 
which resembles a cobweb ; a fine thin 
transparent membrane, lying between the 
dura and pia mater. 

ARANEOUS, (a-ra'-ne-us) a. Resembling 
a cobweb. 

ARBALIST, (ar'-ba-list) n. s. See Arcu- 
b a list. A cross-bov.% 

ARBALISTER, (ar-ba-list'-er) n.s. A cross- 

ARBITER, (ar'-be-ter) n, s. A judge ; one 
who has the power of decision. 

ARBITRABLE, (ar'-be-tra-bl) ad. Depend- 
ing upon the will : determinable. 


ARBITRAMENT, (ar-bit'-tra-ment) n . s. 
Will ; determination ; choice. 

ARBITRARILY, (ar'-be-tra-re-le) ad. Des- 
potically ; according to the will. 

ARBITRARINESS, (ar'-be-tra-re-nes) n. s. 
Despoticalness ; tyranny ; choice. 

ARBITRARY, (ar'-be-tra-re) a. Despotick , 
absolute ; depending on no rule ; holden at 
will ; voluntary. 

To ARBITRATE, (ar'-be-trate) v. a. To 
decide ; to judge of. 

To ARBITRATE, (ar'-be-trate) v. n. To 
give judgement. 

ARBITRATION, (ar-be-tra'-shun) n. s. In 
law, The determination of a cause by a judge 
mutually agreed on by the parties. 

ARBITRATOR, (ar'-be-tra-tur) n.s. He 
that has the power of prescribing to others 
without limit or controul ; the determiner. 
In law, An extraordinary judge between 
party and party, chosen by their mutual 

ARB1TRATRIX, n.s. A female judge. 

ARBITREMENT, (ar-bit'-tre-ment) n. s. 
Decision ; compromise. 

ARB1TRESS, (ar'-be-tress) n. s. A female 

ARBORARY, (ar'-bo-ra-re) a. Belonging 
to a tree. 

ARBOREOUS, (ar-bo'-re-us) a. Belonging 
to trees* ; a term in botany, to distinguish 
such funguses or mosses as grow upon 

ARBORET, (ar'-bo-ret) n. s. A small tree 
or shrub. 

ARBORESCENT, (ar-bo-res'-sent) a. Grow- 
ing like a tree. 

ARBORICAL, (ar-bor'-e-kai) a. Relating 
to trees. 

ARBORIST, (ar'-bo-rist) n. s. One who 
makes trees his study. 

ARBOROUS, (ar'-bo-rus) a. Belonging to 
a tree. 

ARBOUR, (ar'-bur) n.s. A bower; a place 
covered with branches of trees. 

ARBUSCLE, (ar'-bus-sl) n. s. Any little 

ARC^ (ark) n. s. Any part of a curve line J 
a segment of a circle ; an arch. 

ARCADE, (ar-kade') n. s. A walk arched 
over ; a small arch within a building. 

ARCANUM, (ar-ka'-num) n. s. A secret 

ARCH, (artsh) n. s. Part of a circle or 
elipse, not more than the half. 

To ARCH, (artsh) v. a. To build arches ; 
to form into an arch. 

ARCH, (artsh) a. Waggish; mirthful. 

ARCH, in composition, signifies chief, or of 
the first class; as, archfiend, archrebel, &c. 

ARCHANGEL, (ark-ane'-jel) n. s. One of 
the highest order of angels- 

ARCHANGELICK, (ark-an-jel'-lik) a. Be- 
longing to archangels. 

ARCHBISHOP, (artsh-bish'-up) n. s. A 
bishop of the first class, who superintends 
the conduct of other bishops, his suffra- 

not; — tube, tub, bull; — oil; — pound; — i/iin, THis. 



ARCHBISHOPRICK, (artsh-bish'-up-rik) 
n. s. The state of an archbishop. 

ARCHDEACON, (artsh-de'-kn) n. s. A 
substitute for a bishop, who has a superin- 
tendant power within his district over such 
matters as belong to the episcopal func- 

ARCHDEACONRY, (artsh-de'-kn-re) n.s. 
The office of an archdeacon ; the place of 
residence of an archdeacon. 

ARCHDEACONSHIP, (artsh-de'-kn-ship) 
n. s. The office of an archdeacon. 

ARCHDUCAL, a. Belonging to an arch- 

ARCHDUCHESS, (artsh-dutsh'-es) n. s. 
The wife, sister, or daughter of an archduke. 

ABCHDUKE, (artsh-duke') n. s. A title 
given to so re sovereign princes, as of 
Austria and Tuscany. 

ARCHDUKEDOM, (artsh-duke'-dum) n. s. 
The territory of an archduke. 

ARCHFIEND, (artsh-feend) n. s. The chief 
of hends. 

ARCHAIOLOGY, (ar'-ki-ol'-o-je) n. s. The 
science which treats of antiquities ; a dis- 
course on antiquity. 

ARCHA10LOG1CK, (a/-ki-o-lod'-jjk) a. 
Relating to a discourse on antiquity. 

ARCHAISM, (ar'-ki-izm) n. s. An ancient 

ARCHED, (ar'-tshed) part. a. Bent in the 
form of an arch. 

ARCHER, (artsh'-er) n. s. He that shoots 
with a bow. 

ARCHERY, (artsh'-er-e) n.s. The use of 
the bow ; the act oi shooting with the bow ; 
the art of an archer. 

ARCHES-COURT, (artsh'-ez-cort) n.s. The 
chief consistory that belongs to the arch- 
bishop of Canterbury for the determination 
of ecclesiastical matters : so called from St 
Mary-le-Bow, i. e. de arcubus. 

ARCHETYPE, (ar'-ke-tipe) n. s. The origi- 
nal of which any resemblance is made. 

ARCHETYPAL, (ar-ke-ti'-pal) a. Original. 

ARCHIDIACONAL, (ar'-kfdi-ak'-o-nal) a. 
Belonging to an archdeacon. 

Belonging to an archbishop. 

se) n. s. The state of an archbishop. 

ARCHITECT, (ar'-ke-tekt) n.s. A professour 
of the art of building; a builder. 

ARCHITECTIVE, (ar-ke-tek'-tiv) a. Per- 
forming the work of architecture. 

ARCHITECTURE, (ar'-ke-tek-ture) n. s. 
The art or science of building ; the effect 
of the science of building. 

ARCHITECTURAL, (ar-ke-tek'-tu-ral) a. 
Relating to architecture. 

ARCHITRAVE, (ar'-ke-trave) n.s. That 
part of entablature, which lies immediately 
upon the capita!. 

ARCHIVES, (ar'-kivz) n. s. The place 
where the records or ancient writings are 
kept ; also the writings themselves. 

ARCHLY, (artsh'-le) ad. Jocosely. 


ARCHNESS, (artsh'-nes) n. s. Shrewdness ; 
sly humour. 

ARCHON, (ar-kgn) n.s. The chief magistrate 
among the Athenians. 

ARCTATION, (ark-ta'-shun) n. s. In medi- 
cine, A constipation of the intestines. 

ARCT1CK, (ark'-tik) n.s. Northern; lying 
under the Arctos, or bear. 

ARCT1CK-C1RCLE. The circle at which 
the northern frigi i zone begins 

ARCUATE, (ar'-ku-ate) a. Bent like an 

ARCUATION, (ar-ku-a'-shun) n.s. The act 
of bending ; curvity, or crookedness. In 
gardening, The method of raising by layers 
such trees as cannot be raised from seed, 
by bending down to the ground the branches 
which spring from the offsets. 

ARCUB AL1ST, (ar'-ku-bal-ist) n. s. A cross- 

ARCUBALISTER, (ar'-kn-bal-is-ter) n. s. 
A cross-bow man. 

ARDENCY, (ar'-den-se) n. s. Ardour; 
eagerness ; heat. 

ARDENT, (ar'-dent) a. Hot ; burning ; fiery ; 
fierce ; vehement ; passionate. 

ARDOUR, (ar'-dur) n.s. Heat; heat of 

ARDUOUS, (ar'-du-us) a. Lofty ; hard to 
climb ; difficult. 

ARDUOUSNESS, (ar'-du-us-nes) n. s. 
Height ; difficulty. 

ARE, (ar) The third person plural of the pre- 
sent tense of the verb to be. 

AREA, (a'-re-a) n. s. The surface contained 
between any lines ; any open surface. 

AREFACT10N,(ar-re-fak'-shun) n.s. Grow- 
ing dry ; drying. 

To AREFY, (ar'-re-fi) v. a. To dry. 

vVRENA, (a-re'-na) n. s. The amphitheatre 
at Rome has been so called, because strewed 
with arena, sand. The space for combatants 
in a theatre. 

ARENACEOUS,(ar-e-na'-she-us) > , 

adtmacp / " '\' ' ' /-a.Sandv. 

ARENOSE, (ar-e-nose ) 5 " 

ARENATION, (a-re-na'-shun) n. s. A sort 
of dry bath, when the patient sits with his 
feet upon hot sand. 

AREOPAG1TE, (a-re-op'-a-jite) n. s. A se- 
nator or judge in the court of Areopagus at 

AREOPAGUS, (a-re-pp'-a-gus) n. s. The 
highest court at Athens. 

AREOTICK, (a-re-ot'-ik) a. Efficacious in 
opening the pores. 

ARGENT, (ar'-jent) a. Made of silver; 
bright like silver. In heraldry, It denotes 
the white in the coats of all under the rank 
of nobility ; the white colour used in the 
coats of gentlemen, knights, and baronets. 

ARGENTATION, (ar-jen-ta'-shun) n. s. An 
overlaying with silver. 

ARGENTINE, (ar'-jen-tine) a. Sounding 
like silver ; appearing like silver- 

ARGIL, (ar'-jil) n. s. Potter's clay. 

ARGILLACEOUS, (ar-jil-la/ she-us) a. 


Fate, far, fall, fat : — me, met ; — pine, pin; — no, move 


ARGTLLOUS, (aT-jil'-lus) a. Consisting of 

ARGOSY, (ar'-go-ze) n. s. From Argo, the 
name of Jason's ship. A large vessel for 
merchandise; a carrack. 
To ARGUE, (ar'-gu) v.n. To reason; to 

To ARGUE, (ar'-gu) v. a. To prove any 

thing by argument ; to debate ; to prove. 
ARGUER, (ar-gu-er) n. s. A reasoner. 
ARGUMENT, (ar'-gu-ment) n. s. A reason 
alleged ; the subject of any discourse ; the 
contents of any work ; a controversy. In 
astronomy, An arch by which we seek an- 
other unknown arch, proportional to the first. 
ARGUMENTAL, (ar-gu-men'-tal) a. Rea- 
ARG UMENTATION, (ar-gu-men-ta'-shun) 

n. s. Reasoning. 
ARGUMENTATIVE, (ar-gii-men'-ta-tiv) a. 

Consisting of argument; disputatious. 
ARGUTE, (ar-gute') a. Subtle; witty; 

shri.l. ■ . ■ 
ARIA, (a'-re-a) n. s. Inmusick, An air, song, 

or tune. 
ARI AN, (a'-re-an) n. s. One of the sect of 

Arius, who denied the deity of Christ. 
ARI AN ISM, (a'-re-an-izm) u. s. The heresy 

of Arius. 
ARID, (ar'-rid) a. Dry; parched up. 
ARIDITY, (a-rid'-de-te) n. s. Dryness. 
ARIES, (a'-re-ez) n.s. The ram; one of the 

twelve si^ns of the zodiac. 
ARIETATION, (a-ri-e-ta'-shun) n. s. The 
act of butting like a ram ; battering with 
an engine called a ram. 
ARIETTA, (a-re-et'-ta) n. s. In musick, A 

short air, song, or tune. 
ARIGHT, (a-rite) ad. Rightly. 
ARIOSO, (a-re-o'-zo) n. s. In musick, The 

movement of a common air. 
To ARISE, (a-rize') v. n. To mount upward ; 
to get up ; to come into view ; to revive 
from death ; to proceed from. 
ARISTARCHY, (ar'-ris-tar-ke) n. s. A body 

of good men in power. 
ARISTOCRACY, (ar-is-tok'-kra-se) n. s. 
That form of government which places the 
supreme poAver in the nobles. 
ARISTOCRAT, (ar'-is-to-crat) n. s. One 

who supports or favours aristocracy. 
IC, (ar-rs-to-krat'-te-kal, ar-ris-to krat'-ik) 
a. Relating to aristocracy. 
ARISTOCRATICALLY, ( ar-ris-to-krat'-te- 

kal-le) ad. In an aristocratical manner. 
ARISr'OCRATICALNESS, (ar-ris-to-krat'- 

te-kal-nes) n. s. An aristocratical state. 
ARISTOTELIAN, ( ar-ris-to- te'-le-an) a. 

Founded on the opinion of Aristotle. 
ARISTOTELIAN, (ar-ris-to- te'-le-an) n. s. 

A follower of Aristotle. 
ARITHMANCY, (a-rit/i'-man se) n. s. A 

fortelling future events by numbers. 
ARITHMETICAL, (ar-ii/i-met'-te-kal) a. 

According to arithmetick 
ARITHMETICALLY, (ar-i^-met'-te-kal-le) 
ad. In ari arithmetical manner. 


ARITHMETICIAN, (a-ritfc-me-tish'-an) n.s. 
A master of the art of numbers. 

ARITHMETICK, (a-ri^'-me-tik) n. s. 1 he 
science of numbers. 

ARK, (ark) n. s. A vessel to swim upon the 
water, usually applied to that in which 
Noah was preserved ; the repository of the 
covenant of God with the Jews ; a chest, 
cofter.or binn. 

ARLES. (arlz) n. s. Earnest-money given to 
servants when hired. 

ARM, (arm) n.s. The limb which reaches 
from the hand to the shoulder ; the bow of 
a tree ; an inlet of water from the sea. 

To ARM, (arm) v. a. To furnish with armour 
of defence, or with any thing that may add 

To ARM, (arm) v. n. To take arms. 

ARMADA, (ar-ma'-da) n. s. An armament 
for sea ; a fleet of war 

ARMADILLO (ar-ma-dil'-lo) n. s. A four 
footed animal of Brazil, as big as a cat y 
with a snout like a hog, a tail like a lizard, 
and feet like a hedge-hog, armed all over 
with hard scales like armour, whence he 
takes his name. 

ARMAMENT, (ar'-ma-ment) n. s. A force 
equipped for war. 

ARMED, a. In heraldry, A term used in 
respect of beasts and birds, when their 
teeth, horns, &c. are of a different colour 
from the rest. 

ARMENTAL, (ar-men'-tal) \a. Belong- 

ARMENT1NE, (ar' $ ing to a 
drove or herd of cattle. 

ARMENTOSE, (ar-men-tose') a. Abounding 
with cattle. 

ARMFUL, (arm'-ful) n. s. As much as the 
arms can enfold. 

ARM1GEROUS, (ar-mid'-jur-rus) a. Bear- 
ing arms. 

ARMILLARY, (ar'-mil-la-re) a. Resem- 
bling a bracelet. 

ARM1LLATED, (ar'-mil-la-ted) a. Having 

ARMIMANT, (ar-min'-yan) n. s. He who 
supports the tenets of Arminius. 

ARMINIAN, (ar-min'-yan) a. Relating to 
the sect of Arminius. 

ARMlNIANI.bM, (ar-min'-yan -ism) n. s. 
The doctrine of Arminius, who maintained 
certain tenets respecting free-will, the 
atonement, &c. 

ARM1POTENCE, (ar-mip'-o-tense) n. s. 
Power in war. 

ARMIPOTENT, (ar-mip'-o-tent) a. Power- 
ful in arms. 

ARMISTICE, (ar'-me-stis) n. s. A short truce. 

ARMLET, (arrn -let) n. s. A little arm ; as, 
an armlet of the sea ; a piece of armour for 
the arm ; a bracelet for the arm. 
ARMORIAL, (ar-mo'-re-al) a. Belonging or 
relating to heraldic bearings ; belonging to 

ARMORY, (ar'-mur-e) n.s. The place in 
which arms are reposited for use; armour; 
ensigns armorial. 

ARMOUR, (ar'-mur) n. s. Defensive arms. 

noT; — tube, tub, bull; — oil; — pQund; — thin } this. 



ARMOUR-BEARER, (ar'-mxir-bare'-ef) n.s. 

He that carries the armour of another. 

ARMOURER, (ar'-mur-er) n. s. He that 
makes armour ; he that dresses another in 

ARMOURIST, (a/mur-ist) n.s. A person 
skilled in heraldry. 

ARMPIT, (arm'-pit) n. s. The hollow place 
under the shoulder. 

ARMS, (armz) n. s. Weapons of offence or 
defence. In heraldry, The ensigns armo- 
rial of a family. 

ARMY, (ar'-me) n. s. A collection of armed 
men ; a multitude. 

AROINT. See Aroynt. 

AROMA, (a-ro'-uia) n. s. The odorant prin- 
ciple of plants. 

AROMATlCAL,(ar-o-mat'-e-kal) \a. Spicy ; 

AROMAT1CK, (ar-o'-mat'-ik) S fragrant. 

AROMATIZ A 1 ION", (ar- o-mat-e-za'-shun) 
n. s. The mingling of aromatiek spices with 
any medicine. 

To AROMATIZE, (ar-ro'-ma-tize) v. a. To 
scent with spices ; to scent. 

AROSE, (a-roze) The preterite of the verb 

AROUND, (a-round') ad. In a circle ; on 
every side. 

AROUND, (a-round') prep. About; encir- 

To AROUSE, (a-rouze') v. a. To wake from 
sleep ; to raise up. 

AROYNT, (a-roint') ad. Be gone ; away. 

ARPEGGIO" (ar'-ped'-je-o) n. s. In musick, 
The distinct sound of the notes of an in- 
strumental chord, accompanying the voice. 

ARQUEBUSADE, (or-kwe-bu-sade') n. s. A 
distilled water, applied to a bruise or 

ARQUEBUSE, (ar kwe-bus) n. s. A hand 

ARQUEBUSIER, (ar-kwe-bus-eer') n. s. A 
soldier armed with an arquebuse. 

ARR, (ar) n. s. A mark made by a flesh- 
wound ; a cicatrice. 

ARRACK, or ARACK, (ar-rak') n. s. A 
spirit procured by distillation from the 
cocoa tree, rice, &c. 

To ARRAIGN, (arrane') v. a. To set a 
thing in order, or in its place ; to set forth 
and accuse one in a court of justice. 
ARRAIGNMENT, (ar-rane'-ment) n. s. The 
act of arraigning. 

ARRAIMENT, (ar-ra-ment) n. s. Clothing ; 

To ARRANGE, (ar-ranje') v. a. To put in 

the proper order. 
ARRANGEMENT, (ar-ranje'-ment) n. s. 

Order ; the act of putting in order. 
ARRANT, (ar'-rant) a. Bad-in a high degree. 
ARRAS, (ar'-ras) n.s. Tapestry; so called 
from the place of its manufacture, Arras, a 
town in Artois. 
ARRAY, (ar-ra') n. s. Order, chiefly of 
war ; dress. In law, The rank or setting 
forth of a jury or inquest. 
To ARRAY, (ar-ra') v. a. To put in order : 
to deck. 

ARREAR, (ar-reer') n. s. That which re* 

mains unpaid ; the rear. 
ARREARAGE, (ar-ree -raje) n.s. The re- 
mainder of an account. 

ARREARANCE, (ar-reer'-anse) n. s. The 
same with arrear. 

To ARRECT, (ar-rekt') v. n. To raise or lift 

ARRECT, (ar-rekt') a. Erected ; upright. 

ARRENTAT ION, (ar-ren-ta'-shun) n. s. In 
law, The licensing an owner of lands in a 
forest, to inclose them under a yearly rent. 

ARREPTTTIOU S,( ar-rep-tish'-us)a. Snatch- 
ed away ; crept in privily. 

ARREST, (ar-rest') n. s. A stop or stay ; 
apprehension under legal process. 

To ARREST, (ar-rest') v. a. To seize under 
legal process ; to seize, stay, or obstruct, 

ARRET, (ar-ret') n. s. A decree. 

ARRETTED, (ar-ret'-ted) a . One convened 
before a judge. 

ARRIVAL, (ar-ri'-val) n. s. Coming to any 

To ARRIVE, (ar rive') v. n. To come to 
any place ; to reach any point ; to gain any 
thing ; to happen. 

To ARRODE, (^r-rode') v. a. To gnaw or 

ARROGANCE, (ar'-ro-ganse) ) n. s. As- 

ARROGANCY, (ar'-ro-gan-se) ] sumption 
of too much importance ; haughty self-suf- 
ficiency ; insolence of bearing. 

ARROGANT, (ar'-ro-gant) a. Haughty; 

ARROGANTLY, (ar'-ro-gant-le) ad. In 
an arrogant manner. 

To ARROGATE, (ar'-ro-gate) ?; a. To claim 
vainly ; to assume to one's self. 

ARROGATION, (ar-ro-ga'-shun) n.s. A 
claiming in a p-roud unjust manner. 

ARROGAT1VE, (ar'-ro-ga-tiv) a. Claiming 
in an unjust manner. 

ARR.OSION, (ar-ro'-zhun) n. s. A gnawing. 

ARROW, (ar'-ro) n. s. The pointed weapon 
which is shot from a bow. 

ARPvOVVY, (ar'-ro-e) a. Consisting of ar- 
rows ; formed like, or having the speed of 
an arrow. 

ARSENAL, (ar'-se-nal) n.s. A magazine of 
military stores. 

ARSENICAL, (ar-sen'-e-kal) a. Containing 

ARSENICK, (ar'-sen-ik) n. s. A mineral 
substance, which is a violent corrosive poi- 

ARSON, (ar'-sun) n. s. The crime of house- 

ART, (art) n. s. The power of doing some- 
thing not taught by nature ; a science, as 
the liberal arts ; a trade ; artfulness ; skill ; 
dexterity ; cunning. 

ARTERIAL, (ar-te'-re-al) a. That which re- 
lates to the artery. 

ARTERIOTOMY, (ar-te-re-ot'-to-rne) n. s. 
The operation of letting blood from the 

ARTERY, (ar'-tur-e) n. *. A conical canal 

4 4 

Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met; — pine, pin; — no, move, 


conveying the blood from the heart to all 
parts of the body. 

ARTFUL, (art'-ful) a. Performed with art ; 
artificial ; cunning. 

ARTFULLY, (art'-ful-le) ad. With art; 

ARTFULNESS, (art'-ful-nes) n.s. Skill; 

ARTHRITICK, (ar-tfirit'-ik) }a.Gouty; 

ARTIIRITICAL, (ar-t/ait'-e-ka*) J relating 
to joints. 

ARTHRITIS, (ar-i/m'-tis) n. s. The gout. 

ARTICHOKE, (ar'-te-tshoke) n. s. A plant 
very like the thistle, but has large scaly 
heads like the cone of the pine tree. 

ARTICK, a. See Arctick. 

ARTICLE, (ar'-te-kl) n. s. A part of speech ; 
A single clause of an account ; terms ; sti- 

To ARTICLE, (ar'-te-kl) v. n. To stipulate. 

To ARTICLE, (ar'-te-kl) v. a. To draw up 
or bind by articles of agreement. 

ARTICULAR, (ar-tik'-u.-lar) a. Belonging 
to the joints. 

ARTICULATE, (ar-tik'-u-late) a. Distinct; 
branched out into articles. In anatomy, 
Belonging to the joints. 

To ARTICULATE, (ar-tik'-u-late) v. a. To 
form words ; to speak ; to draw up in articles ; 
to make terms ; to treat ; to ioint. 

To ARTICULATE, (ar-tik'-u-late) v. n. To 
speak distinctly. 

ARTICULATED, (ar-tik'-u-la-ted) part. a. 
In botany, Jointed, as a plant. 

ARTICULATELY, (ar-tik'-u-iate-le) a d In 
an articulate voice. 

ARTICULATION, (ar-tik-u-la'-shun) n. s. 
In grammar, The articulate or distinct utter- 
ance of each syllable or sound. In anatomy, 
The juncture or joint of bones. In botany, The 
joints or knots in some plants, as the cane. 

ARTIFICE, (ar'-te-f is) n. s. Trick ; fraud ; 
art ; trade. 

ARTIFICER, (ar-tif'-fe-sei) n.s. An artist; 
a manufacturer ; a forger ; a contriver. 

ARTIFICIAL, (ar-te-fish'-al) a. Made by 
art, not natural ; ficdtious, not genuine ; 
artful, contrived with skill. 

ARTIFICIALITY, (ar-te-fish-e-al'-e-te) n.s. 
Appearance of art. 

ARTIFICIALLY, (ar-te-fish'-al-le) ad. By 
art; artfully, with skill, with good contri- 
vance ; by art, not naturally. 

A RT1LLERY, (ar-til'-ler-re) n. s. Weapons 
of war ; cannon ; ordnance ; the science of 

ARTISAN, (ar-te-zan') n. s. Artist ; manu- 

ARTIST, (art'-ist) n. s. The professor of an 
art ; a skilful man. 

ARTLESS, (art'-les) a. Unskilful ; void of 
fraud; simple. 

ARTLESSLY, (art'-les-le) ad. In an artless 
manner ; naturally ; sincerely 

ARTLESSNESS, n. s. Want of art; sim- 
ARUNDINACEOUS, (a-rtm-de-na'-shus) a. 
Of or like reeds. 


ARUNDINEOUS, (ar-an-din'-e-us) a* 

Abounding with reeds. 
ARUSPEX, (a-rus'-peks) } n. s. A sooth- 
ARUSPICE, (a-'rus'-pis) ] sayer. 
ARUSPICY, (a-rus'-pis-se) n. s. The act of 
prognosticating by inspecting the entrails of 
the sacrifice. 
AS, (az) conjunct. In the same manner with 
something else; in the manner that ; that, 
in a consequential sense ; for example ; 
like ; in the same degree with ; as if ; ac- 
cording to what ; as it were , while ; be- 
cause ; equally ; how ; in what manner ; 
with; answering to like or same; Answer- 
ing to such ; having so to answer it ; an- 
swering to so conditionally ; in a sense of 
comparison followed by so; as for, with 
respect to ; as if, in the manner that it 
would be if; as to, with respect to; as 
iv ell as, equally with ; as though, as if. 
ASAFOETIDA, } (as-sa-fet'-e-da) «. s. A 
ASSAFOETIDA, S V im brought from the 
East Indies, of a sharp taste, and a strong 
offensive smell. 
ASBESTINE, (az-bes'-tine) a. Something 

ASBESTOS, (az-bes'-tus) n.s. A sort of na- 
tive fossile stone, which may be split into 
threads and filaments, which is endued 
with the property of remaining unconsumed 
in the fire. 
ASCARIDES, (as-kar'-e-diz) n. s. Little 

worms in the rectum. 
To ASCEND, (as-serid') v. n. To rise ; to 
move upwards ; to proceed from one de- 
gree of good to another. 
To ASCEND, (as-send') v. a. To climb up. 
ASCEND ABLE, (as-send'-a-bl) a. Capable 

of being ascended. 
ASCENDANT, (as-sen'-dant) n.s. In astro- 
logy, That degree of the ecliptic which rises 
at a persons nativity, and is supposed to 
have an influence on his future life. In law, 
Such relations as have gone before reckoned 
upwards ; superiority ; the person having 
ASCENDANT, (as-sen'-dant) a. Superiour; 

predominant ; above the horizon. 
ASCENDENCY, (as-sen'-den-se) n* s. In- 
fluence ; power. 
ASCENSION, (as-sen-shun) n. s. The act 
of ascending; generally applied to the 
visible elevation of our Saviour to heaven ; 
the thing rising, or mounting. 
ASCENSION DAY, (as-sen'-ehun-da') n.s. 
The day on which the Ascension of our 
Saviour is commemorated, commonly called 
Holy Thursday. 
ASCENSIYE, (a.s-sen'-siv) a. Of an ascend- 
ing nature ; in a state of ascent. 
ASCENT, (as-sent') n. s. Rise ; the way bv 
which one ascends ; an eminence, or high 
To ASCERTAIN, (as-ser-tane') v. a. To 
make certain ; to establish : to make confi- 
ASCERTAINABLE, (as-ser-tane-a-bl) a. 
That which may be ascertained. 

not ; — tube, tub, bull ; — oil ; — pound ; — thin, mis. 



ASCERTAINMENT, (as-ser-tane'-ment) n.s. 
A settled rule ; a standard. 

ASCETICISM, (as-set'-e-sizm) n. s. The 
state of an ascetick. 

ASCET1CK, (as-set'-ik) a. Employed wholly 
in devotion and mortification. 

ASCETICK, (as-set'-ik) n. j. He that retires 
to devotion ; a hermit. 

ASCII, (a'-she-i) n. s. Those people who, 
at certain times of the year, have no 
shadow at noon ; such are the inhabitants 
of the torrid zone. 

ASCITES, (as-si'-tez) n. s. A dropsy of the 
lower belly and depending parts. 

ASCITICAL, (as-sit'-e-kal) I Dr0Dsical 

ASCITICK, (as-sit'-ik) S Vx0 V* lc * L 

ASCRIBABLE, (as-skri'-ba-bl) a. That 
which may be ascribed. 

To ASCRIBE, (as-kribe') v. a. To attribute 
to as a cause ; to attribute as a quality. 

ASCRIPTION, (as-krip'-shun) n. s. The 
act of ascribing-. 

ASH, (ash) n. s. A tree ; the wood of the ash. 

ASHAMED, (a-sha'-med) a. Touched with 

ASHES, (ash'-ez) n. s. The remains of any 
thing burnt ; the remains of the body. 

ASHORE, (a-shore) ad. On shore; 

ASH WEDNESDAY, (ash-wenz'-da) n. s. 
The first day of Lent, so called from the 
ancient custom of sprinkling ashes on the 

ASHY, (ash'-e) a. Ash-coloured; turned 
into ashes. 

ASIATICK, (a-she-at'-tik) a. Respecting 

ASIATICK, (a-she-at'-tik) n. s. A native 
of Asia. 

ASIDE, (a-side') ad. To one side ; to 
another part ; away from the company. 

ASINARY, (^s'-se-na-re) a. Belonging to 
an ass. 

ASININE, (as'-se-nine) a. Resembling or 
belonging to an ass. 

To ASK, (ask) v. a. To petition ; to demand; 
to question ; to enquire ; to require. 

To ASK, (ask) v. n. To petition; to make 

ASKANCE, V(a-skanse') ad. Sideways; 

ASKAUNCE, \ obliquely. 

ASKAUNT, (a-skant') ad. Obliquely. 

ASKER, (ask'-er) n. s. Petitioner ; en- 

ASKEW, (a-sku') ad. Aside ; with con- 
tempt or envy ; obliquely. 

ASLANT, (a-slant) ad. Obliquely. 

ASLEEP, (a-s!eep') ad. Sleeping at res* ; 
Figuratively for dead. 

ASLOPE, (a-slope') ad. With declivity. 

ASOMATOUS,(a-so'-ma-tus) a. Incorpo- 
real ; without a body. 

ASP, (asp) 'in.s. A kind of poison- 

A SPICK, (as'pik) $ ous serpent. 

ASPARAGUS, (as-par'-a-gus) n. s. A plant. 

ASPECT, (as'-pekt) \/s. "Look; counte- 
nance ; view ; position ; relation ; dispo- 
sition of a planet to other planets. 


ASPECTION, (as'-pek'-shun; u. Behold 
ing ; view. 

ASPEN, (as'-pen) n. s. A species of poplar, 
the leaves of which always tremble. 

ASPEN, (as'-pen) a. Belonging to the asp 
tree ; made of aspen wood ; resembling an 
aspen tree. 

ASPER, (as'-per) n. s. A small Turkish 
coin of less value than our penny. 

To ASPERATE, (as'-per-ate) v. a. To 

ASPERATION, (as-per-a'-shun) n. s. A 
making rough. 

ASPERITY, (as-per'-e-te) n. s. Uneven- 
ness ; roughness of sound ; roughness of 
temper ; sharpness. 

ASPERNATION, (as-per-na'-shun) n. s. 
Neglect ; disregard. 

ASPEROUS, (as'-per-us) a. Rough. 

To ASPERSE, (as-perse') v. a. To vilify ; 
slander ; to bespatter with censure or 
calumny ; to sprinkle. 

ASPERSION, (as-per'-shun) n. s. A sprink- 
ling ; calumny. 

ASPHALTICK, (as-fal'-tik) a. Gummy; 

ASPH ALTOS, (as-fal'-tus) ». s. A bitumi- 
nous substance resembling pitch, chiefly 
found swimming on the Lacus Asphattiies, or 
Dead Sea, where anciently stood the cities 
of Sodom and Gomorrah. 

ASPHALTLM, fas'-fai-tum) n. s. A bitu- 
minous stone found near the ancient Baby- 

ASPHODEL, (as'-fo-del) n. s. The Day-lily. 

ASP1CK, (as'-pik) n. s. The name of a ser- 
pent ; the name of a piece of ordnance, 
which is said to carry a twelve-pound shot. 

ASPIRANT, (as'-pe-rant, or as-pire'-ant) ». s. 
A candidate ; an aspirer. 

To ASPIRATE, (as'-pe-rate) v. a. To pro- 
nounce with full breath. 

ASPIRATE, (as'-pe-rate) a. Pronounced 
with full breath. 

ASPIRATE, (as'-pe-rate) n. s. The mark to 
denote an aspirated pronunciation 

ASPIRATION, (as-pe-ra'-slmn) n. s. A 
breathing after ; an ardent wish ; the act of 
aspiring ; the pronunciation of a vowel with 
full breath. 

To ASPIRE, (as-pire) v. n. To pant after 
something higher ; to desire with eager- 
ness ; to rise ; to tower. 

A SPIREMES T, (as-pire'-ment) n.s. The 
act of aspiring. 

ASPIRER, (as-pire'-er) n. s. One that am- 
bitiously strives to be greater. 

ASPORTATION, (as-por-ta'-shun) n. s. A 
carrying away. 

ASQUINT, (a-skwint') ad. Obliquely; not 
with regard or due notice. 

ASS, (ass) n. s. An animal of burden ; a 
stupid, heavy, dull fellow. 

To ASSAIL, (as-sale') v. a. To attack in a 
hostile manner ; to fall upon ; to attack 
with argument. 

ASSAILABLE, (as-sa'-la-bl) a. That which 
may be attacked. 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met; — pine, pm; — no, move, 


ASSAILANT, (as-sa-Iant) n. 5. He that 

ASSAILANT, (as-sa'-lant) a. Attacking. 
ASSAILER, (as-sa-ler) n. s. One who at- 
ASS AILMENT, (as-sale'-ment) n.s. Attack. 
ASSASSIN, (as-sas'-sin) n.s. A murderer; 
one that kills by treachery, or sudden vio- 

To ASSASSINATE, (as-sas'-se-nate) v. a. 
To murder ; to way-lay. 

ASSASSINATION, (as-sas-se-na'-shun) n.s. 

The act of assassinating. 
ASSASSINATOR, (as-sas'-se-na-tur) ?i.s. A 

ASSASSIN OUS, (as-sas'-se-nus) a. Murder- 

ASSAULT, (as-salt') n. s. Attack ; storm, 
opposed to sap or siege ; hostile violence ; 
invasion. In law, Injury offered to a man's 
person. , 

To ASSAULT, (as-salt') v. a. To attack ; to 
fall upon with violence. 

ASSALLTABLE, (a's-salt'-a-bl) a. Capable 
of being assaulted.. 

ASSAULTER, (as-salt'-er) n. s. One who 
violently assaults another. 

ASSAY, (as-sa') n. s. A trial or attempt at 
any thing. In law, A mode of trying 
metals, or separating them from all foreign 
bodies inherent m them. Assay of weights 
and measures, is the examination of them 
by the proper officers. 

To ASSAY, (as-sa') v. a. To reduce the 
precious metals to their purest state. 

To ASSAY, (as-sa') v. n. To try ; to en- 

ASSAYER, (as-sa'-er) n. s. An officer of the 
Mint, for the due trial of silver. 

ASSECUTION, (as-se-ku'-shun) n.s. Ac- 

ASSEMBLAGE, (as-sem'-blaje) ». s. A 
collection of individuals ; the state of being 

ASSEMBLANCE, (as-sem'-blans) n.s. Ap- 
pearance ; similitude ; assembling. 

To ASSEMBLE, (as-sem'-bl) v. a. To bring 

To ASSEMBLE, (as-sem'-bl) v. n. To meet 

ASSEMBLY, (as-sem'-ble) n.s. A company 
met together ; an assemblage. 

ASSENT, (as-sent') n. s. The act of agree- 
ing to any thing ; consent. 

To ASSENT, (as-sent') v. n. To concede, or 
agree to. 

ASSENTATION, (as-sen-ta-shun) n. s. 

ASSEjSTMENT, (as-se/it'-ment) n.s. Con- 

To ASSERT, (as-sert') r. a. To maintain ; 
to affirm ; to claim. 

ASSERTION, (as-ser'-shun) n.s. The act 
of asserting ; position advanced. 

ASSERTIVE, (as-ser'-tiv) a. Positive ; dog- 

ASSERTOR, (as-ser'-tur) n. s. Maintainer; 


ASSERTORY, (as'-ser-tur-e) a. Asserting , 

To ASSESS, (as-ses') v. a. To charge with 
any certain sum. In law, To rate, or fix 
the proportion which every person has to 
pay of any particular taxes. 

ASSESSABLE, (as-ses'-sa-bl) a. That which 
may be assessed. 

ASSESSION, (as-sesh'-un) n. s. A sitting 
down by one. 

ASSLSSIONARY, (as-sesh'-un-a-re) a. Per- 
taining to assessors. 

ASSESSMENT, (as-tes'-ment) n. s. The 
sum levied on property; the act of as- 

ASSESSOR, (as-ses'-sur) n. s. The person 
that sits by another ; an assistant in coun- 
cil ; he that lays taxes. 

ASSETS, (as'-sets^ n.s. In law, Goods and 
chattels sufficient for the discharge of debts, 
legacies, &c. 

ToASSEVER, (as-sev'-er) \v.a. To 

To ASSEVERATE, (as-sev'-er-ate) $ affirm 
with great solemnity. 

ASSEVERATION, (as-sev-er-a'-shun) n. s. 
Solemn affirmation. 

ASSIDUITY, (as-se-du'-e-te) n. s. Dili- 
gence ; closeness of application. 

ASSIDUOUS, (as-sid'-dii-us) a. Constant 
in application. 

ASSIDUOUSLY, (as-sid'-du-us-le) ad. Dili- 

ASSIDUOUSNESS, (as-sid'-du-us-nes) n.s. 

To ASSIGN, (as-sine') v. a. To mark out ; 
to appropriate ; to fix the quantity or value. 
In law, To make over a right to another ; 
to appoint a deputy. 

ASSIGN, n. s. See Assignee. 

ASSIGNABLE, (as-sme'-a-bl) a. That which 
may be assigned, or marked out. 

ASSIGNATION, (as-sig-na'-shun) n. s. An 
appointment to meet, used generally of love 
appointments ; a making over a thing to 

ASSIGNEE, (as-si-ne') n. s. He to whom 
any right is assigned, or who is appointed, 
by another to do any act. 

ASS1GNER, (as-si'-ner) \n. s. He that ap- 

ASS1GNOR, (as-si-nor') $ points or as- 

ASSIGNMENT, (as-s'ne'-ment) n. s. Ap- 
propriation of any thing to another thing or 
person. In iaw, The thing assigned, or the 
deed by which property is assigned. 

ASSIMILABLE, (as-sim'-e la-bl) a. That 
which may be converted to the same nature 
with something else. 

To ASSIMILATE, (as-sim'-e-late) v. n. To 
grow like. 

To ASSIMILATE, (as-sim'-e-late) v. a. To 
bring to a likeness. 

ASSIMILATION, (as-sim-e-la'-shun) n. s. 
The act of assimilating, or state of being 
assimilated ; the act of converting any thing 
to the nature of another. 

ASSIMILATIVE, (as-sim-e-la-tiv) a. Hav- 
ing the power of assimilating. 

n§t; — tube, tub, bull; — oil; — pound; — thin, Tuis. 



To ASSIMULATE, (as-sim'-u-late) v. a. To 

ASSIMULATION, (as-sim'-u-la-sliun) n. s. 
A counterfeiting. 

To ASSIST, (as-sist') v. a. To help. 

ASSISTANCE, (as-sis'-tanse) n. s. Help. 

\SSISTANT, (as-sis'-tant) n. s. One who 
assists ; an auxiliary ; attendant. 

ASSIZE, (as-size) n. s. A court of judi- 
cature held twice a year in every county, in 
which causes are tried by a judge 1 and jury ; 
an ordinance or statute to determine the 
weight of bread, ale, &c. 

To ASSIZE, (as-size') v. a. To fix the rate. 

ASSIZER, (as-si'-zer) n. s. An officer that 
has the care of weights and measures. 

ASSOCIABEE, (as-so'-she-a-bl) a. Capable 
of being associated ; sociable : companion- 

To ASSOCIATE, (as-so'-she-ate) v. a. To 
unite with another ; to join in company ; to 

ASSOCIATE., (as-so'-she-ate) a. Confede- 

ASSOCIATE, (as-so'-she-ate) n. s. A 
partner ; a confederate ; a companion. 

ASSOCIATION, (as-so-she-a'-shun) n. s. 
Uniou ; confederacy; partnership ; connec- 
tion ; apposition ; an assembly of persons. 

To ASSOIL, (as-soel') v. a. To solve ; to 
release or set free ; to absolve by confes- 
sion ; to stain ; to soil. 

ASSONANCE, (as'-so-nanse) n.s. Resem- 
blance of sound.. 

ASSONANT, (as'-so-nant) a. Sounding in 
a manner resembling another sound. 

To ASSORT, (as-sort') v. a. To arrange in 

ASSORTMENT, (as-sort'-ment) n. s. The 
act of classing or ranging : a quantity 
properly selected. 

To ASSUAGE, (as-swaje') v. a. To mitigate ; 
to appease ; to soften ; to ease. 

ASSUAGEMENT, (as-swaje'-ment) n. s. 

ASSUAGER, (as-swa'-jer) n. s. One who 

ASSUASIVE, (as-swa'-iiv) a. Softening; 

ASSUEFACTION, (as-swe-fak'-shun) n. s. 
The state of being accustomed to any thing. 

ASSUETUDE (as'-swe-tude) n.s. Custom. 

To ASSUME, (as T -siime') 'v. a. To take ; to 
take upon one's self ; to arrogate ; to as- 
sume in argument ; to take for granted 
without proof; to appropriate. 

To ASSUME, (as-sume') v. n. To be arro- 

ASSUMER, (as-su'-mer) n.s. An arrogant 

ASSUMING, (as-su'-ming) part. a. Arro- 

ASSUMING, (as-su'-ming) n.s. Presump- 

ASSUMPSIT, (as-sum'-sit) n. s. In law, A 
voluntary promise, whereby a man takes 
upon him to perform or pay any thing to 
another ; a species of action. 


ASSUMPTION, (as-sum'-shun) n. s. The 
act of taking ; taking any thing upon one's 
self; the supposition. In logirk, The thing 
supposed. The miraculous ascent of the 
Holy Virgin, and the feast commemorating 
such gscent, as held by the church of Rome. 

ASSUMPTIVE, (as-sum -tjv) a. Of a nature 
to be assumed. 

ASSURANCE, (a-shu'-ranse) n. s. Certain 
expectation ; secure confidence ; freedom 
from doubt ; firmness ; confidence ; want 
of modesty ; spirit ; intrepidity ; testimony 
of credit; conviction. In Theology, Se- 
curity with respect to a future state. The 
same with Insurance, or security to make 
good the loss. 

To ASSURE, (a-shure') v. a. To give con- 
fidence by promise ; to secure to another ; 
to make confident ; to make secure. 

ASSURED, (a-shu'-red) pai t. a. Certain ; 
indubitable ; convinced. 

ASSUREDLY, (a-shu'-red-le) ad. Cer- 

ASSUREDNESS, (a-shu'-red-nes) n.s. Cer- 

ASSURER, (a-shu'-rer) n.s. He that gives 
assurance ; he that gives security. 

ToASSWAGE. See 'Assuage. 

ASTERISK, (as'-te-risk) n. s. A mark in 
printing, in form of a little star, as *. 

ASTER1SM, (as'-te-rizm) n. s. A constella- 
tion ; an asteiisk, or mark. 

ASTERN, (a-stern') ad. In the hinder part 
of the ship. 

ASTHMA, (ast'-ma) n. s. A frequent, diffi- 
cult, and short respiration, joined with a 
hissing sound and a cough. 

ASTHMAT1CAL, (ast-mai'-e-kal) ) 

ASTHMAT1CK, (ast-ma/-ik) ' S "' 
Troubled with an asthma. 

ASTHENICK, (as-t/ien'-ik) a. Feeble; with- 
out power. 

ASTHLNOLOGY, (as-%n-ol'o-je) n. s. A 
description of weakness. 

To ASTONISH, (as-ton'-nish) v. a. To 
amaze ; to surprise. 

ASTONISHINGLY, (as-tgn'-ish-ing-le) ad. 
In a surprising manner. 

11. s. The quality that excites astonishment, 

ASTONISHMENT, (as-ton'-ish-ment) n. 3 . 
Amazement; confusion of mind through 
fear or wonder. 

To ASTOUND, (as-tound') v. a. To astonish. 

ASTRADDLE, (a strad'-dl) ad. With one s 
legs across any thing; astride. 

ASTRAGAL, (as'-tra-gal) n.s. A little round 
ring or moulding, serving as an ornament 
at the tops and bottoms of columns. 

ASTRAL, (as'-tral) a. Starry. 

ASTRAY, (a-stra) ad. Out of the right way. 

To A STRICT, (as-trikt') v. a. To contract 
by applications. 

ASTRICT, (as-trikt') a. Compendious. 

ASTRICTION, (as-trik'-shtm) n. s. Con- 
tracting the parts of the body by applica- 

ASTRICTIVE, (as-trik'-tiy) a. Binding. 


Fate, far, fall, f^t ;— me, met ; —pine, pin j — no, move, 


ASTRICTORY, (as-trik'-tur-e) a. Astring- 

A STRIDE, (a-stride') ad. With the legs open. 

ASTR1FEROUS," (as-trif -e-rus) \a. Bear- 

ASTRlGEROUS,(as-tria'-je-ms) S in g stars. 

To ASTR1NGE, (as-trinje') v. a. To press 
by contraction. 

ASTR1NGE>.CY, (as-trin'-jen-se) n. s The 
power of contracting the parts of the body. 

ASTRINGENT, (as-trin'-jent) a. Binding ; 

ASTRINGENTS, (as-trin'-jents) n. s. In 
medicine, Drugs possessing an astringent 
or binding quality. 

ASTROG RATH Y , ( as-trog'-ra-fe) n. s. The 
science of describing the stars. 

ASTROLABE, (as'-tro-lab) n. s. An in- 
strument formerly used for taking the alti- 
tude of the pole, the sun or stars at sea ; 
now superseded by Hadley's quadrant. 

AS1ROLOGER, (as-trol'-o-jer) n.s. One 
that professes to fortell events by the stars ; 
anciently one that understood the motions 
of the planets, without including prediction. 

ASTROLOG1AN, (as-tro-lo'-je-an) n s. The 
same with an astrologer. 

ASTROLOGICAL, (as-tro-lod'-je-kal) } 

ASTROLOGICK, (^-tro-tyd'-jik/ S "* 

Professing or relating to astrology. 

ASTROLOGICALL Y , (as-tro-lod'-je-kal-le) 
ad. In an astrological manner. 

To ASTROLOG1ZE, (as-trol o-j[ze) v- n. To 
practise astrology. 

ASTROLOGY, (as-trol'-o-je)^, s. The prac- 
tice of foretelling things by the knowledge 
of the stars. 

ASTRONOMER, (as-tron'-o-mer) n. s. One 
that studies the celestial motions. 

ASTRONOMICAL, (as-tro-nom'-e-kal) ) 

ASTRONOM1CK, (as T tro-nom-ik) ' S "' 
Belonging to astronomy. 

ASl RON OMlCALLY,(as-tro-nQrr'-e-kal-le) 
ad. In an astronomical manner. 

To ASTRONOM1ZE, (as-tron'-o-mize) v. n. 
To study astronomy. 

ASTRONOMY, (as-tron'-o-me) n, s. The 
science which teaches the measures and 
motions of the heavenly bodies. 

ASTROSCOPY, (as-tros'-ko-pe) n. s. Ob- 
servation of the stars. 
I STRO-THEOLOGY*, (as'-tro-ffte-ol'-o-je) 
n. s. Divinity founded on the observation 
of the celestial bodies. 

ASTUTE, (as-tute') a. Cunning; penetrating. 

ASUNDER^ (a-sun'-der) ad. Apart; sepa- 
ASYLUM, (a-si'-Ium) n. s. A. sanctuary; a 

ASYMPTOTE, (as'-sim-tote) n. s. A name 
for lines which approach nearer and nearer 
to some curve, but which never meet. 
ASYNDETON, (a-sin'-de-ton) n. s. In rhe- 
torick, A figure in which many words are 
joined without a conjunction, as veni, vidi, 
AT, (at) p^ep. At before a place, notes the 
immediate proximity of the place ; as, a 
man is at the house before he is in it ; at 


before a word signifying time, note9 the co- 
existence of the time with the event ; as, at 
a minute ; at before a casual word signifies 
nearly the same as with, as, he did it at a 
touch ; at before a superlative adjective im- 
plies in the state, as, at best ; at signifies 
the particular condition of the person, as, 
at peace ; at before a substantive sometimes 
marks employment, as, busy at his task ; at 
is sometimes the same as furnished with, as, 
ut arms'; at sometimes denotes the place 
where any thing is, as, he lives at Barnet; at 
sometimes signifies in immediate conse- 
quence of, as, he swooned at the sight; at 
marks sometimes the effect proceeding from 
an act, as, he eat at his own cost ; at some- 
times is nearly the same as in, as, he was 
at the bottom; at sometimes marks the oc- 
casion, like on, as, at this he turned ; at 
sometimes notes the relation of a man to 
an action ; at sometimes imports the man- 
ner of an action ; at is sometimes used to 
express dependance on or obedience to, as, 
at his command, at your service ; at all, in 
any manner or degree. 

ATABAL, (at'-a bal) n.s. A kind of tabour 
used by the Moors. 

ATE, (ate) The preterite of eat. 

ATHAN ASIAN , (ath-an-a'-she-an) n. $. One 
who espouses the doctrine of A tiianasius. 

ATH AN ASIAN, (ath-an-a'-she-an) a. Re- 
lating to the doctrine of St. Athanasius. 

ATHAN OR, (ai/Z-a-nor) n. s. A digesting 
furnace, calculated to retain heat for a long 

ATHEISM, (a'-f/ie-izm) n. s. The disbelief 
of a God. 

ATHEIST, (a'-r/ie-ist) n. s. One that denies 
the existence ot God. 

ATHElSTlCAL,(a-iAe'-is-te-kal) } a. Given 

ATHEISTTCK, (a-£/<e-is'-tik) " \ to atke • 

ATHEISTICALLY, (a-i/ie-is'-te-kal-le) ad. 
In an atheistical manner. 

ATHEISTIC ALNESS, (a-i/;e-is'-te-kal-nes < 
n. s. The quality of being atheistical 

ATHEOTJS, (a-t/ie-us) n.s. Atheistick ; god- 

ATH1RST, (a-t/jerst') ad. Thirsty. 

ATHLETE, (at/t'-lete) n. s. A contender tV 
victory of strength ; a combatant ; a cham 

ATHLETICK, (ar/j-let'-ik) a. S trong of body ; 
having the qualities of an athlete. 

ATHWART, (&-th-wa.n')prej\ Across; trans- 
verse to ; through. 

AT1LT, fa-tilt') ad. The posture of a barrel 
raised or tilted behind. 

ATLANTEAN, (at-lan-te'-an) a. Resem- 
bling Atlas; Figuratively, For gigantic; 
powerful of body. 

ATL ANTES, (at-lan'-tez) n. s. In architec- 
ture, Figures supporting any part of a 

ATLANTICK, (at-lan'-tik) a. The name ap 
plied to that part of the ocean, which lie? 
between Europe and Africa on tli3 one side, 
and America on the other. 

not;— tube, tub, bull ;— oil ;— pound ;— thin, thIs. 



ATLAS, (at'-las) n.s. A collection of map3, 
including the whole world ; a name ap- 
plied to a large kind of drawing paper. 

ATMOSPHERE, (at'-mos-fere) n.s. That 
region of air next the earth ; the ambient 
air in general. 

ATMOSPHERICAL, (at-mos-ier'-e-kal) a. 
Consisting of the atmosphere. 

ATOM, (at'-tum) n. s. Such a small particle 
as cannot be physically divided. 

ATOMICAL, (a-tom'-e-kal) a. Consisting 
of, or relating to atoms. 

ATOMISM, (at'-to-mizm) n. s. The doctrine 
of atoms. 

ATOMIST, (at'-to-mist) n. s. One that holds 
the atomical philosophy, or doctrine of atoms. 

ATOMY, (at'-o-me) n. s. An obsolete word 
for atom; an abbreviation of anatomy: 
meaning a meagre person. 

To ATONE, (a-tone) v. n. To agree ; to 
stand as an equivalent for something. 

To ATONE, (a-tone') v. a. To reduce to 
concord ; to expiate. 

ATONEMENT, (a-tone'-ment) n. s. Agree- 
ment ; concord ; expiation. 

ATONER, n. s. He who reconciles. 

ATONIC K, (a-ton'-ik) a. Wanting tone. 

ATONY, (a'-to-ne) "n,s. Want of tone or 

ATRABILARIAN, (a-tra-bii-a-re-an) a. 

ATRABILARIOUS, (a-tr^-bil-a-re-us) a. 

ATRAMENTAL, (at-tra-men'-tal) 

ATRAMENTOUS, (ut-tra-men'-tus) 
Inky ; black. 

ATRIUM, (a'-tre-um) n.s. The court be- 
fore a temple or house. 

ATROCIOUS, (a-tro'-shus) a. Wicked in 
a high degree. 

ATROCIOUSLY, (^-tro'-she-us-le) ad. In 
an atrocious manner. 

ATROCIOUSNESS, (a-tro'-she-us-nes) n. s. 
Enormous criminality. 

ATROCITY, (a-tros'-se-te) n.s. Horrible 

ATROPHY, (a'-tro-fe) n. s. A disease, in 
which the food contributes no nourishment 
to the body. 

To ATTACH, (at-tatsh') v. a. To arrest ; to 
seize in a judicial manner ; to lay hold on, 
as bv power ; to fix to one's interest. 

ATTACHMENT, (at-tatsh'-ment) n. s. Ad- 
herence ;- fidelity , the union of affection. 
In law, An apprehension by virtue of a pre- 
cept, differing from an arrest, inasmuch as it 
lays hold of the goods as well as the person. 

To ATTACK, (at-tak') v. a. To assault an 
enemy ; to impugn in any manner. 

ATTACK, (at-tak') n. s. An assault. 

To ATTAIN, (at-tane') v. a. To gain ; to 
obtain ; to overtake ; to come to ; to reach. 

To ATTAIN, (at-tane') v. n. To come to a 
certain state ; to arrive at. 

ATTAINABLE, (at-tane'-a-bl) a. Procur- 

ATTAINABLENESS, (at-tane'-a-bl-nes) n.s. 
The quality of being attainable.' 


ATTAINDER, (at-tane'-der) n. s. The act 
of attainting in law ; conviction of a crime. 

ATTAINMENT, (at-tane'-ment) n.s. That 
which is attained ; the act of attaining. 

To ATTAINT, (at-tant') v. a. To disgrace ; 
to taint ; to corrupt. In law, It applies to 
such as are fouud guilty of some crime, 
especially of felony or treason. 

ATTAINT, (at-tant') part. a. Convicted. 

ATTAINT, (at-tant') n. s. Any thing in- 
jurious ; stain ; spot ; a wound on the 
hinder feet of an horse. In law, A writ so 

ATTAINTMENT, (at-tant'-ment) n.s. The 
quality or state of being attainted. 

To ATTEMPER, (at-tem'-per) v. a. To 
mingle ; to soften ; to mix in just propor- 
tions ; to fit to. 

To ATTEMPERATE, (at-tem'-per-ate) v. a. 
To proportion, or adapt to. 

To ATTEMPT, (at-temt') v. a. To try ; to 
endeavour ; to essay ; to make experiment ; 
to attack. 

ATTEMPT, (at-temt') n. s. An essay ; an 

ATTEMPTABLE, (at-temt'-ta-bl) a. Fit to 
be attempted ; liable to attempts. 

ATTEMPTER, (at-temt'-ter) n. s. An in- 
vader ; an endeavourer. 

To ATTEND, (at-tend') v. a. To wait on ; 
to accompany ; to be present with, upon a 
summons ; to expect ; to await j to stay for ; 
to regard ; to mind. 

To ATTEND, (at-tend') v. n. To yield at- 
tention ; to stay ; to wait ; to be within 
reach or call ; to remain ; to wait, as com- 
pelled by authority. 

ATTENDANCE, (at-ten'-danse) n.s. The 
act of waiting on ; service ; the persons 
waiting ; a train ; attention ; expectation. 

ATTENDANT, (at- en'-dant)a. Accompany- 
ing as subordinate. 

ATTENDANT, (at-ten'-dant) n.s. One that 
attends; one of the train ; suitor or agent; 
one that is present. In law, One that 
oweth a duty to another ; a concomitant or 

ATTENTION, (at-ten'-shun) n. s. The act 
of attending or heeding. 

ATTENTIVE, (at-ten'-tiv) a. Heedful ; re- 

ATTENTIVELY, (at-ten'-tiv-le) ad. Heed- 

ATTENTIVENESS, (at-ten'-tiv-nes) n. s. 

ATTENUANTS, (at-ten'-u-ants) a. Medi- 
cines having the power of making thin ; 
promoting excretion and secretion. 

To ATTENUATE, (at-ten'-u-ate) v. a. To 
make thin or slender ; to lessen. 

ATTENUATE, (a>ten'^u-ate) a. Made 

ATTENUATION, (at-ten-u-a'-shun) n. s. 
Lessening ; the state of being made thin. 

To ATTEST, (at-test') v. a. To bear witness ; 
to call to witness. 

ATTEST, (at-test') n.s. Witness. 

ATTEST AT' ON, (at-tes-ta'-shun) n.s. Testi- 


Fate, far, fall, f^t : — me, met ; — pine, pin ; — no, move, 


mony ; the act of attesting or bearing wit- 
ness to ; the signature of the person attesting. 

ATTICAL, (at'-te-kal) \a. Relating to the 

ATTICK, (aZ-tik) T $ style of Athens. 
Figuratively, Elegant ; pure ; classical. 

To ATT1CISE, (at'-te-size) v.n. To use an 

ATTICISM, (at'-te-sizm) n. s. An imita- 
tion of the Attick style. 

ATTICK, (at'-tik) n. s. A native of Attica ; 
the garret, or uppermost room in a house. 

FoATTINGE, (at-tinje') v. a. To touch lightly. 

To ATTIRE, (at-tjre') v. a. To dress. In 
heraldry, Attired is used in speaking of the 
horns of a huck or stag. 

ATTIRE, (at-tire') n. s. Clothes ; the head- 
dress, in particular ; the horns of a buck or 
stag. The flower of a plant is divided into 
three parts, the empalement, the foliation, 
and the attire. 

ATTITUDE, (at'-te-tude) n. s. The posture 
in which a person, statue, or painted figure 
is placed. 

ATTOLLENT, (at-tol'-lent) a. That which 
lifts up. 

To ATTORN, (at-turn) v. a. To transfer the 
service of a vassal. 

To ATTORN, (at-turn') v.n. To acknowledge 
a new possessor of property, and accept 
tenancy under him. 

ATTORNEY, (at-tur'-ne) n. s, He who by 
consent, commandment, or request, takes 
upon him the charge of other men's business. 

ATTORNEYSHIP, (at-tur'-ne-slnp) n. s. 
The office of an attorney. 

ATTOURNMENT, (at-turn -ment) n.s. A 
yielding of the tenant to a new lord. 

To ATTRACT, (at-trakt') v. a. To draw 
to ; to allure. 

ATTRACTABILITY, (at-trak'-ta-bil'-e-te) 
n. s. The capability of being attracted.' 

ATTRACT1CAL, (at-trak'-te-kal) a. Hav- 
ing the power to attract. 

ATTRACT1NGLY, (at-trak'-ting-le) ad. In 
an attracting manner. 

ATTRACTION, (at-trak'-shun) n.s. The 
power of drawing, or of alluring. In 
natural history, That universal tendency 
which all bodies have towards one another, 
by which the system of the universe is sup- 
posed to preserve its coherence, and the 
several bodies to move within their proper 
spheres of activity by mutual attraction to 
their proper centre. 

ATTRACTIVE, (at-trak'-tiv) a. Having 
the power to draw ; inviting. 

ATTRACTIVE, (at-trak'-tiv) n . s. That 
which draws or incites. 

ATTRACTIVELY, (at-trak'-tiy-le) ad. In 
an attracting manner. 

ATTRACTIVENESS, (at-trak'-tiv-nes) n. s. 
The quality of being attractive. 

ATTRACTOR, (at-trak'-tur) n.s. A drawer. 

ATTRAHENT, (at'-tra-hent) n. s. That 
which draws. 

ATTRECTATION, (at-trek-ta'-shun) n. s. 
Frequent handling. 


ATTRIBUTABLE, (at-trib'-u-ta-bl) o. 
Asc-ribable ; imputable. 

To ATTRIBUTE, (at-trib' ute) v. a. To 
ascribe ; to impute. 

ATTRIBUTE, (at'-tre-bute) n. s. The thing 
attributed to another ; quality. In the- 
ology, The properties or excellencies which 
are attributed to the Divine Being only, as 
his self-existence, immutability, eternity, &c. 

ATTRIBUTION, (at-tie-bu'-shun) n. u 
Commendation ; qualities ascribed. 

ATTRIBUTIVE, (at-trib'-u-tiv) a. Having 
the quality of attributing. 

ATTR1TE, (at- trite') a. Ground worn by 

ATTRTJ ENESS, (at-trite'-nes) n. s. The 
being much worn. 

ATTRITION, (at-trish'-un) n. s. The act 
of wearing, or the state of being worn by 
rubbing ; grief for sin, arising only from 
fear ; the lowest degree of repentance, in 
distinction from contrition. 

To ATTUNE, (at-ttme') v. a. To make any 
thing musical ; to tune. 

To AVAIL, (a-vale') v. a. To profit; to 

To AVAIL, (a-vale) v. n. To be of use. 

AVAIL, (a-vale') n. s. Profit ; advantage. 

AVAILABLE, (a-va'-la-bl) a. Profitable; 
powerful ; useful. 

AVAILABLENESS, (a-va'-la-bl-nes) n. s. 
Power of promoting the end for which it is 
used ; legal force. 

AVAILABLY, (a-va'-la-ble) ad. Power- 
fully ; legally ; validly. 

AV AILMENT, (a-vale'-ment) n. s. Useful- 

AV ANT-COURIER, (a-vang'-co-reer) n. 5. 
One who is dispatched before the rest to 
notify their approach. 

AVANT-GUARD, (a-vang'-gard) n. s. The 
van ; the first body of an army. 

AVARICE, (av'-a-ris) n.s. Covetousness. 

AVARICIOUS, (av-a-rish'-us) a. Covetous. 

AVARICIOUSLY, T (av'-a-rish'-us-le) i. 

AVARICIOUSNESS, (a-r-a-rish'-us-nes) n.s. 

AVAST, (a -vast') ad. A sea term, signify- 
ing hold, stop, stay. 

A VAUNT, (a-vant') interject. A word of 
abhorrence. Hence ! begone ! 

AUBURN, (aw'-burn) a. Brown; of a tan 

AUCTION, (awk'-shun) n.s. A manner of 
sale in which one person bids after another ; 
the sale itself. 

AUCTIONARY, (awk'-shun-a-re) a. Be 
longing to an auction. 

AUCTIONEER, (awk-shun-eer') n.s. The 
person that manages an auction. 

AUDACIOUS, (aw-da'-she-us) a. Bold ; im- 
pudent ; spirited. 

AUDACIOUSLY, (aw-da'-she-us-le) ad. 
Boldly ; impudently. 

AUDACIOUSNESS, (aw-da'-she-us-nes) «.». 

n§t ; — tube, tub, bull ; — oil ; — pound ; — thin, this. 



AUDACITY, (aw-das'-e-te) n t. Spirit; 

AUDIBLE, (aw'-de-bl) a. Capable of being 

AUDIBLENESS, (aw'-de-bl-nes) n. s. Capa- 
bility cf being heard. 

AUDIBLY, (aw'-de-ble) ad. So as to be 

AUDIENCE, (aw'-de-ense) n. s. The act of 
hearing; a hearing ; an auditory; the cere- 
mony by which ambassadors or ministers of 
any court are admitted to a hearing from 
the sovereign. 

AUDIT, (aw'-dit) n. s. The taking and 
settling of accounts. 

To AUDIT, (aw'-dit) v. a. To take an ac- 
count finally. 

AUDITIVE, (aw'-de-tiv) a. Having the 
power of hearing. 

AUDITOR, (aw -de-tur) n. s. A hearer ; a 
person employed to take an account. 

AUDITORSH1P, (au'-de-tur-ship) n.s. The 
office of an auditor. 

AUDITORY, (aw'-de-tur-e) a. That which 
has the power of hearing. 

AUDITORY, (aw'-de-tur-e) n.s. An audi- 
ence ; a place where lectures are heard. 

AVE, (a'-ve) n s. An address to the Virgin, 
so called from the first words, avemaria. 

To AVENGE, (a-venje') v. a. To revenge ; 
to punish. 

AVENGEANCE,(a-ven'-janse) n.s. Punish- 

AVENGEMENT, (.^-venje'-ment) n. s. Ven- 

AVENTURE, (a-ven'-ture) n. s. In law, 
A mischance, causing a man's death, with- 
out felony. 

AVENUE, (av'-e-nu) n.s. A way by which 
any place may be entered ; an alley of trees 
before a house. 

To A VER, (a-ver') v. a. To declare posi- 

AVERAGE, (av'-er-aje) n. s. That duty 
which the tenant is to pay to the king, or 
other lord, by his beasts and carriages. In 
commerce, A certain contribution that mer- 
chants make towards the losses of such as 
have their goods cast overboard in a tem- 
pest ; a small duty paid to the master of 
a ship for his care of goods, over and 
above the freight ; a medium ; a mean pro- 

To AVERAGE, (av'-er-aje) v. a. To fix an 
average price. 

AVERMENT, (a-ver'-ment) n.s. In law, 
Establishment by evidence ; an offer of the 
defendant to justify an exception, and the 
act as well as the offer. 

A VERPEN N\ , (a'-ver-pen'-ne) n. s. In law, 
Money pail towards the king's carriages 
by land, instead of service by the beasts in 

To AVERRUNCATE, (av-er-rung'-kate) v. a. 
To prune ; to root up. 

AVERS ATION, (av- er-sa-shun) n.s. Hatred ; 


AVERSE, (a-verse') a. Disinclined to ; not 


AVERSELY, (a-verse'-le) ad. Unwillingly; 

AVERSENESS, (a-verse -nes) n. s. Un- 
willingness ; disinclination. 

AVERSION, (a-ver'-shun) n. s. Hatred ; 
dislike ; abhorrence ; the cause of aversion. 

To AVERT, (a-vert') v. a. To turn aside ; 
to cause to dislike ; to put away. 

To AVERT, (a-vert') v.n. To turn away. 

AUGER, (aw'-gur) n. s. A tool to bore 
holes with. 

AUGHT, (awt) pronoun. Any thing. 

To AUGMENT, (awg-ment') v. a. To en- 

To AUGMENT, (awg-ment') v. n. To grow 

AUGMENT, (awg'-ment) n. s. Encrease ; 
state of encrease. 

AUGMENTATION, (awg-men-ta'-shun) n. s. 
The act of encreasing ; the state of being- 
made bigger ; the thing added to make big- 
ger. In heraldry, An especial mark of 
honour, borne either as an escutcheon, or a 

erected by king Henry the Eighth, for the 
increase of the revenues of his crown, by 
the suppression of monasteries. 

AUGMENTATIVE, (awg-men'-ta-tiv) a. 
Having the quality of augmenting. 

AUGRE, n. s. See AnciiR. 

AUGUR, (aw'-gur) n.s. One who pretends 
to predict by omens. 

To AUGUR, (aw'-gur) v.n. To guess; to 
conjecture by signs. 

To AUGUR, (aw'-gur) v.a. To foretell. 

To AUG URATE, ('aw'- gu-rate) v. n. To 
judge by augury. 

A U G U RATION , (aw-gu -ra'-shun) w. 5. The 
practice of augury. 

AUGURER, (aw'-gur-er) n. s. An augur. 

AUGUR1AL, (aw-gu'-re-al) a. Relating to 

To AUGURISE, (aw'-gur-ize) v. n. To 
practise augury. 

AUGUROUS, (aw'-gur-us) a. Predicting. 

AUGURY, (aw'-gu-re) n.s. Prognosticating 
by omens ; an omen or prediction. 

AUGUST, (aw'-gust) n.s. The eighth month 
from January inclusive, dedicated to the 
honour of Augustus Caesar. 

AUGUST, (aw-gust') a. Great; grand; 
awful ; majestic. 

AUGUSTNESS, (aw-gust' -nes) n. s. Eleva- 
tion of look ; dignity ; majesty. 

AVIARY, (a'-ve-a-rej n. s. A place inclosed 
to keep birds in. 

AVIDIOUSLY, (a-vid'-e-us-le) ad. Eagerly; 

AVIDITY, (a-vid'-e-te) n. s. Eagerness; 

AUKWARD. See Awkward. 

AULARIAN, (aw-la'-re-an) n. s. The mem- 
ber of a hall ; and so* called at Oxford, by 
way of distinction from collegians. 


Fate, far, fall, fat ; — me, met ; — pine, pip ; — no, move, 


AULETICK, (aw-let'-ik) a. Belonging to 

AULICK, (aw'-lik) a. Belonging to the 

AUNT, (ant) n.s. A father's or mother's sister. 

To AVOCATE, (a'-vo-kate) v. a. To call off. 

AVOCATION, (a-vo-ka'-shun) n. s. The act 
of calling aside ; the business that calls. 

To AVOID, (a- void') v. a. To shun; to 
escape from ; to endeavour to shun ; to 
evacuate ; to emit ; to vacate ; to annul. 

AVOIDABLE, (a-void'-a-bl) a. That which 
may be avoided ; liable to be vacated or 

AVOIDANCE, (a-void'-anse) n. s. The act 
of avoiding ; the course by which any thing 
is carried off. In law, The act of becoming 
vacant as a living, by the death of the 
incumbent, or by cession, deprivation, &c. ; 
the act of annulling. 

AVOIRDUPOIS, (av-er-du-poiz') n.s. A 
kind of weight, of which a pound contains 
sixteen ounces, and is in proportion to a 
pound Troy, as seventeen to fourteen. 

To AVOKE, (a-voke') v a, To call off. 

AVOLATION, (av-o-la'-shun) n. s. Flight ; 

To AVOUCH, (a-voutsh') v. a. To affirm ; 
to maintain ; to vindicate. 

AVOUCHABLE, (a-voutsh'-a-bl) a. What 
may be avouched. 

AVOUCHMENT, (a-voutsh'-ment) n.s. De- 

To AVOW, (a-vou') v. a. To declare openly. 

AVOW ABLE, (a-vou'-a-bl) a. That which 
may be openly declared. 

AVOWAL, (a-vou-al) n.s. Open declara- 
tion ; justificatory admission. 

AVOWEDLY, (a-vou-ed-le) ad. In an open 

AVOWEE, (av-gu-e') n. s. In law, He to 
whom the right of advowson of any church 

AVOWER, Ca-vou'-er) n. s. He that avows 
or justifies. 

AVOWRY, (a-vou'-re) n. s. In law, Is 
where one takes a distress for rent, and the 
other sues replevin. 

AVOWTRY, n. s. See Advowtry. 

AUREL1A, (aw'-re-le-a) n. s. The first ap- 
parent change of the maggot of insects. 

AURICLE, (aw'-re-kl) n. s. In anatomy, 
The external ear ; two appendages of the 
heart resembling the external ear. 

AURICULA, (aw-rik'-n-la) n. s. In botany, 
A species of flower. 

AURICULAR, (aw-rik'-u-lar) a. Within 
the sense of hearing; secret; as auricular 
confession ; traditional. 

AURIFEROUS, (aw-rif'-e-rus) «. Produc- 
ing gold. 

AUR1ST, (aw'-rist) n. s. One who professes 
to cure disorders in the ear. 

AURORA, (aw-ro'-ra) n. s. The goddess 
that opens the gates of day ; poetically, The 

AURORA-BOREALIS, (aw-ro'-ra-bo-re-a'- 
iis) n. s. The northern light or streamers ; 


a meteor appearing in the northern parts of 

AUSCULTATION, (aws-kul-ta'-ghun) n. s 

Listening to. 
AUSPICE, (aw'-spis) n. s. Omens drawn 
from birds ; favourable appearances ; pro- 
tection ; influence. 
AUSPICIAL, (aw-spish'-e-al ) a. Relating 

to prognosticks. 
AUSPICIOUS, (aw-spish'-e-us) a. Having 
omens of success ; prosperous ; favourable ; 
propitious ; lucky ; happy. 
AUSPICIOUSLY, (aw-spish'-e-us-le) ad. 

AUSPICIOUSNESS, (aw-spish'-e-us-ness) 

n. s. Prosperous appearance. 
AUSTERE, (aw-stere') a. Severe; harsh ; 

AUSTERENESS, (aw-stere'-nes) n. s. Seve- 
rity ; rigour. 
AUSTERITY, (aw-ster'-e-te) n. s. Severity; 

mortified life ; harsh discipline. 
AUSTRAL, (aws'-tral) a. Southern. 
AUTHENTIC^, (aw-ifien'-te-kal) a. Not 

AUTHENTICALLY, (aw-fW-te-kal-le) ad. 

After an authentick manner. 
AUTHENTICALNESS, (aw-tW-te-kal- 
nes) n.s. The quality of being authentick • 
To AUTHENTICATE, (aw-tften'-te-kate) v.a. 

To prove by authority. 
AUTHENTICITY, (aw-tfcen-tis'-se-te) n. s. 

Authority ; genuineness. 
AUTHENTICK, (aw-%n'-tik) a. Genuine, 

having authority. 
AUTHOR, (aw-t/mr) n. s. The first beginner 
or mover ; the efficient ; he that affects or 
produces any thing ; the first writer of any 
thing ; a writer in general. 
AUTHORESS, (aw'-iftur-ess) n. s. A female 

AUTHORITATIVE, (aw-^or-e-ta-tiv) u. 
Having authority ; having an air of autho- 
AUTHORITA1 IVENESS, (aw-tfor'-e-ta-tiv- 
nes) n. s. The quality of being authorita- 
AUTHORITY, (aw-^or'-e-te) n. s. Legal 
power ; influence ; power ; rule ; support ; 
testimony ; credibility. 
AUTHORIZATION, (aw-tfco-ri-za'-shun) n.s. 

Establishment by authority. 
To AUTHORIZE, (aw'-tfo-rize) v. a. To 
give authority ; to make legal ; to establish 
by authority ; to justify ; to give credit. 
AUTHORSHIP, (aw'-tfmr-ship) n.s. The 

state or quality of being an author. 
AUTOCRASY, (aw-tok'-ra-se) n. s. Govern- 
ment by one's self, or self-supremacy 
AUTOCRATICAL, (aw-to-krat'-te-kal) a. 

Self supreme. 
AUTOGRAPH, (aw'-to-graf) n. s. The ori- 
ginal hand writing of a person. 
AUTOGRAPHAL, (aw-tog'-gra-fal) ) 

AUTOGRAPHICAL,' (aw-to-graf-e-kal) 5 

a. Relating to autography. 
AUTOGRAPHY, (^w-tog'-gra-fe) n. s. A 

ngt ;- - tube, tub, bull ; — ojl ; — p§und ; — thin, mis. 



person's own writing, in opposition to a 

AUTOMATICAL, (aw-to-mat'-e-kal) a. Be- 
longing to an automaton. 

AUTOMATON, (aw-tom'-a-tcm) n. s. A ma- 
chine that hath the power of motion within 

AUTOMATOUS, (aw-tom'-a-tus) a. Having 
in itself the power of motion. 

AUTONOMY, (aw-ton'-o-me) n. s. The 
living according to one's mind and pre- 

AUTOPSY, (aw'-lop-se) n. s. Ocular de- 

AUTOPTICAL, (aw-top -te-kal) a. Per- 
ceived by one's own eyes. 

AUTUMN, (aw'-tum) n. s. The season 
of the year between summer and winter, 
popularly comprising August, September, 
and October. 

AUTUMNAL, (aw-tum'-nal) a. Belonging 
to autumn. 

AVULSION, (a-vul'-shun) n.s. The act of 
tearing away. 

AUXESIS, (awg-ze'-sis) n. s. In rhetorick, 
A figure when by hyperbole a thing is too 
much magnified ; an increasing ; an exor- 

AUXILIAR, (awg-zil'-yar) ( a. Assist- 

AUXILIARY, (awg-zil'-ya-re) $ ing. In 
grammar, A term applied to a verb that 
helps to conjugate other verbs. 

AUXILIAR,(awg-zil'-var) \n.s. Helper; 

AUXILIARY, (awg-zil'-va-re) $ confederate. 

AUXILIATORY, (awg-zil'-ya-tur-e) a. As- 

To AWAIT, (a-wate') v. a. To expect ; to 
attend ; to remain in expectation of. 

To AWAKE, (a-wake') v. a. To rouse out of 
sleep ; to raise from torpour 

To AWAKE, (a-wake') v. n. To break from 

AWAKE, (a-wake') a. Not being asleep. 

To AWAKEN, (a-wa'-kn) v. a. $ v. n. The 
same with Awake. 

To AWARD, (a-ward') v. a. To adjudge. 

To AWARD, (a-ward') v. n. To decree. 

AWARD, (a-ward') n. s. Judgment; de- 
termination. In law, The sentence of an 

AWARE, (a- ware') ad. Excited by caution. 

AWAY, (a-wa.') ad. In a state of absence 


from any place or person. Intcrjectionally, 

AWE, (aw) n. s. Reverential fear. 

To AWE, (aw) v. a. To strike with reve- 
rence, or fear. 

AWE-STRUCK, (aw'-struk) part. a. Im- 
pressed with awe. 

AWFUL, (aw'-ful) a. Striking with awe ; 
filling with reverence. 

AWFULLY, (aw'-ful-le) ad. In a reveren- 
tial manner ; with solemn dread. 

AWFULNESS, (aw'-ful'-nes) n s. Solemni- 
ty ; the quality of striking with awe. 

AWHILE, (a-while') ad. Some ti i e. 

AWKWARD, (awk'-ward) a. Inelegant ; 
unpolite ; unhandy ; clumsy ; perverse. 

AWKWARDNESS, (awk'-ward-nes) n. s. 
Inelegance , clumsiness. 

AWL, (all) n.s. An instrument to bore hole3. 

AWNIKG, (aw'-ning) n.s. A cover spread 
over a boat, or any place without a roof ; a 
covering to defend from the rays of the sun. 

AWOKE, (a-woke') The preterite of awake. 

AWRY, (a-ri')' ad. Not in a straight di- 
rection, obliquely ; asquint, with oblique 
vision ; not equally between two points ; 
not in a right state, perversely. 

AXE, (aks) n. s. An instrument consisting 
of a metal head, with a sharp edge. 

AXIOM, (ak'-she-um) n. s. A self-evident 

AXIS, (ak'-sis) n. s. The line, real or im- 
aginary, that passes through any thing on 
which it may be supposed to revolve. 

AXLE, (ak'-sl) \n.s. The pin 

AXLE-TREE, (ak'-sl-tree) J which passes 
through the midst of the wheel, on which 
the circumvolutions of the wheel are per- 

AY, (ae) ad. Yes ; indeed. 

AYRY," (a'-re) a. See Airy. 

AZIMUTH, (,'az'-e-mut/i) n. s. The azimuth 
of the sun, or of a star, is an arch between 
the meridian of the place and any given 
vertical line ; magnetical azmuth, is an 
arch of the horizon contained between the 
sun's azimuth circle and the magnetical 
meridian ; azimuth compass, is an instru- 
ment used at sea for finding the sun's mag- 
netical azimuth. 

AZURE, (a'-zhure) a. Blue ; faint blue. 
The heraldick term for blue. 


B, the second letter of the English alphabet, 
pronounced by pressing the whole length of 
the lips together, and forcing them open 
with a strong breath. 

BAA, (ba) n. s. The cry of a sheep. 

To BAA, (ba) v. n. To cry like a sheep* 

To BABBLE, (bab'-bl) v.n. To prattle like 
a child ; to talk idly ; to tell secrets ; to 
talk much. 

BABBLE, (bab'-bl) n. s. Idle talk ; sense- 
less prattle. 

BABBLEMENT, (bab'-bl-ment) n. s. Sense- 
less prate. 

BABBLER, (bab'-bler) n. s. An idle talk- 
er ; a teller of secrets. 

BABE, (babe) n. s. An infant. 

BABERY, (ba'-ber-e) n. s. Finery to please 
a babe or child. 

,5 1 

Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, mgt; — pine, pin; — no, move, 


BABISH, (ba'-bish) a. Childish. 
BABOON, (ba-bpon') n. s. A monkey of 

the largest kind. 
BABY, (ba'-be) n. s. A child ; an infant. 
BABYHOOD,' (ba'-be-hood) n.s. Infancy; 

BACCATED, (bak'-ka-ted) a. Beset with 

pearls ; having many berries. 
BACCHANAL, (bak'-ka-nal) a. Drunken ; 

BACCHANAL, (bak'-ka-nal) n. s. A de- 
votee to Bacchus, the god of wine. 
BACCHANALIAN, (bak-ka-na'-le-an) n.s. 

A drunkard. 
BACCHANALIAN, (bak-ka-na'-le-an) a. 

Relating to revelry. 
BACCHANALS, (bak'-ka-nal) n. s. The 

drunken feasts of Bacchus. 
BACCHANTES, (bak-kan'-tez) n. s. The 

mad priests or followers of Bacchus. 
BACC1FEROUS, (bak-sif'-e-rus) a. Berry- 
BACHELOR, (batsh'-e-lur) n. s. A man 
unmarried ; a man who takes his first de- 
grees at the university ; a knight of the 
lowest order. 
BACHELORSHIP, (batsh'-e-lur-ship) n.s. 
The condition of a bachelor ; the state of 
him who has taken his first degree at the 
BACK, (bak) n. s. The hinder part of the 
body ; the outer part of the hand ; the 
rear ; the place behind ; the part of any 
thing out of sight ; the thick part of any 
tool, opposed to the edge ; the cover of a 
BACK, (bak) ad. To the place from which 
one came ; backward ; behind ; towards 
things past ; again, in return ; again, a 
second time. 
To BACK, (bak) v. a. To mount on the 
back of a horse ; to place upon the back ; 
to maintain : to justify ; to second. 
2b BACKBI1E, (bak'-bite) v. a. To cen- 
sure the absent. 
BACKBITER, (bak'-bi-ter) n. s. A privy 

BACKBITING, (bak'-bite-ing) n.s. Secret 

BACKBONE, (bak'-bone) n. s. The bone 

of the back. 
BACKDOOR, (bak'-dore) n. s. The door 

behind the house. 
BACKGAMMON, (bak-gam'-mun) n. s. A 

game at tables with box and dice. 
BACKP1ECE, (bak'-peese) n. s. The ar- 
mour which covers the back. 
BACKSIDE, (bak'-side) n. s. The hinder 
part of any thing ; the posteriours of an 
To BACKSLIDE, (bak-slide') v.n. To fall 

off; to apostatize. 
BACKSLIDER, (bak-sli'-der) n. s. An 

BACKSLIDING, (bak'-shde-ing) n.s. Trans- 
gression ; apostasy. 
BACKSTAFF, (bak'-staf) n. 5. An instru- 
ment for taking the sun's altitude at sea. 


BACKSTAYS, (bak'-staze, n. s. Ropes ct 
stays which keep the masts of a ship from 
pitching forward or overboard. 

BACKSWORD, (bak'-sord) n. s. A sword 
with one sharp edge ; also the rustic sword 
exercised at country sports, consisting 
merely of a stick, with a basket handle. 

BACKWARD, (bak -ward) \ ad. With 

BACKWARDS, (bak'-wardz) $ the back 
forwards ; towards the back ; regressively ; 
towards something past ; reflexively ; from 
a better to a worse state ; past ; in time 

BACKWARD, (bak'-ward) a. Unwilling; 
hesitating ; sluggish ; dull ; late, as bach- 
ward fruits. 

BACKWARD, (bak'-ward) n.s. The state 

BACKWARDLY, (bak'-ward-le) ad. Un- 
willingly ; perversely. 

BACKWARDNESS, (bak'-ward-nes) n. s. 
Dullness ; tardiness. 

BACON, (W-kn) n. s. The flesh of a hog 
salted and dried. 

BACULOMEfRY, (bak-u-lom'-me-tre) n.s. 
The art of measuring distances by means of 
baculi. or staves. 

BAD, (bad) a. Ill; not good; vicious; 

BADE, (bad) The preterite of hid. 

BADGE, (badje) n. s. A mark or cogni- 
zance worn ; a token by which one is known. 

BADGER, (bad'-jer) n. s. An animal that 
earths in the ground. 

To BADGER, (bad'-jer) v. a. To confound. 

BADGER, (badger)" n. s. In law. One 
that buys victuals in one place, and carries 
it unto another. 

BADINAGE, (ba'-de-nazh) n. s. Light or 
playful discourse. 

BADLY, (bad'-le) ad. In a bad manner. 

BADNESS, (bad''-nes) n. s. Want of good 

To BAFFLE (baf'-fl) v. a. To elude ; to 

BAG, (bag) n. s. A sack or pouch ; that 
part of animals in which some particular 
juices are contained ; an ornamental purse 
of silk tied to men's hair. In commerce, 
A determinate quantity of goods, as of 
coffee, &c. 

To BAG, (bag) v. a. To put into a bag. 

To BAG, (bag) v. n. To swell like a full 

BAGATELLE, (bag-a-tel') n.s. A trifle. 

BAGGAGE, (bag'-gaje) n. s. The furniture 
of an army ; the goods that are to be car- 
ried away ; a worthless woman ; a pert 
young woman. 

BAGNIO, (ban'-yo) ius. A house for bath- 
ing, sweating, and otherwise cleansing the 

BAGPIPE, (bag'-pipe) n. s. A musical in- 
strument, consisting of a leathern bag and 

BAGPIPER, (bag'-pi-per) n. s. One that 
plays on a bagpipe. 

BAGUETTE, (ba-gef) n. s. In architec- 

ngt; — tube, tub, bull; — oil;— pound;— thin, mis. 



ture, A little round moulding, less than an 

BAIL, (bale) n. s. In lav/, The setting at 
liberty one arrested under security taken 
for his appearance ; a surety ; a certain 
limit within a forest. 

To BAIL, (bale) v. a. To give bail ; to ad- 
mit to bail. 

BAILABLE, (ba'-la-bl) a. Capable of being 

BAILIFF, (ba'-lif) re. s. A subordinate offi- 
cer ; an officer whose business it is to exe- 
cute arrests ; an under steward of a manor. 

BAILIWICK, (ba'-le-wi.k) re. s. The juris- 
diction of a bailiff. 

BAILMENT, (bale'-ment) re. s. The de- 
livery of things to the bailor, or to the 
bailee, and sometimes also to a third person. 

BAIRN, (barn) > A ,.,, 

oAiJTVT /u ' \ }v. re. A child. 
BARN, (barn) S 

To BAIT, (bate) v. a. To put meat upon a 
hook to tempt fish ; to give refreshment to 
one's self, or horses, on the road. 

To BAIT, (bate) v. a. To attack with vio- 
lence ; to harass by the help of others. 

lb BAIT, (bate) v.n. To stop at any place 
for refreshment. 

BAIT, (bate) re. s. Meat to allure fish, &c ; 
a temptation ; a refreshment on a journey. 

BAIZE, (Laze; n.s. A kind of course open 
cloth stuff. 

To BAKE, (bake) v. a. To heat any thing 
in a close place ; to dress food in an oven ; 
to harden with heat. 

To BAKE, (bake) v. re. To do the work of 
baking ; to be heated or baked. 

BAKEHOUSE, (bake'-house) re. s. A place 
for baking bread. 

BAKER, (ba'-ker) re. s. . He whose trade is 
to bake. 

BALANCE, (bal'-lanse) re. s. One of the 
six simple powers in mechanicks ; a pair 
of scales ; a metaphorical balance, or the 
mind employed in comparing one thing with 
another; the act of comparing two things ; 
the overplus of weight ; that which is want- 
ing to make two parts of an account even ; 
equipoise, as, balance of power ; the beating 
part of a watch ; the sign Libra. 

To BALANCE, (bal'-lanse) v. a. To weigh 
in a balance ; to regulate the weight ; to 
counterpoise ; to regulate an account ; to 
pay that which will make the account equal. 

To BALANCE, (bal'-lanse) v.n. To hesi- 
tate ; to fluctuate. 

BALCONY, (bal-ko'-ne, or bal'-ko-ne) re. s. 
A frame of iron, wood, or stone, before the 
window of a room. 

BALD, (bawLi) a. Wanting hair ; without 
the usual covering ; unadorned ; inelegant ; 
mean ; naked. 

BALDERDASH, (bawl'-der-dash) re. s. Any 
thing jumbled together without judgment. 

BALDNESS, (bawld'-nes) n. s. The want 
of hair ; the los-s of hair ; meanness of writ- 
ing ; inelegance. 

BALDPATE, (bawld'-pate) re. s. A head 
shorn of hair. 


BALDRICK, (bawl'-drik) rut. A girdle 

BALE, (bale) n.s. A bundle of goods. 

To BALE,' (bale) v. a To lave out. 

BALE, (bale) re. s. Misery ; calamity. 

BALEFUL, (bale'-ful) a. Full of misery ; 
full of mischief and ill-omen. 

BAL1STER, (bal'-is-ter) n. s. A cross- 

BALK, (bawk) n. s. A great beam used in 

BALK, (bawk) n.s. A ridge of land left 
unploughed between the furrows ; a disap- 

To BALK, (bawk) v. a. To disappoint ; to 
heap, as on a ridge. 

BALL, (bawl) n. s. Any thing made in a 
round form ; a round thing to play with, 
either with the hand or foot, or a racket j 
a globe ; the skin spread over a hollow 
piece of wood, stuffed with hair or wool, 
which the printers dip in ink, to spread it 
on the letters. 

BALL, (bawl) n. s. An entertainment of 

BALLAD, (bal' lad) re. s. A song. 

BALLAD-MONGER, (bal'-lad-mung -ger) 
n. s. A trader in ballads. 

BALLAD-SlJNGLR, (bal'-lad-sing-er) n.s. 
One whose employment is to sing ballads 
in the streets. 

BALLAST, (bal'-last) n.s. A weight placed 
at the bottom of the ship to keep it steady ; 
that which is used to make any thing 

To BALLAST, (bal'-last) v. a. To put 
weight at the bottom of a ship, to keep her 
steady ; to keep any thing steady. 

BALL LITE, (bal'-let) re. s. A dance in 
which some history i3 represented. 

BALLOON, (bal-loon') n.s. A large round 
short-necked vessel used in chymistry ; a 
ball placed on a pillar; a large holbw ball 
of silk filled with gass, which makes it 
rise into the air. 

BALLOT, (bal'-lot) re. s. A little ball used 
in giving votes ; the act of voting by ballot. 

To BALLOT, (bal'-lot) v. re. To choose by 

BALM, (bam) n. s. The sap or juice of a 
shrub ; any valuable or fragrant ointment ; 
any thing that sooths or mitigates pain ; the 
name of a plant. 

BALMY, (bam'-e) a. Having the qualities 
of balm ; soothing ; fragrant ; odoriferous ; 

BALNEAL, (bal'-ne-al) a. Belonging to a 

BALNEARY, (bal'-ne-a-re) re.s. A bathing- 

BALNEATORY, (bal'-ne-a-tur-e) a. Be- 
longing to a bath. 

BALOTADE, ( n.s. A peculiar 
leap of an horse. 

BALSAM, (bawl'-sam) re. s. Ointment. 

BALSAMIC AL, (bal-sam'-e-kal) \ a. Hav- 

BALSAM1CK, (bal-sam'-ik) 5 ing the 

qualities of balsam. 

BALUSTER, (bal'-us-ter) n. s. A small 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met; — pine, pin; — no, move, 


column or pilaster placed with rails on 
stairs, and in the fronts of galleries. 

BALUSTRADE, (bal~us-trade') n. s. An 
assemblage of ballusters, fixed upon a ter- 
ras, ur tne top of a building. 

BAMBOO, (bam-boo') n. s. An Indian 
plant of the reed kind. 

To BAMBOOZLE, (bam-boo'-zl) v. a. To 
deceive ; to confound. 

BAN, (ban) n. s. Publick notice given of 
any thing that is publickly commanded or 
forbidden ; a curse ; excommunication ; in- 
terdiction. Ban of the Empire, a publick 
censure by which the privileges of any Ger- 
man princes were suspended. 

BANANA, (ba-na'-na) n. s. A species of 
]) I an tain. 

BAND, (band) n. s. A tye ; any means of 
union or connection ; something worn about 
the neck ; any thing bound round another ; 
any flat low member or moulding, called 
also fascia, face, or plinth ; a company of 
soldiers ; a company of persons joined to- 

To BAND, (band) v. a. To unite together ; 
to bind over with a band. In heraldry, 
Any thing tied round with a band of a dif- 
ferent colour from the charge, is said to be 

To BAND, (band) v. n. To associate ; to 

BANDAGE, (ban'-daje) n. s. Something 
bound over another ; the fillet or roller 
wrapped over a wounded member. 

BANDBOX, (band'-boks) n.s. A slight box 
used for bands and things of small weight. 

BANDELET, (ban'-de-let) n.s. In archi- 
tecture, Flat moulding, or fillet. 

BANDIT, (ban'-dit) \n. s. A man 

BAN DITTO, T (ban-dit'-to) J outlawed, or 
a robber. 

BAN D1TTI, (ban-dit'-te) n. s. A company 
of outlawed robbers. 

BANDOG, (ban'-dog) n.s. A corruption of 
band-dog , a kind of large dog. 

BANDOLEERS, (ban-do-leerz') n. s. Small 
wooden cases, each contai ing powder that 
is a sufficient charge for a musket. 

BANDROL, (band'-roll) n. s. A little flag 
or streamer. 

BANDY, (ban'-de) n. s. A club turned 
round at bottom for striking a ball at play ; 
the play itself. 

To BANDY, (ban'-de) v. a. To beat to and 
fro ; to exchange ; to agitate ; to toss about. 

BANDYLEG, (ban- de-leg) n. s. A crooked 

BAN DYLEGGED, (ban'-de-legd) a. Having 
crooked legs. 

BANE, (bane) n. s. Poison ; that which de- 

To BANE, (bane) v. a. To poison. 

BANEFUL, (bane'-ful) a. Poisonous; de- 

To BANG, (bang) v. a. To beat ; to thump; 
to handle roughly. 

BANG, (bang) «. s. A blow ; or thump. 

To BANISH, (ban'-njsh) v. a. To con- 


demn to leave his own country ; to drive 

BANISHMENT, (ban'-nish-ment) it. s. The 
act of banishing , exile. 

BANISTER, (ban'-is-ter) n.s. A corruption 
of B a 1,1' si er, which see. 

BANK, (bangk) n. s. The earth arising on 
each side of a water ; any heap piled up ; 
a bench of rowers ; a place where money 
is laid up ; the company of persons con- 
cerned in managing a bank. 

To BANK, (bangk) v. a. To inclose with 
banks ; to lay up money in a bank. 

BANK-BILL, (bangk -bill) n.s. A note for 
money laid up in a bank. 

BANK-STOCK, (bangk'-stpk)) n s. One 
of the publick funds so called. 

BANKER, (bangk'-er) h. s. One that traf- 
ficks in money, or keeps a bank 

BANKRUPT, (bangk'-rupt) a. In debt be- 
yond the power of payment. 

BANKRUPT, (bangk'-rupt) n. s. A trader 
who fails, or breaks, so as to be unable to 
pay his debts. 

BANKRUPTCY, (hangk'-rupt-se) n.s. The 
state of a trader broken, or bankrupt. Act 
of bankruptcy, Any act which makes a man 
legally a bankrupt. Commission of' bank- 
ruptcy, A warrant granted against any 
trader who is charged with an act of bank- 

BANNER, (ban'-ner) n. s. A flag ; a stand- 
ard ; a streamer borne at the end of a 

BANNERED, (ban'-ner-ed) part. a. Dis- 
playing banners. 

BANNERET, (ban'-ner-et) n.s. A knight 
made in the field, with the ceremony of 
cutting off the point of his standard, and 
making it a banner ; a little banner. 

BANNEROL, more properly BANDROL, 
(ban'-ner-roll ) n. s. A little flag or streamer. 

B ANN IAN, ' (ban-yan') n. s. A morning 
gown ; a religious sect among the Indians ; 
an Indian tree so called. 

BANNOCK, (ban'-nok) n.s. A cake made 
of barley-meal. 

BANQUET, (ban'-kwet) n. s. A feast. 

To BANQUET, T (ban'-iiwet) v. a: To treat 
with feasts. 

To BANQUET, (ban'-kwet) v. n. To feast ; 
to give a feast. 

BANQUET-HOUSE, (ban'-kwet-house) or 
BANQUETING-HOUSE, (ban'-kwet-ing- 
house) n. s. A house where banquets are 

BANQUETING, (ban'-kwet-ing) n.s. The 
act of feasting. 

BANQUETTE, (bang ket') n.s. In fortifi- 
cation, A small bank at the foot of the 
parapet, for the soldiers to mount upon 
when they fire. 

BANSHEE, (ban'-she) \n.s. A kind of Irish 

BENSHEE, (ben' -she) S fairy. 

BANTAM, (ban'-tani) n. s. A species of 
cock, having the shanks feathered, and 
long feathers behind. 

To BANTER, (ban'-ter) v. a. To play upon. 

n§t; — tube, tub, bull; — oil; — pound; — thin, mis, 



BANTER, (ban'-ter) n. *. Ridicule ; rail- 

BANTLING, (bant'-ling) n.s. A little child. 

BAPTISM, (bap'-tizm) n. s. A sacrament 
of the Christian church, administered by 
ablution jf the body, with a certain form of 

BAPTISMAL, (bap-tiz'-mal) a. Pertaining 
to baptism. 

BAPTIST, (bap'-tist) n. s. He that ad- 
ministers baptism. 

BAPTISTERY, (bap'-tis-ter-re) n. s. The 
place where baptism is administered. 

BAPT1ST1CAL, (bap-tis'-te-kal) a. Relat- 
ing to baptism. 

To BAPTIZE, (bap-tize') v. a. To administer 
the sacrament of baptism ; to christen. 

BAR, (bar) n. s. What is laid cross a pass- 
age to hinder entrance ; a bolt ; obstruction ; 
a gate ; a rock, or bank of sand, at the en- 
trance of a harbour ; what is used for pre- 
vention, or exclusion : the place in courts 
of law where causes are tried, or where 
criminals stand ; an inclosed place in a 
tavern, where the housekeeper sits. In 
law, A peremptory exception against a de- 
mand or plea. In heraldry, A horizontal 
mark drawn across the escutcheon. Bar of 
gold or silver, is a lump or wedge from the 
mines melted down into a sort of mould. 
Bars, in musick, are strokes drawn perpen- 
dicularly across the lines of a piece of 
musick, to divide the notes in respect of 
their duration. 

BAR-SHOT, (bar-shot) n. s. Two half 
bullets joined together by an iron bar : used 
in sea engagements. 

To BAR, (bar) v. a. To fasten any thing 
with a bar ; to hinder ; to prevent ; to shut 
out ; to exclude from use, of claim ; to 
prohibit ; to except. In law, To hinder the 
process of a suit. To bar a vein, an oper- 
ation in farriery. 

BARB, (barb) n. s. Any thing that grows 
in the place of a beard ; the points that 
stand backward in an arrow ; the armour 
for horses. 

BARB, (barb) n.s. A Barbary horse. 

To BARB, (barb) v. a. To shave ; to furnish 
horses with armour ; to jag arrows with 

BARB AC AN, (bar'-ba-kan) n.s. A fortifi- 
cation before the walls of a town ; a for- 
tress at the end of a bridge ; an opening in 
the wall to shoot out at. 

BARBARIAN, (bar-ba'-re-an) n.s. A man 
uncivilized ; a brutal monster. 

BARBARIAN, (bar-ba'-re-an) a. Savage. 

BARBAR1CK, (bar-bar -ik) a. Foreign; 

BARBARISM, (bar'-ba-rizm) n. s. A form 
of speech contrary to the purity of any 
language ; ignorance of arts ; brutality ; 

BARBARITY, (bar-bar'-e-te) n. s. Savage- 
ness ; cruelty ; barbarism. 

To BARBARIZE, (bar'-ba-rize) v. a. To 
bring back to barbarism ; to render savage. 


To BARBARIZE, (bar'-ba-rize) c. » To 
commit a barbarism. 

BARBAROUS, (bar'ba-rus) n.s. Foreign 
to civility ; contrary to the rules of speech ; 
ignorant ; cruel ; inhuman ; brutal. 

BARBAROUSNESS, (bar'-ba. rus-nes) n. s. 
Incivility of manners; impurity of lan- 
guage ; cruelty. 

BARJ3ATED, (bar-ba'-ted) part. a. Jagged 
with points ; bearded. 

To BARBACUE, (bar'-ba-ku) v. a. A term 
used in the West Indies for dressing a hog 

BARBED, (bar'-bed) part. a. Furnished 
with armour ; bearded. 

BARBEL, (bar'-bl) n. s. A kind of river fish ; 
superfluous flesh in the mouth of a horse. 

BARBER, (bar'-ber) n. s. A man who 
shaves the beard. 

BARBERRY, (bar'-ber-re) n. s. Pipper- 
idge bush. 

BARD, (bard) n. s. A poet ; a minstrel. 

BARDlCKi (bard'-ik) a. Relating to the 
bards or poets. 

BARE, (bare) a. Naked ; wanting clothes ; 
uncovered ; unadorned ; poor ; indigent ; 
mere ; threadbare. 

To BARE, (bare) v. a. To strip ; to un- 

BAREFACED, (bare'-faste) a. Shameless. 

BAREFACEDLY, (bare^faste-le) ad. Open- 
ly ; shamefully. 

BAREFACEDNESS, (bare'-faste-nes) n.s. 
Effrontery ; assurance. 

BAREFOOT, (bare'-fut) a. Having no 

BAREFOOT, (bare'-fut) ad. Without shoes. 

BAREHEADED, (bare'-hed-ded a. Un- 
covered in respect. 

BARELY, (bare'-le) ad. Nakedly ; poorly ; 
without decoration ; merely. 

BARENESS, (bare'-nes) n. s. Nakedness ; 
leanness ; poverty ; meanness of clothes. 

BARGAIN, (bar'-gane) n. s, A contract ; 
the thing bought or sold ; stipulation. 

To BARGAIN, (bar'-gane) v. n. To make 
a contract. 

BARGAINEE, (bar-ganee) v.n. He that 
accepts a bargain. 

BARGAINER, (bar'-ga-ner) n.s. The per- 
son who makes a bargain. 

BARGE, (barje) n. s. A boat for pleasure ; 
a sea-commander's boat; a boat for bur- 

BARGEMAN, (barje'-man) n.s. The man- 
ager of a barge. 

BARGEM ASTER, (barje-mas-ter) n. s. 
The owner of a barge which carries goods. 

BARK, (bark) n. s. The rind or covering of 
a tree ; the medicine called, by way of dis- 
tinction, bark, i. e. the Peruvian ; a small 

To BARK, (bark) v. a. To strip trees of 
their bark. 

To BARK, (bark) v. n. To make the noise 
of a dog ; to clamour at. 

BARLEY, (bar'-le) n. s. A grain of which 
malt is made. 


Fate, far, fall, fat :— me, met ; — pine, pin ;— no, move, 


BARLEY-CORN, (bar'-le-kprn) n. 5. A 
grain of barley ; the beginning of our mea- 
sure of length, being the third part of an 

BARLEY-MOW, (bar -le-mpu) n.s. The 
place where reaped barley is stowed up. 

BARLEY-SUGAR, (bar'-le-shug'-ar) n. s. 
A sweet meat, being sugar boiled till it be 
brittle, formerly with a decoction of bar- 

BARM, (barm) n. s. Yeast ; the ferment 
put into drink to make it work. 

BARMASTER, (bar'-mas-ter) n. s. See 


BARMY, (bar'-me) a. Containing barm. 

BARN, (bam) n.s. A place for laying up 
grain, hay, or straw. 

BARNACLE, (bar'-na-kl) n. s. A kind of 
shell- fish that grows upon timber that lies 
in the sea ; an instrument for the use of 
farriers, to hold the horse by the nose. 

BAROMETER, (ba-rpm'-me-ter) n. s. A 
machine for weighing the gravity of the at- 
mosphere, in order chiefly to determine the 
changes of the weather. 

BAROMETRICAL, (bar-p-met'-tre-kal) a. 
Relating to the barometer. 

BARON, (bar'-ron) n. s. A degree of no- 
bility next to a viscount. In law, The title 
of the judges of the Exchequer ; baron is 
used for the husband in relation to his 

BARONAGE, (bar'-ron-aje) n.s. The body 
of barons and peers ; the dignity of a baron ; 
the land which gives title to a baron. 

BARONESS, (bar'-ron-es) n. s. A baron's 

BARONET, (bar'-pn-et) n. s. The lowest 
degree of honour that is hereditary, below 
a baron and above a knight. 

BARONIAL, (ba-ro'-ne-al) a. Relating to 
a baron or baronv. 

BARONY, (bar'-rpn-e) n. s. That honour 
or lordship that gives title to a baron. 

BAROSCOPE, (bar'-ro-skope) n. s. A sort 
of barometer. 

BARRACAN, (bar'-ra-kan) n. s. A strong 
thick kind of camelot. 

BARRACK, (bar'-rak) n. s. Buildings to 
lodge soldiers. 

BARRATOR, (bar'-ra-tur) n. s. A wrang- 
ler, and encourager of law suits. 

BARRATRY, (bar'-ra-tre) n. s. Foul prac- 
tice in law. 

BARREL, (bar'-rel) n. s. A round wooden 
vessel ; a particular measure ; any thing 
hollow ; as, the barrel of a gun ; a cylinder. 
Barrel of the ear, is a cavity behind the tym- 

To BARREL, (bar'-rel) v. a. To put any 
thing in a barrel. 

BARREN, (bar'-ren) a. Not prolifick ; un- 
fruitful ; not copious ; unmeaning. 

BARRENNESS, (bar'-ren-nes) n.s. Want 
of offspring ; unfruitfulness ; want of inven- 
tion ; want of matter ; aridity. 
BARRICADE, (ba-re-kade') \n.s. A for- 
BARRICADO, (bjr-re-ka'-do) } tification 


made of trees, earth, &c. to keep ofF an at- 
To BARRICADE, (bar-re-kade') ) v. a. To 
To BARRICADO, (bar-re-ka'-do) $ fortify ; 

to stop up a passage. 
BARRIER, (bar'-re-er) n.s. In fortification, 
A fence composed of great stakes, &c. to 
defend an entrance. A barricade ; a stop; 
a bar to mark the limits of any place ; a 

BARRISTER, (bar'-ris-ter) n. s. A coun- 
sellor at law. 

BARROW, (bar'-ro) n. s. Any kind of car- 
riage moved by the hand. 

BARROW, (bar'-ro) n. s. A large hillock 
or mount, raised in many parts of England, 
supposed to be the tumuli of the Romans 
for their dead. 

To BARTER, (bar'-ter) v. n. To traffick 
by exchanging. 

To BARTER, (bar'-ter) v. a. To give any 
thing in exchange for another. 

BARTER, (bar'-ter) n. s. Trafficking by 
exchange of commodities. 

BARTERER, (bar'-ter-er) n. & He that 
trafficks by exchange. 

BARTER Y, (bar'-ter-re) n.s. Exchange of 

BARTON, (bar'-tn) n. s. The demesne lands 
of a manor ; the manor-house itself ; and 
sometimes the outhouses. 

BASALT, (ba-salt') n.s. A sort of black 
porcelain, of nearly the same properties 
with the natural basalt ; invented by Messrs. 
Wedgwood and Bentley. 

BASALTES, (ba-sal'-tez) n. s. Basalt, 
genus of earths of the argellacious order. 

BASALTICK, (ba-sal'-tik) a. Having the 
nature of basalt. 

BASE, (base) a. Mean ; of mean spirit ; of 
low station ; of no honourable birth ; ille- 
gitimate : applied to meta.'s, without value ; 
applied to sounds, deep, grave; low, in 
position or place. 

BASE-BORN, (base'-bprn) a. Born out of 
wedlock ; of low parentage ; vile. 

BASE-VIOL, (base-vi'-ol) n. s. An instru- 
ment used for the base sound. 

BASE, (base) n.s. The bottom or founda- 
tion of any thing ; the pedestal of a statue ; 
the broad part of any body ; as, the bottom 
of a cone ; the foot of a pillar. 

BASELESS, (base-less) a. Without foun- 

BASELY, (base'-le) ad. In a base or un- 
worthy manner. 

BASEMENT, (base-ment) n. s. A continued 
base, extended a considerable length. 

BASENESS, (base'-nes) n. s. Meanness ; 
vileness, either of mind or matter; deep- 
ness of sound. 

BASENET, (baz'-net) n. 5. An helmet or 

BASHAW, (bash-av/) n. s. A title of honour 
among the Turks, properly Pacha. 

BASHFUL, (bash'-ful) a. Modest; sheep- 
ish ; shamefaced ; shy. 

BASHFULLY, (bash'-ful-le) ad. ModesUy 

not; — tube, tub, bull; — oU ; — ppund;— tl.'m, Tiris 



BASHFULNESS, (bash'-ful-nes) n.s. Mo- 
desty, as shewn in outward appearance ; 
rusdck shame. 

BASIL, (baz'-il) n. s. The angle to which 
the edge of a joiner's tool is ground away. 

To BASIL, (baz -il) v. a To grind the edge 
of a tool to an angle. 

BASILICA, (ba-zii'-e-ka) n.s. The middle 
vein of the arm. 

BASILICA, Ca-zil'-e-ka) n. s. A large hall; 
a magnificent church. 

BAS1LICAL, (ba-zil'-e-kal) \a. Belonging 

BASTLICK, (b^z T -il'Tik) T S to the basi- 

BASILICON, (ba-zil'-e-kon) n. s. An oint- 

BASILISK, (baz'-e-lisk) n. s. A kind of 
serpent ; a species of cannon. 

BASIN, (ba'-sn) n.s. A small vessel to hold 
water ; a small pond ; any hollow place 
capacious of liquids ; a dock for repairing 

BASIS, (ba'-sis) n.s. The base or founda- 
tion ; the lowest of the three principal parts 
of a column ; that on which any thing is 
raised ; the pedestal ; the ground work of 
any tiling. 

To BASK, (bask) v. a. To warm by laying 
out in the heat. 

To BASK, (bask) v. n. To lie in the warmth. 

BASKET, (bas'-ket) n. s. A vessel made 
of twigs, rushes, &c. 

BASKET-HILT, (bas'-ket-hilt) n. s. A hilt 
of a weapon which contains the whole 

BASKET-WOMAN, (bas'-ket-wum-an) n. s. 
A woman that plies at market with a 

BASS, (bas) n.s. A mat used in churches, &c. 

BASS, (bas) n. s. A fish of the perch kind. 

BASS, (base) a. In musick, Grave ; deep. 

BASS-RELIEF, (bas-re-leef) n. s. Sculp- 
ture, the figures of which do not stand out 
from the ground in their full proportion. 

BASS-VIOL. See Base-Viol. 

BASSET, (bas'-set) n.s. A game at cards. 

BASSO-RELIEVO. See Ba=s-Relief. 

BASSOON, (bas-spon) n.s. A musical wind 
instrument, blown with a reed. 

BASTARD, (bas'-tard) n. s. An illegitimate 
child ; any thing spurious; a piece of ord- 
nance so called. 

BASTARD, (bas'-tard) a. Illegitimate ; spu- 

To BASTARDIZE, (bas'-tar-dize) v. a. To 
convict of being a bastard. 

BASTARDY, (bas'-tar-de) n. s. The state 
of being a bastard. 

To BASTE, (baste) v. a. To beat with a 
stick ; to drip butter upon meat when on 
the spit ; to sew slightly. 

BASTIN ADE, (bas-te-nade') } n. s. The act 

BASTINADO, (bas-te-na'-do) $ of beating 
with a cudgel ; a turkish punishment of 
beating an offender on the soles of his feet. 

To BASTIN ADE, (bas-te-nade') \v. a. To 

To BASTINADO, (bas-te-na'-do) ] treat 
with the bastinado. 


Fate, far, fall, fat ;- 


BASTING, (baste'-ing) n. 4. The act of 

beating with a stick. 

BASTION, (bas'-te-gn) n. s. A huge muss 
of earth, usually faced with sods, standing 
out from a rampart ; a bulwark. 

BAT, (bat) n. s. A heavy stick. 

BAT, (bat) n. s. An animal having the 
body of a mouse and the wings of a bird. 

BATFOWLING, (bat'-fou-ling) n.s. Bird- 
catching in the night time. They light 
torches or straw, and then beat the bushes ; 
upon which the birds flying to the flames, 
are caught either with nets, or otherwise. 

BATCH, (batsh) n. s. The quantity of bread 
baked at a time ; a quantity of any thing. 

BATCHELOR. See Bachelor. 

To BATE, (bate) v. a. To lessen ; to sink 
the prict; ; to lessen a demand ; to cut off; 
to remit. 

BATE WENT, (bate'-ment) n.s. Diminution. 

BATH, (baf/*) n. s. A receptacle for water 
for the purpose of bathing. In chemistry, 
A contrivance by which heat is conveyed to 
any substance, as when a body is heated by 
the steam or vapour of boiling water, it is 
said to be done by means of a vapour bath. 

To BATHE, (bame) v. a. To wash; to sup- 
ple or soften ; to wash any thing. 

To BATHE, (bar ne) v. n. To lave one's body 
in water. 

BATHOS, (ba'-i/fgs) n. s. Ante-climax, or 
sinking in poetry. 

BATING, (ba'-ting) prep. Except. 

BATLET, (bat'-iet) n.s. A square piece of 
wood, used in beating linen. 

BATOON, (ba-tpon') n.s. A staff or club; 
a truncheon or marshal's staff. In heraldry, 
its introduction into the escutcheon denotes 
illegitimate descent. 

BATTALIA, (bat-tale'-ya) n. s. The order 
of battle ; the main body of an army. 

BATTALION, (b?.t-tal'-yun) n.s. A divi- 
sion of an army ; a troop ; a body of forces. 

To BATTEL, (bat'-tl) v. n. To grow fat ; to 
stand indebted in the college-books, at Ox- 
ford, for what is expended at the buttery in 
the necessaries of eating and drinking; at 
Cambridge, size is used in a similar sense ; 
in the former university there is a student 
named a batteler or battler ; in the latter, a 

BATTEL, (bat-tl) n.s. The account of the 
expenses of a student in any college in Ox- 

To BATTEN, (bat'-tn) v. a. To fatten, or 
make fat ; to fertilize. 

To BATTEN, (bat'-tn) v.n. To grow fat. 

To BATTEN, (bat'-tn) v. n. In architec- 
ture, The side of a wall that bulges, is said 
to batten. 

To BAITER, (bat'-ter) v. a. To beat down ; 
to wear with beating ; to wear out with 

BATTER, (bat'-ter) n. s. A mixture of seve- 
ral ingredients beaten together. 

BATTERING-RAM, (bat'-ter-ing-ram) n.s. 
An ancient military engine. 

BATTERY, (bat'-ter-re) n. s. The act of bat- 

et ; —pine, pin , —no, move, 


tering ; aline of cannon ; the frame, or raised 
work, upon which cannons are mounted. In 
law, An assault upon a man's person. 
BATTLE, (bat'-tl) n. s. A fight; an en- 
counter between opposing armies. 
To BATTLE, (bat'-tl) v. n. To contend in 

BATTLE- ABB AY, (bat'-tl-ar-ra') n. s. Or- 
der of battle. 
BATTLE-AXE, (bat'-tl-aks) n. s. A weapon 

used anciently. 
BATTLE-DOOR, (bat'-tl-dore) n. s. An 
instrument with a handle and a flat board, 
used in play to strike a ball, or shuttle- 
BATTLEMENT, (bat'-tl-ment) ?z. s. A wall 
with embrasures, or interstices through 
which to annoy the enemy. 
BATTLEMENl ED, (bat'-tl-ment-ed) part. a. 

Surmounted or secured by battlements. 
BAUBEE, (haw-bee/) n. s. A Scotch half- 
BAUBLE. See Bawble. 
To BAULK. See Balk. 
BAWBLE, (baw'-bl) n.s. A gew-gaw ; a 

trifling piece of finery. 
BAWD, (bawd) n. s. A procurer, or pro- 
To BAWD, (bawd) v. n. To procure ; to 

provide gallants with strumpets. 
BAWD1LY, (baw'-de-le) ad. Obscenely. 
BAWDINESS, ' (baw'-de-nes) n. s. Ob- 
scenity or lewdness. 
BAWDR1CK, (baw'-drik) n. s. See Bal- 

dricr, A belt. 
BAWDRY, (baw'-dre) n. s. The practice 

of procuring whores ; obscenity. 
BAWDY, (baw'-de) a. Filthy; obscene. 
BAWDY-HO'USE," (baw'-de-house) n. s. A 
house where traffick is made by wickedness 
and debauchery. 
To BAWL, (ball) v. n. To hoot; to shou< 
with vehemence ; to cry as a froward child. 
To BAWL, (ball) v. a. To proclaim as a 

BAY, (ba) a. Inclining to a chesnut colour, 

applied to horses. 
BAY, (ba) n. s An opening into the shore ; 

a pen or pond-head for driving a mill. 
BAY, (ba) n. s. The state of any thing sur- 
rounded by enemies, which is then said to 
be at hay. 
BAY, (ba) n. s. The female laurel ; an ho- 
norary crown or garland. 
To BAY, (ba) v. n. To bark as a dog at 

a thief. 
BAY-SALT, (ba'-salt) n. s. Salt made of 
sea water, which receives its consistence 
from the heat of the sun, and is so called 
from its brown colour. 
BAYONET, (ba'-yo-net) n.s. A short sword 

or dagger fixed at the end of a musket. 
To BAYONET, (ba'-yo-net) v a. To drive 

forward with the bayonet. 
BAZAAB, (ba-zar') n.s. A constant market; 
a covered place for exhibiting and selling 
BAYZE. See Baize. 


BDELLIUM, (del'-yum) «. s. An aromatick 
gum brought from the Levant. 

To BE, (bee) v. v.. To have some certain 
state ; the auxiliary verb by which the verb 
passive is formed ; to exist ; to have exist 

BEACH, (beetsh) n. s. The shore ; the 

BEACON, (be'-kn) n. s. Something raised 
on an eminence, to be fired on the approach 
of an enemy ; marks erected to direct navi- 

To BEACON, (be'-kn) v. a. To afford light 
as a beacon ; to light up. 

BEACONAGE, (be'-kn-aje) n. s. Money 
paid for maintaining of beacons. 

BEACONED, (be'-kn ed) a. Having a 

BEAD, (bede) n. s. Small globes of glasa 
or wood strung upon a thread, and used by 
the Romanists to count their prayers ; little 
balls worn about the neck ; any globular 
bodies. In architecture, A round mould- 
ing, carved in short embossments, like the 
beads of a necklace. 

BEADLE, (be'-dl) n. s. A messenger be- 
longing to a court, or publick body ; a petty 
officer in parishes. 

BEADLESHIP, (be'-dl-ship) «. s. The 
office of a beadle. 

BEADBOLL, (bede'-roll) n. s. A catalogue 
of those who are to be mentioned at prayers. 

BEADSMAN, (beedz'-man) n. s. A man 
employed in praying, generally for another. 

BEADSWOMAN (beedz'-wum-an) n. s. A 
woman who prays for another. 

BEAGLE, (be'-gl) n.s. A small hound witu 
which hares are hunted. 

BEAK, (beke) n. s. The bill or homy 
mouth of a bird ; a piece of brass like a 
beak, fixed at the end of the ancient galiies. 

BEAKED, (be'-ked,-or bekt) a. Having a 
beak, or the form of a beak. 

BECKER, (be'-ker) n. s. A vessel for 

BEAM, (beme) n. s. The main pieces of 
timber that support the roof of a house, or 
the deck of a ship ; any large and long 
piece of timber ; that part of a balance, at 
the ends of which the scales are suspended ; 
the horn of a stag ; the pole of a chariot; 
a cylindrical piece ot Wood belonging to the 
loom, on which the web is gradually rolled 
as it is wo\en ; the ray of light emitted 
from some luminous body. 

To BEAM, (beme) v. n. To shine forth ; 
to emit rays or beams. 

BEAMY, (be'-me) a. Radiant ; shining ; 
having horns or antlers. 

BEAN, (bene) n. s. A species of pulse ; 
the common garden bean, the horse bean, 

To BEAR, (bare) v. a. pret. bore, or lure; 
part. pass. bore,^oi: torn. To carry as a 
burthen ; to convey or carry ; to carry as a 
mark of authority or distinction ; to sup- 
port ; to carry in the mind, as love, hate ; 
to endure ; to suffer ; to undergo ; to per- 

n§t ; — tube, tub, bull ; — gil ; — pound ;— thin, THis. 



mit ; to produce, as fruit ; to bring forth, as 
a child ; to act upon, as, he bears hard 
upon him. 

To BEAR, (bare) v. n. To suffer pain ; to 
endure ; to be patient ; to be fruitful or 
prolifick ; to take effect ; to succeed ; to 
be directed to any point, as, a ship is said 
to bear to the north ; to be situated with re- 
spect to other places, as, this mountain 
bears west of the promontory. 

BEAR, (bare) n. s. A rough savage animal. 
In astronomy, The name of two constel- 
lations, called the greater or lesser bear : in 
the tail of the lesser bear is the pole-star. 

BEAR-BAITING, (bare'-bate-ing) n. s. The 
sport of baiting bears with dogs. 

BEAR-GARDEN, (baxe'-gar-dn) n. s. A 
place in which bears used to be kept for 
sport ; any place of tumult. 

BEAR'S-BREECH, (barz'-bretsh) n. s. The 
vulgar name for the acanthus spinosus. 

BEAR'S-EAR, (barz'-eer) The auricula. 

BEAR'S- FOOT, (barz'-iut) n. s. A species 
of hellebore. 

BEARD, (beerd) n. s. The hair that grows 
on the lips and chin ; sharp prickles grow- 
ing upon the ears of corn ; a barb on an 
arrow ; the beard of a horse, is that part 
which bears the curb of the bridle. 

To BEARD, (beerd) v a. To take or pluck 
by the beard ; to oppose to the face. 

BEARDED, (beerd'-ed) a. Having a beard ; 
having sharp prickle3, as corn ; barbed or 

BEARDLESS, (beerd'-les) a. Without a 
beard ; youthful. 

BEARER, (bare'-er) n. s. A carrier ; one 
employed in carrying burthens ; one who 
carries the body to the grave ; a tree that 
yields its produce. In heraldry, A sup- 

BEARHERD, (bare'-herd) n. s. A man 
that tends bears. 

BEARING, (bare'-ing) n. s. Gesture ; 
mien ; the point of the compass that one 
thing bears, or stands off, from another ; 
the situation of any object, estimated from 
some part of the ship, according to her po- 
sition. In heraldry, The charges that nil 
an escutcheon. 

BEARISH, (bare'-ish) a. Having the quali- 
ty of a bear ; uncouth ; brutal. 

BEAR WARD, (bare'-ward) n. s. A keeper 
of bears. 

BEAST, (beest) n. s. An animal, distin- 
guished from birds, insects, fishes, and 
man ; an irrational animal ; a brutal savage 

BEASTINGS, (beest'-mgs) n. s. The first 
milk of a cow after calving. 

BEASTLINESS, (beest'-le-nes) n. s. Bru- 

BEASTLY, (beest'-le) a. Brutal; contrary 
to the nature and dignity of man ; having 
the nature or form of beasts. 

To BEAT, (bete) v. a. pret. beat, part. pass. 
beat, or beaten. To strike ; to punish with 
stripes or blows ; to strike an instrument of 


musick ; to bruise ; to strike bushes or 
ground, or make a motion to rouse game ; 
to mix things by long and frequent agi 
tation ; to batter with engines of war ; to 
tread a path , to make a path by marking 
it with tracks ; to conquer ; to overpower. 
To beat down, to lessen the price demanded. 
To beat up, to attack suddenly. To beat into, 
to repeat often. 

To BEAT, (bete) v. n. To move in a pul- 
satory manner ; to dash as a flood or storm ; 
to move with frequent repetitions of the 
same act or stroke ; to throb ; to be in agi- 
tation, as the pulse. To beat about, to try 
different ways ; to search. To beat up for 
soldiers, to raise soldiers. 

BEAT, (bete) n. s. Stroke ; manner of 
striking ; manner of being struck, as, the 
beat of the pulse, or a drum. In hunting or 
fowling, The round taken, when people beat 
up for game ; the course. 

BEATIFICAL, (be-a-tif'-e-kal) \a. Bliss- 

BEATIFICK, (be-a-tif'-ik) T $ ful. It 
is used only of heavenly fruition after death. 

BEATIFIC ALLY, (be-a-tif'-e-kal-le) ad. In 
such a manner as to complete happiness. 

BEATIFICATION, (be-at'-e-fe-ka'-shun) n.s. 
An acknowledgement made by the Pope, 
that the person beatified is in heaven, and 
therefore to be reverenced as blessed. 

To BEATIFY, (be-at'-e-fi) v. a. To make 
happy ; to bless with the completion of ce- 
lestial enjoyment. 

BEATING, (bete'-ing) n. s. Correction. 

BEATITUDE, (be-at'-e-tude) n. s. Blessed- 
ness ; perfect felicity ; a declaration of 
blessedness made by our Saviour to par- 
ticular virtues. 

BEAU, (bo) n. s. A man of dress. 

BEAU-MONDE, (bo-mond') n. s. The gay 

BEAVER, (bee'-ver) n. s. An amphibious 
four-footed animal, whose skin is very valu- 
able on account of the fur ; a hat made of 
the fur of beaver ; the part of a helmet that 
covers the lower part of the face. 

BEAU1SH, (bo'-ish) a. Foppish. 

BEAUTEOUS,' (bu'-te-us) a. Fair; beautiful. 

BEAUTEOUSNESS,' (W-te-us-ness) n. s. 

BEAUTIFIER, (bu'-te-fi-er) n. s. That 
v/hich beautifies. 

BEAUTIFUL, (bu'-te-M) a. Having the 
qualities that constitute beauty. 

BEAUTIFULLY, (bu-te-ful-le) ad. In a 
beautiful manner. 

BEAUTIFULNESS, (bu'-te-ful-nes) «, s. 

To BEAUTIFY, (bu'-te-fi) v. a. To adorn ; 
to add beauty to ; to embellish. 

To BEAUTIFY, (bu'-te-fi) v. n. To grow 

BEAUTIFYING, (bu'-te-fi-ing) n. s. The 
act of rendering beautiful. 

BEAUTY, (bu'-te) n.s. That assemblage 
of graces, or proportion of parts, which 
pleases the eye ; a particular grace, or fea- 
ture ; a beautiful person. 


Fate, far, fall, fat ; — me, met ; — pine, pin ;— ■ no, move, 


BEAUTY-SPOT, (bu'-te-spgt) »». s. A spot 

placed to heighten some beauty ; a foil. 
BECAF1CO, (bek-a-fe'-ko) n. s. A bird 

like a nightingale, feeding on figs. 
To BECALM, (be-kam) v. a. To still the 
elements ; to keep a ship from motion ; to 
quiet the mind. To cairn is to stop 
motion, and to becalm is to witbhold from 
BECALMING, (be-kam'-ing) n. s. A calm 

at sea. 
BECAME, (be-kame') The preterite of be- 
BECAUSE, (be-kawz') conjunct. For this 

reason ; on this account ; for this cause. 
To BECHANCE, (be-tshanse') v.n. To be- 
To BECHARM, (be-tsharm') v. a. To cap- 
To BECK, (bek) v. n. To make a sign with 

the head. 
To BECK, (bek) v. a. To call by a motion 

of the head. 
BECK, (bek) n. s. A sign with the head ; 

a nod of command. 
BECK, (bek) n. s. A small stream. 
To BECKON, (bek'-kn) v. n. To make a 

sign without words. 
To BECKON, (bek'-kn) v. a. To make a 

sign to. 
BECKON, (bek'-kn) n. s. A sign without 

To BECLOUD, (be-kloud') v. a. To dim ; 

to obscure. 
To BECOME, (be-kum') v. n. pret. became; 
part, become. To enter into some state or 
condition. To become of, to be the fate of ; 
to be the end of. 
To BECOME, (be-kum') v. a. To add grace 

to ; to befit. 
BECOMING, (be-kum'-ing) parr. a. Grace- 
ful ; ornamental. 
BECOMINGLY, (be-kum'-ing-le) ad. After 

a becoming manner. 
BECOMING NESS, (be-kum'-ing-nes) n. s. 

Decency ; propriety. 
To BECBIPPLE, (be-krip'-pl) v. a. To 

make lame. 
BED, (bed) n. s. A couch, or something 
whereon to sleep ; bank of earth raised in 
a garden ; the channel of a river, or any 
hollow ; the place where any thing is 
generated, or reposited ; a layer ; a 
stratum. To bring to bed, to deliver of a 
child. To make the bed, to put the bed in 
To BED, (bed) v. a. To place in bed ; to 
make partaker of the bed ; to sow or plant 
in earth ; to lay in order ; to stratify. 
To BEDABBLE, (be-dab'-bl) v. a. To wet ; 

to oesprinkle. 
To BEDAGGLE, (be-dag'-gl) v. a. To be- 

To BLDASH, (be-dash') v. a, To berrdre ; 

to bespatter. 
ToBEDAWB, (be-dawb') v. a. To smear; 
to dawb over. 


To BEDAZZLE, (be-daz'-zl) v. a. To make 

the sight dim by too much lustre. 
BEDCHAMBER, (bed'-tshame-ber) n. s. 

The chamber appropriated to rest. 
BEDCLOTHES, (bed'-cloze) n. s. Cover- 
lets spread over a bed. 
BEDDING, (bed'-ding) n. s. The materials 

of a bed. 
To BEDECK, (be-dek') v. a. To deck ; to 

ornament ; to adorn. 
BEDEL. See Beadle. 
BEDELRY, (be'-dl-re) n. s. The extent of 

a bedel's office. 
To BEDEW, (be-du') v. a. To moisten 

BEDFELLOW, (bed'-fel-lo) n.s. One that 

lies in the same bed. 
BEDHANGINGS, (bed'-hang-ingz) n. s. 

Curtains surrounding the bed. 
To BED1GHT, (be-dite) v. a. To adorn ; to 

BED1GHTED, (be-dite'-ed) part. a. Adorn- 
ed ; dressed out. 
To BEDIM, (be-dim') v. a. To make dim. 
To BEDIZEN , ' (be-di'-zn) v. a. To dress 

out gaudily. 
BEDLAM, (bed'-lam) n. s. corrupted from 
Bethlehem, the name of a religious house in 
London, converted afterwards into an hos- 
pital for the mad. A madhouse. 
BEDLAMITE, (bed'-lam-ite) n. s. A mad- 
BEDMAKER, (bed'-ma-ker) n. s. A person 
in the universities, whose office it is to 
make the beds. 
BEDMATE, (bed'-mate) n.s. A bedfellow. 
BEDPOST, (bed'-post) n. s. The post at 
the corner of the bed, which supports the 
To BEDRAGGLE, (be-drag'-gl) v. a. To 
soil the clothes, by suffering them, in walk- 
ing, to reach the dirt. 
To BEDRENCH, (be-drensh') v. a. To 

drench ; to soak. 
BEDRID, (bed'-rid) \a. Confined 

BEDRIDDEN, (bed'-rid-dn) $ to the bed 

by age or sickness. 
BEDROOM, (bed'-ropm) n. s. A bed- 
BEDR1TE, (bed'-rite) n.s. The privilege 

of the marriage bed. 
To BEDROP, (be-drop) v. a. To be- 
BEDSIDE, (bed-side') n. s. The side of 

the bed. 
BEDSTEAD, (bed'-sted) «. s. The frame 

on which the bed is placed. 
BEDTIME, (bed'-t me) n. s. The hour of rest. 
To BEDECK, "(be-duk') v. a. To put under 

To BhDUNG, (be-dung') v. a. To manure 

with dung. 
To BEDUST, (be-dust') v. a. To sprinkle 

with dust. 
BED WARD, (bed'-ward) ad. Toward bed. 
To BEDWARF, '(be-dwarf) v. a. To stunt 
in growth, or render a thing dwarfish. 

n§t j — tube, tub, bull ; — -oU j — pound ; — thin, mis. 



To BED YE, (be-di') v. a. To stain. 

BEE, (bee) n. s. ' The insect that makes 
honey and wax. 

BEE-GARDEN, (bee'-gar-dn) n.s. A place 
to tet hives of bees in. 

BEE-HIVE, (bee-hive) n. s. The box or 
case in which bees are kept. 

BEE MASTER, (bee'-mas-ter) n. s. One 
that keeps bees. 

BEECH, (beetsh) n.s. A. well known forest 

BEECHEN, (bee'-tshn) a. Belonging to the 

BEEF, (beef) n. s. The flesh of cattle pre- 
pared for food : an ox, bull, or cow, con- 
sidered as fit for food. 

BEEF-EATER, (beef'-e-ter) n. s. A yeo- 
man of the gua-d. A corruption of the 
French word beaufetier, one who attends 
at the side-board, which was anciently 
placed in a beaufet. 

BEEN, (been) The participle preterite of 
To be. 

BEER, (heer) n. s. Liquor made of malt 
and hops. 

BEERBARREL, (beer'-bar-rel) n. s. A 
barrel which holds beer. 

BEESTINGS. See Beastjngs. 

BEET, (beet) n. s. A garden herb. 

BEETLE, '(bee'-tl) n.s. An insect distin- 
guished by having hard cases or sheaths, 
under which he folds his wings ; a heavy 
mallet, or hammer. 

To BEETLE, (bee'-tl) v. n. To joint out. 

BEETLEBRO WED, (beet'-tl-brpud) a. Hav- 
ing prominent brows. 

BELTLEHEADED, (bee'-tl -hed-ed) a. Log- 
gerheaded 4 wooden headed. 

BEETLESTOCK, (bee'-tl-stgk) n. s. The 
handle of a beetle or mallet. 

BEEVES, (beevz) n.s. The plural of beef. 
Cattle ; oxen. 

To BEFALL, (be-fawl') v. a. To happen 

To BEFALL, (be-fawl') v. n. To happen ; 
to come to pass ; to occur. 

To BEFIT, (be-fit') v. a. To suit ; to be- 

To BEFOOL, (be-fppl') v. a. To infatuate ; 
to make a fool of. 

BEFORE, (be-fore') prep. Farther onward ; 
In the front of ; in the presence cf ; in 
sight of; under the cognizance of; preced- 
ing in time ; in preference to ; prior to ; 
superiour to. 

BEFORE, (be-fore') ad. Sooner than ; in 
time past ; previously to ; hitherto ; farther 
onward in place. 

BEFOREHAND, (be-fore'-hand) ad. In a 
state of anticipation ; previously ; by way 
of preparation ; antecedently. 

BEF O RETIME, (be-fore'-time) ad. For- 

To BEFORTUNE, (be-for'-tune) v. n. To 
betide ; to happen to. 

To BEFOUL, (be-foul') v. a. To soil; to 


To BEFRIEND, (be-frend') v. a. To fa /our , 
to be kind to. 

To B EI RING E, (be-frinje') v. a. To deco- 
rate with fringes. 

To BEG, (beg) v. n. To live upon aims. 

To BEG, (beg) v. a. To ask; to crave ; to 
entreat for. 

To BFGET, (be-get') v. a. pret. begot, or be- 
gat; part, begotten. To generate; to pro- 
create ; to produce, as eriects , to produce, 
as accidents. 

BEGGAR, (beg'-gar) n. s. One who lives 
upon alms ; a petitioner. 

To BEGGAR, (beg'-gar) v. a. To reduce to 
beggary ; to deprive ; to exhaust : to im- 

BEGGARLINESS, (beg'-gar-Je-nes) n. s. 
Meanness ; poverty. 

BkGGARLY, (beg'-gar-le) a. Mean ; poor. 

BLGGAKV, (beg'-gar-e) n. s. Indigence 

BEG1LT, (be-gi'it') pari. a. Gilded. 

To BEGIN, (be-gin') v.n. I began; I have 
begun. To enter upon something new ; to 
commence any action ; to enter upon ex- 
istence ; to have its original ; to take rise ; 
to commence ; to come into act. 

To BEGIN, (be-gin) v. a. To do the first. 
act of any thing ; to enter upon. 

BEGINNER, (be-gin'-ner) n.s. He that 
gives the first cause ; an unexperienced at- 

BEGJNNING, (be-gin'-ning) n. s. The first 
original or cause ; the entrance into act, or 
being ; the state in which any thing first is ; 
the rudiments, or first grounds ; the first 
part of any thing. 

To BEGIRD, (be-gerd') v. a. To bind with 
a girdle ; to surround ; to shut in, as with 
a siege. 

BEGIRT, (he-gen') passive part, from begird. 

BEGLERBEG,"(beg-ler-beg) n.s. The 
chief governour of a province among the 

To BEG N AW, (be-naw') v. a. To bite; to 
eat away. 

BEGONE, (be-gon') interj. Go away; 
hence ; haste away. 

BEGOT, (be-got') } The part. pass, of 

BEGOTTEN, (be-got'-tn) S the verb beget. 

To BEGREASE, "(be-greze') v. a. To soil oi 
daub with fat matter. 

To BEGRIME, (be-grime) v. a. To soil 
with soot or dirt. 

To BLGRTJDGE, (be-grudge') v.a. To envy. 

To BEGUILE, (be-guile') v. a. To impose 
upon ; to deceive ; to amuse. 

BEGUN, (be-gun') The part. pass, of begin. 

BEHALF, (be-haf) n.s. Favour; cause; 
interest ; account ; sake ; support. 

To BEHAVE, (be-have') v. n. To carry, 
conduct, or demean one's self ; to act. 

BEHAVIOUR, (be-have'-yur) n. s. Manner 
of conducting, or demeaning one's self ; ex- 
ternal appearance ; gesture ; elegance of 
manners ; general practice. 

To BEHEAD, (be-hed') v. a. To deprive oi 
the head. 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met; — pine, pin; — no, move, 


BEHELD, (be-held') Part, passive, from 

BEHEMOTH, (be'-he-moth) n.s. An animal 
described in Job, supposed to be tlie river 

BEHEST, (be-best') n s. Command ; pre- 
cept ; injunction. 

BEHIND, (be-hind) prep. At the back of; 
on tbe back part ; towards tbe back ; fol- 
lowing another ; remaining after tbe depar- 
ture of ; at a distance from something ; in- 
feriour to ; on the other side of. 

BEHIND, (be-bind') ad. Out of sight ; most 
of tbe former senses may become adverbial 
by suppressing the accusative case ; as, I 
left my money behind, or behind me. 

BEHINDHAND, (be-hind' -hand) ad. Not 
upon equal terms, with regard to forward- 
ness ; backward ; tardy. 

To BEHOLD, (be-hold') v. a. Pret. beheld, 
part, beholden ; to view ; to see, in an em- 
phatical sense. 

BEHOLD, (be-hold') int.erj. See ; lo. 

BEHOLDEN, "(be-hol'-dn) part. a. Obliged ; 
bound in gratitude. 

BEHOLDER, (be-hol'-der) n.s. Spectator. 

BEHOOF, (be-hoof) n" s. Behalf; that 
which behoves ; profit ; advantage. 

BEHOOVABLE, (be-ho'-va-bl) a. Fit; ex- 

To BEHOOVE, (be-hoov') v. n. To be fit; 
to be meet. 

BEHOVABLE, a. See Behoovable. 

To BEHOVE, v. n. See Behoove. 

To BEJADE, be-jade') v. a. To tire. 

BEING, (be'-ing) part. Existing. 

BEING, (be'-ing) n. s. Existence ; a parti- 
cular state ; the person existing. 

To BELABOUR, (be-la'-bur) v. a. To beat; 
to thump. 

BELAMY, (bel'-a-me) n.s. A friend; an 

BELAMOUR, (bel'-a-moor) n. s. Gallant ; 

To BELATE, (be-late') v. a. To retard ; to 
make too late. 

BELATED, (be-la'-ted) a. Benighted. 

To BELAY, (be-la') "v. a. To block up ; to 
attack ; to besiege: to splice ; to mend a 
rope, by laying one end over another. 

To BELCH, (belsh) v. n. To eject tbe wind 
from the stomach ; to emit as by eructation. 

To BELCH, (belsh) v. a. To throw out from 
the stomach. 

BELCH, (belsh) n.s. The act of eructation. 

BELDAM, (bel'-dam) n. s. An old woman ; 
a hag. 

To BELEAGUER, (be-le'-ger) v. a. To be- 
siege ; to block up ; to surround. 

BELFOUNDER, (bel'-foun-der) n. s. He 
who founds or casts bells. 

BELFRY, (bel'-fre) n. s. Tbe place where 
the bells are hung. 

To BELIBEL, (be-li'-bl) v. a. To traduce. 

To BELIE, (be-1/) v. a. To counterfeit ; to 
give tbe lie to ; to calumniate ; to give a 
false representation of; to fill with lies. 


BELIEF, (be-leef) n. s. Credit given ; the 
theological virtue of faith ; persuasion ; opi- 
nion ; the thing believed ; a form contain- 
ing the articles of faith ; religion. 

BELIEVABLE, (be-lee'-va-bl) a. Credible. 

To BELIEA r E, (be-leev') vJa. To credit ; to 
put confidence in. 

To BELIEVE, (be-leev') v. n. To have a 
firm persuasion of; to exercise tbe virtue of 

BELIEVER, (be-lee'-ver) n. s. He that 
believes ; a professor of Christianity. 

BELIKE, (be-like') ad. Probably. 

BELIVE, (be-live') ad. Speedily; quickly; 
in course of time. 

BELL, (bell) n. s. A vessel, or hollow body 
of cast metal, formed to emit a sound by 
the act of some instrument striking against 
it ; any thing in the form of a bell, as the 
cups of flowers. 

BELLADONNA, (bel-la-don'-na) n. s. The 
deadly nightshade. 

BELLE, (fbell) n. s. A fair young lady. 

BELLES LETTRES, (bel-letr') n. s. Po- 
lite literature. 

BELLFLOWER, (bel'-flou-er) n. s. The 
popular name for the Campamda. 

BELLIGERENT, (bel-lidje'-e-ranO } 

BELLIGEROUS, (bel-lidje'-e-ras) 5 a ' 
Waging war. 

To BELLIGERATE, (bel-lidje'-e-rate) v. n. 
To wage war. 

BELLIGERENT, a. See Belmgerant. 

BELLIPOTENT, (bel-lip'-po-tent) a. Puis- 
sant ; mighty in war. 

BELLITUDE, (bel'-le-tude) n. s. Beauty. 

To BELLOW, (bel'-lo) v. n. To make a noise 
as a bull ; to make any violent outcry ; to 
vociferate ; to roar as the sea. 

BELLOW, (bel'-lo) n. s. Roar. 

BELLOWING, (bel'-lo-ing) n. s, Loud 
noise ; roaring. 

BELLOWS, (bel'-oze) n. s. A machine for 

BELLUINE, (bel'-lu-ine) a. Beastly ; brutal. 

BELLY, (bel'-ie) n. s. That part of the 
human body which reaches from the breast 
to the thighs, containing the bowels ; the 
womb ; the stomach ; the part of any. thing 
that swells out into a larger capacity. 

To BELLY, (bel'-le) v. n. To swell" into a 
larger capacity. 

BELLYACHE, (bel'-le- ake) n. s. The cho- 

BELLYBAND, (bel'-le-band) n. s. The 
girth which fastens the saddle of a horse in 

BELLYBOUND, (bel'-le-bound) a. Costive. 

BELLYFUL, (bel'-fe-ful) "n. s. As much 
food as fills the belly. 

BELLYGOD, (bel'-le-god) n. s. A glutton. 

BELMAN, (bell'-man) 'n. s. He who pro- 
claims any thing, sounding a bell to gain 

BELMETAL, (bell'-met-tl) n.s. The metal 
of which bells are made ; being a mixture 
of three parts copper and one of tin. 

n9t; — tube, tub, bull; — pil ; — pound ;— thin, mis. 



BELOMANCY, (bel -o-man-se) n.s. Divi- 
nation by arrows. 
To BELONG, (be-long) v. n. To be the 
property of ; to appertain to ; to be the pro- 
vince or business of; to adhere to : to have 
relation to ; to be the quality of. 
BELOVED, (be-luv'-ed) part. Loved ; dear. 
BELOW, (be-lo') prep. Under in place, 
time, or dignity ; inferiour in excellence ; 
unworthy of. 
BELOW, (be-lo') ad. In the lower place ; 

on earth ; in hell. 
BELRINGER, (bel'-ring-er) n.s. He who 

rings bells. 
BELT, (belt) n. s. A girdle ; a cincture. 
To BELT, "(belt) v. a. To gird with a belt ; 

to encircle. 
BELWETHER, (bell'-weTH-er) n. s. A 

sheep which leads the flock with a bell on 

its neck. 
To BEMANGLE. (be-inang'-gl) v. a. To tear 

To BEMASK, (be-mask') v. a. To hide ; to 

To BEMAZE, (be-maze') v. a. To bewilder. 
To BEMIRE, (be-mire') v. a. To drag in 

the mire. 
To BEMIST, (be-mist') v. a. To cover as with 

a mist ; to confuse 
To BEMOAN, (be-mone') v.a. To lament. 
BEMOANER, (be-mo'-ner) n. s. A la- 

BEMOANING, (be-mone'-ing) n.s. Lamen- 
To BEMOCK, (be-mok') v. a. To treat with 

To BEMONSTER, (be-mons'-ter) v. a. To 

make monstrous. 
To BEMOURN, (be-morn) v. a. To weep 

BEMUSED, (be-muzd') a. Overcome with 

BENCH, (bensh) n. s. A seat, distinguished 

from a stool by its greater length ; a 

seat of justice ; the persons sitting on a 

BENCHEB, (ben'-sher) n. s. The senior 

members of the society of the inns of 

To BEND, (bend) v a. Part. pass, bended 

or bent ; to make crooked ; to direct to 

a certain point ; to apply to a certain pur- 
pose ; to incline ; to bow ; to subdue. 
To BEND, (bend) v.n. To be incurvated ; 

to lean or jut over ; to yield ; to be sub- 
BEND, (bend) n. s. Flexure ; In heraldry, 

One of the eight honourable ordinaries. 
BEND ABLE, (ben'-da-bl) a. That may be 

BENDER, (ben'-der) n. s. He who bends ; 

the instrument with which any thing is bent ; 

the muscles called benders. 
BENDLET, (bend'-let) n. s. In heraldry, 

the diminutive of bend. 
BENEAPED, (be-nept') n.s, A ship is 

(•aid to be beneaped, when the water does 


not flow high enough to bring her off the 

BENEATH, (be-neTHe') prep. Under, lower 
in place ; lower in rank, excellence, or 
dignity ; unworthy of. 

BENEATH, (be-neTHe') ad. In a lower 
place ; the earth below, as opposed to 

BENEDICTINE, (ben-e-dik'-tin) a. Be- 
longing to the order of St. Benedict. 

BENEDICTION, (ben-e-dik'-shun) n. s. 
Blessing ; a decretory pronunciation of 

• happiness ; thanks ; the form of instituting 
an abbot. 

BENEFACTION, (ben-e-fak'-shun) n. s. 
The act of conferring a benefit j the benefit 

BENEFACTOR, (ben-e-fak'-tur) n. s. lie 
that confers a benefit. 

BENEFACTRESS, (ben-e-fak'-tres) n. s. A 
woman who confers a benefit. 

BENEFICE, (ben'-e-fis; n. s. Advantage 
conferred on another ; this word is generally 
applied to ecclesiastical livings. 

BENEFICED, (ben'-e-f ist) a. Possessed of 
church preferment. 

BENEFICENCE, (be-nef'-e-sense) n.s. Ac- 
tive goodness. 

BENEFICENT, (be-nef'-e-sent) a. Kind; 
doing good. 

BENEFICIAL, (ben-e-fish'-al) a. Advan- 
tageous ; helpful; medicinal. 

BENEFICIALLY, (ben-e-fish'-al-le) ad. 

BENEFIClALNESS,(ben-e-f ish'-al-nes) n. s. 

BENEFICIARY, (ben-e-f ish'-e-a-re) «. 
Holding something in subordination to an- 

BENEFICIARY, (ben-e-fish-e-a-re) n. s. 
He that is in possession of a benefice ; a 
person benefited by another. 

BENEFIT, (beu'-e-fit) n. s. A kindness; 
advantage. In law, Benefit of Clergy is an 
ancient liberty of the church, when a priest, 
or one within orders, was arraigned of 
felony before a secular judge. A term used 
at the theatre for the profit of one or mere 
nights, which is given to an actor, &c. 

To BENEFIT, (ben'-e-f it) v. a. To do good 

To BENEFIT, (ben'-e-f it) v. n. To gain ad- 

To BENET, (be-net') v. a. To ensnare. 

BENEVOLENCE" (be-nev'-o-lense) n. s. 
Disposition to do good ; the good done ; a 
kind of tax, devised by Henry IV. and 
abolished by Richard III. 

BENEVOLENT, (be-nev'-o-lent) a. Kind ; 
having good will. 

To BENIGHT, (be-nite') v. a. To involve 
in darkness ; to surprise with the coming on 
of night ; to debar from intellectual light. 

BENIGN, (be-nine) a. Kind ; generous ; 

BENIGNANT, (be-nig'-nant) a. Kind; 


Fate, far, fall, fat : — me, met ; — pine, pin ; — no, mgve, 


BENIGNITY, (be-nig'-ne-te) n. s. Graci- 

ousness ; actual kindness ; gentleness. 

BENIGNLY, (be-nine'-le) ad. Favourably. 

BENISON, (ben'-ne-zn) n. s. Blessing ; be- 

BENT, (bent) n. s. The state of being bent ; 
degree of flexure ; declivity ; application 
of the mind ; inclination ; turn of temper, 
or disposition ; tendency ; a species of 

To BENUMB, ( be-num') v. a. To make 
torpid ; to stupify. 

BENZOIN, (ben-zoen') n.s. A medical resin 
imported from the East Indies, vulgarly 
called benjamin. 

To BEPAINT, (be-pant') v. a. To cover with 

To BEPINCH, (be-pinsh') v. a. To mark 
with pinches. 

To BEPOWDER, (be-pou'-der) v. a. To 
dress out ; to powder. 

To BEPRAISE, (be-prase') v. a. To praise 
greatly, hyperbolically. 

To BEQUEATH, (be-kweTue') v. a. To 
leave by will to another. 

BEQUEST, (be-kwest') n. s. A legacy. 

To BEBAY, (be-ra) v. a. To foul ; to soil. 

BERBERRY, (bar'-ber-re) n.s. A berry of 
a sharp taste, used for pickles. 

BERE, (beer) n. s. Barley. 

To BEREAVE, (be-reve') v. a. Part, bereft, 
To strip; to deprive ; to take away from. 

BEREAVEMENT, (be-reve'-ment) n. s. 

BEREFT, (be-reft') Part. pass, of bereave. 

BERGAMOT*, (ber'-ga-mgt) n. s. A sort 
of pear ; a sort of essence, or perfume, 
drawn from a fruit produced by ingrafting 
a lemon tree on a bergamot pear stock. 

BERGMASTER, (berg'-mas-ter) n.s. The 
bailiff, or chief officer, among the Derby- 
shire miners ; commonly called Barmaster. 

BERGMOTE, (berg'-mote) n. s. A court 
held upon a hill among the Derbyshire 
miners ; more commonly Barmote. 

BERLIN, (ber-lin) n. s. A coach of a par- 
ticular form ; from Berlin where they were 
first made. 

BERRY r , (ber'-re) n. s. Any small fruit, with 
seeds or stones. 

BERYL, (ber'-ril) n. s. A precious stone. 

To BESCATTER, (be-skat'-ter) v. a. To 
throw loosely over. 

To BESCRATCH, (be-skratsh') v. a. To tear 
with the nails. 

To BESCRAWL, (be-skrawl') v. a. To 
scribble over. 

To BESEECH, (be-seetsh') v. a. Pret. I 
besought, I have besought; to intreat; to 

To BESEEM, (be-seem') v. a. To become ; 
to be fit. 

BESEEMING, (be-seem'-ing) n. s. Come- 

BESEEMLY, be-seem'-le) a. Fit ; becoming. 

To BESET, (be-set') v. a. To besiege ; to 
way lay ; to embarrass ; to fall upon. 

To BESHREW, (be-shrop/) v. a. To call a 


curse upon ; to wish ill to , used only in 

the imperative mood. 
BESIDE, (be-side') ) prep. At the side of 
BESIDES, (be-sides') \ another ; over and 

above ; not according to, though not con- 
BESIDE, (be-side') } ad. More than that ; 
BESIDES, (he-sides') $ not in this number. 
To BESIEGE, (be-seeje') v. a. To beleaguer ; 

to lay siege to : to hem in. 
BESIEGER, (be-see-jer) n. s. One em- 
ployed in a siege. 
To BESLIME, (be-slime') v. a. To soil ; to 

To BESLUBBER, (be-slub'-ber) v. a. To 

To BESMEAR; (be-smeer) v. a. To be- 

dawb , to soil. 
Tc BESMIRCH, (be-smertsh') v. a. To soil : 

to discolour. 
To BESMOKE, (be smoke') v. a. To foul 

with smoke ; to harden or dry in smoke. 
To BESMUT, (be-smut') v. a. To soil with 

smoke or soot. 
BESNUFFED, (be-snuft') a. Smeared with 

BESOM, (be'-zum) n. s. An instrument to 

sweep with. 
To BESORT, (be-sort') v. a. To suit ; to fit. 
To BESOT, (be-sot*) v. a. To infatuate ; to 

stupify ; to make to doat. 
BESOTTEDLY, (be-sgr'-ted-le) ad. In a 

foolish, besotted manner. 
BESOTTEDNESS, (be-sot'-ted-nes) n. s. 

Stupidity ; infatuation. 
BESOUGHT, (be-sawt') Part. pass, of be- 
To BESPANGLE, (be-spang'-gl) v. a. To 

adorn with spangles. 
To BESPATTER, (be-spat'-ter) v. a. To 

soil by throwing filth ; to asperse with re- 
To BESPEAK, (be-speek') v. a. Bespoke, or 

bespoke, or bespoken. To order beforehand ; 

to forebode ; to speak to ; to address ; to 

betoken ; to shew. 
ToBESPECKLE, (be-spek'-kl) v. a. To 

mark with speckles. 
To BESPEW, (be-spu') v. a To daub with 

spew or vomit. 
To BESP1CE, (be-spice) v. a. To season 

with spices. 
To BESPIT, (be-spit') v. a. To daub with 

ToBESPOT, (be-spot) v. a. To mark with 

To BESPREAD, (be-spred') v. a. To spread 

BESPRENT, (be-sprent') part. Besprinkled. 
To BESPRINKLE, (be-sprink'-kl) v. a. To 

sprinkle over. 
ToBESPIRT }(be-spert') v. a. To throw 
To BESPURT, S out scatteringly. 
To BESPUTTER, (be-sput'-ter) v. a. To 

sputter over. 
BEST, (best) a. the superlative from good. 

Most good ; that which has good qualities 

in the highest degree. The best ; the ut- 

ngt; — tube, tub, bull; — oil ;— pgund ; — th'm, mi 



most power. To make the best of; to im- 
prove to the utmost. 

BEST, (best) ad. In the highest degree of 
goodness ; sometimes used in composition, 
as best-beloved, best-tempered, &c. 

To BESTAIN, (be-stane') v. a. To mark 
with stains. 

To BESTEAD, f be-sted') v. a. To profit ; to 
accommodate ; to be serviceable to. 

BESTIAL, (bes'-te-al) a. Belonging to a 
beast ; brutal. 

BESTIALITY, (bes -te-al'-e-te) n. s. The 
quality of beasts. 

To BESTIALIZE, (bes'-te-al-ize) v. a. To 
make like a beast. 

BESTIALLY, (bes'-te-al-le) ad. Brutally. 

To BESTICK, (be-stik'/ v.' a. To stick over 
with any thing. 

To BESTIR, (be-ster) v. a. To put into 
vigorous action. 

To BESTORM, (be-storm') v. a. To rage at. 

To BESTOW, (be'-sto) v. a. To give ; to 

BESTOWAL, (be-sto'-al) n. s. Disposal. 

To BESTRADDLE, (be-strad'-dl) v a. To 

To BESTRAUGHT, (be-strawt') part. Dis- 
tracted ; mad. 

To BESTREW, (be-strpo') v. a. To sprinkle 

To BESTRIDE, (be-stride') v. a. I bestrid ; 
bestridden. To stride over any thing ; to 
step over ; to ride on. 

To BESTUD, (be-stud') v. a. To adorn with 

BET, (bet) n. s. A wager. 

To BET, (bet) v. a. To wager. 

To BETAKE, (be-take') v. a. betook; be- 
taken. To have recourse to ; to apply ; to 
move ; to remove. 

BETEL, (be'-tl) n.s. A species of pepper plant. 

To BETHINK, (he-thmk') v. a. Part, be- 
thought ; to recal to reflection ; to remind. 

To BETHINK, (he-think') v. n. To con- 
sider ; to call to one's recollection. 

BETHLEHEM, (betfi'-lem) n. s. Generally 
called Bedlam, which see. 

To BETHRAL, (be-fowall') v. a. To enslave. 

To BETHUMP, (b'e-tfmmp') v. a. To beat. 

To BETIDE, (be-tide) v. a. To happen to ; 
to befall ; to portend. 

To BETIDE, (be-tide') v. n. To come to 
pass ; to become. 

BETIME, (be time') \ ad. Seasonably; 

BETIMES, (be-timz) $ soon; early in 
the day. 

To BETOKEN, (be-to'-kn) v. a. To signify ; 
to foreshew. 

BETON Y, (bet'-to-ne) n. s. A plant esteem- 
ed as a vulnerary herb. 

BETORN, (be-torn) part. a. Much torn ; 

To BETOSS, (be-tos') v. a. To disturb ; to 
toss into the air. 

To BETRAY, (be-tra') v. a. To give up or 
disclose treacherously ; to discover that 
which has been entrusted to secrecy ; to 


BETRAYER, (be-tra'-er) n. s. A traii&i. 

To BETRIM, (be-trim') v a. To deck ; to 

To BETROTH, (be-troTH) v a. To contract 
to any one, in order to marriage ; to have, 
as affianced by promise of marriage. 

BETROTHMENT, (be-troTH-ment) n. s. 
The act of betrothing. 

BETTP^R, (bet'-ter) a. The comparative of 

BETTER, (bet'-ter) ad. More ; rather. 

To BETTER, "(bet'-ter) v. a. To improve : 
to advance. 

BETTOR, (bet'-tur) n. s. One that lays 

BETUMBLED, (be-tum'-bld) part. a. Dis- 
ordered ; rolled about. 

BETWEEN, (^be-tween) prep. In the in- 
termediate space ; from one to another ; 
belonging to two in partnership ; bearing 
relation to two ; noting difference of one 
from the other. 

BETWIXT, (be-twikst') prep. In the midst 
of two. 

BEVEL, )(bev'-il) n. s. In masonry and 

BEVIL, $ joinery, A kind of square, move- 
able on a centre, and so may be set to any 

To BEVEL, (bev'-vl) «;. a. To cut to a bevel 

BEVERAGE, (bev'-er-aje) n.s. Drink. 

BEVY, (bev'-e) "n. s". A flock of birds ; a 

To BEWAIL, (be-wale') v. a. To bemoan ; 
to lament. 

To BEWAIL, (be-wale') v.n. To express grief. 

BEWAILABLE, (be-wale'-a-bl; a. That 
which may be lamented. 

BEWAILING, (be-wale'-ing) n.s. Lamen- 

To BEWARE, (be-ware') v. n. To regard 
with caution. 

To BEWILDER, (be-wil'-der) v. a. To per- 
plex ; to entangle. 

To BEVVITCH, (be-wi.tsh') v- «• To injure 
by witchcraft ; to charm. 

BEWITCHING, (be-witsh'-ing) a. Delight- 
ful ; fascinating ; enchanting. 

BEWITCHINGLY, (be-wksh'-ing-le) ad. 
In an alluring manner. 

BEWITCHMENT, (be-witsh'-ment) n. s. 

To BEWRAY, (be-ra') v. a. To betray ; to 
shew ; to make visible. 

BEWRAYER, (be-ra-er) n.s. Betrayer; 

BEY, (ba) n. s. A governour of a Turkish 

BEYOND, (be-yond') prep. On the farther 
side of ; farther onward than ; before ; 
above ; proceeding to a greater degree 
than ; above in excellence ; remote from. 

BEYOND, (be-yond') ad. At a distance ; 

BEZANT, (be-zant') n. s. An eastern coin, 
first made at Byzantium. 

BEZEL, (be'-zel) n. s. that part of a rmg in 
which the stone is fixed. 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met;— pine, pin; — no, move, 


BEZGAR, (be'-zore) n. s. A medicinal 

stone, formerly in nigh esteem in the East 

as an antidote. 
BIANGULATED, (bi-ang'-gu-la-ted) > 
BIANGULOUS, (bi-ang-gu-lus) " $ a ' 

Having two corners or angles. 
BIAS, (bi'-as) n.s. The weight lodged on 

one side of a bowl, which turns it from the 

straight line ; any tiling which turns a man 

to a particular course ; partiality ; propen- 

sion ; inclination 
To BIAS, (bi'-as) v. a To incline to some 

BIB, (bib) n. s. A piece of linen put upon 

the breasts of children over their clothes. 
To BIB, (bib) v. n. To tipple. 
BIBACIOUS, (bi-ba'-shus) a. Addicted to 

BIBACITY, (bi-bas'-se-te) n. s. The quality 

of drinking much. 
BIBBER, (bib'-ber) n. s. A tippler. 
BIBLE, (bi'-bl) n. s. The Book, by way of 

excellence ; the term applied to the volume 

of the sacred Scriptures. 
BIBLICAL, (bib'-le-kal) a. Relating to the 

BIBLIOGRAPHER, (bib-le-og'-gra-fer) n. s. 

A man skilled in the knowledge of books. 
BIBLIOGRAPHICAL, (bib'-le-o-graf'-fe- 

kal), or BIBLlOGRAPHiCK; (bib ; -le-o- 

graf'-fik) a. Relating to the knowledge 

of books. 
BIBLIOGRAPHY, (bib-le-og'-gra-fe) n. s. 

The science of a bibliographer. 
BIBLIOMANIA, (bib'-le-o-ma'-ne-a) n. s. 

The rage of possessing scarce or curious 

books ; book-madness. 
BIBLIOMANTACK, (bib'-le-o-ma'-ne-ak) 

n. s. He who is smitten with a rage for 

BIBLIOPOLIST, (bib-le-op -o-list) n. s. A 

BIBLIOTHECAL, (bib'-le-o-^e'-kal) a. Be- 
longing to a library. 
BIBLIOTHEC AR Y, (bib-le-oth'-e-ka-re) n. s. 

A librarian. 
BIBLIOTHEKE, (bib'-le-o-t/ieek') n. s. A 

BIBULOUS, (bib'-u-lus) a. Having an ab- 
sorbing quality ; spungy. 
B1CAPSULAR, (bi-kap'-su-lar) a. In 

botany, Having the seed vessel divided into 

two parts. 
BICE, (bise) n. s. The name of a colour 

used in painting. It is either green or 

BICIPITAL, (bi-sip -e-tal) } a. Having 
BIC1P1TOUS, (bi-sip'-e^tus) ] two heads ; 

a term applied to one of the muscles of the 

To BICKER, (bik'-ker) v. n. To skirmish ; 

to quiver. 
BICKERING, (bik'-er-ing) n.s. Quarrel; 

BICKERS, (bik'-kern) n. s. An iron end- 
ing in a point. 
BICORNE, (bi'-korn) > a. Having 

BICORNOUS,'(bi'-kor'-nus) \ two horns. 


B1CORPORAL, (bi-kor'-p9-ral) a. Having 
two bodies. 

To BID, (bid) v.a. pret. bid, bad, bade ; part. 
bidden. To desire ; to command ; to offer ; 
to propose ; to invite. 

BIDDEN, (bid'-dn) fart. pass. Invited ; 

BIDDER, (bid'-der) n. s. One who offers 
or proposes a price. 

BIDDING, (bid'-ding) n. s. Command ; 
order ; the proposal of price for what is to 
be sold. 

To BIDE, (bide) v. a. To endure ; to suffer. 

To BIDE, (bide) v.n. To dwell ; to remain 
in a place ; to continue in a state. 

BIDENTAL, (.bi-den'-tal) a. Having two 

BIDET, (bi-det') n.s. A little horse. 

BIDING, (bi'-'ding) n. s Residence ; habi- 

BIENNIAL, (bi-en'-ne-al) a. Of the con- 
tinuance of two years. 

BIENNIALLY, (bi-en ne-al-le) ad. At the 
return of two years. 

BIER, (beer) n. s. A can-iage on which the 
dead are carried to the grave. 

BIFARIOUS, (bi-fa'-re-us) a. Twofold. 

B1FEROUS, (bif'-fe-rus) a. Bearing fruit 
twice a year. 

BIFID, (bi'-fid) \a. Divided 

BIFID ATED," (bif '-fe-da-ted) $ into two ; 
split into two. 

BIFLOROUS, (bi-flo'-rus) In botany. Two- 

BIFOLD, (bi'-fold) a. Twofold; double. 

BIFORM, (bi'-form) a. Having a double 

BIFORMED, (bi'-fgrmd) a. Compounded 
of two forms. 

BIFORMITY, (bi-form'-e-te) n. s. A double 

BIFRONTED, (bi-frunt'-ed) a. Having two 

BIFURCATED, (bi-fur'-ka-ted) a. Shoot- 
ing out, by a division, into two heads. 

BIG, (big) a. Great in bulk ; huge ; teem- 
ing ; pregnant; full of something ; distend- 
ed ; swoln ; great in air and mien. 

BIG, (big) n. s. A particular kind of barley. 

BIGAMIST, (big'-ga-mist) n.s. One that 
has committed bigamy. 

BIGAMY, (big'-ga-me) n. s. The crime of 
having two wives at once. 

BIGBELLIED, (big'-bel-led) a. Pregnant, 
having a large belly or protuberance. 

BIGGIN, (big'-gin) n. s. A child's cap ; a 
can, or small wooden vessel. 

BIGNESS, (big'-nes) n. s. Bulk ; size 

BIGOT, (big'-ut) n. s. A vaan unreason- 
ably devoted to a certain party ; a blind 

BJGOTED, (big'-ut-ed) a. Irrationally 

BIGOTEDLY, (big'-ut-ed le) a. In the 
manner of a bigot ; pertinaciously. 

BIGOTRY, (big'-ut-tre) n. s. Blind zeal ; 
the practice or tenet of a bigot. 

B1LANDER, (bil'-an-der) n. s. A small 

not ;- -tube, tub, bull ; — oil ; — pgund ;— t/«in, mis. 



vessel of about eighty tons burden, used for 
the carriage of goods. 

BILBERRY, (bi.l'-ber-re) n. s. A small 
shrub ; the wortleberry. 

BILBO, (bil'-bo) n. s. A rapier ; a sword. 

BILBOES, '(bil'-boze) n.s. A sort of stocks, 
or wooden shackles for the feet, used for 
punishing offenders at sea. 

BILE, (bile) n. s. A thick, yellow, bitter 
liquor, separated in the liver, collected in 
the gall-bladder, and discharged by the 
common duct. 

BILGE, (bilje) n. s. The compass or breadth 
of a ship's bottom. 

To BILGE, (bilje) v. n. To spring a leak ; 
to let in water. 

BILIARY, (bil'-ya-re) a. Belonging to the 

BILLINGSGATE, (bil'-lingz-gate) n. s. A 
cant word, borrowed from Billingsgate in 
London, where there are frequent brawls 
and foul language. Ribaldry: foul lan- 

BILINGUOUS, (bi-ling'-gwus) a. Having 
or speaking two tongues. 

BILIOUS, (bil'-yus) a. Consisting of bile. 

To BILK, (bilk) v". a. To cheat ; to deceive. 

BILL, (bill)" n.s. The beak of a fowl 

BILL, (bill) n. s. A hatchet with a hooked 
point ; a battle-axe. 

BILL, (bill) n. s. A written paper of any 
kind ; an account of money. In law, A 
declaration in writing, expressing the griev- 
ance or wrong the plaintiff has suffered from 
the defendant. A proposed law presented 
to parliament, but not yet passed into an 
Act. Bill of Exchange, A note ordering the 
payment of a sum of money, in consider- 
ation of value received. An advertizement. 

To BILL, (bill) v. n. To caress, as doves by 
joining bills. 

BILLAGE, (bilMaje) n. s. The breadth of 
the floor of a ship when she lies aground. 

BILLET, (bil'-let) n. s. A small paper ; a 
'note ; a ticket directing soldiers at what 
house to lodge ; a small log of wood for the 

To BILLET, (bil'-let) v. a. To direct a soldier 
by a ticket where he is to lodge ; to quarter 

BILLIARDS, (bil'-yardz) h. s. A game at 
which a ball is forced against another on a 

BILLION, (bil'-yun) n. s. A million of 

BILLOW, (bil'-lo) n.s. A wave swoln, and 

BILLOWY, (bil'-Jo-e) a. Swelling : turgid. 

BILMAN, (bil-man) n. '$. He who uses a 

BIN, (bin) n . s. A place where bread, or 
corn, or wine, is reposited. 

BINARY, (bi'-na-re) a. Two; dual. 

BINARY, (bi'-n^-re) n.s. The constitution 
of two. 

To BIND, (bind) v. a. pret. bound ; particip. 
pass, bound, bounden. To confine with bonds ; 
to gird ; to fasten to ; to fasten together ; 


to connect closely ; to cover a wound with 
dressings ; to oblige by stipulation, or oath ; 
to compel ; to oblige by kindness ; to con- 
fine ; to restrain ; to make costive ; to cover 

To BIND, (bind) v. n. To contract its own 
parts together. 

BINDER, (bind'-er) n. s. A man whose 
trade it is to bind books ; a man that binds 
sheaves ; a fillet ; an astringent. 

BINDING, (bind'-ing) n. s. A bandage; 
the cover of a book. 

BINOCLE, (bin'-no-kl) n. s. A kind of tele- 
scope, fitted so with two tubes joining to- 
gether in one, as that a distant object may 
be seen with both eyes together. 

BINOCULAR, (bi-nok'-u-lar) a. Having 
two eyes ; employing both eyes at once. 

BINOMIAL-ROOT, (bi-no'-me-al-rpot) n. s. 
In algebra, A root composed of only two 
parts connected with the signs plus or minus. 

BINOMINOUS, (bi-nom'-e-nus) a. Having 
two names. 

BIOGRAPHER, (bi-og'-gra-fer) <«. s. A 
writer of lives. 

BIOGRAPHICAL, (bi-o-graf '-e-kal) a. Re- 
lating to biography. 

BIOGRAPHY, (bi-og'-gra-fe) n. s. Writing 
the lives of men. 

BIPAROUS, (bip'-pa-rus) a. Bringing forth 
two at a birth. 

BIPARTITE, (bip'-par-tite) a. Having two 
correspondent parts. 

BIPARTITION, (bi-par-tish'-un) n.s. The 
act of dividing into two. 

BIPED, (bi'-ped) n. s. An animal with two 

BIPEDAL, (bip'-pe dal) a. Two feet in 
length ; or having two feet. 

BIPENNATED, (bi-pen'-na-ted) a. Hav- 
ing two wings. 

BIPETALOUS, (bi-pet'-ta-lus) a. Consist- 
ing of two flower leaves. 

BIQUADRATE, (bi-qwa'-drate) \n. s. 

BIQUADRATICK,'(bi-qwa-drat'-ik) \ The 
fourth power, arising from the multiplication 
of a square by itself. 

BIRCH, (bertsh') n. s. A well known tree. 

BIPvCHEN,"(ber'-tshn) a. Made of birch. 

BIRD, (berd) n. s. A general term for the 
feathered kind. 

BIRDCAGE, (berd'-kaje) n. s. An en- 
closure in which birds are kept. 

BIRDCALL, (berd'-kawl) n. s. A pipe with 
which fowlers allure birds, by the imitation 
of their notes. 

BIRDCATCHER, (berd'-katsh-er) n.s. One 
whose employment is to take birds. 

BIRDLIME, (berd'-lime) n.s. A glutinous 
substance, by which birds are entangled. 

BIRDLIMED, (beTd'-limd) a. Spread to 

BIRDSEYE, (berdz'-i) a. A word applied 
to pictures of places, seen from above, as 
by a bird. 

BIRDSEYE, (berdz'-i) n. s. A plant. 

B1RDSNEST, (berdz'-nest) n. j. The place 
built by birds, where they deposit their eggs. 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met; — pine, pin; — no, move, 


BIRGANDER, (ber'-gan-der) n. s. A fowl 

of the goose kind. 
BIRTH, (berth) n. s. The act of coming 
into life ; family ; extraction ; rank by de- 
scent ; the condition in which any man is 
born ; thing born ; production ; the act of 
bringing forth ; a room in a ship. 
BIRTHDAY, (bertV-da) n. s. The day on 
which any one is born ; the anniversary of 
one's birth. 
BIRTHDOM, (bert/i'-dum) n. s. Privilege 

of birth. 
BIRTHNIGHT, (bertfc'-nite) n.s. The night 
on which any one is born ; the anniversary 
of one's birth. 
BIRTHPLACE, (bertfc'-plase) n. s. Place 

where any one is born. 
BIRTHRIGHT, (bertfc'-rite) n.s. The rights 

to which a man is born. 
BISCUIT, (bis'-kit) n. s. A kind of hard 
dry bread, baked for long voyages ; a 
small sweet cake. 
To BISECT, (bi-sekt') «• «• To divide into 

two parts. 
BISECTION, (bi-sek'-shun) n. s. The di- 
vision of any quantity into two equal 
B1SEGMENT, (bi-seg'-ment ) n. s. One of 
the parts of a line divided into two equal 
BISHOP, (bish'-up) «. s. A dignitary of 
the Christian church, presiding over the 
clergy within a district called his diocese. 
To BISHOP, (bish'-up) v. a. To confirm ; 

to admit into the church. 
BISHOPRICK, (bish'-up-rik) n. s. The dio- 
cese of a bishop. 
BISMUTH, (biz'-mut/i) n.s. Marcasite j a 

hard, white, brittle, mineral substance. 
BISON, (biz'-on) n. s. A kind of wild ox. 
BISSEXTILE," (bis-seks'-til) n. s. Leap 

BISTRE, (bis'-ter) n. s. A colour made of 
chimney soot boiled, and then diluted with 
water ; used by painters in washing their 
BISTOURY, (bis'-tur-e) n. s. A surgeon's 

instrument for making incisions. 

BISULCOUS, (bi-sul'-kus) a. Clovenfooted. 

BIT, (bit) n. s. The iron appurtenances of 

a bridle ; a small piece of any thing. The 

bits are two main pieces of timber, to which 

the cable is fastened when the ship rides at 


To BIT, (bit) v. a To put the bridle upon a 

BITCH, (bitsh) 77. s. The female of the 
canine kind ; a name of reproach for a 
To BITE, (bite) v. a. Pret. bit, part pass. 
bit, or bitten ; to crush with the teeth ; to 
give pain by cold ; to hurt or pain with re- 
proach ; to cut ; to wound ; to make the 
mouth smart ; to cheat ; to trick. 
BITE, (bite) n. s. The seizure of any thing 
by the teeth ; the act of a fish that takes 
the bait ; a cheat ; a trick ; a sharper. 


BITER, (bi'-ter) n. s. He that bites ; a fish 
apt to take the bait ; a tricker ; a de- 

BITING, (bite'-ing) n. s. The act of biting ; 
wounding with censure or reproach. 

BITTACLE, (bit'-ta-kl) 7?. s, A frame of 
timber in the steerage of a ship, where the 
compass is placed. 

BITTEN, Part. pass, from to bite. 

BITTER, (bit'-ter) a. Having a hot acrid 
taste ; sharp ; cruel ; calamitous ; painful ; 
inclement ; reproachful ; mournful ; af- 
flicting ; in any manner unpleasing or hurt- 

BITTERLY, (bit'-ter-le) ad. With a bitter 
taste ; in a bitter manner ; sharply ; se- 

BITTERN, (bit'-tem) n. s. A bird with 
long legs, and a long bill, which feeds upon 

BITTERNESS, (bit'-ter-nes) n. s. A bitter 
taste ; malice ; sharpness ; satire j sor- 

BITTERSWEET, (bit'-ter- sweet) n.s. An 
apple which has a compound taste of sweet 
and bitter. 

BITUMED, (bit-tumd') a. Smeared with 

BITUMEN, (be-tu'-men) n. s. A fat unctu- 
ous matter dug out of the earth, or scummed 
off lakes. 

BITUMINOUS, (be-tu'-me-nus) a. Having 
the nature of bitumen. 

BIVALVE, (bi'-valv) a. Having two valves 
or shutters 

BIVIOUS, (bi'-ve-us) a. That leadeth dif- 
ferent ways. 

BIVOUAC, (biv'-wak) n. s. A guard at 
night, during encampment. 

B1ZANTINE, (biz'-an-tine) n. s. A great 
piece of gold valued at fifteen pounds 
which the king offers upon high festiva. 

To BLAB, (blab) v. a. To tell what ough 
to be kept secret ; to divulge. 

To BLAB, (blab) v. n. To tattle ; to tel 

BLAB, (blab) n. s. A telltale. 

BLACK, (blak) a. Of the colour of night ■ 

dark ; cloudy of countenance ; horrible 

wicked ; dismal. 
BLACK-GUARD, (blag'-gard) n. s. A dirt} 

fellow ; a low term of abuse. 
BLACK-JACK, (blak'-jak) n.s. The leathern 

cup of elder times. 
BLACK-LEAD, (blak-led) n. s. A mineral 

in the lead mines, used for pencils. 
BLACK-MAIL, (blak'-male) n. s. A cer-' 

tain rate paid to men allied with robbers 

for protection. 
BLACK-MOUTHED, (blak-mouxHd) a. 

Using foul language ; scurrilous." 
BLACK-MONDAY, (blak-mun'-da) n. s 

Easter-Monday, which in \he 84th of 

Edw. HI. happened to be dark with mist 

and hail, and so cold, that many men died 


not ; — tube, tub, bull ; — 91I , — pound ;— thin, this. 



BLACK-PUDDING, (blak'-pud'-ding) n. s. 
A kind of food made of blood and grain. 

BLACK-ROD, (blak'-rgd') n. s. The usher 
belonging to the order of the garter ; so 
called from the black rod he carries in his 
hand ; he is of the king's chamber, and like- 
wise usher of the parliament. 

BLACK, (blak) n. s. A black colour ; mourn- 
ing ; a blackamoor ; that part of the eye 
which is black ; a stain. 

To BLACK, (blak) v. a. To blacken. 

BLACKAMOOR, (blak'-a-more) n. s. A 
man of a black complexion ; a negro. 

BLACKBERRY, (blak'-ber-re) n.s. The 
fruit of the bramble. 

BLACKBIRD, (blak'-berd) n. s. A well 
known singing bird. 

BLACKCOCK, (blak'-kok') n.s. Theheath- 

To BLACKEN, (blak'-kn) v. a. To make 

black ; to darken ; to defame. 
To BLACKEN, (blak'-kn) v. n. To grow 

BLACKENER, (blak'-kn-er) n. s. He who 

blackens any thing. 
BLACKISH, (blak'-ish) a. Somewhat black. 
BLACKLY, (blak'-le) ad. Darkly, in co- 
lour ; atrociously. 
BLACKMOOR, (blak'-more) n. s. A negro. 
BLACKNESS, (blak'-nes) n. s. The stace or 
quality of being black ; darkness ; atroci- 

BLACKSMITH, (blak'-smk/i) n. s. A smith 

that works in iron. 
BLACKTHORN, (blak'-t//orn) n.s. The 

BLADDER, (blad'-der) n. s. That vessel 

in the body which contains the urine. 
BLADE, (blade) n. s. The spire of grass 

before it grows to seed ; the sharp part of 

a weapon, distinct from the handle ; a cant 

term for a gay dashing fellow. Blade-bone, or 

Shoulder-blade, the scapula, or scapular bone. 
BEADED, (bla-ded) a. Having blades or 

BLADESMITH, (blade- smit't) n. ». A 

sword cutler. 
BLAIN, (blane) n.s. A pustule; a blotch. 
BLAMEABLE, (bla'-ma-bl) c. Culpable. 
BLAME ABLENESS, (bla'-ma-bl-nes) n.s. 

BLAMEABLY, (bla'-ma-ble) ad. Culpably. 
To BLAME, (blame) via. 'To censure; to 

charge with a fault. 
BLAME, (blame) n. s. Imputation of a 

fault ; crime. To blame, means without excuse. 
BLAMEFUL, (blame'-ful) a. Criminal. 
BLAMELESS, (blame'-les) a. Guiltless ; 

BLAMELESSLY, (blame'-les-le) ad. Inno- 
BLAMELESSNESS, (blame'-les-nes) n. s. 

BLAMEWORTHY, (blame'-wur-THe) a. 

To BLANCH, (blansh) v. a. To whiten ; to 

strip or peel off. 


To BLANCH, (blansh) v. n. To grow white ; 

to shrink ; to evade ; to shift. 
BLAND, (bland) a. Soft; mild. 
BLANDILOQ UENCE, (blan-dil'-lo-kwens) 

n. s. Fair and flattering speech. 
To BLANDISH, (blan'-dish) v. a. To smooth ; 

to 3often. 
BLANDISHMENT, (blan'-dish-ment) n.s. 
Act of fondness ; expression of tenderness 
by gesture; soft words; kind speeches; 
kind treatment. 

BLANK, (blangk) a. White ; without writ- 
ing , pale ; confused. Blunk-ierse, metre 
without rhyme. 

BLANK, (blangk) n. s. A void space on 
paper ; a paper unwritten ; a lot, by which 
nothing is gained ; the point to whLh an 
arrow is directed. 

To BLANK, (blangk) v. a. To damp; to 
confuse ; to efface ; to annul. 

BLANKET, (blangk'-et) n. s. A woollen 
cover, spread commonly upon a bed. 

BLANKETING, (blangk'-et-ing) n.s. Wool- 
len cloth for blankets ; tossing in a blanket. 

To BLASPHEME, (bias-feme') v. a. To 
speak in terms of impious irreverence of 
God ; to speak evil of. 

To BLASPHEME, (bias-feme') v. n. To 
speak blasphemy ; to curse and swear. 

BLASPHEMER, (blas-fe'-mer, n. s. A 
wretch that speaks of God in impious 

BLASPHEMOUS, (bias -fe-mus) a. Impi- 
ously irreverent in speech. 

BLASPHEMY, (blas'~fe-me) n.s. An of- 
fering of some indignity or injury, unto Goa 
himself, either by words or writing. 

BLAST, (blast) n. s. A gust or puff of wind ; 
the sound made by blowing any wind instru- 
ment of musick ; the stroke of a malignant 
planet; the infection of anything pestilen- 
tial ; the blight of corn from a pestilential 

To BLAST, (blast) v. a. To strike with 
30me sudden plague ; to make to wither ; 
to injure ; to make infamous ; to confound ; 
to blow up mines by force of gun-powder. 

BLATANT, (bla'-tant) a. Bellowing as a 

BLATERATION, (blat-ter-a'-shun) n. s. 

To BLATTER, (blat'-ter) v. n. To make a 
senseless noise. 

BLAZE, (blaze) n. s. A flame ; a white 
mark upon a horse, descending from the 
forehead almost to the nose. 

To BLAZE, (blaze) v. n. To flame ; to be 

To BLAZE, (blaze) v. a. To publish ; to 
blazon ; to set a white mark on trees, by 
paring off a part of the bark, in order to 
their being sold or felled. 

To BLAZON, (bla'-zn) v. a. To explain, in 
proper terms, the figures on ensigns armo- 
rial ; to deck ; to display ; to celebrate , 
to blaze about. 

BLAZON, (bla'-zn) n. s. The art of drawing 

late, far, fall, f^t ;— me, met ;— pine, pin ;— no, move, 


coats of arms ; show ; divulgation ; cele- 

BLAZONRY, (bla'-zn-re) n. s. The art of 

BLEA, (bla) n. s. That part of a tree, which 
lies immediately under the bark. 

To BLEACH, (bleetsh) v. a. To whiten. 

To BLEACH, (bleetsh) v. n. To grow 

BLEACHERY, (bleetsh'- er-e) n. s. The 
place where the bleacher exercises his 

BLEAK, (bleke) a. Pale ; cold ; chill. 

BLEAK, (bleke) n. s. A small river fish. 

BLEAKNESS, (bleke'-nes) n.s. Coldness; 
chilness ; paleness. 

BLEAKLY, (bleke'-le) ad. Coldly. 

BLEAR, (bleer) a. Dim with rheum or 
water ; dim. 

BLEAR-EYED, (bleer'-ide) a. Having sore 

To BLEAR, (bleer) v. a. To make the eyes 

To BLEAT, (blete) v. n. To cry as a sheep. 

BLEAT, (blete) n. s. The cry of a sheep or 

TLEATING, (blete'-ing) n.s. The cry of 
lambs or sheep. 

To BLEED, (bleed) v. n. Pret. bled; part. 
bled ; to lose blood ; to drop, as blood. 

To BLEED, (bleed) v. a. To draw blood. 

To BLEMISH, (blem'-ish) v. a. To mark 
with any deformity ; to defame. 

BLEMISH, (blem'-ish) n. s. A mark of de- 
for .1 ity ; reproach ; a soil ; taint. 

To BLENCH. See To Blanch. 

To BLEND, (blend) v. a. Preter. blended; 
part, blended ; anciently blent. To mingle to- 

To BLESS, (bles) v. a. Pret and part. 
blessed or blest; to make happy ; to wish 
happiness to ; to consecrate by a prayer. 

BLESSED, (bles'-sed) part. a. Happy; 
holy ; happy in the joys of heaven ; having 
received the benediction of another. 

BLESSEDLY, (bles'-sed-le) ad. Happily. 

BLESSEDNESS, (bles'-sed-nes) n. s. Hap- 
piness ; felicity ; sanctity ; heavenly feli- 
city ; divine favour. 

BLESSING, (bles'-sing) n.s. Benediction; 
a declaration by which happiness is pro- 
mised ; divine favour. 

BLEST, (blest) Pret. and part, from bless. 

BLEW, (blu) The pret. from blow. 

BLEYME, (bleme) n. s. An inflammation 
in the foot of a horse. 

BLIGHT, (blite) n. s. Any thing nipping 
or blasting ; mildew. 

To BLIGHT, (blite) v. a. To corrupt with 
mildew ; in general, to blast. 

BLIND, (blind) a. Deprived of sight; in- 
tellectually dark; unseen; private. 

To BLIND, (blind) v a. To make blind; 
to darken ; to darken or obscure to the un- 
derstanding ; to eclipse. 

BLIND, (blind) n. s. Something to obscure 
the light ; something to mislead the eye, or 
♦he understanding. 


To BLINDFOLD, (blind'-fold) v. a To 
hinder from seeing. 

BLINDFOLD, (blind'- fold) a. Having the 
eyes covered. 

BLINDLY, (blind'-le) ad. Without sight ; 
implicitly ; without judgement. 

BLINDMAN'S BUFF, (blind'-manz-buf) 
n. s. A play in which some one is to have 
his eyes covered, and hunt out the rest 
of the company. 

BLINDNESS, (blind'-nes) n. s. Want of 
sight ; ignorance. 

BLINDSIDE, (blind- side') n.s. Weakness; 
the weak part of a man's character. 

BLINDWORM, (blind'-wurm) n.s. A small 
innocuous serpent. 

To BLINK, (blingk) v. n. To wink; to 
see obscurely ; to omit ar .fully. 

BLINK, (blingk) n. s. A. glin pse ; a glance. 

BLINKARD, (blingk'- ard) n.s. One that 
has bad eyes ; something twinkling. 

BLISS, (blis) n. s. The highest degree of 
happiness ; felicity in general. 

BLISSFUL, (blis'-lul) a. Happy in the 
highest degree. 

BLISSFULLY, (blis'-ful-le) ad. Happily. 

BLISSFULNESS. (blis'-ful-nes) n. s. Hap- 

BLISTER, (blis'-ter) n. s. A pustule formed 
by raising the cuticle ; any swelling made 
by the separation of a film or skin from the 
other parts ; a medical application which 
raises small vesticles on the skin filled with 
a serous fluid. 

To BLISTER, (blis'-ter) r. n. To raise in 

To BLISTER, (blis'-ter) v. a, To raise blis- 
ters by some hurt ; to raise blisters with a 
medical intention. 

BLITHE, (bliTHe) a. Gay ; airy ; joyous. 

BLITHELY, " (blixH'-le) ad. In a blithe 

BLITHENESS, (blixH-nes) > 

BLITHESOMENESS, (blJTH'-sum-nes) $ 
n. s. The quality of being blithe. 

BLITHESOME, (bliTH-sum) a. Gay; 

To BLOAT, (blote) v. a. To swell, or maka 

To BLOAT, (blote) v. n. To grow turgid. 

BLOATED, (bfote'-ed) a. Swollen with in- 

BLOATEDNESS, (blo'-ted-nes) n. s. Swel- 
ling from intemperance ; turgidness. 

BLOBBERLIPPED, (blob'-ber-lipt) e. 
Having swelled or thick lips. 

BLOCK, (blok) n.s. A heavy piece of tim- 
ber ; a mass of matter ; the piece of wood 
on vhich hats are formed ; the wood on 
which criminals are beheaded; an obstruc- 
tion ; a sea term for a pully. 

To BLOCK, (blok) v. a. To shut up. 

BLOCK-HOUSE, (blok'-house) n. s. A for- 
tress to defend a harbour. 

BLOCK-TIN, (blok- tin') n. s. Pure or un- 
mixed tin. 

BLOCKADE, (blok-kade') n. s. A sieg* 
carried on by shutting up the place. 

not; — tiibe, tub, bull; — oil; — pound; — f/iin, mis. 



To BLOCKADE, (blok-kade') v. & To 
shut up by obstruction. 

BLOCKHEAD, (blok'-hed; n. s. A stupid 

BLOCKHEADED, (blok'-hed-ed) a. Stupid ; 

BLOCKISH, (blok'-ish) a. Stupid ; dull. 

BLOCKISHNESS, (blok'-ish-nes) n.s. Stu- 
pidity ; dullness. 

BLOMARY, (blo'-ma-re) n.s. The first 
forge in the iron mills. 

BLOOD, (blud) n. s. The red liquor that 
circulates in the bodies of animals ; family ; 
kindred; descent; lireage ; blood royal, 
royal lineage ; birth ; high extraction ; 
a hot spark, or man of fire ; the juice of 
any thing. 

BLOOD-HEAT, (blud-heet) n. s. Heat of 
the same degree with blood. 

BLOOD-STAINED, (blud'-stand) a. Smear- 
ed or stained with blood. 

BLOOD-STONE, (blud'-stone) n.s. The 
bloodstone is green, spotted with a bright 
red blood-red. 

BLOOD-THIRSTY, (blud'-f/iers-te) a. De- 
sirous to shed blood. 

BLOOD-VESSEL, (blud'-ves-sel) n. s. A 
vein or artery. 

BLOODGUILTLNESS, (blud'-gil'-te-nes) n.s. 
Murder ; the guilt of murder. 

BLOODHOUND, (blud'-hound) n. s. A 
fierce species of hound, having in a high 
degree the power of following by the 

BLOODILY, (blud'-e-le) ad. Cruelly. 
BLOODINESS, (bhzd'-e-nes) n.s. The state 

of being bloody ; the disposition to shed 

BLOODLESS, (blud'-les) a. Without blood ; 

dead ; without slaughter ; without spirit or 

BLOODSHED, (blud'-shed) n. s. The crime 

of murder ; slaughter. 
BLOODSHEDDER, (blud'-shed-der) n.s. 

BLOODSHOT, (blud'-shot) \a. Fil- 

BLOODSHOTTEN*; (blud'-sho>tn) ] led 

with blood bursting from its proper ves- 
BLOODSUCKER, (blud'-suk-er) n.s. A 

leech ; any thing that sucks blood ; a cruel 

BLOODY, (blud'-e) a. Stained with blood ; 

BLOODY-FLUX, (blud'-de-fluks') n. s. The 

dysentery, in which the excrements are 

mixed with blood. 
BLOODY-MINDED (blud'-de-mind-ed) n.s. 

Cruel ; of a sanguinary disposition. 
BLOOM, (bloom) n. s. A blossom ; the blue 

colour upon plums and grapes newly 

To BLOOM, (bloom) v. n. To bring blos- 
soms ; to be in a state of youth. 
BLOOMING, (bloom'-ing) a. Flourishing 

with bloom ; having the freshness of youth. 
BLOOMY, (bloom'-e) a. Full of blooms. 
BLOSSOM, (blos'-sum) n. s. The flower 


that grows on a plant, previous to the seed 
or fruit. 

To BLOSSOM, (blos'-sum) r n. To put 
forth blossoms. 

BLOSSOMY, (blQs'-sum-e) «. Full of blos- 

To BLOT, (blot) v. a. To obliterate ; to 
efface ; to erase ; to make black spots on ; 
to disgrace ; to darken. 

BLOT, (blot) n.s. An obliteration of writ- 
ing ; a blur ; a spot in reputation. 

BLOTCH, (blotsh) n. s. A spot upon the 

To BLOTCH, (blotsh) v. a. To blacken. 

To BLOTE, (blote) v. a. To dry by the 
smoke ; as bloted herrings. 

BLOW, (bio) n. s. A stroke ; the stroke of 
death ; a sudden calamity ; the act of a fly, 
by which she lodges eggs in flesh. 

To BLOW, (bio) v. n. pret. blew; part. pass. 
blown. To make a current of air ; to pant ; 
to breathe. To blow over: to pass away 
without effect. To blow up : to fly into the 
air by the force of gunpowder. 

To BLOW, (bio) v. a. To drive by the 
wind ; to inflame with wind ; to swell ; to 
form into shape by the breath ; to sound 
wind musick ; to warm with the breath. 
To blow out: to extinguish by wind. To 
blow up : to raise or swell with breath ; to 
inflate ; to burst with gunpowder ; to kindle 
To blow upon : to make stale. 

To BLOW, (bio) v. n. To bloom. 

BLOWER, (bio -er) n. s. A melter of tin , 
that which draws up the fire in a stove or 

BLOWN, (blone) The part. pass, of blow. 

BLOWPIPE, '(blo'-pipe) n. s. A tube used 
by various artificers. 

BLOWZE, (blouze) n. 5. A ruddy fat-faced 

BLOWZY, (blou'-ze) a. Sun-burnt; high 

BLUBBER, (blub'-ber) n. s. The fat of 

To BLUBBER, (blub'-ber) v. n. To weep 
in such a manner as to swell the cheeks. 

BLUBBERED, (blub'-berd) part. a. Swell- 

BLUDGEON, (blud'-jun) n. s. A short stick, 
with one end loaded, used as an offensive 

BLUE, (blu.) a. One of the three primitive 

BLUEBOTTLE, (blu'-bgt-tl) n. s. A flower 
of the bell shape ; a fly with a large blue 

BLUELY, (blu'-le) ad. With a blue colour. 

BLUENESS, (blu-nes) n. s. The quality 
of being blue. 

BLUFF, (bluf) a. Big; surly; obtuse. 

BLUFFNESS, (bluf '-nes) n. s. The quality 
of being bluff. 

BLUISH, (blu'-ish) a. Blue in a small degree. 

To BLUNDER^* (blun'-der) v. n. To mis- 
take grossly. 

BLUNDER, (blun'-der) n. s. A gross mis- 

Fate, far, fall, fat;— me, met: — pine, pm; — no, move, 


BLUNDERBUSS, (blun'-der-bus) n.s. A 
gun that is discharged with many bul- 

BLUNDERER, (blun'-der-er) n. s. A man 

that commits blunders. 
BLUNDERHEAD, (blun'-der-hed) n.s. A 

stupid fellow. 
BLUNDERINGLY, (blun'-der-ing-le) ad. 

In a blundering manner. 
BLUNT, (blunt) a. Dull on the edge ; dull 
in understanding ; rough ; not civil ; 
abrupt in manner. 
To BLUNT, (blunt) v a. To dull the edge 

or point ; to repress. 
BLUNTLY, (blunt'-le) ad. In a blunt 

manner ; coarsely. 
BLUNTNESS, (blunt' -nes) n. s. Want of 

edge ; coarseness. 
BLUNT WETTED, (blunt'-wit-ted) a. Dull ; 

BLUR, (blur) n. s. A blot; a stain. 
To BLUR, (blur) v. a. To blot ; to stain. 
To BLURT, (blurt) v. a. To speak inad- 
To BLUSH, (blush) v. n. To betray shame 
or confusion, by a red colour on the cheek 
or forehead ; to carry a red colour. 
BLUSH, (blush) n. s. The colour in the 
cheeks raised by shame or confusion ; a 
red or purple colour ; sudden appearance ; 
as, the first blush. 
BLUSHFUL, (blush'-ful) «. Full of blushes. 
BLUSHING, (blush'-ing) n. s. The appear- 
ance of colour. 
BLUSHLESS, (blush'-les) a. Without a 

blush ; impudent. 
BLUSHY, (blush'-e) a. Having the colour 

of a blush. 
To BLUSTER, (blus'-ter) v. n. To roar as 

a storm ; to bully. 
BLUSTER, (blus'-ter) n.s. Roar of storms ; 

noise ; turbulence ; boast. 
BLUSTERER, (blus'-ter-er) n.s. A swag- 
gerer ; a bully. 
BLUSTERING, (blus'-ter-ing) n.s. Tu- 
mult ; noise. 
BLUSTEROUS, (blus'-trus) a. Tumultuous. 
BO, (bo) interj. A word of terrour. 
BOAR, (bore) n. s. The male swine. 
BOAR-SPEAR, (bore'-spere) n.s. A spear 

used in hunting the boar. 
BOARD, (bord) n. s. A piece of wood of 
more length and breadth than thickness ; a 
table ; the deck of a ship. Figuratively, 
Entertainment ; a council ; an assembly 
seated at a table ; a court of jurisdiction. 
To BOARD, (bord) v a. To enter a ship 
by force ; to attack ; to accost ; to lay with 
To BOARD, (bord) v. n. To live in a house 

at a certain rate for eating. 
To BOARD, (bord) v. a. To place as a 

boarder in another's house. 
BOARD-WAGES, (bord-wa'-jez) n.s. Wages 
allowed to servants to keep themselves in 
HOARDER, (bor'-der) n. s. One that eats 
with another at a settled rate 


BOARDING-SCHOOL, (bord'-ing-skoo. 
n. s. A school where the scholars live with 
the teacher. 
BOARISH, (bore'-ish) a. Swinish; brutal. 
To BOAST, (bost) "v. n. To brag ; to talk 

ostentatiously ; to exalt one's self. 
To BOAST, (bost) v. a. To brag of; to 

magnify ; to exalt. 
BOAST, (host) n. s. An expression of os- 
tentation ; a cause of boasting. 
BOASTER (bost'-er) n. s. A bragger. 
BOASTFUL, (bost"-ful) a. Ostentatious. 
BOASTING, (bost'-iiig) n. s. An expres- 
sion of ostentation. 
BOASTINGLY, (bost'-ing-le) a. Osten- 
BOAT, (bote) n. s. A vessel to pass the 

water in ; a ship of a small size. 
BOATMAN, (bote'-man) n. s. He that 

manages a boat. 
BOATSWAIN, (bote'-swane, colloquially 
bo'-sn) n. s. An officer on board a ship, 
who has charge of her rigging and long- 
boat ; and calls out the several gangs, &c. 
To BOB, (bob) v. n. To play backward and 
forward ; to bob for fish, a term in angling. 
BOB, (bob) n. s. Something that hangs so 
as to play loosely ; a blow ; a worm used 
for a bait in angling ; a bobwig. 
BOBBIN, (bob'-bin) n. s. A small pin of 
wood used in lace-making ; a thing to wind 
thread upon. 
BOBB1NWORK, (bob'-bin-wurk) n. s. 

Work woven with bobbins. 
BOBCHERRY, (bob'-tsher-re) n. s. A play 
among children, in which the cherry is 
hung so as to bob against the mouth. 
BOBTAIL, (bob'-tale) n. s. A tail cut, or 

BOBWIG, Cbob'-wig) n. s. A short wig. 
To BODE, (bode) v. a. To portend. 
To BODE, (bode) v.n. To be an omen. 
BODE, (bode) n. s. An omen ; delay 01 

BODEMENT, (bode'-ment) n.s. Portent; 

To BODGE, (bodje) v. n. To boggle ; to stop, 
BODICE, (bod'-dis) n.s. Stays. 
BODIED, (bgd'-ded) a. Having a body. 
BODILESS, (bod'-de-les) a. Incorporeal. 
BOD1LINESS, '(bod'-de-le-nes) ft. s. Corpo- 

BODILY, (bod'-de-le) a. Corporeal; re- 
lating to the body ; real ; actual. 
BODILY, (bod'-de-le) ad. Corporeally. 
BODING, (b'ode-mg) n. s. An Omen. 
BODKIN, (bQd'-kin) n. s. An instrument 
used to bore holes ; an instrument to draw 
a thread through a loop; an instrument to 
dress the hair. 
BODY, (bod'-de) n. s. The material sub- 
stance of an animal ; matter ; opposed to 
spirit ; a person ; a collective mass ; the 
main army ; a corporation ; the main part ; 
the bulk ; a substance. In geometry, Any 
solid figure. A general collection, as a 
body of divinity. Strength, as wine of a 
good body. 

not; — tube, tnb, bull;— oil; — pound; — thin, this. 


To BODY, (bod'-de) v. a. To produce in 

some form. 
BODY-GUARD, (bod'-de-gard) n. s. Pro- 
perly, the life-guards. Figuratively, Se- 
BOG, (bog) n. s. A marsh ; a morass. 
To BOG, (bog) v. a. To whelm as in mud 

or mire. 
BOG-TROTTER, (bog'-trot-ter) n. *. A cant 

term for one tbat lives in a boggy country. 
BOGGLE, (bog'-gl) n. s. A bugbear ; a 

To BOGGLE, (bog'-gl) v.n. To start; to 

hesitate ; to stumble. 
BOGGY, (bog'-ge) a. Marshy ; swampy. 
BOGHOUSE, (bpg'-house) n. s. A privy. 
BOHEA, (bo-he') n. s. A species of tea. 
To BOIL, (boel) v. n. To be agitated by 

heat ; to be hot ; to move like boiling water ; 

to cook by boiling. 
To BOIL, (boel) v. a. To heat, by putting 

into boiling water. 
BOIL, (boel) n. s. A tumour, terminating 

in a pustule. 
BOILER, (boel'-er) n. s. The person that 

boils ; the vessel in which anything is 

BOILERY, (boel'-er-e) n. s. A salt-house, 

or place where salt is boiled. 
BOILING, (boel'-ing^) n. s. Ebullition. 
BOISTEROUS,' (boes'-ter-us) a. Violent; 

loud ; turbulent ; stormy. 
BOISTEROUSLY, (boes'-ter-us-le) ad. Vio- 
lently ; tumultuously. 
BOISTEBOUSNESS, (boes'-ter-us-nf*) n.s. 

BOLARY, (bo'-la-re) a. Partaking of the 

nature of bole, or clay. 
BOLD, (bold) a. Daring ; brave ; executed 

with spirit ; confident ; impudent ; striking 

to the sight. 
To BOLDEN, (bold'-dn) v. a. To make 

BOLDFACED, (bold'-faste) a. Impudent. 
BOLDLY, (bold'-le) a. ' In a bold manner. 
BOLDNESS, "(bold'-nes) n. s. Courage ; 

exemption from caution ; confident trust ; 

assurance ; impudence. 
BOLE, (bole) n. s. The body of a trunk of 

a tree ; a kind of earth. 
BOLL, (bole) n. s. A round stalk or stem ; a 

salt measure of two bushels. 
BOLSTER, (bole'-ster) n. s. Something laid 

on the bed to support the head ; a pad, or 

quilt ; a surgical machine for broken limbs. 
To BOLSTER, (bole'-ster) v. a. To support 

the head with a bolster ; to afford a bed to ; 

to support ; to swell out. 
BOLSTERED, (bole'-sterd) a. Swelled out. 
BOLSTERING, (bole'-ster-ing) n. s. A 

prop ; a support. 
BOLT, (bolt) n. s. An arrow ; the bar of a 
door ; an iron pin ; a sieve. 
To BOLT, (bolt) v. a. To fasten with a 

bolt ; to blurt out precipitantly ; to fetter ; 

to sift with a sieve. 
To BOLT, (bolt) v. n. To spring out with 

speed and suddenness. 


BOLT-ROPE, (bol'-rope) n.s. The rope 
to which the edges of sails are sewed. 

BOLTER, (bolt'-er) n. s. A sieve ; a kind 
of net. 

BOLTHEAD, (bolt'-hed) n. s. A long strait- 
necked glass vessel, foi chemical distil- 

BOLTSPRIT. See Bowsprit. 

BOLUS, (bolus) n. s. A form of medicine, 
resembling, but larger than pills. 

BOMB, (bum) n. s. A hollow iron ball, or 
shell, filled with gunpowder, and furnished 
with a vent for a fusee, or wooden tube, 
filled with combustible matter, to be thrown 
out from a mortar. 

BOMB-CHEST, (bum'-tshest) n. s. A chest 
filled usually with bombs, placed under 
ground, to blow it up in the air. 

BOMB-KETCH, (bum'-ketsh) in. s. A 

BOMB- VESSEL, (bum'-ves-sel) $ kind of 
ship strongly built, to bear the shock of a 
mortar, when bombs are to be fired. 

BOMBARD, (bum'-bard) n. s. A great gun ; 
a barrel. 

To BOMBARD, (bum-baTd') v. a. To attack 
with bombs. 

BOMBARDIER, (bum -bar-deer') n. s. The 
engineer who shoots bombs. 

BOMBARDMENT, (bum-bard'-mcnt) n. s. 
An attack by throwing bombs. 

BOMBASIN, (bum-ba-zeen) n. s. A slight 
silken stuff. 

BOMBAST, (bum -bast') n. s. A stuff of 
soft loose texture used to swell the gar- 
ment ; fustian ; big words, without mean- 

BOMBASTICK, (bum-bas'-tik) a. Of great 
sound with little meaning. 

BOMBILATION, (bum-be-la-shun) n. s. 
Sound ; noise. 

BOMBYX, (bum'-biks) n. s. The silk-worm. 

BONA ROBA, (bcZ-na-ro'-ba) n. s. A shewy 

BON AIR, (bon-are") a. Complaisant; yield- 

BONASSUS, (bo-nas'-sus) n. s. A kind of 

BOND, (bond) n. s. Cord or chain ; liea- 
ment ; union. In the plural, Chains ; im- 
prisonment. In law, A writing of obli- 
gation to pay a sum, or perform a contract ; 

BONDAGE, (bon'-daje) n.s. Captivity; 

BONDMAID, (bond'-made) n. s. A woman 

BONDMAN, (bond'-man) \n.s. A slave: 

BONDSMAN, (bondz'-man) $ a person 
giving security for another. 

BONDSERVANT, (bond'-ser-vant) n.s. A 

BONDSERVICE, (bond'-ser-vis) n. s. 

BONDSWOMAN, (bondz'-wum-an) n.s. A 
female slave. 

BONE, (bone) n. s. The hard, dry, insen- 
sible parts of the body of an animal ; a sort 
of bobbin for weaving lace. 


Fate, far, fall, fat : — me, met ; — pine, pin ; — no, move, 


To BONE, (bone) v. a. To take out the 

bones from the flesh. 
BONELACE, (bone'-lase) n.s. A species 

of lace. 
BONESETTER, (bone'-set-ter) n. s. One 
who professes the art of restoring broken 
or dislocated bones. 
BONFIRE, (bon'-fire) n. s. A fire made 

for some publick cause of triumph. 
To BONIFY, (bon'-ne-f i) v. a. To convert 

into good. 
BONNET, (bon'-net) n. s. A covering for 
the head, fn fortification, A kind of little 
ravelin. In the sea language, Bonnets are 
small sails set on the courses on the mizen, 
mainsail, and foresail. 
BONNTLY, (bon'-ne-le) ad. Gayly ; hand- 
BONNY, (bon'-ne) a Handsome ; beau- 
tiful ; gay. ' 
BONY, (bo'-ne) a. Consisting of bones ; 

full of bones ; strong of bone. 
BONZES, (bon'-zez) n. s. Priests of Japan, 

Tonquin, and China. 
BOOBY, (boo'-be) n. s. A dull, stupid fel- 
low ; a bird of the pelican tribe. 
BOOK, (book) n. s. A volume in which we 
read or write ; a particular division of a 
To BOOK, (book) v. a. To register in a 

BOOK-KEEPER, (bppk'-keep-er) n. s. The 

keeper of a book of accounts. 
BOOK-KEEPING, (bppk'-keep-ing) n.s. 

The art of keeping accounts. 
BOOKBINDER, (book' bind-er) n. s. A 

man whose profession it is to bind books. 
BOOKCASE, (book'-kase) n. s. A case 

for holding books. 
BOOKISH, (book'-ish) a. Given to books. 
BOOKISHNESS, (bppk'-ish-nes) n.s. De- 
votion to books. 
BOOKLAND, (bppk'-land) n. s. The same 

as free socage lands. 
BOOKLEARNED, (book'-lem-ed) a. Versed 

in books. 
BOOKLEARNING, (bpok'-lern-ing) n. s. 

Skill in literature. 
BOOKMATE, (book'-mate) n. s. School- 
BOOKOATH, (bppk'-oth) n. s. The oath 

made on the book. 
BOOKSELLER, (bppk'-sel-ler) n. s. He 

whose profession it is to sell books. 
BOOKWORM, (bppk'-wurm) n. s. A worm 
that eats holes in books ; a student too 
closely given to books. 
BOOM, (boom) n. s. A long pole used to 
spread out the clue of the studding sail ; a 
pole set up as a mark to shew the sailors 
how to steer ; a bar of wood laid across a 
To BOOM, (boom) v. n. To rush with vio- 
lence ; to swell and fall together- 
BOON, (boon) n. s. A gift ^ a grant. 
BOON, (boon) a. Gay ; merry ; kind ; 

BOOR, (boor) n.s. A lout; a clown. 


BOORISH, (boor'-ish) a. Clownish; ixiG 

BOORISHLY, (boor -ish-le^ ad. In a boor- 
ish manner. 
BOORISHNESS, (bppr'-ish-nes) n.s. Clown- 

ishness ; rusticity. 
BOOSE, (bops) n. s. A stall for a cow ot 

an ox. 
To BOOT, (boot) v. a. To profit ; to ad- 
vantage ; to enrich ; to benefit. 
BOOT, (boot) n s. Profit; gain; To boot; 

over and above. 
BOOT, (boot) n. s. A covering for the leg r 

used by horsemen. 
BOOT of a Coach, (boot) n. s. The space 

under the coach box. 
To BOOT, (boot) v. a. To put on boots. 
BOOT-CATCHER, (boot' katsh-er) n. s. 
The person whose business at an inn is to 
pull off the boots of passengers. 
BOOT-HOSE, (bppt'-hoze) n. s. Stockings 

to serve for boots. 
BOOT-TREE, (boot'- tree) n. s. Two pieces 
of wood, shaped like a leg, to be driven 
into boots, for stretching them. 
BOOTED, (bppt'-ed) a. In boots. 
BOOTH, (bpoTu) n. s. A temporary house 

built of boards. 
BOOTLESS, (bppt'-les) a. Useless; with- 
out success. 
BOOTY, (bpp'-te) n. s. Plunder ; things 
gotten by robbery ; 1o play booty, to play 
BOPEEP, (bo-peep) n. s. To play bopeep, 
is to look out, and draw back as if frighted. 
BORAX, (bo'-raks) n. s. An artificial salt, 
prepared from sal ammoniac, nitre, cal- 
cined tartar, sea salt, and alum, dissolved 
in wine. 
BORD-LANDS, (bord-landz) n. s. De- 
mesnes formerly appropriated by the owners 
of lands, for the maintenance of their boi-d 
or table. 
BORDER, (bpr'-der) n. s. The outer part 
orxedge ; the march or edge of a county ; 
the outer part of a garment ; a bank raised 
round a garden. In heraldry, one of the 
honourable ordinaries ; commonly written 
To BORDER, (bor'-der) v. n. To confine 

upon ; to approach nearly to. 
To BORDER, (bor'-der) v. a. To adorn 
with a border ; to reach ; to touch ; to keep 
within bounds. 
BORDERER, (bor'-der-er) n. s. He that 
dwells on the borders ; he that approaches 
To BORE, (bore) v.- a. To pierce ; to make 

a hole ; to hollow ; to perforate. 
To BORE, (bore) v. n. To make a hole. 
BORE, (bore) n. s. The hole made by 

boring ; the size of any hole. 
BORE, (bore) The pret. of bear. 
BOREAL," (bo'-re-al) a. Northern. 
BOREAS, (bo J -re'-as) n. s. The north wind. 
To be BORN, (born) v. n. pass. To come 

into life. 
BORNE, (borne) The part. pass, of bear. 

not; — tube, tub, bull; — gil; — pound; — thin, rms. 


BOROUGH, (bur'-™) n. s. A town with a 

BOROUGH ENGLISH, (bur'-ro) A cus- 
tomary descent of lands or tenements to the 
owner's youngest son ; or, if the owner 
have no issue, to his youngest brother. 
To BORROW, (bor'-ro) v. a. To take from 
another upon credit ; to ask of another 
something for a time. 
BORROWER, (bor'-ro-er) n. s. He that 
borrows ; he that takes what is another's, 
and uses it as his own. 
BORROWING, (bgr'-ro-ing) n. s. The act 

of one who borrows. 
BOSCAGE, (bQs'-kaje) n. s. Wood ; the 

representation of woods. 
BOSKY, (bos' ke) a. Woody. 
BOSOM, (boo'-zum) u. s. The heart; the 
breast, as the seat of tenderness ; the breast, 
as the receptacle of secrets ; any receptacle 
close or secret, as, the bosom of the earth. 
Bosom, in composition, implies intimacy, 
confidence, fondness, as bosom-friend, &c. 
To BOSOM, (boo'-zum) v. a. To inclose in 

the bosom ; to conceal in privacy. 
BOSS, (bos) m.s. A stud; the part rising in 
the midst of any thing ; a bricklayer's ma- 
chine for holding mortar ; a thick body of 
any kind. 
BOSSED, (bost) a. Studded. 
BOSSAGE, (bgs'-saje) n. s. In architecture, 
Any stone that has a projecture ; rustick 
work, chiefly in the corners of edifices, and 
called rustick quoins 
BOSSY, (bos'-se) a. Prominent ; studded. 
BOTANICAL, (bo-tan'-e-kal) \a. Relating 
BOTANICK, (bo-'tan-nik) T S to herbs. 
BOTANICALLY, (bo-tan'-e-kal-le) ad. Af- 
ter the manner of botanists. 
BOTANIST, (bot'-a-nist) n. s. One skilled 

in plants. 
BOTAiNOLOGY, (hgt-an-ol'-o-je) n. s. A 

discourse upon plants. 
BOTANY, (bgt'-a-ne) n. s. The science 

which teaches the knowledge of plants. 
BOTCH, (botsh) n. s. A swelling or erup- 
tive discolouration of the skin ; a part in any 
work ill finished ; an adscititious part clum- 
sily added. 
To BOTCH, (botsh) v. a. To mend or patch 
clothes ; to mend awkwardly ; to put to- 
gether unsuitably ; to mark with botches. 
BOTCHER, (botsh'-er) n. s. A mender of 

old clothes. 
BOTCHERLY, (botsh'- er-le) a. Clumsy ; 

T30TCH Y, (botsh-e) a. Marked with botches. 
BOTH, (both) a. The two. 
BOTH, (both) conj. As well. 
To BOTHER (boiH'-er) v. a. To perplex 

and confound. 
BOTS, (bots) n.s. A species of small worms 

in the entrails of horses. 
BOTTLE, (bgt'-tl) n.s. A vessel with a 
narrow mouth, to put liquor in ; the mea- 
sure of wine usually put into a bottle ; a 
quart j a quantity of hay or grass bundled 


To BOTTLE, (bot'-tl) v . a. To inclose in 

BOTTLESCREW, (bot'-tl-skrpp) n. s. A 

screw to pull out the cork. 
BOTTLING, (bot'-lmg) n. s. The opera- 
tion of putting liquors into bottles. 
BOTTOM, (bot'-tum) n. s. The lowest part 
of any thing ; the ground under water ; 
the foundation ; a dale ; a valley ; a ship ; 
the deepest part ; a ball of thread wound 
up together 
Tc BOTTOM, (bot'-tum) v. a. To build up- 
on ; to reach the bottom. 
BOTTOMLESS, (bot'-tum-les) a. Without 

a bottom ; unfathomable. 
BOTTOMRY, (bot'-tum -re) n. s. In com- 
merce, The act of borrowing money on a 
ship's bottom. 
BOUD, (boud) n. s. An insect which breeds 

in malt. 
To BOUGE, (boodje)) v. n. To swell out. 
BOUGH, (bcm) n. s. An arm or large shoot 

of a tree. 
BOUGHT, (bawt) Pret. and part, of To buy. 
To BOUNCE, (bQunse) v. n. To fall or fly 
against any thing with great force, so as to 
rebound; to spring ; to boast; to bully. 
BOUNCE, (bounse) n.s. The rebound pro- 
duced by a sudien blow ; a boast. 
BOUNCER, (bgun'-ser) n. s. A boaster. 
BOUND, (bgund) n. s. A limit ; a limit by 
which any excursion is restrained ; a leap ; 
a jump ; a rebound. 
To BOUND, (bound) v. a. To limit ; to re- 
To BOUND, (bound) v. n. To jump ; to re- 
BOUND, (bound) Pret. and part. pass, of 

BOUND, (bound) a. Destined ; intending 

to go to any place. 
BOUNDARY, (boun'-da-re) «. s. Limit. 
BOUNDEN, (boun-den) Part. pass, of bind, 

obliged ; beholden to. 
BOUNDLESS, (bound'- les) a. Unlimited. 
BOUNDLESSNESS, (bpund'-les-nes) n. s. 

Exemption from limits. 
BOUNTEOUS, (boun'-te-us) a. Liberal ; 

BOUNTEOUSLY, (boun'-te-us-le) ad. Li- 
BOUNTEOUSNESS, (boun'-te-us -nes) n.s. 

BOUNTIFUL, (boun'-te-ful) a. Liberal; 

BOUNTIFULLY, (boun'-te-ful-le) ad. Libe- 
BOUNTY, (boun'-te) n. s. Generosity: 
liberality ; munificence ; a premium given 
by government for the exportation of Bri- 
tish manufactures; &c. ; money given to 
men who enlist. Queen Anne's Bounty, The 
provision of Queen Anne for the augmen- 
tation of poor livings. 
BOUQUET, (boo'-ka) n. s. A nosegay. 
BOURN, (borne) n. s. A bound ; a limit ; a 

BOURSE, n. s. See Burse. 


Fate, fai, fall, fat;— me, met; —pine, pin 


To BOUSE, (booze) v.n. To drink sottishly. 

BOUSY, (bgo'-ze) ad. Drunken. 
BOUT, (bgut) n. s. A turn ; as much of an 
action as is performed at one time. 

To BOW, (bpu) o. a. To bend ; to bend the 
bod) m token of respect ; to bend, or in- 
cline, in condescension ; to depress. 

To BOW, (bou^ v.n. To bead ; to make a 
reverence ; to stoop ; to sink under pressure. 

BOW, (bgu) n. s. An act of reverence or 

BOW, (bo) n. s. An instrument for shooting- 
arrows ; a rainbow ; the instrument with 
which the ^iol, &x. are struck ; the bow of 
a saddle are two pieces of wood laid arch- 
wise, to receive the upper part of a horse's 
back ; bows of a ship, the rounding parts of a 
ship on each side of tbe head. 

BOW-LEGGED, (bo'-legd) a. Having 
crooked legs. 

BOW-SHOT, (bo-shot) n. s. The space 
which an arrow may pass in its flight. 

BOW-WINDOW, (bo-win'-do) n.s. A pro- 
jecting window. 

To BOWEL, (bou'-el) v. a. To take forth the 

BOWELS, (bou'-elz) n. s. Intestines ; the 
inner parts of any thing. Figuratively, 
Pity, tenderness. 

BOWER, (bou'-er) n. s. A chamber ; any 
abode or residence ; a shady recess. 

BOWER-ANCHOR, (bgu'-er-ang'-kur) n.s. 
Anchors so called. 

BOWERY, (bou'-er-re) a. Embowering. 

BOWL, (boul) n.s. A vessel to hold liquids, 
rather wide than deep ; the hollow part of 
any thing ; a basin. 

BOWL, (boule) n. s. A round mass, which 
may be rolled along the ground. 

To BOWL, (bgul) v. a. To roll as a boll j to 
pelt with any thing rolled. 

To BOWL, (bgul) v. n. To play at bowls. 

BOWLING, (bgu'-ling) n.s. The art of 
throwing bowls. 

BOWLDER-STONES, (boul'-der-stonz) n. s. 
Lumps or fragments of stones broken from 
the adjacent cliffs. 

BOWLER, (bou-ler) n. s. He that plays 
at bowls. 

BOWLINE, (bo'-line) n.s. A rope fastened 
to the middle part of the outside of a sail. 

BOWLING-GREEN, (bgu'-ling-green) n. s. 
A level piece of ground, kept smooth for 

BOWMAN, (bo'-man) n. s. An archer. 

BOWNET, (bo'"-net) n.s. A net made of 
twigs bowed to catch fish. 

To BOWSE, (bouz) v. n. A sea term, signi- 
fying to hale or pull together. 

BOWSPRIT, (bo'-sprit) n. s. A mast pro- 
jecting from the head of a ship to carry the 
sails forward. 

BOW r STRING, (bo'-string) n. s. The string- 
by which the bow is kept bent. 

BOWYER, (bo'-yer) n. s. An archer ; one 
whose trade is to make bows. 

BOX, (boks) n. s. A tree. 

BOX (bgks) n. s. A case made of wood, or 


other matter ; certain seats in the play- 

To BOX, (boks) v. a. To inclose in a box ; 
To box the compass, is to rehearse the seve- 
ral points of it in their proper order. 

BOX, (boks) n.s. A blow on the head given 
with the hand. 

To BOX, (boks) v. n. To fight with the fist. 

To BOX, (boks) v. a. To strike with the 

BOXEN, (bgk'-sn) a. Made of box; re- 
sembling box. 

BOXER, (bgks'-er) n. s. A man who fights 
with his fist. 

ToBOXHAUL, (bgks'-hawl) v. a. To veer 
the ship by a particular method, when tack- 
ing- is impracticable. 

BOY, (bge) n. s. A male child ; one in the 
state of adolescence. 

BOYHOOD, (boe'-hud) n.s. The state of a 

BOYISH, (boe'-ish) a. Belonging to a boy ; 
childish ; trifling. 

BOYISHNESS, (boe'-ish-nes) n. s. Childish- 

BO YISM, (bge'-izm) n. s. Puerility ; child- 
ishness ; the state of a boy. 

BRABBLE, (brab'-bl) n. s. A clamorous 

To BRABBLE, (brab'-bl) v. n. To clamour. 

BRABBLER, (brab'-ler) n.s. A clamorous 

To BRACE, (brase) v. a. To bind ; to tie 
close with bandages ; to strain up. 

BRACE, (brase) n. s. Cincture ; bandage ; 
that which holds any thing tight ; a piece 
of timber framtd in with bevel joints, used 
to keep the building from swerving either 
way ; ropes fastened to the yard aims of a 
ship ; thick straps of leather on which a 
coach hangs. In printing, A character de- 
signed to hook in or brace any number of 
lines. The armour for the arm. 

BRACE, (brase) n. s. A pair ; a couple. 

BRACELET, (brase'-let) n. s. An orna- 
ment for the arms. 

BRACHIAL, (brak'-yal) a. Belonging to 
the arm. 

BRACHMIN, > (bra'-min) ?j. s. A priest of 

BRAMIN, 5 India, of the first cast of 

BRACH YGRAPHER, (bra-kig'-gra-fer) n. s. 
A short-hand writer. 

BRACHYGRAPHY, (bra-kig'-gra-fe) n. s. 
The art of writing in a short compass. 

BRACKEN, (brak'-kn) ». s. Fern. 

BRACKET, (brak'-ket) n.s. A piece of wood 
fixed for the support of something. 

BRACKISH, (brak'-ish) a. Salt ; somewhat 

BRACK1SHNESS, (brak'-ish-nes) n.s. Salt- 
ness in a small degree. 

BRAD, (brad) n. s. A sort of nail. 

To BRAG, (brag) v. n. To boast. 

BRAG, (brag) n. s. A boast ; the thing 
boasted ; a kind of game at cards. 

BRAGGADOCIO, (brag-ga-do'-she-o) n. t 
A swelling, boasting fellow. 

ngt ;— tube, tub, bull ; — 91I ; — pound ; — thin, mis. 



BRAGGARDISE, (brag'-gar-dize) n. s 
Gloriation ; a bragging. 

BRAGGARDISM, (brag'-gar-dizm) n. s. 

BRAGGART, (brag'-gart) n.s. A boaster. 

BRAGGART, (brag'-gart) a. Boastful. 

To BRAID, (brade) v. a. To weave together ; 
to plait. 

BRAID, (brade) re. s. A texture. 

BRAILS, (bralz) re. s. A sea term, Small 
ropes reeved through blocks. 

BRAIN, (brane) n. s. That collection of 
vessels and organs in the head, from which 
sense and motion arise. Figuratively, The 
understanding ; the affections ; fancy ; im- 

To BRAIN, (brane) v. a. To dash out the 

BRAINLESS, (brane'-les) a. Silly. 

BRAINPAN, (brane'-pau; n. s. The skull. 

BRAINSICK, (brane'-sik) a. Diseased in 
the understanding. 

BRAIT, (brate) re. s. A rough diamond. 

BRAKE, (brake) The pret. of break. 

BRAKE, (brake) n. s. A thicket of brambles ; 
fern ; furze. 

BRAKE, (brake) re. s. An instrument for 
dressing hemp ; the handle of a ship's 
pump ; a baker's kneading trough ; a sharp 
bit or snaffle for horses. A smith's brake is 
a machine in wfyich horses unwilling to be 
shod, are confined during that operation. 
That which moves ? military engine to any 

BRAMBLE, (bram'-bl) re. s. The black- 
berry bush ; any rough prickly shrub. 

BRAMBLED, (bram'-bld) a. Overgrown 
with brambles. 

BRAMBLING, (bram'-bling) re. s. A moun- 
tain chaffinch. 

BRAMIN, re. s. See Brachmin. 

BRAMINICAL, (bra-min'-e-kal) a. Re- 
lating to the Bramins. 

BRAN, (bran) re. s. The husks of corn 
ground ; the refuse of the sieve. 

BRANCH, (bransh) n. s. The shoot of a 
tree from one of the main boughs ; any part 
that shoots out from the rest ; a smaller 
river running into a larger ; any part of a 
family descending in a collateral line ; the 
antlers or shoots of a stag's horn. 
To BRANCH, (bransh) v. n. To spread in 
branches ; to spread into separate parts ; to 
have horns shooting out. 
To BRANCH, (bransh) v. a. To divide into 

BRA L s CHER, (bran'-sher) n.s. One that 
shoots out into branches. In falconry, A 
young hawk. 

BRAND, (brand) n. s. A stick lighted or 
fit to be lighted ; a sword ; a mark made by 
burning a criminal with a hot iron ; a stig- 
ma ; any note of infamy. 

To BRAND, (brand) v. a. To mark with a 
brand, or note of infamy ; to burn with a 
hot iron, 

BRANDGOOSE, (brand'-goos) re. s. A kind 
of wild fowl. 


BRANDIRON, (brand'-i-ron) n.s. A trivet 

to set a pot upon. 
To BRANDISH, (bran'-dish) v.a. To flourish 

as a weapon. 
BRANDISH, (bran'-dish) re. s. A flourish. 
BRANDLING, (brand'-liug) re. 5. A kind 

of worm. 
BRANDY, (bran'-de) re. s. A spirituous 

liquor distilled from the lees of wine. 
Ti BRANGLE, (brang'-gl) v. n. To squab- 
ble ; to wrangle. 
BRANGLING,(brang'-gling) n.s. Quarrel. 
BRANK, (brangk) re. s. "Buckwheat. 
BRANLIN, ( T bran'-ljn) re. s. A species of 

Jish of the salmon kind. 
BRANNY, (bran'-ne) a Having the ap- 
pearance of bran ; consisting principally of 

BRASEN. See Brazen. 
BRASIER, (bra'-zher) re. s. A manufacturer 

in brass ; a pan to hold coals. 
BRASIL, ) (bra-zeeiy n. s. An American 
BRAZIL, \ wood, thus denominated, be- 
cause first brought from Brazil. 
BRASS, (bras) re. s. A yellow metal, made 

by mixing copper with lapis calaminans. 

Figuratively, Impudence. 
BRASSY, (bras'-se) a. Partaking of brass ; 

hard as brass ; impudent. 
BRAT (brat) re. s. A child, so called in 

contempt ; the progeny ; the offspring. 
BRAVADO, (bra-va'-do) re. s. A boast. 
BRAVE (brave) a. Courageous; gallant; 

excellent ; noble ; magnificent ; fine ; 

To BE AVE, (brave) v. a. To defy ; to carry 

a boasting appearance of. 
BRAVELY, (brave'-le) ad. In a brave 

manner ; finely. 
BRAVERY, (bra-ver-re) n.s. Courage; 

splendour ; show ; bravado. 
BRAVO, (bra'-vo) n.s. A man who murders 

for hire. 
BRAVURA, (bra-voo'-ra) re. s. In musick, 

A term applied to a song of spirit, as also 

to rapidity and spirit of execution in the 

To BRAWL, (brawl) v. re. To quarrel 

noisily ; to speak loud and indecently ; to 

make a noise. 
To BRAWL, (brawl) v. a. To drive or beat 

BRAWL, (brawl) re. s. Quarrel ; a dance. 
BRAWLER, (braw'-ler) re. s. A wrangler. 
BRAWLING, (brawi-ing) n. s. The act 

of quarrelling. 
BRAWN, (brawn) n.s. The flesh of a boar, 

prepared in a particular manner ; a boar; 

the fleshy part of the body ; the arm ; bulk. 
BRAWNER, (braw'-nerj n. s. A boar killed 

for the table. 
BRAWN1NESS, (braw'-ne-nes) re. s. 

Strength ; hardness. 
BRAWNY, (braw'-ne) a. Musculous ; 

fleshy ; hard ; unfeeling. 
To BRAY, (bra) v. a. To pound, or grind 

small ; to emit with sound ; to give vent 



Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met; — pine, pin;— no, move, 


To BRAY, (bra) t>. n. To make noise as 
an ass ; to make a harsh noise. 

BRAY, (bra) n. s. Voice of an ass ; harsh 

BRAY, (bra) n. s. A bank of earth. 

BRAYER, (bra'-er) n , s . One that brays 
like an ass ; an instrument to temper 
printt-r's ink. 

BRAYING, (braMng) n. s. Clamour; 

To BRAZE, (braze) v. a. To solder with 
brass ; to harden to impudence. 

BRAZEN, (bra'-zn) a. Made of brass ; 
proceeding from brass ; impudent. 

To BRAZEN, (bra'-zn) v. n. To be impu- 

BRAZENEACE. (bra'-zn-fase) n s. An im- 
pudent wench. 

BRAZENFACED, (bra'-zn-faste) a. Impu- 
dent ; shameless. 

BRAZENLY, (bra'-zn-le) ad. In a bold, 
impudent manner. 

BRAZENNESS, (bra'-zn-nes) n.s. Appear- 
ance like brass ; impudence. 

BRAZIER, (bra'-zher) n. s. See Brasiek. 

BREACH, (breetsh)" n. s. The act of break- 
ing ; the state of being broken ; a gap in a 
fortification made by a battery ; the violation 
of a law or contract ; difference ; quarrel ; 
infraction ; injury. 

BREAD, (bred) n. s. Food made of ground 
corn ; food in general ; support of life at 

BREADTH, (bredth) n. s. The measure of 
any plain superficies from side to side. 

To BREAK, (brake) v. a. pret. broke, or 
brake; part. pass, broken. To part by vio- 
lence ; to burst, or open by force ; to di- 
vide ; to destroy by violence ; to crush or 
destroy the strength of the body ; to sink or 
appal the spirit ; to crush ; to shatter ; to 
tame ; to make bankrupt ; to discard ; to 
dismiss ; to violate a contract ; to infringe 
a law ; to intercept ; to interrupt ; to sepa- 
rate company ; to dissolve any union. To 
break fast, To eat the first time in the day. 
To break the heart, To destroy with giief. 
To break the neck, To put out the neck joints. 
To break off, To put a sudden stop ; to pre- 
clude by some obstacle suddenly interposed ; 
to tear asunder. To break up, To dissolve ; 
to lay open ; to separate or disband. 

To BREAK, (brake) v. n. To part in two ; 
to burst ; to open as the morning ; to burst 
forth ; to become bankrupt ; to decline in 
health ; to issue out with vehemence ; to 
fail out. To break loose, To escape from 
captivity ; to shake off restraint. To b-eak 
off, To desist suddenly. To break off from, 
To part from with violence. To breakout, 
To discover itself in sudden effects ; to 
have eruptions from the body ; to become 
dissolute. To break up, To cease ; to dis- 
solve itself ; to begin holidays. To break 
with, To part friendship with any. It is to 
be observed of this extensive an 1 perplexed 
verb, that in all its significatior s, whether 
active or neutral, it has some reference to 


its primitive meaning, by implying either 
detriment ; suddenness, violence, or sepa- 
ration. It is used often with additional 
particles, up, out, in, off', forth, to modify its 

BREAK, (brake) ft. s. State of being 
broken ; opening ; a pause ; a line drawn. 
In architecture, A recess of a part behind 
its ordinary range or projecture. 

BREAKER, (bra'-ker) n.s. He that breaks 
any thing ; a wave broken by rocks. 

To BREAKFAST, (biek'-iast) v.n. To cat 
the first meal in the day. 

BREAKFAST, (biek'-fast) n. s. The first 
meal in the day ; tne thing eaten at the first 

BREAKING, (brake'-ing) n.s. Bankruptcy, 
irruption ; dissolution. 

BREAKNECK, (brake'-nek) n.s. A steep 
place endangering the neck. 

BREAKWATER, (brake'-wa-ter) n. s. A 
wall or other obstacle raised at the entrance 
of a harbour to break the force of the 

BREAM, (breme) n. s. The name of a fish. 

BREAST, (brest) n. s. The middle part of 
the human body, between the neck and the 
belly ; the teats of women which contain the 
milk ; the disposition of the mind ; the 
heart ; the conscience. 

To BREAST, (brest) v. a. To meet in front. 

BREASTBONE," (brest'-bone) n. s. The 

BREASTHIGH, (brest'-hi) a. Up to the 

BREASTHOOKS, (brest'-hpoks) n. s. The 
timbers that strengthen the forepart of a 

BREASTKNOT, (brest'-not) n. s. A knot 
of ribbands worn by women on the breast. 

BREASTPLATE, (brest'-plate) n. s. Ar- 
mour for the breast. 

BREASTPLOUGH, (brest'-pJou) n. s. A 
plough for paring turf, driven hy the breast, 

BREASTWORK, (brest'-wurk) n.s. Works 
thrown up as high as the breast of the de- 
fendants ; the same with parapet. 

BREATH, (bxeth) n. s. The air drawn in 
and ejected out of the body ; life ; respite ; 
pause ; breeze. 

BREATHABLE, (breTHe'-a-bl) a. That may 
be breathed. 

To BREATHE, (brexHe) v n. To draw in 
and throw out the air by the lungs ; to 
live ; to take breath ; to pass as air. 

To BREATHE, (breme) v. a. To utter 
privately ; to give air or vent to. 

BREATHER, (bre'-xner) n. s. One that 
breathes ; one that utters any thing ; in- 

BREATHING, (bre'-Tuing) n.s. Aspiration, 
secret prayer ; vent ; an accent. 

BREATHIN G-PLACE, (breiHe'-ing-plase) 

n. s. A pause. 
BREATHING-TIME, (breTHe'-ing-time) n.s. 

BREATHLESS, (brerTi'-les) a. Out of 
breath ; dead. 

not ; — tube, tub, bull j — ml j — pound; — thin 



BRED, (bred) part. vass. from To breed. 

BREECH, (breetsh) n. s. The lower part 
of the body ; the bafck part ; the hinder 
part of a piece of ordnance ; the hinder 
part of any thing. 

To BREECH, (breetsh) v. a. To put into 
breeches ; to fit any thing with a breech, as 
to breech a gun. 

BREECHES, (britsh'-ez) n.s. The garment 
worn by men over the lower part of the 

BREECHING, (breetsh'-mg) n.s. A whip- 
ping ; the ropes with which the great guns 
are lashed to the side of a ship. 

To BREED, (breed) v. a. pret. bred ; part. 
bred. To procreate ; to produce from one's 
self ; to give birth to ; to educate ; to bring 
up from infancy. 

To BREED, (breed) v. n. To be with young ; 
to produce young. 

BREED, (breed) n. s. A cast ; a kind ; a 
family ; progeny ; a number produced at 
once ; a hatch. 

BREEDER, (bree'-der) n. s. That which 
produces any thing ; the person which brings 
up another ; a female that is prolifick ; one 
that takes care to raise a breed. 

BREEDING, (bree'-ding) n. s. Education ; 
manners ; nurture. 

BREEZE, (breez) n. s. A gentle gale ; a 
soft wind. 

BREEZY, (bree'-ze) a. Fanned with gales ; 
full of gales. 

BREST, (brest) n. s. In architecture, The 
torus, or tore. 

BRETHREN, (bre TH '-ren) n. s. The plural 
of brother. 

BREVE, (breve) n. s. In musick, A note of 
time, equivalent to four minims. 

BREVET, (brev'-et) n. s. Appointment in 
the army, and rank above the specifick ap- 
pointment for which pay is received ; a 
lieutenant-colonel, being made colonel by 
brevet, enjoys the pay only of the former, 
but the honour and privileges of the latter 
station; a brevet is a warrant, without 

BREVIARY, (breve'-ya-re) n. s. An abridge- 
ment ; the book containing the daily ser- 
vice of the church of Rome. 

BREVIATE, (breve'-yat) n. s. A short com- 
pendium ; a lawyer's brief. 

lb BREVIATE, (breve'-yate) v. a. To abbre- 

BREVIATURE, (brev'-ya-tare) n. s. An 

BREVIER, (bre-veer') n. s. A particular 
size of letter used in printing. 

BREVITY, (brev'-e-te) n.s. Conciseness. 

To BREW, (broo) v. a. To make liquors by 
mixing several ingredients ; to put into pre- 
paration ; to mingle ; to contrive ; to plot. 

To BREW, (broo) v. n. To perform the 
office of a brewer. 

BREW, (broo) n.s. Manner of brewing ; 
the thing brewed 

BREWAGE, (broo'-aje) n. s. A mixture of 
various things. 


BREWER, (brpo'-er) n. s. A man whose 
trade it is to make beer. 

BREWERY, (broo'-er-e) n. s. The place 
appropriated to brewing. 

BREWHOUSE, (broo'-hous) n. s. A house 
appropriated to brewing. 

BREWING, (broo'-ing) n. s. Quantity 
brewed at once. In naval language, The 
appearance of black tempestuous clouds, 
indicating an approaching storm 

BRIAR, n. s. See BniER. 

BRIBE, (bribe) n. s A reward given to 
pervert the judgement or corrupt the con- 

To BRIBE, (bribe) v. a. To gain by bribes. 

BRIBER, (bri'-ber) n. s. One thai pays 
for corrupt practices. 

BRIBERY, (bri'-ber-re) n. $. The crime of 
taking or giving rewards for bad practices. 

BRICK, (brik) n. s. A mass of burnt clay, 
squared for the use of builders ; a loaf 
shaped like a brick. 

To BRICK, (brik) v. a. To lay with bricks. 

BRICKBAT, (brik'-bat) n. s. A piece of 

BR1CKDUST, (brik'-dust) n. s. Dust made 
by pounding bricks. 

BRICK-KILN, (brik'-kil) n.s. A kiln to 
burn bricks. 

BRICKLAYER, (brik'-la-er) n. s. A brick- 

BRICKMAKER, (brik'-ma-ker) n. s. One 
whose trade it is to make bricks. 

BRICKWORK, (brik'-wurk) „ s . Laying 
of bricks. 

BRIDAL, (bri'-dal) n. s. The nuptial fes- 

BRIDAL, (bri'-dal) a. Belonging to a wed- 

BRIDE, (bride) n. s. A woman newly mar- 

BRIDEBED, (bride'-bed) n.s. Marriage- 

BRIDECAKE, (bride'-kake) n.s. A cake 
distributed to the guests at a weddinc. 

BRIDECHAMBER, (bride'-tsham-ber) n.s. 
The nuptial chamber. 

BRIDEGROOM, (bride'-groom) n. s. A 
newly married man. 

BRIDEMAID, ( mad) n. s. She who 
attends upon the bride. 

BRIDEMAN, (bride'-man) n. s. He who 
attends the bride and bridegroofii at the 
nuptial ceremony. 

BRIDEWELL, (bride'-wel) n. s. The palac< 
built by St. Bride's, or Bridget's -well, 
turned into a workhouse. A general name 
for a house of correction. 

BRIDGE, (bridje) n. s. A building raised 
over water for the convenience of passage , 
the upper part of the nose ; the supporter 
of the strings in stringed instruments of 
of musick. 

BRIDLE, (bri'-dl) n. s. The reins by which 
a horse is governed ; a restraint ; a curb. 

To BRIDLE (bri'-dl) v. a. To guide by a 
bridle ; to put a bridle on any thing ; to 


Fate, far, fall, fgt ;— me, met ; — pine, 


-no, move. 


To BRIDLE, (bri'-dl) v. n. To hold up the 

BRIDLER, (bride- ler) n.s. He who directs 
or restrains as by a bridle. 

BRIEF, (breef) a. Short ; concise ; con- 

BRIEF, (breef) n. s. A writing of any kind ; 
a short extract. In law, A species of writ 
or precept ; the writing given the pleaders, 
containing the case ; letters patent, giving 
licence to a charitable collection. In mu- 
sick, A measure of quantity, which con- 
tains two strokes down in beating time, and 
as many up. 

BRIEFLY, (breef '-le) ad. Concisely ; quickly. 

BRIEFNESS, (breef'-nes) n. s. Concise- 
ness ; shortness. 

BRIER, (bri'-er) n.s. A prickly shrub; the 

BRIERY, (bri'-er-re) a. Bough ; full of 

BRIERY, (bri'-er-re) n. s. A place where 
briers grow. 

BRIG, (brig) n. s. A bridge. 

BRIG, (brig) n. s. A light vessel with two 

BRIGADE, (bre-gade') n. s. A body of men, 
consisting of several squadrons of horse, or 
battalions of foot. 

To BRIGADE, (bre-gade') v. a. To form 
into a brigade. 

BRIGADIER GENERAL, (brig-a-deer'~ 
jen'-e-ral) n. s. An officer who commands 
a brigade : an officer next in order below a 

BRIGAND, (brig'-gand) n. s. A robber. 

BRIGANDINE,' (brig'-an-dine) n. s A light 
vessel, formerly used by corsairs or pirates ; 
a coat of mail. 

BRIGANTINE, (bng'-an-tine) n. s. A light 

BRIGHT, (brite) a. Shining ; full of light ; 
reflecting light ; clear ; resplendent ; illus- 

To BRIGHTEN, (bri'-tn) v. a. To make 
bright ; to make luminous ; to make gay ; to 
make illustrious ; to make acute, or witty. 

To BRIGHTEN, (bri'-tn) v. n. To grow 

BRIGHTLY, (brite'-le) ad. Splendidly. 

BRIGHTNESS, (brite'-nes) n. s. Lustre; 

BRILLIANCY, (bril'-yan-se) n. s. Lustre - t 

BR1LLI A NT, (bril'-yant) a. Shining j spark- 

BRILLIANT, (bril'-yant) n. s. A diamond 
of the finest cut. 

BRILLS, (brilz) n. s. The hair on the eye- 
lids of a horse. 

BRIM, (brim) n. s. The edge of any thing ; 
the upper edge of any vessel ; the bank of 
a fountain, river, or the sea. 

To BRIM, (brim) v. a. To fill to the top. 

To BRIM, (brim) v. n. To be full to the brim. 

BRIMFUL, (brim'-ful) a. Full to the top. 

BRIMMER, (brim'-mer) «. s. A bowl full 
to the top. 


BRIMMING, (brim'-ming) a. Full to the 

BRIMSTONE, (brim'-stone) n. s. Sulphur. 

BR1NDED, (brin'-ded) a. Of a brown 
colour, originally ; thence, of a varied co- 
lour ; streaked. 

BRINDLED, (brm'-dld) a. Brinded; 

BRINE, (brine) n. s. Water impregnated 
with salt ; the sea ; tears. 

B'RINEPIT, (brine'-pit) n. *. Pit of salt 

To BRING, (bring) v. a. To fetch from ; to 
convey, or carry to ; to convey in one's 
own hand, not to send by another ; to pro- 
cure, as a cause ; to attract ; to draw along ; 
to lead by degrees ; to induce ; to prevail 
upon. To bring about ; to make any thing 
come to pass. To hi ing forth ; to give birth 
to. To bring off; to clear ; to acquit. To 
bring on ; to engage in action. To bring over ; 
to convert; to draw to a new party. To 
bring out ; to exhibit. To bring to pass ; to 
effect. To bring tinder ; to subdue. To 
bring up ; to educate ; to introduce to gene- 
ral practice. 

BRINGING-FORTH, (bring'-ing-fort/t') n.s. 

BRINISH, (bri'-nish) a. Salt. 

BRINISHNESS, (bri'-nish-nes) n. s. Ten- 
dency to saltness. 

BRINK, (bringk) n. s. The edge of any 
place, as of a precipice or a river. 

BRINY, (bri'-ne) a. Salt. 


BRISK, (brisk) a. Lively ; powerful ; spi 
rituous ; vivid ; bright. 

BRISKET, (bris'-ket) n. s. The breast of an 

BRISKLY, (brisk'-le) ad. Actively ; vigor- 

BRISKNESS, (brisk'-nes) n. s. Liveliness ; 

BRISTLE, (bris'-sl) n. s. The stiff hair of 

To BRISTLE, (bris'-sl) v. a. To plant with, 
or erect in bristles. 

To BRISTLE, (bris'-sl) v. «. To stand erect 
as bristles. 

To BRISTLE a thread, (bris'-sl) v. a. To fix 
a bristle to it. 

BRISTLY, (bris'-le) a. Thick set with 

BRISTOL STONE, (bris'-tul-stone) n. s. A 
sort of soft diamond found in a rock near 
the city of Bristol. 

BRITISH, (brit'-ish) a. What relates to 
Britain ; applied to language, it means the 

BRITON, (brit'-ton) n.s. A native of Britain. 

BRITTLE, (brit'-tl) a. Fragile. 

BRITTLENESS, (brit'-tl-nes) n. s. Aptness 
to break. 

BRIZE, (brize) n. s. The gad-fly ; land long 

BROACH, (brotsh) n.s. A spit. 

To BR O ACH , (brotsh) v. a. To spit , to pierce 
a vessel: to tap ; to open any store; to le; 

not; — tijbe, tub, bull; — oil;— pound; — thm. mi 



out any thing ; to give out, or utter. To 
broach to, in naval language, To turn sud- 
denly to windward. 

BRO ACHER, (brotsh'-er) n.s. A spit ; an 
opener, or utterer ; the first author. 

BROAD, (brawd) ad. Wide ; large ; clear ; 
open ; obscene ; fulsome ; bold ; not deli- 

BROAD-CLOTH, (brawd'-clotfO re. s. A 
fine kind of cloth. 

To BROADEN, (braw'-dn) v. n. To grow 

BROADLY, (brawd'-le) ad. In a broad 

BROADNESS, (brawd'-nes) n.s. Breadth; 

BROADSIDE, (brawd'-side) re. s. The side 
of a ship ; the volley of shot fired at once 
from the side of a ship. In printing, A 
sheet of paper containing one large page. 

BROADSWORD, (brawd' sord) n. s. A 
cutting sword, with a broad blade. 

BROADWISE, (brawd'-wize) ad. Accord- 
ing to the direction of the breadth. 

BROCADE, (bro-kade') n. s. A silken 
variegated stuff. 

BROCADED, (bro-ka'-ded) a. Drest in 
brocade ; woven in the manner of a bro- 

BROCAGE, >(bro'-kaje) n.s. The gain 

BROKAGE, S gotten by promoting base 
bargains ; the trade of dealing in old things ; 
the transaction of business for other men. 

BROCCOLI, (brok'-ko-le) n. s. A species 
of cabbage. 

BROCK, (brok) n.s. A badger. 

BROCKET, '(brok'-ket) n.s. A red deer, 
two years old. 

BROGUE, (brog) n. s. A kind of a shoe ; 
a cant word for a corrupt dialect. 

BROGUE-MAKER, (brog-ma'-ker) nit. A 
maker of brogues. 

To BROIDER, (broe'-der) v. a. To adorn 
with figures of needle work. 

BROIDERER, (broe'-der-er) n.s. An em- 

BROIDERY, (broe'-der-e) re., s. Em- 

BROIL, (broel) n.s. A tumult ; a quarrel. 

To BROIL, (broel) v. a. To cook by laying 
on the coals, or before the fire. 

To BROIL, (broel) v. n. To be in the heat. 

BROILER, (broel' er) n.s. One who would 
excite a broil or quarrel ; one who dresses 
by broiling. 

To BROKE, (broke) v. n. To transact busi- 
ness for others. 

BROKE, (broke) Preterimperfect tense of 
the verb To break. 

BROKEN, (bro'-kn) part. pass, of break. 

BROKENHEARTED, (bro'-kn-har'-ted) a. 
Having the spirits crushed by grief or fear. 

BROKEN WINDED, ( bro'-kn- wind'-ed) a. 
Having diseased respiration. 

BROKER, (bro'-ker) n. s. A factor : one 
who deals in old goods. 

BROKERAGE, (bro'-ker-aje) n. s. The 
pay of a broker. 


BROKERY, (bro'-ker-e) n. s. The business 

of a broker. 
BRONCHOTOMY, (bron-kot'-to-me) n. .«-. 

That operation which opens the windpipe 

by incision, to prevent suffocation. 
BRONTOLOGY, (bron-tol'-o-je) n. s. A 

dissertation upon thunder. 
BRONZE, (bronze) n.s. A factitious metal 

compounded of copper and tin. 
To BRONZE, (bronze) To harden as brass , 

to colour like bronze. 
BROOCH, (brotsh) re. s. A jewel ; an or- 
nament of jewels. 
To BROOCH, (brotsh) v. a. To adorn with 

To BROOD, (brood) v. n. To sit, as on 

eggs ; to cover chickens under the wing ; 

to regard with long anxiety ; to mature any 

thing by care. 
BROOD, (brood) n.s. Offspring; progeny; 

thing bred ; the number hatched at once ; 

a production ; the act of covering the eggs. 
BROOK, (brook) re. s. A running water, 

less than a river. 
To BROOK, (brook) v. a. To bear ; to en- 
To BROOK, (brook) v. n. To endure. 
BROOM, (broom) n. s. A small tree ; a 

To BROOM, (broom) } v. a. In naval lan- 
To BREAM, $ guage, To clean the 

BROOMSTICK, (broom'-stik) re. s. The 

handle of a besom. 
BROOM Y, (broo'-me) o. Full of broom; 

consisting of broom. 
BROTH, (brQth) n.s. Liquor in which flesh 

is boiled. 
BROTHEL, (brQTn'-el) n. s. A house of 

lewd entertainment. 
BROTHELER, (broTH'-el-er) n. s. He who 

frequents a brothei-house. 
BROTHER, (bruTii'-er) n. s. One born of 

the same father and mother ; any one closely 

united ; associate. In theological language, 

Man in general. 
BROTHERHOOD, (bruTH'-er-hiid)re.s. The 

state or quality of being a brother ; an as- 
sociation ; a fraternity ; a class of men o' 

the same kind. 
BROTHERLY, (brmn'-er-le) a. Kind; 

affectionate ; such as becomes a brother. 
BROTHERLY, (bruTH'-er-le) ad. After 

the manner of a brother. 
BROUGHT, (brawt) part. pass, of bring. 
BROW, (brou) re. s. The arch of hair over 

the eye ; the forehead ; the edge of any 

high place. 
To BROWBEAT, (brou'-bete) v.a. To de- 
press with severe brows and looks. 
BROWBEATING, (brou-bete'-ing) n.s. The 

act of depressing by stern or lofty looks. 
BROWLOUND, (brou'-bound) a. Crowned. 
BROWN, (broun) a.' ' The name of a colour. 
BROWNISH,' '(broun'-ish) a. Tending to 

BROWN NESS, (broim'-nes) n. $. \ biown 



Fate, far, fall, fat ;- -me, met; — pine, pin;— no, move, 


BROWNSTUDY, (broun-stud'-de) n. s. 

Gloomy meditations ; reverie. 
BROWNIE, (brou'-ne) n. s. A spirit sup- 
posed to baunt old bouses in Scotland. 
To BROWSE, (brouze) v. a. To eat brancbes 

or sbrubs. 
To BROWSE, (brouze) v. n. To feed. 
BROWSE, (brguze) n. s. Brancbes or 

BROWSING, (brouze'-ing) n. s. Food which 

deer find in young coppices. 
To BRUISE, (brpoze) v. a. To crush or 

mangle with a heavy blow, or fall. 
BRUISE, (brpoze) n.s. A hurt with some- 
thing blunt or heavy. 
BRUISER, (bippze'-er) n. s. One who bruises ; 
a concave tool for grinding tbe specula of 
telescopes ; in vulgar language, a boxer. 
BRUIT, (broot) n. s. Rumour ; report. 
To BRUIT, (brppt) v. a. To report. 
BRUMAL, (brpp'-mal) ad. Belonging to 

tbe winter. 
BRUNETTE, (bru-net') n.s. A woman 

with a brown complexion. 
BRUNT, (brunt) n.s. Shock; violence; 

blow ; stroke ; a brief and sudden effort. 
BRUSH, (brush) n. s. An instrument of 
hair to sweep or clean any thing ; pencils 
used by painters ; tbe tail of a fox ; a rude 
assault ; a thicket. 
To BRUSH, (brush) v. a. To sweep with a 
brash ; to paint with a brush ; to carry 
away, by aa act like that of brushing. 
To BRUSH, (brush) v. n. To move with 

haste ; to fly over. 
BRUSHER, (brush'-er) n. s. He that uses 

a brush. 
BRUSHWOOD, (brush'-wud) n. s. Rough, 

low, close thickets. 
BRUSHY, (biush'-e) a. Rough or shaggy, 

like a brush. 
BRUSQUE, (brask) a. Rude ; quick ; abrupt 

in manner. 
BRUTAL, (brpp'-tal) a. Belonging to a 

brute ; savage ; cruel. 
BRUTALITY, (brpp-tal'-e-te) n. s. Savage- 

To BRUTALIZE, (brpp'-ta-lize) v. n. To 

grow brutal. 
2b BRUTALIZE, (brpp'-ta-lize) via. To 

make brutal. 
BRUTALLY, (brpp'-tal-le) ad. Churlishly. 
BRUTE, (brppt) a. Senseless ; savage ; 

bestial ; rough ; ferocious. 
BRUTE, (broot) n.s. An irrational creature. 
To BRUTIFY, (brppt'-e-f i) *. a. To make 
a man a brute ; to render tbe mind brutal. 
BRUTISH, (brpp'-tish) a. Bestial ; savage ; 
ferocious; gross; carnal; ignorant; un- 
BRUTISHNESS, (brpp'-tish-nes) n. s. Bru- 
BRYONY, (brj'-o-ne) n. s. A plant. 
BUBBLE, (bub'-bl) n. s. Drops, or vescicles 
filled with air ; cheating projects by which 
the publick are defrauded ; a false show. 
To BUBBLE, (bub'-bl) v. n. To rise in bub- 
bles ; to run with a gentle noise. 


To BUBBLE, (bub'-bl) v. a. To cheat. 
BUBBLER, (bub'-bler) n. s. A cheat. 
BUBBLY, (bub'-le) a. Consisting of bubbles. 
BUBBY, (bub'-be) n.s. A woman's breast. 

BUBO, (bu'-l o) n. s. That part of the groin 
from the bending of the thigh to tbe scro- 
tum ; tumours in that part. 

BUBONOCELE, (bu-bon'-o-sele) n.s. A 
kind of rupture, when the intestines break 
down into the groin. 

BUCANIERS, (buk-a-neerz') n.s. Priva- 
teers or pirates of all nations, who used to 
make war on the Spaniards in their West- 
India possessions. 

BUCK, (buk) n. s. A lye made of ashes 
and the lather of soap. 

BUCK, (buk) n. s. A cant word for a dash- 
ing ostentatious fellow. 

BUCK, (buk) n. s. The male of the fallow 
deer, and of rabbits, and other animals. 

To BUCK, (buk) v. a. To wash clothes. 

lb BUCK, (buk) v. n. To copulate as bucks 
and does. 

BUCKBASKET, (buk'-bas-ket) n. s. The 
basket in which clothes are carried to the 

BUCKBEAN, (buk'-bene) n. s. A sort of 

BUCKET, (buk'-ket) n. s. The vessel in 
which water is drawn or carried. 

BUCKINGSTOOL, (buk'-ing-stppl) n.s. A 
washing block. 

BUCKLE, (buk'-kl) n. s. A link of metal, 
with a tongue or catch made to fasten one 
thing to another. 

To BUCKLE, (buk'-kl) v. a. To fasten with 
a buckle. To buckle to, To apply to. To 
buckle w th, To engage with. 

BUCKLER, (buk'-ierj n. s. A shield. 

BUCKMAST, (buk' -mast) n.s. The fruit or 
mast of the beech tree. 

BUCKRAM, (buk'-ram) n . s. A sort of 
linen cloth, stiffened with gum. 

BUCKRAM, (buk'-ram) a. Stiff; precise. 

BUCKSKIN, (buk'-skin) a . Leather made 
of the skin of a buck. 

BUCKSTALL, (buk'-stall) n. s. A net to 
catch deer. 

BUCKTHORN, (buk'-tftorn) n. s. A tree 
that bears a purging berry. 

BUCKWHEAT, (buk-whete) n. s. A plant. 

BUCOLICAL, ) ,, ■ , ., .\ N « / . , 

BUCOLICK, ^ C^V-kol -ik) a. Pastoral. 

BUCOLICK, (bu-kol'-ik) n. s. A writer of 
bucolicks or pastorals ; a bucolick poem. 

BUD, (bud) n. s. Tbe first shoot of a plant. 

To BUD, (bud) v. n. To put forth young 
shoots ; to be in the bloom. 

To BUD, (bud) v. a. To inoculate. 

BUDDLE, (bud'-dl) n. s. A sort of frame 
made to receive tbe ore after its first sepa- 
ration from its grossest foulness. 

To BUDDLE, (bud-dl) v. n. To cleanse the 
ore from the earth by washing. 

To BUDGE, (budje) v. n. To stir. 

BUDGET, (bud'-jet) n.s. A bag; a store, 
or stock ; the statement made in the House 
of Commons, respecting the finances. 

not; — tube, tub, bull; — oil; — pound; — thin, THis. 



BUFF, (buf) n. s. A sort of leather prepar- 
ed from the skin of the buffalo ; a military 
coat made of thick leather ; the colour of 
the leather, of a very light yellow ; the sizy, 
viscid, tough mass, which forms on the up- 
per surface of the blood. 

To BUFF, (buf) v. a. To strike. 

BUFFALO, (buf'-fa-lo) n.s. A kind of 
wild ox. 

B UFFET, (buf '-fet) n, s. A blow with the fist. 

BUFFET, (buf-fet') n. s. A kind of cup- 

To BUFFET, (buf-fet) v. a. To strike with 
the hand. 

To BUFFET, (buf-fet) v. n. To play a box- 

BUFFLEHEADED, (buf-fl-hed'-ed) a. A 
man with a large head, like a buffalo ; dull ; 

BUFFOON, (buf-foon) n. s. A man who 
makes sport, by low jests and antick pos- 
tures ; he that practises indecent raillery. 

BUFFOONERY, (buf-foon'-er-e) n.s. The 
practice of a buffoon ; low jests. 

To BUFFOONIZE, (buf-fpo-nize) v. n. To 
play the fool, jester, or buffoon. 

BUG, (bug) n.s. A stinking insect bred in 
old household stuff*. 

BUGBEAR, (bug'-bare) n. s. A frightful 
object ; a false terrour. 

BUGGY, (bug'-ge) a. Abounding with bugs. 

BUGLE, (bu'-gl) i n. s. A hunt- 

BUGLEHORN, (bu'-gl-hom') $ ing horn. 

BUGLE (bu'-gl) u. s. A shining "bead of 
black glass. 

To BUTLD, (bild) v. a. Preter. builded or 
built ; part, built ; to make a fabrick, or edi- 
fice ; to raise in any laboured form ; to raise 
any thing on a support or foundation. 

To BUILD, (bild) v. n. To act as an archi- 
tect ; to depend on. 

BUILD, (bild) n. s. The form; the struc- 
ture ; species of building. 

BUILDER, (bild'-er) n.s. An architect. 

BUILDING, (bild ; -ing) n. s. A fabrick ; an 
edifice ; the art of raising edifices according 
to given designs ; practical architecture. 

BULB, (bulb) n. s. A round body, or root. 

To BULB out, (bulb) v. n. To project. 

BULBACEOUS, (bul-ba'-she-us) a. Bulbous. 

BULBED, (bulbd) a. Round-headed. 

BULBOUS, (bul'-bus) a. Containing bulbs .- 
having the form of a bulb. 

BULGE, (bulje) n.s. A leak, the breach 
which lets in water. See to Bilge. 

To BULGE, (bulje) v. n. To take in water ; 
to spring a leak ; to jut out. 

BULIMY, (bul'-le-me) n. s. An enormous 
appetite, attended with fainting, and cold- 
ness of the extremities. 

BULK, (bulk) n. s. Magnitude ; size ; quan- 
tity ; the gross ; the majority. 

BULK, (bulk) n. s. A part of a building 
jutting out. 

BULK-HEAD, (bulk-hed') n. s. A partition 
made across a ship. 

BULKINESS, (bul'-ke-nes) n. s. Greatness 
of size. 


BULKY, (bul'-ke) a. Of great size. 
BULL, (bul) n.s. The male of cattle; ond 

of the twelve signs of the zodiack ; a letter 

published by popes and emperours ; a 

blunder ; a contradiction. Bull, in compo 

sition, generally notes the large size of any 

thing, as, bull-head, bull-rush, bull-trout; 

and is therefore only an augmentative syl- 
lable, without much reference to its original 

BULL-BAITING, (bul'-ba-ting) n. s. The 

sport cf baiting bulls with dogs. 
BULL-CALF, (bul'-kaf) n. s. A he-calf. 
BULL-DOG, (bul'-dog) n. s. A dog of a 

particular form, remarkable for his courage, 

used in baiting the bull. 
BULL-FACED, (bul'-f'ast) a. Having a 

large face. 
BULL-FINCH, (bul'-finsh) n.s. A small 

bird easily taught to whistle tunes. 
BULL-HEAD, (bul'-hed) n. s. The name 

of a fish ; a stupid fellow. 
BULL-TROUT, (bul'-trout') n.s. A large 

kind of trout. 
BULLACE,(bul'-las) n.s. A sort of wild plum. 
BULLARY, (bul'-la-re) n. s. A collection 

of papistical bulls. 
BULLET, (bul'-let) n. s. A round ball of 

metal, shot out of guns. 
BULLETIN, (bul'-let-teen) n. s. An official 

account of publick news. 
BULLION, (bul'-yun) n. s. Gold or silver 

in the lump. 
BULLITION, (bul-lish'-un) n. s. The act 

or state of boiling. 
BULLOCK, (bul'-luk) n. s. A young bull 

gelt, or ox. 
BULLY, (bul'-le) n. s. A noisy, blustering, 

quarrelling fellow. 
To BULLY, (bul'-le) v. a. To overbear with 

noise or menaces. 
To BULLY, (bul'-le) v. n. To bluster ; to 

BULRUSH, (bul'-rush) n. s. A larse rush, 

without knots. 
BULTEL, (bul'-tel) n. s. The bran of meal 

after dressing ; a bolter-cloth. 
BULWARK, (bul'-wurk) n.s. A bastion; 

a fortification ; a security. 
BUM, (bum) n. s. The buttocks. 
To BUM, (bum) v. n. To n.ake a noise or 

BUMBAILIFF, (bum-ba'-lif) n.s. A cor- 
ruption of bound bailiff ; a bailiff' employed 

in arrests. 
BUMBARD, n.s. See Bombard. 
BUMBAST, n. s. See Bombast. 
BUMBLEBEE, (bum'-bl-bee) n. s. The 

wild bee, or humble bee. 
BUMBOAT, (bum'-bote) n. s. A large 

clumsy boat, used in carrying vegetables 

and liquors to the ship. 
BUMP, (bump) n.s. A swelling; a protu- 
To BUMP, (bump) v. n. To make a louJ 

noise, or bomb. 
BUMPER, (bum'-per) n. s. A cup filled 

till the liquour swells over the brim. 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met;— pine, pin;— no, move, 


BUMPKIN, (bum'-kin) n. > An awkward 

heavy rustick. 
BUNCH, (bunsh) n.s. A cluster; a num- 
ber of things tied together ; any thing bound 
into a knot. 
To BUNCH, (bunsh) v. n. To swell out in 

a bunch. 
BUNCHY, (buu'-she) a. Growing in bunches. 
BUNDLE, (bun'-dl) n. s. A number of things 

bound together ; a roll. 
To BUNDLE, (bun'-dl) v. a. To tie in a 

BU1SG, (bung) n. s. A stopper for a barrel. 
To BUNG, (bung) v. a. To stop a barrel. 
BUNGHOLE,"(bung'-hole) n. s. The hole 
at which the barrel is filled, and which is 
afterwards stopped up. 
To BUNGLE, (bung'-gl) v. n. To perform 

To BUNGLE, (bung'-gl) v. a. To botch. 
BUNGLE, (bung'"-gl) n. s. A botch ; an act 

awkwardly performed. 
BUNGLER, (bung'-gler) n. s. A bad work- 
BUNGLINGLY, (bung'-gling-le) ad. Clum- 
BUNN, (bun) n. s. A kind of sweet bread. 
BUNTING',' (bun'-ting) n. s. The name of 

a bird. 
BUNTING, (bun'-ting) n. s. The stuff of 

which a ship's colours are made. 
BUOY, (boe) n. s. A piece of cork or wood 
floating on the water, tied to a weight at 
the bottom. 
To BUOY, (bge) v. a. To keep afloat; to 

bear up. 
To BUOY, (boe) v. n. To float. 
BUOYANCY,' (boe-an-se) n.s. The qua- 
lity of floating. 
BUOYANT, (boe'-ant) a. Floating ; light. 
BUR, (bur) n. s. A rough head of a plant, 

called a burdock. 
BURDEN. See Burthen. 
BURDOCK, (bur'-dok) n. s. A plant. 
BUREAU, (bu-ro') n. s. A chest of drawers 

with a writing board. 
BURGAGE, (bur'-gaje) n.s. In law, A 
tenure proper to cities and towns, whereby 
men hold their lands or tenements of the 
king, or other lord, for a certain yearly rent. 
BURGAMOT, (bur-ga-mQt') n.s. A species 

of pear ; a kind of perfume. 
BURGANET, (bur'-ga-net) ) n. s. A kind of 
BURGONET, (bur'-go-net) ] helmet. 
BURGEOIS, (burzh-waw) n. s. A term 
applied to a type, of a size larger than 
BURGESS, (bur'-jes) n. s. A citizen; a 
freeman of a city or corporate town ; a re- 
presentative of a town corporate. 
BURGESS-SHIP, (bur'-jes-ship) n. s. The 

state and quality of a burgess. 
BURGH, (burg) n. s. A corporate town or 

BURGHER, (bur'-ger) n. s. One who has 

a right to certain privileges in a place. 
BURGHERSHIP, (bur'-ger-sbip) n. s. The 
privilege of a burgher. 


BURGLAR, (bur'-gler) n i. One guilty of 
the crime of housebreaking. 

BURGLARIOUS, (bur-gla'-re-us) a. Re- 
lating to housebreaking. 

BURGLARY, (bur'-gla-re) n.s. The rob- 
bing of a house. 

BURGMASTER. See Burgomaster. 

BURGMOTE, (burg'-mote) n. s. A borough 

BURGOMASTER, (bur'-go-mas-ter) n.s. 
One employed in the government of a city. 

BURGRAVE, (bur'-grave) n. s. An heredi- 
tary governour of a castle, or town. 

BURGUNDY, (bur'-gun-de) n. s. Wine 
made in Burgundy. 

BURIAL, (bur'-re-al) n.s. The act of bury- 
ing ; a funeral. 

BURIAL-P/ace, (bur'-re-al) n. s. A place 
set apart for burial. 

BURI AL-Service, (bur'-re-al) n. s. The church 
service for funerals. 

BURINE, (bu'-rin) n. s. A graving tool. 

To BURL, (burl) v. a. To dress cloth as 
fullers do. 

BURLER, (bur'-ler) ?*. s. A dresser of 

BURLACE, (bur'-lase) n. s. A sort of 

BURLESQUE, (bur'-lesk') a. Jocular ; tend- 
ing to raise laughter. 

BURLESQUE, (bur'-lesk') n. s. Ludicrous 
language, or ideas. 

To BURLESQUE, (bur-lesk') v a. To turn 
to ridicule. 

BURLETTA, (bur-let'-ta) ?t s. A musical 

BURLINESS, (bur-le-nes) n. s. Bulk; 

BURLY, (bur'-le) a. Great ot stature; 

bulky ; tumid ; boisterous ; loud. 

To BURN, (burn. 

Pret burned, part. 

burnt, to consume with fire ; to wound with 

To BURN, (burn) v. n. To be on fire ; to 
act as fire ; to shine ; to be inflamed with 
passion ; to be in a state of destructive 
commotion ; it is used particularly of love. 

BURN, (burn) n. s. A hurt caused by fire. 

BURNABLE, (bum'-a-bl) a. That which 
may be burnt up; adustible. 

BURNER, (bur'-ner) n. s. A person that 
burns any thing ; a part of a lamp that con- 
tains the wick. 

BURNING, (bui'-ning) n. s. State of infla- 
mation ; the act of burning. 

BURNING, (bur'-ning) a. Flaming ; vehe- 
ment ; powerful. 

BURNING-GLASS, (bur'-ning-glas) «. i. 
A glass which collects the rays of the sun 
into a narrow compass, and so increases 
their force. 

To BURNISH, (bur'-nish) v. a. To polish ; 
to give a gloss to. 

To BURNISH, (bur'-nish) v. n. To grow 

BURNISH, (bur'-nish) n. s. A gloss. 

BURNISHER,"(bu'r'-nish-er) n.s. He that 
burnishes ; the tool used for burnishing. 

n«t; — tube, tub, bull; — oil; — pjund; — tAin, THis. 



BURNT, (burnt) Part. pass, of burn. 
BURR, (bur) n. s. A chisel used to clear 

the corners of mortices. 
BURREL-Sfcot, (bur'-rel) A sort of case 

BURROCK, (bur'-rok) n. s. A small wear 

or dam. 
BURROW, (bur'-ro) n. s. The holes made 

in the ground by conies. 
To BURROW, (bur'-ro) v. n. To make 

holes in the ground. 
BURSAR, (bur'-ser) n. s. The treasurer in 
colleges, &c. Exhibitioners in the univer- 
sities of Scotland. 
BURSARSHIP, (bur'-ser-ship) n.s. The 

office of bursar. 
BURSARY, (bur'-sa-re) n. s. The treasury 

of a college. In Scotland, An exhibition. 
BURSE, (burse) n. s. An exchange where 

merchants meet, and shops are kept. 
To BURST, (burst) v. n. To break, or fly 
open ; to fly asunder ; to break away ; to 
come suddenly, or with violence. 
To BURST, (burst) v. a. To break open 

BURST, (burst) n. s. A sudden disruption. 
BURTHEN",' (bur'-THn) n. s. A load ; some- 
thing grievous ; a birth ; the verse repeated 
in a song ; the chorus ; the quantity that a 
ship will carry. 
To BURTHEN, (bur'-Tiin) v. a. To load. 
BURTHENOUS, (bur'-THen-us) a. Griev- 
ous ; useless ; cumbersome. 
BURTHENSOME, (bur'-T Hen-sum) a. 

Troublesome to be born. 
BURTHENSOMENESS, (bur'-T nen-sum- 

nes) n. s. Weight ; heaviness. 
BURTON, (bur'-tn) n. s. In a ship, A 
small tackle, consisting of two single pul- 
BURY, (bur'-re) n. s. A dwelling- place ; a 
termination still added to the names of 
several places. 
To BURY, (bur'-re) v. u. To inter ; to put 
into a grave ; to inter, with the rites of se- 
pulture ; to conceal ; to hide ; to place one 
thing within another. 
BURYING, (bur'-re-ing) n. s. Burial. 
BURYING PLACE, " n. s. See Burial- 
BUSH, (bush) n. s. A thick shrub. Bushes 
or bushels of wheels are irons within the 
hole of the nave, to preserve it from wear- 
BUSHEL, (bush'-el) n. s. A measure con- 
taining eight gallons ; a large quantity. 
BUSHELAGE, (bush'-el-aje) n. s. Duty 
payable on every bushel of measureable 
BUSHINESS, (bush'-e-nes) n. s. The quality 

of being bushy. 
BUSHY, (bush'-e) a. Thick like a bush ; 

full of bushes. 
BUSILY, (biz'-ze-le) a. With an air of 
hurry ; curiously ; importunately ; earnestly. 
BUSINESS, (biz'-nes) n. s. Employment; 
an affair ; the subject of business ; serious 
engagement ; a point ; a matter of ques- 


tion ; something to be transacted ; some- 
thing required to be done. 
BUSK, (busk) n. s. A piece of steel or 
whalebone, worn by women to strengthen 
their stays. 
BUSK, (busk) n. s. A bush. 
To BUSK, (busk) v. a. To make ready. 
BUSKET, (bus'-ket) ». s. A sprig or small 
bush ; a small compartment of gardens, 
formed of trees, shrubs, and tall flowering 
plarts, set in quarters. 
BUSKIN, (bus'-kin) n. s. A kind of half 
boot ; a high shoe worn by the ancient 
actors ©f tragedy. 
BUSKIN ED, (bus'-kind) a. Dressed in 

buskins ; relating to tragedy. 
BUSKY, (bus'-ke) a. Woody ; shaded with 

BUSS, (bus) n. s. A kiss ; a boat for fish- 
To BUSS, (bus) v. a. To kiss. 
BUST, (bust) n. s. A statue representing a 

man to his breast. 
BUSTARD, (bus'-terd) n. s. A wild turkey. 
To BUSTLE, (bus'-sl) v. n. To be busy. 
BUSTLE, (bus'-sl) n.s. A tumult; hurry. 
BUSTLER, (bus'-ler) n.s. An active stir- 
ring man. 
BUSY, (biz'-ze) a. Employed with earnest- 
ness ; bustling ; troublesome. 
To BUSY, (biz'-ze) v. a. To employ. 
BUSYBODY*; (bi>'-ze-bgd-de) n. s. A med 

dling person. 
BUT, (but) conjunct. Except ; except that , 
only ; unless ; yet ; nevertheless ; other- 
wise than that ; a particle by which the 
meaning of the foregoing sentence is bound 
ed or restrained ; a particle of objection. 
BUT, (but) ad. No more than. 
BUT, (but) n. s. A boundary. 
BUT, (but) n.s. The end of any plank which. 
joins to another on the outside of a ship ; 
the lowest division of a fishing-rod. 
To BUT, (but) v. a. To touch at one end. 
BUT-END,"'(but'-end') n. s. The blunt end 

of any thing. 
BUTCHER, (but'-tsher) n.s. One that kills 
animals to sell their flesh ; one delighted 
with blood. 
To BUTCHER, (but'-tsher) v. a. To kill j 

to murder. 
BUTCHER-BIRD, (but'-tsher-berd) n. s 

The English name of the bird lanius. 
BUTCHERLY, (but'-tsher-le) a. Cruel: 

BUTCHERY, (but'-tsher-re) n.s. The trade 
of a butcher ; slaughter ; the place where 
animals are killed. 
BUTLER, (but'-Ier) n. s. A servant em- 
ployed in furnishing the table. 
BUTLERSH1P, (but'-ler-ship) The office 

of a butler. 
BUTMENT, (but'-ment) n. s. That part of 
the arch which joins it to the upright pier, 
BUTT, (but) n. s. The place en which the 
mark to be shot at is placed ; the point at 
which the endeavour is directed ; the object 
of aim , a man upon whom the company 

Fate, far, fall, fat :— i 


met ;— pme, pin ; — no, move, 


break their jests ; a blow given by a homed 
animal ; a stroke given in fencing. 

BUTT, (but) n. s. A vessel ; a large barrel ; 
a measure of wine containing 126 gallons. 

To BUTT, (but) v. a. To strike with the 
head, as horned animals. 

BUTTER, (but'-ter) n. s. An unctuous sub- 
stance made by agitating the cream of milk 
till the oil separates from the whey. 

To BUTTER, (but'-ter) v. a. To smear with 
butter ; to encrease the stakes every game. 

BUTTERCUP, (but'-t^r-kup) n. s. A yel- 
low flower with which the fields abound in 
the month of May. 

BUTTERFLY, (but'-ter-fli) n.s. An insect 
which first appears in the beginning of the 
season for butter. 

BUTTERIS, (but'-ter-ris) n. s. An instru- 
ment of steel, used in paring the foot of a 

BUTTERMILK, (but'-ter-milk) n.s. The 
whey that is separated from the cream when 
butter is made. 

BUTTERPR1NT, (but'-ter-print) n. s. A 
piece of carved wood, used to mark butter. 

BUTTERTOOTH, (bui'-ter-tooift) n.s. The 
broad fore teeth. 

BUTTER W OM AN, (but'-ter-wum- an) n. s. 
A woman that sells butter. 

BUTTERY, (but-'ter-re) a. Having the ap- 
pearance of butter. 

BUTTERY, (but'-ter-re) n. s. The room 
where provisions are laid up. 

BUTTOCK, (but'-tuk) n. s. The rump. 

BUTTON, (but'-tn) n.s. A catch or small 
ball, by which dress is fastened ; any knob 
or ball ; the bud of a plant. 

BUTTON, (but'-tn) n. s. The sea urchin. 

To BUTTON, "(but'-tn^ v a. To fasten with 
buttons ; to dress ; to clothe. 

BUTTONHOLE, (but'-tn- hole) n. s. The 
loop in which the button of the clothes is 

BUTTONMAKER, t but'-tn-ma-ker) n. s. He 
who makes buttons. 

BUTTRESS, (but'-tres) n.s. A mass of stone 
or brickwork to support a waP : a prop ; a 

To BUTTRESS, (but-tres) v. a. To prop. 

BUXOM, (buy-sul'ii) " a . Obedient; obse- 
quious ; gay ; lively ; brisk ; wanton ; jolly. 

BUXOMLY, (buk'-sum-ie) ad. Dutifully; 
obediently ; wantonly ; amorously. 

BUXOMNESS, (buk'-sum-nes) n.s. Meek- 
ness ; obedience ; gaiety. 

To BUY, (bi) v a. pret. and part, bought. 
To purchase ; to acquire by paying a price. 

To BUY, (bi) v. n. To t/eat about a pur- 

BUYER, (bi'-er) n. s. He that buys. 


To BUZZ, (buz) v. n. To hum ; to whisper ; 
to sound like bees. 

To BUZZ, (buz) v. a. To whisper abroad ; 
to spread secretly. 

BUZZ, (buz) n. s. The noise of a bee or 
fly ; a hum ; a whisper. 

BUZZARD, (buz'-zard) n. s. A sluggish 
species of hawk ; a blockhead ; a dunce ; 
a coward. 

BUZZER, (buz'-zer) n.s. A secret whisperer. 

BY, (bi) prep. This word denotes the agent, 
instrument, or means ; as, performed by you : 
compelled by arms; seized by force: The quan- 
tity had at one time ; as, bought by the 
ounce : At, or in, noting place ; as, by land 
or by sea : Successive action, with regard to 
time or quantity ; as, one by one; hour by 
hour: According to, or after; as, lawful 
by the divine law; a model to build by: From ; 
as, by what has passed we judge, &c. : The sum 
of difference ; as, too soon by an hour: For ; 
as, by the space of ten years : As soon as ; as, 
by this time: Beside, noting passage ; as, 
we sailed by them: Beside, near to ; as, stay 
by me: Before himself, herself, &c. it de- 
notes absence of others ; as, standing by him- 
self': At hand, or in possession ; as, I had 
that sum by me: Adjuration ; as, by all the 
heavenly powers, &c. Specification ; as, 
called him by name. 

BY, (bi) ad. Near ; beside ; passing ; in 

BY AND BY, (bi'-and-bx') ad. In a short 

BY, (bi) n.s. Something not the direct and 
immediate object of regard, as, by the by. 

BY, (bi) In composition, implies something 
out of the direct way ; irregular ; collate- 
ral ; or private ; as, a by -lane, a by-road, 
a by-path, a by-corner, by-street, by- walk. 

BY-GONE, (bi'-gon') a . Past. 

BY-LAW, (bi'-law') n.s. By-laws are orders 
made by common assent, for the good of 
those that make them, farther than the 
public law binds. 

BY-NAME, (bi'-name) n.s. A nick-name. 

BY-PAST, (bi'-pasV; a. Past. 

BY-STANDER, (bi'-stan -der) n.s. A looker 
on ; one unconcerned. 

BY-VIEW, (bi'-vu. ) 7i. s. Self-interested 

BY-WAY, (bi'-wa ) n. s. A private and ob- 
scure way. 

BY-WIPE, (bi'-wipe.) n.s. A secret stroke 
or sarcasm. 

BY-WORD, bi'-wurd) n.s. A saying , i* 

BYRE, (bire) n.s. A cow-house. 

BYSS1NE," (bis'-sine) a. Made of silk. 

BYZANTINE.' See Bizantink. 

-tube, tub, bull ; — oil ; — pound ; — thin. 



C, the third letter of the alphabet, has two 
sounds ; one like k, before a, o, u, or a con- 
sonant ; the other like s, before e, i, and y. 

CAB. (kab) n. «. A Hebrew measure, con- 
taining about three pints English. 

CABAL, (ka-bal') n.s. The secret science 
of the Hebrew rabbins ; a body of men 
united in some close design ; intrigue. 

To CABAL, (ka-bal') v. n. To form close 

CABALxl, (kab'-a-la) n.s. The secret science 
of the Jewish doctors ; secrets, political, 
scientific, &c. 

CAB ALT ST, (kab'-a-hst) n.s. One skilled 
in the traditions of the Hebrews. 

CABALISM, (kab'-a-lizm) 71. s. A part of the 
science of the cabal. 

CABALIST1CAL, (kab-al-lis'-te-kal) } 

CABAL1STICK, (kab-al-lis'-tik) ' S °' 

Something that has an occult meaning. 

CABALISTIC ALLY, (kab-a-lis'-te-kal-le) 
ad. In a cabalistick manner. 

To CABAL1ZE, (kab'-a-lize) v.n. To speak 
the language of the learned Jews. 

CABALLER, (ka-bal'-ler) n. s. An in- 

CABALLINE, (kab'-adine) a. Belonging to 
a horse. 

CABARET, (kab'-ba-ra) n. s. A tavern. 

CABBAGE, (kab'-baje) n.s. A plant. 

To CABBAGE, T (kab'-baje) v. n. To form a 
head ; as, the plants begin to cabbage. 

To CABBAGE, (kab'-baje) v. a. To steal in 
cutting clothes. 

CABBAGE TREE, (kab'-baje-tree) n. s. A 
species of palm tree. 

CABIN, (kab'-bin) n. s. A small room; a 
chamber in a ship ; a cottage, or small 
house ; a tent, or temporary habitation. 

CABIN BOY, (kab' bin-boe) n. s. The boy 
who waits in the cabin on board a ship. 

CABINET, (kab'-in-et) n. s. A closet; a 
small room ; a hut or small house ; a room 
in which consultations are held ; a set of 
boxes or drawers for curiosities ; any place 
in which things of value are deposited ; the 
collective body of ministers of state. 

CABINET-COUNCIL, (kab'-in-et-koun'-sil) 
n. s. A council of cabinet ministers held in 
a private manner. 

CABINET-MAKER, (kab'-in-et-ma'-ker) 
n. s. One that makes fine wood work. 

To CABINET, (kab'-in-et) v. a. To enclose. 

CABLE, (ka-bl)\.'s. "A strong rope; the 
rope of a ship to which the anchor is 

CABLED, (ka'-bld) a. Fastened with a 

To CABOB, (ka'-bob) v. a. A mode of roast- 
ing meet. 

CABOSHED, (ka-bosht') a. A term in he- 


raldry, when the head of an animal is cut 
close, having no neck left to it. 

CABRIOLE. See Capriole. 

CABRIOLET, (ka'-bre-o-la) n. s. An open 

CACHECTICAL, (ka-kek'-te-kal) \a. Hav- 

CACHECTIC, (ka-kek'-tik) ' 5 ing an 

ill habit of body. 

CACHEXY, (kak-kek'-se) n. s. Such a dis- 
temperature of the humours, as hinders nu- 
trition, and weakens the vital and animal 

CACH1NATION, (kak-kin-na-shun) n. s. 
A loud laughter. 

To CACKLE, (kak'-kl) v. n. To make a 
noise as a hen or goose ; to giggle. 

CACKLE, (kak'-kl) n.s. The voice of a 
goose or fowl ; idle talk ; prattle. 

CACKLER, (kak'-ler) ». s. A fowl that 
cackles ; a tell tale ; a tatler. 

CACOCHYMICAL, (kak-ko-kim'-e-kal) ) 

CACOCHYMICK, (kak-ko-kim'-ik) $ 
a. Having the humours corrupted. 

CACOCHYMY, (kak'-ko-ke-me) n. s. A 
depravation of the humours from a sound 

CACOD^MON, (kak-o-de'-mon) n.s. An 
evil spirit. 

CACOETHES, (kak-ko-e'-thez) n. s. In me- 
dicine, An incurable ulcer ; generally, a 
bad custom ; a bad habit. 

CACOPHONY, (ka-kof'-o-ne) ». s. A bad 
sound of words. 

CACOTECHNY, (ka-ko-tek'-ne) n . s. A 
corruption of art. 

CACOTROPHY, (ka-kot'-tro-fe) 71. s. In 
medicine, Vicious nutrition. 

CADAVEROUS, (ka-dav'-e-rus) a. Having 
the appearance of a dead body. 

CADDIS, (kad'-dis) n. s. A kind of tape or 
ribbon ; a kind of worm or grub. 

CADDO W, (kad'-do) n. s. A chough, or 

CADE, (kade) n s. A herring-barrel. 

CADE- WORM, (kade'-wurm) n.s. The same 
with caddis. 

CADENCE, (ka'-dense) n. s. Fall ; the fall 
of the voice ; the flow of verses, or periods ; 
the tone or sound. In horsemanship, The 
equal measure which a horse observes in all 
his motions, when he is thoroughly managed. 

CADENCY, (ka'-den-se) n.s. In heraldry, 
the distinction of houses or families. 

CADENT, (ka'-dent) a. Falling down. 

CADENZA, (ka-dent'-za) n.s. The fall or 
modulation of the voice in singing. 

CADET, (ka-det') n. s. The younger bro- 
ther ; a volunteer in the army, who serves 
in expectation of a commission. 

To CADGE, (kadj) v a. To carry a bur- 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met; — pine, pin; — no, move, 


CADGER, (kad'-jei) n. s. A huckster 
CADI, (ka'-de) n". s. A magistrate among 

the turks. 
CADUCITY, (ka-du'-se-te) k. s. Frailty ; 

tendency to fall. 

CAESURA, (se-zu'-ra) n. s. A figure in 

poetry, by which a short syllable after a 

complete foot is made long ; the natural 

pause or rest of the voice, which, falling 

upon some part of a verse, divides it into 

two unequal parts. 

C.ESURAL, (se-zu'-ral) a. Relating to the 

poetical figure, or to the pause of the voice. 

C<ERULE, (se'-rule) n. s. See Cerule, and 

CAFTAN, (kaf-tan) n. s. A Persian or 

Turkish vest or garment. 
CAG, (kag) n. s. A barrel or wooden vessel, 

containing four or five gallons. 

CAGE, (kaje) n. s. An inclosure of twigs or 

wire, for biids ; a place for wild beasts ; a 

prison for petty malefactors. 

To CAGE, (kaje) v. a. To inclose in a cage. 

CAIQUE, (ka-eek') n. s. A skiff or sloop 

belonging to a galley. 
CAIL. See Kail. 
CAIMAN, (ka'-man) n. s. The American 

name of a crocodile. 
To CAJOLE, (ka-jole') v. a. To flatter ; to 

sooth ; to coax. 
CAJOLER, (ka-jo'-ler) n. s. A flatterer. 
CAJOLERY, (ka-jo-ler-re) n. s. Flattery. 
CAISSON, (ka'-ees-son) 'n. s. A chest of 
bombs or powder ; a wooden case, in which 
the piers of bridges are built within the 
CAITIFF, (ka'-tif) n. s. A mean villain ; a 

despicable knave. 
CAITIFF, (ka-tif) a. Base ; servile. 
CAIRN, (karn) n. s. A heap of stones. 
CAKE, (kake) n. s. A kind of delicate 

bread ; bread baked in a fiat form. 
To CAKE, (kake) v. a. To force into con- 
To CAKE, (kake) v. n. To harden. 
CALABASH, (kal'-a-bask) n. s. A species 

of a large gourd. 
CALAMANCO, (kal-a-mang'-ko) n. s. A 

kind of woollen stuff. 
CALAMIFEROUS, (kal'-a-rnjf'-e-rus) a . 

Producing reed or canes. 
CALAMINE, (kal'-a-mine) n. s. Or Lapis 
Calaminaris. A sort of stone or mineral, 
containing zinc, iron, and sometimes other 
CALAMITOUS, (ka-W-e-tus) a, Involved 

in calamity : full of misery. 
CALAMT1 OUSNESS, (ka-lam'-e-tus-nes) 

n. s. Misery ; distress. 
CALAMITY, (ka-lam'-e-te) n.s. Misfor- 
tune ; misery. 
CALAMUS, (kal'-a-mus) n. s. A sort of 

reed, or sweet-scented wood. 
CALASH, (ka-lash') n. s. A small carriage 
of pleasure ; a covering to protect the head 
of a lady full dressed. 
CALCAREOUS, (kal-ka'-re-us) a. Partaking 
of the nature of calx or lime. 


CALCAVELLA, (kal-ka-vel'-la) n. :. A 

superior kind of Lisbon wine. 
CALCEATED, (kal'-she-a-ted) a. Shod. 
CALCEDONIUS, T (kal-'se-d'o'-ne-us) } 
CALCEDONY, (kaUse-d'o-n'e) " ] n ' Sl 

A precious stone of the agate kind. 
CALCINABLE, (kal'-se-na-bl) a. That 

which may be calcined. 
To CALCINATE, (kal'-se-nate) To Cal- 
CALCINATION, (kal-se-na'-shun) n. s. 
Such a management of bodies by fire, as 
renders them reducible to powder ; chemi- 
cal pulverization. 
CALCINATORY, (kal-sin'-a-tur-e) n. s. A 

vessel used in calcination. 
To CALCINE, (kal-sine') v. a. To burn to 
a calx, or substance easily reducible to 
powder ; to burn up. 
To CALCINE, (kal-sine') v. n. To become 

a calx by heat. 
CALCOGRAPHY. See Chalcography. 
CALCULABLE, (kal'-ku-la-bl) a. That 

which may be estimated or computed. 
To CALCULATE, (kal'-ku-late) v. a. To 

compute ; to reckon ; to adjust. 
To CALCULATE, (kal'-ku-late) v. n. To 

make a computation. 
CALCULATION, (kal-ku-la'-shun) n. s. The 
art of numbering ; a reckoning ; the result 
of an arithmetical operation. 
CALCULATIVE, (kal'-ku-la-tive) a. Be- 
longing to calculation. 
CALCULATOR, (kal'-ku-la-tur) n. s. A 

computer; a reckoner. 
CALCULATOR Y, (kal'-ku-la-tur-e) a. Be- 
longing to calculation. 
CALCULE, (kal'-kule) n. s. Reckoning. 
CALCULOSE, T (kal-ku-lose') \a. Stony ; 
CALCULOUS, (kal'-ku-lus) $ gritty. 
CALCULUS, (kal'-ku-lus) n.s. The stone 

in the bladder. 
CALDRON, (kawl'-drun) n. s. A pot ; a 

CALEFACTION, (kal-e-fak'-shun) n. s. The 

act of heating : the state of being heated. 
CALEF ACTIVE, (kal-e-fak'-tiv) a. That 

which makes any thing hot. 
CALEFACTORY, (kal- e-fak'-tur-e) a. That 

which heats. 
To CALEFY, (kal'-e-fi) v. n. To grow hot. 
To CALEFY, (kal'-e-fi) v. a. To make 

warm or hot. • 

CALENDAR, (kal'-en-der) n. s. A register 
of the year, in which the months and stated 
times are marked, as festivals and holi- 
days, &c. 
To CALENDAR, (kal'-en-der) v. a. To enter 

in a calendar. 
To CALENDER, (kal'-en-der) v.a. To dress 

CALENDER, (kal'-en-der) n. s. A hot 
press, in which clothiers smooth their cloth ; 
the workman who manages the machine. 
CALENDER, (kal'-en-der) n.s. The name 
of a sort of dervises in Turkey and Persia. 
CALENDERER, (kal'-en-der-er) n.s. The 
person who calenders. 

not ; — tube, tub, bull ; — oil ; — pound ; — thin, THis. 


CALENDS, (kal'-endz) n. s. The first day 
of every month among the Romans. 

CALENTURE, (kal'-en-ture) n. s. A dis- 
temper peculiar to sailors in hot climates ; 
wherein they imagine the sea to be green 

CALF, (kaf) n. s. The young of a cow ; a 
dolt ; a stupid wretch ; the thick part of 
the leg. 

CALIBER, (kal'-e-ber ) n. s. The bore of a 

CALIBRE, (ka-leebr) n.s. The figurative 
meaning of the preceding word, as applied 
to the capacity or compass of mind. 

CALICE, (kal'-lis) n.s. See Chalice. 

CALICO, (kal'-e-ko) n.s. A stuff made of 

CALICO-Pr-inter, (kal'-e-ko) n. s. The ma- 
nufacturer of printed linens. 

CALID, (kal'-id) a. Hot. 

CALIDITY, (ka-lid'-de-te) n. s. Heat. 

CALLDUCT, (kal'-e-dukt) n. s. That which 
conveys heat ; a stove. 

CALIF, (ka'-lif) n. s. See Caliph. 

CALIGATION, (kal-le-ga'-shun) n. s. Dark- 
ness ; cloudiness. 

CALIGINOUS, (ka-lidje'-e-nus) a. Obscure ; 

CAL1GIN0USNESS, (ka-lidje'-e-nus-nes) 
n. s. Darkness ; obscurity. 

CALIGRAPHICK, (kal'-le-graf'-ik) 3 

CALIGRAPHY, (ka-Ug'-gra-fe) " S "' S * 
Beautiful writing. 

CALIPASH, (kal-e-pash') \n. s. Terms of 

CALIPEE, (kal-e-pee') $ cookery in dress- 
ing a turtle. 

CALIPH, (ka'-lif) n.s. A title assumed by 
the successors of Mahomet among the 

CALIPHATE, (kal'-e-fate) n.s. The go- 
vernment of the caliph. 

CALIVER, (kal'-e-ver) n. s. A hand-gun ; 
a harquebuse. 

CALIX, (ka'-liks) n.s. A cup. 

To CALK, (kawk) v. o, To stop the leaks of 
a ship. 

CALKER, (kawk-er) n. s. The workman 
that stops the leaks of a ship. 

CALKIN, (kal'-kin) n. s. A part prominent 
from a horse-shoe, to secure the horse from 

CALK1NG-IRON, (kawk'-mg-i-run) n. s. A 
chisel used in chalking a ship. 

To CALL, (kawl) v. a. To name 5 to sum- 
mon ; to convoke ; to summon judicially : 
to summon by command. In the theologi- 
cal sense, To inspire with ardours of piety ; 
to invoke ; to appeal to ; to resume any 
thing that is in other hands. 

To CALL, (kawl) v. n. To stop without in- 
tention of staying ; to make a short visit ; 
To cult upon, to implore. 

CALL, (kawl) n. s. A vocal address of 
summons ; requisition authoritative and 
publick ; divine vocation ; a summons from 
heaven ; authority ; command ; a demand ; 
an instrument to call birds; a sort of pipe 
used by the boatswain to summon the 


sailors ; a nomination. In parliamentary 
language, An enquiry what members are 
absent without leave. 
CALLER, (kawl'-er) n.s. He who calls. 
CALLET, (kal'-let) n. s. A trull, or a 

To CALLET, (kal'-let) v. n. To rail; to 

CALL1DITY, (kal-lid'-de-te) n.s. Crafti- 

CALLIGRAPHY. See Caligrai'hy. 

CALLING, (kawl'-ling) ?t. s. Vocation ; 
profession ; proper station or employment ; 
class of persons united by the same em- 
ployment ; divine vocation. 

CALLIPERS, (kal'-le-perz) n. s. Compasses 
with bowed shanks. 

CALLOSITY, (kal-los'-se-te) n.s. A kind 
of swelling without pain. 

CALLOT. See Calotte. 

CALLOUS, (kal'-lus) a. Indurated; har- 
dened ; insensible. 

CALLOUSNESS, (kal'-lus-nes) n.s. Hard- 
ness ; insensibility. 

CALLOW, (kal'-lo) a. Unfledged; naked. 

CALLUS, (kal'-lus) n. s. An induration of 
the fibres ; the hard substance by which 
broken bones are united. 

CALM, (kain) a. Quiet ; serene ; undis- 

CALM, (kam) n. s. Serenity ; quiet ; re- 

To CALM, (kam) v. a. To still ; to pacify. 

CALMLY, (kam'-le) ad. Serenely ; with- 
out passions. 

CALMNESS, (kam'-nes) n.s. Tranquillity; 

CALMY. (ka'-me) u. Calm. 

CALOMEL, "( kal'-o-mel) n. s. Mercury six 
times sublimed. 

CALORIFICK, (kal-o-rif'-ik) a. Heat- 

CALOTTE, (kal-lot) n. s. A cap or coif, 
worn as an ecclesiastical ornament in 

CALOYERS, (kal' loe-ers) n. s. Monks of 
the Greek church. 

CALTROP, ) (kal'-trgp) n. s. An instru- 

CALTHROP, \ ment made with four spikes, 
so that when thrown on the ground one of 
them points upright, to wound horses' feet; 
a plant, the fruit of which is armed with 
strong prickles. 

To CALVE, (kav) v. n. To bring forth a 

ToCALVER, (ka'-ver) v. n. To shrink by- 
cutting, and not fall to pieces. 

CALVINISM, (kal'-vin-ism) n. s. The doc- 
trine of Calvin. 

CALVIlVIST, (kal' n. s. He who 
holds the doctrine of Calvin. 

CALV1NISTICAL, (kal -vin-is'-te-kal) ) 

CALVINISTICK, (kaLvin-isltik) $ 

Relating to Calvinism. 

CALVISH, (ka'-vish) a. Like a calf. 

CALVITY, (kal-ve-te) n.s. Baldness. 

To CALUMNIATE, '(ka-lum'-ne-ate) v. n. 
To accuse falsely. 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met;— pine, pin; — no. move, 


To CALUMNIATE, (ka-lum'-ne-ate) v. a. 
To slander. 

CALUMNIATION, (ka-lum-ne-a'-shuii) n.s. 
A malicious and false representation. 

CALUMNIATOR, (ka-lum'-ne-a-tur) n. s. 
A slanderer. 

CALUMNIATORY, (ka-lum'-ne-a-tur-e) a. 
False ; slanderous. 

CALUMNIOUS, (ka-lum'-ne-us) a. Slander- 

CALUMNY, (kal'-um-ne) n. s. Slander ; 
false charge. 

CALX, (kalks) n. s. Any thing that is re- 
duced to powder by burning. 

CALYCLE, (kal'-e-kl) n.s. A small bud of 
a plant. 

CAMAIEU, (ka-ma'-ypo) n. s. A stone with 
various figures and representations of land- 
scapes, formed by nature. 

CAMBIST, (kam'-bist) n. s. A person 
skilled in exchanges. 

CAMBLET. See Camelot. 

CAMBRICK, (kame'-brik) n. s. A kind of 
fine linen, used for ruffles, &c. 

CAME, (kame) The preterite of To come. 

CAMEL, (kam'-el) n.s. An animal very com- 
mon in Arabia, Judea, and the neighbour- 
ing countries. 

CAMELOPARD. (ka-mel'-lo-pard) n.s. An 
Abyssinian animal, which has a head and 
neck like a camel, and is spotted like a 

CAMELOT, } (kam'-let) n.s. A stuff origi- 

CAMLET, S nally made of silk and camel's 
hair, but now with wool and siik. 

CAMERA OBSCURA, (karn'-e-ra-ob-sku'- 
ra) n. s. An optical machine used in a 
darkened chamber, so that the light coming 
only through a double convex glass, objects 
opposite are represented inverted upon any 
white matter placed m the focus of the 

CAMERADE, n. s. See Comrade. 

To CAMERATE, (kam'-er-ate) v. a. To 
ciel or vault. 

CAMERATED, (kam'-er-a-ted) a. Arched. 

CAMERATION, (kam-er : a' : 'shun) n.s. A 
vaulting or arching. 

CAM1SADO, (kam-e-sa'-do) n. s. An at- 
tack made by soldiers in the dark ; on 
which occasion they put their shirts out- 
ward, to be seen by each other. 

CAMLET, (kam' J let) See Camei.ot. 

CAMOMILE," (kam'-o-mile) n.s. A flower. 

CAMP, (kamp) n. s. The order of tents, 
placed by armies when they keep the field. 

To CAMP, (kamp) See To Encamp. 

CAMPANULA, (kam-pan'-u-la) n. s. The 

CAMPAIGN, (kam-pane') n.s. A large, 
open, level ground ; the time for which an 
army keeps the field. 

To CAMPAIGN, (kam-pane') v. n. To serve 
in a campaign. 

CAMPANOLOGY, (kam-pa-nol'-o-je) n.s. 
The art of ringing bells. 

CAMPAN1FORM, (cani-pan'-ne-form) a, 
Flowers in the shape of a bell. 


CAMPANULATE, (kam-pan'-u-late) «, 
Campaniform ; of the form of bells. 

CAMPESTRAL, (kam-pes'-tral) a. Grow- 
ing in fields. 

CAMPHIRE-TYee, (kam'-f ir) n. s. A tree 
which grows in the isle of Borneo, and in 

CAMPHORATE, (kam'-fo-rate) (a.Im- 

CAMPHORATED, (kam'-fo-'ra-ted) S preg- 
nated with camphire. 

CAMPING, (kamp'-ing) n. s. The act of 
playing at foot-ball. 

CAN, (kan) n.s. A cup. 

To CAN, (kan) v. n. To be able. It ex- 
presses the potential mood ; as, I can do it. 

CANAILLE, (ka-nale') n. s. The lowest 
people ; the dregs of the people. 

CANAL, (ka-naf) n.s. Any tract or course 
of water made by art ; a conduit through 
which any of the juices of the body flow. 

CANAL-COAL, (kan'-nal-kole) n.s. A fine 
kind of coal, dug up in England. 

CANARY, (ka-na'-re) n. s. Wine brought 
from the Canaries ; sack ; an old dance. 

CANARY-BIRD, (ka-na'-re-berd) n.s. An 
excellent singing bird. 

To CANCEL, (kan'-sel) v. a. To cross a 
writing ; to efface ; to obliterate in general. 

CANCELLATED, (kan'-sel-la-ted) a. Cross- 

CANCELLATION, (kan-sel-la'-shun) n.s. 
An expunging of the contents of an instru- 

CANCER, (kan'-ser) n. s. A crabfish ; the 
sign of the summer solstice ; a virulent 
swelling, or sore. 

To CAN CERATE, (kan'-ser-rate) v. n. To 
become a cancer. 

CANCERATION, (kan-ser-ra'-shun) n. s. 
A growing cancerous. 

CANCEROUS, (kan'-ser-rus) a. Having 
the qualities of a cancer. 

CANCEROUSNESS, (kan'-ser-rus-nes) n. s. 
The state of being cancerous. 

CANCR1FORM, (kang'-kre-Sorrn) a. The 
same as Cancerous. 

CANCRINE, (kang'-krin) a. Having the 
qualities of a ciab. 

CANDENT, (W-dent) a. Hot. 

CAND1CANT, T (kan'-de-kant) a. Growing 
white ; whitish. 

CANDID, (kan'-did) a. White; ingenuous; 
sincere ; free from prejudice or malice, 

CANDIDATE, (kan'-de-date) n. s. A com- 
petitor ; one that proposes himself for ad- 

CANDIDLY, (kau'-did-le) ad. Fairly; 

CAND1DNESS, (kan'-did-nes) n. s. In- 

To CAN DIF Y, (kan'-de-f i) v. a. To whiten. 

CANDLE, (kan'-dl) u. s. A light made of 
wax or tallow ; light, or luminary. 

CANDLEHOLDER, (kan'-dl-hold-er) n.s. 
He that holds the candle. 

CANDLELIGHT, (kan'-dl-lite) n.s. The 
light of a candle. 

CANDLEMAS, (kan-dl-mas) n. s. The 

not j — tube, tub, bull ; — oil ;— pound ; — thin, this. 



feasts of the purification of the Blessed 
Virgin, which was formerly celebrated with 
many lights in churches. 

CANDLESTICK, (kan'-dl-stik) n. s. The 
instrument that holds candles. 

CANDOUR, (kan'-dur) n.s. Ingenuousness; 
openness ; fairness in judging. 

To CANDY, (kan'-de) v. a. To conserve 
with sugar ; to form into congelations ; to 
incrust with congelations. 

To CANDY, (kan'-de) v. n. To grow con- 

CANE, (kane) n. s. A strong Indian reed ; 
the plant which yields the sugar ; a walk- 
ing staff. 

To CANE, (kane) v. a. To heat with a cane. 

CANlCULA,"(ka-nik'-u-la) n. s. The dog- 

CANICULAR, (ka-nik'-u-lar) a. Belong- 
ing to the dog-star. 

CANINE, (ka-nine') a. Having the pro- 
perties of a dog. 

CANISTER, (kan'-is-ter) n. s. A small 
basket ; a vessel of tin, &c. in which tea or 
coffee is laid up. 

CANKER, (kang'-ker) n. s. A worm that 
preys upon fruits ; a fly that preys upon 
fruits ; any thing that corrupts or consumes ; 
the rust of metals ; an eating or corroding 
humour ; corrosion ; virulence ; a disease 
in trees. 

To CANKER, (kang'-ker) v. n. To grow 
corrupt ; to decay bv corrosion. 

To CANKER, (kang' ker) v. a. To corrupt ; 
to corrode ; to infect ; to pollute. 

CANKERBIT, (kang'-ker-bit) part. a. Bit- 
ten with an envenomed tooth. 

CANKERED, (kang'-kerd) a. Crabbed; 
uncivil ; morose in temper. 

CANKEROUS, (kang'-ker-us) a. Corrod- 
ing like a canker. 

CANNABINE, (kan'-na-bine) a. Hempen. 

CANNIBAL, (kan-ne-bal) n. s. A man- 

CANNIBALISM, (kan'-ne-bal-izm) n. s. 
The properties of a cannibal. 

CANNON, (kan'-npn) n. s. A great gun 
for battery. 

CANNON-BALL,(kan'-non-bawl') } n.s. The 

CANNON-SHOT, (kan'-npn-sh^') S balls 
which are shot from great guns. 

CANNON-PROOF, (kan'-npn-prppf) n. s. 
Proof against cannon ; safe from cannon. 

To CANNONADE, (kan-non-nade') v. a. To 
batter or attack with great guns. 

CANNONADE, (kan-non-nade) n.s. An 
attack or battering by cannon. 

CANNONEER, (kan-non-neer') n.s. The 
engineer that manages the cannon. 

CANNOT, (kan'-npt) v. n. A word com- 
pounded of can and not, noting inability. 

CANOE, (kan-npo') n. s. A boat made by 
cutting the trunk of a tree into a hollow 

CANON, (kan'-un) n. s. A rule ; a law ; 
the laws made by ecclesiastical councils ; 
the received books of Holy Scripture ; a 
dignitary in cathedral churches. Canons 


Regular, Such as are placed in monasteries. 
Canons Secular, Such as were placed in col- 
legiate churches. An instrument used in 
sewing up wounds ; a large sort of printing 
letter. In musick, The name of a compo- 
sition, in which the parts follow each other. 

CANONESS, (kan'-un-nes) n.s. In popish 
countries, women living after the example of 
secular canons. 

CANONICAL, (ka-npn'-e-kal) a. Accord- 
ing to the canon ; constituting the canon : 
regular; stated; spiritual; ecclesiastical. 

CANONICALLY, (ka-non'-e-kal-le) ad. In 
a manner agreeable to the canon. 

CANON1CALNESS, (ka-npn'-e-kal-nes) n.s. 
The quality of being canonical. 

CANONICALS, (ka-npn'-e-kalz) n. s. The 
full dress of a clergyman. 

CANONIC ATE, (ka-non'-e-kate) n. s. Ths 
office of a canon. 

CANONIST, (kan'-no-nist) n. s. A man 
versed in the ecclesiastical laws. 

CANONISTICK, (kan'-np-nist'-ik) a. With 
the knowledge of a canonist. 

CANONIZATION, (kan-no-ni-za-shun) n.s. 
The act of declaring any man a saint ; the 
state of being sainted. 

To CANONIZE, (kan'-np-nize) v. a. To de- 
declare any man a saint. 

CANONRY, (kan'-un-re) \n.s. A be- 

CANONSHIP, (kan"-un-ship) S nefice in 
some cathedral or collegiate church. 

CANOPIED, (kau'-p-ped) a. Covered with 
a canopy. 

CANOPY, (kan'-p-pe) n.s. A covering of 
state over a throne or bed ; the label or 
projecting moulding which surrounds the 
heads of Gothic arches. 

To CANOPY, (kan'-p-pe) v. a. To cover 
with a canopy. 

CANOROUS, (ka-np'-rus) a. Musical ; 

CANOROUSNESS, (ka-no'-rus-nes^i n. s. 

CANT, (kant) n. s. A corrupt dialect ; a 
whining pretension to goodness in affected 
terms ; hypocritical manner of speech ; bar- 
barous jargon ; slang. 

To CANT, (kant) v. n. To talk in the jar- 
gon of particular professions, or in any kind 
of affected language. 

To CANT, (kant) v. a. To sell by auction ; 
to bid a price at an auction. 

CANTATA, (kan-ta'-ta) n.s. A song, inter- 
mixed with recitatives and air3. 

CANTEEN, (kan-teen) n.s. A vessel of tin, 
used for carrying liquors to supply soldiers 
in camp. 

CANTA I ION, (kan-ta-shun) n. s. The act 
of singing. 

CANTER, (kan'-ter) n. s. A term of re- 
proach for hypocrites. 

CANTER, (kan'-ter) n.s. An easy gallop. 

To CANTER," (kan'-ter) v. n. To gallop 
easily or gently. 

CANTHARIDES, (kan-t/mr'-e-dez) n. s. 
plural. Spanish flies used in medicine to 
produce blisters. 


Fate, far, fall, f^t ; — me, met ; — pine, pin ; — 119, move, 


CANTHUS, (kan'-r/ms) n. s. The corner of 
the eye. 

CANTICLE, (kan'-te-kl) n. s. A song ; a 
division of a poem ; a canto ; the term ge- 
nerally applied to the song of Solomon. 

CANTILEVERS, (kan-te-le'-verz) n. s. In 
architecture, A kind of cornice formed of 
modillions ; pieces of wood framed into the 
front or sides of an house, to sustain the 
moulding over it. 

CANTINGLY, (kant'-ing-le) ad. In a cant- 
ing manner. 

CANTLE, (kan'-tl) n. s. A fragment; a 

To CANTLE, (kan'-tl) v. a. To cut in 

GANTLET, (kant'-let) n. s. A piece. 

CANTO, (kan'-to) n. s. A book or section 
of a poem; the treble part of a musical 

CANTON, (kan'-tun) n. s. A small parcel 
of land ; a small community or clan. In 
heraldry. The canton is that which occupies 
only a comer of a shield. 

To CANTON, (kan'-tun) v. a. To divide 
into little parts. 

To CANTON1ZE, (kan'-tun-ize) v. a. To 
parcel out into small divisions. 

CANTONMENT, (kan'-tun-nient) n.s. That 
distinct situation, which soldiers occupy, 
when quartered in different parts of a town. 

CANTY, (kan'-te) a. Cheerful ; talkative. 

CANVASS, (kan'-vas) n. s. A kind of linen 
cloth for sails, painting cloths, tents ; the 
act of sifting voices, previously to voting". 

To CANVASS, (kan'-vas) v. n. To sift; to 
examine ; to debate. 

To CANVASS, (kan'-vas) v. n. To solicit 

CANVASSER, (kan'-vas-er) n. s. He who 
solicits votes. 

CANY, (ka'-ne) a. Full of canes ; consist- 
ing of canes. 

CANZONET, (kan-zo-net') n. s. A little 

CAP, (kap) n.s. The garment that covers 
the head ; the ensign of the cardinalate ; the 
topmost part. Cap of a great gun, A piece of 
lead laid over the touch-hole, to preserve, 
the prime. Cap of maintenance, One of the 
regalia carried before the king at the coro- 

To CAP, (kap) v. a. To cover on the top. 

CAP-A-PIE T , (kap-a-pe') ad. From head to 
foot ; all over. 

CAP-PAPER, (kap'-pa-per) n.s. A sort of 
coarse brownish paper. 

CAPABILITY, (ka-pa-bil'-e-te) n.s. Capa- 

CAPABLE, (ka'-pa-bl) a. Sufficient to con- 
tain ; endued with sufficient powers ; intel- 
ligent ; intellectually capacious ; suscep- 
tible ; qualified for ; without any natural 

CAPABLENESS, (ka'-pa-bl-nes) n.s. The 
quality or state of being capable. 

To CAPACIFY, (ka-pas'-se-fi) v. a. To 


CAPACIOUS, (ka-pa'-she-us) a. Wide; 
large ; extensive. 

CAPACIOUSLY', (ka-pa'-she-us-le) ad. In 
a wide or capacious manner. 

CAPACIOUSNESS, (ka-pa'-she-us-nes) n.s. 
The power of holding or receiving. 

To CAPACITATE, (ka-pas'-e-tate) ». a. To 
make capable. 

CAPACITY, (ka-pas'-e-te) n.s. The power 
of holding or containing ; room ; space ; 
the power of the mind ; power ; ability ; 
state ; condition. 

CAPARISON, (ka-par'-e-zun) n. s. A cover 
for a horse, spread over his furniture. 

To CAPARISON, (ka-par'-e-zun) v. a. To 
dress in caparisons ; to dress pompously. 

CAPE, (kape) n. s. Headland ; promontory ; 
the neck-piece of a coat or cloak. 

CAPER, (ka'-per) n. s. A leap ; a jump. 
Caper-cutting, Dancing in a frolicksome 

CAPER, (ka'-per) n. s. The bud or flower 
of the caper bush, much used for pickles. 

To CAPER, (ka'-per) v. n. To dance frolick- 
somely ; to skip for merriment ; to dance. 

CAPIAS, (ka'-pe-as) n. s. In law, A writ 
or process, of which there are two kinds : 
the one before judgement to take the body of 
the defendant ; and the other a writ of ex- 
ecution after judgement. 

CAPILLACEOUS, (kap-pil-la'-she-us) a. 
Capillary : an epithet for any thing resem- 
bling hair. 

CAPLLLAIRE (kap-pil-lare') n.s. A sy- 
rup extracted from maiden-hair. 

CAPILLAMENT, (ka-pil'-la-ment) n. s. In 
botany, Small threads or hairs which grow 
up in the middle of a flower. 

CAPILLARY, (kap -pil-la-re) a. Resem- 
bling hairs ; small ; minute ; applied to the 
extreme ramifications of the arteries and 
other vessels of the body. 

CAPILLARY, (kap'-pil-la-re) n. s. A small 
tube ; or a small blood vessel. 

CAPILLATION, (kap-pil-la'-shun) n.s. An 
extreme ramification of vessels. 

CAPITAL, (kap'-e-tal) a. Relating to the 
head ; criminal to a degree affecting the 
life ; chief ; principal ; metropolitan ; ap- 
plied to the large letters, such as are writ- 
ten at the beginnings or heads of books ; 
Capital stock, the principal or original stock 
of a trader, or company. 
CAPITAL, (kap'-e-tal) n. s. The upper part 
of a pillar ; the chief city of a nation ; the 
stock or fund which a trader employs in 
commerce ; a large letter. 

CAPITALIST, (kap'-e-tal-ist) n. s. He who 

possesses a capital fund. 
CAPITALLY', (kap'-e-tal-le) ad. In a capi- 
tal manner. 
CAPITATION, (kap-e-ta'-shun) n. s. Nu- 
meration by heads ; taxation on each indi- 
CAP1TE, (kap'-e-te) n.s. A tenure which 

holdeth immediately of the king. 
CAPITOL, (kap'-e-tol) n. s. The temple of 
Jupiter Capitolinus at Rome. 

n$t; — tube, tub, bull; — ggt*; — pQund; — thm, th^ 



CAPITULAR, (ka-pit'-u-lar) n. s. The 
statutes of a chapter ; a member of a chap- 

CAPTTULARLY, (ka-pit'-u-lar-le) ad. In 
the form of an ecclesiastical chapter. 

CAPITULARY, (ka-pit'-u-la-re) a. Re- 
lating to the chapter of a cathedral. 

To CAPITULATE, (ka-pit'-u-late) v. n. 
To draw up in heads ; or articles ; to con- 
federate ; to yield on certain stipulations. 

CAPITULATION, (ka-pit-u-la'-shun) n.s. 
Stipulation ; reduction into hea is. 

CAPITULATOP, (ka-pit'-u-la-tur) n. s. 
He who capitulates. 

CAPITULE, (kap' e-tule) n. s. A summary. 

CAPIVI-TREE* (ka-pe'-ve-tree) n.s. The 
Copaiba ; a tree which grows in the Spanish 
West Indies, yielding a balsam. 

CAPNOMANCY, (kap'-no-man-se) n. s. 
Divination by the flying of smoke. 

CAPON, (ka'-pn) n. s. A castrated cock. 

CAPONNIERE, (kap-pon-yare') n. s. In 
fortification, A covered lodgement, of about 
four or five feet broad, encompassed with a 
little parapet. 

CAPOT, (ka-ppt') n. s. Is when one party 
wins aU the tricks of cards at the game of 

CAPOUCH, (ka-poutsh') n. s. A monk's 

CAPREOLATE, (ka-pre'-o-late) a. A term 
applied to such plants as turn, wind, and 
creep along the ground, by means of their 

CAPRICE, (ka-pree,se') n. s. Freak ; fancy ; 

CAPRICIOUS, (ka prish'-us) a. Whimsi- 
cal ; fanciful. 

CAPRICIOUSLY, (ka-prish'-us-le) ad. 

CAPRICIOUSNESS, (ka-prish'-us-nes) n. s. 
Caprice ; whimsicalness. 

CAPRICCIO, (ka-pre'-tshe-o) n. s. In mu- 
sick, A loose irregular species of composi- 

CAPRICCIOSO, (ka-pre-tshe-o'-zo) In mu- 
sick, A term to express that the movement 
is to be played in a fantastick free style. 

CAPRICORN, (kap'-pre korn) One of the 
signs of the zodiac ; the winter solstice. 

CAPRIFICATION,(ka'-pre-fe-ka'-slmn) n. s. 
A method of ripening the fruits of fig-trees. 

CAPPvIOLE, (kap'-re-ole) n. s. Caprioles 
are leaps such as a horse makes in one and 
the same place, without advancing for- 
wards; a dance. 

CAPSICUM, (kap'-se-kum) n. s. A guinea 

CAPSTAN, (kap'-stan) n. s. A cylinder, to 
wind up any great weight. 

CAPSULE, (kap'-sule) n. s. A cell in plants 
for the reception of seeds. 

CAPSULAR, (kap'-su-lar) \a. Hollow 

CAPSULARY, (kap'-su-la-re) $ like a chest. 

CAPSULATE, (kap'-su-fate) \ a. In- 

CAPSULATED, (kap'-su-la-ted) S closed 
or in a box. 

CAPTAIN, (kap'-tane) n.s. A chief com- 


mander ; the chief of any number of men ; 
a man skilled in war ; the commander of a 
company in a regiment; the chief com- 
mander of a ship ; Captain General, The 
commander in chief. 

CAP IAIN RY, (kap'-tan-re) n. s. The chief- 

CAPTAINSHIP, (kap'-tan ship) n. s. The 
post of a chief commander ; the post of a 

CAPTATION, (kap-ta'-shun) n. s. Court- 
ship ; flattery. 

CAPTION, (kap'-shun) n. b. In law, The 
act of taking any person by a judicial pro- 

CAPTIOUS, (kap'-she-us) a. Given to cavils ; 
insidious ; ensnaring. 

CAPTIOUSLY, (kap'-she-us-le) ad. In a 
captious manner. 

CAPTIOUSNESS,(kap'-she-us-nes) n.s. In- 
clination to find fault. 

To CAPTIVATE, (kap'-te-vate) v. a. To 
take prisoner ; to charm ; to enslave. 

CAPITVATION, (kap-te-va'-shun) n.s. The 
act of taking one captive. 

CAPTIVE, (kap'-tiv) n. s. One taken in 
war ; one charmed by beauty. 

CAPTIVE, (kap'-tiv) «. Made prisoner. 

CAPTIVITY, T (kap-tiv'-e-te) n. s. Subjec- 
tion by the fate of war ; bondage , slavery. 

CAPTOR, (kap'-tur) n. s. He that takes a 
prisoner or a prize. 

CAPTURE, (kap'-ture) n. s. The act of 
taking anything ; the thing taken ; a prize. 

To CAPTURE, (kap'-ture) v. a. To take as 
a prize. 

CAPUCHIN, (kap-u-sheen') n. s. A female 
garment, consisting of a cloak and hood ; 
a pigeon whose head is covered with 

CAPUCHIN, (kap u-sheen') n. s. From the 
capuchon, or cowl, with which they covered 
their heads ; one of the order of St. Francis. 

CAR, (kar) n. s. A small carriage of bur- 
den ; a charriot of war, or triumph. The 
Charles's-wain, or Bear : a constellation. 

CARABINE, (kar'-a-bin) \n. s. A small 

CARBINE, (kar-bine)' $ sort of fire-arm, 
between the pistol and the musket. 

CARABINEER, (kar-a-bin-ere') n. s. A 
sort of light horse carrying carabines. 

CARACK, (kar'-ak) n. s. A large ship of 

CARACOLE, (kar'-a-kole) n. s. An oblique 
tread of a horse. 

To CARACOLE, (kar'-a-kole) v. n. To move 
in caracoles. 

CARAT, (kar'-at) \n. s. A weight of four 

CARACT, (ka/-akt) S grains. 

CARAVAN, T (kar-a-van') n. s. A troop of 
merchants or pilgrims, as they travel in the 

CARAVANSARY, (kar-a-van'-sa-re) n. s. 
A house built in the eastern countries foi 

CARAWAY, (kar'-a-wa.) n. s. A spice 

CARBON, (kar'-bpn) n. s. In chemistry, a 


Fate, far, fall, fijt;— me, met; —pine, pin; — no, move, 


simple body, black, sonorous, and brittle ; 
obtained from various substances, generally 
by volatilizing their other constituent parts. 

CARBONACEOUS, (kar-bo-na-she-us) a. 
Containing carbon. 

CARBONADO, (kar-bo-na-do) n. s. Meat 
cut across, to be broiled upon the coals. 

To CARBONADO, (kar-bo-na'-do) v.a. To 
broil upon the coals. 

CARBONICK, (kar-bon'-ik) a. Relating to 

CARBUNCLE, (kar'-bung-kl) n s. A 
jewel shining in the dark ; a round, hard, 
and painful tumour, which soon mortifies. 

CARB UNCLED, (kar'-bung-kld) a. Set 
with carbuncles ; spotted : deformed with 

CARBUNCULAR, (kar-bung'-ku-lar) a. 
Belonging to a carbuncle 

C ARBU N C U LATION, (kar-bung-ku-la'- 
shun) n. s. The blasting of young buds of 
trees or plants. 

CARCANET, (kar'-ka-net) n. s. A chain 
or collar of jewels. 

CARCASS, (kar'-kas) n. s. A dead body of 
any animal ; body, in a ludicrous sense ; 
the decayed parts of anything; the main 
parts, naked* without completion. In gun- 
aery, A kind of bomb. 

CARCELAGE, (kar'-se-laje) 71. s. Prison 

CARCERAL, (kar'-se-ral) a. Belonging to 
a prison. 

CARCINOMA, (kar-se-no'-ina) n. s. A 
particular ulcer; also a disorder in the 
horny coat of the eye. 

CARCINOMATOUS, (kar-se-no'-ma-tus) a. 

CARD, (kard) n. s. Pieces of pasteboard of 
an oblong form, marked w ith four different 
figures or suits, used in playing various 
games ; the instrument with which wool is 
combed. Card of the compass, the circular 
paper on which the points of the compass 
are projected. 

To CARD, (kard) v. a. To comb ; to mingle 
together ; to disentangle. 

To CARD, (kard) v. n. To game. 

CARD-TABLE, (kard'-ta-bl) n.s. The table 

• appropriated to those who play at cards. 

CARD AMINE, (kar'- da-mine) n. s. The 
plant lady's-smock. 

CARDAMOMUM, (kar'-da-mum) n. s. A 
medicinal seed, of the aromatick kind, 
brought from the East Indies. 

CARDER, (kard'-er) n. s. One that cards 
wool ; one that plays much at cards. 

CARD1ACAL, (kar-di'-a-kal) } ^ ,. . 

CARD1ACK, (kar'-de'ak) .}* 

CARD1ALGY, (kai'-de-al-je) n. s. The 

CARDINAL, (kar'-din-al) n.s. The highest 
dignitary in the Romish church next to the 
Pope ; the name of a woman's cloak, red or 
scarlet, such as cardinals wear. 

CARDINAL, (kar'-din-al) a. Chief; prin- 
cipal. Card nul virtues, the four virtues, pru- 
dence, temperance, justice and fortitude. 


Cardinal points, the four principal divisions 
of the horizon, north, south, east, west. 
Cardinal numbers, such as express the num- 
bers of things, as one, two, three, &c. in 
distinction from the ordinal first, second, 
third, &c. 

CARDINALATE, (kar'-din-al-ate) ) 

CARD1NALSH1P, (kar'-dm : al-'ship) $ n ' s ' 
The office of a cardinal. 

To CARDINALIZE, (kar'-din-al-ize) v. a. 
To make a cardinal. 

CARDIOID, (kar'-de- oid) n.s. An algebraick 
curve, so called from its resemblance to a 

CARDMAKER, (kard'-ma-ker) n. s. A 
maker of cards. 

CARDMATCH, (kard'-matsh) n. s. A match 
made by dipping pieces of card in melted 

CARE, (kare) n. s. Solicitude ; caution ; re- 
gard ; the object of care. 

To CARE, (kare) v. n. To be anxious ; tu 
be inclined ; to be affected with. 

CARE-CRAZED, (kare'-krazd) a. Broken 
with care. 

To CAREEN, (ka-reen') v.a To lay a vessel 
on one side, it order to refit or trim the 
other side. 

CAREER, (ka-reer) n. s. The ground on 
which a race is run ; a course ; a race ; 
height of speed ; course of action. 

To CAREER, (ka-reer') v. n. To run with 
swift motion. 

CAREFUL, (kare'-ful) a. Anxious; provi- 
dent ; watchful ; subject to perturbations. 

CAREFULLY, (kare'-ful-le) a. In a man- 
ner that shews care ; heedfully ; provi- 
dently ; cautiously. 

CAREFULNESS, (kare'-ful-nes) n. s. Vigi- 

CARELESS, (kare'-les) a. Having no care ; 
cheerful ; undisturbed ; unheeding ; thought- 
less ; unmoved by. 

CARELESSLY, (kare'-les-le) ad. Negli- 

CARELESSNESS, (kare'-les-nes) n.s. Heed- 

To CARESS, (ka-res') v. a. To endear ; to 

CARESS, (ka-res') n. s. An act of endear- 

CARET, (ka-ret) n. s. A note which shews 
where something interlined should be read. 

CARGO, (kar'-go) n. s. The lading of a 

CARICATURE, (ka-re-ka-ture') n. s. A ri- 
diculous representation of a person or cir- 
cumstance, without loss of resemblance ; an 
overcharged description. 

To CARICATURE, (ka-re-ka-ture') 0.0s. To 

CARICATURIST, (ka'-re-ka-tu'-rist) n. .,. 
He who caricatures persons or chings. 

CAR1COUS Tumour, (kar'-re-kus) ». s. A 
swelling in the form of a fig. 

CARIES, (ka'-re-ez) n. s. That rottenness 
which is peculiar to a bone. 

CARINATED, (kar'-re-na-ted) a. A »:m 

not;— tube, tub, bull; — 91I ; — pgimd; — IHlvl, this, 



applied to leaves, the backs of which re- 
semble the keel of a ship. 

CARIOSITY, (ka-re-os'-e-te) n. s. Rotten- 

CARIOUS, (ka'-re-us) a. Rotten. 

CARK, (kark) n. s. Care ; anxiety. 

To CARK, "(kark) v. n. To be careful. 

CARK1NG, (kark'-ing) n. s. Care ; anxiety. 

CARLE, (karl) n. s. A mean, rude, rough, 
brutal man. 

CARLE, (karl) n. s. A kind of hemp. 

CARLINGS, (kar'-lingz) n.s. Timbers of a 
ship on which the ledge3 rest, and the planks 
of the deck are made fast. 

CARLISH, (karl'-ish) a. Churlish; 

CARLISHNESS, (karl'-ish-ues) n.s. Chur- 

CARMAN, (kar'-man) n. s. A man who 
drives cars. 

CARMELITE, (kar'-me-lite) n. s. A friar 
ofthe order of Mount Carmel. 

CARMINATIVE, (kar-min'-a-tiv) n.s. So 
called, as having the power of a charm. 
Medicines to dispel wind. 

CARMINE, (kar'-mine) n. s. A bright red 
/or crimson colour, used by painters. 

CjARNAGE, (kar'-naje) n. s. Slaughter ; 
heaps of flesh. 

CARNAL, (kar-nal) a. Fleshly; not spiri- 
tual ; lustful. 

CARNAL-MINDED, /kar'-nal-rnind'-ecJ) a. 
Worldly minded. 

CARNAL- MTNDEDWESS, (kar'-nal-mind - 
ed-nes) n. s. Grossness of mind. 

CARN ALIST, (kar'-nal-ist) n. s. One given 
to carnality. 

CARNALITY, (kar-nal'-e-te) n.s. Fleshly 
lust; grossness ot mind. 

To CARNALIZE, (kar'-nal-ize) v. a. To de- 
base to carnality. 

CARNALLY, (kar'-nal-le) ad. According 
to the flesh ; libidinously. 

CARNATION, (kar-na'-shun) n. s. The 
name of the natural flesh colour ; the na e 
of a flow er. 

CARNELION, (kar-nele'-yun) n.s. A pre- 
cious stone, more commonly written and 
pronounced Cornelian. 

CARNEOUS, (kar'-ne-us) a. Fleshy. 

CARNEY, (kar'-ne)' n. s. A disease in 
horses, wherein their mouths become so fur- 
red that they cannot eat. 

CARNIFICATION, (kar'-ne-feka'-shun) 
n. 5. The making of, or turning to, flesh. 

To CARNIFY, (kar'-ne-f i) v. n. To breed 

CARNIVAL, (kar'-ne- val) n.s. The feast 
held in tbe popish countries before Lent. 

CARNIVOROUS, (kar-niy'-v ? -rus) a. Flesh- 

CARNOS1TY, (kar-nos'-se-te) n. s. Fleshy 

CARNOUS, (karlnus) a. Fleshy. 

CAROL, (ka'-rol) n. s. A song of joy and 
exultation ; a song of devotion ; a song in 

To CAROL, (ka/-rol) v. n. To sing , to 


To CAROL, (ka'-roj) v. a. To celebrate in 

CAROTID, (k^-rot'-id) a. A term applied 

to the two principal arteries which convey 

the blood to the head. 
CAROUSAL, (ka-rou'-zal) n.s. A festival. 
To CAROUSE, (ka-'rou/) v. n. To drink ; 

to quaff. 
To CAROUSE, (ka-rouz') v. a. To drink 

CAROUSE, (ka-rouz') n. s. A drinking 

match ; a hearty dose of liquor. 
CAROUSER, (ka-rou'-zer) n. s. A drinker. 
CARP, (karp) n.s. A pond fish. 
To CARP, (karp) v. ?/. To censure ; to 

CARPENTER; (kar'-pen-ter) n. s. An ar- 
tificer in wood ; a builder of houses and 


CARPENTRY, (kar'-pen-tre) n. s. The 
trade or art of a carpenter. 

CARPER, (kar'-per) n. s. A civiller. 

CARPET, (kar'-pet) n. s. A covering for 
the floor, wrought either with the needle or 
in the loom. To he on the carpet, is to be 
the subject of consideration. 

To CA RPET, (kar'-pet) v. a. To spread with 

CARPETING, (kar'-pet-ing) n. s. The cloth 
wherewith carpets are made. 

CARPING, (kar-pii ) part. a. Captious; 

CARPING, (kar'-pir.^ n.s. Cavil; cen- 
sure ; abuse. 

CARPUS, (kar'-pus) n. s. The wrist. 

CARRAT. See Carat. 

CARRAWAY. See Caraway. 

CARR1ABLE, (kar'-re-a-bl ) a. Capable oi 
being carried. 

CARRIAGE, (kar'-ridje) n. s. The act of 
carrying ; a vehicle ; the frame upon which 
cannon is carried ; behaviour ; conduct ; 
measures ; management. 

CARRIER, (kar'-re-er) n. s. One who 
carries ; one whose trade is to carry goods ; 
the name of a species of pigeons who fly 
with letters tied to their necks, which they 
carry to the place where they were bred, 
however remote. 

CARRION, (kar'-re-ym) n . s. The carcase 
of something not proper for food ; flesh so 
corrupted as not to be fit for food. 

CARRION, (kar'-re-un) a. Relating to or 
feeding upon carcases. 

CARRONADE, (kar'-ron-ade) n s. A very 
short piece of iron ordnance, originally 
made at Carron in Scotland. 

CARROT, (kar'-rut) n.s. An esculent root. 

CARROTY, (kar'-rut-e ) n. s. Spoken of red 
hair ; in colour like carrots. 

CARROWS, (kar'-roze) n. s. A sort of iti- 
nerants in Ireland, that wander up and 
down to gentlemen s houses, living only 
upon cards and dice. 

To CARRY, (kar'-re) v. a. To convey frcaa 
a place; to transport; to bear; to have 
about one ; to take ; to have with one ; to 
convey by force ; to effect any thing ; to 


Fate, far, fall, f^t :-me. met ; — pine, pm; — no, move, 


gam in competition, as, to carry a point ; to 
gain after resistance ; to manage ; to trans- 
act ; to behave ; to conduct ; to bring for- 
ward ; to urge ; to contain ; to have an- 
nexed ; to support. To carry away, In 
naval language, To loose. To carry on, To 
continue ; to prosecute. To carry through, 
To accomplish. 
To CARRY, (kar'-re) v. n. To convey ; to 
transport. A phrase from gunnery or ar- 
chery ; as, the cannon carried well. 
CAR T, (kart) n. s. A carnage in general ; 
a wheel carriage, used for luggage ; a small 
carriage with two wheels, used by husband- 
To CART, (kart) v. a. To carry or place in 

a cart. 
To CART, (kart) v. n. To use carts for 

CART-HORSE, (kart'-horsej n. s. A horse 

fit onlv for the cart. 
CART-LOAD, (kart'-lode) n.s. A quantity 

sufficient to load a cart. 
CART-ROPE, (kart'-rope) n. s. A strong 
cord used to fasten the load on the carriage. 
CART- WAY, (kart'-wa.) n.s. A way through 

which a carriage may conveniently travel. 
CARTAGE, (kart'-aje) n. s. The employ- 
ment of a cart ; the charge for carting. 
CARTE BLANCHE, (kart-blansh') n.s. A 
blank paper to be filled up with such con- 
ditions as the person to whom it is sent 
thinks proper. 
CARTEL, (kar-tel') n. s. A writing con- 
taining stipulations between enemies ; a 
letter of defiance ; a challenge to a duel ; a 
ship commissioned to exchange the prison- 
ers of hostile powers. 
To CARTEL, (kar-tel) v. a. To defy. 
CARTER, (kart'-er) n. s. The man who 

drives a cart. 
CARTESIAN, (kar-te-zhe'-an) a. Relating 

to the philosophy of Des Cartes. 
CARTESIAN, (kar-te'-zhe-an) n. s. A fol- 
lower of the Cartesian philosophy. 
CARTHUSIAN, (kar-i/m'-zhe-an) n.s. A 

monk of the Chartreux. 
CARTHUSIAN, (kar-t/ra'-zhe-an) a. Re- 
lating to the order of monks so called ; a 
name for antimony. 
CARTILAGE, (kar -te-laje) n. s. A smooth 
and solid body, softer than a bone, but 
harder than a ligament. 
CARTILAGINEOUS, (kar'-te-la-jin'-yus) } 
CARTILAGINOUS, (kar-te-fadje'-e-nus) 5 

a. Consisting of cartilages. 
CARTOON, (kar-toon) h. s. A sketch ; a 

painting or drawing upon large paper. 
CARTOUCH, (kar-tootsh') n.s. A case of 
wood girt round with marlin, and holding 
musket balls, &c. and fired out of a mortar ; 
a portable box for cartridges ; a roll adorn- 
ing the cornice of a pillar. 
CARTRAGE, }(kar'-tridje) n.s. A case 
CARTRIDGE, S of paper filled with gun- 
powder, used in charging guns. 
CARTRUT, (kart'-rut) n.s. The track made 
by a cart wheel. 


CARTULARY, (kar'-tu- la-re) ». s. A re- 
gister ; a record ; an ecclesiastical officer, 
who has the care of the records. 

CART YV RIGHT, (kart'-rite) n.s. A maker 
of carts. 

To CARVE, v k ar v ) v. a. To cut matter into 
elegant forms ; to cut meat at the table ; 
to make any thing by carving or cutting ; 
to cut ; to hew. 

To CARVE, (karv) v.n. To exercise the 
trade of a sculptor ; to perform the office of 
cutting meat at table. 

CARVER, (kar'-ver) n. s. A sculptor ; he 
that cuts up the meat at the table. 

CARVING, (kar'-ving) n.s. Sculpture. 

CARUNCLE, (kar'-'ung-kl) n, s. A small 
protuberance of flesh. 

CARUNCULATED, (kar-ung'-ku-la-ted) a. 
Having a protuberance. 

CARYATES, (ka-re-a'-tez) \n. s. In 

CARYATIDES, '(kare-at'-id-ez) $ archi- 
tecture, An order of columns or pilasters 
under the figures of women, dressed in 
long robes, serving to support entablatures. 
From Carya, a city taken by the Greeks, 
who led away the women captives ; and, to 
perpetuate their shame, represented them 
in buildings as charged with burdens. 

CASCADE, (') n. s. A cataract ; a 

CASE, ( n. s. A box ; a sheath ; the 
cover or skin of an animal ; the outer part 
of a building. 

CASE, (kase) n. s. Condition ; state of 
things ; state of the body ; contingence ;. 
possible event ; question relating to par- 
ticular persons or things ; representation of 
any fact or question. In medicine, History 
of a disease. In law, Statement of a legal 
question. Action on the case, An action so 
called because the whole case is set down 
in the writ. In grammar, The variation of 

To CASE, ( v. a. To put in a case ; 
to cover as a case; to cover on the out- 
side with materials different from the in- 

To CASEHARDEN, (kase'-har-dn) v. a. To 
harden on the outside. 

CASE-KNIFE, (kase'-iiife) w. s. A large 
kitchen knife. 

CASE-SHOT, (kase'-shot) n.s. Bullets in 
closed in a case. 

CASEMATE, (kase'-mate) n. s. In fortifi- 
cation, A subterraneous or covered arch- 
work ; the well with its several subter- 
raneous branches, dug in the passage of the 

CASEMENT, (kaze'-ment) n. s. A window 
opening upon hinges. 

CASEOUS, (ka'-she-us) a. Resembling 

CASERN, (ka'-zern) n. s. A room or lodge- 
ment between the rampart and the houses 
of fortified towns, as lodgings for the soldiers 
of the garrison. 
CASH, (kash) n.s. 

not;- -tube, tub, bidl;— oU •, — pound;— t'.in, this. 



To CASH, (kash) v. a. To cash a bill, i. e. 
to give money for it, 

CASH-KEEPER, (kash'-keep-er) n. s. A 
man entrusted with the money. 

CASHEWNUT, (ka-shop'-nut) n.s. A tree 
that bears nuts, not with shells but hu3ks. 

CASHIER, (ka-sheer ) n. s. He that has 
charge of the money. 

To CASHIER, (ka-sheer') v. a. To discard ; 
to dismiss from a post. 

CASHOO, (ka'-shpo) n. s. The gum or juice 
of a tree in the East Indies. 

CASING, (ka. -sing) n. s. The covering of 
anv thing. 

CASK, (kask) n. s. A barrel. 

To CASK, T (kask) v. a. To put into a cask. 

CASKET, (kas'-ket) n. s. A small box for 

CASQUE, (kask) ??. s. A helmet ; armour 
for the head. 

To CASSATE, (kas'-sate) v. a. To vacate ; 
to invalidate. 

CASSATION, (kas-sa'-shun) n. s. A mak- 
ing null. 

CASS A VI, (kas'-sa-ve) \n.s. An American 

CASSADA, (kas'-sa-da) $ plant. 

CASSAWARYl See Cassiowary. 

CASSIA, (kash'-ya) n. s. A sweet spice 
used in the composition of the holy oil. 

CASSIA, (kash'-ya) n. s. The name of a 

CASSIDON Y, (kas-sid'-o-ne) n. s. The name 
of a plant. 

CASSINO, (kas se'-no) n. s. A game at 

CASSIOWARY, (kash'-e-o-wa-re) n.s. A 
large bird of prey in the East Indies* 

CASSOCK, (kas'-suk) n. s. A close gar- 
ment ; part of the dress of a clergyman. 

CASSWEED, (kas'-weed) n.s. A weed 
called shepherd's pouch. 

To CAST, (kast) v. a. Preter. cast ; part, 
pass. cast. To throw with the hand ; to 
throw away, as useless or noxious ; to throw, 
as from an engine ; to scatter by the hand ; 
to force by violence ; to throw as a net or 
snare ; to throw lots ; to throw in wrestling; 
to condemn in a criminal trial ; to defeat in 
a law-suit ; to cashier ; to lay aside ; to 
moult ; to make to preponderate ; to com- 
pute ; to contrive ; to fix the parts in a 
play ; to found ; to form by running in a 
mould ; to melt metal into figures ; to 
model. To cast aside, To dismiss as useless. 
To cast away, To shipwreck. Cast down, De- 
jected. To cast forth, To emit. To cast off, 
To discard ; to reject ; to disburden one's 
self of; to leave behind. To cas,t off, Hunt- 
ing term, To let go ; as, to cast off the dogs. 
To cast out, To reject ; to vent ; to speak. 
To cast up. To compute ; to vomit. To cast 
upon. To refer to. v 

To CAST, (kast) v. n. To grow into a form, 
by casting ; to warp. To cast about, To con- 
trive ; to turn about. 

CAST, (kast) n. s. The act of casting; the 
thing thrown ; state of any thing cast ; 
manner of throwing ; the space through 


which ,ony thing is thrown ; a stroke ; a 
touch ; motion of the eye ; the throw of 
dice ; venture from throwing dice ; a mould ; 
a form moulded ; a breed ; a race. 

CASTANET, (kas'-ta-net) n. s. A small 
shell of ivory, or hard wood, which dancers 
rattle in their hands. 

CASTAWAY, (kast'-a-wa) n.s. A person 
lost or abandoned by Providence. 

CASTAWAY, (kast'-a-wa) a. Useless. 

CASTELLAIN, (kas'-tel-lane) n. s. The 
captain governour, or constable of a castle. 

CASTELLANY, (kas'-tel-la-ne) n. s. The 
lordship belonging to a castle. 

CASTELLATED, (kas'-tel-la-ted) a. Adorn- 
ed with turrets and battlements, like a castle. 

CASTELLATION, (kas'-tel-la-shun) n. s. 
The act of fortifying a house and rendering 
it a castle. 

CASTER, (kas'-ter) n. s. A thrower ; a 

CASTER, (kas'-ter) n. s. A small wheel, 
the axis of which is fixed to a swivel, that 
it may move more easily in anv direction, 
generally fixed to the legs of tables, &c. 

To CASTIGATE, (kas-te-gate) v. a. To 

CASTIGATION, (kas-te-ga'-shun) n. s. 
Penance ; punishment ; chastisement. 

CASTIGATOR, (kas'-te-ga-tur) n. s. lie 
who makes an emendation. 

CASTIGATORY, (kas'-te-ga-tur-e) a. Puni- 
tive, in order to amendment. 

CASTING, (kas -ting) n. s. The act of 
throwing, putting off, or discarding ; the 
operation of running any sort, of metal into 
a mould prepared for that purpose, as the 
casting of letter, bells, &c. 

CASTING-NET, (kas'- ting-net) n. s. A net 
to be thrown into the water. 

CASTLE, (kas'-sl) n.s. A fortress or forti- 
fied house. Catties in the air, Projects with- 
out reality. 

CASTLE-BUILDER, (kas'-sl-bild-er) n. s. 
A fanciful projector. 

CASTLED, (kas'-sld) a. Furnished with 

CASTLEGUARD, (kas'-sl-gard) ». s. One 
of the feudal tenures. 

CASTLERY, } (kas'-sl-re) n s. The go- 

CASTELRY, 5 vernment of a castle. 

CASTLEWARD, (kas'-sl-ward) n. s. An 
imposition for maintenance of such as watcli 
and ward the castle. 

CASTLING, (kast'-ling) n. s. An abortive. 

CASTOR, (kas'-tur) n. s. A beaver ; a fine 
hat made of the fur of a beaver. 

CASTOR, (kas'-tur) n. s. One of the twins 
in the constellation known by the name of 

CASTOR OIL, (kas'-tur-oel') n. s. An oil 
extracted from the palraa christi. 

CASTOR and POLLUX, (kas'-tur and pol'- 
luks) A fiery meteor, which appears some- 
times sticking to a part of the ship, in form 
of balls. 

CASTOREUM, (kas-to'-re-iim) ». s. The 
ingumal gland of the beaver 


Fate, far, fa,!!, 

-me, met : — pice, pin 

. CAT 

'i. s. The art of measuring or tracing out 
the form of a camp on the ground. 

To CASTRATE, (kas'-trate) v. a. To cut 
awav the testes of an animal. 

CASTRATION, (kas-tra'-skun) n. s. The 
operation of cutting away the testes. 

CASTREL, (kas'-trel) n. s. A kind of hawk. 

CASTRENS1AN, (kas-tren'-she-an) a. Be- 
longing to a camp. 

CASUAL, (kazh'-u-al) a. Accidental. 

CASUALLY,' (kazh'-u-al-le) Accidentally. 

CASUALXESS, (kazh'-u-al'-nes) n. s. Ac- 

CASUALTY, (kazh'-u-al-te) n. s. Accident ; 
anything happening by chance. 

CASUIST, (kazh'-u-ist) n.s. One that studies 
and settles cases of conscience. 

CASUISTICAL, (kazh-u-is'-te-kal) a. Re- 
lating to cases of conscience. 

CASUISTRY, (kazh'-u-is-tre) it. s. The 
science of a casuist. 

CAT, (kat) n. s. A domestick animal, reck- 
oned by naturalists the lowest order of the 
leonine species. 

CAT, (kat) n. s. A sort of ship. 

CAT, (kat) n. s. A double trivet or tripod, 
having six feet 

CAT-O'-NTNE -TAILS, (kat-o-.nine'-talz) 
A whip with nine lashes. 

CAT'S-PAW, (katzipaw) n. 5. The dupe of 
a flatterer, or artful person. 

CATABAPTIST, (kat'-a-bap-tist) n. s. An 
opponent of baptism. 

CATACHRESIS, (kat-a-kre'-sis) n. s. In 
rhetorick, The abuse of a trope. 

CAT ACHRESTIC AL, (kat-a-kres'-te-kal) a. 
Contrary to proper use ; forced. 

CATACLYSM, (kat'-a-klizm) n.s. A de- 

♦CATACOMBS, (kat'-a-komz) n. s. Subter- 
raneous cavities for the burial of the dead. 

CATACOUSTICKS, (kat-a-kous'-tiks) n . s. 
pi. The science of reflected sounds or 



CATADIOPTRICK, (kat-a-di'-op'-trik) 
a. Reflecting light. 

CATAGMATICK, (kat-ag-mat'-ik) a. The 
quality of consolidating the parts. 

CATAGRAPH, (kat'-^-graf) n. s. The first 
draught of a picture. 

CATALECTICK, (kat-a-lek'-tik) a. Relat- 
ing to metrical measure. 

CATALEPSY, (kat-a-lep'-se) n. s. A lighter 
species of the apoplexy, or epilepsy. 

To CATALOGIZE, (kat'-a-lo-jize) v. a. To 
put into a catalogue. 

CATALOGUE, (kat'-a-log) n.s. An enu- 
meration of particulars ; a list. 

To CATALOGUE, (kat'-a-log) v. a. To make 
a list of. 

CATALYSIS, (ka-tal'-le-sis) n.s. Dissolu- 

CATAMARAN, (kat-a-ma-ran') n. s. In 
naval language, a float so called. 

CATAMOUNTAIN, (kat-a-moun -tin) n. s. 
A fierce animal resembling a cat. 


CATAPASM, (kat-a-pazm; n. s. A mix- 
ture of powders to be sprinkled medicinally 
on the body. 

CATAPHOMCKS, (kat-a-fon'-iks) n. s. pi. 
The doctrine of reflected sounds. 

CATAPHRACT, (kat'-a-frakt) n. s. A horse- 
man in complete armour. 

CATAPLASM, (kat'-a-plazm) n.s. A poul- 

CATAPULT A, (kat-a-pul'-ta) n. s. An en- 
gine used anciently to throw stones. 

CATARACT, (kat'-a-rakt) n. s. A fall of 
water from on high ; a cascade. 

CATARACT, (kat'-a-rakt) n. s. A dimness 
or loss of sight ; produced by an opaque 
body obstructing the pupil. 

CATARRH, (ka-tar) n.s. A defluxion of 
a sharp serum from the glands about the 
head and throat. 

CATARRHAL, (ka-tar'-ral) \a. Relating 

CATARRHOUS, (ka-tar'-ras) J to a ca- 

CATASTROPHE, (ka-tas'-tro-fe) n. s. The 
revolution which produces the final event 
of a dramatick piece ; a final event ; gene- 
rally unhappy. 

CATCAL, (kat'-kall) n s. A squeaking in- 
strument, used in the playhouse to condemn 

To CATCH, (katsh) v. a. Pret. catched, or 
caught; part, caught; to lay hold on with 
the hand; to stop anything flying ; to seize 
anything by pursuit ; to stop anything fal- 
ling ; to ensnare to entangle ; to receive 
suddenly ; to seize ; to receive any con- 
tagion. To catch at; to endeavour to lay 
hold on. 

To CATCH, (katsh) v. n. To be contagious ; 
to lay hold suddenly. 

CATCH, (katsh) n. s. Seizure ; an advan- 
tage taken ; the act of taking quickly from 
another ; a song sung in succession, where 
one catches it from another ; a snatch ; a 
short interval of action ; anything that 
catches ; a small swift sailing ship ; often 
written ketch. 

CATCHABLE, (katsh'-a-bl) a. Liable to 
be caught. 

CATCHER, (katsh'-er) n. s. He that catches ; 
that in which any thing is caught. 

CATCHPOLL, (katsh'-poie) n. s. A Ser- 
jeant ; a bumbailiff. 

CATCHUP, (ketsh'-up) n. s. A poignant 
liquor made from boiled mushrooms. 

CATCHWORD, (katsh'-wurd) n. s. The 
word at the corner of the page under the 
last line, which is repeated at the top of 
the next page : not now much used by 
English printers. 

CATE, (kate^ n. s. Food ; something to be 

CATECHETICAL, (kat-e-ket'-e-kal) a. Con- 
sisting of questions and answers. 

CATECHETICALLY, (kat-e-ket'-e-kal-le) 
ad. In way of question and answer. 

To CATECHISE, (kat'-e-kize) v. u. To in- 
struct by questions and answers ; to ques- 
tion ; to interrogate. 

UQt ; — tube, tub, Lull ; — oil ; — pound ; — thin, Tiiis. 



CATECHISER, (kat'-e-ki-zer) n. s. One 

who catechises. 
CATECHISING, (kat-e-ki-zing) n.s. In- 
CATECHISM, (kat'-e-kizm) n. s. A form 

of instruction by questions and answers. 
CATECHIST, (kat'-e-kist) n.s. One whose 
charge is to question the uninstructed con- 
cerning religion. 
CATECHISTICAL, (kat-te-kis'-te-kal) a. 

Instructing by question an answer. 
CATECHUMEN, (kat-e-ku'-men) n. s. One 
who is yet in the first rudiments of Christi- 
anity ; the lowest orJer of christians in the 
primitive church ; generally one who is in 
the first rudi ents of any profession. 
CATECHUMENICAL, (kat-e-kii-men'-e- 

kal) a. Belonging to the catechumens. 
CATEGORICAL, (kat-e-gor'-e-kal) a. Ab- 
solute, adequate, positive. 
CATEGORICALLY, (kat-e-gor'-e-kal-le) it. 

Directly ; positively. 
CATEGORY, (kat'-e-gor-e) n. s. In logick, 
A class ; a rank ; an order of ideas ; a pre- 
CATENARIAN, (kat-e-na'-re-an) a. Re- 
lating to a chain. 
To CATENATE, (kat'-e-nate) v. u. To 

CATENATION, (kat-e-na'-shun) n. s. Re- 
gular connexion. 
To CATER, (ka'-ter) v. n. To provide food. 
CATERER, (ka'-ter-er) n. s. One employed 

to buy provisions ; a purveyor. 
CATERESS, (ka'-ter-res) n. s. A woman 

employed to cater. 
CATERPILLAR, (kat'-ter-pil-ler) n. s. A 
worm which devours leaves and fruits ; any 
thing voracious ; the name of a plant. 
To CATERWAUL, (kat'-ter-waul) v. n. To 

make a noise as cats in rutting time. 
CATERWAULING, (kat'-ter-waul-ing) n.s. 

Cats courtship. 
CATERY, (ka'-ter e) n. s. The depository of 

victuals purchased. 
CATES, (kates) n.s. Viands; foods. 
CATFISH, (kat'-f ish) n. s. A sea-fish in the 

West Indies. 
CATGUT, (kat'-gut) v. s. A string for musi- 
cal instruments, made of the intestines of 
animals ; a species of linen or canvas with 
wide interstices. 
CATHARIST, (kaf/i'-a-rist) n. s. One who 

holds himself more pure than others. 
CATHARPINGS, (kztti- ar-pingz) n.s. Small 
ropo s in a ship, used to force the shrouds 
CATHARTIC AL, (ka-ifiar'-te-kal) a. Pur- 
CATHARTICALNESS, (ka-r%'-te-kal-nes) 

n. s. Purging quality. 
CATHARTiCKS, (ka-t/mr'-tiks) n.s. Purg- 
ing medicines. 
CATHEAD, (kat'-hed) n. s. A kind of fos- 
CATHEAD, (kat'-hed) n. s. A piece of tim- 
ber which trices up the anchor from the 
hawse to the top of the fore-castle. 

CAV . 

CATHEDRAL, (ka-i/;e'-dral) a. Episcopal , 
belonging to an episcopal church ; resem- 
bing the aisles of a cathedral. 

CATHEDRAL, (ka-*%'-dral) n.s. The Lead 
church of a diocese 

CATHEDRATED, (katft'-e-dra-ted) a. Re- 
lating to the authority of the chair, or office, 
of a teacher. 

CATHETER, (ka^'-e-ter) n. s. A hollow 
instrument, introduced into the bladder, to 
bring away the urine, when the passage is 

CATHOLES, (kat'-holz) n. s. Two little 
holes astern, above the gun-room ports of a 

CATHOLICAL, (ka-rfcol'-e-kal) a. Gene- 
ral ; universal. 

CATHOLICISM, (ka-f&ol'-e-sizm) n.s. Ad- 
herence to the catholick church ; univer- 
sality, or the orthodox faith of the whole 

To CATHOLICISE, (ka,-r/iol'-e-size) v. n. To 
become a catholick. 

CATHOLICK, (kat/i'-o-lik) a. Universal or 
general, applied spiritually to the universal 
church of Christ. 

CATHOLICKNESS, (kaf/i'-o-lik-nes) n. s. 

CATHOLICON, (ka-t/,ol'-e-kon) n. s. An 
universal medicine. 

CATKINS, (kat'-kinz) n. s. An assemblage 
of imperfect flowers hanging from trees, in 
manner of a cat's tail. 

CATLING, (kat'-ling) n. s. A dismembering 
knife, used by surgeons ; catgut. 

CATOPSIS, (kat-op'-sis) n. s. Seeing with 
quickness. In medicine, An acute and 
quick perception, particularly that acute- 
ness of the faculties which accompanies the 
later stages of consumption. 

CATOPTRICAL, (kat-op'-tre-kal) a. Re- 
lating to catoptricks. 

CATOPTRICKS, (kat-op'-triks) n.s. That 
part of opticks which treats of vision by re- 

CATOPTRON, (kat-op'-tron) n. 5. A kind 
of op tick glass. 

CATPIPE, (kat'-pipe) n. s. A catcal. 

CAT'S-EYE, (kats'-i) n. s. A stone of a 
glistening grey colour, with a tinge of 

CATSUP. See Catchup. 

CATTLE, (kat'- tl) n. s. Beasts of pasture ; 
not wild nor domestick. 

CAVALCADE, (kav'-al-kade) n.s. A pro- 
cession on horseback. 

CAVALIER, (kav-a-leer') n. s. A horse- 
man ; a knight ; a gay sprightly military 
man ; the appellation of the party of King 
Charles the First. In fortification, A mount 
or elevation of earth, to lodge cannon. 

CAVALIER, (kav-a-leer'j a. Gay ; spright- 
ly ; warlike ; generous ; brave ; disdainful ; 

CAVALIERLY", (kav-a-leer'-le) ad. Haugh- 

CAVALIERNESS, (kav a-leer'-nes) n i. 
Haughty or disdainful conduct. 

J £2 

F;ite, far, fall, fa.t ', — me, met; — pine, pm; — no, move, 


CAVALRY, (kav'-al-re) n.s. Horse troops. 

To CAVATE, (ka-vate) v. a. To hollow out. 

CAVATION, (ka-va'-shun) n.s. The hol- 
lowing of the earth for foundation or cellar- 

CAUDAL, (kaw'-dal) a. Relating to the 
tail of an animal. 

CAUDATE, (kaw'-date) \a. Having a 

CAUDATED, (kaw-da'-ted) S tail. 

CAUDLE, (kaw'-dl) n.'s. A mixture of 
wine and other ingredients, given to women 
in childbed, and sick persons. 

CAVE, (kave) n. s. A cavern ; a den. 

To CAVE, '(kave) v. a. To make hollow. 

CAVEAT, (ka'-ve-at) n. s. In law, A kind 
of process to stop the institution of a clerk 
to a benefice, or the probate of a will. 

CAVERN, (kav'-ern) n. s. A hollow place 
in the ground. 

CAVERNED, (kav'-ernd) a. Full of caverns ; 
inhabiting a cavern. 

CAVERNOUS, (kav'-er-nus) a. FuU of 

CAVESSON, (kav'-es-sun) n. s. A sort of 
band put upon the nose of a horse, to for- 
ward the breaking of him. 

CAUF, (kawf) n. s. A chest to keep fish 
alive in the water. 

CAUGHT, (kawt) part. pass, from To catch. 

CAVIARE, (kav'-e-ar) n. s. The roe of 
sturgeons and other fish. 

To CAVIL, (kav'-il) v. n. To raise captious 

To CAVIL, (kav'-il) v. a. To treat with ob- 

CAVIL, (kav'-il) n. s. False or frivolous 

CAVILLATION, (kav-il-la'-shun) n.s. The 
practice of objecting. 

CAVILLER, (kav'-vil-ler) n. s. A captious 

CAVILLING, (kav'-il-ling) n. s. Dispute. 

C A VILLOUS, (kav'-vil-lus) a. Full of vex- 
atious objections. 

CAVIN, (kav'-in) n. s. A natural hollow, 
fit to cover a body of troops. 

CAVITY, (kav'-e te) n. s. Hollowness ; /a 
hollow place. 

CAUK, (kawk) n. s. A coarse talky spar. 

CAUL, (kgwl) n.s. The net in which women 
inclose their hair ; any kind of small net ; 
the omentum or integument in which the 
guts are inclosed ; the little membrane 
found on some children, encompassing the 
head, when born. 

CAULIFEROUS, (kaw-lif'-fe-rus) a. Such 
plants as have a true caulis or stalk. 

CAULIFLOWER, (kol'-le-flmi-er) n.s. A 
species of cabbage. 

CAULIS, (kaw'-lis) n. s. In botany, The 
stalk or herbaceous stem which lasts but 
one or two years. 

To CAULK. See To Calk. 

CAUSABLE, (kaw'-za-bl) a. That which 
may be caused. 

CAUSAL, (kaw-zal') a. Relating to causes. 

CAUSALITY) (kaw-zal'-e-te) n. s. The 
agency of a cause. 


CAUSALLY, (kaw'-sal-le) ad. According 
to the order of causes. 

CAUSATION, (kaw-za'-shun) n. s. The zt'. 
of causing. 

CAUSATIVE, (kaw'-za-tiv) a. That ex- 
presses a cause or reason ; that effects as 
an agent. 

CAUSATIVELY, (kaw'-za-tiv-le) ad. In a 

• causative manner. 

CAUSATOR, (ka.w-za'-tur) n. s. A causer. 

CAUSE, (kawz) n. s. That which produces 
an effect ; the reason ; motive to any thing ; 
reason of debate ; side ; party. 

To CAUSE, (k§.wz) v. a. To effect as an 

CAUSELESS, (kawz'-les) a. Having no 
cause , wanting just ground. 

CAUSER, (kaw'-zer) n.s. He that causes ; 
the agent. 

CAUSEY, (kaw'-ze) In. s. A way 

CAUSEWAY; (kawz'-wa) S raised and 
paved above the rest of the ground. 

CAUSID1CAL, (kaw-zid'-e-kal) a. Relating 
to an advocate or pleader. 

CAUSTICAL, (kaws'-te-kal) \a. Relating 

CAUST1CK, (kaws'-tik) ' 5 to medica- 
ments which destroy the texture of the part 
to which they are applied. 

CAUSTICITY, (kaws-tis'-se-te) n.s. Quality 
of a caustick. 

CAUSTICK, (kaws'-tik) n. s. A corroding 

CAUSTICKNESS, (kaws'-tik-nes) n.s. The 
quality of being caustick. 

CAUTEL, (kaw'-tel) n. s. Cunning ; sub- 
tlety ; caution. 

CAUTELOUS, (kaw'-te-lus) a. Cautious; 
wily ; cunning. 

CAUTELOUSLY, (kaw'-te-lus-le) ad. Cun- 
ningly ; cautiously. 

CAUTELOUSNESS, (kaw'-te-lus-nes) n.s. 
Cautiousness ; cunningness. 

CAUTER, (ka.w'-ter) n.s-. A searing hot 

CAUTERISM, (kaw'-ter-izm) n. s. The ap- 
plication of cautery. 

CAUTERIZATION ,(kaw-ter-i-za'-shun) n. s. 
The act of burning flesh with hot irons, or 
c cius ticks 

To CAUTERIZE, (kaw'-ter-ize) v. a. To 
burn with the cautery. 

CAUTERIZING, (kaw'-tcr->e-ing) n. s. 
The act of burning with the cautery. 

CAUTERY, (kaw'-ter-e) n.s. An instru- 
ment or medicine for burning. 

CAUTION, (kaw'-shun) ?i. s. Prrdence , 
foresight; security against; provisionary 
precept ; warning. 

To CAUTION, (kaw'-shun) v. a. To warn. 

CAUTIONARY, (kaw'-shun-a-re) a. Given 
as a pledge ; warning. 

CAUTIOUS, (kaw'-shus) a. Wary ; watch- 

CAUTIOUSLY, (kaw'-shus-le) ad. Warily 

CAUTIOUSNESS,' (kaw'-shus-nes) n. « 
Watchfulness ; vigilance. 

To CAW, (kaw) t>, n. To cry as the rook, 
or crow. 

nQt ; — tube, tub, bull; — oil ; — pound; — ihm, mis. 



CAZ1QUE, (ka-zeek') n. s. A title given 

to the petty kings of several countries in 

To CEASE, (sese) v. n. To leave off; to 

fail ; to be extinct ; to be at an end ; to 

CEASELESS, (sese'-les) a. Incessant. 
CECITY, (se'-se-te) n. s. Blindness. 
CECUTIENCY, (se-ku'-she-en-se) n.s. Ten- 
dency to blindness. 
CEDAR, (se'-der) n. s. A tree, the wood 

of which is remarkable for its durability. 
CEDARN, (se'-dern) a. Belonging to the 

cedar tree. 
To CEDE, (sede) v. n. To submit. 
To CEDE, (sede) v. a. To yield ; to resign ; 

to give up to another. 
CEDRINE, (se'-drine) a. Belonging to the 

cedar tree. 
To CEIL, (sele) v. a. To cover the inner roof 

of a building. 
CEILING, (se'-ling) n. s. The inner roof. 
CELANDINE, (sel'-an-dine) n.s. A plant. 
CELATURE, (sef-a-mre) n. s. The art of 

engraving or cutting in metals ; the thing 

To CELEBRATE, (sel'-le-brate) v. a. To 

praise ; to distinguish bv solemn rites. 
CELEBRATION, (sel-e-bra'-sbun) n. s. 

Solemn performance ; praise : renown. 
CELEBRATOR, (sel'-e-bra-tur) n.s. He 

who celebrates. 
CELEBRIOUS, (se-!eb'-re-us) a. Famous. 
CELEBRIOUSLY,'(se-:eb'-re-us-le) ad. In 

a famous manner. 
CELEBRIOUSNESS, (se-Jeb'-re-us-nes) n.s. 

CELEBRITY, (se-leb'-re-te) n.s. The state 

of being celebrated ; fame ; renown. 
CELERITY, (se-ler'-re-te) n.s. Swiftness. 
CELERY, (sel'-er-re) n. s. A species of 

CELESTIAL, (se-W-te-al) a Heavenly, 

relating to the superiour regions ; heavenly, 

relating to the blessed state ; heavenly, with 

respect to excellence. 
CELESTIAL, (se-les'-te-al) n. s. An in- 
habitant of heaven. 
CELESTIALLY, (se-les'-te-al-le) ad. In a 

heavenly manner. 
To CELESTIFY, (se-les'-te-fi) v. a. To 

give something of heavenly nature to any 

CELESTINS, (sel'-les-tins) n. s. Monks of 

a religious order, reformed by Pope Celes- 

tin V. 
CELIACK, a. See Cozliac. 
CELIBACY, (sel'-e-ba-se) ) c . , r , 

CELIBATE, (wi'4-bit) J""*" Sln g lehfe - 
CELL, (sell) n. s. A small cavity ; the little 

habitation of a religious person ; a small 

apartment in a prison ; any small place of 

residence : a religious house. 
CELLAR, (sel'-ler) n. s. A place under 

ground, where stores and liquors are re- 
CELLARAGE, (sel'-ler-aje) n. s. The cel- 


CELLARER, (sel'-ler-er) )n.s. A butler ; 

CELLARIST, (sej'-le'r-ist) $ a. term gene- 
rally confined to the butler in a religious 

CELLULAR, (sel-lu-Iar) a. Consisting of 
little cells or cavities. 

CELLULE, (sel'-lule) n. s. A little cell. 

CELSITUDE, "(sel'-se-tude) n. s. Height. 

CELTICK, (sel'-tik, 'or kel'-tik) a. Relat- 
ing to the Celts, or Gauls. 

CELTS, (selts, or kelts) n. s. Inhabitants of 

CEMENT, (se'-ment) n. s. The matter 
with which two bodies are made to cohere ; 
bond of union in friendship. 

To CEMENT, (se-ment') v. a. To unite by 
something interposed. 

To CEMENT, (se-ment') v.n. To cohere. 

CEMENTATION, (sem-en-ta'-shun) n. s. 
The act of cementing. 

CEMENTER, (se-ment'-er) n. s. That which 

CEMETERY, (sem'-me-ter-e) n. s. A place 
where the dead are reposited. 

CENATORY, (sen'-na-tur-e) a. Relating 
to supper. 

CENOBITICAL, (sen-no-bit'-e-kal) a. Liv- 
ing in communitv. 

CEN OB Y, (se'-no-be ) n. s. The place 
where persons live in community. 

CENOTAPH, (sen'-o-taf) n. s. A monu- 
ment for one buried elsewhere. 

CEN T SE, (sense) n.s. Pubhck rates ; con- 
dition ; rank. 

To CENSE, (sense) v. a. To perfume with 

CENSER, (sen'-ser) n. s. The vessel in 
which incense is burned ; a fire-pan. 

CENSION, (sen'-shun) n.s. A rate , an as- 

CENSOR, (sen'-syr) n. s. An officer of 
Rocie, who had the power of correcting 
manners ; one who is given to censure. 

CENSORIAL, (sen-so'-re-al) a. Full of 
censure ; severe. 

CENSORIAN, (sen -so'-re-an) a. Relating 
to the censor. 

CENSORIOUS, (sen-so'-re-us) a. Addicted 
to censure ; severe. 

CENSORIOUSLY, (sen-so'-re-us-le) ad. In 
a severe reflecting manner. 

CENSORIOUSNESS, (sen-so'-re-us-nes) n.s. 
Disposition to reproach. 

CENSORSHIP, (sen'-sor-ship) n.s. The 
office of a censor. 

CENSURABLE, (sen'-shu-ra-bl) a. Worthy 
of censure. 

CENSURABLENESS, (sen'-shu-ra-bl-nes) 
n. s. Blameableness. 

CENSURABLY, (sen'-shu-ra-ble) ad. In 
a blameworthy manner. 

CENSURE, (sen'-shur) n. s. Blame; 
judgement ; judicial sentence ; a spiritual 
punishment inflicted by some ecclesiastical 

To CENSURE, (sen'-shur) v a. To blame , 

To CENSURE, (sen'-shur) v. n. To judge. 

Fate, far, fall, fat ; —me, met; —pine, pin; — no, move 


CENSURER, (sen'-shur-er) n. s. He that 

CENSURING, (sen'-slmr-ing) n. s. Re- 

CENSUS, (sen'-sus) n. s. A declaration 
among the Romans, made by the several 
subjects, of their names and places of abode, 
before the censors ; an account taken of the 

CENT, (sent) n. s. A hundred ; as, five per 
cent., that is, five in the hundred. 

CENTAGE, (sent'-aje) n. s. The payment 
of cents. 

CENTAUR, (sen' tawr) n. s. A poetical 
being, compounded of a man and a horse ; 
the archer in the zodiack. 

CENTENARY, (sen'-te-na-re) n. s. The 
number of a hundred. 

CENTENNIAL, (sen-ten'-ne-al) a. Con- 
sisting of a hundred years. 

CENTESIMAL, (sen tes'-e-mal) n. s. The 
next step of progression after decimal in the 
arithmetick of fractions. 

CENTESIMAL, (sen-tes'-e-mal) a. Hun- 

CENTTFOLIOUS, (sen-te-fo -le-us) a. Hav- 
ing an hundred leaves. 

CENTIGRADE, (sen'-te-grade) a. Having 
an hundred divisions or degrees. 

CENT1LOQUY, ( sen-til'- lo-kwe) n. s. An 
hundred-fold discourse. 

CENTIPEDE, (sen'-te-pede) n. s. A poison- 
ous insect. 

CENTO, (sen'-to) n.s. A composition formed 
by joining scraps from various authors, or 
from various parts of the same author. 

CENTRAL, (sen'-tral) a. Relating to the 
centre , placed in the centre. 

CENTRALTTY, (sen-tral'-le-te) n.s. The 
state of a centre. 

CENTRALLY, (sen'-tral-le) ad. With re- 
gard to the centre. 

CENTRE, (sen'-ter) n.s. The exact middle. 

To CENTRE, (sen'-ter) v. a. To place on a 
centre ; to collect to a point. 

To CENTRE, (sen'-ter) v. n. To rest on ; 
to be in the midst ; to be collected to a 7 

CENTRICITY, (sen-tris-se-te) v. v. The 
state or quality of being centrick. 

CENTRICALLY, (sen -tre-kal-le) ad. In a 
centrical situation. 

CENTRICK, (sen'-tr.k) a. Placed in the 

CENTRIFUGAL, (sen-trif'-u-ga 1 ; a. Hav- 
ing the quality acquired by bodies in mo- 
tion, of receding from the centre. 

CENTRIPETAL, (sen -trip'-e-tal) a. Having 

a tendency to the centre ; having gravity. 
CENTRY, (sen'-tre) n. s. A sentinel. 
CENTUMVIRI, (sen-tum'-ver-i) n.s. The 

hundred judges in the Roman republick. 
CENTUPLE, (sen'-tu-pl) a. An hundred 

To CENTUPLE, (sen- tu-pl) v. a. To multi- 
ply an hundred fold. 
To CENTUPLICATE, (sen-tu'-ple-kate) v.a. 
To make an hundred fold. 


To CENTURIATE, (sen-tu'-re-ate) v. a. To 
divide into hundreds. 

CENTUR1ATOR, (sen'-tu-re-a-tur) n. s. A 
historian who distinguishes times by cen- 

CENTURION, (sen-tu'-re-un) n. s. A Ro- 
man military officer, who commanded an 
hundred men. 

CENTURIST, (sen'-tu-rist) n.s. Centuri- 

CENTURY, (sen'-ture) n.s. A hundred; 
usually employed to specify time, sometimes 
simply a hundred. 

CEPHALALGY, (sef'-al-al-je) n. s. The 

CEPHALICK, (se-fal'-lik) a. Medicinal to 
the head. 

CERASTES, (se-ras'-tez) n. s. A serpent 
having horns. 

CERATE, (se'-rat) n. s. An unguent of 
which wax is the chief component. 

CERATED, (se'-ra-ted) a. Covered with 

To CERE, (sere) v. a. To cover with wax. 

CERE, (sere) n. s. The naked skin that 
covers the base of the bill in the hawk 

CEREBEL, (ser'-e-bel) \n.s. Part 

CEREBELLUM, "(ser-e-bel'-lua,) $ of the 

CEREBRUM, (ser'-e-brum) n.s. The brain. 

CERECLOTH, (sere'-clotf*) n. s. Cloth 
smeared over with glutinous matter. 

CEREMENT, (sere'-ment) n. s. Cloths dip- 
ped in melted wax, with which dead bodies 
were infolded when embalmed. 

CEREMONIAL, (ser-e-mo'-ne-al) a. Re- 
lating to ceremony ; formal. 

CEREMONIAL, (ser-e-mo'-ne-al) n.s. Out- 
ward form ; external rite ; a book contain- 
ing the ceremonies of the Romish church. 

CEREMONIOUS, (ser-e-mo'-ne-us) a. Con- 
sisting of outward rites ; full of ceremony ; 
attertive to outward rites ; formally respect- 
ful ; civil and formal to a fault. 

Formally ; respectfully. 

CEREMONIOUSNESS, (ser-e-mo'-ne-us- 
nes) n. s. Addictedness to ceremony. 

CEREMONY, (ser'-e-mo-ne) n.s. Outward 
rite ; external form ; forms of civility ; out- 
ward forms of state 

CEREOUS, (se'-re-us) a. Waxen. 

CEREV1SIA, '(ser-e-vish'-e-a) n . s. Drink 
made of any kind of corn. 

CERRUS, (ser-rus) n. s. The bitter oak. 

CERTAIN, (ser'-ten) a. Sure ; indubitable; 
resolved ; undoubting ; unfailing ; constant ; 
regular ; some, as a certain man, or certain 

CERTAINLY, (ser'-ten-le) ad. Indubitably ; 

without fail. 
CERTAINNESS, (ser'-ten-nes) n.s. The 

quality of being certain. 
CERTAINTY, (ser'-ten-te) n. s. Exemp 
tion from doubt ; exemption from failure ; 
that which is real ; regularity. 
CERTES, (ser'-tez) ad. Certainly; in truth, 

nQt;— tube, tub, bull ;— ml ;— pound : — thin, this. 




CERTIFICATE, (ser-tif'-e-kate) n.s. A tes- 
timony given in writing. 

To CERTIFICATE, (ser-tif'-e-kate) v. a. To 
give a certificate. 

CERTIFICATION, (ser'-te-fe-ka'-shun) n. s. 
The ascertaining or certifying of a thing. 

CERTIFIER, (ser-te-f i'-er) n. s. An assurer ; 
an ascertained 

To CERTIFY, (ser'-te-fi) v. a. To give cer- 
tain information of. 

CERTIORARI, (ser-she-o-ra'-ri) n. s. A 
writ issuing out of the chancery to an infe- 
riour court, to call up the records of a cause 
therein depending. 

CERTITUDE, (ser'-te-tude) n.s. Certainty. 

CERVICAL, (ser'-ve-kai) a. Belonging to 
the neck. 

CERULEAN, (se-ru'-le an) 

CERULEOUS, (se-ru'-le-us) 

CERUL1FICK, (ser-ii-hT : ik) «. Having the 
power to produce a blue colour. 

CERUMEN, (se-ru'-men) n. s. The wax of 
the ear. 

CERUSE, (se'-ruse) n. s. White lead ; a 
kind of white paint or wash. 

CERUSED, (se'-rust) a. Washed with the 
preparation of white lead. 

CESAREAN, (se-za'-re-an) a. Tl.e Cesarean 
section is cutting a child out of the womb, 
when it cannot otherwise be delivered ; 
this, it is said, first gave the name of Caesar 
to the Roman family. 

CESS, (ses) n. s. A levy upon the inhabi- 
tants of a place, according to their pro- 
perty ; the act of laying rates, bounds, or 

To CESS, (ses) v. a. To rate. 

CESSATION, (ses-sa'-shun) n.s. A stop; 
a rest ; vacation ; end of action ; a pause 
of hostility, not amounting to a peace. 

CESSAVIT, (ses-sa'-vit) n. s. In law, A 
writ lying against a man who holds lands 
by rent or other services, and neglects or 
ceases to perform such services for two 
years together. 

CESSIB1LITY, (ses-se-bil'-e-te) n. s. The 
quality of giving way. 

CESSIBLE, (ses'-se-bl) a. Easy to give way. 

CESSION, (sesh'-un) n. s. Retreat ; resig- 
nation ; the act of yielding up ; a manner 
of vacating an ecclesiastical benefice. 

CESSIONARY, (sesh'-shun-na-re) a. Im- 
plying resignation. 

CESSMENT, (ses'-ment) n. s. An assess- 
ment or tax. 

CESSOR, (ses'-sur) n. s. In law, He that 
ceaseth or neglecteth so long to perform a 
duty as to incur the danger of law. 

CESTUS, (ses-tus) n.s. The girdle of Venas. 

CESURE, n. s. See C*.si>ra. 

CETACEOUS, (se-ta'-shus) a. Of the whale 

To CHAFE, (tshafe) v. a. To warm with 
rubbing ; to heat by rage or hurry ; to make 

To CHAFE, (tshafe) v. n. To rage; to fret 
against any thing. 

CHAFE, (tshafe) n.s. A heat ; a rage. 


CHAFE- W AX, (tshafe'-waks) n.s. An officet 
belonging to the Lord Chancellor, who fits 

the wax for the sealing of .vrits. 
CHAFER, (tshafe'-er) n. s. An insect ; a 

sort of yellow beetle. 
CHAFERY, (tshafe'- er-re) n. s. A forge in 

an iron mill. 
CHAFF, (tshaf) n. s. The husks of corn ; 

anything worthless. 
To CHAFFER, (tshaf'-fer) v. n. To treat 

about a bargain. 
To CHAFFER, (tshaf'-fer) v. a. To buy ; to 

CHAFFERER, (tshaf-fer-er) n.s. A buyer 
CHAFFERN, (tshaf J -fern) ' n. s. A vessel for 

heating water. 
CHAFFERY, (tshaf'-er-e) n. s. Traffick. 
CHAFFINCH, (tshaf '-finsh) n. s. A bird, 

so called. 
CHAFFY, (tshaf '-fe) a. Like chaff. 
CHAFING-DISH, (tsha'-fing-dish) n. s. A 

portable grate for coals. 
CHAGREEN, (sha-green) n. s. A rough 

grained leather, 
CHAGRIN, (sha-green^ n. s. Ill humour ; 

To CHAGRIN, (sha-green) v. a. To vex, 

to put out of temper. 
CHAIN, (tshane) n. s. A series of links 

fastened one within another ; a bond ; a 

manacle ; a series linked together ; as, of 

causes or thoughts. 
To CHAIN, (tshane) v. a. To fasten with a 

chain ; to enslave ; to keep by a chain ; to 

CHAINPUMP, (tshane'-pump; n. s. A 

pump used in large English vessels, which 

is double, so that one rises as the other 

CHAINSHOT, (tshane'- shot) n. s. Two bul- 
lets or half bullets, fastened together by a 

CHAIN WORK, ftshane'-wurk) n.s. Work 

with open spaces like the links of a chain. 
CHAIR, (tshare) n. s. A moveable seat ; a 

seat of justice, or of authority ; a vehicle 

drawn by one horse. 
CHAIRMAN, (tshare'-man) n. s. The pre- 
sident of an assembly ; one whose trade it 

is to carry a sedan chair. 
CHAISE, (shaze) n.i>. A carriage drawn by 

one or more horses. 
CHALCEDONY. See Calcedony. 
CHALCOGRAPHER, (kal-kog'-gra-fer) n. s. 

An en gi aver in brass. 
CHALCOGRAPHY, (kal-kog'-gra-fe) n.s. 

Engraving in brass. 
CHALDEE, (kal-de') a. Relating to the 

language of Chaldea. 
CHALDRON, (tshal-drun) n. s. A dry En- 
glish measure of coals, consisting of thirty- 
six bushels. The chaldron should weigh 

two thousand pounds. 
CHALICE, (tshal'-is) n. s. A cup; a bowl ; 

a cup used in acts of worship. 
CHAL1CED, (tshal'-list) a. Having a ceil 

or cup ; as a flower. 
CHALK, (tshawk) n. s. A white fossile. 


Fate, far, fall, fat : — me, met ;— pine, pin; — no, move, 


To CHALK, (tshawk) v. a. To rub with 
chalk ; to manure with chalk ; to mark out 
as with chalk. 

CHALK-PIT, (tshawk'-pit) n. s. A pit in 
which chalk is dug. 

CHALK-STONES, (tshawk'-stonz) n.s. In 
medicine, Calcareous concretions in the 
hands ard feet of persons violently affected 
by the gout. 

CHALKY, (tshawk'-ke) a. Consisting of 
chalk ; impregnated with chalk. 

To CHALLENGE, (tskal'-lenge) v. a. To 
call another to answer for an offence by 
combat ; to call to a contest ; to accuse. In 
law, To object to the impartiality of any 
one ; to claim as due ; to call to the per- 
formance of conditions. 

CHALLENGE, (tshal'-lenje) n. s. A sum- 
mons to combat ; a demand of something 
as due ; an exception taken against per- 
sons as in assize to the jurors or any one of 
them, by the prisoner at the bar. 

CHALLENGEABLE, (tshal'-enje-a-bl) «. 
Capable of being called to account. 

CHALLENGER, (tshal'-len-jer) n. s. One 
that defies another to combat : one that 
claims superiority ; a claimant. 

CHALYBEAN, (ka-lib'-be-an) a. Relating 
to steel well wrought or tempered. 

CHALYBEATE, (ka-lib'-be-at) a. Impreg- 
nated with iron or steel. 

CHAM, (kam) n. s. The sovereign prince 
of Tartary ; a lord of the Persian court. 

CHAMADE, (ska-made') n. s. The beat of 
the drum which declares a surrender. 

CHAMBER, (tshame'-ber) n. s. An apart- 
ment in a Louse ; any retired room ; any 
cavity or hollow ; a court of justice ; the 
lower part of a gun where the charge is 
lodged ; a small piece of ordnance ; the 
cavity where the powder is loJged in a 

To CHAMBER, (tshame'-ber) v. n. To be 

To CHAMBER, (tshame'-ber) v. a. To shut 
up as in a chamber. 

CHAMBER COUNSEL, (tshame'-ber-koun'/ 
sel) n. s. A counsellor who delivers his 
private opinion, bet does not plead in court. 

CHAMBER PRACTICE, (tshame'-ber - 

prak'-tis) n. s. The practice of lawyers, 
who give their advice privately, without 
appearing in court. 

CHAMBERER, (tshame-ber-er) n. s. A 
man of intrigue ; a chamberlain. 

CHAMBERFELLOW, (tshame-ber-fel-lo) 
n. s. One that lies in the same chamber. 

CHAMBERING, (tshame'-ber-ing) n.s. In- 
trigue ; wantonness. 

CHAMBERLAIN, (tshame'-ber-lin) n. s. 
An officer of state ; a servant who has the 
care of the chambers ; a receiver of rents 
and revenues. 

CHAMBERLA1NSHIP, (tshame'-ber-lin- 
ship) n. s. The office of a chamberlain. 

CHAMBERMAID, (tshame'-ber-made) n. s. 
A maid whose business is to dress a lady, 
and wait in her chamber. 


CHAMBLET, } c n 


CHAMBREL of a Horse, (kam'-brel) n.s. 
The joint or bending of the upper part of 
the hinder legs. 

CHAMELEON, (ka-me'-le-un) n. s. An 
animal which is said to assume the colour 
of those things to which it is applied. 

To CHAMELEONIZE, (ka-me'-le-un-ize) 
v. a. To change into many colours. 

To CHAMFKR, (tsham'-fer) v. a. In archi- 
tecture, To channel ; to make furrows or 
gutters upon a column. 

CHAMFER, (tsham'-fer) >r?. s. A small 

CHAMFRET, (tsham'-iret) 5 farrow on a 

CHAMOIS, (sha-moe) n. s. An animal of 
the goat kind, whose skin is made into soft 
leather, commonly called shammy. 

CHAMOMILE, (kam'-o-mile) n. s. See 

To CHAMP, (tshamp) v. a. To bite with 
a frequent action of the teeth ; to devour 
with the teeth. 

To CHAMP, (tshamp) v. n. To perform 
frequently the action of biting. 

CHAMPAGNE, (sham'-pane) n. s. A kind 
of wine from the province of Champagne ; 
wine so called. 

CHAMPAIGN, (sham'-pane) n.s. A flat 
open country. 

CHAMPAIGN, } (sham'-pane) n. s. Open, 

CHAMPAIN, S or flat. 

CHAMPERTOR, (tsham'-per-tur) n.s. One 
who moves suits, and pursues at his proper 
costs, to have part of the gains. 

CHAMPERTY, (tsham'-per-te) n. s. A 
maintenance of any man m his suit, upon 
condition to have part of the thing when it 
is recovered. 

CHAMPIGNON, (sham-pin -ynn) n.s. A 
kind of mushroom. 

CHAMPION, (tsham'-pe-un) n.s. A man 
who undertakes a cause in single combat ; 
a hero. In law, Champion is taken for him 
that trieth the comb'at in his own case, as 
well as for him that fighteth in the case of 

CHANCE, (tshanse) n.s. Fortune; the act 
of fortune ; accident ; event ; success ; mis- 
fortune ; unlucky accident; possibility of any 

CHANCE, (tshanse) a. Fortuitous; hap^ 
pening by chance. 

To CHANCE, (tshanse) v. n. To happen. 

CHANCEFUL, (tshanse'-ful) a. Hazardous. 

CHANCE-MEDLEY, (tsb'anse-med'-le) n.s. 
In law, The casual slaughter of a man, not 
altogether without the fault of the slayer. 

CHANCEABLE,(tshan'-sa-bl) a. Accidental. 

CHANCEL, (tshan'-sel) \i. s. The eastern 
part of the church, in which the altar is 

CHANCELLOR, (tshan -sel-lur) n. s. The 
chief administrator of justice, and next to 
the sovereign ; Chancellor in the Ecclesiastical 
Court, A bishop's lawyer, to direct the 
bishops in matters of ecclesiastical law; 

ngt ;— tube, tub, b'ill ; — oil ; — pound :— thin, 



Chancellor of a Cathedral, A dignitary, whose 
office it is to superintend the regular exer- 
cise of devotion ; Chancellor of the Exche- 
quer, An officer who has the chief manage- 
ment of the royal revenue ; Chancellor of an 
University, One who seals the diplomas and 
letters of degrees, &c. given in the univer- 
sity ; Chancellor of the Order of the Garter, 
An officer who seals the commissions and 
mandates of the chapter. 

CHAN CELLOHSHIP, (tshan'-sel-lur-ship) 
n. s. The office of a chancellor. 

CHANCERY, (tsban'-ser-e) n.s. The high 
court of equity and conscience. 

CHANCES, (tshan'-siz) n.s. In mathema- 
tics, A branch of modern analysis, which 
treats of the probability of certain events, 
by contemplating ways in which they may 
happen to follow. 

CHANCRE, (shangk'-er) n. s. An ulcer 
usually arising from venereal maladies. 

CHANCROUS, (shangk'-rus) a. Ulcerous. 

CHANDELIER, (shan-de'-leer') n. s. A 
branch for candles. 

CHANDLER, (tshand'-ler) n.s. An artisan 
who makes and sells candles ; any dealer 
in small wares as a corn-chandler, &c. 

CHANDLERY, (tshand'-ler-re) n. s. The 
articles sold by a chandler. 

CHANDRY, (tshan'-dre) n.s. The place 
where the candles are kept. 

CHANFRIN, (tshan'-frin) n.s. The fore 
part of the head of a horse. 

To CHANGE, (tshanje) v. a. To put one 
thing in the place of another ; to quit any- 
thing for the sake of another ; to give and 
take reciprocally ; to alter ; to discount a 
larger piece of money into several smaller. 

To CHANGE, (tshanje) v. n. To undergo 
change ; to change, as the moon. 

CHANGE, (tshanje) n.s. An alteration of 
the state of anything ; a succession of one 
thing in the place of another ; the time in 
which the moon begins a new monthly re- 
volution ; novelty , an alteration of the 
order in which a set of bells is sounded ; 
that which makes a variety ; small money ; 
used for exchange ; a place for mercantile 

CHANGEABLE, (tshanje'-a-bl) a. Subject 
to change ; possible to be changed ; having 
the quality of exhibiting different appear- 

CHANGEABLENESS, (tshanje'-a-bl-nes) 
n. s. Inconstancy ; susceptibility of change. 

CHANGE ABLY, (tshanje'-a ble) ad. In- 

CHANGEFUL, (tshanje'-ful) a. Full of 

CHANGELESS, (tshanje'-les) a. Constant. 

CHANGELING, (tshanje'-ling) n. s. A 
child left or taken in the place of another ; 
an idiot ; one apt to change. 

CHANGER, (tshane'-jer) n. s. One who 
alters the form of anything ; one employed 
in changing or discounting money. 

CHANNEL, (tshan'-nel) n. s. the hollow 
bed of running waters ; any cavity drawn 


lengtTiways ; a strait or narrow sea between 
two countries ; a gutter or furrow of a pil- 
lar ; a kennel in the street. 

To CHANNEL, (tshan'-nel) v. a. To cut in 

To CHANT, (tshant) v. a. To sing; to cele- 
brate by song; to sing the cathedral ser- 

To CHANT, (tshant) v. n. To sing. 

CHANT, (tshant) n. s. Song ; melody ; a 
part of cathedral service, both with and 
without the organ. 

CHANTER, (tshan'-ter) n. s. A singer ; the 
leader of a choir. 

CHANTICLEER, (tshan'-te-kleer) n.s. The 
name given to the cock, from the clearness 
and loudness of his crow. 

CHANTRESS, (tshan'-tres) n. s. A woman 

CHANTRY, (tshan'-tre) n. s. A chapel en- 
dowed with revenue for priests to sing mass 
for the souls of donors. 

CHAOS, (ka'-qs) n. s. The mass of matter 
supposed to be in confusion before it was 
divided by the creation into its proper classes 
and elements ; confusion ; anything where 
the parts are undistinguished. 

CHAOT1CK, (ka-Qt'-tik) a. Confused. 

To CHAP, (tshop) v. a. To break into hiatus, 
or g apings. " • 

CHAP, (tshop) n. s. A cleft ; an aperture. 

CHAP, (tshop) n. s. The upper or under 
part of a beast's mouth. 

To CHAP, (tshop) v. n. To cheap or cheapen. 

CHAP, (tshap) n. s. An abbreviation of 

CHAPEAU, (shap'-po) n. s. In heraldry, A 
cap of state worn by dukes. 

CHAPEL, (tshap'-el) n.s. A building ad- 
joining to a church, as a parcel of the same ; 
or separate, called a chapel of ease. A 
printing office*; so called because printing 
in England was first carried on in a chapel 
at Westminster Abbey. 

CHAPELLANY, (tshap'-pel-len-ne) n.s. A 
place founded within some church, and de- 
pendent thereon. 

CHAPELRY, (tshap'-pel-re) n.s. The juris- 
diction of a chapel. 

CHAPERON, (shap'-er-oon') n. s. A kind 
of hood or cap. 

To CHAPERON, (shap'-er-oon) v. a. To 
attend on a lady in a publick assembly. 

CHAFFALLEN, (tshgp'-faln) a. Having 
the mouth shrunk ; silenced. 

CHAPITER, (tsLap'-e-ter) n. s. The upper 
part or capital of a pillar. 

CHAPLAIN, (tshap'-lane) n. s. He that 
performs divine service in a chapel ; one 
that officiates in domestick worship. 

CHAPLAINCY, (tshap'-lin-se) n. s. The 
office of a chaplain. 

CHAPLAINSHIP, (tshap'-lin-ship) n. s. 
The office of a chaplain ; the possession or 
revenue of a chapel. 

CHAPLET, (tshap'-let) n.s. A garland or 
wreath worn about the head ; a string of 
beads used in the Romish church. In 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met: — pine, pin; — no, move, 


architecture, a little moulding carved into 

round beads, pearls, or olives. 
CHAPMAN, (tshap'-man) n.s. A cheapener ; 

a seller ; a market-man. 
CHAPS, (tshops) /i. s. The mouth of a 


pu a pi-'-r) 4 (tshopt) part. pass, from To chap. 

CHAPTER, (tshap'-ter) n. s. A division of 
a book ; an assembly of the clergy of a 
cathedral or collegiate church ; a decretal 
epistle ; Chapter-house, the place in which 
assemblies of the clergy are held. 

To CHAPTER, (tshap'-ter) v. a. To tax; 
to correct. 

CHAPTREL, (tshap'-trel) n. s. In architec- 
ture, The imposts, or those parts on which 
the feet of pillars stand. 

CHAR, (tshar) n.s. A delicate fish found 
in the lakes of Cumberland and Westmore- 

To CHAR, (tshar) v. a. To burn wood to a 
black cinder. 

CHAR, (tshare) n. s. Work done by the 
day ; a single job or task. 

To CHAR, (tshare) v.n. To work by the 
day, without being a lured servant. 

To CHAR, (tshare) v. a. To perform a 

CHAR-WOMAN, (tshare'-wum-an) n.s. A 
woman hired for odd work, or single days. 

CHARACTER, (kar'-ak-ter) n. s. A mark ; 
a stamp ; a letter used in writing or print- 
ing ; the hand or manner of writing ; a re- 
presentation of personal qualities ; the per- 
son with his assemblage of qualities ; a 
personage ; personal qualities ; particular 
constitution of the mind. 

To CHARACTER, (kar'-ak-ter) v.a. To in- 
scribe ; to engrave. 

ISTIC^ (kar'-ak-te-ris'-te-kal, kar-ak-te- 
ris'-tik) a. Constituting the character. 

CHARACTERISTICALLY, (ka-rak-te-ris'- 
te-kal-le) ad. In a manner which distin- 
guishes character. 

ris'-te-kal-nes) n. s. The quality of being 
peculiar to a character. 

CHARACTER1ST1CK, (kar-ak-te-ris'-tik) 
n. s. That which constitutes the charac- 

CHARACTERISTICK of a Logarithm, (kar- 
ak-te-ris'-tik) n. s. The same with the in- 
dex or exponent. 
To CHARACTERISE, (kar'-ak-ter-ize) v. a. 
To give a character of the personal qualities 
of any man ; to engrave, or imprint ; to 
mark with a stamp. 

CHARADE, (sha-rade') n. s. A species of 

riddle, usually in verse. 
CHARCOAL, (tshar'-kole) n. s. Coal made 

by burning wood under turf. 
CHARD, (tshard) n. s. Chords of artichokes 
are the leaves of fair artichoke plants, tied 
and wrapped up all over but the top, in 
straw ; Chards of beet, are plants of white 
beet transplanted. 


To CHARGE, (tsharje) v. a. Ti entrust ; t« 
commission for a certain purpose,; to im- 
pute as a debt ; to impute as a crime ; to 
impose as a task ; to accuse ; to command ; 
to enjoin ; to fall upon ; to attack ; to load ; 
to fill ; to load a gun ; to put to expence. 
To CHARGE, (tsharje) v. n. To make an 

CHARGE, (tsharje) n. s. Care ; custody ; 
precept ; mandate ; commission ; trust con- 
ferred ; accusation ; imputation ; the per- 
son or thing entrusted to the ca e of an- 
other; an exhortation of a judge to a jury ; 
or bishop to his clergy ; expence ; cost ; in 
later times commonly used in the plural, 
churges; onset; the signal to fall upon ene- 
mies ; the posture of a weapon fitted for the 
attack ; a load, or burthen ; what anything 
can bear ; the quantity of powder and ball 
put into a gun. In heraldry, That which is 
borne upon an escutcheon, or upon the 
CHARGEABLE, (tshar'-ja-bl) a. Expensive ; 
costly ; imputable, as a debt or crime ; sub- 
ject to charge. 
CHARGEABLENESS, (tshar'-ja-bl-nes) n.s. 

expence ; cost. 
CHARGEABLY, (tshar'-ja-ble) a. Expen- 
CHARGEFUL, (tsharje'-ful) a. Expensive : 

CHARGER, (tshar'-jer) n. s. A large dish ; 

a war horse. 
CHARILY, (tsha'-re-le) ad. Warily ; fru- 
CHARINESS, (tsha'-re-nes) n. s. Caution ; 

CHARIOT, (tsha'-re-ut) n. s. A wheel car- 
riage of pleasure, or state ; a car in which, 
men of arms were anciently placed ; a 
lighter kind of coach with only front seats. 
CHARIOTEER, (tska-re-ut-teer') n.s. He 

that drives the chariot. 
CHARIOT-RACE, (tsha-re-ut-rase) n.«. A 
sport where chariots were driven for the 
CHARITABLE, (tsha'-re-ta-bl) a. Kind in 

giving alms ; kind in judging of others. 
CHARITABLENESS, (tshar'-e-ta-bl-nes) 
n.s. The exercise of charity; disposition 
to charity. 
CHARlTABLY,(tshar'-e-ta-ble) ad. Kindly , 

CHARITY, (tshar'-e-te) n. s. Tenderness; 
kindness; goodwill ; benevolence; the theo- 
logical virtue of universal love; liberality 
to the poor ; alms. 
To CHARK, (tshark) v.a. To burn to a 
black cinder, as wood is burned to make 
CHARLATAN, (shar'-la-tan) n. s. A quack ; 

a mountebank. 
CHARLATAN1CAL, (shar-la-tan'-e-kal) a. 

CHARLATANRY, (shar'-la- tan-re) n. s. 

Wheedling ; deceit. 
CHARLES'S-WAIN, (tsharlz'-iz-wane') n. s. 
The northern constellation, called the Beai 

not ;• -tube, tub, byll ;— §il ; — pound ; — i/dn. this. 



CHARLOCK, (tshar'-lok) n. s. A *eed grow- 
ing among the corn with a yellow flower. 

CHARM, (tsharm) n. s. Words, or philtres, 
or characters ; something of power to sub- 
due opposition, and gain the affections. 

To CHARM, (tsharm) v. a. To fortify with 
charms against evil ; to make powerful by 
charms ; to summon by incantation ; to 
subdue by some secret power; to subdue 
the mind by pleasure ; to tune ; to temper. 

To CHARM, (tsharm) v. n. To sound har- 

CHA RMED, (tsharmd) a. Enchanted. 

CHARMER, (tshar'-mer) n. s. One that 
has the power of charms ; word of endear- 
ment among lovers. 

CHARMFUL, (tsharm -fid) d. Abounding 
with charms. 

CHARMING, (tshar'-ming) part. a. Pleas- 
ing in the highest device. 

CHARMINGLY, (t?hai-'-ming-le) ad, In 
such a manner as to please exceedingly 

CHARMINGNESS, (tshar'-ming-nes) n. s. 
The power of pleasing. 

CHARNEL, (tshar'-nel) Containing flesh, or 

CHARNPX-HOUSE, (tshar'-nel-house) n. s. 
The place under churches where the hones 
of the dead are reposited. 

CHART, (kart or tshart) n, s. A delineation 
of coasts, for the use of sailors. 

CHARTEL. See Cartel. 

CHARTER, (tshar'-tgr) n. s. A written evi- 
dence ; any writing bestowing privileges or 
rights ; privilege ; immunity. 

CHARTER-LAND, (t.shar'-ter-land) n. s. 
Such land as a man holds by charter. 

CHARTER-PARTY, (tshar'-ter-par-te) n.s. 
A paper relating to a contract, of which 
each party has a copy. 

CHARIERED, (tshar'-terd) a. Privileged. 

CHARY, (tsha'-re) a. Careful ; cautious. 

To CHASE, ( v. a. To hunt ; to 
pursue an enemy ; to drive away. 

To CHASE Metals. See To Enchase. 

CHASE, (tshase) n.s. Hunting; pursuit of 
anything as game ; pursuit of an enemy ; 
open ground stored with such beasts as are 
hunted. The chase of a gun, is the whole 
bore or length. A term at the game of 
tennis, signifying the spot where a ball falls, 
beyond which the adversary must strike his 
ball to gain a chase. 

CHASE-GUN, (tshase'-gun) n. s. Guns in 
the forepart of the ship. 

CHASEABLE, (tshase'-a-bl) a. Fit for the 

CHASER, (tsha'-ser) n. s. Hunter ; pur- 
suer ; driver ; an enchaser. 

CHASM, (kazm) n. s. A breach unclosed ; 
a place unfilled ; a vacuity. 

CHASMED, (kazmd) a. Having gaps or 

CHASTE, (tshaste) a. Pure from all com- 
merce of sexes ; pure ; uncorrupt ; free 
from obscenity ; true to the marriage bed. 

CHASTELY, (tshaste'-le) a. Without in- 
continence ; purely. 


To CI FA STEN, (tshase -tn) v. a. To correct ; 
to punish. 

CHASTENER, (tshase'-tn-er) n.s. He who 

CHASTENESS, (tshqste'-nes) n.s. Chas- 
tity; purity; purity of writing. 

To CHASTISE, (tshas-tjze') v. a. To punish ; 
to reduce to order ; to repress. 

CHASTISEABLE, (tshas-tize'-a-bl) a. De- 
serving chastisement. 

CHASTISEMENT, (tshas'-tiz-ment) n. s. 
Correction ; punishment. 

CHASTISER, (tshas-ti'-zer) n. s. He who 
corrects by punishment. 

CHASTITY, (tsbas'-te-te) n. s. Purity of 
the body ; freedom from, obscenity ; free- 
dom from bad mixture of any kind. 

To CHAT, (tshat) v. n. To prate ; to con- 
verse at ease. 

CHAT, (tshat) n. s. Idle talk ; prate. 

CHATELLANY, (shat'-tel-len-e) n. s. The 
district under the dominion of a castle. 

CHATTEL, (tshat'-tel) n. s. Any moveable 
possession ; a term used in forms of law. 

To CHATTER, (tshat'-ter) v. n. To make a 
noise as a pie, or other unharmonious bird ; 
to make a noise by collision of the teeth ; to 
talk idly or carelessly. 

CHATTER, (tshat'-ter) n. s. Noise like that 
of a pie or monkey ; idle prate. 

CHATTERBOX, (tshat'- ter-boks) n. s. A 
word of contempt, applied to such as are 
perpetually talking idly. 

CHATTERER, (tshat'-ter- rer) n. s. An idle 

CHATTERING, (tshat'-ter-ing) n. s. Idle 
or unprofitable talk. 

CHATTY, (tshat'-te) a. Chattering; con- 
vening freely. 

CHATWOOD, (tshat -wud) n. s. Little 
sticks ; fuel. 

CHAVENDER, (tshav'-en-der) n. s. The 
chub ; a fish, 

CHAUNT. See Chant. 

To CHAW, (tshaw) v. a. To masticate ; to 
chew. ' 

CHAWDRON, (tshaw'-drun) n.s. Entrails. 

CHEAP, (tshepe) a. To be had at a low 
price ; of small value or estimation. 

CHEAP, (tshepe) n. s. Market : bargain. 

To CHEAPEN, (tshe'-pn) v. a. ' To ask the 
price of any commodity ; to lessen value. 

CHEAPEN ER, (tshe'-pn-er) n. s. A bar- 

CHEAPLY, (tshepe'-le) ad. At a small 

CHEAPNESS, (tshepe'-nes) n. s. Lowness 
of price. 

CHEAR. See Cheer. 

To CHEAT, (tshete) v. a. To defraud ; to 
impose upon. 

CHEAT, (tshete) n. s. A fraud ; a trick ; a 
person guilty of fraud. 

CHEATER, (tshe.'-ter) n. s. One that prac- 
tises fraud. 

To CHECK, (tshek) v. a. To repress ; to 
curb ; to reprove ; to chide ; to compare a 
bank note or other bill with the correspond- 


Fate, far, fall, fqt; — me, met; — pine, pjn; — no, move, 


ent paper ; to controul by a counter reckon- 
7 j CHECK, (tshek) v. n. To stop : to clash ; 

to interfere ; to strike with repression. 
CHECK, (tshek) n. s. Repressure ; stop ; 
sudden restraint ; curb ; a reproof ; any 
stop or interruption ; the corresponding 
cipher of a bank bill. This word is often 
corruptly used for the draft itself of the 
person on his banker. A term used in the 
game of chess ; linen cloth fabricated in 
To CHECKER. See Chequer. 
CHECKER, (tshek'-er) n. s. A reprekend- 

er ; a rebuker. 
CHECKLESS, (tshek'-les) a. Uncontroll- 
able ; violent. 
CHECKMATE, (tshek'-mate') n. s. The 
movement on the chess-board, by which 
the king is made prisoner, and the game 
To CHECKMATE, (tshek'-mate') v. a. To 
give an adversary checkmate. Figuratively, 
To finish. 
CHEEK, (tsheek) n. s. The side of the 
face below the eye. Among mechanicks, 
All those pieces of their machines that are 
double, and perfectly alike. 
CHEEKBONE, (tsheek'-bone) n. s. The bone 

of the cheek. 
CHEEKTOOTH, (tsheek'-toof/i) n.s. The 

hinder tooth or tusk. 
CHEER, (tsheer) n. s. Entertainment ; in- 
vitation to gaiety ; gaiety ; jollity ; aii of 
the countenance ; acclamation ; shout of 
triumph or applause. 
To CHEER, (tsheer) v. a. To incite ; to en- 
courage ; to applaud by acclamations ; to 
comfort ; to gladden. 
To CHEER, (tsheer) v. n. To grow gay. 
CHEERER, (tshee'-rer) n.s. Gladdentr; 

giver of gaiety. 
CHELRFUL, (tsheer'-ful) a. Gay ; full of 
life ; having an appearance of gaiety ; caus- 
ing cheerfulness. 
CHEERFULLY, (tsheer'-ful-le) ad. With- 
out dejection ; with willingness ; with gaiety. / 
CHEERFULNESS, (tsheer'-ful-nes) n. s. 
Freedom from dejection or gloominess ; 
CHEERILY, (tshe'-re-le) ad. Cheerfully. 
CHEERLESS, (tsheer'-les) a. Without 

gaiety or gladness. 
CHEERLY, (tsheer'-le) a. Gay; cheerful. 
CHEERLY, (tsheer -le) ad. Cheerfully. 
CHEERY, (tshee'-'re) 'a. Gay ; sprightly. 
CHEESE, (tsheeze) n. s. A kind of iood 
made by pressing the curd of coagulated 
milk, and suffering the mass to dry. 
CHEESECAKE, (tsheeze'-kake) n. s. A cake 

made of solt curds, sugar and butter. 
CHEESEMON GER, (tsheeze'-mung-ger) n. s. 

One who deals in cheese. 
CHEESEPRESS, (tsheeze' -press) n.s. The 

press in which curds are pressed. 
CHEESE VAT, (tsheeze'-vat) n. s. The 
wooden case in which the curds are confined 
in pressing. 


CHELY, (ke'-le) n. s. The claw of a shell 

CHEMISE, (shem-eze') n. s. A shift. In 

fortification, A wall wherewith a bastion or 

ditch is lined. 
CHEMISTRY. See Cuymistry. 
CHEQUER, (tshek'-er) v. a. To variegate 

or diversify. 
CHEQUER, (tshek'-er) n.s. An abbrevi- 
ation of excheq uer ; a treasury. 
CHEQUER-WORK, (tshek'-er-wurk) n.s. 

Work varied alternately as to its colours, &c. 
To CHER1SH» (tsher'-rish) v. a. To sup- 
port ; to nurse ; to help and shelter. 
CHER1SHER, (tsher'-rish'-er) n.s. An en- 

courager ; a supporter. 
CHERISHMENT, (tsher'-rish-ment) n. s. 

Encouragement ; support ; comfort. 
CHERRY, (tsher'-re) \n. s. A 

CHERRY-TREE, (tsher'-re-tree) 5 tree and 

CHERRY, (tsher'-re) a. Resembling a 

cherry in colour. 
CHERRY CHEEKED, (tsher'-re- tsheekt) a. 

Having ruddy cheeks. 
CHERRY PIT, (tsher'-re-pit) n. s. A child's 

play, in which they throw cherry stones into 

a small hole. 
CHERT, (tshert) n. s. A kind of flint. 
CHERTY, (tshei'-te) a. Flinty. 
CHERUB, (tsher'-ub) n. s. A celestial 

spirit, which, in the hierarchy, is placed 

next in order to the seraphim. 
CHERUBIC AL, (tshe-ru'-be-kal) \a. An- 
CHERUB1CK, (tshe-Vu'lbik) T 5 gelical. 
CHERUBIM, (tsher'-u'-bim) n. s. The He- 
brew plural of cherub. 
CHERUBINE, (tsher'-u-bin) a. Angelical. 
To CHERUP, (tsher''-up) v. n. To thirp ; »o 

use a cheerful voice. 
CHESS, (tshes) n. s. A nice and absin.s- 

game, in which two armies are moved m 

opposition to each other. 
CHESS-BOARD, (tshes' -bord) n. s. The 

board on which the game of chess is played. 
CHESS-MAN, (tslfes'-man) n. s. A puppet 

for chess. 
CHEST, (tshest) n.s. A box in which thin gs= 

are laid up ; the trunk of the body, or cavity 

from the shoulders to the belly. 
CHESTED, (tshest'-ed) a. Having a chest. 
CHESTNUT, (tshes ; -nut) n.s. A fruit ; a 

bright brown colour, a term applied to 

CHESTNUT-TREE, (tshes'-nut-tree) n. s. A 

forest tree, bearing chestnuts. 
CHEVALIER, (shev-a-leer) n. s. A knight ; 

a gallant strong man. 
CHEVAUX DE FRISE, (shev'-o-de-freeze') 
A piece of timber traversed with wooden 
spikes, used in defending a passage, or 
making a retrenchment to stop the cavalry. 
CHEVER1L, (tshev'-er-il) n. s. A kid ; 

CHEV1SANCE, (tshev'-e-zans) n.s. Enter 

prize ; atchievement ; bargain. 
CHEVRON, (shev'-ron) n.s. In heraldry, 
One of the honourable ordinaries. 

not ; — tube, tub, bull ; — oil ; — pQ\md ; - tTiin, inis. 



CHEVRONED, (shev'-rond) a. Variegated 
in the shape of a chevron. 

CHEVRON EL, (shev'-ro-nel) n. s. A di- 
minutive of the heraldick chevron. 

To CHEW, (tshoo) v. a. To crush with the 
teeth ; to masticate. 

To CHEW, (tshoo) v.n. To ruminate. 

CHEWING, (tshoo' -ing) n. s. Mastication. 

CHICANE, (tshe-kane') n. s. The art of pro- 
tracting a contest by petty objection and 
artifice ; artifice in general. 

To CHICANE, (tshe-kane) v. n. To pro- 
long a contest by tricks. 

CHICANER, (tshe-ka'-ner) n. s. A petty 

CHICANERY, (tshe-ka'-ner-e) n.s. Mean 
arts of wrangling. 

CHICK, (tshik) \n.s. Chicken is the 

CHICKEN, (tshik'-en) ] old plural of chick. 
The young of a bird, particularly of a hen ; 
small bird ; a word of tenderness ; a term 
for a young person. 

CHICKEN HEARTED, (tshik'-en-har-ted) 
a. Cowardly ; timorous. 

The CH1CKENPOX, (tshik'-en-poks) n.s. 
An exanthematous distemper, so called from 
its being of no very great danger. 

CHICKLING, (tshik'-iing) n. s. A small 

CHTCKPEAS, (tshik'-peze) n. s. A kind of 
degenerate pea. 

CHICKWEED, (tshik'-weed) n. s. The name 
of a plant. 

To CHIDE, (tshide) v. a. Pret. chid. part. 
chidden. To reprove ; to scold ; to check ; 
to drive away with reproof ; to blame. 

To CHIDE, (tshide) v. n. To clamour ; to 
scold ; to make a noise. 

CH1DER, (tshi'-der) n. s. A rebuker. 

CHIDING, (tshi'-'ding) n. s. Rebuke ; quar- 
rel ; simply, noise , sound. 

CHIEF, (tsheef,) a. Principal ; most emi- 
nent ; capital ; of the first order. 

CHIEF, (tsheef) n. s. A military com- 
mander ; the head of a family or party. 
In heraldry, The c/W(?/'^)osses3es the upper 
third part of the escutcheon. 

CHIEFDOM, (tsheef'-dum) n. s. Sove- 

CHILFLY, (tsheef '-le) ad. Principally. 

CHIEF RIE, (tsheef'-re) n.s. A small rent 
paid to the lord paramount. 

CHIEFTAIN, (tsheef '-tane) n. s. A leader; 
a commander ; the head of a clan. 

CHIEFTAINRY, (tsheef'-ten-re) > 

CHIEFTAINSHIP, (tsheef '-ten -ship) $ "* s ' 
The state of a chieftain. 

CH1EVANCE, (tshee'-vanse) n. s. Traffick, 
in which money is extorted ; as discount. 

CHILBLAIN, (tshii'-blane) n. s. Sores 
made by frost. 

CHILD, (tshild) n. s. PI. children. An in- 
fant or very young person ; one in the line 
of filiation, opposed to the parent ; descend- 
ants, how remote soever; are called chil- 
dren ; as, the children of Israel ; anything 
the product of another ; a noble youth ; to 
be with child, to be pregnant. 


CHILDBEARING, (tshild'-ba-ring) n. ;. 
The act of bearing children. 

CHILDBED, (tshild'-bed) n. s. The state rt 
a woman being in labour. 

CHILDBIRTH, (tshild'-bert/t) n. s. The 
time or act of bringing forth. 

CHILDERMASS DAY, (tshil'-der-mas-da' ) 
n. s. The day on which the feast of the 
holy Innocents is solemnized. 

CHILDHOOD, (ishild'-hud) n.s. The state 
of children ; the time of life between in- 
fancy and puberiy ; the properties of a 

CHILDISH, (tshild'-ish) a. Having the 
qualities of a child ; trifling : puerile. 

CHILDISHLY, (tshild'-ish-le) ud. In a 
childish trifling way. 

CHILDISHNESS, (tshild'-ish-nes) n.s. Pu- 
erility ; harmlessness. 

CHILDLESS, (tshild'-les) a. Without off- 

CHILDLIKE, (tshild'-like) a. Becoming or 
beseeming a child. 

CHILIAD, (kil'-le-ad) ». s. A thousand. 

CHILIAEDRONl (kil-e-a-e'-dron) n.s. A 
figure of a thousand sides. 

CHILIARCH, (kil'-le-ark) n.s. A com- 
mander of a thousand. 

CH1LIARCHY, (kil'-le-ar-ke) n. s. A body 
consisting of a thousand men. 

CHlLIASr, (kil'-le-ast) n. s. One of the 
sect of the millenarians. 

CHILIFACT1VE, (ki-le-fak'-tiv) a. That 
which makes chyle. 

CHILIFACTORY, (ki-le-fak'-to-re) a. Hav 
ing the quality of making chyle. 

CH1LIFICAT10N, (ki'-le-fe-ka -shun) n.s. 
The act of making chyle. 

CHILL, (tshil) a. Cold ; having the sensa- 
tion of cold ; dull not warm ; depressed ; 
cold of temper. 

CHILL, (tshil) n. s. Chilliness ; cold. 

To CHILL, (tshil) v.a. To make cold; tc 
depress ; to deject ; to blast with cold. 

CHILLINESS, (tshil'-le-nes) n. s. A sen- 
sation of shivering. 

CHILLY, (tshii'-Je) a. Somewhat cold. 

CHILLY, (tshil'-le) ud. Coldly. 

CHILNESS, (tshil'-nes) n. s. Coldness. 

CHILTERN HUNDREDS, (tshil'-tern-hun'- 
dredz) n.s. A distr.ct, the property of the 
crown, to which is attached the nominal 
office of steward, by the acceptance of which 
a member of parliament vacates his seat ; 
hence the phrase, " to accept the Chiitern 

CHIME, (tshime) n. s. The consonant or 
harmonick sound of many correspondent 
instruments ; the correspondence of sound; 
the sound of bells. 

To CHIME, (tshime) v. n. To sound in har- 
mony or consonance ; to correspond in re- 
lation or proportion ; to agree ; to fall in 
with ; to suit with ; to agree ; to jingle. 

To CHIME, (tshime) v. a. To move, or strike, 
or cause to sound with just consonancv. 

CHIMER, (tshi'-mer) n. s. He who chimes 
the bells. 


Fate, far, f^ll, 

it;— mp, met;— pine, pm;~ no, move, 


CHIMERA, (ke-me.'-ra) n.s. A vain and 

wild fancy. 
CHIMERICAL, (ke-mer'-re-kal) a. Ima- 
ginary ; fanciful ; unreal. 
CHIMERIC ALLY, (ke-mer'-re-kal-e) ad. 

Vainly ; wildly. 
To CH1MERIZE, (kim'-e-rize) v. n. To en- 
tertain wild fancies. 
CHIMNEY, (tshim'-ne) n. s. The passage 
through which the smoke ascends from the 
fire in the house ; the turret raised above 
the roof of the house for conveyance of the 
smoke ; the fireplace. 
CHIMNEY-CORNER, (tshim'-ne-kor'-ner) 
n. s. The fireside ; the seat on each end of 
the firegrate. 
CHIMNEY-MONEY, (tshim'-ne-mun-ne) 
n. s. Hearth-money, a tax imposed in 
Charles the second's time. 
CHIMNEY-PIECE, (tshim'-ne-peese) n. s. 

The ornamental work round the fireplace. 
CHIMNEY-SWEEPER, (tshiy-ne-s wee- 
per) r.. s. One whose trade it is to cleau 
CHIN, (tshin) n. s. The part of the. face 

beneath the under lip. 
CHINA, (tshi'-na) n. s. China ware ; por- 
celain ; a species of vessels made in 
CHINCOUGH, (tshin'-kof) n, s. A violent 
and convulsive cough, to which children are 
CHINE, (tsh-ne) n. s. The part of the back, 
in which the spine or back-bone is found ; 
a piece of the back of an animal. 
To CHINE, (tshine) v. a. To cut into chines. 
CHEN ED, (tihind) a. Pvelating to the back. 
CHINESE, (tshi-nese') n. s. The language 

and people of China. 
CHINGLE, (shing'-gl) n.s. Gravel, free 

from dirt. 
CHINK, (tshingk) n. s. A small aperture 

To CHINK, (tshingk) v. u. To shake so as 

to make a sound. 
To CHINK, (tshingk) v. n. To sound by 
striking each other. / 

CHINKY, (tshingk'-e) a. Opening into nar- 
row clefts. 
CHINTZ, (tshints) n. s. Cloth of cotton, and 

printed with various colours. 
To CHIP, (tship) v. a. To cut into sma'I 
pieces; to diminish, by cutting away a 
little at a time. 
To CHIP, (tship) v. n. To break, or crack. 
CHIP, (tship) n. s. A small piece cut or 

broken off; a small piece. 
CHIP-AXE, (tship'-aks ) n.s. A one-handed 

CHIPPING, (tship'-ping) n. s. A fragment 

cut off. 
CHIRAGRA, (ki-ra'-gra) n. s. The gout in 

the hands only. 
CHIRAGR1CAL, (ki-rag'-gre-kal) a. Hav- 
ing the gout in the hand. 
CHIROGRAPH, (hi'-ro-graf) n. s. A deed, 
requiring a counterpart, engrossed twice 
upon the same piece of parchment, and 


cut through the middle ; a fine ; a phrase 
still preserved in the common pleas. 
CHIROGRAPHER, (ki-rog -gra-fer) n. s. 
A writer; the officer in the common pleas 
who engrosses fines. 
CHIROGRAPHIST, (ki-rog'-gra-fist) n. s . 
A chiroragrapher ; one that teiis fortunes, 
by examining the hand. 
CHIROGRAPHY, ( ki-rog' -gra-fe) n.s. The 

art of writing. 
CHIROLOGY, (ki-rol'-o-je) n.s. Talking 

by manual signs. 
CHIROMANCER, (ki'-ro-man-ser) n. s. 
One that foretells future events by inspect- 
ing the hand. 
CHIROMANCY, (ki'-ro-raan-se) n. s. The 

art of foretelling by inspecting the hand. 
To CHIRP, (tsherp) v. n. To make a cheer- 
ful noise ; as birds, when they call without 
CHIRP, (tsherp) n. s. The voice of birds or 

CHIRPING, (tsherp'-ing) n. s. The gentle 

noise of birds. 
CHIRURGEON, (k;-rur'-je-un) n. s. One 
that cures ailments by outward applica- 
tions and operations; it is now generally 
written, suigeon. 
CHIRURGERY, (ki-nyr'-je-re) n . s. Sur- 
gery, the art of curing by external applica- 
CHIRURG1CAL, (ki-rur'-je-kal) } a. Be- 
CHIRURGICK, (ki-rur ; -jik) T S longing 
to surgery ; relating to the manual part of 
healing ; manual in general. 
CHISEL, (tshiz'~ z ej) n. s. An instrument 

with which wood or stone is pared. 
To CHISEL, (tshiz'-zel) v. a. To cut or 

carve with a chisel. 
CHIT, (tshit) n. s. A child ; a baby ; the 

shoot of corn from the end of the grain. 
To CHIT, (tshit) v. n. To sprout. 
CHITCHAT, (tshit'-tshat) n. s. Prattle ; 

idle talk. 
CHITTERLINGS, (tshit'-ter-lingz) n. s. 
The bowels of an eatable animal. 
' CHIVALROUS, (shiv'-al-rus) a. Relating 
to chivalry ; gallant ; warlike ; adventurous. 
CHIVALRY, (shiv'-aLre) n. s. Knighthood ; 
a military dignity ; the qualifications of a 
knight, as valour ; the general system of 
knighthood ; the body, or order of knights. 
In law, A tenure of land by knight's ser- 
CHIVES, (tshivz) n. s. The threads or fila- 
ments rising in flowers ; a species of small 
CHLOROSIS, (klo-ro'-sKs) n. s. The green 

CHLOROTICK, (klo-rot'-ik) a. Affected 

by chlorosis. 
To CHOAK, (tshoke) v.a. See Choke. 
CHOCOLATE, (tshpk'-o-late) n. s. The 
nut of the cocao-tree ; the cake or ma.^s, 
made by grinding the cocao-nut ; the liquor 
made by a solution of chocolate in hot 
CHOCOLATE-HOUSE, (tshok'-o-late-house ) 

tube, tub, bull; — oil;— pound; — thin, THis. 



n. s. A house where company is entertained 
with chocolate. 
CHOICE, (tshois) n. s. The act of choos- 
ing ; election ; the power of choosing ; care 
in choosing ; the thing chosen. 
CHOICE, (tshois) a. Select ; of especial 

CHOICELY, (tshois'-le) ad. Curiously; 

valuably ; excellently. 
CHOICENESS, (tshois'-nes) u. s. Nicety. 
CHOIR, (kwire) n. s. An assembly or band 
of singers ; the singers in divine worship ; 
the part of the church where the choristers 
are placed. 
To CHOKE, (tshoke) v a. To suffocate ; to 
stop up ; to obstruct ; to hinder by obstruc- 
tion ; to suppress ; to overpower. 
CHOKE, (tshoke) n. s. The filamentous or 

capillary part of an artichoke. 
CHOKER, (tsho'-ker) n. s. One that chokes ; 
one that puts another to silence; anything 
that cannot be answered. 
CHOLAGOGUES, (kol'-a gQgz) n. s. Medi- 
cines for purging bile or choler. 
CHOLER, (ko'-ler) n. s. The bile ; the 
humour which, by its superabundance, is 
supposed to produce irascibility ; anger ; 
CHOLERA-MORBUS, (kol'-le-ra-mor'-bus) 
n. s. A sudden overflowing of the bile, dis- 
charged both upwards and downwards. 
CHOLERIC K, (kol'-ler-ik) a. Abounding 

with choler ; angry ; irascible. 
CHOLERICKNESS, (kol'-ler-ik-nes) n. s. 

CHOLIAMBICKS, (kol-e-am'-biks) n. s. 
Verses differing from the true Iambick, hav- 
ing an Iambick foot in the fifth place, and a 
spondee in the sixth, or last. 
To CHOOSE, (tshooze) v. a. pret. chose, part. 
chosen. To take by way of preference ; to 
take ; not to refuse ; to select. 
To CHOOSE, (tshooze) v. n. To have the 

power of choice ; to will ; to determine. 
CHOOSER, (tshoo'-zer) n. s. He that has 

the power of choosing. 
To CHOP, (tshop) v. a. To cut with a quick 

blow ; to mince ; to break into chinks. 
To CHOP, (tshop) v. n. To do any thing 
with a qui:-k motion, like that of a blow ; to 
catch with the mouth ; to light upon sud- 
To CHOP, (tshgp) v. a. To barter; to 

CHOP, (tshqp) n.s. A piece chopped off; 

a small piece of meat ; a crack, or cleft. 
CHOP-FALLEN. See Chap-fallen. 
CHOP-HOUSE, (tshop'-house) n. s. A house 
of entertainment, where provision ready 
dressed is sold. 
CHOPIN, (tsho-peen') n. s. A French liquid 
measure, containing nearly a pint of Win- 
chester. In Scotland, A quart of wine 
CHOPPER, (tshop'-per) n. s. A butcher's 

CHOPPING, (tshop'-ping) part, a Applied 
to infants ; as, a chopping or stout boy. 


CHOPPING-BLOCK, (tshop -ping-blok; «. j. 
A log of wood, on which any thing is c\u in 
CHOPP1NG-KNIFE, (tshop'-ping-nife) n. s. 

A knife to mince meat. 
CHOPS, (tshops) n. s. The mouth of a beast ; 

the mouth of a man, used in contempt. 
CHORAGUS, (ko- ra'-gus) n. s. The super- 
intendent of the ancient chorus. 
CHORAL, (ko'-ral) a. Belonging to a choir 

or concert ; singing in a choir. 
CHORALLY, (ko'-ral-le) ad. In the man- 
ner of a chorus. 
CHORD, (kord) n. s. The string of a musi- 
cal instrument ; a certain combination of 
notes. In geometry, A right line, which 
joins the two ends of any arch of a circle. 
To CHORD, (kord) v. a. To furnish with 

CHORDEE, (kor-dee') n.s. A contraction 

of the fraenum. 
CHORIAMBICK, (kor-e-am'-bik) n. s. The 
foot of a verse consisting of four syllables, 
as, anxietas; one being long at each end of 
the word, and two short in the middle. 
CHORION, (ko'-re-on) n. s. The outward 

membrane that enwraps the foetus. 
CHORIST, (kor'-ist) n. s. A singing man 

in a choir. 
CHORISTER, (kor'-is-ter) n. s. A singer 

in cathedrals ; a singer in a concert. 
CHOROGRAPHER, (ko-rog,-gra-fer) n.s. 
He that describes particular regions or 
CHOROGRAPHICAL, (kor-ro-graf'-e-kal) 

a. Descriptive of particular regions. * 
CHOROGRAPHICALLY, (kor-ro-graf'-e- 
kal-le) ad. According to the rule of choro- 
CHOROGRAPHY, (ko-rog'-gra-fe) n. s. 
The art of describing particular regions. 
It is less in its object than geography, and 
greater than topography. 
CHORUS, (ko'-rus) n.s. A number of sing- 
ers ; a concert ; the persons who are sup- 
posed to behold what passes in the acts of 
a tragedy, and sing their sentiments between, 
the acts ; the song between the acts of a 
tragedy ; verses of a song in which the 
company join the singer. 
CHOSE, (tshose) the prefer tense from To 

CHOSEN, (tsho'-zn) the part. pass, from To 

CHOUGH, (tshuf) n. s. A bird which fre- 
quents the rocks by the sea-side. 
To CHOUSE, (tshouse) v. a. To cheat ; to 

CHOUSE, (tshouse) n.s. A bubble; a tool; 

a trick or sham. 
CHRISM, (krizm) n. s. Unction used in 

sacred ceremonies. 
CHRISMAL, (kriz'-mal) a. Relaang to 

CHRISMATORY, (kriz'-ma-tur-e) n. s. A 
little vessel for the oil intended for chrism. 
To CHRISTEN, (kris'-sn) v. a. To initiate 
into Christianity by baptism ; to name. 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met; —pine, pm ; — no, move, 


CHRISTENDOM, (kris'-sn-dum) n. s. The 
legions of which the inhabitants profess the 
Christian religion. 

CHRISTENING, (kns'-sn-ing) n. s. I he 
ceremony of baptism. 

CHRISTIAN, (krist'-yan) n.s. A professor 
of the religion of Christ. 

CHRISTIAN, (krist'-yan) a. Professing the 
religion of Christ : ecclesiastical. 

CHRISTIAN-NAME, (krist'-yan-name') it. s. 
The name given at the font, distinct from 
the gentilitious name, or surname. 

CHR1STIANISM, (krist'-yan-izm) n.s. The 
christian religion. 

CHRISTIANITY, (kris'-te-an'-e-te) n.s. The 
religion of christians. 

7b CHRISTIANIZE, (krist'-yan-ize) v. a. 
To convert to Christianity. 

CHRISTIANLY, (krist'-yan-le) a. Becom- 
ing a christian. 

CHRISTIANLY, (krist'-yan-le) ad. Like 
a christian. 

CHRISTIANOG RAPH Y,(krist'-yan-9g-gra^ 
fe) n. s. A general description of the na- 
tions professing Christianity. 

CHRISTMAS, (kris'-mas) n.s. The day on 
which the nativity of our blessed Saviour 
is celebrated, by the particular service of 
the church ; the season of Christmas. 

CHRISTMAS-BOX, (kris'-mas-boks) n. s. 
A present given at Christmas. 

CHROMATICK, (kro-mat'-ik) u Relating 
to colour ; relating to a particular style in 
musick, moving by semi-tones or half notes. 

CHRONICAL, (kron'-e-kal) \a. Relating 

CHRONICK, (kron'-ik) ' S to a disease 
of long duration ; relating to time. In 
medicine, A chronical distemper is one of 
long duration. 

CHRONICLE, (kron'-e-kl) n.s. A register 
of events in order of time ; a history. 

To CHRONICLE, (kron'-e-kl) v. a.' Tore- 
cord in chronicle ; to register. 

CHRONICLER, (kron'-e-kler) n. s. A 
writer of chronicles ; a historian. 

CHRONOGRAM, (kron'-o-gram) n. s. A^n 
inscription including the date of any action ; 
of this kind the following is an example : 
Gloria lausque Deo, saeCLorFM in seecFia 

gram-mat'-e-kal) a. Belonging to a chro- 

CHRONOGRAMMATIST, (kron-no-gram'- 
ma-tist) n. s. A writer of chronogiams. 

CHR ON O G R APHER, (kro-nog'-gra-fer) 
n. s. A writer of chronologies. 

CHRONOGRAPHY, (kro-nog'-gra-fe) n. s. 
The description of past time. 

CHRONOLOGER, (kro-ngl'-lo-jer) n.s. He 
that studies or explains the science of com- 
puting past time. 

CHRONOLOGICAL, (kron-no-lgdje'-e-kal) 
a. Relating to the doctrine of time. 

CHRONOLOGICALLY, (krgn-no-lodje'-e- 
kal-le) ad. In a chronological manner. 

CHRONOLOG1CK, (krpn-no-lodje'-ik) a. 
Denoting periods of time. 

CHRONOLOGIST, (kro-nol'-o-jist) n. s. A 

CHRONOLOGY, (kro-nol'-o-je) n. s. The 

science of computing and adjusting dates or 

the periods of time 
CHRONOMETER, (kro-ngm'-me-ter) ». s. 

An instrument for the mensuration of time. 
CHRYSALIS, (Kris'-sa-lis) n. s. Aurelia, 

or the first apparent change of the maggot 

of any species of insects. 
CHRYSANTHEMUM, (kris-an- the-uiym ) 

n. s. A genus of plants. 
CHRYSOLITE, (kris'-so-lite) n. s. A pre- 
cious stone of a dusky green, with a coat of 

CHRYSOPRASUS, (kri-sop'-ra-sus) n. s. 

A precious stone of a yellow colour, ap- 
proaching to green. 
CHUB, (tshub) n. s. A river fish. 
CHUBBED, (tshub'-bed) a. Big-headed 

like a chub. 
CHUBBY, (tsLub'-be) a. Having a large 

or fat face. 
To CHUCK, (tshuk) v. n. To make a noise 

like a hen, when she calls her chickens. 
To CHUCK, (tshuk) v. a. To call as a hen 

calls her young ; to give a gentle pat under 

the chin. 
To CHUCK, (tshuk) v. a. To throw, by a 

quick motion, any weight to a given place. 
CHUCK, (tshuk) n. s. The voice of a hen ; 

a sudden small noise; a pat under the 

CHUCK-FARTHING, (tshuk'-far-Tning) „. s 

A play, at which the money falls with a 

chuck into the hole beneath. 
To CHUCKLE, (tshuk'-kl) v. n. To laugh ; 

to laugh inwardly with triumph. 
To CHUCKLE, (tshuk'-kl) v. a. To call as 

a hen ; to fondle. 
CHUFE, (tshuf) n. s. A coarse, fat-headed, 

blunt clown. 
CHUF.FY, (tshui'-fe) a. Blunt; surly; fat. 
CHUM, (tshum) ??. i. A chamber fellow. 
CHUMP, (tshump) n. s. A thick heavy 

piece of wood, less than a block. 
CHURCH, (tshurtsh) n. s. The collective 

body of christians, usually termed the catho- 

lick church ; th« body of christians of one 

particular opinion ; the place which chris 

tians consecrate to the worship of God ; ec- 
clesiastical authority or power. 
To CHURCH, (tshurtsh) v. a. To perform 

with any one the office of returning thanks 

in the church, after any signal deliverance. 
CHURCHING, (tshurtsh'-ing) n. s. The act 

of returning thanks in the church. 
CHURCHDOM,(tshurtsh'-dum) n.s. Church 

establishment, or government. 
CHURCHMAN, (tshurtsh'-man) «. s. An 

ecclesiastick ; a clergyman ; an adherent to 

the church of England. 
CHURCH Preferment, (tshurtsh) n.s. Bene- 
fice in the clTurch. 
CHURCH-WARDEN, (tshurtsh-war'-cin) 

n. s An officer yearly chosen to look to 

the church, church-yard, and such things 

as belong to both. 

not;-— tube, tub, bull; — oil; — pound; — thin, Tuis 



CHURCHYARD, (tshurtsh'-yard) n.s. The 
ground adjoining to the church, in which 
the dead are buried. 

CHURL, (tshurl) n. s. A rustick ; a surly, 
ill-bred man ; a miser ; a niggard. 

CHURLISH, (tshur'-lish) a. Rude ; brutal j 
selfish ; avaricious. 

CHURLISHLY, (tshur'-lish-le) ad. Rudely. 

CHURLISHNESS, (tshur'-lish-nes) ». s. 
Brutality ; rudeness ; niggardliness. 

CHURJN, (tshurn) n.s. The vessel in which 
butter is coagulated by agitation. 

To CHURN, (tshurn) v. a. To agitate by a 
violent motion ; to make butter by agitating 
the milk. 

CHURNING, (tshurn'-ing) n. s. The act of 
making butter. 

CHURN STAFF, (tshurn'-staf) n. s. The 
instrument employed for churning. 

To CHUSE. See To Choose. 

CHYLACEOUS, (ki-la'-shus) a. Belonging 
to chyle. 

CHYLE, (kile) n. s. A milky juice formed 
in the stomach by digestion, and afterwards 
changed into blood. 

CHYLIFACTION, (ki-le-fak'- shun) n. s. 
The process of making chyle. 

CHYLIFACT1VE, (ki-le-fak'-tiv) a. Hav- 
ing the power of making chyle. 

CHYLIFICATORY, (ki-le-fe-ka'-to-re) a. 
Making chyle. 

CHYLOUS, (ki'-lus) Consisting of chyle 

CHYMICAL, (kim'-e-kal) \u. Made by or 

CHYMICK, (kim'-mlk) T S relating to 

CHYMICALLY, (kim'-me-kal-le) ad. In a 
chymical manner. 

CHYMIST, (kiro'-mist) n. s. A professor of 

CHYMISTICAL, (kirn-mis'-te-kal) a. Re- 
lating to chymistry. 

CHYMISTRY, (kim'-mis-tre) n. s. The 
science which treats of the properties of 
bodies and the changes they undergo ; the 
art or process by which the different sub- 
stances found in mixt bodies are separated 
from each other by means of fire. 

CIBARIOUS, (si-ba-re-us) a. Relating to 

CICATRICE, (sik'-a-tris) n. s. The star 
remaining after a wound ; a mark. 

CICATRISANT, (sik-a-tri'-zant) n. s. An 
application that induces a cicatrice. 

CICATRISIVE, (sik-a-tri'-siv) a. Having 
the power to induce a cicatrice. 

CICATRIZATION, (sik-a-tri-za'-slum) n.s. 
The act of healing the wound ; the state of 
being healed, or skinned over. 

To CICATRIZE, (sik'-a-tr>e) v. a. To heal 
and induce the skin over a sore. 

CICERONE, (tshe'-tshe-ro-ne) n.s. A word 
of modern introduction into our speech, for 
a guide especially among antiquitit s. 

CICERONIAN, (sis-se-ro'-ne-an) a. Re- 
sembling Cicero, a term applied to ora- 

CICERONI ANISM, fsis-se -ro'-ne-an-izm) 
n. s. An imitation of the style of Cicero. 


To CICURATE, (sik'-u-rate) v. a. To tame. 
CICURATION, (sik-u-ra'-shun) n.s. The 

act of reclaiming from wildness. 
CIDER, (si'-der) u. s. The juice of apples 

CIDERKIN, (si-der-kin) n.s. Liquor made 

of the gross matter of apples, after the 

cider is pressed out. 
CIELING, n. s. See Ceiling. 
CILIARY, (sil'-ya-re) a. Belonging to the 

CILICIOUS, (si-lish'-us) a. Made of hair. 
CIMELIARCH, (si-me'-le-ark) n. s. The 

chief keeper of things of value belonging to 

a church. 
CIMETER, (sim'-e-ter) n.s. A sort of curved 

CIMMERIAN, (sim-me'-re-an) a. From 

Cimmerii, people of Italy, living in a valley, 

which the sun never visited; extremely 

CINCTURE, (singk'-ture) n. s. Something 

worn round the head or body; an inclo- 

sure ; a ring or list at the top and bottom of 

the shaft of a column. 
CINDER, (sin'-der) n. s. A mass ignited 

and quenched, without being reduced to 

ashes; a hot coal that has ceased to 


1 I 
p) J 

CINDER- WOMAN, (sin'-der-wum- at 
n. s. A woman whose trade is to ra*e in 

CINERATION, (sin-e-ra'-shun) n.s. The 
reduction of any thing to ashes. 

CINEREOUS, (sin-e'-re-us) a. Of ash co- 

CINERITIOUS, (sin-e-rish'-us) a. Having 
the form or state of ashes. 

CINERULENT, (se-ner'-u-lent) a. Full of 

CINGLE, (sing'-gl) n. s. A girth for a horse. 

CINNABAR, (sin'-na-bar) n. s. The gum 
of an Indian tree called Dragons- blood ; a 
soft red stone called also minium; red sul- 
phureous ore of quicksilver found in Spam, 
Hungary, and India; a red sulphuret of 
mercury, known by the name of vermilion. 

CINNAMON, (sin'-na-mun) n. s. The fra- 
grant bark of a tree in the island of Ceylon. 

CINQUE, (singk) n.s. A five. 

CINQUE-FOIL, (singk'-foil) n. s. A kind 
of five-leaved clover. 

CINQUE-PORTS, (singk'-ports) n. s. The 
cinque ports are Dover, Sandwich, Hastings, 
Rumney, and Hythe ; to which Winchei- 
sea and Rye have since been added. 

CION, (si'-un) n. s. A sprout ; the shoot 
engrafted on a stock. 

CIPHER, (si'-fer) n. s. An arithmetical 
character ; a figure ; an arithmetical mark, 
which, standing for nothing itself, increases 
the value of the other figures ; an mtertex- 
ture of letters engraved usually on plate ; a 
character in general ; a secret or occult 
manner of writing, or the key to it. 

To CIPHER, (si'-fer) v. n. To practise arith- 


Fate, far, fall, fat :— me, met; — pine, pin; — no, move, 


To CIPHER, (si'-fer) v. a. To write in oc- 
cult characters. 

CIRCENSIAN, (ser-sen'-she-an) a. Relat- 
ing to the exhibitions in the amphitheatres 
of Rome. 

To CIRC1NATE, (ser'-sin-ate) v. a. To 
make a circle. 

CIRCIN ATION, (ser -sin-a'-shun) n. s. An 
orbicular motion. 

CIRCLE, (ser'-kl) n. s. A line continued till 
it ends where it begun, having all its parts 
equidistant from a common centre ; the 
space included in a circular line ; a round 
body ; an orb ; compass ; inclosure ; an 
assembly surrounding the principal person ; 
a company ; any series ending as it begins, 
and perpetually repeated. In logick, An 
inconclusive form of argument, in which the 
foregoing proposition is proved by the fol- 
lowing, and the following is inferred from 
the foregoing ; Circles of the German empire, 
Such provinces as have a right to be present 
at diets. 

To CIRCLE, (ser'-kl) v. a. To move round 
anything; to inclose ; to surround. 

To CIRCLE in, (ser'-kl) v. a. To confine. 

To CIRCLE, (ser'-kl) v. n. To move circu- 

CIRCLET, (ser'-klet) n.s. A little circle. 

CIRCUIT, (ser'-kit; n. s. The act of moving 
round ; the space inclosed in a circle ; space ; 
extent, measured by travelling round. In 
law, The visitations of the judges for hold- 
ing assizes ; the tract of country visited by 
the judges. 

To CIRCUIT, (ser'-kit) v. a. To move round. 

C1RCUITEER, (ser'-kit-teer) n. s. One that 
travels a circuit. 

CIRCUITION, (ser-ku-ish'-un) n.s. The 
act of going round anything ; compass ; 
maze of argument. 

CIRCUITOUS, (ser-ku'-e-tus) a. Round 

CIRCUITOUSLY, (ser-ku'-e-tus-le) ad. In 
a circuitous n anner. 

CIRCULAR, (ser'-ku-lar) a. Round, like 6 
circle ; successive in order ; ending in 
itself ; applied to a paralogism, where the 
second proposition at once proves the first, 
and is proved by it. Circular letter, A letter 
directed to several persons on some common 
affair. Circular lines, The line of sines, 
tangents, and secants, on the plain scale 
and sector. Circular sailing, Is that per- 
formed on the arch of a great circle. 

CIRCULARITY, (ser-ku-lar'-e.-te) n.s. The 
state or quality of being circular. 

CIRCULARLY, (ser'-ku-ler-le) ad. In 
form of a circle ; with a circular motion. 

CIRCULARY, (ser'-ku -la-re) a. Ending in 

To CIRCULATE, (ser'-ku-late) v. n. To 
move in a circle ; to be disuersed. 

To CIRCULATE, (ser'-ku-late) v. a. To 
travel round ; to put about. 

CIRCULATION, (ser-ku-la'-sbun) n. s. 
Motion in a circle ; a series in which the 
same order is always observed, and things 


always return to the same state ; a reci- 
procal interchange ; the action of the blood 
in passing from the heart by the arteries 
and back to the heart by the veins. 

CIRCULATORY, (ser'-ku-la-tur-e) n.s. A 
chymical vessel. 

CIRCULATORY, (ser'-ku-ia-tur-e) a. Cir- 

CIRCULUS, (ser'-ku-lus) n.s. A surgical 

CIRCUMAMBIENCY, (ser-kum-am'-be-en- 
se) n. s. The act of encompassing. 

CIRCUMAMBIENT, (ser-kum-am'-be-ent) 
a. Surrounding. 

To CIRCUMAMBULATE, (ser-kum-am'- 
bu-late) v.n. To walk round about. 

To CIRCUMCISE, (ser'-kum-size) v. a. To 
cut the prepuce or foreskin, according to 
the law given to the Jews. 

CIRCUMCISER, (ser'-kum-si-zer) n. s. He 
who circumcises. 

CIRCUMCISION, (ser-kum-sizh'-un) n.s. 
The rite of cutting oft' the foreskin. 

CIRCUMCURSATION, (ser'-kum-kur-sa- 
shun) n. s. The act of running up and 

To CIRCUMDUCT, (ser-kum-dukt') v. a. 
To contravene ; to nullify. 

CIRCU MDU CTION , (ser-kum-duk'-shun) 
n.s. Nullification; a leading about. 

CIRCUMFERENCE, (ser-kum'-fe-rense) 
n. s. The periphery ; the external part of 
an orbicular body ; an oib ; a circle. 

CIRCUMFEREN IT AL, (ser'-kum-fe-ren'- 
sbal) a. Circular. 

CIRCUMFERENTOR, (ser-kum-fe-ren- 
tur) n. z. A^ instrument used in survey- 
ing, for measuring angles by the magnetic 

To CIRCUMFLECT, (ser-kum-flekt'") v. a. 
To place the circumflex on words. 

CIRCUMFLEX, (ser'-kum-fleks) n.s. An 
accent used to regulate the pronunciation of 
syllables, including or participating the acute 
and grave. 

CIRCUMFLUENCE, (ser-kum'-nu-enBe) 
n. s. An inclosure of waters. 

CIRCUMFLUENT, (ser-kum'-flu-ent) a. 
Flowing round anything. 

CIRCUMFLUOUS, (ser-kum'-flu-us) a. En- 
vironing with waters. 

CIRCUMFO RAN EAN, (ser-kum-fo-ra'-ne- 
an) a. Travelling about. 

C1RCUMFORAN LOUS, (ser-kum-fo-ra- 
ne-us) a. Wandering from house to house. 

CIRCUMFUSE, (ser-kum-iuze') v. a. To 
pour round. 

C1RCUMFUSILE, (ser-kum-fu'-sil) a. Ca- 
pable of being poured round. 

CIRCUMFUSION, (ser-kum-fu'-zhun) n.s. 
Spreading round. 

CIRCUMJACENT, (ser-kum-ja'-sent) a. 
Lying round anything. 

CIRCUM1T10N, (ser-kum-ish'-un) n. s. 
The act of going round. 

C1RCUMLIO ATION, (ser-kum-le-ga'-slmn) 
n. s. The act of binding round ; the bond 

ngt ; — tube tub, bull ;— oil ; — pound ;— thin, mi 



CIRCUMLOCUTION, (serkum-lo-ku'-shun) 
n. s. A circuit or compass of words ; peri- 
phrasis ; the use of indirect expressions. 

CIRCUMLOCUTORY, (ser-kum-lok'-u-tur- 
re) a. Periphrastical. 

CIRCUMMURED, (ser-kum-miird') a. 
Walled round. 

CIRCUMNAVIGABLE, (ser-kum-nav'-e- 
ga-bl) a. That which may be sailed 

To CIRCUMNAVIGATE, (ser-kum-nav'-e- 
gate) v. a. To sail round. 

CIRCUMNAVIGATION, (ser-kum-nav-e- 
ga'-shun) n. s. Sailing round. 

CIRCUMNAVIGATOR, (ser-kum-nav'-e- 
ga-tur) n. s. One that sails round. 

CIRCUMPLICATION, (ser'-kum-ple-ka'- 
shun) n. s. Enwrapping on every side ; 
the state of being enwrapped. 

CIRCUMPOLAR, (ser-kum-po'-lar) a. 
Round the pole ; applied to stars near the 
north pole. 

CIRC UMPOSITION, (ser-kum-po-zish'-un) 
n. s. Placing anything circularly. 

n. s. Whirling round ; circumvolution ; 
the state of being whirled round. 

CIRCUMROTATORY, (ser-kum-ro'-ta-tur- 
re) a. Whirling round. 

To CIRCUMSCRIBE, (ser-kum-skribe') v. a. 
To inclose in certain boundaries ; to bound ; 
to limit; to write around. 

SCR1PTIBLE, (ser-kum-skribe'-a-bl, ser- 
kum-skrip'-te-bl) a. Capable of being cir- 
cumscribed ; limited or contained within 

CIRCUMSCRIPTION, (ser-kum-skrip'.shun) 
n. s. Determination of particular form ; 
limitation ; a circular inscription. 

CIRCUMSCRIPTIVE, (ser-kum-skrip'-tiv) 
a. Inclosing the superficies. 

CIRCUMSPECT, (serlkum-spekt ) a. Cau- 
tious ; attentive ; discreet. 

To CIRCUMSPECT, (ser-kum-spekt ) v. a. 
To examine carefully. 

CIRCUMSPECTION , (ser-kum-spek'-shun) 
n. s. Watchfulness on every side ; caution. 

CIRCUMSPECTIVE, (ser-kum-spek'-tiv) a. 
Attentive ; cautious. 

CIRCUMSPECTLY, (ser'-kum-spekt-le) ad. 
Vigilantly ; cautiously. 

n. s. The state of being circumspect. 

CIRCUMSTxlNCE, (ser'-kum-stanse) n. s. 
Something appendant or relative to a fact ; 
the adjuncts of a fact ; accident ; something 
adventitious ; incident ; event ; condition ; 
state of affairs. 

To CIRCUMSTANCE, (ser'-kum-stanse) v. a. 
To place in particular situation. 

C1RCUMSTANT, (ser'-kum-stant) a. Sur- 

a-bl) a. Capable of beirg circumstanti- 

CIRCUMSTANTIAL, (ser-kum-stan'-shtil) 
a. Accidental; not essential; incidental; 


happening by chance ; full of small events ; 

CIRCUMSTANTIALITY, (ser-kum-stan- 
she-al'-e-te) n. s. The appendage of cir- 

CIRCUMSTANTIALLY, (ser-kum-stan - 
shfil-le) ad. According to circumstances ; 

To CIRCUMSTANTIATE, (ser-kum-stan'- 
she-ate) v. a. To place in particular cir- 
cumstances ; to place in a condition with 
regard to wealth. 

CIRCUMTERRANEOUS, (ser'-kum-ter-ra - 
ne-us) a. Round the earth. 

To CIRCUMVALLATE, (ser-kum-val'-late) 
v. a. To inclose round with fortifica- 

CIRCUMVALLATION, (ser-kum-val-la/- 
shun) n. s. The art of casting up fortifi- 
cations round a place ; the fortifications 

CIRCUMVECTION, (ser-kum-vek'-shun) 
n. s. The act of carrying round ; the state 
of being carried round. 

To CIRCUMVENT, (ser-kum-vent') t>. a. 
To deceive ; to cheat. 

CIRCUMVENTION, (ser-kum-ven'-shun) 
n. s. Fraud ; imposture ; prevention. 

CIRCUMVENTIVE, (ser-kum-ven'-tiv) a. 
Deluding ; cheating. 

To CIRCUMVEST, (ser-kum-vest') v. a. To 
cover round with a garment. 

CIRCUMVOLATION, (sei'-kum-vo-la'- 
shun) n. s. Flying round. 

To C1RCUMVOLVE, (ser-kum-volv') v. u. 
To roll round. 

CIRCUMVOLUTION, (ser'-kum-vo-lu- 
shun) n. s. Rolling round ; the state of 
being rolled round ; the thing rolled round 

CIRCUS, (ser'-kus) ^ n. s. An open space 

CIRQUE, (serk) $ or area for sports, 
with seats round for the spectators. 

CISALPINE, (si.s-al-pin) a. On this side 
the Alps. 

C1SSOID, (sis-soid') n. s. In geometry, A 
curve of the second order, for the purpose 
of finding mean proportionals. 

CISSOR. See Scissor*. 

CIST, (sist) n. s. A case ; a vessel ; an ex- 
cavation. In medicine, A tumour in which 
obstructed matter rests, as in a bag. 

CISTERCIAN, (sis-ter'she-an) n. s. A monk 
of the Cistercian order ; a reformed bene- 

CISTERN, (sis'-tern) n.s. A receptacle of 
water for domestick uses ; a reservoir ; any 
receptacle of water. 

CISTUS, (sis'-tus) n. s. The rockrose. 

C1T, (sit) n.s. A pert low citizen. 

CITADEL, (sit'-a-del) n. s. A fortress in or 
near a city. 

C1TAL, (si'-tal) n.s. Reproof; impeach- 
ment ; summons ; citation ; quotation. 

CITATION, (si-ta'-shun) v. s. The calling 
a person before an ecclesiastical judge ; 
quotation ; the passage or words quoted ; 


Fate, far, fall, fat ;— n.e, n:et;— pine, pin j- 

no, move, 


CITATORY, (si'-ta-mr-e) a. Having the 
power or form of citation. 

To CITE, (site) v. a. To summon to answer 
in a court ; to call upon another authori- 
tatively : to quote. 

CITER, (s/-ter) t?. s. One who cites into a 
court ; one who quotes. 

CITHERN, (sit/i'-ern) n.s. A kind of harp. 

CLTICISM, (sit'-te-sizm) n.s. The behaviour 
of a citizen. 

CITIZEN, (sit'-e-zen) n. s. A freeman of a 
citv ; a townsman ; an inhabitant. 

CITIZENSHIP, (sit'-e-zen-shio) n. s. The 
freedom of a city. 

CITRINATION, ^sit-rin-a'-shun) n.s. Turn- 
ing to a yellow colour. 

CITRINE, (sit'-rin) a. Of a lemon colour ; 
having the qualities of a citron. 

CITRINE, (sit'-rin) n.s. A species of yel- 
low crystal. 

CITRON, (sit'-trun) n.s. A kind of lemon. 

CITRON-TREE, "(sit'-trun-tre) n.s. The 
tree which produces the citron. 

CITRON-WATER, (sit'-trun-wa-ter) n. s. 
Aqua vitas, distilled with the rind of citrons. 

CITRUL, (sit'-trul) n. s. The pumpion, so 
named from its yellow colour. 

CITY, (sjt'-te) n. s. A large collection of 
houses and inhabitants ; a town corporate, 
that hath a bishop and a cathedral church ; 
the inhabitants of a city. 

CITY, fsit'-te) a. Relating to the city ; re- 
sembling the manners of citizens. 

CIVET, (siv'-et) 7i. s. A perfume from the 
civet cat. 

CIVTCAL, (siv'-e-kal) a. Belonging to civil 

CIVICK, (siv'-ik) a. Relating to civil 

CIVIL, (siv'-il) a. Municipal ; relating to 
the community, or to a man as a member of 
a community. Opposed to criminal j as, a 
civil process. Complaisant ; well bred. 

CIVIL Law, (siv'-il) n. s. The institutes of 
the Roman law, as administered in the ec- 
clesiastical courts, military courts, courts pf 
Admiralty, and of the Universities. 

CIVIL List, (siv'-il) n. s. That which com- 
prehends the king's revenue in his own dis- 
tinct capacity, and defrays all expences im- 
mediately connected with civil government, 
as the royal household, officers of state, 
judges, &c. 

CIVIL War, (siv'-il) n. s. A war between 
subjects of the same state. 

CIVIL Year, (siv'-il) n. s. In chronology, 
The year consisting of 365 days, and in leap 
year 366 days, distinguished from the solar 
year, which is 365 da. 6h. 48 m. 48 s. 
CIVILIAN, (se-vil' van) n. s. Onetbatpro- 
fesses the knowledge of the old Roman law, 
and of general equity ; a student in civil 
law at the university. 

CIVILITY, (se-vil'-e-te) n. s. Freedom from 
barbarity ; politeness ; rule of decency ; par- 
taking of the nature of a civilized state. 
CIVILIZATION, (siv-il-i-za'-shun) n.s. A 
law which renders a criminal process civil ; 


the act of civilizing ; the state of being civi- 

To CIVILIZE, (siv'-il-ize) v. a. To reclaim 
from savageness. 

CIVILIZER, (siv'-il- li-zer) n. s. He that 
reclaims from a savage life. 

CIVILLY, (siv'-il-le) ad. In a manner re- 
lating to government ; not criminally ; po- 
litely ; complaisantly 

CLACK, (klak) 77. s. A lasting and impor- 
tunate noise. The Clack of a Mill, A bell 
that rings when more corn is required to be 
put in, or that which strikes the hopper, 
and promotes the running of the com. 

To CLACK, (klak) v. n. To make a chink- 
ing noise ; to let the tongue run. 

CLACKER, (klak'-er) n. s. The clack of a 

CLAD, (klad) part. pret. Clothed. 

To CLAIM, (klame) v. a. To demand of 
right ; to require authoritatively. 

CLAIM, (klame) ?i. s. A demand of any- 
thing, as due ; a title to any privileg or 
possession. In law, A demand of anything 
that is in the possession of another. 

CLAIMABLE, (kla-ma-bl) a. That which 
may be demanded as due. 

CLAIMANT, (kla'-mant) n. s. He that de- 
mands anything detained by another. 

CLAIMER, (kla'-mer) n. s. He that claims. 

To CLAM, (klam) v. a. To clog with any 
glutinous matter. 

To CLAM, (klam) v. n. To be moist. 

To CLAM, (klam) v. n. A term in ringing, 
to unite certain sounds in the peal. 

CLAMANT, (kla'-mant) a. Crying ; be- 
seeching earnestly^ 

To CLAMBER, (klam'-ber) To climb 
with difficulty. 

CLAMMINESS, (klam'-me-nes) n. s. Vis- 
cosity ; viscidity. 

CLAMMY, (klam'-me) a. Viscous ; gluti- 

CLAMOROUS, (klam'-mo-rus) a. Vocife- 
rous ; noisy. 

CLAMOROUSLY, (klam'-mo-rus-le) ad. In 
a noisy manner. 

CLAMOUR, (klam'-mur) n. s. Outcry; 

To CLAMOUR, (klam'-mur) v. n. To make 
outcries ; to vociferate. 

CLAMP, (klanip) 77. s. A piece of wood 
joined to another, as an addition of strength ; 
a quantity of bricks. 

To CLAMP, (klamp) v. a. A mode of 
strengthening by means of a clamp. 

CLAN, (klan) n. s. A family ; a race. 

CLANCULAR, (klang'-ku-lar) a. Clan- 
destine ; secret. 

CLANDESTINE, (klan-des'-tin) a. Secret ; 

CLANDESTINENESS, (klan-des'-tin nes> 
n. s. An act of privacy. 

CLANG, (klang) 71 s. A sharp, shrill noise 
To CLANG, T (klang) v. 71. To clatter ; to 

make a loud shrill noise. 
To CLANG s (klang) v. a. To strike together 
with a noise. 

ngt ; — tube, tub, bull ; — oU ; — pound ; — t/ ( in. mis. 



CLANGOUR, (klang'-gur) n. s. A loud 
shrill sound. 

CLANGOUS, (klang'-gus) a. Making a 

CLANK, (klangk) «. s. A noise as of a 
chain, or the collision of metallic bodies. 

CLANSHIP, (klan'-ship) n. s. Association 
of persons or families. 

To CLAP, (klap) v. a. To strike together 
with a quick motion, so as to make a noise ; 
to add one thing to another ; to praise by 
clapping the hands ; to infect with a vene- 
real poison. To clap up, To imprison. 

To CLAP, (klap) v. n. To move nimbly wLh 
a noise ; to strike the hands together in ap- 

CLAP, (klap) n. s. A loud noise made by 
sudden collision ; a sudden act or motion ; 
an explosion of thunder ; an act of applause ; 
a venereal infection; the nether part of the 
beak of a hawk. 

CLAPPER, (klap' -per) n. s. One who claps 
with his hands ; the tongue of a bell. The 
Clapper of a Mill, A piece of wood shaking 
the hopper. 

To CLAPPERCLAW, (klap'-per-klaw) v. a. 
To scold ; to lash with the tongue ; to 

CLARENCEUX, }(klar'-en su) n. s. The 

CLARENCIEUX, S second king at arms, 
so named from the dutchy of Clarence. 

CLARE-OBSCURE, (klare-ob-skure') //. s. 
Light and shade in painting. 

CLARET, (klar'-et) n. s. A French wine 
from the neighbourhood of Bordeaux. 

CLARICHORD, (klar'-e-kord) n. s. A 
musical instrument in form of a spinet, but 
more ancient. 

CLARIFICATION, (klar-e-fe-ka'-shun) rc.s. 
Making anything clear from impurities. 

To CLARIFY, (kiar'-e-fi) v a. To purify 
or clear any liquor ; to brighten ; to il- 

To CLARIFY, (klar'-e-fi) v. n. To clear 
up ; to grow bright. 

CLARINET, (kla-re-net') n. s. A kind of 
hautboy, but of a shriller tone. 

CLARION, (klar'-re-un) n. s. A trumpet. 

CLARITUDE, T (kla'-re-tude) n. s. Clear- 
ness ; splendour. 

CLARITY, (klar'-e-te) n. s. Brightness ; 

To CLASH, (klash) v. n. To make a noise 
by mutual collision : to tct with opposite 
power, or contrary dire uon. 

To CLASH, (klash) v. a. To strike one 
thing against another, so as to produce a 

CLASH, (klash) n. s. A noisy collision of 
two bodies ; exposition ; contradiction. 

CLASP, (klasp) n. s. A hook to hold any- 
thing close ; an embrace. 
CLASP, (klasp) v. a. To shut with a 
clasp ; to catch and hold by twining ; to in- 
close between the hands ; to embrace ; to 

CLASPER, (klas'-per) jus. The tendrils or 
thread cf creeping plants. 


CLASPKNiFE, (klasp'-nife) u. s. A knife 
which folds into the handle. 

CLASS, (klas) n. s. A rank or order either 
of things or persons ; a s: holastick term for 
students of the same form or degree. 

To CLASS, (klas) v. a. To range according 
to some stated method of distribution. 

CLASSICAL, (klas'-se-kal) > a. Relating 

CLASSICK, (kW-sik) T $ to antique 
auihors ; a general epithet for authors and 
books which have acquired an established 

CLASSICALLY, (klas'-se-kal-le) ad. In a 
classical manner. 

CLASSICK, (klas'-sik) n. s. An author of 
the first rank, usually taken for ancient 

CLASSIFICATION, (klas-se-fe-ka'-shun) 
Ranging into classes. 

To CLASSIFY, (klas'-se-f i) v. a. To ar- 

To CLATTER, (klat'-ter) v. v. To make a 
noise by knocking two sonorous bodies fre- 
quently together ; to utter a noise by being 
struck together ; to talk fast and idly. 

To CLATTER, (klat'-ter) v. a. To strike 
anything so as to make it sound and rattle. 

CLATTER, (klat'-ter) n.s. A rattling noise 
made by the frequent collision of sonorous 
bodies ; tumultuous and confused noise. 

CLATTERING, (klat'-ter- ing) n.s. A noise j 

CLAVATED, (klav'-a-ted) a. Set with 

CLAUDENT, (klaw'-dent) a. Shutting ; 

CLAUDICANT, (klaw'-de-kant) a. Limp- 
ing ; halting. 

To CLAUDICATE, (klaw'-de-kate) v.n. To 

CLAUDICATION, (klaw-de-ka'-shun) n.s. 

CLAVE, (klave) The preterite of cleave. 

CLAVICHORD, (klav'-e-kord) n.s. The 
same with clurichord. 

CLAVICLE, (klav'-e-kl) n. s. The collar 

CLAUSE, (klawz) n. s. A sentence ; an 
article or particular stipulation. 

^LAUSTRAL, (klaws'-tral) a. Relating to 
a cloister, or religious house. 

CLAUSURE, (klaw'-zhur) r. s. Confine- 

CLAW, (klaw) n. s. The foot of a beast or 
bird armed with sharp nails ; or the pincers 
or holders of a shell-fish. 

To CLAW, (klaw) v. a. To tear with claws ; 
to pull, as with the nails ; to tear or scratch. 
A cant term, signifying to flatter. 

CLAWED, (klawd) a. Furnished with claws. 

CLAY, (kla) n. s. Unctuous and tenacious 
earth, such as will mould into a certain 
form ; earth in general. 

To CLAY, (kla) v. a. To cover with clay. 

CLAY-COLD,' (kla'-kold) a. Lifeless ; cold 
as the unanimated earth. 

CLAY-PIT, (kla'-pit) 71. s. A pit where clay 
is du«. 


Fair, far, fall, fat; — rne, met; — pine, pjn ; — no, move. 


CLAYES, (klaze) n. s. In fortification, 
Wattles made with stakes interwoven with 
osiers, to cover lodgements. 
CLAYEY, (kla'-e) a. Consisting of clay. 
CLAYMARL,"(kla'-marn n.s. A whitish, 

smooth, chalky clay. 
CLAYMORE, (kla'-more) n. s. A large 

sword, generally double edged. 
CLAYSTONE, (kla'-stone) n. s. A blue 
and white limestone, dug in Gloucester- 

CLEAN, (klene) a. Free from dirt or filth ; 
free from moral impurity, or from loathsome 
disease ; elegant ; neat ; dexterous ; not 
bungling ; entire. 

CLEAN, (klene) ad. Quite ; perfectly , 
without miscarriage. 

To CLEAN, (klene) v. a. To free from 

CLEAN LILY, (klen'-le-le) ad. In a cleanly 

CLEANLINESS, (klen'-le-nes) n. s. Free- 
dom from filth ; neatness. 

CLEANLY, (klen'-le) a. Free from dirti- 
ness ; neat ; pure. 

CLEANLY, (klene'-le) ad. Elegantly ; 
neatly ; purely ; dexterously. 

CLEANNESS, (klene'-nes) n.s. Neatness; 
exactness ; purity ; innocence. 

CLE AN SABLE, (klen'-za-bl) a. Capable of 
being cleansed. 

To CLEANSE, (klenz) v. a. To free from 
filth ; to purify from guilt ; to free from 
noxious humours by purgation ; to scour ; 
to rid of ail offensive things. 

CLEANSER, (klen'-zer) n.s. A detergent j 
That which cleanses anything. 

CLEANSING, (klen'-zing) n. s. Purifica- 

CLEAR, (klere) a. Bright ; transpicuous ; 
perspicacious ; cheerful ; free from clouds ; 
serene ; without mixture ; pure ; perspicu- 
ous ; not obscure ; indisputable ; apparent ; 
manifest ; unspotted ; free from imputed 
guilt ; free from deductions ; unincumber- 
ed ; out of debt ; unentangled ; sounding/ 
distinctly ; plainly ; free ; intelligible. 

CLEAR, (klere) ad. Plainly; clean; quite. 

CLEAR, (klere) n. s. A term used by 
builders for the inside of a house. 

To CLEAR, (klere) v. a. To make bright ; 
to free from obscurity ; to vindicate ; to 
cleanse ; to remove any incumbrance ; to 
free from anything offensive ; to clarify; to 
gain without deduction. To Clear a ship, Is 
to satisfy the demands at the custom-house. 

To CLEAR, (klere) v. n. To grow bright ; 
to obtain transparency. 

CLEARAGE, (klere'-ale) n. s. Removing 

CLEARANCE, (kle'-ranse) n. s. The act 
of clearing ; a certificate that a ship has 
been cleared at the custom-house. 

CLEARER, (klere'-er) n. s. Brightener ; 

CLEARING, (klere'- ing) n. s. Justifica- 
tion ; defence. 

CLEARLY, (klere'-le) ad. Brightly; plain- 


ly ; evidently ; with discernment ; without 
entanglement ; without deduction ; without 
CLEARNESS, (klere'-nes) n. s. Transpa- 
rency ; splendour ; lustre ; distinctness ; sin- 
cerity ; freedom from imputation. 
CLEARSIGHTED, (klere- si'-ted) a. Dis» 
cerning ; judicious ; perspicuous. 

CLEARSIGHTEDNESS, (klere-si'-ted-nes) 
n. s. Discernment. 

To CLEARSTARCH, (klere'-startsh) v. a. 
To stiffen with starch. 

CLEARST ARCHER, (klere'-startsh'-er) n. s. 
The person whose business is to clear- 

To CLEAVE, (kleve) v. n. Pret. clave ; to 
adhere ; to hold to ; to unite aptly ; to 
unite in concord ; to be concomitant to. 

To CLEAVE, (kleve) v. a. Pret. clove, clave, 
cleft; part. pass, cloven, or cleft ; to divide 
with violence ; to split ; to divide. 

To CLEAVE, (kleve) v. n. To part asunder ; 
to suffer division. 

CLEAVER, (kle'-ver) n. s. A butcher's in- 
strument to cut animals into joints. 

CLEF, (kief) n. s. A character in musick, 
to denote what part of the general scale the 
sounds, before which it is placed, are to be 
sung or played. 

CLEFT, (kleft) part. pass. Divided ; parted 

CLEFT, (kleft) n. s. A space made by the 
separation of parts. 

CLEG, (kleg) n.s. The horse-fly. 

CLEMENCY, (klem'-men-se) n.s. Mercy; 
mildness ; leniency. 

CLEMENT, (klem'-ment) a. Mild ; gentle j 
merciful . 

CLEMENTINE, (klem'- en-tine) a. Relat- 
ing to St. Clement, or the constitutions of 
Clement the Fifth. 

CLEMENTLY, (klem'-ent-le) ad. In a 
merciful manner. 

CLENCH. See Clinch. 

To CLEPE, (klepe) v. a. To call. 

To CLEPE, (klepe) v. it. To call. 

CLEPSYDRA,' (klep-si'-dra) n.s. A kind 
of clock among the ancients, which told the 
hours by the fall of a certain quantity of 
water ; a chymical vessel. 

CLERGICAL, (kler'-je-kal) a. Relating to 
the clergy. 

CLERGY, (kler'-je) n. s. The body of men 
set apart by due ordination for the service 
of God. 

CLERGYABLE, (kler'-je-a-bl) a. In law, 
The term applied to felonies within benefit 
of clergy. 

CLERGYMAN, (kler'-je-man) n. s. A man 
in holy orders. 

CLERICAL, (kler'-e-kal) } a. Relating to 

CLER1CK, (kler ; -ik) $ the clergy. 

CLERK, (klark) n. s. A clergyman ; a 
scholar ; a man employed under another as 
a writer ; a petty writer in publick offices ; 
an officer of various kinds ; the layman 
who reads the responses in the church, to 
direct the rest. 

not ;— tribe, tub, bull ; — oil ; pound ; — t/an, 



CLERKLIKE, (klark'-like) a. Accomplishea 
as a learned person. 

CLERKLY, (klark-le) a, Clever; scholar- 

CLERKLY, (klark'-le) ad. In an ingenious 
or learned manner. 

CLERKSHIP, (klark'-ship) n. s. Scholar- 
ship ; the office of a clerk. 

CLEVER, (klev'-er) a. Dexterous; skilful; 

CLEVERLY, (klev'-er-le) ad. Dexterously. 

CLEVERNESS, (klev'-e'r-nes) n. s. Dex- 
terity ; skill ; ingenuity. 

CLEW, (klu) n. s. Thread wound upon a 
bottom ; a guide ; a direction. 

To CLEW, (klu) v. a. To direct ; To clew 
the sails, In naval phrase, is to raise them, 
in order to be furled. 

To CLICK, (klik) v. n. To make a sharp, 
small, successive noise. 

To CLICK, (klik) v. a. To catch or snatch 

CLICK, (klik) n. s. The latch of a door. 

CLICKER, "(klik'-er) r. s. The servant of a 
salesman, who stands at the door to invite 

CLIENT, (kli'-ent) n. s. A dependant ; one 
who applies to an advocate for counsel. 

CLIENTAL, (kli-en'tal) a. Dependent. 

CLIENTED, (klf-ent-ed) part. a. Sup- 
plied with clients. 

CLIENTELE, (kli'-en-tele) n. s. The con- 
dition or office of a client. 

CLIENTSHIP, (kli'-ent-ship) n. s. The 
condition of a client. 

CLIFF, (klif) n. s. A steep rock ; a pre- 
cipitous bank ; the name of a character in 
musick, properly Clef. 

CLIFFY, (klif'-fe) a. Broken ; craggy. 

CLIFT, (klift) n. s. See Cliff. 

CLIFTED, "(klif '-ted) a. Broken. 

CLIMACTER, (k'li-mak'-ter) n. s. A cer- 
tain space of time, or progression of years ; 
applied to certain critical periods of a man's 

CLIMACTERICK, (klim-ak-ter'-rik) } 

CL1MACTERICAL, (klim-ak'-ter'-re-kal) S 
n. s. A certain number of years, at the end 
of which some great change is supposed to 
befal the body. 

CLIMATE, (kli'-mate) n. s. A space upon 
the surface of the earth, measured from the 
equator to the polar circles, in each of 
which spaces the longest day is half an 
hour longer than in that nearer to the 
equator ; a region, or tract of land, differing 
from another by the temperature of the air. 

CLIM ATURE, (kli' n.s. Climate. 

CLIMAX, (kli'-maks) n. s. Gradation ; 
ascent. A figure in rhetorick, by which 
the sentence rises gradually. 

To CLIMB, (klime) v. n. Pret. clomb or 
climbed ; part, clomb or climbed ; to ascend 
with labour. 

To CLIMB, (klime) v. a. To ascend ; to 

CLIMABLE, (klime'-a-bl) a. Ascendable. 

CLIMBER, (klime'-er) n. s. One that 


mounts any place ; a plant that creeps upoa 
other supports ; the name of a particular 

CLIME, (klime) n. s. Climate ; region. 

To CLINCH, (klinsh) v. a. To grasp in the 
hand ; to contract or double the fingers ; to 
rivet or bend the point of a nail in the other 
side ; to confirm ; to fix. 

To CLINCH, (klinsh) v. n. To hold fast 

CLINCH, (kljnsh) n. s. A word used in a 
double meaning ; a pun ; an ambiguity ; 
that part of the cable which is fastened to 
the ring of the anchor. 

CLINCHER, (klmsh'-er) n. s. A cramp ; a 

To CLING, (Hiog) v.n. Pret. clung; part. 
clung ; to hang upon by twining round ; to 

CLINGY, (kling'-e) a. Adhesive. 

CLINICAL, (klin'-e-kal) > a. Keeping the 

CLINIC, (klin'-ik) ' $ bed. 

CLINICK, (klin'-ik) n.s. One on his death- 

To CLINK, (klingk) v. a. To strike so as to 
make a small sharp noise. 

To CLINK, (klingk) v. n. To emit a small 
sharp noise. 

CLINK, (klingk) n. s. A sharp successive 

CLINQUANT, (klingk'-ant) a. Glittering; 
dressed in embroidery, or tinsel finery. 

To CLIP, (klip) v. a. To cut with sheers ; 
to diminish coin by pairing the edges ; to 
curtail ; to cut. 

To CLIP, (klip) v. n. A phrase in falconry. 

CLIPPER, (klip'-per) n. s. One that debases 
coin by cutting : a barber. 

CLIPPING, (klip'-ping) n. s. A part cut off. 

CLOAK, (kloke) n. s. The garment, with 
which the rest are covered ; a concealment ; 
a cover. 

To CLOAK, (kloke) »;. a. To cover with a 
cloke ; to hide. 

CLOAKBAG, (kloke'-bag) n. s. A port- 

CLOCK, (klok) n. s. The instrument which 
tells the hour by a stroke upon the bell ; 
The clock of a stocking, the flowers or inverted 
work about the ancle ; an insect ; a sort of 
beetle ; the sound which the hen makes in 
calling her chickens. 

To CLOCK, (klok) v. a. To call, as the hen 
calls her chickens. 

To CLOCK, (klok) v. n. To make a noise 
like the hen. 

CLOCK-MAKER, (klgk'-ma-ker) n.s. He 
whose profession is to make clocks. 

CLOCK-SETTER, (klok'-set-ter) n. s. One 
who regulates the clock. 

CLOCKWORK, (klok'-wurk) n. s. Move- 
ments like those of a clock. 

CLOD, (klod) n.s. A lump of earth or clay ; 
a turf ; the ground ; anything concreted to- 
gether ; anything vile, base, and eaithy ; a 
dull, gross fellow. 

To CLOD, (klgd) v. n. To gather into con- 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met; — pine, pin; — no, move, 


To CLOD, (klod) v. a. To pelt with clods. 
CLODDY, (ki'od'-de) a. Consisting of earth 

or clods ; mean ; gross. 
CLODHOPPER, (klod'-hop-per) n. s. A 

heavy dull clown. 
CLODPATE, (klgd'-pate) n. s. A stupid 

CLODPATED, (klod'-pa-ted) a. Stupid; 

CLODPOLL, (kiod'-pole) n. s. A thickscull ; 

a dolt. 
To CLOG, (klog) v. a. To load with or en- 
cumber ; to hinder ; to obstruct ; to bur- 
then ; to embarrass. 
To CLOG, (klog) v. n. To coalesce ; to ad- 
here ; to be encumbered. 
CLOG, (klog) n. s. A load; a weight ; an 
incumbrance ; a kind of additional shoe 
worn by women to keep them from wet ; a 
wooden shoe. 
CLOGGINESS, (klog'-ge-nes) n. s. The 

state of being clogged. 
CLOGGING, (klog'-ing) n.s. An obstruc- 
CLOGGY, (klog'-ge) (7. Having the power 

of clogging up. 
CLOISTER, (klois'-ter) n. s. A religious 
retirement ; a monastery ; a nunnery ; a 
peristyle ; a piazza. 
To CLOISTER, (klois'-ter) v. a. To shut up 

in a religious house ; to confine. 
CLOISTER AL, (klois-ter-al) a. Solitary. 
CLOISTERED, (klois'-terd) part. a. In- 
habiting cloisters ; built with peristyles or 
CLOISTERER, (k!gis'-ter-er) n. s. One 

belonging to the cloister. 
CLOISTRESS, (klois'-tres) n.s. A nun. 
CLOKE, n. s. See Cloak. 
CLOMB, (klom) Pret. of To climb. 
To CLOOM, "(klpom) v. a. To close with 

glutinous matter. 
To CLOSE, (kloze) v. a. To shut ; to con- 
clude ; to inclose ; to join ; to unite frac- 
To CLOSE, (kloze) v. n. To coalesce. To, 
close with, To come to an agreement with : 
to grapple with, as in wrestling, &c. 
CLOSE, (klose) n. s. Anything shut ; a 

small field inclosed. 
CLOSE, (kloze) n.s. The manner or time of 
closing ; a grapple, as in wrestling ; pause ; 
cessation ; a conclusion or end. 
CLOSE, (klose) a. Shut fast ; having no 
vent ; confined ; stagnant ; compact ; solid ; 
joined without any space between ; ap- 
proaching nearly ; undiscovered ; hidden ; 
secret ; trusty ; sly ; retired ; applied to the 
weather, dark, cloudy, not clear. 
CLOSE, (klose) ad. Has the same meanings 

with closely. 
CLOSE-EISTED, (klose'-fist-ed) 
CLOSE-HANDED, (klose'-hand-ed) 

Penurious ; covetous. 
CLOSELY, (klose'-le) ad. Without inlet or 
outlet ; without any space intervening ; 
nearly ; secretly ; slily ; tightly ; as thi 
garment fitted. 


CLOSENESS, (klose'-nes) n. s. The state 
of being shut ; narrowness ; want of air, 
or ventilation ; compactness ; recluseness ; 
secresy ; privacy ; covetousness ; connec- 
CLOSER, (klo'-zer) n. s. A finisher ; a 

CLOSESTOOL, (klose'-stool) n. s. A cham- 
ber implement. 

CLOSET, (kloz'-et) n. s. A small room of 
privacy ; a large cupboard. 

To CLOSET, (kloz'-et) v. a. To shut up in 
a closet ; to take into a closet for a secret 

CLOSH. (klosh) n. s. A distemper in the 
feet of cattle ; the founder. 

CLOSING, (klo'-zing) n.s. Period ; con- 

CLOSURE, (klo'-zhur) n. s. The act of 
shutting up ; that by which anything is 
closed ; inclosure ; conclusion ; end. 

CLOT, (klot) n. s. Concretion ; coagulation. 

To CLOT, (klot) v. a. To form clots or clods ; 
to concrete ; to coagulate ; to become gross. 

CLOTH, (klot/i) n.s. plural cloths. Any- 
thing woven for dress ; the piece of linen 
spread upon a table ; dress ; raiment ; a 
texture of wool. 

To CLOTHE, (kloTtse) v. a. pret. clothed or 
clad ; part, clothed or clad. To invest with 
garments ; to adorn with dress ; to invest ; 
to furnish with clothes. 

CLOTHES, (kloze, or more properly kloiHes) 
Garments ; raiment ; those coverings of the 
body that are made of cloth ; the covering 
of a bed. 

CLOTHIER, (kloTHe'-yer) n. s. A maker 
or seller of cloth. 

CLOTHING, (kloTHe'-ing) n.s. Dress; 

CLOTHSHEARER, (klgifc'-sheer-er) n. s. 
One who trims the cloth, and levels the 

CLOTH WORKER, (kloi/i'-wur-ker; n. s. A 
maker of cloth. 
' CLOTTED, (klot'-ted) part. a. Coagulated. 

To CLOTTER, (klot'-ter) v. n. To concrete ; 
to coagulate. 

CLOTTY, (klot'-te) a. Full of clots. 

CLOUD, (kloud) 'n. s. The dark collection 
of vapours in the air ; the veins, marks, or 
stains in stones, or other bodies ; any state 
of obscurity or darkness. 

To CLOUD, (klQud) v. a. To darken with 
clouds ; to make of sullen appearance ; to 
obscure ; to variegate with dark veins ; to 
sully ; to defame. 

To CLOUD, (kloud) v. n. To grow cloudy. 

CLOUDCAPT, * (klgud'-kapt) a. Topped 
with clouds. 

CLOUDILY, (kW-de-Ie) ad. With clouds; 

CLOUDINESS, (klou'-de-nes) n. s. Being 
covered with clouds ; darkness ; want of 

CLOUDLESS, (kloud'-les) a. Without 

clouds ; clear. 
CLOUDY, (klou'-de) a. Covered with 

not ; — tube, tub, bull ;■ — oil ; — pound ; — thin, 



clouds ; dark ; obscure ; gloomy of look ; 
marked with ppots or veins ; not bright. 

CLOVE, (klove) The preterite of cleave. 

CLOVE, (klove) n. s. A valuable spice 
brought from India ; a weight among cheese- 
mongers equal to eight pounds. 

CLOVEN, (klo'-vn) part. pret. from cleave. 

CLOVEN-FOOTED, (klo'-vn-fut'-ed) \ 

CLOVEN-HOOFED, (klo'-vn-hoofi') S 
Having the foot divided into two parts. 

CLOVER, (klo'-ver) n. s. A species of 
trefoil. To live in clover, is to live luxuri- 

CLOVERED, (klo'-verd) a. Covered with 

CLOUGH, (kluf) n.s. The cleft of a hill ; 
a cliff. 

CLOUGH, (kluf) n. s. An allowance of 
two pounds in every hundred weight for the 
turn of the scale, that the commodity may 
hold out weight when sold by retail \ a cleft 
of a hill ; a cliff. 

CLOUT, (klout) n. s. A cloth for any mean 
use ; a patch on a shoe or coat ; a rude 

To CLOUT, (klout) v. a. To patch ; to 
cover with a cloth ; to join coarsely to- 
gether ; to beat ; to strike. 

CLOUTED, (klout'-ted) part. a. Patched. 

CLOUTERLY, ' (klou'- ter-le) a. Clumsy; 

CLOWN, (kloun) n. :. A rustick ; a coarse 
ill-bred man ; a principal character in pan- 

CLOWNERY, (kloun'-er-re) n. s. Ill- 

CLOWNISH, (klQun'-ish) a. Consisting of 
or having the nature of rusticks or clowns ; 
coarse ; rough ; ill-mannered ; clumsy ; un- 

CLOWNISHNESS, (klgun'-ish-nes) n. s. 
Rusticity : incivility. 

To CLOY, (klge) v. a. To satiate ; to fill to 
loathing. A term used for stopping up the 
touch-holes of cannon. 

CLOYMENT, (kloe'-ment) n.s. Satiety. 

CLUB, (klub) n'.'s. A heavy stick; the 
name of one of the suits of cards ; an asso- 
ciation of persons subjected to particular 
rules ; concurrence ; joint charge. 

To CLUB, (klub) v. n. To contribute to a 
common expense in settled proportions ; to 
join to one effect. 

To CLUB, (klub) v. a. To pay to a common 

CLUBBED, (klubd) a. Heavy like a club. 

CLUBFISTED, "(klub'-fist-ed) a. Having 
a large fist. 

CLUBFOOTED, (klub'-fut-ed) a. Short, 

or crooked in the foot. 
CLUBLAW, (klub'-law) n. s. The law of 

rude force ; compulsion. 
CLUBMAN, (klub'-man) n. s. One who 
carries a club. 

CLUBROOM, (klub'-room) n. s. The room 

in which an association or club assembles. 
To CLUCK, (kluk) v. a. To call chickens, 
as a hen. 


To CLUCK, (kluk) v. n. To call, as a nen 
calls chickens. 

CLUE, (kloo) See Clew. 

CLUMP, (klump) n. s. A shapeless piece 
of wood or other matter ; a cluster of trees. 

To CLUMPER, (klum'-per) v. a. To form 
into clumps or masses. 

CLUMSILY, (klum'-ze-le) ad. Awkwardly. 

CLUMSINESS, (klum'-ze-nes) n. s. Awk- 

CLUMSY, (klum'-ze) a. Awkward ; heavy ; 
artless ; unhandy. 

CLUNG, (klung) The preterite of cling. 

CLUNIACK," (klu'-ne-ak) n.s. One of a 
reformed order of Benedictine monks, so 
called from Cluni in Burgundy. 

CLUSTER, (klus'-ter) n.s. A bunch or 
number of the same things gathered to- 

To CLUSTER, (klus'-ter) v. n. To grow in 

To CLUSTER, (klus'-ter) v. a. To collect 
anything into bodies. 

CLUSTERY, (klus'-ter-re) a. Growing in 

To CLUTCH, (klutsh) v. a. To gripe ; to 
grasp ; to contract or double the hand. 

CLUTCH, (klutsh) n. s. The gripe ; grasp. 
In the plural, The paws ; the talons. Hands, 
in a sense of rapacity. 

CLUTTER, (klut'-ter) n. s. See Clatter. 
A noise ; a bustle. 

To CLUTTER, (klut'-ter) v. n. To make 
a noise or bustle. 

CLYSTER, (klis'-ter) n. s. A liquid re- 
remedy, applied by injection up the rec- 

CLYSTER-PIPE, (klis'-ter-pipe) n.s. The 
tube or pipe by which a clyster is in- 

To COACERVATE, (ko-a-ser'-vate) v. a. 
To heap up together. 

COACERVATION, (ko-as-ser-va'-shun) n.s. 
Heaping, or being heaped together. 

COACH, (kotsh) n. s. A carriage of plea- 
sure or state, distinguished from a chariot 
by having seats fronting each other. 

To COACH, (kotsh) v. n. To ride in a 

COACHBOX, (kotsh'-boks) n. s. The seat 
on which the driver of the coach sits. 

COACH-HIRE, (kotsh'-hire) n. s. Money 
paid for the use of a coach. 

COACH-HORSE, (kotsh'-horse) n. s. A 
horse designed for drawing a coach. 

COACH-HOUSE, (kotsh'-hguse) n.s. The 
house in which the coach is kept. 

COACHMAN, (kotsh'-man) n. s. The driver 
of a coach. 

COACHMANSHIP, (kotsh'-man-ship) n. s. 
The skill of a coachman. 

To CO ACT, (ko-akt') v. n. To act together 

CO ACTION, (ko-ak'-shun) n.s. Compulsion. 

COACTIVE, (ko-ak'-tiv) a. Compulsory ; 
restrictive ; acting in concurrence. 

COADJUMENT, (ko-ad'-ju-ment) n.s. Mu- 
tual assistance. 

COADJUTANT, (ko-ad'-ju-tant) a. Helping. 


Fate, far, fall, fat;— me, met; — pine, pin; — no, move, 


COADJUTOR, (ko-ad-ju'-tur) n.s. A fel- 
low-helper. In the canon law, One who is 

appointed to perform the duties of an- 
COADJUTRIX, (ko-ad-ju'-triks) n.s. She 

who is a fellow-helper. 
COADJUVANCY, (ko-ad'-ju-van-se) n.s. 

Help ; concurrent help. 
COADUNTTION, (ko-ad-u-nish'-un) n. s. 

Conjunction of different substances into one 

CO AD VENTURER, (ko-ad-ven'-tu-rer) n.s. 

A fellow-adventurer. 
COAGENT, (ko-a'-jent) n. s. An associate. 
To COAGMENT," (ko-ag-ment') v. a. To 

congregate or heap together. 
COA GMENTATION, (ko-ag-men-ta'-shun) 

n. s. Collection ; conjunction. 
COAGULABLE, (ko ag'-u-la-bl) a. Capable 

of concretion. 
To COAGULATE, (ko-ag'-u-late) v. a. To 

force into concretions. 
To COAGULATE, (ko-ag'-u-late) v. n. To 

run into concretions. 
COAGULATION, (ko-ag-u-la'-shun) n. s. 

Concretion ; congelation ; the body formed 

by coagulation. 
COAGULATIVE, (ko-ag'-ti-la-tiv) a. Hav- 
ing the power of coagulation. 
COAGULATOR,(ko-ag'-u-la-tur) n.s. What 

causes coagulation. 
COAL, (kole) n. s. The common fossil fuel; 

the cinder of scorched wood ; charcoal , 

fire, anything inflamed or ignited. 
To COAL, (kole) v. u. To burn wood to 

COAL-BLACK, (kole'-blak) a. Black in 

the highest degree. 
COAL-BOX, (kole'-boks) n. s. A box to 

carry coals to the fire. 
COAL-HOUSE, (kole'-house) n. s. A place 

to put coals in. 
COAL-MINE, (kole'-mine) n. s. A mine 

in which coals are dug. 
COAL-PIT, (kole'-pit) n. s. A pit wherein 

coals are dug. 
COAL-STONE, (kole'-stone) n.s. A sort of 

canal coal. 
COALER Y, (ko'-ler-e; n. s. A place where 

coals are dug. 
T?_ COALESCE, (ko-a-les') r. n. To unite 

in masses ; to grow together ; to join. 
COALESCENCE, (ko-a-les'-sense) n. s. 

COALITION, (ko-a-lish'-un) n. s. Union 

in one mass or body. 
COALY, (ko'-le) a. Containing coal. 
COAPTATION, (ko-ap-ta'-shun) n.s. The 

adjustment of parts to each other. 
To COARCT, (ko-arkt') } v. a. To 

To COARCTATE,"(ko-ark'-tate) S confine 

into a narrow compass ; to restrain. 
COARCTATION, (ko-ark-ta'-shun) n. s. 

Confinement ; contraction of any space ; 

Restraint of liberty. 
COARSE, (korse) a. Net refined ; not soft 

or fine ; rude ; uncivil ; gross ; inelegant ; 

rude : mean. 


COARSELY, (korse'-le) ad. Without fite* 
ness ; meanly ; rudely ; inelegantly ; grossly. 

COARSENESS, (korse'-nes) n. s. Impurity ; 
roughness ; grossness ; meanness. 

To COASSUME, (ko-as-sume') v a. To take 
upon one's self, one thing or quality to 
gether with another. 

COAST, (koste) n. s. The edge of the land 
next the sea ; the shore ; the border or 
frontier of a country. 

To COAST, (koste) v. n. To sail close by the 
coast ; along the coast. 

To COAST, (koste) v. a. To sail along the 
shore ; to keep close to. 

COASTER, (kos'-ter) n. s. He that sails 
near the shore ; a small trading vessel. 

COAT, (kote) n. s. The upper garment ; the 
habit or vesture ; the hair or fur of a beast 
any tegument or covering; that on which 
the ensigns armorial are pourtrayed. 

To COAT, (kote) v. a. To cover ; to invest. 

COAT-CARD, (kote'-kard) n. s. From the 
dress or coat, in which the king, queen, and 
knave, are represented : commonly called 

To COAX, (koks) v. a. To wheedle ; to 

COAXER, (koks'-er) n. s. A wheedler. 

COB, (kob) n. s. The sea-mew ; a spider ; 
a horse not castrated ; a strong poney ; a 
coin ; a male swan. 

COBALT, (ko'-balt) n.s. A marcasite fre- 
quent in Saxony. 

To COBBLE, (kob'-bl) v. a. To mend any- 
thing coarsely ; to do or make clumsily. 

COBBLE, I (kob'-bl) n. s. A fishing boat ; 

COBLE, 5 a large pebble. 

COBBLER, (kob'-ler) n.s. A mender of old 
shoes ; a clumsy workman. 

COBNUT, (kob'- nut) n. s. A boy's game, 
played with nuts fastened to a string; a 
large nut. 

COBWEB, (kob'-web) n. s. The web or net 
of a spider ; any snare or trap. 

COBWEB, (kob'-web) a. Anything fine, 
slight, or flimsy. 

COBWEBBED, (kob'-webd) a. Covered 
with the webs of spiders. 

COCCIFEROUS, (kok-sif'-fer rus) a. Plants 
or trees that have berries. 

COCCULUS INDICUS, (kok'-u-lus-in'-de- 
kus) n. s. A poisonous narcotick berry. 

COCCYX, (kok'-siks) n. s. In anatomy, A 
bone joined to the extremity of the os 

COCHINEAL, (kQtch-in-eel') n. s. An in- 
sect gathered upon the opuntia, and dried, 
from which a beatiful red colour is extracted. 

COCHLEARY, (kqk'-le-a re) a. In the form 
of a screw. 

COCHLEATED, (kok'-le-a-ted) a. Of a 
screwed form. 

COCK, (kok) n. s. The male to the hen ; 
the male of any-small birds ; a spout to let 
out water, by turning the stop ; the part of 
the lock of a gun that strikes with the- flint ; 
a small heap of hay ; the form of a hat ; 
the style or gnomon of a dial. 

n§t ; — tube, tub, bull; — oU; — pound; — thin, this. 



To COCK, (kok) v. a. To set erect ; to set 
ap the hat with an air of pertness ; to mould 
the form of a hat ; to fix the cock of a gun 
ready for a discharge ; to raise hay in small 

COCKADE, (kok-kade') «. s. A ribband 
worn in the hat. 

COCKADED, (kok-ka'-ded) a. Wearing a 
cockade in the hat. 

COCK-A-HOOP, (kok-a-hoop) a. Trium- 
phant ; exulting. 

COCKATOO, (kpk-a-top/) n. s. A bird of 
the parrot kind. 

COCKATRICE, (kpk'-a-trise) n. s. A ser- 
pent supposed to rise from a cock's egg. 

COCKBOAT, (kok'-bote) n. s. A small boat 
belonging to a ship. 

COCKCROWLNG, (kpk'-kro-ing) n. s. The 
time at which cocks crow; the morning. 

COCKER, (kok'-ker) n. s. A cockfighter. 

COCKEREL,' (kok'-ker-el) n. s. A young 

COCKET, (kok'-ket) n.s. An instrument 
sealed and delivered by the officers of the 
customhouse to merchants, as a warrant 
that their merchandize is entered. 

COCKFIGHT, (kok'-fite) \n. s. A 

COCKFIGH TING, (k'ok'-fite-ing) ] battle 
or match of cocks. 

COCKING, (kok'-ing) n.s. Cockfighting. 

COCKLE, (kok v -ki) n. s. A small testace- 
ous fish. 

To COCKLE, (kok'-kl) v. a. To contract 
into wrinkles like the shell of a cockle. 

COCKLE, (kgk'-kl) v. n. To grow wrinkled, 
as wet paper, &c. 

COCKLER, (kok'-ler) n. s. One who takes 
or sells cockles. 

COCKLOFT, (kok'-lpft) n. s. The room 
over the garret. 

COCKMATCH, (kpk'-matsh) n. s. Cockfight 
for a prize. 

COCKNEY, (kok'-ne) n. s, A contemp- 
tuous term for a native of London, an effemi- 
nate, ignorant, low, mean, despicable citi- 

COCKPIT, (kok'-pit) n. s. The area where 
cocks fight ; a place on the lower deck of a 
ship of war, where are sub-divisions for the 
purser, surgeon, and his mates. 

COCK'SCOMB, (koks'-kome) h. s. A plant. 

COCKSPUR, (kok'-spur) n. s. Virginian 

COCKSURE, (kok'-shoor) a. Confidently 

COCKSWAIN, (kok'-swane, or kok'-sn) n. s. 
The officer who has the command of the 

COCOA, (ko'-ko) n. s. A species of palm- 
tree ; the drink formed from the nut of the 
COCTILE, (kok'-til) a. Made by baking. 
COCTION, (kQk'-shun) n. s. The act of 

boiling or digesting. 
COD, (kod) ) 

CODFISH, (kod'-fish) S 
COD, (kod) n. s. Any case or husk in which 
seeds are lodged. 

A sea-fish. 


CODGER, (kod'-jer) ». s. A low word for 

a miser ; one who rakes together all he can. 

CODE, (kode) 71. s. A book; a book of laws, 

CODICIL, (kod'-e-sil) n. s. An appendage 

to a will. 
CODILLE, (ko-dil') n. s. A term at ombre, 

when the game is won. 
To CODDLE, (kod'-dl) v. a. To parboil. 
To CODDLE, (kud'-dl) p. a. To hug ; to 

make much of. 
CODLING, (kod'-ling) tu s. A species of 

COEFFICACY, (ko-ef-fe-ka-se) rt. s. The 

power of several things acting together. 
COEFFICIENCY, (ko-e>fish'-en-se) n. s. 


COEFFICIENT, (ko-ef-fish'-ent) n.s. That 

which unites its action with the action of 

another. A term in algebra and in fluxions. 

COEFFICIENTLY, (ko-ef-fish'-ent-le) ad. 

In a co-operating manner. 
COELDER, (ko-el'-der) n. s. An elder of 

the same rank. 
COELIACK artery, (se'-le-ak) n.s. A branch 

of the aorta in the cavity of the abdomen. 
CCELIACK Passion, (se'-le-ak) A species of 

diarrhoea, or flux. 
CCEMETERY. See Cemetery. 
COEMPTION, (ko-em'-shun) n. s. Buying 

up the whole quantity of anything. 
COEQUAL, (ko-e'-qual) a. Equal ; of the 

same rank or dignity. 
COEQUALITY, (ko-e-qual'-e-te) n. s. The 

state of being equal. 
To COERCE, (ko-erse') v. a. To restrain. 
COERCIBLE, (ko-er'-se-bl) a. Capable of 

being restrained. 
COERCION, (ko-er'-shun) n.s. Penal re- 
straint ; check. 
COERCIVE, (ko-er'-siv) a. Having the 
power of laying restraint, or the authority 
of restraining. 
COESSENTIAL, (ko-es-sen'-shal) a. Par- 
ticipating of the same essence. 
COESSENTIALITY, (ko-es-sen-she-al'-e- 
te) n. s. Participation of the same essence. 
COESSENTIALLY, (ko-es-sen-she-al-Je) cd. 

In a co-essential manner. 
COESTABL1SHMENT, (ko-es-tab'-lish- 

ment) n. s. Joint establishment. 
COETANEAN, (ko-e-ta'-ne-an) n.s. One 

of the same age with another. 
COETANEOUS, (ko-e-ta'-ne-us) a. Of the 

same age with another. 
COETERNAL, (ko-e-ter'-nal) a. Equally 

eternal with another. 
COETERNALLY, (ko-e-ter'-nal-le) ad. Of 

equal eternity with another. 
COETERNITY, (ko-e-ter'-ne-te) n. s. Hav 
ing existence from eternity equal with an 
other eternal being. 
COEVAL, (ko-e'-val) a. Living in the same 
age or time '; of the same age with another. 
COEVAL, (ko-e'-val) n. s. A contemporary. 
COEVOUS, (ko-e'-vus) a. One of the same 

To COEXIST, (ko-eg-zist') v. n. To exist 
at the same time. 


Fate, far, fall, fat ;— me, met ; —pine, pin ; — no, move, 


COEXISTENCE, (ko-eg-zis'-tense) n.s. Ex- 
istence at the same time with another. 
COEXISTENT, (ko-eg-zjs'-tent) a. Exist- 
ing at the same time with another. 
To COEXTEND, (ko-eks-tend') v. a. To 
extend to the same space or duration with 
COEXTENSION, (ko-ek-sten'-shun) n. s. 
Extending to the same space or duration 
with another. 
COEXTENSIVE, (ko-ek-sten'-siv) a. Hav- 
ing the same extent. 
COFFEE, (kof'-fe) n.s. A species of Ara- 
bick jessamine, from the berries of which 
the drink called coffee is prepared. 
COFFEE-HOUSE, (kof'-fe-hpuse) n. s. A 
house where coffee or other refreshment is 
COFFEE-POT, (kof'-fe-pgt) n..s. The co- 
vered pot in which coffee is boiled. 
COFFER, (kgf '-fer) n. s. A chest generally 
for keeping money, used in the plural for 
treasure ; a square depressure in each in- 
terval between the modillions of the Corin- 
thian cornice. In fortification, A hollow 
lodgement across a dry moat. 
To COFFER, (kof-fer) v. a. To treasure up. 
COFFERER, (kpf'-'fer-er) n. s. He who 
places treasure in a chest or coffer. A 
principal officer of the king's household, 
next under the comptroller. 
COFFIN, (kot"-fm) n. s. The box or chest 
in which dead bodies are interred ; a paper 
case, in form of a cone, used by grocers ; 
Coffin of a horse, is the whole hoof of the foot 
above the coronet, including the coffin bone. 
Coffin-bone, A small spongy bone, inclosed in 
the midst of the hoof. 
To COFFIN, (kgf '-fin) v. a. To inclose in a 

To COG, (kgg) v. a. To flatter ; to wheedle ; 
to cog a die, to secure it so as to direct its 
To COG, (kgg) v. n. To lie ; to wheedle. 
COG, (kog) n. s. The tooth of a wheel ; a 

little boat. 
To COG, (kog) v. a. To fix cogs in a wheel. 
COGEN CY,(ko'-jen~se) n.s Force; strength. 
COGENT, (ko'-jent) "«, Forcible ; power- 
COGENTLY, (ko'-jent-le) ad. Forcibly. 
COGGER, (kog'-er)" n. s. A flatterer. 
COGGERY, (kog'-er-e) n. s. Trick ; false- 
COGGLESTONE, (kog'-gl-stone) n. s. A 

small pebble. 
COGITABLE, (kod'-je-ta-bl) a. Capable of 

being thought on. 
Tc COGITATE, (kod'-je-tate) v. n. To think. 
COGITATION, '(kgd-je-ta'-shun) n. s. 

Thought; meditation; contemplation. 
COGITATIVE, (kod'-je-ta-tiv) a. Having 

the power of thought ; given to thought. 
COGNATE, (kog'-nate) a. Kindred. 
COGNATION, '(kog-na'-shun) n.s. Descent 

frcm the same original ; relation. 
COGNISEE, (kon'-ne-zee) n. s. He to whom 
a fine in lands or tenements is ackowledged. 


COGNISOUR, (kon'-ne-zyr') n. s. Is he 
that passeth or ackowledgeth a fine in landa 
or tenements to another. 
COGNITION, (kog-nish'-un) n.s. Know- 
COGNITIVE, (kog'-ne-tiv) a. Having the 

power of knowing. 
COGNIZABLE, (kon'-ne-za-bl) a. Falling 

under judicial notice ; liable to be tried. 
COGNIZANCE, (kgn'-ne-zanse) n.s. Judi- 
cial notice ; tiial ; a badge. 
COGNOMINAL, (kgg-nom'-e-nal) a. Hav- 
ing the same name ; belonging to the sur- 
To COGNOMINATE, (kog-nom -e-nate) v. a. 

To give a name. 
COGNOMEN ATION, (kgg-ngm-e-na -shun) 
n. s. A surname ; a name added from any 
accident or quality. 
COGNOSCENCE, (kgg-nos'-sense) n. s. 

COGNOSCENTE, (kgg-no-sen'-te) n.s. One 
who is well versed, in anything ; a connois- 
COGNOSCIBILITY, (kog-ngs-se-bil'-e-te) 

n. s. The quality of being cognoscible. 
COGNOSCIBLE, (kog-ngs'-se-bl) a. That 
may be known ; that falls under judicial 
COGNOSC1TIVE, (kog-ngs'-se-tiv) a. Hav- 
ing the power of knowing. 
COGNOVIT, (kog-no'-vit) n.s. In law, An 
acknowledgement by the defendant of the 
plaintiffs cause, thereby suffering judgement 
to be entered against him without trial. 
To COHABIT, (ko-hab'-it) v. n. To dwell 
with another ; to live together as husband 
and wife. 
COHABITANT, (ko-hab'-e-tant) n. s. An 

inhabitant of the same place. 
COHABITATION, (ko-hab-e-ta'-shun) n.s. 
Inhabiting the same place with another ; 
the act of cohabiting. 
COHEIR, (ko-are') n. s. One of several 

among whom an inheritance is divided. 
COHEIRESS, (ko-a'-res) ?z.s. One of two 

or more heiresses. 
To COHERE, (ko-here') v. n. To stick to- 
gether ; to suit ; to fit ; to agree. 
COHERENCE, (ko-he'-rense) \n. s. That 
COHERENCY, (ko-he-rin-se) S state of 
bodies in which their parts are joined to- 
gether so that they resist separation ; con- 
nection ; the regular texture of a discourse ; 
consistency in reasoning. 
COHERENT, (ko-he'-rent) a. Sticking to- 
gether ; connected ; united ; consistent. 
COHESION, (ko-he'-zhun) n.s. The act of 
sticking together ; the state of union ; con- 
COHESIVE, (ko-he'-siv) a. Having the 

power of sticking. 
COHESIVELY, (ko-he'-siv-le) ad. In a 

connected manner. 
COHESIVENESS, (ko-he'-siv-nes) n. s. The 

quality of being cohesive. 
To COHIBIT, (ko hib'-it) v. a. To restrain. 
To COHOBATE,'(ko'-ho-bate) v. a. To pour 

not ; — tube, tub, bull ;- oil ; pound;— thin, 



the distilled liquor upon the remaining 

matter, and distil it again. 
COHOBATION, (ko-ho-ba'-shun) n. s. The 

repeated exposure of any substance to the 

chymical action of a liquid. 
COHORT, (ko'-hort) n. s. A troop of soldiers 

in the Roman armies, containing about five 

hundred foot ; a body of warriours. 
COHORTATION, (ko-hor-ta'-shun) n. s. 

Encouragement by words. 
COIF, (koif) n. s. The head-dress ; a cap. 
COIFED ' (koift) a. Wearing a coif. 
COIFFURE,'(koif'-fure) n. s. Head-dress. 
COIGNE, (koin)' n. s. A corner ; a wooden 

wedge used by printers. 
To COIL, (koil)'V«. To gather into a nar- 
row compass ; as to coil a rope. 
COIL, (koil) n. s. A rope wound into a 

ring ; tumult ; toil. 
COIN, (koin) n.s. See Coigne. 
COIN, (koin) n. s. Money stamped with a 

legal impression. 
To COIN, (koin) v. a. To stamp metals for 

money ; to make or invent ; to make or 

forge anything, in an ill sense. 
COINAGE, (koin'-aje) n. s. The art or 

practice of coining money ; the money 

coined ; the charges of coining money ; 

forgery ; invention. 
To COINCIDE, (ko-in-side') v. n. To fall 

upon the same point ; to concur. 
COINCIDENCE, (ko-in'-se-dense) \n. s. 
COINCIDENCY, (kq-m-k- dense) J The 

state of falling upon the same point ; con- 
currence ; consistency ; tendency to the 

same end. 
COINCIDENT, (ko-in'-se-dent) a. Falling 

upon the same point ; consistent. 
COINC1DER, (ko-in-side'-er) n. s. That 

which coincides with another thing. 
COINDICATION, (ko-in-de-ka'-shun) n. s. 

Many symptoms betokening the same cause. 
COINER, Ckoin'-er) n. s. A maker of 

money ; a forger ; an inventor. 
To COJOIN, (ko-join) v. n. To join with 

COIT, (kqit) n. s. A kind of flat iron ring 

used to throw at a mark. Properly Quoit. 
COITION, (ko-ish'-unj) n. s. Copulation ; 

the act of generation ; the act by which two 

bodies come together. 
COJUROR, (ko-ju'-rur) n. s. He who bears 

his testimony to the credibility of another. 
COKE, (koke) n. s. Fewel made by burning 

pit- coal under earth, and quenching the 

COLANDER, (kul'-lan-der) n.s. A sieve ; 

a strainer. 
COLATION, (ko-la-shun) n.s. Filtering 

or straining. 
COLATURE, (kol'-a-ture) n.s. Straining; 

filtration ; the matter strained. 
COLCOTHAR, (kol'-ko-thar) n. s. The dry 

substance which remains after distillation, 

but commonly the caput mortuum of vitriol. 
COLD, (kold) a Gelid; chill; shivering; 

having cold qualities ; indifferent ; frigid ; 

without passion ; reserved ; coy ; chaste ; 


not welcome ; not cordial ; not hasty ; uol 

COLD, (kold) n.s. The cause of the sen- 
sation of cold ; the privation of heat ; the 
sensation of cold ; an inflammatory disease 
caused by cold. 

COLD-BLOODED, (kold'-blud-ed) a. With- 
out feeling. 

COLD-HEARTED, (kold'-hart-ed) a. In- 
different ; wanting passion. 

COLDLY, (kold'-le) ad. Without heat; 
without concern. 

COLDNESS, (kold'-nes) v. s. Want of 
heat ; unconcern ; frigidity of temper ; 
coyness ; want of kindness. 

COLE, (kole) n. s. A general name for all 
sorts of cabbage. 

COLEWORT, (kole'-wurt) n. s. A species 
of cabbage. 

COLICK, (kol'-ik) n.s. A disorder; a pain 
in the abdomen, particularly in the intestine 
called the colon, from which it takes its name. 

COLLAPSE, (kol-laps') n.s. A fall. In 
medicine, A wasting or shrinking of the 
body or strength. 

To COLLAPSE, (kol-laps') v. n. To fall to- 

COLLAPSED, (kgl-lapst') a. Withered; 
ruined ; fallen down. 

COLL A PSION, (kpl-lap -shun) n.s. Clos- 
ing or collapsing ; the state of vessels closed. 

COLLAR, (kol'-ler) n. s. A ring of metal 
put round the neck ; the harness that is 
fastened about the horse's neck ; the part 
of the dress that surrounds the neck. A 
Collur of Brawn, is the quantity bound up in 
one parcel. 

COLLAR-BONE, (kol'-ler-bone) n.s. The 

To COLLAR, (kol'-ler) v. a. To seize by 
the collar. 

COLLARED, (kol'-lerd) a. In heraldry. 
Any animal having a collar about its neck. 

To COLLATE, (kol-late') v. a. To compare 
one thing of the same kind with another ; 
to examine if nothing be wanting in books ; 
to bestow; to confer ; to place in an eccle- 
siastical benefice. 

COLLATERAL, (kol-lat'-ter-al) a. Side to 
side ; running parallel ; diffused on either 
side ; not direct ; not immediate ; concur- 
rent. A term applied to those relations who 
do not descend directly, as uncles, aunts, 
nephews, &c. 

COLLATERALLY, ( kol-lat'-ter-al -le) ad. 
Side by side ; indirectly ; in collateral re- 

COLLATION, (kol-la'-shun) n. s. The act 
of conferring or bestowing ; comparison of 
one thing of the same kind with another ; a 
repast. In law, Collation is the bestowing 
of a benefice. 

COLLATITIOUS, (kgl-Ja-tish'-us) a. Done 
by the contribution of many. 

COLLATIVE, (kgl-la'-tiv) «. Conferring ; 
bestowing. In law, An advowson is colla- 
tive where the bishop and the patron are 
one and the same person. 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met; — pine, pin; — no, move, 


COLLATOR, (kgl-la'-tur) n.s. One that 
compares copies, or manuscripts ; one who 
presents to an ecclesiastical benefice ; one 
that bestows any gift. 

COLLEAGUE, (kol'-leeg) ». s. A partner. 

To COLLEAGUE, (kol'-leeg') v. a. To unite 

To COLLECT, (kol-lekt') v. a. To gather 
together ; to gain by observation ; to infer 
as a consequence. To collect himself, To re- 
cover from surprise. 

COLLECT, (kol'-iekt) n. s. A short com- 
prehensive prayer. 

COLLECTANEOUS, (kgl-lek-ta'-ne-us) a. 
Gathered up together. 

COLLECTEDLY, (kgl-lek'-ted-le) ad. 
Gathered in one view at once. 

COLLECTEDNESS, (kgl-lek'-ted-ngs) n.s. 
A recovery from surprise ; state of union 
or combination. 

COLLECTIBLE, (kol lek'-te-bl) a. Capa- 
ble of being gathered. 

COLLECTION, (kgl-Iek'-shnn) n.s. Gather- 
ing together ; contribution for charitable 
purposes ; an assemblage ; a corollary ; de- 

COLLECTITIOUS, (kol-lek-tish'-us) a. 
Gathered up. 

COLLECTIVE, (kgl-lek'-tiv) a. Gathered 
into one body. A collective noun expresses 
a multitude, though itself be singular. 

COLLECTIVELY, (kgl-lek'-tiv-Ie) ad. In 
a general mass ; in a body. 

COLLECTIVENESS, (kql-lek'-tiv-ness) n.s. 
A state of union or combination ; a mass. 

COLLECTOR, (kol-lek'-tur) n. s. A gather- 
er ; a compiler ; a name in Oxford for two 
bachelors of arts, appoints d to superintend 
some scholastick proceedings of their fellow- 
bachelors in Lent. 

COLLECTORSHLP, (k^-Iek'-tur-ship) n.s. 
The office of a collector. 

COLLEGATARY, (kgl-leg'-a-ta-re) n.s. A 
person to whom is left a legacy in common 
with one or more other persons. 

COLLEGE, (kgl'-!edje) n. s. A community ;/ 
a society of men set apart for learning or 
religion ; the house in which the collegians 

COLLEGIAL, (kol-le'-je-al) a. Relating 
to a college. 

COLLEGIAN 7 , (kol-le'-je-an) n.s. A member 
of a college. 

COLLEGIATE, (kgl-le'-je-ate) a. Instituted 
after the manner of a college. A collegiate 
church, One built at a convenient distance 
from the cathedral church, wherein a 
number of presbyters were settled in one 

COLLEGIATE, (kol-le'-je-ate) n. s. A 
member of a college. 

COLLET, (kgl'-let) n. s. Anciently some- 
thing that went about the neck ; that part 
of a ring in which the stone is set ; a term 
used by turners. 

To COLLIDE, (kol-lide') v. a. To strike 
against each other. 

COLLIER, (kol'-yer) n.s. A digger of 


coals ; a coal-merchant ; a ship that car- 
ries coals. 

COLLIERY, (kol'-yer-e) n. s. The place 
where coals are dug ; the coal trade. 

COLL1FLOWER, (kol'-le-fiou-er) n.s. See 

To COLLIGATE, (kgl'-le-gate) v. a. To 
bind together. 

COLLIGATION, (kgl-le^ga'-shun) n.s. A 
binding together. 

COLLIN EATION, (kol-lin-e-a-shun) n. s. 
The act of aiming. 

COLLIQUABLE, (kol'-le-kwa-bl) a. Easily 

COLLIQUAMENT, (koWik'-wa-ment) n. s. 
The substance to which anything is reduced 
by being melted. 

COLLIQUANT, (kol'-le-kwant) a. Having 
the power of melting. 

To COLLIQUATE, (kol'-le-kwate) v. a. To 
melt ; to dissolve. 

2oCOLLIQUAIE, (kol'-le-kwate) v.n. To 
be dissolved. 

COLLIQUATION, (kgl-le-kwa'-shun) n.s. 
The act of dissolving or meiting ; such a 
temperament or disposition of the animal 
fluids as proceeds from a lax compages, 
which occasions fluxes, sweats, &c. 

COLLIQUATIVE, (kol-lik'-wa-tiv) a. Melt- 
ing ; dissolvent. 

COLLIQUEI ACTION, (kgl-lik-we-fak'- 
shun) n. s. Dissolving or melting to* 

COLLISION, (kol-lizh'-un) n.s. The act 
of striking two bodies together ; a clash. 

To COLLOCATE, (kol'-lo-kate) v. a. To 

COLLOCATE, (kol'-lo-kate) a. Placed. 

COLLOCATION, ' (kgl-i'o-ka'-shun) n. s. 
Placing ; disposition ; the state of being 

COLLOCUTION, (kgl-lo-ku'-shun) n. s. Con- 
ference ; conversation. 

COLLOCUTOR, (kol-lo-ku'-tur) n.s. One 
of the speakers in a dialogue. 

To COLLOGUE, (kgl-log) v. n. To wheedle ; 
to flatter. 

COLLOGUING, (kol-log'-ing) n.s. Flat 
tery ; deceit. 

COLLOP, (kol'-lup) n.s. A slice of meat; 
a pi(;ce of any animal. 

COLLOQUIAL, (kgl-lo'-kwe-al) a. Relat- 
ing to common conversation. 

COLLOQUIST, (kol'-lo-kwist) n.s. A speak- 
er in a dialogue. 

COLLOQUY, (kol'-lo-kwe) n.s. Conference ; 

COLLUCTANCY, (kol-luk'-tan-se) n.s. A 
tendency to contest. 

COLLUCTATION, (kol-luk-ta'-shun) n. s. 
Contest ; contrariety ; opposition. 

To COLLUDE, (kol-lude') v. n. To con- 
spire in a fraud. 

COLLUDER, (kgl-lude'-er) n.s. He who 
conspires in a fraud. 

COLLUSION, (kgl-lu'-zhun) n. s. A de- 
ceitful agreement between two or mors, fox 
some evil purpose. 

nqi ; — tube, tub, bull ;— oil _;— pgund ;- thin, 



COLLUSIVE, (kol-lu'-siv) a. Fraudulently 

COLLUSIVELY, (kol-lu'-siv -le) ad. In a 
manner fraudulently concerted. 

COLLUSIVENESS, (kol-lu'-siv-nes) n. s. 
Fradulent concert. 

COLLUSORY, (kgl-lu'-sur-e) a. Carrying 
on a fraud by secret concert. 

COLLY, (ko-l'-le) n. s. The smut of coal. 

To COLLY, (kol'-le) v. a. To grime with 

COLLYR1UM, (kol-lir'-re-um) n.s. An 
ointment for the eyes. 

COLOCYNTH, (kol-lo-sinf/i) n. s. Colo- 
quintida ; bitter apple ; a purgative drug. 

COLON, (ko'-lon) n. s. A point [:] used to 
mark a pause greater than that of a comma, 
and less than that of a period. In anatomy, 
The greatest and widest of all the in cys- 

COLONEL, (kur'-nel) ». s. The chief com- 
mander of a regiment. 

COLONELSHIP, (kur'-nel -ship) n.s. The 
office or character of colonel. 

COLONIAL, (kol-lo'-ne-al) a. Relating to 
a colony. 

COLONIST, (kol'-lo-nist) «. s. One de- 
parted from the mother country to inhabit 
some distant place. 

To COLONIZE, (kol'-o-nize) v. a. To plant 
with inhabitants. 

COLONIZATION, (kol-o-ni-za'-shun) n. s. 
Planting with inhabitants, or forming colo- 

COLONNADE, (kol-lo-nade') n. s. Any 
range of insulated columns. 

COLONY, (kol'-o-ne) «. s. A body of 
people drawn from the mother-country to 
inhabit some distant place ; the country 

COLOPHON, (kol'-lo-fon) ». s. The con- 
clusion of a book, containing the place, or 
the year, or both, of its publication. 

COLOPHONY, (ko-lof-o-ne) n.s. Bosin, 
so called from Colophon, a city whence it came. 

COLOQUINTIDA, (kol-lo-kwin'-te-da) n.s. 
The fruit of the bitter apple. 

COLORATE, (kol'-o-rate) a. Coloured; 

COLORATION, (kol-o-ra'-shun) n. s. 
Colouring ; the state of being coloured. 

COLORIFICK, (kol-lo-rif'-ik) a. Having 
the power of producing dies, tints. 

COLOSSUS, (ko-los'-sus) n. s. A statue of 
enormous magnitude. 

COLOSSAL, (ko-Ios'-sal) a. Giantlike; 
like a colossus. 

COLOSSEAN, (kol'-los-se'-an) a. Giant- 

COLOSSIANS, (kol-losh-e-anz) n.s. Chris- 
tians of Colosse, a city of Phrygia in Asia 

COLOUR, (kul'-lur) n. s. The hue or ap- 
pearance of bodies to the eye only; the 
tint of the painter ; concealment ; pallia- 
tion ; pretence; false show. In the plural, 
a standard ; an ensign of war. 

To COLOUR, (kul'-lur) v. a. To mark with 


some hue ; to palliate ; to excuse ; to maks 

To COLOUR, (kul'-lur) v. n. To blush. 

COLOURABLE," (kul'-lur-a-ble) a. Speci- 
ous ; plausible. 

COLOURABLY, (kul'-lur-a-ble) ad. Spe- 

COLOURING, (kul'-lur-ing) n. s. The part 
of the painter's art that teaches to lay on 
his colours with propriety and beauty. 

COLOURIST, (kul'-lur-ist) n. s. A painter 
who excels in giving the proper colour*. 

COLOURLESS, (kul'-lur-les) a. Without 
colour ; transparent. 

COLSTAFF, (kol'-staf) n.s. A large staff, 
on which a burthen is carried between two 
on their shoulders. 

COLT, (kolt) n. s. A young horse. 

COLTS-FOOT, (kolts'-fut) n.s. A plant. 

COLTER, (kol'-ter) n. s. The sharp iron of 
a plough. 

COLTISH, (kolt'-ish) a. Wanton. 

COLU BRINE, (kol'-lu-brine) a. Relating 
to a serpent ; cunning ; crafty. 

COLUMBARY, (ko-lum'-ba-re) n. s. A 
dovecot ; a pigeon-house. 

COLUMBINE, (kol'-um-bine) n. s. A 
plant ; the name of a female character in a 

COLUMN, (kol'-lum) n. s. A cylindrical 
pillar ; the long file of troops of an army in 
its march ; one half of a page divided per- 

COLUMNAR, (ko-lum'-nar) ) 

COLUMNARIAN,' (kol-um-na'-re-an) S * 
Formed in columns. 

COLURES, (ko-lurez') n.s. In astronomy, 
Two great circles supposed to intersect each 
other at right angles in^ the poles of the 

COMA, (ko'-ma/) n. s. In medicine, A mor- 
bid disposition to sleep ; lethargy. 

COMATE, (ko-mate') 11. s. Companion. 

COMATOSE, "(koni-a-tose') a. Lethargick. 

COMB, (kome) n. s. An instrument to sepa- 
rate and adjust the hair ; the top or crest 
of a cock, from its indentures ; the cavities 
in which the bees lodge their honey ; a dry 
measure, four bushels. 

To COMB, (kome) v. a. To divide and ad- 
just the hair ; to lay anything smooth, by 
drawing it through narrow interstices ; as, 
to comb wool. 

COMB-BRUSH, (konie'-brush) n. s. A brush 
to clean combs. 

COMB-MAKER, (kome'-ma-ker) n.s. One 
who makes combs. 

To COMBAT, (kom'-bat) v. n. To fight ; to 
act in opposition. 

To COMBAT, (kom'-bat) v. a. To oppose ; 
to fight. 

COMBAT, (kom'-bat) n. s. Contest ; battle. 

COMBATANT, (kgm'-ba-tant) n. s. He that 
fights with another ; a champion. 

COMBATANT, (kgm'-ba-tant) a. Di-sposed 
to quarrel. 

COMBATER, (kom'-bat-er) n.s. He who 


Fate, far, fall, fa,t;— me, met; — pine, pin; — no, move, 


COMBER, (ko'-mer) n.s. He whose trade 
is to comb wool. 

COMBER, (kum-ber) n. s. Burdensome- 
ness ; trouble. 

COMBINABLE, (kom-bi'-na-bl) a, Capable 
of being united with. 

COMBINATE, (kom'-be-nate) a. Betrothed ; 

COMBINATION, (kom-be-na'-shun) n. s. 
Union ; association ; union of bodies, or 
qualities ; copulation of ideas in the mind. 
In mathematicks, The variation or altera- 
tion of any number of quantities, letters, 
sounds, or the like, in all different man- 

To COMBINE, (kom-bine) v. a. To join to- 
gether ; to link in union ; to settle by com- 

To COMBINE, (kom-bine',) v. n. To coa- 
lesce ; to agree ; to unite in friendship or 

COMBUST, (kom-bust') a. Burnt up. A 
term applied to a planet not above eight de- 
grees and a half distant from the sun. 

COMBUSTIBILITY, (kom-bus-te-bil'-e.-te) 
n. s. The quality of catching fire. 

COMBUSTIBLE, (kom-bus'-te.-bl) a. Sus- 
ceptible of combustion. 

COMBUSTIBLE, (kom-bus'-te-bl) n.s. A 
combustible material/ 

COMBUSTIBLENESS, (kom-bus'-te-bl-nes) 
n.s. Aptness to take fire. 

COMBUSTION, (kom-bus'-te-un) n.s. Con- 
flagration ; burning. 

To COME, (kum) v. n. Fret, came, particip. 
come; to draw near} to advance towaids ; 
to move in any manner towards another ; to 
advance from one stage or condition to an- 
other ; to become present, and no longer 
future ; to become present, no longer ab- 
sent ; to happen ; to fall out ; to befal as 
an event, or consequence, lo come about ; 
to come to pass, lo come again ; to return. 
To come after; to follow, lo come at; to 
reach ; to obtain. To come by ; to obtain ; 
to gain. To come in ; to enter ; to comply ; 
to yield ; to arrive at a port. To come in 
for; to be early enough to obtain. T& come 
in to; to join with; to comply with. To 
come near ; to approach ; to resemble in ex- 
cellence, lo come of; to proceed; as a 
descendant from ancestors, or as effects 
from their causes. To come off; to escape ; 
to end an affair. To come off j rom ; to leave ; 
to forbear. To come on ; to advance ; to 
make progress ; to advance to combat. To 
come over; to revolt, or join another side. 
To come out ; to be made publick ; to be dis- 
covered. To come out uith ; to give a vent 
to. To come round; to change; as, the 
wind came round. To come short ; to fail; 
to be deficient. To come to ; to consent or 
yield ; to amount to. To come to himself; 
to recover his senses. To come to pass ; to 
be effected : to happen. To come up to ; to 
amount to ; to rise ; to ad-\ ance. To come 
up with; to overtake. To come upon; to in- 
vade. To come; in futurity. 


COME, (kum) A particle of exhortation , 
be quick ; make no delay. 

COMEDIAN, (kpm-me'-de-an) n. s. A player 
of comick parts ; a player in general ; 
a writer of comedies. 

COMEDY, (kom'-me-de) n. s. A dramatick 
representation of the lighter faults of man- 

COMEL1LY, (kum'-le-le) ad. In a grace- 
ful or decent manner ; handsomely; with 

COMELINESS, (kum'-le-nes) n.s. Grace; 
beauty ; dignity. 

COMELY, (kum'-le) a. Graceful ; decent ; 
decent, according to propriety. 

COMER, (kum'-er) n. s. One that comes. 

COMESTIBLE, (kom-es'-te-bl) a. Eatable. 

COMET, (kgm'-et) n. s. A heavenly body 
in the planetary region appearing suddenly, 
and again disappearing ; and, during the 
time of its appearance, moving through its 
proper orbit, like a planet ; popularly called 
blazing stars, and are distinguished from 
other stars by a long train or tail of lights, 
always opposite to the sun. 

COMET, (ko-met') ». s. A game at cards. 

COMETARY, (kom'-me-ta-re) ) a. Relat- 

COMETICK, (ko-met'-ik/ ' £ ™g to a 

COMETOGRAPHY, (kom-et-og'-gra-fe) n.s. 
A description or treatise of comets. 

COMFIT, (kum'-fit) n. s. A dry sweetmeat. 

COMFIT U RE, (kum'-fe-ture) n.s. Sweet- 

To COMFORT, (kum'-furt) v. a. To 
strengthen; to enliven; to invigorate; to 

COMFORT, (kum'-furt) ih s. Support; 
countenance ; consolation; that which gives 

COMFORTABLE, (kum'-fur-t^-bl) a. Re- 
ceiving or susceptible of comfort ; cheerful ; 
dispensing comfort ; conducing to personal 

«. a. A state of comfort. 

COMFORTABLY, (kum'-fur-ta-ble) ad. 
In a comfortable manner; with cheerful- 

COMFORTER, (kum'-fur-ter) «. t. One 
that administers consolation ; the title of 
the Third Person <.f the Holy Trinity. 

COMFORTLESS, (kum'-furt-les) a . Want- 
ing comfort. 

COMICAL, (kom'-me-kal) a. Raising mirth ; 
merry ; relating to comedy. 

COMICALLY, (kgrn'-me-kal-le) a. In such 
a manner as raises mirth ; in a manner be- 
fitting comedy. 

COMICALNESS, (kpm'-me-kal-nes) n. s. 
The quality of being comical. 

COMICK, (kom'-ik) a. Relating to comedy ; 
raising mirth. 

COM1JN G, (kum'-ing) n. s. The act of com- 
ing ; approach ; state of being come ; arri- 

COMING-IN, (kum-ing-in) n. s. Revenue ; 
income ; submission ; act of yielding. 

net ; — tube, tub, by 11 ; — oil ;— p^yndj^— thin, 



COMING, (kum'-raing) part. a. Fond ; for- 
ward ; future ; to come. 

COM1TIAL, (ko-mish'-al) a. Relating to 
the comitia, assemblies of the Romans ; re- 
lating to an order of presbyterian assem- 

COMITY, (kom -e-te) n. s. Courtesy ; civi- 

COMMA, (kom'-ma) n.s. The point which 
notes the distinction of clauses, and order 
of construction in the sentence, marked 
thus [,] ; a term used in theoretical musick, 
to shew the exact proportions between con- 

To COMMAND, (kom-mand') v. a. To 
govern ; to order ; to direct to be done ; to 
overlook ; to lead a3 a general. 

To COMMAND, (kom-mand') v. n. To have 
the supreme authority. 

COMMAND, (kom-mand') n. s. The right 
of commanding ; power ; cogent authority : 
the act of commanding ; the order given ; 
the power of overlooking. 

COMMANDANT, (kom-man-dant') n.s. A 
chief, commanding a place or a body of 

COMMANDATORY, (kom-man'-da-tur-e) 
a. Having the full force of command. 

COMMANDER, (kom-man'-der) n. s. He 
that has the supreme authority. 

COMMANDERY, (kom-man'-der-re) n. s. 
A body of the knights belonging to the same 
nation ; the residence of a body of knights. 

COMMANDING, (kom-mand'-ing) a. Or- 
dering ; overlooking ; powerful ; dignified 
in demeanour. 

COMMANDMENT, (kom-mand'-ment) n. s. 
Mandate ; command ; authority ; especially 
applied to the precepts of the decalogue 
given by God to Moses. 

COMMATERIAL. (kpm-ma-te'-re-al) a. 
Consisting of the same matter. 

COMMATERIAL1TY, (kom-ma-te-re-al'-e- 
te) n. s. Participation of the same matter. 

COMMEASURABLE, (kora-mezh'-u-ra-bl) 
a. Reducible to the same measure. 

COMMEMORABLE, (kom-mem'-mo-ra-bl) 
«. Worthy to be kept in remembrance. 

To COMMEMORATE, (kpm-mem'-mo-rate) 
v. a. To preserve the memory by some 
publick act. 

COMMEMORATION, (kom-mem-mo-ra'- 
shun) n. s. An act of publick celebration. 

COMMEMORATIVE, (kom-mem'-nio-ra- 
tiv) a. Tending to preserve memory of 

COMMEMORATORY, (kpm-mem'-mo-ra- 
tur-e) a. Preserving the memory of. 

To COMMENCE, (kpm-mense') v. n. To 

To COMMENCE, (kom-mense') v. a. To 
begin ; as, to commence a suit. 

COMMEN CEMENT, (kom-mense'-ment) 
n.s. Beginning; date; the first Tuesday 
in July at Cambridge, when masters of 
arts, and doctors, complete their degrees. 

To COMTMEND, (kom-mend') v.a. To re- 
present as worthy ; to praise ; to represent 


as worthy of notice ; to mention with ap- 
probation ; to recommend to remembrance. 

COMMENDABLE, (kom-men'-da-bl) a. 
Laudable ; worthy of praise. 

COMMENDABLENESS, (kom-men'-da-bl- 
nes) n. s. State of being commendable. 

COMMEND ABLY, (kom-men'-da-ble) ad. 

COMMEN DAM, (kom-men'-dam) ». s. A 
benefice, which, being void, is commended 
to the charge and care of some sufficient 
clerk to be supplied until it be conveniently 
provided of a pastor. 

COMMENDATARY, (kom-men'-da-ta-re) 
n.s. One who holds a living in commen- 

COMMENDATION, (kom-men-da'-shun) 
n. s. Recommendation ; praise ; ground of 
praise ; message of love. 

COMMENDATOR, (kprn-men-da'-tur) n. s. 
Secular persons upon whom ecclesiastical 
benefices are bestowed ; so called because 
the benefices were commended and entrusted 
to their oversight, not as proprietors, but as 

COMMENDATORY, (kom-men'-da-tur-re) 
a. Favourably representative ; delivering 
up with pious hope ; holding in commen- 

COMMENSAL, (kom-men'-sal) a. Eating 
at the same table with another. 

COMMEN SAL1TY, (kom-men-sal'-e-te) «.?. 
Fellowship of table. 

COMMENSATION, (kom-men-sa'-shun) 
n. s. Eating at the same table. 

COMMENSU LABILITY, (kom-men-su-r^- 
bil'-e-te) n. ». Capacity of being compared 
with another, as to the measure ; or of be- 
ing measured by another. 

COMMENSURABLE, (kom-men'-sii-ra-bl) 
a. Reducible to some common measure ; 
as a yard and a foot are measured by an 

COMMENSURABLENESS, (kom-men'-sii- 
ra-bl-nes) n. s. Commensurability ; pro- 

To COMMENSURATE, (kem-men'-su-rate) 
v.a. To reduce to some common measure. 

COMMENSURATE, (kom-m.en'-su-rate) a. 
Reduced to some common measure ; equal ; 

COMMENSURATELY, (kgrn-men'-su-rate- 
le) ad. With the capacity of measuring, 
or being measured by. 

COMMENSUBATION, (kom-men-su-ra'- 
shun) n. s. Reduction to some common 
measure ; proportion. 

To COMMENT, (kpm'-ment) v. n. To an- 
notate ; to write notes upon an author ; to 
expound ; to explain ; to make remarks. 

To COMMENT, (kom'-ment) v.a. To ex- 

COMMENT, (kom'-ment) n. s. Annotations; 
notes ; expl: nation ; exposition ; remarks ; 

COMMEN TAPvY, (kom'-men-ta-re) n.s. An 
exposition ; bcok of annotations or •«- 
marks ; narrative in familiar mmner. 


Fate, far.. fall, fat 

mc, met ; — pine, pin ; — no, move 


COMMENTATOR, (kgrn-men-ta'-tur) n. s. 
Expositor ; aimotator. 

COMMENTER, (kom'-ment-er) n. s. One 
that writes comments. 

COMMERCE, (kom'-merse) n. s. Inter- 
course ; exchange of one thing for another ; 
trade ; traffick ; common or familiar inter- 
course ; a game at cards. 

To COMMERCE, (kgm-merse') v. n. To 
traffick ; to hold intercourse with. 

COMMERCIAL, (kgm-mer'-shal) a. Re- 
lating to commerce or traffick. 

COMMERCIALLY, (kgm-mer'-shal-le) ad. 
In a commercial view. 

7b COMMIGRA1E, (kom'-me-grate) v. n. 
To remove in a body from one country to 

COMMIGRATION, (kom-me-gra'-shun) n.s, 
A removal of a body of people from one 
country to another. 

COMMINATION, (kom-me-na'-shun) n. s. 
threat ; a denunciation of punishment ; the 
recital of God's threatenings on stated days. 

COMMINATORY, (kgm-min'-na-tur-e) " a. 
Denunciatory ; threatening. 

To COMMINGLE, (kgm-ming'-gl) v. a. To 
mix into one mass ; to blend. 

To COMMINGLE, (kom-ming'-gl) v. n. To 
unite one with another. 

To COMMINUATE, (kom-min'-u-ate) v. a. 
To grind. / 

COMM1NUIBLE, (kom-min'-u-e-bl) a. 

• Frangible ; reducible to powder. 

To COMMINUTE, (kom'-me-nute) v. a. To 
grind ; to pulverise. 

COMMINUTION, (kom-me-nu-shun) n. s. 
Grinding ; pulverisation ; attenuation. 

COM MISERABLE, (kgm-miz'-er-a-bl) a. 
Worthy of compassion ; pitiable. 

To COMMISERATE, (kgin-iniz'-er-ate) v. a. 
To pity. 

COMMISERATION, (kgin-miz-er-a -shun) 
n. s. Pity ; compassion. 

COMMISERATIVE, (kgm-miz'-er-a-tiv) a. 

COMM1SERAT1VELY, (kgm-miz'-er-a-tiv- 
le) ad. Out of compassion. 

COMMISERATOR, (kgm-miz'-er-a-tur) n.s. 
He who has compassion. 

COMMISSARIAT, (kom-mis-sa'-re-at) n. s. 
Those attending an army, who are com- 
missioned to regulate the procuration and 
conveyance of ammunition or provision. 

COMMISSARISH1P, (kom'-mis-sa-re-ship) 
n. s. The office of a commissary. 

COMMISSARY, (kgm'-mis-sa-re) n.s. An 
officer made occasionally for a certain pur- 
pose ; a delegate ; a deputy ; an ecclesias- 
tical officer who exercises spiritual jurisdic- 
tion in remote parts of the diocese ; an officer 
attending the army, who inspects musters, 
and regulates provision or ammunition. 

COMMISSION, (kom-mish'-un) n. s. The 
act of entrusting anything; a trust; a war- 
rant ; a warrant by which a military officer 
is constituted' charge; mandate; office; 
employment ; act of committing a crime ; 
perpetration ; a number of people joined in 


a trust or office ; the order by which a fac- 
tor trades for another person. 

To COMMISSION, (kom-mish'-un) v.a. To 
empower ; to appoint ; to send with man- 
date or authority. 

COMMISSIONAL, (kom-mish'-un-al) \ 

COMMISSIONARY, (kgrn-mish'-un-a-re) $ 
a. Appointing by a warrant. 

To COMMISSIONATE, (kom-mish'-un-ate) 
v. a. To commission. 

COMMISSIONER, (kom-mish'-un-er) n.s. 
One included in a warrant of authority. 

COMMISSURE, (kgm-mis'-ure) n. s. Joint ; 
a place where one part is joined to another. 

To COMMIT, (kom-mit') v. a. To intrust ; 
to put in any place to be kept safe ; to 
send to prison ; to perpetrate ; to be guilty 
of a crime ; to expose ; to venture ; to 

COMMITMENT, (kom-mit'-ment) u. s. Im- 
prisonment ; an order for sending to prison, 
A parliamentary expression, when a bill is 
referred to a committee. 

COMMITTEE, (kom-mit'-te) n. s. Those to 
whom the consideration or ordering of any 
matter is referred ; the person to whom the 
care of an idiot or iunatick is committed. 
In the last sense the accent is on the last 

COMMITTEESHIP, (kom-mit'-te-ship) n.s. 
The office and profit of committees. 

COMMITTER, (kom-mit'-ter) n.s. Perpe- 
trator ; he that commits. 

COMMITTIBLE, (kom-mit'-te -bl) a. Liable 
to be committed. 

To COMMIX, (kom-miks') v. a. To mingle ; 
to blend. 

To COMMIX, (kom-miks') v. n. To unite. 

COMMIXION (kom-mik'-shun) n.s. Mix- 

COMMIXTION, (kom-mikst-yun) n. s. Mix- 
ture ; incorporation. 

COMMIXTURE, (kqn -miks'-tare) n.s. The 
act of mingling ; the state of being mingled , 
composition ; compound. 

COMMODIOUS, (kgm-mo'-de-us) a. Con- 
venient : suitable ; useful ; suited to wants 
or necessities. 

COMMODIOUSLY, (kom-mo'-de-us-le) ad. 
Conveniently ; suitably. 

COMMODIOUSNESS, (kgm-rro'-de-us-nes) 
n. s. Convenience ; advantage. 

COMMODITY, (kom-mgd'-e-te) n. s. In- 
terest ; advantage ; profit ; convenience ; 
wares; merchandise. 

COMMODORE, (kgm-mo-dore') n.s. The 
captain who commands a squadron of ships ; 
a temporary admiral ; a select ship in a fleet 
of merchantmen, which leads the van in the 
time of war. 

n. s. Measure ; agreement. 

COMMON, (kgm'-mun) a. Belonging equally 
to more than one ; having no possessor or 
owner ; vulgar ; mean ; of no rank ; of little, 
value ; not scarce ; publick ; general ; serv- 
ing the use of all ; frequent ; usual ; ordi- 
nary. In grammar, Such verbs as signify 

-tube, tub, bull ; — oil ; — pyund ;— r/<in, THis. 



both action and passion are called common ; 
and such nouns as are both masculine and 
COMMON, (kom'-mun) n. s. An open 

ground equally used by many persons. 
In COMMON, (kom'-mun) Equally to be 
participated by a certain number ; equally 
with another ; indiscriminately. In law, A 
distinction of tenancy. 

To COMMON, (kom'-mun) v. n. To have 
a joint right with otbers in some common 

COMMON-COUNCIL, (kom'-mun-koun'- 
sil) n. s. A court in the city of London, 
composed of a certain number of citizens. 

COMMON LAW, (kom'-mun -law') n. s. 
Contains those customs which have, by long 
prescription, obtained tbe force of laws. It 
is distinguished from the statute law, whicb 
owes its authority to acts of parliament. 

COMMON PLEAS, (kom'-mun-pleez') n. s. 
The king's court, now held in Westminster- 
hall, but anciently moveable. All civil cases 
are, or were formerly, tried in this court, 
according to the strict laws of the realm. 

COMMONABLE, (kom'-mun-a-bl) a. Held 
in common ; allowable to be turned on the 

COMMONAGE, (kom'-mun-aje) n.s. The 
right of feeding on a common. 

COMMONALTY, (kom'-mun-al-te) n. s. 
The common people ; the people of the 
lower rank ; the bulk of mankind. 

COMMONER, (kom'-un-er) n. s. One of 
the common people ; a man not noble ; a 
member of the house of commons ; one who 
has a joint right in common ground ; a stu- 
dent of the second rank at the university of 
Oxford ; a partaker. 

COMMONITION, (kom-mo-nish'-un) n. s. 
Advice ; warning, 

COMMONITIVE, (kom-mon'-e-tiy) «. Ad- 
vising ; warning. 

COMMONLY, (koV-mun-le) ad. Frequent- 
ly ; usually ; jointly. 

COMMONNESS, (kom'-mun-nes) n.s. Equal 
participation among many ; frequency. 

COMMONPLACE, (kom-mun'-plase) n. s. 
A memorandum ; an ordinary or common 

bpok) n. s. A book in which things to be 
remembered are ranged under general heads. 

COMMONS, (kom'-munz) n. s. In the gene- 
ral sense, the whole people of England, in 
distinction from the nobility ; but in the 
more usual acceptation, the body of knights, 
burgesses, 6cc. who represent the commons 
in parliament. Diet which is eaten in com- 

COMMON-WEAL (kom-mun-weel') n. 5. 
The publick good, or thing most consulted 
by general laws. 

COMMONWEALTH, (kom'-mun-weh/i) n.s. 
That form of government in which the ad- 
ministration of publick affairs is open or 
common to all or many persons, without 
special regard to rank or property, as dis- 


tinguished from monarchy or aristocracy *, 
the community at large ; the publick good. 
COMMORANCE, (kom'-mo-rause) ) 
COMMORANCY, (k'om'-mo-ran-se) J n * *' 

Dweliing ; habitation. 
COMMORANT, (kom'-mo-rant) a. Resi- 
dent ; dwelling. 
COMMORATION, (kom-mo-ra'-shun) n.s. 

A staying or tarrying. 
COMMOTION, (kom-mo'-slmn) n.s. Tu- 
mult ; disturbance ; perturbation ; disorder 
of mind ; restlessness. 
COMMOTIONER, (kom-mo'-shun-er) n. s. 

One that causes commotions. 
TbCOMMOVE, (kom-moove') v. a. To dis- 
turb ; to agitate. 
To COMMUNE, (kom-mune') v. n. To con- 
verse ; to talk together. 
COMMUN1CABIL1TY, (kom-mu'-ne-ka- 
bil'-e-te) n. s. The quality of being com- 
COMMUNICABLE, (kom-mu'-ne-ka-bl) a. 
That which may become the possession of 
more than one ; that which may be recount- 
ed or imparted. 
COMMUNICABLENESS, (kom-mu'-ne-ka- 
bl-ness) n. s. The quality of being commu- 
COMMUNICANT, (kom-mu'-ne-kant) w. s. 
One who participates of the sacrament of 
the Lord's Supper. 
To COMMUNICATE, (kom-mu'-ne-kate) 
v. a. To impart to others what is in our 
own power to bestow ; to reveal : to partici- 
To COMMUNICATE,(kom-mu'-ne-kate) v. n. 
To partake of the blessed sacrament ; to 
have something in common with another. 
COMMUNICATION, (kom-mu-ne-ka'-shun) 
n.s. The act of imparting ; common boun- 
dary or inlet ; interchange of knowledge ; 
conference ; conversation ; participation of 
the blessed sacrament. 
COMMUNICATIVE, (kgrn-mu'-ne-ka-tiv) u. 
Inclined to make advautages common ; 
liberal of knowledge ; not selfish. 
tiv-nes) n. s. Being communicative ; or im- 
parting benefits. 

a. Imparting knowledge. 
COMMUNION, (kom-mune'-yun) n. s. In- 
tercourse ; fellowship ; common possession ; 
interchange of transactions ; the celebration 
of the Lord's Supper ; a common or pub- 
lick act ; union in the common worship of 
any church. 
COMMUNITY, (kom-mu'-ne-te) n. s. The 
common wealth ; the body politick ; com- 
mon possession. 
COMMUTABILIT Y, ( kom-mu- ta-bi.l'-e-te) 

11. s. Being capable of exchange. 
COMMUTABLE, (kom-mu'-ta-bl) a. Capa- 
ble of being exchanged. 
COMMUTATION, (kom-mu-ta'-shun) v. s. 
Change ; alteration ; exchange ; ransom ; 
exchanging a corporal for a pecuniar)' 


Fate ; far, fg.ll, fat ;-me, met ; — pine, pjn ; — no, move, 


COMMUTATIVE, (kom-nm'-t^-tw; a. Re- 
lating to exchange 

COMMUTATIVELY, (kom-mu -ta-tiv-le) 
ad. In the way of exchange. 

To COMMUTE, (kom-mute') v. a. To ex- 
change ; to buy off, or ransom one obli- 
gation by another. 

To COMMUTE, (kom-mute') v. n. 1 o bar- 
gain for exemption. 

COMMUTUAL, (kom-mu'-tu-al) a. Mutual; 

COMPACT, (kom'-pakt) re. s. A contract ; 
an accord ; an agreement. 

To COMPACT, (kgrn-pakt') v. a. To join 
together with firmness ; to league ; to join 

COMPACT, (kom-pakt') a. Firm; solid; 
composed; consisting; joined; held to- 
gether ; brief, and well connected. 

COMPACTEDLY, (kom-pak'-ted-le) ad. 

COMP A CTEDNESS, (kom-pak'-ted-nes) 
re. s. Firmness ; density. 

COMPACTIBLE, (kom-pak'-te-bl) a. That 
may be joined. 

COMPACTLY, (kom-pakt'-le) ad. Closely ; 
densely ; with neat joining. 

COMPACTNESS, (kom-pakt'-nes) it. 4. 
Firmness ; closeness. 

COMPACTURE, (kom-pak'-ture) n. s. 
Structure ; compagination. 

COMPAGES, (kom-pa'-jes) n. s. A system 
of many parts united. 

To COMPAGINATE, (kom-pad'Je-nate) v. a. 
To set together that which is broken. 

COMPAGINATION, (kom-pad-je-na'-shun) 
n. s. Union ; structure. 

COMPANIABLE, (kpm'-pa-ne-a-bl) a. So- 

COMPANION, (kom-pan'-yun) n. s. One 
with whom a man frequently converses ; a 
partner ; an associate. In heraldry, A term 
applied to knights of some orders, in dis- 
tinction from commander, &c. 

COMPANIONABLE, (kom-pan'-yun-a-bl) 
a. Social ; agreeable. , 

COMPANIONABLENESS, (kom-pan'-vun- 
a-bl-nes) n. s. Sociableness. 

COMP ANION ABLY, (kom-pan'-yun-a-ble) 
ad. In a companionable manner. 

COMPANIONSHIP, (kom-pan'-yun-ship) 
n. s. Company ; train ; fellowship ; as- 

COMPANY, (kum'-pa-ne) re. s. Persons 
assembled together ; an assembly of plea- 
sure ; conversation ; fellowship ; a number 
of persons united for the execution of any- 
thing ; a band ; a society or corporate body, 
such as chartered companies of tradesmen ; 
persons united in a joint trade or partner- 
ship ; a body corporate ; a subordinate cor- 
poration ; a subdivision of a regiment of 
foot. To bear Company, To keep Company, 
To associate with. 

COMPARABLE, (kom'-pa ra-bl) a. Worthy 
to be compared. 

COMPARABLY, (kom'-pa-ra-ble) ad. In 
a manner worthy to be compared. 


COMPARATES, (kom'-p^-rates) re. s. In 
logick.The two things compared to one an- 

COMPARATION, (kom-pa-ra'-shun) n. t. 

COMPARATIVE, (kom-par'-a-tiv) a. Esti- 
mated by comparison ; having the power 
of comparing different things. In gram- 
mar, The second degree of comparison, as 
better, the middle degree between good and 

COMPARATIVELY, (kgm-par'-a-tiy-le) ad. 
In a state of comparison. 

To COMPARE, (kom-pare') v. a. To make 
one thing the measure of another. 

COMPARE, (kom-pare') n. s. The state of 
being compared ; comparison ; simile ; simi- 

COMPARER, (kom-pa-rer) n. s. He who 
makes a comparison. 

COMPARISON, (kom-par'-e-zon) n. s. The 
act of comparing ; the state of being com- 
pared ; a comparative estimate ; a simile 
in writing or speaking ; the formation of an 
adjective through its various degrees of sig- 
nification ; as, strong, stronger, strongest. 

To COMPART, (kom-part') v. a. To divide ; 
to mark out a general design into various 
parts and subdivisions. 

COMPART, (kom-part') n. 5. Member. 

COMPARTIMENT,**(kom-part'-e-ment) n. $. 
A division of picture or design. 

COMPART1TION, (kom-par-tish'-un) n. s. 
The act of dividing ; the parts marked out 
or separated. 

COMPARTMENT, (kom-part'-ment) n. s. 
Division ; separate part of a design. 

To COMPASS, (kum'-pas) v. a. To encircle ; 
to environ ; to walk round anything ; to 
beleaguer ; to besiege ; to grasp ; to in- 
close in the arms ; to obtain ; to procure ; 
to attain ; to take measures preparatory to 
anything ; as, to compass the death of the 

COMPASS, (kum'-pas) n.s. A circle; ex- 
tent ; reach ; grasp ; space ; 100m ; enclo- 
sure ; circumference ; moderate space ; due 
limits ; the power of the voice in musick ; 
the instrument with which circles are drawn, 
generally compasses. Mariners compass, the 
instrument composed of a magnetic needle 
and card, whereby ships are steered. 

COMPASSION, (kom-pash'-un) re.*. Pity; 

COMPASSIONABLE, (kom-pash'-un-a-bl) 
a. Deserving of compassion. 

COMPASSIONARY, (kom-pash'-un-a-re) a. 

COMPASSIONATE, (kom-pash'-un-ate) «. 
Inclined to pity ; merciful ; exciting com- 

To COMPASSIONATE, (kom-pash'-un-ate) 
v. a. To pity ; to commiserate. 

COMPASSIONATELY, (kom-pash'-un-ate - 
le) ad. Mercifully ; tenderly. 

COMPASSIONATENESS, (kom-pash -un- 
ate-nes) n. s. State or quality of being 

not; — tube, tub, bull; — ouj — pound; — thin, mis 



COMPATERNITY, (kgm-pa-ter'-ne-te) n.s. 
The relation of godfather. 

COMPATIBILITY, (kgm-pat-e-bil'-e-te) n, *. 
Consistency ; agreement with anything. 

COMPATIBLE, (kgm-pat'-e-bl) a. Suitable 
to ; fie for ; consistent ; agreeable. 

COMPATIBLENESS, (kgm-pat'-e-bl-nes) 
n.s. Consistency. 

COMPATIBLY, (kom-pat'-e-b!e) ad. Fitly j 

COMPATIENT, (kgm-pa'-shent) a. Suffer- 
ing together. 

COMPATRIOT, (kom-pa'-tre-ut) n.s. One 
of the same country. 

COMPATRIOT, (kg .i-pa'-tre-ut) a. Of the 
same country. 

COMPEER, (kom-peer') ?i.s. An equal ; a 

To COMPEER, (kgm-peer') v. a. To be equal 
with ; to mate. 

To COMPEL, (kgm-pel') v. a. To force to 
some act ; to oblige ; to constrain. 

COMPELLABLE, (kgm-pel'-la~bl) a. Ca- 
pable of being forced. 

COMPELLATION, (kgm'-pel-la'-shun) n. s. 
The style of address ; the word of saluta- 
tion ; as, sir, madam, &c, 

COMPELLER, (kom-pel'-ler) n. s. He that 
forces another. 

a. Short ; contracted. 

ToCOMPENDIATE,(kom-pen'-de-ate) v a 
to sum together ; to comprehend. 

COMPENDIOUS,'(kgm-pen - de-us) a. Short ; 
summary ; abridged. 

Shortly ; in epitome. 

COMPENDIOUSNESS, (kom-pen'- de-us- 
nes) n. s. Shortness ; brevity. 

COMPENDIUM, (kgm-pen'-de-um) n. s. 
Abridgement ; summary. 

COMPENSABLE, (kgm-pen'-sa-bl) a. Sus- 
ceptible of recompence. 

To COMPENSATE, (kom-pen'-sate) v. a. 
To recompense ; to make amends for. 

COMPENSATION, (kgm-pen-sa'-shiyn) n. s. 
Recompense ; amends. 

COMPENSATIVE, (kgm-pen'-sa-tiv) a. Of 
a compensating nature. 

COMPENSATORY, (kgm-pen'-sa-tur-e) a. 
Making amends. 

To COMPENSE, (kom-pense') v. a. To com- 
pensate ; to be equivalent to ; to recom- 

COMPETENCE, (kom'-pe-tense) ) n. s. 

COMPETENCY, (kgm'-pe-ten-se) ] Suf- 
ficiency without superfluity ; a fortune equal 
to the conveniences of life ; the power or 
capacity of a judge, or court, to take cogni- 
sance of an affair. 

COMPETENT, (kgm'-pe-tent) a. Suitable ; 
fit ; adapted to any purpose ; reasonable ; 
moderate ; qualified ; fit. 

COMPETENTLY, (kqm'-pe-teut-le) ad. 
Adequately j properly ; reasonably ; mode- 

COMPETIBLE, (kgm-pet'-e-bl) a. Suitable 
to : consistent with. 


COMPETLBLENESS, (kom-pet'-e-bl-nes; 
n. s. Suitableness ; fitness. 

COMPETITION, (kgm-pe-tish'-un) n. s. 
Rivalry ; contest ; double claim. 

COMPETITOR, (kgm-pet'-e-tur; n.s. A 
rival ; an opponent. 

COMPILATION (kgm-pe-la'-shun) n. s. A 
collection from various authors ; an assem- 

COMPILATOR, (kom-pe-la'-tur) n.s. A 

To COMPILE, (kom-pile') v. a. To draw up 
from various authors ; to write ; to com- 
pose ; to make up ; to put together ; to 

COMPILEMENT, (kom-pile'-ment) n.s. 
Coacervation ; the matter heaped up ; piling 

COMPILER, (kgm-pi'-ler) n. s. One who 
frames a composition from various authors. 

COMPLACENCE, (kom-pla'-sense) } n. s. 

COMPLACENCY, (kgm-pla'-sen-se) } Plea- 
sure ; satisfaction ; civility ; complaisance ; 

COMPLACENT, (kgm-pla'-sent) a. Civil; 

COMPLACENTLY, (kgm-pla'-sent-le) ad. 
In a soft or easy manner. 

To COMPLAIN, (kgm-p!ane') v. n. To 
mention with sorrow or resentment ; to 
murmur ; to lament ; to bewail ; to inform 

COMPLAINABLE, (kom-pla'-na-bl) a. To 
be complained of. 

COMPLAINANT, (kgm-pia'-nant) n. s. One 
who urges a suit. 

COMPLAINER, (kgm-pla'-ner) n. s. One 
who complains; a murmurer. 

COMPLAINING, (kgm-pla'-ning) n.s. Ex- 
pression of sorrow or injury. 

COMPLAINT, (kom-p!ant') n.s. Repre- 
sentation of pains or injuries ; the cause of 
complaint ; a malady ; a disease ; remon- 
strance against ; information against. 

COMPLA1NFUL, (kgm-plane'-ful) a. Full 
of complaint. 

COMPLAISANCE, (kgm-pla'-zanse) n.s. 
Civility ; courteousness ; desire of pleasing. 

COMPLAISANT, (kgm-pla-zant',) a. Civil ; 
courteous; desirous to please. 

COMPLAISANTLY, (kom-pla-zant'-le) ad. 

COMPLAISANTNESS, (kgm-pla-zant'-nes) 
n. s. The state of being complaisant ; 

To COMPLANATE, (kom-pla'-nate) iv. a. 

To COMPLANE, (kgm-plane'') ' \ To 
level ; to reduce to a fiat surface . 

COMPLEAT. See Complete. 

COMPLEMENT, (kom'-ple-ment) n.s. Per- 
fection ; completion ; complete set; the full 
quantity or number. In geometry, The term 
applied to the two smaller parallelograms ; 
formed by drawing two right lines through 
a larger : Complement of an are; what an 
arc wants of 90° , or the quadrant, cf a cir- 
cle : Complement of an angU ; what an acute 
angle wants to make it a right angle. 


Fate, far, fall, fat ;— me, met; — pine, pin; — no, move, 


Complement of the curtain, In fortification, 
That part in the interiour side of it which 
makes the demigorge : Arithmetical comple- 
ment of a logtrithtn ; is what the logarithm 
wants of 10,000,000. 

COMPLEMENTAL, (kom-pie-men'-tal) a. 

COMPLETE, (kom-plete') a. Perfect ; full; 
finished ; ended. 

To COMPLETE, (kom-plete') v. a. To per- 
fect ; to finish. 

COMPLETELY, (kgm-plete'-le) ad. Fully ; 

COMPLETEMENT, (kom-plete'-ment) n. s. 
The act of completing. 

COMPLETENESS, (kgm-plete'-nes) n. s. 

COMPLETION, (kom-ple'-shun) n. s. Ac- 
complishment ; act of fulfilling ; utmost 
height ; perfect state. 

COMPLETIVE, (kgm-ple'-tiv) a. Making 

COMPLETOIIY, (kom-ple'-tur-e) a. Full- 

COMPLEX, (kom'-pleks) }a. Intricate; 

COMPLEXED,'(koni-pleksi') S complicated ; 
of many parts ; not simple. 

COMPLEX, (kom'-pleks) n. s. Complica- 
tion : collection. 

COMPLEXEDNESS, (kgm-plek'-sed-nes) 
n. s. Complication ; involution of many 
parts in one integral. 

COMPLEXION, (kom-plek'-shun) ji.s. The 
involution of one thing in another ; the 
colour of the external parts of any hody ; 
the temperature of the body. 

COMPLEXIONAL, (kom-plek'-shun-al) a. 
Depending on the complexion or tempera- 

COMPLEXIONALLY, (kom-plek'-shun-al- 
le) a. By complexion. 

COMPLEXION ARY, (kom-plek'-shun-a-re) 
a. Relating to the care of the complexion. 

COMPLEXITY, (kom-pleks'-e-te) n. s. The 
state of being complex. 

COMPLEXLY, (kgm'-pleks-le) ad. In a/ 
complex manner ; involved. 

COMPLEXNESS, (kom'-pleks-nes) n. s. The 
state of being complex. 

COMPLEXURE, (kgm-plek'-shur) n , s . The 
involution or complication of one thing with 

COMPLIABLE, (kom-pli'-a-bl) a. Capable 
of bending or yielding. 

COMPLIANCE", (koni-pli'-anse) n. s. The 
act of yielding to any desire ; submission ; a 
disposition to yield to others ; complaisance. 

COMPLIANT, "(kgm-pli'-ant) a. Yielding; 
bending : civil ; complaisant. 

To COMPLICATE, (kom'-ple-kate) v. a. 
To entangle one with another ; to join ; to 

COMPLICATE, (kom'-ple-kate) a. Com- 
pounded of a multiplicity of parts. 

COMPLICATELY, (kom'-ple-kate-le)a</. In 
a complicated manner. 

COMPLTCATENESS, (kom'-ple-kate-nes) 
n. s. Intricacy ; perplexity. 


COMPLICATION, (kom-ple-ka'-shun) n. s. 
The involving of one thing into another , 
the state of being involved; the integral 
consisting of many things involved, per- 
plexed, and united. 

COMPLIES, (kom-pli'-er) n. s. A man of 
an easy temper. 

COMPLIMENT, (kom'-ple-ment) n. s. An 
act, or expression of civility, usually under- 
stood to mean less than it declares. 

To COMPLIMENT, (kgm-ple-ment') v. a. 
To sooth with expressions of respect ; to 
flatter ; to praise. 

To COMPLIMENT, (kgm-ple-ment') v. n. 
To use adulatory language. 

COMPLIMENTAL, (kom-ple-men'-tal) a. 
Implying or using compliments. 

COMPLIMEN TALLY. (kom'-ple-men'-ta> 
le) ad. In the nature of a compliment. 

COMPLIMENTER, (kom'-ple-men-ter) n. s. 
One given to compliments ; a flatterer. 

To COMPLORE, (kom-plore') v. n. To la- 
ment together. 

COMPLOT, (kom-plot') n. s. A confederacy 
in some secret plot. 

To COMPLOT, (kom-plot') v. n. To form a 
plot ; to conspire. 

COMPLOTMENT, (kom-plgt'-ment) n. s 

COMPLOTTER, (kgm-plgt'-ter) n. s. A 

To COMPLY, fkgm-pli') v. n. To yield to ; 
to accord with. 

To COMPONDERATE, (kgm-pon'-der-ate) 
v. a. To weigh together. 

COMPONENT, (kgm-po'-nent) a. That 
which constitutes the compound body. 

To COMPORT, (kgm-port') v. n. To agree ; 
to suit ; to bear. 

To COMPORT, (kgm-port') v. a. To bear ; 
to endure ; to behave. 

COMPORT, (kgm'-port) n. s. Behaviour , 

COMPORTABLE, (kgm-por'-ta-bl) a. Con 
sistent ; not contradictory. 

COMPORTANCE, (kgm-por'-tanse) n. s. 
Behaviour; bearing gesture of ceremony. 

COMPORT ATION, (kgm-pgr-ta'-shun) n. s. 
An assemblage. 

COMPORTMENT, (kgm-port'-ment) n. s. 
Behaviour ; mien ■ demeanour. 

To COMPOSE, (kgm-poze') v. a. To form a 
mass by joining different things together; 
to place anything in its proper form ; to 
put together a discourse or sentence ; to 
write as an author ; to form a tune from 
the different musical notes ; to constitute 
by being parts of a whole ; to calm ; to 
quiet ; to adjust ; to settle ; as, to compose a 
difference ; with printers, to arrange the 
letters in the composing stick. 

COMPOSED, (kom-pozd') part. a. Calm ; 

COMPOSEDLY, (kom-po'-zed-le) ad. Calm- 
ly; sedately. 

COMPOSEDNESS, (kom-po'-zed-nes) w. s. 
Sedaten-ess ; tranquillity. 

COMPOSER, (kgm-po -zer) n. s. An author ; 

N .yt . — tube, tub, bull ; — oil ;. pound; — thin, Tnis. 



a writer ; he that forms a tune ; one who 
composes or adjusts a thing. 
COMPOSITE, (kom-poz'-it) a. An order 
in architecture, the last of the five orders of 
columns; so named because its capital is 
composed out of those of the other orders. 
COMPOSITION, (kom-po-zish'-un) n. s. 
The act of forming an integral of various 
dissimilar parts ; the act of bringing simple 
ideas into complication, opposed to ana- 
lysis ; a mass formed of different ingre- 
dients ; union ; conjunction ; combination ; 
the arrangement of various figures in a pic- 
ture ; a written work ; adjustment ; regula- 
tion , compact ; agreement. In law, A 
part of a debt accepted in discharge of the 
whole. In grammar, The joining of two 
words together, or the prefixing a particle 
to another word, to augment, diminish, or 
change its signification. In mathematicks, 
The synthetical mode of demonstration, 
which is the reverse of the analytical 
method, or of resolution. In musick, A 
piece composed according to the rules of 
COMPOSITIVE, (kom-pgz -e-t.iv) a. Com- 
pounded; or having the power of com- 
COMPOSITOR, (kcm-poz'-e-tur) n. s. He 
that ranges and adjusts the types in print- 
COMPOST, (kom'-post) n. s. A mixture of 
various substances for enriching the ground ; 
manure; any mixture or composition. 
COMPOSURE, (kom-po'-zhure) n.s. The 
act of composing or inditing ; arrangement ; 
combination ; frame ; make ; adjustment ; 
composition; framed discourse ; sedate- 
COMPOTATION, (kom-po-ta'-shun) n. s. 

Drinking or tippling together. 
COMPOTATOR, (kom-po-ta'-tur) n. s. One 

who drinks with another. 
To COMPOUND, (kom-pound') v. a. To 
mingle ingredients in one mass ; to form 
by uniting various parts ; to combine ; to 
form one word from two or more words ; to 
adjust a difference by some recession from 
the rigour of claims ; to discharge a debt 
by paying only part. 
To COMPOUND, (kom-pound') ft ». To 
come to terms of agreement by abating 
something of the first demand ; to bargain 
in the lump ; to come to terms by granting 
something on each side. 
COMPOUND, (kom'-pound) a. Formed out 
of many ingredients ; not simple. In gram- 
mar, composed of two or more words. 
COMPOUND, (kom'-pound) n.s. The mass 

formed of many ingredients. 
COMPOUNDABLE, (kom-poun'-da-bl) a. 

Capable of being compounded. 
COMPOUNDER, (kom-poun'-der) n. s. One 
who brings parties to terms of agreement ; 
one who mixes bodies ; an academical term 
for one who, having any estate or income 
for life of a certain value, pays extraordi- 
nary fees for the degree which he takes : 


and, according to the value, is either a 
grand or a petty compounder. 

To COMPREHEND, (kom-pre-hend') v. a. 
To comprise ; to include ; to contain in the 
mind ; to understand ; to conceive. 

COMPREHENSIBLE, (kom-pre-hen'-se-bl) 
a. Intelligible ; possible to be compre- 

se-bl-nes) n.s. Capability of being under- 

COMPREHENSIBLY, (kom-pre-hen'-se- 
ble) ad. With great power of understand- 
ing intelligibly. 

COMPREHENSION, (kom-pre-hen'-shun) 
n. s. The act or quality of comprising or 
containing; inclusion; summary ; epitome , 
knowledge ; capacity. 

COMPREHENSIVE, (kom-pre-hen'-siv) a. 
Having the power to comprehend or under- 
stand many things at once ; compendious ; 

COMPREHENSIVELY, (kom-pre-hen'-siv - 
le) ad. In a comprehensive manner. 

COMPREHENSIVENESS, (kom-pre-hen'- 
siv-nes) n. s. The quality of including 
much : the power of understanding all 

COMPREHENSOR, (kom-pre-hen'-sur) n.s. 
One who has attained knowledge. 

To COMPRESS, (kgm-pres') * a. To force 
into a narrow compass ; to embrace. 

COMPRESSIBILITY, (kom-pres-se-bi.l'-le- 
te) n. s. The capability of being com- 

COMPRESSIBLE, (kom-pres'-se-bl) a. 
Capable of being forced into a narrower 

COMPRESSIBLENESS, (kom-pres'-se-bl- 
nes) n. s. The state of being compressible. 

COMPRESSION, (kom-presh'-un) n. s. 
Bringing the parts of any body more near 
to each other by violence. 

COMPRESSIVE, (kom-pres'-siv) a. Hav- 
ing the power to compress. 

COMPRESSURE, (kom-presh'-ure) «. s . 
The force of one body pressing against 

COMPRISAL, (kom-pri'-zal) h. s. The 
comprehending of things. 

To COMPRISE, (kom-prize') v. a. To con- 
tain ; to include. 

COMPROBATION, (kom-pro-ba'-shim) n. s. 
Concurrence of proof or attestation. 

COMPROMISE, (kom'-pro-mize) n. s. A 
mutual promise of parties at difference, to 
refer their controversies to arbitrators ; a 
compact, in which concessions are made on 
each side. 

To COMPROMISE, (kgm'-pro-mize) v. a. 
To compound ; to adjust a dispute by mu- 
tual concessions ; to accord ; to agree. 
To COMPROMISE, (kom'-pro-mize) v. n. 

To agree ; to accord. 
COMPROMISER, (kom'-pro-mi-zer) n. s. 

He who makes concession. 
COMPROMISSORIAL, (kom-pro-mis-so'- 
re-al) a. Relating to a compromise. 


Fate, far, fall, f^t; — me, met; — pine, pin ;— no, move, 


COMPROVINCIAL, (kgrn-pro-vin'-shal) 
n. s. Belonging to the same province. 

To COMPTROL, (kgn-trole') v a. See Con- 

COMPTROLLER, (kgn-tro'-ler) n. s. Di- 
rector ; supervisor. 

COMPTROLLERSHIP, (kgn-tro'-ler- ship) 
n. s. The office of a comptroller : superin- 

COMPLICATIVE, (kgm-pul'-sa-tiv) a. 
Compelling ; forcing. 

COMPU LS ATIVEL Y , (kgm-pul'-sa-tiy-le) 
ad. With force ; by constraint. 

COMPENSATORY, (kgm-pul'-sa-tur-e) a. 
Having the power of compelling. 

COMPULSION, (kgm-pul'-shun) n.s. The 
act of compelling ; force ; violence suffered. 

COMPULSIVE, (kgm-pul'-siy) a. Having 
the quality of compelling. 

COMPULSIVELY, (kom-pul'-siy-le) ad. 
By force ; by violence. 

COMPULSIVENESS, (kgm-pul'-siv-nes) n.s. 
Force ; compulsion. 

COMPULSORILY, (kgm-pul'-so-re-le) ad. 
In a compulsory or forcible manner. 

COMPULSORY, (kom-pul'-sur-e) a. Hav- 
ing the power or quality of compelling. 

COMPUNCTION, (kom-pungk'-shun) n.s. 
The act of pricking, or state of being prick- 
ed ; stimulation ; repentance ; contrition. 

COMPUNCTIOUS, (kom-pungk'-shus) a. 
Repentant ; sorrowful. 

COMPUNCTIVE, (kom-pungk'-tiv) a. Caus- 
ing remorse. 

COMPURGATION, (kom-pur-ga'- shun) n.s. 
The practice of justifying any man's ve- 
racity by the testimony of another. 

COMPURGATOR, (kgm-pur ga'-tur) n. s. 
One who bears his testimony to the credi- 
bility of another. 

COMPUTABLE, (kom-pu'-ta-bl) a. Capable 
of being numbered. 

To COMPUTATE, (kgm'-pu-tate) v. a. To 
account ; to reckon. 

COMPUTATION, (kom-pu-ta'-shun) n. s. 
The act of reckoning ; the sum settled by 

To COMPUTE, (kom-pute') v. a. To reckon ; 
to calculate. 

COMPUTER, (kom-pu'-ter) n. s. Reckon- 
er ; calculator. 

COMPUT1ST, (kgm-pu'-tist) n. s. Calcu- 
lator ; one skilled in computation. 

COMRADE, (kgm'-rade) n. s. One who 
dwells in the same house or chamber ; a 

CON, (kon) ad. An abbreviation of contra. 
On the opposite side ; against another ; as, 
to dispute pro and con. 

To CON, (kgn) v. a. To know ; to study ; 
to commit to memory. 

To CONCAMERATE, (kgn-kam'-e-rate) v. a. 

To arch over ; to lay concave over. 
CON.CAMERATION , (kgn-kam-e-ra'-shun) 

n. s. Arch ; vault. 
To CONCATENATE, (kgn-kat'-e-nate) v.a. 

To link together. 
CONCATENATION, (kgn-kat-e-na'-shun) 


n. s. A series of links ; an uninterrupted 

CONCAVATION, (kon-ka-va'-shun) n. s. 
The act of making concave. 

CONCAVE, (kon'-kave) a. Hollow with- 
out angles : opposed to convex. Hollow. 

CONCAVE, (kgn'-kave) n.s. An hollow ; 
a cavity. 

CONCAVENESS, (kgn'-kave-nes) n. s. 

CONCAVITY, (kgn-kav'-e-te) n.s. Inter- 
nal surface of a hollow spherical or spheroi- 
dical body. 

CONCAVO-CONCAVE, (kgn-ka'-vo-kon- 
kave) a. Concave or hollow on both sides. 

CONCAVO-CONVEX, (kon-ka'-vo-kon'- 
veks) a. Concave one way, and convex 
the other. 

CONCAVOUS, (kgn-ka'-vus) a. Concave; 
hollow without angles. 

CONCAVOUSLY r , (kon-ka'-vus-le) ad 
With hollowness. 

To CONCEAL, (kgn-sele') v.a. To hide, 
to keep secret. 

CONCEALABLE, (kon-se'-la-bl) a. Capa- 
ble of being concealed. 

CONCEALEDNESS, (kgn-se'-led-nes) n.s. 
Privacy ; obscurity. 

CONCEALER, (kgn-se'-ler) n. s. He that 
conceals anything. 

CONCEALING, (kon-se'-ling) n.s. A hid- 
ing, or keeping close. 

CONCEALMENT, (kgn-sele'-ment) n. s. 
The act of hiding ; privacy ; hiding place ; 

To CONCEDE, (kon-sede') v.a. To yield; 
to admit ; to grant. 

To CONCEDE, (kon-sede') v. n. To ad- 
mit ; to grant. 

CONCEIT, (kon-sete') n. s. Conception ; 
thought ; understanding ; apprehension ; 
fancy ; imagination ; fantastical notion ; 
opinion in a neutral sense ; pleasant fancy ; 
gaiety of imagination ; sentiment ; striking 
thought ; opinionative pride. Out of con- 
ceit with, No longer fond of. 

To CONCEIT, (kgn-sete') v. a. To con- 
ceive ; to imagine ; to believe. 

CONCEITED, (kon-se-ted) part. a. En- 
dowed with fancy ; proud ; ridiculously 

CONCEITEDLY, (kgn-se'-ted-le) ad. Fan- 
cifully ; whimsically. 

CONCE1TEDNESS, (kgn-se'-ted-nes) n. s. 
Pride ; opinionativeness ; fond of one's 

CONCEIVABLE, (kgn-se'-va-bl) a. Capa- 
ble of being imagined or thought, or of 
being understood or believed. 

CONCEIVABLENESS, (kon-se'-va-bl-nes) 
n. s. The quality of being conceivable. 

CONCEIVABLY/, (kon-se'-va ble) ad. In 
a conceivable or intelligible manner. 

To CONCEIVE, (kon seve') v.a. To ad- 
mit into the womb ; to form in the mind ; 
to imagine ; to comprehend ; to understand. 

To CONCEIVE, (kon-seve') To think j 

, to have an idea of ; to become pregnant. 

n^t; — tube, tub, bull; — oil ;— pound; — th'm, thJ3. 



CONCEIVER, (kgn-se'-ver) n. s. One that 
understands or apprehends. 

CONCEIVING, (kgn-se'-ving) h.s. Appre- 
hension ; understanding. 

To CONCENTRATE, (kon-sen-trate) v. a. 
To drive into the centre or into a narrow 

CONCENTRATION, (kgn-sen-tra'-shun) 
n. s. Collection into a narrow space round 
the centre. 

To CONCENTRE, (kgn-sen'-ter) v. n. To 
tend to one common centre. 

To CONCENTRE, (kon-sen'-ter) v. a. To 
direct or contract towards one centre. 

CONCENTRICAL, (kon-sen'-tre-kal) ) 

CONCENTRICK, (kgn-sen'-trik) T S "* 
Having one common centre. 

CONCENTUAL, (kon-sent'-u-al) a. Har- 

CONCEPTACLE, (kgn-sep'-ta-kl) n.s. That 
in which anything is contained ; a vessel. 

CONCEPTIBLE, (kgn-sep'-te-bl) a. Pos- 
sible to be conceived ; intelligible. 

CONCEPTION, (kon-sep'-shuii) n.s. Con- 
ceiving, or growing quick with pregnancy ; 

■ the state of being conceived ; notion ; image 
in the mind ; sentiments ; purpose ; ap- 
prehension ; knowledge ; thought. 

CONCEPTIOUS, (kon-sep'-shus) a. Fruit- 
ful ; pregnant. 

CONCEPTIVE, (kon-sep'-tiv) a. Conceiv- 
ing, or producing conception. 

To CONCERN, (kon-sern) v. a. To relate 
to ; to belong to ; to affect with some pas- 
sion ; to touch nearly ; to interest ; to dis- 
turb ; to make uneasy ; To concern himself ; 
to intermeddle ; to be busy. 

CONCERN, (kon-sern') n. s. Business ; 
affair ; interest ; engagement ; importance ; 
moment ; grief, affection of the mind. 

CONCERNING, (kon-ser'-ning) prep. Re- 
lating to. 

CONCERNMENT, (kon-sern'-ment) n. s. 
Affair ; business ; interest ; relation ; influ- 
ence ; intercourse ; business ; importance ; 
moment ; interposition ; regard ; passion ; 
emotion of mind. 

To CONCERT, (kon-sert') v. a. To settle 
anything by mutuai communication ; to con- 
trive ; to adjust. 

To CONCERT, (kon'-sert) v. n. To consult 

CONCERT, (kon'-sert) n. s. Communica- 
tion of designs ; an assembly of musicians 
performing before an audience. 

CONCERTATION, (kon-ser-u'-shun) n. s. 
Strife ; contention. 

CONCERTATlVE,(kon-ser'-ta-tiv) a. Con- 
tentious ; quarrelsome. 

CONCERTO, (kgn-tsher'-to) n.s. A piece 
of musick composed for a concert. 

CONCESSION, (kgu-ses'-shun) n.s. Grant- 
ing or yielding ; a grant ; the thing 

CONCESSIONARY, (kon-ses'-shun-ar-e) a. 
Given by indulgence or allowance. 

CONCESSIVE, (kon-ses'-siv) a. Implying 


CONCESSIVELY, (kon-ses'-siv- le) ad. Bj 
way of concession. 

CONCH, (kongk) n. s. A shell. 

CONCHITE, (kgng'-kite) u. s. A sort cf 
petrified shell. 

CONCHOID, (kgng'-koid) n. s. The name 
of a curve. 

CONC [LIABLE, (kon-sil'-le-a-bl) a. Ca- 
pable of being conciliated or won over. 

CONCILIAR, (kon-sil'-le-ar) a. Relating to 
a council. 

To CONCILIATE, (kgn-sil'-yate) v. a. To 
gain ; to win ; to reconcile. 

CONCILIATION, (kgn-sil-e-a'-shun) n. s. 
Gaining or reconciling. 

CONCILIATOR, (kon-sil-e-a'-tur) n. s. One 
that makes peace. 

CONCILIATORY, (kgn-sil'-e-a-tur-e) a. 
Tending to reconciliation. 

CONCTNNITY, (kon-sin'-ne-te; n. s. De- 
cency ; fitness. 

CONCINNOUS, (kgn-sin'-nus) a. Becom- 
ing ; pleasant ; agreeable. 

CONCIONATOR, (kon'-she-g-na'-tur) n. s. 
A preacher. 

CONCIONATORY, (kgn'-she-g-na'-tur-e) a. 
Used at preachings or publick assemblies. 

CONCISE, (kon-sise) a. Brief; short. 

CONCISELY,' (kgn-sise'-le) ad. Briefly; 

CONCISENESS, (kgn-sise'-ness) n.s. Bre- 

CONCISION, (kgn-sizh'-un) it. s. Cutting 
off; excision. 

CONCITATION, (kgn-si-ta'-shun) n. s. 
Stirring up, or putting in motion. 

To CONCiTE, (kon-site') v. a. To excite ; to 

CONCLAMATION, (kgng-kla-ma'-shun) 
77. s. An outcry or shout of many together. 

CONCLAVE, (kgn'-klave) n. s. A private 
apartment ; an inner palour ; the room in 
which the cardinals meet ; the assembly of 
the cardinals ; a close assembly. 

To CONCLUDE, (kgn-klude') v. a. To shut ; 
to include ; to comprehend ; to infer or col- 
lect by ratiocination ; to decide ; to deter- 
mine ; to end ; to finish ; to oblige, as by 
the final determination. 

To CONCLUDE, (kgn-klude') v. n. To end ; 
to perform the last act of ratiocination ; to 
collect the consequence : to settle opinion ; 
finally ; to determine. 

CONCLUDENCY, (kgn-klu'-den-se) n. s. 
Consequence ; logical deduction of reason. 

CONCLUDENT, (kgn-klu'-deut) a. De- 

CONCLUDER, (kon-klu'-der) ?/. s. One 
who determines or decides. 

CONCLUSIBLE, (kgn-klu'-ze-bl) a. Deter- 

CONCLUSION, (kgn-klu'-zhun) n. s. De- 
termination : final decision ; the collection 
from propositions premised ; the close ; the 
last result of deduction ; the event of expe- 
riments ; the end ; confinement. 

CONCLUSIONAL, (kgn-klu'-zhun-al) s. 
Tending to a conclusion. 


Fate, far, fall, fat : — me, met ; — pine, pm; — no, move. 


CONCLUSIVE, (kon-klu'-siv) a. Decisive ; 
regularly consequential. 

CONCLUSIVELY, (kga-klu'-siv-le) ad. De- 

CONCLUSIVENESS, (kgn-klu'-siv-nes) n.s. 
State of being conclusive; power of deter- 
mining the opinion ; regular consequence. 

CONCOAGULATION, (kon-kc-ag-gu-Ia'- 
shun) n. s. A coagulation of different 
bodies in one mass. 

To CONCOCT, (kon-kokt') v. a. To digest ; 
to purify or sublime by heat ; to ripen. 

CONCOCTION, (kpn-kok'-shun) n.s. Di- 
gestion ; maturation bv beat. 

CONCOCTIVE, (kon-kok'-tiv) a. Of a 
concocting nature. 

CONCOMITANCE, (kon-kom'-e-tanse) } 

CONCOM1TANCY, (kon-kom'-e-tan-se) } 
v. s. Subsistence together with another 

CONCOMITANT, (kgn-kgm'-e-tant) a. Con- 
joined with ; concurrent with. 

CONCOMITANT, (kgn-kgm'-e-tant) n. s. 
Companion ; person or thing collaterally 

CONCOMITANTLY, (kon-kom'-e-tant-!e) 
ad. In company with others. 

To CONCOM1TATE, (kon-kom'-e-tate) v.a. 
To accompany. 

CONCORD, (kgn'-kgrd) n.s. Agreement; 
peace ; union ; a compact ; harmony ; gram- 
matical relation of one word to another. 

To CONCORD, (kon-kord') v. n. To agree. 

CONCORDANCE,' (kgn-kor'-danse) /;. s. 
Agreement ; a book which shews in how 
many texts of scripture any word occurs ; a 
concord in grammar. 

CONCORDANCY, (kon-kor'-dan-se) n. s. 

CONCORDANT, (kon-kgr'-dant) a. Agree- 
able ; agreeing. 

CONCORDANT, (kgn-kor'-dant) n. s. 
That which is correspondent, or agreeing 

CONCORDANTLY, (kgn-kor'-dant-le) ad. 

In conjunction. 
CONCORDATS, (kon-kor'-date) n.s. A 

compact ; a convention. 
CONCORPORAL, (kon-kor'-po-ral) a. Of 

the same body. 
To CONCORPORATE, (kon-kor'-pg-rate) 

v. a. To unite in one body or mass. 
To CONCORPORATE, (kon-kor'-po-rate) 

v. n. To unite into one body. 
CONCORPORATION, (kgn-kor-po-ra'- 

shun) n. s. Union in one mass. 
CONCOURSE, (kgn'-korse) ». s. Conflu- 
ence to one place ; persons assembled ; the 
point of junction or intersection of two 
bodies ; concurrence ; agreement. 
CONCREMATION, (kgu-kre-ma'-shun) n. s. 

Burning many things together. 
CONCREMENT, (kon'-kre-ment) n.s. The 

mass formed by concretion. 
CONCRESCENCE, (kon-kres'-sense) n. s. 
Growing by the union of separate particles. 
To CONCRETE, (kon-krete) v. n. To coa- 
lesce into one mass. 


To CONCRETE, (kon-krete' y v. a. To form 

by concretion. 
CONCRETE, (kgn-krete') a. Formed by 
concretion. In logick, Not abstract; ap- 
plied to a subject. 
CONCRETE, (kon'-krete) n. s. A mass 

formed by concretion. 
CONCRETELY, (kpn-krete'-ie) ad. In a 
manner including the subject with the pre- 
dicate ; n t abstractedly. 
CONCRETENESS, (kon-krete'-nes) n, s. 

CONCRETION, (kgn-kre -shun) n.s. The 
act of concreting ; the mass formed by a 
coalition of separate particles. 
CONCRETIVE, (kgn-kre'-tiv) a. Coagu- 

CONCRETURE, (kon-kre'-ture) n. s. A 

mass formed by coagulation. 
CONCUBINAGE, (koa-ku'-be-naje) n. s. 
The act of living with a woman not married. 
CON CU BIN ATE, (kon-ku'-be-nate) n. s. 

Whoredom ; fornication. 
CONCUBINE, (kgng'-ku-bine) n.s. A wo- 
man kept in fornication ; a strumpet. 
To CONCULCATE, (kon-kul'-kate) v.a. lu 

tread under foot. 
CONCULCATION, (kon-kul-ka'-shun) n.s. 

Trampling with the feet. 
CONCUPISCENCE, (kgn-ku'-pe-sense) n.s. 

Irregular desire ; lust. 
CONCUPISCENT, (kon-ku'-pe-sent) n. s. 

Libidinous ; lecherous. 

Relating to concupiscence. 
CONCUP1SC1BLE, (kon-ku'-pe-se-bl) a. 

Impressing desire ; eager. 
To CONCUR, (kon-kur') v. n. To meet in 
one point ; to agree ; to be united with ; tc 
contribute with joint power. 
CONCURRENCE, kou-kur'-rense) > 
CONCURRENCY, (kgn-kur'-en-se) $"' S ' 
Union ; association ; agreement ; combi- 
nation of many agents ; assistance ; help ; 
joint right ; equal claim. 
CONCURRENT, (kgn-kur'-iect; a. Act- 
ing in conjunction ; conjoined ; associate ; 
concomitant in agency. 
CONCURRENT, (kon-kur'-rent) n. s. A 
contributory cause ; equal claim ; jcint 
CONCURRENTLY, (kgn-kur'-rent-le) «. 

In an agreeing manner. 
CONCUSSATION, (kou-kus-sa'-shun) n. s. 

A violent agitation. 
CONCUSSED, (kon-kust') part. a. Shaken. 
CONCUSSION, (kon-kush'-un) n.s. Shak- 
ing ; agitation ; the state of being shaken. 
CONCUSS1VE, (kgn-kus'-siv) a. Having 

the power of shaking. 
To CONDEMN, (kon-dem') v. a. To find 
guilty ; to doom to punishment ; to cen- 
sure ; to blame. 
CONDEMNABLE, (kon-dem'-na-bl) a. 

Blameab'e : culpable. 
CONDEMNATION, (kgn-dem-na-shun) n.s. 
The sentence by which any one is doomed 
to punishment. 

ngt ;-~tube, tub, bull ; — oil ; — pound ; — thin, this. 

1 1 


CONDEMNATORY, (kon-dem'-na-tur-e) «. 
Passing a sentence of condemnation, or of 
CONDEMNER, (kon-dem'-ner) n. s. A 

blamer ; a censurer. 
CONDENSABLE, (kon-den'-sa-bl) a. Ca- 
pable of condensation. 
To CONDENSATE, (kon-den'-sate) v. a. To 

condense ; to make tbicker. 
To CONDENSATE, (kon-den'-sate) v. n. 

To grow tbicker. 
CONDENSATE, (kon-den'-sate) a. Made 

thick ; condensed. 
CONDENSATION, (kon-den-sa'-shun) n.s. 

Thickening any body. 
CONDENSATIVE,(kon-den'-sa-tiv) a. Hav- 
ing the power of condensation. 
To CONDENSE, (kon-dense') v. a. To make 

any body more thick, close, and weighty. 
To CONDENSE, (kon-dense) v. n. To grow 

close and weighty. 
CONDENSE, (kon-dense') a. Thick ; dense. 
CONDENSER, (kon-den'-ser) n. s. A strong 
metalline vessel wherein to compass the 
CONDENSITY, (kon-den'-se-te) n.s. Con- 
densation ; denseness. 
CONDERS, (kon'-derz) v. a. Such as stand 
upon high places near the sea coast, at the 
time of the herring-fishing, to make signs to 
the fishers which way the shoal passes. 
To CONDESCEND, fkon-de-send') v. n. 
To depart voluntarily from the privileges of 
superiority; to sink willingly to equal terms 
with inferiours ; to consent to do more than 
mere justice can require ; to stoop ; to 
bend ; to yield. 
CONDESCENDENCE, (kon-de-sen'-dense) 
n.s. Voluntary submission to equality with 
CONDESCENDING, (kon-de-send'-ing) n. s. 

Voluntary humiliation. 
CONDESCENDINGLY, (kon-de-send'-ing~ 

le) ad. By way of kind concession, 
CONDESCENSION, (kon-de-sen'-shun) n. s. 
Voluntary humiliation ; descent from supe- 
CONDESCENS1VE, (kon-de-sen'-siv) a. 

Courteous ; not haughty. 
CONDIGN, (kon-dine) a. Worthy of a 

person ; suitable ; deserved ; merited. 
COND1GNNESS, (kon-dine'-nes) n. s. Suit- 
ableness to deserts. 
CONDIGNIT Y, (kon-dig-ne-te) n. s. Merit ; 

CONDIGNLY, (kon-dine'-le) ad. Deserv- 
edly ; according to merit. 
CONDIMENT, (kon'-de-ment) u. s. Sea- 
soning ; sauce. 
CONDISCIPLE, (kon-dis-si'-pl) n. s. A 

schoolfellow, or fellow disciple. 
To CONDITE, (kgn-dite') v. a. To pickle ; 

to preserve. 
CONDITE, (kon-djte) a. Preserved ; con- 
CONDITEMENT, (kon-dite'-ment) n.s. A 
composition of conserves, in the form of an 


CONDITION, (kon-dish'-un) n.s. Quality; 
that by which anything is denominate J 
good or bad ; attribute ; accident ; property ; 
natural quality of the mind ; temper ; moral 
quality ; virtue or vice ; state ; external cir- 
cumstances ; rank ; stipulation ; term3 of 
compact ; the writing of agreement ; com- 
pact ; bond. 
To CONDITION, (kon-dish'-un) v.n. To 

contract ; to make terms ; to stipulate. 
CONDITIONAL, (kon-dish'-un-al) a. By 
way of stipulation ; not absolute. In gram- 
mar and logick, expressing some condition 
or supposition. 
CONDITIONAL, (kon-dish'-un-al) n. s. A 

CONDITIONALITY, (kon-dish'-e-o-nal-e- 

te) n.s. Limitation by certain terms. 
CONDITIONALLY, (kon-dish'-un-al-e) ad. 

With certain limitations. 
CONDITIONARY, (kon-dish'-un-a-re) a. 

To COND1TIONATE, (kon-dish'-un-ate) v. a. 

To qualify ; to regulate. 
CONDITIONATE, (kon-dish'-un-ate) «. 

Established on certain terms. 
CONDITIONED, (kon-dish'-und) a. Hav- 
ing qualities or properties good or bad ; 
To CONDOLE, (kon-dole) v.n. To lament 

with those that are in misfortune. 
To CONDOLE, (kon-dole') v. a. To bewail 

with another. 
CONDOLEMENT, (kon-dole'-ment) n. s. 

Grief ; sorrow ; lamentation with others. 
CONDOLENCE, (kon-do'-leuse) n. s. Ex- 
pression of grief for the sorrows of an- 
CONDOLER, (kon-do'-ler-) n. s. One that 

CONDOLING, (kon-do'-ling) n.s. Expres- 
sion of condolence. 
CONDONATION, (kon-do-na'-shun) n.s. 

Pardoning ; forgiving. 
To CONDUCE, (kon-duse') v. n. To pro- 
mote an end ; to contribute. 
To CONDUCE, (kon-duse) v. a. To con- 
duct ; to accompany in the way. 
CONDUCEMENT, (kon-duse'-ment) n. s. 

CONDUCENT, (kon-du-sent) a. Con- 
tributing ; tending. 
CONDUCIBLE, (kon-du'-se-bl) a. Having 

the power of conducing. 
CONDUC1BLENESS, (kon-du'-se-bl-nes) 
n. s. The quality of contributing to any 
CONDUCIBLY, (kon-du'-se-ble) ad. In a 

manner promoting an end. 
CONDUCIVE, (kon-du'-siv) a. That which 

may forward or promote. 
CONDUCIVENESS, (kon-du'-siv-nes) n.s. 

The quality of conducing. 
CONDUCT, (kon'-dukt) n. s. Manage- 
ment ; economy ; the act of leading troops ; 
convoy ; escort ; the act of convoying or 
guarding ; exact behaviour ; regular iife. 
To CONDUCT, (kon-dukf) v. a. To lead ; 


Fate, far, fall, fat;— me, met ; -pine, pin 5— no, move, 


to direct ; to usher, and attend in civility ; 
to manage, as to conduct an affair ; to head 
an army. 

CONDUCTION, (kon-duk'-shun) u. s. The 
act of training up. 

CONDUCTITIOUS, (kpn-duk-tish'-us) a 
Hired ; employed for wages. 

CONDUCTOR, (kon-duk'-tur) rus. A lead- 
er ; a chief; a general ; a manager; a di- 
rector. In surgery, An instrument to direct 
the knife in cutting for the stone. In elec- 
tricity, Those substances which are capable 
of receiving and transmitting the electrick 

CONDUCTRESS, (kpn-duk'-tres) n. s. A 
woman that directs ; directress. 

CONDUIT, (kun'-dit) n. s, A canal of pipes 
for the conveyance of waters ; an aqueduct ; 
the pipe or cock at which water is drawn. 

To CONDUPLICATE, (kpn-du'-ple-kate) 
v. a. To double. 

n. s. A doubling ; a duplicate. 

CONE, (kone) n. s. A solid body, of which 
the base is a circle, and which ends in a 
point ; the fruit of the fir-tree ; a straw- 
berry so called. 

CONEY. See Cony. 

To CONFABULATE, (kon-fab'-u-late) * n. 
To talk easily or carelessly together ; to 

CONFABULATION, (kon-fab-u-la'-shv.n) 
n. s. Cheerful and careless talk. 

CONFABULATORY, (kon-fab'-u-la-tur-e) 
a. Belonging to talk or prattle, or in the 
way of dialogue. 

CONFATED, (kon-fa'-ted) a. Decreed or 
determined at the same time. 

To CONFECT, (kon-fekt') v. a. To make up 
into sweetmeats ; to compose ; to form. 

CONFECT, (kon'-fekt) n. s. A sweetmeat. 

CONFECTION', (kon-fek'-shun) n. s. A 
preparation of fruit with sugar ; a sweet- 
meat; an assemblage of different ingredi- 

CON FECTIONARY, (kon-fek'-shun-a-re) 
n. s. One whose trade is to make sweet- 7 
meats ; a preparation of sweetmeats. 

CONFECTIONER, (kon-fek'-shun-er) n. s. 
One whose trade is to make confections or 

CONFECTORY, (kpn-fek'-tp-re) a . Re- 
lating to the art of making confects. 

CONFEDERACY, (kon-fed'-er-a-se) n. s. 
A league ; a contract by which several per- 
sons engage to support each other ; federal 

To CONFEDERATE, (kon-fed'-er-ate) v. a. 
To join in a league. 

To CONFEDERATE, (kon-fed'-er-ate) v. n. 
To league ; to unite in a league. 

CONFEDERATE, (kon-fed'-er-ate) a. Unit- 
ed in league. 

CONFEDERATE, (kon-fed'-er-ate) n. s. 
One who engages to support another ; an 

CONFEDERATION, (kpn-fed-er-a'-shun) 
n. s. League ; alliance. 


To CONFER, (kon-fer') v. n. To discourse 
with another upon a stated subject; to con- 
verse solemnly. 

To CONFER, (kon-fer') v. a. To compare ; 
to give ; to bestow ; to contribute ; to con- 

CONFERENCE, (kon'-fer-ense) n.s. For- 
mal discourse ; oral discussion of any ques- 
tion ; an appointed meeting for personal de- 
bate ; comparison. 

CONFERRER, (kon-fer'- er) u. s. He that 
converses ; he that bestows. 

To CONFESS, (kpn-fes') v. a. To acknow- 
ledge a crime ; to own a failure ; to disclose 
the state of the conscience to the priest ; to 
hear the confession of a penitent as a priest ; 
to own ; to avow ; to grant, without dispute. 

To CONFESS, (kpn-fes) v. n. To make con- 
fession ; to disclose ; to reveal. 

CONFESSARY, (kon-fes'-sa-re) a. s. One 
who makes a confession. 

CONFESSEDLY, (kon-fes'-sed-le) ad. Avow- 
edly ; indisputably. 

CONFESSION, (kon-fesh'-un) n. s. The 
acknowledgement of a crime ; the act of 
disburthening the conscience to a priest ; 
profession ; avowal ; a formulary in which 
the articles of faith are comprised. 

CONFESSIONAL, (kpn-fesh'-un-al) n. s. 
The seat or box in which the confessor sits 
to hear the declarations of his penitents. 

CONFESSIONARY, (kpn-fesh'-un-a-re) 77. s. 
The same with confessional. 

CONFESSIONARY, (kpn-fesh'-un-a-re) a. 
Belonging to auricular confession. 

CONFESSIONTST, (kon-fesh'-un-ist) n. u 
He who makes profession of faith. 

CONFESSOR, (kon'-fes-sur) r. s. One who. 
who makes profession of his faith in the 
face of danger ; he that hears confessions,, 
and prescribes rules of penitence ; he who 
confesses his crimes. 

CONFEST, (kon-fest') a. (for confessed) 
Open ; known ; acknowledged. 

CONF1CIENT, ^kon-fish'-ent) a. That 
causes or procures. 

CONFIDANT, (kon-fe-dant') n. s. A person 
trusted with private affairs. 

To CONFIDE, (kon-fide') v.n. To trust in. 

To CONFIDE, (kon-fide') v. a. To trust. 

CONFIDENCE, (kpn'-fe-dense) n.s. Firm, 
belief ; reliance ; security, opposed to timi- 
dity ; vitious boldness, opposed to modesty ; 
consciousness of innocence; honest bold- 

CONFIDENT, (kpn'-fe-dent) a. Assured 
beyond doubt ; positive ; dogmatical ; se- 
cure of success ; without suspicion ; trusting 
without limits ; bold, to a vice ; impu- 

CONFIDENT, (kon'-fe-dent) n. s. One 
trusted with secrets. 

CONFIDENTIAL, (kpn-fe-den'-shal) a. 
Spoken or written in confidence ; worthy of 

CONFIDENTLY, (kon'-fe-dent-le) a. With- 
out doubt or fear ; with firm trust , without 
appearance of doubt ; positively. 

not ; — tube, tub, bull ; — oil ; — pgund ; — thin, /mis. 



CONFLDENTNESS, (kon'-fe-dent-nes) k. s. 
Favourable opinion of one's own powers ; 

CONFIDER, (kon-f j'-der) n. s. One who 

To CONFIGURATE, (kon-f ig'-u-rate) v. n. 
To shew like the aspects of the planets to- 
wards each other. 

CONFIGURATION, (kon-f ig-u-ra'-slmn) 
n. s. The form, of the various parts of any- 
thing, as they are adapted to each other. 
In astrology, The face of the horoscope, ac- 
cording to the aspects of the planets towards 
each other at any time. 

To CONFIGURE, (kon-fig'-ure) v. a. To 
dispose into any form. 

CONFINABLE, (kon-fine'-a-ble) «• Capa- 
ble of being limited. 

CONFINE, (kon'-fine) n. s. Co imon boun- 
dary ; border ; edge. 

To CONFINE, (kpn'-f ine) v. n. To border 

To CONFINE, (kon-f ine') v. a. To bound ; 
to limit; to shut up; to imprison; to re- 
strain ; to tie up to. 

CONFINELESS, (kon-f ine'-les) a. Bound- 
less ; without end. 

CONFINEMENT, (kon-f ine'-ment) n. s. 
Imprisonment ; restraint of liberty. 

CONFINER, (kon-f i'-ner) n. s. A borderer ; 
near neighbour ; one who touches upon 
two different regions ; that which restrains 

CONF1NITY, (kon-f in'-e-te) n. s. Nearness ; 

To CONFIRM, (kon-ferm') v. a. To put 
past doubt by new evidence ; to settle ; to 
establish ; to fix ; to radicate ; to strengthen 
bv new solemnities or ties ; to strengthen 
in resolution ; to admit to the full privi- 
leges of a Christian. 

CONFIRMABLE, (kon-fer'-ma-bl) a. Ca- 
pable of incontestable evidence. 

CONFIRMATION, (kon-fer-ma'-shun) n.s. 
The act of establishing ; settlement ; evi- 
dence ; additional proof ; proof ; convincing 
testimony ; an ecclesiastical rite. 

CONFIRMATIVE, (kon-fer'-ma-tiv) a. 
Having power to confirm. 

CONF1RMATOR, (kon-fer-ma'-tur) n. s. 
An attestor, that puts a matter past doubt. 

CONFIRMATORY, (kon-ferm'-a-tur-e) a. 
Giving additional testimony ; relating to 
the ril • of confirmation. 

CONF1RMEDNESS, (kon-ferm'-ed-nes) n.s. 
Stale of being confirmed. 

CONFIRMEE, (kon-ferm'-er) n. s. One 
that confirms, or produces evidence or 

CONF1RMINGLY, (kon-ferm'- ing-le) ad. 
In a corro 1 orative manner. 

CONFISCABLE, (kon-f is'-ka-bl) a. Liable 
to forfeiture. 

To CONFISCATE, (kpn-f is'-kate) v. a. To 
transfer private property to the prince or 
publick, by way of penalty for an offence. 

CONFISCATE, ( kon-f is'-kate) a. Trans- 
ferred to the publick as forfeit. 


CONFISCATION, (kon-f is- ka'-shun) n.s, 
Transferring the forfeited goods of criminals 
to publick use. 

CONFISCATOR, (kon-f is-ka'-tur; n. s. One 
who is concerned in confiscated property. 

CONFISCATORY, (kon-f is'-ka-tur-e) a. 
Consigning to forfeiture. 

CONF1TEN T, (kon'-fe-tent) n. s. One who 
confesses his faults. 

CONFITURE, (kon'-fe-ture) it. s. A sweet- 
meat ; a comfit. 

To CONFIX, (kon-f iks') v. a. To fix down ; 
to fasten. 

CONFIXURE, (kon-fik'-shure) n. s. The 
act of fastening. 

CONFLAGRANT, (kon-fla'- grant) a. Burn- 
ing together ; involved in a general fire. 

CONFLAGRATION,(kon-fla-gra'-shun) u s. 
A general fire. 

CONFLATION, (kon-fla'-shun) n. s. The 
act of blowing many instruments together . 
casting or melting of metal. 

CONFLEXURE, (kon-flek'-shure) n. s. A 
bending or turning. 

To CONFLICT, (kon-flikt') v. n. To strive ; 
to contest ; to fight. 

CONFLICT, (kgn'-flikt) n.s. A violent col- 
lision of two substances ; a combat ; con- 
test ; strife ; struggle. 

CONFLUENCE, (kon'-flu-ense) n.s. The 
junction or union of several streams ; the 
act of crowding to a place ; a concourse ; 
collection ; concurrence. 

CONFLUENT, (kon'-flu-ent) a. Running 
one into another ; meeting. 

CONFLUX, (kon'-fluks) n. s. The union of 
several currents ; a crowd ; a multitude. 

To CONFORM, (kon-form') v. a. To re- 
duce to the like appearance, shape, or 
manr er. 

To CONFORM, fkon -fornf) v. n. To com- 
ply with ; to yield. 

CONFORMABLE, (kon-for'-ma-ble) a. 
Having the same form ; agreeable ; suit- 
able ; consistent ; compliant ; obsequious. 

CONFORMABLY, (kon-for'-ma-ble) ad. 
With conformity ; agreeably ; suitably. 

CONFORMATE, (kon-for'-mate) a. Having 
the same form. 

CONFORMATION, (kon-for-ma'-shun) n. s. 
The form of things as relating to each other ; 
producing suitableness, or conformity. 

CONFORMER, (kpn-form'-er) n. s. One 
that conforms to an established doctrine. 

CONFORMIST, (kon-for'-nist; n. s. One 
that complies with the worship of the esta- 
blished church , one who submits or yields. 

CONFORMITY, (kon-for'-me-te) n.s. Simi- 
litude; resemblance; consistency. 

To CONFOUND, (kon-found') v. a. To 
mingle things so that their several forms 
cannot be discerned ; to perplex : to com- 
pare without due distinction ; to throw into 
consternation ; to astonish ; to stupify ; to 
destroy : to overthrow. 

CONFOUNDED, (kon-foun'-ded) part. a. 
Hateful ; detestable ; ~ enormous ; a cam 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met; — pine, pin; — no, move, 


CONFOUNDEDLY, (kon-fouii'-ded-le) ad. 
A cant word for enormously ; hatefully ; 

CONFOUNDEDNESS, (kon-foun'-ded-nes) 
n. s. State of being confounded. 

CONFOUNDER, (kon-foun'-der) n. s. He 
who disturbs, perplexes, terrifies, or de- 
stroys ; he who mentions things without due 

CONFR ATERNLT Y,(kon-fra-ter'-ne-te) n. s. 
A brotheihood ; a body of men united for 
some purpose. 

CONFR1GATION, (kon-fri-ka'-shun) n. s. 
The act of rubbing against anything. 

To CONFRONT, (kon-front') v. a. To stand 
against another in full view ; to face ; to 
stand in opposition ; to oppose one evidence 
to another in court ; to compare one thing 
with another. 

CONFRONTATION, (kon-fron-ta'-shun) n.s. 
Bringing two evidences face to face. 

To CONFUSE, (kon-fuze') v. a. To disorder ; 
to disperse irregularly ; to mix indiscrimi- 
nately ; to perplex. 

CONFUSE, (kon-fuse) a. Mixed ; con- 

CONFUSEDLY, (kon-fii'-zed-le) ad. In a 
mixed mass; indistinctly; not clearly; not 
plainly , tumultuously ; hastily. 

CONFUSEDNESS, (kon- fu'-zed-nes) n. s. 
Want of distinctness. 

CONFUSELY, (kon-fuse'-le) ad. Ob- 

CONFUSION, (kon-fu'-zhun) n.s. Irregular 
mixture ; tumult ; disorder ; indistinct com- 
bination ; overthrow; destruction; asto- 
nishment ; distraction of mind. 

CONFUTABLE, (kon-fu'-ta-bl) a. Pos- 
sible to be disproved. 

CONFUTANT, (kon-fu'-tant) n.s. One who 
undertakes to confute another. 

CON! UTATION, (kon-fu-ta'-shun) n.s. The 
act of confuting ; disproof. 

To CONFUTE, (kon-fute ,s > v. a. To convict 
of. errGur, or falsehood ; to disprove. 

CONFUTEMENT, (kon-fute'-ment) n. s y 

CONFUTER, (kon-fu'-ter) n. s. One who 
convicts another of mistake. 

CONGE, (konje) )n. s. Act of reve- 

CONGEE, (kong-zha') \ rence ; bow ; cour- 
tesy ; leave ; farewc-li. 

CONGE D'ELIRE, (kong'-zha-da-leer') The 
king's permission roy^l to a dean and chap- 
ter, to choose a bishop. 

CONGE, (konje) n.s. In architecture, A 
moulding in form of a quarter round, or a 

To CONGEAL, (kon-jeel') v a. To turn, by 
frost, from a fluid to a solid state ; to bind 
or fix, as by cold. 

To CONGEAL, (kon-jeel') v. n. To con- 
crete ; to gather into a mass by cold. 

CONGEALMENT, (kon-jeel'-ment) n. s. 
The mass formed by congelation. 

CONGEALABLE, (kon-jeel'-a-bl) a. Sus- 
ceptible of congelation. 

CONGELATION, (kon-je-la'-shun) «. s. The 


act of turning fluids to solids, by cold, the 
state of being congealed. 
CONGENER, (kon-je-ner) n. s. Of the 

same kind or nature. 
CONGENERACY, (kon-jen'-er-a-se) n. s. 
Similarity of origin. 

CONGENEROUS, (kon-jen'-er-us) a. Of 
the same kind. 

CON T GENEROUSNESS,(kon-jen'-er-u^-nes) 
n. s. The quality of being from the same 

CONGENIAL, (kon-je'-ne-al) a. Partaking 
of the same genius ; kindred ; cognate. 

CONGENIALITY, (kon-je-ne-al'-e-te) n.s. 
Participation of the same genius or nature. 

CONGENIALNESS, (kon-je'-ne-al-nes) n.s. 
Cognation; the state of being congenial. 

CONGENIOUS, (kon-je'-ne-us) a. Of the 
same kind. 

CONGER, (kong'-ger) n. s. The sea-eel. 

CONGERlESl (kon-je'-re-ez) n. s. A mass 
of small bodies heaped up together. 

To CONGEST, (kon-jest') v. a. To heap up ; 
to gather together. 

CONGESTIBLE,(kon-jest'-e-bl) a. Capable 
of being heaped up. 

CONGESTION, (kon-jest'-yun) it. s. A col- 
lection of matter, as in abscesses and tu- 
mours ; a gathering together ; formation of 
a mass. 

CONGIARY, (kon'-je-a-re) n. s. A gift 
distributed to the Roman people or soldiery, 
originally in corn, afterwards in money. 

To CON GLACIATE, (kon-gla'-she-ate) t>; *. 
To turn to ice. 

CONGLAC1ATION, (kon-gla-she-a'-shun) 
n. s. The state of being changed into ice. 

To CONGLOBATE, (kon-glo'-bate) v. a. To 
gather into a hard firm ball. 

CONGLOBATE, (kon-glo'-bate) a. Mould- 
ed into a firm ball. 

CONGLOBATELY, (kon-glo'-bate-le) ad. 
In a spherical form. 

CONGLOBATION, (kon-glo-ba'-shun) n.s. 
Collection into a round mass. 

To CONGLOBE, (kon-globe') v. a. To gather 
into a round mass. 

To CONGLOBE, (kon-globe') v.n. To coa- 
lesce into a round mass. 

To CONGLOBULATE, (kgn-glob'-ii-late) 
v. n. To gather together into a little round 

To CONGLOMERATE, (kon-glom'-er-ate) 
v. a. To gather into a ball ; to inweave into 
a round mass. 

CONGLOMERATE, (kon-glom'-er-ate) a. 
Gathered into a round ball ; collected ; 
twisted together. 

CONGLOMERATION, (kon-glom er-a'- 
shun) n.s. Collection into a ball; inter- 

To CONGLUTINATE, (kon-giu'-te-imtt) 
v. a. To cement ; to reunite. 

To CONG LUTIN ATE, (kon-glu'-te-nate) 
v. n. To coalesce. 

CONGLUTINATE, (kon-glu'-te-nate) a. 
Joined together. 

CONGLUTINATION, (kgn-glu-te-na'-shun) 

not; — tube, tub, bull; — oil; — pound ;— z/iht. j.'iis. 



n. s. The act of uniting wounded bodies ; 

reunion; healing; simply, junction; union. 

CONGLUTINATIVE, (kgn-glu'-te-na-tiv) a. 

Having the power of uniting. 
CONGLUTINATOR, (kgn-glu'-te-na-tur) 
n. s. That which has the power of uniting 
CONGRATULANT, (kgn-grat'-u-lant) a. 

Rejoicing in participation. 
To CONGRATULATE, (kgn-grat'-u-late) 
v. a. To compliment upon any happy 
To CONGRATULATE, (kon-grat'-u-late) 

v. n. To rejoice in participation. 
n. s. Professing joy for the happiness or 
success of another ; the form in which joy 
for the happiness of another is exuresserl. 
CONGRATULATOR, (kon-grat'-u-la-tur) 

n. s. He who offers congratulation. 
CONGRATULATO K Y, (kon-grat'-u-la- 
tur-e) a. Expressing joy for the good for- 
tune of another. 
To CONGREGATE, (kgng'-gre-gate) v. a. 

To collect together ; to assemble. 
To CONGREGATE, (kong'-gre-gate) v n. 

To assemble ; to meet. 
CONGREGATE, (kong'-gre-gate) a. Col- 
lected ; compact. 
CONGREGATION, (kgng-gre-ga'-shun) n.s. 
The act of collecting ; a collection ; an as- 
sembly met for the purposes of divine wor- 
ship ; an assembly in general. 
CONGREGATIONAL, (kgng-gre-ga'-shun- 
nal) a. Pertaining to a congregation or 
assembly : publick. 
CONGRESS, (kong'-gres) n.s. A meeting; 
a shock ; a conflict ; a meeting of cere- 
mony; an assembly of envoys, commission- 
ers, deputies, &c. from different courts, 
meeting to agree on terms of political ac- 
commodation ; a general assembly of depu- 
ties from the different states in the repub- 
lick of America. 
CONGRESSION, (kon-gresh'-un) n. s. 
Company ; an assembly, or meeting to- 
CONGRESSIVE, (kgn- gres'-siv) a. Meet- 
ing ; encountering ; coming together. 
To CONGRUE, (kgng-gru') v. u. To agree ; 

to suit. 
CONGRUENCE, (kgng'-gru-ense) n. s. 

Agrement ; consistency. 
CONGRUENCY, (kgng-gru'-en-se) n. s. 

CONGRUENT, (kong'-gru-ent) n.s. Agree- 
ing ; correspondent. 
CONGRUITY, (kong-gru'-e-te) v. s. Suit- 
ableness ; agreeableness ; consistency ; fit- 
ness ; pertinence ; consequence of argu- 
ment; reason; apt relation between things. 
CONGRUOUS, (kong'-gru-us) a. Agree- 
able to ; consistent with ; suitable to ; 
rational ; fit. 
CONGRUOUSLY, (kong'-gru-us-Ie) ad. 

Suitably ; consistently. 
CONICAL, (kon'-e-kal) }a. Having the 
CONICK, (kon'-ik) * S form of a cone. 


CONICALLY, (k^i'-e-kal-e) ad. In form 
of a cone. 

CONICK SECTION, (kon'-ik-sek'-shun) «.* 
A curve line arising from the' section of a 
cone by a plane. 

CONICK SECTIONS, (kon'-ik-sek'-shunz) ? 

CONICKS, (kpn'-iks) * \ 

n. s. That part of geometry which con- 
siders the cone, and the curves arising from 
its sections. 

To CONJECT, (kon-jekf ) v. a. To cast to- 
gether ; to throw. 

CON JECTOR, (kon-jek'-tur) n. s. A guess- 
er ; a conjecturer. 

CONJECTURABLE, (kgn-jek'-tu-ra-bl) a. 
Possible 10 be guessed. 

CONJECTURAL, (kon-jek'-tu-ral) a. De- 
pending on conjecture. 

CON JECTU RALIT Y, (kgn-jek-tu-ral'-e-te) 
n. s. That which depends upon guess. 

CONJECTURALLY, (kgn-jek'-tu-ral-e) ad. 
By guess. 

CONJECTURE, (kgn-jek'-ture) n.s. Guess; 
imperfect knowledge : opinion without proof. 

To CONJECTURE, (kgn-jek'-ture) v. a. 
To judge by guess. 

CONJECTURER, (kon-jek-tur-er) u. s. A 
guesser; one who forms opinion 'without 

CONIFEROUS, (ko-nif'-e-rns) a. A term 
applied to such trees as bear a fruit of a 
figure approaching to a cone, as the fir, 
pine, &c< 

To CONJOIN, (kgn-jgin') v. a. To unite ; 
to associate ; to connect. 

To CONJOIN, (kgn-jgin') v. n. To league ; 
to unite. 

CONJOINT, (kon-joint') a. United. 

CONJOINTLY, (kgn-jgint'-Je) ad. In union ; 

COMSOR. See Cognisor. 

CONJUGAL, (kon'-ju-gal) a. Matrimonial. 

CONJUGALLY/(kgn'-ju-gal-e) a d. Matri- 

To CONJUGATE, (kon'-ju-gate) v. a. To 
join ; to join in marriage. In grammar, To 
decline verbs through their various termi- 

CONJUGATE, (kgn -jti-gate) a. In geome- 
try, An epithet to denote the junction of 
two lines, as a conjugate axis, that which 
crosses another axis. Conjugate diameter, 
A right line, bisecting the transverse di- 
ameter. Conjugates, in rhetorcik, are such 
things as qualities, &c. which are derived 
from an original ; as, merciful from mercy. 
Conjugates, in logick, is when from one word 
we argue to another ; as, si risus gaudium 
est, ergo ridere est gaudere. 

CONJUGATION, (kgn -ju-ga'- shun) n.s. A 
couple ; a pair ; the act of uniting things 
together ; the form of inflecting verbs ; 
union ; assemblage. 

CONJUNCT, (kgn-jungkt') a. Conjoined ; 
concurrent ; united. 

CONJUNCTION, (kgn-jungk'-shun) n. s. 
Union ; the congress of two planets in the 
same degree of the zodiack ; a part of 


Fate, far, fall, fat;~-me, met ; — pine, pin;— no, move, 



speecti used to connect die clauses of a 
period together, and to signify their relation 
to one another. 

CONJUNCTIVE, (kon-jungk'-tiv) a. Closely 
united. In grammar, The mood of a verb, 
used subsequently to a conjunction. Con- 
necting together, as a conjunction. 

CONJUNCTIVELY, (kon-jungk'-tiv-le) ad. 
In union. 

CONJ UNCTIVENESS, (kon-jungk'-tiv-nes) 
tt. s. The quality of joining. 

CONJUNCTLY, (kon-jun°kt'-le) ad. Jointly. 

CONJUNCTURE, " (kon-jungk'-ture) n. s. 
A joining together ; mode of union ; com- 
bination of many circumstances, or causes ; 
occasion : critical time. 

CONJURATION, (kon-ju-ra'-shun) n. s. 
Summoning another in seme sacred name ; 
a magical form of words ; an incantation ; 
a plot ; a conspiracy ; earnest entreaty. 

To CONJURE (kon-jure') v. a. To sum- 
mon in a sacred name ; to enjoin with the 
highest solemnity ; to bind many by an oath 
to some common design ; to influence by 
magick ; to charm. 

To CONJURE, (kun'-jur) v. n. To practise 
charms or enchantments. 

CONJURER, (kun'-jur-er) n. s. An en- 
chanter ; an impostor who pretends to 
secret arts. By way of irony, A man of 
shrewd conjecture. 

CONJUREIUENT, (kon-jure'- ment) n. s. 
Serious injunction. 

CONNASCENCE, (kon-nas'-sense) n. s. 
Common birth ; being produced together 
with another being. 

CONNATE, (kon-nate') a. Born with 
another : of the same birth. 

CONNATURAL, (kon-nat'-u-ral) a. United 
with the being ; connected by nature ; par- 
ticipant of the same nature. 

CONNATURALITY, (kon-nat-u -rai'-e-te) 
n. s. Participation of the same nature. 

To CONNATURALIZE, (kon-nat'-u-ral-ize) 
v. a. To connect by nature , to make natu- 

CONNATURALLY, (kon-nat'-u-ral-e) ad. 
In co-existence with nature ; originally. 

CONN ATUR ALNESS, (kon-nat'-u-ral-nes) 
n.s. Participation oi the same nature. 

To CONNECT, (kon-nekt') v. a. To join ; 
to link ; to unite ; to join in a just series of 
thought, as the author connects his reasons 

To CONNECT, (kon-nekt") v. n. To cohere. 

CONNECTIVE, (kon-r.ek'-tiv) a. Having 
the power of connecting. 

CONNECTIVE, (kon-nek'-tiv) n.s. Aeon- 

CONNECTIVELY, (kon-nek'-tiv-le) ad. In 

To CONNEX, (kon-neW) v. a. To join or 
link together. 

CONNEXION, (kon-nek'-shun) n.s. Union ; 
junction : just relation to something prece- 
dent or subsequent. 

CONNEXIVE, (kon-neks'-iv) a. Conjunc- 


CONNIVANCE, (kon-ni'-vanse) n.s. The 
act of winking ; voluntary blindness ; pre- 
tended ignorance ; forbearance. 

To CONNIVE, (kon-nive) v. s. To wink ; 
to pretend blindness or ignorance ; to for- 
bear ; to pass uncensured. 

CONNIVENCY, (kon-iiL'-ven-se) n. s. Pre- 
tended ignorance ; forbearance. 

CONNIVENT, (kon-ni'-vent) a. Dormant; 
not attentive. 

CONNIVER, (kon-ni'-ver) n. s. One who 
pretends blindness ; who passes wickedness 

CONNOISSEUR, (ko-na-sare) n.s. A judge; 
a critick. 

CONNOISSEURSHIP, (ko-na-sare'-ship) 
n. s. The skill of a connoisseur. 

CONNOTATION, (kon-no-ta'-shun) v.s. In- 
ference ; implication of something besides. 

To CONNOTE, (kon-note') v. a. To imply ; 
to betoken. 

CONNUBIAL, (kgn-nu'-be-al) a. Matri- 

CONNUMERATION, (kgn-nu-me-ra'-shun) 
n. s. A reckoning together. 

CONOID, (ko'-noid) n. s. Approaching to 
the form of a cone. 

CONOIDICAL, (ko-noi'-de-kal) «. Ap- 
proaching to a conick form. 

To CONQUER, (kongk'-er, or keng'-kwer) 
v. a. To gain by conquest ; to overcome ; 
to subdue. 

To CONQUER, (kongk'-er, or kong'-kwer) 
v n. To overcome. 

CONQUERABLE, (kongk'-er-a-bl) a. Pos- 
sible to be overcome. 

CONQUEROR, (kongk'-er-ur) n.s. A man 
that has obtained a victory ; one that sub- 
dues his enemies. 

CONQUEST, (kong'-kwest) n. s. The act of 
conquering ; acquisition by victory ; victory ; 
success in arms. In feodal law, Purchase. 

CONSANGUINEOUS, (kon-sang-gwin'-ne- 
us") a. Near of kin ; of the san.e blood. 

CONSANGUINITY, (kon-sang-gwhi'-e-te) 
n. s. Relation by blood. 

CONSARCINATION, (kon-sar-se-na'-shun) 
n. s. The act of patching together. 

CONSCIENCE, (kon'-she-ense) n. s. The 
faculty by which we judge of the goodness 
or wickedness of 'ourselves ; justice; the 
estimate of conscience ; consciousness ; 
knowledge of our own thoughts or actions ; 
real sentiment; scruple; principle of ac- 
tion ; reason ; reasonableness. Coi:ri of 
Conscience, A court for the recovery of small 

CONSCIENT, (kon'-she-ent) a. Conscious. 

CONSCIENTIOUS, (kgn-she-en'-she-us) a. 
Scrupulous ; regulated by conscience ; con- 

CONSCIENTIOUSLY, (kon-she-en'-she-us- 
le) ad. According to the direction of con- 

CONSCIENTIOUSNESS (kon-she-en -sho- 
us-nes) n. s. Tenderness of conscience 

CONSCIONABLE, (kon'-she-un-a-b 1 ) a, 
Reasonable ; according to conscinu e. 

-tube, tub, bull ;— oil ; pound ; — tlnu, i uis. 



CONSCIONABLY, (kon'-she-un-a-ble) ad. 
Reasonably ; justly. 

CONSCIOUS, (kon'-she-us) a. Endowed 
with the power of knowing one's own 
thoughts and actions ; knowing from memo- 
ry ; admitted to the knowledge of any- 
thing ; bearing witness by the dictate of 

CONSCIOUSLY, (kon'-she-us-le) ad. With 
knowledge of one's own actions. 

CONSCIOUSNESS, (kon'-she-us-nes) n. s. 
The perception of what passes in a man's 
own mind ; internal sense of guilt or inno- 

CONSCRIPT, (kpn'-skript) a. Registered ; 
enrolled. A term used in speaking of the 
Roman senators, who were called Patres 
conseripti, from their names being written in 
the register of the senate. 

CONSCRIPT, (kon'-skript) n. s. One en- 
rolled to serve in the army ; more particu- 
larly applied to the recruits of the French 

CONSCRIPTION, (kon-skri.p'-shun) n. s. 
An enrolling or registering. 

To CONSECRATE, (kon -se-krate) v. a. To 
make sacred ; to appropriate to sacred 
uses ; to dedicate to some particular pur- 
pose ; to canonize. 

CONSECRATE, (kon'-se-krate) a. Conse- 
crated ; sacred ; devoted. 

CONSECRATION, (kon-se-kra'-shun) n. s. 
A rite of dedicating things or persons to the 
service of God ; declaring one holy by 

CONSECRATOR, (kon'-se-kra-tur) n. s. 
One that performs the rites of consecration. 

CONSECRATORY, (kon'-se-kra-tur-e) a. 
Making sacred. 

CONSECTARY, (kon'-sek-ta-re) a. Con- 
sequent ; following by consequence. 

CONSECTARY, (kgn'-sek-ta-re) n.s. De- 
duction from premises. 

CONSECUTION, (kon-se-ku'-shun) n. s. 
Train of consequences; chain of deductions ; 
succession. In astronomy, The month of 
consecution is the space from one junction of 
the moon with the sun unto another. 

CONSECUTIVE, (kon-sek'-ku-tiv) a. Fol- 
lowing in train ; consequential ; regularly 

CONSECUTIVELY, (kgu-sek'-ku-tiv-le) ad. 
Consequentially ; following in succession ; 
A term used in the school of philosophy, in 
opposition to antecedently, and sometimes 
to effectively or casually. 

To CONSEMINATE, (kon-sem'-e-rate) v. u. 
To sow different seeds together. 

CONSENT, (kon-sent') n. s. The act of 
yielding or consenting ; concord ; agree- 
ment ; joint operation. 

To CONSENT, (kon-sent') v. n. To be of 
the same mind ; to co-operate to the same 
end ; to yield ; to give consent. 

CONSENTANEOUS, (kon-sen-ta'-ne-us) a. 
Agreeable to; consistent with. 

CONSENTANEOUSLY, 'kon-sen-ta'-ne-us- 
\e) ad. Agreeably; consistently. 


CONSENTANEOUSNESS, (kon-sen-ta'-ne- 
us-nes) n. s. Agreement ; consistence. 

"CONSENTER, (kgn-sent'-er) n.s. He that 

CONSENTIENT, (kon-sen'-she-ent) a. 

CONSEQUENCE, (kon'-se-kwense) n. s. 
That which follows from any cause ; event; 
effect of a cause ; concatenation of causes 
and effects ; influence ; importance ; ten- 
dency ; moment. In logick. An inference ; 
deduction, or conclusion ; the last propo- 
sition of a syllogism. 

CONSEQUENT, (kon'-se-kwent) a. Fol- 
lowing by rational deduction ; following as 
the effect of a cause. 

CONSEQUENTIAL, (kon-se-kwen'-shal) a. 
Produced by the necessary concatenation oi 
effects to causes ; conclusive ; great ; con- 
ceited, or pompous. 

CONSEQUENTIALLY, (kon-se-kwen'-shal- 
le) ad. With just deduction of conse- 
quences ; by consequence ; eventually ; in 
a regular series. 

CONSEQUENTIALNESS, (kon-se-kwen'- 
shal-nes) n. s. Regular consecution of dis- 

CONSEQUENTLY, (kon'-se-kwent-le) ad. 
By consequence ; necessarily ; in conse- 
quence ; pursuantly. 

CONSEQUENTNESS, (kon'-se-kwent-nes) 
n.s. Regular connection of propositions. 

CONSERTION, (kon-ser'-shun) n. s. Junc- 
tion ; adaptation. 

CONSERVABLE, (kon-ser'-va-bl) a. Capa- 
ble of being kept. 

CONSERVANCY, (kon-ser'-van-se) n. s. 
Courts held by the Lord Mayor of London 
for the preservation of the fishery on the 
river Thames, are called Courts of Con- 

CONSERVANT, (kon-ser'-vant) a. That 
which preserves or continues. 

CONSERVATION, (kon-ser-va'-shun) n. s. 
The art of preserving; preservation from 

CONSERVATIVE, (kon-ser'-va-tiv) a. Hav- 
ing the power of opposing diminution or 

- injury. 

CONSERVATOR, (kon-ser -va'-tur) n. s. 
Preserver ; one that has the care or office 
of keeping from detriment. 

CONSERVATORY, (kpn-ser'-va-tur-e) n. s. 
A place where anything is kept in a man- 
ner proper to its peculiar nature. 

CONSERVATORY, (kon-ser'-va-tur-e) a. 
Having a preservative quality. 

To CONSERVE, (kon-serv') v. a. To pre- 
serve ; to candy or pickle fruit. 

CONSERVE, (kon'-serv) n. s. A sweetmeat 
made of fruit with sugar. 

CONSERVER, (kon-ser'-ver) n. s. A layer 
up ; a repositor ; one that preserves ; a 
preparer of conserves. 

CONSESSION, (kon-sesh'-shun) n. s. A 
sitting together. 

CONSESSOR, (kon-ses'-sur) n.s. One that 
sits with others. 


Fate, far, fall, fat;— me, met; — pine, pin 

no, move, 


To CONSIDER, (kon-sid'-er) v a. To think 
upon with care; to ponder; to take into 
the view ; to have regard to. 
To CONSIDER, (kgn-sid'-er) v.n. To think 
maturely ; to deliberate ; to doubt ; to 
CONSIDERABLE, (kgn-sid'-er-a-bl) a. 
Worthy of consideration ; respectable ; de- 
serving notice ; important ; valuable. 
CONSIDERABLENESS, (kgn-sid-'er-a-bl- 
nes) n. s. Importance ; dignity ; moment. 
CONSIDERABLY, (kgn-sid'-er-a-ble) ad. 
In a degree deserving notice, though not 
the highest ; with importance. 
CONSIDERANCE, (kon-sid'-er-anse) n. s. 

Consideration ; -eflection. 
CONSIDERATE, (kon-sid'-er-ate) a. Seri- 
ous ; given to consideration ; calm ; quiet ; 
having respect to ; regardful ; moderate ; 
not rigorous. 
CONSIDERATELY, (kon-sid'-er-ate- Ie) ad. 

Calmly ; prudently. 

n. s. Prudence ; calm deliberation. 
CONSIDER ATION,(kon-sid-er-a'-shun) n. s. 
The act of considering ; mature thought ; 
contemplation ; importance ; claim to no- 
tice ; equivalent ; compensation ; motive of 
action ; influence. In law, Consideration is 
the material cause of a contract, without 
which no contract bindeth. 
CONSIDERATIVE, (kon-sid'-er-a-tiy) a. 

Taking into consideration. 
CONSIDERATOR, (kgn-sid'-er-a-tur) n. s. 

He who is given to consideration. 
CONSIDERER, (kon-sid'-er-er) n. s. A 

man of reflection. 
CONSIDERING, (kgn-sid'-er-ing) part. a. 
Having regard to ; if allowance be made for. 
To CONSIGN, (kon-sine') v. a. To give to 
another in a formal manner ; to transfer ; 
to appropriate ; to commit ; to entrust. 
CONSIGNATION, (kgn-sig-na-shtm) n.s. 
The act of consigning; the act of signing 
with another. 
CONSIGNEE, (kon-si-ne) n. s. He to whom, 
goods are sent or consigned, for the pur- 
poses of being disposed of by sale. 
CONSIGNIFICATION, (kgn-sig-ne-fe-ka'- 
shrrn) n. s. Similar signification ; , act of 
signifying one thing with another. 
CONSIGNMENT, (kgn-sine'-ment) n. s. 
The act of consigning ; the writing by 
which anything is consigned. 
CONSIGNOR, (kon-si-nor') n. s. He who 

consigns goods to another for sale. 
CONS1MILAR, (kon-sim'-e-lar) a. Having 

one common resemblance. 
CON SIMILITUDE, (kon-sim-mil'-le-tnde) 

n. s. Having the same resemblance. 
To CONSIST, (kon-sist') v. n. To subsist ; 
to be comprised , to be composed ; to have 
being concurrently ; to agree ; not to op- 
pose ; not to contradict. 
CONSlSTENCE,(kon-si 9 '-tense) { n.s. State 
CONSISTENCY,(kgn-sis'-ten-se) S with re- 
spect to material existence ; degree of 
denseness or rarity ; substance ; form ; 


make ; durable or lasting state ; congruity ; 
CONSISTENT, (ken-sis'- tent) a. Not con- 
tradictory ; firm ; not fluid. 
CONSISTENTLY, (kon-sis'-tent-le) ad. 

Without contradiction; agreeably. 
CONSISTORIAL, (kon-sis-to'-re-al) a. Re- 
lating to the ecclesiastical court. 
CONSISTORY, (kon'-sis-tur-e) n.s. The 
place of justice in the court Christian ; the 
assembly of cardinals ; any solemn as- 
CONSOCIATE, (kpn-so'-she-ate) n.s. An 

accomplice ; a confederate ; a partner. 
To CONSOCIATE, (kon-so'-she-ate) v. a. 

To unite ; to join together. 
To CONSOCIATE, (kon- so -she-ate) i>, «. 

To coalesce ; to unite. 
CONSOCIATION, (kgn-so-she-a'-shun) n. s. 
Alliance ; union ; intimacy ; companion- 
CONSOLABLE, (kon-so'-Ia-bl) a. That 

which admits comfort. 
CONSOLATION, (kon-so-la'-shun) n. s. 

Comfort ; alleviation of misery. 
CONSOLATORY, (kon-sgl'-la-tur-e) a. 

Tending to give comfort. 
To CONSOLE, (kon-sole/) v. a. To comfort; 

to cheer. 
CONSOLE, (kon'-sole) n. s. In architecture, 
Is a part or member projecting in manner 
of a bracket. 
CONSOLER, (kon-so'-ler) n. s. One that 

gives comfort. 
CONSOL1DANT, (kgn-sgl'-e-dant) «. That 

which has the quality of consolidating. 
To CONSOLIDATE, (kgn-sgl-e-date) v. a. 
To form into a compact body ; to harden ; 
to unite into a solid mass. 
To CONSOLIDATE, (kon-sol'-e-date) v.n. 

To grow firm, hard, or solid. 
CONSOLIDATE, (kgn-sgl'-e-date) a. Form- 
ed into a compact body. 
Uniting into a solid mass ; confirming a 
thing ; the uniting of n any acts of parlia- 
ment upon the same subject into one ; the 
combining and uniting of two benefices in 
CONSOLED ATIVE, (kgn-sgl'-e-da-tiv) a. 
That which has the quality of consolidating. 
CONSONANCE, (kon'-so-nanse) } n. s. Ac- 
CONSONANCY, (kgn'-so-nan-se) J cord of 
sound; consistency; congruence; agree- 
ment ; concord. 
CONSONANT, (kgn'-so-nant) a. Agreeable; 

according ; consistent ; agreeing. 
CONSONANT, (kgn'-so-nant) n. s. A letter 
which, cannot be sounded, or but imper- 
fectly, by itself. 
CONSONANTLY, (kgn'-sg-nant-le) ad. 

Consistently ; agreeably. 
CONSONANTNESS, (kgn'-so-nant-nes) n. s. 

Agreeableness ; consistency. 
CONSONOUS, (kon'-so-nus) «. Agreeing 

in sound ; syraphonious. 
To CONSOPIATE. (kon-so'-pe-ate) v. a. To 

not ; — tube, tub, b\ 


-pgiind ; — thin, mis, 



CONSOPIATION, (kgu-so-pe-a'-shun) t. s. 

Laying to sleep. 
CONSORT, (kon'-sort) n. s. Companion ; 
partner ; generally a partner of the bed ; a 
•wife or husband ; an assembly ; a number 
of instruments playing together ; concur- 
rence ; union. 
To CONSORT, (Icon-sort') v.n. To associ- 
ate with. 
To CONSORT, (kon-sort') v. a. To join; 

to mix ; to marry ; to accompany. 
CONSORTABLE, (kon-sor'-ta-bl) a. To be 

compared with ; suitable. 
CONSORTION, (kon-sgr'-shun) n. s. Fel- 
lowship ; society. 
CONSORTSHIP, (kon'-sort-ship) n.s. Fel- 
lowship ; partnership. 
CONSPECTABLE, (kgn-spek'-ta-bl) a. 

Easy to be seen. 
CONSPECTION, (kon-spek'-shun) n . s. A 

seeing ; a beholding. 
CONSPECTUITY, (kon-spek-tu'-e-te) n. s. 

Sight; view. 
CONSPERSION, (kgn-sper'-slmn) n. s. A 

sprinkling about. 
CONSPICUITY,(kgn-spe-kti'-e-te) n.s. Ob- 
viousness to the sight ; brightness. 
CONSPICUOUS (kon-spik'-u-us) a. Obvi- 
ous to the sight ; eminent ; famous ; dis- 
CONSPICUOUSLY, (kgn-spik'-u-us-le) ad. 
Obviously to the view ; eminently ; remark- 
CONSPICUOUSNESS, (kgn-s P ik'-\i-us-nes) 
n. s. Exposure to the view ; eminence ; 
CONSPIRACY, (kon-spir'-a-se) n.s. A pri- 
vate agreement among several persons to 
commit some crime ; an agreement of men 
to do anything ; always taken in the evil 
part ; a general tendency of many causes 
to one event. 
CONSPIRANT, (kon-spi'-rant) a. Conspir- 
ing ; plotting. 
CONSPIRATION, (kgn-spi-ra'-shun) n. s. 

An agreement of many to one end. 
CONSPIRATOR, (kgn-spir'-a-tur; n.s. A 

man engaged in a plot. 
To CONSPIRE, (kgn-spire') v. n. To con- 
cert a crime ; to plot ; to hatch secret trea- 
son ; to agree together ; as, all things con- 
spire to make him happy. Conspiring Powers. 
In mechanicks, All such as act in direction 
not opposite to one another. 
CONSPIPvER, (kon-spi'-rer) n.s. A con- 
CONSPISSx\T10N. (kgn-spis-sa'-shun) n. s. 

Thickness ; the act of thickening. 
CONSTABLE, (kun'-sta-bl) ?z.s. A peace offi- 
cer, formerly one of the officers of the state. 
CONSTABLESHIP, (kun'-sta-bl-ship) n. s. 

The office of a constable. 
CONSTABLEWICK, (kun'-sta-bl-wik) n. s. 
The district over which the authority of a 
constable extends. 
CONSTANCY, (kon'-stan-se) n. s. Immu- 
tability; perpetuity; consistency; resolu- 
tion ; firmness ; lasting affection. 


CONSTANT, (kon'-stant) a. Firm; fixed; 
unvaried ; unchanged ; resolute ; deter- 
mined ; free from change of affection ; cer- 
tain ; firmly adherent. 
CONSTANTLY, (kon'-stant-le) ad. Unva- 

riably ; perpetually ; patientiy ; firmly. 
To CONSTELLATE, (kon-stel'-late) v. a. To 
join several stars or shining bodies ; to de- 
corate with stars. 

CONSTELLATION, (kon-stel-la'-shun) n. s. 
A cluster of fixed stars ; an assemblage of 
splendours, or excellencies. 

CONSTERNATION, (kgn-ster-na'-shun) n. s. 
astonishment ; amazement ; surprise. 

To CONSTIPATE, (kon'-sti-pate) v. a. To 
thicken ; to condense ; to stop by filling up 
the passages ; to make costive. 

CONSTIPATION, (kgn-sti-pa'-shun) n. s. 
Condensation ; stoppage ; the state of cos- 

CONSTITUENT, (kon-stit'-u-ent) n.s. Ele- 
mentary ; essential, constituting, or forming. 

CONSTITUENT, (kon-stit'-u-ent) n.s. The 
person or thing which constitutes ; that 
which is necessary to the subsistence of 
anything ; he that deputes another. 

To CONSTITUTE, (kon'-ste-tute) v. a. To 
give formal existence ; to produce ; to 
erect ; to establish ; to depute ; to appoint 
another to an office. 

CONST11 UTER, (kon'-ste-tu-ter) n. s. He 
that constitutes or appoints. 

CONSTITUTION, (kgn-ste-tu'-shun) n. s. 
The act of constituting ; enacting ; deputing ; 
state of being ; corporeal frame ; temper of 
body, as to health or disease ; temper of 
mind ; established form of government ; 
system of laws and customs ; a particular 
law ; an established usage. 

CONSTITUTIONAL, (kgn-ste-tu'-shun-al) 
a. Bred in the constitution ; radical ; con- 
sistent with the civil constitution. 

CONSTITUTIONALIST, (kgn-ste-tu'-shun- 
al -ist) n.s. An adherent to a constitution. 

CONSTH UTIONA LL Y, (kgn-ste-tii'-shun- 
al-le) ad. Legally. 

CONSTLTUTIONIST, (kgn-ste-tu'-shun-ist) 
n. s. One zealous for trie established con- 
stitution of the country. 

CONSTITUTIVE, (kgn'-ste-tu-tiv) a. Ele- 
mental ; essential ; having the power to en- 
act or establish. 

To CONSTRAIN, (kgn-strane') v. a. To 
compel ; to hinder by force ; to necessitate ; 
to confine ; to press ; to constringe ; to tie ; 
to bind ; to imprison. 

CONSTRAINABLE, (kgnstra'-na-bl; a. 
Liable to constraint. 

CONSTRA1NER, (kon-stra'-ner) n . s . He 
that constrains. 

CONSTRAINT, (kgn-strant') n.s. Compul- 
sion ; confinement. 

CONSTRAINTlVE,(kgn-strant'-jv) a. Hav- 
ing the power of compelling. 

To CONSTRICT, (kon-strikt') v. a. To bind ; 
to cramp ; to contract. 

CONSTRICTION, (kon-strik'-s-hun) n. t. 
Contraction ; compression. 


Fate, far, falL, fat : — me, met; — pine, pin 


CONSTRICTOR, (kgn-strik'-tur) n.s. That 
which compresses or contracts. 

To CONSTRINGE, (kgn-strinje') v. a. To 
compress ; to contract. 

CONSTRINGENT, (kgn-strin'-jent) a. 
Binding or compressing. 

To CONSTRUCT, (kon-strukt') v. a. To 
build; to conform; to compile ; to consti- 

CONSTRUCTER, (kon-strak'-ter) n. s. He 
who forms or makes. 

CONSTRUCTION, (kgn-struk'-shun) n. s. 
Building ; fabrication ; the form of building ; 
the putting together of words so as to con- 
vey a complete sense ; the sense ; the 
meaning. In mathematicks, The manner 
of describing a figure or problem ; Construc- 
tion of Equations, is the method of reducing 
a known equation into lines and figures, in 
order to a geometrical demonstration. 

CONSTRUCTIONAL, (kon-struk'-shun- al) 
a. Respecting the meaning or interpre- 

CONSTRUCTIVE, (kon-struk'-tiv) a. Tend- 
ing to construct. 

CONSTRUCTIVELY, (kon-struk'-tiv-le) ad. 
By construction. 

CONSTRUCTURE, (kon-struk'-ture) n. s. 
Pile ; edifice ; fabrick. 

To CONSTRUE, (kgn'-stru) v. a. To range 
words in their natural order ; to interpret ; 
to explain. 

To CONSTUPRATE, (kon'-stu-prate) v. a. 
To violate ; to debauch. 

CONSTUPR ATION,(kon-stu-pra'-shun) «. s. 
Violation ; defilement. 

To CON SUBSIST, (kon-sub-sist') v. n. To 
exist together. 

CONSUBSTANTIAL, (kon-sub-stan'-shal) a. 
Having the same essence or subsistence ; 
being of the same kind or nature. 

CONSUBSTANTIALIST, (kon-sub-stan- 
shal-ist) n. s. He who believes in con- 

CONSUBSTANTIALITY, (kon-sub-stan- 
she -al'-e-te) n. s. Existence of more than 
one, in the same substance ; participation 
of the same nature. / 

To CON SUBSTANTIATE, (kgn-sub-stan- 
she-ate) v. a. To unite in one common 
substance or nature. 

CONSUBSTANT1ATE, (kgn-sub-stan'-she- 
ate) a. United. 

CONSUBSTANTIATION, (kon-sub-stan- 
sLe-a'-shun) ». s. The union of the body 
of our Saviour with the sacramental ele- 
ment, according to the Lutherans. 

CONSUL, (kon'-sul) n. s. The chief magis- 
trate in the Roman republick ; an officer 
commissioned in foreign parts to judge be- 
tween the merchants of his nation, and pro- 
tect their commerce. 

CONSULAR, (kon'-su-lar) a. Relating to 
the consul. 

CONSULATE, (kgn'-sit-lat) n.s. The state 
or office of consul. 

CONSULSHIP, (kon'-sul-ship) n. s The 
office of consul. 


To CONSULT, (kon-sult') u n. To take 

counsel together. 

To CONSULT, (kon-sult') v. a. To ask ad- 
vice of ; to regard ; to act with respect to ; 
to plan ; to contrive. 

CONSULT, (kgn'-sult) n. s. The act of con- 
sulting ; the effect of consulting ; a council. 

CONSULTATION, (kgn-sul-ta'-shuu) n. s. 
A consulting; secret deliberation ; a council. 

CONSULTER, (kon-sul'-ter) n. s. One 
that consults or asks counsel. 

CONSUMABLE, (kcn-su'-n a-bl) a. Sus- 
ceptible of destruction. 

To CONSUME, (kon-sume') v. a. To waste ; 
to spend ; to destroy. 

To CONSUME, (kon-sume') v. n. To waste 

CONSUMER, (kon-su'-mer) n.s. One that 
wastes or destroys. 

To CONSUMMATE, (kon-sum'-mate) v. a. 
To complete ; to perfect. 

CONSUMMATE, (kon-sum'-mate) a. , Com- 
plete ; finished. 

CONSUMMATELY, (kgn sum'- mate- le) ad. 
Perfectly ; completely. 

CONSUMMATION, (kgn-sum-ma'-shun) 
n. s. Completion ; perfection ; the end of 
the present system of things ; death ; end 
of life. 

CONSUMPTION, (kgn-surn'-shun) n.s. The 
act of consuming ; waste ; the state of wast- 
ing or perishing ; a waste of muscular flesh ; 
a disease. 

CONSUMPTIVE, (kon-sum'-tiv) a. De- 
structive ; wasting ; diseased with a con- 

CONSUMPTIVELY, (kgn-sum'-riv-le) adm 
In a way tending to consumption. 

CONSUMPTIVENESS, (kon-sum'-tiv-nes) 
n. s. A tendency to a consumption. 

To CONTABULATE, (kgn-tab'-xilate) v. a. 
To floor with boards. 

CONTABULATION, (kgn-tab-ti-la'-shun) 
n. s. Boarding a floor. 

CONTACT, (kgn'-takt) n. s. Touch ; close 

CONTACTION, (kgn-tak'-shun) n.s. The 
act of touching. 

CONTAGION, (kgn-ta'-je-un) n. s. The 
emission from body to body, by which dis- 
eases are communicated ; infection ; propa- 
gation of mischief or disease ; pestilence. 

CONTAGIOUS, (kgn-ta'-je-us) a. Infec- 

CONTAGIOUSNESS, (kgn-ta'-je-us-nes) 
n. s. The quality of being contagious. 

To CONTAIN, (kon-tane') v. a. To hold as 
a vessel ; to comprehend ; to comprise, as 
a writing ; to restrain ; to withhold. 

To CONTAIN, (kon-tane') v. n. To live in 

CONTAINABLE, (kon-ta'-na-bl) a, Pos- 
sible to be contained. 

To CONTAMINATE, (kon-tam'-e-nate) v.a. 
To defile ; to pollute ; to corrupt by ba^e 

CONTAMINATE, (kon-tam'-e-nate) a. Cor- 
rupt ; polluted. 

not ;- -tube, tub, bull ; — oil ; — pgund ; — thin* Tuis. 



CONTAMINATION, (kon-tam-e-na'-shun) 
n. s. Pollution ; defilement. 

CONTECTION, (kon-tek'-shun) n. s. A 

To CONTEMN, (kon-<iem') v. a. To despise ; 
to slight. 

CONTEMNER, (kon-tem'-ner) n. s. One 
that contemns ; a scorner. 

To CONTEMPEIl, (kon-tem'-per) v. a. To 
moderate ; to reduce to a lower degree. 

CONTEMPERAMENT, (kon-tem'-per-a- 
ment) n. s. The degree of any quality. 

To CONTEMPERATE, (kon-tem'-per-ate) 
v. a. To moderate ; to temper. 

CONTEMPERATION, (kon- -tem-per-a'- 
shun) n. s. The act of moderating ; pro- 
portionate mixture ; proportion. 

To CONTEMPLATE, (kgn-tem'-plate) v. a. 
To consider with continued attention ; to 

To CONTEMPLATE, (kon-tem'-plate) v. n. 
To muse. 

CONTEMPLATION, (kon-tem-pla'-shun) 
n. s. Meditation ; studious thought on any 
subject ; holy meditation ; the faculty of 
study, opposed to the power of action. 

CONTEMPLATIVE, (kon-tem'-pla-tiv) a. 
Addicted lo thought or study ; employed in 
study ; having the power of meditation. 

CONTEMPLATIVELY, (kon-tem'-pla-tiv- 
le) ad. Thoughtfully ; attentively. 

CONTEMPLATOR, (kgn-tem'-pla-tur) n. s. 
One employed in study. 

CONTEMPORAR1NE3S, (kon-tem'-po-ra- 
re-nes) n. s. Existence at the same point 
of time. 

CONTEMPORARY, (kon-tem'-po-ra-re) a. 
Living in the same age ; born at the same 
time ; existing at the same point of time. 

CONTEMPORARY, (kon-tem'-po-ra-re) n.s. 
One who lives at the same time with another. 

To CONTEMPORISE, (kon-tem-po-rize) v. a. 
To place in the same age. 

CONTEMPT, (kon-temt') n. s. Despising 
others ; slight regard ; scorn ; the state of 
being despised ; vileness. In law, Diso- 
bedience to the rules, orders, and process 
of a court. 

CONTEMPTIBLE, (kon-tem'-le-bl) a . Wor- 
thy of contempt ; despised ; scorned. 

CONTEMPT1BLENESS, (kon-tem'-te-bl- 
nes) n. s. Meanness ; vileness ; baseness. 

CONTEMPTIBLY, (kon-tem'-te-ble) ad. 
Meanly ; deserving contemot. 

CONTEMPTUOUS^ (kon-tem'-tu-us) a. 
Scornful ; apt to despise ; insolent. 

CONTEMPTUOUSLY, (kon-tem'-tu-us-le) 
ad. In a scornful or despiteful manner. 

CONTEMPTUOUSNESS, (kon-tem'-tu-us- 
nes) n. s. Disposition to contempt. 

To CONTEND, (kon-tend') v. n. To strive ; 
to struggle ; to vie ; to act in emulation. 

To CONTEND, (kon-tend') v. a. To dis- 
pute anything ; to contest. 

CONTENDENT, (kon-ten'-dent) n.s. An- 
tagonist ; opponent. 

CONTENDER, (kon-ten'-der) n. s. Comba- 
tant ; champion. 


CONTENT, (kon-tent') a. Satisfied so m 
not to repine or oppose. 

To CONTENT, (kon-tent') v. a. To satisfy 
so as to stop complaint; to appease with- 
out complete gratification ; to please ; to 

CONTENT, (kon-tent') n. s. Moderate hap- 
piness ; satisfaction in a thing unexamined ; 
that which is contained or included ; capa- 
city ; that which is comprised in writing, as 
the contents of a book ; a parliamentary ex 
pression for those who are in favour of the 
subject proposed. 

CONTENTED, (kon-ten'-ted) part. a. Satis- 
fied ; not repining, or demanding more. 

CONTENTEDLY (kon-tent'-ed-le) ad. In 
a quiet, easv, or satisfied manner. 

CONTENTEDNESS, (kon-tent'-ed-nes) n.s. 
State of satisfaction m any lot. 

CONTENTFUL, (kon-tent'-ful) a. Perfectly 

CONTENTION, (kon-ten'-shun) v.s. Strife; 
debate ; contest ; emulation. 

CONTENTIOUS, (kon-ten'-shus) a. Quarrel- 
some ; given to debate. 

CONTENTIOUSLY, ( kon-ten'-shu.«-le) ad. 
Perversely ; quarrelsome. 

CONTENTIOUSNESS, (kon-ten'-shus-nes) 
n. s. Pronenes3 to contest ; perverseness ; 

CONTENTLY, (kon-tent'-le) ad. In a con- 
tented way. 

CONTENTMENT,; (kon-tent'-ment) ». s. 
Acquiescence without plenary satisfaction ; 

CONTERMINABLE, (kon-ter'-me-na-bl) a. 
Capable of the same bounds. 

CONTERMINATE, (kon-ter'-me-nate) a. 
That which hath the same bounds. 

CONTERMINOUS, (kon-ter'-me-nus) a. 
Bordering upon 

CONTERRANEAN, (kon-ter-ra'-ne-an) \ 

CONTERRANEOUS, (kgri-ter-ra'-ne-us) \ 
a. Of the same earth or country. 

To CONTEST, (kon-test') /;. a. To dispute ; 
to litigate. 

To CONTEST, (kon-test') v. n. To strive ; 
to contend ; to vie ; to emulate. 

CONTEST, (kon'-test) n.s. Dispute; dif- 

CONTESTABLE, (kon-tes'-ta-bl) a. Dis- 
putable ; controvertible. 

CONTESTABLENESS, (kon-tes'-ta-bl-nes) 
Possibility of being contested 

CONTESTATION, (kon-tes-ta'-shun) n. s. 
The act of contesting ; debate. 

To CONTEX, (kon-teks') v. a. To weave 
together ; to unite by interposition of parts. 

CONTEXT, (kon-tekst') n. s. The general 
series of a discourse ; the parts of the dis- 
course that precede and follow the sentence 

CONTEXT, (kon-tekst') a. Knit together ; 

CONTEXTURE, (kon-teks'-ture) n. s. The 
disposition of parts one amongst others ; 
the system. 

CONT1GNATION, (kon-tig~na'-shun) *, s. 


Fate, far, f?i! ( fat 

met ; — pme, pin ; — no, move. 


In architecture, A frame of beams joined 
together ; the laying of rafters, or flooring. 

CONTIGUITY, (kon-te-gu'-e-te) n. s. Ac- 
tual contact ; nearness of situation. 

CONTIGUOUS, (kgn-tig'-u-us) a. Meeting 
so as to touch ; bordering upon 

CONTIGUOUSLY, (kon-tig'-u-us-le) ad. 
Without any intervening spaces. 

CONTIGUOUSNESS, (kon-tig'-u-us-nes) 
n. s. Close connection. 

CONTINENCE, (kon'-te-nense) \n.s. Re- 

CONTINENCY, (kgn'-te-nen-se) S straint; 
command of one's self; forbearance of law- 
ful pleasure ; chastity in general. 

CONTINENT, (kgn'-te-nent) a. Chaste; ab- 
stemious in lawful pleasures ; restrained ; 

CONTINENT, (kgn'-te-nent) n. s. Land 
not disjointed by the sea from other lands ; 
that which contains anything. 

CONTINENTAL, (kon-te-nent'-al) a. Re- 
lating to the continent ; particularly the 
continent of Europe. 

CONTINENTLY, (kon'-te-nent-le) ad. 

To CONTINGE, (kon-tinje) v. n. To touch ; 
to happen. 

CONTINGENCE, (kon-tin'-jense) } 

CONTINGENCY, (kon-tm'-j'en-se) S "' S * 
The quality of being fortuitous ; accidental 
possibility ; the act of reaching to, or touch- 
in a - . 

CONTINGENT, (kon-tin'-jent) a. Falling out 
by chance; dependent upon an uncertainty. 

CONTINGENT, (kon-tin'-jent) n. s. A 
thing in the hands of chance ; a proportion 
that falls to any person uoon a division. 

CONTINGENTLY, (kon-tin'-jent-le) ad. 
Accidentally without any settled rule, 

CONTINUAL, (kgn-tin'-u-al) a. Incessant. 
In law, A continual claim is made from time 
to time, within every year and day. 

CONTINUALLY, (kgn-tin'-u-al-le) ad. 
Without pause ; without interruption ; with- 
out ceasing. 

CONTINUALNESS, (kon-tin -u-al-nes) n.s. 

CONTINUANCE, (kgn-tin'-u-anse) n.s. 
S c. ession uninterrupted ; permanence in 
statw ; abode in a place ; duration ; last- 
ingness ; perseverance ; progression of time ; 
continuity. In law, Prorogation, as, con- 
tinuance till the next assizes, i. e. putting off 
the trial. 

To CONTINUATE, (kon-tin'- u-ate) v. a. To 
join closely together. 

CONTINUATE, (kon-tin'-u-ate) a. Imme- 
diately united ; uninterrupted. 

CONTINUATELY, (kgn-tin'-u-ate-le) ad. 
With continuity. 

CONTINUATION, (kon-tin -u-a'-shun) n.s. 
Protraction, or succession uninterrupted. 

CONTINUATIVE, (kgn-tin'-u-a-tiv) n. s. 
Having the quality of containing ; perma- 

EONTLNUATOR, (kon-tin-u-a'-tur) n. s. 
He that continues the series or succession. 

to CONTINUE, (kpn-tin'-u) v. n. To re- 


main in the same state, or place ; to last , 
to be durable ; to persevere. 

To CONTINUE, (kon-tin'-u) v. a. To pro- 
tract ; to repeat without interruption ; to 
unite without a chasm or intervening sub- 

CONTINUEDLY, (kon-tin'-u-ed-le) ad. 
Without interruption. 

CONT1NUER, (kon-tin- u-er) n. s. One 
who continues. 

CONTINUITY, (kgn-te-nu-e-te) n.s. Con- 
nection uninterrupted ; cohesion ; that tex- 
ture or cohesion of the parts of an animal 
body, the destruction of which is a solution 
of continuity. 

CONTINUOUS, (kgn-tin'-u-us) a. Joined 
together without the intervention of any 

To CONTORT, (kon-tort') v. a. To twist ; 
to writhe. 

CONTORTION, (kon-tor'-shun) n.s. Twist ; 
wry motion. 

CONTOUR, (kon-top/) n.s. The outline; 
the line by which any figure is defined or 

CONTRA, (kon'-tra) A Latin preposition 
used in composition, which signifies against. 

CONTRA B A i\D, (kon'-tra-band) a. Pro- 
hibited; illegal; applied to such goods as 
are forbidden by act of parliament to be im- 
ported or exported. 

CONTRABAND, (kon'-tra-band) n.s. Ille- 
gal tr a flick. 

CONTRABANDIST, (kon'-tra-band-ist) n.s. 
He who traflicks illegally. 

To CONTRACT, (kon-trakt') v. a. To draw 
into less compass ; to lessen ; to draw the 
parts of anything together ; to make a bar- 
gain ; to covenant or agree ; to betroth ; to 
affiance ; to epitomise ; to abridge. 

To CONTRACT, (kon-trakt') v.n. To shrink 
up ; to bargain ; to bind by promise of 

CONTRACT, (kon'-trakt) n. s. A covenant ; 
a bargain ; a compact ; a writing in which 
the terms of a bargain are included. 
. CONTRACTEDLY, (kon-trak'-ted-le) ad. 
In a contracted manner. 

CONTRACTEDN ESS, (kon-trak'-ted-nes) 
n. s. Contraction. 

CONTRACTIBILITY, (kon-trak-te-bil'-e- 
te) n. s. Possibility of being contracted. 

CONTRACT1BLE, (kgn-trak'-te-bl) a. Ca- 
pable of contraction. 

CONTRACT1BLEN ESS, (kon-trak'-te-bl- 
ness) n. s. The quality of suffering con- 

CONTRACTILE, (kon-trak'-til) a. Having 
the inherent power of contraction. 

CONTRACTILITY, (kon-trak-til'-le-te) n. & 
That power, inherent in some bodies, of 
contracting themselves into a smaller com- 

CONTRACTION, (kgn-trak'-shun) n. s. 
Contracting or shortening ; shrinking or 
shrivelling ; the state of being contracted, 
or drawn into a narrow compass ; the re- 
duction of two vowels or syllables to one ; 

not ;— tube, tub, bull ; — oil ; — pound ;— th'm. 



an abbreviation by which several letters are 
expressed by one character, as, and by &. 

CONTRACTOR, (kgn-trak'-tur) n. s. One 
of the parties to a contract or bargain. 

To CONTRADICT, (kon-tra-dikt') v. a. To 
assert the contrary to what has been as- 
serted ; to be contrary to ; to oppose. 

CON TRADICTER, (kon-tra-dik'-ter) ti. s. 
One that contradicts ; an opposer. 

CONTRADICTION, (kgn-tra-dik'-shun) n.s. 
Verbal opposition ; opposition ; inconsis- 
tency with itself; incongruity in words or 
thoughts ; contrariety in thought or effect. 

CONTRADICTION AL, (kon-tra-dik'-shun- 
al) a. Inconsistent. 

CONTRADICTIOUS, (kgn-tra-dik'-shus) a. 
Filled with contradictions ; inclined to con- 
tradict ; opposite to. 

shus-nes) n. s. The quality of being con- 
tradictious ; inconsistency ; contrariety to 

CONTRADICTORILY, (kgn-tia-dik'-tur-e- 
le) ad. In a contradictory or inconsistent 

CONTRA DICTORINESS. (kon-tra-dik'- 
tur-e-nes) n. s. Opposition in the highest 

CONTRADICTORY, (kon-tra-dik'-tur-e) a. 
Opposite to ; inconsistent with. 

CONTRADICTORY, (kon-tra-dik'-tur-e) 
n. s. A proposition which opposes another 
in all its terms. 

CONTRADISTINCT, (kon-tra-dis-tingkt') 
a. Distinguished by opposite qualities. 

tingk'-shun) n. s. Distinction by opposite 

CONTRA DISTINCTIVE, (kon-tra-dis- 
tingk'-tiv) a. Having a contradistinguish- 
ing power. 

To CONTRADISTINGUISH, (kgn-tra-dis- 
ting'-gwish) v. a. To distinguish not simply 
by differential but by opposite qualities. 

n. s. A symptom forbidding the usual treat- 
ment of a disorder. 

To CONTRA1NDICATE, (kon-tra-in'-de- 
kate) v. a. To point out some peculiar 
symptom or method of cure, contrary to the 
general tenour of a malady. 

CONTRAINDICATION, (kon-tra-in-de- 
ka'-shun) n. s. An indication or symptom, 
which forbids that to be done which the 
main scope of a disease points out at first. 

CONTRAMURE, (kon-tra-mure') n.s. An 
out wall built about the main wall of a city. 

CONTRANITENCY, (kgn-tra-ni'-ten-se) 
n. s. Reaction ; a resistency against pres- 

CONTRAPOSITION, (kgn-tra-pp -zish'-un) 
n. s. A placing over against. 

CONTRARIANT, (kon-tra'-re-ant) a. In- 
consistent ; opposite ; repugnant. 

CONTRARIES, (kgn'-tra-rez) a. In logick, 
Propositions which destroy each other ; 
things directly opposed to each other, as 
Jight and darkness. 


CONTRARIETY, (kon-tra-ri'-e-te) n.s. Re- 
pugnance ; opposition; inconsistency 

CONTRAR1LY, (kon-tra'-re-le) ad. In a 
manner contrary ; in different directions. 

CONTRARINESS, (kon-tra'-re-nes) n. *, 

CONTRARIOUS, (kon-tra'-re-us) «. Re- 
pugnant the one to the other. 

CONTRARIOUSLY, (kon-tra'-re-us-Ie) ad. 

CONTRARIWISE, (kon'-tra-re-wize) ad. 
Conversely ; oppositely. 

CONTRARY, (kon'-tra-re) ad. Opposite ; 
contradictory ; inconsistent ; adverse ; in 
an opposite direction. 

CONTRA PvY, (kon'-tra-re) n.s. A thing 
of opposite qualities ; a proposition contrary 
to some other. On the contrary, In oppo- 
sition ; on the other side. To the contrary, 
To a contrary purpose or direction. 

CONTRAST, (kon'-trast) n.s. Opposition 
and dissimilitude of figures, by which the 
one contributes to the visibility or effect of 

To CONTRAST, (kon-trast') v. a. To place 
in opposition, so that one figure shews 
another to advantage ; to shew another 
figure to advantage by its colour or situ- 

CONTRATENOR, (kon'-tra-ten'-ur) n.s. In 
musick, The middle part ; higher than the 
tenor, and below the treble. Commonly 
written countertenor. 

CONTRA VALLATION, fkon-tra-val-la'- 
shun) n. s. The fortification thrown up 
round a city, to hinder the sallies of the 

To CONTRAVENE, (kon-tra.-vene') v. a. 
To oppose ; to baffle. 

CONTRAVENTION, (kon-tra-ven'-shun) 
n. s. Opposition. 

CONTRAVERSION,(kon-tra-ver'-shun) n. s. 
A turning to the opposite side. 

CONTRECTATION, (kon-trek-ta'-shun) n. s. 
A touching or handling. 

To CONTRIBUTE, (kon-tnb -ute) v. a. To 
give to some common stock. 

To CONTRIBUTE, (kon-trib'-ute) v. n. To 
bear a part. 

CONTRIBUTION, (kon-tre-bu'-skun) n. s. 
Promoting some design in conjunction : that 
which is given by several hands for so:..e 
common purpose ; that which is exacted by 
an army for its support in a foreign country. 

CONTRIBUT1VE, (kgn-trib'-u-tiv)a. Tend- 
ing to promote any purpose in concurrence 
with other motives. 

CONTRIBUTOR, (kon-trib'-u-tur) n.s. One 
that bears part in some common design. 

CONTRIBUTORY, (kon-trib'-u-tur-e) a. 
Contributing to, or promoting the same end. 

To CONTRISTATE, (kon-tris'-tate) v. a. To 
make sorrowful. 

CONTRISTATION, (kgn-tris-ta'-shun) n. s. 
The act of making sad ; heaviness of heart. 

CONTRITE, (kgn'-trite) a. Bruised ; much 
worn ; worn with sorrow ; harassed with 
the sense of guilt ; penitent. 


Tate, far, fall, fat;— me, met; — pine, pin: — no, move, 


CONTRITELY, (kon-trite-Ie) ad. In a 

penitent manner. 

CONTR1TENESS, (kon'-trite-nes) n.s. Con- 

CONTRITION, (kgn-trish'-un) n.s. The 
act of grinding ; penitence ; sorrow for sin. 
In the strict sense, The sorrow which arises 
from the desire to please God, distinguished 
from attrition, or imperfect repentance pro- 
duced by dread of hell. 

CONTRIVABLE, (kor-tri'-va-bl) a. Pos- 
sible to be planned. 

CONTRIVANCE, (kgn-tri'-vanse) n.s. Con- 
triving ; the thing contrived ; scheme ; plan ; 
a conceit ; a plot ; an artifice. 

To CONTRIVE, (kon-trive') v. a. To plan 
out ; to excogitate. 

To CONTRIVE, (kgn-trive') v. n. To form 
or design. 

CONTR1VEMENT, (kon-trive'-ment) n. s. 

CONTRIVER, (kon-tri'-ver) n.s. An in- 
ventor : a schemer. 

CONTROL, (kpn-troli') n. s. A register or 
account kept by another officer, that each 
may be examined by the other ; check ; re- 
straint : power; superintendence. 

To CONTROL, (kon-troll') v. a. To keep 
under check by a counter reckoning ; to 
govern ; to restrain ; to overpower. 

CONTROLLABLE, (kon-troll'-a-bl) a. Sub- 
ject to control. 

CONTROLLER, (kon-troll'-er) n. s. An 
overseer of office relating to publick ac- 
counts ; a superintendent. 

CONTRO LLERSH1P, (kpn-troll'-er-ship) 
n. s. The office of a controller. 

CONTROLMENT, (kon-troil'-ment) n. s. 
Superintending or restraining ; restraint. 

CONTROVERSARY, (kgn-tro-ver'-sa-re) «. 

CONTROVERSIAL, (kon-tio-ver'-shal) a. 

CONTROVERSIALIST, (kon-tro-ver'-shal- 
ist) n. s. One who is engaged in literary 
war ; a disputant. 

CONTROYERSER, } (kon-tro-ver'-ser) n.s/ 

CONTROVERSOR, 5 A disputant; acon- 

CONTROVERSY, (kgn'-tro-ver-se) n. s. 
Dispute ; debate ; commonly in writing. 

To CONTROVERT, (kon'-tro-vert) v. a. To 
debate ; to dispute anything in writing. 

CONTRO VERIER, (kpn-tro-ver'-ter) n. s. 
A disputant. 

CONTROVERTIBLE, (kgn-tro-vert'-e-bl) a. 

CONTRO VERTIST, (kon'-tro-ver-tist) n.s. 
Disputant ; a man engaged in literary wars. 

CONTLMACIOUS, (kon-tu-ma-shus) a. 
Obstinate ; perverse ; inflexible. 

CONTUMACIOUSLY, (kon-tu-ma'-shus-le) 
ad. Obstinately; inflexibly. 

CONTUMACIOUSNESS, ( kon-tu-ma'-shus- 
nes) n. s. Obstinacy ; perverseness. 

CONTUMACY, (kon'-tu-ma-se ) n.s. Ob- 
stinacy ; perverseness ; wilful disobedience 
to any lawful summons or judicial order. 


CONTUMELIOUS, (kpn-tu-me'-le-us) a. 
Reproachful ; rude ; inclined to utter re- 
proach or practise insults ; productive of re- 
proach ; ignominious. 

CONTUMELIOUSLY, (kon-tu-me'-le-us-le) 
ad. Reproachfully ; rudely. 

CONTUMELIOUSNESS, (kon-tu-me -le-us- 
nes) n. s. Rudeness ; reproach. 

CONTUMELY, (kon'-tu-me-le) n. s. Rude- 
ness ; contemptuousness ; bitterness of Ian 
guage ; reproach. 

To CONTUND, (kon-tund') v. a . To bruise , 
to beat together. 

To CONTUSE, (kon-tuze') v. a. To beat to 
gether ; to bruise ; to bruise the flesh with- 
out a breach of the continuity. 

CONTUSION, (kon-tii'-zhun) n. s. Beating 
or bruising ; the state of being beaten or 
bruised ; a bruise. 

CONVALESCENCE, (kon-va-les'-sense) ) 

CONVALESCENCY, (kon-va-les'-sen-se) \ 
ii. s. Renewal of health* 

CONVALESCENT, ^ (kon-va-les'-sent) a. 
Recovering ; returning to a state of health. 

CON VEN ABLE, (kgn-ve'-na-bl) a. Capa- 
ble of being convened. 

To CONVENE, (kgn-vene') v. n. To come 
together ; to associate ; to assemble for any 
public purpose. 

To CONVENE, (kgn-vene') v. a. To call to- 
gether ; to assemble ; to summon judicially. 

CONVENER, (kon-ve'-ner) n.s. One who 
assembles with others for business. 

CONVENIENCE, (kon-ve'-ne-ense) \n. s. 

CONVENTENCY, (kon-ve'-ne-en-se) S Fit- 
ness ; propriety ; commodiousness ; ease : 
cause of ease ; accommodation ; fitness of 
time or place. 

CONVENIENT,- (kgn-ve'-ne-ent; a. Fit; 
suitable ; commodious. 

CONVENIENTLY, (kon-ve'-ne-ent-le) ad. 
Commodiously ; without difficulty ; fitly. 

CONVENT, (kgn'-vent) n.s. An assembly 
of religious persons ; a body of monks or 
nuns; a religious house ; an abbey ; a mo- 
nastery ; a nunnery. 

To CON VENT, (kon-vent ) v. a. To call be- 
fore a judge. 

To CONVENT, (kon-vent') v. n. To meet; 
to concur. 

CONVENTICLE, (kon-ven'-te-kl) n.s. An 
assembly ; a meeting ; an assembly for 
scismatical worship. 

CONVENT1CLER, (kgn-ven'-te-kler) n. s. 
One that frequents private and unlawful 

CONVENTION, (kgn-ven'-shun) n.s. The 
act of coming together ; an assembly ; a 
contract for a time, previous to a definitive 

CONVENTIONAL, (kon-ven'-shun-al) a. 
Stipulated ; agreed on by compact. 

CON VENTIONARY, (kgn-ven'-shun-a-re) 
a. Acting upon contract. 

CONVENTION1ST, (kon-ven'-shun-ist) n.s. 
One who makes a contract or bargain. 

CONVENTUAL, (kgn-ven'-tu-al) ft. Be- 
longing to a convent ; monastick. 

not; — tube, tub, bull; — Qil $ — pound; — thin., 



To CONVERGE, (kon-verje') v.n. To tend 

to one point. 
CONVERGENT, (kqn-ver'-jent) \a. Tend- 
CON VERGING, (kon-ver'-jing) } ing to 

one point. 
CONVERGING Series. See Series. 
CON V ERSABLE, ( kon-ver-sa-bl) a. Quali- 
fied for conversation. 
CON VERSAELENESS, (kon-ver'-sa-bl-nes) 
v.s. The quality of being a pleasing com- 
panion ; fluency of talk. 
CON VERSA BE V, (kon-ver'-sa-ble) ad. In 

a conversable manner. 
CONVERSANT, (kon'-ver-sant) a. Ac- 
quainted with ; having intercourse with ; 
acquainted ; relating to. 
CONVERSATION, (kon-ver-sa'-slmn) n.s. 
Familiar discourse ; chat ; easy talk ; dis- 
course upon any subject ; intercourse ; be- 
haviour ; practical habits. 
CON VERS ATI VE, (kon-ver'-sa-tiv) a. Re- 
lating to commerce with men ; not contem- 
CON V ERSAZIONE, (kon-ver-sat-ze-o'-na) 

n. s. A meeting of company. 
To CONVERSE, (ko)-verse') v.n. To hold 
intercourse with ; to be acquainted with ; 
to convey the thoughts reciprocally in talk; 
to discourse familiarly upon any subject ; 
to have commerce with a different sex. 
CONVERSE, (kon'-verse) n. s. Conver- 
sation ; acquaintance ; familiarity. 
CONVERSE, (kon'-ve;se) a. In a manner 
opposite or reciprocal. In mathematicks, 
A proposition is converse of another, when, 
after chawing a conclusion from something 
first supposed, we return again by making 
a supposition of what had been before con- 
cluded, and draw as a conclusion what had 
before been a supposition. 
CONVERSELY, (kon-verse'-Je) ad. With 

change of order ; reciprocally. 
CONVERS10.N,(kon-ver'-shun) n.s. Change 
of one state into another ; change from re- 
probation to grace, from a bad to a holy 
life ; change from one religion to another ; 
In logick, The interchange of terms in an 
argument ; as, no virtue is vice; no vice is 
virtue; Conversion cf Equations, in algebra, 
is the reducing of a fractional equation into 
an integral one'. 
CON VERS! VE, (kon-ver'-siv) a. Having a 

tendency to converse. 
To CONVERT, (kon-vert') v. a. To change 
one thing into another ; to change from one 
religion to another ; to turn from a bad to a 
good life ; to turn towards any point ; to 
apply to any use ; to appropriate. 
CONVERT, (kem'-vert) n. s. A person con- 
verted from one opinion to another. 
CONVERTER, (kon-vei'-ter) n. s. One 

that makes converts. 
CON VER T1B1L1T Y, (kon-ver-te-bil'-e-te) 
n. s. The quality of being possible to be 
CONVERTIBLE, (kon-ver'-te-bl) a. Sus- 
ceptible of change ; so much alike as that 
one may be used for the other. 


CONVERT1BLY, (kon-ver'-te Me) ad. Re- 
ciprocally ; with inierchange of terms. 
CONVEX, (kgn'-veks) a. Rising in a cir- 

cular form ; opposite to concave. 
CONVEX, (kou'-veks) n.s. A convex body, 
CON VEXED,' (kon-vekst') part, a. Formed 

CONVEXEDLY, (kon-vek'-sed-le) ad. In 

a convex form. 
CONVEXITY (kon-veks'-e-te.) n.s. Pro- 
tuberance in a circular form. 
CONVEXEY, (kon-veks'-le) ad. In a con- 
vex form. 
CONVEXNESS, (kon-veks'-nes) n.s. The 

The state of being convex. 
CONVEXO-CONCAVE, (kou-veks'-o-kon- 
kave) a. Having the hollow on the inside, 
corresponding to the external protuber- 
To CONVEY 5 (kon-va') . a. r I> carry ; to 
hand from one to another ■ to remove se- 
cretly ; to transmit ; to transfer ; to deliver 
to another ; to impart. 
CONVEYANCE, (kon-va'-anse) n.s. The 
act of removing anything ; the means by 
which anything is conveyed ; transmission ; 
act of transferring property ; grant ; a deed 
or instrument by which property is trans- 
CONVEYANCER, (kpn-va'-an-ser) n.s. A 
lawyer who draws writings by which pro- 
perty is transferred. 
CONVEYER, (kon-va'-er) n. s. One who 
carries or transmits ; that by which any- 
thing is conveyed. 
CONV1CIN1TY, (kon-vi-sin'-e-te) n.s. 

To CONVICT, (kon-vikt') v. a. To prove 
guilty ; to detect in guilt ; to confute ; to 
shew by proof or evidence ; to overpower ; 
to surmount. 
CONVICT, (kon'-vikt) a. Convicted. 
CONVICT, (kpn'-vikt) n. s. One found 

CONVICTION, (kon-vik'-shun) n.s. De- 
tection of guilt ; the act of convincing ; con- 
futation ; state of being convinced. 
CONV1CT1VE, (kon-vik'-tiv) a. Having the 

power of convincing. 
To CONVINCE, (kon-vinse') v. a. To force 
any one to acknowledge a contested pro- 
position ; to prove guilty of; to overpower, 
to surmount. 
CON V1NCEMENT, (kon-vinse' -ment) n. s. 

CONV1NCER, (kpn-vm'-ser) n.s. That 

which makes manifest. 
CONVINCIBLE, (kon-vin'-se-bl) a. Ca- 
pable of conviction ; capable of being dis- 
CONVINCINGLY, (kon-vin'-sing-le) ad. 
In such a manner as to leave no room for 
CONVINCINGNESS, (kon-vin'-sing-nes) 

n.s. The power of convincing. 
CONV1VAL, (kon-vi'-val) } a. Relating 
CONVIVIAL, (kon-viv'-yal) \ to an enter- 
tainment ; festal; social. 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met; — pine, pin;— no, move, 


CONUNDRUM, (ko-mm'-dram; a. t. A 
low jest ; a quibble. 

To C0NVOCATE, (kon'-vo-kate) v. a. To 
call together. 

CONVOCATION, (kon-vo-ka'-shun) h.s. 
Calling to an assembly ; an assembly ; an 
assembly of the clergy for consultation upon 
matters ecclesiastical ; a distinct academi- 
cal assembly, in which the general business 
of the university is transacted. 

To CONVOKE, (kpn-vpke') v. a. To call to- 

To CONVOLVE, (kon-volv) v. a. To roll 

CONVOLUTED, (kon-vo-lu-ted) part. 
Twisted ; rolled upon itself. 

CONVOLUTION, (kon-vp-lu'-shun) n. s. 
Rolling anything upon itself; rolling to- 

To CONVOY, (kon-voe/) v. a. To accom- 
pany by land or sea for the sake of defence 

CONVOY, (kyn'-vpe ) n.s. Force- attending 
on the road by way of defence ; the act of 
attending as a defence ; conveyance. 

CONVOLVULUS, (kon-vgl'-vu-lus) n.s. A 
genus of plants : bind-weed. 

CONUSANCE, (kon'-u-sanse) n. s. Cogni- 
zance , notice ; knowledge. 

CONUSANT, (kyn'-u-sant) a. Cognizant; 

To CONVULSE, (kon-vulse) v. a. To give 
an irregular and involuntary motion to the 
parts of any body. 

CONVULSION, (kon-vul'- shun) n. s. Tu- 
mult ; disturbance. In medicine, An in- 
voluntary contraction of the fibres and mus- 
cles, whereby the body and limbs are pre- 
ternaturally distorted. 

CONVULSIVE, (kon-vul'-siy) a. Tending 
to produce involuntary motion. 

CONVULSIVELY, (kon-vul'-siy-le) ad. In 
an agitated or tumultuous manner. 

CONY, (kun'-ne) n. s. A rabbit ; a simple- 

CONY-BOROUGH, (W-ne-bur-p) n.s. A 
place where rabbits make their holes in the 

To COO, (koo) v. n. To cry as a dove or 
pigeon. * 

COOING, (koo'-ing) n. s. Invitation, as the 
note of the dove. 

COOK, (kook) n. s. One whose profession 
is to dress and prepare victuals. 

COOK-MAID, (kopk'-made) n.s. A maid 
that dresses provisions. 

COOK-ROOM, (kook'-room) n. s. Tbe 
kitchen of a ship. 

To COOK, (kook) v. a. To prepare victu- 
als ; to prepare for any purpose. 

COOKERY, (kppk'-er-e) n.s. The art of 
dressing victuals. 

COOL, (kool) a. Approaching to cold ; 
temperate ; not zealous ; not ardent. 

COOL, (kool) n. s. Freedom from heat. 

To COOL, (kool) v. a. To make cool ; to 
allay heat , to quiet passion. 

To COOL, (kool) v, n. To grow less hot ; 
to grow less warm. 


COOLER, (kpol-er) n.s. That v-hieh has 
the oower of cooling the body; a vessel in 
wnich anything is made cool. 

COOLISH (kpoj-ish) a. Approaching to 

COOLLY, (kpol'-le) ad. Without heat, or 
sharp cold ; without passion. 

COOLNESS, (kool'-nes) n. s. Gentle cold ; 
Want of affection ; 'disinclination ; freedom 
from passion. 

COOM, (koom) n. s. Soot that gathers over 
an oven's mouth. 

COOMB, }(kppm) n. s. A measure of corn 

COMB, S containing four bushels. 

COOP, (kppp) n.s. A barrel for the pre- 
servation of liquids ; a cage ; a pen for ani- 

To COOP, (kpop) v. a. To shut up in a nar- 
row compass ; to confine ; to cage. 

COOPEE, (kpp-pee') n. s. A motion in 

COOPER, (kpp'-per) 71. s. One that makes 
coops or barrels. 

COOPERAGE, (kpp'-per- aje) n. s. The 
work of a cooper ; the price paid for cooper's 
work ; the place where a cooper works. 

To CO-OPERATE, (ko-op'-er-ate) v. n. To 
labour jointly with another to the same end ; 
to concur in the same effect. 

CO-OPERATION, (kp-op-er-a'-shun) n. s. 
Contributing to the same end. 

CO-OPERATIVE, (ko-pp'-er-a-tiv) a. Pro- 
moting the same end. 

CO-OPERATOR, (kp-op'-er-a-tur) n. s. He 
that promotes the same end with others. 

CO-OPTATION, (ko-op-ta'-shun) n. s. 
Adoption ; assumption ; union in choice. 

CO ORDINATE, (kp-or'-de-nate) a. Hold- 
ing the same rank ; not being subordinate , 

CO-ORDINATELY, (ko-or'-de-nate-le) ad. 
In the same rank. 

CO-ORDIN ATENESS, (ko-pr'-de-nate-nes) 
n. s. The state of being co-ordinate. 

CO-ORDINATES, (kp-pr'-de-nate) n.s. In 
mathematicks, The absciss and ordinates 
when taken in connection. 
, CO-OhDINATION,(ko-pr-de-na'-shun) n.s. 
The state of holding the same rank. 

COOT, (kppt) n. s. A small black water- 
fowl, in fens and marshes. 

COPAL, (ko'-pal) n.s. A Mexican gum. 

COPARCENARY, (kp-par'-se-na-re) n.s, 
Joint succession to any inheritance. 

COPARCENER, (kp-par'-se-ner) n. s. Such 
as have equal portion in the inheritance of 
their ancestor. 

COPARCENY, (kp-par'-se-ne) n. s. An 
equal share of coparceners. 

COPARTMENT, ^kp-part'-ment) n. s. 

COPARTNER, (kp-part'-ner) n.s. One that 
has a share in some common stock or affair ; 
oi;e equally concerned. 

COPARTNERSHIP, (kp-part'-ner-ship) n. s. 
The state of bearing an equal part, or pos- 
sessing an equal share. 

COPAY VA, (kp-pa'-va) n. s. A gum which 
distils from a tree in Brazil. 

net ; — tube, tub, bull 3 — pil ; pound ; — thm, mis. 



COPE, (kope) n. s. Anything with which 
the head is covered ; a sacerdotal vest- 
ment worn in sacred ministration ; anything 
spread over the head, as the concave of 
the skies ; any archwork over a door. 

To COPE, (kope) v. a. To cover, as with a 
cope ; to contend with ; to oppose ; to re- 
ward ; to give in return. 

To COPE, (kope) v. n. To contend ; to 
struggle ; to encounter. 

COPERN1CAN, (ko-per'-ne-kan) a. Relat- 
ing to the system of Copernicus. 

COPIER, (kgp'-pe-er) n. s. One that copies ; 
a transcriber ; one that imitates ; a plagi- 

COPING, (ko'-ping) n. s. The upper tire of 
masonry which covers the wall. 

COPIOUS, (ko'-pe us) a. Plentiful ; abun- 
dant ; abounding in words or images ; not 
barren ; not concise. 

COPIOUSLY, (ko'-pe-us-le.) ad. Plenti- 
fully ; at large ; diffusedly. 

COPIOUSNESS, (ko'-pe-us-nes) n.s. Plenty ; 
abundance ; diffusion ; exuberance of style. 

COPPED, (kop'-ped) a. Rising to a top or 

COPPEL, (kop'-pel) n. s. An instrument 
used in chemistry to try and purify gold 
and silver. 

COPPER, (kgp'-per) n.s. One of the six 
primitive metals. 

COPPER, (kgp'-per) n. s. A vessel made 
of copper, commonly used for a boiler, 
larger than a moveable pot. 

COPPER-PLATE, (kop'-per-plate) n.s. A 
plate on which pictures are engraven. 

COPPERAS, (kop'-per-as) n. s. A name 
given to green, blue, and white vitriol. 

COPPERED, (kop'-perd) a. Applied to 
vessels having their bottoms sheathed with 
plates of copper, to preserve the planks 
from worms, &c. 

COPPERSMITH, (kgp'-per-smith) ». s. 
One that manufactures copper. 

COPPERY, (kgp'-per-e) a. Containing, or 
having the nature of copper. 

COPPICE, (kop'-pis, or kops) n. s. Low 
woods cut at stated times for fuel. 

COPPING. See Coping. 

COPPLE-DUST, (kgp-pl-dust) n.s. Powder 
used in purifying metals. 

COPPLED, (kgp'-pld) a. Rising in a conick 
form ; rising to a point. 

COPSE, (kops) n. s. Low wood cut at a cer- 
tain growth for fuel ; a place overgrown 
with short wood. _ 

C OPTIC K, (kgp'-tik) n. s. The language of 
the Copts ; the ancient Egyptian language. 

COPULA, (kop'-u-la) n. s. In logick, The 
word which unites the subject and predi- 
cate of a proposition ; as, books are dear. 
In anatomy, A ligament. 

To COPULATE, (kop'-u late) v. a. To unite ; 
to conjoin. 

To COPULATE, (kop'-u-late) v.n. To come 
together as different sexes. 

COPULATE, (kop'-u-late) a. Joined 

COPULATION, (kop-u-la'-shun) n. s. The 


congress or embrace of the t\\ o sexes ; any 

COPULATIVE, (kop'-u-la-tiv) a. Tending 
to connect or unite. In grammar, A term 
applied to conjunctions which join the sense 
as well as the words ; as, and, alto. 

COPY, (kop'-pe) n. s. A transcript from 
the original ; an individual book : the au- 
tograph, or original, after which the com- 
positor sets his type ; a picture drawn from 
another picture. Copy of Court Roll ; see 

COPY-BOOK, (kop'-pe-bppk) n. s. A book 
in which copies are written for learners to 

COPYHOLD, (kop'-pe-hold) n. s. A tenure, 
for which the tenant hath nothing to shew 
but the copy of the rolls made by the stew- 
ard of his lord's court. 

COPY-RIGHT, (kop'-pe-rite) n. s. The 
property which an author, or his assignee, 
has in a literary work. 

To COPY, (kgp'-pe) v. a. To transcribe ; to 
write after an original ; to imitate. 

To COPY, (kop'-pe) v. n. To imitate. 

COPYER, (kop'-pe-er) n. s. One who 

COPYIST, (kop'-pe-ist) n. s. A transcribei ; 
an imitator. 

To COQUET, (ko-ket') v. a. To treat with 
an appearance of amorous tenderness. 

To COQUET, (ko-ket') v. n. To act the 
lover : to entice by blandishments. 

COQUETRY, (ko-ket'-re) n. s. Affectation 
of amorous advances ; desire of attracting 

COQUETTE, (ko-ket') n. s. A gay airy 
girl ; a woman who endeavours to attract 

COQUETTISH, (ko-ket'-ish) a. Having 
the manners of a coquette. 

CORACLE, (kgr'-a-kl) n. s. A boat used by 
fishers ; made by drawing leather or oiled 
cloth upon a frame of wicker work. 

CORAL, (kgr'-al) n. s. A hard, brittle, cal- 
careous substance, growing in the sea like a 
plant, and inhabited by the Isis, a genus of 

CORALLINE, (kgr'-al-in) a. Consisting of 

CORALLINE, (kgr'-al-in) n. s. A sea- 
plant used in medicine. 

CORALLOID, (kor'-al-loid) \a. Re- 

CORALLOIDAL,'(kgr-ai-lgid'-al) S sem- 
bling coral. 

CORB, (korb) n. s. An o.nament in build- 

CORB AN, (kgr'-ban) n. s. An alms-basket ; 
a gift ; an alms. 

CORBEILS, (kgr'-belz) n. s. Large baskets 
used in fortification, filled with earth. 

CORBPX, (kor'-bel) n. s. In architecture, 
The representation of a basket, sometimes 
placed on the heads of the caryatides ; a 
short piece of timber or stone sticking out 
a few inches from a wall and supporting 
the battlements ; a niche left in walls for 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met; — pine, pin; — no, move, 


CORBY, (kgr'-be) n.s. A raven. 

CORD, (kgrcL) n. s. A rope ; a string com- 
posed of several strands or twists ; a quan- 
tity of wood for fuel, supposed to be'mea- 
sured with a cord. 

To CORD, (kord) v. a. To fasten with cords. 

CORDAGE, (kpr'-daje) n.s. A quantity of 
cords ; the ropes of a ship. 

CORDED, (kor'-ded) a. Made of ropes; 
bound with a cord. 

CORDEEIER, (kor-de-leer') n. s. A Fran- 
ciscan friar ; so named from the cord which 
serves him for a cincture. 

CORDIAL, (kor'-de-al) n. s. A medicine 
that increases the force of the heart ; any 
medicine that increases strength ; anything 
that comforts and exhilarates. 

CORDIAL, (kgr'-de-al) a. Reviving ; invi- 
gorating ; sincere ; heartv- 

CORDIALITY, (kor-de-al'-e-te) r s Re- 
lation to the heart ; warmth of manner ; 

CORDIALLY, (kor'-de-al-le) ad. Sincerely; 

CORDIALNESS,(kor'-de-al-nes) n.s. Hearti- 

CORDON, (kgr-dgn) n. s. In fortification, 
A row of stones jutting out before the ram- 
part ; a band ; a wreath ; the ribbon of an 
order of knighthood. 

CORDOVAN, (kor'-do-van) n. s. Cordo- 
van leather, from Cordova, in Spain ; 
Spanish leather. 

CORDWAINER, (kord'-wa-ner, or kor-de- 
ner) n.s. A shoemaker. 

CORE, (kore) n.s. The heart; the inner 
part of any thing ; the inner part of a fruit 
which contains the kernels. 

COREGENT, (ko-re'-jent) n. s. A joint 
regent or governour. 

CORELATIVE, a. See Correlative. 

CORIACEOUS, (ko-re-a'-shus) a. Consist- 
ing of leather ; of a substance resembling 

CORIANDER, (ko-re-an'-der) n. s. A plant. 

CORINTHIAN Order, (ko-rin'-t/ie-an) a. 
The third and noblest of five orders of archi- 

CORK, (kork) n. s. A glandiferous tree, 
the bark of which is used for stopples ; a 
piece of cork cut for the stopple of a bottle 
or barrel, 
lb CORK, (kork) v. a. To stop with corks. 
CORKING-PIN, (ko/-king-pin) a. s. A pin 
of the largest size. 

CORKY, (kor'-ke) a. Consisting of, or re- 
sembling cork. 
CORMORANT, (kor'-mo-rant) n.s. Vul- 
garly used for Cohvorant, which see. 
CORN, (kgrn) n.s. The grain of wheat, 
barley, rice, &c. , any minute particle ; an 
excrescence on the feet, hard and painful. 
To CORN, (kgrn) v. a. To salt ; to sprinkle 

with salt ; to granulate. 
CORN-FIELD, (korn'-feeld) n. s. A field 

where corn is growing. 
CORN -FLOOR, (korn'-flore) «. s. The floor 
where com is stored. 


CORN-LAND, (kgrn -land) n. s. Land ap- 
propriated to the production of grain. 
CORN-LOFT, (kom -loft) n.s. Granary. 
CORN-MILL, (k'orn'-mil) n. s. A mill to 

grind corn. 
CORN-PIPE, (korn'-pipe) n. s. A pipe made 
by slitting the joint of a green stalk of corn. 
CORNAGE, (korn'-aje) n.s. A tenure which 
obliges the landholder to give notice of an 
invasion bv blowing a horn. 

CORN CHANDLER, (korn'-tshand-ler) n.s. 
One *hat retails corn. 

CORN CUTTER, (korn'-kut-ter) n. s. A 
man whose profession is to extirpate corns 
from the foot. 

CORNEA, (kor'-ne-a) n. s. The horny coat 
of the eye. 

CORNEL, (kor'-nel) ? 

CORNELIAN-TREE, (kgr-ne'-le-an-tree) $ 
n. s. A tree bearing the fruit commonly 
called the cornel or cornelian cherry. 

CORNEI TAN-STONE. See Carnelian. 

CORNEOUS, (kor'-ue-us) a. Horny. 

CORNER, (kor'-ner) n.s. An angle ; a secret 
or remote place ; the extremities ; the ut- 
most limit. 

CORNER-STONE, (kor'-ner-stone) n. s. 
The stone that unites the two walls at the 
corner ; the principal stone. 

CORNERED, (kor'-nerd) a. Having angles 
or corners. 

CORNERWISE, (kor'-ner- wize) ad. Diag- 
onally ; with the corner in front. 

CORNET, (kor'-net) n. 5. A musical instru- 
ment blown with the mouth ; the officer that 
bears the standard of a cavalry troop ; Cornet 
of a Horse, is the lowest part of his pastern 
that runs round the coffin ; a scarf anciently 
worn by doctors ; a head-dress ; A Cornet of 
Paper, is a cap of paper, made by retailers 
for small wares. 

COLNETCY, (kor'-net-se) n. s. The com- 
mission of a cornet. 

CORNICE, (kgr'-nis) n. s. The highest pro- 
jection of a wall or column. 

CORNICE Ring, (kgr'-nis) n. s. In gun- 
nery, The next ring from the muzzle back- 

CORNICLE, (kor'-nik-kl) n. s. A little- 

CORNICULATE, (kor-nik'-u-late) a . Horn- 
ed. In botany, Such plants as produce- 
many distinct and horned pods. 

CORNIGEROUS, (kgr-nidje'-e-rus; a. 
Horned ; having horns. 

CORNING-HOUSE, (kor'-ning-hguse) n. * 
The place where gunpowder is granulated. 

CORNISH, (kor-nish) a. Relating to the 
people, language, or manners of the Cornish. 

CORNUCOPIA, (kor-mi-ko'-pe-e) n.s. The 
horn of plenty. 

To CORNUTE, (kgr-nxxte') v. a. To bestow 
horns ; to cuckold.. 

CORNUTED, (kgr-nu'-ted) a. Grafted with 
horns ; cuckolded. 

CORNUTO, (kor-nu'-to) n. s. A cuckold. 

CORNUTOR, (kor-nu'-tur) n. s. A cuck- 
old maker. 

not ; — tube, tub, bull , — oil ; —pound ; — thin, this 



CORNY, (kgr'-ne) a. Strong or hard like 
horn ; producing grain or corn ; containing 

COROLLARY, (kor'-o-iar-e) n. s. The 
conclusion ; surplus. 

CORONA, (kor-o'-na) n. s. A large flat 
member of the cornice, which crowns the 

CORONAL, (kor'-o-nal) n. s, A crown ; a 

CORONAL, (kgr-o'-nal) a. Belonging to 
the top of the head. 

CORONARY, (kor'-o-nar-e) a. Relating to 
a crown. 

CORONATION, (kor-o-na'-shun) n.s. The 
act or solemnity of crowning a king ; the 
pomp or assembly present at a coronation. 

CORONER, (kor'-o-ner) n. s. An officer 
whose duty is t > enquire, on the pari, of 
the king, how any violent death was occa- 
sioned ; for which purpose a jury is impan- 

CORONET, (kor'-o-net) n. s. An inferior 
crown worn by the nobility 5 an ornamental 

CORPORAL, (kgr'-po-ral) ru s. The lowest 
officer of the infantry. 

CORPORAL of a Ship, (kgr'-po-ral) n. s. An 
officer that hath the charge of setting 
the watches and sentries. 

CORPORAL, (kgr'-po-ral) a. Relating to 
the body ; material ; not spiritual ; relating 
to an oath so called. 

CORPORALE, (kgr-po-ra'-le) n. s. The fine 
linen wherein the sacrament is put. 

CORPORALITY, (kgr-po-ral'-e-te) n. s. 
The quality of being embodied ; corpora- 
tion ; confraternity. 

CORPORALLY, (kor'-no-ral-le) ad. Bodily. 

CORPORATE, (kgr'-po-rate) a. United in 
a body or community ; enabled to act in 
legal processes as an individual ; general ; 

To CORPORATE, (kgr'-po-rate) v. n. To 

CORPORATELY, (kgr'-po rate-le) ad. In 
a corporate capacity. 

CORPORATENESS, (kor'-po-rate-ness) n.s. 
The state of a body corporate. 

CORPORATION, (kor-po-ra'-shun) n.s. A 
body politick, authorized by the king's 
charter to have a common seal, one head 
officer or more, and members, able, by their 
common consent, to grant, or receive, in 
law, anything within the compass of their 

CORPORATURE, (kgr'-po-ra-ture) n. s. 
The state of being embodied. 

CORPORi:AL, (kgr-po'-re-al) a. Having a 
body ; not spiritual. 

CORPOREALIST, (kor-po' n. . 
One who denies spiritual substances. 

CORPOREALLY, (kgr-po'-re-al-le) ad. In 
a material or bodily manner. 

CORPOREITY, (kor-po-re'-e-te) n. s. Ma- 

CORROREOUS, (kor-po'-re-us) a. Bodily; 
having a body. 


CORPORIFICATION, (kor-pgr-re-fe-ks 
shun j n. s. The act of giving body or pal- 

To CORPOR1FY, (kor-pcr-re-fi) v. a. To 

CORPS, (kore) n.s. Plural (korz) A body 
of forces. 

CORPSE, (korps, or kgrse) n. s. A body ; 
a dead body ; a carcass. 

CORPULENCE, (kor'-pu-lense) ) 

CORPULENCY, (kor'-pii-len-se) $ '- *' 
Bulkiness of body ; spissitude ; grossness 
of matter. 

CORPULENT, (kor'-pu-lent) a. Fleshy ; 

CORPUSCLE, (kor'-piis-sl) n.s. A small 
body ; a particle of matter. 

AN, (kgr-pus'-ku-lar, kgr-pus-ku-la'-re-an) 
a. Relating to bodies ; comprising bodies. 

CORRADIATION, (kgr-ra-de-a'-shun) n. s. 
A conjunction of rays in one point. 

To CORRECT, (kgr-rekt') v. a. To amend 
to take away faults ; to obviate the qualities 
of one ingredient by another ; to punish 
to chastise. 

CORRECT (kgr-rekt) a. Free from 

CORRECTION,(kgr-rek'-shun) n. s. Punish- 
ment; discipline; alteration to a better 
state ; amendment ; that which is substi- 
tuted in the place of anything wrong ; re- 
prehension ; animadversion ; abatement of 
noxious qualities, by the addition of some- 
thing contrary. 

CORRECTIVE, (kgr-rek'-tiv) a . Having 
the power to obviate any bad qualities. 

CORRECTIVE, (kgr-rek'-tiv) n. s. That 
which has the power of altering or obviating 
anything amiss ; limitation ; restriction. 

CORRECTLY, (kgr-rekt'- le) ad. Accu- 
rately ; without faults. 

CORRECTNESS, (kgr-rekt'-nes) n. s. Ac- 

CORRECTOR, (kgr-rek'-tnr) n. s. He that 
amends ; he that revises anything to free it 
from faults. In medicine, Such an ingredi- 
ent as guards against or abates the force of 

CORREGIDOR, (kgr-red'-je-dor) n. s. A 
Spanish magistrate. 

To CORRELATE, (kgr-re-late') v. n. To have 
a reciprocal relation, as father and son. 

CORRELATIVE, (kgr-rel-a-tiv) a. Having 
a reciprocal relation. 

CORRELLATIVE, (kgr-rel'-a- tiv ) n. s 
That which has a reciprocal relation. 

CORRELAT1VENESS, (kgr-rel'-a-tiv-nes) 
n. s. The state of being correlative. 

To CORRESPOND, (kgr-re spend') v. n. 
To suit ; to answer ; to keep up commerce 
by alternate letters. 

DENCY, (kgr-re-spgn -dense, kgr-re-spon'- 
den-se) n. s. Relation ; reciprocal adap> 
tation of one thing to another ; epistolary 
intercourse ; reciprocal intelligence ; friend- 

16 i) 

Fate, far, fall, fat ; — me, met ; — pine, pin ; — no, move 


CORRESPONDENT, (kor-re-spou'-dent) a. 

Suitable ; adapted. 
CORRESPONDENT, (kor-re-spon'-dent) 
?;. s. One with whom commerce is kept up 
by letters. 
CORRESPONDENT!. Y, (ko-re-spgn'-dent- 

le) ad. In an according manner. 
CORRESPONS1YE, (kor-re-spon'-siy) a. 

CORRIDOR, (W-re-dore) ?i. s. The covert 
way lytruj round the whole compass of the 
fortifications of a place ; a gallery o? long 
cusle round abotjt a building. 
CORRIGIBLE, (kor'-re-je-bl),a. Capable 
of being amended ; deserving of punish- 
ment ; corrective. 
COR RIVAL, (kor-ri'-val) n. s. Rival ; com- 
CORR1VAL, (kor-ri'-val) «. Contending. 
To CORlUVAL,\kor-rI'-val) v. n. To vie 

CORRWALRY, (kor-ri'-val-re) n.s. Com^ 

CORR1VALSH1P, (kor-ri'-val-ship) n. s. 

Opposition ; rivalry. 
To CORRIVATE, (kor-ri'-vate) v. a. To 
draw water out of several streams into 
CORRIVATION, (kor-re-va'-shun) n. s. 
The running of waters together into one 
CORROBORANT, (korrob'-o-rant) a. 

7b CORROBORATE, (kor-rob'-o-rate) v. a. 

To confirm ; to establish ; to strengthen. 
CORROBORATE, (kor-rob'-o-rate) a. 

Strengthened ; confirmed. 
CORROBORATION, (kor-rob-o-ra'-shun) 
n. s. The act of strengthening or confirm- 
CORROBORATIVE, (kor-rob'-o-ra-tiv) n.s. 

That which increases strength. 
CORROBORATIVE, (kor-rob'-o-ra-tiv) a. 
Having the power of confirming or estab- 
To CORRODE, (kgr-rode') v. a. To cut 
away by degrees ; to prey upon ; to con- 
CORRODENT, (kor-ro'-dent) a. Having 

the power of wasting anything away. 
CORRODENT, (kor-ro'-dent) n. s. That 

which eats away. 
To CORROD1ATE, (kor-ro'-de-ate) v. a. 

To eat away by degrees. 
CORRODIB1LITY, (kor-ro-de-bii'-e-te) ?;. s. 

The quality of being corrodible. 
CORRODIBLE, (kor-ro'-de-bl) a. Capable 

of being consumed. 
CORROSIBLE, a. See Copp.odible. 
CORROSIBLENESS, (kor-ro'- se-bl-nes) a. s. 

Susceptibility of corrosion. 
CORROSION, (kor-ro'-zhun) n. s. The state 

of being eaten or worn away by degrees. 
CORROSIVE, (kor-ro'-siy) a. Having the 
power of consuming or wearing away ; 
having the quality to fret or vex. 
CORROSIVE, (kor-ro'-siv) n. s. That which 
has the quality of wasting away anything. 


CORROSIVELY, (kor-ro'-siv-le) ad.. Like 

a corrosive ; with the power oi' corrosion. 
CORROSIVENESS, (kor-ro' si v-nes) n. s. 

The quality of corroding , acrimony. 
CORRUGANT, (kor'-ru-gant) a. Having 

the power of contracting into wrinkles. 

To CORRUGATE, (kor'-ru-gate) v. a. To 

wrinkle or purse up ; to knit, as the brows. 

CORRUGATE, (kor'-ra-gate) a. Contracted. 

CORRUGATION,' (kor-ru-ga'-shun) n. s. 

Contraction into wrinkles. 
To CORRUPT, (kor-rupt') v. a. To turn 
from a sound to a putrescent state ; to de- 
prave ; to destroy integrity ; to bribe. 
To CORRUPT, (kor-rupt') v.7i. To become 

putrid ; to lose purity. 
CORRUPT, (kor-rupt') a. Spoiled ; tainted ; 
unsound ; putrid ; vitious ; without inte- 
CORRUPTER, (kor rup'-ter) n.s. He that 

taints or vitiates. 
CORRUPTIBILITY, (kor-rup-te-bi.l'-e-te) 

n. s. Possibility to be corrupted. 
CORRUPTIBLE, (kor-rup'-te-bl) a. Sus- 
ceptible of destruction by natural decay ; 
susceptible of external depravation. 
CORRUPTIBLENESS, (kor-rup'-te-bl-nes) 

n. s. Susceptibiiitv of corruption, 
CORRUPTIBLY, (kor-rup'-te-ble) ad. In 

a corrupt manner. 
CORRUPTION, (kor-rup'-shun) n. s. The 
principle by which bodies tend to the sepa- 
ration of their parts ; wickedness ; perver- 
sion of principles ; putrescence ; matter or 
pus in a sore ; the tendency to a worse 
state ; cause, or means of depravation. 
Corruption of blood, in law, An infection 
growing to the blood, estate and issue of a 
man attainted of treason. 
CORRUPTIVE, (kor-rup'-tiv) a. Having 

the quality of tainting. 
CORRUPTLY, (kor-ryipt'-Je) ad. With 

corruption : vitiously i improperly. 
CORRUPTNESS, (kcr-rupt'-nes) n.s. Pu- 
trescence ; vice. 
CORSAIR, (kor'-sare) n.s. A pirate; tin 
" vessel of a Corsair. 
CORSE, (kQrse) n. s. A dead body ; a car 

CORSELET, (kors'-let) n.s. A light armour 

for the forepart of the body. 
CORSET, (kor'-set) n. s. A pair of boddiw- 

for a woman. 
CORTEGE, (kor-tazhe) n. s. A train of at- 
CORTES, (kor-tez) n. s. The states or the 

assembly of states of Spain and Portugal. 
CORTEX, (kor'-teks) n. s. Bark. 
CORTICAL, * (ko'r'-te-kal) a. Barky ; be- 
longing to the rind. 
CORTICATED, (kor'-te-ka-ted) a. Resem 

bling the bark of a tree. 
CORTICOSE, (kor-te-kose') a. Full of bark. 
CORVETTO, (kor-vet'-to) n. s. The cur- 
CORVORANT, (kor'- vo -rant) n. s. Vul- 
garly called Cormorant, an exceedingly vora- 
cious bird of the Pelican tribe. 

not ;— tube, tub, bull ; — oil ; — pound ; — thin, mis. 



CORUSCANT, (kor-rus'-kant) a. Glittering 

by flashes ; flashing. 
To CORUSCATE, (kor-rus'-kate) v. n. To 

CORUSCATION, (kor-us-ka'-shun) n. s. 

Flash ; quick vibration of light. 
CORYMBIATED, (ko-rim'-be-a-ted) a. 

Garnished with clusters of berries. 
CORYMBIFEROUS, (kor-im-bif'-er-us) a. 

bearing fruit or berries in bunches. 
CORYMBUS, (ko-rim'-bus) n. s. In botany, 

A bunch or cluster of berries ; a compounded 

discous flower, such as the daisy, and com- 
mon marygold. 
COSECANT, (ko-se'-kant) n.s. The secant 

of an arch, which is the complement of an- 
other to ninety degrees. 
To COSEN. See To Cozen. 
COSIGNIFICATIVE, (ko-sig-nif'-fe-ka-tiv) 

a. Having the same signification. 
COSINE, (ko'-sine) n. s. The right sine of 

an arch, which is the complement of another 

to ninety degrees. 
COSMETICK, (koz-met'-ik) A preparation 

for improving beauty 
COSMETICK, (koz-met'-ik) a. Beautifying. 
COSMICAL, (koz'-me-kal) a. Relating to 

the world ; a term applied to the risings 

and settings of the stars. 
COSMICALLY, (kgz'-me-kal-e) ad. With 

the sun ; not acronychally. 
COSMOGONIST, (koz-mog'-o-nist) n. s. He 

v/ho describes the creation of the world. 
COSMOGONY, (kgz-mgg'-go-ne) n. s. The 

rise or birth of the world ; the creation. 
COSMOGRAPHER, (koz-mog'-gra-fer) n. s. 

One who writes a description of the world. 
COSMOGRAPHICAL, (koz-mo-graf'-e-kal) 

a. Relating to the general description of 

the world. 
COSMOGRAPH1CALLY, (koz-mo-graf'-e- 

kaj-e) ad. In a manner relating to cosmo- 
COSMOGRAPHY, (kgz-mgg'-gra-fe) n. s. 

The science of the general system of the 

COSMOLOGY, (kgz-mol'-g-je) n. s. The 

study of the world in general. 
COSMOMETRY, (koz-mom'-e-tre) ». s. 

The measurement of the world by degrees 

and minutes, 
COSMOPLASTICK, (koz-mo-plas'-tik) a. 

Respecting the formation of the world. 
COSMOPOLITAN, (koz-mo-pol'-e-tan) ) 
COSMOPOLITE, (koz-mop'-o-iite) T S 

n. s. A citizen of the world ; one who is at 

home in every place. 
COST, (kost) n.s. The price of anything ; 

sumptuousness ; luxury ; charge ; expence ; 

loss ; fine ; detriment. 
To COST, (kost) v. n. To be bought for ; to 

be had at a price. 
COSTAL, (kos'-tal) a. Belonging to the ribs. 
COSTARD, '(kos T '-tard) n.s. A head; an 

apple round and bulky like the head. 
COSTER-MONGER, (kos'-ter-mung-ger) 

n.s. A dealer in apples. 
COSTIVE, (kos'-tiv) a. Bound in the body ; 


having the excretions obstructed ; close , 

COSTIVENESS, (kgs'-tiy-nes) n. s. The 
state of the body in which excretion is ob- 

COSTLINESS, (kost'-le-nes) n. s. Sumptu- 
ousness ; expensiveness. 

COSTLY, (kost'-le) a. Expensive. 

COSTUME, (kos-tume') n. s. Style of dress. 
In painting, The strict observance of proper 
character as to persons and things ; but 
more especially to the dress. 

COT, (kot) n. s. A small house ; a cottage. 

COT, ) (kot) n. s. A small bed ; a cradle ; 

COTT, $ a hammock ; a little boat 

COTANGENT, (ko-tan'-jent) n. s. The tan- 
gent of an arch which is the complement of 
another to ninety degrees. 

COTE, (kote) n. s. A cottage ; a sheep-fold. 

COTEMPORARY, (ko-tem'-po-ra-re) a. 
See Contemporary. 

COTEREE, (ko-ter-re') n. s. A friendly or 
fashionable association. 

COTILLON, (ko-til-yun) n. s. A brisk 
lively dance, in which eight persons are 
usually employed. 

COTTAGE, (kgt'-taje) n. s. A hut ; a cot ; 
any small dwelling. 

COTTAGER, (kot'-ta-jer) n. s. One who 
lives in a cottage. In law, One that lives 
on the common, without paying rent, and 
without any land of his own. 

COTTER, ) (kot'-ter) n.s One who inhabits 

COTTIER, S a cot. 

COTTON, (kgt'-tn) n. s. The down of the 
cotton- tree ; cloth made of cotton. 

COTTONY, (kot'-tn-e) a. Full of cotton ; 
soft as cotton. 

To COUCH, (koutsh) v. n. To lie down on 
a place of repose ; to lie down on the knees, 
as a beast to rest ; to lie down in secret, or 
in ambush ; to lie down in bed ; to stoop, 
or bend down. 

To COUCH, (koutsh) v. a. To lay down any- 
thing in a bed ; to bed ; to hide in another 
body ; to involve ; to include ; to fix the 
spear in the rest ; in the posture of attack ; 
to depress the condensed crystalline hu- 
mour or film that overspreads the pupil of 
the eye, commonly called the cataract. 

COUCH, (koutsh) n.s. A seat of repose; a 

COUCHANT, (koutsh'-ant) a. Lying down ; 

COUCHER, (koutsh'-er) n. s. He that 
couches cataracts. 

COUCHFELLOW, (kgutsh'-fel-lo) n.s. Bed- 

COUCHING, (koutsh'-ing) n. s. The act of 
bending or bowing ; the surgical operation 
of removing a cataract from the eye. 

COVE, (kove) n. s. A small creek or bay ; 
a shelter ; a cover. 

COVE, (kove) v. a. To arch over. 

COVENANT, (kuv'-e-nant) n. s. A con- 
tract ; a stipulation ; an agreement on cer- 
tain terms ; a writing containing the termi 
of agreement. 


Fate, far, fall, fat;— me, met; — pine, pin;- no, move, 


Tv COVENANT, (kuv'-e-nant) v.n. To bar- 
gain ; to agree with another on certain 

To COVENANT, (kuv'-e-nant) v. a. To con- ' 
tract ; to stipulate. 

COVENANTEE, (kuv-e-nan-tee') 71. s. A 
party to a covenant. 

COVENANTER, (kuv'-e-nan-ter) n.s. One 
who takes a covenant ; a term applied to a 
party in the civil wars. 

COVENOUS, (kuv'-e-nus) a. Fraudulent; 
collusive ; trickish. 

To COVER, (kuv'-er) v. a. To overspread 
anything; to conceal under something laid 
over ; to hide by superficial appearances ; 
to bury; to shelter; to protect; to incu- 
bate ; to brood on ; to copulate with a 
female ; to wear the hat, as a mark of su- 
periority, or independence. 

COVER, (kuv'-er) n. s. Anything that is 
laid over another ; a concealment ; a screen ; 
a veil ; shelter ; defence from weather. In 
hunting, Shelter ; retreat, where the fox or 
hare is supposed to be. 

COVERING, (kuv'-er-ing) n. s. Dress ; 

COVERLET, (W-er-let) n. s. The outer- 
most of the bedd oaths. 

COVERT, (kuv'-ert) n. s. A shelter ; a de- 
fence ; a thicket, or hiding place. 

COVERT, (kuv'-ert) a. Sheltered ; not ex- 
posed ; private ; insidious. 

COVERT, (kuv'-ert) a. The state of a 
woman sheltered by marriage ; as covert 
baron, feme covert. 

COVERT-WAY, (kuv'-ert-wa') n.s. In for- 
tification, A space of ground level with the 
field, three or four fathom broad, ranging 
quite round the half moons, or other works 
toward the country. 

COVERTLY, (kuv'-ert-le; ad. Secretly; 

COVERTNESS, (kuv'-ert-nes) n. s. Se- 

COVERTURE, (W-er-ture) n. s. Shel- 
ter ; defence ; the estate and condition of a 
married woman, who is disabled to contract 
with any without her husband's concur- 

To COVET, (kuv'-et) v. a. To desire inor- 

To COVET, (kuv'-et) v. n. To have a strong 

CO VET ABLE, (kuv'-et-a-bl) «. To be 
wished for. 

COVETINGLY,(kuv'-et-ing-le) ad. Eagerly. 

COVETOUS, (kuv'-e-tus) a. Inordinately 
desirous ; avaricious. 

COVETOUSLY, (W-ve-tus-le) ad. Avari- 
ciously ; eagerly, 

COVETOUSNESS, (kuv'-ve-tus-nes) n. s. 
Avarice ; eagerness of desire. 

COVEY, (kuv'-ve) n. s. A hatch ; an old 
bird with her young ones ; a number of 
birds together. 

COUGH, (kof) n. s. A convulsion of the 
lungs, vellicated by some sharp serosity. 

To COUGH, (kof) v.n. To make a noise in 


endeavouring to evacuate the peccant mat- 
ter from the lungs. 

To COUGH, (kof) v.a. To eject by a cough ; 
to expectorate. 

COVIN, ^ (kuv'-in) n. s. A deceitful agree- 

COVINE, 5 ment between two or more, to 
the hurt of another. 

COVING, fko'-ving) n. s. A term in build- 
ing, used of houses that project over the 

COULD, (kud) The imperfect preterite of 

COULTER, (kole'-ter) n. s. The sharp iron 
of the plow which cuts the earth. 

COUNCIL, (kgun'-sil) n.s. An assembly of 
persons met together in consultation; act 
of publick deliberation ; an assembly of 
divines to deliberate upon religion ■ persons 
called together to be consulted on any oc- 
casion, or to give advice ; the body of privy 

COUNSEL, (kpun'-sel) n.s. Advice ; direc- 
tion ; consultation ; interchange of opinions ; 
deliberation ; examination of consequences ; 
prudence ; art ; secrecy ; scheme ; purpose : 
those that plead a cause. 

To COUNSEL, (kgun'-sel) v. a. To give ad- 
vice ; to advise anything. 

COUNSELLABLE, (koun'-sel-a-bl) a. Wil- 
ling to follow the advice of others ; ad 

COUNSELLOR, (koun'-sel lur) n. s. One 
that gives advice ; one whose province is to 
deliberate upon publick affairs ; one who is 
entitled to plead in a court of law ; a bar- 
rister. , 

COUNSELLORSHIP, (kgun'-sel -lur- ship) 
n. s. The office of a counsellor. 

To COUIsT, (kount) v.a. To number; to 
tell ; to reckon ; to esteem ; to account ; to 
impute to ; to charge to. 

To COUNT, (kgunO v. n. To found an ac- 
count or scheme. 

COUNT, (kount) n. s. Number ; reckoning ; 
number summed ; estimation ; account. In 
law, A charge in an indictment, or a decla- 
ration ir pleading. 

COUNT, (kgunt) n. s. A title of foreign 
nobility ; supposed equivalent to an earl. 

COUNTABLE, (kgun'-ta-bl) a. Capable of 
being numbered. 

COUNTENANCE, (kgun'-te-nanse) n. s. 
The form of the face ; the system of the 
features ; air ; lock ; calmness of look : con- 
fidence of mien ; aspect of assurance ; kind- 
ness or ill-will, as it appears upon the face ; 
patronage ; support. 

To COUNTENANCE,, (koun'-te-nanse) v. a. 
To support ; to keep up any appearance ; to 

COUNTENANCER, (koun'-te-nan-ser) n. s. 

One that countenances another. 
COUNTER, (koun'-ter) n.s. A false piece 
of money used as a means of reckoning ; 
the table on which goods are viewed in a 
shop ; a reckoner ; an auditor ; that part oi 
a horse's forehead that lies between the 
shoulder and under the neck. 

not; — tube, tub, bill; — oil; — pound ; — thin, mi 



COUNTER, (koun'-ter) n.s. A name of 
some prisons in London. 

COUNTER, (kmm'-ter) ad. Contrary to ; 
contrarily to the right course ; contrary 
ways ; this word is often found in composi- 
tion, and may be placed before either nouns 
or verbs used in a sense of opposition : 
some of the most frequent of these com- 
pounds follow. 

7b COUNTERACT, (korni-ter-akt') v. a. To 
hinder anything by contrary agency. 

COUNTERACTION, fkoun'-ter-ak'-slmu) 
n. s. Opposition. 

To COUNTERBALANCE, (koun'-ter-bal- 
lanse) v. a. To weigh against. 

n. s. Opposite weight ; equivalent power. 

COUNTERCHANGE, (koun'-ter-tshanje) 
n. s. Exchange ; reciprocation. 

To COUNTERCHANGE, (koun-ter-tshanje/) 
v. a. To exchange. 

COUNTERCHARGED, (koun'-ter-tshargd) 
a. A term in heraldry, applied to a trans- 
mutation or alternate intermixture of metals, 
colours, or furs. 

COUNTERCHARM,(koun'-ter-tsharm) n. s. 
That by which a charm i3 dissolved. 

To COUNTERCMARM, (koun-ter-tshann) 
v. a. To destr >y the effect of an enchant- 

To COUNTERCHECK, (koun-ter-tshek') v. a. 
To oppose. 

COUNTERCHECK, (komi'-ter-tshek) n. s. 
Stop ; rebuke. 

COUNTEREVIDENCE, (koun-ter-ev'-e- 
dense) n. s. Testimony by which the depo- 
sition of some former witness is opposed. 



To COUNTERFEIT, (koun'-ter fit) v.a. To 

forge ; to imitate ; to copy. 
To COUNTERFEIT, (koun'-ter-fit) v. n. To 

COUNTERFEIT, (koun'-ter-fit) a. Forged ; 

fictitious ; deceitful ; hypocritical. 
COUNTERFEIT, (koun'-ter-fit) n.s. One 

who personates another ; an impostor ; a 

forgery ; a resemblance ; a likeness ; a copy. 
COUNTERFEITER, ( koun'-ter-f it-er) n. s. 

A forger ; an impostor. 
COUNTERFEITLY, (koun'-ter-fit-le) ad. 

Falsely ; fictitiously. 
COUNTERFESANCE, (koun'-ter-fe-zanse) 

n. s. The act of counterfeiting ; forgery. 
COUNTERGUARD, (koun'-ter-gard) n.s. 

A small rampart with parapet and ditch. 
To COUNTERMAND, (koun'-ter-mand) v. a. 

To order the contrary to what was ordered 

before ; to oppose the orders of another ; to 

COUNTERMAND, (koun'-ter-mand) n. s. 

Repeal of a former order. 
To COUNTERMARCH, (koun-ter-martsh') 

v. n. To march backward. 
COUNTERMARCH, (koun'-ter-martsh) n.s. 

Retrocession ; march backward ; change of 



COUNTERMARK, (koun'-ter-mark) n. $. 
A second or third mark put on a bale of 
goods ; the mark of the goldsmith's com 
pany ; an artificial cavity made in the teeth 
of horses ; a medal a long time after it is 

To COUNTERMARK, (koun-ter-mark') v.a. 
A horse is said to be counter marked when 
his corner teeth are artificially made hol- 

COUNTERMINE, (kpun'-ter-mine) n.s. A 
well or hole sunk into the ground, from 
which a gallery or branch runs out under 
ground, to seek out the enemy's mine ; 
means of opposition ; a stratagem by which 
any contrivance is defeated. 

To COUNTERMINE, (koun-ter-mine') v. a. 
To delve a passage into an enemy's mine ; 
to counterwork. 

COUNTERMOTION, (koun-ter-mo -shun) 
n. s. Contrary motion. 

COUNTERMOVEMENT, (koun'-ter-moov'- 
ment) n. s. A manner of moving in oppo- 
sition to another movement. 

COUNTERMURE, (koun'-ter-mure) n. s. 
A wall built up behind another wall, to 
supply its place. 

To COUNTERMURE, (koun'-ter-mure) v. a. 
To fortify with a countermure. 

COUNTERPANE, (koun'-ter-pane) n. s. A 
coverlet for a bed. 

COUNTERPART, (koun'-ter-part) n.s. The 
correspondent part, generally applied to a 
duplicate deed or writing. 

COUNTERPLEA, (koun'-ter-ple) n. 5. In 
law, A replication. 

To COUNTERPLOT, (koun-ter-plot') v.a. 
To oppose one machination by another. 

COUNTERPLOT, (koun'-ter-plgt) n.s. An 
artifice opposed to an artifice. 

COUNTERPOINT, (koun- ter-pomt) n.s. 
The art of composing harmony ; a coverlet 
woven in squares, commonly spoken coun- 
terpane ; an opposite point or course. 

To COUNTERPOISE, (kpun-ter-poeze') f. a. 
To counterbalance ; to act against with 
equal weight ; to produce a contrary action 
by an equal weight 

COUNTERPOISE, (koun'-ter-poeze) n.s. 
Equiponderance ; equivalence of weight ; 
the state of being placed in the opposite 
scale of the balance ; equivalence of power. 

COUNTERPOISON, (koun-ter-poe'-zn) n. a. 
Antidote to poison. 

COUNTERPRESSURE, (koun-ter-presh'- 
ure) n. s. Opposite force. 

COUNTER-REVOLUTION, (koun'-ter-rev- 
o-lu'-shun) n. s. A revolution succeeding 
another, and opposite to it. 

COUNTERSCARP, (kemn -ter-skarp) n. s. 
In fortification, That side of the ditch which 
is next the camp. 

To COUNTERSEAL, (koun-tei-sele) v.a. 
To seal together with others. 

To COUNTERSIGN, (koun-ter-sine') v. a. 
To sign an order of a superior, in quality of 
secretary, to render it more authentick. 

COUNTERSIGN, (kotm' ter-sine ; n.s. A 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met; — pine, p_in ;— no, move, 


military expression, denoting the watch- 
word of the day. 

COUNTERSIGNAL, (koun'-ter-sig-nal) n.s. 
A corresponding signal ; a naval term. 

COUNTERSWAY, (kqun'-ter-swa) n. s. 
Opposite influence, or direction. 

COUNTERSTROKE, (kgun'-ter-stroke) n.s. 
A stroke returned. 

COUNTERTALLY, (kgun'-ter-tal-le) n. s. 
One of the two tallies on which anything is 

COUNTERTENOR, (koun-ter-ten'-nur) n.s. 
One of the mean or middle parts in a piece 
of musick. 

COUNTER-TIME, (koun'-ter-time) n.s. The 
defence or resistance of a horse, that inter- 
cepts his cadence, and the measure of his 
manage ; defence ; opposition. 

COUNTERTURN, (koun'-ter-turn) n. s. 
The height and full growth of the play, 
which destroys expectation. 

To COUNTERVAIL, (koun-ter-vale') v. a. 
To he equivalent to ; to have equal force or 

COUNTERVAIL, (koun'-ter-vale) n. s. Equal 
weight; value v>ith something else. 

COUNTER VIEW, (kgun'-ter-vu) n. s. Op- 
position ; a posture in which two persons 
front each other ; contrast ; a position in 
which two dissimilar things illustrate each 

To COUNTERWHEEL, (koun-ter-wheel') 
v. a. To make to wheel, or move back- 
wards and forwards ; a military phrase. 

To COUNTERWORK, (koim-ter-wurk') v. a. 
To counteract. 

COUNTESS, (koun'-tes) n. s. The lady of 
an earl or count. 

COUNTING-HOUSE,(koun'-ting-house) n. s. 
The room appropriated to books and ac- 

COUNTLESS, (kgunt'-les) a. Innumerable. 

COUNTRIFIED, (kun'-tre-f ide) a. Rustick ; 

COUNTRY, (kun'-tre) n.s. A tract of land ; 
a region ; the parts of a region distant from 
cities ; the place which any man inhabits ; 
the place of one's birth ; the native soil ; 
the inhabitants of any region. 

COUNTRY, (kun'-tre) a. Rustick ; rural ; 
of an interest opposite to that of courts, 
as, the country party ; peculiar to a region 
or people ; rude ; ignorant. 

COUNTRY-DANCE, (W-tre-danse) n.s. 
A well-known kind of dance. 

COUNTRYMAN, (kun'-tre-man) n. s. One 
born in the same country ; a rustick ; a 
farmer ; a husbandman. 

COUNTY, (kgun'-te) n. s. A shire; a cir- 
cuit or portion of the realm ; an earldom. 
COUNTY-COURT, (koun'-te-kort) A court 

incident to the jurisdiction of the sheriff. 
COUPEE, (koo-pa') n. s. A motion in dancing. 
COUPLABLE, (kup'-la-bl) «. Fit to be 

coupled with. 
COUPLE, (kup'-pl) n. s. Two ; a brace : a 
male and his female ; a chain that links 
two dogs together. 


To COUPLE, (kup'-pl) v. a. To link to- 
gether ; to join one to another ; to marry ; 
to join in wedlock. 

To COUPLE, (kup'-pl) v.n. To join in em- 

COUPLEMENT, (kup'-pl -ment) n.s. Union. 

COUPLET, (kup'-Iet) n.s. "Two verses, a 
pair of rhimes. 

COURAGE, (kur'-aje) n. s. Bravery ; ac- 
tive fortitude ; spirit of enterprise. 

COURAGEOUS, (kur-ra'-je-us) a. Brave; 

COURAGEOUSLY, (kur-ra'-je-us-le) ad. 

COURAGEOUSNESS, (kur-ra'-je-us nes) 
?;. s. Bravery; boldness. 

COURANT, (kpo-rant') n. s. A nimble 
dance ; anything that spreads quick ; as a 
paper of news. 

COURIER, (koo-reer') n. s. A messenger 
sent in haste ; an express. 

COURSE, (korse) n.s. Race; career; pas- 
sage from place to place ; progress ; tilt ; 
act of running in the lists ; ground on which 
a race is run ; track or line in which a ship 
sails, or any motion is performed ; progress 
from one gradation to another ; order of 
succession, as, every one in his course; 
stated and orderly method ; series of suc- 
cessive and methodical procedure ; the ele- 
ments of an art exhibited in a methodical 
series ; conduct ; manner of proceeding ; 
method of life ; train of actions ; natural 
bent ; series of consequences ; number of 
dishes set on at once upon the table ; re- 
gularity ; settled rule : the running of dogs 
in hunting. In architecture, A continued 
range of stones, level or of the same height, 
throughout the whole length of a building. 
Of' course, By necessary consequence. 

To COURSE, (korse) v. a. To hunt ; to pur- 
sue ; to pursue with dogs that hunt in 

To COURSE, (korse) v. n. To run ; to hunt. 

COURSER, (kor'-ser) n.s. A swift horse ; 
a war-horse ; one who pursues the sport of 
coursing hares. 

COURSING, (korse'-ing) n. s. The sport of 
hunting with greyhounds. 

COURT, (korte) n. s. The place where the 
prince resides ; the palace ; the hall or 
chamber where justice is administered ; the 
judges presiding in a court of justice ; any 
jurisdiction, military, civil, or ecclesiastical ; 
open space before a house ; a small opening 
inclosed with houses, and distinguished 
from a street ; persons who compose the 
retinue of a prince ; the art of pleasing ; 
Court-Baron A court incident to every 
manor in the kingdom, and holden by the 
steward ; Court-Leet, A court of record, 
held once in the year, within a particular 
hundred, lordship, or manor, before the 
steward of the leet ; Court-Martial, A court 
appointed to investigate military offences. 
To COURT, (korte) v. a. To woo; to soli- 
cit a woman to marriage ; to solicit ; to 
seek ; to flatter ; to endeavour to please. 

not ; — tube, tub,, bull; — oil ; pcmnd ; — thm, mis. 



COURT-DAY, (korte-da') n. s. Day on 

which courts are held. 
COURT-FAVOUR, (korte fa'-vur) n. s. Fa- 
vours bestowed by princes. 

COURT-HAND, (korte'-hand) n. s. The 
hand or manner of writing used in records 
and judicial proceedings. 

COURTEOUS, (kor'-te-iis) a. Elegant of 
manners ; polite. 

COURTEOUSLY, (kor'-te-us-le) ad. Re- 
spectfully ; civilly. 

COURTEOUSNESS, (kor'-te-us-nes) n. s. 
Civility ; complaisance. 

COURTER, (kort'-er) n. s. He who wooes 
or solicits women. 

COURTESAN, i (kor-te-zan) n. s. A wo- 

COURTEZAN, S man ofthe town. 

COURTESY, (kur'-te-se) n. s. Elegance of 
manners ; civility ; a tenure, not of right, 
but by the favour of others. 

COURTESY, (kurt'-se) n. s. The reverence 
made by women. 

To COURTESY, (kurt'-se) v. n. To perform 
an act of reverence ; to make a reverence 
in the manner of ladies. 

COURTIER, (korte'-yer) n. s. One that 
frequents the courts of princes ; one that 
courts the favour of another. 

COURTIERY, (kor'-te-er-e) n. s. The man- 
ners of a courtier. 

COURTLIKE, (korte'-l:ke) a. Elegant; 

COURTLINESS, (kort -le-nes) n.s. Ele- 
gance of manners. 

COURTLING, (korte'-ling) n.s. A retainer 
to a court. 

COURTLY, (korte'-le) a. Relating to the 
court ; elegant ; soft. 

COURTSHIP, (korte'-ship) n. s. The act of 
soliciting favour ; amorous solicitation of a 

COUSIN, (kuz'-zn) n. s. Any one collate- 
rally related more remotely than a brother 
or sister; a kinsman; a title given by the 
king to a nobleman, particularly to those of 
the council. 

COW, (kou) 7i. s. Plural lane or cows; the 
female of the bull. 

To COW, (kou) v. a. To depress with fear. 

COW-HERD,' (kQu'-herd) n.s. One whose 
occupation is to tend cows. 

COW-LEECH, (kgu'-letsh) n.s. One who 
professes to cure distempered cows. 

COWARD, (kou'-ard) n. s. A poltroon, 
whose predominant passion is fear. 

COWARD, (kou'-ard) a. Dastardly. 

COWARDICE',* (kou'-ar-dis) n. s. Fear; 
habitual timidity. 

To COWARDIZE, (kmi'-ar-dize) v. a. To 
render cowardly. 

COWARDLIKE, (kou'-ard-like) a. Re- 
sembling a coward. 

COWARDLINESS, (kou'-ard-le-nes) n. s. 
Timidity ; cowardice. 

COWARDLY, (kmi'-ard-le) a. Fearful ; 
timorous ; mean. 

COWARDSH1P, (kou'-ard-ship) n.s. The 
qualites of a coward. 


To COWER, (kou'-er) v. n. To sink by 
bending the knees ; to stoop ; to shrink. 

COWL, (kgul) n.s. A monk's hood; a 
vessel in which water is carried on a pole 
between two. 

COWL-STAFF, (koul'-staf) n. s. The staff 
on which a vessel is supported between two 

COWLED, (kou'-led, or kould) a. Wearing 
a cowl. 

COW-POX, (kou'-poks) n.s. An eruption 
from the teats of a cow ; said to be an in- 
fallible preservative from the small pox. 

COWSLIP, (kou'-slip) n. s. A species of 

COXCOMB, (kpks'-kome) n. s-. The comb 
resembling that of a cock, which licensed 
fools wore formerly in their caps ; a fop ; 
a superficial pretender to knowledge or ac- 
complishments ; a kind of red flower. 

COXCOMBLY, (kpks'-kom-le) a. Like a 

COXCOMBRY, (koks'-com-re) n. s. The 
qualities of a coxcomb. 

COXCOMICAL, (koks-kom'-ik-al) «. Fop- 
pish ; conceited. 

COY, (koe) a. Modest; reserved; not ac- 

To COY, (koe) v. n. To behave with reserve ; 
to make difficulty ; not to condescend wil- 

COYISH, (koe'-ish) a. Modest ; reserved. 

COYLY, (koe'-le) ad. With reserve. 

COYNESS, (koe'-nes) n. s. Reserve. 

COZ, (kuz) n.s. A cant word for cousin. 

To COZEN, (kuz'-zn) v. a. To cheat ; to 

COZENAGE, (W-zn-aje) n.s. Fraud; de- 

COZENER, (kuz'-zn-er) n. s. A cheater ; 
a defrauder. 

CRAB, (krab) n.s. A crustaceous fish; a 
wild apple ; a wooden engine with three 
claws for the launching of ships ; the sign 
Cancer in the zodiack 

CRABBED, (krab'-bed) a. Peevish; mo- 
rose; harsh; unpleasing ; difficult; per- 

CRABBEDLY, (krab'-bed-le) a. Peevishly. 

CRABBEDNESS, (krab'-bed-nes) n.s. Sour- 
ness of taste ; sourness of countenance ; 
asperity of manners ; difficulty ; perplexity. 

CRABER, (kra'-ber) n. s. The water-rat. 

CRABS-EYES," (krabz'-ize) n. s. Whitish 
bodies, produced by the common craw-fish, 
and used in medicine. 

CRACK, (krak) h. s. A sudden disruption, 
by which the parts are separated but a little 
way from each other ; a narrow breach ; 
the sound of any body bursting ; any sud- 
den and quick sound ; a boast. 

To CRACK, (krak) v a. To break into 
chinks ; to break ; to split ; to do anything 
with quickness or smartness ; to break or 
destroy anything; to craze. 

To CRACK, (krak) v. n. To burst ; to open 
in chinks; to fall to ruin; to utter a loud 
and sudden sound ; to boast. 


Eaie, far, fall, fat;— me, met; — pine, pin ;-no, move. 


CRACK- BRAINED ,(krak'-brand) a. Crazy. 

CRACKER, (krak'-er) n. s. A noisy boast- 
ing fellow; a quantity of gunpowder con- 
fined so as to burst witb great noise ; tbat 
wbicb cracks or breaks a thing. 

To CRACKLE, (krak'-kl) v. n. To make 
slight cracks ; to make small and frequent 
sharp sounds. 

CRACKLING, (krak'-ling) n. s. A small 
but frequent noise. 

CRADLE, (kra'-dl) n.s. A moveable bed, 
on which children are agitated with a smooth 
and equal motion, to make tbem sleep ; 
With surgeons, A case for a broken bone ; 
With shipwrights, A frame of timber raised 
along the outside of a ship to help to launch 

To CRADLE, (kra'-dl) v. a. To lay or rock 
in a cradle. 

CRAFT, (kraft) n. s. Manual art ; trade ; 
art; dexterity; fraud; cunning; small 
sailing vessels. 

CRAFTILY, (kraf'-te-le) ad. Cunningly; 
artfully ; skilfully. 

CRAFTINESS, (kraf'-te-nes) n.s. Cunning ; 

CRAFTSMAN, (krafts'-man) n. s. An arti- 
ficer ; a mechanick. 

CRAFTY, (kraf'-te) a. Cunning; artful. 

CRAG, (krag) n.s. A rough steep rock ; 
the rugged protuberances of rocks ; the neck. 

CRAGGED, (krag'-ged) a. Full of inequal- 
ities and prominences. 

CRAGGEDN£SS,(krag'-ged-nes) n.s. Full- 
ness of crags or prominent rocks. 

CRAGGINESS, (krag'-ge-nes) n. s. The 
state of being craggy. 

CRAGGY, (krag'-ge) a. Rugged ; full of 

To CRAM, (kram) v. a. To stuff with more 
than can conveniently be held ; to fill with 
food beyond satiety ; to thrust in by force. 

To CRAM, (kram) v. n. To eat beyond 

CRAMBO, (kram'-bo) ?*. s. A play at which 
one gives a word, to whicb another finds a 

CRAMP, (kramp) n. s. A spasmodick affec- 
tion which causes a violent distortion of 
the nerves, muscles, &c. ; a restriction ; a 
confinement ; a piece of iron bent at each 
end, by which two bodies are held together. 

CRAMP, (kramp) a. Difficult ; knotty. 

To C RAMP, T (kramp) v. a. To pain with 
cramps or twitches ; to restrain : to con- 
fine ; to bind with crampirons. 

CRAMP-FISH, (kramp'-f ish) n. s. The tor- 
pedo, which benumbs the hands of those 
that touch it. 

CRAMPIL, (kram'-pil) n. s. The chape at 
the bottom of the scabbard of a broadsword. 

CRAMPOONS, (kram'-poonz) n.s. Iron in- 
struments fastened to tbe shoes of a storm- 
ing party, to assist them in climbing the 

CRANBERRY, (kran'-ber-re) n. s. The 
whortle-berry or bilberry. 

To CRANCH." See To Crauscu. 


CRANE, (krane) n. s. A sort of heron ; an 
instrument made with ropes, pullies, and 
hooks, by whicb great weights are raised ; 
a siphon for drawing liquors out of a cask. 

CRANIOLOGICAL, (kran-e-o-lod'-je-kal) 
a. Relating to the science of craniclogy. 

CRANIOLOGY, (kran-e-ol'-o-je) n s. The 
discovering of mens characters and faculties 
from the external appearances of the skull. 

CRANIOSCOPY, (kran-e-os'-ko-pe) n. s. 
The examination of skulls, with a view to 
phrenological observations. 

CRANIUM, (kra'-ne-um) n. s. The skull. 

CRANK, (krangk) n. s. The end of an iron 
axis turned down, into the form of a hook 
or elbow, used in raising weights. 

CRANK, (krangk) a. Among sailors, a 
ship is said to be crank, when loaded too 
much and liable to be overset. 

To CRANK, (krangk) v. n. To turn ; to run 
in and out. 

To CRANKLE, (krang'-kl) v. n. To run in 
and out in unevennesses. 

To CRANKLE, (krang'-kl) v. a. To break 
into unequal surfaces, or angles. 

CRANKLES, (krang'-kls) n. s. Angular 

CRANNIED, (kran'-ne-ed) a. Full of chinks. 

CRANNY, (kran'-ne)* n. s. A chink ; a fis- 

CRAPE, (krape) n. s. A thin stuff, loosely 
woven, much used in mourning habits. 

To CRASH, (krash) v. n. To make a loud 
complicated noise, as of many things falling 
or breaking at once. 

To CRASH, (krash) v. a. To break or bruise. 

CRASH, (krash) n. s. A loud sudden mixed 
sound, as of many things broken at the 
same time. 

CRASHING, (krash'-ing) n.s. A violent, 
complicated noise. 

CRASSITUDE, (kras'-se-rade) n. s. Gross- 
ness ; coarseness ; thickness. 

CRASTINATION, (kras-te-na'-shun) ■». s. 
Putting off till to-morrow; delay. 

CRATCH, (kratsh) n. s. The palisaded frame 
in which hay is put for cattle. 

CRATER, (kra'-ter) n. s. A cup ; the vent 
or mouth of a volcano. 

CRATE, (krate) n. s. A pannier, or wicker 

CRAVAT, (kra-vat') n. s. A neckcloth; 

anything worn about the neck. 
To CRAVE, (krave) v. a. To ask with ear- 
nestness ; to entreat ; to ask insatiably ; tc 
long ; to wish unreasonably ; to call for im- 

CRAVEN, (kra'-vn) n.s. A cock conquered 
and dispirited ; a coward ; a recreant. 

CRAVEN, (kra'-vn) a. Cowardly; base. 
To CRAVEN, (kra'-vn) v. n. To make re- 
creant or cowardly. 

CRAVER, (kra'-ver) n. s. An insatiable 

CRAVING, (kra'-viug) ~n. s. Unreasonable 

To CRAUNCH, (krantsh) v. a. To crush in 
the mouth. 

not ; — tube, tub, bull ; — oil ; — pound ; - thin, mis. 



CRAW, (kraw) n. s. The crop or first sto- 
mach of birds. 

CRAWFISH, (kraw'-fish) re. s. A small 
crustaceous fish found in brooks. 

To CRAWL, (krawl) v. ?/. To creep; to 
move as a worm ; to move weakly, and 

CRAWL, (krawl) n. s. The well in a boat. 

CRAWLER, (kraw'-ler) re. s. A creeper. 

CRAYFISH. See Crawfish. 

CRAYON, (kra'-un) n.s. A kind of pencil. 

To CRAZE, (kraze) v. a. To break ; to 
crush ; to weaken ; to powder ; to impair 
the intellect. 

CRAZEDNESS, (kra zed-nes) n.s. Decre- 
pitude ; brokenness. 

CRAZINESS, (kra'-ze-nes) n.s. Imbecility; 
weakness ; weakness of intellect. 

CRAZY, (kra'-ze) a. Broken; decrepit; 
shattered in the intellect ; feeble ; ailing ; 
out of order. 

To CREAK, (kreke) v. n. To make a harsh 
protracted noise. 

CREAKING, (kre'-king) n. s. A harsh 

CREAM, (kreme) n.s. The unctuous or 
oily part of milk ; the best part of anything. 

To CREAM, (kreme) v. n. To gather on the 

To CREAM, (kreme) v. a. To skim off the 
cream ; to take the flower and quintessence 
of anything. 

CREAMY, (kre'-me) a. Having the nature 
of cream. 

CREANCE, (kre'-anse) n. s. A fine small 
line fastened to a hawk's leash when she is 
first lured. 

CREASE, (krese) n.s. A mark made by 
doubling anything. 

To CREASE, (krese) v. a. To mark anything 
by doubling it. 

To CREATE, (kre-ate') v. a. To form out 
of nothing ; to cause to exist ; to produce ; 
to cause ; to invest with any new character. 

CREATE, (kre-ate) a. Created. 

CREATION, (kre-a-shun) n. s. The act of 
creating ; the act of investing with new 
qualities or character; as, the creation of 
peers ; the universe ; anything produced or 

CREATIVE, (kre-a'-tiv) a. Having the 
power to create ; exerting the act of crea- 

CREATOR, (kre-a'-tur) n. s. The being that 
bestows existence ; an epithet of the Al- 

CREATURE, (kre'-ture) n. s. A being 
not self existent ; created by the supreme 
power; anything created ; an animal not 
human ; a general term for man ; a word of 
contempt for a human being ; a word of 
petty tenderness ; a person who owes his 
rise or his fortune to another. 

CREDENCE, (kre'-dense) re. s. Belief ; 
credit ; that which gives a claim to credit or 

CREDENDA, (kre-den'-da) n. s. Things 
to be believed ; articles of faith. 


CREDENT, (kre> dent) a. Believing; easy 
of belief ; having credit. 

CREDENTIAL, (kre-den'-shal) a. Giving 
a title to credit. 

CREDENTIAL, (kre-den'-shal) n.s. That 
which gives a title to credit ; the warrant 
upon which belief is claimed ; letters of 
credit given to ambassadours or plenipo- 

CREDIBlLITY,(kred-e-bil'-e-te) n.s. Claim 
to credit. 

CREDIBLE, (kred'-e-bl) a. Worthy of 

CREDIBLENESS, (kred'-e-bl-nes) re. s 
Credibility ; just claim to belief. 

CREDIBLY, (kred'-e-ble) ad. In a manner 
that claims belief. 

CREDIT, (kred'-it) n.s. Belief; honour-; 
reputation ; esteem ; good opinion ; faith ; 
testimony : trust reposed, with regard to 
property ; correlative to debt : influence ; 

To CREDIT, (kred'-it) v. a. To believe ; to 
trust ; to confide in ; to admit as a debtor. 

CREDITABLE, (kred'-it-a-bl) a. Repu- 
table ; above contempt ; honourable ; esti- 

CREDITABLENESS, (kred'-it-a-bl-nes) n. s. 
Reputation ; estimation. 

CREDITABLY, (kred'-it-a-ble) ad. Repu- 

CREDITOR, (kred'-it-ur) n.s. He to whom 
a debt is owed ; one who credits ; one who 

CREDULITY, (kre-du'-le-te) re. 5. Easiness 
of belief. 

CREDULOUS, (kred'-u-lus) a. Apt to be- 
lieve : unsuspecting. 

CREDULOUSLY, (kied'-u-lus-le) ad. In 
an unsuspecting manner. 

CREDULOUSNESS, (kred'-u-his-nes) re. s. 

CREED, (kreed) n. s. A form of words in 
which the articles of faith are compre- 
hended ; any solemn profession of prin- 

To CREEK, (kreek) v. a. To make a harsh 

CREEK, (kreek) re. s. A small port; a bay , 
a cove ; any turn, or alley. 

CREEKY, (kree'-ke) a. Full of creeks; 

To CREEP, (kreep) v. re. To move as a 
worm or insect : to grow along the ground, 
or on other supports ; to move slowly and 
feebly, secretly or timorously ; to behave 
with servility ; to fawn. 

CREEPER, (kree'-per) re. s. A plant that 
supports itself by means of some stronger 
body ; an insect ; a small bird, called also 
the ox-eye. In naval language, a sort of 
grapnel, used for recovering things that 
may be cast overboard. 

CREEPHOLE, (kreep -hole) n.s. A hole 
into which any animal may creep ; a sub- 
terfuge ; an excuse. 

CREEPINGLY, (kreep'-ing-le) ad. Slowly ; 
after the manner of a reptile. 

IF. 8 

Fate, far, fall, fat;— me, met; — pine, pin; — no move, 


CREMATION, (kre-ma'-shun) n. s. A 

CREMOR, (kre'-mor) ??. s. A term in 
chymistry, A soft liquor resembling cream. 

CRENATED, (kre-na'-ted) a. Notched; 

CREOLE, (kre'-ole) n. s. A person born in 
the West Indies, but of European origin. 

To CREPITATE, (krep'-e-tate) v. n. To 
make a small crackling noise; to break 

CREPITATION, (krep-eta'-shuii) n. s. A 
small crackling noise. 

CREPT, (krept) Part, from creep. 

CREPUSCULE, (kre-pus'-kule) n. s. Twi- 

CREPUSCULINE, (kre-pus'-ku-line) a. 
glimmering ; crepusculous. 

CREPUSCULOUS, (kre-pus'-kii-lus) a. 

CRESCENT, (kres'-sent) a. Increasing ; 

CRESCENT, (kres'-sent) n. s. The moon in 
her state of increase. 

CR.ESCTVE, (kres'-siv) ad. Increasing ; 

CRESS, (kres) n. s. An herb. 

CRESSET, (kres'-set) n. s. A great light, 
beacon, or watch-tower ; simply, a lamp, or 

CREST, (krest) n. s. The plume of feathers 
on the top of the ancient helmet ; the hel- 
met ; the comb of a cock ; the ornament of 
the helmet in heraldry ; any tuft or orna- 
ment on the head. Figuratively, Pride ; 
spirit ; fire. 

CRESTED, (kres'-ted) a. Adorned with a 
plume or crest ; wearing a comb. 

CREST-FALLEN, (krest'-faln) a. Dejected ; 
sunk ; dispirited. 

CRETACEOUS, (kre-ta'-shus) a. Having 
the qualities of chalk ; abounding with 

C RELATED, (kre-ta'-ted) a. Rubbed with 

CRETICK, (kre'-tik) n. s. A foot used in 

Greek and Latin poetry, consisting of a short 

syllable between two long. 
CREVICE, (krev'-is) n. s. A crack ; a cleft. 
CREW, (krpp) n.s. A company of people 

associated for any purpose ; the company 

of a ship. 
CREW, (krpp) The preterite of crow. ' 
CREWEL, (krpp'-el) n. s. Yarn twisted and 

wound on a knot or ball. 
CRIB, (krib) n. s. The rack or manger of a 

stable ; the stall or cabin of an ox ; a child's 

To CRIB, (krib) v. a. To commit petty 

CRIBBAGE, (krib'-bidje) n.s. A game at 

CRICK, (krik) n. s. The noise of a door ; a 

painful stiffness in the neck. 
CRICKET, (krik'-ket) n. s. An insect that 

squeaks or chirps about ovens and fire- 
places ; an athletitk sport with bat and 



CRIER, (kri'-er) n. s. The officer whose 
business is to cry or make proclamation. 

CRIME, (krime) n. s. An act contrary to 
right; an offence ; a great fault ; an act of 

CRIMEFUL, (krime'-ful) a. Wicked ; faulty 
in a high degree. 

CRIMINAL, (krim'-e-nal) a. Faulty; con- 
trary to right ; contrary to law ; guilty ; 
tainted with crime. Opposed to civil, as, 
a (riminal prosecution. 

CRIMINAL, (krim'-e-nal) n. s. A man guilty 
of a crime. 

CRIMINALITY, (krim-e-nal'-e-te) n.s. The 
state or quality of being criminal. 

CRIMINALLY, (krim'-e-nal-le) ad. Wick- 
edly ; guiltily. 

CRIMINALNESS, (krim'-e-nal-ne ) n. s. 

To CRIMINATE, (krim'-e-nate) v. a. To 
accuse • to charge with crime. 

CRIMINATION, (krim-e-na'-shun) «. s. 
Accusation ; charge. 

CRIMINATORY, (krim'-e-na-tur-re) a. Ac- 
cusing ; censorious. 

CRIMINOUS, (krim'-e-nus) a. Wicked; 
iniquitous ; enormously guilty. 

CRIMINOUSLY, (krim'-e-nus-le) ad. Enor- 
mously ; very wickedly. 

CRIMINOUSNESS, (krim'-e-nus-nes) n. s, 
Wickedness ; guilt ; crime. 

CRIMP, (krimp) a. Friable ; brittle ; easily 

CRIMP, (krimp) n. s. A game at cards for- 

To CRIMP, (krimp) v. a. To curl or crisp 
the hair. 

To CR1MPLE, (krim'-pl) v. a. To contract ; 
to corrugate. 

CRIMSON, (krim'-zn) n. s. Red, some- 
what darkened with blue ; red in general. 

CRIMSON, (krim'-zii) a . Red, somewhat 
darkened with blue ; red in general. 

To CRIMSON, (krim'-zn) v. a. To die with 

CRINGE, (krinje) n.s. Bow ; servile civility. 

To CRINGE, (krinje) v. n. To bow ; to fawn ; 
to flatter. 

C RINGER, (krin'-jer) n.s. One who is 
always bowing for some mean purpose ; a 

CRINIGEROUS, (kri-nid'-je-rus) a. Hairy; 
overgrown with hair. 

CRINITE, (kri'-nite) a. Having the ap- 
pearance of hair. 

To CRINKLE, (kring'-kl) v.n. To go in and 
out ; to run in flexures. 

To CRINKLE, (kring'-kl) v. a. To mould 
into inequalities. 

CRINKLE, (kring'-kl) n. s. A wrinkle ; a 

CRINOSE, (kri-nose') a. Hairy. 

CRINOSITY, (kri-nps'-e-te) n. s. Hairiness. 

CRIPPLE, (krip'-pl)' n. s.' A lame man. 

To CRIPPLE, (krip'-pl) v. a. To lame ; to 
make lame. 

CRISIS, (kri'-sis) n. s. In medicine, That 
sudden change in the symptoms of a dis- 

not ; -tube, tub, bull ; — Qil ; — pound ; — f/tm, this. 



order from which a judgement may be 
formed of its termination, whether favour- 
able or unfavourable ; the point of time at 
which any affair comes to the height. 

CRISP, (krisp) a. Curled ; indented ; wind- 
ing ; brittle ; friable ; short ; brisk. 

To CRISP, (krisp) v. a. To curl ; to contract 
into knots or curls ; to twist ; to curl ; to in- 
dent ; to make to wave. 

CRISP ATION, (kris-pa'-shun) n. s. The 
act of curling ; the state of being curled. 

CRISPING-1RON, (kris'-ping-i-run) n.s. 
A curling iron. 

CRISPNESS, (krisp'-nes) n. s. The quality 
of being curled. 

CRISPY, (kris'-pe) a. Curled. 

CRITERION, (kri-te'-re-un) n. s. A mark 
by which anything is judged of with regard 
to its goodness or badness. 

CRITICK, (krit'-ik) n. s. A man skilled in 
the art of judging of literature, able to dis- 
tinguish the faults and beauties of writing ; 
an examiner ; a judge ; asnarler ; a carper ; 
a censurer ; a man apt to find fault. 

CRITICK, (krit'-ik) a. Critical ; relating 
to criticism. 

CRITICAL, (krit'-e-kal) a. Exact; nicely 
judicious; relatirg to criticism; captious; 
censorious ; comprising the time at which a 
great event is determined : decisive ; nice ; 
producing a crisis or change of the disease. 

CRITICALLY, (krit'-e-kal-le) ad. In a criti- 
cal manner ; exactly ; at the exact point of 

CRITICALNESS, (krit'-e-kal-nes) n. s. Ex- 
actness ; accuracy ; nicety. 

To CRITICISE, (krit'-e-size) v. n. To play 
the critick ; to judge ; to animadvert upon 
as faulty. 

To CRITICISE, (krit'-e-size) v. a. To cen- 

CRITICISER, (krit'-e-si-zer) n. s. One who 
makes or writes remarks. 

CRITICISM, (krit'-e-sizm) n.s. A standard 
of judging well ; remark ; animadversion. 

CRITIQUE, (kre-teek') n. s. A critical ex- 
amination ; critical remarks ; science of cri- 

To CROAK, (kroke) v. n. To make a hoarse 
low noise, like a frog ; to caw or cry as a 
raven or crow ; to utter offensive or dis- 
contented murmurs. 

CROAK, (kroke) n. s. The cry of a frog or 

CROAKER, (kro'-ker) n. s. A discontented 
murmurer ; one who is perpetually des- 
canting on dangers and difficulties, and 
making unfair comparisons of the present 
with the past. 

CROATS, (kro'-ats) n. a. Irregular troops, 
formed of natives of Croatia. 

CROCEOUS, (kro'-she-us) a. Consisting of 
saffron ; like saffron. 

CROCK, (krok) n. s. A cup ; any vessel 
made of earth. 

CROCKERY, (krok'-er-e) n. s. Earthen 

CROCODILE, (krok'-o-dile) n. s. An am- 


phibious voracious animal of the lizard tribe, 
found in Egypt and the Indies. 

CROCUS, (kro'-kus) «. 5. A flower. 

CROFT, (kroft) n. s. A little close joining 
to a house, used for corn or pasture. 

CROISADE, (kroe-sade') n.s. A holy war; 
a war carried on against infidels under the 
banner of the cross. 

CROISES, (krQe'-zez) n. s. Pilgrims who 
carry a cross ; soldiers who fight under the 
banner of the cross. 

CROMLECH, (krom'-lek) n. s. Huge, broad, 
flat stones, raised upon other stones set up 
on end for that purpose, and supposed to be 
the altars of our pagan ancestors. 

CRONE, (krone) n s. An old ewe ; in con- 
tempt, an old woman. 



CRONY, (kro'-ne) n. s. An old acquaint- 
ance ; a bosom companion. 

CROOK, (krook) n. s. Any crooked or bent 
instrument ; a sheephook ; anything bent ; 
a meander ; an artifice ; a trick ; a gibbet. 

To CROOK, (krook) v. a. To bend; to turn 
into a hook ; to bend, figuratively ; to 
thwart; to pervert from rectitude. 

To CROOK, (krook) v. n. To bend. 

CROOKBACK,""(krpok'-bak) n. s. A man 
that has gibbous shoulders. 

CROOKBACKED, (krook'-bakt) a. Having 
bent shoulders. 

CROOKED, (krook'-ed) ad. Bent ; not 
straight ; winding : oblique ; perverse ; un- 
toward ; without rectitude of mind. 

CROOKEDLY, (krook'- ed-le) ad. Not in a 
straight line ; untowardly ; not compliantly. 

CROOKEDNESS, (krook'-ed-nes) n. s. De- 
viation from straightness ; curvity : de- 
formity of a gibbous body; depravity; 

To CROOKEN, (krook'-kn) v. a. To make 

CROP, (krop) n. s. The harvest ; the corn 
gathered off a field ; anything cut off; the 
hair of the head. 

To CROP, (krop) v. a. To cut off the ends 
of anything ; to mow; to reap; to gather 
before it falls. 

CROP-EARED, (krop'-ered) a Having the 
ears cropped, or cut short. 

CROSIER, (kro'-zhe-er) n. s. The pastoral 
staff of a bishop, which has a cross upon 

CROSLET, (kros'-let; n.s. A small cross. 

CROSS, (kros) n. s" One straight body laid 
at right angles over another ; the instru- 
ment by which the Saviour suffered death ; 
the ensign of the Christian religion ; a mo- 
nument with a cross upon it to excite devo- 
tion, such as were anciently set in market- 
places ; a line drawn through another ; 
anything that thwarts ; hindrance ; vexa- 
tion ; opposition ; trial of patience ; an an . 
cient coin, so called because marked with 

CROSS, (kross) a. Transverse ; oblique ; 
lateral ; adverse ; opposite ; perverse ; peev- 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met ; — pine, pin 

-no, move, 


ish ; fretful ; contrary ; contradictory ; un- 
fortunate ; interchanged. 

To CROSS, (kros) v. a. To lay ono body, or 
draw one line, athwart another ; to sign 
with the cross ; to cancel, as to cress an 
article ; to pass over ; to move laterally, 
obliquely, or athwart ; to thwart ; to em- 
barrass ; to obstruct ; to hinder ; to counter- 
act ; to contravene. 

To CROSS, (kros) v. re. To lie athwart an- 
other thing ; to be inconsistent. 

CROSS-BAR, (kTOs'-bar) n. s. Part of the 
frame work of a carriage ; a lever used in 
turning the shanks of an anchor. 

CROSSBARRED, (kros'-bard) a. Secured 
by transverse bars. 

CROSS-BAR-SHOT, (kros'-bar-shot') n.s. A 
round shot, with a bar of iron put "through it. 

CROSS-BILL, (kros'-bil) re. s. In law, A 
bill or complaint brought by a defendant 
against the plaintiff. 

CROSSBILL, (kros'-bil) re. s. A small bird, 
so called from its beak, which has the points 
crossing one another. 

CROSSBOW, (kros'-bo) n.s. A missive 
weapon formed by placing a bow athwart a 

CROSS-BREED, (kros'-breed) n.s. A term 
applied to animals when the male is of one 
breed and the female of another. 

CROSSBUN, (krgs-bun) n. s. A cake 
marked with the form of the cross. 

CROSS-EXAMINATION, (kros'-eg zani-m- 
a'-shun) re. 5. The act of nicely examining, 
by questions apparently captious, the faith 
of evidence in a court of justice. 

CROSSGRAINED, (kros'-grand ) a. Having 
the fibres transverse or irregular ; perverse ; 
troublesome ; vexatious. 

CROSSLEGGED, (kros'-legd) a. Having 
the legs crossed. 

CROSSING, (krgs'-sing) n.s. The act of 
signing with the cross ; opposition. 

CROSSLET. See Croslet. 

CROSSLY, (krgs'-le) ad. Athwart; so as to 
intersect something else ; oppositely ; ad- 
versely ; peevishly ; unfortunately. 

CROSSNESS, (kros'-nes) n. s. Transverse- 
ness ; intersection ; perverseness 5 peevish- 

CRGSSPURPOSE, (kros-pur'-poze) re. s. A 
conceit of conversation, proposing a diffi- 
culty to be solved; a kind of enigma dr 
riddle ; a contradictory system. 

To CROSSQUESTION, (kros-kwest'-yun) 
v. a. To cross-examine. 

CROSSROAD, (kros'-rode) n.s. A road 
across the country ; not the direct high- 

CROSS-STAFF, (kros'-staf) re. s. An instru- 
ment used by seamen to take the meridian 
altitude of the sun or stars. 

CROSS WAY, (kros'-wa) n.s. A small ob- 
scure path intersecting the chief road ; or 
the place, where one road intersects an- 

CROSSWIND, (kres'-wind) n. s. Wind 
blowing from the right or left. 


CROTCH, (krotsh) n.s. A hook or fork, 
Croches are crooked timbers used in ship- 

CROTCHET, (krotsh'-et) n. s. In rnusick, 
One of the notes or characters of time, 
equal to half a minim. In printing, Hooks 
in which words are included [thus] ; a per- 
verse conceit ; an odd fancy. In surgery, 
A curved instrument with a sharp hook for 
extracting the foetus. 

To CROUCH, (kroutsh) v. n. To stoop low ; 
to lie close to the ground ; to fawn ; to 
bend servilely. 

CROUCHED Friars, (kroutsh'-ed) n. s. An 
order of friars, so called from the cross 
which they were. 

CROUD. See Crowd. 

CROUP, (krpop) n. s. The rump of a fowl ; 
the buttocks of a horse. 

CROUP, (krpop) v. s. A kind of asthma or 
catarrh, to which children are subject. 

CROUP ADES, (krpp-padz') n. s. A term in 
horsemanship, higher leaps than those of 

CROUPER. See Cropper. 

CROW, (kro) n. s. A large black carnivo- 
rous bird ; a bar of iron used as a lever to 
force open doors ; the voice of a cock. 

To CROW, (krp) v.n. Pret. crew, or crowed; 
part, crcwed. To make the noise which a 
cock makes in gaiety, or defiance ; to boast ; 
to bully ; to bluster. 

CROWD, (kroud) n. s. A multitude con- 
fusedly pressed together ; a promiscuous 
medley, without order or distinction ; the 
vulgar ; the populace. 

To CROWD, (kroud) v. a. To fill with con- 
fused multitudes ; to press close together ; 
to incumber by multitudes. To crowd sail, 
to spread wide the sails upon the yards. 

To CROWD, (kroud) v. re. To swarm ; to 
be numerous ; to gather together into a 

CROWFOOT, (kro'-fut) n. s. A caltrop. 

CROWKEEPER, (kro'-ke-per) n.s. A scare- 

CROWN, (kroun) re. s. The ornament of the 
head which denotes imperial and regal dig- 
nity ; a garland ; reward ; he norary dis- 
tinction ; regal power ; royalty ; the top of 
the head ; the top of anything, as of a 
mountain ; the part of the hat that covers 
the head ; a piece of money, anciently 
stamped with a crown ; in value five shil- 
lings ; completion ; accomplishment. 

To CROWN, (kroun) v. a. To invest with 
the crown ; to cover, as with a crown ; to 
dignify ; to adorn ; to make illustrious ; to 
reward ; to recompense ; to complete ; to 
perfect ; to terminate ; to finish. 

CROWNGLASS, (kroun'-glas) n. s. The 
finest sort of window-glass, 

CROWNING, (kroun'-ing) n. s. In archi- 
tecture, That which finishes or crowns any 

C ROWN -OFFICE, (krgun'-of-f is) ns. An 
office belonging to the Court of King's 

-tube, tub, hull; — oil; — pound ;— t/dn, mis. 



CROWNPOST, (kroun'-post) n. s. A post, 
which, in buildings, stands upright in the 
middle, between two principal rafters. 
CROWNWHEEL, (kroun'-whele; n.s. The 

upper wheel of a watch next the balance. 
CROWNWORKS, (kroun'-wurks) n. s. Bui- 
warks advanced towards the field to gain 
some hill or rising ground. 
CROWS- FEET, (kroze'-feet) n. s. The 
wrinkles under the eyes, which are the 
effect of age. 

CRUCIAL, (krpp'-she-al) a. Transverse ; 

intersecting one another. 
To CRUCIATE, (krpp'-she-ate) v.a. To tor- 
ture ; to torment ; to excruciate. 
CRUCIATE, (kroo'-she-ate) a. Tormented. 
CRUC1ATION, (krpp-she-a'-shun) n.s. Tor- 
CRUCIBLE, (krpp'-se-bl) n.s. A chymist's 
melting pot, formerly marked with a cross. 
CRUCIFEROUS, (kroo-sif '-e-rus) a. Bear- 
ing the cross. 
CRUCIFIER, (kroo'-se-f i-er) n. s. He that 

inflicts the punishment of crucifixion. 
CRUCIFIX, (krpp'-se-fiks) n. s. A repre- 
sentation, in painting or sculpture, of our 
Lord's passion ; tbe cross of Christ. 
CRUCIFIXION, (krpp-se-fik'-shun) n. s. 

The punishment of nailing to a cross. 
CRUCIFORM, (krpp'-se-form) a. Having 

the form of a cross. 
To CRUCIFY, (kroo'-se-f i) v. a. To put to 
death by nailing the hands and feet to a 
cross set upright. 
CRUCIGEROUS, (krpp-sid'-je-rus) a. Bear- 
ing the cross. 
CRUDE, (krood) a. Raw ; not subdued or 
changed by any process ; harsh ; unripe ; 
not well digested ; unfinished ; immature ; 
having indigested notions. 
CRUDELY, (krppd'-le) ad. Unripely ; 

without due preparation. 
CRUDENESS, (krood'-nes) n.s. Unripeness. 
CRUDITY, (kroo'-de-te) n. s. Indigestion ; 
inconcoction ; unripeness ; indigested notion. 
CRUEL, (krpp'-el) a. Inhuman ; hard-heart- 
ed ; void of pity. 
CRUELLY, (krpp'-el-le) ad. In a cruel 

CRUELNESS, (kroo'-el-nes) n. s. Inhu- 
manity; cruelty. 
CRUELTY, (krpp'-el-te) n.s. Inhumanity ; 
savageness; barbarity; act of intentional 
CRUET, (krpp'-et) n. s. A vial for vinegar 

or oil. 
CRUISE, (krpps) n. s. A small cup or bottle. 
CRUISE, (krppz) n. s. A voyage in search 

of plunder. 
To CRUISE, (krooz) v.n. To rove over the 
sea in search of plunder, or without any 
certain course. 
CRUISER, (kroo'-zer) n. s. One that roves 
upon the sea in search of plunder ; a ship 
employed in sailing to and fro for the pro- 
tection of merchant ships. 


CRUM, ) (krum) n.s. The soft part of 
CRUMB, £ bread; a small particle or frag- 
ment of bread. 
To CRUM, (krum) v. a. To break into small 

To CRUMBLE, (krum'-bl) v. a. To break 

into small pieces. 
To CRUMBLE, (krum -bl) v. n. To fall into 

small pieces. 
CRUMMY, (krum'-me) a. Soft; resembling 

CRUMP, (krump) a. Crooked. 
CRUMPET, (krum'-pet) n. s. A soft cake. 
To CRUMPLE, "(krum'-pl) v. a. To draw 

into wrinkles. 
To CRUMPLE, (krum'-pl) v. n. To shrink 

up ; to contract. 
CRUMPLING, (krump'-ling) v. s. A small 

degenerate apple. 
CRUOR, (kroo'-or) n. s. Gore ; coagulated 

CRUPPER, (krup'-per) n. s. That part of 
the horseman's furniture that reaches from 
the saddle to the tail. 
CRURAL, (krpo'-ral) a. Belonging to the 

CRUSADE, (krpo-sade') )n.s. Anexpedi- 
CRUSADO, (krpp-sa'-do) \ tion against the 
infidels; an ancient coin stamped with a 
CRUSADER, (kru-sa'-der) n. s. One em- 
ployed in a crusade. 
CRUSE. See Cruise. 
CRUSET, (krop'-set) n. s. A goldsmith's 

melting pot. 
To CRUSH, (krush) v. a. To squeeze ; to 
press with violence ; to overwhelm ; to beat 
down • to subdue ; to conquer beyond re- 
CRUSH, (krush) n. s. A collision ; the act 

of rushing together. 
CRUST, (krust) n.s. Any shell, or external 
coat ; an incrustation ; collection of matter 
into a hard body ; the case of a pie made 
of meal, and baked ; the outer hard part of 
bread ; a waste piece of bread. 
To CRUST, (krust) v. a. To envelope; to 
cover with a hard case ; to foul with con- 
To CRUST, (krust) v. n. To gather or con- 
tract a crust. 
CRUSTACEOUS, (krus-ta'-she-us) a. Shelly, 
with joints ; opposed to testaceous, or covered 
with one uninterrupted shell. 
CRUST ACEOUSNESS, (krus- ta'-she-us-nes) 

n. s. The quality of having jointed shells. 
CRUSTATION, (krus-ta'-shun) n.s. An 

adherent covering ; an incrustation. 
CRUSTILY, (krus'-te-le) ad. Peevishly ; 

CRUSTUNESS, (krus'-te-nes) n.s. The qua- 
lity of a crust ; peevishness ; moroseness. 
CRUSTY, (krus'-te) a. Covered with a 

crust; sturdy; morose; snappish. 
CRUTCH, (krutsh) n. s. A support used by 

To CRUTCH, (krutsh) v. a. To support on 
crutches as a cripple. 

Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met;-— pine, pin; — no, move. 


To CRY, ^kri) v.n. To speak with vehe- 
mence ; to call importunately ; to exclaim ; 
to utter lamentations ; to squall, as an in- 
fant ; to weep ; to utter an inarticulate voice, 
as an animal ■ to yelp, as a hound on a 
scent ; to proclaim as a hawker ; to call for 
vengeance or punishment: To cry out, to 
exclaim ; to scream ; to complain loudly. 

To CRY, (kri) v. a. To proclaim; to make 
publick : To cry down, to blame ; to depreci- 
ate ; to overhear : To cry up, to applaud ; to 
praise ; to raise the price by proclamation. 

CRY, (kri) n. s. Lamentation; shriek; 
scream ; weeping ; mourning ; clamour ; 
outcry ; exclamation of triumph or wonder ; 
proclamation ; the hawkers' proclamation of 
wares, as, the cries of London ; acclama- 
tion ; voice • utterance ; importunate call ; 
yelping of dogs ; yell ; inarticulate noise. 

CRYAL, (kri'-al) n. s. The heron. 


CRYER, (kri'-er) n. s. A kind of hawk 
called the falcon gentle. 

CRYING, (kri'-ing) n. s. Importunate call, 
or outcry. 

CRYPT, (kript) n. s. A subterranean cell 
or cave, especially under a church, for the 
interment of particular persons ; a subter- 
ranean oratory or chapel ; the grave of a 

CRYPTIC AL, (krip'-te-kal) > a. Hidden ; 

CRYPTICK, (krip v -tik) J secret. 

CRYPTOGRAPHY; (krip-tog'-gra-fe) n. s. 
The art of writing secret characters ; secret 
characters ; cyphers. 

CRYPTOLOGY, (krip-tol'-lo-je) n.s. Enig- 
matical language. 

CRYPTOGAMY, (krip-tgg'-a-me) n. s. In 
botany, applied to a genus of plants whose 
fructification is concealed. 

CRYSTAL, (kris'-tal) n. s. In mineralogy, 
A hard, pellucid, and naturally colourless 
body, of which there are various kinds : 
Crystals [in chymistry] express salts shot 
or congealed in manner of crystal. 

CRYSTAL, (kris'-tal) a. Consisting of 
crystal ; bright ; transparent ; pellucid. 

CRYSTALLINE, (kris'-tal-line) a. Con- 
sisting of crystal; bright; pellucid; trans- 

CRYSTALLINE Humour, (kris'-tal-line) n.s. 
The second humour of the eye, that lies next 
to the aqueous behind the uvea. / 

CRYSTALLIZATION, (kris-tal-li-za'-shun) 
n. s. Congelation into crystals ; the mass 
formed by congelation or concretion. 

To CRYSTALLIZE, (kris'-tal-lize) v. a. To 
cause to congeal in crystals. 

To CRYSTALLIZE, (kris'-tal-lize) v. n. To 
coagulate ; to congeal as crystal. 

CUB, (kub) n. s. The young of a beast ; 
generally of a bear or fox ; the young of a 
whale, perhaps of any viviparous fish. In 
reproach, a young boy or girl. 

To CUB, (kub) v. n. To bring forth ; used 
of beasts. 

CUBATION, (ku-ba-shun) n. s. The act of 
lying down. 


CUBATORY, (ku'-ba-tur-e) a. Recun. 

CUBATURE, (ku'-ba-ture) n.s. The find- 
ing exactly the solid content of any pro- 
posed body. 

CUBE, (kube) n. s. A regularly solid body, 
consisting of six square and equal faces or 
sides, and the angles all right, and there- 
fore equal. 

CUBE ROOT, (kube'-root) } n. 5. The 

CUBICK ROOT, (ku'-bik-root) S origin of 
a cubick number ; or a number, by whose 
multiplication into itself, and again into the 
product, any given number is formed. 

CUBEB, (ku-beb) n. s. A small dried berry 
resembling pepper. 

CUBICAL, (ku'-be-kal) } a. Having the form 

CUBICK, (ku'-bik) 5 or properties of 

a cube. 

CUBICALLY, (ku'-be-kal -Ie) ad. In a cu- 
bical method. 

CUBICALNESS, (ku'-be-kal-nes) n. s. The 
state of being cubical. 

CUBICULAR, (ku-bik-ii -lar) a. Belonging 
to the chamber. 

CUBICULARY, (ku-bik'-ku-lar-e) a. Fitted 
for the posture of lying down. 

CUBIFORM, (ku'-be-form) a. Of the shape 
of a cube. 

CUBIT, (ku'-bit) n. s. A measure in use 
among the ancients ; originally the distance 
from the elbow, bending inwards to the ex- 
tremity of the middle finger. 

CUBITAL, (ku'-be-tal) a. Containing only 
the length of a cubit. 

CUCKINGSTOOL, (kuX-ing-stool) n.s. An 
engine invented for the punishment ot 
scolds and unquiet women. 

CUCKOLD, (kuk'-kuld) n.s. One that is 
married to an adultress ; one whose wife is 
false to his bed. 

To CUCKOLD, (kuk'-kuld) v. a. To wrong 
a husband by unchastity. 

CUCKOLDY, (kuk'-ul-de) a. Having the 
qualities of a cuckold ; poor ; mean ; cow- 

CUCKOLDOM, (kuk'-kul-dum) n. s. The 
act of adultery ; the state of a cuckold. 

CUCKOO, (kuk'-koo) n.s. A well known 
bird which appears in the spring. 

CUCULLATE, (ku'-kul-late) }a. Hood- 

CUCULLATED, (ku'-kul-la-ted) $ ed ; co- 
vered as with a hood; having the resem- 
blance of a hood. 

CUCUMBER, (ku'-kur-ber) n. s. The 
name of a plant, and of the fruit of that 

a. Applied to plants which resemble a 
CUCURBITE, (ku'-kur-bit) n. s. A chymi- 

cal vessel in the shape of a gourd. 
CUCURBIT1VE, (ku-kur'-be-tiv) a. Applied 
to small flat worms of the shape of the seed 
of a gourd. 
CUD, (kud) n. s. That food which is re- 
posited in the first stomach, in order to 

ugt ; — tube, tub, bull ; — qH ; pound ; — thin, mis. 



To CUDDLE, (kud'-dl) v.n. To lie close; 
To join in an embrace. 

CUDGEL, (kud'-jel) n.s. A stick to strike 
with, lighter than a club, shorter than a 

To CUDGEL, (kud'-jsl) v. a. To beat with 
a stick. 

CUDGELLER, (kud'-jel-ler) n. s. One who 
cudgels another. 

CUE, (ku) n.s. The tail or end of anything ; 
as, the long curl of a wig ; the last words 
of a speech which the player who is to an- 
swer, catches, and regards as intimation to 
begin ; a hint ; an intimation ; humour ; 
temper of mind. 

CUFF, (kuf) n. s. A blow with the fist ; a 
box ; aDy stroke or blow ; part of the 

To CUFF, (kuf) v. n. To fight ; to scuffle. 

To CUFF, (kuf) v. a. To strike with the 

CUIRASS, (kwe-ras') n. s. A breastplate. 

CUIRASSIER, "( kwe-ras-seer') n. s. A man 
at arms ; a soldier in armour. 

CUISSE, (kwis) 21. s. The armour that covers 
the thighs. 

CULDEES, (kul-de/.e) n. s. Monks in Scot- 
land and Ireland." 

CULINARY, (ku'-le-nar-e) a. Relating to 
the kitchen, or cookery. 

To CULL, (kul) v. a. To select from others ; 
to pick out of many. 

CULLER, (kul'-ler) n. s. One who picks or 

CULLION, (kul'-yun) n.s. A scoundrel ; a 
mean wretch. 

CULLIONLY, (kul'-yun-le) a. Mean ; base. 

CULLY, (kul'-le) n. s. A man deceived by 
sharpers or a strumpet. 

To CULLY, (kul'-le) v. a. To befool ; to 

CULLYISM, (kul'-le-izm) n. s. The state of 
a cully. 

CULM, (kulm) n.s. A kind of dust coal 
found in pits with coals, and sometimes by 

CULMEN, (kul'-men) n s. A summit. 

CULMIFEROUS, "(kul-mif'-fe-rus) a. In 
botany, A term applied to plants having a 
smooth jointed stalk, and their seeds con- 
tained in chaff husks. 

To CULMINATE, (kul'-me-nate) v.n. To 
be vertical ; to be in the meridian. 

CULMINATION, (kul-me-na'-shun) n. s. 
The transit of a planet through the meri- 
dian ; top or crown. 

CULPABILITY, (kul-pa-bil'-e-te) n. s. 

CULPABLE, (kul'-pa-bl) a. Criminal ; 
guilty ; blameable ; blameworthy. 

CULPABLENESS, (kul'-pa-bl-nes) n. s. 
Blame ; guilt. 

CULPABLY, (kul'-pa-ble) a. Blameably. 

CULPRIT, (kul'-prit) n.s. A man arraigned 
before his judge. 

CULTER. See Coulter. 

CULTIVABLE, (kul'-te-va-bl) a. Capable 
of cultivation. 


To CULTIVATE, (kul'-te-vate) v. a. 'Io for- 
ward or improve the product of the earth by 
manual industry ; to improve. ; to meliorate. 

CULTIVATION, (kul-te-va'-shurf) n.s. The 
art or practice of improving soils, and for- 
warding vegetables ; improvement in gene- 

CULTIVATOR, (kul'-te-va-tur) n.s. One 
who improves, promotes, or meliorates. 

CULTURE, (kul'-ture) n. s. The act of 
cultivation ; tillage ; the art of improve- 
ment and melioration. 

To CULTURE, (kul'-ture) T>. a. To culti- 

CULVER, (kul'-ver) n. s. A pigeon. 

CULVERHOUSE',* (kul'-ver-house) n. s. A 

CULVERIN, (kul'-ve-reen) n. s. A species 
of ordnance. 

CULVERTA1L, (kul'-ver-tale) n.s. In car- 
pentry, The same as dovetail. 

CUMBENT, (kum'-bent) a. Lying down. 

To CUMBER, "(kum'-ber) v. a. To embar- 
rass ; to entangle ; to obstruct ; to croud 
or load with something useless. 

CUMBER, (kum'-ber) n.s. Vexation; b»r- 
densomeness ; embarrassment. 

CUMBERSOME,(kum'-ber-sum) a. Trouble- 
some; vexatious; burdensome; embarras- 
sing ; unwieldy ; unmanageable. 

CUMBERSOMLLY, (kum'-ber-sum-le) a. 
In a troublesome manner. 

CUMBERSOMENESS, (kum'-ber-sum-nes) 
n. s. Encumbrance ; obstruction. 

CUMBRANCE, (kum'-branse) n. s. Burden ; 
hindrance ; obstruction. 

CUMBROUS, (kum'-brus) a. Troublesome ; 
oppressive ; burdensome ; jumbled ; ob- 

CUMIN, (kum'-min) n. s. A plant. 

To CUMULATE, (ku'-mu-late) v a. To heap 

CUMULATION, (ku-mu-la'-slmn) n. s. The 
act of heaping together. 

CUMULATIVE, (ku'-mu-la-tiv) a. Con- 
sisting of parts heaped together. 

CUNCTATION, (kungk-ta'-shun) n.s. De- 
lay; procrastination. 

CUNCTATOR, (kungk-ta'-tur) n. s. One 
given to delay ; a lingerer. 

CUNEAL, (ku'-ne-alj a. Relating to a 

CUNEATED, (ku'-ne-a-ted) a. Made in 
form of a wedge. 

CUNEIFORM, (ku-ne'-e-fgrm) a. Having 
the form of a wedge. 

CUNNING, (kun'-ning) a. Skilful; know- 
ing; artful; artfully deceitful; sly; de- 
signing; subtle; crafty. 

CUNNING, (kun'-ning) n.s. Artifice; de- 
ceit; slyness; fraudulent dexterity; art; 
skill ; knowledge. 

CUNNINGLY, (kun'-ning-le) ad. Artfully , 
slilv; subtilly; skilfully. 

CUNNINGNESS, (kun'-ning-nes) n. s. 
Subtleness ; slyness. 

CUP, (kup) n. s. A small vessel to drink 
in ; the liquor contained in the cup ; the 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met; — pine, pin; — no, move, 


draught ; social entertainment, in the plural ; 
a glass to draw the blood in scarification. 
To CUP, (kup) v. a. To fix a glass-bell or 
cucurbite upon the skin, to draw the blood 
in scarification. 
CUPBEARER, (kup'-ba-rer) n.s. An officer 
of the king's household ; an attendant to 
give wine at a feast. 
CUPBOARD, (kub'-burd) n. s. A case with 
shelves, in which victuals or earthenware is 
To CUPBOARD, (kub'-burd) v. a. To trea- 
sure in a cupboard ; to hoard up. 
CUPELLATION, (kup-pej-la'-shun) n. s. 
The process of assaying and purifying gold 
and silver. 
CUPIDITY, (ku-pid'-e-te) n. s. Concupis- 
cence 5 unlawful or unreasonable longing. 
CUPOLA, (ku'-po-la) n. s. A dome ; the 

hemispherical summit of a building. 
CUPPEL. See Coppel. 
CUPPER, (kup'-per) n. s. One who applies 

cupping glasses ; a scarifier. 
CUPPING-GLASS (kup'-ping-glas) n.s. A 
glass used by scarifiers to draw out the 
blood by rarefying the air. 
CUPREOUS, (kxi'-pre-us) a. Coppery ; con- 
sisting of copper. 
CUR, (kiyr) n. s. A shepherd's dog ; a 

worthless degenerate dog. 
CURABLE, (ku'-ra-bl) a. Admitting a re- 
CURABLENESS, (ku'-ra-bl-nes) n. s. Pos- 
sibility to be healed. 
CURACY, (ku'-ra-se) n. s. Employment of 
a curate, distinct from a benefice ; employ- 
ment which a hired clergyman holds under 
the beneficiary ; a benefice, distinguished by 
the name of a perpetual curacy, holden by 
licence from the bishop. 
CURATE, (ku'-rate) n. s. A clergyman hired 
to perform the duties of another ; a parish 
priest ; one who holds a perpetual curacy. 
CURATESH1P, (ku'-rate-ship) n. s. The 

office of a curate. 
CURATIVE, (ku'-ra-tiv) a. Relating to the 

cure of diseases. 
CURATOR, (ku-ra'-tur) n. s. One that has 
the care and superintendence of anything ; 
a guardian appointed by law. 
URB, (kurb) n.s. An iron chain, made 
fast to the upper part of the branches of the 
bridle, and running over the beard of the 
horse ; restraint ; inhibition ; a hard tumour, 
which runs along the inside of a horse's 
To CURB, (kurb) v. a. To guide or restrain 
a horse with a curb ; to restrain ; to inhibit ; 
to check ; to bend. 
CURB-STONE, (kurb'-stone) n.s. A thick 
kind of stone placed at the edge of a stone 
CURD, (kurd) n. s. The coagulation of 
milk; the concretion of tl.e thicker parts of 
any liquor. 
To CURD, (kurd) v. a. To turn to curds. 
To CURDLE, "(kur'-dl) v. n. To coagulate ; 
to concrete ; to take the form of curds. 


To CURDLE, (kur'-dl) v. a. To cause to 

CURDY,(kur'-de) a. Coagulated ; concreted. 
CURE, (kure) n. s. Remedy ; restorative : 
act of healing ; the benefice or employment 
of a curate or clergyman. 
To CURE, (kure) v. a. To heal ; to restore 
to health; to prepaie, so as to preserve 
from corruption. 
CURELESS, (kure'-les) a. Without cure 

without remedy. 
CURER, (ku'-rer) n. s. One who cures ; a 

CURFEW, (kur'-fu) n. s. An evening peal, 
at the sound of which every man was obliged 
to rake up his fire and extinguish his light ; 
a cover for a fire ; a fireplate. 
CURIOSITY, (ku-re-os'-e-te) n. s. Inquisi- 
tiveness ; inclination to inquiry, an object 
of curiosity, or rarity. 
CURIOSO, (kpo-re-o'-zo) n. s. A curious 

person ; a virtuoso. 
CURIOUS, (ku'-re-us) a. Inquisitive; de- 
sirous of information ; attentive to; diligent 
about ; accurate ; difficult to please ; exact ; 
nice; subtle; artful; not neglectful ; nicely 
diligent; elegant; neat; laboured. 
CURIOUSLY, (ku-re-us-le) ad. Inquisi- 
tively ; attentively ; elegantly ; neatly ; art- 
fully; exactly. 
CURIOUSNESS, (ku'-re-us-nes) n. s. Cu- 
riosity ; inquisitiveness ; exactness ; nicety. 
CURL, (km!) n. s. A ringlet of hair ; un- 
dulation ; wave ; sinuosity ; flexure. 
To CURL, (kurl) v. a. To turn the hair in 
ringlets ; to writhe ; to twist ; to dress with 
curls; to raise in waves, undulations, or 
To CURL, (kurl) v. n. To shrink into ring- 
lets ; to rise in undulations. 
CURLEW, (kur'-lu) n.s. A kind of water- 
CURLINESS, (kur'-le-nes) n.s. The state 

of anything curled. 
CURLING-IRONS, (kur'-ling-i-runz) n. s.- 

An instrument to curl the hair with. 
CURLY, (kur'-le) a. Inclining to curl. 
CURMUDGEON, (kur-mud'-jun) n. s. An- 
avaricious churlish fellow ; a miser ; a nig- 
gard ; a churl. 
CURMUDGEONLY, (kur-mud'-jun-le) «,. 

Avaricious ; covetous ; churlish, 
CURRANT, (kur'-rant) n.s. A small fruit 

tree ; a small dried grape. 
CURRENCY, (kur'-ren-se) n. s. Circula- 
tion ; power of passing from hand to hand ; 
general reception ; fluence ; readiness of 
utterance ; continuance ; constant flow ; the 
money of a country, or the paper passing 
as money. 
CURRENT, (kur'-rent) a. Passing from 
hand to hand; generally received; com- 
mon ; general ; popular ; passable ; wha: is 
now passing ; as, the current year. 
CURRENT, (kur'-rent) n. s. A running 
stream ; Currents are certain progressive 
motions of the water of the sea in several 
places ; course ; progression. 

not ; — tube, tub. bull ; — oil ; — pound ; — tlnn, ims. 



CURRENTLY, (kur'-rent-le) a. In a con- 
stant motion ; popularly ; fashionably. 

CURRENTNESS, (kur'-rent-nes) n. s. Cir- 
culation ; general reception ; easiness of 

CURRICLE, (kur'-re-kl) n. s. A course ; a 
chariot. In modern times, An open chaise 
with two wheels, drawn by two horses 

CURRIER, (kur'-re-er) n. s. One who 
dresses and pares leather. 

CURRISH, (kur'-rish) a. Having the qua- 
lity of a degenerate dog ; brutal ; sour ; 

CURRISHLY, (kur'-rish-le) ad. In a brutal 
or malignant manner. 

CURRISHNESS, (kur'-rish-nes) n. s. Mo- 
roseness ; churlishness. 

To CURRY, (kur'-re) v a. To dress leather, 
by beating and rubbing it ; to beat ; to 
drub ; to rub a horse with a scratching in- 
strument, so as to smooth his coat ; to 
scratch in kindness ; to rub down with flat- 
tery. To cwry favour, properly favel, a 
metaphor from the stable ; to become a 
favourite by petty ofnciousness, or flattery. 

CURRY, (kur'-re; n. s. A word imported 
from the East ' Indies, denoting a highly 
spiced mixture of various eatables, a very 
relishable composition. 

CURRYCOMB, (kur'-re-kome) n. s. An 
iron instrument for currying horses. 

To CURSE, (kurse) v. a. To wish evil to ; 
to execrate ; to devote to perdition ; to 
afflict ; to torment. 

To CURSE, (kurse) v. n. To imprecate. 

CURSE, (kurse) n.s. Malediction; afflic- 
tion ; torment ; vexation. 

CURSED, (kur'-sed) part. a. Deserving a 
curse ; hateful ; detestable ; unholy ; un- 
sanctified ; blasted by a curse ; vexatious ; 

CURSEDLY, (kur'-sed-le) ad. Miserably; 
shamefully ; a cant word in verv common use. 

CURSEDNESS, (kur'-sed-nes) r. s. The 
state of being under a curse. 

CURSER, (kur'-ser) n. s. One that utters 

CURSHIP, (kur'-ship) n.s. Dogship; mean- 

CURSITOR, (kur'-se-tur) n.s. An officer 
belonging to the Chancery, that makes out 
original writs. 

CURSORARY. (kur'-so-ra re) a. Cursory; 

CURSORILY, (kur'-so-re-le) ad. Hastily ; 

CURSORINESS,(kur'-so-re-nes) n.s. Slight 

CURSORY, (kur'-so-re) «. Hasty; quick; 

inattentive ; going about ; not stationary. 
CURST, (kurst) a. Froward ; peevish ; ma- 
lignant ; mischievous ; snarling. 
CURSTNESS, (kurst'-ues) n. s. Peevish- 
ness ; frovt ardness ; malignity. 
CURT, (kurt) a. Short 
To CURTAIL, (kur-tale') v. a. To cut off; 
to cut short; to abridge. 


CURTAILER, (kur-ta -ler) n. $. One who 

cuts off anything. 
CURTAIN, (kur' ten) n.s. A cloth con- 
tracted or expanded at pleasure ; To draw 
the curtain, To close it so as to shut out the 
light, or conceal the object, or to open it so 
as to discern the object. In fortification, 
That part of the wall that lies between two 
To CURTAIN, (kur'- ten) v.a. To accom- 
modate with curtains. 
CURTAL, (kur'-tal) n.s. A horse with a 

docked tail. 
CURTAL, (kur'-tal) a. Brief, or abridged. 
CURTATE Distance, (kur'-tate) n.s. The 
distance of a planet's place from the sun, 
reduced to the ecliptick. 
CURTATION, (kur-ta'-shun) n. s. The in- 
terval between a planet's distance from the 
sun and the curtate distance. 
CURTILAGE, (kur'-te-laje) n. s. A gard n, 

yard, or field, lying near to a messuage. 
CURTLY, (kurt'-le) ad. Briefly. 
CURTSY. See Courtesy. 
CURVATED, (kur'-va-ted) a. Bent ; crooked. 
CURVATION, (kur-va'-slmn) n.s. The act 
of bending or crooking; the state of being 
CURVATURE, (kur'-va-ture) n.s. Crooked- 
CURVE, (kurv) a. Crooked; bent. 
CURVE, (kurv) n. s. Anything bent. 
To CURVE, (kurv) v. a. To bend; to 

To CURVET, (kur-vet') v. n. To leap ; to 

bound ; to frisk. 
CURVET, (kur'-vet) n.s. A leap ; abound. 
CURVILINEAR,'"(kur-ve-lin'-yar) a. Con- 
sisting of a curved line ; composed of curved 
CURVITY, (kur'-ve-te) n. s. Crookedness. 
CURULE, (ku'-rule) a. An epithet applied 
to the chair, in which the Roman magis- 
trates had a right to sit. 
CUSHION, (kush'-un) n. s. A pillow for the 

seat ; a soft pad placed upon a chair. 
CUSHIONED, (kush'-und) a. Seated on a 

cushion ; accommodated with cushions. 
CUSP, (kusp) n. s. A term used to express 
the points or horns of the moon, or other 
CUSPATED, (kus'-pa-ted) }a. In bo- 

CUSPIDATED, (kus'-pe-da-ted) J tany.A 
term applied to the leaves of a flower end- 
ing in a point. 
CUSPIDAL, (kus'-pe-dal) a. Sharp; ending 

in a point. 
To CUSPIDATE, (kus'-pe-date) v.a. To 

CUSPIS, (kus'-pis) n. s. The sharp end of a 

CUSTARD, (kus -terd) 71. s. A kind of sweet- 
meat made of eggs, with milk, sugar, &c. 
CUSTODIAL, (kus-to'-de-al) a. Relating 

to custody, or guardianship. 
CUSTODY, (kus'-to-de) n.s. Imprisonment; 


Fate, far ( fall, fat; — me, met; — pine, pin; -no, move, 


restraint of liberty; care; guardian shi p ; 
charge : defence ; preservation ; security. 

CUSTOM, (kus'-tum) ??. s. Habit ; habitual 
practice ; fashion ; common way of acting ; 
established manner ; practice of buying of 
certain persons. In law, A law or right, 
not written, which, being established by 
long use, and the consent of our ancestors, 
has been, and is daily practised ; tribute ; 
tax paid for goods imported or exported. 

To CUSTOM, (kus'-tum) v. n. To accustom. 

CUSTOM-HOUSE, "'(kus'-tum-bouse) n. & 
The house where the taxes upon goods im- 
ported or exported are collected. 

CUSTOMABLE, (hus'-tum-a-bl) a. Com- 
mon ; habitual ; frequent ; liable to the 
payment of duties at the custom-house. 

CUSTOMABLENESS, (kus'-tum-a-bl-nes) 
h. s. frequency ; habit : conformity to cus- 

CUSTOMABLY, (kus'-tum-a-ble) ad. Ac- 
cording to custom. 

CUSTOMARILY, (kus'-tum-ar-e-le) ad. 

C USTOM ARINESS, (kus'-tum- ar-e-nes) n. s. 
Frequency ; commonness. 

CUSTOMARY, (W-tum-a-re) a. Con- 
formable to established custom ; habitual ; 
usual ; wonted. 

CUSTOMER, (kus'-tum-er) n. s. One who 
frequents any place of sale for the sake of 
purchasing ; a toll-gatherer ; a collector of 

C USER EL, (kus'-trel) n.s. A buckle-bearer ; 
a vessel for holding wine. 

CUSTUMARY, ^kus'-tum-a-re) n. s. A book 
of laws and customs 

To CUT, (hut) Pret. cut ; part. cut. To pe- 
netrate with an edged instrument ; to divide 
any continuity by a sharp edge ; to hew ; 
to carve ; to make by sculpture ; to form 
anything by cutting ; to divide by passing 
through ; to pierce with any uneasy sensa- 
tion ; to divide packs of cards ; to intersect ; 
to cross, as one line cuts another at right 
angles ; To cut c'oun, To fell ; to hew down ; 
To cut off, To separate from the other parts 
by cutting ; to destroy ; to extirpate ; to in- 
tercept ; to hinder from unicn or return; to 
withhold ; to preclude ; to abbreviate : To 
cut cut, To shape ; to form ; to scheme ; to 
contrive ; to adapt ; to debar ; to excel : to 
outdo ; To cut short, To hinder from pro^ 
ceedingby sudden interruption ; to abridge, 
as the soldiers were cut short of their pay ; 
To cut up, To divide an animal into con- 
venient pieces ; to eradicate. 

To CUT, tkuj-) i. ji. To make way by divid- 
ing; To cut m, A phrase in card-playing : 
when the parties determine who are to form 
the players. 

CUT, (kut) ?i. s. The action of a sharp or 
edged instrument ; the impression or separa- 
tion of continuity, made by an edge or sharp 
instrument; a wound made by cutting ; a 
channel made by art ; a part cut off from 
the rest ; a near passage ; a picture carved 
upon wood or copper , the stamp on which 


a picture is carved ; the practice of dividing 
a pack of cards : fashion ; form ; shape. 

CUTANEOUS, (ku-ta'-ne-us) a. Relating 
to the skin. 

CUTE, (kute) a. Clever ; sharp ; probably 
an abbreviation of acute. 

CUTICLE, (lui'-te-ki) n.s. The first and 
outermost covering of the body ; a thin skin 
formed on the surface of any liquor. 

CUTICULAR, (ku-tik'-u-Iar) a. Belonging 
to the skin. 

CUTLASS, (kut'-las) n. s. A broad cutting 

CUTLER, (kut'-Ier) n. s. One who makes 
or sells knives. 

CUTLERY, (kut'-le-re) n. s. The ware or 
articles which are made by cutlers. 

CUTLET, (kut'-let) n.s. A steak; properly, 
a rib. 

CUTPURSE, (kut'-purse) n.s. One who steals 
by the method of cutting purses ; a thief. 

CUTTER, (kut'-ter) ?;. s. An agent or in- 
strument that cuts anything ; a light sailing 
vessel ; the teeth that cut the meat : an 
officer in the exchequer that provides wood 
for the tallies ; a ruffian ; a bravo. 

CUT-THROAT, (kut'-r'rote) n. s. A ruffian ; 
a murderer. 

CUT-THROAT, (kut'-r/<rote) a. Cruel; in 

CUTTING, (kut'-ting) n. s. A piece cut 
off; a chop ; incision ; caper ; curvet. 

CUTTLE, (kut'-tl ) n. s. A fish, which, when 
he is pursued by a fish of prey, throws out 
a black liquor. 

CYCLE, (si'-kl) n. s. A circle ; a periodical 
space of time ; a method, or account of a 
method continued till the same course begins 
again ; imaginary orbs ; a circle in the 

CYCLOID, (si -cloid) n. s. A kind of geo- 
metrical curve. 

CYCLOID AL, (si -kiold'-al) a. Relating to a 

CYCLOMETRY, (si-klom'-me-tre) n.s. The 
art of measuring cycles or circles. 

CYCLOPAEDIA, (si-klo-pe'-de-a) n.s. A 
circle of the sciences or universal know- 
ledge ; a book which treats of the whole 
circle of the sciences arranged in alphabeti- 
cal order. 

CYCLOPEAN, (si-klo-pe'-an) \a. Relating 

CYCLOP1CK, (si-klQp'-ik) S to the fa- 
bulous beings called Cyclops ; savage ; vait : 

CYDER. See Cides. 

CYGNET, (sig'-net) n.s. A young swan. 

CYLINDER," (sif-in-der) n. s. A body hav- 
ing two fiat surfaces and one circular. 

CYLINDRICAL, (si-lin'-dre-kal) )«. Par- 

CYL1NDR1CK, (si-lin'-^ik) S taking 

of the nature of a cylinder. 

CYLINDROID, (sU'-in-droid) n. s. A solid 
body, differing from the cylinder ; as, having 
its bases elliptical, but parallel, and equal. 

CYMAR, (se-mar*) n.s. A slight covering; 
a scarf. 

CYMATH'M, (s--ma'-she-um) v. s. A rr.era- 

)t ; — tub?, tub, bull;-; o^! ; — p^und ; — tfein, mi 


her of architecture, whereof one half is 

convex, and the other concave. 
CYMBAL, (sim'-bal) n. s. A musica 1 instru- 
ment like a brazen dish. 
CYNANTHROPY, (se-nan'-t//ro pe) n. s. A 

species of madness, in which men have the 

qualities of dogs. 
CYNARCTOMACHY, (sin-ark-tom.'-a-ke) 

Bear-baiting with a dog. 
CYNEGETICKS, (sin-ne-jet'-iks) n. s. The 

art of hunting with dogs. 
CYNICAL, (sin'-ik-al) \a. Having the qua- 
CYNICK, (sin'-ik) T ) lities of a dog ; 

snarling ; satirical. 
CYNICK, (sin'-ik) n. s. A philosopher of the 

snarling sort ; a follower of Diogenes ; a 

rude man. 
CYNOSURE, (si'-no-shure) n. s. The star 

near the North-pole, by which sailors steer. 
CYPHER. See Cipheh. 


CYPRESS-TREE, (si'-pres-tree) n. s. A 
tall strait tree, produced with great diffi- 
culty ; its leaves are bitter, and the smell 
and shade dangerous ; hence the Romans 
looked upon it to be a fatal tree, and 
made use of it at funerals ; the emblem of 

CYPRUS, (si'-prus) n. s. [Probably from 
Cyprus, where it was originally made.] A 
tliin transparent stuff. 

CYST, (sist) > n. s. A bag containing 

CYSTIS, (sis'-tis) S some morbid matter. 

CYSTICK,*(sis'"-tik) a. Contained in a bag. 

CYSTOTOMY, (sis-tot'-o-me) n. s. The 
practice of opening incysted tumours. 

CYTISUS, (sit'-e-zus) n. s. A shrub. 

CZAR, (zar) n. s. The title of the emperour 
of Russia. 

CZARINA, (za-re'-na,) n.s. The empress of 


D, Is a consonant nearly approaching in sound 
to T, but formed by a stronger appulse of 
the tongue to the upper part of the mouth ; 
the sound of D in English is uniform, and 
it is never mute. 

D. A note or key in musick. 

D. In abbreviation is common for doctor ; as, 
D.D. doctor of divinity; M.D. doctor of 

D. A numeral letter, signifying five hundred. 

J) A CAPO, (da-ka'-po) A term in musick, 
signifying that the first part of the tune 
should be repeated at the conclusion. 

To DAB, (dab) v. a. To strike gently with 
something soft or moist. 

DAB, (dab) n. s. A small lump of anything ; 
a blow with something moist or soft ; some- 
thing moist or slimy thrown upon one ; a 
corruption of udept ; an artist ; a man ex- 
pert at something. 

DABCHICK, (dab'-tshik) n. s. A small 

To DABBLE, (dab'-bl) v. a. To smear ; to 
daub ; to spatter ; to besprinkle. 

To DABBLE, (dab'-bl) v. n. To play in 
water ; to do anything in a slight shallow 
manner ; to tamper 

DABBLER, (dab'-ler) n. s. One that plays 
in water : one that meddles without mastery ; 
a superficial meddler. * 

DACE, (dase) n. s. A small river fish. 

DACTYLE, (dak'-til) n.s. A poetical foot 
consisting of one long syllable and two 

DACTYL1CK, (dak- til'-ik) a. Relating to 
the dactyl. 

DACTYLOLOGY, (dak-til ol'-o-je) ». s. The 
art of conversing by the hands. 

DAD, (dad) )n.s. The child's wav 

DADDY, (dad'-de) $ of expression for fa- 

DADO, (da'-do) n s. The plain part be- 
tween the base and cornice of a column , 
the die. 

D.EDALIAN, (de-da'-Ie-an) a. Maze like ; 
resembling the labyrinth of Daedalus. 

DAFF, (daf) n. s. A blockish or foolish 

To DAFF, (daf) v.a. To daunt. 

To DAFF, (daf) v. a. To toss aside ; to put 
away with contempt ; to put off. 

DAFFODIL, (daf'.fo-dil) \n.s. A yel- 

DAFFODILLY, (daf'-fo-dil-le) j low flower ; 
a species of narcissus. 

DAFT, (daft) a. f Silly ; stupid. 

DAGGER, (dag'-er) n.s. A short sword: 
a poignard ; the obelus ; a mark of reference 
in form of a dagger ; as, [f]. 

n. s. The act of drawing daggers ; ap- 
proach to open violence. 

To DAGGLE, (dag'-gl) v. a. To dip negli- 
gently in mire or water ; to besprinkle. 

To DAGGLE, (dag'-gl) v. n. To be in the 
mire ; to run through wet or dirt. 

DAGGLETAIL, (dag'-gl-tale) a. Bemired; 

DAILY, (da'-le) a. Happening every day. 

DAILY, (da'-le) ad. Every dav ; very often. 

DAINTILY, ('dane'- 3-le) ad. Elegantly; 
delicately ; deliciously ; oleasantly ; nicely ; 
ceremoniously ; squeamishly ; fastidiously. 

DAINTINESS, (dane'-te-nes) n. s. Deli- 
cacy ; softness ; elegance ; nicety ; delici- 
ousness ; squeamishness ; fastidiousness ; 
ceremoniousness ; scrupulosity. 

DAINTY, (dane'-te) a. Pleasing to the 
palate ; delicious ; delicate ; nice ; squeam- 
ish ; scrupulous; ceremonious; elegant; 
effeminately beautiful ; affectedlv fine. 

DAINTY, (dane'-te) n. s. Something nice 
or delicate. 


Fate, far, fall, fat j — me, met; — pine, pinj--no move, 


DAIRY, (da-re) ?;. s. The art of making 
food from milk ; the place where milk is 
preserved or manufactured. 

DAIRYMAID, (da-re-made) n.s. The wo- 
man servant whose business is to manage 
the milk. 

DAISIED, (da'-zeed) a. Full of daisies ; 
besprinkled with daisies. 

DAISY, (da'-ze) n. s. A spring-flower. 

DALE, (dale) n. s. A low place between 
hills ; a vale ; a valley. 

DALLIANCE, (dal'-le-anse) n. s. Inter- 
change of caresses ; acts of fondness ; de- 
lay; procrastination. 

DALLIER, (dal'-le-er) n.s. A trifler ; a 

To DALLY, (dai'-le) v. n. To trifle ; to play 
the fool ; to exchange caresses ; to play 
the wanton ; to fondle ; to sport ; to play ; 
to delay. 

DAM, (dam) n. s. The mother ; used of 

DAM, (dam) n.s. A mole or bank to confine 

To DAM, (dam) v. a. To confine, or shut up 
water by dams. 

DAMAGE, (dam'-aje) n. s. Mischief; hurt ; 
detriment ; loss. In law, Any hurt or 
hindrance that a man suffers in his estate ; 
compensation awarded by a jury for mis- 
chief done or loss sustained. 

To DAMAGE, (dam'-aje) v. a. To injure ; 
to impair. 

DAMAGEABLE, (dam'-aje-a-bl) a. Sus- 
ceptible of hurt ; as, damageable goods. 

DAMAGE-FEASANT, (dam'-aje fa-zant) a. 
In law, Doing hurt or damage. 

DAMASCENE, (dam'^zn) n. s. A species 
of plum. 

DAMASK, (dam'-ask) n. s. Linen or silk 
invented at Damascus, which by a various 
direction of the threads, exhibits flowers or 
other forms ; red colour. 

DAMASK-ROSE, (dam'-ask-roze) ?;. s. The 
rose of Damascus ; a red rose. 

DAMASKENING, (dara'-as-ke-ning) n. s. 
The art of adorning iron or steel, by making 
incisions and filling them up with gold or 
silver wire. 

DAMASKI1S, (dam'-as-kene) n.s. A sabre ; 
so called from being made at Damascus. 

DAME, (dame) n. s. A lady ; a woman of 
rank ; mistress of a family ; women in ge- 
To DAMN, (dam) v. a. To doom to eternal 
torments in a future state ; to procure or 
cause to be eternally condemned ; to con- 
demn ; to hoot or hiss down any publick 

DAMNABLE, (dam'-na-bl) a. Deserving 
damnation ; frequently though vulgarly used 
for odious ; pernicious. 

DAMNABLENESS, (dam'-na-bl-nes) n. s. 

That which deserves condemnation. 
DAMNABLY, (dam'-na-ble) ad. In such a 
manner as to incur eternal punishment, or 
deserve condemnation ; odiously : hate- 


DAMNATION, (dam-na'-shun) n. s. Ex- 
clusion from divine mercy ; condemnation. 
DAMNATORY, (dam'-na-tur-e) a. Cou 

taining a sentence of condemnation. 
DAMNED, (damd or dam'-ned) part. a. Con- 
demned to eternal punishment ; condem- 
ned ; hateful ; detestable ; abhorred. 

DAMNIFICK, (dam-nif-ik) a. Procuring 
loss ; mischievous. 

To DAMNIFY, (dam'-ne-fi) v. a. To en- 
damage ; to injure. 

DAMNING NESS, (dam'-ning-nes) n. s. 
Tendency to procure damnation. 

DAMP, (damp) a. Moist ; inclining to wet ; 
foggy ; dejected ; sunk : depressed. 

DAMP, (damp) n. s. Fog ; moist air ; va- 
pour exhaled from the earth ; dejection ; 
depression of spirit. 

To DAMP, (damp) v. a. To wet ; to moisten ; 
to depress ; to deject ; to weaken ; to abate ; 
to discourage. 

DAMPERS, (dam'-perz) n. s. Certain move- 
able parts in the internal construction of a 
pianoforte for the purpose of deadening the 

DAMPISH, (damp'-ish) a. Moist; inclining 
to wet. 

DAMPISHNESS, ^damp'-ish-nes) n. s. Ten- 
dency to moisture. 

DAMPNESS, (damp'-nes) n.s. Moisture; 

DAMPY, (damp'-e) a. Moist; damp; de- 
jected ; gloomy ; sorrowful. 

DAMSEL, (dam-zel) n.s. A young woman ; 
an attendant of the better rank. 

DAMSON. See Damascene. 

DAN, (dan) n. s. The old term of honour 
for men ; as we now say Master. 

To DANCE, (danse) v. n. To move in mea- 
sure, with steps correspondent to the sound 
of instruments. To Dance Attendance, to 
wait with suppleness and obsequiousness. 

To DANCE, (danse) v. a. To make to dance. 

DANCE, (danse) ??. s. A motion of one or 
many in concert, regulated by musick. 

DANCER, (dan'-ser) n. s. One that prac- 
tises dancing. 

DAIS' CING, (dan'-smg) n. s. The act of 
moving with steps correspondent to musick. 

DANCl^GMASTER, (dan'-sing-mas-tei) 
n. s. One who teaches the art of dancing. 

DAN CING SCHOOL, (dan'-sing skppl) n. s. 
The school where the art of dancing is 

DANDELION, (dan-de-li'-un) n. s. The 
name of a plant. 

DANDIPRAT, (dan- de-prat) n. s. A small 
ancient coin ; a conceited little fellow. 

To DANDLE, (dan'-dl) v. n. To. shake a 
child on the knee, or in the hands, to please 
and quiet him ; to fondle ; to treat like a 

DANDLER, (dand'-ler) n. s. He that dandle s 
or fondles children. 

DANDRUFF, (dan'-druf) n.s. Scurf in the 

DANE, (dane) n. s. A native of Denmark 

DANEGELD, (dane'-gelt) n. s. The trf- 

not ;-~tube, tub, bull ; — q]\ ; — pound ; — thm, mis. 



bute laid upon the Saxons of twelve pence 

upon every hide of land through the realm 

by the Danes. 
DANISH, (da-nish) a. Relating to the 

DANGER, (dane'-jer) n. s. Risque ; hazard , 

To DANGER, (dane'-jer) v. a. To put in 

hazard ; to endanger. 
DANGERLESS, (dane'-jer-les) a. Without 

hazard ; without risque. 
DANGEROUS, (dane'-jer-us) a. Full of 

DANGEROUSLY, (dane'-jer-us le) ad. Ha- 
zardously ; with danger. 
DANGEROUSNESS, (dane-jer-us-nes) n. s. 

Danger ; peril. 
To DANGLE, (dang'-gl) v. n. To hang loose 

and quivering ; to hang upon any one ; to 

be an humble follower. 
DANGLER, (dang'-gler) n. s. A man that 

hangs about women only to waste time. 
DANK, (dangk) a. Damp; humid; moist; 

DANK, (dangk) n. s. Damp. 
DANKISH, (dangk'-ish) a. Somewhat dank. 
DANKISHNESS, (dangk'-ish-nes) n. s. 

Moisture ; dampness. 
DAPIFER, (dap'-e-fer) n. s. One who brings 

meat to the table ; a sewer. 
DAPPER, (dap'-per) a. Little and active; 

lively without bulk; pretty; neat. 
DAPPERLING, (dap'-per-ljng) n. s. A 

dwarf; a dandiprat. 
DAPPLE, (dap'-pl) a. Marked with various 

colours; variegated; an epithet applied to 

a horse, which is of a light grey with spots 

of deeper grey. 
To DAPPLE, (dap'-x-)l) v. a. To streak ; to 

To DARE, (dare) v. n. Pret. durst, part. 

dared ; to have courage for any purpose ; not 

to be afraid. 
To DARE, (dare) v. a. Pret. dared, part. 

dared; to challenge; to defy. 
DARE, (dare) n. s. Defiance ; challenge. 
DARER, (da'-rer) n. s. One who dares or 

DAREFUL, (dare'-ful) a. Full of defiance. 

DARING, (da'-ring) a. Bold; adventurous. 

DARINGLY,'(da-ring-le) a. Boldly; cou- 

DARINGNESS, (da'-ring-nes) n. s. Bold- 

DARK, (dark) a. Not light; wanting light ; 
not of a showy or vivid colour ; blind ; with- 
out the enjoyment of light ; opake ; not 
transparent ; obscure ; not perspicuous ; 
ignorant; gloomy; secret. 

DARK, (dark) n, $. Darkness ; obscurity ; 
want of light ; want of knowledge. 

To DARKEN, (dar'-kn) v. a. To make dark ; 
to cloud ; to perplex ; to foul ; to sully. 

To DARKEN, (dar'-kn) v. n. To grow dark. 

DARKENER, (dar'-kn-er) n.s. That which 
darkens and confounds. 

D ARKISH, (dark'-iah) a. Dusky ; approach- 
ing to dark. 


DARKLING, (dark'-ling) a. Being in the 

dark ; being without iight. 
DARKLY, (dark'-le) ad. Obscurely; 

DARKNESS, (dark'-nes) n. s. Absence of 
light ; opakeness ; want of transparency , 
obscurity ; infernal gloom ; wickedness ; 
ignorance ; uncertainty ; secrecy. 

DARKSOME, (dark'-sum) a. Gloomy ; ob- 

DARLING, (dar'-ling) a. Favourite ; dear ; 

DARLING, (dar'-ling) n. s. A favourite ; 
one much beloved. 

To DARN, (darn) v. a. To mend holes by 
imitating the texture of the stuff. 

DARNEL, (dar'-nel) n.s. A weed growing 
in the fields. 

DARNING, (darn'-mg) n. s. The act of 
mending holes in apparel. 

DART, (dart) n. s. A missile weapon thrown 
by the hand; any missile weapon. 

To DART, (dart) v. a. To throw offensively ; 
to throw ; to emit. 

To DART, (dart) v. n. To fly as a dart; to 
fly with hostile intention. 

DARTER, (dart'-er) n. s. One who throws 
a dart. 

To DASH, (dash) v. a. To throw or strike 
anything suddenly ; to break by collision ; 
to throw water in flashes ; to bespatter : to 
besprinkle ; to agitate any liquid, so as to 
make the surface fly off; to mingle ; to adul- 
terate ; to form or sketch in haste ; to ob- 
literate ; to blot ; to confound ; to surprise 
with shame or fear. 

To DASH, (dash) v. n. To fly off from the 
surface by a violent motion ; to fly in flashes 
with a loud noise ; to rush through water 
so as to make it fly ; to strike, as a ship 
upon a rock. 

DASH, (dash) n. s. Collision ; infusion ; 
something worse mingled in a small pro- 
portion ; a mark in writing ; a line ; a sud- 
den stroke, blow, or act. 

DASH, (dash) ad. An expression of the 
sound of water dashed. 

DASHING, (dash'-ing) a. Precipitate ; 
rushing carelessly onward. 

DASTARD, (das'-tard) n. s. A coward ; a 

To DASI ARDIZE, (das'-tar-dize) v. a. To 
intimidate ; to deject with cowardice. 

DASTARDLTNESS, (das'-tard-le nes) n.s. 

DASTARDLY, (das'-tard-le) a. Cowardly; 

DASTARD Y, (das'-tar-de) n. s. Cowardli- 
ness ; timorousness. 

DATA, (da'-ta) n. s. Truths granted or ad- 

DATARY, (da'-ta-re) n. s. An officer of the 
Chancery of Rome, through whose hands 
benefices pass ; and who affixes to the papal 
bulls Datum Roma. 

DATE, (date) n. s. The time at which a 
letter is written ; the time at which any 
event happened ; the time stipulated when 


Fate, far, fall, fat ; — me, met ; — pine, pin ; — no, move, 


anything shall be done ; end ; conclusion ; 
duration; continuance. 
DATE, (date) n. s. The fruit of the date- 
DATE-TREE, (date'-tree) n. s. A species 

of palm. 
To DATE, (date) v. a. To note with the 

time at which anything is written or done. 
To DATE, (date) v. n. To reckon. 
DATELESS, ' (date'-les) a. Without any 

fixed term. 
DATER, (da-ter) n. s. One who dates 

DATIVE, (da'-tiv) a. In grammar, The epi- 
thet of the case that signifies the person to 
whom anything is given. In law, Dative 
executors are appointed by the judge's de- 
DATUM, (da'-tum) n. s. A truth granted 

and admitted. 
To DAUB, (dg.wb) v. a. To smear with some- 
thing adhesive ; to paint coarsely ; to lay 
on anything gaudily or ostentatiously ; to 
flatter grossly. 
To DAUB, (dawb) v. 71. To play the hypo- 
DAUB, (dawb) n. s. Coarse pain-ting. 
DAUBER, (daw'-ber) n. s. One that daubs ; 

a coarse low painter ; a low flatterer. 
DAUBERY, (dawb'-e-re) n. s. Anything 

DAUBING, dawb-ing) n. s. Plaster ; mor- 
tar ; anything adhesive. 
DAUBY, (daw'-be) a. Viscous ; glutinous. 
DAUGHTER, (daw'-ter) n.s. The female 
offspring of a man or woman ; generally 
any female descendant. Daughter in Law, a 
son's wife. 
DAUGHTERLINESS, (daw'-ter-le-nes) n.s. 

The qualities of a daughter. 
DAUGHTERLY, (daw-ter-le) a. Like a 

daughter; dutiful. 
DAVIT, (da'-vit) n. s. A short piece of tim- 
ber used in managing the anchor. 
To DAUNT, (dant) v. a. To discourage ; to 

DAUNTLESS, (dant'-les) a. Fearless; not 

DAUNTLESSNESS, (dant'-les-nes) n. s. 

DAUPHIN, (daw'-fin) n. s. The heir ap- 
parent to the crown of France. 
DAUPHINESS, (daw'-fe-nes) n. s. The wife 

or widow of the dauphin of France. 
DAV , (daw) n.s. A bird. 
To DAW, (daw) v. n. To advance towards 

day ; to dawn. 
To DAWDLE, (daw'-dl) v.n. To waste 

time ; to act slowly ; to trifle. 
DAWDLER, (daw-dler) n.s. A trifler; a 

To DAWN, (dawn) v. n. To grow luminous ; 
to begin to grow light ; to glimmer ob- 
scurely ; to begin, yet faintly ; to give some 
promises of lustre. 
DAWN, (dawn) n. s. The time between the 
first appearance of light and the sun's rise ; 
beginning ; first rise. 


DAWNING, (dawn'-ing) n. s. Break of day 

DAY, (da) n. s. The time between the rising 

and setting of the sun, called the artificial 

day ; the time from noon to noon, or from 

midnight to midnight, called the natural 

day ; any time specified and distinguished 

from other time ; an age ; or the time ; 

time or season in general ; life ; in this 

sense it is commonly plural. 

TO-DAY, (to-da) n. s. On this day. 

DAY-BOOK", (da'-book) n. s. A tradesman's 

DAYBREAK, (da'-brake) n. s. The dawn; 
the first appearance of light. 

DAYDREAM, (da'-dreme) n. s. A vision 
or phantasm to the walking senses. 

DAYLABOUR, (da'-la-bur) n. s. Labour 
by the day. 

DAYLABOURER, (da-la'-bur-er) n.s. One 
that works by the day. 

DAYLIGHT, (da-lite) n. s. The light of the 

DAYLILY, (da -lil'-le) n. s. The same with 

DAY-RULE, (da-rpol) u. s. A rule or order 
of the court, permitting a person in custody 
to go without the bounds of the prison for 
one day. 

DAYSPRING, (da'-spring) n.s. The rise of 
the day ; the dawn. 

DA YSTAR, (da'-star) n. s. The morning star. 

DAYTIME, (da'-time) n. s. The time in 
which there is light. 

DAY WORK, (da'-wurk) n. s. Work im- 
posed by the day. 

DAY-WRIT, (da'-rit) n. s. The same as day 

To DAZE, (daze) v. a. To overpower with 

Ta DAZZLE, (daz'-zl) v. a. To overpower 
with light ; to strike or surprise with splen- 

DAZZLEMENT, (daz'-zl-ment) n. s. The 
power of dazzling. 

DAZZLINGLY, (daz'-ling-le) ad. In a man- 
ner striking with splendour or surprise. 

DEACON, (de'-kn) n. s. One of the lowest 
of the three orders of the clergy. In Scot- 
land, An overseer of the poor ; and also 
the master of an incorporated company. 

DEACONNESS, (de'-kn-nes) n.s. A female 
/ officer in the ancient church. 

DEACONRY, (de'-kn-re) ? n. s. The 

DEACONSH1P, (de'-kr-ship) \ office of a 

DEAD, (ded) a. Deprived of life ; inani- 
mate ; senseless ; unactive ; motionless ; 
useless ; unprofitable ; dull ; gloomy ; un- 
employed; still; obscure; obtuse; dull, 
not sprightly ; frigid ; tasteless ; vapid, 
used of liquors ; without the natural force 
or efficacy, as a dead fire ; without the 
power of vegetation, as a dead bough ; the 
state of spiritual death, lying under the 
power of sin ; unvaried. 

The DEAD, (ded) n.s. Dead men in general. 

DEAD, (ded) n. s. Time in which there 1.4 
remarkable stillness or gloom. 

ngt ; — tube, ttib, hull ;-— gi! ; pound ; — thin, Tins. 



To DEAD, (ded) See to Deaden. 

DEAD-DOING, (ded'-doo-ing) part. a. So 
structive ; killing ; mischievous. 

DEAD-DRUNK, (ded-drungk) part. a. So 
drunk, as to be motionless. 

DEAD-LIFT, (ded-lift') h. s. Hopeless exi- 

DEAD-RECKONING, (ded-rek'-ning) n.s. 
That estimation or conjecture which the 
seamen make of a place where a ship is, 
by keeping an account of her way by the 

To DEADEN, (ded'-dn) v. a. To deprive 
of any kind of force or sensation ; to make 
vapid or spiritless 

DEADISH, (ded'-ish) a. Resembling what 
is dead ; dull. 

DEADLIHOOD, (dedMe-hud) n.s. The 
state of being dead. 

DEADLIN ESS, (dedMe-nes) n. s. The state 
of being deadly. 

DEADLY, (ded -le) a. Destructive ; mor- 
tal ; implacable. 

DEADLY, (ded'-le) ad. In a manner re- 
sembling the dead; mortally; implacably; 

DEADNESS, (ded'-nes) n.s. Frigidity; 
want of warmth ; weakness of the vital 
powers ; vapidness of liquors ; loss of life ; 
want of circulation ; inactivity. 

DEADNETTLE, (ded'-net -tl) n. s. A 

DEAF, (def) a. Wanting the sense of hear- 
ing ; deprived of the power of hearing ; ob- 
scurely heard ; a deaf nut is a nut of which 
the kernel is decayed. 

To DEAFEN, (def'-fn) v. a. To deprive of 
the power of hearing. 

DEAFLY, (def Me) ad. Without sense of 
sounds , obscurely to the ear. 

DEAFNESS, (def'-nes) n.s. Want of the 
power of hearing ; unwillingness to hear. 

DEAL, (dele) n. s. A great part ; part : 
quantity ; degree of more or less : [from the 
verb to deal,] the act of dealing cards : fir- 
wood, or the wood of pines. 

To DEAL, (dele) v. a. To distribute : to 
scatter ; to throw about ; to give gradually ; 
to distribute the cards. 

To DEAL, (dele) v.n. To traffick ; to trans- 
act business ; to act between two persons ; 
to intervene ; to behave well or ill in any 
transaction ; to act in any manner ; To deal 
by, to treat well or ill ; To deal in, to be en- 
gaged in ; to practise ; To deal with, to treat 
in any manner ; to contend with. 

DE ALB ATE, (de-aT-bate) v. a. To whiten; 
to bleach. 

DEALBATION, (de-al-ba-shun) n.s. The 
act of bleaching or whitening. 

DEALER, (de'-ler) n. s. One that has to do 
with anything ; a trader or trafficker ; a 
person who deals the cards. 

DEALING, (deMing) n.s. Practice; ac- 
tion ; intercourse ; measure of treatment ; 
traffick; business. 

To DEAMBULATE, (de-ain-bu-late) v. n. 
To walk abroad. 


DEAMBULATION,(de-am-bu-la'-shun) w. *. 
The act of walking abroad. 

DEAMBULATORY, (de-am'-bu- la-tur-e) a. 
Relating to the practice of walking abroad. 

DEAMBULATORY, (de-am'-bu-la-tur-e) 
n. s. A place to walk in. 

DEAN, (dene) n. s. The second dignitary 
of a diocese ; the name of an officer in each 
college, both in Oxford and Cambridge. 

DEANERY, (de'-ner-re) n. s. The office of 
a dean ; the revenue of a dean ; the house 
of a dean. 

DEANSHIP, (dene'-ship) n.s. The office of 
a dean. 

DEAR, (dere) a. Beloved ; favourite ; va- 
luable ; of a high price ; scarce ; not plen- 
tiful ; sad ; grievous. 

DEAR, (dere) n.s. A word of endearment ; 

DEARBOUGHT,(dere'-bawt) a. Purchased 
at an high price. 

DEARLOVED, (dere'-luvd) a. Much loved. 

DEARLY, (dere'-le) a". With great fond- 
ness ; at a high price. 

To DEARN, (darn) See To Darn. 

DEARNESS, (dere'-nes) n.s. Fondness; 
kindness ; love ; scarcity ; high price. 

DEARTH, (dertft) n. s. Scarcity which 
makes food dear ; want ; need ; famine ; 
barrenness ; sterility. 

To DE ARTICULATE, (de-ar-tikMi-late) v. a. 
To disjoint ; to dismember. 

DEARY, (de-re) n. s. The diminutive of 
dear ; a darling. 

DEAl'H, (deth) u. s. The extinction of life ; 
mortality ; destruction ; the state of the 
dead ; the manner of dying ; the image of 
mortality represented by a skeleton. Figu- 
ratively, The cause, or instrument of deatli ; 
damnation ; eternal torments. 

DEATH-BED, (detft'-bed) n. s. The bed to 
which a man is confined by mortal sick- 

DEATH-BODING, (dem-bo-dmg) part. a. 
Portending death. 

DEATHFUL, (deth'-M) a. Full of slaugh- 
ter ; destructive. 

DEATHFULNESS, (det/i-ful-nes) n. s. Ap- 
pearance of death. 

DEATHLESS, (det/t'-les) a. Immortal ; 
never-dying ; everlasting. 

DEATHLIKE, (de&'-like; a. Resembling 

DEATtPS-DOOR, (detfts'-dare) n.s. A 
near approach to death. 

DEATHSMAN, (detW-man) n. s. Execu- 
tioner ; hangman. 

DEATHWARD, (derft'-wj.rd) ad. Toward 

DEATH WATCH, (det/i-watsh) ti,s. An in- 
sect that makes a ticking noise like that of 
a watch, and is imagined to prognosticate 

To DEAURATE, (de-awMate) v. a. To gild, 
or cover with gold. 

DEAURATE, (de-awMate) a. Gilded. 

DEAURATION,"(de-aw-ra-shun) h.s. The 
act of gilding. 


Fate, far, fall, fat }— me, met; — pine, pin;- -no, move, 

To deprive of To DEBIT 

In a 


To DEBAR, (de-bar') v. a. To exclude ; to 

To DEBARB, (de-barb') v. a. 

his beard. 

To DEBARK, (de -bark") v. a. To disembark. 
DEBARKATION, (de-bar-ka'-shun) n. s. 

The act of disembarking. 
To DEBASE, (de-base) v.a. To reduce from 
a higher to a lower state ; to make mean ; to 
degrade ; to sink ; to vitiate with mean- 
ness ; to adulterate. 
DEBASEMENT, (de-base'-ment) n. s. The 

act of debasing or degrading. 
DE BASER, (de-ba'-ser) n. s. He that de- 
DEBATABLE, (de-bate'-a-bl) a. Disputable. 
DEBATE, (de-bate) n. s. A personal dis- 
pute ; a controversy ; a quarrel ; a contest. 
To DEBATE, (de-bate') v. a. To controvert; 

to dispute ; to contend for. 
To DEBATE, (de-bate) v. n. To deliberate ; 

to dispute ; to engage in combat. 
DEBATEFUL, (de-bate'-ful) a. Of persons, 
Quarrelsome ; contentious. Of things, Con- 
tested ; occasioning quarrels. 
DEBATEFULLY, (de-bate'-ful-le) ad. 

contentious manner. 
DEBASEMENT, (de-bate'-ment) n.s. 

troversy ; deliberation ; battle ; combat. 
DEBATER, (de-ba'-ter) n. s. A disputant ; 

a controvertist. 
Jo DEBAUCH, (de-bawtsh') v. a. To cor- 
rupt ; to vitiate ; to corrupt with lewdness 
or intemperance. 
DEBAUCH, (de-bawtsh') n. s. A fit of in- 
temperance ; luxury ; excess ; lewdness. 
DEBAU CHEDNESS, (de-bawtsh'-ed-nes) 

n. s. Intemperance. 
DEBAUCHEE, (deb-o-shee') r. s. A lecher ; 

a drunkard. 
DEBAUCHER, (da-bawtsh'-er) n. s. One 

w r ho seduces others to intemperance. 
DEBAUCHERY, (de-bawtsh'-er-re) n. s. 
The practice of excess ; intemperance ; lewd- 
DEBAUCHMENT, (de-bawtsh'-ment) n. s. 

To DEBELLATE, (de-bel'-late) v. a. To 

conquer ; to wage war. 
DEBELLATION, (deb-bel-la'-shun) n. s. 

The act of conquering, or waging war. 
DEBENTURE, (de-ben'-ture) n. s. An in- 
strument in the nature of a bond or bill 
upon which a debt may be claimed. In 
commerce, Allowance of custom to a mer- 
chant on the exportation of .goods, which 
had before paid a duty. Debentured Goods, 
such goods as are entitled to debenture. 
DEBILE, (deb'-il) a. Weak ; feeble. 
To DEBILITATE, (de-bil'-e-tate) v. a. To 

weaken , to make faint, 
DEBILITATION, (de-bil-e-ta'-shun) n. s. 

The act of weakening. 
DEBILITY, (de-bii'-e-te) n. s. Weakness ; 

feebleness ; languor. 
DEBIT, (de'-bit) n. s. A term in book-keep- 
ing to express the left hand page of the 
ledger, to which are carried all the articles 


supplied or paid on the subject of an ac- 
count, or that are charged to that account. 

(de'-bit) v. a. To enter m a 
book, the names of those to whom goods 
are sold on credit, and the amount. 
DEBONAIR, (deb-o-nare') «. Elegant; 

civil ; well-bred. 
DEBONAIRLY, (deb-o-nare'-le) ad. Ele- 
gantly ; with a genteel air. 
DEBONAIRNESS, (deb-o-nare'-nes) n. t. 

Civility ; complaisance. 
To DEBOUCH, (de-bootsh') v. n. To march 
out of a wood, or narrow pass, in order to 
meet or retire from an enemy. 
DEBT, (det) n. s. That which one man owes 
to another ; that which any one is obliged 
to do or suffer. 
DEBTOR, (det'-tur) n. s. He that owes 
something to another ; one that owes money. 
DEBULL1TION, (de bul-lish'-un) n. s. A 

bubbling or seething over. 
DECHACHORD, (dek'-a-kord) { 

DECHACHORDON*; (dek-a-kor'-dgn) 5 - 
A musical instrument of the ancient's,, having 
ten strings. Figuratively, That which ha? 
ten parts. 
DEC ACUMINATED, (de-ka-ku'-me-na-ted) 

a. Having the top or point cut off. 
DECADE, (dek'-ad) n. s. The sum of ten ; 

a number containing ten. 
DECADENCY, (dek'-a-den-se) n.s. Decay; 

DECAGON, (dek'-a-gon) n. s. A plain 
figure in geometry, having ten sides and 
DECALOGIST, (dek-al' n. s. An ex- 
positor of the ten commandments. 
DECALOGUE, (dek'-a-log) n. s. The ten 

commandments given by God to Moses. 
To DECAMP, (de-kamp) v. n. To shift the 

camp ; to move off. 
DECAMPMENT, (de-kamp'-ment) n. s. 

Shifting the camp. 
DECANAL, (de-ca'-nal) a. Pertaining to 

the deanery of a cathedral. 
To DECANT, (de-kant') v. a. To pour off 

gently by inclination. 
DECANTATION, (dek-an-ta-shun) n. s. 

Decanting or pouring off clear. 
DECANTER, (de-kan'-ter) n. s. A glass 
vessel for receiving liquor clear from the 
To DECAPITATE, (de-kap'-e-tate) v. a. To 

DECAPITATION, (de-kap-e-ta'-shun) n. s. 

DECASTICH, (dek'-a-stik) n. s. A poem of 

ten lines. 
DECASTYLE, (dek'-a-stile) n. s. In archi- 
tecture, An assemblage of ten pillars. 
To DECAY, (de-ka') v. n. To lose excel- 
lence ; to decline from the state of perfection. 
To DECAY, (de-ka') v. a. To impair; to 

bring to decay. 
DECAY, (de-ka') n.s. Decline from the 
state of perfection ; state of diminution ; 
the effects of diminution ; the marks of de- 
cay ; declension from prosperity. 

not ; — tube, tub, bull ; — oil ; — pound ;— i/tin, this. 


DECAYEDNESS, (de-ka'-ed-nes) n. s. Di- 
minution or depravation. 

DECAY ER, (de-ka'-er) n.s. That which 
causes decay. 

DECEASE, (de-sese') n. s. Death ; depar- 
ture from life. 

To DECEASE, (de-sese') v. n. To die. 

DECEIT, (de-sete') n. s. fraud ; a cheat ; 
stratagem ; artifice. 

DECEITFUL, (de-sete'-ful) a. Fraudulent; 
full of deceit. 

DECEITFULLY, (de-sete'-ful-le) ad. Frau- 
dulently ; with deceit. 

DECEITFULNESS, (de-sete'-ful-nes) n. s. 
The quality of being fraudulent. 

DECEIVABLE, (de~se'-va-bl) a. Subject to 
fraud ; liable to be deceived. 

DECETVABLENESS,(de-se'-va-bl-nes) n. s. 
Liableness to be deceived. 

To DECEIVE, (de-seve') v. a. To cause to 
mistake; to delude by stratagem; to cut 
off from expectation ; to mock ; to fail. 

DECEIVER, (de-se'-ver) n. s. One that 
leads another into errour ; a cheat. 

DECEMBER, (de-sem'-ber) n. s. The last 
month of the year. 

DECEMPEDAL, (de-sem'-pe-dal) a. Ten 
feet in length. 

DECEMVIRAL, (de-sem'-ve-ral) a. Belong- 
ing to a decemvirate or office of ten go- 
vern ours. 

DECEMVIRATE, (de-sem'-ve-rate) n. s. 
The dignity and office of the ten governours 
of Rome ; any body of ten men. 

DECEMVIRI, (de-sem'-ve-ri) n. s. The ten 
governours of Rome. 

DECENCE, (de'-sense) }n.s. Propriety of 

DECENCY, (de'-sen-se) ] form ; proper for- 
mality ; becoming ceremony ; suitableness 
to character ; propriety ; modesty. 

DECENNARY, (de-sen- nar-e) n. s. In law, 
A town, or tithing, consisting originally of 
ten families of freeholders ; ten of these 
Decennaries constituted a hundred. 

DECENNIAL, (de-sen'-ne-al) a. Continu- 
ing for the space of ten years. 

DECENNOVAL, (de-sen'-no-val) > 

DECENNOVARY, '(de-sen'-no-va-re) \ a ' 
Relating to the number nineteen. 

DECENT, (de'-sent) a. Becoming ; fit ; 
suitable ; grave ; not gaudy ; modest ; not 

DECENTLY, (de'-sent-le) ad. In a proper 

manner ; without immodesty. 
DECENTNESS, (de'-sent-nes) n. s. Be- 
coming ceremony ; due formality. 

DECEPTIBILITY, (de-sep te-bil'-ete) n. s. 
Liableness to be deceived. 

DECEPTIBLE, (de-sep'-te-bl) a. Liable to 
be deceived. 

DECEPTION, (de-sep'-shun) v. s. The act 

or means of deceiving ; cheat ; fraud ; the 

state of being deceived 

DECEPTIOUS, (de-sep'-shus) a. Deceitful. 

DECEPTIVE, (de'sep'-tiv)'a. Having the 

power of deceiving. 
DECEPTORY, (des'-ep-tur-e) a. Containing 
means of deceit. 


DECERPT, (de-serpt') a. Cropped ; taken 

DECERPTIBLE, (de-serp'-te-bl) a. Capa- 
ble of being taken off." 
DECERPTION, (de-serp'-shun) «. s. A 

cropping, or taking' off. 
DECERTATION, (de-ser-ta'-shun) n. s. A 

contention ; a dispute. 
DECESSION, (de-sesh'-un) n. s. A depar- 
ture ; going away. 
To DECHARM, (de-tsharm') v. /. To coun- 
teract a charm ; to disenchant. 
DEC1DABLE, (de-si'-da-bl) a. Capable of 

being determined. 
To DECIDE, (de-side') v. a. To fix the 

event of ; to determine. 
To DECIDE, (de-side') v. n. To determine. 
DECIDEDLY, (de'-si'-ded-le) ad. In a de- 
termined manner. 
DECIDENCE, (des'-e-dense) n. s. The 
quality of being shed,' or of falling off; the 
act of falling away. 
DECIDER, (de-si'-der) n. s. One who deter- 
mines causes ; one who determines quarrels. 
DECIDUOUS, (de-sid'-u-us) a. Falling; 

not perennial. 
DECIDUOUSNESS, (de-sid'-u-us-nes) n.s. 

Aptness to fall. 
DECIMAL, (des'-e-mal) a. Numbered by 

ten ; multiplied by ten. 
To DECIMATE, (des'-e-mate) v. a. To tithe; 

to take the tenth. 
DECIMATION, (des-se- ma-shun) n. s. A 

tithing ; a selection of every tenth. 
DECIMATOR, (des-se-ma'-tur) n. ». One 

who tithes, or selects every tenth. 
DECIMO-SEXTO, (des'-se-mo-seks'-to) n. s. 
A book is said to be in decimo-sexto, when 
a sheet is folded into sixteen leaves. 
To DECIPHER, (de-si'-fer) v. a. To explain 
that which is written in cyphers ; to write 
out ; to mark down in characters ; to un- 
fold ; to unravel. 
DECIPHERER, (de-si'-fer-er) n.s. One 

who explains writings in cipher. 
DECISION, (de-sizh'-un) u. s. Determina- 
tion of a difference, or of a doubt , determi- 
nation of an event ; the act of separation ; 
DECISIVE, (de-si'-siv) a. Having the power 
of determining ; conclusive ; having the 
power of settling any event. 
DECISIVELY, (de-si'-siv -le) ad. In a con 

elusive manner. 
DECISIVENESS, (de-si'-siv-nes) n.s. The 
state of being decisive ; the power of argu- 
ment or evidence to terminate any difference. 
DECISORY, (de-si'-so-re) a. Able to de- 
To DECK, (dek) v. a. To cover ; to over- 
spread ; to dress ; to array ; to adorn ; to 
DECK, (dek) n. s. The floor of a ship. 
DECKER, (dek'-ker) n. s. A dresser ; a 
coverer ; as, a table decker; spoken of a 
ship, as, a two-decker : that is, having two 
DECKING, (dek'-king) n. s. Ornament, 


Fate, far, fall, fat;— me, met; — pine, pin;— no, move, 


Jo DECLAIM, (de-klame') v. n. To ha- 
rangue ; to speak to the passions ; to speak 
set orations. 
DECLAIMER, (de-kla'-mer) n. s. One who 
makes speeches with intent to move the 
DECLAIMING, (de-kla'-ming) n. s. An 

harangue : an appeal to the passions. 
DECLAMATION, (dek-Ia-ma'-shun) n. s. 

A discourse addressed to the passions. 
DECLAMATOR, (dek-la-ma'-tur) n.s. A 

DECLAMATORY, (de-klam'-ma-tur-e) a. 
Relating to the practice of declaiming ; ap- 
pealing to the passions. 
DECLARABLE, (de-kla'-ra-bl) a. Capable 

of proof. 
DECLARATION, (dek-kla-ra'-shun) n. s 
A proclamation or affirmation ; an expla- 
nation of something doubtful. In law, A 
legal specification on record, of the cause of 
action bv a plaintiff against a defendant. 
DECLARATIVE, (de-klar'-a-tiv) a. Making 

declaration ; explanatory. 
DECLARATO R1LY, (de-klar'-a-tur-e-Ie) 
ad. In the form of a declaration ; not in a 
decretory form. 
DECLARATORY, (de-kJar'-a-tur-e) a. Af- 
firmative ; not decretory ; not promissory. 
A declaratory law, is a new act confirming 
a former law. 
To DECLARE, (de-klare') v. a. To make 
known ; to tell evidently and openly ; to 
publish ; to proclaim ; to shew in open 
view ; in plain terms. 
To DECLARE, (de-klare') v. n. To make a 
declaration ; to proclaim some resolution 
or opinion. 
DECLAREDLY, (de-kla'-red-le) ad. Avow- 
• edly ; Without disguise. 
DECLAREMENT, (de-klare'-n ent) n. s. 

Discovery ; declaration. 
DECLARER, (de-kla'-rer) n. s. A pro- 

claimer ; one that m kes anything known. 
DECLARING, (de-kla'-ring) n.s. Publi- 
cation ; declaration. 
DECLENSION, (de-klen'-shun) n. s. Ten- 
dency from a greater to a less degree 
of excellence : declination ; descent. In 
gram-mar, Inflexion ; manner of changing 
DECLINABLE, (de-kli'-na-bl) a. Having 
variety of terminations ; capable of being 
DECLINATION, (dek-le-na'-shun) n.s. De- 
scent ; change from a better to a worse 
state ; decay ; the act of bending down ; 
variation from rectitude ; obliquity ; varia- 
tion from a fixed point ; the act of shunning ; 
the variation of the needle fiom the direc- 
tion of north and south ; the declension or 
inflection of a noun through its various ter- 
minations. The declination of a star is its 
shortest distance from the equator. De- 
clination of a Plane, is an arch of the horizon, 
comprehended either between the plane and 
the prime vertical circle, or else between 
the meridian and the inclined plane. 


DECLINATOR, (dek-le-na'-tur^ ) 

DECLINATORY, (de-klin'-a-tur-e) j "' 5# 
An instrument in dialing. 

To DECLINE, (de-kline') v. n. To lean 
downward ; to deviate ; to run into obli- 
quities ; to shun ; to avoid to do anything ; 
to sink ; to decay. 

To DECLINE, (de-kline') v. a. To bend 
downward ; to bring down ; to shun ; to 
avoid ; to refuse ; to turn off from any 
course ; to modify a word by various ter- 

DECLINE, (de-kline) n.s. The state of 
tendency to the less or the worse ; diminu- 
tion ; decay. 

DECLIVITY, (de-kliy'-e-te) n. s. Inclina- 
tion or obliquity reckoned downwards ; 
gradual descent. 

DECLIVOUS, (de-kli'-vus) a. Gradually 
descending ; not precipitous. 

To DECOCT, (de-kpkt') v. a. To prepare by 
boiling ; to digost by the heat of the sto- 
mach ; to boil in water, so as to draw the 
strength of anything. 

DECOCTIBLE, (de-kok'-te-bl) a. Capable 
of being decocted or boiled. 

DECOCTION, (de-kok'-shun) ». s. The act 
of boiling anything, to extract its virtues ; a 
preparation made by boiling water, 

DECOCTURE, (de-kok'-ture) n. s. A sub- 
stance drawn by decoction. 

To DECOLLATE, (de-kol'-late) v. a. To be- 

DECOLLATION, (dek-kol-ia'-shun) n. s. 
The act of beheading. 

DECOLORATION, (de-kul-ur-a'-shun) n.s. 
Absence of colour. 

To DECOMPOSE, (de-kom- r oze') v. a. To 
decompound ; to dissolve. 

DECOMPOSITE, (de-kom-poz'-it) a. Com- 
pounded a second time. 

DECOMPOSITION, (de-kom-po-zish'-un) 
n. s. The act of compounding things already 
compounded 3 resolution or separation of 

To DECOMPOUND, (de-kom-pound') v. a. 
To compose of things already compounded; 
to resolve a compound into simple parts. 

DECOMPOUND, (de-kom-pound') a. Com- 
pounded a second time. 

DECOMPOUNDABLE, (de-kom-pound'-a- 
bl) a. Liable to be dissolved. 

DECORAMENT,(dek'-ko-ra-ment) n.s. Or- 
nament ; embellishment. 

To DECORATE, (dek'-ko-rate) v. a. To 
adorn ; to embellish. 

DECORATION, (dek-ko-ra'-shun) n.s. Or- 
nament ; embellishment. 

DECORATOR, (dek'-ko-ra-tur) n. s. An 
adorn er. 

DECOROUS, (de-ko'-rus) a. Decent ; suit- 
able to a character ; becoming ; proper. 

DECOROUSLY, (de-ko'-rus-le) ad. In a 

becoming manner. 
7b DECORTICATE, (de-kor'-te-kate) v. a. To 
divest of the bark or husk ; to peel ; to strip. 

DECORTICATION, (de-kor-te-ka -shun) 
n. s. The act of stripping the bark or husk. 

not ,-~tube, tub, bull ; — oil ; — pound ; — thin. 



DECORUM, (de-ko-rum) n.s. Decency; 

behaviour contrary to licentiousness. 
To DECOY, (de-koe') v. a. To lure into a 

cage • to intrap. 
DECOY, (de-kge') n. s. Allurement to mis- 
chiefs ; temptation. 
DECOY DUCK, (de-koe'-duk) n.s. A duck 

that lures others into the decoy. 
To DECREASE, (de-krese') v.n. To grow 

less ; to be diminished. 
To DECREASE, (de-krese') v. a. To make 

less ; to diminish. 
DECREASE, (de-krese') n.s. Decay; the 
state of growing less; the wain ; the time 
when the visible face of the moon grows 
To DECREE, (de-kree') v. a. To doom cr 

assign by a decree. 
DECREE, (de-kree') n.s. An edict ; a law ; 
an established rule ; a determination of a 
suit. In canon law, An ordinance enacted 
by the pope with the advice of his cardinals. 
DECREMENT, (dek'-kre-ment) n.s. De- 
crease : the quantity lost by decreasing. 
DECREPIT, (de-krep'-it) a. Wasted and 
worn out with age ; in the last stage of 
To DECREPITATE, (de-krep'-e-tate) v. a. 
In chymistry, To calcine salt till it has 
ceased to crackle in the fire. 
DECREPITATION, (de-krep-e-ta'-shun) n.s. 
The crackling noise which salt makes, when 
put over the fire in a crucible. 
DECREPITNESS, (de-krep'-it-nes) ) 
DECREPITUDE, (de-kr'ep'-e-tude) $ n " s ' 

The last stage of decay. 
DECRESCENT, (de-kres'-sent) a. Growing 

DECRETAL, (de-kre'-ta!) a. Appertaining 

to a decree. 
DECRETAL, (de-kre'-tal, or dek'-re-tal) n.s. 
A book of decrees or edicts ; the collection 
of the pope's decrees. 
DECRETION, (de-kre'-shun) n. s. The state 

of growing less. 
DECRET1ST, (de-kre'-tist) n.s. One that 

studies the knowledge of the decretal. 
DECRETORILY, (dek'-kre-tur-e-le) ml. In 

a definitive manner. 
DECRETORY, (dek'-kre-tur-e) a. Judi- 
cial ; definitive ; critical ; in which there is 
some definitive event. 
DECRIAL, (de-kri'-al) n. s. Clamorous 

censure ; hasty or noisy condemnation. 
DECRIER. (de-kri'-er) n. s. One who cen- 
sures hastily, or clamorously. 
DECROWNING, (de-krou'-ning) n.s. The 

act of depriving of a crown. 
DEC RUST ATION, (de-krus-ta-shun) it. & 

An uncrusting. 
To DECRY, (de-kri') v. a. To censure ; to 

clamour against. 
DECU B ATION, (de-ku-ba'-shun) n.s. The 

act of lying down. 
DECUMBENCE, (de-kum'-bense) } 
DECUMBENCY, (de-kum'-ben-se) $ n ' s ' 

The act of lying down. 
DECUMBENT, (de-kum'-bent) a. Lying, or 


leaning recumbent; lying in the bed of 

DECUMB1TURE, (de-kum -be-ture) n.s. 
The time at which a man takes to his bed 
in a disease ; a scheme of the heavens 
erected for that time, by which the prog- 
nosticks of recovery or death are discovered. 

DECUPLE, (dek'-u pi) a. Tenfold. 

DECURION, (de-ku'-re-un) n. s. A com- 
mander over ten ; an officer subordinate to 
the centurion. 

DECURSION, (de-kur'-shun) n. s. The act 
of running down. 

To DECURT, (de-kurt) v. a. To abridge, 
to shorten. 

DECURT ATION, (de-kur-ta'-shun) n. s. 
Cutting short, or shortening. 

To DECUSSATE, (de-kus'-sate) v. a. To 
intersect at acute angles. 

DECUSSATION, (de-kus-sa'-shun) n. s. 
The act of crossing. 

To DEDECORATE, (de-dek'-ko-rate) v. a. 
To disgrace. 

DEDECORATION, (de-dek-ko-ra'-shun, 
n. s. Disgracing ; disgrace. 

DEDECOROUS, (de-dek'-ko-ms) a. Dis- 
graceful ; reproachful. 

DEDENTniON.fde-den-tish'-un) «.s. Loss 
or shedding of the teeth. 

To DEDICATE, (ded'-e-kate) v. a. To de- 
vote to some divine power ; to consecrate 
to sacred uses ; to appropriate solemnly to 
any person or purpose ; to inscribe to a 

DEDICATE, (ded'-e-kate) a. Consecrate; 

DEDICATION, (ded-e-ka'-shun) n. s. The 
act of dedicating to any being or purpose ; 
an address to a patron. 

DEDICATOR, (ded'-e-ka-tur) n. s. One 
who inscribes his work to a patron. 

DEDICATORY, (ded'-e-ka-tur-e) a. Hav- 
ing the nature of a dedication ; compli- 

DED1TION, (de-dish'-un) n.s. Yielding 
up anvthing ; surrendry. 

DEDOLENT, (de'-do-lent) a. Feeling no 
sorrow or compunction. 

To DEDUCE, (de-duse'; v. a. To draw in a 
regular connected series ; to form a regular 
chain of consequential propositions ; to lay 
down in regular order ; to subtract ; to de- 
duct ; to lead forth. 

DEDUCEMENT, (de-duse'-ment) n.s. The 
thing deduced ; consequential proposition. 

DEDUCIBLE, (de-du'-se-bl) a. Collectible 

by reason ; consequential. 
DEDUCIVE; (de-du'-siv) a. Performing 

the act of deduction. 
To DEDUCT, (de-dukt'J v. a. To subtract ; 
to take away ; to separate ; to dispart ; to 
reduce ; to bring down. 
DEDUCTION, (deduk'-shun) n.s. Conse- 
quential collection ; proposition drawn from 
principles premised ; that which is deducted. 
DEDUCTIVE, (de-duk'-tiv) a. Deducible. 
DEDUCTIVELY, (de-duk'-tiv-le) ad. Con- 
sequentially ; by regular deduction. 

Fate, far, fall, fat ; — me, met ; — pine, pin ; — no, move, 


DEED, (deed) ». s. Action, whether good or 
bad ; thing done ; exploit ; performance ; 
tact ; reality ; whence the word indeed. In 
law, An instrument under seal, and com- 
prehending a contract between two or more 

To DEEM, (deem) v. ?u Part, dempt, or 
deemed ; to judge ; to think ; to estimate. 

To DEEM, (deem) v. a. To judge ; to deter- 
mine ; to suppose. 

DEEMSTER, (deem'-ster) n. s. A judge in 
the Isle of Man. 

DEEP, (deep) o. Having length downwards ; 
descending far ; profound ; low in situation ; 
measured from the surface downward : en- 
tering far ; piercing a gTeat way ; far from 
the outer part ; not superficial ; not obvious ; 
sagacious ; penetrating ; full of contrivance ; 
politick ; dark coloured ; having a great de- 
gree of stillness, or gloom ; depressed ; sunk ; 
bass ; grave in sound ; a term applied to 
the disposition and arrangement of soldiers, 
as two deep or three deep, i. e. two ranks 
before the other, &c. 

DEEP, (deep) n. s. The sea; the main; the 

DEEP, (deep) [used adverbially.] Deeply; 
to a great depth. 

DEEP-MOUTHED, (deep'-mournd) a. Hav- 
ing a hoarse and loud voice. 

DEEP-MUSING, (deep'-mu'-zing) a. Con- 

DEEP-READ, (deep'-red) a. Profoundly 

2V» DEEPEN, (dee'-pn) v. a. To make deep ; 
to sink far below the surface ; to darken ; to 
cloud; to make sad or gloomy. 

To DhEPEN, (dee'-pn) v. ;i. To descend gra- 
dually : to grow deep. 

DEI PLY, (deep'-le) ad. To a great depth ; 
with great study or sagacity ; profoundly ; 
sorrowfully ; so'emnly ; with a tendency to 
darkness of colour. In a high degree, As 
deeply implicated, &c. 

DEEPNESS, (oeep'-nes) n. s. Distance; 
below the suiface, profundity; sagacity; 
insidiousness , craft. 

DEER, (deer) n. s. That class of animals 
which is hunted for venison. 

DEESS, (de'-es) ??. s. A goddess. 

To DEFACE, (de-fase') v. a. To destroy ; 
to raze ; to disfigure. 

DEFACEMENT, (de-fase'-ment) n. s. Vio- 
lation ; razure ; destruction. 

DEFACER, (de-fa'-ser) n. s. Destroyer; 

DEFA1LANCE, (de-fa'-lanse) n. s. Failure; 

To DEFALCATE, (de-fal'-kate) v.a. To cut 
off; to lop. 

DEFALCATION, (def-fal-ka-shun) n. s. 
Diminution ; abatement ; excision of any 
part of a customary allowance. 

DEFAMATION, (def-a-ma'-shun) n. s. A 
defaming or bringing infamy upon another ; 
calumny ; reproach. 

DEFAMATORY, (de-fam'-ma T -tur-e) a. Ca- 
lumnious ; tending to defame; libellous. 


To DEFAME, (de-fame') v.a. To make in- 
famous; to censure falsely in pub lick; to 
libel ; to calumniate. 

DEFAMER, (de-fa'-r. er) n. s. One that in- 
jures the reputation of another. 

DEFAMING, (de-fa'-ming) n.s. Defamation. 

DEFAT1GABLE, (de-iW-e-ga-bl) a. Liable 
be \veary. 

To DEFATIGATE, (de-fat'-e-gate) v. a. To 
weary ; to tire. 

DEFAT1GATION, (de-fat-e-ga'-shun) n. s. 

DEFAULT, (de-fawlt') n. s. Omission of 
that which we ought to do ; crime ; failure ; 
fault; defect; want. In law, Non-appear- 
ance in court at a day assigned. 

To DEFAULT, (de-fawlt') v.n. To fail in 
performing any contract or stipulation. 

DEFAULTER, (de-fawlt'-er) n. s. One that 
makes default. 

DEFEASANCE, (de-fe'-zanse) n. s. The act 
of annulling or abrogating any contract. In 
law, A condition annexed to on act, which 
performed by the obligee, the act is disabled ; 
the writing in which a defeasance is con- 

DEFEASIBLE, (de-fe'-ze-bl) a. Capable of 
being annulled or abrogated. 

DEFEAT, (de'-fete') n. s. The overthrow of 
an army ; act of destruction. 

To DEFEAT, (de-fete') v. a. To overthrow ; 
to undo ; to frustrate ; to abolish ; to change ; 
to alter. 

To DEFECATE, (def'-fe-kate) v. a. To 
purge liquors from lees or foulness ; to pu- 
rify ; to purify from any extraneous mix- 
ture ; to clear; to brighten. 

DEFECATE, (def'-fe-kate) a. Purged from 
lees or foulness. 

DEFECATION, (def-fe-ka- shun) it. s. Pu- 

DEFECT, (de-fekt') n. s. Want; absence 
of something necessary ; imperfection ; a 
fault ; mistake ; errour ; any natural imper- 
fection ; a blemish ; a failure. 

DEFECTIBIL1TY, (de-fek-te-bH'-e-te) n. s. 
The state of falling. 

DEFECT1BLE, (de-fek'-te-bl) a. Imperfect; 
deficient ; liable to defect. 

DEFECTION, (de-fek'-shrvn) n. s. Want; 
failure ; a falling away ; apostacy ; an aban- 
doning of a king, or state ; revolt. 

DEFECTIVE, (de-fek'-tiv) a. Wanting the 
just quantity ; full of defects ; imperfect ; 
faulty ; vicious. In grammar, Defective 
Nouns, indeclinable nouns, such as want a 
number or some particular case ; Defective 
Verb, a verb which wants some of its tenses- 

DEFECTIVELY, (de-fek'-tiv-le) ad. Want- 
ing the just quantity. 

DEFECTIVENESS, (de-fek'-tiv-nes) n. s. 
Want ; the state of being imperfect. 

DEFENCE, (de-fense') n. a. Guard; pro- 
tection ; vindication ; justification ; apology ; 
resistance. In law, The defendant's reply. 
In fortification, That part that flanks an- 
other woik ; Science of defence, military skill ; 

not; — tube, tub, bull; — gil ; — pound: — thin, mis. 



DEFENCELESS, (de-ienae'-les) a. Naked; 
unarmed ; unguarded ; impotent ; unable to 
make resistance. 
DEFENCELESSLY, (de-fense'-les-le) ad. 

In an unprotected manner. 
DEFENCELESSNESS, (de-fense'-les-nes) 

n. s. An unprotected state. 
To DEFEND, (de-fend') v. a. To stand in de- 
fence of ; to protect ; to vindicate ; to up- 
hold ; to fortify ; to secure ; to maintain a 
place or cause ; to repel ; to keep off. 
DEFENDABLE, (de-fen'-da-bl) a. Defen- 
sible ; capable of being defended. 
DEFENDANT, (de-fen'-dant) n. s. He that 
defends. In law, The person accused or 
DEFENDER, (de-fen'-der) n. s. One that 
defends ; a champion ; an asserter ; a vin- 
dicator. In law, An advocate. 
DEFENSATIVE, (de-fen'-sa-tiv) n.s. Guard ; 
defence. In surgery, A bandage, or plaster. 
DEFENSIBLE, (de-fen'-se-bl) a. Capable 
of being defended ; justifiable ; right ; ca- 
pable of vindication. 
DEFENSIVE, (de-fen'-siy) a. Serving to 
defend ; proper for defence ; in a state or 
posture of defence. 
DEFENSIVE, (de-fen'-siv) n. s. Safeguard ; 

state of defence. 
DEFENSIVELY, (de-fen'-siv-le) ad. In a 

defensive manner. 
To DEFER, (de fer') v. a. To withhold ; to 

delay, to refer to. 
DEFERENCE, (def'-er-ense) n. s. Regard; 

respect ; submission. 
DEFERENTS, (def'-er-ents) n. s. Certain 
vessels in the human body, for the con- 
veyance of humours from one place to an- 
DEFERMENT, (de-fer'-ment) n. s. Delay. 
DEFERRER, (de-fer-rer) n. s. A delayer ; 

a putter off. 
DEFIANCE, (de-f i'-anse) ??. s. A challenge ; 
an invitation to fight ; a challenge to make 
any impeachment good. 
DEF1ATORY, (de-fi'-a-tu-re) a. Bearing 

DEFICIENCE, (de-fish'- ense) \n.s. Want; 
DEFlCIENCY,(de"-fish'-en-se) \ something 
less than is necessary ; defect; imuerfection. 
DEFICIENT, (de-f ish'-ent) a. ' Failing : 
wanting ; defective. In arithmetick, Defi- 
cient numbers are those whose parts, added 
together, make less than the integer. 
DEFICIENTLY, (de-fish'-ent-le) ad. In a 

defective manner. 
DEFICIT, (def'-e-sit) n. s. Want ; deficiency. 
DEFTER, (de-fi'-er) n.s. A challenger ; a 

DEFIGURATION, (de-fig-u-ra'-shuu) n.s. 

A change of a better form to a worse. 
To DEF1GURE, (de-f ig'-ure) v. a. To de- 
To DEFILE, (de-f i!e') v. a. To make foul or 
impure ; to pollute ; to corrupt chastity ; to 
violate ; to taint ; to corrupt. 
To DEFILE, (de-file) v. n. To march ; to 
go off file by file. 


DEFILE, (de-f ile') n.s. A narrow passage ; 

a long narrow pass. 
DEFILEMENT, (de-file'-ment) n. i. The 

state of being defiled. 
DEFILER, (de-f i'-ler) n. s. One that de- 
DEFINABLE, (de-fine'-a-bl) a. Capable 

of being defined, or ascertained. 
To DEFINE, (de-fine') v. a. To give the 
definition ; to explain a thing by its quali- 
ties and circumstances ; to circumscribe ; to 
bound ; to decide ; to determine. 
To DEFINE, (de-fine') v. n. To determine ; 

to decide. 
DEFINER, (de-fi'-ner) n. s. One that ex- 
plains or describes a thing by its qualities. 
DEFINITE, (def'-e-nit; a, Certain; limit- 
ed ; bounded ; exact ; precise. 
DEFINITELY, (def'-e-nit-le) ad. Precisely, 

in a definite manner. 
DEFINITENESS, (def'-e-nit-nes) n. s. Cer- 
tainty ; limitedness. 
DEFINITION, (def-e-nish'-un) n.s. A short 
description of a thing by its properties ; de- 
cision ; determination. In logick, The ex- 
plication of the essence of a thing by its 
land and difference. 
DEFINITIVE, (de-fin'-e-tiv) o. Determi- 
nate ; positive ; express. 
DEFINITIVE, (de-fin'-e-tiv) n.s. That 

which ascertains or defines. 
DEFINITIVELY, (de-fin-e-tiv-le) ad. Pos- 

sitively ; decisively. 
DEFINTTTVENESS, (de-fin -e-tiv-nes) n.s. 

The state of being defined ; decisiveness. 
To DEF1X, (de-f iks') v. a. To fasten with 

nails. Figuratively, To fix earnestly. 
DEFLAGRABI] ,1TY, (def-fla-gra-bil'-e-te) 

n. s. Combustibility. 
DEFLAGRABLE, (de-fla'-gr^-bl) a. Hav- 
ing the quality of wasting away wholly in 
To DEFLAGRATE, (def-fla-grate) v. a. To 

set fire to. 
DEFLAGRATION, (def-fla-gra'-shun) n.s. 
In chymistry, The setting fire to several 
things in their preparation ; utter destruc- 
tion by fire. 
To DEFLECT, (de-flekt') v. n. To turn aside ; 

to deviate from a true course. 
DEFLECTION, (de-flek'-shun) n. s. Devi- 
ation ; a turning aside, or out of the way ; 
the departure of a ship from its true course. 
DEFLEXURE,(de-flek'-shure) n. s. A bend- 
ing down ; a turning aside. 
DEFLORATION, (def-flo-ra'-shun) n.s. The 
act of deflourmg ; the taking away of a 
woman's virginity. 
To DEFLOUR, (de-fW) v. a. To ravish ; 
to take away a woman' s virginity ; to take 
away the beauty and grace of anything; 
to deprive of flowers. 
DEFLOURER,(de-flou'-rer) n.s. A ravisher. 
DEFLUOUS, (def'-riu-us) a. That flows 

down ; that falls off. 
DEFLUX, (de-Auks') n. s. Downward flow. 
DEFLUXION, (de-fluk'-shun) n. s. The flow 
of humours downward. 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met ; — pine, pin; — no, more, 


DEFOEDATION, (def-fe-da'-slmn) n.s. The 
act of making filthy ; pollution. 

To DEFORCE, (de-forse') v. a. To keep 
out of the possession of land by deforce- 

DEFORCEMENT, (de-forse'-ment) n. s. A 
with -holding by force from the right owner. 

To DEFORM, (de-form') v. a. To disfigure ; 
to spoil the form of anything ; to dishonour ; 
to make ungraceful. 

DEFORMATION, (def-for-ma'-shun) n. s. 
A defacing ; a disfiguring. 

DEFORMED, (de-formd') part. a. Ugly ; 
wanting natural beauty ; base ; disgraceful. 

DEFORMEDLY, (de-for'-med-le) ad. In 
an ugly manner. 

DEFORMEDNESS, (de-for'-med-nes) n. s. 
Ugliness ; a disagreeable form. 

DEFORMER, (de-for'-mer) n. s. One who 
defaces or deforms. 

DEFORMITY, (de-for'-me-te) w. s. Ugli- 
ness ; ill-favouredness ; irregularity. 

To DEFOUL, (de-foul) v. a. To defile. 

To DEFRAUD,* (de-frawd') v. a. To rob 
or deprive by a wile or trick ; to cheat. 

DEFRAUDATION, (de-fiaw-da'-shun) n. s. 
Privation by fraud. 

DEFRAUDER, (de-fraw'-der) n.s. A de- 
ceiver; one that cheats. 

DEFRAUDMENT, (de-frawd'-ment) n. s. 
Privation by deceit or fraud. 

To DEFRAY, (de-fra) v. a. To bear the 
charges of. 

DEFRAYER, (de-fra'-er) n. s. One that 
discharges expences. 

DEFRAYMENT, (de-fra'-ment) n.s. The 
payment of expences ; compensation. 

DEFT, (deft) a. Neat; gentle. 

DEFTLY, (deft'-le) ad. Neatly ; dexterously ; 
nimbly ; gently ; lightly. 

DEFUNCT, ( de-fun gkt') a. Dead; deceased. 

DEFUNCT, (de-fungkt') n.s. One that is 

DEFUNCTION, (de'-fungk-shun) n. s. Death. 

To DEFY, (de-fi') v. a. To call to combat; 
to challenge ; to disdain ; to renounce. 

DEFYER, (de-f i'-er) n. s. A challenger. 

DEGENERACY, "(de-jen'-er-a-se) n. s. A 
departure from the virtue of our ancestors : a 
desertion of that which is good ; meanness. 

To DEGENERATE, (de-jen'-er-ate) v. n. To 
fall from the virtue of ancestors ; to fall 
from a more noble to a baser state ; to fall 
from its kind ; to grow wild or base. 

DEGENERATE, (de-jen'-er-ate) a. Fallen 
from the virtue of one's ancestors ; un- 
worthy ; base. 

DEGENERATELY, (de-jen'-er-ate-Ie) ad. 
In an unworthy or base manner. 

DEGENERATENESS, (de-jen'-er-ate-nes) 

n. s. Degeneracy. 
DEGENERATION, (de-jen-er-a'-shun) n. s. 
A deviation from the virtue of one s ances- 
tors ; a falling from a more excellent state 
to one of less worth ; the thing changed 
from its primitive state. 

DEGENEROUS, (de-jen'-er-us) a. De- 
generated 5 vile } base. 


DEGENEROUSLY, (de-jen'-er- us-ie) ad. 
Basely ; meanly. 

DEGLUTITION, (deg-glu-tish'-un) n. a. 
The act of swallowing. 

DEGRADATION, (deg-gra-da'-shun) n.s 
A deprivation of dignity ; dismission from 
office ; degeneracy ; baseness ; diminution 

To DEGRADE, (de-grade') v. a. To put 
one from his degree ; to deprive one of 
office, dignity, or title ; to lessen ; to di- 
minish ; to reduce from a higher to a lower 

DEGRADEMENT, (de-grade'-ment) n. s 
Deprivation of dignity or office. 

DEGRAD1NGLY, (de-gra'-ding-le) ad. In 
a depreciating manner. 

DEGHAVATION, (deg-gra-va'-shun) n.s. 
The act of making heavy. 

DEGREE, (de-gree') n. s. Quality ; rank ', 
station ; place of dignity ; the comparative 
state and condition in which a thing is ; a 
step or preparation to anything; order of 
lineage ; descent of family ; orders or classes ; 
measure ; proportion ; the three hundred and 
sixtieth part of the circumference of a circle. 
In arithmetick, A degree consists of three 
figures, viz. of three places comprehending 
units, tens, and hundreds ; so, three hundred 
and sixty-five is a degree; the division of 
the lines upon several sorts of mathemati- 
cal instruments. In musick, The intervals 
of sounds. By degrees, Gradually ; by little 
and little. 

DEGUSTATION, (deg-gus-ta'-shun) n. s. A 

To DEHORT, (de-hort') v. a. To dissuade. 

DEHORTATION, "(de-hor-ta'-shun) n. s. 

DEHORT ATORY, (de-hor'-ta-tur-e) a. Be- 
longing to dissuasion. 

DEHORTER, (de-hor'-ter) n. s. A dis- 

DEICTDE, (de'-e-side) n. s. The death of 
our blessed Saviour. 

To DEJECT, (de-jekt') v. a. To cast down ; 
to afflict ; to throw down ; to debase ; to 
make to look sad ; simply, to cast down. 

DEJECT, (de-jekt') ^- Cast down ; afliict- 
ed ; low-spirited. 

DEJECTEDLY, (de-jek'-ted-le) ad. In a 
dejected manner. 

DE.1ECTEDNESS, (de-jek'-ted-nes) n. s. 

* The state of being cast down. 

DEJECTER, (de-jek'-ter) n.s. One who 
dejects or casts down. 

DEJECTION, (de-jek'-shun) n.s. Lowness 
of spirits; melancholy; weakness; inabi- 
lity; the act of throwing down; a casting 
down, in sign of reverence. 

DEJECTLY, (de-jekt'-le) ad. In a down- 
cast manner. 

DEJECTURE, (de-jek'-ture) «. s. The ex- 

To DEJERATE, (ded'-je-rate) # v. a. To 
swear deeply. 

DEJERATION, (ded-je-ra'- shun) n.s. A 
taking of a solemn oath. 

DE1F1CAL, (de-if'-e-kal) a. Making divine, 

nQt ;— tube tub, bull;— ojl; pound ;■ — ffiin, thv- 



DEIFICATION, (de-e-fe-ka'-shun) v.s. The 
act of deifying, or making a god. 

DEIFIER, (de'-e-fi-er) n. s. One who 
makes a man a god. 

DEIFORM, (de'-e-fgrm) a. Of a godlike 

DEIFORMITY, (de-e-for'-me-te) n. s. Re- 
semblance of deity. 

To DEIFY, (de'-e-f i) v. a. To make a god 
of; to adore as a god ; to praise excessively. 

To DEIGN, (dane) v. n. To vouchsafe. 

To DEIGN, (dane) v. a. To grant; to per- 
mit ; to allow ; to consider worth notice. 

To DEINTEGRATE, (de-in'-te-grate) v. a. 
To take from the whole ; to spoil. 

DEIPARQUS, (de-ip'-pa-rus) a. That brings 
forth a God ; the epithet applied to the 
blessed Virgin. 

DEISM, (de'-izm) U.J. The opinion of those 
that only acknowledge one God, without 
the reception of revealed religion. 

DEIST, (de'-ist) n. s. A man who acknow- 
ledges the existence of God, without be- 
lieving in revealed religion. 

DEISTICAL, (de-is'-te-ka!) a. Belonging 
to the heresy of the deists. 

DEITY, (de'-e-te) n. s. Divinity ; the nature 
and essence of God. 

DELACERATION, (de las-ser-a'-shun) n. s. 
A tearing in pieces. 

DELACRYMATION, (de-lak-kre-ma'-shun) 
n. s. A falling down of the humours ; the 
waterishness of the eyes. 

DELACTATION, (de-lak-ta'-shun) n.s. A 
weaning from the breast. 

DELAPSED, (de-lapst') a. Bearing or fall- 
ing down. 

DELATION, (de- la'-shun) n. s. A carriage ; 
conveyance ; an accusation ; an impeach- 

To DELAY, (de-la') v a. To defer ; to put 
off; to hinder; to frustrate; to detain, or 
retard the course of. 

To DELAY, (de-la) v. n. To stop. 

DELAY, (de-la') n s. A deferring ; pro- 
crastination ; stay ; stop. 

DELAYER, (da-la'-er) ? ? . s. One that de- 
fers ; a putter off. 

DELAYMENT, (de-la'-ment) n. s. Hin 

DELEBLE, (del'-e-bl) a. Capable of being 

DELECTABLE, (de-lek'-ta-bl) a. Pleasing* 

DELECTABLENESS, (de-lek'-ta-bl-nes) n. s. 
Delightfulness ; pleasantness. 

DELECTABLY, (de-lek'-ta-ble) ad. De- 
lightfully ; pleasantly. 

DELECTATION, (del-lek-ta'-shun) n. s. 
Pleasure ; delight. 

DELEGACY, (del'-e-ga-se) n.s. A certain 
number of persons deputed to act for, or to 
represent a publick body. 

To DELEGATE, (del'-e-gate) v. a. To send 
away ; to send upon an embassy ; to in- 
trust ; to commit to another's power. 

DELEGATE, (del'-le gate) n. s. A deputy ; 
a commissioner ; any one that is sent to act 


for another. Court of delegates, An ecclesi- 
astical court of appeal. 

DELEGATE, (del'-Ie-gate) a. Deputed. 

DELEGATION, (del-le-ga'-shun) n. s. A 
sending away ; a putting in commission. 

To DELETE, (de-lete') v. a. To blot out. 

DELETERIOUS, (del-e-te'-re-us) a. Deadly ; 

DELETERY, (del'-e-ter-e) a. Destructive ; 

DELETION, (de-le'-shun) n. s. Act of 
rasing or blotting out ; a destruction. 

DELF, ) (delf) n. s. A mine or quarry ; a 

DELFE, \ pit dug ; earthenware; counter- 
feit China ware, made at Delf't. 

To DELIBERATE, (de-lib'-e^-ate) v. n. To 
think, in order to choice ; to hesitate. 

To DELIBERATE, (de-lib'-er-ate) v. a. To 
balance in the mind ; to weigh ; to consider. 

DELIBERATE, (de-lib'-er-ate) a. Circum- 
spect ; wary ; slow. 

DELIBERATELY, (de-lib'-er-ate-le) ad. 
Circumspectly ; advisedly ; warily ; slowly : 

DELIBER AIENESS, (de-lib'-er-ate-nes) 
n.s. Circumspection; wariness; caution. 

DELIBERATION, (de-lib-er-a'-shun) n. s. 
The act of deliberating ; thought in order 
to choice. 

DELIBERATIVE, (de-lib' -cr-a-tiv) a. Per- 
taining to deliberation ; apt to consider. 

DEL1BERATIVELY, (de-lib'-er-a-tiv-le) ad. 
In a deliberate manner. 

DELICACY, (del'-e-ka-se) n. s. Daintiness ; 
pleasantness to the taste ; nicety in the 
choice of food; anything highly pleasing 
to the senses ; softness ; feminine beauty ; 
nicety ; minute accuracy * neatness ; ele- 
gance ; politeness of manners ; indulgence ; 
gentle treatment ; tenderness ; scrupulous- 
ness ; weakness of constitution ; smallness ; 

DELICATE, (del'-e-kate) a. Nice ; pleas- 
ing to the taste ; dainty ; choice ; select ; 
excellent ; pleasing to the senses ; fine ; not 
coarse ; of polite manners ; soft ; effemi- 
nate ; unable to bear hardships ; pure ; 

DELICATELY, (del'-e-kate-le) ad. Beau- 
tifully ; with soft elegance ; finely ; not 
coarsely ; daintily ; choicely ; politely ; ef- 

DEL1CATENESS, (del'-e-kate-nes) n, s. 
Tenderness; softness; effeminacy. 

DELICATES, (del'-e-kats) n.s. pi. Nice- 
ties ; rarities. 

To DELICIATE, (de-lish'-e-ate) v. n. To 
take delight ; to feast. 

DELICIOUS, (de-lish'-us) a. Sweet; deli- 
cate ; agreeable to the senses ; charming. 

DELIC10USLY,(de-lish'-us-le) ad. Sweetly ; 
pleasantly ; daintilv. 

DEL1CIOUSNESS, (de-lish'-us-nes)n.s. De- 
light ; pleasure ; joy. 

DELIGATION, (del-!e-ga -shun) n. s. A 
binding up in chirurgery. 

DELIGHT, (de-lite') n. s. Joy ; pleasure m 
the highest degree ; that which gives delight. 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met; — pine, pin; — no, move, 


To DELIGHT, (de-lite') v. a. To piease ; to 

content ; to afford pleasure. 
To DELIGHT, (de-lite') t>. n. To have de- 
light or extreme pleasure in. 
DELIGHTFUL, (de-lite'-ful) a. Pleasant; 

DELIGHTFULLY, (de-lite'-ful -le) ad. In 

a delightful manner ; pleasantly. 
DELIGHTFULNESS, (de-lite'-ful-nes) n. s. 
The state or quality of being delightful ; 
pleasure ; satisfaction. 
DELINEAMENT, (de-lin'-e-a-ment) re. s. 
A drawing ; representation by delineation. 
To DELINEATE, (de-lin'-e-ate) v. a. To 
make the first draught ; to design ; to sketch ; 
to paint ; to describe ; to set forth in a 
lively manner. 
DELINEATION, (de-lin-e-a'-shun) n.s. The 
first draught: a drawing; representation, 
pictorial or verbal. 
DELINEATURE, (de-lin'-e-a-ture) n. s. 

DELINIMENT, (de-lin'-e-ment) n. s. A 

mitigating, or assuasing. 
DELINQUENCY, (de-ling'-kwen-se) n. s. 

A fault ; a misdeed. 
DELINQUENT, (de-ling'-kwent) n. s. An 
offender ; one that has committed a crime. 
To DELIQUATE, (del'-le-kwate) v. n. To 

melt ; to be dissolved. 
To DELIQUATE, (del'-le-kwate) v. a. To 

DELIQUATION, (deble-kwa'-shun) n.s. A 

melting ; a dissolving. 
DELIQUIUM, (de'-lik'-kwe-um) n. s. In 
chymistry, A distillation by dissolving any 
calcined matter, by hanging it up in moist 
cellars, into a lixivious humour ; a fainting, 
or swooning ; defect ; loss. 
DELIRAMENT, (de-lir'-a-ment) n. s. A 

doting or foolish fancy. 
DELIRIOUS, (de-lir'-e-us) a. Light-headed; 

raving ; doting. 
DELIRIOUSNESS, (de-lir'-e-us-nes) n. s. 

The state of one raving. 
DELIRIUM, (de-lir'-e-um) n.s. Alienation 

of mind ; dotage. 
DELITESCENCE, (de-li-tes'-sens) n.s. Re- 
tirement ; obscurity. 
DEL1TIGATION, (de-lu-e-ga'-shun; n.s. A 

striving ; a chiding. 
To DELIVER, (de-liv'-er) v. a. To set free ; 
to release ; to save ; to rescue : to suiy 
render ; to put into one's hands ; to give ; 
to disburden a woman of a child ; to speak, 
or utter as an oration ; to relate. 
To DELIVER over, (de-liv'-er) v. a. To put 
into another's hands ; to give from hand to 
hand ; to transmit. 
To DELIVER up, (de-liv'-er) v. a. To sur- 
DELIVERANCE, (de-liv'-er-anse) n.s. The 
act of freeing from captivity ; rescue ; the 
act of delivering a thing to another ; the act 
of bringing forth children ; speaking ; utter- 
ance ; pronunciation. 
DELIVERER, (de-liv'-er-er) n.s. A saver ; 
a rescuer; a relater. 


DELIVERY, (de-liv- er-e) n.s. The act of 
delivering ; release ; rescue ; saving : a sur- 
render; act of giving up ; utterance ; pro- 
nunciation ; speech ; childbirth. 
DELL, (del; v. s. A pit; a hole in the 
ground ; any cavity in the earth, wider 
than a ditch and narrower than a valley ; a 
little dale. 
DELPH, (delf) n.s. A sort of earthen 

DELTOIDE, (del'-toid) a. In anatomy, A 
triangular muscle arising from the clavicula, 
whose action is to raise the arm upward. 
DELUDABLE, (de-lu'-da-bl) a. Liable to 

be deceived. 
To DELUDE, (de-lude') v. a. To beguile ; 

to cheat ; to disappoint ; to frustrate. 
DELUDER, (de-lu'-der) n.s. A beguiler ; 

a deceiver. 
DELUDING, (de-lu'-ding) n.s. Collusion; 

To DELVE, (delv) v. a. To dig ; to open 

the ground with a spade ; to fathom. 
DELVE, (delv) n. s. A ditch ; a pit ; a den ; 
a cave. Delve of Coals, a certain quantity 
of coals dug in the mine. 
DELVER, (del'-ver) n.s. A digger. 
DELUGE, (d'el'-luje) n.s. A general inun- 
dation ; laying entirely under water ; an 
overflowing of the natural bounds of a river ; 
any sudden and resistless calamity. 
To DELUGE, (del'-luje) v. a. To drown ; to 

lay totally under water ; to overwhelm. 
DELUSION, (de-lu'-zhun) n. s. The act of 
deluding ; a cheat ; guile ; deceit; the state 
of one deluded ; a false representation ; 
illusion ; errour. 
DELUSIVE, (de-lu'-siv) } a. Apt to de- 
DELUSORY, (de-lu'-sur-e S ceive. 
DEMAGOGUE, (dem'-a-gQg) ». s. A ring- 
leader of the rabble ; a popular and fac- 
tious orator. 
DEMAIN, }(de-rnane') n. s. That land 
DEMESNE, S which a man holds originally 
of himself, opposed to feodum, or fee, which 
signifies those lands that are held of a supe- 
rior lord ; estate in land ; land adjoining to 
the mansion, kept in the lord's own hand. 
To DEMAND, (de-mand') v. a. To claim - r 
to ask for with authority ; to question ; to* 
interrogate. In law, To prosecute in a real 
DEMAND, (de-mand') n. s. A claim ; a 
challenging ; a question ; an interrogation ; 
the calling for a thing in order to purchase 
it. In law, The asking of what is due ; it 
hath also a proper signification distin- 
guished from plaint ; for all civil actions 
are pursued either by demands or plaints, 
and the pursuer is called demandant or 
DEMANDABLE, (de-man'-da-bl) a. That 

mav be demanded. 
DEMANDANT, (de-man'-dant) n.s. He 
who is actor or plaintiff in a real action ; a 
DEMANDER, (de-man'-der) n. s. One that 
requires a thing with authority ; one that 

net ; — tube, tub, bull ; — oil ; — pQ\md ;— ihm, mis. 



ask.3 a question ; one that asks for a thing 
in order to purchase it. 

DEMARCATION, (de-mar-ka'-shun) n. s. 
Division ; separation of territory. 

DEMEAN, (de-mene') n. s. A mien ; pre- 
sence ; carriage ; demeanour. 

To DEMEAN, (de-mene') v. a. To behave ; 
to carry one's self; to lessen ; to debase; 
to undervalue. 

DEMEANOUR, (de-me'-nur) n. s. Car- 
riage ; behaviour. 

DEMENCY, (de'-men-se) n. s. Madness. 

To DEMENTATE, (de-men'-tate) v. a. To 
make mad. 

DEMENTATE, (de-men'-tate) a. Infatu- 
ated ; insane. 

DEMENTATION, (de-men-ta'-shun) n. s. 
Making mad, or frantick. 

DEMERIT, (de-mer'-it) n. s. The opposite 
to merit ; ill-deserving, 

To DEMERIT, (de-mer'-it) v. a. To de- 
serve blame or punishment. 

DEMSRSED, (de-mersd') a. Plunged; 

DEMERSION, (de-mer'-shun) n.s. A drown- 
ing ; the putting any medicine in a dissolv- 
ing liquour. 

DEMESNE, (de-mene') SeeDEMAiN. 

DEMI, (dem'-e) inseparable particle. Half; 
one of two equal parts. This word is only 
used in composition ; as, demigod, that is, 
half human, half divine. 

DEMI-CANNON, (dem'-e-kan'-nun) n. s. 
A cannon of a particular size. 

DEM1-CUL VERINXdem'-e-kuj'-ver-ia') n. s. 
A gun that carries a ball nine pounds weight. 

DEMI-DEVIL, (dem'-e-dev'-vl) n.s. Half 
a devil. 

DEMI-GOD, (dem'-e-god) n. s. Partaking 
of divine nature ; half a god. 

DEMI-REP, (dem'-e-rep) n. s. A cant 
word for a woman suspected of unchastity, 
but not convicted. 

To DEMEGRATE, (dem'-e-grate) v. a. To 
move from one place to another.. 

DEM IG RATION, (dem-e-gra'-shun) n. s. 
Change of habitation. 

DEMISE, (de-mize') n.s. Death; decease. 
Generally used of a crowned head, or of the 
crown itself. 

To DEMISE, (de-mize') v. a. To grant at 
one's death ; to grant by will. 

DEMISSION, (de-mish'-un) n. s. Degra- 
dation ; diminution of dignity. 

DEMISSORY. See Di^issorv. 

To DEMIT, (de-mit') v. a. To depress ; to 
hang down ; to let fall ; to submit ; to 

DEMOCRACY, (de-mpk'-kra-so) n.s. So- 
vereign power lodged in the collective body 
of the people. 

DEMOCRAT, (dem'-o-crat) } n. s. 

DEMOCRATIST,"(de-mok'-ra-tist) J One 
devoted to democracy. 

DEMOCRATICAL, (dem-o-krat'-e-kal) ) 

DEMOCRA'JTCK, (demo'-krar'-ik) ' $ a ' 
Pertaining to a popular government; popu- 


DEMOCRATICALLY, (dem-o krat'-e-kaN 
le) ad. In a democratioal manner. 

To DEMOLISH, (de-mol'-lish) v. a. To 
throw down buildings ; to raze ; to destroy, 

DEMOLISHER, (de-mpl'-lish-er> n.s. One 
that throws down; a destroyer; a layei 

DEMOLISHMENT, (de-mol'-ish-ment) n.s. 
Ruin ; destruction. 

DEMOLITION, (dem-o-Iish'-un) n.s. The 
act of ruining or overthrowing buildings ; 

DEMON, (de'-mon) n. s. A spirit ; gene- 
rally an evil spirit ; a devil. 

DEMONIACAL, (dem-o-ni' a-kai) ) a. Be- 

DEMONIACK, (de-mo'-ne'ak) * ] long- 
ing to a devil ; devilish ; influenced by the 

DEMONIACK, (de-mo'-ne-ak) n.s. One 
possessed by the devil. 

DEMONIAN, (de-mo'-ne-an) a. Devilish. 

DEMONOCRACV, (de-'mo-nok'-ra-se) n.s. 
The power of the devil. 

DEMONOLOGY, (de-iuo-npl'-o-je) n. s. 
Discourse of the nature of devils. 

DEMONSHIP, (de'-mon-ship) n.s. The 
state of a demon. 

DEMONSTRABLE, (de-mon'-stra-bl) a. 
Capable of being proved beyond doubt or 

DEMONSTRABLENESS, (de-mon'-stra-bl- 
nes) n. s. Capability of demonstration. 

DEMONSTRABLY, (de-mon'-stra-ble) ad. 
Evidently ; beyond possibility of contra- 

To DEMONSTRATE, (de-mon'-strate) v. a. 
To prove with the highest degree of cer- 

DEMONSTRATION, (dem-mpn-stra'-shun) 
n. s. The highest degree of deducible or 
argumental evidence ; indubitable evidence 
of the senses or reason. 

DEMONSTRATIVE, (de-mpn'-stra-tiv) a. 
Having the power of demonstration, or of 
expressing clearly and certainly. 

DEMONSTRATIVELY, (de-mon'-stra-tiv- 
le) ad. With evidence not to be opposed 
or doubted ; clearly ; plainly ; with certain 

DEMONSTRATOR, (dem-mpn-stra'-tur) n.s. 
One that proves ; one that teaches ; one that 

DEMONSTRATORY, (de-mpn'-stra-tur-e) 
a. Having the tendency to demonstrate. 

DEMORALIZATION, (de-mpr-al-i-za'-shun) 
n.-s. Destruction of morals. 

To DEMORALIZE, (de-rcor'-al-ize) v. a. 
To destroy morals and moral feeling. 

DEMULCENT, (de-mul'-sent) a. Soften- 
ing • mollifying. 

To DEMUR, (de-mur) v. n. To delay a 
process in law by doubts and objections ; to 
pause in uncertainty ; to hesitate ; to doubt ; 
to have scruples. 

DEMUR, (de-mur') n.s. Doubt ; hesita- 

DEMURE, (de-mure') a. Sober; decent; 
grave; affectedly modest. 



II, fat : — me, met ; — pine, pin ; — r^o, vr.ova, 


DEMURELY, (de-mure'-Ie) a. With af- 
fected modesty ; with pretended gravity ; 

DEMURENESS, (de-nmre'-nes) n.s. Modes- 
ty ; soberness ; affected modesty ; pretended 

DEMURRAGE, (de-mur'-raje) n. s. In 
commerce, An allowance made by merchants 
to masters of ships, for their stay in a port 
beyond the time appointed. 

DEMURRER, (de-mur'-er) n.s. A kind of 
pause upon a point of difficulty in an action ; 
one who pauses in uncertainty. 

DEMY, (de-mi') ?*.s. A term relating to the 
ske of paper ; as, demy, medium, royal, or 
large ; of which demy is the smallest. The 
name of a scholar, or half fellow, at Magda- 
len College, Oxford. 

DEN, (den) n. s. A cavern or hollow run- 
ning with a small obliquity under ground ; 
the cave of a wild beast. 

To DEN, (den) v. n. To dwell as in a den. 

To DENATIONALIZE, (de-nash.'-un-al-ize) 
v. a. To take away national rigi ts. 

DENDROLOGY, (den-drol'-o-je) n. s. The 
natural history of trees. 

DENIABLE, (de-ni'-a-bl) a. of 
being denied. 

DENIAL, (de-ni'-al) n. s. Negation, the 
contrary to affirmation ; negation, the con- 
trary to confession ; refusal, the contrary 
to grant ; abjuration, contrary to acknow- 
ledgement of adherence. 

DENIER, (de-ni'-er) n.s. A contradictor; 
an opponent ; a disovner ; a refuser. 

To DENIGRATE, (den'-e-grate) v. a. To 

DENIGRATION, (den-e-gra'-shun) n. *. A 

DENIZATION, (den-e-za'-shun) n.s. The 
act of unfranchising. 

DENIZEN, (den'-e-zn) n. s. A ; 
one unfranchised ; a stranger made free. 

To DENIZEN, (den'-e-zn) v. a. To in franchise. 

DENOM1NABLE, (de-nom'-e-na-bl) a. That 
may be named. 

To DENOMINATE, (de-nom'-e-nate) v. a. 
To name ; to give a name to. 

DENOMINATION, (de-noni-e na'-shun) n. s. 
A name given to a thing. 

DENOMINATIVE, (de-ngm'-e-na-tiv) a. 
That which gives a name ; that which ob- 
tains a distinct appellation. x 

DENOMINATOR, (de-ngm'-e-na-tur) n. s. 
'I he giver of a name. Denonanutor of a 
Fructkn, is the number below the line, shew- 
ing the nature and quality of the parts which 
any integer is supposed to be divided into. 

DENOTABLE, (de-no'-ta-bl) a. Capable 
of being marked. 

To DENOTATE, (den'-o-tate) See To De- 

DENOTATION, (den-o-ta'-shun) n. s. The 
act of denoting. 

DENOTATIVE, (de-no-ta-tiv) a. Having 
the power to denote. 

To DENOTE, (de-note') v. a. To mark; to 
be a sign of; to betoken. 


DENOTEMENT, (de note'-ment) n. t. Sign; 

To DENOUNCE, (de-nounse') v. u. To 
threaten by proclamation ; to threaten by 
some outward sign ; to give information 
against ; to accuse publickly. 

DENOUNCEMENT, (de-ngunse'-ment) n. s. 
The act of proclaiming any menace. 

DENOUNCER, (de-noun'-ser) n.s. One 
that declares some menace ; one who ac- 
cuses publickly. 

DENSE, (dense) a. Close; compact; ap- 
proaching to solidity. 

DENSITY, (den'-se-te) »/. s. Closeness ; 

DENTAL, (den'-tal) a. Belonging to the 
teeth. In grammar, A term applied to the 
letters pronounced principally by the agency 
of the teeth. 

DENTED, (dent'-ed) a. Notched. 

DENTELLI, (den-tel'-le) n. s. Modillons , 
a kind of brackets. 

DENT1CU LAT10N,(den-tik-u-la'-shun) n. s. 
The state of being set with small teeth, or 
urominences resembling teeth, like those of 
a saw. 

DENTICULATED, (den-tik'-u-la-ted) «. 
Set with small teeth. 

DENTIFRICE, (den'-te-fris) n. s. A powder 
made to scour the teeth. 

DENTIST, (den'-tist) n. s. A surgeon who 
confines his practice to the teeth. 

DENTITION, (den-tish'-un) n. ». Breed- 
ing the teeth; the time at which children's 
teeth are bred. 

To DENUDATE, (de-nu'-date) v. a. To di- 
vest ; to strip. 

DENUDATION, (den-nu-da'-shun) n. $. 
Stripping or making naked. 

To DENUDE, (de-nude*) v. a. To strip. 

To DEN UNCI ATE, (de-nun'-she-ate) v. a. 
To denounce ; to threaten. 

DENUNCIATION, (de-nun-she-a'-shun) n.s. 
The act of denouncing. 

DENUNCIATOR, (de-nun-she-a'-tur) n.s. 
He that proclaims any threat ; he that lays 
an information against another. 

7 a DENY, (de-ni') v. a. To contradict ; op- 
posed to affirm ; to contradict an accusation ■ 
to refuse, opposed to grant ; to disown ; to 
renounce ; to disregard. 

DEOBSTRUENT, (de-gb'-stru-ent) a. Hav- 
ing the medicinal power to resolve viscidi- 
ties, or to open the animal passages. 

DEOBSTRUENT, (de-gb'-stru-ent) n. s. A 
medicine that has the power to resolve vis- 
cidities, or to open the animal passages. 

DEODAND, (de'-o-dand) n. s. A thing 
given or forfeited to God for the pacifying 
his wrath, in case of any misfortune, by 
which any Christian comes to a violent end, 
without the fault of any reasonable creature. 
To DEPART, (de-part') v. n. To go away 
from a place ; to desist from a practice ; to 
desert ; to revolt ; to apostatise ; to die ; to 

DEPARTER, (de-par'-ter) n. s. One that 
refines metals by separation. 

n§t;— tube, tub, bull; — oil ; — pound; -thin, mis. 



DEPARTING, (de-part'-ing) ,,. *. A going 
away ; separation. 

DEPARTMENT, (de-part'-ment) n. s. Se- 
parate allotment ; province or business as- 
signed to a particular person ; a division or 
extent of country under the same jurisdiction. 

DEPARTMENTAL, (de-part-men'-tal) a. 
Belonging to a department, or province. 

DEPARTURE, (de-par'- ture) n. s. A going 
away ; death ; decease ; a forsaking ; an 

DEPASCENT, (de-pas'-sent) a. Feeding. 

To DEPASTURE", (de-p'as'-ture) v. n. To 
feed ; to graze. 

To DEPAUPERATE, (de-paw'-per-ate) v. a. 
To make poor ; to impoverish. 

DEPECTIBLE, (de-pek'-te-bl) a. Tough; 

DEPECULATION, (de-pek-u-la'-shun) «. s. 
A robbing of the commonwealth. 

To DEPEND, (de-pend') v. n. To hang from ; 
to be in a state influenced by some exter- 
nal cause ; to be in a state of dependance ; 
to be connected with anything, as with its 
cause. To depend upon, to rely on. 

DEPENDANCE, (de-pen'-danse) \n.s. The 

DEPENDANCY, (de-pjm -dan-se) $ state 
of hanging down from a supporter ; some- 
thing hanging upon another ; concatenation ; 
connexion ; state of being at the disposal or 
under the sovereignty of another ; the things 
or persons of widen any man has the do- 
minion or disposal ; reliance ; trust confi- 

DEPENDANT', (de-pen'-dant) a. Hanging 
down ; relating to something previous ; in 
the power of another. 

DEPENDANT, (de-pen'-dant) n. s. One who 
lives in subjection ; a retainer. 

DEPENDENCE, (de-pen'-dense) in.s. A 

DEPENDENCY, (de-pen'-den-se) \ thing 
or person at the disposal or discretion of 
another ; state of being subordinate ; that 
which is subordinate ; concatenation ; con- 
nexion ; relation of anything to another ; 
trust ; reliance ; confidence. 

DEPENDENT, (de-pen'-dent) a. Hanging 

DEPENDENT, (de-pen'-dent) n. s. One 
subordinate ; one at the disposal of another. 

DEPENDER, (de-pen'-der) n.s. A dependant. 

To DEPHLEGMATE, (de-fleg'-mate) v. a. 
To clear from phlegm. 

DEPHLEGMATION, (de-fleg-ma'-shun) n.s. 
An operation which takes away from the 
phlegm any spirituous fluid by repeated dis 

To DEPICT, (de-pikt') v. a. .To paint; to 
portray ; to describe. 

To DEPICTURE, (de-pik'-ture) v. a. Tore- 
present in colours. 

To DEPILATE, (dep'-il-ate) v. a. To pull 
off hair. 

DEPILATION, (dep-il-a'-shun) n.s. A pul- 
ling off the hair. 

DEPILATORY, (de-pi'-la-tur-e) n.s. Any 
ointment, salve, or water, which takes away 


DEPILATORY, (de-pi'-la-tur-e) a. Taking 

away the hair. 
DEPILOUS, (de-pi'-lus) a. Without hair. 
DEPLANTATION, (de'-plan-ta'-shun) n. s. 

Taking plants up from the bed. 
DEPLETION, (de-ple'-shun) n s. Emptying. 
DEPLORABLE, (de-plo'-'ra-bl) a. Lament- 
able ; sad ; causing lamentation ; dismal ; 
calamitous ; despicable. 
The state of being deplorable. 

DEPLORABLY, (de-plo'-ra-ble) ad. La- 
mentably ; miserably. 

DEPLORATE, (de-plo'-rate) a. Lamentable ; 

DEPLORATION, (dep-l 9 -ra'-shuu) n. s. 
Deploring or lamenting. 

To DEPLORE, (de-plore') t;. a. To lament ; 
to bewail ; to mourn. 

DEPLORER, (de-plo'-rer) n.s. A lamenter; 
a mourner. 

To DEPLOY, (de-ploe) v. a. To display. 
In military phrase, A column of troops is 
deployed, when the divisions spread wide or 
open out. 

DEPLUMATION, (de-plu-ma'-shun) n. s. 
Plucking off the feathers. In surgery, A 
swelling of the eye-lids, accompanied with 
the fall of the hairs from the eye-brows. 

To DEPLUME, (de-plume') v. a. To strip of 
its feathers. 

To DEPONE, (de-pone') v. a. To lay down 
as a pledge or security ; to depose. 

DEPONENT, (de po'-nent) n. s. One that 
deposes his testimony ; an evidence ; a 
witness. In grammar, Such verbs as have 
no active voice are called deponents. 

To DEPOPULATE, (de-pop'-u-late) v. a. To 
unpeople ; to lay waste. 

To DEPOPULATE, (de-pop'-u-late) v.n. To 
become dispeopled. 

DEPOPULATION, (de-pop-ii-la'-shun) n. s. 
The act of unpeopling ; havuck ; waste. 

DEPOPULATOR, (de-pop'-u-la-tur) n. s. 
A dispeopler ; a waster of inhabited coun- 

To DEPORT, (de-port') i;. a. To carry ; to 
demean ; to behave. 

DEPORT, (de-port',) n.s. Demeanour; gTace 
of attitude ; deportment. 

DEPORTATION, (de-por-ta'-shun) n. s. 
Transportation ; exile into a remote part of 
the dominion ; exile in general. 

DEPORTMENT, (de-port'-ment) n. s. Con- 
duct ; management ; bearing ; demeanour. 

DEPOSABLE, (de-po'-za-bl) a. Capable 
of being taken away. 

DEPOSAL, (de-po'-sal) n. s. The act of de- 
priving a prince of sovereignty. 

To DEPOSE, (de-poze') v. a. To lay down ; 
to let fall ; to degrade from a throne or high 
station ; to take away ; to divest ; to lav 
aside ; to give testimony ; to attest. 

To DEPOSE, (de-poze') v. n. To bear witness. 

DEPOSER, (de-po''-zer) n. s. One who de- 
poses or degrades , another from a high 

To DEPOSIT, (de-pQz'-it) v. a. To lay up ; 


Fate, far, fall, fat; — me, met; — pine ; pin; — no, move, 


to lodge iu any place ; to lay up as a pledge, 
or security ; to place at interest , to lay 
DEPOSIT, (de-poz'-it) n. s. Anything com- 
mitted to the care of another ; a pledge ; a 
pawn ; the state of a thing pawned or 
DEPOSITARY, (de-poz'-e-tar-e) n. s. One 

with whom anything is lodged in trust. 
DEPOSITION, (dep-po-zish'-un) n, s. The 
act of giving publick testimony ; the act of 
degrading a prince from sovereignty. In 
canon law, Deposition properly signifies a 
solemn depriving of a man of his clerical 
DEPOSITORY, (de-poz'-e-tur e) n. s. The 

place where anything is lodged. 
DEPOSITUM, (de-poz'-e-tum) n. s. That 
which is entrusted to the care of another ; 
DEPOT, (da-po') n. s. A place, in which 
stores are deposited for the use of an 
DEPRAVATION, (dep-ra-va'-shun) n. s. 
The act of making anything had ; corrup- 
tion ; degeneracy ; depravity. 
To DEPRAVE, (de-prave ) t-. a. To vitiate ; 
to corrupt ; to contaminate ; to misrepresent ; 
to wrest ; to defame. 
DEPRAVEDLY, (de-pra'-ved-le) ad. Cor- 

ruptedly ; in a vitiated manner. 
DEPRAVEDNESS, (de-pravd'-nes) n. s. 

DEPRA VEMENT, (de-prave'-ment) n. s. A 

vitiated state ; corruption. 
DEPRAVER, (de-pra'-ver) n.s. A corrupter. 
DEPRAVITY, (de-prav' ; -e-te) «. s. Cor- 
ruption ; a vitiated state. 
To DEPRECATE, (dep'-pre-kate) v. a. To 
heg off ; to pray deliverance from ; to avert 
hy prayer ; to implore mercy of. 
DEPRECATION, (dep-pre-ka'-shun) n.s. 
Prayer against evil ; intreaty ; petitioning ; 
an excusing ; a begging pardon for. 
DEPRECATIVE, (dep'-pre-ka-tiv) } 
DEPRECATORY, (dep'-pre-ka-tur-e) S °" 

That serves to deprecate ; apologetick. 
DEPRECATOR, (dep'-pre-ka-tur) n s. One 

that averts evil by petition. 
To DEPRECIATE, (de-pre- she-ate) v. a. To 
bring a thing down to a lower price ; to un- 
DEPRECIATION, (de-pre-she-a'-shun) n,4. 

Lessening the worth or value of anything. 
To DEPREDATE, (dep'-pre-date) v. a. To 

rob ; to pillage ; to spoil ; to devour. 
DEPREDATION, (dep-pre-da'-shun) n. s. 

A robbing ; a spoiling ; voracity ; waste. 
DEPREDATOR, (dep'-pre-da-tur) n. s. A 

robber ; a devourer. 
To DEPRESS, (de-pies') v. a. To press, or 
thrust down ; to let fall ; to let down ; to 
humble ; to deject ; to sink. 
DEPRESSION, (de-presh'-un) n. s. The act 
of pressing down ; the sinking or falling in 
of a surface ; the act of humbling ; abase- 
ment. Depression of an Equation, is the 
bringing it into lower and more s'.mple terms 


by division. Depression vf a Star, is the dis- 
tance of a star from the horizon below. 
DEPRESSIVE, (de-pres'-siv) a. Lowering 
DEPRESSOR, (de-pres'-sur) n. s. He that 
keeps or presses down ; an oppressor, la 
anatomy, A term given to several muscles 
of the body, whose action is to depress the 
parts to which they adhere. 
DEPRIVABLE, (de-pri'-va-bl) a. Liable 

to deprivation. 

DEPRIVATION, (dep-pre-va'-shun) n. s. 

The act of depriving ; state of bereavement. 

To DEPRIVE, (de-prive') v. a. To bereave 

one of a thing ; to hinder ; to debar from ; 

to release ; to free from ; to put out of an 


DEPRIVEMENT, (de-prive'-ment) n. s. 

The state of losing. 
DEPRIVER, (de-pri'-ver) n.s. That which 

takes away or bereaves. 
DEPTH, (dept/t) n. s. Deepness ; a deep 
place ; opposed to a shoal ; the middle or 
height of a season, as the depth of Winter ; 
abstru^eness ; obscurity ; sagacity. Depth 
of a Squadron or Battalion, is the number of 
men in the file. 
To DEPULSE, (de-pulse') v. a. To drive 

DEPULSION, (de-pul'-shun) n.s. A driving 

or thrusting away. 
DEPULSORY, (de-pul'-sur-e) a. Putting 

away ; averting. 
To DEFURATE, (dep'-u-rate) v. a. To pu- 
rify ; to cleanse. 
DEPURATE, (dep'-u-rate) a. Cleansed; 

pure ; not contaminated. 
DEPURATION, (dep-u-ra'-shun) n.s. Se- 
parating the pure from the impure part. In 
surgery, The cleansing of a wound from its 
To DEPURE, (de-pure') v. a. To cleanse; 
to purge ; to free from some noxious qua ■ 
DEPURGATORY, (de-pur'-g^-tur-e) a. 

Having power to purge. 
DEPUTATION, (dep-u-ta'-shun) n.s. The 
act of deputing or sending with a special 
commission ; vicegerency. 
To DEPUTE, (de pute) v. a. To send with 

a special commission. 
DEPUTY, (dep'-u-te) n. s. A lieutenant; a 
viceroy ; one appointed to govern or act in- 
stead of another : any one that transacts 
business for another. 
To DEQUANTITATE, (de-kwan'-te-tate) 

v. a. To diminish the quantity. 
To DERACINATE, (de-ras'-se-nate) v. a. To 
pluck or tear up by the roots ; to abolish ; to 
destroy ; to extirpate. 
To DERAIGN, \ (de-rane) v. a. To disorder ; 
To DERAIN, ] to turn out of course. 
DERAIGNMENT, \ (de-rane'-ment) n. s. 
DERAIN MEN T, $ the act of deraigning 
or proving ; a disordering or turning out of 
course : a discharge of profession; a de- 
parture out of religion. 
To DERANGE, (de-ranje') v. a. To turn out 
of the proper course ; to disorder. 

not ;--tube, tub, bull ; — oil ; — pound ;— thin, this. 



DERANGEMENT, (de-ranje'-ment) m s. 
Disorder- discomposure of mind or intel- 
DERAY, (de-ra.') n. s. Tumult ; disorder ; 

noise ; merriment ; jollity ; solemnity. 
DERELICT, (der'-e-likt) a. Wilfully re- 
DERELICTION, (dgr-e-lik'-shun) n. s. The 
act of forsaking or leaving ; the state of 
being forsaken. 

DERELICTS, (der'-e-Iikts) n.s. pi. In law, 
Goods wilfully thrown awav, or relinquished. 

To DERIDE, (de-ride) v. a. To laugh at ; 
to mock. 

DERIDER, (de-ri'-der) n.s. A mocker ; a 

DERIDINGLY, (de-ri'-ding-le) ad* In a 
jeering manner. 

DERTSION, (de-rizh'-un) n. s. The act of 
deriding or laughing at ; contempt ; scorn. 

DERTSIVE, (de-ri'-siv) a. Mocking ; scoffing. 

DERISIVELY! (de-ri'-siv-le) ad. In a con- 
temptuous manner. 

DERISORY, (de-ri'-sur-e) a. Mocking; 

DERIVABLE, (de-ri'-va-bl) a. Attainable 
by right of descent or derivation ; deducible, 
as from a root, or cause. 

To DERIVATE, (der'-e-vate) v. a. To derive. 

DERIVATION, (der-e-va'-shun) n. s. A 
draining of water ; a turning of its course ; 
the transmission of anything from its source. 
In grammar, The tracing of a word from its 
original. In medicine, The drawing of a 
humour from one part of the body to an- 
other ; the thing deduced or derived. 

DERIVATIVE, (de-riv'-a-tiv) a . Derived 
or taken from another. 

DERIVATIVE, (de-ri/-a-tiv) n.s. The 
thing or word derived or taken from another. 

DERIVATIVELY, (de-riv'-a-tiv-te) ad. In 
a derivative manner. 

To DERIVE, (de-rive') v. a. To turn the 
course of water from its channel ; to deduce, 
as from a root or cause ; to receive by 
transmission. In grammar, To trace a word 
from its origin. 

DERIVER, (de-r;ve'-er) n. s. One that 
draws or fetches, as from the source or 

To DEROGATE, (der'-o gate) v. a. To do 
an act so far contrary to a law or custom, 
as to diminish its former extent ; to dispar- 
age ; to diminish. 

To DEROGATE, (der'-o-gate) v. n. To de- 
tract; to lessen reputation ; to degenerate. 

DEROGATE, (der'-o-gate) a. Degraded; 

DEROGATELY, (der'-o gate-le) ad. In a 
manner which lessens honour or respect. 

DEROGATION, (der-o-ga'-shun) n.s. The 
act of weakening or restraining a former 
law or contract ; a defamation ; detraction. 

DEROGATIVE, (de-rgg'-a-tiv) a. Detract- 
ing ; lessening the honour of. 

DEROGATORILY, (de-rog'-a-tur-e-Ie) ad. 
In a detracting manner. 

DEROGATORINESS, (de-rog -^-tur-e-ness) 


n.s. The act of derogating; the state of 
being detracted from. 
DEROGATORY, (de-rog'-a-tur-e) a. De- 
traction ; that lessens the honour of : dis- 
DERVIS, (der'-vis) n.s. A Turkish priest, 

or monk. 
DESART. See Desert. 

DESCANT, (des'-kant) n. s. A song or tune 
composed in parts ; a discourse ; a dispu- 
tation ; a disquisition branched out into 
several divisions or heads. 

To DESCANT, (des-kant') v. n. To sing in 
parts ; to run a division or variety upon 
notes ; to discourse at large ; to make 

To DESCEND, (de-send') v. n. To go down- 
wards ; to come down ; to go down, in a 
figurative sense ; to make an invasion ; to 
proceed as from an original ; to be derived 
from ; to fall in order of inheritance to a 
successor : to extend a discourse from ge- 
neral to particular considerations. 

To DESCEND, (de-send') v. a. To walk 

DESCENDANT, (de-sen'-dant) n.s. The 
offspring of an ancestor. 

DESCENDENT, (de-sen'-dent) a. Falling; 
sinking ; descending ; prove^ding from an- 
other as an original or an< 

DESCENDIBILITY, (de-seu-de-bil'-e-te) 
n. s. Conformity to the rules of descent. 

DESCENDIBLE, (de-sen'-de-bl) a. Capable 
of being descended ; transmissible by in- 

DESCENSION, (de-sen'-shun) n.s. Going 
downwards ; descent ; a declension ; a de- 
gradation. In astronomy, right descension is 
the arch of the equator, which descends 
with the sign or star below the horizon of a 
direct sphere. 

DESCENSIONAL, (de-sen'-shun-al) a. Re- 
lating to descent. 

DESCENSIVE, (de-sen'-siv) a. Descending, 
having a descending quality or propensity. 

DESCENT, (de-sent') n. s. The act of pass- 
ing from a higher to a lower place ; pro- 
gress downwards ; obliquity ; inclination ; 
lowest place ; degradation ; invasion ; hos- 
tile entrance into a kingdom ; transmission 
of anything by succession and inheritance : 
the state of proceeding from an original or 
progenitor ; birth ; extraction ; a single step 
in the scale of genealogy ; a rank in the 
scale of subordination. 

To DESCRIBE, (de-skribe') v. a. To deli- 
neate ; to mark out ; to mark out anything 
by the mention of its properties ; to distri- 
bute into proper heads or divisions ; to define. 

DESCR1BER, (de-skri'-ber) n. s. He that 

DESCRIER, (de-skri'-er) n. s. A discoverer ; 
a detecter. 

DESCRIPTION, (de-skrip'-shun) n. s. De- 
lineating or expressing anything by percep- 
tible properties ; the sentence or passage in 
which anything is described ; a definition ; 
The qualities expressed in a description 


Fate, far, fall, fit ;— -me, met ; — pine, pin ;— no, move, 


DESCRIPTIVE, (de-skrip'-tiv) a. Express- 
ing anything by perceptible qualities. 

To DESCRY, ( de-skri') v. a. To spy out at a 
distance ; to detect ; "to find out anything con- 
cealed ; to discover ; to perceive by the eye. 

DESCRY, (de-skri') n, s. Discovery. 

To DESECRATE,' (des'-se-krate) v. a. To 
profane by misapplication ; to divert from the 
purpose to which anything is consecrated. 

DESECRATION, (des-se-kra'-shun) n. s. 
The abolition of consecration ; profanation. 

DESERT, (dez'-ert) n. s. A place deserted; 
a wilderness; solitude. 

DESERT, (dez'-ert) a. Wild ; waste ; solitary. 

To DESERT," (de-zert') v. a. To forsake ; to 
fall away from : to abandon ; to leave. 

To DESERT, (de-zert') v. n. To quit the 
army in which one is enlisted. 

DESERT, (de-zert') n.s. Degree of merit or 
demerit ; proportional merit ; claim to re- 
ward; excellence; right to reward ; virtue. 

DESERTER, (de-zer'-ter) n. s. He that has 
forsaken his cause or his post ; he that 
leaves the army in which he is enlisted ; an 
aban doner. 

DESERTION, (de-zer'-shun) n.s. Forsaking 
or abandoning a cause or post ; direliction ; 
quitting an army in which one is enlisted. 

To DESERVE, (de-zerv') v. n. To be worthy 
of either good or ill. 

To DESERVE, (de-zerv') v. a. To be wor- 
thy of reward. 

DESERVEDLY, (de-zer'-ved-le) ad. Wor- 

DESERVER, (de-zer'-ver) n.s. A man who 
merits rewards. 

DESERVING, (de-zer'-ving^) a. Worthy. 

DESERVINGLY, (deW-ving-le) ad. Wor- 

DESHABILLE. See Dishabille. 

DESICCANTS, (de-sik'-kant*) n. s. Appli- 
cations that dry up the flow of sores. 
To DESICCATE, (de-sik'-kate) v. a. To dry 
up ; to exhaust of moisture ; to exhale 

To DESICCATE, (de-sik'-kate) v.n. To grow 

DESICCATION, (des-ik-ka'-shun) «.s. The 
act of making dry ; the state of being 

DESICCATIVE, (de-sik'-ka-tiv) a. Having 

the power of drying. 
To DESIDERATE, (de-sid'-er-ate) v. a. To 

want ; to miss ; to desire in absence. 
DESIDERATUM, (de-sid-e-ra'-tum) n. s. 
An object of particular desire or want. 

DESIDIOSE, (de-sid-e-ose) a. Idle ; lazy ; 

To DESIGN, (de-zine') v. a. To purpose ; 
to intend anything ; to form or order with a 
particular purpose ; to devote intentionally ; 
to plan ; to project ; to form in idea ; to 
sketch out the first draught of a picture. 
DESIGN, (de-zine') n. s. An intention ; a 
purpose ; a scheme ; a plan of action , a 
scheme formed to the detriment of another ; 
the idea which an artist endeavours to exe- 
cute or express. 


DESIGN ABLE, (de-zine'-a-bl) a. CapabU 

of being designed. 
DESIGNATE, (des'-ig-nate) a. Marked 

out ; chosen ; appointed. 
To DESIGNATE, (des'-ig-nate) v. a. To 

point out ; to distinguish. 
DESIGNATION, (des-ig-na'-shun) n. s. The 
act of pointing or marking out ; appoint- 
ment ; direction; import; intention. 
DESIGN ATIVE, (des'-ig-na-tiv) a. Ap- 
pointing ; shewing. 
DESIGNEDLY, (de-zi'-ned-le) ad. Pur- 
posely ; intentionally. 
DESIGNER, (de-zi'-ner) n.s. One that de- 
signs ; a purposer ; a plotter ; a contriver ; 
one that forms the idea of anything in paint- 
ing, sculpture, architecture, &c. 
DESIGNING, (de-zi'-ning) part. a. Insidi- 
ous ; treacherous. 
DESIGNING, (de-zi'-ning) n. s. The art of 
delineating the appearance of natural ob- 
DESIGNMENT, (de-zine'-ment) n. s. A 
purpose and intent ; the idea or sketch of a 
DESIRABLE, (de-zi'-ra-bl) a. To be wished 

with earnestness ; pleasing ; delightful. 
DESIRABLENESS, (de-zi'-ra-bl-nes) n.s. 

The quality of being desirable. 
DESIRE, (de-zire') n. s. Wish ; eagerness 

to obtain or enioy. 
To DESIRE, (de-zire') v. n. To wish ; to 
long for ; to covet ; to express wishes ; to 
ask ; to in treat ; to require ; to demand. 
DESIRER, (de-zi'-rer) n. s. One that is 

eager for anything. 
DESIROUS, (de-zi'-rus) a. Full of desire ; 

eager ; longing after. 
DESIROUSLY, (de-zi'-rus le) ad. Eager- 
ly ; with desire. 
DES1ROUSNESS, (de-zi'-rus-nes) n.s. Full- 
ness of desire. 
To DESIST, (de-sist') v. n. To cease from , 

to stop. 
DESIST ANCE, (de-sis'-tanse) n.s. Desist- 
ing ; cessation. 
DESK, (desk) n. s. An inclining table for 

the use of writers or readers. 
DESOLATE, (des'-so-late) a. Without in- 
habitants ; deprived of inhabitants ; laid 
To DESOLATE, (des'-so-late) v. a. To de- 
prive of inhabitants , to lay waste. 
DESOLATELY, (des'-so-late-le) ad. In a 

desolate manner. 
DESOLATER, (des'-so-Ia-ter) n.s. One 

who causes desolation. 
DESOLATION, (des-so-la'-shun) n. s. De- 
struction of inhabitants ; gloominess ; sad- 
ness ; a place wasted and forsaken. 
DESOLATOR. See Desolater. 
DESOLATORY, (des'-so-la-tur-e) a. Caus- 
ing desolation. 
DESPAIR, (de-spare') n.s. Hopelessness; 
despondence ; loss of confidence in the 
mercy of God. 
To DESPAIR, (de-spare') v. it. To be with- 
out hope ; to despond. 

not; — tube, tub, bull; — oil ;— pound ; — thiri, mis. 



DESPAIRER, (de-spare'-er) ft. s. One 
without hope. 

DESPAIRFUL, (de-spare'-ful) a. Hope- 

DESPAIRINGLY,(de-spa'-ring-le) ad. la 
a manner betokening hopelessness or de- 

To DESPATCH, (de-spatsh') v. a. To send 
away hastily ; to send out of the world ; to 
put to death ; to perform a business quick- 
ly ; to conclude an affair with another. 

DESPATCH, (de-spatsh') n. s. Hasty exe- 
cution ; conduct management ; an express 
or hasty messenger ; a message requiring 

DESPATCHER, (de-spatsh'-er) n.s. That 
which destroys or makes an end of ; one 
who performs business. 

DESPATCHFUL, (de-spatsh'- ful) a. Bent 
on haste. 

DESPECTION, (de-spek'-shun) n. s. A look- 
ing down ; figuratively, a despising. 

DESPERADO, (des-pe-ra'-do) n. s. One 
who is desperate, without fear of danger. 

DESPERATE, (des'-pe-rate) a. Without 
hope ; without care of safety ; irretrievable ; 
unsurmountable ; mad ; hot-brained ; furi- 

DESPERATELY, (des'-pe rate-le) ad. Hope- 
lessly ; furiously ; madly ; violently. 

DESPERATENESS, (des'-pe-rate-nes) n. s. 
Madness ; fury. 

DESPERATION, (des-pe-ra'-shun) n. s. 
Hopelessness ; despair. 

DESPICABLE, (des'-pe-ka-bl) a. Con- 
temptible ; vile ; worthless. 

DESPICABLENESS, (des'-pe-ka-bl-nes) n.s. 
Meanness ; vileness ; worthlessness. 

DESPICABLY, (des'-pe -ka-ble) ad. Mean- 
ly ; vilely. 

DESPICIENCY, (de-spish'-e-en-se) n. s. A 
looking down ; a despising. 

DESPISABLE, (de-spi'-za-bl) a. Contemp- 
tible ; despicable. 

To DESPISE, (de-spize') v. 3. To scorn to 

DESPISEDNESS, (de-spi'-zed-nes) n.s. The 
state of being despised. 

DESPISER, (de-spi'-zer) n.s. Contemner ; 

DESPITE, (de-spite') n.s. Malice; anger; 
malignity ; defiance ; unsubdued opposition ; 
act of malice. 

To DESPITE, (de-spite') v. a. To vex ; to 

DESPITEFUL, (de-spite'-ful) a. Malici- 
ous ; full of spleen ; full of hate. 

DESPITEFULLY, (de-spite'-ful-le) ad. Ma- 
liciously ; malignantly. 

DESPITEFULNESS, (de-spite'-ful-nes) n. s. 
Malice ; hate ; malignity. 

To DESPOIL; (de- spoil') v a. To rob ; to 
deprive ; to divest ; to strip. 

DESPOILER, (de-spgil'-er) n. s. A plun- 

DESPOLIATION, (des-po-le-a'-shun) n. s. 
The act of despoiling or stripping. 

To DESPOND, (de-spgnd') v. a. To despair ; 


to lose hope ; to lose hope of the divine 

DESPONDENCY, (de-spon'-den-se) n. *. 
Despair ; hopelessness. 

DESPONDENT, (de-spon'-dent) a. De- 
spairing ; hopeless. 

DESPONDER, (de-spon'-der) n. s. One 
who is without hope. 

DESPONDINGLY, (de-spon'-ding-le) ad. In 
a hopeless manner. 

To DESPONSATE, (de-spon'-sate) v. a. To 
betroth ; to affiance. 

DESPONSATION, (des-pon-sa'-shun) n.s. 
The act of betrothing persons to each other. 

DESPOT, (des'-ppt) n. s. An absolute prince ; 
one that governs with unlimited authority : a 

DESPOTICAL,(de-spot'-e-kal) ) a. Absolute 

DESPOTICK, (de-spot'-ik) * $ in power. 

DESPOTICALLY, (de-spgt'-e-kal-le) ad. In 
an arbitrary manner. 

DESPOTISM, (des'-po-tizm) n.s. Absolute 

To DESPUMATE, (de-spu'-mate) v.n. To 
throw off parts in foam ; to froth ; to work. 

DESPUMATION, (<les-pu-ma'-shun) n. s. 
lhrowing off excrementitious parts in scum 
or foam. 

DESQUAMATION, (des-kwama'-slmn) n.s. 
The act of scaling foul bones. 

DESSERT, (dez-zert') n. s. The fruit or 
sweetmeats set on the table after the meat. 

To DESTIN A TE, (des'-te-nate) v. a. To de- 
sign for any particular end. 

DESTIN ATE, (des'-tt-i.ate) a. Fixed; de- 

DESTINATION, (des-te-na'-shun) n. s. The 
purpose for which anything is appointed ; 
the ultimate design. 

To DESTINE, (des'-tin) v. a. To doom un- 
alterably to any state or condition ; to ap- 
point to any purpose ; to devote ; to doom 
to punishment or misery; to fix unalter- 

DESTINY, (des'-te-ne) n. s. The power that 
is supposed to spin the life, and determine 
the fate of living beings ; fate ; invincible 
necessity ; doom. 

DESTITUTE, (des'-te-tute) a. Forsaken, 
abandoned ; abject ; friendless : in want of. 

DESTITUTION, (des-te-tu'-shun) n.s. Ut- 
ter want. 
To DESTROY, (de-stroe') v. a. To over- 
turn, as a city ; to ruin ; to lay waste ; to 
make desolate ; to kill ; to put an end to ; to 
bring to nought. 

DESTROYABLE, (de-stroe'-a-bl) «. Capa- 
ble of being destroyed. 

DESTROYER, (de-stroe'-er) n. s. One who 

DESTRUCTIBLE, (de-struk'-te-bl) a. Lia- 
ble to destruction. 

n. s. Liableness to destruction. 

DESTRUCTION, (de-struk'- shun) n.s. The 
act of destroying ; the state of being de- 
stroyed ; ruin ; overthrow. 

DESTRUCTIVE, (de-struk'-tiv) a. Having 


Fate, far, fall, fat;— me, met; — pine, pjn; — no, move, 


the quality of destroying ; wasteful ; bring- 
ing to destruction. 

DESTRUCTIVELY, (de-struk'-tiy-le) ad. 
Rainously ; mischievously. 

DESTRU CTIVENESS, (de-struk'-tiy-nes) 
n. s. The quality of destroying or ruining. 

DESTRUCTOR, (de-struk'-tur) n.s. De- 
stroyer ; consumer. 

DESUDATION, (des-u-da'-shun) n.s. A 
profuse and inordinate sweating. 

DESUETUDE, (des'-swe-tude) n. s. Ces- 
sation to be accustomed ; discontinuance of 
practice or babit. 

DESULTORY, (des'-ul-tur-e) } 

DESULTORIOUS," (des-ul-to'-re-us) ] a ' 
Roving from thing to thing ; unsettled ; 
immethodical ; wavering ; by starts and 

To DESUME, (de-sume') v. a. To take from 
anything ; to borrow. 

To DETACH, (de-tatsh') v. a. To separate ; 
to disengage ; to part from something. A 
military term, To send out part of a greater 
body of men on an expedition. 

DETACHMENT, (de-tatsh'-ment) n.s. The 
act of detaching ; the thing detached ; a 
body of troops sent out from the main 

To DETAIL, (de-tale') v. a. To relate par- 
ticularly ; to display minutely. 

DETAIL, (de-tale') n.s. A minute and par- 
ticular account or separation. 

DETAILER, (de-ta'-ler) n. s. One who 
relates particulars. 

To DETAIN, (de-tane') v. a. To keep that 
which belongs to another ; to withhold ; to 
keep back ; to restrain from departure ; to 
hold in custody. 

DETAINDER, (do-tane'-der) n. s. In law, 
The name of a writ for holding one in cus- 
tody, properly detinue. 

DETAINER, (de-ta'-ner) n. s. He that 
holds back any one's right ; he that detains 
anything ; confinement ; detention. In 
law, The act of unlawfully holding back the 
right of another person. 

To DETECT, (de-tekt') v. a. To discover ; 
to find out any crime or artifice : to dis- 
cover in general. 

DETECTER, (de-tek'-ter) n. s. A dis- 

DETECTION, (de-tek'-shun) n. s. Dis- 
covery of guilt or fraud ; discovery of any- 
thing hidden. 

DETENTION, (de-ten'-shtm) n.s. The act 
of keeping what belongs to another ; con- 
finement; restraint. 

To DETER, (de ter') v.n. To discourage by 

DETERMENT, (de-ter'-ment) n.s. Cause 
of discouragement ; that by which one is 

DETERGENT, (de-ter'-jent) a. Having 

the power of cleansing. 
DETERGENT, (de-ter'-jent) ». s. That 

which cleanses. 
To DETERIORATE, (de-te'-re-o-rate) v. a. 
To impair ; to make worse. 


DETERIORATION, (de-te-re-o-ra -shun; 
n.s. The act of making anything worse ; 
the state of growing worse. 

DETERMINABLE, (de-tei'-me-na-bl) a. 
Capable of being certainly decided!. 

To DETERMINATE, (de-ter'-me-nate) v. a. 
To limit ; to fix. 

DETERMINATE, (de-ter'-me-nate) a. Set- 
tled ; definite ; determined ; established ; 
settled by rule ; decisive ; conclusive ; fixed ; 
resolute; resolved. 

DETERMINATELY, (de-ter'-me-nate-le) 
ad. Resolutely ; certainly ; unchangeably. 

DETERMINATION, (de-ter-me-na'-shun) 
?/. s. Absolute direction to a certain end ; 
the result of deliberation ; resolution taken. 
In law, Judicial decision ; expiration ; end. 

DETERMINATIVE, (de-ter'-me-na-tiv) a. 
Uncontrollably directing to a certain end ; 
causing a limitation. 

DETERMINATOR, (de-ter'-me-na -tur) n.s. 
One who determines. 

To DETERMINE, (de-ter'-min) v. a. To 
fix ; to sottle ; to conclude ; to fix ultimate- 
ly ; to bound ; to confine ; to adjust : to 
limit ; to define ; to influence the choice ; 
to resolve ; to decide ; to put an end to. 

To DETERMINE, (de-ter'-min) v.n. To 
conclude ; to settle opinion : to end ; to 
come to an end ; to make a decision ; to 
resolve concerning anything. 

DETERMINER, (de-ter'-min-er) n. s. One 
who makes a determination. 

DETERRATION, (de-ter-ra' shun) ». s . Dis- 
covery of anything by removal of the earth 
that hides it. 

DETERSION, (de-ter'-shun) n. s. The act 
of cleansing a sore. 

DETERSIVE, (de-ter'-siy) a. Having the 
power to cleanse. 

DETERSIVE, (de-ter'-siv) n. s. An appli- 
cation that has the power of cleansing 

To DETEST, (de-test') v. a. To hate ; to 

DETESTABLE, (de-tes'-ta-bl) a. Hateful , 

DETESTABLY, (de-tes'-ta-ble) a. Hate- 
fully ; abominably ; 

DETESTABLENESS,(de-tes'-ta-bl-ness) n. s. 
The quality of being detestable. 

DETESTATION, (de-tes-ta'-shun) n. s. Ha- 
tred ; abhorrence ; abomination. 

DETESTER, (de-tes'-ter; n. s. One